Abstract

Superconducting nanowire single photon detectors (SNSPDs) have advanced various frontier scientific and technological fields such as quantum key distribution and deep space communications. However, limited by available cooling technology, all past experimental demonstrations have had ground-based applications. In this work, we demonstrate a SNSPD system using a hybrid cryocooler that could ultimately be compatible with space applications. With a minimum operational temperature of 2.8 K, this SNSPD system presents a maximum system detection efficiency of over 50% and a timing jitter of 48 ps, which paves the way for various space applications.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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    [Crossref]
  3. X. Yang, H. Li, W. Zhang, L. You, L. Zhang, X. Liu, Z. Wang, W. Peng, X. Xie, and M. Jiang, “Superconducting nanowire single photon detector with on-chip bandpass filter,” Opt. Express 22(13), 16267–16272 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. N. Calandri, Q.-Y. Zhao, D. Zhu, A. Dane, and K. K. Berggren, “Superconducting nanowire detector jitter limited by detector geometry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(15), 152601 (2016).
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    [Crossref]
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  15. H. Li, X. Yang, L. X. You, L. Zhang, X. Liu, Z. Wang, and X. Xie, are preparing a manuscript entitled with “Improving detection efficiency of superconducting nanowire single photon detector with multi-layer anti-reflection coating”
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    [Crossref]
  19. J. Raab and E. Tward, “Northrop Grumman Aerospace Systems cryocooler overview,” Cryogenics 50(9), 572–581 (2010).
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  20. M. Ejrnaes, R. Cristiano, O. Quaranta, S. Pagano, A. Gaggero, F. Mattioli, R. Leoni, B. Voronov, and G. Gol’tsman, “A cascade switching superconducting single photon detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(26), 262509 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  21. M. Ejrnaes, A. Casaburi, O. Quaranta, S. Marchetti, A. Gaggero, F. Mattioli, R. Leoni, S. Pagano, and R. Cristiano, “Characterization of parallel superconducting nanowire single photon detectors,” Supercond. Sci. Technol. 22(5), 055006 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  22. F. Najafi, A. Dane, F. Bellei, Q. Zhao, K. A. Sunter, A. N. McCaughan, and K. K. Berggren, “Fabrication Process Yielding Saturated Nanowire Single-Photon Detectors with 24-ps Jitter,” IEEE J Sel. Top. Quant. 21(2), 1–7 (2015).
    [Crossref]

2018 (1)

X. Yang, L. You, L. Zhang, C. Lv, H. Li, X. Liu, H. Zhou, and Z. Wang, “Comparison of superconducting nanowire single photon detectors made of NbTiN and NbN thin films,” IEEE T Appl. Supercond. 28, 2200106 (2018).

2017 (3)

V. Kotsubo, R. Radebaugh, P. Hendershott, M. Bonczyski, B. Wilson, S. W. Nam, and J. N. Ullom, “Compact 2.2 K Cooling System for Superconducting Nanowire Single Photon Detectors,” IEEE T Appl. Supercond. 27(4), 1–5 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Zhang, L. You, H. Li, J. Huang, C. Lv, L. Zhang, X. Liu, J. Wu, Z. Wang, and X. Xie, “NbN superconducting nanowire single photon detector with efficiency over 90% at 1550 nm wavelength operational at compact cryocooler temperature,” Sci. China Phys. Mech. Astron. 60(12), 120314 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Wu, L. You, S. Chen, H. Li, Y. He, C. Lv, Z. Wang, and X. Xie, “Improving the timing jitter of a superconducting nanowire single-photon detection system,” Appl. Opt. 56(8), 2195–2200 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (5)

H. Li, S. Chen, L. You, W. Meng, Z. Wu, Z. Zhang, K. Tang, L. Zhang, W. Zhang, X. Yang, X. Liu, Z. Wang, and X. Xie, “Superconducting nanowire single photon detector at 532 nm and demonstration in satellite laser ranging,” Opt. Express 24(4), 3535–3542 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Xue, Z. Li, L. Zhang, D. Zhai, Y. Li, S. Zhang, M. Li, L. Kang, J. Chen, P. Wu, and Y. Xiong, “Satellite laser ranging using superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors at 1064 nm wavelength,” Opt. Lett. 41(16), 3848–3851 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Calandri, Q.-Y. Zhao, D. Zhu, A. Dane, and K. K. Berggren, “Superconducting nanowire detector jitter limited by detector geometry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(15), 152601 (2016).
[Crossref]

H.-L. Yin, T.-Y. Chen, Z.-W. Yu, H. Liu, L.-X. You, Y.-H. Zhou, S.-J. Chen, Y. Mao, M.-Q. Huang, W.-J. Zhang, H. Chen, M. J. Li, D. Nolan, F. Zhou, X. Jiang, Z. Wang, Q. Zhang, X.-B. Wang, and J.-W. Pan, “Measurement-Device-Independent Quantum Key Distribution Over a 404 km Optical Fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(19), 190501 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Cai, M. G. Zhao, and G. T. Hong, “The Pulse Tube Cryocooler of GF-4 Satellite Staring Camera,” Spacecraft Recovery & Remote Sensing 37(4), 66–71 (2016).

2015 (1)

F. Najafi, A. Dane, F. Bellei, Q. Zhao, K. A. Sunter, A. N. McCaughan, and K. K. Berggren, “Fabrication Process Yielding Saturated Nanowire Single-Photon Detectors with 24-ps Jitter,” IEEE J Sel. Top. Quant. 21(2), 1–7 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

D. V. Murphy, J. E. Kansky, M. E. Grein, R. T. Schulein, M. M. Willis, and R. E. Lafon, “LLCD operations using the Lunar Lasercom Ground Terminal,” Proc. SPIE 8971, 89710V (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Yang, H. Li, W. Zhang, L. You, L. Zhang, X. Liu, Z. Wang, W. Peng, X. Xie, and M. Jiang, “Superconducting nanowire single photon detector with on-chip bandpass filter,” Opt. Express 22(13), 16267–16272 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (2)

F. Marsili, V. B. Verma, J. A. Stern, S. Harrington, A. E. Lita, T. Gerrits, I. Vayshenker, B. Baek, M. D. Shaw, R. P. Mirin, and S. W. Nam, “Detecting single infrared photons with 93% system efficiency,” Nat. Photonics 7(3), 210–214 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. You, X. Yang, Y. He, W. Zhang, D. Liu, W. Zhang, L. Zhang, L. Zhang, X. Liu, S. Chen, Z. Wang, and X. Xie, “Jitter analysis of a superconducting nanowire single photon detector,” AIP Adv. 3(7), 072135 (2013).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

J. Raab and E. Tward, “Northrop Grumman Aerospace Systems cryocooler overview,” Cryogenics 50(9), 572–581 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

M. Ejrnaes, A. Casaburi, O. Quaranta, S. Marchetti, A. Gaggero, F. Mattioli, R. Leoni, S. Pagano, and R. Cristiano, “Characterization of parallel superconducting nanowire single photon detectors,” Supercond. Sci. Technol. 22(5), 055006 (2009).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

M. Ejrnaes, R. Cristiano, O. Quaranta, S. Pagano, A. Gaggero, F. Mattioli, R. Leoni, B. Voronov, and G. Gol’tsman, “A cascade switching superconducting single photon detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(26), 262509 (2007).
[Crossref]

Baek, B.

