Abstract

Conventional fabrication methods for realization of metal mesh (MM) based transparent conductive film (TCF) are not economic and environmentally friendly. By combination of the scrape and selective electroplating techniques, a vacuum sputtering/evaporation-free process is explored for fabrication of high-performance MM based TCF. The fabricated TCF exhibits ultra-low sheet electrical resistance (Rs = 0.07 Ω sq−1) at average transmittance of 83% in visible region. The sample cannot only exhibit high heating temperatures (140 °C) at low input voltage (1.5 V) with fast and stable thermal response but provide high electromagnetic interference shielding efficiency (EMI SE) more than 43 dB in X-band. The processing chain provides a robust, powerful and scalable platform, which may open up a new avenue for realizing multifunctional TCF in diverse applications.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2017 (1)

Y. Kim, H. R. Lee, T. Saito, and Y. Nishi, “Ultra-thin and high-response transparent and flexible heater based on carbon nanotube film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(15), 153301 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (8)

Y. Liu, S. Shen, J. Hu, and L. Chen, “Embedded Ag mesh electrodes for polymer dispersed liquid crystal devices on flexible substrate,” Opt. Express 24(22), 25774–25784 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Gupta, K. D. M. Rao, S. Kiruthika, and G. U. Kulkarni, “Visibly Transparent Heaters,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(20), 12559–12575 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Li, J. Ma, H. Xu, X. Xue, and Y. Liu, “Highly stable copper wire/alumina/polyimide composite films for stretchable and transparent heaters,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 4(16), 3581–3591 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Y. Kim, M. K. Kim, C. Hudaya, J. H. Park, D. Byun, J. C. Lim, and J. K. Lee, “Oxidation-resistant hybrid metal oxides/metal nanodots/silver nanowires for high performance flexible transparent heaters,” Nanoscale 8(6), 3307–3313 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Khan, S. Lee, T. Jang, Z. Xiong, C. Zhang, J. Tang, L. J. Guo, and W. D. Li, “High-performance flexible transparent electrode with an embedded metal mesh fabricated by cost-effective solution process,” Small 12(22), 3021–3030 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Peng, S. Li, B. Han, Q. Rong, X. Lu, Q. Wang, M. Zeng, G. Zhou, J.-M. Liu, K. Kempa, and J. Gao, “Colossal figure of merit in transparent-conducting metallic ribbon networks,” Adv. Mater. Technol. 1(6), 1600095 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Han, J. Lin, Y. Liu, H. Fu, Y. Ma, P. Jin, and J. Tan, “Crackle template based metallic mesh with highly homogeneous light transmission for high-performance transparent EMI shielding,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 25601 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Jang, H.-G. Im, J. Jin, J. Lee, J.-Y. Lee, and B.-S. Bae, “A flexible and robust transparent conducting electrode platform using an electroplated silver grid/surface-embedded silver nanowire hybrid structure,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(40), 27035–27043 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (8)

M. Mohl, A. Dombovari, R. Vajtai, P. M. Ajayan, and K. Kordas, “Self-assembled large scale metal alloy grid patterns as flexible transparent conductive layers,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 13710 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Hong, H. Lee, J. Lee, J. Kwon, S. Han, Y. D. Suh, H. Cho, J. Shin, J. Yeo, and S. H. Ko, “Highly stretchable and transparent metal nanowire heater for wearable electronics applications,” Adv. Mater. 27(32), 4744–4751 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. J. Kim, Y. Kim, J. H. Jeong, J. H. Choi, J. Lee, and D. G. Choi, “A cupronickel-based micromesh film for use as a high-performance and low-voltage transparent heater,” J. Mater. Chem. A Mater. Energy Sustain. 3(32), 16621–16626 (2015).
[Crossref]

O. S. Hutter and R. A. Hatton, “A hybrid Copper:Tungsten suboxide window electrode for organic photovoltaics,” Adv. Mater. 27(2), 326–331 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Kang, S. Jung, S. Jeong, G. Kim, and K. Lee, “Polymer-metal hybrid transparent electrodes for flexible electronics,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 6503 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. J. Pelaez, T. Kuhn, C. E. Rodriguez, and C. N. Afonso, “Dynamics of laser induced metal nanoparticle and pattern formation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(6), 061914 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Menzel, S. Barg, M. Miranda, D. B. Anthony, S. M. Bawaked, M. Mokhtar, S. A. Al-Thabaiti, S. N. Basahel, E. Saiz, and M. S. P. Shaffer, “Joule heating characteristics of emulsion-templated graphene aerogels,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(1), 28–35 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. M. Menamparambath, C. M. Ajmal, K. H. Kim, D. Yang, J. Roh, H. C. Park, C. Kwak, J.-Y. Choi, and S. Baik, “Silver nanowires decorated with silver nanoparticles for low-haze flexible transparent conductive films,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 16371 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (4)

B. Seong, H. Yoo, N. Vu Dat, Y. Jang, C. Ryu, and D. Byun, “Metal-mesh based transparent electrode on a 3-D curved surface by electrohydrodynamic jet printing,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 24(9), 097002 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Gao, B. Wang, B. Ding, J. K. Lee, and P. W. Leu, “Uniform and ordered copper nanomeshes by microsphere lithography for transparent electrodes,” Nano Lett. 14(4), 2105–2110 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Han, K. Pei, Y. Huang, X. Zhang, Q. Rong, Q. Lin, Y. Guo, T. Sun, C. Guo, D. Carnahan, M. Giersig, Y. Wang, J. Gao, Z. Ren, and K. Kempa, “Uniform self-forming metallic network as a high-performance transparent conductive electrode,” Adv. Mater. 26(6), 873–877 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Kiruthika, K. D. M. Rao, A. Kumar, R. Gupta, and G. U. Kulkarni, “Metal wire network based transparent conducting electrodes fabricated using interconnected crackled layer as template,” Mater. Res. Express 1(2), 026301 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (4)

D. Langley, G. Giusti, C. Mayousse, C. Celle, D. Bellet, and J.-P. Simonato, “Flexible transparent conductive materials based on silver nanowire networks: a review,” Nanotechnology 24(45), 452001 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Angmo and F. C. Krebs, “Flexible ITO-Free polymer solar cells,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 129(1), 1–14 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Li, K. Tsuchiya, H. Tohmyoh, and M. Saka, “Numerical analysis of the electrical failure of a metallic nanowire mesh due to Joule heating,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 8(1), 370 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Wu, D. Kong, Z. Ruan, P.-C. Hsu, S. Wang, Z. Yu, T. J. Carney, L. Hu, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “A transparent electrode based on a metal nanotrough network,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 8(6), 421–425 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (4)

E. C. Garnett, W. Cai, J. J. Cha, F. Mahmood, S. T. Connor, M. Greyson Christoforo, Y. Cui, M. D. McGehee, and M. L. Brongersma, “Self-limited plasmonic welding of silver nanowire junctions,” Nat. Mater. 11(3), 241–249 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Ellmer, “Past achievements and future challenges in the development of optically transparent electrodes,” Nat. Photonics 6(12), 808–816 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. M. Barnes, M. O. Reese, J. D. Bergeson, B. A. Larsen, J. L. Blackburn, M. C. Beard, J. Bult, and J. van de Lagemaat, “Comparing the fundamental physics and device performance of transparent, conductive nanostructured networks with conventional transparent conducting oxides,” Adv. Energy Mater. 2(3), 353–360 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. van de Groep, P. Spinelli, and A. Polman, “Transparent Conducting Silver Nanowire Networks,” Nano Lett. 12(6), 3138–3144 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

D. S. Hecht, L. Hu, and G. Irvin, “Emerging transparent electrodes based on thin films of carbon nanotubes, graphene, and metallic nanostructures,” Adv. Mater. 23(13), 1482–1513 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (2)

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y. J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Ozyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Kaskela, A. G. Nasibulin, M. Y. Timmermans, B. Aitchison, A. Papadimitratos, Y. Tian, Z. Zhu, H. Jiang, D. P. Brown, A. Zakhidov, and E. I. Kauppinen, “Aerosol-synthesized SWCNT networks with tunable conductivity and transparency by a dry transfer technique,” Nano Lett. 10(11), 4349–4355 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

J. H. Kim, B. Du Ahn, C. H. Kim, K. A. Jeon, H. S. Kang, and S. Y. Lee, “Heat generation properties of Ga doped ZnO thin films prepared by rf-magnetron sputtering for transparent heaters,” Thin Solid Films 516(7), 1330–1333 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

H. Z. Geng, K. K. Kim, K. P. So, Y. S. Lee, Y. Chang, and Y. H. Lee, “Effect of acid treatment on carbon nanotube-based flexible transparent conducting films,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129(25), 7758–7759 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Afonso, C. N.

R. J. Pelaez, T. Kuhn, C. E. Rodriguez, and C. N. Afonso, “Dynamics of laser induced metal nanoparticle and pattern formation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(6), 061914 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ahn, J.-H.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y. J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Ozyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aitchison, B.

A. Kaskela, A. G. Nasibulin, M. Y. Timmermans, B. Aitchison, A. Papadimitratos, Y. Tian, Z. Zhu, H. Jiang, D. P. Brown, A. Zakhidov, and E. I. Kauppinen, “Aerosol-synthesized SWCNT networks with tunable conductivity and transparency by a dry transfer technique,” Nano Lett. 10(11), 4349–4355 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ajayan, P. M.

M. Mohl, A. Dombovari, R. Vajtai, P. M. Ajayan, and K. Kordas, “Self-assembled large scale metal alloy grid patterns as flexible transparent conductive layers,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 13710 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ajmal, C. M.

M. M. Menamparambath, C. M. Ajmal, K. H. Kim, D. Yang, J. Roh, H. C. Park, C. Kwak, J.-Y. Choi, and S. Baik, “Silver nanowires decorated with silver nanoparticles for low-haze flexible transparent conductive films,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 16371 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Al-Thabaiti, S. A.

