Abstract

In this paper, we evaluate by means of simulation and experimentally the simultaneous coupling of the LP01x-LP11ax fiber modes and the TE0-TE1 nanophotonic SOI waveguide modes using a grating coupler for a two-mode fiber at 1550 nm. Both the grating width (ranging from 10 µm to 15 µm) and the grating vertical profile have been considered in the design procedure. The optimum design (14 µm width and 609 nm grating period) has been selected in terms of coupling efficiency (both LP01x-TE0 and LP11ax-TE1), compactness and tolerance to lateral misalignments between fiber and coupler. The LP01x-TE0 and LP11ax-TE1 modes achieved coupling efficiencies of 49% and 45%, respectively.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Design of asymmetrical directional couplers on ridge and strip SOI technology with high-dimensional variation tolerance

David Garcia-Rodriguez, Juan L. Corral, and Roberto Llorente
Opt. Lett. 43(11) 2491-2494 (2018)

Analysis of optical fiber-based LP01 ↔ LP02 mode converters for the O-, S-, and C-Band

Hakim Mellah, Xiupu Zhang, and Dongya Shen
Appl. Opt. 54(17) 5568-5575 (2015)

Ultra-broadband mode converters based on length-apodized long-period waveguide gratings

Wen Wang, Jieyun Wu, Kaixin Chen, Wei Jin, and Kin Seng Chiang
Opt. Express 25(13) 14341-14350 (2017)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. D. J. Richardson, “New optical fibres for high-capacity optical communications,” Philos Trans A Math Phys Eng Sci 374(2062), 20140441 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. M. Kasahara, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, N. Hanzawa, T. Matsui, K. Tsujikawa, F. Yamamoto, and M. Koshiba, “Design of few-mode fibers for mode-division multiplexing transmission,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(6), 7201207 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  3. H. Chen, V. Sleiffer, B. Snyder, M. Kuschnerov, R. Uden, Y. Jung, C. M. Okonkwo, O. Raz, P. O’Brien, H. Waardt, and T. Koonen, “Demonstration of a photonic integrated mode coupler with MDM and WDM transmission,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(21), 2039–2042 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  4. C. Sun, Y. Yu, M. Ye, G. Chen, and X. Zhang, “An ultra-low crosstalk and broadband two-mode (de)multiplexer based on adiabatic couplers,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 38494 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. J. Xing, Z. Li, X. Xiao, J. Yu, and Y. Yu, “Two-mode multiplexer and demultiplexer based on adiabatic couplers,” Opt. Lett. 38(17), 3468–3470 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. D. Garcia-Rodriguez, J. L. Corral, A. Griol, and R. Llorente, “Dimensional variation tolerant mode converter/multiplexer fabricated in SOI technology for two-mode transmission at 1550 nm,” Opt. Lett. 42(7), 1221–1224 (2017).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. D. Garcia-Rodriguez, J. L. Corral, and R. Llorente, “Mode Conversion for Mode Division Multiplexing at 850 nm in Standard SMF,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(11), 929–932 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  8. Z. Zhang, X. Hu, and J. Wang, “On-chip optical mode exchange using tapered directional coupler,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 16072 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. Y. Ding, J. Xu, F. Da Ros, B. Huang, H. Ou, and C. Peucheret, “On-chip two-mode division multiplexing using tapered directional coupler-based mode multiplexer and demultiplexer,” Opt. Express 21(8), 10376–10382 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. A. Zanzi, A. Brimont, A. Griol, P. Sanchis, and J. Marti, “Compact and low-loss asymmetrical multimode interference splitter for power monitoring applications,” Opt. Lett. 41(2), 227–229 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. T. Uematsu, K. Saitoh, N. Hanzawa, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, K. Tsujikawa, and M. Koshiba, “Low-loss and broadband PLC-type mode (de)multiplexer for mode-division multiplexing transmission,” in OFC2013 (2013), paper OTh1B.5 (2013).
