Abstract

Solar wind magnetosphere ionosphere link explorer (SMILE) scientific satellite is dedicated to observe solar wind-magnetosphere coupling. The key payload, soft X-ray imager (SXI), is designed to map the location, shape, and motion of dayside magnetospheric boundaries by Angel-type lobster-eye optical system. Contrast to traditional Wolter-type X-ray telescope with very narrow field-of-view, the lobster-eye-type optics has a unique capability of providing wide field of view for panoramic imaging with moderate spatial resolution in soft X-ray band. Since the lobster-eye optics focus X-ray by reflecting of the inner walls of the micro-channel array shaped in spherical surface, traditional optical design tools can’t well match to the requirements of simulation for SXI. In this paper, a 3D Angel-type lobster-eye model is designed for simulation of lobster-eye optics and its capability is demonstrated for the applying scenarios including the imaging of point light source, surface light source with uniform and non-uniform intensity distribution. The simulation results are well consistent with those of theoretical estimate.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Comparison of focal properties of square-channel and meridional lobster-eye lenses

Samuel Barbour and Daniel A. Erwin
J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31(12) 2584-2592 (2014)

Lobster-eye x-ray optics: a rapid evaluation of the image distribution

A. G. Peele and K. A. Nugent
Appl. Opt. 37(4) 632-642 (1998)

Optical metrology for analysis of lobster-eye x-ray optics

Thomas H. K. Irving, Andrew G. Peele, and Keith A. Nugent
Appl. Opt. 42(13) 2422-2430 (2003)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. C. P. Escoubet, M. G. G. T. Taylor, A. Masson, H. Laakso, J. Volpp, M. Hapgood, and M. L. Goldstein, “Dynamical processes in space: Cluster results,” Ann. Geophys. 31(6), 1045–1059 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  2. E. Friis-Christensen, H. Lühr, D. Knudsen, and R. Haagmans, “Swarm – An Earth Observation Mission investigating Geospace,” Adv. Space Res. 41(1), 210–216 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  3. T. E. Cravens, “X-ray emission from comets,” Science 296(5570), 1042–1045 (2002).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. T. Sun, C. Wang, F. Wei, and S. Sembay, “X-ray imaging of Kelvin-Helmholtz waves at the magnetopause,” J. Geophys. Res-Space 120(1), 266–275 (2015).
  5. K. Vogt, “Zur Optik des Flusskrebsauges,” Z. Naturforsch., C, Biosci. 30(5), 691 (1975).
    [PubMed]
  6. M. F. Land, “Animal eyes with mirror optics,” Sci. Am. 239(6), 126–134 (1978).
    [Crossref]
  7. J. R. P. Angel, “Lobster Eyes As X-Ray Telescopes,” Astrophys. J. 233(1), 364–373 (1979).
    [Crossref]
  8. H. Wolter, “Mirror systems with grazing incidence as image-forming optics for X-rays,” Ann. Phys. 10(6), 94–114 (1975).
  9. H. N. Chapman, K. A. Nugent, and S. W. Wilkins, “X-ray focusing using square channel-capillary arrays,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 62(6), 1542–1561 (1991).
    [Crossref]
  10. A. G. Peele, K. A. Nugent, A. V. Rode, K. Gabel, M. C. Richardson, R. Strack, and W. Siegmund, “X-ray focusing with lobster-eye optics: a comparison of theory with experiment,” Appl. Opt. 35(22), 4420–4425 (1996).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. G. W. Fraser, A. N. Brunton, J. E. Lee, J. F. Pearson, and W. B. Feller, “X-ray focusing using square-pore microchannel plates First observation of cruxiform image structure,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 324(1–2), 404–407 (1993).
  12. A. N. Brunton, G. W. Fraser, J. E. Lees, and I. C. E. Turcu, “Metrology and modeling of microchannel plate x-ray optics,” Appl. Opt. 36(22), 5461–5470 (1997).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. C. T. Putkunz and A. G. Peele, “Detailed simulation of a Lobster-eye telescope,” Opt. Express 17(16), 14156–14165 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. T. H. K. Irving, A. G. Peele, K. A. Nugent, and S. P. Brumby, “Faster, better, cheaper metrology of lobster-eye (square-pore) optics,” Proc. SPIE 4145, 209–218 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  15. R. Willingale, A. Martindale, C. H. Feldman, R. Fairbend, E. Schyns, S. Petit, J. P. Osborne, and P. T. O’Brien, “Aberrations in square pore micro-channel optics used for X-ray lobster eye telescope,” Proc. SPIE 9905, 99050 (2016).
  16. G. W. Fraser, A. N. Brunton, N. P. Bannister, J. F. Pearson, M. J. Ward, T. Stevenson, D. J. Watson, B. Warwick, S. Whitehead, P. T. O’Brien, N. White, K. Jahoda, K. Black, S. D. Hunter, P. Deines-Jones, W. C. Priedhorsky, K. N. Borozdin, T. Vestrand, A. C. Fabian, K. Nugent, A. Peele, T. H. Irving, S. Price, S. Eckersley, I. Renouf, M. Smith, A. Parmar, I. M. McHardy, P. Uttley, and A. Lawrence, “LOBSTER-ISS: an imaging x-ray all-sky monitor for the International Space Station. International Symposium on Optical Science and Technology,” Proc. SPIE, 4497 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  17. G. W. Fraser, J. D. Carpenter, D. A. Rothery, J. F. Pearson, A. Martindale, J. Huovelin, J. Treis, M. Anand, M. Anttila, M. Ashcroft, J. Benkoff, P. Bland, A. Bowyer, A. Bradley, J. Bridges, C. Brown, C. Bulloch, E. J. Bunce, U. Christense, M. Evans, R. Fairbend, M. Feasey, F. Giannini, S. Hermann, M. Hesse, M. Hilchenbach, T. Jorden, K. Joy, M. Kaipiainen, I. Kitchingman, P. Lechner, G. Lutz, A. Malkki, K. Muinonen, J. Naranen, P. Portin, M. Prydderch, J. San Juan, E. Sclater, E. Schyns, T. J. Stevenson, L. Struder, M. Syrjasuo, D. Talboys, P. Thomas, C. Whitford, and S. Whitehead, “The mercury imaging X-ray spectrometer (MIXS) on bepicolombo,” Planet. Space Sci. 58(1), 79–95 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  18. M. R. Collier, F. S. Porter, D. G. Sibeck, J. A. Carter, M. P. Chiao, D. J. Chornay, T. E. Cravens, M. Galeazzi, J. W. Keller, D. Koutroumpa, J. Kujawski, K. Kuntz, A. M. Read, I. P. Robertson, S. Sembay, S. L. Snowden, N. Thomas, Y. Uprety, and B. M. Walsh, “Invited Article: First flight in space of a wide-field-of-view soft x-ray imager using lobster-eye optics: Instrument description and initial flight results,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(7), 071301 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. D. Zhao, C. Zhang, R. Willingale, H. Li, and S. Zhang, “Ray tracing simulation for the wide-field x-ray telescope of the Einstein Probe mission based on Gent4 and XRTG4,” Proc. SPIE 9144, 91440 (2014).
  20. D. Zhao, C. Zhang, W. Yuan, S. Zhang, R. Willingale, and Z. Ling, “Geant4 simulations of a wide-angle x-ray focusing telescope,” Exp. Astron. 43(2), 1–17 (2017).
  21. A. G. Peele, G. W. Fraser, A. N. Brunton, A. R. Martin, R. M. Rideout, N. E. White, R. Petre, and W. B. Feller, “Recent studies of lobster-eye optics,” Proc. SPIE 3444, 404–415 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  22. L. Su, W. Li, M. Wu, Y. Su, C. Guo, N. Ruan, B. Yang, and F. Yan, “Modeling the focusing efficiency of lobster-eye optics for image shifting depending on the soft x-ray wavelength,” Appl. Opt. 56(22), 6267–6271 (2017).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  23. V. Tichy, R. Hudec, and M. Barbera, “Analytical description of lobster eye and similar multi-foil optics,” Proc. SPIE 9510, 95100 (2015).
  24. A. G. Peele, “Investigation of etched silicon wafers for lobster-eye optics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70(2), 1268–1273 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  25. W. K. H. Schmidt, “A proposed X-ray focusing device with wide field of view for use in X-ray astronomy,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods 127(2), 285–292 (1975).
    [Crossref]

2017 (2)

L. Su, W. Li, M. Wu, Y. Su, C. Guo, N. Ruan, B. Yang, and F. Yan, “Modeling the focusing efficiency of lobster-eye optics for image shifting depending on the soft x-ray wavelength,” Appl. Opt. 56(22), 6267–6271 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Zhao, C. Zhang, W. Yuan, S. Zhang, R. Willingale, and Z. Ling, “Geant4 simulations of a wide-angle x-ray focusing telescope,” Exp. Astron. 43(2), 1–17 (2017).

2016 (1)

R. Willingale, A. Martindale, C. H. Feldman, R. Fairbend, E. Schyns, S. Petit, J. P. Osborne, and P. T. O’Brien, “Aberrations in square pore micro-channel optics used for X-ray lobster eye telescope,” Proc. SPIE 9905, 99050 (2016).

2015 (3)

M. R. Collier, F. S. Porter, D. G. Sibeck, J. A. Carter, M. P. Chiao, D. J. Chornay, T. E. Cravens, M. Galeazzi, J. W. Keller, D. Koutroumpa, J. Kujawski, K. Kuntz, A. M. Read, I. P. Robertson, S. Sembay, S. L. Snowden, N. Thomas, Y. Uprety, and B. M. Walsh, “Invited Article: First flight in space of a wide-field-of-view soft x-ray imager using lobster-eye optics: Instrument description and initial flight results,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(7), 071301 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Sun, C. Wang, F. Wei, and S. Sembay, “X-ray imaging of Kelvin-Helmholtz waves at the magnetopause,” J. Geophys. Res-Space 120(1), 266–275 (2015).

V. Tichy, R. Hudec, and M. Barbera, “Analytical description of lobster eye and similar multi-foil optics,” Proc. SPIE 9510, 95100 (2015).

2014 (1)

D. Zhao, C. Zhang, R. Willingale, H. Li, and S. Zhang, “Ray tracing simulation for the wide-field x-ray telescope of the Einstein Probe mission based on Gent4 and XRTG4,” Proc. SPIE 9144, 91440 (2014).

2013 (1)

C. P. Escoubet, M. G. G. T. Taylor, A. Masson, H. Laakso, J. Volpp, M. Hapgood, and M. L. Goldstein, “Dynamical processes in space: Cluster results,” Ann. Geophys. 31(6), 1045–1059 (2013).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

G. W. Fraser, J. D. Carpenter, D. A. Rothery, J. F. Pearson, A. Martindale, J. Huovelin, J. Treis, M. Anand, M. Anttila, M. Ashcroft, J. Benkoff, P. Bland, A. Bowyer, A. Bradley, J. Bridges, C. Brown, C. Bulloch, E. J. Bunce, U. Christense, M. Evans, R. Fairbend, M. Feasey, F. Giannini, S. Hermann, M. Hesse, M. Hilchenbach, T. Jorden, K. Joy, M. Kaipiainen, I. Kitchingman, P. Lechner, G. Lutz, A. Malkki, K. Muinonen, J. Naranen, P. Portin, M. Prydderch, J. San Juan, E. Sclater, E. Schyns, T. J. Stevenson, L. Struder, M. Syrjasuo, D. Talboys, P. Thomas, C. Whitford, and S. Whitehead, “The mercury imaging X-ray spectrometer (MIXS) on bepicolombo,” Planet. Space Sci. 58(1), 79–95 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

E. Friis-Christensen, H. Lühr, D. Knudsen, and R. Haagmans, “Swarm – An Earth Observation Mission investigating Geospace,” Adv. Space Res. 41(1), 210–216 (2008).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

T. E. Cravens, “X-ray emission from comets,” Science 296(5570), 1042–1045 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

T. H. K. Irving, A. G. Peele, K. A. Nugent, and S. P. Brumby, “Faster, better, cheaper metrology of lobster-eye (square-pore) optics,” Proc. SPIE 4145, 209–218 (2001).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

A. G. Peele, “Investigation of etched silicon wafers for lobster-eye optics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70(2), 1268–1273 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

A. G. Peele, G. W. Fraser, A. N. Brunton, A. R. Martin, R. M. Rideout, N. E. White, R. Petre, and W. B. Feller, “Recent studies of lobster-eye optics,” Proc. SPIE 3444, 404–415 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

1993 (1)

G. W. Fraser, A. N. Brunton, J. E. Lee, J. F. Pearson, and W. B. Feller, “X-ray focusing using square-pore microchannel plates First observation of cruxiform image structure,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 324(1–2), 404–407 (1993).

1991 (1)

H. N. Chapman, K. A. Nugent, and S. W. Wilkins, “X-ray focusing using square channel-capillary arrays,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 62(6), 1542–1561 (1991).
[Crossref]

1979 (1)

J. R. P. Angel, “Lobster Eyes As X-Ray Telescopes,” Astrophys. J. 233(1), 364–373 (1979).
[Crossref]

1978 (1)

M. F. Land, “Animal eyes with mirror optics,” Sci. Am. 239(6), 126–134 (1978).
[Crossref]

1975 (3)

H. Wolter, “Mirror systems with grazing incidence as image-forming optics for X-rays,” Ann. Phys. 10(6), 94–114 (1975).

K. Vogt, “Zur Optik des Flusskrebsauges,” Z. Naturforsch., C, Biosci. 30(5), 691 (1975).
[PubMed]

W. K. H. Schmidt, “A proposed X-ray focusing device with wide field of view for use in X-ray astronomy,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods 127(2), 285–292 (1975).
[Crossref]

Anand, M.

