Abstract

In this paper, a novel bidirectional long-reach PON is proposed and demonstrated by using Kramers-Kronig (KK)-based receiver and 7-core fiber to simultaneously cope with the induced signal-signal beating interference (SSBI) and Rayleigh backscattering (RB) noises. A low-cost self-homodyne detection using only one PD is used at both OLT and ONU, and the middle core of 7-core fiber is used to deliver the seed light to ONUs for colorless upstream transmission, and the upstream and downstream signals are transmitted simultaneously over the same outer core for each ONU. By this means, the signals and local oscillators for upstream and downstream transmission all originate from the same laser which is located at OLT. With the help of the KK-based receiver, SSBI could be effectively eliminated and the fiber dispersion can also be digitally compensated due to the reconstruction of the complex field of the received signal. Moreover, by using single sideband Nyquist-shaped subcarrier modulation with 16-ary quadrature amplitude modulation (SSB-Nyquist-16QAM) technique, the upstream and downstream signals are allocated to occupy the left and right sideband of the optical carrier respectively, and thus the RB noise can be easily removed by a simple optical filter in the receiver. In our experiment, the carrier-to-signal power ratio (CSPR) and the frequency gap between the upstream and downstream signals are investigated. Furthermore, bidirectional transmission of 60 Gbps SSB-Nyquist-16QAM signals over 50 km 7-core fiber are successfully achieved, and the frequency gap between the upstream and downstream signals is only 3 GHz.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2018 (1)

2017 (6)

C. Xiong, M. Tang, C. Ke, Z. Feng, Q. Wu, L. Xu, S. Fu, W. Tong, P. P. Shum, and D. Liu, “Experimental demonstration of ultra-dense WDM-PON with seven-core MCF-enabled self-homodyne coherent detection,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(2), 1–7 (2017).
[Crossref]

V. Houtsma, D. V. Veen, and E. Harstead, “Recent progress on standardization of next-generation 25, 50, and 100G EPON,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(6), 1228–1234 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhu, K. Zou, X. Ruan, and F. Zhang, “Single carrier 400G transmission with single-ended heterodyne detection,” IEEE Photonic. Tech. Lett. 29(21), 1788–1791 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. Shu, J. Li, Z. Wan, F. Gao, S. Fu, X. Li, Q. Yang, and K. Xu, “Single-lane 112-Gbit/s SSB-PAM4 transmission with dual-drive MZM and Kramers-Kronig detection over 80-km SSMF,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(6), 1–9 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. M. Hoang, M. Y. S. Sowailem, Q. Zhuge, Z. Xing, M. M. Osman, E. E. Fiky, S. Fan, M. Xiang, and D. V. Plant, “Single wavelength 480 Gb/s direct detection over 80km SSMF enabled by Stokes vector Kramers Kronig transceiver,” Opt. Express 25(26), 33534–33542 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Li, M. S. Erkılınç, K. Shi, E. Sillekens, L. Galdino, B. C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “SSBI mitigation and the Kramers-Kronig scheme in single-sideband direct-detection transmission with receiver-based electronic dispersion compensation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(10), 1887–1893 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (5)

2015 (5)

2014 (3)

2013 (1)

N. Yoshimoto, J. Kani, S. Kim, N. Liyama, and J. Terda, “DSP-based optical access approaches for enhancing NG-PON2 systems,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 51(3), 58–64 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

2011 (2)

2010 (3)

2009 (2)

2008 (1)

2007 (2)

G. W. Lu, M. Nakamura, Y. Kamio, and T. Miyazaki, “40-Gb/s QPSK and 20-Gb/s PSK with inserted pilot symbols using self-homodyne detection,” Opt. Express 15(12), 7660–7666 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Goldfarb and G. Li, “Chromatic dispersion compensation using digital IIR filtering with coherent detection,” IEEE Photonic. Tech. L. 19(13), 969–971 (2007).
[Crossref]

Agata, A.

Agmon, A.

Amiralizadeh, S.

Antonelli, C.

Arbab, V. R.

Armstrong, J.

Balthasar, G.

Bayvel, P.

Z. Li, M. S. Erkılınç, K. Shi, E. Sillekens, L. Galdino, B. C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “SSBI mitigation and the Kramers-Kronig scheme in single-sideband direct-detection transmission with receiver-based electronic dispersion compensation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(10), 1887–1893 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Li, M. S. Erkilinc, R. Maher, L. Galdino, K. Shi, B. C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “Two-stage linearization filter for direct-detection subcarrier modulation,” IEEE Photonic. Tech. Lett. 28(24), 2838–2841 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Agmon, M. Nazarathy, D. M. Marom, S. B. Ezra, A. Tolmachev, R. Killey, P. Bayvel, L. Meder, M. Hübner, W. Meredith, G. Vickers, P. C. Schindler, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, W. Freude, C. Koos, and J. Leuthold, “OFDM/WDM PON with laserless, colorless 1 Gb/s ONUs based on Si-PIC and slow IC,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 6(3), 225–237 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Li, M. Erkılınç, K. Shi, E. Sillekens, L. Galdino, B. C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “Joint optimisation of resampling rate and carrier-to-signal power ratio in direct-detection Kramers-Kronig receivers,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2017), pp. 1–3.
[Crossref]

Becker, J.

