Abstract

We propose a scheme to generate optical vortices through exciting exciton polariton vortices by a Gaussian beam in a pillar microcavity. With coupled Gross-Piteavskii equations we find that the structure of the exciton polariton vortices and antivortices shows a strong dependence on the microcavity radius, pump geometry, and nonlinear exciton-exciton interaction. Due to the nonlinear exciton-exciton interaction the strong Gaussian beam cannot excite more exciton polariton vortices or antivortices with respect to the weak one. The calculation demonstrates that the weak Gaussian beam can excite vortex-antivortex pairs, vortices with high total orbital angular momentum, and superposition states of vortex and antivortex with high total opposite orbital angular momentum. The pump geometry for the Gaussian beam to excite these vortex structures is analyzed in detail, which shows a potential application for generating optical vortex beams.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Theory of optically controlled anisotropic polariton transport in semiconductor double microcavities

Samuel M. H. Luk, P. Lewandowski, N. H. Kwong, E. Baudin, O. Lafont, J. Tignon, P. T. Leung, Ch. K. P. Chan, M. Babilon, Stefan Schumacher, and R. Binder
J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 35(1) 146-155 (2018)

Slow reflection and two-photon generation of microcavity exciton–polaritons

Mark Steger, Chitra Gautham, David W. Snoke, Loren Pfeiffer, and Ken West
Optica 2(1) 1-5 (2015)

Phonon-assisted exciton–polariton emission in a microcavity

Stanley Pau, Joseph Jacobson, Gunnar Björk, and Yoshihisa Yamamoto
J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13(5) 1078-1084 (1996)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of laguerre-gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. S. Franke-Arnold, L. Allen, and M. Padgett, “Advances in optical angular momentum,” Laser Photon. Rev. 2(4), 299–313 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  3. S. Zheng, W. Zhang, Z. Zhang, X. Jin, H. Chi, and X. Zhang, “Generation and propagation characteristics of electromagnetic vortices in radio frequency,” Photon. Res. 4(5), B9–B13 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  4. J. Wang, “Advances in communications using optical vortices,” Photon. Res. 4(5), B14–B28 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  5. O. Romero-Isart, C. Navau, A. Sanchez, P. Zoller, and J. I. Cirac, “Superconducting vortex lattices for ultracold atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(14), 145304 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. Y. Zhang, G. J. Sreejith, N. D. Gemelke, and J. K. Jain, “Fractional angular momentum in cold-atom systems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(16), 160404 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. S. Greschner, D. Huerga, G. Sun, D. Poletti, and L. Santos, “Density-dependent synthetic magnetism for ultracold atoms in optical lattices,” Phys. Rev. B 92(11), 115120 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  8. N. A. Chaitanya, S. C. Kumar, K. Devi, G. K. Samanta, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Ultrafast optical vortex beam generation in the ultraviolet,” Opt. Lett. 41(12), 2715–2718 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  9. Z. Liu, Y. Liu, Y. Ke, Y. Liu, W. Shu, H. Luo, and S. Wen, “Generation of arbitrary vector vortex beams on hybrid-order poincaré sphere,” Photon. Res. 5(1), 15–21 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  10. S. Fu, T. Wang, S. Zhang, Z. Zhang, Y. Zhai, and C. Gao, “Non-probe compensation of optical vortices carrying orbital angular momentum,” Photon. Res. 5(3), 251–255 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  11. M. D. Fraser, G. Roumpos, and Y. Yamamoto, “Vortex-antivortex pair dynamics in an exciton-polariton condensate,” New J. Phys. 11(11), 113048 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  12. K. Guda, M. Sich, D. Sarkar, P. M. Walker, M. Durska, R. A. Bradley, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, E. A. Cerda-Méndez, P. V. Santos, K. Biermann, R. Hey, and D. N. Krizhanovskii, “Spontaneous vortices in optically shaped potential profiles in semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. B 87(8), 081309 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  13. G. Dagvadorj, J. M. Fellows, S. Matyjaśkiewicz, F. M. Marchetti, I. Carusotto, and M. H. Szymańska, “Nonequilibrium phase transition in a two-dimensional driven open quantum system,” Phys. Rev. X 5(4), 041028 (2015).
  14. Y. V. Kartashov and D. V. Skryabin, “Modulational instability and solitary waves in polariton topological insulators,” Optica 3(11), 1228–1236 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  15. A. Kavokin and G. Malpuech, Cavity Polaritons (Academic Press, 2003).
  16. H. Deng, H. Haug, and Y. Yamamoto, “Exciton-polariton Bose-Einstein condensation,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82(2), 1489–1537 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  17. T. Horikiri, T. Byrnes, K. Kusudo, N. Ishida, Y. Matsuo, Y. Shikano, A. Löffler, S. Höfling, A. Forchel, and Y. Yamamoto, “Highly excited exciton-polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. B 95(24), 245122 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  18. K. S. Daskalakis, S. A. Maier, and S. Kéna-Cohen, “Spatial coherence and stability in a disordered organic polariton condensate,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(3), 035301 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. M. Thunert, A. Janot, H. Franke, C. Sturm, T. Michalsky, M. D. Martín, L. Viña, B. Rosenow, M. Grundmann, and R. Schmidt-Grund, “Cavity polariton condensate in a disordered environment,” Phys. Rev. B 93(6), 064203 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  20. G. Roumpos, M. D. Fraser, A. Löffler, S. Höfling, A. Forchel, and Y. Yamamoto, “Single vortex-antivortex pair in an exciton-polariton condensate,” Nat. Phys. 7(2), 129–133 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  21. X. Ma and S. Schumacher, “Vortex-vortex control in exciton-polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. B 95(23), 235301 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  22. O. E. Daïf, A. Baas, T. Guillet, J.-P. Brantut, R. I. Kaitouni, J. L. Staehli, F. Morier-Genoud, and B. Deveaud, “Polariton quantum boxes in semiconductor microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(6), 061105 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  23. A. Amo, S. Pigeon, C. Adrados, R. Houdré, E. Giacobino, C. Ciuti, and A. Bramati, “Light engineering of the polariton landscape in semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. B 82(8), 081301 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  24. E. Wertz, L. Ferrier, D. D. Solnyshkov, R. Johne, D. Sanvitto, A. Lemaître, I. Sagnes, R. Grousson, A. V. Kavokin, P. Senellart, G. Malpuech, and J. Bloch, “Spontaneous formation and optical manipulation of extended polariton condensates,” Nat. Phys. 6(11), 860–864 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  25. J. Jimenez-Garcia, P. Rodriguez, T. Guillet, and T. Ackemann, “Spontaneous formation of vector vortex beams in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with feedback,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 119(11), 113902 (2017).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. E. Cancellieri, T. Boulier, R. Hivet, D. Ballarini, D. Sanvitto, M. H. Szymanska, C. Ciuti, E. Giacobino, and A. Bramati, “Merging of vortices and antivortices in polariton superfluids,” Phys. Rev. B 90(21), 214518 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  27. G. Tosi, G. Christmann, N. G. Berloff, P. Tsotsis, T. Gao, Z. Hatzopoulos, P. G. Savvidis, and J. J. Baumberg, “Geometrically locked vortex lattices in semiconductor quantum fluids,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1243 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  28. F. I. Moxley, J. P. Dowling, W. Dai, and T. Byrnes, “Sagnac interferometry with coherent vortex superposition states in exciton-polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. A 93(5), 053603 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  29. K. T. Kapale and J. P. Dowling, “Vortex phase qubit: Generating arbitrary, counterrotating, coherent superpositions in Bose-Einstein condensates via optical angular momentum beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(17), 173601 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  30. R. Fickler, R. Lapkiewicz, W. N. Plick, M. Krenn, C. Schaeff, S. Ramelow, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum entanglement of high angular momenta,” Science 338(6107), 640–643 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  31. V. L. Y. Loke, T. Asavei, A. B. Stilgoe, T. A. Nieminen, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, “Driving corrugated donut rotors with laguerre-gauss beams,” Opt. Express 22(16), 19692–19706 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  32. A. Gauguet, B. Canuel, T. Lévèque, W. Chaibi, and A. Landragin, “Characterization and limits of a cold-atom Sagnac interferometer,” Phys. Rev. A 80(6), 063604 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  33. T. Byrnes, Y. Yamamoto, and P. van Loock, “Unconditional generation of bright coherent non-Gaussian light from exciton-polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. B 87(20), 201301 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  34. T. C. H. Liew, A. V. Kavokin, and I. A. Shelykh, “Excitation of vortices in semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. B 75(24), 241301 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  35. F. Manni, K. G. Lagoudakis, T. K. Paraïso, R. Cerna, Y. Léger, T. C. H. Liew, I. A. Shelykh, A. V. Kavokin, F. Morier-Genoud, and B. Deveaud-Plédran, “Spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. B 83(24), 241307 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  36. S. Dufferwiel, F. Li, E. Cancellieri, L. Giriunas, A. A. P. Trichet, D. M. Whittaker, P. M. Walker, F. Fras, E. Clarke, J. M. Smith, M. S. Skolnick, and D. N. Krizhanovskii, “Spin textures of exciton-polaritons in a tunable microcavity with large TE-TM splitting,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(24), 246401 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  37. D. M. Whittaker, “Vortices in the microcavity optical parametric oscillator,” Superlatt. Microstruct. 41(5), 297–300 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  38. F. M. Marchetti, M. H. Szymańska, C. Tejedor, and D. M. Whittaker, “Spontaneous and triggered vortices in polariton optical-parametric-oscillator superfluids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(6), 063902 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  39. Y. Zhang, G. Jin, and Y.-Q. Ma, “Boundary effects on the dynamics of exciton polaritons in semiconductor microcavities,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(3), 033105 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  40. K. Lagoudakis, The Physics of Exciton-Polariton Condensates (EPFL Press, 2013).
    [Crossref]
  41. T. Byrnes, N. Y. Kim, and Y. Yamamoto, “Exciton-polariton condensates,” Nat. Phys. 10(12), 803 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  42. A. Verger, C. Ciuti, and I. Carusotto, “Polariton quantum blockade in a photonic dot,” Phys. Rev. B 73(19), 193306 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  43. A. Amo, D. Sanvitto, F. P. Laussy, D. Ballarini, E. del Valle, M. D. Martin, A. Lemaître, J. Bloch, D. N. Krizhanovskii, M. S. Skolnick, C. Tejedor, and L. Viña, “Collective fluid dynamics of a polariton condensate in a semiconductor microcavity,” Nature 457(7227), 291–295 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  44. F. Manni, T. C. H. Liew, K. G. Lagoudakis, C. Ouellet-Plamondon, R. André, V. Savona, and B. Deveaud, “Spontaneous self-ordered states of vortex-antivortex pairs in a polariton condensate,” Phys. Rev. B 88(20), 201303 (2013).
    [Crossref]

2017 (5)

Z. Liu, Y. Liu, Y. Ke, Y. Liu, W. Shu, H. Luo, and S. Wen, “Generation of arbitrary vector vortex beams on hybrid-order poincaré sphere,” Photon. Res. 5(1), 15–21 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Fu, T. Wang, S. Zhang, Z. Zhang, Y. Zhai, and C. Gao, “Non-probe compensation of optical vortices carrying orbital angular momentum,” Photon. Res. 5(3), 251–255 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Horikiri, T. Byrnes, K. Kusudo, N. Ishida, Y. Matsuo, Y. Shikano, A. Löffler, S. Höfling, A. Forchel, and Y. Yamamoto, “Highly excited exciton-polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. B 95(24), 245122 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Ma and S. Schumacher, “Vortex-vortex control in exciton-polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. B 95(23), 235301 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Jimenez-Garcia, P. Rodriguez, T. Guillet, and T. Ackemann, “Spontaneous formation of vector vortex beams in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with feedback,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 119(11), 113902 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (6)

2015 (4)

S. Greschner, D. Huerga, G. Sun, D. Poletti, and L. Santos, “Density-dependent synthetic magnetism for ultracold atoms in optical lattices,” Phys. Rev. B 92(11), 115120 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. S. Daskalakis, S. A. Maier, and S. Kéna-Cohen, “Spatial coherence and stability in a disordered organic polariton condensate,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(3), 035301 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Dagvadorj, J. M. Fellows, S. Matyjaśkiewicz, F. M. Marchetti, I. Carusotto, and M. H. Szymańska, “Nonequilibrium phase transition in a two-dimensional driven open quantum system,” Phys. Rev. X 5(4), 041028 (2015).