G. W. Fraser, J. D. Carpenter, D. A. Rothery, J. F. Pearson, A. Martindale, J. Huovelin, J. Treis, M. Anand, M. Anttila, M. Ashcroft, J. Benkoff, P. Bland, A. Bowyer, A. Bradley, J. Bridges, C. Brown, C. Bulloch, E. J. Bunce, U. Christense, M. Evans, R. Fairbend, M. Feasey, F. Giannini, S. Hermann, M. Hesse, M. Hilchenbach, T. Jorden, K. Joy, M. Kaipiainen, I. Kitchingman, P. Lechner, G. Lutz, A. Malkki, K. Muinonen, J. Naranen, P. Portin, M. Prydderch, J. San Juan, E. Sclater, E. Schyns, T. J. Stevenson, L. Struder, M. Syrjasuo, D. Talboys, P. Thomas, C. Whitford, and S. Whitehead, “The mercury imaging X-ray spectrometer (MIXS) on bepicolombo,” Planet. Space Sci. 58(1), 79–95 (2010).
[Crossref]

Angel, J. R. P.

J. R. P. Angel, “Lobster Eyes As X-Ray Telescopes,” Astrophys. J. 233(1), 364–373 (1979).
[Crossref]

Anttila, M.

G. W. Fraser, J. D. Carpenter, D. A. Rothery, J. F. Pearson, A. Martindale, J. Huovelin, J. Treis, M. Anand, M. Anttila, M. Ashcroft, J. Benkoff, P. Bland, A. Bowyer, A. Bradley, J. Bridges, C. Brown, C. Bulloch, E. J. Bunce, U. Christense, M. Evans, R. Fairbend, M. Feasey, F. Giannini, S. Hermann, M. Hesse, M. Hilchenbach, T. Jorden, K. Joy, M. Kaipiainen, I. Kitchingman, P. Lechner, G. Lutz, A. Malkki, K. Muinonen, J. Naranen, P. Portin, M. Prydderch, J. San Juan, E. Sclater, E. Schyns, T. J. Stevenson, L. Struder, M. Syrjasuo, D. Talboys, P. Thomas, C. Whitford, and S. Whitehead, “The mercury imaging X-ray spectrometer (MIXS) on bepicolombo,” Planet. Space Sci. 58(1), 79–95 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ashcroft, M.

G. W. Fraser, J. D. Carpenter, D. A. Rothery, J. F. Pearson, A. Martindale, J. Huovelin, J. Treis, M. Anand, M. Anttila, M. Ashcroft, J. Benkoff, P. Bland, A. Bowyer, A. Bradley, J. Bridges, C. Brown, C. Bulloch, E. J. Bunce, U. Christense, M. Evans, R. Fairbend, M. Feasey, F. Giannini, S. Hermann, M. Hesse, M. Hilchenbach, T. Jorden, K. Joy, M. Kaipiainen, I. Kitchingman, P. Lechner, G. Lutz, A. Malkki, K. Muinonen, J. Naranen, P. Portin, M. Prydderch, J. San Juan, E. Sclater, E. Schyns, T. J. Stevenson, L. Struder, M. Syrjasuo, D. Talboys, P. Thomas, C. Whitford, and S. Whitehead, “The mercury imaging X-ray spectrometer (MIXS) on bepicolombo,” Planet. Space Sci. 58(1), 79–95 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bannister, N. P.

G. W. Fraser, A. N. Brunton, N. P. Bannister, J. F. Pearson, M. J. Ward, T. Stevenson, D. J. Watson, B. Warwick, S. Whitehead, P. T. O’Brien, N. White, K. Jahoda, K. Black, S. D. Hunter, P. Deines-Jones, W. C. Priedhorsky, K. N. Borozdin, T. Vestrand, A. C. Fabian, K. Nugent, A. Peele, T. H. Irving, S. Price, S. Eckersley, I. Renouf, M. Smith, A. Parmar, I. M. McHardy, P. Uttley, and A. Lawrence, “LOBSTER-ISS: an imaging x-ray all-sky monitor for the International Space Station. International Symposium on Optical Science and Technology,” Proc. SPIE, 4497 (2002).
[Crossref]

Barbera, M.

V. Tichy, R. Hudec, and M. Barbera, “Analytical description of lobster eye and similar multi-foil optics,” Proc. SPIE 9510, 95100 (2015).

Benkoff, J.

G. W. Fraser, J. D. Carpenter, D. A. Rothery, J. F. Pearson, A. Martindale, J. Huovelin, J. Treis, M. Anand, M. Anttila, M. Ashcroft, J. Benkoff, P. Bland, A. Bowyer, A. Bradley, J. Bridges, C. Brown, C. Bulloch, E. J. Bunce, U. Christense, M. Evans, R. Fairbend, M. Feasey, F. Giannini, S. Hermann, M. Hesse, M. Hilchenbach, T. Jorden, K. Joy, M. Kaipiainen, I. Kitchingman, P. Lechner, G. Lutz, A. Malkki, K. Muinonen, J. Naranen, P. Portin, M. Prydderch, J. San Juan, E. Sclater, E. Schyns, T. J. Stevenson, L. Struder, M. Syrjasuo, D. Talboys, P. Thomas, C. Whitford, and S. Whitehead, “The mercury imaging X-ray spectrometer (MIXS) on bepicolombo,” Planet. Space Sci. 58(1), 79–95 (2010).
[Crossref]

Black, K.

G. W. Fraser, A. N. Brunton, N. P. Bannister, J. F. Pearson, M. J. Ward, T. Stevenson, D. J. Watson, B. Warwick, S. Whitehead, P. T. O’Brien, N. White, K. Jahoda, K. Black, S. D. Hunter, P. Deines-Jones, W. C. Priedhorsky, K. N. Borozdin, T. Vestrand, A. C. Fabian, K. Nugent, A. Peele, T. H. Irving, S. Price, S. Eckersley, I. Renouf, M. Smith, A. Parmar, I. M. McHardy, P. Uttley, and A. Lawrence, “LOBSTER-ISS: an imaging x-ray all-sky monitor for the International Space Station. International Symposium on Optical Science and Technology,” Proc. SPIE, 4497 (2002).
[Crossref]

Bland, P.

G. W. Fraser, J. D. Carpenter, D. A. Rothery, J. F. Pearson, A. Martindale, J. Huovelin, J. Treis, M. Anand, M. Anttila, M. Ashcroft, J. Benkoff, P. Bland, A. Bowyer, A. Bradley, J. Bridges, C. Brown, C. Bulloch, E. J. Bunce, U. Christense, M. Evans, R. Fairbend, M. Feasey, F. Giannini, S. Hermann, M. Hesse, M. Hilchenbach, T. Jorden, K. Joy, M. Kaipiainen, I. Kitchingman, P. Lechner, G. Lutz, A. Malkki, K. Muinonen, J. Naranen, P. Portin, M. Prydderch, J. San Juan, E. Sclater, E. Schyns, T. J. Stevenson, L. Struder, M. Syrjasuo, D. Talboys, P. Thomas, C. Whitford, and S. Whitehead, “The mercury imaging X-ray spectrometer (MIXS) on bepicolombo,” Planet. Space Sci. 58(1), 79–95 (2010).
[Crossref]

Borozdin, K. N.

G. W. Fraser, A. N. Brunton, N. P. Bannister, J. F. Pearson, M. J. Ward, T. Stevenson, D. J. Watson, B. Warwick, S. Whitehead, P. T. O’Brien, N. White, K. Jahoda, K. Black, S. D. Hunter, P. Deines-Jones, W. C. Priedhorsky, K. N. Borozdin, T. Vestrand, A. C. Fabian, K. Nugent, A. Peele, T. H. Irving, S. Price, S. Eckersley, I. Renouf, M. Smith, A. Parmar, I. M. McHardy, P. Uttley, and A. Lawrence, “LOBSTER-ISS: an imaging x-ray all-sky monitor for the International Space Station. International Symposium on Optical Science and Technology,” Proc. SPIE, 4497 (2002).
[Crossref]

Bowyer, A.

G. W. Fraser, J. D. Carpenter, D. A. Rothery, J. F. Pearson, A. Martindale, J. Huovelin, J. Treis, M. Anand, M. Anttila, M. Ashcroft, J. Benkoff, P. Bland, A. Bowyer, A. Bradley, J. Bridges, C. Brown, C. Bulloch, E. J. Bunce, U. Christense, M. Evans, R. Fairbend, M. Feasey, F. Giannini, S. Hermann, M. Hesse, M. Hilchenbach, T. Jorden, K. Joy, M. Kaipiainen, I. Kitchingman, P. Lechner, G. Lutz, A. Malkki, K. Muinonen, J. Naranen, P. Portin, M. Prydderch, J. San Juan, E. Sclater, E. Schyns, T. J. Stevenson, L. Struder, M. Syrjasuo, D. Talboys, P. Thomas, C. Whitford, and S. Whitehead, “The mercury imaging X-ray spectrometer (MIXS) on bepicolombo,” Planet. Space Sci. 58(1), 79–95 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bradley, A.

G. W. Fraser, J. D. Carpenter, D. A. Rothery, J. F. Pearson, A. Martindale, J. Huovelin, J. Treis, M. Anand, M. Anttila, M. Ashcroft, J. Benkoff, P. Bland, A. Bowyer, A. Bradley, J. Bridges, C. Brown, C. Bulloch, E. J. Bunce, U. Christense, M. Evans, R. Fairbend, M. Feasey, F. Giannini, S. Hermann, M. Hesse, M. Hilchenbach, T. Jorden, K. Joy, M. Kaipiainen, I. Kitchingman, P. Lechner, G. Lutz, A. Malkki, K. Muinonen, J. Naranen, P. Portin, M. Prydderch, J. San Juan, E. Sclater, E. Schyns, T. J. Stevenson, L. Struder, M. Syrjasuo, D. Talboys, P. Thomas, C. Whitford, and S. Whitehead, “The mercury imaging X-ray spectrometer (MIXS) on bepicolombo,” Planet. Space Sci. 58(1), 79–95 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bridges, J.

G. W. Fraser, J. D. Carpenter, D. A. Rothery, J. F. Pearson, A. Martindale, J. Huovelin, J. Treis, M. Anand, M. Anttila, M. Ashcroft, J. Benkoff, P. Bland, A. Bowyer, A. Bradley, J. Bridges, C. Brown, C. Bulloch, E. J. Bunce, U. Christense, M. Evans, R. Fairbend, M. Feasey, F. Giannini, S. Hermann, M. Hesse, M. Hilchenbach, T. Jorden, K. Joy, M. Kaipiainen, I. Kitchingman, P. Lechner, G. Lutz, A. Malkki, K. Muinonen, J. Naranen, P. Portin, M. Prydderch, J. San Juan, E. Sclater, E. Schyns, T. J. Stevenson, L. Struder, M. Syrjasuo, D. Talboys, P. Thomas, C. Whitford, and S. Whitehead, “The mercury imaging X-ray spectrometer (MIXS) on bepicolombo,” Planet. Space Sci. 58(1), 79–95 (2010).
[Crossref]

Brown, C.

G. W. Fraser, J. D. Carpenter, D. A. Rothery, J. F. Pearson, A. Martindale, J. Huovelin, J. Treis, M. Anand, M. Anttila, M. Ashcroft, J. Benkoff, P. Bland, A. Bowyer, A. Bradley, J. Bridges, C. Brown, C. Bulloch, E. J. Bunce, U. Christense, M. Evans, R. Fairbend, M. Feasey, F. Giannini, S. Hermann, M. Hesse, M. Hilchenbach, T. Jorden, K. Joy, M. Kaipiainen, I. Kitchingman, P. Lechner, G. Lutz, A. Malkki, K. Muinonen, J. Naranen, P. Portin, M. Prydderch, J. San Juan, E. Sclater, E. Schyns, T. J. Stevenson, L. Struder, M. Syrjasuo, D. Talboys, P. Thomas, C. Whitford, and S. Whitehead, “The mercury imaging X-ray spectrometer (MIXS) on bepicolombo,” Planet. Space Sci. 58(1), 79–95 (2010).
[Crossref]

Brumby, S. P.

T. H. K. Irving, A. G. Peele, K. A. Nugent, and S. P. Brumby, “Faster, better, cheaper metrology of lobster-eye (square-pore) optics,” Proc. SPIE 4145, 209–218 (2001).
[Crossref]

Brunton, A. N.

A. G. Peele, G. W. Fraser, A. N. Brunton, A. R. Martin, R. M. Rideout, N. E. White, R. Petre, and W. B. Feller, “Recent studies of lobster-eye optics,” Proc. SPIE 3444, 404–415 (1998).
[Crossref]

A. N. Brunton, G. W. Fraser, J. E. Lees, and I. C. E. Turcu, “Metrology and modeling of microchannel plate x-ray optics,” Appl. Opt. 36(22), 5461–5470 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. W. Fraser, A. N. Brunton, J. E. Lee, J. F. Pearson, and W. B. Feller, “X-ray focusing using square-pore microchannel plates First observation of cruxiform image structure,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 324(1–2), 404–407 (1993).

G. W. Fraser, A. N. Brunton, N. P. Bannister, J. F. Pearson, M. J. Ward, T. Stevenson, D. J. Watson, B. Warwick, S. Whitehead, P. T. O’Brien, N. White, K. Jahoda, K. Black, S. D. Hunter, P. Deines-Jones, W. C. Priedhorsky, K. N. Borozdin, T. Vestrand, A. C. Fabian, K. Nugent, A. Peele, T. H. Irving, S. Price, S. Eckersley, I. Renouf, M. Smith, A. Parmar, I. M. McHardy, P. Uttley, and A. Lawrence, “LOBSTER-ISS: an imaging x-ray all-sky monitor for the International Space Station. International Symposium on Optical Science and Technology,” Proc. SPIE, 4497 (2002).
[Crossref]

Bulloch, C.

G. W. Fraser, J. D. Carpenter, D. A. Rothery, J. F. Pearson, A. Martindale, J. Huovelin, J. Treis, M. Anand, M. Anttila, M. Ashcroft, J. Benkoff, P. Bland, A. Bowyer, A. Bradley, J. Bridges, C. Brown, C. Bulloch, E. J. Bunce, U. Christense, M. Evans, R. Fairbend, M. Feasey, F. Giannini, S. Hermann, M. Hesse, M. Hilchenbach, T. Jorden, K. Joy, M. Kaipiainen, I. Kitchingman, P. Lechner, G. Lutz, A. Malkki, K. Muinonen, J. Naranen, P. Portin, M. Prydderch, J. San Juan, E. Sclater, E. Schyns, T. J. Stevenson, L. Struder, M. Syrjasuo, D. Talboys, P. Thomas, C. Whitford, and S. Whitehead, “The mercury imaging X-ray spectrometer (MIXS) on bepicolombo,” Planet. Space Sci. 58(1), 79–95 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bunce, E. J.