F. Marsili, V. B. Verma, J. A. Stern, S. Harrington, A. E. Lita, T. Gerrits, I. Vayshenker, B. Baek, M. D. Shaw, R. P. Mirin, and S. W. Nam, “Detecting single infrared photons with 93% system efficiency,” Nat. Photonics 7(3), 210–214 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bellei, F.

F. Najafi, A. Dane, F. Bellei, Q. Zhao, K. A. Sunter, A. N. McCaughan, and K. K. Berggren, “Fabrication Process Yielding Saturated Nanowire Single-Photon Detectors with 24-ps Jitter,” IEEE J Sel. Top. Quant. 21(2), 1–7 (2015).
[Crossref]

Berggren, K. K.

N. Calandri, Q.-Y. Zhao, D. Zhu, A. Dane, and K. K. Berggren, “Superconducting nanowire detector jitter limited by detector geometry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(15), 152601 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. Najafi, A. Dane, F. Bellei, Q. Zhao, K. A. Sunter, A. N. McCaughan, and K. K. Berggren, “Fabrication Process Yielding Saturated Nanowire Single-Photon Detectors with 24-ps Jitter,” IEEE J Sel. Top. Quant. 21(2), 1–7 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bonczyski, M.

V. Kotsubo, R. Radebaugh, P. Hendershott, M. Bonczyski, B. Wilson, S. W. Nam, and J. N. Ullom, “Compact 2.2 K Cooling System for Superconducting Nanowire Single Photon Detectors,” IEEE T Appl. Supercond. 27(4), 1–5 (2017).
[Crossref]

Cai, J. H.

J. H. Cai, M. G. Zhao, and G. T. Hong, “The Pulse Tube Cryocooler of GF-4 Satellite Staring Camera,” Spacecraft Recovery & Remote Sensing 37(4), 66–71 (2016).

Calandri, N.

N. Calandri, Q.-Y. Zhao, D. Zhu, A. Dane, and K. K. Berggren, “Superconducting nanowire detector jitter limited by detector geometry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(15), 152601 (2016).
[Crossref]

Casaburi, A.

M. Ejrnaes, A. Casaburi, O. Quaranta, S. Marchetti, A. Gaggero, F. Mattioli, R. Leoni, S. Pagano, and R. Cristiano, “Characterization of parallel superconducting nanowire single photon detectors,” Supercond. Sci. Technol. 22(5), 055006 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.

H.-L. Yin, T.-Y. Chen, Z.-W. Yu, H. Liu, L.-X. You, Y.-H. Zhou, S.-J. Chen, Y. Mao, M.-Q. Huang, W.-J. Zhang, H. Chen, M. J. Li, D. Nolan, F. Zhou, X. Jiang, Z. Wang, Q. Zhang, X.-B. Wang, and J.-W. Pan, “Measurement-Device-Independent Quantum Key Distribution Over a 404 km Optical Fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(19), 190501 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, J.

Chen, S.

Chen, S.-J.

H.-L. Yin, T.-Y. Chen, Z.-W. Yu, H. Liu, L.-X. You, Y.-H. Zhou, S.-J. Chen, Y. Mao, M.-Q. Huang, W.-J. Zhang, H. Chen, M. J. Li, D. Nolan, F. Zhou, X. Jiang, Z. Wang, Q. Zhang, X.-B. Wang, and J.-W. Pan, “Measurement-Device-Independent Quantum Key Distribution Over a 404 km Optical Fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(19), 190501 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, T.-Y.

H.-L. Yin, T.-Y. Chen, Z.-W. Yu, H. Liu, L.-X. You, Y.-H. Zhou, S.-J. Chen, Y. Mao, M.-Q. Huang, W.-J. Zhang, H. Chen, M. J. Li, D. Nolan, F. Zhou, X. Jiang, Z. Wang, Q. Zhang, X.-B. Wang, and J.-W. Pan, “Measurement-Device-Independent Quantum Key Distribution Over a 404 km Optical Fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(19), 190501 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cristiano, R.

M. Ejrnaes, A. Casaburi, O. Quaranta, S. Marchetti, A. Gaggero, F. Mattioli, R. Leoni, S. Pagano, and R. Cristiano, “Characterization of parallel superconducting nanowire single photon detectors,” Supercond. Sci. Technol. 22(5), 055006 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Ejrnaes, R. Cristiano, O. Quaranta, S. Pagano, A. Gaggero, F. Mattioli, R. Leoni, B. Voronov, and G. Gol’tsman, “A cascade switching superconducting single photon detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(26), 262509 (2007).
[Crossref]

Dane, A.

N. Calandri, Q.-Y. Zhao, D. Zhu, A. Dane, and K. K. Berggren, “Superconducting nanowire detector jitter limited by detector geometry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(15), 152601 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. Najafi, A. Dane, F. Bellei, Q. Zhao, K. A. Sunter, A. N. McCaughan, and K. K. Berggren, “Fabrication Process Yielding Saturated Nanowire Single-Photon Detectors with 24-ps Jitter,” IEEE J Sel. Top. Quant. 21(2), 1–7 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ejrnaes, M.

M. Ejrnaes, A. Casaburi, O. Quaranta, S. Marchetti, A. Gaggero, F. Mattioli, R. Leoni, S. Pagano, and R. Cristiano, “Characterization of parallel superconducting nanowire single photon detectors,” Supercond. Sci. Technol. 22(5), 055006 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Ejrnaes, R. Cristiano, O. Quaranta, S. Pagano, A. Gaggero, F. Mattioli, R. Leoni, B. Voronov, and G. Gol’tsman, “A cascade switching superconducting single photon detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(26), 262509 (2007).
[Crossref]

Gaggero, A.

M. Ejrnaes, A. Casaburi, O. Quaranta, S. Marchetti, A. Gaggero, F. Mattioli, R. Leoni, S. Pagano, and R. Cristiano, “Characterization of parallel superconducting nanowire single photon detectors,” Supercond. Sci. Technol. 22(5), 055006 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Ejrnaes, R. Cristiano, O. Quaranta, S. Pagano, A. Gaggero, F. Mattioli, R. Leoni, B. Voronov, and G. Gol’tsman, “A cascade switching superconducting single photon detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(26), 262509 (2007).
[Crossref]

Gerrits, T.

F. Marsili, V. B. Verma, J. A. Stern, S. Harrington, A. E. Lita, T. Gerrits, I. Vayshenker, B. Baek, M. D. Shaw, R. P. Mirin, and S. W. Nam, “Detecting single infrared photons with 93% system efficiency,” Nat. Photonics 7(3), 210–214 (2013).
[Crossref]

Gol’tsman, G.

M. Ejrnaes, R. Cristiano, O. Quaranta, S. Pagano, A. Gaggero, F. Mattioli, R. Leoni, B. Voronov, and G. Gol’tsman, “A cascade switching superconducting single photon detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(26), 262509 (2007).
[Crossref]

Grein, M. E.