Bogaerts, W.

S. Wolf, M. Lauermann, G. Ronniger, P. C. Schindler, R. Palmer, S. Koeber, W. Bogaerts, J. Leuthold, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “DAC-less and amplifier-less generation and transmission of 16QAM signals using a sub-volt silicon photonic modulator,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2014), pp. 1–3.
[Crossref]

P. C. Schindler, M. Lauermann, S. Wolf, D. Korn, R. Palmer, S. Koeber, W. Heni, A. Ludwig, R. Schmogrow, D. L. Elder, L. R. Dalton, W. Bogaerts, H. Yu, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, and C. Koos, “Ultra-short silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) modulator for bidirectional polarization-independent operation,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2014), pp. 1–3.
[Crossref]

Bonk, R.

Brenot, R.

Cano, I. N.

Chandrasekhar, S.

S. Randel, D. Pilori, S. Chandrasekhar, G. Raybon, and P. Winzer, “100-Gb/s discrete-multitone transmission over 80-km SSMF using single-sideband modulation with novel interference-cancellation scheme,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2015), pp. 1–3.
[Crossref]

Chang, J. H.

Chen, H.

Chen, H. Y.

Chen, J.

Chen, Y.

Chen, Z.

Chi, S.

Chien, H. C.

Cho, K. Y.

Chow, C. W.

C. H. Wang, C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, “Rayleigh noise mitigation using single-sideband modulation generated by a dual-parallel MZM for carrier distributed PON,” IEEE Photonic. Tech. L. 22(11), 820–822 (2010).
[Crossref]

Christen, L. C.

Chu, H.

Chung, Y. C.

Ciaramella, E.

Dalton, L. R.

P. C. Schindler, M. Lauermann, S. Wolf, D. Korn, R. Palmer, S. Koeber, W. Heni, A. Ludwig, R. Schmogrow, D. L. Elder, L. R. Dalton, W. Bogaerts, H. Yu, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, and C. Koos, “Ultra-short silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) modulator for bidirectional polarization-independent operation,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2014), pp. 1–3.
[Crossref]

Deng, L.

Z. Feng, B. Li, M. Tang, L. Gan, R. Wang, R. Lin, Z. Xu, S. Fu, L. Deng, W. Tong, S. Long, L. Zhang, H. Zhou, R. Zhang, S. Liu, and P. P. Shum, “Multicore-fiber-enabled WSDM optical access network with centralized carrier delivery and RSOA-based adaptive modulation,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(4), 1–9 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Li, Z. Feng, M. Tang, Z. Xu, S. Fu, Q. Wu, L. Deng, W. Tong, S. Liu, and P. P. Shum, “Experimental demonstration of large capacity WSDM optical access network with multicore fibers and advanced modulation formats,” Opt. Express 23(9), 10997–11006 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dimarcello, F. V.

Dong, Z.

Dreschmann, M.

Elder, D. L.

P. C. Schindler, M. Lauermann, S. Wolf, D. Korn, R. Palmer, S. Koeber, W. Heni, A. Ludwig, R. Schmogrow, D. L. Elder, L. R. Dalton, W. Bogaerts, H. Yu, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, and C. Koos, “Ultra-short silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) modulator for bidirectional polarization-independent operation,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2014), pp. 1–3.
[Crossref]

El-Fiky, E.

Erkilinc, M. S.

Z. Li, M. S. Erkilinc, R. Maher, L. Galdino, K. Shi, B. C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “Two-stage linearization filter for direct-detection subcarrier modulation,” IEEE Photonic. Tech. Lett. 28(24), 2838–2841 (2016).
[Crossref]

Erkilinç, M.

Z. Li, M. Erkılınç, K. Shi, E. Sillekens, L. Galdino, B. C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “Joint optimisation of resampling rate and carrier-to-signal power ratio in direct-detection Kramers-Kronig receivers,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2017), pp. 1–3.
[Crossref]

Erkilinç, M. S.

Ezra, S. B.

Fan, S.

Fatadin, I.

L. G. Guerrero, H. Shams, I. Fatadin, M. Fice, M. Naftaly, A. Seeds, and C. Renaud, “Spectrally efficient SSB signals for W-band links enabled by Kramers-Kronig receiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2018), paper Th2A.

Feng, K.

Feng, Z.

C. Xiong, M. Tang, C. Ke, Z. Feng, Q. Wu, L. Xu, S. Fu, W. Tong, P. P. Shum, and D. Liu, “Experimental demonstration of ultra-dense WDM-PON with seven-core MCF-enabled self-homodyne coherent detection,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(2), 1–7 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Feng, B. Li, M. Tang, L. Gan, R. Wang, R. Lin, Z. Xu, S. Fu, L. Deng, W. Tong, S. Long, L. Zhang, H. Zhou, R. Zhang, S. Liu, and P. P. Shum, “Multicore-fiber-enabled WSDM optical access network with centralized carrier delivery and RSOA-based adaptive modulation,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(4), 1–9 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Li, Z. Feng, M. Tang, Z. Xu, S. Fu, Q. Wu, L. Deng, W. Tong, S. Liu, and P. P. Shum, “Experimental demonstration of large capacity WSDM optical access network with multicore fibers and advanced modulation formats,” Opt. Express 23(9), 10997–11006 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fice, M.

