Abstract

We demonstrate a method for estimating absorption and backscattering coefficients by inverting glider-measured profiles of the downwelling irradiance and upwelling radiance. The inversion method was validated against approximately 1,300 profiles of data from 22 glider missions within the Gulf of Maine over a 10 year period. The backscattering coefficient at 532 nm was estimated with a mean absolute error of 21% and bias of 0.01% compared to measured values. We could only quantitatively evaluate the absorption coefficient against the fluorometry data, but found that profiles of fluorescence and absorption were in quantitative agreement. With absorption and backscattering coefficients acting as a basis for studying the biogeochemical parameters of the constituents in the water column, these results show the potential of bio-optical gliders for studying marine ecosystems under varying sky conditions.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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    [Crossref]
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2018 (3)

P. J. Werdell, L. I. W. Mckinna, E. Boss, S. G. Ackleson, S. E. Craig, W. W. Gregg, Z. Lee, S. Maritorena, C. S. Roesler, C. S. Rousseaux, D. Stramski, J. M. Sullivan, M. S. Twardowski, M. Tzortziou, and X. Zhang, “An overview of approaches and challenges for retrieving marine inherent optical properties from ocean color remote sensing,” Prog. Oceanogr. 160, 186–212 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Ramírez-Pérez, M. Twardowski, C. Trees, J. Piera, and D. McKee, “Inversion of In Situ Light Absorption and Attenuation Measurements to Estimate Constituent Concentrations in Optically Complex Shelf Seas,” J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 123(1), 720–737 (2018).
[Crossref]

B. N. Seegers, R. P. Stumpf, B. A. Schaeffer, K. A. Loftin, and P. J. Werdell, “Performance metrics for the assessment of satellite data products: An ocean color case study,” Opt. Express 26(6), 7404–7422 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (3)

C. Mitchell, A. Cunningham, and D. McKee, “Derivation of the specific optical properties of suspended mineral particles and their contribution to the attenuation of solar irradiance in offshore waters by ocean color remote sensing,” J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 121(1), 104–117 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. M. Balch, T. Huntington, G. Aiken, D. T. Drapeau, B. C. Bowler, L. C. Lubelczyk, and K. Butler, “Toward a quantitative and empirical dissolved organic carbon budget for the Gulf of Maine, a semienclosed shelf sea,” Global Biogeochem. Cycles 30(2), 268–292 (2016).
[Crossref]

E. Organelli, H. Claustre, A. Bricaud, C. Schmechtig, A. Poteau, X. Xing, L. Prieur, F. D’Ortenzio, G. Dall’Olmo, and V. Vellucci, “A novel near-real-time quality-control procedure for radiometric profiles measured by bio-argo floats: Protocols and performances,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 33(5), 937–951 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (4)

C. Mitchell and A. Cunningham, “Remote sensing of spatio-temporal relationships between the partitioned absorption coefficients of phytoplankton cells and mineral particles and euphotic zone depths in a partially mixed shelf sea,” Remote Sens. Environ. 160, 193–205 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. Bourrin, G. Many, X. Durrieu de Madron, J. Martín, P. Puig, L. Houpert, P. Testor, S. Kunesch, K. Mahiouz, and L. Béguery, “Glider monitoring of shelf suspended particle dynamics and transport during storm and flooding conditions,” Cont. Shelf Res. 109, 135–149 (2015).
[Crossref]

V. S. Hemsley, T. J. Smyth, A. P. Martin, E. Frajka-Williams, A. F. Thompson, G. Damerell, and S. C. Painter, “Estimating Oceanic Primary Production Using Vertical Irradiance and Chlorophyll Profiles from Ocean Gliders in the North Atlantic,” Environ. Sci. Technol. 49(19), 11612–11621 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Fan, W. Li, V. S. Calzado, C. Trees, S. Stamnes, G. Fournier, D. McKee, and K. Stamnes, “Inferring inherent optical properties and water constituent profiles from apparent optical properties,” Opt. Express 23(15), A987–A1009 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (1)

M. K. Barnes, G. H. Tilstone, T. J. Smyth, D. J. Suggett, R. Astoreca, C. Lancelot, and J. C. Kromkamp, “Absorption-based algorithm of primary production for total and size-fractionated phytoplankton in coastal waters,” Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 504, 73–89 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

A. Cunningham, L. Ramage, and D. McKee, “Relationships between the inherent optical properties and the depth of penetration of solar radiation in optically complex waters,” J. Geophys. Res. 118, 2310–2317 (2013).

G. Zheng and D. Stramski, “A model for partitioning the light absorption coefficient of suspended marine particles into phytoplankton and nonalgal components,” J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 118(6), 2977–2991 (2013).
[Crossref]

E. Rehm and C. D. Mobley, “Estimation of hyperspectral inherent optical properties from in-water radiometry: error analysis and application to in situ data,” Appl. Opt. 52(4), 795–817 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (2)

M. A. Moline, I. Robbins, B. Zelenke, W. S. Pegau, and H. Wijesekera, “Evaluation of bio-optical inversion of spectral irradiance measured from an autonomous underwater vehicle,” J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 117, 1–12 (2012).

W. M. Balch, D. T. Drapeau, B. C. Bowler, and T. Huntington, “Step-changes in the physical, chemical and biological characteristics of the Gulf of Maine, as documented by the GNATS time series,” Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 450, 11–35 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (3)

Z. Lee, V. P. Lance, S. Shang, R. Vaillancourt, S. Freeman, B. Lubac, B. R. Hargreaves, C. Del Castillo, R. Miller, M. Twardowski, and G. Wei, “An assessment of optical properties and primary production derived from remote sensing in the Southern Ocean (SO GasEx),” J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 116, 1–15 (2011).

N. Briggs, M. J. Perry, I. Cetinić, C. Lee, E. D’Asaro, A. M. Gray, and E. Rehm, “High-resolution observations of aggregate flux during a sub-polar North Atlantic spring bloom,” Deep. Res. Part I Oceanogr. Res. Pap. 58, 1031–1039 (2011).

C. D. Mobley, “Fast light calculations for ocean ecosystem and inverse models,” Opt. Express 19(20), 18927–18944 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (2)

J. Bouffard, A. Pascual, S. Ruiz, Y. Faugère, and J. Tintoré, “Coastal and mesoscale dynamics characterization using altimetry and gliders: A case study in the Balearic Sea,” J. Geophys. Res. 115(C10), C10029 (2010).
[Crossref]

L. Merckelbach, D. Smeed, and G. Griffiths, “Vertical water velocities from underwater gliders,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 27(3), 547–563 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

K. S. Johnson, W. M. Berelson, E. S. Boss, Z. Chase, H. Claustre, S. R. Emerson, N. Gruber, A. Kortzinger, M. J. Perry, and S. C. Riser, “Observing Biogeochemical Cycles At Global Scales With Profiling Floats and Gliders: Prospects for a global array,” Oceanography (Wash. D.C.) 22(3), 216–225 (2009).
[Crossref]

H. R. Gordon, M. R. Lewis, S. D. McLean, M. S. Twardowski, S. A. Freeman, K. J. Voss, and G. C. Boynton, “Spectra of particulate backscattering in natural waters,” Opt. Express 17(18), 16192–16208 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

K. Niewiadomska, H. Claustre, L. Prieur, and F. d’Ortenzio, “Submesoscale physical-biogeochemical coupling across the Ligurian current (northwestern Mediterranean) using a bio-optical glider,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 53(5part2), 2210–2225 (2008).
[Crossref]

O. Schofield, R. Chant, B. Cahill, R. Castelao, D. Gong, A. Kahl, J. Kohut, M. Montes-Hugo, R. Ramadurai, P. Ramey, X. Yi, and S. Glenn, “The Decadal View of the Mid-Atlantic Bight from the COOLroom: Is Our Coastal System Changing?” Oceanography (Wash. D.C.) 21(4), 108–117 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

M. Defoin-Platel and M. Chami, “How ambiguous is the inverse problem of ocean color in coastal waters?” J. Geophys. Res. 112(C3), C03004 (2007).
[Crossref]

2004 (3)

O. Schofield, T. Bergmann, M. J. Oliver, A. Irwin, G. Kirkpatrick, W. P. Bissett, M. A. Moline, and C. Orrico, “Inversion of spectral absorption in the optically complex coastal waters of the Mid-Atlantic Bight,” J. Geophys. Res. 109(C12), C12S04 (2004).
[Crossref]

C. A. Brown, Y. Huot, M. J. Purcell, J. J. Cullen, and M. R. Lewis, “Mapping coastal optical and biogeochemical variability using an autonomous underwater vehicle and a new bio-optical inversion algorithm,” Limnol. Oceanogr. Methods 2(8), 262–281 (2004).
[Crossref]

W. M. Balch, D. T. Drapeau, B. C. Bowler, E. S. Booth, J. I. Goes, A. Ashe, and J. M. Frye, “A multi-year record of hydrographic and bio-optical properties in the Gulf of Maine: I. Spatial and temporal variability,” Prog. Oceanogr. 63(1-2), 57–98 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

2000 (1)

M. Stramska, D. Stramski, B. G. Mitchell, and C. D. Mobley, “Estimation of the Absorption and Backscattering Coefficients from in-Water Radiometric Measurements,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 45(3), 628–641 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (2)

D. Stramski, R. A. Reynolds, M. Kahru, and B. G. Mitchell, “Estimation of particulate organic carbon in the ocean from satellite remote sensing,” Science 285(5425), 239–242 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. A. Leathers, C. S. Roesler, and N. J. McCormick, “Ocean inherent optical property determination from in-water light field measurements,” Appl. Opt. 38(24), 5096–5103 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1998 (2)

A. Bricaud, A. Morel, M. Babin, K. Allali, and H. Claustre, “Variations of light absorption by suspended particles with chlorophyll a concentration in oceanic (case 1) waters: Analysis and implications for bio-optical models,” J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 103(C13), 31033–31044 (1998).
[Crossref]

H. R. Gordon and G. C. Boynton, “Radiance-irradiance inversion algorithm for estimating the absorption and backscattering coefficients of natural waters: vertically stratified water bodies,” Appl. Opt. 37(18), 3886–3896 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

1993 (1)

1991 (1)

H. R. Gordon, “Absorption and Scattering Estimates from Irradiance Measurements: Monte Carlo Simulations,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 36(4), 769–777 (1991).
[Crossref]

1982 (1)

1975 (1)

1974 (1)

Ackleson, S. G.

