Abstract

When light either leaves or enters an optical fiber, one often needs free-space optical components to manipulate the state of polarization or the light’s phase profile. It is therefore desirable to integrate such components onto a fiber end facet. In this paper, we realize, for the first time, a polarizing beam splitter fabricated directly onto the end facet of a single-mode optical fiber. The element is composed of a refractive prism, intentionally slightly displaced from the core of the fiber, and an elevated and suspended sub-wavelength diffraction grating, the lamellae of which have an aspect ratio of about 5. This integrated micro-optical component is characterized experimentally at 1550 nm wavelength. We find that the two emerging output beams exhibit a degree of polarization of 81 percent and 82 percent for Transverse Magnetic (TM) and Transverse Electric (TE) polarization, respectively.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2018 (1)

2017 (1)

2016 (5)

2015 (1)

A. Wickberg, J. B. Mueller, Y. J. Mange, J. Fischer, T. Nann, and M. Wegener, “Three-dimensional micro-printing of temperature sensors based on up-conversion luminescence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(13), 133103 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

M. Kowalczyk, J. Haberko, and P. Wasylczyk, “Microstructured gradient-index antireflective coating fabricated on a fiber tip with direct laser writing,” Opt. Express 22(10), 12545–12550 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Kostovski, P. R. Stoddart, and A. Mitchell, “The optical fiber tip: an inherently light-coupled microscopic platform for micro- and nanotechnologies,” Adv. Mater. 26(23), 3798–3820 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (1)

C. Liberale, G. Cojoc, F. Bragheri, P. Minzioni, G. Perozziello, R. La Rocca, L. Ferrara, V. Rajamanickam, E. Di Fabrizio, and I. Cristiani, “Integrated microfluidic device for single-cell trapping and spectroscopy,” Sci. Rep. 3(1), 1258 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (1)

T. Bückmann, N. Stenger, M. Kadic, J. Kaschke, A. Frölich, T. Kennerknecht, C. Eberl, M. Thiel, and M. Wegener, “Tailored 3D mechanical metamaterials made by dip-in direct-laser-writing optical lithography,” Adv. Mater. 24(20), 2710–2714 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

2010 (1)

C. Liberale, G. Cojoc, P. Candeloro, G. Das, F. Gentile, F. De Angelis, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Micro-optics fabrication on top of optical fibers using two-photon lithography,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(7), 474–476 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

2007 (1)

M. Thiel, M. Hermatschweiler, M. Wegener, and G. von Freymann, “Thin-film polarizer based on a one-dimensional–three-dimensional–one-dimensional photonic crystal heterostructure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(12), 123515 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

S. Cabrini, C. Liberale, D. Cojoc, A. Carpentiero, M. Prasciolu, S. Mora, V. Degiorgio, F. De Angelis, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Axicon lens on optical fiber forming optical tweezers, made by focused ion beam milling,” Microelectron. Eng. 83(4-9), 804–807 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

F. Schiappelli, R. Kumar, M. Prasciolu, D. Cojoc, S. Cabrini, M. De Vittorio, G. Visimberga, A. Gerardino, V. Degiorgio, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Efficient fiber-to-waveguide coupling by a lens on the end of the optical fiber fabricated by focused ion beam milling,” Microelectron. Eng. 73–74, 397–404 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

M. Prasciolu, D. Cojoc, S. Cabrini, L. Businaro, P. Candeloro, M. Tormen, R. Kumar, C. Liberale, V. Degiorgio, A. Gerardino, G. Gigli, D. Pisignano, E. Di Fabrizio, and R. Cingolani, “Design and fabrication of on-fiber diffractive elements for fiber-waveguide coupling by means of e-beam lithography,” Microelectron. Eng. 67–68, 169–174 (2003).
[Crossref]

Baravets, Y.

Bhattacharya, S.

P. Vayalamkuzhi, S. Bhattacharya, U. Eigenthaler, K. Keskinbora, C. T. Samlan, M. Hirscher, J. P. Spatz, and N. K. Viswanathan, “Direct patterning of vortex generators on a fiber tip using a focused ion beam,” Opt. Lett. 41(10), 2133–2136 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Vayalamkuzhi, G. M. Sridharan, and S. Bhattacharya, “Subwavelength transmission gratings for polarization separation in the infrared,” JM3,” JMMMGF 15(2), 023504 (2016).

Bragheri, F.

C. Liberale, G. Cojoc, F. Bragheri, P. Minzioni, G. Perozziello, R. La Rocca, L. Ferrara, V. Rajamanickam, E. Di Fabrizio, and I. Cristiani, “Integrated microfluidic device for single-cell trapping and spectroscopy,” Sci. Rep. 3(1), 1258 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bückmann, T.