L. G. Guerrero, H. Shams, I. Fatadin, M. Fice, M. Naftaly, A. Seeds, and C. Renaud, “Spectrally efficient SSB signals for W-band links enabled by Kramers-Kronig receiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2018), paper Th2A.

Fiky, E. E.

Fini, J. M.

Fishteyn, M.

Freude, W.

P. C. Schindler, A. Agmon, S. Wolf, R. Bonk, L. Meder, M. Meltsin, A. Ludwig, R. Schmogrow, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, J. Becker, M. Nazarathy, S. B. Ezra, T. Pfeiffer, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, and C. Koos, “Ultra-dense, single-wavelength DFT-spread OFDMA PON with laserless 1.2 Gb/s ONU ready for silicon photonics integration,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(8), 1650–1659 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Agmon, M. Nazarathy, D. M. Marom, S. B. Ezra, A. Tolmachev, R. Killey, P. Bayvel, L. Meder, M. Hübner, W. Meredith, G. Vickers, P. C. Schindler, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, W. Freude, C. Koos, and J. Leuthold, “OFDM/WDM PON with laserless, colorless 1 Gb/s ONUs based on Si-PIC and slow IC,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 6(3), 225–237 (2014).
[Crossref]

N. Lindenmann, G. Balthasar, D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, M. Jordan, J. Leuthold, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Photonic wire bonding: a novel concept for chip-scale interconnects,” Opt. Express 20(16), 17667–17677 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. C. Schindler, M. Lauermann, S. Wolf, D. Korn, R. Palmer, S. Koeber, W. Heni, A. Ludwig, R. Schmogrow, D. L. Elder, L. R. Dalton, W. Bogaerts, H. Yu, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, and C. Koos, “Ultra-short silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) modulator for bidirectional polarization-independent operation,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2014), pp. 1–3.
[Crossref]

S. Wolf, M. Lauermann, G. Ronniger, P. C. Schindler, R. Palmer, S. Koeber, W. Bogaerts, J. Leuthold, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “DAC-less and amplifier-less generation and transmission of 16QAM signals using a sub-volt silicon photonic modulator,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2014), pp. 1–3.
[Crossref]

Fu, S.

L. Shu, J. Li, Z. Wan, F. Gao, S. Fu, X. Li, Q. Yang, and K. Xu, “Single-lane 112-Gbit/s SSB-PAM4 transmission with dual-drive MZM and Kramers-Kronig detection over 80-km SSMF,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(6), 1–9 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Xiong, M. Tang, C. Ke, Z. Feng, Q. Wu, L. Xu, S. Fu, W. Tong, P. P. Shum, and D. Liu, “Experimental demonstration of ultra-dense WDM-PON with seven-core MCF-enabled self-homodyne coherent detection,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(2), 1–7 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Feng, B. Li, M. Tang, L. Gan, R. Wang, R. Lin, Z. Xu, S. Fu, L. Deng, W. Tong, S. Long, L. Zhang, H. Zhou, R. Zhang, S. Liu, and P. P. Shum, “Multicore-fiber-enabled WSDM optical access network with centralized carrier delivery and RSOA-based adaptive modulation,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(4), 1–9 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Li, Z. Feng, M. Tang, Z. Xu, S. Fu, Q. Wu, L. Deng, W. Tong, S. Liu, and P. P. Shum, “Experimental demonstration of large capacity WSDM optical access network with multicore fibers and advanced modulation formats,” Opt. Express 23(9), 10997–11006 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Galdino, L.

Z. Li, M. S. Erkılınç, K. Shi, E. Sillekens, L. Galdino, B. C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “SSBI mitigation and the Kramers-Kronig scheme in single-sideband direct-detection transmission with receiver-based electronic dispersion compensation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(10), 1887–1893 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Li, M. S. Erkilinc, R. Maher, L. Galdino, K. Shi, B. C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “Two-stage linearization filter for direct-detection subcarrier modulation,” IEEE Photonic. Tech. Lett. 28(24), 2838–2841 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Li, M. Erkılınç, K. Shi, E. Sillekens, L. Galdino, B. C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “Joint optimisation of resampling rate and carrier-to-signal power ratio in direct-detection Kramers-Kronig receivers,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2017), pp. 1–3.
[Crossref]

Gan, L.

Z. Feng, B. Li, M. Tang, L. Gan, R. Wang, R. Lin, Z. Xu, S. Fu, L. Deng, W. Tong, S. Long, L. Zhang, H. Zhou, R. Zhang, S. Liu, and P. P. Shum, “Multicore-fiber-enabled WSDM optical access network with centralized carrier delivery and RSOA-based adaptive modulation,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(4), 1–9 (2015).
[Crossref]

Gao, F.