P. J. Werdell, L. I. W. Mckinna, E. Boss, S. G. Ackleson, S. E. Craig, W. W. Gregg, Z. Lee, S. Maritorena, C. S. Roesler, C. S. Rousseaux, D. Stramski, J. M. Sullivan, M. S. Twardowski, M. Tzortziou, and X. Zhang, “An overview of approaches and challenges for retrieving marine inherent optical properties from ocean color remote sensing,” Prog. Oceanogr. 160, 186–212 (2018).
[Crossref]

Aiken, G.

W. M. Balch, T. Huntington, G. Aiken, D. T. Drapeau, B. C. Bowler, L. C. Lubelczyk, and K. Butler, “Toward a quantitative and empirical dissolved organic carbon budget for the Gulf of Maine, a semienclosed shelf sea,” Global Biogeochem. Cycles 30(2), 268–292 (2016).
[Crossref]

Allali, K.

A. Bricaud, A. Morel, M. Babin, K. Allali, and H. Claustre, “Variations of light absorption by suspended particles with chlorophyll a concentration in oceanic (case 1) waters: Analysis and implications for bio-optical models,” J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 103(C13), 31033–31044 (1998).
[Crossref]

Ashe, A.

W. M. Balch, D. T. Drapeau, B. C. Bowler, E. S. Booth, J. I. Goes, A. Ashe, and J. M. Frye, “A multi-year record of hydrographic and bio-optical properties in the Gulf of Maine: I. Spatial and temporal variability,” Prog. Oceanogr. 63(1-2), 57–98 (2004).
[Crossref]

Astoreca, R.

M. K. Barnes, G. H. Tilstone, T. J. Smyth, D. J. Suggett, R. Astoreca, C. Lancelot, and J. C. Kromkamp, “Absorption-based algorithm of primary production for total and size-fractionated phytoplankton in coastal waters,” Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 504, 73–89 (2014).
[Crossref]

Babin, M.

A. Bricaud, A. Morel, M. Babin, K. Allali, and H. Claustre, “Variations of light absorption by suspended particles with chlorophyll a concentration in oceanic (case 1) waters: Analysis and implications for bio-optical models,” J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 103(C13), 31033–31044 (1998).
[Crossref]

Balch, W. M.

W. M. Balch, T. Huntington, G. Aiken, D. T. Drapeau, B. C. Bowler, L. C. Lubelczyk, and K. Butler, “Toward a quantitative and empirical dissolved organic carbon budget for the Gulf of Maine, a semienclosed shelf sea,” Global Biogeochem. Cycles 30(2), 268–292 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. M. Balch, D. T. Drapeau, B. C. Bowler, and T. Huntington, “Step-changes in the physical, chemical and biological characteristics of the Gulf of Maine, as documented by the GNATS time series,” Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 450, 11–35 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. M. Balch, D. T. Drapeau, B. C. Bowler, E. S. Booth, J. I. Goes, A. Ashe, and J. M. Frye, “A multi-year record of hydrographic and bio-optical properties in the Gulf of Maine: I. Spatial and temporal variability,” Prog. Oceanogr. 63(1-2), 57–98 (2004).
[Crossref]

Barnes, M. K.

M. K. Barnes, G. H. Tilstone, T. J. Smyth, D. J. Suggett, R. Astoreca, C. Lancelot, and J. C. Kromkamp, “Absorption-based algorithm of primary production for total and size-fractionated phytoplankton in coastal waters,” Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 504, 73–89 (2014).
[Crossref]

Béguery, L.

F. Bourrin, G. Many, X. Durrieu de Madron, J. Martín, P. Puig, L. Houpert, P. Testor, S. Kunesch, K. Mahiouz, and L. Béguery, “Glider monitoring of shelf suspended particle dynamics and transport during storm and flooding conditions,” Cont. Shelf Res. 109, 135–149 (2015).
[Crossref]

Berelson, W. M.

K. S. Johnson, W. M. Berelson, E. S. Boss, Z. Chase, H. Claustre, S. R. Emerson, N. Gruber, A. Kortzinger, M. J. Perry, and S. C. Riser, “Observing Biogeochemical Cycles At Global Scales With Profiling Floats and Gliders: Prospects for a global array,” Oceanography (Wash. D.C.) 22(3), 216–225 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bergmann, T.

O. Schofield, T. Bergmann, M. J. Oliver, A. Irwin, G. Kirkpatrick, W. P. Bissett, M. A. Moline, and C. Orrico, “Inversion of spectral absorption in the optically complex coastal waters of the Mid-Atlantic Bight,” J. Geophys. Res. 109(C12), C12S04 (2004).
[Crossref]

Bissett, W. P.

O. Schofield, T. Bergmann, M. J. Oliver, A. Irwin, G. Kirkpatrick, W. P. Bissett, M. A. Moline, and C. Orrico, “Inversion of spectral absorption in the optically complex coastal waters of the Mid-Atlantic Bight,” J. Geophys. Res. 109(C12), C12S04 (2004).
[Crossref]

Booth, E. S.

W. M. Balch, D. T. Drapeau, B. C. Bowler, E. S. Booth, J. I. Goes, A. Ashe, and J. M. Frye, “A multi-year record of hydrographic and bio-optical properties in the Gulf of Maine: I. Spatial and temporal variability,” Prog. Oceanogr. 63(1-2), 57–98 (2004).
[Crossref]

Boss, E.

P. J. Werdell, L. I. W. Mckinna, E. Boss, S. G. Ackleson, S. E. Craig, W. W. Gregg, Z. Lee, S. Maritorena, C. S. Roesler, C. S. Rousseaux, D. Stramski, J. M. Sullivan, M. S. Twardowski, M. Tzortziou, and X. Zhang, “An overview of approaches and challenges for retrieving marine inherent optical properties from ocean color remote sensing,” Prog. Oceanogr. 160, 186–212 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. D. Mobley, L. K. Sundman, and E. Boss, “Phase function effects on oceanic light fields,” Appl. Opt. 41(6), 1035–1050 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Boss, E. S.

K. S. Johnson, W. M. Berelson, E. S. Boss, Z. Chase, H. Claustre, S. R. Emerson, N. Gruber, A. Kortzinger, M. J. Perry, and S. C. Riser, “Observing Biogeochemical Cycles At Global Scales With Profiling Floats and Gliders: Prospects for a global array,” Oceanography (Wash. D.C.) 22(3), 216–225 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bouffard, J.

J. Bouffard, A. Pascual, S. Ruiz, Y. Faugère, and J. Tintoré, “Coastal and mesoscale dynamics characterization using altimetry and gliders: A case study in the Balearic Sea,” J. Geophys. Res. 115(C10), C10029 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bourrin, F.

F. Bourrin, G. Many, X. Durrieu de Madron, J. Martín, P. Puig, L. Houpert, P. Testor, S. Kunesch, K. Mahiouz, and L. Béguery, “Glider monitoring of shelf suspended particle dynamics and transport during storm and flooding conditions,” Cont. Shelf Res. 109, 135–149 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bowler, B. C.

W. M. Balch, T. Huntington, G. Aiken, D. T. Drapeau, B. C. Bowler, L. C. Lubelczyk, and K. Butler, “Toward a quantitative and empirical dissolved organic carbon budget for the Gulf of Maine, a semienclosed shelf sea,” Global Biogeochem. Cycles 30(2), 268–292 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. M. Balch, D. T. Drapeau, B. C. Bowler, and T. Huntington, “Step-changes in the physical, chemical and biological characteristics of the Gulf of Maine, as documented by the GNATS time series,” Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 450, 11–35 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. M. Balch, D. T. Drapeau, B. C. Bowler, E. S. Booth, J. I. Goes, A. Ashe, and J. M. Frye, “A multi-year record of hydrographic and bio-optical properties in the Gulf of Maine: I. Spatial and temporal variability,” Prog. Oceanogr. 63(1-2), 57–98 (2004).
[Crossref]

Boynton, G. C.

Bricaud, A.

E. Organelli, H. Claustre, A. Bricaud, C. Schmechtig, A. Poteau, X. Xing, L. Prieur, F. D’Ortenzio, G. Dall’Olmo, and V. Vellucci, “A novel near-real-time quality-control procedure for radiometric profiles measured by bio-argo floats: Protocols and performances,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 33(5), 937–951 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Bricaud, A. Morel, M. Babin, K. Allali, and H. Claustre, “Variations of light absorption by suspended particles with chlorophyll a concentration in oceanic (case 1) waters: Analysis and implications for bio-optical models,” J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 103(C13), 31033–31044 (1998).
[Crossref]

Briggs, N.

N. Briggs, M. J. Perry, I. Cetinić, C. Lee, E. D’Asaro, A. M. Gray, and E. Rehm, “High-resolution observations of aggregate flux during a sub-polar North Atlantic spring bloom,” Deep. Res. Part I Oceanogr. Res. Pap. 58, 1031–1039 (2011).