R. Menzel, S. Barg, M. Miranda, D. B. Anthony, S. M. Bawaked, M. Mokhtar, S. A. Al-Thabaiti, S. N. Basahel, E. Saiz, and M. S. P. Shaffer, “Joule heating characteristics of emulsion-templated graphene aerogels,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(1), 28–35 (2015).
[Crossref]

Angmo, D.

D. Angmo and F. C. Krebs, “Flexible ITO-Free polymer solar cells,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 129(1), 1–14 (2013).
[Crossref]

Anthony, D. B.

R. Menzel, S. Barg, M. Miranda, D. B. Anthony, S. M. Bawaked, M. Mokhtar, S. A. Al-Thabaiti, S. N. Basahel, E. Saiz, and M. S. P. Shaffer, “Joule heating characteristics of emulsion-templated graphene aerogels,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(1), 28–35 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bae, B.-S.

J. Jang, H.-G. Im, J. Jin, J. Lee, J.-Y. Lee, and B.-S. Bae, “A flexible and robust transparent conducting electrode platform using an electroplated silver grid/surface-embedded silver nanowire hybrid structure,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(40), 27035–27043 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bae, S.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y. J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Ozyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baik, S.

M. M. Menamparambath, C. M. Ajmal, K. H. Kim, D. Yang, J. Roh, H. C. Park, C. Kwak, J.-Y. Choi, and S. Baik, “Silver nanowires decorated with silver nanoparticles for low-haze flexible transparent conductive films,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 16371 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Balakrishnan, J.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y. J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Ozyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Barg, S.

R. Menzel, S. Barg, M. Miranda, D. B. Anthony, S. M. Bawaked, M. Mokhtar, S. A. Al-Thabaiti, S. N. Basahel, E. Saiz, and M. S. P. Shaffer, “Joule heating characteristics of emulsion-templated graphene aerogels,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(1), 28–35 (2015).
[Crossref]

Barnes, T. M.

T. M. Barnes, M. O. Reese, J. D. Bergeson, B. A. Larsen, J. L. Blackburn, M. C. Beard, J. Bult, and J. van de Lagemaat, “Comparing the fundamental physics and device performance of transparent, conductive nanostructured networks with conventional transparent conducting oxides,” Adv. Energy Mater. 2(3), 353–360 (2012).
[Crossref]

Basahel, S. N.

R. Menzel, S. Barg, M. Miranda, D. B. Anthony, S. M. Bawaked, M. Mokhtar, S. A. Al-Thabaiti, S. N. Basahel, E. Saiz, and M. S. P. Shaffer, “Joule heating characteristics of emulsion-templated graphene aerogels,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(1), 28–35 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bawaked, S. M.

R. Menzel, S. Barg, M. Miranda, D. B. Anthony, S. M. Bawaked, M. Mokhtar, S. A. Al-Thabaiti, S. N. Basahel, E. Saiz, and M. S. P. Shaffer, “Joule heating characteristics of emulsion-templated graphene aerogels,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(1), 28–35 (2015).
[Crossref]

Beard, M. C.

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D. Langley, G. Giusti, C. Mayousse, C. Celle, D. Bellet, and J.-P. Simonato, “Flexible transparent conductive materials based on silver nanowire networks: a review,” Nanotechnology 24(45), 452001 (2013).
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T. M. Barnes, M. O. Reese, J. D. Bergeson, B. A. Larsen, J. L. Blackburn, M. C. Beard, J. Bult, and J. van de Lagemaat, “Comparing the fundamental physics and device performance of transparent, conductive nanostructured networks with conventional transparent conducting oxides,” Adv. Energy Mater. 2(3), 353–360 (2012).
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T. M. Barnes, M. O. Reese, J. D. Bergeson, B. A. Larsen, J. L. Blackburn, M. C. Beard, J. Bult, and J. van de Lagemaat, “Comparing the fundamental physics and device performance of transparent, conductive nanostructured networks with conventional transparent conducting oxides,” Adv. Energy Mater. 2(3), 353–360 (2012).
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Brongersma, M. L.

E. C. Garnett, W. Cai, J. J. Cha, F. Mahmood, S. T. Connor, M. Greyson Christoforo, Y. Cui, M. D. McGehee, and M. L. Brongersma, “Self-limited plasmonic welding of silver nanowire junctions,” Nat. Mater. 11(3), 241–249 (2012).
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Brown, D. P.

A. Kaskela, A. G. Nasibulin, M. Y. Timmermans, B. Aitchison, A. Papadimitratos, Y. Tian, Z. Zhu, H. Jiang, D. P. Brown, A. Zakhidov, and E. I. Kauppinen, “Aerosol-synthesized SWCNT networks with tunable conductivity and transparency by a dry transfer technique,” Nano Lett. 10(11), 4349–4355 (2010).
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Bult, J.

T. M. Barnes, M. O. Reese, J. D. Bergeson, B. A. Larsen, J. L. Blackburn, M. C. Beard, J. Bult, and J. van de Lagemaat, “Comparing the fundamental physics and device performance of transparent, conductive nanostructured networks with conventional transparent conducting oxides,” Adv. Energy Mater. 2(3), 353–360 (2012).
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A. Y. Kim, M. K. Kim, C. Hudaya, J. H. Park, D. Byun, J. C. Lim, and J. K. Lee, “Oxidation-resistant hybrid metal oxides/metal nanodots/silver nanowires for high performance flexible transparent heaters,” Nanoscale 8(6), 3307–3313 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Seong, H. Yoo, N. Vu Dat, Y. Jang, C. Ryu, and D. Byun, “Metal-mesh based transparent electrode on a 3-D curved surface by electrohydrodynamic jet printing,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 24(9), 097002 (2014).
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Cai, W.

E. C. Garnett, W. Cai, J. J. Cha, F. Mahmood, S. T. Connor, M. Greyson Christoforo, Y. Cui, M. D. McGehee, and M. L. Brongersma, “Self-limited plasmonic welding of silver nanowire junctions,” Nat. Mater. 11(3), 241–249 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Carnahan, D.

B. Han, K. Pei, Y. Huang, X. Zhang, Q. Rong, Q. Lin, Y. Guo, T. Sun, C. Guo, D. Carnahan, M. Giersig, Y. Wang, J. Gao, Z. Ren, and K. Kempa, “Uniform self-forming metallic network as a high-performance transparent conductive electrode,” Adv. Mater. 26(6), 873–877 (2014).
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Carney, T. J.

H. Wu, D. Kong, Z. Ruan, P.-C. Hsu, S. Wang, Z. Yu, T. J. Carney, L. Hu, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “A transparent electrode based on a metal nanotrough network,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 8(6), 421–425 (2013).
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Celle, C.

D. Langley, G. Giusti, C. Mayousse, C. Celle, D. Bellet, and J.-P. Simonato, “Flexible transparent conductive materials based on silver nanowire networks: a review,” Nanotechnology 24(45), 452001 (2013).
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Cha, J. J.

E. C. Garnett, W. Cai, J. J. Cha, F. Mahmood, S. T. Connor, M. Greyson Christoforo, Y. Cui, M. D. McGehee, and M. L. Brongersma, “Self-limited plasmonic welding of silver nanowire junctions,” Nat. Mater. 11(3), 241–249 (2012).
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Chang, Y.

H. Z. Geng, K. K. Kim, K. P. So, Y. S. Lee, Y. Chang, and Y. H. Lee, “Effect of acid treatment on carbon nanotube-based flexible transparent conducting films,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129(25), 7758–7759 (2007).
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Chen, L.

Cho, H.

S. Hong, H. Lee, J. Lee, J. Kwon, S. Han, Y. D. Suh, H. Cho, J. Shin, J. Yeo, and S. H. Ko, “Highly stretchable and transparent metal nanowire heater for wearable electronics applications,” Adv. Mater. 27(32), 4744–4751 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Choi, D. G.

H. J. Kim, Y. Kim, J. H. Jeong, J. H. Choi, J. Lee, and D. G. Choi, “A cupronickel-based micromesh film for use as a high-performance and low-voltage transparent heater,” J. Mater. Chem. A Mater. Energy Sustain. 3(32), 16621–16626 (2015).
[Crossref]

Choi, J. H.

H. J. Kim, Y. Kim, J. H. Jeong, J. H. Choi, J. Lee, and D. G. Choi, “A cupronickel-based micromesh film for use as a high-performance and low-voltage transparent heater,” J. Mater. Chem. A Mater. Energy Sustain. 3(32), 16621–16626 (2015).
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Choi, J.-Y.

M. M. Menamparambath, C. M. Ajmal, K. H. Kim, D. Yang, J. Roh, H. C. Park, C. Kwak, J.-Y. Choi, and S. Baik, “Silver nanowires decorated with silver nanoparticles for low-haze flexible transparent conductive films,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 16371 (2015).
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Connor, S. T.

E. C. Garnett, W. Cai, J. J. Cha, F. Mahmood, S. T. Connor, M. Greyson Christoforo, Y. Cui, M. D. McGehee, and M. L. Brongersma, “Self-limited plasmonic welding of silver nanowire junctions,” Nat. Mater. 11(3), 241–249 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cui, Y.

H. Wu, D. Kong, Z. Ruan, P.-C. Hsu, S. Wang, Z. Yu, T. J. Carney, L. Hu, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “A transparent electrode based on a metal nanotrough network,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 8(6), 421–425 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. C. Garnett, W. Cai, J. J. Cha, F. Mahmood, S. T. Connor, M. Greyson Christoforo, Y. Cui, M. D. McGehee, and M. L. Brongersma, “Self-limited plasmonic welding of silver nanowire junctions,” Nat. Mater. 11(3), 241–249 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ding, B.