  12. N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, K. Tsujikawa, M. Koshiba, and F. Yamamoto, “Two-mode PLC-based mode multi/demultiplexer for mode and wavelength division multiplexed transmission,” Opt. Express 21(22), 25752–25760 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. Y. Lai, Y. Yu, S. Fu, J. Xu, P. P. Shum, and X. Zhang, “Efficient spot size converter for higher-order mode fiber-chip coupling,” Opt. Lett. 42(18), 3702–3705 (2017).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. N. Hatori, T. Shimizu, M. Okano, M. Ishizaka, T. Yamamoto, Y. Urino, M. Mori, T. Nakamura, and Y. Arakawa, “A Hybrid Integrated Light Source on a Silicon Platform Using a Trident Spot-Size Converter,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(7), 1329–1336 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  15. N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, K. Tsujikawa, M. Koshiba, and F. Yamamoto, “Mode multi/demultiplexing with parallel waveguide for mode division multiplexed transmission,” Opt. Express 22(24), 29321–29330 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. D. Dai and M. Mao, “Mode converter based on an inverse taper for multimode silicon nanophotonic integrated circuits,” Opt. Express 23(22), 28376–28388 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. D. Taillaert, F. Van Laere, M. Ayre, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, P. Bienstman, and R. Baets, “Grating Couplers for Coupling between Optical Fibers and Nanophotonic Waveguides,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(8A), 6071–6077 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  18. S. Lardenois, D. Pascal, L. Vivien, E. Cassan, S. Laval, R. Orobtchouk, M. Heitzmann, N. Bouzaida, and L. Mollard, “Low-loss submicrometer silicon-on-insulator rib waveguides and corner mirrors,” Opt. Lett. 28(13), 1150–1152 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. R. Orobtchouk, A. Layadi, H. Gualous, D. Pascal, A. Koster, and S. Laval, “High-efficiency light coupling in a submicrometric silicon-on-insulator waveguide,” Appl. Opt. 39(31), 5773–5777 (2000).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. Y. Ding, H. Ou, J. Xu, M. Xiong, and C. Peucheret, “On-chip mode multiplexer based on a single grating coupler” in IEEE Photonics Conference IPC (IEEE, 2012), paper ThB4.
  21. B. Wohlfeil, G. Rademacher, C. Stamatiadis, K. Voigt, L. Zimmermann, and K. Petermann, “A Two-Dimensional Fiber Grating Coupler on SOI for Mode Division Multiplexing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(11), 1241–1244 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  22. A. M. J. Koonen, H. Chen, H. P. A. van den Boom, and O. Raz, “Silicon photonic integrated mode multiplexer and demultiplexer,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1961–1964 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  23. Y. Ding, H. Ou, J. Xu, and C. Peucheret, “Silicon photonic integrated circuit mode multiplexer,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(7), 648–651 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  24. J. V. Galan, P. Sanchis, J. Blasco, and J. Marti, “Study of High Efficiency Grating Couplers for Silicon-Based Horizontal Slot Waveguides,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(12), 985–987 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  25. G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “High efficiency Silicon-on-Insulator grating coupler based on a poly-Silicon overlay,” Opt. Express 14(24), 11622–11630 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. D. Taillaert, “Grating couplers as Interface between Optical Fibres and Nanophotonic Waveguides,” PhD Dissertation, Universiteit Gent, 2005.