S. Dufferwiel, F. Li, E. Cancellieri, L. Giriunas, A. A. P. Trichet, D. M. Whittaker, P. M. Walker, F. Fras, E. Clarke, J. M. Smith, M. S. Skolnick, and D. N. Krizhanovskii, “Spin textures of exciton-polaritons in a tunable microcavity with large TE-TM splitting,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(24), 246401 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (4)

V. L. Y. Loke, T. Asavei, A. B. Stilgoe, T. A. Nieminen, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, “Driving corrugated donut rotors with laguerre-gauss beams,” Opt. Express 22(16), 19692–19706 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Cancellieri, T. Boulier, R. Hivet, D. Ballarini, D. Sanvitto, M. H. Szymanska, C. Ciuti, E. Giacobino, and A. Bramati, “Merging of vortices and antivortices in polariton superfluids,” Phys. Rev. B 90(21), 214518 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, G. J. Sreejith, N. D. Gemelke, and J. K. Jain, “Fractional angular momentum in cold-atom systems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(16), 160404 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Byrnes, N. Y. Kim, and Y. Yamamoto, “Exciton-polariton condensates,” Nat. Phys. 10(12), 803 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (4)

F. Manni, T. C. H. Liew, K. G. Lagoudakis, C. Ouellet-Plamondon, R. André, V. Savona, and B. Deveaud, “Spontaneous self-ordered states of vortex-antivortex pairs in a polariton condensate,” Phys. Rev. B 88(20), 201303 (2013).
[Crossref]

O. Romero-Isart, C. Navau, A. Sanchez, P. Zoller, and J. I. Cirac, “Superconducting vortex lattices for ultracold atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(14), 145304 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Guda, M. Sich, D. Sarkar, P. M. Walker, M. Durska, R. A. Bradley, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, E. A. Cerda-Méndez, P. V. Santos, K. Biermann, R. Hey, and D. N. Krizhanovskii, “Spontaneous vortices in optically shaped potential profiles in semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. B 87(8), 081309 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Byrnes, Y. Yamamoto, and P. van Loock, “Unconditional generation of bright coherent non-Gaussian light from exciton-polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. B 87(20), 201301 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

R. Fickler, R. Lapkiewicz, W. N. Plick, M. Krenn, C. Schaeff, S. Ramelow, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum entanglement of high angular momenta,” Science 338(6107), 640–643 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Tosi, G. Christmann, N. G. Berloff, P. Tsotsis, T. Gao, Z. Hatzopoulos, P. G. Savvidis, and J. J. Baumberg, “Geometrically locked vortex lattices in semiconductor quantum fluids,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1243 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (2)

G. Roumpos, M. D. Fraser, A. Löffler, S. Höfling, A. Forchel, and Y. Yamamoto, “Single vortex-antivortex pair in an exciton-polariton condensate,” Nat. Phys. 7(2), 129–133 (2011).
[Crossref]

F. Manni, K. G. Lagoudakis, T. K. Paraïso, R. Cerna, Y. Léger, T. C. H. Liew, I. A. Shelykh, A. V. Kavokin, F. Morier-Genoud, and B. Deveaud-Plédran, “Spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. B 83(24), 241307 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (4)

F. M. Marchetti, M. H. Szymańska, C. Tejedor, and D. M. Whittaker, “Spontaneous and triggered vortices in polariton optical-parametric-oscillator superfluids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(6), 063902 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Deng, H. Haug, and Y. Yamamoto, “Exciton-polariton Bose-Einstein condensation,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82(2), 1489–1537 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. Amo, S. Pigeon, C. Adrados, R. Houdré, E. Giacobino, C. Ciuti, and A. Bramati, “Light engineering of the polariton landscape in semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. B 82(8), 081301 (2010).
[Crossref]

E. Wertz, L. Ferrier, D. D. Solnyshkov, R. Johne, D. Sanvitto, A. Lemaître, I. Sagnes, R. Grousson, A. V. Kavokin, P. Senellart, G. Malpuech, and J. Bloch, “Spontaneous formation and optical manipulation of extended polariton condensates,” Nat. Phys. 6(11), 860–864 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (4)

A. Gauguet, B. Canuel, T. Lévèque, W. Chaibi, and A. Landragin, “Characterization and limits of a cold-atom Sagnac interferometer,” Phys. Rev. A 80(6), 063604 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. D. Fraser, G. Roumpos, and Y. Yamamoto, “Vortex-antivortex pair dynamics in an exciton-polariton condensate,” New J. Phys. 11(11), 113048 (2009).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, G. Jin, and Y.-Q. Ma, “Boundary effects on the dynamics of exciton polaritons in semiconductor microcavities,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(3), 033105 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Amo, D. Sanvitto, F. P. Laussy, D. Ballarini, E. del Valle, M. D. Martin, A. Lemaître, J. Bloch, D. N. Krizhanovskii, M. S. Skolnick, C. Tejedor, and L. Viña, “Collective fluid dynamics of a polariton condensate in a semiconductor microcavity,” Nature 457(7227), 291–295 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

S. Franke-Arnold, L. Allen, and M. Padgett, “Advances in optical angular momentum,” Laser Photon. Rev. 2(4), 299–313 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

T. C. H. Liew, A. V. Kavokin, and I. A. Shelykh, “Excitation of vortices in semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. B 75(24), 241301 (2007).
[Crossref]

D. M. Whittaker, “Vortices in the microcavity optical parametric oscillator,” Superlatt. Microstruct. 41(5), 297–300 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

O. E. Daïf, A. Baas, T. Guillet, J.-P. Brantut, R. I. Kaitouni, J. L. Staehli, F. Morier-Genoud, and B. Deveaud, “Polariton quantum boxes in semiconductor microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(6), 061105 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Verger, C. Ciuti, and I. Carusotto, “Polariton quantum blockade in a photonic dot,” Phys. Rev. B 73(19), 193306 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

K. T. Kapale and J. P. Dowling, “Vortex phase qubit: Generating arbitrary, counterrotating, coherent superpositions in Bose-Einstein condensates via optical angular momentum beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(17), 173601 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of laguerre-gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ackemann, T.

J. Jimenez-Garcia, P. Rodriguez, T. Guillet, and T. Ackemann, “Spontaneous formation of vector vortex beams in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with feedback,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 119(11), 113902 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adrados, C.

A. Amo, S. Pigeon, C. Adrados, R. Houdré, E. Giacobino, C. Ciuti, and A. Bramati, “Light engineering of the polariton landscape in semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. B 82(8), 081301 (2010).
[Crossref]

Allen, L.

S. Franke-Arnold, L. Allen, and M. Padgett, “Advances in optical angular momentum,” Laser Photon. Rev. 2(4), 299–313 (2008).
[Crossref]

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of laguerre-gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Amo, A.

A. Amo, S. Pigeon, C. Adrados, R. Houdré, E. Giacobino, C. Ciuti, and A. Bramati, “Light engineering of the polariton landscape in semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. B 82(8), 081301 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. Amo, D. Sanvitto, F. P. Laussy, D. Ballarini, E. del Valle, M. D. Martin, A. Lemaître, J. Bloch, D. N. Krizhanovskii, M. S. Skolnick, C. Tejedor, and L. Viña, “Collective fluid dynamics of a polariton condensate in a semiconductor microcavity,” Nature 457(7227), 291–295 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

André, R.

F. Manni, T. C. H. Liew, K. G. Lagoudakis, C. Ouellet-Plamondon, R. André, V. Savona, and B. Deveaud, “Spontaneous self-ordered states of vortex-antivortex pairs in a polariton condensate,” Phys. Rev. B 88(20), 201303 (2013).
[Crossref]

Asavei, T.

Baas, A.

O. E. Daïf, A. Baas, T. Guillet, J.-P. Brantut, R. I. Kaitouni, J. L. Staehli, F. Morier-Genoud, and B. Deveaud, “Polariton quantum boxes in semiconductor microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(6), 061105 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ballarini, D.

E. Cancellieri, T. Boulier, R. Hivet, D. Ballarini, D. Sanvitto, M. H. Szymanska, C. Ciuti, E. Giacobino, and A. Bramati, “Merging of vortices and antivortices in polariton superfluids,” Phys. Rev. B 90(21), 214518 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Amo, D. Sanvitto, F. P. Laussy, D. Ballarini, E. del Valle, M. D. Martin, A. Lemaître, J. Bloch, D. N. Krizhanovskii, M. S. Skolnick, C. Tejedor, and L. Viña, “Collective fluid dynamics of a polariton condensate in a semiconductor microcavity,” Nature 457(7227), 291–295 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baumberg, J. J.

G. Tosi, G. Christmann, N. G. Berloff, P. Tsotsis, T. Gao, Z. Hatzopoulos, P. G. Savvidis, and J. J. Baumberg, “Geometrically locked vortex lattices in semiconductor quantum fluids,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1243 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Beijersbergen, M. W.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of laguerre-gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Berloff, N. G.

G. Tosi, G. Christmann, N. G. Berloff, P. Tsotsis, T. Gao, Z. Hatzopoulos, P. G. Savvidis, and J. J. Baumberg, “Geometrically locked vortex lattices in semiconductor quantum fluids,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1243 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Biermann, K.

K. Guda, M. Sich, D. Sarkar, P. M. Walker, M. Durska, R. A. Bradley, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, E. A. Cerda-Méndez, P. V. Santos, K. Biermann, R. Hey, and D. N. Krizhanovskii, “Spontaneous vortices in optically shaped potential profiles in semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. B 87(8), 081309 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bloch, J.