T. Bückmann, N. Stenger, M. Kadic, J. Kaschke, A. Frölich, T. Kennerknecht, C. Eberl, M. Thiel, and M. Wegener, “Tailored 3D mechanical metamaterials made by dip-in direct-laser-writing optical lithography,” Adv. Mater. 24(20), 2710–2714 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Businaro, L.

M. Prasciolu, D. Cojoc, S. Cabrini, L. Businaro, P. Candeloro, M. Tormen, R. Kumar, C. Liberale, V. Degiorgio, A. Gerardino, G. Gigli, D. Pisignano, E. Di Fabrizio, and R. Cingolani, “Design and fabrication of on-fiber diffractive elements for fiber-waveguide coupling by means of e-beam lithography,” Microelectron. Eng. 67–68, 169–174 (2003).
[Crossref]

Cabrini, S.

S. Cabrini, C. Liberale, D. Cojoc, A. Carpentiero, M. Prasciolu, S. Mora, V. Degiorgio, F. De Angelis, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Axicon lens on optical fiber forming optical tweezers, made by focused ion beam milling,” Microelectron. Eng. 83(4-9), 804–807 (2006).
[Crossref]

F. Schiappelli, R. Kumar, M. Prasciolu, D. Cojoc, S. Cabrini, M. De Vittorio, G. Visimberga, A. Gerardino, V. Degiorgio, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Efficient fiber-to-waveguide coupling by a lens on the end of the optical fiber fabricated by focused ion beam milling,” Microelectron. Eng. 73–74, 397–404 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. Prasciolu, D. Cojoc, S. Cabrini, L. Businaro, P. Candeloro, M. Tormen, R. Kumar, C. Liberale, V. Degiorgio, A. Gerardino, G. Gigli, D. Pisignano, E. Di Fabrizio, and R. Cingolani, “Design and fabrication of on-fiber diffractive elements for fiber-waveguide coupling by means of e-beam lithography,” Microelectron. Eng. 67–68, 169–174 (2003).
[Crossref]

Candeloro, P.

C. Liberale, G. Cojoc, P. Candeloro, G. Das, F. Gentile, F. De Angelis, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Micro-optics fabrication on top of optical fibers using two-photon lithography,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(7), 474–476 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Prasciolu, D. Cojoc, S. Cabrini, L. Businaro, P. Candeloro, M. Tormen, R. Kumar, C. Liberale, V. Degiorgio, A. Gerardino, G. Gigli, D. Pisignano, E. Di Fabrizio, and R. Cingolani, “Design and fabrication of on-fiber diffractive elements for fiber-waveguide coupling by means of e-beam lithography,” Microelectron. Eng. 67–68, 169–174 (2003).
[Crossref]

Cao, H.

Carpentiero, A.

S. Cabrini, C. Liberale, D. Cojoc, A. Carpentiero, M. Prasciolu, S. Mora, V. Degiorgio, F. De Angelis, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Axicon lens on optical fiber forming optical tweezers, made by focused ion beam milling,” Microelectron. Eng. 83(4-9), 804–807 (2006).
[Crossref]

Cingolani, R.

M. Prasciolu, D. Cojoc, S. Cabrini, L. Businaro, P. Candeloro, M. Tormen, R. Kumar, C. Liberale, V. Degiorgio, A. Gerardino, G. Gigli, D. Pisignano, E. Di Fabrizio, and R. Cingolani, “Design and fabrication of on-fiber diffractive elements for fiber-waveguide coupling by means of e-beam lithography,” Microelectron. Eng. 67–68, 169–174 (2003).
[Crossref]

Cojoc, D.

S. Cabrini, C. Liberale, D. Cojoc, A. Carpentiero, M. Prasciolu, S. Mora, V. Degiorgio, F. De Angelis, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Axicon lens on optical fiber forming optical tweezers, made by focused ion beam milling,” Microelectron. Eng. 83(4-9), 804–807 (2006).
[Crossref]

F. Schiappelli, R. Kumar, M. Prasciolu, D. Cojoc, S. Cabrini, M. De Vittorio, G. Visimberga, A. Gerardino, V. Degiorgio, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Efficient fiber-to-waveguide coupling by a lens on the end of the optical fiber fabricated by focused ion beam milling,” Microelectron. Eng. 73–74, 397–404 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. Prasciolu, D. Cojoc, S. Cabrini, L. Businaro, P. Candeloro, M. Tormen, R. Kumar, C. Liberale, V. Degiorgio, A. Gerardino, G. Gigli, D. Pisignano, E. Di Fabrizio, and R. Cingolani, “Design and fabrication of on-fiber diffractive elements for fiber-waveguide coupling by means of e-beam lithography,” Microelectron. Eng. 67–68, 169–174 (2003).
[Crossref]

Cojoc, G.