2017 (3)

2016 (4)

A. Zanzi, A. Brimont, A. Griol, P. Sanchis, and J. Marti, “Compact and low-loss asymmetrical multimode interference splitter for power monitoring applications,” Opt. Lett. 41(2), 227–229 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. J. Richardson, “New optical fibres for high-capacity optical communications,” Philos Trans A Math Phys Eng Sci 374(2062), 20140441 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Wohlfeil, G. Rademacher, C. Stamatiadis, K. Voigt, L. Zimmermann, and K. Petermann, “A Two-Dimensional Fiber Grating Coupler on SOI for Mode Division Multiplexing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(11), 1241–1244 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Sun, Y. Yu, M. Ye, G. Chen, and X. Zhang, “An ultra-low crosstalk and broadband two-mode (de)multiplexer based on adiabatic couplers,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 38494 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (2)

2014 (2)

2013 (6)

Y. Ding, J. Xu, F. Da Ros, B. Huang, H. Ou, and C. Peucheret, “On-chip two-mode division multiplexing using tapered directional coupler-based mode multiplexer and demultiplexer,” Opt. Express 21(8), 10376–10382 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Xing, Z. Li, X. Xiao, J. Yu, and Y. Yu, “Two-mode multiplexer and demultiplexer based on adiabatic couplers,” Opt. Lett. 38(17), 3468–3470 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, K. Tsujikawa, M. Koshiba, and F. Yamamoto, “Two-mode PLC-based mode multi/demultiplexer for mode and wavelength division multiplexed transmission,” Opt. Express 21(22), 25752–25760 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Kasahara, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, N. Hanzawa, T. Matsui, K. Tsujikawa, F. Yamamoto, and M. Koshiba, “Design of few-mode fibers for mode-division multiplexing transmission,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(6), 7201207 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, V. Sleiffer, B. Snyder, M. Kuschnerov, R. Uden, Y. Jung, C. M. Okonkwo, O. Raz, P. O’Brien, H. Waardt, and T. Koonen, “Demonstration of a photonic integrated mode coupler with MDM and WDM transmission,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(21), 2039–2042 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Ding, H. Ou, J. Xu, and C. Peucheret, “Silicon photonic integrated circuit mode multiplexer,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(7), 648–651 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

A. M. J. Koonen, H. Chen, H. P. A. van den Boom, and O. Raz, “Silicon photonic integrated mode multiplexer and demultiplexer,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1961–1964 (2012).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

J. V. Galan, P. Sanchis, J. Blasco, and J. Marti, “Study of High Efficiency Grating Couplers for Silicon-Based Horizontal Slot Waveguides,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(12), 985–987 (2008).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

D. Taillaert, F. Van Laere, M. Ayre, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, P. Bienstman, and R. Baets, “Grating Couplers for Coupling between Optical Fibers and Nanophotonic Waveguides,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(8A), 6071–6077 (2006).
[Crossref]

G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “High efficiency Silicon-on-Insulator grating coupler based on a poly-Silicon overlay,” Opt. Express 14(24), 11622–11630 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

2000 (1)

Arakawa, Y.

Ayre, M.

D. Taillaert, F. Van Laere, M. Ayre, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, P. Bienstman, and R. Baets, “Grating Couplers for Coupling between Optical Fibers and Nanophotonic Waveguides,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(8A), 6071–6077 (2006).
[Crossref]

Baets, R.

D. Taillaert, F. Van Laere, M. Ayre, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, P. Bienstman, and R. Baets, “Grating Couplers for Coupling between Optical Fibers and Nanophotonic Waveguides,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(8A), 6071–6077 (2006).
[Crossref]

G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “High efficiency Silicon-on-Insulator grating coupler based on a poly-Silicon overlay,” Opt. Express 14(24), 11622–11630 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bienstman, P.

D. Taillaert, F. Van Laere, M. Ayre, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, P. Bienstman, and R. Baets, “Grating Couplers for Coupling between Optical Fibers and Nanophotonic Waveguides,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(8A), 6071–6077 (2006).
[Crossref]

Blasco, J.

J. V. Galan, P. Sanchis, J. Blasco, and J. Marti, “Study of High Efficiency Grating Couplers for Silicon-Based Horizontal Slot Waveguides,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(12), 985–987 (2008).
[Crossref]

Bogaerts, W.

D. Taillaert, F. Van Laere, M. Ayre, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, P. Bienstman, and R. Baets, “Grating Couplers for Coupling between Optical Fibers and Nanophotonic Waveguides,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(8A), 6071–6077 (2006).
[Crossref]

Bouzaida, N.

Brimont, A.

Cassan, E.

Chen, G.

C. Sun, Y. Yu, M. Ye, G. Chen, and X. Zhang, “An ultra-low crosstalk and broadband two-mode (de)multiplexer based on adiabatic couplers,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 38494 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, H.

H. Chen, V. Sleiffer, B. Snyder, M. Kuschnerov, R. Uden, Y. Jung, C. M. Okonkwo, O. Raz, P. O’Brien, H. Waardt, and T. Koonen, “Demonstration of a photonic integrated mode coupler with MDM and WDM transmission,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(21), 2039–2042 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. M. J. Koonen, H. Chen, H. P. A. van den Boom, and O. Raz, “Silicon photonic integrated mode multiplexer and demultiplexer,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1961–1964 (2012).
[Crossref]

Corral, J. L.