E. Wertz, L. Ferrier, D. D. Solnyshkov, R. Johne, D. Sanvitto, A. Lemaître, I. Sagnes, R. Grousson, A. V. Kavokin, P. Senellart, G. Malpuech, and J. Bloch, “Spontaneous formation and optical manipulation of extended polariton condensates,” Nat. Phys. 6(11), 860–864 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. Amo, D. Sanvitto, F. P. Laussy, D. Ballarini, E. del Valle, M. D. Martin, A. Lemaître, J. Bloch, D. N. Krizhanovskii, M. S. Skolnick, C. Tejedor, and L. Viña, “Collective fluid dynamics of a polariton condensate in a semiconductor microcavity,” Nature 457(7227), 291–295 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Boulier, T.

E. Cancellieri, T. Boulier, R. Hivet, D. Ballarini, D. Sanvitto, M. H. Szymanska, C. Ciuti, E. Giacobino, and A. Bramati, “Merging of vortices and antivortices in polariton superfluids,” Phys. Rev. B 90(21), 214518 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bradley, R. A.

K. Guda, M. Sich, D. Sarkar, P. M. Walker, M. Durska, R. A. Bradley, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, E. A. Cerda-Méndez, P. V. Santos, K. Biermann, R. Hey, and D. N. Krizhanovskii, “Spontaneous vortices in optically shaped potential profiles in semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. B 87(8), 081309 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bramati, A.

E. Cancellieri, T. Boulier, R. Hivet, D. Ballarini, D. Sanvitto, M. H. Szymanska, C. Ciuti, E. Giacobino, and A. Bramati, “Merging of vortices and antivortices in polariton superfluids,” Phys. Rev. B 90(21), 214518 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Amo, S. Pigeon, C. Adrados, R. Houdré, E. Giacobino, C. Ciuti, and A. Bramati, “Light engineering of the polariton landscape in semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. B 82(8), 081301 (2010).
[Crossref]

Brantut, J.-P.

O. E. Daïf, A. Baas, T. Guillet, J.-P. Brantut, R. I. Kaitouni, J. L. Staehli, F. Morier-Genoud, and B. Deveaud, “Polariton quantum boxes in semiconductor microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(6), 061105 (2006).
[Crossref]

Byrnes, T.

T. Horikiri, T. Byrnes, K. Kusudo, N. Ishida, Y. Matsuo, Y. Shikano, A. Löffler, S. Höfling, A. Forchel, and Y. Yamamoto, “Highly excited exciton-polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. B 95(24), 245122 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. I. Moxley, J. P. Dowling, W. Dai, and T. Byrnes, “Sagnac interferometry with coherent vortex superposition states in exciton-polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. A 93(5), 053603 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Byrnes, N. Y. Kim, and Y. Yamamoto, “Exciton-polariton condensates,” Nat. Phys. 10(12), 803 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Byrnes, Y. Yamamoto, and P. van Loock, “Unconditional generation of bright coherent non-Gaussian light from exciton-polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. B 87(20), 201301 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cancellieri, E.

S. Dufferwiel, F. Li, E. Cancellieri, L. Giriunas, A. A. P. Trichet, D. M. Whittaker, P. M. Walker, F. Fras, E. Clarke, J. M. Smith, M. S. Skolnick, and D. N. Krizhanovskii, “Spin textures of exciton-polaritons in a tunable microcavity with large TE-TM splitting,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(24), 246401 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Cancellieri, T. Boulier, R. Hivet, D. Ballarini, D. Sanvitto, M. H. Szymanska, C. Ciuti, E. Giacobino, and A. Bramati, “Merging of vortices and antivortices in polariton superfluids,” Phys. Rev. B 90(21), 214518 (2014).
[Crossref]

Canuel, B.

A. Gauguet, B. Canuel, T. Lévèque, W. Chaibi, and A. Landragin, “Characterization and limits of a cold-atom Sagnac interferometer,” Phys. Rev. A 80(6), 063604 (2009).
[Crossref]

Carusotto, I.

G. Dagvadorj, J. M. Fellows, S. Matyjaśkiewicz, F. M. Marchetti, I. Carusotto, and M. H. Szymańska, “Nonequilibrium phase transition in a two-dimensional driven open quantum system,” Phys. Rev. X 5(4), 041028 (2015).

A. Verger, C. Ciuti, and I. Carusotto, “Polariton quantum blockade in a photonic dot,” Phys. Rev. B 73(19), 193306 (2006).
[Crossref]

Cerda-Méndez, E. A.

K. Guda, M. Sich, D. Sarkar, P. M. Walker, M. Durska, R. A. Bradley, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, E. A. Cerda-Méndez, P. V. Santos, K. Biermann, R. Hey, and D. N. Krizhanovskii, “Spontaneous vortices in optically shaped potential profiles in semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. B 87(8), 081309 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cerna, R.

F. Manni, K. G. Lagoudakis, T. K. Paraïso, R. Cerna, Y. Léger, T. C. H. Liew, I. A. Shelykh, A. V. Kavokin, F. Morier-Genoud, and B. Deveaud-Plédran, “Spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. B 83(24), 241307 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chaibi, W.

A. Gauguet, B. Canuel, T. Lévèque, W. Chaibi, and A. Landragin, “Characterization and limits of a cold-atom Sagnac interferometer,” Phys. Rev. A 80(6), 063604 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chaitanya, N. A.

Chi, H.

Christmann, G.

G. Tosi, G. Christmann, N. G. Berloff, P. Tsotsis, T. Gao, Z. Hatzopoulos, P. G. Savvidis, and J. J. Baumberg, “Geometrically locked vortex lattices in semiconductor quantum fluids,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1243 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cirac, J. I.

O. Romero-Isart, C. Navau, A. Sanchez, P. Zoller, and J. I. Cirac, “Superconducting vortex lattices for ultracold atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(14), 145304 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ciuti, C.

E. Cancellieri, T. Boulier, R. Hivet, D. Ballarini, D. Sanvitto, M. H. Szymanska, C. Ciuti, E. Giacobino, and A. Bramati, “Merging of vortices and antivortices in polariton superfluids,” Phys. Rev. B 90(21), 214518 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Amo, S. Pigeon, C. Adrados, R. Houdré, E. Giacobino, C. Ciuti, and A. Bramati, “Light engineering of the polariton landscape in semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. B 82(8), 081301 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. Verger, C. Ciuti, and I. Carusotto, “Polariton quantum blockade in a photonic dot,” Phys. Rev. B 73(19), 193306 (2006).
[Crossref]

Clarke, E.

S. Dufferwiel, F. Li, E. Cancellieri, L. Giriunas, A. A. P. Trichet, D. M. Whittaker, P. M. Walker, F. Fras, E. Clarke, J. M. Smith, M. S. Skolnick, and D. N. Krizhanovskii, “Spin textures of exciton-polaritons in a tunable microcavity with large TE-TM splitting,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(24), 246401 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dagvadorj, G.

G. Dagvadorj, J. M. Fellows, S. Matyjaśkiewicz, F. M. Marchetti, I. Carusotto, and M. H. Szymańska, “Nonequilibrium phase transition in a two-dimensional driven open quantum system,” Phys. Rev. X 5(4), 041028 (2015).

Dai, W.

F. I. Moxley, J. P. Dowling, W. Dai, and T. Byrnes, “Sagnac interferometry with coherent vortex superposition states in exciton-polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. A 93(5), 053603 (2016).
[Crossref]

Daïf, O. E.

O. E. Daïf, A. Baas, T. Guillet, J.-P. Brantut, R. I. Kaitouni, J. L. Staehli, F. Morier-Genoud, and B. Deveaud, “Polariton quantum boxes in semiconductor microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(6), 061105 (2006).
[Crossref]

Daskalakis, K. S.

K. S. Daskalakis, S. A. Maier, and S. Kéna-Cohen, “Spatial coherence and stability in a disordered organic polariton condensate,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(3), 035301 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

del Valle, E.

A. Amo, D. Sanvitto, F. P. Laussy, D. Ballarini, E. del Valle, M. D. Martin, A. Lemaître, J. Bloch, D. N. Krizhanovskii, M. S. Skolnick, C. Tejedor, and L. Viña, “Collective fluid dynamics of a polariton condensate in a semiconductor microcavity,” Nature 457(7227), 291–295 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Deng, H.

H. Deng, H. Haug, and Y. Yamamoto, “Exciton-polariton Bose-Einstein condensation,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82(2), 1489–1537 (2010).
[Crossref]

Deveaud, B.

F. Manni, T. C. H. Liew, K. G. Lagoudakis, C. Ouellet-Plamondon, R. André, V. Savona, and B. Deveaud, “Spontaneous self-ordered states of vortex-antivortex pairs in a polariton condensate,” Phys. Rev. B 88(20), 201303 (2013).
[Crossref]

O. E. Daïf, A. Baas, T. Guillet, J.-P. Brantut, R. I. Kaitouni, J. L. Staehli, F. Morier-Genoud, and B. Deveaud, “Polariton quantum boxes in semiconductor microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(6), 061105 (2006).
[Crossref]

Deveaud-Plédran, B.

F. Manni, K. G. Lagoudakis, T. K. Paraïso, R. Cerna, Y. Léger, T. C. H. Liew, I. A. Shelykh, A. V. Kavokin, F. Morier-Genoud, and B. Deveaud-Plédran, “Spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. B 83(24), 241307 (2011).
[Crossref]

Devi, K.

Dowling, J. P.

F. I. Moxley, J. P. Dowling, W. Dai, and T. Byrnes, “Sagnac interferometry with coherent vortex superposition states in exciton-polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. A 93(5), 053603 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. T. Kapale and J. P. Dowling, “Vortex phase qubit: Generating arbitrary, counterrotating, coherent superpositions in Bose-Einstein condensates via optical angular momentum beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(17), 173601 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dufferwiel, S.

S. Dufferwiel, F. Li, E. Cancellieri, L. Giriunas, A. A. P. Trichet, D. M. Whittaker, P. M. Walker, F. Fras, E. Clarke, J. M. Smith, M. S. Skolnick, and D. N. Krizhanovskii, “Spin textures of exciton-polaritons in a tunable microcavity with large TE-TM splitting,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(24), 246401 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Durska, M.

K. Guda, M. Sich, D. Sarkar, P. M. Walker, M. Durska, R. A. Bradley, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, E. A. Cerda-Méndez, P. V. Santos, K. Biermann, R. Hey, and D. N. Krizhanovskii, “Spontaneous vortices in optically shaped potential profiles in semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. B 87(8), 081309 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ebrahim-Zadeh, M.

Fellows, J. M.

G. Dagvadorj, J. M. Fellows, S. Matyjaśkiewicz, F. M. Marchetti, I. Carusotto, and M. H. Szymańska, “Nonequilibrium phase transition in a two-dimensional driven open quantum system,” Phys. Rev. X 5(4), 041028 (2015).

