Abstract

In this paper, a transparent absorption-diffusion-integrated metamaterial (ADMM) based on standing-up lattice structure is proposed which takes full advantage of electromagnetic absorption and destructive interference simultaneously for the suppression of broadband backward scattering within a wide angular domain, especially for the lower-frequency scattering. The proposed ADMM is constituted by two kinds of rhombic and squared ITO lattices arranged in a pseudorandom distribution and then backed with ITO film. Calculation, simulation, and experimental measurement show that the proposed ADMM can achieve low scattering with normalized reflection less than 0.1 in the frequency band of 6.1-21.0GHz. In addition, owing to the standing-up lattice structure, the averaged optical transmittance of our ADMM reaches the optimal value of around 82.1% in the visible wavelength range of 380-780nm, promising an excellent optical transparency. The proposed comprehensive scheme provides an effective way to achieve broadband scattering suppression and high compatibility with optical transparency, enabling a wide range of applications in the window glass of stealth armament, electromagnetic compatibility facility and photovoltaic solar device.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2018 (3)

Y. Shen, J. Zhang, Y. Meng, Z. Wang, Y. Pang, J. Wang, H. Ma, and S. Qu, “Merging Absorption Bands of Plasmonic Structures via Dispersion Engineering,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112(25), 254103 (2018).
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S. Sui, H. Ma, J. Wang, Y. Pang, M. Feng, Z. Xu, and S. Qu, “Absorptive coding metasurface for further radar cross section reduction,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 51(6), 065603 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Zhao, C. Zhang, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, and T. J. Cui, “An optically transparent metasurface for broadband microwave antireflection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112(7), 073504 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (7)

D. Hu, J. Cao, W. Li, C. Zhang, T. Wu, Q. Li, Z. Chen, Y. Wang, and J. Guan, “Optically transparent broadband microwave absorption metamaterial by standing-up closed-ring resonators,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(13), 109–116 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, J. Gao, L. Xu, X. Cao, Y. Zhao, and S. A. Li, “Coding Diffuse Metasurface for RCS Reduction,” IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett. 16, 724–727 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Liu and T. J. Cui, “Concepts, working principles, and applications of coding and programmable metamaterials,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(22), 1700624 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Zhang, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, J. Zhao, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband metamaterial for optical transparency and microwave absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(14), 143511 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Pang, J. Wang, Q. Cheng, S. Xia, X. Y. Zhou, Z. Xu, T. J. Cui, and S. Qu, “Thermally Tunable Water-Substrate Broadband Metamaterial Absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(10), 104103 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Zhang, H. Liu, and L. Li, “Tri-band miniaturized wide-angle and polarization-insensitive metasurface for ambient energy harvesting,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(7), 071902 (2017).
[Crossref]

K. Chen, L. Cui, Y. Feng, J. Zhao, T. Jiang, and B. Zhu, “Coding metasurface for broadband microwave scattering reduction with optical transparency,” Opt. Express 25(5), 5571–5579 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (3)

Y. Pang, J. Wang, H. Ma, M. Feng, Y. Li, Z. Xu, S. Xia, and S. Qu, “Spatial k-dispersion engineering of spoof surface plasmon polaritons for customized absorption,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 29429 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. C. Hou, W. J. Liao, C. C. Tsai, and S. H. Chen, “Planar multilayer structure for broadband broad-angle RCS reduction,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 64(5), 1859–1867 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Huang, W. Pan, X. Ma, and X. Luo, “Multi-spectral metasurface for different functional control of reflection waves,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23291 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (4)

W. Chen, C. A. Balanis, and C. R. Birtcher, “Checkerboard EBG surfaces for wideband radar cross section reduction,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 63(6), 2636–2645 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Liu, H. Chen, and T. J. Cui, “A broadband terahertz absorber using multi-layer stacked bars,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(15), 151601 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Shen, Z. Pei, Y. Pang, J. Wang, A. Zhang, and S. Qu, “An extremely wideband and lightweight metamaterial absorber,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(22), 224503 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Beadie, M. Brindza, R. A. Flynn, A. Rosenberg, and J. S. Shirk, “Refractive index measurements of poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) from 04–16 μm,” Appl. Opt. 54(31), F139 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (6)

A. Edalati and K. Sarabandi, “Wideband, wide angle, polarization independent RCS reduction using nonabsorptive miniaturized-element frequency selective surfaces,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 62(2), 747–754 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Shang, Z. Shen, and S. Xiao, “Frequency-selective rasorber based on square-loop and cross-dipole arrays,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 62(11), 5581–5589 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. Li, T. Wu, W. Wang, J. Guan, and P. Zhai, “Integrating non-planar metamaterials with magnetic absorbing materials to yield ultra-broadband microwave hybrid absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(2), 022903 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. J. Cui, M. Q. Qi, X. Wan, J. Zhao, and Q. Cheng, “Coding metamaterials, digital metamaterials and programmable metamaterials,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(10), e218 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Jang, H. Youn, Y. J. Shin, and L. J. Guo, “Transparent and flexible polarization-independent microwave broadband absorber,” ACS Photonics 1(3), 279–284 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. A. F. König, P. A. Ledin, J. Kerszulis, M. A. Mahmoud, M. A. El-Sayed, J. R. Reynolds, and V. V. Tsukruk, “Electrically tunable plasmonic behavior of nanocube-polymer nanomaterials induced by a redox-active electrochromic polymer,” ACS Nano 8(6), 6182–6192 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (3)

H. Wang and L. Wang, “Perfect selective metamaterial solar absorbers,” Opt. Express 21(S6), A1078–A1093 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Huang, H. Yang, S. Yu, J. Wang, M. Li, and Q. Ye, “Triple-band polarization-insensitive wide-angle ultra-thin planar spiral metamaterial absorber,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(21), 213516 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. Ye, Z. Wang, K. Xu, H. Li, J. Huangfu, Z. Wang, and L. Ran, “Ultrawideband dispersion control of a metamaterial surface for perfectly-matched-layer-like absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(18), 187402 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (4)