D. V. Murphy, J. E. Kansky, M. E. Grein, R. T. Schulein, M. M. Willis, and R. E. Lafon, “LLCD operations using the Lunar Lasercom Ground Terminal,” Proc. SPIE 8971, 89710V (2014).
[Crossref]

Harrington, S.

F. Marsili, V. B. Verma, J. A. Stern, S. Harrington, A. E. Lita, T. Gerrits, I. Vayshenker, B. Baek, M. D. Shaw, R. P. Mirin, and S. W. Nam, “Detecting single infrared photons with 93% system efficiency,” Nat. Photonics 7(3), 210–214 (2013).
[Crossref]

He, Y.

J. Wu, L. You, S. Chen, H. Li, Y. He, C. Lv, Z. Wang, and X. Xie, “Improving the timing jitter of a superconducting nanowire single-photon detection system,” Appl. Opt. 56(8), 2195–2200 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. You, X. Yang, Y. He, W. Zhang, D. Liu, W. Zhang, L. Zhang, L. Zhang, X. Liu, S. Chen, Z. Wang, and X. Xie, “Jitter analysis of a superconducting nanowire single photon detector,” AIP Adv. 3(7), 072135 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hendershott, P.

V. Kotsubo, R. Radebaugh, P. Hendershott, M. Bonczyski, B. Wilson, S. W. Nam, and J. N. Ullom, “Compact 2.2 K Cooling System for Superconducting Nanowire Single Photon Detectors,” IEEE T Appl. Supercond. 27(4), 1–5 (2017).
[Crossref]

Hong, G. T.

J. H. Cai, M. G. Zhao, and G. T. Hong, “The Pulse Tube Cryocooler of GF-4 Satellite Staring Camera,” Spacecraft Recovery & Remote Sensing 37(4), 66–71 (2016).

Huang, J.

W. Zhang, L. You, H. Li, J. Huang, C. Lv, L. Zhang, X. Liu, J. Wu, Z. Wang, and X. Xie, “NbN superconducting nanowire single photon detector with efficiency over 90% at 1550 nm wavelength operational at compact cryocooler temperature,” Sci. China Phys. Mech. Astron. 60(12), 120314 (2017).
[Crossref]

Huang, M.-Q.

H.-L. Yin, T.-Y. Chen, Z.-W. Yu, H. Liu, L.-X. You, Y.-H. Zhou, S.-J. Chen, Y. Mao, M.-Q. Huang, W.-J. Zhang, H. Chen, M. J. Li, D. Nolan, F. Zhou, X. Jiang, Z. Wang, Q. Zhang, X.-B. Wang, and J.-W. Pan, “Measurement-Device-Independent Quantum Key Distribution Over a 404 km Optical Fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(19), 190501 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jiang, M.

Jiang, X.

H.-L. Yin, T.-Y. Chen, Z.-W. Yu, H. Liu, L.-X. You, Y.-H. Zhou, S.-J. Chen, Y. Mao, M.-Q. Huang, W.-J. Zhang, H. Chen, M. J. Li, D. Nolan, F. Zhou, X. Jiang, Z. Wang, Q. Zhang, X.-B. Wang, and J.-W. Pan, “Measurement-Device-Independent Quantum Key Distribution Over a 404 km Optical Fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(19), 190501 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kang, L.

Kansky, J. E.

D. V. Murphy, J. E. Kansky, M. E. Grein, R. T. Schulein, M. M. Willis, and R. E. Lafon, “LLCD operations using the Lunar Lasercom Ground Terminal,” Proc. SPIE 8971, 89710V (2014).
[Crossref]

Kotsubo, V.

V. Kotsubo, R. Radebaugh, P. Hendershott, M. Bonczyski, B. Wilson, S. W. Nam, and J. N. Ullom, “Compact 2.2 K Cooling System for Superconducting Nanowire Single Photon Detectors,” IEEE T Appl. Supercond. 27(4), 1–5 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lafon, R. E.

D. V. Murphy, J. E. Kansky, M. E. Grein, R. T. Schulein, M. M. Willis, and R. E. Lafon, “LLCD operations using the Lunar Lasercom Ground Terminal,” Proc. SPIE 8971, 89710V (2014).
[Crossref]

Leoni, R.

M. Ejrnaes, A. Casaburi, O. Quaranta, S. Marchetti, A. Gaggero, F. Mattioli, R. Leoni, S. Pagano, and R. Cristiano, “Characterization of parallel superconducting nanowire single photon detectors,” Supercond. Sci. Technol. 22(5), 055006 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Ejrnaes, R. Cristiano, O. Quaranta, S. Pagano, A. Gaggero, F. Mattioli, R. Leoni, B. Voronov, and G. Gol’tsman, “A cascade switching superconducting single photon detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(26), 262509 (2007).
[Crossref]

Li, H.

X. Yang, L. You, L. Zhang, C. Lv, H. Li, X. Liu, H. Zhou, and Z. Wang, “Comparison of superconducting nanowire single photon detectors made of NbTiN and NbN thin films,” IEEE T Appl. Supercond. 28, 2200106 (2018).

W. Zhang, L. You, H. Li, J. Huang, C. Lv, L. Zhang, X. Liu, J. Wu, Z. Wang, and X. Xie, “NbN superconducting nanowire single photon detector with efficiency over 90% at 1550 nm wavelength operational at compact cryocooler temperature,” Sci. China Phys. Mech. Astron. 60(12), 120314 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Wu, L. You, S. Chen, H. Li, Y. He, C. Lv, Z. Wang, and X. Xie, “Improving the timing jitter of a superconducting nanowire single-photon detection system,” Appl. Opt. 56(8), 2195–2200 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Li, S. Chen, L. You, W. Meng, Z. Wu, Z. Zhang, K. Tang, L. Zhang, W. Zhang, X. Yang, X. Liu, Z. Wang, and X. Xie, “Superconducting nanowire single photon detector at 532 nm and demonstration in satellite laser ranging,” Opt. Express 24(4), 3535–3542 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Yang, H. Li, W. Zhang, L. You, L. Zhang, X. Liu, Z. Wang, W. Peng, X. Xie, and M. Jiang, “Superconducting nanowire single photon detector with on-chip bandpass filter,” Opt. Express 22(13), 16267–16272 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, M.

Li, M. J.

H.-L. Yin, T.-Y. Chen, Z.-W. Yu, H. Liu, L.-X. You, Y.-H. Zhou, S.-J. Chen, Y. Mao, M.-Q. Huang, W.-J. Zhang, H. Chen, M. J. Li, D. Nolan, F. Zhou, X. Jiang, Z. Wang, Q. Zhang, X.-B. Wang, and J.-W. Pan, “Measurement-Device-Independent Quantum Key Distribution Over a 404 km Optical Fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(19), 190501 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Y.

Li, Z.

Lita, A. E.

F. Marsili, V. B. Verma, J. A. Stern, S. Harrington, A. E. Lita, T. Gerrits, I. Vayshenker, B. Baek, M. D. Shaw, R. P. Mirin, and S. W. Nam, “Detecting single infrared photons with 93% system efficiency,” Nat. Photonics 7(3), 210–214 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liu, D.