Brown, C. A.

C. A. Brown, Y. Huot, M. J. Purcell, J. J. Cullen, and M. R. Lewis, “Mapping coastal optical and biogeochemical variability using an autonomous underwater vehicle and a new bio-optical inversion algorithm,” Limnol. Oceanogr. Methods 2(8), 262–281 (2004).
[Crossref]

Brown, O. B.

Butler, K.

W. M. Balch, T. Huntington, G. Aiken, D. T. Drapeau, B. C. Bowler, L. C. Lubelczyk, and K. Butler, “Toward a quantitative and empirical dissolved organic carbon budget for the Gulf of Maine, a semienclosed shelf sea,” Global Biogeochem. Cycles 30(2), 268–292 (2016).
[Crossref]

Cahill, B.

O. Schofield, R. Chant, B. Cahill, R. Castelao, D. Gong, A. Kahl, J. Kohut, M. Montes-Hugo, R. Ramadurai, P. Ramey, X. Yi, and S. Glenn, “The Decadal View of the Mid-Atlantic Bight from the COOLroom: Is Our Coastal System Changing?” Oceanography (Wash. D.C.) 21(4), 108–117 (2008).
[Crossref]

Calzado, V. S.

Castelao, R.

O. Schofield, R. Chant, B. Cahill, R. Castelao, D. Gong, A. Kahl, J. Kohut, M. Montes-Hugo, R. Ramadurai, P. Ramey, X. Yi, and S. Glenn, “The Decadal View of the Mid-Atlantic Bight from the COOLroom: Is Our Coastal System Changing?” Oceanography (Wash. D.C.) 21(4), 108–117 (2008).
[Crossref]

Cetinic, I.

N. Briggs, M. J. Perry, I. Cetinić, C. Lee, E. D’Asaro, A. M. Gray, and E. Rehm, “High-resolution observations of aggregate flux during a sub-polar North Atlantic spring bloom,” Deep. Res. Part I Oceanogr. Res. Pap. 58, 1031–1039 (2011).

Chami, M.

M. Defoin-Platel and M. Chami, “How ambiguous is the inverse problem of ocean color in coastal waters?” J. Geophys. Res. 112(C3), C03004 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chant, R.

O. Schofield, R. Chant, B. Cahill, R. Castelao, D. Gong, A. Kahl, J. Kohut, M. Montes-Hugo, R. Ramadurai, P. Ramey, X. Yi, and S. Glenn, “The Decadal View of the Mid-Atlantic Bight from the COOLroom: Is Our Coastal System Changing?” Oceanography (Wash. D.C.) 21(4), 108–117 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chase, Z.

K. S. Johnson, W. M. Berelson, E. S. Boss, Z. Chase, H. Claustre, S. R. Emerson, N. Gruber, A. Kortzinger, M. J. Perry, and S. C. Riser, “Observing Biogeochemical Cycles At Global Scales With Profiling Floats and Gliders: Prospects for a global array,” Oceanography (Wash. D.C.) 22(3), 216–225 (2009).
[Crossref]

Claustre, H.

E. Organelli, H. Claustre, A. Bricaud, C. Schmechtig, A. Poteau, X. Xing, L. Prieur, F. D’Ortenzio, G. Dall’Olmo, and V. Vellucci, “A novel near-real-time quality-control procedure for radiometric profiles measured by bio-argo floats: Protocols and performances,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 33(5), 937–951 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. S. Johnson, W. M. Berelson, E. S. Boss, Z. Chase, H. Claustre, S. R. Emerson, N. Gruber, A. Kortzinger, M. J. Perry, and S. C. Riser, “Observing Biogeochemical Cycles At Global Scales With Profiling Floats and Gliders: Prospects for a global array,” Oceanography (Wash. D.C.) 22(3), 216–225 (2009).
[Crossref]

K. Niewiadomska, H. Claustre, L. Prieur, and F. d’Ortenzio, “Submesoscale physical-biogeochemical coupling across the Ligurian current (northwestern Mediterranean) using a bio-optical glider,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 53(5part2), 2210–2225 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Bricaud, A. Morel, M. Babin, K. Allali, and H. Claustre, “Variations of light absorption by suspended particles with chlorophyll a concentration in oceanic (case 1) waters: Analysis and implications for bio-optical models,” J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 103(C13), 31033–31044 (1998).
[Crossref]

Craig, S.

Craig, S. E.

P. J. Werdell, L. I. W. Mckinna, E. Boss, S. G. Ackleson, S. E. Craig, W. W. Gregg, Z. Lee, S. Maritorena, C. S. Roesler, C. S. Rousseaux, D. Stramski, J. M. Sullivan, M. S. Twardowski, M. Tzortziou, and X. Zhang, “An overview of approaches and challenges for retrieving marine inherent optical properties from ocean color remote sensing,” Prog. Oceanogr. 160, 186–212 (2018).
[Crossref]

Cullen, J. J.

C. A. Brown, Y. Huot, M. J. Purcell, J. J. Cullen, and M. R. Lewis, “Mapping coastal optical and biogeochemical variability using an autonomous underwater vehicle and a new bio-optical inversion algorithm,” Limnol. Oceanogr. Methods 2(8), 262–281 (2004).
[Crossref]

Cunningham, A.

C. Mitchell, A. Cunningham, and D. McKee, “Derivation of the specific optical properties of suspended mineral particles and their contribution to the attenuation of solar irradiance in offshore waters by ocean color remote sensing,” J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 121(1), 104–117 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Mitchell and A. Cunningham, “Remote sensing of spatio-temporal relationships between the partitioned absorption coefficients of phytoplankton cells and mineral particles and euphotic zone depths in a partially mixed shelf sea,” Remote Sens. Environ. 160, 193–205 (2015).
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A. Cunningham, L. Ramage, and D. McKee, “Relationships between the inherent optical properties and the depth of penetration of solar radiation in optically complex waters,” J. Geophys. Res. 118, 2310–2317 (2013).

D. McKee, A. Cunningham, and S. Craig, “Estimation of absorption and backscattering coefficients from in situ radiometric measurements: theory and validation in case II waters,” Appl. Opt. 42(15), 2804–2810 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D’Asaro, E.

N. Briggs, M. J. Perry, I. Cetinić, C. Lee, E. D’Asaro, A. M. Gray, and E. Rehm, “High-resolution observations of aggregate flux during a sub-polar North Atlantic spring bloom,” Deep. Res. Part I Oceanogr. Res. Pap. 58, 1031–1039 (2011).

D’Ortenzio, F.

E. Organelli, H. Claustre, A. Bricaud, C. Schmechtig, A. Poteau, X. Xing, L. Prieur, F. D’Ortenzio, G. Dall’Olmo, and V. Vellucci, “A novel near-real-time quality-control procedure for radiometric profiles measured by bio-argo floats: Protocols and performances,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 33(5), 937–951 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. Niewiadomska, H. Claustre, L. Prieur, and F. d’Ortenzio, “Submesoscale physical-biogeochemical coupling across the Ligurian current (northwestern Mediterranean) using a bio-optical glider,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 53(5part2), 2210–2225 (2008).
[Crossref]

Dall’Olmo, G.

E. Organelli, H. Claustre, A. Bricaud, C. Schmechtig, A. Poteau, X. Xing, L. Prieur, F. D’Ortenzio, G. Dall’Olmo, and V. Vellucci, “A novel near-real-time quality-control procedure for radiometric profiles measured by bio-argo floats: Protocols and performances,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 33(5), 937–951 (2016).
[Crossref]

Damerell, G.

V. S. Hemsley, T. J. Smyth, A. P. Martin, E. Frajka-Williams, A. F. Thompson, G. Damerell, and S. C. Painter, “Estimating Oceanic Primary Production Using Vertical Irradiance and Chlorophyll Profiles from Ocean Gliders in the North Atlantic,” Environ. Sci. Technol. 49(19), 11612–11621 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Defoin-Platel, M.

M. Defoin-Platel and M. Chami, “How ambiguous is the inverse problem of ocean color in coastal waters?” J. Geophys. Res. 112(C3), C03004 (2007).
[Crossref]

Del Castillo, C.

Z. Lee, V. P. Lance, S. Shang, R. Vaillancourt, S. Freeman, B. Lubac, B. R. Hargreaves, C. Del Castillo, R. Miller, M. Twardowski, and G. Wei, “An assessment of optical properties and primary production derived from remote sensing in the Southern Ocean (SO GasEx),” J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 116, 1–15 (2011).

Drapeau, D. T.

W. M. Balch, T. Huntington, G. Aiken, D. T. Drapeau, B. C. Bowler, L. C. Lubelczyk, and K. Butler, “Toward a quantitative and empirical dissolved organic carbon budget for the Gulf of Maine, a semienclosed shelf sea,” Global Biogeochem. Cycles 30(2), 268–292 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. M. Balch, D. T. Drapeau, B. C. Bowler, and T. Huntington, “Step-changes in the physical, chemical and biological characteristics of the Gulf of Maine, as documented by the GNATS time series,” Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 450, 11–35 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. M. Balch, D. T. Drapeau, B. C. Bowler, E. S. Booth, J. I. Goes, A. Ashe, and J. M. Frye, “A multi-year record of hydrographic and bio-optical properties in the Gulf of Maine: I. Spatial and temporal variability,” Prog. Oceanogr. 63(1-2), 57–98 (2004).
[Crossref]

Durrieu de Madron, X.