X. Shen, Y. Yang, Y. Zang, J. Gu, J. Han, W. Zhang, and T. Jun Cui, “Triple-band terahertz metamaterial absorber: design, experiment, and physical interpretation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(15), 154102 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Sun, Q. He, S. Xiao, Q. Xu, X. Li, and L. Zhou, “Gradient-index meta-surfaces as a bridge linking propagating waves and surface waves,” Nat. Mater. 11(5), 426–431 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Huang, D. R. Chowdhury, S. Ramani, M. T. Reiten, S. N. Luo, A. J. Taylor, and H. T. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of terahertz metamaterial absorbers with a broad and flat high absorption band,” Opt. Lett. 37(2), 154–156 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Sun, H. Cheng, Y. Zhou, and J. Wang, “Broadband metamaterial absorber based on coupling resistive frequency selective surface,” Opt. Express 20(4), 4675–4680 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

2007 (1)

M. Paquay, J.-C. Iriarte, I. Ñ. Ederra, R. Gonzalo, and P. de Maagt, “Thin AMC structure for radar cross-section reduction,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 55(12), 3630–3638 (2007).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, “Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction,” Science 292(5514), 77–79 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1996 (1)

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs, “Extremely low frequency plasmons in metallic mesostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76(25), 4773–4776 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aieta, F.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Balanis, C. A.

W. Chen, C. A. Balanis, and C. R. Birtcher, “Checkerboard EBG surfaces for wideband radar cross section reduction,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 63(6), 2636–2645 (2015).
[Crossref]

Beadie, G.

Bingham, C.

Birtcher, C. R.

W. Chen, C. A. Balanis, and C. R. Birtcher, “Checkerboard EBG surfaces for wideband radar cross section reduction,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 63(6), 2636–2645 (2015).
[Crossref]

Brindza, M.

Cao, J.

D. Hu, J. Cao, W. Li, C. Zhang, T. Wu, Q. Li, Z. Chen, Y. Wang, and J. Guan, “Optically transparent broadband microwave absorption metamaterial by standing-up closed-ring resonators,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(13), 109–116 (2017).
[Crossref]

Cao, X.

X. Liu, J. Gao, L. Xu, X. Cao, Y. Zhao, and S. A. Li, “Coding Diffuse Metasurface for RCS Reduction,” IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett. 16, 724–727 (2017).
[Crossref]

Capasso, F.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, H.

S. Liu, H. Chen, and T. J. Cui, “A broadband terahertz absorber using multi-layer stacked bars,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(15), 151601 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chen, H. T.

Chen, K.

Chen, S. H.

Y. C. Hou, W. J. Liao, C. C. Tsai, and S. H. Chen, “Planar multilayer structure for broadband broad-angle RCS reduction,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 64(5), 1859–1867 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, W.

W. Chen, C. A. Balanis, and C. R. Birtcher, “Checkerboard EBG surfaces for wideband radar cross section reduction,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 63(6), 2636–2645 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chen, Z.

D. Hu, J. Cao, W. Li, C. Zhang, T. Wu, Q. Li, Z. Chen, Y. Wang, and J. Guan, “Optically transparent broadband microwave absorption metamaterial by standing-up closed-ring resonators,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(13), 109–116 (2017).
[Crossref]

Cheng, H.

Cheng, Q.

J. Zhao, C. Zhang, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, and T. J. Cui, “An optically transparent metasurface for broadband microwave antireflection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112(7), 073504 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Pang, J. Wang, Q. Cheng, S. Xia, X. Y. Zhou, Z. Xu, T. J. Cui, and S. Qu, “Thermally Tunable Water-Substrate Broadband Metamaterial Absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(10), 104103 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Zhang, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, J. Zhao, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband metamaterial for optical transparency and microwave absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(14), 143511 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. J. Cui, M. Q. Qi, X. Wan, J. Zhao, and Q. Cheng, “Coding metamaterials, digital metamaterials and programmable metamaterials,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(10), e218 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chowdhury, D. R.

Cui, L.

Cui, T. J.

J. Zhao, C. Zhang, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, and T. J. Cui, “An optically transparent metasurface for broadband microwave antireflection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112(7), 073504 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Liu and T. J. Cui, “Concepts, working principles, and applications of coding and programmable metamaterials,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(22), 1700624 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Zhang, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, J. Zhao, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband metamaterial for optical transparency and microwave absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(14), 143511 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Pang, J. Wang, Q. Cheng, S. Xia, X. Y. Zhou, Z. Xu, T. J. Cui, and S. Qu, “Thermally Tunable Water-Substrate Broadband Metamaterial Absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(10), 104103 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Liu, H. Chen, and T. J. Cui, “A broadband terahertz absorber using multi-layer stacked bars,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(15), 151601 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. J. Cui, M. Q. Qi, X. Wan, J. Zhao, and Q. Cheng, “Coding metamaterials, digital metamaterials and programmable metamaterials,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(10), e218 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cummer, S. A.

de Maagt, P.

M. Paquay, J.-C. Iriarte, I. Ñ. Ederra, R. Gonzalo, and P. de Maagt, “Thin AMC structure for radar cross-section reduction,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 55(12), 3630–3638 (2007).
[Crossref]

Edalati, A.

A. Edalati and K. Sarabandi, “Wideband, wide angle, polarization independent RCS reduction using nonabsorptive miniaturized-element frequency selective surfaces,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 62(2), 747–754 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ederra, I. Ñ.

M. Paquay, J.-C. Iriarte, I. Ñ. Ederra, R. Gonzalo, and P. de Maagt, “Thin AMC structure for radar cross-section reduction,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 55(12), 3630–3638 (2007).
[Crossref]

El-Sayed, M. A.

T. A. F. König, P. A. Ledin, J. Kerszulis, M. A. Mahmoud, M. A. El-Sayed, J. R. Reynolds, and V. V. Tsukruk, “Electrically tunable plasmonic behavior of nanocube-polymer nanomaterials induced by a redox-active electrochromic polymer,” ACS Nano 8(6), 6182–6192 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Feng, M.