L. Shu, J. Li, Z. Wan, F. Gao, S. Fu, X. Li, Q. Yang, and K. Xu, “Single-lane 112-Gbit/s SSB-PAM4 transmission with dual-drive MZM and Kramers-Kronig detection over 80-km SSMF,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(6), 1–9 (2017).
[Crossref]

Goel, A.

G. Pandey and A. Goel, “100 Gbps long reach coherent PON downstream transmission using dual polarization-QPSK with digital signal processing,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 47(11), 3445–3453 (2015).
[Crossref]

Goldfarb, G.

G. Goldfarb and G. Li, “Chromatic dispersion compensation using digital IIR filtering with coherent detection,” IEEE Photonic. Tech. L. 19(13), 969–971 (2007).
[Crossref]

Goodwill, T.

Guerrero, L. G.

L. G. Guerrero, H. Shams, I. Fatadin, M. Fice, M. Naftaly, A. Seeds, and C. Renaud, “Spectrally efficient SSB signals for W-band links enabled by Kramers-Kronig receiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2018), paper Th2A.

Harstead, E.

Heni, W.

P. C. Schindler, M. Lauermann, S. Wolf, D. Korn, R. Palmer, S. Koeber, W. Heni, A. Ludwig, R. Schmogrow, D. L. Elder, L. R. Dalton, W. Bogaerts, H. Yu, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, and C. Koos, “Ultra-short silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) modulator for bidirectional polarization-independent operation,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2014), pp. 1–3.
[Crossref]

Hillerkuss, D.

Hoang, T.

Hoang, T. M.

Horiuchi, Y.

Houtsma, V.

Hsu, D. Z.

Hübner, M.

Jia, Z.

Jordan, M.

Jung, S. P.

Kamio, Y.

Kani, J.

N. Yoshimoto, J. Kani, S. Kim, N. Liyama, and J. Terda, “DSP-based optical access approaches for enhancing NG-PON2 systems,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 51(3), 58–64 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ke, C.

C. Xiong, M. Tang, C. Ke, Z. Feng, Q. Wu, L. Xu, S. Fu, W. Tong, P. P. Shum, and D. Liu, “Experimental demonstration of ultra-dense WDM-PON with seven-core MCF-enabled self-homodyne coherent detection,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(2), 1–7 (2017).
[Crossref]

Killey, R.

Killey, R. I.

Z. Li, M. S. Erkılınç, K. Shi, E. Sillekens, L. Galdino, B. C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “SSBI mitigation and the Kramers-Kronig scheme in single-sideband direct-detection transmission with receiver-based electronic dispersion compensation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(10), 1887–1893 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Li, M. S. Erkilinc, R. Maher, L. Galdino, K. Shi, B. C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “Two-stage linearization filter for direct-detection subcarrier modulation,” IEEE Photonic. Tech. Lett. 28(24), 2838–2841 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Li, M. Erkılınç, K. Shi, E. Sillekens, L. Galdino, B. C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “Joint optimisation of resampling rate and carrier-to-signal power ratio in direct-detection Kramers-Kronig receivers,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2017), pp. 1–3.
[Crossref]

Kim, S.

N. Yoshimoto, J. Kani, S. Kim, N. Liyama, and J. Terda, “DSP-based optical access approaches for enhancing NG-PON2 systems,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 51(3), 58–64 (2013).
[Crossref]

Klonidis, D.

Koeber, S.

S. Wolf, M. Lauermann, G. Ronniger, P. C. Schindler, R. Palmer, S. Koeber, W. Bogaerts, J. Leuthold, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “DAC-less and amplifier-less generation and transmission of 16QAM signals using a sub-volt silicon photonic modulator,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2014), pp. 1–3.
[Crossref]

P. C. Schindler, M. Lauermann, S. Wolf, D. Korn, R. Palmer, S. Koeber, W. Heni, A. Ludwig, R. Schmogrow, D. L. Elder, L. R. Dalton, W. Bogaerts, H. Yu, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, and C. Koos, “Ultra-short silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) modulator for bidirectional polarization-independent operation,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2014), pp. 1–3.
[Crossref]

Koos, C.

P. C. Schindler, A. Agmon, S. Wolf, R. Bonk, L. Meder, M. Meltsin, A. Ludwig, R. Schmogrow, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, J. Becker, M. Nazarathy, S. B. Ezra, T. Pfeiffer, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, and C. Koos, “Ultra-dense, single-wavelength DFT-spread OFDMA PON with laserless 1.2 Gb/s ONU ready for silicon photonics integration,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(8), 1650–1659 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Agmon, M. Nazarathy, D. M. Marom, S. B. Ezra, A. Tolmachev, R. Killey, P. Bayvel, L. Meder, M. Hübner, W. Meredith, G. Vickers, P. C. Schindler, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, W. Freude, C. Koos, and J. Leuthold, “OFDM/WDM PON with laserless, colorless 1 Gb/s ONUs based on Si-PIC and slow IC,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 6(3), 225–237 (2014).
[Crossref]