C. Liberale, G. Cojoc, F. Bragheri, P. Minzioni, G. Perozziello, R. La Rocca, L. Ferrara, V. Rajamanickam, E. Di Fabrizio, and I. Cristiani, “Integrated microfluidic device for single-cell trapping and spectroscopy,” Sci. Rep. 3(1), 1258 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Liberale, G. Cojoc, P. Candeloro, G. Das, F. Gentile, F. De Angelis, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Micro-optics fabrication on top of optical fibers using two-photon lithography,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(7), 474–476 (2010).
[Crossref]

Cristiani, I.

C. Liberale, G. Cojoc, F. Bragheri, P. Minzioni, G. Perozziello, R. La Rocca, L. Ferrara, V. Rajamanickam, E. Di Fabrizio, and I. Cristiani, “Integrated microfluidic device for single-cell trapping and spectroscopy,” Sci. Rep. 3(1), 1258 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ctyroky, J.

Das, G.

C. Liberale, G. Cojoc, P. Candeloro, G. Das, F. Gentile, F. De Angelis, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Micro-optics fabrication on top of optical fibers using two-photon lithography,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(7), 474–476 (2010).
[Crossref]

De Angelis, F.

C. Liberale, G. Cojoc, P. Candeloro, G. Das, F. Gentile, F. De Angelis, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Micro-optics fabrication on top of optical fibers using two-photon lithography,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(7), 474–476 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Cabrini, C. Liberale, D. Cojoc, A. Carpentiero, M. Prasciolu, S. Mora, V. Degiorgio, F. De Angelis, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Axicon lens on optical fiber forming optical tweezers, made by focused ion beam milling,” Microelectron. Eng. 83(4-9), 804–807 (2006).
[Crossref]

De Vittorio, M.

F. Schiappelli, R. Kumar, M. Prasciolu, D. Cojoc, S. Cabrini, M. De Vittorio, G. Visimberga, A. Gerardino, V. Degiorgio, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Efficient fiber-to-waveguide coupling by a lens on the end of the optical fiber fabricated by focused ion beam milling,” Microelectron. Eng. 73–74, 397–404 (2004).
[Crossref]

Degiorgio, V.

S. Cabrini, C. Liberale, D. Cojoc, A. Carpentiero, M. Prasciolu, S. Mora, V. Degiorgio, F. De Angelis, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Axicon lens on optical fiber forming optical tweezers, made by focused ion beam milling,” Microelectron. Eng. 83(4-9), 804–807 (2006).
[Crossref]

F. Schiappelli, R. Kumar, M. Prasciolu, D. Cojoc, S. Cabrini, M. De Vittorio, G. Visimberga, A. Gerardino, V. Degiorgio, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Efficient fiber-to-waveguide coupling by a lens on the end of the optical fiber fabricated by focused ion beam milling,” Microelectron. Eng. 73–74, 397–404 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. Prasciolu, D. Cojoc, S. Cabrini, L. Businaro, P. Candeloro, M. Tormen, R. Kumar, C. Liberale, V. Degiorgio, A. Gerardino, G. Gigli, D. Pisignano, E. Di Fabrizio, and R. Cingolani, “Design and fabrication of on-fiber diffractive elements for fiber-waveguide coupling by means of e-beam lithography,” Microelectron. Eng. 67–68, 169–174 (2003).
[Crossref]

Di Fabrizio, E.

C. Liberale, G. Cojoc, F. Bragheri, P. Minzioni, G. Perozziello, R. La Rocca, L. Ferrara, V. Rajamanickam, E. Di Fabrizio, and I. Cristiani, “Integrated microfluidic device for single-cell trapping and spectroscopy,” Sci. Rep. 3(1), 1258 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Liberale, G. Cojoc, P. Candeloro, G. Das, F. Gentile, F. De Angelis, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Micro-optics fabrication on top of optical fibers using two-photon lithography,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(7), 474–476 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Cabrini, C. Liberale, D. Cojoc, A. Carpentiero, M. Prasciolu, S. Mora, V. Degiorgio, F. De Angelis, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Axicon lens on optical fiber forming optical tweezers, made by focused ion beam milling,” Microelectron. Eng. 83(4-9), 804–807 (2006).
[Crossref]