S. Sui, H. Ma, J. Wang, Y. Pang, M. Feng, Z. Xu, and S. Qu, “Absorptive coding metasurface for further radar cross section reduction,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 51(6), 065603 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Pang, J. Wang, H. Ma, M. Feng, Y. Li, Z. Xu, S. Xia, and S. Qu, “Spatial k-dispersion engineering of spoof surface plasmon polaritons for customized absorption,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 29429 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Feng, Y.

Flynn, R. A.

Gaburro, Z.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gao, J.

X. Liu, J. Gao, L. Xu, X. Cao, Y. Zhao, and S. A. Li, “Coding Diffuse Metasurface for RCS Reduction,” IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett. 16, 724–727 (2017).
[Crossref]

Genevet, P.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gonzalo, R.

M. Paquay, J.-C. Iriarte, I. Ñ. Ederra, R. Gonzalo, and P. de Maagt, “Thin AMC structure for radar cross-section reduction,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 55(12), 3630–3638 (2007).
[Crossref]

Gu, J.

X. Shen, Y. Yang, Y. Zang, J. Gu, J. Han, W. Zhang, and T. Jun Cui, “Triple-band terahertz metamaterial absorber: design, experiment, and physical interpretation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(15), 154102 (2012).
[Crossref]

Guan, J.

D. Hu, J. Cao, W. Li, C. Zhang, T. Wu, Q. Li, Z. Chen, Y. Wang, and J. Guan, “Optically transparent broadband microwave absorption metamaterial by standing-up closed-ring resonators,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(13), 109–116 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Li, T. Wu, W. Wang, J. Guan, and P. Zhai, “Integrating non-planar metamaterials with magnetic absorbing materials to yield ultra-broadband microwave hybrid absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(2), 022903 (2014).
[Crossref]

Guo, L. J.

T. Jang, H. Youn, Y. J. Shin, and L. J. Guo, “Transparent and flexible polarization-independent microwave broadband absorber,” ACS Photonics 1(3), 279–284 (2014).
[Crossref]

Han, J.

X. Shen, Y. Yang, Y. Zang, J. Gu, J. Han, W. Zhang, and T. Jun Cui, “Triple-band terahertz metamaterial absorber: design, experiment, and physical interpretation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(15), 154102 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hand, T. H.

He, Q.

S. Sun, Q. He, S. Xiao, Q. Xu, X. Li, and L. Zhou, “Gradient-index meta-surfaces as a bridge linking propagating waves and surface waves,” Nat. Mater. 11(5), 426–431 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Holden, A. J.

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs, “Extremely low frequency plasmons in metallic mesostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76(25), 4773–4776 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hou, Y. C.

Y. C. Hou, W. J. Liao, C. C. Tsai, and S. H. Chen, “Planar multilayer structure for broadband broad-angle RCS reduction,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 64(5), 1859–1867 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hu, D.

D. Hu, J. Cao, W. Li, C. Zhang, T. Wu, Q. Li, Z. Chen, Y. Wang, and J. Guan, “Optically transparent broadband microwave absorption metamaterial by standing-up closed-ring resonators,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(13), 109–116 (2017).
[Crossref]

Huang, C.

C. Huang, W. Pan, X. Ma, and X. Luo, “Multi-spectral metasurface for different functional control of reflection waves,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23291 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, L.

Huang, X.

X. Huang, H. Yang, S. Yu, J. Wang, M. Li, and Q. Ye, “Triple-band polarization-insensitive wide-angle ultra-thin planar spiral metamaterial absorber,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(21), 213516 (2013).
[Crossref]

Huangfu, J.

D. Ye, Z. Wang, K. Xu, H. Li, J. Huangfu, Z. Wang, and L. Ran, “Ultrawideband dispersion control of a metamaterial surface for perfectly-matched-layer-like absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(18), 187402 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Iriarte, J.-C.

M. Paquay, J.-C. Iriarte, I. Ñ. Ederra, R. Gonzalo, and P. de Maagt, “Thin AMC structure for radar cross-section reduction,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 55(12), 3630–3638 (2007).
[Crossref]

Jang, T.

T. Jang, H. Youn, Y. J. Shin, and L. J. Guo, “Transparent and flexible polarization-independent microwave broadband absorber,” ACS Photonics 1(3), 279–284 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jiang, T.

Jokerst, N. M.

Jun Cui, T.

X. Shen, Y. Yang, Y. Zang, J. Gu, J. Han, W. Zhang, and T. Jun Cui, “Triple-band terahertz metamaterial absorber: design, experiment, and physical interpretation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(15), 154102 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kats, M. A.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kerszulis, J.

T. A. F. König, P. A. Ledin, J. Kerszulis, M. A. Mahmoud, M. A. El-Sayed, J. R. Reynolds, and V. V. Tsukruk, “Electrically tunable plasmonic behavior of nanocube-polymer nanomaterials induced by a redox-active electrochromic polymer,” ACS Nano 8(6), 6182–6192 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

König, T. A. F.

T. A. F. König, P. A. Ledin, J. Kerszulis, M. A. Mahmoud, M. A. El-Sayed, J. R. Reynolds, and V. V. Tsukruk, “Electrically tunable plasmonic behavior of nanocube-polymer nanomaterials induced by a redox-active electrochromic polymer,” ACS Nano 8(6), 6182–6192 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Landy, N. I.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ledin, P. A.

T. A. F. König, P. A. Ledin, J. Kerszulis, M. A. Mahmoud, M. A. El-Sayed, J. R. Reynolds, and V. V. Tsukruk, “Electrically tunable plasmonic behavior of nanocube-polymer nanomaterials induced by a redox-active electrochromic polymer,” ACS Nano 8(6), 6182–6192 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, H.

D. Ye, Z. Wang, K. Xu, H. Li, J. Huangfu, Z. Wang, and L. Ran, “Ultrawideband dispersion control of a metamaterial surface for perfectly-matched-layer-like absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(18), 187402 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, L.

X. Zhang, H. Liu, and L. Li, “Tri-band miniaturized wide-angle and polarization-insensitive metasurface for ambient energy harvesting,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(7), 071902 (2017).
[Crossref]

Li, M.