D. Garcia-Rodriguez, J. L. Corral, and R. Llorente, “Mode Conversion for Mode Division Multiplexing at 850 nm in Standard SMF,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(11), 929–932 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. Garcia-Rodriguez, J. L. Corral, A. Griol, and R. Llorente, “Dimensional variation tolerant mode converter/multiplexer fabricated in SOI technology for two-mode transmission at 1550 nm,” Opt. Lett. 42(7), 1221–1224 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Da Ros, F.

Dai, D.

Ding, Y.

Fu, S.

Galan, J. V.

J. V. Galan, P. Sanchis, J. Blasco, and J. Marti, “Study of High Efficiency Grating Couplers for Silicon-Based Horizontal Slot Waveguides,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(12), 985–987 (2008).
[Crossref]

Garcia-Rodriguez, D.

D. Garcia-Rodriguez, J. L. Corral, and R. Llorente, “Mode Conversion for Mode Division Multiplexing at 850 nm in Standard SMF,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(11), 929–932 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. Garcia-Rodriguez, J. L. Corral, A. Griol, and R. Llorente, “Dimensional variation tolerant mode converter/multiplexer fabricated in SOI technology for two-mode transmission at 1550 nm,” Opt. Lett. 42(7), 1221–1224 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Griol, A.

Gualous, H.

Hanzawa, N.

Hatori, N.

Heitzmann, M.

Hu, X.

Z. Zhang, X. Hu, and J. Wang, “On-chip optical mode exchange using tapered directional coupler,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 16072 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, B.

Ishizaka, M.

Jung, Y.

H. Chen, V. Sleiffer, B. Snyder, M. Kuschnerov, R. Uden, Y. Jung, C. M. Okonkwo, O. Raz, P. O’Brien, H. Waardt, and T. Koonen, “Demonstration of a photonic integrated mode coupler with MDM and WDM transmission,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(21), 2039–2042 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kasahara, M.

M. Kasahara, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, N. Hanzawa, T. Matsui, K. Tsujikawa, F. Yamamoto, and M. Koshiba, “Design of few-mode fibers for mode-division multiplexing transmission,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(6), 7201207 (2013).
[Crossref]

Koonen, A. M. J.

A. M. J. Koonen, H. Chen, H. P. A. van den Boom, and O. Raz, “Silicon photonic integrated mode multiplexer and demultiplexer,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1961–1964 (2012).
[Crossref]

Koonen, T.

H. Chen, V. Sleiffer, B. Snyder, M. Kuschnerov, R. Uden, Y. Jung, C. M. Okonkwo, O. Raz, P. O’Brien, H. Waardt, and T. Koonen, “Demonstration of a photonic integrated mode coupler with MDM and WDM transmission,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(21), 2039–2042 (2013).
[Crossref]

Koshiba, M.

Koster, A.

Kuschnerov, M.

H. Chen, V. Sleiffer, B. Snyder, M. Kuschnerov, R. Uden, Y. Jung, C. M. Okonkwo, O. Raz, P. O’Brien, H. Waardt, and T. Koonen, “Demonstration of a photonic integrated mode coupler with MDM and WDM transmission,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(21), 2039–2042 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lai, Y.

Lardenois, S.

Laval, S.

Layadi, A.

Li, Z.

Llorente, R.

D. Garcia-Rodriguez, J. L. Corral, A. Griol, and R. Llorente, “Dimensional variation tolerant mode converter/multiplexer fabricated in SOI technology for two-mode transmission at 1550 nm,” Opt. Lett. 42(7), 1221–1224 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Garcia-Rodriguez, J. L. Corral, and R. Llorente, “Mode Conversion for Mode Division Multiplexing at 850 nm in Standard SMF,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(11), 929–932 (2017).
[Crossref]

Mao, M.

Marti, J.

A. Zanzi, A. Brimont, A. Griol, P. Sanchis, and J. Marti, “Compact and low-loss asymmetrical multimode interference splitter for power monitoring applications,” Opt. Lett. 41(2), 227–229 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. V. Galan, P. Sanchis, J. Blasco, and J. Marti, “Study of High Efficiency Grating Couplers for Silicon-Based Horizontal Slot Waveguides,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(12), 985–987 (2008).
[Crossref]

Matsui, T.

Mollard, L.

Mori, M.

Nakamura, T.

O’Brien, P.