G. W. Fraser, J. D. Carpenter, D. A. Rothery, J. F. Pearson, A. Martindale, J. Huovelin, J. Treis, M. Anand, M. Anttila, M. Ashcroft, J. Benkoff, P. Bland, A. Bowyer, A. Bradley, J. Bridges, C. Brown, C. Bulloch, E. J. Bunce, U. Christense, M. Evans, R. Fairbend, M. Feasey, F. Giannini, S. Hermann, M. Hesse, M. Hilchenbach, T. Jorden, K. Joy, M. Kaipiainen, I. Kitchingman, P. Lechner, G. Lutz, A. Malkki, K. Muinonen, J. Naranen, P. Portin, M. Prydderch, J. San Juan, E. Sclater, E. Schyns, T. J. Stevenson, L. Struder, M. Syrjasuo, D. Talboys, P. Thomas, C. Whitford, and S. Whitehead, “The mercury imaging X-ray spectrometer (MIXS) on bepicolombo,” Planet. Space Sci. 58(1), 79–95 (2010).
[Crossref]

Carpenter, J. D.

G. W. Fraser, J. D. Carpenter, D. A. Rothery, J. F. Pearson, A. Martindale, J. Huovelin, J. Treis, M. Anand, M. Anttila, M. Ashcroft, J. Benkoff, P. Bland, A. Bowyer, A. Bradley, J. Bridges, C. Brown, C. Bulloch, E. J. Bunce, U. Christense, M. Evans, R. Fairbend, M. Feasey, F. Giannini, S. Hermann, M. Hesse, M. Hilchenbach, T. Jorden, K. Joy, M. Kaipiainen, I. Kitchingman, P. Lechner, G. Lutz, A. Malkki, K. Muinonen, J. Naranen, P. Portin, M. Prydderch, J. San Juan, E. Sclater, E. Schyns, T. J. Stevenson, L. Struder, M. Syrjasuo, D. Talboys, P. Thomas, C. Whitford, and S. Whitehead, “The mercury imaging X-ray spectrometer (MIXS) on bepicolombo,” Planet. Space Sci. 58(1), 79–95 (2010).
[Crossref]

Carter, J. A.

M. R. Collier, F. S. Porter, D. G. Sibeck, J. A. Carter, M. P. Chiao, D. J. Chornay, T. E. Cravens, M. Galeazzi, J. W. Keller, D. Koutroumpa, J. Kujawski, K. Kuntz, A. M. Read, I. P. Robertson, S. Sembay, S. L. Snowden, N. Thomas, Y. Uprety, and B. M. Walsh, “Invited Article: First flight in space of a wide-field-of-view soft x-ray imager using lobster-eye optics: Instrument description and initial flight results,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(7), 071301 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chapman, H. N.

H. N. Chapman, K. A. Nugent, and S. W. Wilkins, “X-ray focusing using square channel-capillary arrays,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 62(6), 1542–1561 (1991).
[Crossref]

Chiao, M. P.

M. R. Collier, F. S. Porter, D. G. Sibeck, J. A. Carter, M. P. Chiao, D. J. Chornay, T. E. Cravens, M. Galeazzi, J. W. Keller, D. Koutroumpa, J. Kujawski, K. Kuntz, A. M. Read, I. P. Robertson, S. Sembay, S. L. Snowden, N. Thomas, Y. Uprety, and B. M. Walsh, “Invited Article: First flight in space of a wide-field-of-view soft x-ray imager using lobster-eye optics: Instrument description and initial flight results,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(7), 071301 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chornay, D. J.

M. R. Collier, F. S. Porter, D. G. Sibeck, J. A. Carter, M. P. Chiao, D. J. Chornay, T. E. Cravens, M. Galeazzi, J. W. Keller, D. Koutroumpa, J. Kujawski, K. Kuntz, A. M. Read, I. P. Robertson, S. Sembay, S. L. Snowden, N. Thomas, Y. Uprety, and B. M. Walsh, “Invited Article: First flight in space of a wide-field-of-view soft x-ray imager using lobster-eye optics: Instrument description and initial flight results,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(7), 071301 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Christense, U.

G. W. Fraser, J. D. Carpenter, D. A. Rothery, J. F. Pearson, A. Martindale, J. Huovelin, J. Treis, M. Anand, M. Anttila, M. Ashcroft, J. Benkoff, P. Bland, A. Bowyer, A. Bradley, J. Bridges, C. Brown, C. Bulloch, E. J. Bunce, U. Christense, M. Evans, R. Fairbend, M. Feasey, F. Giannini, S. Hermann, M. Hesse, M. Hilchenbach, T. Jorden, K. Joy, M. Kaipiainen, I. Kitchingman, P. Lechner, G. Lutz, A. Malkki, K. Muinonen, J. Naranen, P. Portin, M. Prydderch, J. San Juan, E. Sclater, E. Schyns, T. J. Stevenson, L. Struder, M. Syrjasuo, D. Talboys, P. Thomas, C. Whitford, and S. Whitehead, “The mercury imaging X-ray spectrometer (MIXS) on bepicolombo,” Planet. Space Sci. 58(1), 79–95 (2010).
[Crossref]

Collier, M. R.

M. R. Collier, F. S. Porter, D. G. Sibeck, J. A. Carter, M. P. Chiao, D. J. Chornay, T. E. Cravens, M. Galeazzi, J. W. Keller, D. Koutroumpa, J. Kujawski, K. Kuntz, A. M. Read, I. P. Robertson, S. Sembay, S. L. Snowden, N. Thomas, Y. Uprety, and B. M. Walsh, “Invited Article: First flight in space of a wide-field-of-view soft x-ray imager using lobster-eye optics: Instrument description and initial flight results,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(7), 071301 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cravens, T. E.

M. R. Collier, F. S. Porter, D. G. Sibeck, J. A. Carter, M. P. Chiao, D. J. Chornay, T. E. Cravens, M. Galeazzi, J. W. Keller, D. Koutroumpa, J. Kujawski, K. Kuntz, A. M. Read, I. P. Robertson, S. Sembay, S. L. Snowden, N. Thomas, Y. Uprety, and B. M. Walsh, “Invited Article: First flight in space of a wide-field-of-view soft x-ray imager using lobster-eye optics: Instrument description and initial flight results,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(7), 071301 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. E. Cravens, “X-ray emission from comets,” Science 296(5570), 1042–1045 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Deines-Jones, P.

G. W. Fraser, A. N. Brunton, N. P. Bannister, J. F. Pearson, M. J. Ward, T. Stevenson, D. J. Watson, B. Warwick, S. Whitehead, P. T. O’Brien, N. White, K. Jahoda, K. Black, S. D. Hunter, P. Deines-Jones, W. C. Priedhorsky, K. N. Borozdin, T. Vestrand, A. C. Fabian, K. Nugent, A. Peele, T. H. Irving, S. Price, S. Eckersley, I. Renouf, M. Smith, A. Parmar, I. M. McHardy, P. Uttley, and A. Lawrence, “LOBSTER-ISS: an imaging x-ray all-sky monitor for the International Space Station. International Symposium on Optical Science and Technology,” Proc. SPIE, 4497 (2002).
[Crossref]

Eckersley, S.

G. W. Fraser, A. N. Brunton, N. P. Bannister, J. F. Pearson, M. J. Ward, T. Stevenson, D. J. Watson, B. Warwick, S. Whitehead, P. T. O’Brien, N. White, K. Jahoda, K. Black, S. D. Hunter, P. Deines-Jones, W. C. Priedhorsky, K. N. Borozdin, T. Vestrand, A. C. Fabian, K. Nugent, A. Peele, T. H. Irving, S. Price, S. Eckersley, I. Renouf, M. Smith, A. Parmar, I. M. McHardy, P. Uttley, and A. Lawrence, “LOBSTER-ISS: an imaging x-ray all-sky monitor for the International Space Station. International Symposium on Optical Science and Technology,” Proc. SPIE, 4497 (2002).
[Crossref]

Escoubet, C. P.

C. P. Escoubet, M. G. G. T. Taylor, A. Masson, H. Laakso, J. Volpp, M. Hapgood, and M. L. Goldstein, “Dynamical processes in space: Cluster results,” Ann. Geophys. 31(6), 1045–1059 (2013).
[Crossref]

Evans, M.

G. W. Fraser, J. D. Carpenter, D. A. Rothery, J. F. Pearson, A. Martindale, J. Huovelin, J. Treis, M. Anand, M. Anttila, M. Ashcroft, J. Benkoff, P. Bland, A. Bowyer, A. Bradley, J. Bridges, C. Brown, C. Bulloch, E. J. Bunce, U. Christense, M. Evans, R. Fairbend, M. Feasey, F. Giannini, S. Hermann, M. Hesse, M. Hilchenbach, T. Jorden, K. Joy, M. Kaipiainen, I. Kitchingman, P. Lechner, G. Lutz, A. Malkki, K. Muinonen, J. Naranen, P. Portin, M. Prydderch, J. San Juan, E. Sclater, E. Schyns, T. J. Stevenson, L. Struder, M. Syrjasuo, D. Talboys, P. Thomas, C. Whitford, and S. Whitehead, “The mercury imaging X-ray spectrometer (MIXS) on bepicolombo,” Planet. Space Sci. 58(1), 79–95 (2010).
[Crossref]

Fabian, A. C.

G. W. Fraser, A. N. Brunton, N. P. Bannister, J. F. Pearson, M. J. Ward, T. Stevenson, D. J. Watson, B. Warwick, S. Whitehead, P. T. O’Brien, N. White, K. Jahoda, K. Black, S. D. Hunter, P. Deines-Jones, W. C. Priedhorsky, K. N. Borozdin, T. Vestrand, A. C. Fabian, K. Nugent, A. Peele, T. H. Irving, S. Price, S. Eckersley, I. Renouf, M. Smith, A. Parmar, I. M. McHardy, P. Uttley, and A. Lawrence, “LOBSTER-ISS: an imaging x-ray all-sky monitor for the International Space Station. International Symposium on Optical Science and Technology,” Proc. SPIE, 4497 (2002).
[Crossref]

Fairbend, R.

R. Willingale, A. Martindale, C. H. Feldman, R. Fairbend, E. Schyns, S. Petit, J. P. Osborne, and P. T. O’Brien, “Aberrations in square pore micro-channel optics used for X-ray lobster eye telescope,” Proc. SPIE 9905, 99050 (2016).

G. W. Fraser, J. D. Carpenter, D. A. Rothery, J. F. Pearson, A. Martindale, J. Huovelin, J. Treis, M. Anand, M. Anttila, M. Ashcroft, J. Benkoff, P. Bland, A. Bowyer, A. Bradley, J. Bridges, C. Brown, C. Bulloch, E. J. Bunce, U. Christense, M. Evans, R. Fairbend, M. Feasey, F. Giannini, S. Hermann, M. Hesse, M. Hilchenbach, T. Jorden, K. Joy, M. Kaipiainen, I. Kitchingman, P. Lechner, G. Lutz, A. Malkki, K. Muinonen, J. Naranen, P. Portin, M. Prydderch, J. San Juan, E. Sclater, E. Schyns, T. J. Stevenson, L. Struder, M. Syrjasuo, D. Talboys, P. Thomas, C. Whitford, and S. Whitehead, “The mercury imaging X-ray spectrometer (MIXS) on bepicolombo,” Planet. Space Sci. 58(1), 79–95 (2010).
[Crossref]

Feasey, M.

G. W. Fraser, J. D. Carpenter, D. A. Rothery, J. F. Pearson, A. Martindale, J. Huovelin, J. Treis, M. Anand, M. Anttila, M. Ashcroft, J. Benkoff, P. Bland, A. Bowyer, A. Bradley, J. Bridges, C. Brown, C. Bulloch, E. J. Bunce, U. Christense, M. Evans, R. Fairbend, M. Feasey, F. Giannini, S. Hermann, M. Hesse, M. Hilchenbach, T. Jorden, K. Joy, M. Kaipiainen, I. Kitchingman, P. Lechner, G. Lutz, A. Malkki, K. Muinonen, J. Naranen, P. Portin, M. Prydderch, J. San Juan, E. Sclater, E. Schyns, T. J. Stevenson, L. Struder, M. Syrjasuo, D. Talboys, P. Thomas, C. Whitford, and S. Whitehead, “The mercury imaging X-ray spectrometer (MIXS) on bepicolombo,” Planet. Space Sci. 58(1), 79–95 (2010).
[Crossref]

Feldman, C. H.

R. Willingale, A. Martindale, C. H. Feldman, R. Fairbend, E. Schyns, S. Petit, J. P. Osborne, and P. T. O’Brien, “Aberrations in square pore micro-channel optics used for X-ray lobster eye telescope,” Proc. SPIE 9905, 99050 (2016).

Feller, W. B.

A. G. Peele, G. W. Fraser, A. N. Brunton, A. R. Martin, R. M. Rideout, N. E. White, R. Petre, and W. B. Feller, “Recent studies of lobster-eye optics,” Proc. SPIE 3444, 404–415 (1998).
[Crossref]

G. W. Fraser, A. N. Brunton, J. E. Lee, J. F. Pearson, and W. B. Feller, “X-ray focusing using square-pore microchannel plates First observation of cruxiform image structure,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 324(1–2), 404–407 (1993).

Fraser, G. W.

