Abstract

Ordered hierarchical structures were fabricated on a stainless steel surface using a single picosecond laser for highly controllable dimensions. Picosecond laser induced periodic structures were firstly used to create large-scale nano-structures with a period of ~450 nm. Subsequently, laser direct writing, by simply changing process parameters was employed to create micro squared structures with 19 μm width, 19 μm interval and 3-7.5 μm depth on the previously created nano-structures. As a result, micro squared structures covered by uniform nano-structures, similar to examples present in nature, were successfully fabricated. Additionally, the wettability of the created hierarchical structures was analyzed. The results demonstrated that the combination of both micro- and nano-structures allowed to tune the wetting behavior, presenting a great potential for wettability applications.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

Full Article  |  PDF Article
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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]

2018 (2)

2017 (6)

H. Zhou, J. Xu, X. Liu, H. Zhang, D. Wang, Z. Chen, and T. Fan, “Bio-inspired photonic materials: prototypes and structural effect designs for applications in aolar energy manipulation,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28, 1705309 (2017).

W. Barthlott, M. Mail, B. Bhushan, and K. Koch, “Plant surfaces: structures and functions for biomimetic innovations,” Nano-Micro Lett. 9(2), 23 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. R. Szczepanski, F. Guittard, and T. Darmanin, “Recent advances in the study and design of parahydrophobic surfaces: From natural examples to synthetic approaches,” Adv. Colloid Interface Sci. 241, 37–61 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Huerta-Murillo, A. I. Aguilar-Morales, S. Alamri, J. T. Cardoso, R. Jagdheesh, A. F. Lasagni, and J. L. Ocaña, “Fabrication of multi-scale periodic surface structures on Ti-6Al-4V by direct laser writing and direct laser interference patterning for modified wettability applications,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 98, 134–142 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. S. Grewal, P. Pendyala, H. Shin, I. J. Cho, and E. S. Yoon, “Nanotribological behavior of bioinspired textured surfaces with directional characteristics,” Wear 384, 151–158 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Jiang, M. Mao, W. Qiu, Y. Zhu, and B. Liang, “Biomimetic superhydrophobic engineering metal surface with hierarchical structure and tunable adhesion: design of microscale pattern,” Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 56(4), 907–919 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (5)

M. Martínez-Calderon, A. Rodríguez, A. Dias-Ponte, M. C. Morant-Miñana, M. Gómez-Aranzadi, and S. M. Olaizola, “Femtosecond laser fabrication of highly hydrophobic stainless steel surface with hierarchical structures fabricated by combining ordered microstructures and LIPSS,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 374, 81–89 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Liu, S. Li, S. Niu, X. Cao, Z. Han, and L. Ren, “Bio-inspired micro-nano structured surface with structural color and anisotropic wettability on Cu substrate,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 379, 230–237 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Han, Z. Mu, W. Yin, W. Li, S. Niu, J. Zhang, and L. Ren, “Biomimetic multifunctional surfaces inspired from animals,” Adv. Colloid Interface Sci. 234, 27–50 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Wang, L. Jiang, X. Li, J. Hu, Q. Wang, S. Ye, H. Zhang, and Y. Lu, “Controllable anisotropic wetting characteristics on silicon patterned by slit-based spatial focusing of femtosecond laser,” Opt. Express 24(22), 25732–25741 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Martínez-Calderon, M. Manso-Silván, A. Rodríguez, M. Gómez-Aranzadi, J. P. García-Ruiz, S. M. Olaizola, and R. J. Martín-Palma, “Surface micro- and nano-texturing of stainless steel by femtosecond laser for the control of cell migration,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 36296 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (4)

E. Bormashenko, “Progress in understanding wetting transitions on rough surfaces,” Adv. Colloid Interface Sci. 222, 92–103 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Q. Dou, D. Zhang, C. Feng, and L. Jiang, “Bioinspired hierarchical surface structures with tunable wettability for regulating bacteria adhesion,” ACS Nano 9(11), 10664–10672 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Long, P. Fan, D. Gong, D. Jiang, H. Zhang, L. Li, and M. Zhong, “Superhydrophobic surfaces fabricated by femtosecond laser with tunable water adhesion: from lotus leaf to rose petal,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7(18), 9858–9865 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Wang, M. Giovannini, Y. Xing, and K. Ehmann, “Fabrication and tribological behaviors of corner-cube-like dimple arrays produced by laser surface texturing on medical needles,” Tribol. Int. 92, 553–558 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

M. V. Rukosuyev, J. Lee, S. J. Cho, G. Lim, and M. B. Jun, “One-step fabrication of superhydrophobic hierarchical structures by femtosecond laser ablation,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 313, 411–417 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Long, P. Fan, M. Zhong, H. Zhang, Y. Xie, and C. Lin, “Superhydrophobic and colorful copper surfaces fabricated by picosecond laser induced periodic nanostructures,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 311, 461–467 (2014).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

P. Bizi-Bandoki, S. Benayoun, S. Valette, B. Beaugiraud, and E. Audouard, “Modifications of roughness and wettability properties of metals induced by femtosecond laser treatment,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 257(12), 5213–5218 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

B. H. Luo, P. W. Shum, Z. F. Zhou, and K. Y. Li, “Surface geometrical model modification and contact angle prediction for the laser patterned steel surface,” Surf. Coat. Tech. 205(7), 2597–2604 (2010).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

P. Roach, N. J. Shirtcliffe, and M. I. Newton, “Progess in superhydrophobic surface development,” Soft Matter 4(2), 224–240 (2008).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