Ferrier, L.

E. Wertz, L. Ferrier, D. D. Solnyshkov, R. Johne, D. Sanvitto, A. Lemaître, I. Sagnes, R. Grousson, A. V. Kavokin, P. Senellart, G. Malpuech, and J. Bloch, “Spontaneous formation and optical manipulation of extended polariton condensates,” Nat. Phys. 6(11), 860–864 (2010).
[Crossref]

Fickler, R.

R. Fickler, R. Lapkiewicz, W. N. Plick, M. Krenn, C. Schaeff, S. Ramelow, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum entanglement of high angular momenta,” Science 338(6107), 640–643 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Forchel, A.

T. Horikiri, T. Byrnes, K. Kusudo, N. Ishida, Y. Matsuo, Y. Shikano, A. Löffler, S. Höfling, A. Forchel, and Y. Yamamoto, “Highly excited exciton-polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. B 95(24), 245122 (2017).
[Crossref]

G. Roumpos, M. D. Fraser, A. Löffler, S. Höfling, A. Forchel, and Y. Yamamoto, “Single vortex-antivortex pair in an exciton-polariton condensate,” Nat. Phys. 7(2), 129–133 (2011).
[Crossref]

Franke, H.

M. Thunert, A. Janot, H. Franke, C. Sturm, T. Michalsky, M. D. Martín, L. Viña, B. Rosenow, M. Grundmann, and R. Schmidt-Grund, “Cavity polariton condensate in a disordered environment,” Phys. Rev. B 93(6), 064203 (2016).
[Crossref]

Franke-Arnold, S.

S. Franke-Arnold, L. Allen, and M. Padgett, “Advances in optical angular momentum,” Laser Photon. Rev. 2(4), 299–313 (2008).
[Crossref]

Fras, F.

S. Dufferwiel, F. Li, E. Cancellieri, L. Giriunas, A. A. P. Trichet, D. M. Whittaker, P. M. Walker, F. Fras, E. Clarke, J. M. Smith, M. S. Skolnick, and D. N. Krizhanovskii, “Spin textures of exciton-polaritons in a tunable microcavity with large TE-TM splitting,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(24), 246401 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fraser, M. D.

G. Roumpos, M. D. Fraser, A. Löffler, S. Höfling, A. Forchel, and Y. Yamamoto, “Single vortex-antivortex pair in an exciton-polariton condensate,” Nat. Phys. 7(2), 129–133 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. D. Fraser, G. Roumpos, and Y. Yamamoto, “Vortex-antivortex pair dynamics in an exciton-polariton condensate,” New J. Phys. 11(11), 113048 (2009).
[Crossref]

Fu, S.

Gao, C.

Gao, T.

G. Tosi, G. Christmann, N. G. Berloff, P. Tsotsis, T. Gao, Z. Hatzopoulos, P. G. Savvidis, and J. J. Baumberg, “Geometrically locked vortex lattices in semiconductor quantum fluids,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1243 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gauguet, A.

A. Gauguet, B. Canuel, T. Lévèque, W. Chaibi, and A. Landragin, “Characterization and limits of a cold-atom Sagnac interferometer,” Phys. Rev. A 80(6), 063604 (2009).
[Crossref]

Gemelke, N. D.

Y. Zhang, G. J. Sreejith, N. D. Gemelke, and J. K. Jain, “Fractional angular momentum in cold-atom systems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(16), 160404 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Giacobino, E.

E. Cancellieri, T. Boulier, R. Hivet, D. Ballarini, D. Sanvitto, M. H. Szymanska, C. Ciuti, E. Giacobino, and A. Bramati, “Merging of vortices and antivortices in polariton superfluids,” Phys. Rev. B 90(21), 214518 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Amo, S. Pigeon, C. Adrados, R. Houdré, E. Giacobino, C. Ciuti, and A. Bramati, “Light engineering of the polariton landscape in semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. B 82(8), 081301 (2010).
[Crossref]

Giriunas, L.

S. Dufferwiel, F. Li, E. Cancellieri, L. Giriunas, A. A. P. Trichet, D. M. Whittaker, P. M. Walker, F. Fras, E. Clarke, J. M. Smith, M. S. Skolnick, and D. N. Krizhanovskii, “Spin textures of exciton-polaritons in a tunable microcavity with large TE-TM splitting,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(24), 246401 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Greschner, S.

S. Greschner, D. Huerga, G. Sun, D. Poletti, and L. Santos, “Density-dependent synthetic magnetism for ultracold atoms in optical lattices,” Phys. Rev. B 92(11), 115120 (2015).
[Crossref]

Grousson, R.

E. Wertz, L. Ferrier, D. D. Solnyshkov, R. Johne, D. Sanvitto, A. Lemaître, I. Sagnes, R. Grousson, A. V. Kavokin, P. Senellart, G. Malpuech, and J. Bloch, “Spontaneous formation and optical manipulation of extended polariton condensates,” Nat. Phys. 6(11), 860–864 (2010).
[Crossref]

Grundmann, M.

M. Thunert, A. Janot, H. Franke, C. Sturm, T. Michalsky, M. D. Martín, L. Viña, B. Rosenow, M. Grundmann, and R. Schmidt-Grund, “Cavity polariton condensate in a disordered environment,” Phys. Rev. B 93(6), 064203 (2016).
[Crossref]

Guda, K.

K. Guda, M. Sich, D. Sarkar, P. M. Walker, M. Durska, R. A. Bradley, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, E. A. Cerda-Méndez, P. V. Santos, K. Biermann, R. Hey, and D. N. Krizhanovskii, “Spontaneous vortices in optically shaped potential profiles in semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. B 87(8), 081309 (2013).
[Crossref]

Guillet, T.

J. Jimenez-Garcia, P. Rodriguez, T. Guillet, and T. Ackemann, “Spontaneous formation of vector vortex beams in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with feedback,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 119(11), 113902 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. E. Daïf, A. Baas, T. Guillet, J.-P. Brantut, R. I. Kaitouni, J. L. Staehli, F. Morier-Genoud, and B. Deveaud, “Polariton quantum boxes in semiconductor microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(6), 061105 (2006).
[Crossref]

Hatzopoulos, Z.

G. Tosi, G. Christmann, N. G. Berloff, P. Tsotsis, T. Gao, Z. Hatzopoulos, P. G. Savvidis, and J. J. Baumberg, “Geometrically locked vortex lattices in semiconductor quantum fluids,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1243 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Haug, H.

H. Deng, H. Haug, and Y. Yamamoto, “Exciton-polariton Bose-Einstein condensation,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82(2), 1489–1537 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hey, R.

K. Guda, M. Sich, D. Sarkar, P. M. Walker, M. Durska, R. A. Bradley, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, E. A. Cerda-Méndez, P. V. Santos, K. Biermann, R. Hey, and D. N. Krizhanovskii, “Spontaneous vortices in optically shaped potential profiles in semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. B 87(8), 081309 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hivet, R.

E. Cancellieri, T. Boulier, R. Hivet, D. Ballarini, D. Sanvitto, M. H. Szymanska, C. Ciuti, E. Giacobino, and A. Bramati, “Merging of vortices and antivortices in polariton superfluids,” Phys. Rev. B 90(21), 214518 (2014).
[Crossref]

Höfling, S.

T. Horikiri, T. Byrnes, K. Kusudo, N. Ishida, Y. Matsuo, Y. Shikano, A. Löffler, S. Höfling, A. Forchel, and Y. Yamamoto, “Highly excited exciton-polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. B 95(24), 245122 (2017).
[Crossref]

G. Roumpos, M. D. Fraser, A. Löffler, S. Höfling, A. Forchel, and Y. Yamamoto, “Single vortex-antivortex pair in an exciton-polariton condensate,” Nat. Phys. 7(2), 129–133 (2011).
[Crossref]

Horikiri, T.

T. Horikiri, T. Byrnes, K. Kusudo, N. Ishida, Y. Matsuo, Y. Shikano, A. Löffler, S. Höfling, A. Forchel, and Y. Yamamoto, “Highly excited exciton-polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. B 95(24), 245122 (2017).
[Crossref]

Houdré, R.

A. Amo, S. Pigeon, C. Adrados, R. Houdré, E. Giacobino, C. Ciuti, and A. Bramati, “Light engineering of the polariton landscape in semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. B 82(8), 081301 (2010).
[Crossref]

Huerga, D.

S. Greschner, D. Huerga, G. Sun, D. Poletti, and L. Santos, “Density-dependent synthetic magnetism for ultracold atoms in optical lattices,” Phys. Rev. B 92(11), 115120 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ishida, N.

T. Horikiri, T. Byrnes, K. Kusudo, N. Ishida, Y. Matsuo, Y. Shikano, A. Löffler, S. Höfling, A. Forchel, and Y. Yamamoto, “Highly excited exciton-polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. B 95(24), 245122 (2017).
[Crossref]

Jain, J. K.

Y. Zhang, G. J. Sreejith, N. D. Gemelke, and J. K. Jain, “Fractional angular momentum in cold-atom systems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(16), 160404 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Janot, A.

M. Thunert, A. Janot, H. Franke, C. Sturm, T. Michalsky, M. D. Martín, L. Viña, B. Rosenow, M. Grundmann, and R. Schmidt-Grund, “Cavity polariton condensate in a disordered environment,” Phys. Rev. B 93(6), 064203 (2016).
[Crossref]

Jimenez-Garcia, J.

J. Jimenez-Garcia, P. Rodriguez, T. Guillet, and T. Ackemann, “Spontaneous formation of vector vortex beams in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with feedback,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 119(11), 113902 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jin, G.

Y. Zhang, G. Jin, and Y.-Q. Ma, “Boundary effects on the dynamics of exciton polaritons in semiconductor microcavities,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(3), 033105 (2009).
[Crossref]

Jin, X.

Johne, R.

E. Wertz, L. Ferrier, D. D. Solnyshkov, R. Johne, D. Sanvitto, A. Lemaître, I. Sagnes, R. Grousson, A. V. Kavokin, P. Senellart, G. Malpuech, and J. Bloch, “Spontaneous formation and optical manipulation of extended polariton condensates,” Nat. Phys. 6(11), 860–864 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kaitouni, R. I.

O. E. Daïf, A. Baas, T. Guillet, J.-P. Brantut, R. I. Kaitouni, J. L. Staehli, F. Morier-Genoud, and B. Deveaud, “Polariton quantum boxes in semiconductor microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(6), 061105 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kapale, K. T.

K. T. Kapale and J. P. Dowling, “Vortex phase qubit: Generating arbitrary, counterrotating, coherent superpositions in Bose-Einstein condensates via optical angular momentum beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(17), 173601 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kartashov, Y. V.

Kavokin, A.

A. Kavokin and G. Malpuech, Cavity Polaritons (Academic Press, 2003).

Kavokin, A. V.