L. You, X. Yang, Y. He, W. Zhang, D. Liu, W. Zhang, L. Zhang, L. Zhang, X. Liu, S. Chen, Z. Wang, and X. Xie, “Jitter analysis of a superconducting nanowire single photon detector,” AIP Adv. 3(7), 072135 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liu, H.

H.-L. Yin, T.-Y. Chen, Z.-W. Yu, H. Liu, L.-X. You, Y.-H. Zhou, S.-J. Chen, Y. Mao, M.-Q. Huang, W.-J. Zhang, H. Chen, M. J. Li, D. Nolan, F. Zhou, X. Jiang, Z. Wang, Q. Zhang, X.-B. Wang, and J.-W. Pan, “Measurement-Device-Independent Quantum Key Distribution Over a 404 km Optical Fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(19), 190501 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, X.

X. Yang, L. You, L. Zhang, C. Lv, H. Li, X. Liu, H. Zhou, and Z. Wang, “Comparison of superconducting nanowire single photon detectors made of NbTiN and NbN thin films,” IEEE T Appl. Supercond. 28, 2200106 (2018).

W. Zhang, L. You, H. Li, J. Huang, C. Lv, L. Zhang, X. Liu, J. Wu, Z. Wang, and X. Xie, “NbN superconducting nanowire single photon detector with efficiency over 90% at 1550 nm wavelength operational at compact cryocooler temperature,” Sci. China Phys. Mech. Astron. 60(12), 120314 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Li, S. Chen, L. You, W. Meng, Z. Wu, Z. Zhang, K. Tang, L. Zhang, W. Zhang, X. Yang, X. Liu, Z. Wang, and X. Xie, “Superconducting nanowire single photon detector at 532 nm and demonstration in satellite laser ranging,” Opt. Express 24(4), 3535–3542 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Yang, H. Li, W. Zhang, L. You, L. Zhang, X. Liu, Z. Wang, W. Peng, X. Xie, and M. Jiang, “Superconducting nanowire single photon detector with on-chip bandpass filter,” Opt. Express 22(13), 16267–16272 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. You, X. Yang, Y. He, W. Zhang, D. Liu, W. Zhang, L. Zhang, L. Zhang, X. Liu, S. Chen, Z. Wang, and X. Xie, “Jitter analysis of a superconducting nanowire single photon detector,” AIP Adv. 3(7), 072135 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lv, C.

X. Yang, L. You, L. Zhang, C. Lv, H. Li, X. Liu, H. Zhou, and Z. Wang, “Comparison of superconducting nanowire single photon detectors made of NbTiN and NbN thin films,” IEEE T Appl. Supercond. 28, 2200106 (2018).

W. Zhang, L. You, H. Li, J. Huang, C. Lv, L. Zhang, X. Liu, J. Wu, Z. Wang, and X. Xie, “NbN superconducting nanowire single photon detector with efficiency over 90% at 1550 nm wavelength operational at compact cryocooler temperature,” Sci. China Phys. Mech. Astron. 60(12), 120314 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Wu, L. You, S. Chen, H. Li, Y. He, C. Lv, Z. Wang, and X. Xie, “Improving the timing jitter of a superconducting nanowire single-photon detection system,” Appl. Opt. 56(8), 2195–2200 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mao, Y.

H.-L. Yin, T.-Y. Chen, Z.-W. Yu, H. Liu, L.-X. You, Y.-H. Zhou, S.-J. Chen, Y. Mao, M.-Q. Huang, W.-J. Zhang, H. Chen, M. J. Li, D. Nolan, F. Zhou, X. Jiang, Z. Wang, Q. Zhang, X.-B. Wang, and J.-W. Pan, “Measurement-Device-Independent Quantum Key Distribution Over a 404 km Optical Fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(19), 190501 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Marchetti, S.

M. Ejrnaes, A. Casaburi, O. Quaranta, S. Marchetti, A. Gaggero, F. Mattioli, R. Leoni, S. Pagano, and R. Cristiano, “Characterization of parallel superconducting nanowire single photon detectors,” Supercond. Sci. Technol. 22(5), 055006 (2009).
[Crossref]

Marsili, F.

F. Marsili, V. B. Verma, J. A. Stern, S. Harrington, A. E. Lita, T. Gerrits, I. Vayshenker, B. Baek, M. D. Shaw, R. P. Mirin, and S. W. Nam, “Detecting single infrared photons with 93% system efficiency,” Nat. Photonics 7(3), 210–214 (2013).
[Crossref]

Mattioli, F.

M. Ejrnaes, A. Casaburi, O. Quaranta, S. Marchetti, A. Gaggero, F. Mattioli, R. Leoni, S. Pagano, and R. Cristiano, “Characterization of parallel superconducting nanowire single photon detectors,” Supercond. Sci. Technol. 22(5), 055006 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Ejrnaes, R. Cristiano, O. Quaranta, S. Pagano, A. Gaggero, F. Mattioli, R. Leoni, B. Voronov, and G. Gol’tsman, “A cascade switching superconducting single photon detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(26), 262509 (2007).
[Crossref]

McCaughan, A. N.

F. Najafi, A. Dane, F. Bellei, Q. Zhao, K. A. Sunter, A. N. McCaughan, and K. K. Berggren, “Fabrication Process Yielding Saturated Nanowire Single-Photon Detectors with 24-ps Jitter,” IEEE J Sel. Top. Quant. 21(2), 1–7 (2015).
[Crossref]

Meng, W.

Mirin, R. P.

F. Marsili, V. B. Verma, J. A. Stern, S. Harrington, A. E. Lita, T. Gerrits, I. Vayshenker, B. Baek, M. D. Shaw, R. P. Mirin, and S. W. Nam, “Detecting single infrared photons with 93% system efficiency,” Nat. Photonics 7(3), 210–214 (2013).
[Crossref]

Murphy, D. V.

D. V. Murphy, J. E. Kansky, M. E. Grein, R. T. Schulein, M. M. Willis, and R. E. Lafon, “LLCD operations using the Lunar Lasercom Ground Terminal,” Proc. SPIE 8971, 89710V (2014).
[Crossref]

Najafi, F.

F. Najafi, A. Dane, F. Bellei, Q. Zhao, K. A. Sunter, A. N. McCaughan, and K. K. Berggren, “Fabrication Process Yielding Saturated Nanowire Single-Photon Detectors with 24-ps Jitter,” IEEE J Sel. Top. Quant. 21(2), 1–7 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nam, S. W.

V. Kotsubo, R. Radebaugh, P. Hendershott, M. Bonczyski, B. Wilson, S. W. Nam, and J. N. Ullom, “Compact 2.2 K Cooling System for Superconducting Nanowire Single Photon Detectors,” IEEE T Appl. Supercond. 27(4), 1–5 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. Marsili, V. B. Verma, J. A. Stern, S. Harrington, A. E. Lita, T. Gerrits, I. Vayshenker, B. Baek, M. D. Shaw, R. P. Mirin, and S. W. Nam, “Detecting single infrared photons with 93% system efficiency,” Nat. Photonics 7(3), 210–214 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nolan, D.