G. W. Fraser, J. D. Carpenter, D. A. Rothery, J. F. Pearson, A. Martindale, J. Huovelin, J. Treis, M. Anand, M. Anttila, M. Ashcroft, J. Benkoff, P. Bland, A. Bowyer, A. Bradley, J. Bridges, C. Brown, C. Bulloch, E. J. Bunce, U. Christense, M. Evans, R. Fairbend, M. Feasey, F. Giannini, S. Hermann, M. Hesse, M. Hilchenbach, T. Jorden, K. Joy, M. Kaipiainen, I. Kitchingman, P. Lechner, G. Lutz, A. Malkki, K. Muinonen, J. Naranen, P. Portin, M. Prydderch, J. San Juan, E. Sclater, E. Schyns, T. J. Stevenson, L. Struder, M. Syrjasuo, D. Talboys, P. Thomas, C. Whitford, and S. Whitehead, “The mercury imaging X-ray spectrometer (MIXS) on bepicolombo,” Planet. Space Sci. 58(1), 79–95 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. G. Peele, G. W. Fraser, A. N. Brunton, A. R. Martin, R. M. Rideout, N. E. White, R. Petre, and W. B. Feller, “Recent studies of lobster-eye optics,” Proc. SPIE 3444, 404–415 (1998).
[Crossref]

A. N. Brunton, G. W. Fraser, J. E. Lees, and I. C. E. Turcu, “Metrology and modeling of microchannel plate x-ray optics,” Appl. Opt. 36(22), 5461–5470 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. W. Fraser, A. N. Brunton, J. E. Lee, J. F. Pearson, and W. B. Feller, “X-ray focusing using square-pore microchannel plates First observation of cruxiform image structure,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 324(1–2), 404–407 (1993).

G. W. Fraser, A. N. Brunton, N. P. Bannister, J. F. Pearson, M. J. Ward, T. Stevenson, D. J. Watson, B. Warwick, S. Whitehead, P. T. O’Brien, N. White, K. Jahoda, K. Black, S. D. Hunter, P. Deines-Jones, W. C. Priedhorsky, K. N. Borozdin, T. Vestrand, A. C. Fabian, K. Nugent, A. Peele, T. H. Irving, S. Price, S. Eckersley, I. Renouf, M. Smith, A. Parmar, I. M. McHardy, P. Uttley, and A. Lawrence, “LOBSTER-ISS: an imaging x-ray all-sky monitor for the International Space Station. International Symposium on Optical Science and Technology,” Proc. SPIE, 4497 (2002).
[Crossref]

Friis-Christensen, E.

E. Friis-Christensen, H. Lühr, D. Knudsen, and R. Haagmans, “Swarm – An Earth Observation Mission investigating Geospace,” Adv. Space Res. 41(1), 210–216 (2008).
[Crossref]

Gabel, K.

Galeazzi, M.

M. R. Collier, F. S. Porter, D. G. Sibeck, J. A. Carter, M. P. Chiao, D. J. Chornay, T. E. Cravens, M. Galeazzi, J. W. Keller, D. Koutroumpa, J. Kujawski, K. Kuntz, A. M. Read, I. P. Robertson, S. Sembay, S. L. Snowden, N. Thomas, Y. Uprety, and B. M. Walsh, “Invited Article: First flight in space of a wide-field-of-view soft x-ray imager using lobster-eye optics: Instrument description and initial flight results,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(7), 071301 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Giannini, F.

G. W. Fraser, J. D. Carpenter, D. A. Rothery, J. F. Pearson, A. Martindale, J. Huovelin, J. Treis, M. Anand, M. Anttila, M. Ashcroft, J. Benkoff, P. Bland, A. Bowyer, A. Bradley, J. Bridges, C. Brown, C. Bulloch, E. J. Bunce, U. Christense, M. Evans, R. Fairbend, M. Feasey, F. Giannini, S. Hermann, M. Hesse, M. Hilchenbach, T. Jorden, K. Joy, M. Kaipiainen, I. Kitchingman, P. Lechner, G. Lutz, A. Malkki, K. Muinonen, J. Naranen, P. Portin, M. Prydderch, J. San Juan, E. Sclater, E. Schyns, T. J. Stevenson, L. Struder, M. Syrjasuo, D. Talboys, P. Thomas, C. Whitford, and S. Whitehead, “The mercury imaging X-ray spectrometer (MIXS) on bepicolombo,” Planet. Space Sci. 58(1), 79–95 (2010).
[Crossref]

Goldstein, M. L.

C. P. Escoubet, M. G. G. T. Taylor, A. Masson, H. Laakso, J. Volpp, M. Hapgood, and M. L. Goldstein, “Dynamical processes in space: Cluster results,” Ann. Geophys. 31(6), 1045–1059 (2013).
[Crossref]

Guo, C.

Haagmans, R.

E. Friis-Christensen, H. Lühr, D. Knudsen, and R. Haagmans, “Swarm – An Earth Observation Mission investigating Geospace,” Adv. Space Res. 41(1), 210–216 (2008).
[Crossref]

Hapgood, M.

C. P. Escoubet, M. G. G. T. Taylor, A. Masson, H. Laakso, J. Volpp, M. Hapgood, and M. L. Goldstein, “Dynamical processes in space: Cluster results,” Ann. Geophys. 31(6), 1045–1059 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hermann, S.

G. W. Fraser, J. D. Carpenter, D. A. Rothery, J. F. Pearson, A. Martindale, J. Huovelin, J. Treis, M. Anand, M. Anttila, M. Ashcroft, J. Benkoff, P. Bland, A. Bowyer, A. Bradley, J. Bridges, C. Brown, C. Bulloch, E. J. Bunce, U. Christense, M. Evans, R. Fairbend, M. Feasey, F. Giannini, S. Hermann, M. Hesse, M. Hilchenbach, T. Jorden, K. Joy, M. Kaipiainen, I. Kitchingman, P. Lechner, G. Lutz, A. Malkki, K. Muinonen, J. Naranen, P. Portin, M. Prydderch, J. San Juan, E. Sclater, E. Schyns, T. J. Stevenson, L. Struder, M. Syrjasuo, D. Talboys, P. Thomas, C. Whitford, and S. Whitehead, “The mercury imaging X-ray spectrometer (MIXS) on bepicolombo,” Planet. Space Sci. 58(1), 79–95 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hesse, M.

G. W. Fraser, J. D. Carpenter, D. A. Rothery, J. F. Pearson, A. Martindale, J. Huovelin, J. Treis, M. Anand, M. Anttila, M. Ashcroft, J. Benkoff, P. Bland, A. Bowyer, A. Bradley, J. Bridges, C. Brown, C. Bulloch, E. J. Bunce, U. Christense, M. Evans, R. Fairbend, M. Feasey, F. Giannini, S. Hermann, M. Hesse, M. Hilchenbach, T. Jorden, K. Joy, M. Kaipiainen, I. Kitchingman, P. Lechner, G. Lutz, A. Malkki, K. Muinonen, J. Naranen, P. Portin, M. Prydderch, J. San Juan, E. Sclater, E. Schyns, T. J. Stevenson, L. Struder, M. Syrjasuo, D. Talboys, P. Thomas, C. Whitford, and S. Whitehead, “The mercury imaging X-ray spectrometer (MIXS) on bepicolombo,” Planet. Space Sci. 58(1), 79–95 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hilchenbach, M.

G. W. Fraser, J. D. Carpenter, D. A. Rothery, J. F. Pearson, A. Martindale, J. Huovelin, J. Treis, M. Anand, M. Anttila, M. Ashcroft, J. Benkoff, P. Bland, A. Bowyer, A. Bradley, J. Bridges, C. Brown, C. Bulloch, E. J. Bunce, U. Christense, M. Evans, R. Fairbend, M. Feasey, F. Giannini, S. Hermann, M. Hesse, M. Hilchenbach, T. Jorden, K. Joy, M. Kaipiainen, I. Kitchingman, P. Lechner, G. Lutz, A. Malkki, K. Muinonen, J. Naranen, P. Portin, M. Prydderch, J. San Juan, E. Sclater, E. Schyns, T. J. Stevenson, L. Struder, M. Syrjasuo, D. Talboys, P. Thomas, C. Whitford, and S. Whitehead, “The mercury imaging X-ray spectrometer (MIXS) on bepicolombo,” Planet. Space Sci. 58(1), 79–95 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hudec, R.

V. Tichy, R. Hudec, and M. Barbera, “Analytical description of lobster eye and similar multi-foil optics,” Proc. SPIE 9510, 95100 (2015).

Hunter, S. D.

G. W. Fraser, A. N. Brunton, N. P. Bannister, J. F. Pearson, M. J. Ward, T. Stevenson, D. J. Watson, B. Warwick, S. Whitehead, P. T. O’Brien, N. White, K. Jahoda, K. Black, S. D. Hunter, P. Deines-Jones, W. C. Priedhorsky, K. N. Borozdin, T. Vestrand, A. C. Fabian, K. Nugent, A. Peele, T. H. Irving, S. Price, S. Eckersley, I. Renouf, M. Smith, A. Parmar, I. M. McHardy, P. Uttley, and A. Lawrence, “LOBSTER-ISS: an imaging x-ray all-sky monitor for the International Space Station. International Symposium on Optical Science and Technology,” Proc. SPIE, 4497 (2002).
[Crossref]

Huovelin, J.

G. W. Fraser, J. D. Carpenter, D. A. Rothery, J. F. Pearson, A. Martindale, J. Huovelin, J. Treis, M. Anand, M. Anttila, M. Ashcroft, J. Benkoff, P. Bland, A. Bowyer, A. Bradley, J. Bridges, C. Brown, C. Bulloch, E. J. Bunce, U. Christense, M. Evans, R. Fairbend, M. Feasey, F. Giannini, S. Hermann, M. Hesse, M. Hilchenbach, T. Jorden, K. Joy, M. Kaipiainen, I. Kitchingman, P. Lechner, G. Lutz, A. Malkki, K. Muinonen, J. Naranen, P. Portin, M. Prydderch, J. San Juan, E. Sclater, E. Schyns, T. J. Stevenson, L. Struder, M. Syrjasuo, D. Talboys, P. Thomas, C. Whitford, and S. Whitehead, “The mercury imaging X-ray spectrometer (MIXS) on bepicolombo,” Planet. Space Sci. 58(1), 79–95 (2010).
[Crossref]

Irving, T. H.

G. W. Fraser, A. N. Brunton, N. P. Bannister, J. F. Pearson, M. J. Ward, T. Stevenson, D. J. Watson, B. Warwick, S. Whitehead, P. T. O’Brien, N. White, K. Jahoda, K. Black, S. D. Hunter, P. Deines-Jones, W. C. Priedhorsky, K. N. Borozdin, T. Vestrand, A. C. Fabian, K. Nugent, A. Peele, T. H. Irving, S. Price, S. Eckersley, I. Renouf, M. Smith, A. Parmar, I. M. McHardy, P. Uttley, and A. Lawrence, “LOBSTER-ISS: an imaging x-ray all-sky monitor for the International Space Station. International Symposium on Optical Science and Technology,” Proc. SPIE, 4497 (2002).
[Crossref]

Irving, T. H. K.

T. H. K. Irving, A. G. Peele, K. A. Nugent, and S. P. Brumby, “Faster, better, cheaper metrology of lobster-eye (square-pore) optics,” Proc. SPIE 4145, 209–218 (2001).
[Crossref]

Jahoda, K.

G. W. Fraser, A. N. Brunton, N. P. Bannister, J. F. Pearson, M. J. Ward, T. Stevenson, D. J. Watson, B. Warwick, S. Whitehead, P. T. O’Brien, N. White, K. Jahoda, K. Black, S. D. Hunter, P. Deines-Jones, W. C. Priedhorsky, K. N. Borozdin, T. Vestrand, A. C. Fabian, K. Nugent, A. Peele, T. H. Irving, S. Price, S. Eckersley, I. Renouf, M. Smith, A. Parmar, I. M. McHardy, P. Uttley, and A. Lawrence, “LOBSTER-ISS: an imaging x-ray all-sky monitor for the International Space Station. International Symposium on Optical Science and Technology,” Proc. SPIE, 4497 (2002).
[Crossref]

Jorden, T.

G. W. Fraser, J. D. Carpenter, D. A. Rothery, J. F. Pearson, A. Martindale, J. Huovelin, J. Treis, M. Anand, M. Anttila, M. Ashcroft, J. Benkoff, P. Bland, A. Bowyer, A. Bradley, J. Bridges, C. Brown, C. Bulloch, E. J. Bunce, U. Christense, M. Evans, R. Fairbend, M. Feasey, F. Giannini, S. Hermann, M. Hesse, M. Hilchenbach, T. Jorden, K. Joy, M. Kaipiainen, I. Kitchingman, P. Lechner, G. Lutz, A. Malkki, K. Muinonen, J. Naranen, P. Portin, M. Prydderch, J. San Juan, E. Sclater, E. Schyns, T. J. Stevenson, L. Struder, M. Syrjasuo, D. Talboys, P. Thomas, C. Whitford, and S. Whitehead, “The mercury imaging X-ray spectrometer (MIXS) on bepicolombo,” Planet. Space Sci. 58(1), 79–95 (2010).
[Crossref]

Joy, K.

G. W. Fraser, J. D. Carpenter, D. A. Rothery, J. F. Pearson, A. Martindale, J. Huovelin, J. Treis, M. Anand, M. Anttila, M. Ashcroft, J. Benkoff, P. Bland, A. Bowyer, A. Bradley, J. Bridges, C. Brown, C. Bulloch, E. J. Bunce, U. Christense, M. Evans, R. Fairbend, M. Feasey, F. Giannini, S. Hermann, M. Hesse, M. Hilchenbach, T. Jorden, K. Joy, M. Kaipiainen, I. Kitchingman, P. Lechner, G. Lutz, A. Malkki, K. Muinonen, J. Naranen, P. Portin, M. Prydderch, J. San Juan, E. Sclater, E. Schyns, T. J. Stevenson, L. Struder, M. Syrjasuo, D. Talboys, P. Thomas, C. Whitford, and S. Whitehead, “The mercury imaging X-ray spectrometer (MIXS) on bepicolombo,” Planet. Space Sci. 58(1), 79–95 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kaipiainen, M.