F. Schiappelli, R. Kumar, M. Prasciolu, D. Cojoc, S. Cabrini, M. De Vittorio, G. Visimberga, A. Gerardino, V. Degiorgio, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Efficient fiber-to-waveguide coupling by a lens on the end of the optical fiber fabricated by focused ion beam milling,” Microelectron. Eng. 73–74, 397–404 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. Prasciolu, D. Cojoc, S. Cabrini, L. Businaro, P. Candeloro, M. Tormen, R. Kumar, C. Liberale, V. Degiorgio, A. Gerardino, G. Gigli, D. Pisignano, E. Di Fabrizio, and R. Cingolani, “Design and fabrication of on-fiber diffractive elements for fiber-waveguide coupling by means of e-beam lithography,” Microelectron. Eng. 67–68, 169–174 (2003).
[Crossref]

Eberl, C.

T. Bückmann, N. Stenger, M. Kadic, J. Kaschke, A. Frölich, T. Kennerknecht, C. Eberl, M. Thiel, and M. Wegener, “Tailored 3D mechanical metamaterials made by dip-in direct-laser-writing optical lithography,” Adv. Mater. 24(20), 2710–2714 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eigenthaler, U.

Feng, J.

Ferrara, L.

C. Liberale, G. Cojoc, F. Bragheri, P. Minzioni, G. Perozziello, R. La Rocca, L. Ferrara, V. Rajamanickam, E. Di Fabrizio, and I. Cristiani, “Integrated microfluidic device for single-cell trapping and spectroscopy,” Sci. Rep. 3(1), 1258 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fischer, J.

A. Wickberg, J. B. Mueller, Y. J. Mange, J. Fischer, T. Nann, and M. Wegener, “Three-dimensional micro-printing of temperature sensors based on up-conversion luminescence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(13), 133103 (2015).
[Crossref]

Freppon, D. J.

Frölich, A.

T. Bückmann, N. Stenger, M. Kadic, J. Kaschke, A. Frölich, T. Kennerknecht, C. Eberl, M. Thiel, and M. Wegener, “Tailored 3D mechanical metamaterials made by dip-in direct-laser-writing optical lithography,” Adv. Mater. 24(20), 2710–2714 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gentile, F.

C. Liberale, G. Cojoc, P. Candeloro, G. Das, F. Gentile, F. De Angelis, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Micro-optics fabrication on top of optical fibers using two-photon lithography,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(7), 474–476 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gerardino, A.

F. Schiappelli, R. Kumar, M. Prasciolu, D. Cojoc, S. Cabrini, M. De Vittorio, G. Visimberga, A. Gerardino, V. Degiorgio, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Efficient fiber-to-waveguide coupling by a lens on the end of the optical fiber fabricated by focused ion beam milling,” Microelectron. Eng. 73–74, 397–404 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. Prasciolu, D. Cojoc, S. Cabrini, L. Businaro, P. Candeloro, M. Tormen, R. Kumar, C. Liberale, V. Degiorgio, A. Gerardino, G. Gigli, D. Pisignano, E. Di Fabrizio, and R. Cingolani, “Design and fabrication of on-fiber diffractive elements for fiber-waveguide coupling by means of e-beam lithography,” Microelectron. Eng. 67–68, 169–174 (2003).
[Crossref]

Giessen, H.

Gigli, G.

M. Prasciolu, D. Cojoc, S. Cabrini, L. Businaro, P. Candeloro, M. Tormen, R. Kumar, C. Liberale, V. Degiorgio, A. Gerardino, G. Gigli, D. Pisignano, E. Di Fabrizio, and R. Cingolani, “Design and fabrication of on-fiber diffractive elements for fiber-waveguide coupling by means of e-beam lithography,” Microelectron. Eng. 67–68, 169–174 (2003).
[Crossref]

Gissibl, T.

Haberko, J.

Herkommer, A.

K. Weber, F. Hütt, S. Thiele, T. Gissibl, A. Herkommer, and H. Giessen, “Single mode fiber based delivery of OAM light by 3D direct laser writing,” Opt. Express 25(17), 19672–19679 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Gissibl, S. Thiele, A. Herkommer, and H. Giessen, “Two-photon direct laser writing of ultracompact multi-lens objectives,” Nat. Photonics 10(8), 554–560 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hermatschweiler, M.

M. Thiel, M. Hermatschweiler, M. Wegener, and G. von Freymann, “Thin-film polarizer based on a one-dimensional–three-dimensional–one-dimensional photonic crystal heterostructure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(12), 123515 (2007).
[Crossref]

Hirscher, M.

Honzatko, P.

Hübner, U.

Hütt, F.

Kadic, M.