X. Huang, H. Yang, S. Yu, J. Wang, M. Li, and Q. Ye, “Triple-band polarization-insensitive wide-angle ultra-thin planar spiral metamaterial absorber,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(21), 213516 (2013).
[Crossref]

Li, Q.

D. Hu, J. Cao, W. Li, C. Zhang, T. Wu, Q. Li, Z. Chen, Y. Wang, and J. Guan, “Optically transparent broadband microwave absorption metamaterial by standing-up closed-ring resonators,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(13), 109–116 (2017).
[Crossref]

Li, S. A.

X. Liu, J. Gao, L. Xu, X. Cao, Y. Zhao, and S. A. Li, “Coding Diffuse Metasurface for RCS Reduction,” IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett. 16, 724–727 (2017).
[Crossref]

Li, W.

D. Hu, J. Cao, W. Li, C. Zhang, T. Wu, Q. Li, Z. Chen, Y. Wang, and J. Guan, “Optically transparent broadband microwave absorption metamaterial by standing-up closed-ring resonators,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(13), 109–116 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Li, T. Wu, W. Wang, J. Guan, and P. Zhai, “Integrating non-planar metamaterials with magnetic absorbing materials to yield ultra-broadband microwave hybrid absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(2), 022903 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, X.

S. Sun, Q. He, S. Xiao, Q. Xu, X. Li, and L. Zhou, “Gradient-index meta-surfaces as a bridge linking propagating waves and surface waves,” Nat. Mater. 11(5), 426–431 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Y.

Y. Pang, J. Wang, H. Ma, M. Feng, Y. Li, Z. Xu, S. Xia, and S. Qu, “Spatial k-dispersion engineering of spoof surface plasmon polaritons for customized absorption,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 29429 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liao, W. J.

Y. C. Hou, W. J. Liao, C. C. Tsai, and S. H. Chen, “Planar multilayer structure for broadband broad-angle RCS reduction,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 64(5), 1859–1867 (2016).
[Crossref]

Liu, H.

X. Zhang, H. Liu, and L. Li, “Tri-band miniaturized wide-angle and polarization-insensitive metasurface for ambient energy harvesting,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(7), 071902 (2017).
[Crossref]

Liu, S.

S. Liu and T. J. Cui, “Concepts, working principles, and applications of coding and programmable metamaterials,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(22), 1700624 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Liu, H. Chen, and T. J. Cui, “A broadband terahertz absorber using multi-layer stacked bars,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(15), 151601 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liu, X.

X. Liu, J. Gao, L. Xu, X. Cao, Y. Zhao, and S. A. Li, “Coding Diffuse Metasurface for RCS Reduction,” IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett. 16, 724–727 (2017).
[Crossref]

Luo, S. N.

Luo, X.

C. Huang, W. Pan, X. Ma, and X. Luo, “Multi-spectral metasurface for different functional control of reflection waves,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23291 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ma, H.

Y. Shen, J. Zhang, Y. Meng, Z. Wang, Y. Pang, J. Wang, H. Ma, and S. Qu, “Merging Absorption Bands of Plasmonic Structures via Dispersion Engineering,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112(25), 254103 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Sui, H. Ma, J. Wang, Y. Pang, M. Feng, Z. Xu, and S. Qu, “Absorptive coding metasurface for further radar cross section reduction,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 51(6), 065603 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Pang, J. Wang, H. Ma, M. Feng, Y. Li, Z. Xu, S. Xia, and S. Qu, “Spatial k-dispersion engineering of spoof surface plasmon polaritons for customized absorption,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 29429 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ma, X.

C. Huang, W. Pan, X. Ma, and X. Luo, “Multi-spectral metasurface for different functional control of reflection waves,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23291 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mahmoud, M. A.

T. A. F. König, P. A. Ledin, J. Kerszulis, M. A. Mahmoud, M. A. El-Sayed, J. R. Reynolds, and V. V. Tsukruk, “Electrically tunable plasmonic behavior of nanocube-polymer nanomaterials induced by a redox-active electrochromic polymer,” ACS Nano 8(6), 6182–6192 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Meng, Y.

Y. Shen, J. Zhang, Y. Meng, Z. Wang, Y. Pang, J. Wang, H. Ma, and S. Qu, “Merging Absorption Bands of Plasmonic Structures via Dispersion Engineering,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112(25), 254103 (2018).
[Crossref]

Mock, J. J.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Padilla, W. J.

Palit, S.

Pan, W.

C. Huang, W. Pan, X. Ma, and X. Luo, “Multi-spectral metasurface for different functional control of reflection waves,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23291 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pang, Y.

Y. Shen, J. Zhang, Y. Meng, Z. Wang, Y. Pang, J. Wang, H. Ma, and S. Qu, “Merging Absorption Bands of Plasmonic Structures via Dispersion Engineering,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112(25), 254103 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Sui, H. Ma, J. Wang, Y. Pang, M. Feng, Z. Xu, and S. Qu, “Absorptive coding metasurface for further radar cross section reduction,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 51(6), 065603 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Pang, J. Wang, Q. Cheng, S. Xia, X. Y. Zhou, Z. Xu, T. J. Cui, and S. Qu, “Thermally Tunable Water-Substrate Broadband Metamaterial Absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(10), 104103 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Pang, J. Wang, H. Ma, M. Feng, Y. Li, Z. Xu, S. Xia, and S. Qu, “Spatial k-dispersion engineering of spoof surface plasmon polaritons for customized absorption,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 29429 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Shen, Z. Pei, Y. Pang, J. Wang, A. Zhang, and S. Qu, “An extremely wideband and lightweight metamaterial absorber,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(22), 224503 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Paquay, M.

M. Paquay, J.-C. Iriarte, I. Ñ. Ederra, R. Gonzalo, and P. de Maagt, “Thin AMC structure for radar cross-section reduction,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 55(12), 3630–3638 (2007).
[Crossref]

Pei, Z.

Y. Shen, Z. Pei, Y. Pang, J. Wang, A. Zhang, and S. Qu, “An extremely wideband and lightweight metamaterial absorber,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(22), 224503 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pendry, J. B.

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs, “Extremely low frequency plasmons in metallic mesostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76(25), 4773–4776 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Qi, M. Q.