G. W. Fraser, J. D. Carpenter, D. A. Rothery, J. F. Pearson, A. Martindale, J. Huovelin, J. Treis, M. Anand, M. Anttila, M. Ashcroft, J. Benkoff, P. Bland, A. Bowyer, A. Bradley, J. Bridges, C. Brown, C. Bulloch, E. J. Bunce, U. Christense, M. Evans, R. Fairbend, M. Feasey, F. Giannini, S. Hermann, M. Hesse, M. Hilchenbach, T. Jorden, K. Joy, M. Kaipiainen, I. Kitchingman, P. Lechner, G. Lutz, A. Malkki, K. Muinonen, J. Naranen, P. Portin, M. Prydderch, J. San Juan, E. Sclater, E. Schyns, T. J. Stevenson, L. Struder, M. Syrjasuo, D. Talboys, P. Thomas, C. Whitford, and S. Whitehead, “The mercury imaging X-ray spectrometer (MIXS) on bepicolombo,” Planet. Space Sci. 58(1), 79–95 (2010).
[Crossref]

Keller, J. W.

M. R. Collier, F. S. Porter, D. G. Sibeck, J. A. Carter, M. P. Chiao, D. J. Chornay, T. E. Cravens, M. Galeazzi, J. W. Keller, D. Koutroumpa, J. Kujawski, K. Kuntz, A. M. Read, I. P. Robertson, S. Sembay, S. L. Snowden, N. Thomas, Y. Uprety, and B. M. Walsh, “Invited Article: First flight in space of a wide-field-of-view soft x-ray imager using lobster-eye optics: Instrument description and initial flight results,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(7), 071301 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kitchingman, I.

G. W. Fraser, J. D. Carpenter, D. A. Rothery, J. F. Pearson, A. Martindale, J. Huovelin, J. Treis, M. Anand, M. Anttila, M. Ashcroft, J. Benkoff, P. Bland, A. Bowyer, A. Bradley, J. Bridges, C. Brown, C. Bulloch, E. J. Bunce, U. Christense, M. Evans, R. Fairbend, M. Feasey, F. Giannini, S. Hermann, M. Hesse, M. Hilchenbach, T. Jorden, K. Joy, M. Kaipiainen, I. Kitchingman, P. Lechner, G. Lutz, A. Malkki, K. Muinonen, J. Naranen, P. Portin, M. Prydderch, J. San Juan, E. Sclater, E. Schyns, T. J. Stevenson, L. Struder, M. Syrjasuo, D. Talboys, P. Thomas, C. Whitford, and S. Whitehead, “The mercury imaging X-ray spectrometer (MIXS) on bepicolombo,” Planet. Space Sci. 58(1), 79–95 (2010).
[Crossref]

Knudsen, D.

E. Friis-Christensen, H. Lühr, D. Knudsen, and R. Haagmans, “Swarm – An Earth Observation Mission investigating Geospace,” Adv. Space Res. 41(1), 210–216 (2008).
[Crossref]

Koutroumpa, D.

M. R. Collier, F. S. Porter, D. G. Sibeck, J. A. Carter, M. P. Chiao, D. J. Chornay, T. E. Cravens, M. Galeazzi, J. W. Keller, D. Koutroumpa, J. Kujawski, K. Kuntz, A. M. Read, I. P. Robertson, S. Sembay, S. L. Snowden, N. Thomas, Y. Uprety, and B. M. Walsh, “Invited Article: First flight in space of a wide-field-of-view soft x-ray imager using lobster-eye optics: Instrument description and initial flight results,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(7), 071301 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kujawski, J.

M. R. Collier, F. S. Porter, D. G. Sibeck, J. A. Carter, M. P. Chiao, D. J. Chornay, T. E. Cravens, M. Galeazzi, J. W. Keller, D. Koutroumpa, J. Kujawski, K. Kuntz, A. M. Read, I. P. Robertson, S. Sembay, S. L. Snowden, N. Thomas, Y. Uprety, and B. M. Walsh, “Invited Article: First flight in space of a wide-field-of-view soft x-ray imager using lobster-eye optics: Instrument description and initial flight results,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(7), 071301 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kuntz, K.

M. R. Collier, F. S. Porter, D. G. Sibeck, J. A. Carter, M. P. Chiao, D. J. Chornay, T. E. Cravens, M. Galeazzi, J. W. Keller, D. Koutroumpa, J. Kujawski, K. Kuntz, A. M. Read, I. P. Robertson, S. Sembay, S. L. Snowden, N. Thomas, Y. Uprety, and B. M. Walsh, “Invited Article: First flight in space of a wide-field-of-view soft x-ray imager using lobster-eye optics: Instrument description and initial flight results,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(7), 071301 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Laakso, H.

C. P. Escoubet, M. G. G. T. Taylor, A. Masson, H. Laakso, J. Volpp, M. Hapgood, and M. L. Goldstein, “Dynamical processes in space: Cluster results,” Ann. Geophys. 31(6), 1045–1059 (2013).
[Crossref]

Land, M. F.

M. F. Land, “Animal eyes with mirror optics,” Sci. Am. 239(6), 126–134 (1978).
[Crossref]

Lawrence, A.

G. W. Fraser, A. N. Brunton, N. P. Bannister, J. F. Pearson, M. J. Ward, T. Stevenson, D. J. Watson, B. Warwick, S. Whitehead, P. T. O’Brien, N. White, K. Jahoda, K. Black, S. D. Hunter, P. Deines-Jones, W. C. Priedhorsky, K. N. Borozdin, T. Vestrand, A. C. Fabian, K. Nugent, A. Peele, T. H. Irving, S. Price, S. Eckersley, I. Renouf, M. Smith, A. Parmar, I. M. McHardy, P. Uttley, and A. Lawrence, “LOBSTER-ISS: an imaging x-ray all-sky monitor for the International Space Station. International Symposium on Optical Science and Technology,” Proc. SPIE, 4497 (2002).
[Crossref]

Lechner, P.

G. W. Fraser, J. D. Carpenter, D. A. Rothery, J. F. Pearson, A. Martindale, J. Huovelin, J. Treis, M. Anand, M. Anttila, M. Ashcroft, J. Benkoff, P. Bland, A. Bowyer, A. Bradley, J. Bridges, C. Brown, C. Bulloch, E. J. Bunce, U. Christense, M. Evans, R. Fairbend, M. Feasey, F. Giannini, S. Hermann, M. Hesse, M. Hilchenbach, T. Jorden, K. Joy, M. Kaipiainen, I. Kitchingman, P. Lechner, G. Lutz, A. Malkki, K. Muinonen, J. Naranen, P. Portin, M. Prydderch, J. San Juan, E. Sclater, E. Schyns, T. J. Stevenson, L. Struder, M. Syrjasuo, D. Talboys, P. Thomas, C. Whitford, and S. Whitehead, “The mercury imaging X-ray spectrometer (MIXS) on bepicolombo,” Planet. Space Sci. 58(1), 79–95 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lee, J. E.

G. W. Fraser, A. N. Brunton, J. E. Lee, J. F. Pearson, and W. B. Feller, “X-ray focusing using square-pore microchannel plates First observation of cruxiform image structure,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 324(1–2), 404–407 (1993).

Lees, J. E.

Li, H.

D. Zhao, C. Zhang, R. Willingale, H. Li, and S. Zhang, “Ray tracing simulation for the wide-field x-ray telescope of the Einstein Probe mission based on Gent4 and XRTG4,” Proc. SPIE 9144, 91440 (2014).

Li, W.

Ling, Z.

D. Zhao, C. Zhang, W. Yuan, S. Zhang, R. Willingale, and Z. Ling, “Geant4 simulations of a wide-angle x-ray focusing telescope,” Exp. Astron. 43(2), 1–17 (2017).

Lühr, H.

E. Friis-Christensen, H. Lühr, D. Knudsen, and R. Haagmans, “Swarm – An Earth Observation Mission investigating Geospace,” Adv. Space Res. 41(1), 210–216 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lutz, G.

G. W. Fraser, J. D. Carpenter, D. A. Rothery, J. F. Pearson, A. Martindale, J. Huovelin, J. Treis, M. Anand, M. Anttila, M. Ashcroft, J. Benkoff, P. Bland, A. Bowyer, A. Bradley, J. Bridges, C. Brown, C. Bulloch, E. J. Bunce, U. Christense, M. Evans, R. Fairbend, M. Feasey, F. Giannini, S. Hermann, M. Hesse, M. Hilchenbach, T. Jorden, K. Joy, M. Kaipiainen, I. Kitchingman, P. Lechner, G. Lutz, A. Malkki, K. Muinonen, J. Naranen, P. Portin, M. Prydderch, J. San Juan, E. Sclater, E. Schyns, T. J. Stevenson, L. Struder, M. Syrjasuo, D. Talboys, P. Thomas, C. Whitford, and S. Whitehead, “The mercury imaging X-ray spectrometer (MIXS) on bepicolombo,” Planet. Space Sci. 58(1), 79–95 (2010).
[Crossref]

Malkki, A.

G. W. Fraser, J. D. Carpenter, D. A. Rothery, J. F. Pearson, A. Martindale, J. Huovelin, J. Treis, M. Anand, M. Anttila, M. Ashcroft, J. Benkoff, P. Bland, A. Bowyer, A. Bradley, J. Bridges, C. Brown, C. Bulloch, E. J. Bunce, U. Christense, M. Evans, R. Fairbend, M. Feasey, F. Giannini, S. Hermann, M. Hesse, M. Hilchenbach, T. Jorden, K. Joy, M. Kaipiainen, I. Kitchingman, P. Lechner, G. Lutz, A. Malkki, K. Muinonen, J. Naranen, P. Portin, M. Prydderch, J. San Juan, E. Sclater, E. Schyns, T. J. Stevenson, L. Struder, M. Syrjasuo, D. Talboys, P. Thomas, C. Whitford, and S. Whitehead, “The mercury imaging X-ray spectrometer (MIXS) on bepicolombo,” Planet. Space Sci. 58(1), 79–95 (2010).
[Crossref]

Martin, A. R.

A. G. Peele, G. W. Fraser, A. N. Brunton, A. R. Martin, R. M. Rideout, N. E. White, R. Petre, and W. B. Feller, “Recent studies of lobster-eye optics,” Proc. SPIE 3444, 404–415 (1998).
[Crossref]

Martindale, A.

R. Willingale, A. Martindale, C. H. Feldman, R. Fairbend, E. Schyns, S. Petit, J. P. Osborne, and P. T. O’Brien, “Aberrations in square pore micro-channel optics used for X-ray lobster eye telescope,” Proc. SPIE 9905, 99050 (2016).

G. W. Fraser, J. D. Carpenter, D. A. Rothery, J. F. Pearson, A. Martindale, J. Huovelin, J. Treis, M. Anand, M. Anttila, M. Ashcroft, J. Benkoff, P. Bland, A. Bowyer, A. Bradley, J. Bridges, C. Brown, C. Bulloch, E. J. Bunce, U. Christense, M. Evans, R. Fairbend, M. Feasey, F. Giannini, S. Hermann, M. Hesse, M. Hilchenbach, T. Jorden, K. Joy, M. Kaipiainen, I. Kitchingman, P. Lechner, G. Lutz, A. Malkki, K. Muinonen, J. Naranen, P. Portin, M. Prydderch, J. San Juan, E. Sclater, E. Schyns, T. J. Stevenson, L. Struder, M. Syrjasuo, D. Talboys, P. Thomas, C. Whitford, and S. Whitehead, “The mercury imaging X-ray spectrometer (MIXS) on bepicolombo,” Planet. Space Sci. 58(1), 79–95 (2010).
[Crossref]

Masson, A.

C. P. Escoubet, M. G. G. T. Taylor, A. Masson, H. Laakso, J. Volpp, M. Hapgood, and M. L. Goldstein, “Dynamical processes in space: Cluster results,” Ann. Geophys. 31(6), 1045–1059 (2013).
[Crossref]

McHardy, I. M.

G. W. Fraser, A. N. Brunton, N. P. Bannister, J. F. Pearson, M. J. Ward, T. Stevenson, D. J. Watson, B. Warwick, S. Whitehead, P. T. O’Brien, N. White, K. Jahoda, K. Black, S. D. Hunter, P. Deines-Jones, W. C. Priedhorsky, K. N. Borozdin, T. Vestrand, A. C. Fabian, K. Nugent, A. Peele, T. H. Irving, S. Price, S. Eckersley, I. Renouf, M. Smith, A. Parmar, I. M. McHardy, P. Uttley, and A. Lawrence, “LOBSTER-ISS: an imaging x-ray all-sky monitor for the International Space Station. International Symposium on Optical Science and Technology,” Proc. SPIE, 4497 (2002).
[Crossref]

Muinonen, K.

G. W. Fraser, J. D. Carpenter, D. A. Rothery, J. F. Pearson, A. Martindale, J. Huovelin, J. Treis, M. Anand, M. Anttila, M. Ashcroft, J. Benkoff, P. Bland, A. Bowyer, A. Bradley, J. Bridges, C. Brown, C. Bulloch, E. J. Bunce, U. Christense, M. Evans, R. Fairbend, M. Feasey, F. Giannini, S. Hermann, M. Hesse, M. Hilchenbach, T. Jorden, K. Joy, M. Kaipiainen, I. Kitchingman, P. Lechner, G. Lutz, A. Malkki, K. Muinonen, J. Naranen, P. Portin, M. Prydderch, J. San Juan, E. Sclater, E. Schyns, T. J. Stevenson, L. Struder, M. Syrjasuo, D. Talboys, P. Thomas, C. Whitford, and S. Whitehead, “The mercury imaging X-ray spectrometer (MIXS) on bepicolombo,” Planet. Space Sci. 58(1), 79–95 (2010).
[Crossref]

Naranen, J.