T. Gao, B. Wang, B. Ding, J. K. Lee, and P. W. Leu, “Uniform and ordered copper nanomeshes by microsphere lithography for transparent electrodes,” Nano Lett. 14(4), 2105–2110 (2014).
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Dombovari, A.

M. Mohl, A. Dombovari, R. Vajtai, P. M. Ajayan, and K. Kordas, “Self-assembled large scale metal alloy grid patterns as flexible transparent conductive layers,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 13710 (2015).
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Du Ahn, B.

J. H. Kim, B. Du Ahn, C. H. Kim, K. A. Jeon, H. S. Kang, and S. Y. Lee, “Heat generation properties of Ga doped ZnO thin films prepared by rf-magnetron sputtering for transparent heaters,” Thin Solid Films 516(7), 1330–1333 (2008).
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K. Ellmer, “Past achievements and future challenges in the development of optically transparent electrodes,” Nat. Photonics 6(12), 808–816 (2012).
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H. Wu, D. Kong, Z. Ruan, P.-C. Hsu, S. Wang, Z. Yu, T. J. Carney, L. Hu, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “A transparent electrode based on a metal nanotrough network,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 8(6), 421–425 (2013).
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Fu, H.

Y. Han, J. Lin, Y. Liu, H. Fu, Y. Ma, P. Jin, and J. Tan, “Crackle template based metallic mesh with highly homogeneous light transmission for high-performance transparent EMI shielding,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 25601 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gao, J.

Q. Peng, S. Li, B. Han, Q. Rong, X. Lu, Q. Wang, M. Zeng, G. Zhou, J.-M. Liu, K. Kempa, and J. Gao, “Colossal figure of merit in transparent-conducting metallic ribbon networks,” Adv. Mater. Technol. 1(6), 1600095 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Han, K. Pei, Y. Huang, X. Zhang, Q. Rong, Q. Lin, Y. Guo, T. Sun, C. Guo, D. Carnahan, M. Giersig, Y. Wang, J. Gao, Z. Ren, and K. Kempa, “Uniform self-forming metallic network as a high-performance transparent conductive electrode,” Adv. Mater. 26(6), 873–877 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gao, T.

T. Gao, B. Wang, B. Ding, J. K. Lee, and P. W. Leu, “Uniform and ordered copper nanomeshes by microsphere lithography for transparent electrodes,” Nano Lett. 14(4), 2105–2110 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Garnett, E. C.

E. C. Garnett, W. Cai, J. J. Cha, F. Mahmood, S. T. Connor, M. Greyson Christoforo, Y. Cui, M. D. McGehee, and M. L. Brongersma, “Self-limited plasmonic welding of silver nanowire junctions,” Nat. Mater. 11(3), 241–249 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Geng, H. Z.

H. Z. Geng, K. K. Kim, K. P. So, Y. S. Lee, Y. Chang, and Y. H. Lee, “Effect of acid treatment on carbon nanotube-based flexible transparent conducting films,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129(25), 7758–7759 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Giersig, M.

B. Han, K. Pei, Y. Huang, X. Zhang, Q. Rong, Q. Lin, Y. Guo, T. Sun, C. Guo, D. Carnahan, M. Giersig, Y. Wang, J. Gao, Z. Ren, and K. Kempa, “Uniform self-forming metallic network as a high-performance transparent conductive electrode,” Adv. Mater. 26(6), 873–877 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Giusti, G.

D. Langley, G. Giusti, C. Mayousse, C. Celle, D. Bellet, and J.-P. Simonato, “Flexible transparent conductive materials based on silver nanowire networks: a review,” Nanotechnology 24(45), 452001 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Greyson Christoforo, M.

E. C. Garnett, W. Cai, J. J. Cha, F. Mahmood, S. T. Connor, M. Greyson Christoforo, Y. Cui, M. D. McGehee, and M. L. Brongersma, “Self-limited plasmonic welding of silver nanowire junctions,” Nat. Mater. 11(3), 241–249 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guo, C.

B. Han, K. Pei, Y. Huang, X. Zhang, Q. Rong, Q. Lin, Y. Guo, T. Sun, C. Guo, D. Carnahan, M. Giersig, Y. Wang, J. Gao, Z. Ren, and K. Kempa, “Uniform self-forming metallic network as a high-performance transparent conductive electrode,” Adv. Mater. 26(6), 873–877 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guo, L. J.

A. Khan, S. Lee, T. Jang, Z. Xiong, C. Zhang, J. Tang, L. J. Guo, and W. D. Li, “High-performance flexible transparent electrode with an embedded metal mesh fabricated by cost-effective solution process,” Small 12(22), 3021–3030 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guo, Y.

B. Han, K. Pei, Y. Huang, X. Zhang, Q. Rong, Q. Lin, Y. Guo, T. Sun, C. Guo, D. Carnahan, M. Giersig, Y. Wang, J. Gao, Z. Ren, and K. Kempa, “Uniform self-forming metallic network as a high-performance transparent conductive electrode,” Adv. Mater. 26(6), 873–877 (2014).
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Gupta, R.

R. Gupta, K. D. M. Rao, S. Kiruthika, and G. U. Kulkarni, “Visibly Transparent Heaters,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(20), 12559–12575 (2016).
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S. Kiruthika, K. D. M. Rao, A. Kumar, R. Gupta, and G. U. Kulkarni, “Metal wire network based transparent conducting electrodes fabricated using interconnected crackled layer as template,” Mater. Res. Express 1(2), 026301 (2014).
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Han, B.

Q. Peng, S. Li, B. Han, Q. Rong, X. Lu, Q. Wang, M. Zeng, G. Zhou, J.-M. Liu, K. Kempa, and J. Gao, “Colossal figure of merit in transparent-conducting metallic ribbon networks,” Adv. Mater. Technol. 1(6), 1600095 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Han, K. Pei, Y. Huang, X. Zhang, Q. Rong, Q. Lin, Y. Guo, T. Sun, C. Guo, D. Carnahan, M. Giersig, Y. Wang, J. Gao, Z. Ren, and K. Kempa, “Uniform self-forming metallic network as a high-performance transparent conductive electrode,” Adv. Mater. 26(6), 873–877 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Han, S.

S. Hong, H. Lee, J. Lee, J. Kwon, S. Han, Y. D. Suh, H. Cho, J. Shin, J. Yeo, and S. H. Ko, “Highly stretchable and transparent metal nanowire heater for wearable electronics applications,” Adv. Mater. 27(32), 4744–4751 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Han, Y.

Y. Han, J. Lin, Y. Liu, H. Fu, Y. Ma, P. Jin, and J. Tan, “Crackle template based metallic mesh with highly homogeneous light transmission for high-performance transparent EMI shielding,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 25601 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hatton, R. A.

O. S. Hutter and R. A. Hatton, “A hybrid Copper:Tungsten suboxide window electrode for organic photovoltaics,” Adv. Mater. 27(2), 326–331 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hecht, D. S.

D. S. Hecht, L. Hu, and G. Irvin, “Emerging transparent electrodes based on thin films of carbon nanotubes, graphene, and metallic nanostructures,” Adv. Mater. 23(13), 1482–1513 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hong, B. H.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y. J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Ozyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hong, S.

S. Hong, H. Lee, J. Lee, J. Kwon, S. Han, Y. D. Suh, H. Cho, J. Shin, J. Yeo, and S. H. Ko, “Highly stretchable and transparent metal nanowire heater for wearable electronics applications,” Adv. Mater. 27(32), 4744–4751 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hsu, P.-C.

H. Wu, D. Kong, Z. Ruan, P.-C. Hsu, S. Wang, Z. Yu, T. J. Carney, L. Hu, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “A transparent electrode based on a metal nanotrough network,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 8(6), 421–425 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hu, J.

Hu, L.

H. Wu, D. Kong, Z. Ruan, P.-C. Hsu, S. Wang, Z. Yu, T. J. Carney, L. Hu, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “A transparent electrode based on a metal nanotrough network,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 8(6), 421–425 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. S. Hecht, L. Hu, and G. Irvin, “Emerging transparent electrodes based on thin films of carbon nanotubes, graphene, and metallic nanostructures,” Adv. Mater. 23(13), 1482–1513 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, Y.

B. Han, K. Pei, Y. Huang, X. Zhang, Q. Rong, Q. Lin, Y. Guo, T. Sun, C. Guo, D. Carnahan, M. Giersig, Y. Wang, J. Gao, Z. Ren, and K. Kempa, “Uniform self-forming metallic network as a high-performance transparent conductive electrode,” Adv. Mater. 26(6), 873–877 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hudaya, C.

A. Y. Kim, M. K. Kim, C. Hudaya, J. H. Park, D. Byun, J. C. Lim, and J. K. Lee, “Oxidation-resistant hybrid metal oxides/metal nanodots/silver nanowires for high performance flexible transparent heaters,” Nanoscale 8(6), 3307–3313 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hutter, O. S.

O. S. Hutter and R. A. Hatton, “A hybrid Copper:Tungsten suboxide window electrode for organic photovoltaics,” Adv. Mater. 27(2), 326–331 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Iijima, S.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y. J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Ozyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Im, H.-G.

J. Jang, H.-G. Im, J. Jin, J. Lee, J.-Y. Lee, and B.-S. Bae, “A flexible and robust transparent conducting electrode platform using an electroplated silver grid/surface-embedded silver nanowire hybrid structure,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(40), 27035–27043 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Irvin, G.

D. S. Hecht, L. Hu, and G. Irvin, “Emerging transparent electrodes based on thin films of carbon nanotubes, graphene, and metallic nanostructures,” Adv. Mater. 23(13), 1482–1513 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jang, J.

J. Jang, H.-G. Im, J. Jin, J. Lee, J.-Y. Lee, and B.-S. Bae, “A flexible and robust transparent conducting electrode platform using an electroplated silver grid/surface-embedded silver nanowire hybrid structure,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(40), 27035–27043 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jang, T.