T. Bückmann, N. Stenger, M. Kadic, J. Kaschke, A. Frölich, T. Kennerknecht, C. Eberl, M. Thiel, and M. Wegener, “Tailored 3D mechanical metamaterials made by dip-in direct-laser-writing optical lithography,” Adv. Mater. 24(20), 2710–2714 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kaschke, J.

T. Bückmann, N. Stenger, M. Kadic, J. Kaschke, A. Frölich, T. Kennerknecht, C. Eberl, M. Thiel, and M. Wegener, “Tailored 3D mechanical metamaterials made by dip-in direct-laser-writing optical lithography,” Adv. Mater. 24(20), 2710–2714 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kennerknecht, T.

T. Bückmann, N. Stenger, M. Kadic, J. Kaschke, A. Frölich, T. Kennerknecht, C. Eberl, M. Thiel, and M. Wegener, “Tailored 3D mechanical metamaterials made by dip-in direct-laser-writing optical lithography,” Adv. Mater. 24(20), 2710–2714 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Keskinbora, K.

Kostovski, G.

G. Kostovski, P. R. Stoddart, and A. Mitchell, “The optical fiber tip: an inherently light-coupled microscopic platform for micro- and nanotechnologies,” Adv. Mater. 26(23), 3798–3820 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kowalczyk, M.

Kuebler, S. M.

Kumar, R.

F. Schiappelli, R. Kumar, M. Prasciolu, D. Cojoc, S. Cabrini, M. De Vittorio, G. Visimberga, A. Gerardino, V. Degiorgio, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Efficient fiber-to-waveguide coupling by a lens on the end of the optical fiber fabricated by focused ion beam milling,” Microelectron. Eng. 73–74, 397–404 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. Prasciolu, D. Cojoc, S. Cabrini, L. Businaro, P. Candeloro, M. Tormen, R. Kumar, C. Liberale, V. Degiorgio, A. Gerardino, G. Gigli, D. Pisignano, E. Di Fabrizio, and R. Cingolani, “Design and fabrication of on-fiber diffractive elements for fiber-waveguide coupling by means of e-beam lithography,” Microelectron. Eng. 67–68, 169–174 (2003).
[Crossref]

La Rocca, R.

C. Liberale, G. Cojoc, F. Bragheri, P. Minzioni, G. Perozziello, R. La Rocca, L. Ferrara, V. Rajamanickam, E. Di Fabrizio, and I. Cristiani, “Integrated microfluidic device for single-cell trapping and spectroscopy,” Sci. Rep. 3(1), 1258 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liberale, C.

C. Liberale, G. Cojoc, F. Bragheri, P. Minzioni, G. Perozziello, R. La Rocca, L. Ferrara, V. Rajamanickam, E. Di Fabrizio, and I. Cristiani, “Integrated microfluidic device for single-cell trapping and spectroscopy,” Sci. Rep. 3(1), 1258 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Liberale, G. Cojoc, P. Candeloro, G. Das, F. Gentile, F. De Angelis, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Micro-optics fabrication on top of optical fibers using two-photon lithography,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(7), 474–476 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Cabrini, C. Liberale, D. Cojoc, A. Carpentiero, M. Prasciolu, S. Mora, V. Degiorgio, F. De Angelis, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Axicon lens on optical fiber forming optical tweezers, made by focused ion beam milling,” Microelectron. Eng. 83(4-9), 804–807 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. Prasciolu, D. Cojoc, S. Cabrini, L. Businaro, P. Candeloro, M. Tormen, R. Kumar, C. Liberale, V. Degiorgio, A. Gerardino, G. Gigli, D. Pisignano, E. Di Fabrizio, and R. Cingolani, “Design and fabrication of on-fiber diffractive elements for fiber-waveguide coupling by means of e-beam lithography,” Microelectron. Eng. 67–68, 169–174 (2003).
[Crossref]

Lv, P.

Mange, Y. J.

A. Wickberg, J. B. Mueller, Y. J. Mange, J. Fischer, T. Nann, and M. Wegener, “Three-dimensional micro-printing of temperature sensors based on up-conversion luminescence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(13), 133103 (2015).
[Crossref]

Melino, M. A.

Minzioni, P.

C. Liberale, G. Cojoc, F. Bragheri, P. Minzioni, G. Perozziello, R. La Rocca, L. Ferrara, V. Rajamanickam, E. Di Fabrizio, and I. Cristiani, “Integrated microfluidic device for single-cell trapping and spectroscopy,” Sci. Rep. 3(1), 1258 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mitchell, A.

G. Kostovski, P. R. Stoddart, and A. Mitchell, “The optical fiber tip: an inherently light-coupled microscopic platform for micro- and nanotechnologies,” Adv. Mater. 26(23), 3798–3820 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mora, S.