F. Bourrin, G. Many, X. Durrieu de Madron, J. Martín, P. Puig, L. Houpert, P. Testor, S. Kunesch, K. Mahiouz, and L. Béguery, “Glider monitoring of shelf suspended particle dynamics and transport during storm and flooding conditions,” Cont. Shelf Res. 109, 135–149 (2015).
[Crossref]

Emerson, S. R.

K. S. Johnson, W. M. Berelson, E. S. Boss, Z. Chase, H. Claustre, S. R. Emerson, N. Gruber, A. Kortzinger, M. J. Perry, and S. C. Riser, “Observing Biogeochemical Cycles At Global Scales With Profiling Floats and Gliders: Prospects for a global array,” Oceanography (Wash. D.C.) 22(3), 216–225 (2009).
[Crossref]

Fan, Y.

Faugère, Y.

J. Bouffard, A. Pascual, S. Ruiz, Y. Faugère, and J. Tintoré, “Coastal and mesoscale dynamics characterization using altimetry and gliders: A case study in the Balearic Sea,” J. Geophys. Res. 115(C10), C10029 (2010).
[Crossref]

Fournier, G.

Frajka-Williams, E.

V. S. Hemsley, T. J. Smyth, A. P. Martin, E. Frajka-Williams, A. F. Thompson, G. Damerell, and S. C. Painter, “Estimating Oceanic Primary Production Using Vertical Irradiance and Chlorophyll Profiles from Ocean Gliders in the North Atlantic,” Environ. Sci. Technol. 49(19), 11612–11621 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Freeman, S.

Z. Lee, V. P. Lance, S. Shang, R. Vaillancourt, S. Freeman, B. Lubac, B. R. Hargreaves, C. Del Castillo, R. Miller, M. Twardowski, and G. Wei, “An assessment of optical properties and primary production derived from remote sensing in the Southern Ocean (SO GasEx),” J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 116, 1–15 (2011).

Freeman, S. A.

Frye, J. M.

W. M. Balch, D. T. Drapeau, B. C. Bowler, E. S. Booth, J. I. Goes, A. Ashe, and J. M. Frye, “A multi-year record of hydrographic and bio-optical properties in the Gulf of Maine: I. Spatial and temporal variability,” Prog. Oceanogr. 63(1-2), 57–98 (2004).
[Crossref]

Gentili, B.

Glenn, S.

O. Schofield, R. Chant, B. Cahill, R. Castelao, D. Gong, A. Kahl, J. Kohut, M. Montes-Hugo, R. Ramadurai, P. Ramey, X. Yi, and S. Glenn, “The Decadal View of the Mid-Atlantic Bight from the COOLroom: Is Our Coastal System Changing?” Oceanography (Wash. D.C.) 21(4), 108–117 (2008).
[Crossref]

Goes, J. I.

W. M. Balch, D. T. Drapeau, B. C. Bowler, E. S. Booth, J. I. Goes, A. Ashe, and J. M. Frye, “A multi-year record of hydrographic and bio-optical properties in the Gulf of Maine: I. Spatial and temporal variability,” Prog. Oceanogr. 63(1-2), 57–98 (2004).
[Crossref]

Gong, D.

O. Schofield, R. Chant, B. Cahill, R. Castelao, D. Gong, A. Kahl, J. Kohut, M. Montes-Hugo, R. Ramadurai, P. Ramey, X. Yi, and S. Glenn, “The Decadal View of the Mid-Atlantic Bight from the COOLroom: Is Our Coastal System Changing?” Oceanography (Wash. D.C.) 21(4), 108–117 (2008).
[Crossref]

Gordon, H. R.

Gray, A. M.

N. Briggs, M. J. Perry, I. Cetinić, C. Lee, E. D’Asaro, A. M. Gray, and E. Rehm, “High-resolution observations of aggregate flux during a sub-polar North Atlantic spring bloom,” Deep. Res. Part I Oceanogr. Res. Pap. 58, 1031–1039 (2011).

Gregg, W. W.

P. J. Werdell, L. I. W. Mckinna, E. Boss, S. G. Ackleson, S. E. Craig, W. W. Gregg, Z. Lee, S. Maritorena, C. S. Roesler, C. S. Rousseaux, D. Stramski, J. M. Sullivan, M. S. Twardowski, M. Tzortziou, and X. Zhang, “An overview of approaches and challenges for retrieving marine inherent optical properties from ocean color remote sensing,” Prog. Oceanogr. 160, 186–212 (2018).
[Crossref]

Griffiths, G.

L. Merckelbach, D. Smeed, and G. Griffiths, “Vertical water velocities from underwater gliders,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 27(3), 547–563 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gruber, N.

K. S. Johnson, W. M. Berelson, E. S. Boss, Z. Chase, H. Claustre, S. R. Emerson, N. Gruber, A. Kortzinger, M. J. Perry, and S. C. Riser, “Observing Biogeochemical Cycles At Global Scales With Profiling Floats and Gliders: Prospects for a global array,” Oceanography (Wash. D.C.) 22(3), 216–225 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hargreaves, B. R.

Z. Lee, V. P. Lance, S. Shang, R. Vaillancourt, S. Freeman, B. Lubac, B. R. Hargreaves, C. Del Castillo, R. Miller, M. Twardowski, and G. Wei, “An assessment of optical properties and primary production derived from remote sensing in the Southern Ocean (SO GasEx),” J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 116, 1–15 (2011).

Hemsley, V. S.

V. S. Hemsley, T. J. Smyth, A. P. Martin, E. Frajka-Williams, A. F. Thompson, G. Damerell, and S. C. Painter, “Estimating Oceanic Primary Production Using Vertical Irradiance and Chlorophyll Profiles from Ocean Gliders in the North Atlantic,” Environ. Sci. Technol. 49(19), 11612–11621 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Houpert, L.

F. Bourrin, G. Many, X. Durrieu de Madron, J. Martín, P. Puig, L. Houpert, P. Testor, S. Kunesch, K. Mahiouz, and L. Béguery, “Glider monitoring of shelf suspended particle dynamics and transport during storm and flooding conditions,” Cont. Shelf Res. 109, 135–149 (2015).
[Crossref]

Huntington, T.

W. M. Balch, T. Huntington, G. Aiken, D. T. Drapeau, B. C. Bowler, L. C. Lubelczyk, and K. Butler, “Toward a quantitative and empirical dissolved organic carbon budget for the Gulf of Maine, a semienclosed shelf sea,” Global Biogeochem. Cycles 30(2), 268–292 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. M. Balch, D. T. Drapeau, B. C. Bowler, and T. Huntington, “Step-changes in the physical, chemical and biological characteristics of the Gulf of Maine, as documented by the GNATS time series,” Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 450, 11–35 (2012).
[Crossref]

Huot, Y.

C. A. Brown, Y. Huot, M. J. Purcell, J. J. Cullen, and M. R. Lewis, “Mapping coastal optical and biogeochemical variability using an autonomous underwater vehicle and a new bio-optical inversion algorithm,” Limnol. Oceanogr. Methods 2(8), 262–281 (2004).
[Crossref]

Irwin, A.

O. Schofield, T. Bergmann, M. J. Oliver, A. Irwin, G. Kirkpatrick, W. P. Bissett, M. A. Moline, and C. Orrico, “Inversion of spectral absorption in the optically complex coastal waters of the Mid-Atlantic Bight,” J. Geophys. Res. 109(C12), C12S04 (2004).
[Crossref]

Jacobs, M. M.

Jin, Z.

Johnson, K. S.

K. S. Johnson, W. M. Berelson, E. S. Boss, Z. Chase, H. Claustre, S. R. Emerson, N. Gruber, A. Kortzinger, M. J. Perry, and S. C. Riser, “Observing Biogeochemical Cycles At Global Scales With Profiling Floats and Gliders: Prospects for a global array,” Oceanography (Wash. D.C.) 22(3), 216–225 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kahl, A.

O. Schofield, R. Chant, B. Cahill, R. Castelao, D. Gong, A. Kahl, J. Kohut, M. Montes-Hugo, R. Ramadurai, P. Ramey, X. Yi, and S. Glenn, “The Decadal View of the Mid-Atlantic Bight from the COOLroom: Is Our Coastal System Changing?” Oceanography (Wash. D.C.) 21(4), 108–117 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kahru, M.

D. Stramski, R. A. Reynolds, M. Kahru, and B. G. Mitchell, “Estimation of particulate organic carbon in the ocean from satellite remote sensing,” Science 285(5425), 239–242 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kattawar, G. W.

Kirkpatrick, G.

O. Schofield, T. Bergmann, M. J. Oliver, A. Irwin, G. Kirkpatrick, W. P. Bissett, M. A. Moline, and C. Orrico, “Inversion of spectral absorption in the optically complex coastal waters of the Mid-Atlantic Bight,” J. Geophys. Res. 109(C12), C12S04 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kohut, J.

O. Schofield, R. Chant, B. Cahill, R. Castelao, D. Gong, A. Kahl, J. Kohut, M. Montes-Hugo, R. Ramadurai, P. Ramey, X. Yi, and S. Glenn, “The Decadal View of the Mid-Atlantic Bight from the COOLroom: Is Our Coastal System Changing?” Oceanography (Wash. D.C.) 21(4), 108–117 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kortzinger, A.

K. S. Johnson, W. M. Berelson, E. S. Boss, Z. Chase, H. Claustre, S. R. Emerson, N. Gruber, A. Kortzinger, M. J. Perry, and S. C. Riser, “Observing Biogeochemical Cycles At Global Scales With Profiling Floats and Gliders: Prospects for a global array,” Oceanography (Wash. D.C.) 22(3), 216–225 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kromkamp, J. C.