H. Chen, V. Sleiffer, B. Snyder, M. Kuschnerov, R. Uden, Y. Jung, C. M. Okonkwo, O. Raz, P. O’Brien, H. Waardt, and T. Koonen, “Demonstration of a photonic integrated mode coupler with MDM and WDM transmission,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(21), 2039–2042 (2013).
[Crossref]

Okano, M.

Okonkwo, C. M.

H. Chen, V. Sleiffer, B. Snyder, M. Kuschnerov, R. Uden, Y. Jung, C. M. Okonkwo, O. Raz, P. O’Brien, H. Waardt, and T. Koonen, “Demonstration of a photonic integrated mode coupler with MDM and WDM transmission,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(21), 2039–2042 (2013).
[Crossref]

Orobtchouk, R.

Ou, H.

Pascal, D.

Petermann, K.

B. Wohlfeil, G. Rademacher, C. Stamatiadis, K. Voigt, L. Zimmermann, and K. Petermann, “A Two-Dimensional Fiber Grating Coupler on SOI for Mode Division Multiplexing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(11), 1241–1244 (2016).
[Crossref]

Peucheret, C.

Rademacher, G.

B. Wohlfeil, G. Rademacher, C. Stamatiadis, K. Voigt, L. Zimmermann, and K. Petermann, “A Two-Dimensional Fiber Grating Coupler on SOI for Mode Division Multiplexing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(11), 1241–1244 (2016).
[Crossref]

Raz, O.

H. Chen, V. Sleiffer, B. Snyder, M. Kuschnerov, R. Uden, Y. Jung, C. M. Okonkwo, O. Raz, P. O’Brien, H. Waardt, and T. Koonen, “Demonstration of a photonic integrated mode coupler with MDM and WDM transmission,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(21), 2039–2042 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. M. J. Koonen, H. Chen, H. P. A. van den Boom, and O. Raz, “Silicon photonic integrated mode multiplexer and demultiplexer,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1961–1964 (2012).
[Crossref]

Richardson, D. J.

D. J. Richardson, “New optical fibres for high-capacity optical communications,” Philos Trans A Math Phys Eng Sci 374(2062), 20140441 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Roelkens, G.

Saitoh, K.

Sakamoto, T.

Sanchis, P.

A. Zanzi, A. Brimont, A. Griol, P. Sanchis, and J. Marti, “Compact and low-loss asymmetrical multimode interference splitter for power monitoring applications,” Opt. Lett. 41(2), 227–229 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. V. Galan, P. Sanchis, J. Blasco, and J. Marti, “Study of High Efficiency Grating Couplers for Silicon-Based Horizontal Slot Waveguides,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(12), 985–987 (2008).
[Crossref]

Shimizu, T.

Shum, P. P.

Sleiffer, V.

H. Chen, V. Sleiffer, B. Snyder, M. Kuschnerov, R. Uden, Y. Jung, C. M. Okonkwo, O. Raz, P. O’Brien, H. Waardt, and T. Koonen, “Demonstration of a photonic integrated mode coupler with MDM and WDM transmission,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(21), 2039–2042 (2013).
[Crossref]

Snyder, B.

H. Chen, V. Sleiffer, B. Snyder, M. Kuschnerov, R. Uden, Y. Jung, C. M. Okonkwo, O. Raz, P. O’Brien, H. Waardt, and T. Koonen, “Demonstration of a photonic integrated mode coupler with MDM and WDM transmission,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(21), 2039–2042 (2013).
[Crossref]

Stamatiadis, C.

B. Wohlfeil, G. Rademacher, C. Stamatiadis, K. Voigt, L. Zimmermann, and K. Petermann, “A Two-Dimensional Fiber Grating Coupler on SOI for Mode Division Multiplexing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(11), 1241–1244 (2016).
[Crossref]

Sun, C.

C. Sun, Y. Yu, M. Ye, G. Chen, and X. Zhang, “An ultra-low crosstalk and broadband two-mode (de)multiplexer based on adiabatic couplers,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 38494 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Taillaert, D.

D. Taillaert, F. Van Laere, M. Ayre, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, P. Bienstman, and R. Baets, “Grating Couplers for Coupling between Optical Fibers and Nanophotonic Waveguides,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(8A), 6071–6077 (2006).
[Crossref]

Tsujikawa, K.

Uden, R.