S. Cabrini, C. Liberale, D. Cojoc, A. Carpentiero, M. Prasciolu, S. Mora, V. Degiorgio, F. De Angelis, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Axicon lens on optical fiber forming optical tweezers, made by focused ion beam milling,” Microelectron. Eng. 83(4-9), 804–807 (2006).
[Crossref]

Mueller, J. B.

A. Wickberg, J. B. Mueller, Y. J. Mange, J. Fischer, T. Nann, and M. Wegener, “Three-dimensional micro-printing of temperature sensors based on up-conversion luminescence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(13), 133103 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nann, T.

A. Wickberg, J. B. Mueller, Y. J. Mange, J. Fischer, T. Nann, and M. Wegener, “Three-dimensional micro-printing of temperature sensors based on up-conversion luminescence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(13), 133103 (2015).
[Crossref]

Perozziello, G.

C. Liberale, G. Cojoc, F. Bragheri, P. Minzioni, G. Perozziello, R. La Rocca, L. Ferrara, V. Rajamanickam, E. Di Fabrizio, and I. Cristiani, “Integrated microfluidic device for single-cell trapping and spectroscopy,” Sci. Rep. 3(1), 1258 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pisignano, D.

M. Prasciolu, D. Cojoc, S. Cabrini, L. Businaro, P. Candeloro, M. Tormen, R. Kumar, C. Liberale, V. Degiorgio, A. Gerardino, G. Gigli, D. Pisignano, E. Di Fabrizio, and R. Cingolani, “Design and fabrication of on-fiber diffractive elements for fiber-waveguide coupling by means of e-beam lithography,” Microelectron. Eng. 67–68, 169–174 (2003).
[Crossref]

Prasciolu, M.

S. Cabrini, C. Liberale, D. Cojoc, A. Carpentiero, M. Prasciolu, S. Mora, V. Degiorgio, F. De Angelis, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Axicon lens on optical fiber forming optical tweezers, made by focused ion beam milling,” Microelectron. Eng. 83(4-9), 804–807 (2006).
[Crossref]

F. Schiappelli, R. Kumar, M. Prasciolu, D. Cojoc, S. Cabrini, M. De Vittorio, G. Visimberga, A. Gerardino, V. Degiorgio, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Efficient fiber-to-waveguide coupling by a lens on the end of the optical fiber fabricated by focused ion beam milling,” Microelectron. Eng. 73–74, 397–404 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. Prasciolu, D. Cojoc, S. Cabrini, L. Businaro, P. Candeloro, M. Tormen, R. Kumar, C. Liberale, V. Degiorgio, A. Gerardino, G. Gigli, D. Pisignano, E. Di Fabrizio, and R. Cingolani, “Design and fabrication of on-fiber diffractive elements for fiber-waveguide coupling by means of e-beam lithography,” Microelectron. Eng. 67–68, 169–174 (2003).
[Crossref]

Rajamanickam, V.

C. Liberale, G. Cojoc, F. Bragheri, P. Minzioni, G. Perozziello, R. La Rocca, L. Ferrara, V. Rajamanickam, E. Di Fabrizio, and I. Cristiani, “Integrated microfluidic device for single-cell trapping and spectroscopy,” Sci. Rep. 3(1), 1258 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rumpf, R. C.

Samlan, C. T.

Schiappelli, F.

F. Schiappelli, R. Kumar, M. Prasciolu, D. Cojoc, S. Cabrini, M. De Vittorio, G. Visimberga, A. Gerardino, V. Degiorgio, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Efficient fiber-to-waveguide coupling by a lens on the end of the optical fiber fabricated by focused ion beam milling,” Microelectron. Eng. 73–74, 397–404 (2004).
[Crossref]

Schmid, M.

Schmidt, M. A.

Spatz, J. P.

Sridharan, G. M.

P. Vayalamkuzhi, G. M. Sridharan, and S. Bhattacharya, “Subwavelength transmission gratings for polarization separation in the infrared,” JM3,” JMMMGF 15(2), 023504 (2016).

Stenger, N.

T. Bückmann, N. Stenger, M. Kadic, J. Kaschke, A. Frölich, T. Kennerknecht, C. Eberl, M. Thiel, and M. Wegener, “Tailored 3D mechanical metamaterials made by dip-in direct-laser-writing optical lithography,” Adv. Mater. 24(20), 2710–2714 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stoddart, P. R.

G. Kostovski, P. R. Stoddart, and A. Mitchell, “The optical fiber tip: an inherently light-coupled microscopic platform for micro- and nanotechnologies,” Adv. Mater. 26(23), 3798–3820 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Thiel, M.