M. K. Barnes, G. H. Tilstone, T. J. Smyth, D. J. Suggett, R. Astoreca, C. Lancelot, and J. C. Kromkamp, “Absorption-based algorithm of primary production for total and size-fractionated phytoplankton in coastal waters,” Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 504, 73–89 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kunesch, S.

F. Bourrin, G. Many, X. Durrieu de Madron, J. Martín, P. Puig, L. Houpert, P. Testor, S. Kunesch, K. Mahiouz, and L. Béguery, “Glider monitoring of shelf suspended particle dynamics and transport during storm and flooding conditions,” Cont. Shelf Res. 109, 135–149 (2015).
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Lance, V. P.

Z. Lee, V. P. Lance, S. Shang, R. Vaillancourt, S. Freeman, B. Lubac, B. R. Hargreaves, C. Del Castillo, R. Miller, M. Twardowski, and G. Wei, “An assessment of optical properties and primary production derived from remote sensing in the Southern Ocean (SO GasEx),” J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 116, 1–15 (2011).

Lancelot, C.

M. K. Barnes, G. H. Tilstone, T. J. Smyth, D. J. Suggett, R. Astoreca, C. Lancelot, and J. C. Kromkamp, “Absorption-based algorithm of primary production for total and size-fractionated phytoplankton in coastal waters,” Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 504, 73–89 (2014).
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Leathers, R. A.

Lee, C.

N. Briggs, M. J. Perry, I. Cetinić, C. Lee, E. D’Asaro, A. M. Gray, and E. Rehm, “High-resolution observations of aggregate flux during a sub-polar North Atlantic spring bloom,” Deep. Res. Part I Oceanogr. Res. Pap. 58, 1031–1039 (2011).

Lee, Z.

P. J. Werdell, L. I. W. Mckinna, E. Boss, S. G. Ackleson, S. E. Craig, W. W. Gregg, Z. Lee, S. Maritorena, C. S. Roesler, C. S. Rousseaux, D. Stramski, J. M. Sullivan, M. S. Twardowski, M. Tzortziou, and X. Zhang, “An overview of approaches and challenges for retrieving marine inherent optical properties from ocean color remote sensing,” Prog. Oceanogr. 160, 186–212 (2018).
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Z. Lee, V. P. Lance, S. Shang, R. Vaillancourt, S. Freeman, B. Lubac, B. R. Hargreaves, C. Del Castillo, R. Miller, M. Twardowski, and G. Wei, “An assessment of optical properties and primary production derived from remote sensing in the Southern Ocean (SO GasEx),” J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 116, 1–15 (2011).

Lewis, M. R.

H. R. Gordon, M. R. Lewis, S. D. McLean, M. S. Twardowski, S. A. Freeman, K. J. Voss, and G. C. Boynton, “Spectra of particulate backscattering in natural waters,” Opt. Express 17(18), 16192–16208 (2009).
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C. A. Brown, Y. Huot, M. J. Purcell, J. J. Cullen, and M. R. Lewis, “Mapping coastal optical and biogeochemical variability using an autonomous underwater vehicle and a new bio-optical inversion algorithm,” Limnol. Oceanogr. Methods 2(8), 262–281 (2004).
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Li, W.

Loftin, K. A.

Lubac, B.

Z. Lee, V. P. Lance, S. Shang, R. Vaillancourt, S. Freeman, B. Lubac, B. R. Hargreaves, C. Del Castillo, R. Miller, M. Twardowski, and G. Wei, “An assessment of optical properties and primary production derived from remote sensing in the Southern Ocean (SO GasEx),” J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 116, 1–15 (2011).

Lubelczyk, L. C.

W. M. Balch, T. Huntington, G. Aiken, D. T. Drapeau, B. C. Bowler, L. C. Lubelczyk, and K. Butler, “Toward a quantitative and empirical dissolved organic carbon budget for the Gulf of Maine, a semienclosed shelf sea,” Global Biogeochem. Cycles 30(2), 268–292 (2016).
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Mahiouz, K.

F. Bourrin, G. Many, X. Durrieu de Madron, J. Martín, P. Puig, L. Houpert, P. Testor, S. Kunesch, K. Mahiouz, and L. Béguery, “Glider monitoring of shelf suspended particle dynamics and transport during storm and flooding conditions,” Cont. Shelf Res. 109, 135–149 (2015).
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Many, G.

F. Bourrin, G. Many, X. Durrieu de Madron, J. Martín, P. Puig, L. Houpert, P. Testor, S. Kunesch, K. Mahiouz, and L. Béguery, “Glider monitoring of shelf suspended particle dynamics and transport during storm and flooding conditions,” Cont. Shelf Res. 109, 135–149 (2015).
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Maritorena, S.

P. J. Werdell, L. I. W. Mckinna, E. Boss, S. G. Ackleson, S. E. Craig, W. W. Gregg, Z. Lee, S. Maritorena, C. S. Roesler, C. S. Rousseaux, D. Stramski, J. M. Sullivan, M. S. Twardowski, M. Tzortziou, and X. Zhang, “An overview of approaches and challenges for retrieving marine inherent optical properties from ocean color remote sensing,” Prog. Oceanogr. 160, 186–212 (2018).
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Martin, A. P.

V. S. Hemsley, T. J. Smyth, A. P. Martin, E. Frajka-Williams, A. F. Thompson, G. Damerell, and S. C. Painter, “Estimating Oceanic Primary Production Using Vertical Irradiance and Chlorophyll Profiles from Ocean Gliders in the North Atlantic,” Environ. Sci. Technol. 49(19), 11612–11621 (2015).
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Martín, J.

F. Bourrin, G. Many, X. Durrieu de Madron, J. Martín, P. Puig, L. Houpert, P. Testor, S. Kunesch, K. Mahiouz, and L. Béguery, “Glider monitoring of shelf suspended particle dynamics and transport during storm and flooding conditions,” Cont. Shelf Res. 109, 135–149 (2015).
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McCormick, N. J.

McKee, D.

M. Ramírez-Pérez, M. Twardowski, C. Trees, J. Piera, and D. McKee, “Inversion of In Situ Light Absorption and Attenuation Measurements to Estimate Constituent Concentrations in Optically Complex Shelf Seas,” J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 123(1), 720–737 (2018).
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C. Mitchell, A. Cunningham, and D. McKee, “Derivation of the specific optical properties of suspended mineral particles and their contribution to the attenuation of solar irradiance in offshore waters by ocean color remote sensing,” J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 121(1), 104–117 (2016).
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Y. Fan, W. Li, V. S. Calzado, C. Trees, S. Stamnes, G. Fournier, D. McKee, and K. Stamnes, “Inferring inherent optical properties and water constituent profiles from apparent optical properties,” Opt. Express 23(15), A987–A1009 (2015).
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A. Cunningham, L. Ramage, and D. McKee, “Relationships between the inherent optical properties and the depth of penetration of solar radiation in optically complex waters,” J. Geophys. Res. 118, 2310–2317 (2013).

D. McKee, A. Cunningham, and S. Craig, “Estimation of absorption and backscattering coefficients from in situ radiometric measurements: theory and validation in case II waters,” Appl. Opt. 42(15), 2804–2810 (2003).
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Mckinna, L. I. W.

P. J. Werdell, L. I. W. Mckinna, E. Boss, S. G. Ackleson, S. E. Craig, W. W. Gregg, Z. Lee, S. Maritorena, C. S. Roesler, C. S. Rousseaux, D. Stramski, J. M. Sullivan, M. S. Twardowski, M. Tzortziou, and X. Zhang, “An overview of approaches and challenges for retrieving marine inherent optical properties from ocean color remote sensing,” Prog. Oceanogr. 160, 186–212 (2018).
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McLean, S. D.

Merckelbach, L.

L. Merckelbach, D. Smeed, and G. Griffiths, “Vertical water velocities from underwater gliders,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 27(3), 547–563 (2010).
[Crossref]

Miller, R.

Z. Lee, V. P. Lance, S. Shang, R. Vaillancourt, S. Freeman, B. Lubac, B. R. Hargreaves, C. Del Castillo, R. Miller, M. Twardowski, and G. Wei, “An assessment of optical properties and primary production derived from remote sensing in the Southern Ocean (SO GasEx),” J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 116, 1–15 (2011).

Mitchell, B. G.

M. Stramska, D. Stramski, B. G. Mitchell, and C. D. Mobley, “Estimation of the Absorption and Backscattering Coefficients from in-Water Radiometric Measurements,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 45(3), 628–641 (2000).
[Crossref]

D. Stramski, R. A. Reynolds, M. Kahru, and B. G. Mitchell, “Estimation of particulate organic carbon in the ocean from satellite remote sensing,” Science 285(5425), 239–242 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mitchell, C.

C. Mitchell, A. Cunningham, and D. McKee, “Derivation of the specific optical properties of suspended mineral particles and their contribution to the attenuation of solar irradiance in offshore waters by ocean color remote sensing,” J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 121(1), 104–117 (2016).
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C. Mitchell and A. Cunningham, “Remote sensing of spatio-temporal relationships between the partitioned absorption coefficients of phytoplankton cells and mineral particles and euphotic zone depths in a partially mixed shelf sea,” Remote Sens. Environ. 160, 193–205 (2015).
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Mobley, C. D.

Moline, M. A.

M. A. Moline, I. Robbins, B. Zelenke, W. S. Pegau, and H. Wijesekera, “Evaluation of bio-optical inversion of spectral irradiance measured from an autonomous underwater vehicle,” J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 117, 1–12 (2012).