G. W. Fraser, J. D. Carpenter, D. A. Rothery, J. F. Pearson, A. Martindale, J. Huovelin, J. Treis, M. Anand, M. Anttila, M. Ashcroft, J. Benkoff, P. Bland, A. Bowyer, A. Bradley, J. Bridges, C. Brown, C. Bulloch, E. J. Bunce, U. Christense, M. Evans, R. Fairbend, M. Feasey, F. Giannini, S. Hermann, M. Hesse, M. Hilchenbach, T. Jorden, K. Joy, M. Kaipiainen, I. Kitchingman, P. Lechner, G. Lutz, A. Malkki, K. Muinonen, J. Naranen, P. Portin, M. Prydderch, J. San Juan, E. Sclater, E. Schyns, T. J. Stevenson, L. Struder, M. Syrjasuo, D. Talboys, P. Thomas, C. Whitford, and S. Whitehead, “The mercury imaging X-ray spectrometer (MIXS) on bepicolombo,” Planet. Space Sci. 58(1), 79–95 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nugent, K.

G. W. Fraser, A. N. Brunton, N. P. Bannister, J. F. Pearson, M. J. Ward, T. Stevenson, D. J. Watson, B. Warwick, S. Whitehead, P. T. O’Brien, N. White, K. Jahoda, K. Black, S. D. Hunter, P. Deines-Jones, W. C. Priedhorsky, K. N. Borozdin, T. Vestrand, A. C. Fabian, K. Nugent, A. Peele, T. H. Irving, S. Price, S. Eckersley, I. Renouf, M. Smith, A. Parmar, I. M. McHardy, P. Uttley, and A. Lawrence, “LOBSTER-ISS: an imaging x-ray all-sky monitor for the International Space Station. International Symposium on Optical Science and Technology,” Proc. SPIE, 4497 (2002).
[Crossref]

Nugent, K. A.

T. H. K. Irving, A. G. Peele, K. A. Nugent, and S. P. Brumby, “Faster, better, cheaper metrology of lobster-eye (square-pore) optics,” Proc. SPIE 4145, 209–218 (2001).
[Crossref]

A. G. Peele, K. A. Nugent, A. V. Rode, K. Gabel, M. C. Richardson, R. Strack, and W. Siegmund, “X-ray focusing with lobster-eye optics: a comparison of theory with experiment,” Appl. Opt. 35(22), 4420–4425 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. N. Chapman, K. A. Nugent, and S. W. Wilkins, “X-ray focusing using square channel-capillary arrays,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 62(6), 1542–1561 (1991).
[Crossref]

O’Brien, P. T.

R. Willingale, A. Martindale, C. H. Feldman, R. Fairbend, E. Schyns, S. Petit, J. P. Osborne, and P. T. O’Brien, “Aberrations in square pore micro-channel optics used for X-ray lobster eye telescope,” Proc. SPIE 9905, 99050 (2016).

G. W. Fraser, A. N. Brunton, N. P. Bannister, J. F. Pearson, M. J. Ward, T. Stevenson, D. J. Watson, B. Warwick, S. Whitehead, P. T. O’Brien, N. White, K. Jahoda, K. Black, S. D. Hunter, P. Deines-Jones, W. C. Priedhorsky, K. N. Borozdin, T. Vestrand, A. C. Fabian, K. Nugent, A. Peele, T. H. Irving, S. Price, S. Eckersley, I. Renouf, M. Smith, A. Parmar, I. M. McHardy, P. Uttley, and A. Lawrence, “LOBSTER-ISS: an imaging x-ray all-sky monitor for the International Space Station. International Symposium on Optical Science and Technology,” Proc. SPIE, 4497 (2002).
[Crossref]

Osborne, J. P.

R. Willingale, A. Martindale, C. H. Feldman, R. Fairbend, E. Schyns, S. Petit, J. P. Osborne, and P. T. O’Brien, “Aberrations in square pore micro-channel optics used for X-ray lobster eye telescope,” Proc. SPIE 9905, 99050 (2016).

Parmar, A.

G. W. Fraser, A. N. Brunton, N. P. Bannister, J. F. Pearson, M. J. Ward, T. Stevenson, D. J. Watson, B. Warwick, S. Whitehead, P. T. O’Brien, N. White, K. Jahoda, K. Black, S. D. Hunter, P. Deines-Jones, W. C. Priedhorsky, K. N. Borozdin, T. Vestrand, A. C. Fabian, K. Nugent, A. Peele, T. H. Irving, S. Price, S. Eckersley, I. Renouf, M. Smith, A. Parmar, I. M. McHardy, P. Uttley, and A. Lawrence, “LOBSTER-ISS: an imaging x-ray all-sky monitor for the International Space Station. International Symposium on Optical Science and Technology,” Proc. SPIE, 4497 (2002).
[Crossref]

Pearson, J. F.

G. W. Fraser, J. D. Carpenter, D. A. Rothery, J. F. Pearson, A. Martindale, J. Huovelin, J. Treis, M. Anand, M. Anttila, M. Ashcroft, J. Benkoff, P. Bland, A. Bowyer, A. Bradley, J. Bridges, C. Brown, C. Bulloch, E. J. Bunce, U. Christense, M. Evans, R. Fairbend, M. Feasey, F. Giannini, S. Hermann, M. Hesse, M. Hilchenbach, T. Jorden, K. Joy, M. Kaipiainen, I. Kitchingman, P. Lechner, G. Lutz, A. Malkki, K. Muinonen, J. Naranen, P. Portin, M. Prydderch, J. San Juan, E. Sclater, E. Schyns, T. J. Stevenson, L. Struder, M. Syrjasuo, D. Talboys, P. Thomas, C. Whitford, and S. Whitehead, “The mercury imaging X-ray spectrometer (MIXS) on bepicolombo,” Planet. Space Sci. 58(1), 79–95 (2010).
[Crossref]

G. W. Fraser, A. N. Brunton, J. E. Lee, J. F. Pearson, and W. B. Feller, “X-ray focusing using square-pore microchannel plates First observation of cruxiform image structure,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 324(1–2), 404–407 (1993).

G. W. Fraser, A. N. Brunton, N. P. Bannister, J. F. Pearson, M. J. Ward, T. Stevenson, D. J. Watson, B. Warwick, S. Whitehead, P. T. O’Brien, N. White, K. Jahoda, K. Black, S. D. Hunter, P. Deines-Jones, W. C. Priedhorsky, K. N. Borozdin, T. Vestrand, A. C. Fabian, K. Nugent, A. Peele, T. H. Irving, S. Price, S. Eckersley, I. Renouf, M. Smith, A. Parmar, I. M. McHardy, P. Uttley, and A. Lawrence, “LOBSTER-ISS: an imaging x-ray all-sky monitor for the International Space Station. International Symposium on Optical Science and Technology,” Proc. SPIE, 4497 (2002).
[Crossref]

Peele, A.

G. W. Fraser, A. N. Brunton, N. P. Bannister, J. F. Pearson, M. J. Ward, T. Stevenson, D. J. Watson, B. Warwick, S. Whitehead, P. T. O’Brien, N. White, K. Jahoda, K. Black, S. D. Hunter, P. Deines-Jones, W. C. Priedhorsky, K. N. Borozdin, T. Vestrand, A. C. Fabian, K. Nugent, A. Peele, T. H. Irving, S. Price, S. Eckersley, I. Renouf, M. Smith, A. Parmar, I. M. McHardy, P. Uttley, and A. Lawrence, “LOBSTER-ISS: an imaging x-ray all-sky monitor for the International Space Station. International Symposium on Optical Science and Technology,” Proc. SPIE, 4497 (2002).
[Crossref]

Peele, A. G.

C. T. Putkunz and A. G. Peele, “Detailed simulation of a Lobster-eye telescope,” Opt. Express 17(16), 14156–14165 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. H. K. Irving, A. G. Peele, K. A. Nugent, and S. P. Brumby, “Faster, better, cheaper metrology of lobster-eye (square-pore) optics,” Proc. SPIE 4145, 209–218 (2001).
[Crossref]

A. G. Peele, “Investigation of etched silicon wafers for lobster-eye optics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70(2), 1268–1273 (1999).
[Crossref]

A. G. Peele, G. W. Fraser, A. N. Brunton, A. R. Martin, R. M. Rideout, N. E. White, R. Petre, and W. B. Feller, “Recent studies of lobster-eye optics,” Proc. SPIE 3444, 404–415 (1998).
[Crossref]

A. G. Peele, K. A. Nugent, A. V. Rode, K. Gabel, M. C. Richardson, R. Strack, and W. Siegmund, “X-ray focusing with lobster-eye optics: a comparison of theory with experiment,” Appl. Opt. 35(22), 4420–4425 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Petit, S.

R. Willingale, A. Martindale, C. H. Feldman, R. Fairbend, E. Schyns, S. Petit, J. P. Osborne, and P. T. O’Brien, “Aberrations in square pore micro-channel optics used for X-ray lobster eye telescope,” Proc. SPIE 9905, 99050 (2016).

Petre, R.

A. G. Peele, G. W. Fraser, A. N. Brunton, A. R. Martin, R. M. Rideout, N. E. White, R. Petre, and W. B. Feller, “Recent studies of lobster-eye optics,” Proc. SPIE 3444, 404–415 (1998).
[Crossref]

Porter, F. S.

M. R. Collier, F. S. Porter, D. G. Sibeck, J. A. Carter, M. P. Chiao, D. J. Chornay, T. E. Cravens, M. Galeazzi, J. W. Keller, D. Koutroumpa, J. Kujawski, K. Kuntz, A. M. Read, I. P. Robertson, S. Sembay, S. L. Snowden, N. Thomas, Y. Uprety, and B. M. Walsh, “Invited Article: First flight in space of a wide-field-of-view soft x-ray imager using lobster-eye optics: Instrument description and initial flight results,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(7), 071301 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Portin, P.

G. W. Fraser, J. D. Carpenter, D. A. Rothery, J. F. Pearson, A. Martindale, J. Huovelin, J. Treis, M. Anand, M. Anttila, M. Ashcroft, J. Benkoff, P. Bland, A. Bowyer, A. Bradley, J. Bridges, C. Brown, C. Bulloch, E. J. Bunce, U. Christense, M. Evans, R. Fairbend, M. Feasey, F. Giannini, S. Hermann, M. Hesse, M. Hilchenbach, T. Jorden, K. Joy, M. Kaipiainen, I. Kitchingman, P. Lechner, G. Lutz, A. Malkki, K. Muinonen, J. Naranen, P. Portin, M. Prydderch, J. San Juan, E. Sclater, E. Schyns, T. J. Stevenson, L. Struder, M. Syrjasuo, D. Talboys, P. Thomas, C. Whitford, and S. Whitehead, “The mercury imaging X-ray spectrometer (MIXS) on bepicolombo,” Planet. Space Sci. 58(1), 79–95 (2010).
[Crossref]

Price, S.

G. W. Fraser, A. N. Brunton, N. P. Bannister, J. F. Pearson, M. J. Ward, T. Stevenson, D. J. Watson, B. Warwick, S. Whitehead, P. T. O’Brien, N. White, K. Jahoda, K. Black, S. D. Hunter, P. Deines-Jones, W. C. Priedhorsky, K. N. Borozdin, T. Vestrand, A. C. Fabian, K. Nugent, A. Peele, T. H. Irving, S. Price, S. Eckersley, I. Renouf, M. Smith, A. Parmar, I. M. McHardy, P. Uttley, and A. Lawrence, “LOBSTER-ISS: an imaging x-ray all-sky monitor for the International Space Station. International Symposium on Optical Science and Technology,” Proc. SPIE, 4497 (2002).
[Crossref]

Priedhorsky, W. C.

G. W. Fraser, A. N. Brunton, N. P. Bannister, J. F. Pearson, M. J. Ward, T. Stevenson, D. J. Watson, B. Warwick, S. Whitehead, P. T. O’Brien, N. White, K. Jahoda, K. Black, S. D. Hunter, P. Deines-Jones, W. C. Priedhorsky, K. N. Borozdin, T. Vestrand, A. C. Fabian, K. Nugent, A. Peele, T. H. Irving, S. Price, S. Eckersley, I. Renouf, M. Smith, A. Parmar, I. M. McHardy, P. Uttley, and A. Lawrence, “LOBSTER-ISS: an imaging x-ray all-sky monitor for the International Space Station. International Symposium on Optical Science and Technology,” Proc. SPIE, 4497 (2002).
[Crossref]

Prydderch, M.

G. W. Fraser, J. D. Carpenter, D. A. Rothery, J. F. Pearson, A. Martindale, J. Huovelin, J. Treis, M. Anand, M. Anttila, M. Ashcroft, J. Benkoff, P. Bland, A. Bowyer, A. Bradley, J. Bridges, C. Brown, C. Bulloch, E. J. Bunce, U. Christense, M. Evans, R. Fairbend, M. Feasey, F. Giannini, S. Hermann, M. Hesse, M. Hilchenbach, T. Jorden, K. Joy, M. Kaipiainen, I. Kitchingman, P. Lechner, G. Lutz, A. Malkki, K. Muinonen, J. Naranen, P. Portin, M. Prydderch, J. San Juan, E. Sclater, E. Schyns, T. J. Stevenson, L. Struder, M. Syrjasuo, D. Talboys, P. Thomas, C. Whitford, and S. Whitehead, “The mercury imaging X-ray spectrometer (MIXS) on bepicolombo,” Planet. Space Sci. 58(1), 79–95 (2010).
[Crossref]

Putkunz, C. T.

Read, A. M.

M. R. Collier, F. S. Porter, D. G. Sibeck, J. A. Carter, M. P. Chiao, D. J. Chornay, T. E. Cravens, M. Galeazzi, J. W. Keller, D. Koutroumpa, J. Kujawski, K. Kuntz, A. M. Read, I. P. Robertson, S. Sembay, S. L. Snowden, N. Thomas, Y. Uprety, and B. M. Walsh, “Invited Article: First flight in space of a wide-field-of-view soft x-ray imager using lobster-eye optics: Instrument description and initial flight results,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(7), 071301 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Renouf, I.

G. W. Fraser, A. N. Brunton, N. P. Bannister, J. F. Pearson, M. J. Ward, T. Stevenson, D. J. Watson, B. Warwick, S. Whitehead, P. T. O’Brien, N. White, K. Jahoda, K. Black, S. D. Hunter, P. Deines-Jones, W. C. Priedhorsky, K. N. Borozdin, T. Vestrand, A. C. Fabian, K. Nugent, A. Peele, T. H. Irving, S. Price, S. Eckersley, I. Renouf, M. Smith, A. Parmar, I. M. McHardy, P. Uttley, and A. Lawrence, “LOBSTER-ISS: an imaging x-ray all-sky monitor for the International Space Station. International Symposium on Optical Science and Technology,” Proc. SPIE, 4497 (2002).
[Crossref]

Richardson, M. C.