J. Reif, F. Costache, M. Henyk, and S. V. Pandelov, “Ripples revisited: non-classical morphology at the bottom of femtosecond laser ablation craters in transparent dielectrics,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 197–198, 891–895 (2002).
[Crossref]

1983 (1)

J. E. Sipe, J. F. Young, J. S. Preston, and H. M. van Driel, “Laser-induced periodic surface structure. I. Theory,” Phys. Rev. B 27(2), 1141–1154 (1983).
[Crossref]

1944 (1)

A. B. D. Cassie and S. Baxter, “Wettability of porous surfaces,” Trans. Faraday Soc. 40, 546–551 (1944).
[Crossref]

1936 (1)

R. N. Wenzel, “Resistance of solid surfaces to wetting by water,” Ind. Eng. Chem. 28(8), 988–994 (1936).
[Crossref]

Aguilar-Morales, A. I.

D. Huerta-Murillo, A. I. Aguilar-Morales, S. Alamri, J. T. Cardoso, R. Jagdheesh, A. F. Lasagni, and J. L. Ocaña, “Fabrication of multi-scale periodic surface structures on Ti-6Al-4V by direct laser writing and direct laser interference patterning for modified wettability applications,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 98, 134–142 (2017).
[Crossref]

Alamri, S.

D. Huerta-Murillo, A. I. Aguilar-Morales, S. Alamri, J. T. Cardoso, R. Jagdheesh, A. F. Lasagni, and J. L. Ocaña, “Fabrication of multi-scale periodic surface structures on Ti-6Al-4V by direct laser writing and direct laser interference patterning for modified wettability applications,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 98, 134–142 (2017).
[Crossref]

Audouard, E.

P. Bizi-Bandoki, S. Benayoun, S. Valette, B. Beaugiraud, and E. Audouard, “Modifications of roughness and wettability properties of metals induced by femtosecond laser treatment,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 257(12), 5213–5218 (2011).
[Crossref]

Barthlott, W.

W. Barthlott, M. Mail, B. Bhushan, and K. Koch, “Plant surfaces: structures and functions for biomimetic innovations,” Nano-Micro Lett. 9(2), 23 (2017).
[Crossref]

Baxter, S.

A. B. D. Cassie and S. Baxter, “Wettability of porous surfaces,” Trans. Faraday Soc. 40, 546–551 (1944).
[Crossref]

Beaugiraud, B.

P. Bizi-Bandoki, S. Benayoun, S. Valette, B. Beaugiraud, and E. Audouard, “Modifications of roughness and wettability properties of metals induced by femtosecond laser treatment,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 257(12), 5213–5218 (2011).
[Crossref]

Benayoun, S.

P. Bizi-Bandoki, S. Benayoun, S. Valette, B. Beaugiraud, and E. Audouard, “Modifications of roughness and wettability properties of metals induced by femtosecond laser treatment,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 257(12), 5213–5218 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bhushan, B.

W. Barthlott, M. Mail, B. Bhushan, and K. Koch, “Plant surfaces: structures and functions for biomimetic innovations,” Nano-Micro Lett. 9(2), 23 (2017).
[Crossref]

Bizi-Bandoki, P.

P. Bizi-Bandoki, S. Benayoun, S. Valette, B. Beaugiraud, and E. Audouard, “Modifications of roughness and wettability properties of metals induced by femtosecond laser treatment,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 257(12), 5213–5218 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bormashenko, E.

E. Bormashenko, “Progress in understanding wetting transitions on rough surfaces,” Adv. Colloid Interface Sci. 222, 92–103 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cao, X.

Y. Liu, S. Li, S. Niu, X. Cao, Z. Han, and L. Ren, “Bio-inspired micro-nano structured surface with structural color and anisotropic wettability on Cu substrate,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 379, 230–237 (2016).
[Crossref]

Cardoso, J. T.

D. Huerta-Murillo, A. I. Aguilar-Morales, S. Alamri, J. T. Cardoso, R. Jagdheesh, A. F. Lasagni, and J. L. Ocaña, “Fabrication of multi-scale periodic surface structures on Ti-6Al-4V by direct laser writing and direct laser interference patterning for modified wettability applications,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 98, 134–142 (2017).
[Crossref]

Cassie, A. B. D.

A. B. D. Cassie and S. Baxter, “Wettability of porous surfaces,” Trans. Faraday Soc. 40, 546–551 (1944).
[Crossref]

Chen, Z.

H. Zhou, J. Xu, X. Liu, H. Zhang, D. Wang, Z. Chen, and T. Fan, “Bio-inspired photonic materials: prototypes and structural effect designs for applications in aolar energy manipulation,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28, 1705309 (2017).

Cho, I. J.

H. S. Grewal, P. Pendyala, H. Shin, I. J. Cho, and E. S. Yoon, “Nanotribological behavior of bioinspired textured surfaces with directional characteristics,” Wear 384, 151–158 (2017).
[Crossref]

Cho, S. J.

M. V. Rukosuyev, J. Lee, S. J. Cho, G. Lim, and M. B. Jun, “One-step fabrication of superhydrophobic hierarchical structures by femtosecond laser ablation,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 313, 411–417 (2014).
[Crossref]

Costache, F.

J. Reif, F. Costache, M. Henyk, and S. V. Pandelov, “Ripples revisited: non-classical morphology at the bottom of femtosecond laser ablation craters in transparent dielectrics,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 197–198, 891–895 (2002).
[Crossref]

Darmanin, T.