H.-L. Yin, T.-Y. Chen, Z.-W. Yu, H. Liu, L.-X. You, Y.-H. Zhou, S.-J. Chen, Y. Mao, M.-Q. Huang, W.-J. Zhang, H. Chen, M. J. Li, D. Nolan, F. Zhou, X. Jiang, Z. Wang, Q. Zhang, X.-B. Wang, and J.-W. Pan, “Measurement-Device-Independent Quantum Key Distribution Over a 404 km Optical Fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(19), 190501 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pagano, S.

M. Ejrnaes, A. Casaburi, O. Quaranta, S. Marchetti, A. Gaggero, F. Mattioli, R. Leoni, S. Pagano, and R. Cristiano, “Characterization of parallel superconducting nanowire single photon detectors,” Supercond. Sci. Technol. 22(5), 055006 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Ejrnaes, R. Cristiano, O. Quaranta, S. Pagano, A. Gaggero, F. Mattioli, R. Leoni, B. Voronov, and G. Gol’tsman, “A cascade switching superconducting single photon detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(26), 262509 (2007).
[Crossref]

Pan, J.-W.

H.-L. Yin, T.-Y. Chen, Z.-W. Yu, H. Liu, L.-X. You, Y.-H. Zhou, S.-J. Chen, Y. Mao, M.-Q. Huang, W.-J. Zhang, H. Chen, M. J. Li, D. Nolan, F. Zhou, X. Jiang, Z. Wang, Q. Zhang, X.-B. Wang, and J.-W. Pan, “Measurement-Device-Independent Quantum Key Distribution Over a 404 km Optical Fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(19), 190501 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Peng, W.

Quaranta, O.

M. Ejrnaes, A. Casaburi, O. Quaranta, S. Marchetti, A. Gaggero, F. Mattioli, R. Leoni, S. Pagano, and R. Cristiano, “Characterization of parallel superconducting nanowire single photon detectors,” Supercond. Sci. Technol. 22(5), 055006 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Ejrnaes, R. Cristiano, O. Quaranta, S. Pagano, A. Gaggero, F. Mattioli, R. Leoni, B. Voronov, and G. Gol’tsman, “A cascade switching superconducting single photon detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(26), 262509 (2007).
[Crossref]

Raab, J.

J. Raab and E. Tward, “Northrop Grumman Aerospace Systems cryocooler overview,” Cryogenics 50(9), 572–581 (2010).
[Crossref]

Radebaugh, R.

V. Kotsubo, R. Radebaugh, P. Hendershott, M. Bonczyski, B. Wilson, S. W. Nam, and J. N. Ullom, “Compact 2.2 K Cooling System for Superconducting Nanowire Single Photon Detectors,” IEEE T Appl. Supercond. 27(4), 1–5 (2017).
[Crossref]

Schulein, R. T.

D. V. Murphy, J. E. Kansky, M. E. Grein, R. T. Schulein, M. M. Willis, and R. E. Lafon, “LLCD operations using the Lunar Lasercom Ground Terminal,” Proc. SPIE 8971, 89710V (2014).
[Crossref]

Shaw, M. D.

F. Marsili, V. B. Verma, J. A. Stern, S. Harrington, A. E. Lita, T. Gerrits, I. Vayshenker, B. Baek, M. D. Shaw, R. P. Mirin, and S. W. Nam, “Detecting single infrared photons with 93% system efficiency,” Nat. Photonics 7(3), 210–214 (2013).
[Crossref]

Stern, J. A.

F. Marsili, V. B. Verma, J. A. Stern, S. Harrington, A. E. Lita, T. Gerrits, I. Vayshenker, B. Baek, M. D. Shaw, R. P. Mirin, and S. W. Nam, “Detecting single infrared photons with 93% system efficiency,” Nat. Photonics 7(3), 210–214 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sunter, K. A.

F. Najafi, A. Dane, F. Bellei, Q. Zhao, K. A. Sunter, A. N. McCaughan, and K. K. Berggren, “Fabrication Process Yielding Saturated Nanowire Single-Photon Detectors with 24-ps Jitter,” IEEE J Sel. Top. Quant. 21(2), 1–7 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tang, K.

Tward, E.

J. Raab and E. Tward, “Northrop Grumman Aerospace Systems cryocooler overview,” Cryogenics 50(9), 572–581 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ullom, J. N.

V. Kotsubo, R. Radebaugh, P. Hendershott, M. Bonczyski, B. Wilson, S. W. Nam, and J. N. Ullom, “Compact 2.2 K Cooling System for Superconducting Nanowire Single Photon Detectors,” IEEE T Appl. Supercond. 27(4), 1–5 (2017).
[Crossref]

Vayshenker, I.

F. Marsili, V. B. Verma, J. A. Stern, S. Harrington, A. E. Lita, T. Gerrits, I. Vayshenker, B. Baek, M. D. Shaw, R. P. Mirin, and S. W. Nam, “Detecting single infrared photons with 93% system efficiency,” Nat. Photonics 7(3), 210–214 (2013).
[Crossref]

Verma, V. B.

F. Marsili, V. B. Verma, J. A. Stern, S. Harrington, A. E. Lita, T. Gerrits, I. Vayshenker, B. Baek, M. D. Shaw, R. P. Mirin, and S. W. Nam, “Detecting single infrared photons with 93% system efficiency,” Nat. Photonics 7(3), 210–214 (2013).
[Crossref]

Voronov, B.

M. Ejrnaes, R. Cristiano, O. Quaranta, S. Pagano, A. Gaggero, F. Mattioli, R. Leoni, B. Voronov, and G. Gol’tsman, “A cascade switching superconducting single photon detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(26), 262509 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.-B.

H.-L. Yin, T.-Y. Chen, Z.-W. Yu, H. Liu, L.-X. You, Y.-H. Zhou, S.-J. Chen, Y. Mao, M.-Q. Huang, W.-J. Zhang, H. Chen, M. J. Li, D. Nolan, F. Zhou, X. Jiang, Z. Wang, Q. Zhang, X.-B. Wang, and J.-W. Pan, “Measurement-Device-Independent Quantum Key Distribution Over a 404 km Optical Fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(19), 190501 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Z.

X. Yang, L. You, L. Zhang, C. Lv, H. Li, X. Liu, H. Zhou, and Z. Wang, “Comparison of superconducting nanowire single photon detectors made of NbTiN and NbN thin films,” IEEE T Appl. Supercond. 28, 2200106 (2018).