A. Khan, S. Lee, T. Jang, Z. Xiong, C. Zhang, J. Tang, L. J. Guo, and W. D. Li, “High-performance flexible transparent electrode with an embedded metal mesh fabricated by cost-effective solution process,” Small 12(22), 3021–3030 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jang, Y.

B. Seong, H. Yoo, N. Vu Dat, Y. Jang, C. Ryu, and D. Byun, “Metal-mesh based transparent electrode on a 3-D curved surface by electrohydrodynamic jet printing,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 24(9), 097002 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jeon, K. A.

J. H. Kim, B. Du Ahn, C. H. Kim, K. A. Jeon, H. S. Kang, and S. Y. Lee, “Heat generation properties of Ga doped ZnO thin films prepared by rf-magnetron sputtering for transparent heaters,” Thin Solid Films 516(7), 1330–1333 (2008).
[Crossref]

Jeong, J. H.

H. J. Kim, Y. Kim, J. H. Jeong, J. H. Choi, J. Lee, and D. G. Choi, “A cupronickel-based micromesh film for use as a high-performance and low-voltage transparent heater,” J. Mater. Chem. A Mater. Energy Sustain. 3(32), 16621–16626 (2015).
[Crossref]

Jeong, S.

H. Kang, S. Jung, S. Jeong, G. Kim, and K. Lee, “Polymer-metal hybrid transparent electrodes for flexible electronics,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 6503 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jiang, H.

A. Kaskela, A. G. Nasibulin, M. Y. Timmermans, B. Aitchison, A. Papadimitratos, Y. Tian, Z. Zhu, H. Jiang, D. P. Brown, A. Zakhidov, and E. I. Kauppinen, “Aerosol-synthesized SWCNT networks with tunable conductivity and transparency by a dry transfer technique,” Nano Lett. 10(11), 4349–4355 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jin, J.

J. Jang, H.-G. Im, J. Jin, J. Lee, J.-Y. Lee, and B.-S. Bae, “A flexible and robust transparent conducting electrode platform using an electroplated silver grid/surface-embedded silver nanowire hybrid structure,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(40), 27035–27043 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jin, P.

Y. Han, J. Lin, Y. Liu, H. Fu, Y. Ma, P. Jin, and J. Tan, “Crackle template based metallic mesh with highly homogeneous light transmission for high-performance transparent EMI shielding,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 25601 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jung, S.

H. Kang, S. Jung, S. Jeong, G. Kim, and K. Lee, “Polymer-metal hybrid transparent electrodes for flexible electronics,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 6503 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kang, H.

H. Kang, S. Jung, S. Jeong, G. Kim, and K. Lee, “Polymer-metal hybrid transparent electrodes for flexible electronics,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 6503 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kang, H. S.

J. H. Kim, B. Du Ahn, C. H. Kim, K. A. Jeon, H. S. Kang, and S. Y. Lee, “Heat generation properties of Ga doped ZnO thin films prepared by rf-magnetron sputtering for transparent heaters,” Thin Solid Films 516(7), 1330–1333 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kaskela, A.

A. Kaskela, A. G. Nasibulin, M. Y. Timmermans, B. Aitchison, A. Papadimitratos, Y. Tian, Z. Zhu, H. Jiang, D. P. Brown, A. Zakhidov, and E. I. Kauppinen, “Aerosol-synthesized SWCNT networks with tunable conductivity and transparency by a dry transfer technique,” Nano Lett. 10(11), 4349–4355 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kauppinen, E. I.

A. Kaskela, A. G. Nasibulin, M. Y. Timmermans, B. Aitchison, A. Papadimitratos, Y. Tian, Z. Zhu, H. Jiang, D. P. Brown, A. Zakhidov, and E. I. Kauppinen, “Aerosol-synthesized SWCNT networks with tunable conductivity and transparency by a dry transfer technique,” Nano Lett. 10(11), 4349–4355 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kempa, K.

Q. Peng, S. Li, B. Han, Q. Rong, X. Lu, Q. Wang, M. Zeng, G. Zhou, J.-M. Liu, K. Kempa, and J. Gao, “Colossal figure of merit in transparent-conducting metallic ribbon networks,” Adv. Mater. Technol. 1(6), 1600095 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Han, K. Pei, Y. Huang, X. Zhang, Q. Rong, Q. Lin, Y. Guo, T. Sun, C. Guo, D. Carnahan, M. Giersig, Y. Wang, J. Gao, Z. Ren, and K. Kempa, “Uniform self-forming metallic network as a high-performance transparent conductive electrode,” Adv. Mater. 26(6), 873–877 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Khan, A.

A. Khan, S. Lee, T. Jang, Z. Xiong, C. Zhang, J. Tang, L. J. Guo, and W. D. Li, “High-performance flexible transparent electrode with an embedded metal mesh fabricated by cost-effective solution process,” Small 12(22), 3021–3030 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, A. Y.

A. Y. Kim, M. K. Kim, C. Hudaya, J. H. Park, D. Byun, J. C. Lim, and J. K. Lee, “Oxidation-resistant hybrid metal oxides/metal nanodots/silver nanowires for high performance flexible transparent heaters,” Nanoscale 8(6), 3307–3313 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, C. H.

J. H. Kim, B. Du Ahn, C. H. Kim, K. A. Jeon, H. S. Kang, and S. Y. Lee, “Heat generation properties of Ga doped ZnO thin films prepared by rf-magnetron sputtering for transparent heaters,” Thin Solid Films 516(7), 1330–1333 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kim, G.

H. Kang, S. Jung, S. Jeong, G. Kim, and K. Lee, “Polymer-metal hybrid transparent electrodes for flexible electronics,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 6503 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, H.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y. J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Ozyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, H. J.

H. J. Kim, Y. Kim, J. H. Jeong, J. H. Choi, J. Lee, and D. G. Choi, “A cupronickel-based micromesh film for use as a high-performance and low-voltage transparent heater,” J. Mater. Chem. A Mater. Energy Sustain. 3(32), 16621–16626 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kim, H. R.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y. J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Ozyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, J. H.

J. H. Kim, B. Du Ahn, C. H. Kim, K. A. Jeon, H. S. Kang, and S. Y. Lee, “Heat generation properties of Ga doped ZnO thin films prepared by rf-magnetron sputtering for transparent heaters,” Thin Solid Films 516(7), 1330–1333 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kim, K. H.

M. M. Menamparambath, C. M. Ajmal, K. H. Kim, D. Yang, J. Roh, H. C. Park, C. Kwak, J.-Y. Choi, and S. Baik, “Silver nanowires decorated with silver nanoparticles for low-haze flexible transparent conductive films,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 16371 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, K. K.

H. Z. Geng, K. K. Kim, K. P. So, Y. S. Lee, Y. Chang, and Y. H. Lee, “Effect of acid treatment on carbon nanotube-based flexible transparent conducting films,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129(25), 7758–7759 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, K. S.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y. J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Ozyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, M. K.

A. Y. Kim, M. K. Kim, C. Hudaya, J. H. Park, D. Byun, J. C. Lim, and J. K. Lee, “Oxidation-resistant hybrid metal oxides/metal nanodots/silver nanowires for high performance flexible transparent heaters,” Nanoscale 8(6), 3307–3313 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, Y.

Y. Kim, H. R. Lee, T. Saito, and Y. Nishi, “Ultra-thin and high-response transparent and flexible heater based on carbon nanotube film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(15), 153301 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. J. Kim, Y. Kim, J. H. Jeong, J. H. Choi, J. Lee, and D. G. Choi, “A cupronickel-based micromesh film for use as a high-performance and low-voltage transparent heater,” J. Mater. Chem. A Mater. Energy Sustain. 3(32), 16621–16626 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kim, Y. J.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y. J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Ozyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kiruthika, S.

R. Gupta, K. D. M. Rao, S. Kiruthika, and G. U. Kulkarni, “Visibly Transparent Heaters,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(20), 12559–12575 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Kiruthika, K. D. M. Rao, A. Kumar, R. Gupta, and G. U. Kulkarni, “Metal wire network based transparent conducting electrodes fabricated using interconnected crackled layer as template,” Mater. Res. Express 1(2), 026301 (2014).
[Crossref]

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S. Hong, H. Lee, J. Lee, J. Kwon, S. Han, Y. D. Suh, H. Cho, J. Shin, J. Yeo, and S. H. Ko, “Highly stretchable and transparent metal nanowire heater for wearable electronics applications,” Adv. Mater. 27(32), 4744–4751 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kong, D.

H. Wu, D. Kong, Z. Ruan, P.-C. Hsu, S. Wang, Z. Yu, T. J. Carney, L. Hu, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “A transparent electrode based on a metal nanotrough network,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 8(6), 421–425 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kordas, K.

M. Mohl, A. Dombovari, R. Vajtai, P. M. Ajayan, and K. Kordas, “Self-assembled large scale metal alloy grid patterns as flexible transparent conductive layers,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 13710 (2015).
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D. Angmo and F. C. Krebs, “Flexible ITO-Free polymer solar cells,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 129(1), 1–14 (2013).
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R. J. Pelaez, T. Kuhn, C. E. Rodriguez, and C. N. Afonso, “Dynamics of laser induced metal nanoparticle and pattern formation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(6), 061914 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kulkarni, G. U.

R. Gupta, K. D. M. Rao, S. Kiruthika, and G. U. Kulkarni, “Visibly Transparent Heaters,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(20), 12559–12575 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Kiruthika, K. D. M. Rao, A. Kumar, R. Gupta, and G. U. Kulkarni, “Metal wire network based transparent conducting electrodes fabricated using interconnected crackled layer as template,” Mater. Res. Express 1(2), 026301 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kumar, A.