T. J. Cui, M. Q. Qi, X. Wan, J. Zhao, and Q. Cheng, “Coding metamaterials, digital metamaterials and programmable metamaterials,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(10), e218 (2014).
[Crossref]

Qu, S.

S. Sui, H. Ma, J. Wang, Y. Pang, M. Feng, Z. Xu, and S. Qu, “Absorptive coding metasurface for further radar cross section reduction,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 51(6), 065603 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Shen, J. Zhang, Y. Meng, Z. Wang, Y. Pang, J. Wang, H. Ma, and S. Qu, “Merging Absorption Bands of Plasmonic Structures via Dispersion Engineering,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112(25), 254103 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Pang, J. Wang, Q. Cheng, S. Xia, X. Y. Zhou, Z. Xu, T. J. Cui, and S. Qu, “Thermally Tunable Water-Substrate Broadband Metamaterial Absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(10), 104103 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Pang, J. Wang, H. Ma, M. Feng, Y. Li, Z. Xu, S. Xia, and S. Qu, “Spatial k-dispersion engineering of spoof surface plasmon polaritons for customized absorption,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 29429 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Shen, Z. Pei, Y. Pang, J. Wang, A. Zhang, and S. Qu, “An extremely wideband and lightweight metamaterial absorber,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(22), 224503 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ramani, S.

Ran, L.

D. Ye, Z. Wang, K. Xu, H. Li, J. Huangfu, Z. Wang, and L. Ran, “Ultrawideband dispersion control of a metamaterial surface for perfectly-matched-layer-like absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(18), 187402 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Reiten, M. T.

Reynolds, J. R.

T. A. F. König, P. A. Ledin, J. Kerszulis, M. A. Mahmoud, M. A. El-Sayed, J. R. Reynolds, and V. V. Tsukruk, “Electrically tunable plasmonic behavior of nanocube-polymer nanomaterials induced by a redox-active electrochromic polymer,” ACS Nano 8(6), 6182–6192 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rosenberg, A.

Sajuyigbe, S.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sarabandi, K.

A. Edalati and K. Sarabandi, “Wideband, wide angle, polarization independent RCS reduction using nonabsorptive miniaturized-element frequency selective surfaces,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 62(2), 747–754 (2014).
[Crossref]

Schultz, S.

R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, “Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction,” Science 292(5514), 77–79 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shang, Y.

Y. Shang, Z. Shen, and S. Xiao, “Frequency-selective rasorber based on square-loop and cross-dipole arrays,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 62(11), 5581–5589 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shelby, R. A.

R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, “Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction,” Science 292(5514), 77–79 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shen, X.

X. Shen, Y. Yang, Y. Zang, J. Gu, J. Han, W. Zhang, and T. Jun Cui, “Triple-band terahertz metamaterial absorber: design, experiment, and physical interpretation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(15), 154102 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shen, Y.

Y. Shen, J. Zhang, Y. Meng, Z. Wang, Y. Pang, J. Wang, H. Ma, and S. Qu, “Merging Absorption Bands of Plasmonic Structures via Dispersion Engineering,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112(25), 254103 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Shen, Z. Pei, Y. Pang, J. Wang, A. Zhang, and S. Qu, “An extremely wideband and lightweight metamaterial absorber,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(22), 224503 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shen, Z.

Y. Shang, Z. Shen, and S. Xiao, “Frequency-selective rasorber based on square-loop and cross-dipole arrays,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 62(11), 5581–5589 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shin, Y. J.

T. Jang, H. Youn, Y. J. Shin, and L. J. Guo, “Transparent and flexible polarization-independent microwave broadband absorber,” ACS Photonics 1(3), 279–284 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shirk, J. S.

Smith, D. R.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Yuan, C. Bingham, T. Tyler, S. Palit, T. H. Hand, W. J. Padilla, D. R. Smith, N. M. Jokerst, and S. A. Cummer, “Dual-band planar electric metamaterial in the terahertz regime,” Opt. Express 16(13), 9746–9752 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, “Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction,” Science 292(5514), 77–79 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stewart, W. J.

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs, “Extremely low frequency plasmons in metallic mesostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76(25), 4773–4776 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sui, S.

S. Sui, H. Ma, J. Wang, Y. Pang, M. Feng, Z. Xu, and S. Qu, “Absorptive coding metasurface for further radar cross section reduction,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 51(6), 065603 (2018).
[Crossref]

Sun, L.

Sun, S.

S. Sun, Q. He, S. Xiao, Q. Xu, X. Li, and L. Zhou, “Gradient-index meta-surfaces as a bridge linking propagating waves and surface waves,” Nat. Mater. 11(5), 426–431 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Taylor, A. J.

Tetienne, J. P.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tsai, C. C.

Y. C. Hou, W. J. Liao, C. C. Tsai, and S. H. Chen, “Planar multilayer structure for broadband broad-angle RCS reduction,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 64(5), 1859–1867 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tsukruk, V. V.

T. A. F. König, P. A. Ledin, J. Kerszulis, M. A. Mahmoud, M. A. El-Sayed, J. R. Reynolds, and V. V. Tsukruk, “Electrically tunable plasmonic behavior of nanocube-polymer nanomaterials induced by a redox-active electrochromic polymer,” ACS Nano 8(6), 6182–6192 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tyler, T.

Wan, X.

T. J. Cui, M. Q. Qi, X. Wan, J. Zhao, and Q. Cheng, “Coding metamaterials, digital metamaterials and programmable metamaterials,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(10), e218 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, H.

Wang, J.