W. Zhang, L. You, H. Li, J. Huang, C. Lv, L. Zhang, X. Liu, J. Wu, Z. Wang, and X. Xie, “NbN superconducting nanowire single photon detector with efficiency over 90% at 1550 nm wavelength operational at compact cryocooler temperature,” Sci. China Phys. Mech. Astron. 60(12), 120314 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Wu, L. You, S. Chen, H. Li, Y. He, C. Lv, Z. Wang, and X. Xie, “Improving the timing jitter of a superconducting nanowire single-photon detection system,” Appl. Opt. 56(8), 2195–2200 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Li, S. Chen, L. You, W. Meng, Z. Wu, Z. Zhang, K. Tang, L. Zhang, W. Zhang, X. Yang, X. Liu, Z. Wang, and X. Xie, “Superconducting nanowire single photon detector at 532 nm and demonstration in satellite laser ranging,” Opt. Express 24(4), 3535–3542 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H.-L. Yin, T.-Y. Chen, Z.-W. Yu, H. Liu, L.-X. You, Y.-H. Zhou, S.-J. Chen, Y. Mao, M.-Q. Huang, W.-J. Zhang, H. Chen, M. J. Li, D. Nolan, F. Zhou, X. Jiang, Z. Wang, Q. Zhang, X.-B. Wang, and J.-W. Pan, “Measurement-Device-Independent Quantum Key Distribution Over a 404 km Optical Fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(19), 190501 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Yang, H. Li, W. Zhang, L. You, L. Zhang, X. Liu, Z. Wang, W. Peng, X. Xie, and M. Jiang, “Superconducting nanowire single photon detector with on-chip bandpass filter,” Opt. Express 22(13), 16267–16272 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. You, X. Yang, Y. He, W. Zhang, D. Liu, W. Zhang, L. Zhang, L. Zhang, X. Liu, S. Chen, Z. Wang, and X. Xie, “Jitter analysis of a superconducting nanowire single photon detector,” AIP Adv. 3(7), 072135 (2013).
[Crossref]

Willis, M. M.

D. V. Murphy, J. E. Kansky, M. E. Grein, R. T. Schulein, M. M. Willis, and R. E. Lafon, “LLCD operations using the Lunar Lasercom Ground Terminal,” Proc. SPIE 8971, 89710V (2014).
[Crossref]

Wilson, B.

V. Kotsubo, R. Radebaugh, P. Hendershott, M. Bonczyski, B. Wilson, S. W. Nam, and J. N. Ullom, “Compact 2.2 K Cooling System for Superconducting Nanowire Single Photon Detectors,” IEEE T Appl. Supercond. 27(4), 1–5 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wu, J.

W. Zhang, L. You, H. Li, J. Huang, C. Lv, L. Zhang, X. Liu, J. Wu, Z. Wang, and X. Xie, “NbN superconducting nanowire single photon detector with efficiency over 90% at 1550 nm wavelength operational at compact cryocooler temperature,” Sci. China Phys. Mech. Astron. 60(12), 120314 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Wu, L. You, S. Chen, H. Li, Y. He, C. Lv, Z. Wang, and X. Xie, “Improving the timing jitter of a superconducting nanowire single-photon detection system,” Appl. Opt. 56(8), 2195–2200 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, P.

Wu, Z.

Xie, X.

W. Zhang, L. You, H. Li, J. Huang, C. Lv, L. Zhang, X. Liu, J. Wu, Z. Wang, and X. Xie, “NbN superconducting nanowire single photon detector with efficiency over 90% at 1550 nm wavelength operational at compact cryocooler temperature,” Sci. China Phys. Mech. Astron. 60(12), 120314 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Wu, L. You, S. Chen, H. Li, Y. He, C. Lv, Z. Wang, and X. Xie, “Improving the timing jitter of a superconducting nanowire single-photon detection system,” Appl. Opt. 56(8), 2195–2200 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Li, S. Chen, L. You, W. Meng, Z. Wu, Z. Zhang, K. Tang, L. Zhang, W. Zhang, X. Yang, X. Liu, Z. Wang, and X. Xie, “Superconducting nanowire single photon detector at 532 nm and demonstration in satellite laser ranging,” Opt. Express 24(4), 3535–3542 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Yang, H. Li, W. Zhang, L. You, L. Zhang, X. Liu, Z. Wang, W. Peng, X. Xie, and M. Jiang, “Superconducting nanowire single photon detector with on-chip bandpass filter,” Opt. Express 22(13), 16267–16272 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. You, X. Yang, Y. He, W. Zhang, D. Liu, W. Zhang, L. Zhang, L. Zhang, X. Liu, S. Chen, Z. Wang, and X. Xie, “Jitter analysis of a superconducting nanowire single photon detector,” AIP Adv. 3(7), 072135 (2013).
[Crossref]

Xiong, Y.

Xue, L.

Yang, X.

X. Yang, L. You, L. Zhang, C. Lv, H. Li, X. Liu, H. Zhou, and Z. Wang, “Comparison of superconducting nanowire single photon detectors made of NbTiN and NbN thin films,” IEEE T Appl. Supercond. 28, 2200106 (2018).

H. Li, S. Chen, L. You, W. Meng, Z. Wu, Z. Zhang, K. Tang, L. Zhang, W. Zhang, X. Yang, X. Liu, Z. Wang, and X. Xie, “Superconducting nanowire single photon detector at 532 nm and demonstration in satellite laser ranging,” Opt. Express 24(4), 3535–3542 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Yang, H. Li, W. Zhang, L. You, L. Zhang, X. Liu, Z. Wang, W. Peng, X. Xie, and M. Jiang, “Superconducting nanowire single photon detector with on-chip bandpass filter,” Opt. Express 22(13), 16267–16272 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. You, X. Yang, Y. He, W. Zhang, D. Liu, W. Zhang, L. Zhang, L. Zhang, X. Liu, S. Chen, Z. Wang, and X. Xie, “Jitter analysis of a superconducting nanowire single photon detector,” AIP Adv. 3(7), 072135 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yin, H.-L.

H.-L. Yin, T.-Y. Chen, Z.-W. Yu, H. Liu, L.-X. You, Y.-H. Zhou, S.-J. Chen, Y. Mao, M.-Q. Huang, W.-J. Zhang, H. Chen, M. J. Li, D. Nolan, F. Zhou, X. Jiang, Z. Wang, Q. Zhang, X.-B. Wang, and J.-W. Pan, “Measurement-Device-Independent Quantum Key Distribution Over a 404 km Optical Fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(19), 190501 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

You, L.

X. Yang, L. You, L. Zhang, C. Lv, H. Li, X. Liu, H. Zhou, and Z. Wang, “Comparison of superconducting nanowire single photon detectors made of NbTiN and NbN thin films,” IEEE T Appl. Supercond. 28, 2200106 (2018).

W. Zhang, L. You, H. Li, J. Huang, C. Lv, L. Zhang, X. Liu, J. Wu, Z. Wang, and X. Xie, “NbN superconducting nanowire single photon detector with efficiency over 90% at 1550 nm wavelength operational at compact cryocooler temperature,” Sci. China Phys. Mech. Astron. 60(12), 120314 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Wu, L. You, S. Chen, H. Li, Y. He, C. Lv, Z. Wang, and X. Xie, “Improving the timing jitter of a superconducting nanowire single-photon detection system,” Appl. Opt. 56(8), 2195–2200 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Li, S. Chen, L. You, W. Meng, Z. Wu, Z. Zhang, K. Tang, L. Zhang, W. Zhang, X. Yang, X. Liu, Z. Wang, and X. Xie, “Superconducting nanowire single photon detector at 532 nm and demonstration in satellite laser ranging,” Opt. Express 24(4), 3535–3542 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Yang, H. Li, W. Zhang, L. You, L. Zhang, X. Liu, Z. Wang, W. Peng, X. Xie, and M. Jiang, “Superconducting nanowire single photon detector with on-chip bandpass filter,” Opt. Express 22(13), 16267–16272 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. You, X. Yang, Y. He, W. Zhang, D. Liu, W. Zhang, L. Zhang, L. Zhang, X. Liu, S. Chen, Z. Wang, and X. Xie, “Jitter analysis of a superconducting nanowire single photon detector,” AIP Adv. 3(7), 072135 (2013).
[Crossref]

You, L.-X.