N. Lindenmann, G. Balthasar, D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, M. Jordan, J. Leuthold, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Photonic wire bonding: a novel concept for chip-scale interconnects,” Opt. Express 20(16), 17667–17677 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. C. Schindler, M. Lauermann, S. Wolf, D. Korn, R. Palmer, S. Koeber, W. Heni, A. Ludwig, R. Schmogrow, D. L. Elder, L. R. Dalton, W. Bogaerts, H. Yu, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, and C. Koos, “Ultra-short silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) modulator for bidirectional polarization-independent operation,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2014), pp. 1–3.
[Crossref]

S. Wolf, M. Lauermann, G. Ronniger, P. C. Schindler, R. Palmer, S. Koeber, W. Bogaerts, J. Leuthold, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “DAC-less and amplifier-less generation and transmission of 16QAM signals using a sub-volt silicon photonic modulator,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2014), pp. 1–3.
[Crossref]

Korn, D.

P. C. Schindler, M. Lauermann, S. Wolf, D. Korn, R. Palmer, S. Koeber, W. Heni, A. Ludwig, R. Schmogrow, D. L. Elder, L. R. Dalton, W. Bogaerts, H. Yu, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, and C. Koos, “Ultra-short silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) modulator for bidirectional polarization-independent operation,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2014), pp. 1–3.
[Crossref]

Lauermann, M.

P. C. Schindler, M. Lauermann, S. Wolf, D. Korn, R. Palmer, S. Koeber, W. Heni, A. Ludwig, R. Schmogrow, D. L. Elder, L. R. Dalton, W. Bogaerts, H. Yu, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, and C. Koos, “Ultra-short silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) modulator for bidirectional polarization-independent operation,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2014), pp. 1–3.
[Crossref]

S. Wolf, M. Lauermann, G. Ronniger, P. C. Schindler, R. Palmer, S. Koeber, W. Bogaerts, J. Leuthold, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “DAC-less and amplifier-less generation and transmission of 16QAM signals using a sub-volt silicon photonic modulator,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2014), pp. 1–3.
[Crossref]

Lessard, S.

Leuthold, J.

P. C. Schindler, A. Agmon, S. Wolf, R. Bonk, L. Meder, M. Meltsin, A. Ludwig, R. Schmogrow, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, J. Becker, M. Nazarathy, S. B. Ezra, T. Pfeiffer, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, and C. Koos, “Ultra-dense, single-wavelength DFT-spread OFDMA PON with laserless 1.2 Gb/s ONU ready for silicon photonics integration,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(8), 1650–1659 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Agmon, M. Nazarathy, D. M. Marom, S. B. Ezra, A. Tolmachev, R. Killey, P. Bayvel, L. Meder, M. Hübner, W. Meredith, G. Vickers, P. C. Schindler, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, W. Freude, C. Koos, and J. Leuthold, “OFDM/WDM PON with laserless, colorless 1 Gb/s ONUs based on Si-PIC and slow IC,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 6(3), 225–237 (2014).
[Crossref]

N. Lindenmann, G. Balthasar, D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, M. Jordan, J. Leuthold, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Photonic wire bonding: a novel concept for chip-scale interconnects,” Opt. Express 20(16), 17667–17677 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Wolf, M. Lauermann, G. Ronniger, P. C. Schindler, R. Palmer, S. Koeber, W. Bogaerts, J. Leuthold, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “DAC-less and amplifier-less generation and transmission of 16QAM signals using a sub-volt silicon photonic modulator,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2014), pp. 1–3.
[Crossref]

P. C. Schindler, M. Lauermann, S. Wolf, D. Korn, R. Palmer, S. Koeber, W. Heni, A. Ludwig, R. Schmogrow, D. L. Elder, L. R. Dalton, W. Bogaerts, H. Yu, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, and C. Koos, “Ultra-short silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) modulator for bidirectional polarization-independent operation,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2014), pp. 1–3.
[Crossref]

Li, B.

Z. Feng, B. Li, M. Tang, L. Gan, R. Wang, R. Lin, Z. Xu, S. Fu, L. Deng, W. Tong, S. Long, L. Zhang, H. Zhou, R. Zhang, S. Liu, and P. P. Shum, “Multicore-fiber-enabled WSDM optical access network with centralized carrier delivery and RSOA-based adaptive modulation,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(4), 1–9 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Li, Z. Feng, M. Tang, Z. Xu, S. Fu, Q. Wu, L. Deng, W. Tong, S. Liu, and P. P. Shum, “Experimental demonstration of large capacity WSDM optical access network with multicore fibers and advanced modulation formats,” Opt. Express 23(9), 10997–11006 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, G.

G. Goldfarb and G. Li, “Chromatic dispersion compensation using digital IIR filtering with coherent detection,” IEEE Photonic. Tech. L. 19(13), 969–971 (2007).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

L. Shu, J. Li, Z. Wan, F. Gao, S. Fu, X. Li, Q. Yang, and K. Xu, “Single-lane 112-Gbit/s SSB-PAM4 transmission with dual-drive MZM and Kramers-Kronig detection over 80-km SSMF,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(6), 1–9 (2017).
[Crossref]

Li, W. Y.

