Abstract

We present a cost-effective and bandwidth-enhanced 64-Gbaud micro-intradyne coherent receiver based on hybrid integration of InP waveguide-photodetector (WG-PD) and silica planar lightwave circuit (PLC). InP waveguide-photodetector (WG-PD) arrays are simply chip-to-chip bonded and optically butt-coupled to a silica-based dual-polarization optical hybrid chip. Multiple flexible printed circuit boards are adapted for electrical RF and DC wirings, which provide low-cost integration and good RF performance of the receiver. A 3-dB bandwidth of the fabricated coherent receiver is extended to ~36 GHz by optimization of bondwire inductance between the WG-PD array and the transimpedance amplifier (TIA), even when commercial TIAs with a typical bandwidth of ~29 GHz are used. Through optimization of the silica hybrid integrated coherent receiver, 64-Gbaud DP-16QAM signal transmission over 1050-km standard single-mode fiber is successfully demonstrated below a bit error rate of 2 × 10−3. This is the threshold for a soft decision-based forward error correction, at the optical signal to noise ratio of 23.8 dB.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2018 (1)

2017 (1)

2016 (1)

S.-Y. Lee, Y.-T. Han, J.-H. Kim, H.-D. Joung, J.-S. Choe, C.-J. Youn, Y.-H. Ko, and Y.-H. Kwon, “Cost effective silica-based 100G DP-QPSK coherent receiver,” ETRI J. 38(5), 981–987 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (1)

2014 (4)

2013 (1)

2012 (3)

2010 (1)

2006 (1)

2004 (1)

C. Xu, X. Liu, and X. Wei, “Differential phase-shift keying for high spectral efficiency optical transmissions,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(2), 281–293 (2004).
[Crossref]

Abolghasem, P.

Adamiecki, A.

Amiralizadeh, S.

Ang, K.-W.

Aozasa, S.

Awadalla, A.

Baek, Y.

Buhl, L. L.

Butrie, T.

Chandrasekhar, S.

Chandrashekhar, S.

Chen, L.

Chen, Y.-K.

Choe, J.-S.

Y.-H. Ko, J.-S. Choe, W. S. Han, S.-Y. Lee, Y.-T. Han, H.-D. Jung, C. J. Youn, J.-H. Kim, and Y. Baek, “High-speed waveguide photodetector for 64 Gbaud coherent receiver,” Opt. Lett. 43(3), 579–582 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S.-Y. Lee, Y.-T. Han, J.-H. Kim, H.-D. Joung, J.-S. Choe, C.-J. Youn, Y.-H. Ko, and Y.-H. Kwon, “Cost effective silica-based 100G DP-QPSK coherent receiver,” ETRI J. 38(5), 981–987 (2016).
[Crossref]

J.-H. Kim, J.-S. Choe, C.-J. Youn, D.-J. Kim, Y.-H. Kwon, and E.-S. Nam, “Optimization of a birefringence-enhanced-waveguide-based polarization beam splitter,” ETRI J. 34(6), 946–949 (2012).
[Crossref]

Corzine, S.

Dentai, A.

Doerr, C. R.

Domburg, P.

Dominic, V.

Dong, P.

Draving, S.

Dupuy, J.

Evans, P.

Fathpour, S.

Fukuyama, H.

Gilardi, G.

Goh, T.

Going, R.

Gold, D.

Grove, M.

Han, W. S.

Han, Y.-T.

Hasegawa, J.

Hashimoto, T.

Hashizume, Y.

Hosseini, A.

Itoh, M.

Itoh, T.

Jalali, B.

James, A.

Janiak, K.

Jorge, F.

Joung, H.-D.

S.-Y. Lee, Y.-T. Han, J.-H. Kim, H.-D. Joung, J.-S. Choe, C.-J. Youn, Y.-H. Ko, and Y.-H. Kwon, “Cost effective silica-based 100G DP-QPSK coherent receiver,” ETRI J. 38(5), 981–987 (2016).
[Crossref]

Jung, H.-D.

Kim, D.-J.

J.-H. Kim, J.-S. Choe, C.-J. Youn, D.-J. Kim, Y.-H. Kwon, and E.-S. Nam, “Optimization of a birefringence-enhanced-waveguide-based polarization beam splitter,” ETRI J. 34(6), 946–949 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kim, J.-H.