S. Sui, H. Ma, J. Wang, Y. Pang, M. Feng, Z. Xu, and S. Qu, “Absorptive coding metasurface for further radar cross section reduction,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 51(6), 065603 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Shen, J. Zhang, Y. Meng, Z. Wang, Y. Pang, J. Wang, H. Ma, and S. Qu, “Merging Absorption Bands of Plasmonic Structures via Dispersion Engineering,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112(25), 254103 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Pang, J. Wang, Q. Cheng, S. Xia, X. Y. Zhou, Z. Xu, T. J. Cui, and S. Qu, “Thermally Tunable Water-Substrate Broadband Metamaterial Absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(10), 104103 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Pang, J. Wang, H. Ma, M. Feng, Y. Li, Z. Xu, S. Xia, and S. Qu, “Spatial k-dispersion engineering of spoof surface plasmon polaritons for customized absorption,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 29429 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Shen, Z. Pei, Y. Pang, J. Wang, A. Zhang, and S. Qu, “An extremely wideband and lightweight metamaterial absorber,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(22), 224503 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Huang, H. Yang, S. Yu, J. Wang, M. Li, and Q. Ye, “Triple-band polarization-insensitive wide-angle ultra-thin planar spiral metamaterial absorber,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(21), 213516 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Sun, H. Cheng, Y. Zhou, and J. Wang, “Broadband metamaterial absorber based on coupling resistive frequency selective surface,” Opt. Express 20(4), 4675–4680 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, L.

Wang, W.

W. Li, T. Wu, W. Wang, J. Guan, and P. Zhai, “Integrating non-planar metamaterials with magnetic absorbing materials to yield ultra-broadband microwave hybrid absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(2), 022903 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

D. Hu, J. Cao, W. Li, C. Zhang, T. Wu, Q. Li, Z. Chen, Y. Wang, and J. Guan, “Optically transparent broadband microwave absorption metamaterial by standing-up closed-ring resonators,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(13), 109–116 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z.

Y. Shen, J. Zhang, Y. Meng, Z. Wang, Y. Pang, J. Wang, H. Ma, and S. Qu, “Merging Absorption Bands of Plasmonic Structures via Dispersion Engineering,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112(25), 254103 (2018).
[Crossref]

D. Ye, Z. Wang, K. Xu, H. Li, J. Huangfu, Z. Wang, and L. Ran, “Ultrawideband dispersion control of a metamaterial surface for perfectly-matched-layer-like absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(18), 187402 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Ye, Z. Wang, K. Xu, H. Li, J. Huangfu, Z. Wang, and L. Ran, “Ultrawideband dispersion control of a metamaterial surface for perfectly-matched-layer-like absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(18), 187402 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, T.

D. Hu, J. Cao, W. Li, C. Zhang, T. Wu, Q. Li, Z. Chen, Y. Wang, and J. Guan, “Optically transparent broadband microwave absorption metamaterial by standing-up closed-ring resonators,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(13), 109–116 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Li, T. Wu, W. Wang, J. Guan, and P. Zhai, “Integrating non-planar metamaterials with magnetic absorbing materials to yield ultra-broadband microwave hybrid absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(2), 022903 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xia, S.

Y. Pang, J. Wang, Q. Cheng, S. Xia, X. Y. Zhou, Z. Xu, T. J. Cui, and S. Qu, “Thermally Tunable Water-Substrate Broadband Metamaterial Absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(10), 104103 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Pang, J. Wang, H. Ma, M. Feng, Y. Li, Z. Xu, S. Xia, and S. Qu, “Spatial k-dispersion engineering of spoof surface plasmon polaritons for customized absorption,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 29429 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xiao, S.

Y. Shang, Z. Shen, and S. Xiao, “Frequency-selective rasorber based on square-loop and cross-dipole arrays,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 62(11), 5581–5589 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Sun, Q. He, S. Xiao, Q. Xu, X. Li, and L. Zhou, “Gradient-index meta-surfaces as a bridge linking propagating waves and surface waves,” Nat. Mater. 11(5), 426–431 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, K.

D. Ye, Z. Wang, K. Xu, H. Li, J. Huangfu, Z. Wang, and L. Ran, “Ultrawideband dispersion control of a metamaterial surface for perfectly-matched-layer-like absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(18), 187402 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, L.

X. Liu, J. Gao, L. Xu, X. Cao, Y. Zhao, and S. A. Li, “Coding Diffuse Metasurface for RCS Reduction,” IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett. 16, 724–727 (2017).
[Crossref]

Xu, Q.

S. Sun, Q. He, S. Xiao, Q. Xu, X. Li, and L. Zhou, “Gradient-index meta-surfaces as a bridge linking propagating waves and surface waves,” Nat. Mater. 11(5), 426–431 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, Z.

S. Sui, H. Ma, J. Wang, Y. Pang, M. Feng, Z. Xu, and S. Qu, “Absorptive coding metasurface for further radar cross section reduction,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 51(6), 065603 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Pang, J. Wang, Q. Cheng, S. Xia, X. Y. Zhou, Z. Xu, T. J. Cui, and S. Qu, “Thermally Tunable Water-Substrate Broadband Metamaterial Absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(10), 104103 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Pang, J. Wang, H. Ma, M. Feng, Y. Li, Z. Xu, S. Xia, and S. Qu, “Spatial k-dispersion engineering of spoof surface plasmon polaritons for customized absorption,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 29429 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, H.

X. Huang, H. Yang, S. Yu, J. Wang, M. Li, and Q. Ye, “Triple-band polarization-insensitive wide-angle ultra-thin planar spiral metamaterial absorber,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(21), 213516 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yang, J.

J. Zhao, C. Zhang, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, and T. J. Cui, “An optically transparent metasurface for broadband microwave antireflection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112(7), 073504 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. Zhang, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, J. Zhao, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband metamaterial for optical transparency and microwave absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(14), 143511 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yang, Y.

X. Shen, Y. Yang, Y. Zang, J. Gu, J. Han, W. Zhang, and T. Jun Cui, “Triple-band terahertz metamaterial absorber: design, experiment, and physical interpretation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(15), 154102 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ye, D.

D. Ye, Z. Wang, K. Xu, H. Li, J. Huangfu, Z. Wang, and L. Ran, “Ultrawideband dispersion control of a metamaterial surface for perfectly-matched-layer-like absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(18), 187402 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ye, Q.

X. Huang, H. Yang, S. Yu, J. Wang, M. Li, and Q. Ye, “Triple-band polarization-insensitive wide-angle ultra-thin planar spiral metamaterial absorber,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(21), 213516 (2013).
[Crossref]

Youn, H.