F. Manni, K. G. Lagoudakis, T. K. Paraïso, R. Cerna, Y. Léger, T. C. H. Liew, I. A. Shelykh, A. V. Kavokin, F. Morier-Genoud, and B. Deveaud-Plédran, “Spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. B 83(24), 241307 (2011).
[Crossref]

E. Wertz, L. Ferrier, D. D. Solnyshkov, R. Johne, D. Sanvitto, A. Lemaître, I. Sagnes, R. Grousson, A. V. Kavokin, P. Senellart, G. Malpuech, and J. Bloch, “Spontaneous formation and optical manipulation of extended polariton condensates,” Nat. Phys. 6(11), 860–864 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. C. H. Liew, A. V. Kavokin, and I. A. Shelykh, “Excitation of vortices in semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. B 75(24), 241301 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ke, Y.

Kéna-Cohen, S.

K. S. Daskalakis, S. A. Maier, and S. Kéna-Cohen, “Spatial coherence and stability in a disordered organic polariton condensate,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(3), 035301 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, N. Y.

T. Byrnes, N. Y. Kim, and Y. Yamamoto, “Exciton-polariton condensates,” Nat. Phys. 10(12), 803 (2014).
[Crossref]

Krenn, M.

R. Fickler, R. Lapkiewicz, W. N. Plick, M. Krenn, C. Schaeff, S. Ramelow, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum entanglement of high angular momenta,” Science 338(6107), 640–643 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Krizhanovskii, D. N.

S. Dufferwiel, F. Li, E. Cancellieri, L. Giriunas, A. A. P. Trichet, D. M. Whittaker, P. M. Walker, F. Fras, E. Clarke, J. M. Smith, M. S. Skolnick, and D. N. Krizhanovskii, “Spin textures of exciton-polaritons in a tunable microcavity with large TE-TM splitting,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(24), 246401 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Guda, M. Sich, D. Sarkar, P. M. Walker, M. Durska, R. A. Bradley, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, E. A. Cerda-Méndez, P. V. Santos, K. Biermann, R. Hey, and D. N. Krizhanovskii, “Spontaneous vortices in optically shaped potential profiles in semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. B 87(8), 081309 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Amo, D. Sanvitto, F. P. Laussy, D. Ballarini, E. del Valle, M. D. Martin, A. Lemaître, J. Bloch, D. N. Krizhanovskii, M. S. Skolnick, C. Tejedor, and L. Viña, “Collective fluid dynamics of a polariton condensate in a semiconductor microcavity,” Nature 457(7227), 291–295 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kumar, S. C.

Kusudo, K.

T. Horikiri, T. Byrnes, K. Kusudo, N. Ishida, Y. Matsuo, Y. Shikano, A. Löffler, S. Höfling, A. Forchel, and Y. Yamamoto, “Highly excited exciton-polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. B 95(24), 245122 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lagoudakis, K.

K. Lagoudakis, The Physics of Exciton-Polariton Condensates (EPFL Press, 2013).
[Crossref]

Lagoudakis, K. G.

F. Manni, T. C. H. Liew, K. G. Lagoudakis, C. Ouellet-Plamondon, R. André, V. Savona, and B. Deveaud, “Spontaneous self-ordered states of vortex-antivortex pairs in a polariton condensate,” Phys. Rev. B 88(20), 201303 (2013).
[Crossref]

F. Manni, K. G. Lagoudakis, T. K. Paraïso, R. Cerna, Y. Léger, T. C. H. Liew, I. A. Shelykh, A. V. Kavokin, F. Morier-Genoud, and B. Deveaud-Plédran, “Spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. B 83(24), 241307 (2011).
[Crossref]

Landragin, A.

A. Gauguet, B. Canuel, T. Lévèque, W. Chaibi, and A. Landragin, “Characterization and limits of a cold-atom Sagnac interferometer,” Phys. Rev. A 80(6), 063604 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lapkiewicz, R.

R. Fickler, R. Lapkiewicz, W. N. Plick, M. Krenn, C. Schaeff, S. Ramelow, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum entanglement of high angular momenta,” Science 338(6107), 640–643 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Laussy, F. P.

A. Amo, D. Sanvitto, F. P. Laussy, D. Ballarini, E. del Valle, M. D. Martin, A. Lemaître, J. Bloch, D. N. Krizhanovskii, M. S. Skolnick, C. Tejedor, and L. Viña, “Collective fluid dynamics of a polariton condensate in a semiconductor microcavity,” Nature 457(7227), 291–295 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Léger, Y.

F. Manni, K. G. Lagoudakis, T. K. Paraïso, R. Cerna, Y. Léger, T. C. H. Liew, I. A. Shelykh, A. V. Kavokin, F. Morier-Genoud, and B. Deveaud-Plédran, “Spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. B 83(24), 241307 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lemaître, A.

E. Wertz, L. Ferrier, D. D. Solnyshkov, R. Johne, D. Sanvitto, A. Lemaître, I. Sagnes, R. Grousson, A. V. Kavokin, P. Senellart, G. Malpuech, and J. Bloch, “Spontaneous formation and optical manipulation of extended polariton condensates,” Nat. Phys. 6(11), 860–864 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. Amo, D. Sanvitto, F. P. Laussy, D. Ballarini, E. del Valle, M. D. Martin, A. Lemaître, J. Bloch, D. N. Krizhanovskii, M. S. Skolnick, C. Tejedor, and L. Viña, “Collective fluid dynamics of a polariton condensate in a semiconductor microcavity,” Nature 457(7227), 291–295 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lévèque, T.

A. Gauguet, B. Canuel, T. Lévèque, W. Chaibi, and A. Landragin, “Characterization and limits of a cold-atom Sagnac interferometer,” Phys. Rev. A 80(6), 063604 (2009).
[Crossref]

Li, F.

S. Dufferwiel, F. Li, E. Cancellieri, L. Giriunas, A. A. P. Trichet, D. M. Whittaker, P. M. Walker, F. Fras, E. Clarke, J. M. Smith, M. S. Skolnick, and D. N. Krizhanovskii, “Spin textures of exciton-polaritons in a tunable microcavity with large TE-TM splitting,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(24), 246401 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liew, T. C. H.

F. Manni, T. C. H. Liew, K. G. Lagoudakis, C. Ouellet-Plamondon, R. André, V. Savona, and B. Deveaud, “Spontaneous self-ordered states of vortex-antivortex pairs in a polariton condensate,” Phys. Rev. B 88(20), 201303 (2013).
[Crossref]

F. Manni, K. G. Lagoudakis, T. K. Paraïso, R. Cerna, Y. Léger, T. C. H. Liew, I. A. Shelykh, A. V. Kavokin, F. Morier-Genoud, and B. Deveaud-Plédran, “Spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. B 83(24), 241307 (2011).
[Crossref]

T. C. H. Liew, A. V. Kavokin, and I. A. Shelykh, “Excitation of vortices in semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. B 75(24), 241301 (2007).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

Liu, Z.

Löffler, A.

T. Horikiri, T. Byrnes, K. Kusudo, N. Ishida, Y. Matsuo, Y. Shikano, A. Löffler, S. Höfling, A. Forchel, and Y. Yamamoto, “Highly excited exciton-polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. B 95(24), 245122 (2017).
[Crossref]

G. Roumpos, M. D. Fraser, A. Löffler, S. Höfling, A. Forchel, and Y. Yamamoto, “Single vortex-antivortex pair in an exciton-polariton condensate,” Nat. Phys. 7(2), 129–133 (2011).
[Crossref]

Loke, V. L. Y.

Luo, H.

Ma, X.

X. Ma and S. Schumacher, “Vortex-vortex control in exciton-polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. B 95(23), 235301 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ma, Y.-Q.

Y. Zhang, G. Jin, and Y.-Q. Ma, “Boundary effects on the dynamics of exciton polaritons in semiconductor microcavities,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(3), 033105 (2009).
[Crossref]

Maier, S. A.

K. S. Daskalakis, S. A. Maier, and S. Kéna-Cohen, “Spatial coherence and stability in a disordered organic polariton condensate,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(3), 035301 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Malpuech, G.

E. Wertz, L. Ferrier, D. D. Solnyshkov, R. Johne, D. Sanvitto, A. Lemaître, I. Sagnes, R. Grousson, A. V. Kavokin, P. Senellart, G. Malpuech, and J. Bloch, “Spontaneous formation and optical manipulation of extended polariton condensates,” Nat. Phys. 6(11), 860–864 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. Kavokin and G. Malpuech, Cavity Polaritons (Academic Press, 2003).

Manni, F.

F. Manni, T. C. H. Liew, K. G. Lagoudakis, C. Ouellet-Plamondon, R. André, V. Savona, and B. Deveaud, “Spontaneous self-ordered states of vortex-antivortex pairs in a polariton condensate,” Phys. Rev. B 88(20), 201303 (2013).
[Crossref]

F. Manni, K. G. Lagoudakis, T. K. Paraïso, R. Cerna, Y. Léger, T. C. H. Liew, I. A. Shelykh, A. V. Kavokin, F. Morier-Genoud, and B. Deveaud-Plédran, “Spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. B 83(24), 241307 (2011).
[Crossref]

Marchetti, F. M.

G. Dagvadorj, J. M. Fellows, S. Matyjaśkiewicz, F. M. Marchetti, I. Carusotto, and M. H. Szymańska, “Nonequilibrium phase transition in a two-dimensional driven open quantum system,” Phys. Rev. X 5(4), 041028 (2015).

F. M. Marchetti, M. H. Szymańska, C. Tejedor, and D. M. Whittaker, “Spontaneous and triggered vortices in polariton optical-parametric-oscillator superfluids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(6), 063902 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Martin, M. D.

A. Amo, D. Sanvitto, F. P. Laussy, D. Ballarini, E. del Valle, M. D. Martin, A. Lemaître, J. Bloch, D. N. Krizhanovskii, M. S. Skolnick, C. Tejedor, and L. Viña, “Collective fluid dynamics of a polariton condensate in a semiconductor microcavity,” Nature 457(7227), 291–295 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Martín, M. D.

M. Thunert, A. Janot, H. Franke, C. Sturm, T. Michalsky, M. D. Martín, L. Viña, B. Rosenow, M. Grundmann, and R. Schmidt-Grund, “Cavity polariton condensate in a disordered environment,” Phys. Rev. B 93(6), 064203 (2016).
[Crossref]

Matsuo, Y.

T. Horikiri, T. Byrnes, K. Kusudo, N. Ishida, Y. Matsuo, Y. Shikano, A. Löffler, S. Höfling, A. Forchel, and Y. Yamamoto, “Highly excited exciton-polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. B 95(24), 245122 (2017).
[Crossref]

Matyjaskiewicz, S.

G. Dagvadorj, J. M. Fellows, S. Matyjaśkiewicz, F. M. Marchetti, I. Carusotto, and M. H. Szymańska, “Nonequilibrium phase transition in a two-dimensional driven open quantum system,” Phys. Rev. X 5(4), 041028 (2015).

Michalsky, T.