O. Schofield, T. Bergmann, M. J. Oliver, A. Irwin, G. Kirkpatrick, W. P. Bissett, M. A. Moline, and C. Orrico, “Inversion of spectral absorption in the optically complex coastal waters of the Mid-Atlantic Bight,” J. Geophys. Res. 109(C12), C12S04 (2004).
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Montes-Hugo, M.

O. Schofield, R. Chant, B. Cahill, R. Castelao, D. Gong, A. Kahl, J. Kohut, M. Montes-Hugo, R. Ramadurai, P. Ramey, X. Yi, and S. Glenn, “The Decadal View of the Mid-Atlantic Bight from the COOLroom: Is Our Coastal System Changing?” Oceanography (Wash. D.C.) 21(4), 108–117 (2008).
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Morel, A.

A. Bricaud, A. Morel, M. Babin, K. Allali, and H. Claustre, “Variations of light absorption by suspended particles with chlorophyll a concentration in oceanic (case 1) waters: Analysis and implications for bio-optical models,” J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 103(C13), 31033–31044 (1998).
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C. D. Mobley, B. Gentili, H. R. Gordon, Z. Jin, G. W. Kattawar, A. Morel, P. Reinersman, K. Stamnes, and R. H. Stavn, “Comparison of numerical models for computing underwater light fields,” Appl. Opt. 32(36), 7484–7504 (1993).
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Niewiadomska, K.

K. Niewiadomska, H. Claustre, L. Prieur, and F. d’Ortenzio, “Submesoscale physical-biogeochemical coupling across the Ligurian current (northwestern Mediterranean) using a bio-optical glider,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 53(5part2), 2210–2225 (2008).
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Oliver, M. J.

O. Schofield, T. Bergmann, M. J. Oliver, A. Irwin, G. Kirkpatrick, W. P. Bissett, M. A. Moline, and C. Orrico, “Inversion of spectral absorption in the optically complex coastal waters of the Mid-Atlantic Bight,” J. Geophys. Res. 109(C12), C12S04 (2004).
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Organelli, E.

E. Organelli, H. Claustre, A. Bricaud, C. Schmechtig, A. Poteau, X. Xing, L. Prieur, F. D’Ortenzio, G. Dall’Olmo, and V. Vellucci, “A novel near-real-time quality-control procedure for radiometric profiles measured by bio-argo floats: Protocols and performances,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 33(5), 937–951 (2016).
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Orrico, C.

O. Schofield, T. Bergmann, M. J. Oliver, A. Irwin, G. Kirkpatrick, W. P. Bissett, M. A. Moline, and C. Orrico, “Inversion of spectral absorption in the optically complex coastal waters of the Mid-Atlantic Bight,” J. Geophys. Res. 109(C12), C12S04 (2004).
[Crossref]

Painter, S. C.

V. S. Hemsley, T. J. Smyth, A. P. Martin, E. Frajka-Williams, A. F. Thompson, G. Damerell, and S. C. Painter, “Estimating Oceanic Primary Production Using Vertical Irradiance and Chlorophyll Profiles from Ocean Gliders in the North Atlantic,” Environ. Sci. Technol. 49(19), 11612–11621 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pascual, A.

J. Bouffard, A. Pascual, S. Ruiz, Y. Faugère, and J. Tintoré, “Coastal and mesoscale dynamics characterization using altimetry and gliders: A case study in the Balearic Sea,” J. Geophys. Res. 115(C10), C10029 (2010).
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Pegau, W. S.

M. A. Moline, I. Robbins, B. Zelenke, W. S. Pegau, and H. Wijesekera, “Evaluation of bio-optical inversion of spectral irradiance measured from an autonomous underwater vehicle,” J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 117, 1–12 (2012).

Perry, M. J.

N. Briggs, M. J. Perry, I. Cetinić, C. Lee, E. D’Asaro, A. M. Gray, and E. Rehm, “High-resolution observations of aggregate flux during a sub-polar North Atlantic spring bloom,” Deep. Res. Part I Oceanogr. Res. Pap. 58, 1031–1039 (2011).

K. S. Johnson, W. M. Berelson, E. S. Boss, Z. Chase, H. Claustre, S. R. Emerson, N. Gruber, A. Kortzinger, M. J. Perry, and S. C. Riser, “Observing Biogeochemical Cycles At Global Scales With Profiling Floats and Gliders: Prospects for a global array,” Oceanography (Wash. D.C.) 22(3), 216–225 (2009).
[Crossref]

Piera, J.

M. Ramírez-Pérez, M. Twardowski, C. Trees, J. Piera, and D. McKee, “Inversion of In Situ Light Absorption and Attenuation Measurements to Estimate Constituent Concentrations in Optically Complex Shelf Seas,” J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 123(1), 720–737 (2018).
[Crossref]

Poteau, A.

E. Organelli, H. Claustre, A. Bricaud, C. Schmechtig, A. Poteau, X. Xing, L. Prieur, F. D’Ortenzio, G. Dall’Olmo, and V. Vellucci, “A novel near-real-time quality-control procedure for radiometric profiles measured by bio-argo floats: Protocols and performances,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 33(5), 937–951 (2016).
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Prieur, L.

E. Organelli, H. Claustre, A. Bricaud, C. Schmechtig, A. Poteau, X. Xing, L. Prieur, F. D’Ortenzio, G. Dall’Olmo, and V. Vellucci, “A novel near-real-time quality-control procedure for radiometric profiles measured by bio-argo floats: Protocols and performances,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 33(5), 937–951 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. Niewiadomska, H. Claustre, L. Prieur, and F. d’Ortenzio, “Submesoscale physical-biogeochemical coupling across the Ligurian current (northwestern Mediterranean) using a bio-optical glider,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 53(5part2), 2210–2225 (2008).
[Crossref]

Puig, P.

F. Bourrin, G. Many, X. Durrieu de Madron, J. Martín, P. Puig, L. Houpert, P. Testor, S. Kunesch, K. Mahiouz, and L. Béguery, “Glider monitoring of shelf suspended particle dynamics and transport during storm and flooding conditions,” Cont. Shelf Res. 109, 135–149 (2015).
[Crossref]

Purcell, M. J.

C. A. Brown, Y. Huot, M. J. Purcell, J. J. Cullen, and M. R. Lewis, “Mapping coastal optical and biogeochemical variability using an autonomous underwater vehicle and a new bio-optical inversion algorithm,” Limnol. Oceanogr. Methods 2(8), 262–281 (2004).
[Crossref]

Ramadurai, R.

O. Schofield, R. Chant, B. Cahill, R. Castelao, D. Gong, A. Kahl, J. Kohut, M. Montes-Hugo, R. Ramadurai, P. Ramey, X. Yi, and S. Glenn, “The Decadal View of the Mid-Atlantic Bight from the COOLroom: Is Our Coastal System Changing?” Oceanography (Wash. D.C.) 21(4), 108–117 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ramage, L.

A. Cunningham, L. Ramage, and D. McKee, “Relationships between the inherent optical properties and the depth of penetration of solar radiation in optically complex waters,” J. Geophys. Res. 118, 2310–2317 (2013).

Ramey, P.

O. Schofield, R. Chant, B. Cahill, R. Castelao, D. Gong, A. Kahl, J. Kohut, M. Montes-Hugo, R. Ramadurai, P. Ramey, X. Yi, and S. Glenn, “The Decadal View of the Mid-Atlantic Bight from the COOLroom: Is Our Coastal System Changing?” Oceanography (Wash. D.C.) 21(4), 108–117 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ramírez-Pérez, M.

M. Ramírez-Pérez, M. Twardowski, C. Trees, J. Piera, and D. McKee, “Inversion of In Situ Light Absorption and Attenuation Measurements to Estimate Constituent Concentrations in Optically Complex Shelf Seas,” J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 123(1), 720–737 (2018).
[Crossref]

Rehm, E.

E. Rehm and C. D. Mobley, “Estimation of hyperspectral inherent optical properties from in-water radiometry: error analysis and application to in situ data,” Appl. Opt. 52(4), 795–817 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Briggs, M. J. Perry, I. Cetinić, C. Lee, E. D’Asaro, A. M. Gray, and E. Rehm, “High-resolution observations of aggregate flux during a sub-polar North Atlantic spring bloom,” Deep. Res. Part I Oceanogr. Res. Pap. 58, 1031–1039 (2011).

Reinersman, P.

Reynolds, R. A.

D. Stramski, R. A. Reynolds, M. Kahru, and B. G. Mitchell, “Estimation of particulate organic carbon in the ocean from satellite remote sensing,” Science 285(5425), 239–242 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Riser, S. C.

K. S. Johnson, W. M. Berelson, E. S. Boss, Z. Chase, H. Claustre, S. R. Emerson, N. Gruber, A. Kortzinger, M. J. Perry, and S. C. Riser, “Observing Biogeochemical Cycles At Global Scales With Profiling Floats and Gliders: Prospects for a global array,” Oceanography (Wash. D.C.) 22(3), 216–225 (2009).
[Crossref]

Robbins, I.

M. A. Moline, I. Robbins, B. Zelenke, W. S. Pegau, and H. Wijesekera, “Evaluation of bio-optical inversion of spectral irradiance measured from an autonomous underwater vehicle,” J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 117, 1–12 (2012).

Roesler, C. S.