S. Kiruthika, K. D. M. Rao, A. Kumar, R. Gupta, and G. U. Kulkarni, “Metal wire network based transparent conducting electrodes fabricated using interconnected crackled layer as template,” Mater. Res. Express 1(2), 026301 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kwak, C.

M. M. Menamparambath, C. M. Ajmal, K. H. Kim, D. Yang, J. Roh, H. C. Park, C. Kwak, J.-Y. Choi, and S. Baik, “Silver nanowires decorated with silver nanoparticles for low-haze flexible transparent conductive films,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 16371 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kwon, J.

S. Hong, H. Lee, J. Lee, J. Kwon, S. Han, Y. D. Suh, H. Cho, J. Shin, J. Yeo, and S. H. Ko, “Highly stretchable and transparent metal nanowire heater for wearable electronics applications,” Adv. Mater. 27(32), 4744–4751 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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D. Langley, G. Giusti, C. Mayousse, C. Celle, D. Bellet, and J.-P. Simonato, “Flexible transparent conductive materials based on silver nanowire networks: a review,” Nanotechnology 24(45), 452001 (2013).
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T. M. Barnes, M. O. Reese, J. D. Bergeson, B. A. Larsen, J. L. Blackburn, M. C. Beard, J. Bult, and J. van de Lagemaat, “Comparing the fundamental physics and device performance of transparent, conductive nanostructured networks with conventional transparent conducting oxides,” Adv. Energy Mater. 2(3), 353–360 (2012).
[Crossref]

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S. Hong, H. Lee, J. Lee, J. Kwon, S. Han, Y. D. Suh, H. Cho, J. Shin, J. Yeo, and S. H. Ko, “Highly stretchable and transparent metal nanowire heater for wearable electronics applications,” Adv. Mater. 27(32), 4744–4751 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, H. R.

Y. Kim, H. R. Lee, T. Saito, and Y. Nishi, “Ultra-thin and high-response transparent and flexible heater based on carbon nanotube film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(15), 153301 (2017).
[Crossref]

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J. Jang, H.-G. Im, J. Jin, J. Lee, J.-Y. Lee, and B.-S. Bae, “A flexible and robust transparent conducting electrode platform using an electroplated silver grid/surface-embedded silver nanowire hybrid structure,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(40), 27035–27043 (2016).
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S. Hong, H. Lee, J. Lee, J. Kwon, S. Han, Y. D. Suh, H. Cho, J. Shin, J. Yeo, and S. H. Ko, “Highly stretchable and transparent metal nanowire heater for wearable electronics applications,” Adv. Mater. 27(32), 4744–4751 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. J. Kim, Y. Kim, J. H. Jeong, J. H. Choi, J. Lee, and D. G. Choi, “A cupronickel-based micromesh film for use as a high-performance and low-voltage transparent heater,” J. Mater. Chem. A Mater. Energy Sustain. 3(32), 16621–16626 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lee, J. K.

A. Y. Kim, M. K. Kim, C. Hudaya, J. H. Park, D. Byun, J. C. Lim, and J. K. Lee, “Oxidation-resistant hybrid metal oxides/metal nanodots/silver nanowires for high performance flexible transparent heaters,” Nanoscale 8(6), 3307–3313 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Gao, B. Wang, B. Ding, J. K. Lee, and P. W. Leu, “Uniform and ordered copper nanomeshes by microsphere lithography for transparent electrodes,” Nano Lett. 14(4), 2105–2110 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, J.-Y.

J. Jang, H.-G. Im, J. Jin, J. Lee, J.-Y. Lee, and B.-S. Bae, “A flexible and robust transparent conducting electrode platform using an electroplated silver grid/surface-embedded silver nanowire hybrid structure,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(40), 27035–27043 (2016).
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H. Kang, S. Jung, S. Jeong, G. Kim, and K. Lee, “Polymer-metal hybrid transparent electrodes for flexible electronics,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 6503 (2015).
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A. Khan, S. Lee, T. Jang, Z. Xiong, C. Zhang, J. Tang, L. J. Guo, and W. D. Li, “High-performance flexible transparent electrode with an embedded metal mesh fabricated by cost-effective solution process,” Small 12(22), 3021–3030 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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J. H. Kim, B. Du Ahn, C. H. Kim, K. A. Jeon, H. S. Kang, and S. Y. Lee, “Heat generation properties of Ga doped ZnO thin films prepared by rf-magnetron sputtering for transparent heaters,” Thin Solid Films 516(7), 1330–1333 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lee, Y.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y. J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Ozyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, Y. H.

H. Z. Geng, K. K. Kim, K. P. So, Y. S. Lee, Y. Chang, and Y. H. Lee, “Effect of acid treatment on carbon nanotube-based flexible transparent conducting films,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129(25), 7758–7759 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, Y. S.

H. Z. Geng, K. K. Kim, K. P. So, Y. S. Lee, Y. Chang, and Y. H. Lee, “Effect of acid treatment on carbon nanotube-based flexible transparent conducting films,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129(25), 7758–7759 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y. J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Ozyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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T. Gao, B. Wang, B. Ding, J. K. Lee, and P. W. Leu, “Uniform and ordered copper nanomeshes by microsphere lithography for transparent electrodes,” Nano Lett. 14(4), 2105–2110 (2014).
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P. Li, J. Ma, H. Xu, X. Xue, and Y. Liu, “Highly stable copper wire/alumina/polyimide composite films for stretchable and transparent heaters,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 4(16), 3581–3591 (2016).
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Q. Peng, S. Li, B. Han, Q. Rong, X. Lu, Q. Wang, M. Zeng, G. Zhou, J.-M. Liu, K. Kempa, and J. Gao, “Colossal figure of merit in transparent-conducting metallic ribbon networks,” Adv. Mater. Technol. 1(6), 1600095 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, W. D.

A. Khan, S. Lee, T. Jang, Z. Xiong, C. Zhang, J. Tang, L. J. Guo, and W. D. Li, “High-performance flexible transparent electrode with an embedded metal mesh fabricated by cost-effective solution process,” Small 12(22), 3021–3030 (2016).
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Y. Li, K. Tsuchiya, H. Tohmyoh, and M. Saka, “Numerical analysis of the electrical failure of a metallic nanowire mesh due to Joule heating,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 8(1), 370 (2013).
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A. Y. Kim, M. K. Kim, C. Hudaya, J. H. Park, D. Byun, J. C. Lim, and J. K. Lee, “Oxidation-resistant hybrid metal oxides/metal nanodots/silver nanowires for high performance flexible transparent heaters,” Nanoscale 8(6), 3307–3313 (2016).
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Lin, J.

Y. Han, J. Lin, Y. Liu, H. Fu, Y. Ma, P. Jin, and J. Tan, “Crackle template based metallic mesh with highly homogeneous light transmission for high-performance transparent EMI shielding,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 25601 (2016).
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B. Han, K. Pei, Y. Huang, X. Zhang, Q. Rong, Q. Lin, Y. Guo, T. Sun, C. Guo, D. Carnahan, M. Giersig, Y. Wang, J. Gao, Z. Ren, and K. Kempa, “Uniform self-forming metallic network as a high-performance transparent conductive electrode,” Adv. Mater. 26(6), 873–877 (2014).
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Q. Peng, S. Li, B. Han, Q. Rong, X. Lu, Q. Wang, M. Zeng, G. Zhou, J.-M. Liu, K. Kempa, and J. Gao, “Colossal figure of merit in transparent-conducting metallic ribbon networks,” Adv. Mater. Technol. 1(6), 1600095 (2016).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

Y. Han, J. Lin, Y. Liu, H. Fu, Y. Ma, P. Jin, and J. Tan, “Crackle template based metallic mesh with highly homogeneous light transmission for high-performance transparent EMI shielding,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 25601 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Li, J. Ma, H. Xu, X. Xue, and Y. Liu, “Highly stable copper wire/alumina/polyimide composite films for stretchable and transparent heaters,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 4(16), 3581–3591 (2016).
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Y. Liu, S. Shen, J. Hu, and L. Chen, “Embedded Ag mesh electrodes for polymer dispersed liquid crystal devices on flexible substrate,” Opt. Express 24(22), 25774–25784 (2016).
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Lu, X.

Q. Peng, S. Li, B. Han, Q. Rong, X. Lu, Q. Wang, M. Zeng, G. Zhou, J.-M. Liu, K. Kempa, and J. Gao, “Colossal figure of merit in transparent-conducting metallic ribbon networks,” Adv. Mater. Technol. 1(6), 1600095 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ma, J.

P. Li, J. Ma, H. Xu, X. Xue, and Y. Liu, “Highly stable copper wire/alumina/polyimide composite films for stretchable and transparent heaters,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 4(16), 3581–3591 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ma, Y.

Y. Han, J. Lin, Y. Liu, H. Fu, Y. Ma, P. Jin, and J. Tan, “Crackle template based metallic mesh with highly homogeneous light transmission for high-performance transparent EMI shielding,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 25601 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mahmood, F.

E. C. Garnett, W. Cai, J. J. Cha, F. Mahmood, S. T. Connor, M. Greyson Christoforo, Y. Cui, M. D. McGehee, and M. L. Brongersma, “Self-limited plasmonic welding of silver nanowire junctions,” Nat. Mater. 11(3), 241–249 (2012).
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D. Langley, G. Giusti, C. Mayousse, C. Celle, D. Bellet, and J.-P. Simonato, “Flexible transparent conductive materials based on silver nanowire networks: a review,” Nanotechnology 24(45), 452001 (2013).
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E. C. Garnett, W. Cai, J. J. Cha, F. Mahmood, S. T. Connor, M. Greyson Christoforo, Y. Cui, M. D. McGehee, and M. L. Brongersma, “Self-limited plasmonic welding of silver nanowire junctions,” Nat. Mater. 11(3), 241–249 (2012).
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Menamparambath, M. M.