T. Bückmann, N. Stenger, M. Kadic, J. Kaschke, A. Frölich, T. Kennerknecht, C. Eberl, M. Thiel, and M. Wegener, “Tailored 3D mechanical metamaterials made by dip-in direct-laser-writing optical lithography,” Adv. Mater. 24(20), 2710–2714 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Thiel, M. Hermatschweiler, M. Wegener, and G. von Freymann, “Thin-film polarizer based on a one-dimensional–three-dimensional–one-dimensional photonic crystal heterostructure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(12), 123515 (2007).
[Crossref]

Thiele, S.

K. Weber, F. Hütt, S. Thiele, T. Gissibl, A. Herkommer, and H. Giessen, “Single mode fiber based delivery of OAM light by 3D direct laser writing,” Opt. Express 25(17), 19672–19679 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Gissibl, S. Thiele, A. Herkommer, and H. Giessen, “Two-photon direct laser writing of ultracompact multi-lens objectives,” Nat. Photonics 10(8), 554–560 (2016).
[Crossref]

Todorov, F.

Tormen, M.

M. Prasciolu, D. Cojoc, S. Cabrini, L. Businaro, P. Candeloro, M. Tormen, R. Kumar, C. Liberale, V. Degiorgio, A. Gerardino, G. Gigli, D. Pisignano, E. Di Fabrizio, and R. Cingolani, “Design and fabrication of on-fiber diffractive elements for fiber-waveguide coupling by means of e-beam lithography,” Microelectron. Eng. 67–68, 169–174 (2003).
[Crossref]

Vanek, M.

Vanis, J.

Vayalamkuzhi, P.

P. Vayalamkuzhi, S. Bhattacharya, U. Eigenthaler, K. Keskinbora, C. T. Samlan, M. Hirscher, J. P. Spatz, and N. K. Viswanathan, “Direct patterning of vortex generators on a fiber tip using a focused ion beam,” Opt. Lett. 41(10), 2133–2136 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Vayalamkuzhi, G. M. Sridharan, and S. Bhattacharya, “Subwavelength transmission gratings for polarization separation in the infrared,” JM3,” JMMMGF 15(2), 023504 (2016).

Visimberga, G.

F. Schiappelli, R. Kumar, M. Prasciolu, D. Cojoc, S. Cabrini, M. De Vittorio, G. Visimberga, A. Gerardino, V. Degiorgio, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Efficient fiber-to-waveguide coupling by a lens on the end of the optical fiber fabricated by focused ion beam milling,” Microelectron. Eng. 73–74, 397–404 (2004).
[Crossref]

Viswanathan, N. K.

von Freymann, G.

M. Thiel, M. Hermatschweiler, M. Wegener, and G. von Freymann, “Thin-film polarizer based on a one-dimensional–three-dimensional–one-dimensional photonic crystal heterostructure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(12), 123515 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wang, N.

Wasylczyk, P.

Weber, K.

Wegener, M.

A. Wickberg, J. B. Mueller, Y. J. Mange, J. Fischer, T. Nann, and M. Wegener, “Three-dimensional micro-printing of temperature sensors based on up-conversion luminescence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(13), 133103 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. Bückmann, N. Stenger, M. Kadic, J. Kaschke, A. Frölich, T. Kennerknecht, C. Eberl, M. Thiel, and M. Wegener, “Tailored 3D mechanical metamaterials made by dip-in direct-laser-writing optical lithography,” Adv. Mater. 24(20), 2710–2714 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Thiel, M. Hermatschweiler, M. Wegener, and G. von Freymann, “Thin-film polarizer based on a one-dimensional–three-dimensional–one-dimensional photonic crystal heterostructure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(12), 123515 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wickberg, A.

A. Wickberg, J. B. Mueller, Y. J. Mange, J. Fischer, T. Nann, and M. Wegener, “Three-dimensional micro-printing of temperature sensors based on up-conversion luminescence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(13), 133103 (2015).
[Crossref]

Williams, H. E.

Zeisberger, M.

Zheng, J.

Zhou, C.