Rideout, R. M.

A. G. Peele, G. W. Fraser, A. N. Brunton, A. R. Martin, R. M. Rideout, N. E. White, R. Petre, and W. B. Feller, “Recent studies of lobster-eye optics,” Proc. SPIE 3444, 404–415 (1998).
[Crossref]

Robertson, I. P.

M. R. Collier, F. S. Porter, D. G. Sibeck, J. A. Carter, M. P. Chiao, D. J. Chornay, T. E. Cravens, M. Galeazzi, J. W. Keller, D. Koutroumpa, J. Kujawski, K. Kuntz, A. M. Read, I. P. Robertson, S. Sembay, S. L. Snowden, N. Thomas, Y. Uprety, and B. M. Walsh, “Invited Article: First flight in space of a wide-field-of-view soft x-ray imager using lobster-eye optics: Instrument description and initial flight results,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(7), 071301 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rode, A. V.

Rothery, D. A.

G. W. Fraser, J. D. Carpenter, D. A. Rothery, J. F. Pearson, A. Martindale, J. Huovelin, J. Treis, M. Anand, M. Anttila, M. Ashcroft, J. Benkoff, P. Bland, A. Bowyer, A. Bradley, J. Bridges, C. Brown, C. Bulloch, E. J. Bunce, U. Christense, M. Evans, R. Fairbend, M. Feasey, F. Giannini, S. Hermann, M. Hesse, M. Hilchenbach, T. Jorden, K. Joy, M. Kaipiainen, I. Kitchingman, P. Lechner, G. Lutz, A. Malkki, K. Muinonen, J. Naranen, P. Portin, M. Prydderch, J. San Juan, E. Sclater, E. Schyns, T. J. Stevenson, L. Struder, M. Syrjasuo, D. Talboys, P. Thomas, C. Whitford, and S. Whitehead, “The mercury imaging X-ray spectrometer (MIXS) on bepicolombo,” Planet. Space Sci. 58(1), 79–95 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ruan, N.

San Juan, J.

G. W. Fraser, J. D. Carpenter, D. A. Rothery, J. F. Pearson, A. Martindale, J. Huovelin, J. Treis, M. Anand, M. Anttila, M. Ashcroft, J. Benkoff, P. Bland, A. Bowyer, A. Bradley, J. Bridges, C. Brown, C. Bulloch, E. J. Bunce, U. Christense, M. Evans, R. Fairbend, M. Feasey, F. Giannini, S. Hermann, M. Hesse, M. Hilchenbach, T. Jorden, K. Joy, M. Kaipiainen, I. Kitchingman, P. Lechner, G. Lutz, A. Malkki, K. Muinonen, J. Naranen, P. Portin, M. Prydderch, J. San Juan, E. Sclater, E. Schyns, T. J. Stevenson, L. Struder, M. Syrjasuo, D. Talboys, P. Thomas, C. Whitford, and S. Whitehead, “The mercury imaging X-ray spectrometer (MIXS) on bepicolombo,” Planet. Space Sci. 58(1), 79–95 (2010).
[Crossref]

Schmidt, W. K. H.

W. K. H. Schmidt, “A proposed X-ray focusing device with wide field of view for use in X-ray astronomy,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods 127(2), 285–292 (1975).
[Crossref]

Schyns, E.

R. Willingale, A. Martindale, C. H. Feldman, R. Fairbend, E. Schyns, S. Petit, J. P. Osborne, and P. T. O’Brien, “Aberrations in square pore micro-channel optics used for X-ray lobster eye telescope,” Proc. SPIE 9905, 99050 (2016).

G. W. Fraser, J. D. Carpenter, D. A. Rothery, J. F. Pearson, A. Martindale, J. Huovelin, J. Treis, M. Anand, M. Anttila, M. Ashcroft, J. Benkoff, P. Bland, A. Bowyer, A. Bradley, J. Bridges, C. Brown, C. Bulloch, E. J. Bunce, U. Christense, M. Evans, R. Fairbend, M. Feasey, F. Giannini, S. Hermann, M. Hesse, M. Hilchenbach, T. Jorden, K. Joy, M. Kaipiainen, I. Kitchingman, P. Lechner, G. Lutz, A. Malkki, K. Muinonen, J. Naranen, P. Portin, M. Prydderch, J. San Juan, E. Sclater, E. Schyns, T. J. Stevenson, L. Struder, M. Syrjasuo, D. Talboys, P. Thomas, C. Whitford, and S. Whitehead, “The mercury imaging X-ray spectrometer (MIXS) on bepicolombo,” Planet. Space Sci. 58(1), 79–95 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sclater, E.

G. W. Fraser, J. D. Carpenter, D. A. Rothery, J. F. Pearson, A. Martindale, J. Huovelin, J. Treis, M. Anand, M. Anttila, M. Ashcroft, J. Benkoff, P. Bland, A. Bowyer, A. Bradley, J. Bridges, C. Brown, C. Bulloch, E. J. Bunce, U. Christense, M. Evans, R. Fairbend, M. Feasey, F. Giannini, S. Hermann, M. Hesse, M. Hilchenbach, T. Jorden, K. Joy, M. Kaipiainen, I. Kitchingman, P. Lechner, G. Lutz, A. Malkki, K. Muinonen, J. Naranen, P. Portin, M. Prydderch, J. San Juan, E. Sclater, E. Schyns, T. J. Stevenson, L. Struder, M. Syrjasuo, D. Talboys, P. Thomas, C. Whitford, and S. Whitehead, “The mercury imaging X-ray spectrometer (MIXS) on bepicolombo,” Planet. Space Sci. 58(1), 79–95 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sembay, S.

M. R. Collier, F. S. Porter, D. G. Sibeck, J. A. Carter, M. P. Chiao, D. J. Chornay, T. E. Cravens, M. Galeazzi, J. W. Keller, D. Koutroumpa, J. Kujawski, K. Kuntz, A. M. Read, I. P. Robertson, S. Sembay, S. L. Snowden, N. Thomas, Y. Uprety, and B. M. Walsh, “Invited Article: First flight in space of a wide-field-of-view soft x-ray imager using lobster-eye optics: Instrument description and initial flight results,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(7), 071301 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Sun, C. Wang, F. Wei, and S. Sembay, “X-ray imaging of Kelvin-Helmholtz waves at the magnetopause,” J. Geophys. Res-Space 120(1), 266–275 (2015).

Sibeck, D. G.

M. R. Collier, F. S. Porter, D. G. Sibeck, J. A. Carter, M. P. Chiao, D. J. Chornay, T. E. Cravens, M. Galeazzi, J. W. Keller, D. Koutroumpa, J. Kujawski, K. Kuntz, A. M. Read, I. P. Robertson, S. Sembay, S. L. Snowden, N. Thomas, Y. Uprety, and B. M. Walsh, “Invited Article: First flight in space of a wide-field-of-view soft x-ray imager using lobster-eye optics: Instrument description and initial flight results,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(7), 071301 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Siegmund, W.

Smith, M.

G. W. Fraser, A. N. Brunton, N. P. Bannister, J. F. Pearson, M. J. Ward, T. Stevenson, D. J. Watson, B. Warwick, S. Whitehead, P. T. O’Brien, N. White, K. Jahoda, K. Black, S. D. Hunter, P. Deines-Jones, W. C. Priedhorsky, K. N. Borozdin, T. Vestrand, A. C. Fabian, K. Nugent, A. Peele, T. H. Irving, S. Price, S. Eckersley, I. Renouf, M. Smith, A. Parmar, I. M. McHardy, P. Uttley, and A. Lawrence, “LOBSTER-ISS: an imaging x-ray all-sky monitor for the International Space Station. International Symposium on Optical Science and Technology,” Proc. SPIE, 4497 (2002).
[Crossref]

Snowden, S. L.

M. R. Collier, F. S. Porter, D. G. Sibeck, J. A. Carter, M. P. Chiao, D. J. Chornay, T. E. Cravens, M. Galeazzi, J. W. Keller, D. Koutroumpa, J. Kujawski, K. Kuntz, A. M. Read, I. P. Robertson, S. Sembay, S. L. Snowden, N. Thomas, Y. Uprety, and B. M. Walsh, “Invited Article: First flight in space of a wide-field-of-view soft x-ray imager using lobster-eye optics: Instrument description and initial flight results,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(7), 071301 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stevenson, T.

G. W. Fraser, A. N. Brunton, N. P. Bannister, J. F. Pearson, M. J. Ward, T. Stevenson, D. J. Watson, B. Warwick, S. Whitehead, P. T. O’Brien, N. White, K. Jahoda, K. Black, S. D. Hunter, P. Deines-Jones, W. C. Priedhorsky, K. N. Borozdin, T. Vestrand, A. C. Fabian, K. Nugent, A. Peele, T. H. Irving, S. Price, S. Eckersley, I. Renouf, M. Smith, A. Parmar, I. M. McHardy, P. Uttley, and A. Lawrence, “LOBSTER-ISS: an imaging x-ray all-sky monitor for the International Space Station. International Symposium on Optical Science and Technology,” Proc. SPIE, 4497 (2002).
[Crossref]

Stevenson, T. J.

G. W. Fraser, J. D. Carpenter, D. A. Rothery, J. F. Pearson, A. Martindale, J. Huovelin, J. Treis, M. Anand, M. Anttila, M. Ashcroft, J. Benkoff, P. Bland, A. Bowyer, A. Bradley, J. Bridges, C. Brown, C. Bulloch, E. J. Bunce, U. Christense, M. Evans, R. Fairbend, M. Feasey, F. Giannini, S. Hermann, M. Hesse, M. Hilchenbach, T. Jorden, K. Joy, M. Kaipiainen, I. Kitchingman, P. Lechner, G. Lutz, A. Malkki, K. Muinonen, J. Naranen, P. Portin, M. Prydderch, J. San Juan, E. Sclater, E. Schyns, T. J. Stevenson, L. Struder, M. Syrjasuo, D. Talboys, P. Thomas, C. Whitford, and S. Whitehead, “The mercury imaging X-ray spectrometer (MIXS) on bepicolombo,” Planet. Space Sci. 58(1), 79–95 (2010).
[Crossref]

Strack, R.

Struder, L.

G. W. Fraser, J. D. Carpenter, D. A. Rothery, J. F. Pearson, A. Martindale, J. Huovelin, J. Treis, M. Anand, M. Anttila, M. Ashcroft, J. Benkoff, P. Bland, A. Bowyer, A. Bradley, J. Bridges, C. Brown, C. Bulloch, E. J. Bunce, U. Christense, M. Evans, R. Fairbend, M. Feasey, F. Giannini, S. Hermann, M. Hesse, M. Hilchenbach, T. Jorden, K. Joy, M. Kaipiainen, I. Kitchingman, P. Lechner, G. Lutz, A. Malkki, K. Muinonen, J. Naranen, P. Portin, M. Prydderch, J. San Juan, E. Sclater, E. Schyns, T. J. Stevenson, L. Struder, M. Syrjasuo, D. Talboys, P. Thomas, C. Whitford, and S. Whitehead, “The mercury imaging X-ray spectrometer (MIXS) on bepicolombo,” Planet. Space Sci. 58(1), 79–95 (2010).
[Crossref]

Su, L.

Su, Y.

Sun, T.

T. Sun, C. Wang, F. Wei, and S. Sembay, “X-ray imaging of Kelvin-Helmholtz waves at the magnetopause,” J. Geophys. Res-Space 120(1), 266–275 (2015).

Syrjasuo, M.

G. W. Fraser, J. D. Carpenter, D. A. Rothery, J. F. Pearson, A. Martindale, J. Huovelin, J. Treis, M. Anand, M. Anttila, M. Ashcroft, J. Benkoff, P. Bland, A. Bowyer, A. Bradley, J. Bridges, C. Brown, C. Bulloch, E. J. Bunce, U. Christense, M. Evans, R. Fairbend, M. Feasey, F. Giannini, S. Hermann, M. Hesse, M. Hilchenbach, T. Jorden, K. Joy, M. Kaipiainen, I. Kitchingman, P. Lechner, G. Lutz, A. Malkki, K. Muinonen, J. Naranen, P. Portin, M. Prydderch, J. San Juan, E. Sclater, E. Schyns, T. J. Stevenson, L. Struder, M. Syrjasuo, D. Talboys, P. Thomas, C. Whitford, and S. Whitehead, “The mercury imaging X-ray spectrometer (MIXS) on bepicolombo,” Planet. Space Sci. 58(1), 79–95 (2010).
[Crossref]

Talboys, D.

G. W. Fraser, J. D. Carpenter, D. A. Rothery, J. F. Pearson, A. Martindale, J. Huovelin, J. Treis, M. Anand, M. Anttila, M. Ashcroft, J. Benkoff, P. Bland, A. Bowyer, A. Bradley, J. Bridges, C. Brown, C. Bulloch, E. J. Bunce, U. Christense, M. Evans, R. Fairbend, M. Feasey, F. Giannini, S. Hermann, M. Hesse, M. Hilchenbach, T. Jorden, K. Joy, M. Kaipiainen, I. Kitchingman, P. Lechner, G. Lutz, A. Malkki, K. Muinonen, J. Naranen, P. Portin, M. Prydderch, J. San Juan, E. Sclater, E. Schyns, T. J. Stevenson, L. Struder, M. Syrjasuo, D. Talboys, P. Thomas, C. Whitford, and S. Whitehead, “The mercury imaging X-ray spectrometer (MIXS) on bepicolombo,” Planet. Space Sci. 58(1), 79–95 (2010).
[Crossref]

Taylor, M. G. G. T.

C. P. Escoubet, M. G. G. T. Taylor, A. Masson, H. Laakso, J. Volpp, M. Hapgood, and M. L. Goldstein, “Dynamical processes in space: Cluster results,” Ann. Geophys. 31(6), 1045–1059 (2013).
[Crossref]

Thomas, N.