M. M. Menamparambath, C. M. Ajmal, K. H. Kim, D. Yang, J. Roh, H. C. Park, C. Kwak, J.-Y. Choi, and S. Baik, “Silver nanowires decorated with silver nanoparticles for low-haze flexible transparent conductive films,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 16371 (2015).
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Menzel, R.

R. Menzel, S. Barg, M. Miranda, D. B. Anthony, S. M. Bawaked, M. Mokhtar, S. A. Al-Thabaiti, S. N. Basahel, E. Saiz, and M. S. P. Shaffer, “Joule heating characteristics of emulsion-templated graphene aerogels,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(1), 28–35 (2015).
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R. Menzel, S. Barg, M. Miranda, D. B. Anthony, S. M. Bawaked, M. Mokhtar, S. A. Al-Thabaiti, S. N. Basahel, E. Saiz, and M. S. P. Shaffer, “Joule heating characteristics of emulsion-templated graphene aerogels,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(1), 28–35 (2015).
[Crossref]

Mohl, M.

M. Mohl, A. Dombovari, R. Vajtai, P. M. Ajayan, and K. Kordas, “Self-assembled large scale metal alloy grid patterns as flexible transparent conductive layers,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 13710 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mokhtar, M.

R. Menzel, S. Barg, M. Miranda, D. B. Anthony, S. M. Bawaked, M. Mokhtar, S. A. Al-Thabaiti, S. N. Basahel, E. Saiz, and M. S. P. Shaffer, “Joule heating characteristics of emulsion-templated graphene aerogels,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(1), 28–35 (2015).
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Nasibulin, A. G.

A. Kaskela, A. G. Nasibulin, M. Y. Timmermans, B. Aitchison, A. Papadimitratos, Y. Tian, Z. Zhu, H. Jiang, D. P. Brown, A. Zakhidov, and E. I. Kauppinen, “Aerosol-synthesized SWCNT networks with tunable conductivity and transparency by a dry transfer technique,” Nano Lett. 10(11), 4349–4355 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nishi, Y.

Y. Kim, H. R. Lee, T. Saito, and Y. Nishi, “Ultra-thin and high-response transparent and flexible heater based on carbon nanotube film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(15), 153301 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ozyilmaz, B.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y. J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Ozyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Papadimitratos, A.

A. Kaskela, A. G. Nasibulin, M. Y. Timmermans, B. Aitchison, A. Papadimitratos, Y. Tian, Z. Zhu, H. Jiang, D. P. Brown, A. Zakhidov, and E. I. Kauppinen, “Aerosol-synthesized SWCNT networks with tunable conductivity and transparency by a dry transfer technique,” Nano Lett. 10(11), 4349–4355 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Park, H. C.

M. M. Menamparambath, C. M. Ajmal, K. H. Kim, D. Yang, J. Roh, H. C. Park, C. Kwak, J.-Y. Choi, and S. Baik, “Silver nanowires decorated with silver nanoparticles for low-haze flexible transparent conductive films,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 16371 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Park, J. H.

A. Y. Kim, M. K. Kim, C. Hudaya, J. H. Park, D. Byun, J. C. Lim, and J. K. Lee, “Oxidation-resistant hybrid metal oxides/metal nanodots/silver nanowires for high performance flexible transparent heaters,” Nanoscale 8(6), 3307–3313 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Park, J.-S.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y. J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Ozyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pei, K.

B. Han, K. Pei, Y. Huang, X. Zhang, Q. Rong, Q. Lin, Y. Guo, T. Sun, C. Guo, D. Carnahan, M. Giersig, Y. Wang, J. Gao, Z. Ren, and K. Kempa, “Uniform self-forming metallic network as a high-performance transparent conductive electrode,” Adv. Mater. 26(6), 873–877 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pelaez, R. J.

R. J. Pelaez, T. Kuhn, C. E. Rodriguez, and C. N. Afonso, “Dynamics of laser induced metal nanoparticle and pattern formation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(6), 061914 (2015).
[Crossref]

Peng, Q.

Q. Peng, S. Li, B. Han, Q. Rong, X. Lu, Q. Wang, M. Zeng, G. Zhou, J.-M. Liu, K. Kempa, and J. Gao, “Colossal figure of merit in transparent-conducting metallic ribbon networks,” Adv. Mater. Technol. 1(6), 1600095 (2016).
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J. van de Groep, P. Spinelli, and A. Polman, “Transparent Conducting Silver Nanowire Networks,” Nano Lett. 12(6), 3138–3144 (2012).
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Rao, K. D. M.

R. Gupta, K. D. M. Rao, S. Kiruthika, and G. U. Kulkarni, “Visibly Transparent Heaters,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(20), 12559–12575 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Kiruthika, K. D. M. Rao, A. Kumar, R. Gupta, and G. U. Kulkarni, “Metal wire network based transparent conducting electrodes fabricated using interconnected crackled layer as template,” Mater. Res. Express 1(2), 026301 (2014).
[Crossref]

Reese, M. O.

T. M. Barnes, M. O. Reese, J. D. Bergeson, B. A. Larsen, J. L. Blackburn, M. C. Beard, J. Bult, and J. van de Lagemaat, “Comparing the fundamental physics and device performance of transparent, conductive nanostructured networks with conventional transparent conducting oxides,” Adv. Energy Mater. 2(3), 353–360 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ren, Z.

B. Han, K. Pei, Y. Huang, X. Zhang, Q. Rong, Q. Lin, Y. Guo, T. Sun, C. Guo, D. Carnahan, M. Giersig, Y. Wang, J. Gao, Z. Ren, and K. Kempa, “Uniform self-forming metallic network as a high-performance transparent conductive electrode,” Adv. Mater. 26(6), 873–877 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rodriguez, C. E.

R. J. Pelaez, T. Kuhn, C. E. Rodriguez, and C. N. Afonso, “Dynamics of laser induced metal nanoparticle and pattern formation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(6), 061914 (2015).
[Crossref]

Roh, J.

M. M. Menamparambath, C. M. Ajmal, K. H. Kim, D. Yang, J. Roh, H. C. Park, C. Kwak, J.-Y. Choi, and S. Baik, “Silver nanowires decorated with silver nanoparticles for low-haze flexible transparent conductive films,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 16371 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rong, Q.

Q. Peng, S. Li, B. Han, Q. Rong, X. Lu, Q. Wang, M. Zeng, G. Zhou, J.-M. Liu, K. Kempa, and J. Gao, “Colossal figure of merit in transparent-conducting metallic ribbon networks,” Adv. Mater. Technol. 1(6), 1600095 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Han, K. Pei, Y. Huang, X. Zhang, Q. Rong, Q. Lin, Y. Guo, T. Sun, C. Guo, D. Carnahan, M. Giersig, Y. Wang, J. Gao, Z. Ren, and K. Kempa, “Uniform self-forming metallic network as a high-performance transparent conductive electrode,” Adv. Mater. 26(6), 873–877 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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H. Wu, D. Kong, Z. Ruan, P.-C. Hsu, S. Wang, Z. Yu, T. J. Carney, L. Hu, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “A transparent electrode based on a metal nanotrough network,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 8(6), 421–425 (2013).
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Saito, T.

Y. Kim, H. R. Lee, T. Saito, and Y. Nishi, “Ultra-thin and high-response transparent and flexible heater based on carbon nanotube film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(15), 153301 (2017).
[Crossref]

Saiz, E.

R. Menzel, S. Barg, M. Miranda, D. B. Anthony, S. M. Bawaked, M. Mokhtar, S. A. Al-Thabaiti, S. N. Basahel, E. Saiz, and M. S. P. Shaffer, “Joule heating characteristics of emulsion-templated graphene aerogels,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(1), 28–35 (2015).
[Crossref]

Saka, M.

Y. Li, K. Tsuchiya, H. Tohmyoh, and M. Saka, “Numerical analysis of the electrical failure of a metallic nanowire mesh due to Joule heating,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 8(1), 370 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Seong, B.

B. Seong, H. Yoo, N. Vu Dat, Y. Jang, C. Ryu, and D. Byun, “Metal-mesh based transparent electrode on a 3-D curved surface by electrohydrodynamic jet printing,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 24(9), 097002 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shaffer, M. S. P.

R. Menzel, S. Barg, M. Miranda, D. B. Anthony, S. M. Bawaked, M. Mokhtar, S. A. Al-Thabaiti, S. N. Basahel, E. Saiz, and M. S. P. Shaffer, “Joule heating characteristics of emulsion-templated graphene aerogels,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(1), 28–35 (2015).
[Crossref]

Shen, S.

Shin, J.

S. Hong, H. Lee, J. Lee, J. Kwon, S. Han, Y. D. Suh, H. Cho, J. Shin, J. Yeo, and S. H. Ko, “Highly stretchable and transparent metal nanowire heater for wearable electronics applications,” Adv. Mater. 27(32), 4744–4751 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Simonato, J.-P.

D. Langley, G. Giusti, C. Mayousse, C. Celle, D. Bellet, and J.-P. Simonato, “Flexible transparent conductive materials based on silver nanowire networks: a review,” Nanotechnology 24(45), 452001 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

So, K. P.

H. Z. Geng, K. K. Kim, K. P. So, Y. S. Lee, Y. Chang, and Y. H. Lee, “Effect of acid treatment on carbon nanotube-based flexible transparent conducting films,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129(25), 7758–7759 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Song, Y. I.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y. J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Ozyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Spinelli, P.

J. van de Groep, P. Spinelli, and A. Polman, “Transparent Conducting Silver Nanowire Networks,” Nano Lett. 12(6), 3138–3144 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Suh, Y. D.

S. Hong, H. Lee, J. Lee, J. Kwon, S. Han, Y. D. Suh, H. Cho, J. Shin, J. Yeo, and S. H. Ko, “Highly stretchable and transparent metal nanowire heater for wearable electronics applications,” Adv. Mater. 27(32), 4744–4751 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, T.