C. R. Szczepanski, F. Guittard, and T. Darmanin, “Recent advances in the study and design of parahydrophobic surfaces: From natural examples to synthetic approaches,” Adv. Colloid Interface Sci. 241, 37–61 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dias-Ponte, A.

M. Martínez-Calderon, A. Rodríguez, A. Dias-Ponte, M. C. Morant-Miñana, M. Gómez-Aranzadi, and S. M. Olaizola, “Femtosecond laser fabrication of highly hydrophobic stainless steel surface with hierarchical structures fabricated by combining ordered microstructures and LIPSS,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 374, 81–89 (2016).
[Crossref]

Dou, X. Q.

X. Q. Dou, D. Zhang, C. Feng, and L. Jiang, “Bioinspired hierarchical surface structures with tunable wettability for regulating bacteria adhesion,” ACS Nano 9(11), 10664–10672 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ehmann, K.

X. Wang, M. Giovannini, Y. Xing, and K. Ehmann, “Fabrication and tribological behaviors of corner-cube-like dimple arrays produced by laser surface texturing on medical needles,” Tribol. Int. 92, 553–558 (2015).
[Crossref]

Fan, P.

J. Long, P. Fan, D. Gong, D. Jiang, H. Zhang, L. Li, and M. Zhong, “Superhydrophobic surfaces fabricated by femtosecond laser with tunable water adhesion: from lotus leaf to rose petal,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7(18), 9858–9865 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Long, P. Fan, M. Zhong, H. Zhang, Y. Xie, and C. Lin, “Superhydrophobic and colorful copper surfaces fabricated by picosecond laser induced periodic nanostructures,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 311, 461–467 (2014).
[Crossref]

Fan, T.

H. Zhou, J. Xu, X. Liu, H. Zhang, D. Wang, Z. Chen, and T. Fan, “Bio-inspired photonic materials: prototypes and structural effect designs for applications in aolar energy manipulation,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28, 1705309 (2017).

Feng, C.

X. Q. Dou, D. Zhang, C. Feng, and L. Jiang, “Bioinspired hierarchical surface structures with tunable wettability for regulating bacteria adhesion,” ACS Nano 9(11), 10664–10672 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Feng, J.

García-Ruiz, J. P.

M. Martínez-Calderon, M. Manso-Silván, A. Rodríguez, M. Gómez-Aranzadi, J. P. García-Ruiz, S. M. Olaizola, and R. J. Martín-Palma, “Surface micro- and nano-texturing of stainless steel by femtosecond laser for the control of cell migration,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 36296 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Giovannini, M.

X. Wang, M. Giovannini, Y. Xing, and K. Ehmann, “Fabrication and tribological behaviors of corner-cube-like dimple arrays produced by laser surface texturing on medical needles,” Tribol. Int. 92, 553–558 (2015).
[Crossref]

Gómez-Aranzadi, M.

M. Martínez-Calderon, A. Rodríguez, A. Dias-Ponte, M. C. Morant-Miñana, M. Gómez-Aranzadi, and S. M. Olaizola, “Femtosecond laser fabrication of highly hydrophobic stainless steel surface with hierarchical structures fabricated by combining ordered microstructures and LIPSS,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 374, 81–89 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Martínez-Calderon, M. Manso-Silván, A. Rodríguez, M. Gómez-Aranzadi, J. P. García-Ruiz, S. M. Olaizola, and R. J. Martín-Palma, “Surface micro- and nano-texturing of stainless steel by femtosecond laser for the control of cell migration,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 36296 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gong, D.

J. Long, P. Fan, D. Gong, D. Jiang, H. Zhang, L. Li, and M. Zhong, “Superhydrophobic surfaces fabricated by femtosecond laser with tunable water adhesion: from lotus leaf to rose petal,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7(18), 9858–9865 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grewal, H. S.

H. S. Grewal, P. Pendyala, H. Shin, I. J. Cho, and E. S. Yoon, “Nanotribological behavior of bioinspired textured surfaces with directional characteristics,” Wear 384, 151–158 (2017).
[Crossref]

Guittard, F.

C. R. Szczepanski, F. Guittard, and T. Darmanin, “Recent advances in the study and design of parahydrophobic surfaces: From natural examples to synthetic approaches,” Adv. Colloid Interface Sci. 241, 37–61 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Han, Z.

Y. Liu, S. Li, S. Niu, X. Cao, Z. Han, and L. Ren, “Bio-inspired micro-nano structured surface with structural color and anisotropic wettability on Cu substrate,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 379, 230–237 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Han, Z. Mu, W. Yin, W. Li, S. Niu, J. Zhang, and L. Ren, “Biomimetic multifunctional surfaces inspired from animals,” Adv. Colloid Interface Sci. 234, 27–50 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Henyk, M.

J. Reif, F. Costache, M. Henyk, and S. V. Pandelov, “Ripples revisited: non-classical morphology at the bottom of femtosecond laser ablation craters in transparent dielectrics,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 197–198, 891–895 (2002).
[Crossref]

Hong, W.

Hu, J.

Huerta-Murillo, D.

D. Huerta-Murillo, A. I. Aguilar-Morales, S. Alamri, J. T. Cardoso, R. Jagdheesh, A. F. Lasagni, and J. L. Ocaña, “Fabrication of multi-scale periodic surface structures on Ti-6Al-4V by direct laser writing and direct laser interference patterning for modified wettability applications,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 98, 134–142 (2017).
[Crossref]

Jagdheesh, R.