H.-L. Yin, T.-Y. Chen, Z.-W. Yu, H. Liu, L.-X. You, Y.-H. Zhou, S.-J. Chen, Y. Mao, M.-Q. Huang, W.-J. Zhang, H. Chen, M. J. Li, D. Nolan, F. Zhou, X. Jiang, Z. Wang, Q. Zhang, X.-B. Wang, and J.-W. Pan, “Measurement-Device-Independent Quantum Key Distribution Over a 404 km Optical Fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(19), 190501 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, Z.-W.

H.-L. Yin, T.-Y. Chen, Z.-W. Yu, H. Liu, L.-X. You, Y.-H. Zhou, S.-J. Chen, Y. Mao, M.-Q. Huang, W.-J. Zhang, H. Chen, M. J. Li, D. Nolan, F. Zhou, X. Jiang, Z. Wang, Q. Zhang, X.-B. Wang, and J.-W. Pan, “Measurement-Device-Independent Quantum Key Distribution Over a 404 km Optical Fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(19), 190501 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhai, D.

Zhang, L.

X. Yang, L. You, L. Zhang, C. Lv, H. Li, X. Liu, H. Zhou, and Z. Wang, “Comparison of superconducting nanowire single photon detectors made of NbTiN and NbN thin films,” IEEE T Appl. Supercond. 28, 2200106 (2018).

W. Zhang, L. You, H. Li, J. Huang, C. Lv, L. Zhang, X. Liu, J. Wu, Z. Wang, and X. Xie, “NbN superconducting nanowire single photon detector with efficiency over 90% at 1550 nm wavelength operational at compact cryocooler temperature,” Sci. China Phys. Mech. Astron. 60(12), 120314 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. Xue, Z. Li, L. Zhang, D. Zhai, Y. Li, S. Zhang, M. Li, L. Kang, J. Chen, P. Wu, and Y. Xiong, “Satellite laser ranging using superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors at 1064 nm wavelength,” Opt. Lett. 41(16), 3848–3851 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Li, S. Chen, L. You, W. Meng, Z. Wu, Z. Zhang, K. Tang, L. Zhang, W. Zhang, X. Yang, X. Liu, Z. Wang, and X. Xie, “Superconducting nanowire single photon detector at 532 nm and demonstration in satellite laser ranging,” Opt. Express 24(4), 3535–3542 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Yang, H. Li, W. Zhang, L. You, L. Zhang, X. Liu, Z. Wang, W. Peng, X. Xie, and M. Jiang, “Superconducting nanowire single photon detector with on-chip bandpass filter,” Opt. Express 22(13), 16267–16272 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. You, X. Yang, Y. He, W. Zhang, D. Liu, W. Zhang, L. Zhang, L. Zhang, X. Liu, S. Chen, Z. Wang, and X. Xie, “Jitter analysis of a superconducting nanowire single photon detector,” AIP Adv. 3(7), 072135 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. You, X. Yang, Y. He, W. Zhang, D. Liu, W. Zhang, L. Zhang, L. Zhang, X. Liu, S. Chen, Z. Wang, and X. Xie, “Jitter analysis of a superconducting nanowire single photon detector,” AIP Adv. 3(7), 072135 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Q.

H.-L. Yin, T.-Y. Chen, Z.-W. Yu, H. Liu, L.-X. You, Y.-H. Zhou, S.-J. Chen, Y. Mao, M.-Q. Huang, W.-J. Zhang, H. Chen, M. J. Li, D. Nolan, F. Zhou, X. Jiang, Z. Wang, Q. Zhang, X.-B. Wang, and J.-W. Pan, “Measurement-Device-Independent Quantum Key Distribution Over a 404 km Optical Fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(19), 190501 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, S.

Zhang, W.

W. Zhang, L. You, H. Li, J. Huang, C. Lv, L. Zhang, X. Liu, J. Wu, Z. Wang, and X. Xie, “NbN superconducting nanowire single photon detector with efficiency over 90% at 1550 nm wavelength operational at compact cryocooler temperature,” Sci. China Phys. Mech. Astron. 60(12), 120314 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Li, S. Chen, L. You, W. Meng, Z. Wu, Z. Zhang, K. Tang, L. Zhang, W. Zhang, X. Yang, X. Liu, Z. Wang, and X. Xie, “Superconducting nanowire single photon detector at 532 nm and demonstration in satellite laser ranging,” Opt. Express 24(4), 3535–3542 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Yang, H. Li, W. Zhang, L. You, L. Zhang, X. Liu, Z. Wang, W. Peng, X. Xie, and M. Jiang, “Superconducting nanowire single photon detector with on-chip bandpass filter,” Opt. Express 22(13), 16267–16272 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. You, X. Yang, Y. He, W. Zhang, D. Liu, W. Zhang, L. Zhang, L. Zhang, X. Liu, S. Chen, Z. Wang, and X. Xie, “Jitter analysis of a superconducting nanowire single photon detector,” AIP Adv. 3(7), 072135 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. You, X. Yang, Y. He, W. Zhang, D. Liu, W. Zhang, L. Zhang, L. Zhang, X. Liu, S. Chen, Z. Wang, and X. Xie, “Jitter analysis of a superconducting nanowire single photon detector,” AIP Adv. 3(7), 072135 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W.-J.

H.-L. Yin, T.-Y. Chen, Z.-W. Yu, H. Liu, L.-X. You, Y.-H. Zhou, S.-J. Chen, Y. Mao, M.-Q. Huang, W.-J. Zhang, H. Chen, M. J. Li, D. Nolan, F. Zhou, X. Jiang, Z. Wang, Q. Zhang, X.-B. Wang, and J.-W. Pan, “Measurement-Device-Independent Quantum Key Distribution Over a 404 km Optical Fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(19), 190501 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Z.

Zhao, M. G.

J. H. Cai, M. G. Zhao, and G. T. Hong, “The Pulse Tube Cryocooler of GF-4 Satellite Staring Camera,” Spacecraft Recovery & Remote Sensing 37(4), 66–71 (2016).

Zhao, Q.

F. Najafi, A. Dane, F. Bellei, Q. Zhao, K. A. Sunter, A. N. McCaughan, and K. K. Berggren, “Fabrication Process Yielding Saturated Nanowire Single-Photon Detectors with 24-ps Jitter,” IEEE J Sel. Top. Quant. 21(2), 1–7 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Q.-Y.

N. Calandri, Q.-Y. Zhao, D. Zhu, A. Dane, and K. K. Berggren, “Superconducting nanowire detector jitter limited by detector geometry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(15), 152601 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhou, F.