Li, X.

L. Shu, J. Li, Z. Wan, F. Gao, S. Fu, X. Li, Q. Yang, and K. Xu, “Single-lane 112-Gbit/s SSB-PAM4 transmission with dual-drive MZM and Kramers-Kronig detection over 80-km SSMF,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(6), 1–9 (2017).
[Crossref]

Li, Z.

Z. Li, M. S. Erkılınç, K. Shi, E. Sillekens, L. Galdino, B. C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “SSBI mitigation and the Kramers-Kronig scheme in single-sideband direct-detection transmission with receiver-based electronic dispersion compensation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(10), 1887–1893 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Li, M. S. Erkilinc, R. Maher, L. Galdino, K. Shi, B. C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “Two-stage linearization filter for direct-detection subcarrier modulation,” IEEE Photonic. Tech. Lett. 28(24), 2838–2841 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Li, M. Erkılınç, K. Shi, E. Sillekens, L. Galdino, B. C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “Joint optimisation of resampling rate and carrier-to-signal power ratio in direct-detection Kramers-Kronig receivers,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2017), pp. 1–3.
[Crossref]

Lin, C.

C. H. Wang, C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, “Rayleigh noise mitigation using single-sideband modulation generated by a dual-parallel MZM for carrier distributed PON,” IEEE Photonic. Tech. L. 22(11), 820–822 (2010).
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Lin, R.

Z. Feng, B. Li, M. Tang, L. Gan, R. Wang, R. Lin, Z. Xu, S. Fu, L. Deng, W. Tong, S. Long, L. Zhang, H. Zhou, R. Zhang, S. Liu, and P. P. Shum, “Multicore-fiber-enabled WSDM optical access network with centralized carrier delivery and RSOA-based adaptive modulation,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(4), 1–9 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lin, S. H.

Lindenmann, N.

Liu, D.

C. Xiong, M. Tang, C. Ke, Z. Feng, Q. Wu, L. Xu, S. Fu, W. Tong, P. P. Shum, and D. Liu, “Experimental demonstration of ultra-dense WDM-PON with seven-core MCF-enabled self-homodyne coherent detection,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(2), 1–7 (2017).
[Crossref]

Liu, S.

Z. Feng, B. Li, M. Tang, L. Gan, R. Wang, R. Lin, Z. Xu, S. Fu, L. Deng, W. Tong, S. Long, L. Zhang, H. Zhou, R. Zhang, S. Liu, and P. P. Shum, “Multicore-fiber-enabled WSDM optical access network with centralized carrier delivery and RSOA-based adaptive modulation,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(4), 1–9 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Li, Z. Feng, M. Tang, Z. Xu, S. Fu, Q. Wu, L. Deng, W. Tong, S. Liu, and P. P. Shum, “Experimental demonstration of large capacity WSDM optical access network with multicore fibers and advanced modulation formats,” Opt. Express 23(9), 10997–11006 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liyama, N.

N. Yoshimoto, J. Kani, S. Kim, N. Liyama, and J. Terda, “DSP-based optical access approaches for enhancing NG-PON2 systems,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 51(3), 58–64 (2013).
[Crossref]

Llosera, G. V.

Long, S.

Z. Feng, B. Li, M. Tang, L. Gan, R. Wang, R. Lin, Z. Xu, S. Fu, L. Deng, W. Tong, S. Long, L. Zhang, H. Zhou, R. Zhang, S. Liu, and P. P. Shum, “Multicore-fiber-enabled WSDM optical access network with centralized carrier delivery and RSOA-based adaptive modulation,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(4), 1–9 (2015).
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Lowery, A. J.

Lu, G. W.

Lu, I.

Ludwig, A.

P. C. Schindler, A. Agmon, S. Wolf, R. Bonk, L. Meder, M. Meltsin, A. Ludwig, R. Schmogrow, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, J. Becker, M. Nazarathy, S. B. Ezra, T. Pfeiffer, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, and C. Koos, “Ultra-dense, single-wavelength DFT-spread OFDMA PON with laserless 1.2 Gb/s ONU ready for silicon photonics integration,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(8), 1650–1659 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. C. Schindler, M. Lauermann, S. Wolf, D. Korn, R. Palmer, S. Koeber, W. Heni, A. Ludwig, R. Schmogrow, D. L. Elder, L. R. Dalton, W. Bogaerts, H. Yu, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, and C. Koos, “Ultra-short silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) modulator for bidirectional polarization-independent operation,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2014), pp. 1–3.
[Crossref]

Maher, R.

Z. Li, M. S. Erkilinc, R. Maher, L. Galdino, K. Shi, B. C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “Two-stage linearization filter for direct-detection subcarrier modulation,” IEEE Photonic. Tech. Lett. 28(24), 2838–2841 (2016).
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Marom, D. M.

Mecozzi, A.