D. Huerta-Murillo, A. I. Aguilar-Morales, S. Alamri, J. T. Cardoso, R. Jagdheesh, A. F. Lasagni, and J. L. Ocaña, “Fabrication of multi-scale periodic surface structures on Ti-6Al-4V by direct laser writing and direct laser interference patterning for modified wettability applications,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 98, 134–142 (2017).
[Crossref]

Jiang, D.

J. Long, P. Fan, D. Gong, D. Jiang, H. Zhang, L. Li, and M. Zhong, “Superhydrophobic surfaces fabricated by femtosecond laser with tunable water adhesion: from lotus leaf to rose petal,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7(18), 9858–9865 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jiang, L.

T. Wang, L. Jiang, X. Li, J. Hu, Q. Wang, S. Ye, H. Zhang, and Y. Lu, “Controllable anisotropic wetting characteristics on silicon patterned by slit-based spatial focusing of femtosecond laser,” Opt. Express 24(22), 25732–25741 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Q. Dou, D. Zhang, C. Feng, and L. Jiang, “Bioinspired hierarchical surface structures with tunable wettability for regulating bacteria adhesion,” ACS Nano 9(11), 10664–10672 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jiang, W.

W. Jiang, M. Mao, W. Qiu, Y. Zhu, and B. Liang, “Biomimetic superhydrophobic engineering metal surface with hierarchical structure and tunable adhesion: design of microscale pattern,” Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 56(4), 907–919 (2017).
[Crossref]

Jun, M. B.

M. V. Rukosuyev, J. Lee, S. J. Cho, G. Lim, and M. B. Jun, “One-step fabrication of superhydrophobic hierarchical structures by femtosecond laser ablation,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 313, 411–417 (2014).
[Crossref]

Koch, K.

W. Barthlott, M. Mail, B. Bhushan, and K. Koch, “Plant surfaces: structures and functions for biomimetic innovations,” Nano-Micro Lett. 9(2), 23 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lasagni, A. F.

D. Huerta-Murillo, A. I. Aguilar-Morales, S. Alamri, J. T. Cardoso, R. Jagdheesh, A. F. Lasagni, and J. L. Ocaña, “Fabrication of multi-scale periodic surface structures on Ti-6Al-4V by direct laser writing and direct laser interference patterning for modified wettability applications,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 98, 134–142 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lee, J.

M. V. Rukosuyev, J. Lee, S. J. Cho, G. Lim, and M. B. Jun, “One-step fabrication of superhydrophobic hierarchical structures by femtosecond laser ablation,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 313, 411–417 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, C.

Li, K. Y.

B. H. Luo, P. W. Shum, Z. F. Zhou, and K. Y. Li, “Surface geometrical model modification and contact angle prediction for the laser patterned steel surface,” Surf. Coat. Tech. 205(7), 2597–2604 (2010).
[Crossref]

Li, L.

J. Long, P. Fan, D. Gong, D. Jiang, H. Zhang, L. Li, and M. Zhong, “Superhydrophobic surfaces fabricated by femtosecond laser with tunable water adhesion: from lotus leaf to rose petal,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7(18), 9858–9865 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, S.

Y. Liu, S. Li, S. Niu, X. Cao, Z. Han, and L. Ren, “Bio-inspired micro-nano structured surface with structural color and anisotropic wettability on Cu substrate,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 379, 230–237 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, W.

Z. Han, Z. Mu, W. Yin, W. Li, S. Niu, J. Zhang, and L. Ren, “Biomimetic multifunctional surfaces inspired from animals,” Adv. Colloid Interface Sci. 234, 27–50 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, X.

Liang, B.

W. Jiang, M. Mao, W. Qiu, Y. Zhu, and B. Liang, “Biomimetic superhydrophobic engineering metal surface with hierarchical structure and tunable adhesion: design of microscale pattern,” Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 56(4), 907–919 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lim, G.

M. V. Rukosuyev, J. Lee, S. J. Cho, G. Lim, and M. B. Jun, “One-step fabrication of superhydrophobic hierarchical structures by femtosecond laser ablation,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 313, 411–417 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lin, C.

J. Long, P. Fan, M. Zhong, H. Zhang, Y. Xie, and C. Lin, “Superhydrophobic and colorful copper surfaces fabricated by picosecond laser induced periodic nanostructures,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 311, 461–467 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, X.

H. Zhou, J. Xu, X. Liu, H. Zhang, D. Wang, Z. Chen, and T. Fan, “Bio-inspired photonic materials: prototypes and structural effect designs for applications in aolar energy manipulation,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28, 1705309 (2017).

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu, S. Li, S. Niu, X. Cao, Z. Han, and L. Ren, “Bio-inspired micro-nano structured surface with structural color and anisotropic wettability on Cu substrate,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 379, 230–237 (2016).
[Crossref]

Long, J.

J. Long, P. Fan, D. Gong, D. Jiang, H. Zhang, L. Li, and M. Zhong, “Superhydrophobic surfaces fabricated by femtosecond laser with tunable water adhesion: from lotus leaf to rose petal,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7(18), 9858–9865 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Long, P. Fan, M. Zhong, H. Zhang, Y. Xie, and C. Lin, “Superhydrophobic and colorful copper surfaces fabricated by picosecond laser induced periodic nanostructures,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 311, 461–467 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lu, Y.

Luo, B. H.