H. Chen, V. Sleiffer, B. Snyder, M. Kuschnerov, R. Uden, Y. Jung, C. M. Okonkwo, O. Raz, P. O’Brien, H. Waardt, and T. Koonen, “Demonstration of a photonic integrated mode coupler with MDM and WDM transmission,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(21), 2039–2042 (2013).
[Crossref]

Urino, Y.

van den Boom, H. P. A.

A. M. J. Koonen, H. Chen, H. P. A. van den Boom, and O. Raz, “Silicon photonic integrated mode multiplexer and demultiplexer,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1961–1964 (2012).
[Crossref]

Van Laere, F.

D. Taillaert, F. Van Laere, M. Ayre, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, P. Bienstman, and R. Baets, “Grating Couplers for Coupling between Optical Fibers and Nanophotonic Waveguides,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(8A), 6071–6077 (2006).
[Crossref]

Van Thourhout, D.

D. Taillaert, F. Van Laere, M. Ayre, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, P. Bienstman, and R. Baets, “Grating Couplers for Coupling between Optical Fibers and Nanophotonic Waveguides,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(8A), 6071–6077 (2006).
[Crossref]

G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “High efficiency Silicon-on-Insulator grating coupler based on a poly-Silicon overlay,” Opt. Express 14(24), 11622–11630 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vivien, L.

Voigt, K.

B. Wohlfeil, G. Rademacher, C. Stamatiadis, K. Voigt, L. Zimmermann, and K. Petermann, “A Two-Dimensional Fiber Grating Coupler on SOI for Mode Division Multiplexing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(11), 1241–1244 (2016).
[Crossref]

Waardt, H.

H. Chen, V. Sleiffer, B. Snyder, M. Kuschnerov, R. Uden, Y. Jung, C. M. Okonkwo, O. Raz, P. O’Brien, H. Waardt, and T. Koonen, “Demonstration of a photonic integrated mode coupler with MDM and WDM transmission,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(21), 2039–2042 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

Z. Zhang, X. Hu, and J. Wang, “On-chip optical mode exchange using tapered directional coupler,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 16072 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wohlfeil, B.

B. Wohlfeil, G. Rademacher, C. Stamatiadis, K. Voigt, L. Zimmermann, and K. Petermann, “A Two-Dimensional Fiber Grating Coupler on SOI for Mode Division Multiplexing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(11), 1241–1244 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xiao, X.

Xing, J.

Xu, J.

Yamamoto, F.

Yamamoto, T.

Ye, M.

C. Sun, Y. Yu, M. Ye, G. Chen, and X. Zhang, “An ultra-low crosstalk and broadband two-mode (de)multiplexer based on adiabatic couplers,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 38494 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, J.

Yu, Y.

Zanzi, A.

Zhang, X.

Y. Lai, Y. Yu, S. Fu, J. Xu, P. P. Shum, and X. Zhang, “Efficient spot size converter for higher-order mode fiber-chip coupling,” Opt. Lett. 42(18), 3702–3705 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Sun, Y. Yu, M. Ye, G. Chen, and X. Zhang, “An ultra-low crosstalk and broadband two-mode (de)multiplexer based on adiabatic couplers,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 38494 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Z.

Z. Zhang, X. Hu, and J. Wang, “On-chip optical mode exchange using tapered directional coupler,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 16072 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zimmermann, L.

B. Wohlfeil, G. Rademacher, C. Stamatiadis, K. Voigt, L. Zimmermann, and K. Petermann, “A Two-Dimensional Fiber Grating Coupler on SOI for Mode Division Multiplexing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(11), 1241–1244 (2016).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE Photonics J. (1)

M. Kasahara, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, N. Hanzawa, T. Matsui, K. Tsujikawa, F. Yamamoto, and M. Koshiba, “Design of few-mode fibers for mode-division multiplexing transmission,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(6), 7201207 (2013).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (6)

H. Chen, V. Sleiffer, B. Snyder, M. Kuschnerov, R. Uden, Y. Jung, C. M. Okonkwo, O. Raz, P. O’Brien, H. Waardt, and T. Koonen, “Demonstration of a photonic integrated mode coupler with MDM and WDM transmission,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(21), 2039–2042 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. Garcia-Rodriguez, J. L. Corral, and R. Llorente, “Mode Conversion for Mode Division Multiplexing at 850 nm in Standard SMF,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(11), 929–932 (2017).
[Crossref]