Y.-H. Ko, J.-S. Choe, W. S. Han, S.-Y. Lee, Y.-T. Han, H.-D. Jung, C. J. Youn, J.-H. Kim, and Y. Baek, “High-speed waveguide photodetector for 64 Gbaud coherent receiver,” Opt. Lett. 43(3), 579–582 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S.-Y. Lee, Y.-T. Han, J.-H. Kim, H.-D. Joung, J.-S. Choe, C.-J. Youn, Y.-H. Ko, and Y.-H. Kwon, “Cost effective silica-based 100G DP-QPSK coherent receiver,” ETRI J. 38(5), 981–987 (2016).
[Crossref]

J.-H. Kim, J.-S. Choe, C.-J. Youn, D.-J. Kim, Y.-H. Kwon, and E.-S. Nam, “Optimization of a birefringence-enhanced-waveguide-based polarization beam splitter,” ETRI J. 34(6), 946–949 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kim, N.

Kish, F.

Ko, Y.-H.

Y.-H. Ko, J.-S. Choe, W. S. Han, S.-Y. Lee, Y.-T. Han, H.-D. Jung, C. J. Youn, J.-H. Kim, and Y. Baek, “High-speed waveguide photodetector for 64 Gbaud coherent receiver,” Opt. Lett. 43(3), 579–582 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S.-Y. Lee, Y.-T. Han, J.-H. Kim, H.-D. Joung, J.-S. Choe, C.-J. Youn, Y.-H. Ko, and Y.-H. Kwon, “Cost effective silica-based 100G DP-QPSK coherent receiver,” ETRI J. 38(5), 981–987 (2016).
[Crossref]

Konczykowska, A.

Kuntz, M.

Kurata, Y.

Kwon, O.-K.

Kwon, Y.-H.

S.-Y. Lee, Y.-T. Han, J.-H. Kim, H.-D. Joung, J.-S. Choe, C.-J. Youn, Y.-H. Ko, and Y.-H. Kwon, “Cost effective silica-based 100G DP-QPSK coherent receiver,” ETRI J. 38(5), 981–987 (2016).
[Crossref]

J.-H. Kim, J.-S. Choe, C.-J. Youn, D.-J. Kim, Y.-H. Kwon, and E.-S. Nam, “Optimization of a birefringence-enhanced-waveguide-based polarization beam splitter,” ETRI J. 34(6), 946–949 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lal, V.

Lauermann, M.

Lee, C.-W.

Lee, D.-H.

Lee, S.-Y.

Y.-H. Ko, J.-S. Choe, W. S. Han, S.-Y. Lee, Y.-T. Han, H.-D. Jung, C. J. Youn, J.-H. Kim, and Y. Baek, “High-speed waveguide photodetector for 64 Gbaud coherent receiver,” Opt. Lett. 43(3), 579–582 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S.-Y. Lee, Y.-T. Han, J.-H. Kim, H.-D. Joung, J.-S. Choe, C.-J. Youn, Y.-H. Ko, and Y.-H. Kwon, “Cost effective silica-based 100G DP-QPSK coherent receiver,” ETRI J. 38(5), 981–987 (2016).
[Crossref]

Leem, Y.-A.

Liow, T.-Y.

Liu, X.

C. Xu, X. Liu, and X. Wei, “Differential phase-shift keying for high spectral efficiency optical transmissions,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(2), 281–293 (2004).
[Crossref]

Lo, G.-Q.

Lu, M.

Missey, M.

Mitchell, M.

Modi, N.

Muramoto, Y.

Murata, K.

Nakajima, F.

Nakanishi, Y.

Nam, E.-S.

J.-H. Kim, J.-S. Choe, C.-J. Youn, D.-J. Kim, Y.-H. Kwon, and E.-S. Nam, “Optimization of a birefringence-enhanced-waveguide-based polarization beam splitter,” ETRI J. 34(6), 946–949 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nguyen, A.

Nielsen, M. L.

Nosaka, H.

Ohno, T.

Osenbach, J.

Park, S.-H.

Pavinski, D.

Rahn, J.

Randel, S.

Rasras, M. S.

Raybon, G.

Reffle, M.

Rickman, A.

A. Rickman, “The commercialization of silicon photonics,” Nat. Photonics 8(8), 579–582 (2014).
[Crossref]

Runge, P.