Adv. Mater. (2)

G. Kostovski, P. R. Stoddart, and A. Mitchell, “The optical fiber tip: an inherently light-coupled microscopic platform for micro- and nanotechnologies,” Adv. Mater. 26(23), 3798–3820 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Bückmann, N. Stenger, M. Kadic, J. Kaschke, A. Frölich, T. Kennerknecht, C. Eberl, M. Thiel, and M. Wegener, “Tailored 3D mechanical metamaterials made by dip-in direct-laser-writing optical lithography,” Adv. Mater. 24(20), 2710–2714 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

A. Wickberg, J. B. Mueller, Y. J. Mange, J. Fischer, T. Nann, and M. Wegener, “Three-dimensional micro-printing of temperature sensors based on up-conversion luminescence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(13), 133103 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Thiel, M. Hermatschweiler, M. Wegener, and G. von Freymann, “Thin-film polarizer based on a one-dimensional–three-dimensional–one-dimensional photonic crystal heterostructure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(12), 123515 (2007).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

C. Liberale, G. Cojoc, P. Candeloro, G. Das, F. Gentile, F. De Angelis, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Micro-optics fabrication on top of optical fibers using two-photon lithography,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(7), 474–476 (2010).
[Crossref]

JMMMGF (1)

P. Vayalamkuzhi, G. M. Sridharan, and S. Bhattacharya, “Subwavelength transmission gratings for polarization separation in the infrared,” JM3,” JMMMGF 15(2), 023504 (2016).

Microelectron. Eng. (3)

M. Prasciolu, D. Cojoc, S. Cabrini, L. Businaro, P. Candeloro, M. Tormen, R. Kumar, C. Liberale, V. Degiorgio, A. Gerardino, G. Gigli, D. Pisignano, E. Di Fabrizio, and R. Cingolani, “Design and fabrication of on-fiber diffractive elements for fiber-waveguide coupling by means of e-beam lithography,” Microelectron. Eng. 67–68, 169–174 (2003).
[Crossref]

F. Schiappelli, R. Kumar, M. Prasciolu, D. Cojoc, S. Cabrini, M. De Vittorio, G. Visimberga, A. Gerardino, V. Degiorgio, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Efficient fiber-to-waveguide coupling by a lens on the end of the optical fiber fabricated by focused ion beam milling,” Microelectron. Eng. 73–74, 397–404 (2004).
[Crossref]

S. Cabrini, C. Liberale, D. Cojoc, A. Carpentiero, M. Prasciolu, S. Mora, V. Degiorgio, F. De Angelis, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Axicon lens on optical fiber forming optical tweezers, made by focused ion beam milling,” Microelectron. Eng. 83(4-9), 804–807 (2006).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

T. Gissibl, S. Thiele, A. Herkommer, and H. Giessen, “Two-photon direct laser writing of ultracompact multi-lens objectives,” Nat. Photonics 10(8), 554–560 (2016).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Optica (1)

Sci. Rep. (1)

C. Liberale, G. Cojoc, F. Bragheri, P. Minzioni, G. Perozziello, R. La Rocca, L. Ferrara, V. Rajamanickam, E. Di Fabrizio, and I. Cristiani, “Integrated microfluidic device for single-cell trapping and spectroscopy,” Sci. Rep. 3(1), 1258 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

T. Baldacchini, Three-dimensional microfabrication using two-photon polymerization (Elsevier, 2016).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic of a sub-wavelength grating with period  d<λ, where λ is the wavelength of the incident light. A design must arrive at the values of ridge width w, period d, and angle of incidence   θ i , in order to obtain the desired effective indices. The height h can then be calculated based on the polarization function to be realized.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Scheme of the prism that redirects the incident light to the polarizing beam splitter, with the correct angle of incidence   θ i . The height of the grating,H, and its center offset with respect to the fiber mode, D, are indicated.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Numerically calculated far-field intensity components behind the polarizing beam splitter structure as it would be measured in the experimental characterization setup. The structure is designed with the theoretical parameters presented in Table 1 and an optimized grating pitch of  d=1.05 µm.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Numerical calculations showing how the beam splitter affects the two polarizations, TE and TM. The corresponding parameters are summarized in Table 1, except for the optimized grating pitch ( d=1.05 µm).
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Experimental setup for the characterization of a polarization manipulating sub-wavelength structure on a fiber’s facet.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) Colored scanning electron micrograph of a fiber with a total-internal-reflection prism on its end facet. (b) Top view scanning electron micrograph of the polarizing beam splitter on a fiber facet. (c) Colored scanning electron micrograph of the same structure, with the prism highlighted in blue, the lamellar grating in red, and the supporting structure in green. (d) Rendered view of the structure in operation. All scale bars are  10 µm.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Angular intensity distribution for TE and TM polarization directions and for a fiber with only the totally internal reflecting prism printed on its facet (compare Fig. 6(a)).
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Transmitted intensity for both polarization directions after the polarizing beam splitter (compare structure shown in Fig. 6(c) and rendering in Fig. 6(d)).

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Polarization splitting grating design parameters.

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

| n eff1(TE) n eff2(TE) | h λ = 2q1 2 ;q=1,2,...,