B. H. Luo, P. W. Shum, Z. F. Zhou, and K. Y. Li, “Surface geometrical model modification and contact angle prediction for the laser patterned steel surface,” Surf. Coat. Tech. 205(7), 2597–2604 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ma, C.

Mail, M.

W. Barthlott, M. Mail, B. Bhushan, and K. Koch, “Plant surfaces: structures and functions for biomimetic innovations,” Nano-Micro Lett. 9(2), 23 (2017).
[Crossref]

Manso-Silván, M.

M. Martínez-Calderon, M. Manso-Silván, A. Rodríguez, M. Gómez-Aranzadi, J. P. García-Ruiz, S. M. Olaizola, and R. J. Martín-Palma, “Surface micro- and nano-texturing of stainless steel by femtosecond laser for the control of cell migration,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 36296 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mao, M.

W. Jiang, M. Mao, W. Qiu, Y. Zhu, and B. Liang, “Biomimetic superhydrophobic engineering metal surface with hierarchical structure and tunable adhesion: design of microscale pattern,” Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 56(4), 907–919 (2017).
[Crossref]

Martínez-Calderon, M.

M. Martínez-Calderon, M. Manso-Silván, A. Rodríguez, M. Gómez-Aranzadi, J. P. García-Ruiz, S. M. Olaizola, and R. J. Martín-Palma, “Surface micro- and nano-texturing of stainless steel by femtosecond laser for the control of cell migration,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 36296 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Martínez-Calderon, A. Rodríguez, A. Dias-Ponte, M. C. Morant-Miñana, M. Gómez-Aranzadi, and S. M. Olaizola, “Femtosecond laser fabrication of highly hydrophobic stainless steel surface with hierarchical structures fabricated by combining ordered microstructures and LIPSS,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 374, 81–89 (2016).
[Crossref]

Martín-Palma, R. J.

M. Martínez-Calderon, M. Manso-Silván, A. Rodríguez, M. Gómez-Aranzadi, J. P. García-Ruiz, S. M. Olaizola, and R. J. Martín-Palma, “Surface micro- and nano-texturing of stainless steel by femtosecond laser for the control of cell migration,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 36296 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Morant-Miñana, M. C.

M. Martínez-Calderon, A. Rodríguez, A. Dias-Ponte, M. C. Morant-Miñana, M. Gómez-Aranzadi, and S. M. Olaizola, “Femtosecond laser fabrication of highly hydrophobic stainless steel surface with hierarchical structures fabricated by combining ordered microstructures and LIPSS,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 374, 81–89 (2016).
[Crossref]

Mu, Z.

Z. Han, Z. Mu, W. Yin, W. Li, S. Niu, J. Zhang, and L. Ren, “Biomimetic multifunctional surfaces inspired from animals,” Adv. Colloid Interface Sci. 234, 27–50 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Newton, M. I.

P. Roach, N. J. Shirtcliffe, and M. I. Newton, “Progess in superhydrophobic surface development,” Soft Matter 4(2), 224–240 (2008).
[Crossref]

Niu, S.

Y. Liu, S. Li, S. Niu, X. Cao, Z. Han, and L. Ren, “Bio-inspired micro-nano structured surface with structural color and anisotropic wettability on Cu substrate,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 379, 230–237 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Han, Z. Mu, W. Yin, W. Li, S. Niu, J. Zhang, and L. Ren, “Biomimetic multifunctional surfaces inspired from animals,” Adv. Colloid Interface Sci. 234, 27–50 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ocaña, J. L.

D. Huerta-Murillo, A. I. Aguilar-Morales, S. Alamri, J. T. Cardoso, R. Jagdheesh, A. F. Lasagni, and J. L. Ocaña, “Fabrication of multi-scale periodic surface structures on Ti-6Al-4V by direct laser writing and direct laser interference patterning for modified wettability applications,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 98, 134–142 (2017).
[Crossref]

Olaizola, S. M.

M. Martínez-Calderon, A. Rodríguez, A. Dias-Ponte, M. C. Morant-Miñana, M. Gómez-Aranzadi, and S. M. Olaizola, “Femtosecond laser fabrication of highly hydrophobic stainless steel surface with hierarchical structures fabricated by combining ordered microstructures and LIPSS,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 374, 81–89 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Martínez-Calderon, M. Manso-Silván, A. Rodríguez, M. Gómez-Aranzadi, J. P. García-Ruiz, S. M. Olaizola, and R. J. Martín-Palma, “Surface micro- and nano-texturing of stainless steel by femtosecond laser for the control of cell migration,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 36296 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pandelov, S. V.

J. Reif, F. Costache, M. Henyk, and S. V. Pandelov, “Ripples revisited: non-classical morphology at the bottom of femtosecond laser ablation craters in transparent dielectrics,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 197–198, 891–895 (2002).
[Crossref]

Pendyala, P.

H. S. Grewal, P. Pendyala, H. Shin, I. J. Cho, and E. S. Yoon, “Nanotribological behavior of bioinspired textured surfaces with directional characteristics,” Wear 384, 151–158 (2017).
[Crossref]

Preston, J. S.

J. E. Sipe, J. F. Young, J. S. Preston, and H. M. van Driel, “Laser-induced periodic surface structure. I. Theory,” Phys. Rev. B 27(2), 1141–1154 (1983).
[Crossref]

Qiu, W.

W. Jiang, M. Mao, W. Qiu, Y. Zhu, and B. Liang, “Biomimetic superhydrophobic engineering metal surface with hierarchical structure and tunable adhesion: design of microscale pattern,” Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 56(4), 907–919 (2017).
[Crossref]

Reif, J.