Rush, K.

Saida, T.

Salamanca, L.

Samra, P.

Schubert, S.

Seeger, A.

Shin, J.-U.

Soma, S.

Stephan, J.

Summers, J.

Sun, H.

Takahashi, M.

Tang, J.

Tanobe, H.

Trommer, D.

Tsai, H. S.

Uchida, Y.

Urbanke, R.

Vallaitis, T.

Wei, X.

C. Xu, X. Liu, and X. Wei, “Differential phase-shift keying for high spectral efficiency optical transmissions,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(2), 281–293 (2004).
[Crossref]

Weidner, K.

Welch, D.

Winzer, P. J.

Wu, K. T.

Xie, C.

Xu, C.

C. Xu, X. Liu, and X. Wei, “Differential phase-shift keying for high spectral efficiency optical transmissions,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(2), 281–293 (2004).
[Crossref]

Yagi, T.

Yamanaka, S.

Yamasaki, S.

Yamazaki, H.

Yan, J.

Yokoyama, H.

Yoshida, E.

Youn, C. J.

Youn, C.-J.

S.-Y. Lee, Y.-T. Han, J.-H. Kim, H.-D. Joung, J.-S. Choe, C.-J. Youn, Y.-H. Ko, and Y.-H. Kwon, “Cost effective silica-based 100G DP-QPSK coherent receiver,” ETRI J. 38(5), 981–987 (2016).
[Crossref]

J.-H. Kim, J.-S. Choe, C.-J. Youn, D.-J. Kim, Y.-H. Kwon, and E.-S. Nam, “Optimization of a birefringence-enhanced-waveguide-based polarization beam splitter,” ETRI J. 34(6), 946–949 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

Ziari, M.

ETRI J. (2)

S.-Y. Lee, Y.-T. Han, J.-H. Kim, H.-D. Joung, J.-S. Choe, C.-J. Youn, Y.-H. Ko, and Y.-H. Kwon, “Cost effective silica-based 100G DP-QPSK coherent receiver,” ETRI J. 38(5), 981–987 (2016).
[Crossref]

J.-H. Kim, J.-S. Choe, C.-J. Youn, D.-J. Kim, Y.-H. Kwon, and E.-S. Nam, “Optimization of a birefringence-enhanced-waveguide-based polarization beam splitter,” ETRI J. 34(6), 946–949 (2012).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

C. Xu, X. Liu, and X. Wei, “Differential phase-shift keying for high spectral efficiency optical transmissions,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(2), 281–293 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (5)

Nat. Photonics (1)

A. Rickman, “The commercialization of silicon photonics,” Nat. Photonics 8(8), 579–582 (2014).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (4)

S.-Y. Lee, Y.-T. Han, J.-H. Kim, Y.-H. Ko, H.-D. Jung, J.-S. Choe, C.-J. Youn, W.-S. Han, S.-T. Kim, and Y. Baek, “Low-cost hybrid-integrated Micro-Intradyne coherent receiver using FPCB wirings, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper Tu2B.3.

M. Takechi, et al., “64 GBaud high-bandwidth Micro-Intradyne coherent receiver using high-efficiency and high-speed InP-based photodetector integrated with 90° hybrid,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper Th1A.2.
[Crossref]

Optical Internetworking Forum, “Implementation agreement for Micro-Intradyne coherent receivers,” IA OIF-DPC-MRX-02.0 (2017)

K. Kikuchi, High Spectral Density Optical Communication Technologies (Springer, 2010), Chap. 2.

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Functional schematics of hybrid integrated micro-ICR based on silica DPOH chip and InP WG-PD arrays, (b) unit-cell of MZI-based PBS, and (c) 90°-OH.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Schematic cross-section of our coherent receiver module.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Photograph of fabricated micro-ICR module before attaching internal DC-FPCB and magnified side view of the epoxy sealed region.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Photograph showing symmetric bondwires between WG-PD and TIA arrays.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Top view of our fabricated μICR module and (b) the receiver module assembled using an RF evaluation board and an MCU board.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) Normalized O/E S21 (O/E responses) and (b) differential S22 (electrical return loss). The O/E response curve in (a) is normalized at a frequency of 2 GHz.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Measured Q-factor as a function of OSNR in back-to-back transmission.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Q-factor versus transmission distance.

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