M. Thunert, A. Janot, H. Franke, C. Sturm, T. Michalsky, M. D. Martín, L. Viña, B. Rosenow, M. Grundmann, and R. Schmidt-Grund, “Cavity polariton condensate in a disordered environment,” Phys. Rev. B 93(6), 064203 (2016).
[Crossref]

Morier-Genoud, F.

F. Manni, K. G. Lagoudakis, T. K. Paraïso, R. Cerna, Y. Léger, T. C. H. Liew, I. A. Shelykh, A. V. Kavokin, F. Morier-Genoud, and B. Deveaud-Plédran, “Spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. B 83(24), 241307 (2011).
[Crossref]

O. E. Daïf, A. Baas, T. Guillet, J.-P. Brantut, R. I. Kaitouni, J. L. Staehli, F. Morier-Genoud, and B. Deveaud, “Polariton quantum boxes in semiconductor microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(6), 061105 (2006).
[Crossref]

Moxley, F. I.

F. I. Moxley, J. P. Dowling, W. Dai, and T. Byrnes, “Sagnac interferometry with coherent vortex superposition states in exciton-polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. A 93(5), 053603 (2016).
[Crossref]

Navau, C.

O. Romero-Isart, C. Navau, A. Sanchez, P. Zoller, and J. I. Cirac, “Superconducting vortex lattices for ultracold atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(14), 145304 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nieminen, T. A.

Ouellet-Plamondon, C.

F. Manni, T. C. H. Liew, K. G. Lagoudakis, C. Ouellet-Plamondon, R. André, V. Savona, and B. Deveaud, “Spontaneous self-ordered states of vortex-antivortex pairs in a polariton condensate,” Phys. Rev. B 88(20), 201303 (2013).
[Crossref]

Padgett, M.

S. Franke-Arnold, L. Allen, and M. Padgett, “Advances in optical angular momentum,” Laser Photon. Rev. 2(4), 299–313 (2008).
[Crossref]

Paraïso, T. K.

F. Manni, K. G. Lagoudakis, T. K. Paraïso, R. Cerna, Y. Léger, T. C. H. Liew, I. A. Shelykh, A. V. Kavokin, F. Morier-Genoud, and B. Deveaud-Plédran, “Spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. B 83(24), 241307 (2011).
[Crossref]

Pigeon, S.

A. Amo, S. Pigeon, C. Adrados, R. Houdré, E. Giacobino, C. Ciuti, and A. Bramati, “Light engineering of the polariton landscape in semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. B 82(8), 081301 (2010).
[Crossref]

Plick, W. N.

R. Fickler, R. Lapkiewicz, W. N. Plick, M. Krenn, C. Schaeff, S. Ramelow, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum entanglement of high angular momenta,” Science 338(6107), 640–643 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Poletti, D.

S. Greschner, D. Huerga, G. Sun, D. Poletti, and L. Santos, “Density-dependent synthetic magnetism for ultracold atoms in optical lattices,” Phys. Rev. B 92(11), 115120 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ramelow, S.

R. Fickler, R. Lapkiewicz, W. N. Plick, M. Krenn, C. Schaeff, S. Ramelow, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum entanglement of high angular momenta,” Science 338(6107), 640–643 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rodriguez, P.

J. Jimenez-Garcia, P. Rodriguez, T. Guillet, and T. Ackemann, “Spontaneous formation of vector vortex beams in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with feedback,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 119(11), 113902 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Romero-Isart, O.

O. Romero-Isart, C. Navau, A. Sanchez, P. Zoller, and J. I. Cirac, “Superconducting vortex lattices for ultracold atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(14), 145304 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rosenow, B.

M. Thunert, A. Janot, H. Franke, C. Sturm, T. Michalsky, M. D. Martín, L. Viña, B. Rosenow, M. Grundmann, and R. Schmidt-Grund, “Cavity polariton condensate in a disordered environment,” Phys. Rev. B 93(6), 064203 (2016).
[Crossref]

Roumpos, G.

G. Roumpos, M. D. Fraser, A. Löffler, S. Höfling, A. Forchel, and Y. Yamamoto, “Single vortex-antivortex pair in an exciton-polariton condensate,” Nat. Phys. 7(2), 129–133 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. D. Fraser, G. Roumpos, and Y. Yamamoto, “Vortex-antivortex pair dynamics in an exciton-polariton condensate,” New J. Phys. 11(11), 113048 (2009).
[Crossref]

Rubinsztein-Dunlop, H.

Sagnes, I.

E. Wertz, L. Ferrier, D. D. Solnyshkov, R. Johne, D. Sanvitto, A. Lemaître, I. Sagnes, R. Grousson, A. V. Kavokin, P. Senellart, G. Malpuech, and J. Bloch, “Spontaneous formation and optical manipulation of extended polariton condensates,” Nat. Phys. 6(11), 860–864 (2010).
[Crossref]

Samanta, G. K.

Sanchez, A.

O. Romero-Isart, C. Navau, A. Sanchez, P. Zoller, and J. I. Cirac, “Superconducting vortex lattices for ultracold atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(14), 145304 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Santos, L.

S. Greschner, D. Huerga, G. Sun, D. Poletti, and L. Santos, “Density-dependent synthetic magnetism for ultracold atoms in optical lattices,” Phys. Rev. B 92(11), 115120 (2015).
[Crossref]

Santos, P. V.

K. Guda, M. Sich, D. Sarkar, P. M. Walker, M. Durska, R. A. Bradley, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, E. A. Cerda-Méndez, P. V. Santos, K. Biermann, R. Hey, and D. N. Krizhanovskii, “Spontaneous vortices in optically shaped potential profiles in semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. B 87(8), 081309 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sanvitto, D.

E. Cancellieri, T. Boulier, R. Hivet, D. Ballarini, D. Sanvitto, M. H. Szymanska, C. Ciuti, E. Giacobino, and A. Bramati, “Merging of vortices and antivortices in polariton superfluids,” Phys. Rev. B 90(21), 214518 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. Wertz, L. Ferrier, D. D. Solnyshkov, R. Johne, D. Sanvitto, A. Lemaître, I. Sagnes, R. Grousson, A. V. Kavokin, P. Senellart, G. Malpuech, and J. Bloch, “Spontaneous formation and optical manipulation of extended polariton condensates,” Nat. Phys. 6(11), 860–864 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. Amo, D. Sanvitto, F. P. Laussy, D. Ballarini, E. del Valle, M. D. Martin, A. Lemaître, J. Bloch, D. N. Krizhanovskii, M. S. Skolnick, C. Tejedor, and L. Viña, “Collective fluid dynamics of a polariton condensate in a semiconductor microcavity,” Nature 457(7227), 291–295 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sarkar, D.

K. Guda, M. Sich, D. Sarkar, P. M. Walker, M. Durska, R. A. Bradley, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, E. A. Cerda-Méndez, P. V. Santos, K. Biermann, R. Hey, and D. N. Krizhanovskii, “Spontaneous vortices in optically shaped potential profiles in semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. B 87(8), 081309 (2013).
[Crossref]

Savona, V.

F. Manni, T. C. H. Liew, K. G. Lagoudakis, C. Ouellet-Plamondon, R. André, V. Savona, and B. Deveaud, “Spontaneous self-ordered states of vortex-antivortex pairs in a polariton condensate,” Phys. Rev. B 88(20), 201303 (2013).
[Crossref]

Savvidis, P. G.

G. Tosi, G. Christmann, N. G. Berloff, P. Tsotsis, T. Gao, Z. Hatzopoulos, P. G. Savvidis, and J. J. Baumberg, “Geometrically locked vortex lattices in semiconductor quantum fluids,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1243 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schaeff, C.

R. Fickler, R. Lapkiewicz, W. N. Plick, M. Krenn, C. Schaeff, S. Ramelow, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum entanglement of high angular momenta,” Science 338(6107), 640–643 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schmidt-Grund, R.

M. Thunert, A. Janot, H. Franke, C. Sturm, T. Michalsky, M. D. Martín, L. Viña, B. Rosenow, M. Grundmann, and R. Schmidt-Grund, “Cavity polariton condensate in a disordered environment,” Phys. Rev. B 93(6), 064203 (2016).
[Crossref]

Schumacher, S.

X. Ma and S. Schumacher, “Vortex-vortex control in exciton-polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. B 95(23), 235301 (2017).
[Crossref]

Senellart, P.

E. Wertz, L. Ferrier, D. D. Solnyshkov, R. Johne, D. Sanvitto, A. Lemaître, I. Sagnes, R. Grousson, A. V. Kavokin, P. Senellart, G. Malpuech, and J. Bloch, “Spontaneous formation and optical manipulation of extended polariton condensates,” Nat. Phys. 6(11), 860–864 (2010).
[Crossref]

Shelykh, I. A.

F. Manni, K. G. Lagoudakis, T. K. Paraïso, R. Cerna, Y. Léger, T. C. H. Liew, I. A. Shelykh, A. V. Kavokin, F. Morier-Genoud, and B. Deveaud-Plédran, “Spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. B 83(24), 241307 (2011).
[Crossref]

T. C. H. Liew, A. V. Kavokin, and I. A. Shelykh, “Excitation of vortices in semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. B 75(24), 241301 (2007).
[Crossref]

Shikano, Y.

T. Horikiri, T. Byrnes, K. Kusudo, N. Ishida, Y. Matsuo, Y. Shikano, A. Löffler, S. Höfling, A. Forchel, and Y. Yamamoto, “Highly excited exciton-polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. B 95(24), 245122 (2017).
[Crossref]

Shu, W.

Sich, M.

K. Guda, M. Sich, D. Sarkar, P. M. Walker, M. Durska, R. A. Bradley, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, E. A. Cerda-Méndez, P. V. Santos, K. Biermann, R. Hey, and D. N. Krizhanovskii, “Spontaneous vortices in optically shaped potential profiles in semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. B 87(8), 081309 (2013).
[Crossref]

Skolnick, M. S.

S. Dufferwiel, F. Li, E. Cancellieri, L. Giriunas, A. A. P. Trichet, D. M. Whittaker, P. M. Walker, F. Fras, E. Clarke, J. M. Smith, M. S. Skolnick, and D. N. Krizhanovskii, “Spin textures of exciton-polaritons in a tunable microcavity with large TE-TM splitting,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(24), 246401 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Guda, M. Sich, D. Sarkar, P. M. Walker, M. Durska, R. A. Bradley, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, E. A. Cerda-Méndez, P. V. Santos, K. Biermann, R. Hey, and D. N. Krizhanovskii, “Spontaneous vortices in optically shaped potential profiles in semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. B 87(8), 081309 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Amo, D. Sanvitto, F. P. Laussy, D. Ballarini, E. del Valle, M. D. Martin, A. Lemaître, J. Bloch, D. N. Krizhanovskii, M. S. Skolnick, C. Tejedor, and L. Viña, “Collective fluid dynamics of a polariton condensate in a semiconductor microcavity,” Nature 457(7227), 291–295 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Skryabin, D. V.