P. J. Werdell, L. I. W. Mckinna, E. Boss, S. G. Ackleson, S. E. Craig, W. W. Gregg, Z. Lee, S. Maritorena, C. S. Roesler, C. S. Rousseaux, D. Stramski, J. M. Sullivan, M. S. Twardowski, M. Tzortziou, and X. Zhang, “An overview of approaches and challenges for retrieving marine inherent optical properties from ocean color remote sensing,” Prog. Oceanogr. 160, 186–212 (2018).
[Crossref]

R. A. Leathers, C. S. Roesler, and N. J. McCormick, “Ocean inherent optical property determination from in-water light field measurements,” Appl. Opt. 38(24), 5096–5103 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ronald, J.

Rousseaux, C. S.

P. J. Werdell, L. I. W. Mckinna, E. Boss, S. G. Ackleson, S. E. Craig, W. W. Gregg, Z. Lee, S. Maritorena, C. S. Roesler, C. S. Rousseaux, D. Stramski, J. M. Sullivan, M. S. Twardowski, M. Tzortziou, and X. Zhang, “An overview of approaches and challenges for retrieving marine inherent optical properties from ocean color remote sensing,” Prog. Oceanogr. 160, 186–212 (2018).
[Crossref]

Ruiz, S.

J. Bouffard, A. Pascual, S. Ruiz, Y. Faugère, and J. Tintoré, “Coastal and mesoscale dynamics characterization using altimetry and gliders: A case study in the Balearic Sea,” J. Geophys. Res. 115(C10), C10029 (2010).
[Crossref]

Schaeffer, B. A.

Schmechtig, C.

E. Organelli, H. Claustre, A. Bricaud, C. Schmechtig, A. Poteau, X. Xing, L. Prieur, F. D’Ortenzio, G. Dall’Olmo, and V. Vellucci, “A novel near-real-time quality-control procedure for radiometric profiles measured by bio-argo floats: Protocols and performances,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 33(5), 937–951 (2016).
[Crossref]

Schofield, O.

O. Schofield, R. Chant, B. Cahill, R. Castelao, D. Gong, A. Kahl, J. Kohut, M. Montes-Hugo, R. Ramadurai, P. Ramey, X. Yi, and S. Glenn, “The Decadal View of the Mid-Atlantic Bight from the COOLroom: Is Our Coastal System Changing?” Oceanography (Wash. D.C.) 21(4), 108–117 (2008).
[Crossref]

O. Schofield, T. Bergmann, M. J. Oliver, A. Irwin, G. Kirkpatrick, W. P. Bissett, M. A. Moline, and C. Orrico, “Inversion of spectral absorption in the optically complex coastal waters of the Mid-Atlantic Bight,” J. Geophys. Res. 109(C12), C12S04 (2004).
[Crossref]

Seegers, B. N.

Shang, S.

Z. Lee, V. P. Lance, S. Shang, R. Vaillancourt, S. Freeman, B. Lubac, B. R. Hargreaves, C. Del Castillo, R. Miller, M. Twardowski, and G. Wei, “An assessment of optical properties and primary production derived from remote sensing in the Southern Ocean (SO GasEx),” J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 116, 1–15 (2011).

Smeed, D.

L. Merckelbach, D. Smeed, and G. Griffiths, “Vertical water velocities from underwater gliders,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 27(3), 547–563 (2010).
[Crossref]

Smyth, T. J.

V. S. Hemsley, T. J. Smyth, A. P. Martin, E. Frajka-Williams, A. F. Thompson, G. Damerell, and S. C. Painter, “Estimating Oceanic Primary Production Using Vertical Irradiance and Chlorophyll Profiles from Ocean Gliders in the North Atlantic,” Environ. Sci. Technol. 49(19), 11612–11621 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. K. Barnes, G. H. Tilstone, T. J. Smyth, D. J. Suggett, R. Astoreca, C. Lancelot, and J. C. Kromkamp, “Absorption-based algorithm of primary production for total and size-fractionated phytoplankton in coastal waters,” Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 504, 73–89 (2014).
[Crossref]

Stamnes, K.

Stamnes, S.

Stavn, R. H.

Stramska, M.

M. Stramska, D. Stramski, B. G. Mitchell, and C. D. Mobley, “Estimation of the Absorption and Backscattering Coefficients from in-Water Radiometric Measurements,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 45(3), 628–641 (2000).
[Crossref]

Stramski, D.

P. J. Werdell, L. I. W. Mckinna, E. Boss, S. G. Ackleson, S. E. Craig, W. W. Gregg, Z. Lee, S. Maritorena, C. S. Roesler, C. S. Rousseaux, D. Stramski, J. M. Sullivan, M. S. Twardowski, M. Tzortziou, and X. Zhang, “An overview of approaches and challenges for retrieving marine inherent optical properties from ocean color remote sensing,” Prog. Oceanogr. 160, 186–212 (2018).
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G. Zheng and D. Stramski, “A model for partitioning the light absorption coefficient of suspended marine particles into phytoplankton and nonalgal components,” J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 118(6), 2977–2991 (2013).
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M. Stramska, D. Stramski, B. G. Mitchell, and C. D. Mobley, “Estimation of the Absorption and Backscattering Coefficients from in-Water Radiometric Measurements,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 45(3), 628–641 (2000).
[Crossref]

D. Stramski, R. A. Reynolds, M. Kahru, and B. G. Mitchell, “Estimation of particulate organic carbon in the ocean from satellite remote sensing,” Science 285(5425), 239–242 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stumpf, R. P.

Suggett, D. J.

M. K. Barnes, G. H. Tilstone, T. J. Smyth, D. J. Suggett, R. Astoreca, C. Lancelot, and J. C. Kromkamp, “Absorption-based algorithm of primary production for total and size-fractionated phytoplankton in coastal waters,” Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 504, 73–89 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sullivan, J. M.

P. J. Werdell, L. I. W. Mckinna, E. Boss, S. G. Ackleson, S. E. Craig, W. W. Gregg, Z. Lee, S. Maritorena, C. S. Roesler, C. S. Rousseaux, D. Stramski, J. M. Sullivan, M. S. Twardowski, M. Tzortziou, and X. Zhang, “An overview of approaches and challenges for retrieving marine inherent optical properties from ocean color remote sensing,” Prog. Oceanogr. 160, 186–212 (2018).
[Crossref]

Sundman, L. K.

Testor, P.

F. Bourrin, G. Many, X. Durrieu de Madron, J. Martín, P. Puig, L. Houpert, P. Testor, S. Kunesch, K. Mahiouz, and L. Béguery, “Glider monitoring of shelf suspended particle dynamics and transport during storm and flooding conditions,” Cont. Shelf Res. 109, 135–149 (2015).
[Crossref]

Thompson, A. F.

V. S. Hemsley, T. J. Smyth, A. P. Martin, E. Frajka-Williams, A. F. Thompson, G. Damerell, and S. C. Painter, “Estimating Oceanic Primary Production Using Vertical Irradiance and Chlorophyll Profiles from Ocean Gliders in the North Atlantic,” Environ. Sci. Technol. 49(19), 11612–11621 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tilstone, G. H.

M. K. Barnes, G. H. Tilstone, T. J. Smyth, D. J. Suggett, R. Astoreca, C. Lancelot, and J. C. Kromkamp, “Absorption-based algorithm of primary production for total and size-fractionated phytoplankton in coastal waters,” Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 504, 73–89 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tintoré, J.

J. Bouffard, A. Pascual, S. Ruiz, Y. Faugère, and J. Tintoré, “Coastal and mesoscale dynamics characterization using altimetry and gliders: A case study in the Balearic Sea,” J. Geophys. Res. 115(C10), C10029 (2010).
[Crossref]

Trees, C.

M. Ramírez-Pérez, M. Twardowski, C. Trees, J. Piera, and D. McKee, “Inversion of In Situ Light Absorption and Attenuation Measurements to Estimate Constituent Concentrations in Optically Complex Shelf Seas,” J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 123(1), 720–737 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Fan, W. Li, V. S. Calzado, C. Trees, S. Stamnes, G. Fournier, D. McKee, and K. Stamnes, “Inferring inherent optical properties and water constituent profiles from apparent optical properties,” Opt. Express 23(15), A987–A1009 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Twardowski, M.

M. Ramírez-Pérez, M. Twardowski, C. Trees, J. Piera, and D. McKee, “Inversion of In Situ Light Absorption and Attenuation Measurements to Estimate Constituent Concentrations in Optically Complex Shelf Seas,” J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 123(1), 720–737 (2018).
[Crossref]

Z. Lee, V. P. Lance, S. Shang, R. Vaillancourt, S. Freeman, B. Lubac, B. R. Hargreaves, C. Del Castillo, R. Miller, M. Twardowski, and G. Wei, “An assessment of optical properties and primary production derived from remote sensing in the Southern Ocean (SO GasEx),” J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 116, 1–15 (2011).

Twardowski, M. S.

P. J. Werdell, L. I. W. Mckinna, E. Boss, S. G. Ackleson, S. E. Craig, W. W. Gregg, Z. Lee, S. Maritorena, C. S. Roesler, C. S. Rousseaux, D. Stramski, J. M. Sullivan, M. S. Twardowski, M. Tzortziou, and X. Zhang, “An overview of approaches and challenges for retrieving marine inherent optical properties from ocean color remote sensing,” Prog. Oceanogr. 160, 186–212 (2018).
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[Crossref]

Vaillancourt, R.

Z. Lee, V. P. Lance, S. Shang, R. Vaillancourt, S. Freeman, B. Lubac, B. R. Hargreaves, C. Del Castillo, R. Miller, M. Twardowski, and G. Wei, “An assessment of optical properties and primary production derived from remote sensing in the Southern Ocean (SO GasEx),” J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 116, 1–15 (2011).

Vellucci, V.