H.-L. Yin, T.-Y. Chen, Z.-W. Yu, H. Liu, L.-X. You, Y.-H. Zhou, S.-J. Chen, Y. Mao, M.-Q. Huang, W.-J. Zhang, H. Chen, M. J. Li, D. Nolan, F. Zhou, X. Jiang, Z. Wang, Q. Zhang, X.-B. Wang, and J.-W. Pan, “Measurement-Device-Independent Quantum Key Distribution Over a 404 km Optical Fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(19), 190501 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, H.

X. Yang, L. You, L. Zhang, C. Lv, H. Li, X. Liu, H. Zhou, and Z. Wang, “Comparison of superconducting nanowire single photon detectors made of NbTiN and NbN thin films,” IEEE T Appl. Supercond. 28, 2200106 (2018).

Zhou, Y.-H.

H.-L. Yin, T.-Y. Chen, Z.-W. Yu, H. Liu, L.-X. You, Y.-H. Zhou, S.-J. Chen, Y. Mao, M.-Q. Huang, W.-J. Zhang, H. Chen, M. J. Li, D. Nolan, F. Zhou, X. Jiang, Z. Wang, Q. Zhang, X.-B. Wang, and J.-W. Pan, “Measurement-Device-Independent Quantum Key Distribution Over a 404 km Optical Fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(19), 190501 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, D.

N. Calandri, Q.-Y. Zhao, D. Zhu, A. Dane, and K. K. Berggren, “Superconducting nanowire detector jitter limited by detector geometry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(15), 152601 (2016).
[Crossref]

AIP Adv. (1)

L. You, X. Yang, Y. He, W. Zhang, D. Liu, W. Zhang, L. Zhang, L. Zhang, X. Liu, S. Chen, Z. Wang, and X. Xie, “Jitter analysis of a superconducting nanowire single photon detector,” AIP Adv. 3(7), 072135 (2013).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

N. Calandri, Q.-Y. Zhao, D. Zhu, A. Dane, and K. K. Berggren, “Superconducting nanowire detector jitter limited by detector geometry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(15), 152601 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Ejrnaes, R. Cristiano, O. Quaranta, S. Pagano, A. Gaggero, F. Mattioli, R. Leoni, B. Voronov, and G. Gol’tsman, “A cascade switching superconducting single photon detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(26), 262509 (2007).
[Crossref]

Cryogenics (1)

J. Raab and E. Tward, “Northrop Grumman Aerospace Systems cryocooler overview,” Cryogenics 50(9), 572–581 (2010).
[Crossref]

IEEE J Sel. Top. Quant. (1)

F. Najafi, A. Dane, F. Bellei, Q. Zhao, K. A. Sunter, A. N. McCaughan, and K. K. Berggren, “Fabrication Process Yielding Saturated Nanowire Single-Photon Detectors with 24-ps Jitter,” IEEE J Sel. Top. Quant. 21(2), 1–7 (2015).
[Crossref]

IEEE T Appl. Supercond. (2)

V. Kotsubo, R. Radebaugh, P. Hendershott, M. Bonczyski, B. Wilson, S. W. Nam, and J. N. Ullom, “Compact 2.2 K Cooling System for Superconducting Nanowire Single Photon Detectors,” IEEE T Appl. Supercond. 27(4), 1–5 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Yang, L. You, L. Zhang, C. Lv, H. Li, X. Liu, H. Zhou, and Z. Wang, “Comparison of superconducting nanowire single photon detectors made of NbTiN and NbN thin films,” IEEE T Appl. Supercond. 28, 2200106 (2018).

Nat. Photonics (1)

F. Marsili, V. B. Verma, J. A. Stern, S. Harrington, A. E. Lita, T. Gerrits, I. Vayshenker, B. Baek, M. D. Shaw, R. P. Mirin, and S. W. Nam, “Detecting single infrared photons with 93% system efficiency,” Nat. Photonics 7(3), 210–214 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

H.-L. Yin, T.-Y. Chen, Z.-W. Yu, H. Liu, L.-X. You, Y.-H. Zhou, S.-J. Chen, Y. Mao, M.-Q. Huang, W.-J. Zhang, H. Chen, M. J. Li, D. Nolan, F. Zhou, X. Jiang, Z. Wang, Q. Zhang, X.-B. Wang, and J.-W. Pan, “Measurement-Device-Independent Quantum Key Distribution Over a 404 km Optical Fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(19), 190501 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE (1)

D. V. Murphy, J. E. Kansky, M. E. Grein, R. T. Schulein, M. M. Willis, and R. E. Lafon, “LLCD operations using the Lunar Lasercom Ground Terminal,” Proc. SPIE 8971, 89710V (2014).
[Crossref]

Sci. China Phys. Mech. Astron. (1)

W. Zhang, L. You, H. Li, J. Huang, C. Lv, L. Zhang, X. Liu, J. Wu, Z. Wang, and X. Xie, “NbN superconducting nanowire single photon detector with efficiency over 90% at 1550 nm wavelength operational at compact cryocooler temperature,” Sci. China Phys. Mech. Astron. 60(12), 120314 (2017).
[Crossref]

Spacecraft Recovery & Remote Sensing (1)

J. H. Cai, M. G. Zhao, and G. T. Hong, “The Pulse Tube Cryocooler of GF-4 Satellite Staring Camera,” Spacecraft Recovery & Remote Sensing 37(4), 66–71 (2016).

Supercond. Sci. Technol. (1)

M. Ejrnaes, A. Casaburi, O. Quaranta, S. Marchetti, A. Gaggero, F. Mattioli, R. Leoni, S. Pagano, and R. Cristiano, “Characterization of parallel superconducting nanowire single photon detectors,” Supercond. Sci. Technol. 22(5), 055006 (2009).
[Crossref]

Other (5)

H. Li, X. Yang, L. X. You, L. Zhang, X. Liu, Z. Wang, and X. Xie, are preparing a manuscript entitled with “Improving detection efficiency of superconducting nanowire single photon detector with multi-layer anti-reflection coating”

R. F. Boyle and R. G. Ross, “Overview of NASA space cryocooler programs” in Advances in Cryogenic Engineering:Proceedings of the Cryogenic Engineering Conference, 47,1037–1044 (2002).

http://www.shicryogenics.com/products/4k-cryocoolers/rdk-101d-4k-cryocooler-series/

http://photonspot.com/cryogenics/sorption-fridge ; http://www.chasecryogenics.com ; https://www.idquantique.com/single-photon-systems/products/id281/ .

http://www.scontel.ru/sspd/

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Schematics of the hybrid JT cryocooler; (b) A photo of the SNSPD system, including the hybrid JT cryocooler; (c) A photo of the SNSPD package installed on the evaporator of the JT cooler.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Cooling down temperature curves of the hybrid JT cryocooler. The inset shows the enlarged curves from hour 39 to hour 43. The evaporator reaches a minimum temperature of 2.8 K.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Performance comparison of the SNSPD cooled with the hybrid cryocooler and the G-M cryocooler: (a) I–V curves; (b) SDE and DCR versus the bias current Ib, where solid/open symbols represent SDE/DCR respectively; (c) the transient amplified response pulses (the amplification ratio is 300); and (d) the measured timing jitters with Gaussian-fit curves when Ib = 0.93Isw.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Operating and performance parameters of the hybrid JT cryocooler

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