Smith, J. M.

S. Dufferwiel, F. Li, E. Cancellieri, L. Giriunas, A. A. P. Trichet, D. M. Whittaker, P. M. Walker, F. Fras, E. Clarke, J. M. Smith, M. S. Skolnick, and D. N. Krizhanovskii, “Spin textures of exciton-polaritons in a tunable microcavity with large TE-TM splitting,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(24), 246401 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Solnyshkov, D. D.

E. Wertz, L. Ferrier, D. D. Solnyshkov, R. Johne, D. Sanvitto, A. Lemaître, I. Sagnes, R. Grousson, A. V. Kavokin, P. Senellart, G. Malpuech, and J. Bloch, “Spontaneous formation and optical manipulation of extended polariton condensates,” Nat. Phys. 6(11), 860–864 (2010).
[Crossref]

Spreeuw, R. J. C.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of laguerre-gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sreejith, G. J.

Y. Zhang, G. J. Sreejith, N. D. Gemelke, and J. K. Jain, “Fractional angular momentum in cold-atom systems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(16), 160404 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Staehli, J. L.

O. E. Daïf, A. Baas, T. Guillet, J.-P. Brantut, R. I. Kaitouni, J. L. Staehli, F. Morier-Genoud, and B. Deveaud, “Polariton quantum boxes in semiconductor microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(6), 061105 (2006).
[Crossref]

Stilgoe, A. B.

Sturm, C.

M. Thunert, A. Janot, H. Franke, C. Sturm, T. Michalsky, M. D. Martín, L. Viña, B. Rosenow, M. Grundmann, and R. Schmidt-Grund, “Cavity polariton condensate in a disordered environment,” Phys. Rev. B 93(6), 064203 (2016).
[Crossref]

Sun, G.

S. Greschner, D. Huerga, G. Sun, D. Poletti, and L. Santos, “Density-dependent synthetic magnetism for ultracold atoms in optical lattices,” Phys. Rev. B 92(11), 115120 (2015).
[Crossref]

Szymanska, M. H.

G. Dagvadorj, J. M. Fellows, S. Matyjaśkiewicz, F. M. Marchetti, I. Carusotto, and M. H. Szymańska, “Nonequilibrium phase transition in a two-dimensional driven open quantum system,” Phys. Rev. X 5(4), 041028 (2015).

E. Cancellieri, T. Boulier, R. Hivet, D. Ballarini, D. Sanvitto, M. H. Szymanska, C. Ciuti, E. Giacobino, and A. Bramati, “Merging of vortices and antivortices in polariton superfluids,” Phys. Rev. B 90(21), 214518 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. M. Marchetti, M. H. Szymańska, C. Tejedor, and D. M. Whittaker, “Spontaneous and triggered vortices in polariton optical-parametric-oscillator superfluids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(6), 063902 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tejedor, C.

F. M. Marchetti, M. H. Szymańska, C. Tejedor, and D. M. Whittaker, “Spontaneous and triggered vortices in polariton optical-parametric-oscillator superfluids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(6), 063902 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Amo, D. Sanvitto, F. P. Laussy, D. Ballarini, E. del Valle, M. D. Martin, A. Lemaître, J. Bloch, D. N. Krizhanovskii, M. S. Skolnick, C. Tejedor, and L. Viña, “Collective fluid dynamics of a polariton condensate in a semiconductor microcavity,” Nature 457(7227), 291–295 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Thunert, M.

M. Thunert, A. Janot, H. Franke, C. Sturm, T. Michalsky, M. D. Martín, L. Viña, B. Rosenow, M. Grundmann, and R. Schmidt-Grund, “Cavity polariton condensate in a disordered environment,” Phys. Rev. B 93(6), 064203 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tosi, G.

G. Tosi, G. Christmann, N. G. Berloff, P. Tsotsis, T. Gao, Z. Hatzopoulos, P. G. Savvidis, and J. J. Baumberg, “Geometrically locked vortex lattices in semiconductor quantum fluids,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1243 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Trichet, A. A. P.

S. Dufferwiel, F. Li, E. Cancellieri, L. Giriunas, A. A. P. Trichet, D. M. Whittaker, P. M. Walker, F. Fras, E. Clarke, J. M. Smith, M. S. Skolnick, and D. N. Krizhanovskii, “Spin textures of exciton-polaritons in a tunable microcavity with large TE-TM splitting,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(24), 246401 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tsotsis, P.

G. Tosi, G. Christmann, N. G. Berloff, P. Tsotsis, T. Gao, Z. Hatzopoulos, P. G. Savvidis, and J. J. Baumberg, “Geometrically locked vortex lattices in semiconductor quantum fluids,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1243 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

van Loock, P.

T. Byrnes, Y. Yamamoto, and P. van Loock, “Unconditional generation of bright coherent non-Gaussian light from exciton-polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. B 87(20), 201301 (2013).
[Crossref]

Verger, A.

A. Verger, C. Ciuti, and I. Carusotto, “Polariton quantum blockade in a photonic dot,” Phys. Rev. B 73(19), 193306 (2006).
[Crossref]

Viña, L.

M. Thunert, A. Janot, H. Franke, C. Sturm, T. Michalsky, M. D. Martín, L. Viña, B. Rosenow, M. Grundmann, and R. Schmidt-Grund, “Cavity polariton condensate in a disordered environment,” Phys. Rev. B 93(6), 064203 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Amo, D. Sanvitto, F. P. Laussy, D. Ballarini, E. del Valle, M. D. Martin, A. Lemaître, J. Bloch, D. N. Krizhanovskii, M. S. Skolnick, C. Tejedor, and L. Viña, “Collective fluid dynamics of a polariton condensate in a semiconductor microcavity,” Nature 457(7227), 291–295 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Walker, P. M.

S. Dufferwiel, F. Li, E. Cancellieri, L. Giriunas, A. A. P. Trichet, D. M. Whittaker, P. M. Walker, F. Fras, E. Clarke, J. M. Smith, M. S. Skolnick, and D. N. Krizhanovskii, “Spin textures of exciton-polaritons in a tunable microcavity with large TE-TM splitting,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(24), 246401 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Guda, M. Sich, D. Sarkar, P. M. Walker, M. Durska, R. A. Bradley, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, E. A. Cerda-Méndez, P. V. Santos, K. Biermann, R. Hey, and D. N. Krizhanovskii, “Spontaneous vortices in optically shaped potential profiles in semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. B 87(8), 081309 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

Wang, T.

Wen, S.

Wertz, E.

E. Wertz, L. Ferrier, D. D. Solnyshkov, R. Johne, D. Sanvitto, A. Lemaître, I. Sagnes, R. Grousson, A. V. Kavokin, P. Senellart, G. Malpuech, and J. Bloch, “Spontaneous formation and optical manipulation of extended polariton condensates,” Nat. Phys. 6(11), 860–864 (2010).
[Crossref]

Whittaker, D. M.

S. Dufferwiel, F. Li, E. Cancellieri, L. Giriunas, A. A. P. Trichet, D. M. Whittaker, P. M. Walker, F. Fras, E. Clarke, J. M. Smith, M. S. Skolnick, and D. N. Krizhanovskii, “Spin textures of exciton-polaritons in a tunable microcavity with large TE-TM splitting,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(24), 246401 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Guda, M. Sich, D. Sarkar, P. M. Walker, M. Durska, R. A. Bradley, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, E. A. Cerda-Méndez, P. V. Santos, K. Biermann, R. Hey, and D. N. Krizhanovskii, “Spontaneous vortices in optically shaped potential profiles in semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. B 87(8), 081309 (2013).
[Crossref]

F. M. Marchetti, M. H. Szymańska, C. Tejedor, and D. M. Whittaker, “Spontaneous and triggered vortices in polariton optical-parametric-oscillator superfluids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(6), 063902 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. M. Whittaker, “Vortices in the microcavity optical parametric oscillator,” Superlatt. Microstruct. 41(5), 297–300 (2007).
[Crossref]

Woerdman, J. P.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of laguerre-gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yamamoto, Y.

T. Horikiri, T. Byrnes, K. Kusudo, N. Ishida, Y. Matsuo, Y. Shikano, A. Löffler, S. Höfling, A. Forchel, and Y. Yamamoto, “Highly excited exciton-polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. B 95(24), 245122 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Byrnes, N. Y. Kim, and Y. Yamamoto, “Exciton-polariton condensates,” Nat. Phys. 10(12), 803 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Byrnes, Y. Yamamoto, and P. van Loock, “Unconditional generation of bright coherent non-Gaussian light from exciton-polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. B 87(20), 201301 (2013).
[Crossref]

G. Roumpos, M. D. Fraser, A. Löffler, S. Höfling, A. Forchel, and Y. Yamamoto, “Single vortex-antivortex pair in an exciton-polariton condensate,” Nat. Phys. 7(2), 129–133 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. Deng, H. Haug, and Y. Yamamoto, “Exciton-polariton Bose-Einstein condensation,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82(2), 1489–1537 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. D. Fraser, G. Roumpos, and Y. Yamamoto, “Vortex-antivortex pair dynamics in an exciton-polariton condensate,” New J. Phys. 11(11), 113048 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zeilinger, A.

R. Fickler, R. Lapkiewicz, W. N. Plick, M. Krenn, C. Schaeff, S. Ramelow, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum entanglement of high angular momenta,” Science 338(6107), 640–643 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhai, Y.

Zhang, S.

Zhang, W.

Zhang, X.

Zhang, Y.

Y. Zhang, G. J. Sreejith, N. D. Gemelke, and J. K. Jain, “Fractional angular momentum in cold-atom systems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(16), 160404 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhang, G. Jin, and Y.-Q. Ma, “Boundary effects on the dynamics of exciton polaritons in semiconductor microcavities,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(3), 033105 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Z.

Zheng, S.

Zoller, P.