J. Reif, F. Costache, M. Henyk, and S. V. Pandelov, “Ripples revisited: non-classical morphology at the bottom of femtosecond laser ablation craters in transparent dielectrics,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 197–198, 891–895 (2002).
[Crossref]

Ren, L.

Z. Han, Z. Mu, W. Yin, W. Li, S. Niu, J. Zhang, and L. Ren, “Biomimetic multifunctional surfaces inspired from animals,” Adv. Colloid Interface Sci. 234, 27–50 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, S. Li, S. Niu, X. Cao, Z. Han, and L. Ren, “Bio-inspired micro-nano structured surface with structural color and anisotropic wettability on Cu substrate,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 379, 230–237 (2016).
[Crossref]

Roach, P.

P. Roach, N. J. Shirtcliffe, and M. I. Newton, “Progess in superhydrophobic surface development,” Soft Matter 4(2), 224–240 (2008).
[Crossref]

Rodríguez, A.

M. Martínez-Calderon, A. Rodríguez, A. Dias-Ponte, M. C. Morant-Miñana, M. Gómez-Aranzadi, and S. M. Olaizola, “Femtosecond laser fabrication of highly hydrophobic stainless steel surface with hierarchical structures fabricated by combining ordered microstructures and LIPSS,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 374, 81–89 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Martínez-Calderon, M. Manso-Silván, A. Rodríguez, M. Gómez-Aranzadi, J. P. García-Ruiz, S. M. Olaizola, and R. J. Martín-Palma, “Surface micro- and nano-texturing of stainless steel by femtosecond laser for the control of cell migration,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 36296 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rukosuyev, M. V.

M. V. Rukosuyev, J. Lee, S. J. Cho, G. Lim, and M. B. Jun, “One-step fabrication of superhydrophobic hierarchical structures by femtosecond laser ablation,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 313, 411–417 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shin, H.

H. S. Grewal, P. Pendyala, H. Shin, I. J. Cho, and E. S. Yoon, “Nanotribological behavior of bioinspired textured surfaces with directional characteristics,” Wear 384, 151–158 (2017).
[Crossref]

Shirtcliffe, N. J.

P. Roach, N. J. Shirtcliffe, and M. I. Newton, “Progess in superhydrophobic surface development,” Soft Matter 4(2), 224–240 (2008).
[Crossref]

Shum, P. W.

B. H. Luo, P. W. Shum, Z. F. Zhou, and K. Y. Li, “Surface geometrical model modification and contact angle prediction for the laser patterned steel surface,” Surf. Coat. Tech. 205(7), 2597–2604 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sipe, J. E.

J. E. Sipe, J. F. Young, J. S. Preston, and H. M. van Driel, “Laser-induced periodic surface structure. I. Theory,” Phys. Rev. B 27(2), 1141–1154 (1983).
[Crossref]

Szczepanski, C. R.

C. R. Szczepanski, F. Guittard, and T. Darmanin, “Recent advances in the study and design of parahydrophobic surfaces: From natural examples to synthetic approaches,” Adv. Colloid Interface Sci. 241, 37–61 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Valette, S.

P. Bizi-Bandoki, S. Benayoun, S. Valette, B. Beaugiraud, and E. Audouard, “Modifications of roughness and wettability properties of metals induced by femtosecond laser treatment,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 257(12), 5213–5218 (2011).
[Crossref]

van Driel, H. M.

J. E. Sipe, J. F. Young, J. S. Preston, and H. M. van Driel, “Laser-induced periodic surface structure. I. Theory,” Phys. Rev. B 27(2), 1141–1154 (1983).
[Crossref]

Wang, D.

H. Zhou, J. Xu, X. Liu, H. Zhang, D. Wang, Z. Chen, and T. Fan, “Bio-inspired photonic materials: prototypes and structural effect designs for applications in aolar energy manipulation,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28, 1705309 (2017).

Wang, Q.

Wang, T.

Wang, X.

X. Wang, C. Li, C. Ma, J. Feng, W. Hong, and Z. Zhang, “Formation of laser induced periodic structures on stainless steel using multi-burst picosecond pulses,” Opt. Express 26(5), 6325–6330 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Wang, M. Giovannini, Y. Xing, and K. Ehmann, “Fabrication and tribological behaviors of corner-cube-like dimple arrays produced by laser surface texturing on medical needles,” Tribol. Int. 92, 553–558 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z.

Z. Wang, “Slanted functional gradient micropillars for optimal bioinspired dry adhesion,” ACS Nano 12(2), 1273–1284 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wenzel, R. N.

R. N. Wenzel, “Resistance of solid surfaces to wetting by water,” Ind. Eng. Chem. 28(8), 988–994 (1936).
[Crossref]

Xie, Y.

J. Long, P. Fan, M. Zhong, H. Zhang, Y. Xie, and C. Lin, “Superhydrophobic and colorful copper surfaces fabricated by picosecond laser induced periodic nanostructures,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 311, 461–467 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xing, Y.

X. Wang, M. Giovannini, Y. Xing, and K. Ehmann, “Fabrication and tribological behaviors of corner-cube-like dimple arrays produced by laser surface texturing on medical needles,” Tribol. Int. 92, 553–558 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xu, J.

H. Zhou, J. Xu, X. Liu, H. Zhang, D. Wang, Z. Chen, and T. Fan, “Bio-inspired photonic materials: prototypes and structural effect designs for applications in aolar energy manipulation,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28, 1705309 (2017).