B. Han, K. Pei, Y. Huang, X. Zhang, Q. Rong, Q. Lin, Y. Guo, T. Sun, C. Guo, D. Carnahan, M. Giersig, Y. Wang, J. Gao, Z. Ren, and K. Kempa, “Uniform self-forming metallic network as a high-performance transparent conductive electrode,” Adv. Mater. 26(6), 873–877 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tan, J.

Y. Han, J. Lin, Y. Liu, H. Fu, Y. Ma, P. Jin, and J. Tan, “Crackle template based metallic mesh with highly homogeneous light transmission for high-performance transparent EMI shielding,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 25601 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tang, J.

A. Khan, S. Lee, T. Jang, Z. Xiong, C. Zhang, J. Tang, L. J. Guo, and W. D. Li, “High-performance flexible transparent electrode with an embedded metal mesh fabricated by cost-effective solution process,” Small 12(22), 3021–3030 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tian, Y.

A. Kaskela, A. G. Nasibulin, M. Y. Timmermans, B. Aitchison, A. Papadimitratos, Y. Tian, Z. Zhu, H. Jiang, D. P. Brown, A. Zakhidov, and E. I. Kauppinen, “Aerosol-synthesized SWCNT networks with tunable conductivity and transparency by a dry transfer technique,” Nano Lett. 10(11), 4349–4355 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Timmermans, M. Y.

A. Kaskela, A. G. Nasibulin, M. Y. Timmermans, B. Aitchison, A. Papadimitratos, Y. Tian, Z. Zhu, H. Jiang, D. P. Brown, A. Zakhidov, and E. I. Kauppinen, “Aerosol-synthesized SWCNT networks with tunable conductivity and transparency by a dry transfer technique,” Nano Lett. 10(11), 4349–4355 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tohmyoh, H.

Y. Li, K. Tsuchiya, H. Tohmyoh, and M. Saka, “Numerical analysis of the electrical failure of a metallic nanowire mesh due to Joule heating,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 8(1), 370 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tsuchiya, K.

Y. Li, K. Tsuchiya, H. Tohmyoh, and M. Saka, “Numerical analysis of the electrical failure of a metallic nanowire mesh due to Joule heating,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 8(1), 370 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vajtai, R.

M. Mohl, A. Dombovari, R. Vajtai, P. M. Ajayan, and K. Kordas, “Self-assembled large scale metal alloy grid patterns as flexible transparent conductive layers,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 13710 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

van de Groep, J.

J. van de Groep, P. Spinelli, and A. Polman, “Transparent Conducting Silver Nanowire Networks,” Nano Lett. 12(6), 3138–3144 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

van de Lagemaat, J.

T. M. Barnes, M. O. Reese, J. D. Bergeson, B. A. Larsen, J. L. Blackburn, M. C. Beard, J. Bult, and J. van de Lagemaat, “Comparing the fundamental physics and device performance of transparent, conductive nanostructured networks with conventional transparent conducting oxides,” Adv. Energy Mater. 2(3), 353–360 (2012).
[Crossref]

Vu Dat, N.

B. Seong, H. Yoo, N. Vu Dat, Y. Jang, C. Ryu, and D. Byun, “Metal-mesh based transparent electrode on a 3-D curved surface by electrohydrodynamic jet printing,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 24(9), 097002 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, B.

T. Gao, B. Wang, B. Ding, J. K. Lee, and P. W. Leu, “Uniform and ordered copper nanomeshes by microsphere lithography for transparent electrodes,” Nano Lett. 14(4), 2105–2110 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Q.

Q. Peng, S. Li, B. Han, Q. Rong, X. Lu, Q. Wang, M. Zeng, G. Zhou, J.-M. Liu, K. Kempa, and J. Gao, “Colossal figure of merit in transparent-conducting metallic ribbon networks,” Adv. Mater. Technol. 1(6), 1600095 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, S.

H. Wu, D. Kong, Z. Ruan, P.-C. Hsu, S. Wang, Z. Yu, T. J. Carney, L. Hu, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “A transparent electrode based on a metal nanotrough network,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 8(6), 421–425 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Y.

B. Han, K. Pei, Y. Huang, X. Zhang, Q. Rong, Q. Lin, Y. Guo, T. Sun, C. Guo, D. Carnahan, M. Giersig, Y. Wang, J. Gao, Z. Ren, and K. Kempa, “Uniform self-forming metallic network as a high-performance transparent conductive electrode,” Adv. Mater. 26(6), 873–877 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, H.

H. Wu, D. Kong, Z. Ruan, P.-C. Hsu, S. Wang, Z. Yu, T. J. Carney, L. Hu, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “A transparent electrode based on a metal nanotrough network,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 8(6), 421–425 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xiong, Z.

A. Khan, S. Lee, T. Jang, Z. Xiong, C. Zhang, J. Tang, L. J. Guo, and W. D. Li, “High-performance flexible transparent electrode with an embedded metal mesh fabricated by cost-effective solution process,” Small 12(22), 3021–3030 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, H.

P. Li, J. Ma, H. Xu, X. Xue, and Y. Liu, “Highly stable copper wire/alumina/polyimide composite films for stretchable and transparent heaters,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 4(16), 3581–3591 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xu, X.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y. J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Ozyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xue, X.

P. Li, J. Ma, H. Xu, X. Xue, and Y. Liu, “Highly stable copper wire/alumina/polyimide composite films for stretchable and transparent heaters,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 4(16), 3581–3591 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yang, D.

M. M. Menamparambath, C. M. Ajmal, K. H. Kim, D. Yang, J. Roh, H. C. Park, C. Kwak, J.-Y. Choi, and S. Baik, “Silver nanowires decorated with silver nanoparticles for low-haze flexible transparent conductive films,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 16371 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yeo, J.

S. Hong, H. Lee, J. Lee, J. Kwon, S. Han, Y. D. Suh, H. Cho, J. Shin, J. Yeo, and S. H. Ko, “Highly stretchable and transparent metal nanowire heater for wearable electronics applications,” Adv. Mater. 27(32), 4744–4751 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yoo, H.

B. Seong, H. Yoo, N. Vu Dat, Y. Jang, C. Ryu, and D. Byun, “Metal-mesh based transparent electrode on a 3-D curved surface by electrohydrodynamic jet printing,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 24(9), 097002 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yu, Z.

H. Wu, D. Kong, Z. Ruan, P.-C. Hsu, S. Wang, Z. Yu, T. J. Carney, L. Hu, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “A transparent electrode based on a metal nanotrough network,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 8(6), 421–425 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zakhidov, A.

A. Kaskela, A. G. Nasibulin, M. Y. Timmermans, B. Aitchison, A. Papadimitratos, Y. Tian, Z. Zhu, H. Jiang, D. P. Brown, A. Zakhidov, and E. I. Kauppinen, “Aerosol-synthesized SWCNT networks with tunable conductivity and transparency by a dry transfer technique,” Nano Lett. 10(11), 4349–4355 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zeng, M.

Q. Peng, S. Li, B. Han, Q. Rong, X. Lu, Q. Wang, M. Zeng, G. Zhou, J.-M. Liu, K. Kempa, and J. Gao, “Colossal figure of merit in transparent-conducting metallic ribbon networks,” Adv. Mater. Technol. 1(6), 1600095 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, C.

A. Khan, S. Lee, T. Jang, Z. Xiong, C. Zhang, J. Tang, L. J. Guo, and W. D. Li, “High-performance flexible transparent electrode with an embedded metal mesh fabricated by cost-effective solution process,” Small 12(22), 3021–3030 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, X.

B. Han, K. Pei, Y. Huang, X. Zhang, Q. Rong, Q. Lin, Y. Guo, T. Sun, C. Guo, D. Carnahan, M. Giersig, Y. Wang, J. Gao, Z. Ren, and K. Kempa, “Uniform self-forming metallic network as a high-performance transparent conductive electrode,” Adv. Mater. 26(6), 873–877 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zheng, Y.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y. J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Ozyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, G.

Q. Peng, S. Li, B. Han, Q. Rong, X. Lu, Q. Wang, M. Zeng, G. Zhou, J.-M. Liu, K. Kempa, and J. Gao, “Colossal figure of merit in transparent-conducting metallic ribbon networks,” Adv. Mater. Technol. 1(6), 1600095 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhu, Z.