A. Mecozzi, C. Antonelli, and M. Shtaif, “Kramers-Kronig coherent receiver,” Optica 3(11), 1220–1227 (2016).
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A. Mecozzi, “A necessary and sufficient condition for minimum phase and implications for phase retrieval,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 13(9), 1–9 (2014).

Meder, L.

Meltsin, M.

Meredith, W.

Meyer, J.

Miyazaki, T.

Monberg, E. M.

Morsy-Osman, M.

Naftaly, M.

L. G. Guerrero, H. Shams, I. Fatadin, M. Fice, M. Naftaly, A. Seeds, and C. Renaud, “Spectrally efficient SSB signals for W-band links enabled by Kramers-Kronig receiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2018), paper Th2A.

Nakamura, M.

Nazarathy, M.

Nguyen, A. T.

Osman, M. M.

Palmer, R.

P. C. Schindler, M. Lauermann, S. Wolf, D. Korn, R. Palmer, S. Koeber, W. Heni, A. Ludwig, R. Schmogrow, D. L. Elder, L. R. Dalton, W. Bogaerts, H. Yu, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, and C. Koos, “Ultra-short silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) modulator for bidirectional polarization-independent operation,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2014), pp. 1–3.
[Crossref]

S. Wolf, M. Lauermann, G. Ronniger, P. C. Schindler, R. Palmer, S. Koeber, W. Bogaerts, J. Leuthold, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “DAC-less and amplifier-less generation and transmission of 16QAM signals using a sub-volt silicon photonic modulator,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2014), pp. 1–3.
[Crossref]

Pandey, G.

G. Pandey and A. Goel, “100 Gbps long reach coherent PON downstream transmission using dual polarization-QPSK with digital signal processing,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 47(11), 3445–3453 (2015).
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Papastergiou, G.

Park, C. S.

Peng, W.

Pfeiffer, T.

Pilori, D.

S. Randel, D. Pilori, S. Chandrasekhar, G. Raybon, and P. Winzer, “100-Gb/s discrete-multitone transmission over 80-km SSMF using single-sideband modulation with novel interference-cancellation scheme,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2015), pp. 1–3.
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Plant, D. V.

Pous, R.

Prat, J.

Presi, M.

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S. Randel, D. Pilori, S. Chandrasekhar, G. Raybon, and P. Winzer, “100-Gb/s discrete-multitone transmission over 80-km SSMF using single-sideband modulation with novel interference-cancellation scheme,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2015), pp. 1–3.
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Raybon, G.

S. Randel, D. Pilori, S. Chandrasekhar, G. Raybon, and P. Winzer, “100-Gb/s discrete-multitone transmission over 80-km SSMF using single-sideband modulation with novel interference-cancellation scheme,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2015), pp. 1–3.
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Renaud, C.

L. G. Guerrero, H. Shams, I. Fatadin, M. Fice, M. Naftaly, A. Seeds, and C. Renaud, “Spectrally efficient SSB signals for W-band links enabled by Kramers-Kronig receiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2018), paper Th2A.

Ronniger, G.

S. Wolf, M. Lauermann, G. Ronniger, P. C. Schindler, R. Palmer, S. Koeber, W. Bogaerts, J. Leuthold, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “DAC-less and amplifier-less generation and transmission of 16QAM signals using a sub-volt silicon photonic modulator,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2014), pp. 1–3.
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T. M. Hoang, M. Y. S. Sowailem, Q. Zhuge, Z. Xing, M. M. Osman, E. E. Fiky, S. Fan, M. Xiang, and D. V. Plant, “Single wavelength 480 Gb/s direct detection over 80km SSMF enabled by Stokes vector Kramers Kronig transceiver,” Opt. Express 25(26), 33534–33542 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Morsy-Osman, M. Sowailem, E. El-Fiky, T. Goodwill, T. Hoang, S. Lessard, and D. V. Plant, “DSP-free ‘coherent-lite’ transceiver for next generation single wavelength optical intra-datacenter interconnects,” Opt. Express 26(7), 8890–8903 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

G. Pandey and A. Goel, “100 Gbps long reach coherent PON downstream transmission using dual polarization-QPSK with digital signal processing,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 47(11), 3445–3453 (2015).
[Crossref]

Optica (1)

Other (12)

S. Wolf, M. Lauermann, G. Ronniger, P. C. Schindler, R. Palmer, S. Koeber, W. Bogaerts, J. Leuthold, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “DAC-less and amplifier-less generation and transmission of 16QAM signals using a sub-volt silicon photonic modulator,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2014), pp. 1–3.
[Crossref]

S. Randel, D. Pilori, S. Chandrasekhar, G. Raybon, and P. Winzer, “100-Gb/s discrete-multitone transmission over 80-km SSMF using single-sideband modulation with novel interference-cancellation scheme,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2015), pp. 1–3.
[Crossref]

C. Antonelli, M. Shtaif, and A. Mecozzi, “Kramers-Kronig PAM transceiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper Tu3A.5.
[Crossref]

D. Lavery, R. Maher, D. Millar, B. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and S. Savory, “Demonstration of 10Gbit/s colorless coherent PON incorporating tunable DS-DBR lasers and low-complexity parallel DSP,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper PDP5B.10.
[Crossref]