Ye, S.

Yin, W.

Z. Han, Z. Mu, W. Yin, W. Li, S. Niu, J. Zhang, and L. Ren, “Biomimetic multifunctional surfaces inspired from animals,” Adv. Colloid Interface Sci. 234, 27–50 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yoon, E. S.

H. S. Grewal, P. Pendyala, H. Shin, I. J. Cho, and E. S. Yoon, “Nanotribological behavior of bioinspired textured surfaces with directional characteristics,” Wear 384, 151–158 (2017).
[Crossref]

Young, J. F.

J. E. Sipe, J. F. Young, J. S. Preston, and H. M. van Driel, “Laser-induced periodic surface structure. I. Theory,” Phys. Rev. B 27(2), 1141–1154 (1983).
[Crossref]

Zhang, D.

X. Q. Dou, D. Zhang, C. Feng, and L. Jiang, “Bioinspired hierarchical surface structures with tunable wettability for regulating bacteria adhesion,” ACS Nano 9(11), 10664–10672 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, H.

H. Zhou, J. Xu, X. Liu, H. Zhang, D. Wang, Z. Chen, and T. Fan, “Bio-inspired photonic materials: prototypes and structural effect designs for applications in aolar energy manipulation,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28, 1705309 (2017).

T. Wang, L. Jiang, X. Li, J. Hu, Q. Wang, S. Ye, H. Zhang, and Y. Lu, “Controllable anisotropic wetting characteristics on silicon patterned by slit-based spatial focusing of femtosecond laser,” Opt. Express 24(22), 25732–25741 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Long, P. Fan, D. Gong, D. Jiang, H. Zhang, L. Li, and M. Zhong, “Superhydrophobic surfaces fabricated by femtosecond laser with tunable water adhesion: from lotus leaf to rose petal,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7(18), 9858–9865 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Long, P. Fan, M. Zhong, H. Zhang, Y. Xie, and C. Lin, “Superhydrophobic and colorful copper surfaces fabricated by picosecond laser induced periodic nanostructures,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 311, 461–467 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

Z. Han, Z. Mu, W. Yin, W. Li, S. Niu, J. Zhang, and L. Ren, “Biomimetic multifunctional surfaces inspired from animals,” Adv. Colloid Interface Sci. 234, 27–50 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Z.

Zhong, M.

J. Long, P. Fan, D. Gong, D. Jiang, H. Zhang, L. Li, and M. Zhong, “Superhydrophobic surfaces fabricated by femtosecond laser with tunable water adhesion: from lotus leaf to rose petal,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7(18), 9858–9865 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Long, P. Fan, M. Zhong, H. Zhang, Y. Xie, and C. Lin, “Superhydrophobic and colorful copper surfaces fabricated by picosecond laser induced periodic nanostructures,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 311, 461–467 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhou, H.

H. Zhou, J. Xu, X. Liu, H. Zhang, D. Wang, Z. Chen, and T. Fan, “Bio-inspired photonic materials: prototypes and structural effect designs for applications in aolar energy manipulation,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28, 1705309 (2017).

Zhou, Z. F.

B. H. Luo, P. W. Shum, Z. F. Zhou, and K. Y. Li, “Surface geometrical model modification and contact angle prediction for the laser patterned steel surface,” Surf. Coat. Tech. 205(7), 2597–2604 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhu, Y.

W. Jiang, M. Mao, W. Qiu, Y. Zhu, and B. Liang, “Biomimetic superhydrophobic engineering metal surface with hierarchical structure and tunable adhesion: design of microscale pattern,” Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 56(4), 907–919 (2017).
[Crossref]

ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces (1)

J. Long, P. Fan, D. Gong, D. Jiang, H. Zhang, L. Li, and M. Zhong, “Superhydrophobic surfaces fabricated by femtosecond laser with tunable water adhesion: from lotus leaf to rose petal,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7(18), 9858–9865 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

ACS Nano (2)

Z. Wang, “Slanted functional gradient micropillars for optimal bioinspired dry adhesion,” ACS Nano 12(2), 1273–1284 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Q. Dou, D. Zhang, C. Feng, and L. Jiang, “Bioinspired hierarchical surface structures with tunable wettability for regulating bacteria adhesion,” ACS Nano 9(11), 10664–10672 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Colloid Interface Sci. (3)

Z. Han, Z. Mu, W. Yin, W. Li, S. Niu, J. Zhang, and L. Ren, “Biomimetic multifunctional surfaces inspired from animals,” Adv. Colloid Interface Sci. 234, 27–50 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. R. Szczepanski, F. Guittard, and T. Darmanin, “Recent advances in the study and design of parahydrophobic surfaces: From natural examples to synthetic approaches,” Adv. Colloid Interface Sci. 241, 37–61 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Bormashenko, “Progress in understanding wetting transitions on rough surfaces,” Adv. Colloid Interface Sci. 222, 92–103 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

H. Zhou, J. Xu, X. Liu, H. Zhang, D. Wang, Z. Chen, and T. Fan, “Bio-inspired photonic materials: prototypes and structural effect designs for applications in aolar energy manipulation,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28, 1705309 (2017).