O. Romero-Isart, C. Navau, A. Sanchez, P. Zoller, and J. I. Cirac, “Superconducting vortex lattices for ultracold atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(14), 145304 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

O. E. Daïf, A. Baas, T. Guillet, J.-P. Brantut, R. I. Kaitouni, J. L. Staehli, F. Morier-Genoud, and B. Deveaud, “Polariton quantum boxes in semiconductor microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(6), 061105 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Zhang, G. Jin, and Y.-Q. Ma, “Boundary effects on the dynamics of exciton polaritons in semiconductor microcavities,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(3), 033105 (2009).
[Crossref]

Laser Photon. Rev. (1)

S. Franke-Arnold, L. Allen, and M. Padgett, “Advances in optical angular momentum,” Laser Photon. Rev. 2(4), 299–313 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (1)

G. Tosi, G. Christmann, N. G. Berloff, P. Tsotsis, T. Gao, Z. Hatzopoulos, P. G. Savvidis, and J. J. Baumberg, “Geometrically locked vortex lattices in semiconductor quantum fluids,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1243 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Phys. (3)

G. Roumpos, M. D. Fraser, A. Löffler, S. Höfling, A. Forchel, and Y. Yamamoto, “Single vortex-antivortex pair in an exciton-polariton condensate,” Nat. Phys. 7(2), 129–133 (2011).
[Crossref]

E. Wertz, L. Ferrier, D. D. Solnyshkov, R. Johne, D. Sanvitto, A. Lemaître, I. Sagnes, R. Grousson, A. V. Kavokin, P. Senellart, G. Malpuech, and J. Bloch, “Spontaneous formation and optical manipulation of extended polariton condensates,” Nat. Phys. 6(11), 860–864 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. Byrnes, N. Y. Kim, and Y. Yamamoto, “Exciton-polariton condensates,” Nat. Phys. 10(12), 803 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

A. Amo, D. Sanvitto, F. P. Laussy, D. Ballarini, E. del Valle, M. D. Martin, A. Lemaître, J. Bloch, D. N. Krizhanovskii, M. S. Skolnick, C. Tejedor, and L. Viña, “Collective fluid dynamics of a polariton condensate in a semiconductor microcavity,” Nature 457(7227), 291–295 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

New J. Phys. (1)

M. D. Fraser, G. Roumpos, and Y. Yamamoto, “Vortex-antivortex pair dynamics in an exciton-polariton condensate,” New J. Phys. 11(11), 113048 (2009).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Optica (1)

Photon. Res. (4)

Phys. Rev. A (3)

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of laguerre-gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Gauguet, B. Canuel, T. Lévèque, W. Chaibi, and A. Landragin, “Characterization and limits of a cold-atom Sagnac interferometer,” Phys. Rev. A 80(6), 063604 (2009).
[Crossref]

F. I. Moxley, J. P. Dowling, W. Dai, and T. Byrnes, “Sagnac interferometry with coherent vortex superposition states in exciton-polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. A 93(5), 053603 (2016).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B (12)

X. Ma and S. Schumacher, “Vortex-vortex control in exciton-polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. B 95(23), 235301 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Amo, S. Pigeon, C. Adrados, R. Houdré, E. Giacobino, C. Ciuti, and A. Bramati, “Light engineering of the polariton landscape in semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. B 82(8), 081301 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. Byrnes, Y. Yamamoto, and P. van Loock, “Unconditional generation of bright coherent non-Gaussian light from exciton-polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. B 87(20), 201301 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. C. H. Liew, A. V. Kavokin, and I. A. Shelykh, “Excitation of vortices in semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. B 75(24), 241301 (2007).
[Crossref]

F. Manni, K. G. Lagoudakis, T. K. Paraïso, R. Cerna, Y. Léger, T. C. H. Liew, I. A. Shelykh, A. V. Kavokin, F. Morier-Genoud, and B. Deveaud-Plédran, “Spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. B 83(24), 241307 (2011).
[Crossref]

E. Cancellieri, T. Boulier, R. Hivet, D. Ballarini, D. Sanvitto, M. H. Szymanska, C. Ciuti, E. Giacobino, and A. Bramati, “Merging of vortices and antivortices in polariton superfluids,” Phys. Rev. B 90(21), 214518 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Greschner, D. Huerga, G. Sun, D. Poletti, and L. Santos, “Density-dependent synthetic magnetism for ultracold atoms in optical lattices,” Phys. Rev. B 92(11), 115120 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. Guda, M. Sich, D. Sarkar, P. M. Walker, M. Durska, R. A. Bradley, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, E. A. Cerda-Méndez, P. V. Santos, K. Biermann, R. Hey, and D. N. Krizhanovskii, “Spontaneous vortices in optically shaped potential profiles in semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. B 87(8), 081309 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Horikiri, T. Byrnes, K. Kusudo, N. Ishida, Y. Matsuo, Y. Shikano, A. Löffler, S. Höfling, A. Forchel, and Y. Yamamoto, “Highly excited exciton-polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. B 95(24), 245122 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Thunert, A. Janot, H. Franke, C. Sturm, T. Michalsky, M. D. Martín, L. Viña, B. Rosenow, M. Grundmann, and R. Schmidt-Grund, “Cavity polariton condensate in a disordered environment,” Phys. Rev. B 93(6), 064203 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. Manni, T. C. H. Liew, K. G. Lagoudakis, C. Ouellet-Plamondon, R. André, V. Savona, and B. Deveaud, “Spontaneous self-ordered states of vortex-antivortex pairs in a polariton condensate,” Phys. Rev. B 88(20), 201303 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Verger, C. Ciuti, and I. Carusotto, “Polariton quantum blockade in a photonic dot,” Phys. Rev. B 73(19), 193306 (2006).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (7)

K. S. Daskalakis, S. A. Maier, and S. Kéna-Cohen, “Spatial coherence and stability in a disordered organic polariton condensate,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(3), 035301 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Romero-Isart, C. Navau, A. Sanchez, P. Zoller, and J. I. Cirac, “Superconducting vortex lattices for ultracold atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(14), 145304 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhang, G. J. Sreejith, N. D. Gemelke, and J. K. Jain, “Fractional angular momentum in cold-atom systems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(16), 160404 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. M. Marchetti, M. H. Szymańska, C. Tejedor, and D. M. Whittaker, “Spontaneous and triggered vortices in polariton optical-parametric-oscillator superfluids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(6), 063902 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Jimenez-Garcia, P. Rodriguez, T. Guillet, and T. Ackemann, “Spontaneous formation of vector vortex beams in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with feedback,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 119(11), 113902 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Dufferwiel, F. Li, E. Cancellieri, L. Giriunas, A. A. P. Trichet, D. M. Whittaker, P. M. Walker, F. Fras, E. Clarke, J. M. Smith, M. S. Skolnick, and D. N. Krizhanovskii, “Spin textures of exciton-polaritons in a tunable microcavity with large TE-TM splitting,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(24), 246401 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. T. Kapale and J. P. Dowling, “Vortex phase qubit: Generating arbitrary, counterrotating, coherent superpositions in Bose-Einstein condensates via optical angular momentum beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(17), 173601 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. X (1)

G. Dagvadorj, J. M. Fellows, S. Matyjaśkiewicz, F. M. Marchetti, I. Carusotto, and M. H. Szymańska, “Nonequilibrium phase transition in a two-dimensional driven open quantum system,” Phys. Rev. X 5(4), 041028 (2015).

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

H. Deng, H. Haug, and Y. Yamamoto, “Exciton-polariton Bose-Einstein condensation,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82(2), 1489–1537 (2010).
[Crossref]

Science (1)

R. Fickler, R. Lapkiewicz, W. N. Plick, M. Krenn, C. Schaeff, S. Ramelow, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum entanglement of high angular momenta,” Science 338(6107), 640–643 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Superlatt. Microstruct. (1)

D. M. Whittaker, “Vortices in the microcavity optical parametric oscillator,” Superlatt. Microstruct. 41(5), 297–300 (2007).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

A. Kavokin and G. Malpuech, Cavity Polaritons (Academic Press, 2003).

K. Lagoudakis, The Physics of Exciton-Polariton Condensates (EPFL Press, 2013).
[Crossref]

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic drafts for creating polariton vortices in pillar semiconductor microcavities by one Gaussian beam whose center locates on the x axis and wave vector is (a) along and (b) normal to the x axis. The blue curves show the possible motion path of the polaritons, resulting in polariton vortices or antivortices.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Steady density distribution of photon fields, |ψC(r)|2 (left panel in each subfigure) and corresponding phase (with unit of π) distribution (right panel). The numbers in the bottom left corner denote the maximum value of the photon density and the green circles represent the pillar boundaries with radii (a) R = 2 μm, (b) R = 4 μm, (c) R = 8 μm, and (d) R = 16 μm. As an example, the vortices and antivortices are denoted by dots and stars in (b). Other parameters: fp = 0.1 meV · μm−1, kp = (2, 0) μm−1, rp = (0, 0), and w = 4 μm.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Steady density distributions of photon fields, |ψC(x, y, t)|2 (left panel in each subfigure) and corresponding phase distributions (right panel). Color scale bars are the same to Fig. 2. The number in the bottom left corner represents the maximum value of the photon density and all green circles denoting the microcavity boundaries have the same radii R = 8 μm. The wave vector of the pump beam, kp, is along the x axis and its value given in the above of each figure. As an example, the vortices and antivortices are shown by dots and stars in (c). Other parameters: fp = 0.1 meV · μm−1, rp = (0, 0), and w = 4 μm.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Steady density distributions of photon fields, |ψC(x, y, t)|2 (left panel in each subfigure) and corresponding phase distributions (right panel). Color scale bars are the same to Fig. 2. The number in the bottom left corner represents the maximum value of the photon density and all green circles denoting the microcavity boundaries have the same radii R = 8 μm. The wave vector of the pump beam, kp, is along the y axis and its value is given in the above of each figure. As an example, the vortices and antivortices are shown by dots and stars in (c). Other parameters: fp = 0.1 meV · μm−1, rp = (4, 0) μm, and w = 4 μm.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Density and phase distributions for (a–d) photon fields and (e–h) exciton fields. The left and right panels in each subfigure show the density and phase distributions, respectively. The distributions in (a–c) and (e–f) are steady, while those in (d) and (h) at the evolution time of 1600 ħ · meV−1 are not. Color scale bars are the same to Fig. 2. The number in the bottom left corner represents the maximum value of the field densities and all green circles denoting that the microcavity boundaries have the same radii R = 8 μm. The wave vector of the pump beam, kp, is along the y axis and its value is given in the above of each subfigure. As an example, the vortices are shown by dots in (c) and (g). Other parameters: fp = 10 meV · μm−1, rp = (4, 0) μm, and w = 4 μm.

Equations (9)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

i d d t ( ψ X ( r ) ψ C ( r ) ) = [ h 0 + ( V X ( r ) i 2 γ X + g X | ψ X ( r ) | 2 0 0 V C ( r ) i 2 γ C ) ] ( ψ X ( r ) ψ C ( r ) ) + ( 0 F p ( r ) ) ,
h 0 = ( ω X ( i ) Ω R Ω R ω C ( i ) )
F p ( r ) = f p e ( r r p ) 2 / w 2 e i k p r e i ω p t
L pump = i F ( r ) | ϕ | F ( r ) F ( r ) | F ( r ) = r p × k p
( ψ X ( r ) ψ C ( r ) ) = n , l ( X n , l C n , l ) ϕ n , l ( r )
ϕ n , l ( r ) = J n , | l | ( r ) × 1 2 π e i l φ .
C n , l = [ ω p ( ω X 0 i 2 γ X ) ] × f n , l e i ω p t [ ω p ( ω C 0 + ω n , l i 2 γ C ) ] [ ω p ( ω X 0 i 2 γ X ) ] Ω R2 ,
X n , l = Ω × f n , l e i ω p t [ ω p ( ω C 0 + ω n , l i 2 γ C ) ] [ ω p ( ω X 0 i 2 γ X ) ] Ω R2 ,
L C = n , l l | C n , l | 2 n , l | C n , l | 2 .

Metrics