E. Organelli, H. Claustre, A. Bricaud, C. Schmechtig, A. Poteau, X. Xing, L. Prieur, F. D’Ortenzio, G. Dall’Olmo, and V. Vellucci, “A novel near-real-time quality-control procedure for radiometric profiles measured by bio-argo floats: Protocols and performances,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 33(5), 937–951 (2016).
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Z. Lee, V. P. Lance, S. Shang, R. Vaillancourt, S. Freeman, B. Lubac, B. R. Hargreaves, C. Del Castillo, R. Miller, M. Twardowski, and G. Wei, “An assessment of optical properties and primary production derived from remote sensing in the Southern Ocean (SO GasEx),” J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 116, 1–15 (2011).

Werdell, P. J.

P. J. Werdell, L. I. W. Mckinna, E. Boss, S. G. Ackleson, S. E. Craig, W. W. Gregg, Z. Lee, S. Maritorena, C. S. Roesler, C. S. Rousseaux, D. Stramski, J. M. Sullivan, M. S. Twardowski, M. Tzortziou, and X. Zhang, “An overview of approaches and challenges for retrieving marine inherent optical properties from ocean color remote sensing,” Prog. Oceanogr. 160, 186–212 (2018).
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B. N. Seegers, R. P. Stumpf, B. A. Schaeffer, K. A. Loftin, and P. J. Werdell, “Performance metrics for the assessment of satellite data products: An ocean color case study,” Opt. Express 26(6), 7404–7422 (2018).
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Wijesekera, H.

M. A. Moline, I. Robbins, B. Zelenke, W. S. Pegau, and H. Wijesekera, “Evaluation of bio-optical inversion of spectral irradiance measured from an autonomous underwater vehicle,” J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 117, 1–12 (2012).

Xing, X.

E. Organelli, H. Claustre, A. Bricaud, C. Schmechtig, A. Poteau, X. Xing, L. Prieur, F. D’Ortenzio, G. Dall’Olmo, and V. Vellucci, “A novel near-real-time quality-control procedure for radiometric profiles measured by bio-argo floats: Protocols and performances,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 33(5), 937–951 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yi, X.

O. Schofield, R. Chant, B. Cahill, R. Castelao, D. Gong, A. Kahl, J. Kohut, M. Montes-Hugo, R. Ramadurai, P. Ramey, X. Yi, and S. Glenn, “The Decadal View of the Mid-Atlantic Bight from the COOLroom: Is Our Coastal System Changing?” Oceanography (Wash. D.C.) 21(4), 108–117 (2008).
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Zelenke, B.

M. A. Moline, I. Robbins, B. Zelenke, W. S. Pegau, and H. Wijesekera, “Evaluation of bio-optical inversion of spectral irradiance measured from an autonomous underwater vehicle,” J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 117, 1–12 (2012).

Zhang, X.

P. J. Werdell, L. I. W. Mckinna, E. Boss, S. G. Ackleson, S. E. Craig, W. W. Gregg, Z. Lee, S. Maritorena, C. S. Roesler, C. S. Rousseaux, D. Stramski, J. M. Sullivan, M. S. Twardowski, M. Tzortziou, and X. Zhang, “An overview of approaches and challenges for retrieving marine inherent optical properties from ocean color remote sensing,” Prog. Oceanogr. 160, 186–212 (2018).
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G. Zheng and D. Stramski, “A model for partitioning the light absorption coefficient of suspended marine particles into phytoplankton and nonalgal components,” J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 118(6), 2977–2991 (2013).
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L. Merckelbach, D. Smeed, and G. Griffiths, “Vertical water velocities from underwater gliders,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 27(3), 547–563 (2010).
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J. Bouffard, A. Pascual, S. Ruiz, Y. Faugère, and J. Tintoré, “Coastal and mesoscale dynamics characterization using altimetry and gliders: A case study in the Balearic Sea,” J. Geophys. Res. 115(C10), C10029 (2010).
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O. Schofield, T. Bergmann, M. J. Oliver, A. Irwin, G. Kirkpatrick, W. P. Bissett, M. A. Moline, and C. Orrico, “Inversion of spectral absorption in the optically complex coastal waters of the Mid-Atlantic Bight,” J. Geophys. Res. 109(C12), C12S04 (2004).
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J. Geophys. Res. Oceans (6)

G. Zheng and D. Stramski, “A model for partitioning the light absorption coefficient of suspended marine particles into phytoplankton and nonalgal components,” J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 118(6), 2977–2991 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. Lee, V. P. Lance, S. Shang, R. Vaillancourt, S. Freeman, B. Lubac, B. R. Hargreaves, C. Del Castillo, R. Miller, M. Twardowski, and G. Wei, “An assessment of optical properties and primary production derived from remote sensing in the Southern Ocean (SO GasEx),” J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 116, 1–15 (2011).

M. Ramírez-Pérez, M. Twardowski, C. Trees, J. Piera, and D. McKee, “Inversion of In Situ Light Absorption and Attenuation Measurements to Estimate Constituent Concentrations in Optically Complex Shelf Seas,” J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 123(1), 720–737 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. Mitchell, A. Cunningham, and D. McKee, “Derivation of the specific optical properties of suspended mineral particles and their contribution to the attenuation of solar irradiance in offshore waters by ocean color remote sensing,” J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 121(1), 104–117 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. A. Moline, I. Robbins, B. Zelenke, W. S. Pegau, and H. Wijesekera, “Evaluation of bio-optical inversion of spectral irradiance measured from an autonomous underwater vehicle,” J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 117, 1–12 (2012).

A. Bricaud, A. Morel, M. Babin, K. Allali, and H. Claustre, “Variations of light absorption by suspended particles with chlorophyll a concentration in oceanic (case 1) waters: Analysis and implications for bio-optical models,” J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 103(C13), 31033–31044 (1998).
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O. Schofield, R. Chant, B. Cahill, R. Castelao, D. Gong, A. Kahl, J. Kohut, M. Montes-Hugo, R. Ramadurai, P. Ramey, X. Yi, and S. Glenn, “The Decadal View of the Mid-Atlantic Bight from the COOLroom: Is Our Coastal System Changing?” Oceanography (Wash. D.C.) 21(4), 108–117 (2008).
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P. J. Werdell, L. I. W. Mckinna, E. Boss, S. G. Ackleson, S. E. Craig, W. W. Gregg, Z. Lee, S. Maritorena, C. S. Roesler, C. S. Rousseaux, D. Stramski, J. M. Sullivan, M. S. Twardowski, M. Tzortziou, and X. Zhang, “An overview of approaches and challenges for retrieving marine inherent optical properties from ocean color remote sensing,” Prog. Oceanogr. 160, 186–212 (2018).
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W. M. Balch, D. T. Drapeau, B. C. Bowler, E. S. Booth, J. I. Goes, A. Ashe, and J. M. Frye, “A multi-year record of hydrographic and bio-optical properties in the Gulf of Maine: I. Spatial and temporal variability,” Prog. Oceanogr. 63(1-2), 57–98 (2004).
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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Relative error (%) of the estimated values of (a) a and (b) b b for profile aub2 and of (c) a and (d) b b for profile a2b2. Note the details of differences between aub2 and a2b2 are described in the methods and Table 1.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Inversion results for all glider missions (Henry in orange, Grampus in green), shown as b b regressions on (a) linear scale, and (b) log scale, with the dashed line indicating the 1:1 line, the solid line the least squares regression and histograms on the top and right axes indicating the distribution of the data points; and (c) the frequency distribution of the ratio of b b inverted to b b measured, with the dashed lines indicating ±25%.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) the measured and estimated backscattering profiles for one yo, with a depth offset visible between the two profiles, (b) cross correlation between b b est and b b mea (see text for details).
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Performance of the inversion method for estimating b b for individual glider missions. On the x-axis, each glider mission is labeled by a letter (g = Grampus, h = Henry) and a mission number, and “all” refers to all the missions together. (a) slope of a least squares regression between b b est and b b mea , (b) R 2 for the least squares regression, (c) bias between b b est and b b mea , and (d) MAE between b b est and b b mea . All performance metrics were calculated on log-transformed data. See Section 2.4 for details of performance metrics and 2.3.1 for details of classification flags and types.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Relationship between a(443), the measured Chl fluorescence and the corresponding estimated a ph (443). The 1:1 line between a(443) and a ph (443) is shown as reference.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Modeled IOP profile parameters

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Table 2 Mean absolute relative error (%) for the retrieved a and b b using modeled data

Equations (8)

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a (0) (z)= μ 0 K E m (z)=cos( θ 0w )[ d dz ln( E d m E u m ) ]
b b (0) (z) = a (0) (z) X m (z) = 3 a (0) (z){ R m (z) d R m (z) dz z z max [ E d m ( z ) E d m (z) ] 2 d z }
a (1) (z)= μ ¯ (z) K E m (z)= E d (1) (z) E u (1) (z) E 0 (1) (z) [ d dz ln( E d m E u m ) ]
ΔX(z)=3{ ΔR(z) dΔR(z) dz z z max [ E d m ( z ) E d m (z) ] 2 d z }
δ n = 1 2N i=1 N | ln( E d (n) ( z i ) )ln( E d m ( z i ) ) | + 1 2N i=1 N | ln( E u (n) ( z i ) )ln( E u m ( z i ) ) |
a(z)= a 0 + a 1 exp[ (z z a ) 2 2 σ a 2 ]   b b (z)= b 0 + b 1 exp[ (z z b ) 2 2 σ b 2 ]
bias=10^( Σ i=1 n log 10 (y) log 10 (x) n ),MAE=10^( Σ i=1 n log 10 (y) log 10 (x) n )
a= μ d K d 1R( K u / K d ) 1+R( K u / K d )

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