T. Jang, H. Youn, Y. J. Shin, and L. J. Guo, “Transparent and flexible polarization-independent microwave broadband absorber,” ACS Photonics 1(3), 279–284 (2014).
[Crossref]

Youngs, I.

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs, “Extremely low frequency plasmons in metallic mesostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76(25), 4773–4776 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, N.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, S.

X. Huang, H. Yang, S. Yu, J. Wang, M. Li, and Q. Ye, “Triple-band polarization-insensitive wide-angle ultra-thin planar spiral metamaterial absorber,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(21), 213516 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yuan, Y.

Zang, Y.

X. Shen, Y. Yang, Y. Zang, J. Gu, J. Han, W. Zhang, and T. Jun Cui, “Triple-band terahertz metamaterial absorber: design, experiment, and physical interpretation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(15), 154102 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhai, P.

W. Li, T. Wu, W. Wang, J. Guan, and P. Zhai, “Integrating non-planar metamaterials with magnetic absorbing materials to yield ultra-broadband microwave hybrid absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(2), 022903 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, A.

Y. Shen, Z. Pei, Y. Pang, J. Wang, A. Zhang, and S. Qu, “An extremely wideband and lightweight metamaterial absorber,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(22), 224503 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, C.

J. Zhao, C. Zhang, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, and T. J. Cui, “An optically transparent metasurface for broadband microwave antireflection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112(7), 073504 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. Zhang, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, J. Zhao, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband metamaterial for optical transparency and microwave absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(14), 143511 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. Hu, J. Cao, W. Li, C. Zhang, T. Wu, Q. Li, Z. Chen, Y. Wang, and J. Guan, “Optically transparent broadband microwave absorption metamaterial by standing-up closed-ring resonators,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(13), 109–116 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

Y. Shen, J. Zhang, Y. Meng, Z. Wang, Y. Pang, J. Wang, H. Ma, and S. Qu, “Merging Absorption Bands of Plasmonic Structures via Dispersion Engineering,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112(25), 254103 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W.

X. Shen, Y. Yang, Y. Zang, J. Gu, J. Han, W. Zhang, and T. Jun Cui, “Triple-band terahertz metamaterial absorber: design, experiment, and physical interpretation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(15), 154102 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

X. Zhang, H. Liu, and L. Li, “Tri-band miniaturized wide-angle and polarization-insensitive metasurface for ambient energy harvesting,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(7), 071902 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhao, J.

J. Zhao, C. Zhang, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, and T. J. Cui, “An optically transparent metasurface for broadband microwave antireflection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112(7), 073504 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. Zhang, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, J. Zhao, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband metamaterial for optical transparency and microwave absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(14), 143511 (2017).
[Crossref]

K. Chen, L. Cui, Y. Feng, J. Zhao, T. Jiang, and B. Zhu, “Coding metasurface for broadband microwave scattering reduction with optical transparency,” Opt. Express 25(5), 5571–5579 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. J. Cui, M. Q. Qi, X. Wan, J. Zhao, and Q. Cheng, “Coding metamaterials, digital metamaterials and programmable metamaterials,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(10), e218 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Y.

X. Liu, J. Gao, L. Xu, X. Cao, Y. Zhao, and S. A. Li, “Coding Diffuse Metasurface for RCS Reduction,” IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett. 16, 724–727 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhou, L.

S. Sun, Q. He, S. Xiao, Q. Xu, X. Li, and L. Zhou, “Gradient-index meta-surfaces as a bridge linking propagating waves and surface waves,” Nat. Mater. 11(5), 426–431 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, X. Y.

Y. Pang, J. Wang, Q. Cheng, S. Xia, X. Y. Zhou, Z. Xu, T. J. Cui, and S. Qu, “Thermally Tunable Water-Substrate Broadband Metamaterial Absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(10), 104103 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhou, Y.

Zhu, B.

ACS Nano (1)

T. A. F. König, P. A. Ledin, J. Kerszulis, M. A. Mahmoud, M. A. El-Sayed, J. R. Reynolds, and V. V. Tsukruk, “Electrically tunable plasmonic behavior of nanocube-polymer nanomaterials induced by a redox-active electrochromic polymer,” ACS Nano 8(6), 6182–6192 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

ACS Photonics (1)

T. Jang, H. Youn, Y. J. Shin, and L. J. Guo, “Transparent and flexible polarization-independent microwave broadband absorber,” ACS Photonics 1(3), 279–284 (2014).
[Crossref]

Adv. Opt. Mater. (2)

S. Liu and T. J. Cui, “Concepts, working principles, and applications of coding and programmable metamaterials,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(22), 1700624 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. Hu, J. Cao, W. Li, C. Zhang, T. Wu, Q. Li, Z. Chen, Y. Wang, and J. Guan, “Optically transparent broadband microwave absorption metamaterial by standing-up closed-ring resonators,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(13), 109–116 (2017).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (8)

J. Zhao, C. Zhang, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, and T. J. Cui, “An optically transparent metasurface for broadband microwave antireflection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112(7), 073504 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. Zhang, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, J. Zhao, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband metamaterial for optical transparency and microwave absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(14), 143511 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Zhang, H. Liu, and L. Li, “Tri-band miniaturized wide-angle and polarization-insensitive metasurface for ambient energy harvesting,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(7), 071902 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Shen, Y. Yang, Y. Zang, J. Gu, J. Han, W. Zhang, and T. Jun Cui, “Triple-band terahertz metamaterial absorber: design, experiment, and physical interpretation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(15), 154102 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Liu, H. Chen, and T. J. Cui, “A broadband terahertz absorber using multi-layer stacked bars,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(15), 151601 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Shen, J. Zhang, Y. Meng, Z. Wang, Y. Pang, J. Wang, H. Ma, and S. Qu, “Merging Absorption Bands of Plasmonic Structures via Dispersion Engineering,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112(25), 254103 (2018).
[Crossref]

W. Li, T. Wu, W. Wang, J. Guan, and P. Zhai, “Integrating non-planar metamaterials with magnetic absorbing materials to yield ultra-broadband microwave hybrid absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(2), 022903 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Pang, J. Wang, Q. Cheng, S. Xia, X. Y. Zhou, Z. Xu, T. J. Cui, and S. Qu, “Thermally Tunable Water-Substrate Broadband Metamaterial Absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(10), 104103 (2017).
[Crossref]

IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett. (1)

X. Liu, J. Gao, L. Xu, X. Cao, Y. Zhao, and S. A. Li, “Coding Diffuse Metasurface for RCS Reduction,” IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett. 16, 724–727 (2017).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. (5)

Y. C. Hou, W. J. Liao, C. C. Tsai, and S. H. Chen, “Planar multilayer structure for broadband broad-angle RCS reduction,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 64(5), 1859–1867 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Edalati and K. Sarabandi, “Wideband, wide angle, polarization independent RCS reduction using nonabsorptive miniaturized-element frequency selective surfaces,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 62(2), 747–754 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. Chen, C. A. Balanis, and C. R. Birtcher, “Checkerboard EBG surfaces for wideband radar cross section reduction,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 63(6), 2636–2645 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Shang, Z. Shen, and S. Xiao, “Frequency-selective rasorber based on square-loop and cross-dipole arrays,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 62(11), 5581–5589 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Paquay, J.-C. Iriarte, I. Ñ. Ederra, R. Gonzalo, and P. de Maagt, “Thin AMC structure for radar cross-section reduction,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 55(12), 3630–3638 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

X. Huang, H. Yang, S. Yu, J. Wang, M. Li, and Q. Ye, “Triple-band polarization-insensitive wide-angle ultra-thin planar spiral metamaterial absorber,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(21), 213516 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Shen, Z. Pei, Y. Pang, J. Wang, A. Zhang, and S. Qu, “An extremely wideband and lightweight metamaterial absorber,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(22), 224503 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (1)

S. Sui, H. Ma, J. Wang, Y. Pang, M. Feng, Z. Xu, and S. Qu, “Absorptive coding metasurface for further radar cross section reduction,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 51(6), 065603 (2018).
[Crossref]

Light Sci. Appl. (1)

T. J. Cui, M. Q. Qi, X. Wan, J. Zhao, and Q. Cheng, “Coding metamaterials, digital metamaterials and programmable metamaterials,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(10), e218 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nat. Mater. (1)

S. Sun, Q. He, S. Xiao, Q. Xu, X. Li, and L. Zhou, “Gradient-index meta-surfaces as a bridge linking propagating waves and surface waves,” Nat. Mater. 11(5), 426–431 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs, “Extremely low frequency plasmons in metallic mesostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76(25), 4773–4776 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Ye, Z. Wang, K. Xu, H. Li, J. Huangfu, Z. Wang, and L. Ran, “Ultrawideband dispersion control of a metamaterial surface for perfectly-matched-layer-like absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(18), 187402 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sci. Rep. (2)

Y. Pang, J. Wang, H. Ma, M. Feng, Y. Li, Z. Xu, S. Xia, and S. Qu, “Spatial k-dispersion engineering of spoof surface plasmon polaritons for customized absorption,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 29429 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Huang, W. Pan, X. Ma, and X. Luo, “Multi-spectral metasurface for different functional control of reflection waves,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23291 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (2)

R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, “Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction,” Science 292(5514), 77–79 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (2)

P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Layered Media. (Wiley, 1988).

C. A. Balanis, Antenna Theory: Analysis and Design. 3rd ed (Wiley, 2005).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Schematic diagram of the transparent ADMM based on the combination of two kinds of standing-up lattice elements. Calculated reflection spectra of the ADMM based on different reflection coefficient amplitude combinations of (b) A0 = 1, A1 = 1; (c) A0 = 1, A1 = 0.7; (d) A0 = 1, A1 = 0.3; (e) A0 = 1, A1 = 0.1 under normal incident wave.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Schematic of the rhombic lattice MA. (b) Schematic of the squared latticed MA. (c) Simulated reflection spectra of the squared and rhombic lattice MAs. (d) Simulated phase spectra of the rhombic and squared lattice MAs as well as their phase difference.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Electric field distributions in the y-z plane and power loss distributions for (a) the rhombic lattice MA at 6.0GHz, (b) the rhombic lattice MA at 20.7GHz, (c) the squared lattice MA at 13.2GHz.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Calculated reflection spectra of the ADMM with various ratio of k. (b) Averaged ratio of the absorption, diffusion, reflection, and transmission in the frequency band of 6.1-21.0GHz. (c) Schematic of the optimized ADMM. (d) Calculated and simulated reflection spectra for the optimized ADMM.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Full wave simulated scattering patterns of (a) the proposed ADMM and (b) PEC plate with the same dimension at the frequencies of 6.0, 10.0, 15.0, and 20.0GHz. The scattering patterns at (c) E-Plane and (d) H-Plane for the ADMM and PEC plate at the frequencies of 6.0, 10.0, 15.0, and 20.0GHz.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Full wave simulated scattering patterns of the proposed ADMM and PEC plate with the same dimension at the frequencies of 6.0, 10.0, 15.0, and 20.0GHz under the oblique TE and TM incident waves with the angle of (a) 20°, (b) 40° and (c) 60°.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 (a) Schematic of the standing-up ITO lattice structure and multi-layered ITO FSS structure. (b) The calculated optical transmittance spectra.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 (a) Photograph of the fabricated sample. (b) Simulated and measured reflection spectra for the fabricated sample. (c) Simulated and measured optical transmittance spectra for the fabricated sample.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Simulated reflection with the efficiency less than 0.1 of our work and recent achievements.

Equations (3)

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AF(θ,φ)= m=1 M n=1 N e [j(m1)(kdsinθcosφ)+j(n1)(kdsinθcosφ)+jβ(m,n)]
R= | k A 0 exp(j P 0 )+(1k) A 1 exp(j P 1 ) | 2
AER(f)={ <0.01 | k A 1 exp(j P 1 )+(1k) A 2 exp(j P 2 ) | 2 1 | k A 1 +(1k) A 2 | 2 | k A 1 +(1k) A 2 | 2 | k A 1 exp(j P 1 )+(1k) A 2 exp(j P 2 ) | 2 Transmission Reflection Absorption Diffusion

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