Appl. Surf. Sci. (6)

Y. Liu, S. Li, S. Niu, X. Cao, Z. Han, and L. Ren, “Bio-inspired micro-nano structured surface with structural color and anisotropic wettability on Cu substrate,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 379, 230–237 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. V. Rukosuyev, J. Lee, S. J. Cho, G. Lim, and M. B. Jun, “One-step fabrication of superhydrophobic hierarchical structures by femtosecond laser ablation,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 313, 411–417 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Martínez-Calderon, A. Rodríguez, A. Dias-Ponte, M. C. Morant-Miñana, M. Gómez-Aranzadi, and S. M. Olaizola, “Femtosecond laser fabrication of highly hydrophobic stainless steel surface with hierarchical structures fabricated by combining ordered microstructures and LIPSS,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 374, 81–89 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Reif, F. Costache, M. Henyk, and S. V. Pandelov, “Ripples revisited: non-classical morphology at the bottom of femtosecond laser ablation craters in transparent dielectrics,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 197–198, 891–895 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. Long, P. Fan, M. Zhong, H. Zhang, Y. Xie, and C. Lin, “Superhydrophobic and colorful copper surfaces fabricated by picosecond laser induced periodic nanostructures,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 311, 461–467 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. Bizi-Bandoki, S. Benayoun, S. Valette, B. Beaugiraud, and E. Audouard, “Modifications of roughness and wettability properties of metals induced by femtosecond laser treatment,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 257(12), 5213–5218 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ind. Eng. Chem. (1)

R. N. Wenzel, “Resistance of solid surfaces to wetting by water,” Ind. Eng. Chem. 28(8), 988–994 (1936).
[Crossref]

Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. (1)

W. Jiang, M. Mao, W. Qiu, Y. Zhu, and B. Liang, “Biomimetic superhydrophobic engineering metal surface with hierarchical structure and tunable adhesion: design of microscale pattern,” Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 56(4), 907–919 (2017).
[Crossref]

Nano-Micro Lett. (1)

W. Barthlott, M. Mail, B. Bhushan, and K. Koch, “Plant surfaces: structures and functions for biomimetic innovations,” Nano-Micro Lett. 9(2), 23 (2017).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lasers Eng. (1)

D. Huerta-Murillo, A. I. Aguilar-Morales, S. Alamri, J. T. Cardoso, R. Jagdheesh, A. F. Lasagni, and J. L. Ocaña, “Fabrication of multi-scale periodic surface structures on Ti-6Al-4V by direct laser writing and direct laser interference patterning for modified wettability applications,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 98, 134–142 (2017).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

J. E. Sipe, J. F. Young, J. S. Preston, and H. M. van Driel, “Laser-induced periodic surface structure. I. Theory,” Phys. Rev. B 27(2), 1141–1154 (1983).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

M. Martínez-Calderon, M. Manso-Silván, A. Rodríguez, M. Gómez-Aranzadi, J. P. García-Ruiz, S. M. Olaizola, and R. J. Martín-Palma, “Surface micro- and nano-texturing of stainless steel by femtosecond laser for the control of cell migration,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 36296 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Soft Matter (1)

P. Roach, N. J. Shirtcliffe, and M. I. Newton, “Progess in superhydrophobic surface development,” Soft Matter 4(2), 224–240 (2008).
[Crossref]

Surf. Coat. Tech. (1)

B. H. Luo, P. W. Shum, Z. F. Zhou, and K. Y. Li, “Surface geometrical model modification and contact angle prediction for the laser patterned steel surface,” Surf. Coat. Tech. 205(7), 2597–2604 (2010).
[Crossref]

Trans. Faraday Soc. (1)

A. B. D. Cassie and S. Baxter, “Wettability of porous surfaces,” Trans. Faraday Soc. 40, 546–551 (1944).
[Crossref]

Tribol. Int. (1)

X. Wang, M. Giovannini, Y. Xing, and K. Ehmann, “Fabrication and tribological behaviors of corner-cube-like dimple arrays produced by laser surface texturing on medical needles,” Tribol. Int. 92, 553–558 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wear (1)

H. S. Grewal, P. Pendyala, H. Shin, I. J. Cho, and E. S. Yoon, “Nanotribological behavior of bioinspired textured surfaces with directional characteristics,” Wear 384, 151–158 (2017).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

B. Bhushan, Biomimetics: Bioinspired hierarchical-structured surfaces for green science and technology, (Springer, 2012).

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Figures (13)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic of laser setup.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Schematic of laser scanning paths for (a) nano-structures, (b) micro-structures.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 SEM images showing the created nano-structures for various pulse energies: (a, b) 0.24 μJ, (c, d) 0.32 μJ, (e, f) 0.48 μJ, (g, h) 0.62 μJ. The red arrow shows the polarization direction.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 SEM images of lager-area created nano-structures.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Micro-structures at laser energy of 5.1 μJ and oversacen number of 12: (a) planar image (b) 3D image (c) surface profiles.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 SEM images of created micro-structures.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Effect of overscan number on the depth and width of the micro squared structures.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 SEM images of created hierarchical structures using micro-nano sequence at overscan number of 12.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 SEM images of created hierarchical structures using nano-micro sequence at overscan number of (a, b) 9, (c, d) 15.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Hierarchical structures using nano-micro sequence with different overscan numbers: (a, b, c) 9, (d, e, f) 15.
Fig. 11
Fig. 11 Water droplets on stainless steel surfaces with micro-structures and hierarchical structures.
Fig. 12
Fig. 12 Effect of depth on the contact angles of the laser textured surfaces
Fig. 13
Fig. 13 A simplified geometric model of micro-patterned surface.

Equations (4)

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cos θ w =fcos θ 0
f=1+4ah/ (a+b) 2 .
cos θ w = f 1 (1+cos θ 0 )1,
f 1 =( a a+b ) . 2

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