K. Curtis, “IEEE 100G-EPON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper Th1I.6.

S. Li, Z. Ye, N. Cheng, and X. Liu, “Demonstration of a real-time 25-Gb/s TDM-PON system with 25-Gb/s downstream based on optical duobinary and 10-Gb/s burst-mode upstream based on NRZ,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper Th1I.3.
[Crossref]

P. C. Schindler, M. Lauermann, S. Wolf, D. Korn, R. Palmer, S. Koeber, W. Heni, A. Ludwig, R. Schmogrow, D. L. Elder, L. R. Dalton, W. Bogaerts, H. Yu, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, and C. Koos, “Ultra-short silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) modulator for bidirectional polarization-independent operation,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2014), pp. 1–3.
[Crossref]

Z. Li, M. Erkılınç, K. Shi, E. Sillekens, L. Galdino, B. C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “Joint optimisation of resampling rate and carrier-to-signal power ratio in direct-detection Kramers-Kronig receivers,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2017), pp. 1–3.
[Crossref]

J. Prat, M. Omella, and V. Polo, “Wavelength shifting for colorless ONUs in single-fiber WDM-PONs,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper OTuG6.
[Crossref]

T. Bo and H. Kim, “Kramers-Kronig receiver without digital upsampling,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2018), paper W4E.2.
[Crossref]

L. G. Guerrero, H. Shams, I. Fatadin, M. Fice, M. Naftaly, A. Seeds, and C. Renaud, “Spectrally efficient SSB signals for W-band links enabled by Kramers-Kronig receiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2018), paper Th2A.

D. Kim, B. G. Kim, and H. Kim, “60-km transmission of 28-Gb/s QPSK upstream signal in RSOA-based WDM PON using SBS suppression technique,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2018), paper W4G.4.
[Crossref]

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Figures (11)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic of the proposed bidirectional LR-PON using KK-based receiver and multi-core fiber.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 The principle of SSB-Nyquist-16QAM modulation (a), and the generation of SSBI in homodyne coherent detection system (b).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The simulation setup of 100 Gbps 16QAM signal transmission using four types of receivers.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 The measured BER performance versus received optical signal power using four types of receivers (a). The measured BER performance in terms of linewidth of the used CW laser based on heterodyne receiver using one PD, and KK receiver with LO at ONU (b).
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 The measured EVM performance of the received 100 Gbps SSB-Nyquist-16QAM signals in terms of CSPR for 80 km SSMF with and without PD noise (a). The electrical spectrum of received signal at CSPR of 10 dB when GAP is 1.75 GHz (b). The measured EVM performance as a function of GAP with and without KK demodulation algorithm in OBTB case (c). The measured BER performance in terms of fiber dispersion value by using different demodulation algorithms when GAP is set to 1.75 GHz (d).
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Experimental setup of the proposed bidirectional LR-PON (a), the optical spectra of the transmitted signals at corresponding points of OLT and ONU (b), and the offline DSP algorithms of the SSB-Nyquist-16QAM modulation and demodulation (c).
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 The measured EVM performance of the received downstream signal in ONU in terms of CSPR under different GAP and fiber distances (a), and the electrical spectral of the received RF signals (b).
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 The measured EVM performance of the received downstream signal in ONU in terms of the input optical power of upstream signal (a). The optical spectra of the received downstream signal before TBF with upstream signal of different input power when GAP is 1.5 GHz (b) and 3.75 GHz (c). The optical spectra of the received downstream after TBF with upstream signal of different input power when GAP is 1.5 GHz (d) and 3.75 GHz (e). The shape of the used TBF when GAP is 1.5 GHz (f) and 3.75 GHz (g).
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 The measured BER performance of the received downstream signal in ONU in terms of OSNRBW with and without upstream transmission after OBTB and 50 km MCF transmission.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 The measured EVM performance of the received upstream signal in OLT without downstream transmission in terms of CSPR for OBTB and 50 km MCF transmission.
Fig. 11
Fig. 11 The measured BER performance of the received upstream signal in OLT in terms of, OSN R BW with and without downstream transmission, after OBTB and 50 km MCF transmission.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 The Required Number and Bandwidth of Electrical and Optical Components

Equations (6)

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E x (t)= E c (t)+j E s (t).
r(t) | E x (t) | 2 = | E c (t)+j E s (t) | 2 = | E c (t) | 2 +2Re{ j E c (t) E s (t) }+ | E s (t) | 2 ,
E x (t)= E c (t)+j E s (t)=(A+ E s (t) e j(Δφ+ π 2 ) ) e jωt ,
log( E x (t) e jωt )=log( r(t) )+jϕ(t).
log( r(t) )=p.v. ϕ( t )d t π(t t ) ϕ(t)=p.v. log( r( t ) )d t π(t t ) ,
E s (t) e j(Δφ+ π 2 ) = r(t) e jϕ(t) A ϕ(t)= 1 2π p.v. log(r(t))d t ' t t ' .

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