B. Wohlfeil, G. Rademacher, C. Stamatiadis, K. Voigt, L. Zimmermann, and K. Petermann, “A Two-Dimensional Fiber Grating Coupler on SOI for Mode Division Multiplexing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(11), 1241–1244 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. M. J. Koonen, H. Chen, H. P. A. van den Boom, and O. Raz, “Silicon photonic integrated mode multiplexer and demultiplexer,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1961–1964 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Ding, H. Ou, J. Xu, and C. Peucheret, “Silicon photonic integrated circuit mode multiplexer,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(7), 648–651 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. V. Galan, P. Sanchis, J. Blasco, and J. Marti, “Study of High Efficiency Grating Couplers for Silicon-Based Horizontal Slot Waveguides,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(12), 985–987 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

D. Taillaert, F. Van Laere, M. Ayre, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, P. Bienstman, and R. Baets, “Grating Couplers for Coupling between Optical Fibers and Nanophotonic Waveguides,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(8A), 6071–6077 (2006).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Philos Trans A Math Phys Eng Sci (1)

D. J. Richardson, “New optical fibres for high-capacity optical communications,” Philos Trans A Math Phys Eng Sci 374(2062), 20140441 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sci. Rep. (2)

C. Sun, Y. Yu, M. Ye, G. Chen, and X. Zhang, “An ultra-low crosstalk and broadband two-mode (de)multiplexer based on adiabatic couplers,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 38494 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Zhang, X. Hu, and J. Wang, “On-chip optical mode exchange using tapered directional coupler,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 16072 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (3)

T. Uematsu, K. Saitoh, N. Hanzawa, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, K. Tsujikawa, and M. Koshiba, “Low-loss and broadband PLC-type mode (de)multiplexer for mode-division multiplexing transmission,” in OFC2013 (2013), paper OTh1B.5 (2013).

Y. Ding, H. Ou, J. Xu, M. Xiong, and C. Peucheret, “On-chip mode multiplexer based on a single grating coupler” in IEEE Photonics Conference IPC (IEEE, 2012), paper ThB4.

D. Taillaert, “Grating couplers as Interface between Optical Fibres and Nanophotonic Waveguides,” PhD Dissertation, Universiteit Gent, 2005.

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (11)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Scheme for mode-division multiplexing (MDM) at 1550 nm with two-mode fiber (TMF) optical transmission media.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Schematic waveguide grating coupler diagram for coupling light to/from an optical fiber.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 2D Near-field pattern and 1D x-y cuts for the TE0 and TE1 modes considering a 12 µm wide and 220 nm high SOI waveguide. (a) TE0 mode with x = 0 µm and y = 0 µm cuts, (b) TE1 mode with x = −3 µm and y = 0 µm cuts.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Comparison between the normalized horizontal field profile of the LP01 and LP11 modes from SM2000 fiber and the TE0 and TE1 modes for a SOI waveguide (height = 220 nm and waveguide width = 12 µm).
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Grating coupler scheme based on SOI technology with an input fiber.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Coupling efficiency as a function of the grating period and filling factor for: (a) LP01-TE0 modes and (b) LP11-TE1 modes coupling.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 (a) Coupling efficiency from LP01 to TE0 (solid line) and from LP01 to TE1 (dashed line) and (b) Coupling efficiency from LP11 to TE1 (solid line) and from LP11 to TE0 (dashed line).
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Normalized optical intensity in the SOI waveguide (width wg, height 220 nm) when the grating coupler is excited from a TMF fiber for different coupler widths (wg = 10 μm and wg = 14 μm), fiber-to-coupler misalignment (x = 0 μm and x = 4 μm) and exciting fiber mode (LP01, LP11).
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 3D-sketch of the experimental configuration in order to achieve the LP01 and LP11 modes in the TMF.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Experimental intensity pattern and modal profile at the TMF from 12 µm (solid blue line) and 14 µm (dashed red line) waveguide widths for: (a) LP01 mode and (b) LP11 mode.
Fig. 11
Fig. 11 Captured image of the intensity pattern and modal profile of the LP11 modes when a little misalignment in the coupling from fiber to grating coupler is produced for: (a) 12 µm width and (b) 14 µm width.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

2π λ n cover sin( θ m )= 2π λ n eff +m 2π Λ
η= | S E× H fib * dS | 2

Metrics