A. Kaskela, A. G. Nasibulin, M. Y. Timmermans, B. Aitchison, A. Papadimitratos, Y. Tian, Z. Zhu, H. Jiang, D. P. Brown, A. Zakhidov, and E. I. Kauppinen, “Aerosol-synthesized SWCNT networks with tunable conductivity and transparency by a dry transfer technique,” Nano Lett. 10(11), 4349–4355 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces (2)

J. Jang, H.-G. Im, J. Jin, J. Lee, J.-Y. Lee, and B.-S. Bae, “A flexible and robust transparent conducting electrode platform using an electroplated silver grid/surface-embedded silver nanowire hybrid structure,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(40), 27035–27043 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Gupta, K. D. M. Rao, S. Kiruthika, and G. U. Kulkarni, “Visibly Transparent Heaters,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(20), 12559–12575 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Energy Mater. (1)

T. M. Barnes, M. O. Reese, J. D. Bergeson, B. A. Larsen, J. L. Blackburn, M. C. Beard, J. Bult, and J. van de Lagemaat, “Comparing the fundamental physics and device performance of transparent, conductive nanostructured networks with conventional transparent conducting oxides,” Adv. Energy Mater. 2(3), 353–360 (2012).
[Crossref]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

R. Menzel, S. Barg, M. Miranda, D. B. Anthony, S. M. Bawaked, M. Mokhtar, S. A. Al-Thabaiti, S. N. Basahel, E. Saiz, and M. S. P. Shaffer, “Joule heating characteristics of emulsion-templated graphene aerogels,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(1), 28–35 (2015).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (4)

D. S. Hecht, L. Hu, and G. Irvin, “Emerging transparent electrodes based on thin films of carbon nanotubes, graphene, and metallic nanostructures,” Adv. Mater. 23(13), 1482–1513 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. S. Hutter and R. A. Hatton, “A hybrid Copper:Tungsten suboxide window electrode for organic photovoltaics,” Adv. Mater. 27(2), 326–331 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Hong, H. Lee, J. Lee, J. Kwon, S. Han, Y. D. Suh, H. Cho, J. Shin, J. Yeo, and S. H. Ko, “Highly stretchable and transparent metal nanowire heater for wearable electronics applications,” Adv. Mater. 27(32), 4744–4751 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Han, K. Pei, Y. Huang, X. Zhang, Q. Rong, Q. Lin, Y. Guo, T. Sun, C. Guo, D. Carnahan, M. Giersig, Y. Wang, J. Gao, Z. Ren, and K. Kempa, “Uniform self-forming metallic network as a high-performance transparent conductive electrode,” Adv. Mater. 26(6), 873–877 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Mater. Technol. (1)

Q. Peng, S. Li, B. Han, Q. Rong, X. Lu, Q. Wang, M. Zeng, G. Zhou, J.-M. Liu, K. Kempa, and J. Gao, “Colossal figure of merit in transparent-conducting metallic ribbon networks,” Adv. Mater. Technol. 1(6), 1600095 (2016).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

Y. Kim, H. R. Lee, T. Saito, and Y. Nishi, “Ultra-thin and high-response transparent and flexible heater based on carbon nanotube film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(15), 153301 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. J. Pelaez, T. Kuhn, C. E. Rodriguez, and C. N. Afonso, “Dynamics of laser induced metal nanoparticle and pattern formation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(6), 061914 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

H. Z. Geng, K. K. Kim, K. P. So, Y. S. Lee, Y. Chang, and Y. H. Lee, “Effect of acid treatment on carbon nanotube-based flexible transparent conducting films,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129(25), 7758–7759 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Appl. Polym. Sci. (1)

D. Angmo and F. C. Krebs, “Flexible ITO-Free polymer solar cells,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 129(1), 1–14 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Chem. A Mater. Energy Sustain. (1)

H. J. Kim, Y. Kim, J. H. Jeong, J. H. Choi, J. Lee, and D. G. Choi, “A cupronickel-based micromesh film for use as a high-performance and low-voltage transparent heater,” J. Mater. Chem. A Mater. Energy Sustain. 3(32), 16621–16626 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices (1)

P. Li, J. Ma, H. Xu, X. Xue, and Y. Liu, “Highly stable copper wire/alumina/polyimide composite films for stretchable and transparent heaters,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 4(16), 3581–3591 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Micromech. Microeng. (1)

B. Seong, H. Yoo, N. Vu Dat, Y. Jang, C. Ryu, and D. Byun, “Metal-mesh based transparent electrode on a 3-D curved surface by electrohydrodynamic jet printing,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 24(9), 097002 (2014).
[Crossref]

Mater. Res. Express (1)

S. Kiruthika, K. D. M. Rao, A. Kumar, R. Gupta, and G. U. Kulkarni, “Metal wire network based transparent conducting electrodes fabricated using interconnected crackled layer as template,” Mater. Res. Express 1(2), 026301 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (3)

T. Gao, B. Wang, B. Ding, J. K. Lee, and P. W. Leu, “Uniform and ordered copper nanomeshes by microsphere lithography for transparent electrodes,” Nano Lett. 14(4), 2105–2110 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. van de Groep, P. Spinelli, and A. Polman, “Transparent Conducting Silver Nanowire Networks,” Nano Lett. 12(6), 3138–3144 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Kaskela, A. G. Nasibulin, M. Y. Timmermans, B. Aitchison, A. Papadimitratos, Y. Tian, Z. Zhu, H. Jiang, D. P. Brown, A. Zakhidov, and E. I. Kauppinen, “Aerosol-synthesized SWCNT networks with tunable conductivity and transparency by a dry transfer technique,” Nano Lett. 10(11), 4349–4355 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nanoscale (1)

A. Y. Kim, M. K. Kim, C. Hudaya, J. H. Park, D. Byun, J. C. Lim, and J. K. Lee, “Oxidation-resistant hybrid metal oxides/metal nanodots/silver nanowires for high performance flexible transparent heaters,” Nanoscale 8(6), 3307–3313 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nanoscale Res. Lett. (1)

Y. Li, K. Tsuchiya, H. Tohmyoh, and M. Saka, “Numerical analysis of the electrical failure of a metallic nanowire mesh due to Joule heating,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 8(1), 370 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nanotechnology (1)

D. Langley, G. Giusti, C. Mayousse, C. Celle, D. Bellet, and J.-P. Simonato, “Flexible transparent conductive materials based on silver nanowire networks: a review,” Nanotechnology 24(45), 452001 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Commun. (1)

H. Kang, S. Jung, S. Jeong, G. Kim, and K. Lee, “Polymer-metal hybrid transparent electrodes for flexible electronics,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 6503 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Mater. (1)

E. C. Garnett, W. Cai, J. J. Cha, F. Mahmood, S. T. Connor, M. Greyson Christoforo, Y. Cui, M. D. McGehee, and M. L. Brongersma, “Self-limited plasmonic welding of silver nanowire junctions,” Nat. Mater. 11(3), 241–249 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Nanotechnol. (2)

H. Wu, D. Kong, Z. Ruan, P.-C. Hsu, S. Wang, Z. Yu, T. J. Carney, L. Hu, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “A transparent electrode based on a metal nanotrough network,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 8(6), 421–425 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y. J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Ozyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

K. Ellmer, “Past achievements and future challenges in the development of optically transparent electrodes,” Nat. Photonics 6(12), 808–816 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Sci. Rep. (3)

M. M. Menamparambath, C. M. Ajmal, K. H. Kim, D. Yang, J. Roh, H. C. Park, C. Kwak, J.-Y. Choi, and S. Baik, “Silver nanowires decorated with silver nanoparticles for low-haze flexible transparent conductive films,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 16371 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Han, J. Lin, Y. Liu, H. Fu, Y. Ma, P. Jin, and J. Tan, “Crackle template based metallic mesh with highly homogeneous light transmission for high-performance transparent EMI shielding,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 25601 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Mohl, A. Dombovari, R. Vajtai, P. M. Ajayan, and K. Kordas, “Self-assembled large scale metal alloy grid patterns as flexible transparent conductive layers,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 13710 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Small (1)

A. Khan, S. Lee, T. Jang, Z. Xiong, C. Zhang, J. Tang, L. J. Guo, and W. D. Li, “High-performance flexible transparent electrode with an embedded metal mesh fabricated by cost-effective solution process,” Small 12(22), 3021–3030 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Thin Solid Films (1)

J. H. Kim, B. Du Ahn, C. H. Kim, K. A. Jeon, H. S. Kang, and S. Y. Lee, “Heat generation properties of Ga doped ZnO thin films prepared by rf-magnetron sputtering for transparent heaters,” Thin Solid Films 516(7), 1330–1333 (2008).
[Crossref]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic illustration of the fabrication process of the composite Ag-Ni mesh based TCF. (a) Spin-coating photoresist and laser direct writing of micro-grooves pattern. Pattern replication from the photoresist to a soft mold, then the microstructure is subsequently replicated with the soft stamp via UV nanoimprinting. Dispersing and scratching Ag ink into the microgrooves. Selectively electroplating Ni on the top of Ag mesh to form conductive grid. (b) SEM image of the patterned grid. The enlarged images indicate the detail of the composite Ag-Ni mesh (left to right). (c) Photograph of the large-area composite Ag-Ni mesh based TCFs (size: 40 cm x 30 cm), indicating its superior optical transparency and electric conductivity (left to right).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a-i) Surface profiles of the micro-grooves and (a-ii~v) of the conductive mesh grid after Ni deposition treatment of 0, 3 min, 6 min, and 9 min. The scale bar is 5 µm. (b) Deposition thickness and sheet resistance of the Ni as a function of the deposition time. (c) Transmittance and (d) haze spectrum of the composite Ag-Ni mesh with a period of 160 µm. (e) Optical transmittance versus the corresponding sheet resistance for the TCF. Performances of commercial ITO films, CNTs [5], graphene [6], Ag NWs [29], Ag grids [30], Cu film [31], and Cu nanotrough [32] are also shown for comparison. (f) The normalized variation in sheet resistance versus the number of cycles of the repeated bending to radii of 2.5 mm.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Temperature-time profiles of the composite Ag-Ni mesh based TCF heaters under different input voltages. (b) Temperature profiles of the proposed TCF at applied voltages of 0.5, 0.8, 1.0, 1.2 and 1.5 V. (c) Switching cycles under an applied voltage of 2 V. (d) Picture of the experimental setup. (e-g) Thermal images in bent positions while an input bias was applied.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Shielding performances of the composite Ag-Ni mesh based TCF. (a) Schematic illustration of the EMI SE measurement setup. (b) EMI SE curves of the composite Ag-Ni mesh based TCFs with different deposition thickness. (c) Simulation results of the SE. (d) Average EMI SE of the samples. (e) Measured EMI SE at elevated temperature from 20 °C to 70 °C. (f) EMI SE curves as a function of incident angle.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) EMI SE curves and (b) transmittance of the TCF with an average mesh distance 160, 250, 320, and 500 µm, respectively. Fitting curve of the average (c) EMI SE and (d) transmittance of the TCF with different Ag-Ni mesh distance.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) Picture of the grid pattern. (b) Optical diffraction pattern of a laser beam through the MM based TCF. The inset is the theoretical prediction by FFT.

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