M. R. Collier, F. S. Porter, D. G. Sibeck, J. A. Carter, M. P. Chiao, D. J. Chornay, T. E. Cravens, M. Galeazzi, J. W. Keller, D. Koutroumpa, J. Kujawski, K. Kuntz, A. M. Read, I. P. Robertson, S. Sembay, S. L. Snowden, N. Thomas, Y. Uprety, and B. M. Walsh, “Invited Article: First flight in space of a wide-field-of-view soft x-ray imager using lobster-eye optics: Instrument description and initial flight results,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(7), 071301 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Thomas, P.

G. W. Fraser, J. D. Carpenter, D. A. Rothery, J. F. Pearson, A. Martindale, J. Huovelin, J. Treis, M. Anand, M. Anttila, M. Ashcroft, J. Benkoff, P. Bland, A. Bowyer, A. Bradley, J. Bridges, C. Brown, C. Bulloch, E. J. Bunce, U. Christense, M. Evans, R. Fairbend, M. Feasey, F. Giannini, S. Hermann, M. Hesse, M. Hilchenbach, T. Jorden, K. Joy, M. Kaipiainen, I. Kitchingman, P. Lechner, G. Lutz, A. Malkki, K. Muinonen, J. Naranen, P. Portin, M. Prydderch, J. San Juan, E. Sclater, E. Schyns, T. J. Stevenson, L. Struder, M. Syrjasuo, D. Talboys, P. Thomas, C. Whitford, and S. Whitehead, “The mercury imaging X-ray spectrometer (MIXS) on bepicolombo,” Planet. Space Sci. 58(1), 79–95 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tichy, V.

V. Tichy, R. Hudec, and M. Barbera, “Analytical description of lobster eye and similar multi-foil optics,” Proc. SPIE 9510, 95100 (2015).

Treis, J.

G. W. Fraser, J. D. Carpenter, D. A. Rothery, J. F. Pearson, A. Martindale, J. Huovelin, J. Treis, M. Anand, M. Anttila, M. Ashcroft, J. Benkoff, P. Bland, A. Bowyer, A. Bradley, J. Bridges, C. Brown, C. Bulloch, E. J. Bunce, U. Christense, M. Evans, R. Fairbend, M. Feasey, F. Giannini, S. Hermann, M. Hesse, M. Hilchenbach, T. Jorden, K. Joy, M. Kaipiainen, I. Kitchingman, P. Lechner, G. Lutz, A. Malkki, K. Muinonen, J. Naranen, P. Portin, M. Prydderch, J. San Juan, E. Sclater, E. Schyns, T. J. Stevenson, L. Struder, M. Syrjasuo, D. Talboys, P. Thomas, C. Whitford, and S. Whitehead, “The mercury imaging X-ray spectrometer (MIXS) on bepicolombo,” Planet. Space Sci. 58(1), 79–95 (2010).
[Crossref]

Turcu, I. C. E.

Uprety, Y.

M. R. Collier, F. S. Porter, D. G. Sibeck, J. A. Carter, M. P. Chiao, D. J. Chornay, T. E. Cravens, M. Galeazzi, J. W. Keller, D. Koutroumpa, J. Kujawski, K. Kuntz, A. M. Read, I. P. Robertson, S. Sembay, S. L. Snowden, N. Thomas, Y. Uprety, and B. M. Walsh, “Invited Article: First flight in space of a wide-field-of-view soft x-ray imager using lobster-eye optics: Instrument description and initial flight results,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(7), 071301 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Uttley, P.

G. W. Fraser, A. N. Brunton, N. P. Bannister, J. F. Pearson, M. J. Ward, T. Stevenson, D. J. Watson, B. Warwick, S. Whitehead, P. T. O’Brien, N. White, K. Jahoda, K. Black, S. D. Hunter, P. Deines-Jones, W. C. Priedhorsky, K. N. Borozdin, T. Vestrand, A. C. Fabian, K. Nugent, A. Peele, T. H. Irving, S. Price, S. Eckersley, I. Renouf, M. Smith, A. Parmar, I. M. McHardy, P. Uttley, and A. Lawrence, “LOBSTER-ISS: an imaging x-ray all-sky monitor for the International Space Station. International Symposium on Optical Science and Technology,” Proc. SPIE, 4497 (2002).
[Crossref]

Vestrand, T.

G. W. Fraser, A. N. Brunton, N. P. Bannister, J. F. Pearson, M. J. Ward, T. Stevenson, D. J. Watson, B. Warwick, S. Whitehead, P. T. O’Brien, N. White, K. Jahoda, K. Black, S. D. Hunter, P. Deines-Jones, W. C. Priedhorsky, K. N. Borozdin, T. Vestrand, A. C. Fabian, K. Nugent, A. Peele, T. H. Irving, S. Price, S. Eckersley, I. Renouf, M. Smith, A. Parmar, I. M. McHardy, P. Uttley, and A. Lawrence, “LOBSTER-ISS: an imaging x-ray all-sky monitor for the International Space Station. International Symposium on Optical Science and Technology,” Proc. SPIE, 4497 (2002).
[Crossref]

Vogt, K.

K. Vogt, “Zur Optik des Flusskrebsauges,” Z. Naturforsch., C, Biosci. 30(5), 691 (1975).
[PubMed]

Volpp, J.

C. P. Escoubet, M. G. G. T. Taylor, A. Masson, H. Laakso, J. Volpp, M. Hapgood, and M. L. Goldstein, “Dynamical processes in space: Cluster results,” Ann. Geophys. 31(6), 1045–1059 (2013).
[Crossref]

Walsh, B. M.

M. R. Collier, F. S. Porter, D. G. Sibeck, J. A. Carter, M. P. Chiao, D. J. Chornay, T. E. Cravens, M. Galeazzi, J. W. Keller, D. Koutroumpa, J. Kujawski, K. Kuntz, A. M. Read, I. P. Robertson, S. Sembay, S. L. Snowden, N. Thomas, Y. Uprety, and B. M. Walsh, “Invited Article: First flight in space of a wide-field-of-view soft x-ray imager using lobster-eye optics: Instrument description and initial flight results,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(7), 071301 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, C.

T. Sun, C. Wang, F. Wei, and S. Sembay, “X-ray imaging of Kelvin-Helmholtz waves at the magnetopause,” J. Geophys. Res-Space 120(1), 266–275 (2015).

Ward, M. J.

G. W. Fraser, A. N. Brunton, N. P. Bannister, J. F. Pearson, M. J. Ward, T. Stevenson, D. J. Watson, B. Warwick, S. Whitehead, P. T. O’Brien, N. White, K. Jahoda, K. Black, S. D. Hunter, P. Deines-Jones, W. C. Priedhorsky, K. N. Borozdin, T. Vestrand, A. C. Fabian, K. Nugent, A. Peele, T. H. Irving, S. Price, S. Eckersley, I. Renouf, M. Smith, A. Parmar, I. M. McHardy, P. Uttley, and A. Lawrence, “LOBSTER-ISS: an imaging x-ray all-sky monitor for the International Space Station. International Symposium on Optical Science and Technology,” Proc. SPIE, 4497 (2002).
[Crossref]

Warwick, B.

G. W. Fraser, A. N. Brunton, N. P. Bannister, J. F. Pearson, M. J. Ward, T. Stevenson, D. J. Watson, B. Warwick, S. Whitehead, P. T. O’Brien, N. White, K. Jahoda, K. Black, S. D. Hunter, P. Deines-Jones, W. C. Priedhorsky, K. N. Borozdin, T. Vestrand, A. C. Fabian, K. Nugent, A. Peele, T. H. Irving, S. Price, S. Eckersley, I. Renouf, M. Smith, A. Parmar, I. M. McHardy, P. Uttley, and A. Lawrence, “LOBSTER-ISS: an imaging x-ray all-sky monitor for the International Space Station. International Symposium on Optical Science and Technology,” Proc. SPIE, 4497 (2002).
[Crossref]

Watson, D. J.

G. W. Fraser, A. N. Brunton, N. P. Bannister, J. F. Pearson, M. J. Ward, T. Stevenson, D. J. Watson, B. Warwick, S. Whitehead, P. T. O’Brien, N. White, K. Jahoda, K. Black, S. D. Hunter, P. Deines-Jones, W. C. Priedhorsky, K. N. Borozdin, T. Vestrand, A. C. Fabian, K. Nugent, A. Peele, T. H. Irving, S. Price, S. Eckersley, I. Renouf, M. Smith, A. Parmar, I. M. McHardy, P. Uttley, and A. Lawrence, “LOBSTER-ISS: an imaging x-ray all-sky monitor for the International Space Station. International Symposium on Optical Science and Technology,” Proc. SPIE, 4497 (2002).
[Crossref]

Wei, F.

T. Sun, C. Wang, F. Wei, and S. Sembay, “X-ray imaging of Kelvin-Helmholtz waves at the magnetopause,” J. Geophys. Res-Space 120(1), 266–275 (2015).

White, N.

G. W. Fraser, A. N. Brunton, N. P. Bannister, J. F. Pearson, M. J. Ward, T. Stevenson, D. J. Watson, B. Warwick, S. Whitehead, P. T. O’Brien, N. White, K. Jahoda, K. Black, S. D. Hunter, P. Deines-Jones, W. C. Priedhorsky, K. N. Borozdin, T. Vestrand, A. C. Fabian, K. Nugent, A. Peele, T. H. Irving, S. Price, S. Eckersley, I. Renouf, M. Smith, A. Parmar, I. M. McHardy, P. Uttley, and A. Lawrence, “LOBSTER-ISS: an imaging x-ray all-sky monitor for the International Space Station. International Symposium on Optical Science and Technology,” Proc. SPIE, 4497 (2002).
[Crossref]

White, N. E.

A. G. Peele, G. W. Fraser, A. N. Brunton, A. R. Martin, R. M. Rideout, N. E. White, R. Petre, and W. B. Feller, “Recent studies of lobster-eye optics,” Proc. SPIE 3444, 404–415 (1998).
[Crossref]

Whitehead, S.

G. W. Fraser, J. D. Carpenter, D. A. Rothery, J. F. Pearson, A. Martindale, J. Huovelin, J. Treis, M. Anand, M. Anttila, M. Ashcroft, J. Benkoff, P. Bland, A. Bowyer, A. Bradley, J. Bridges, C. Brown, C. Bulloch, E. J. Bunce, U. Christense, M. Evans, R. Fairbend, M. Feasey, F. Giannini, S. Hermann, M. Hesse, M. Hilchenbach, T. Jorden, K. Joy, M. Kaipiainen, I. Kitchingman, P. Lechner, G. Lutz, A. Malkki, K. Muinonen, J. Naranen, P. Portin, M. Prydderch, J. San Juan, E. Sclater, E. Schyns, T. J. Stevenson, L. Struder, M. Syrjasuo, D. Talboys, P. Thomas, C. Whitford, and S. Whitehead, “The mercury imaging X-ray spectrometer (MIXS) on bepicolombo,” Planet. Space Sci. 58(1), 79–95 (2010).
[Crossref]

G. W. Fraser, A. N. Brunton, N. P. Bannister, J. F. Pearson, M. J. Ward, T. Stevenson, D. J. Watson, B. Warwick, S. Whitehead, P. T. O’Brien, N. White, K. Jahoda, K. Black, S. D. Hunter, P. Deines-Jones, W. C. Priedhorsky, K. N. Borozdin, T. Vestrand, A. C. Fabian, K. Nugent, A. Peele, T. H. Irving, S. Price, S. Eckersley, I. Renouf, M. Smith, A. Parmar, I. M. McHardy, P. Uttley, and A. Lawrence, “LOBSTER-ISS: an imaging x-ray all-sky monitor for the International Space Station. International Symposium on Optical Science and Technology,” Proc. SPIE, 4497 (2002).
[Crossref]

Whitford, C.

G. W. Fraser, J. D. Carpenter, D. A. Rothery, J. F. Pearson, A. Martindale, J. Huovelin, J. Treis, M. Anand, M. Anttila, M. Ashcroft, J. Benkoff, P. Bland, A. Bowyer, A. Bradley, J. Bridges, C. Brown, C. Bulloch, E. J. Bunce, U. Christense, M. Evans, R. Fairbend, M. Feasey, F. Giannini, S. Hermann, M. Hesse, M. Hilchenbach, T. Jorden, K. Joy, M. Kaipiainen, I. Kitchingman, P. Lechner, G. Lutz, A. Malkki, K. Muinonen, J. Naranen, P. Portin, M. Prydderch, J. San Juan, E. Sclater, E. Schyns, T. J. Stevenson, L. Struder, M. Syrjasuo, D. Talboys, P. Thomas, C. Whitford, and S. Whitehead, “The mercury imaging X-ray spectrometer (MIXS) on bepicolombo,” Planet. Space Sci. 58(1), 79–95 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wilkins, S. W.

H. N. Chapman, K. A. Nugent, and S. W. Wilkins, “X-ray focusing using square channel-capillary arrays,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 62(6), 1542–1561 (1991).
[Crossref]

Willingale, R.

D. Zhao, C. Zhang, W. Yuan, S. Zhang, R. Willingale, and Z. Ling, “Geant4 simulations of a wide-angle x-ray focusing telescope,” Exp. Astron. 43(2), 1–17 (2017).

R. Willingale, A. Martindale, C. H. Feldman, R. Fairbend, E. Schyns, S. Petit, J. P. Osborne, and P. T. O’Brien, “Aberrations in square pore micro-channel optics used for X-ray lobster eye telescope,” Proc. SPIE 9905, 99050 (2016).

D. Zhao, C. Zhang, R. Willingale, H. Li, and S. Zhang, “Ray tracing simulation for the wide-field x-ray telescope of the Einstein Probe mission based on Gent4 and XRTG4,” Proc. SPIE 9144, 91440 (2014).

Wolter, H.

H. Wolter, “Mirror systems with grazing incidence as image-forming optics for X-rays,” Ann. Phys. 10(6), 94–114 (1975).

Wu, M.

Yan, F.

Yang, B.

Yuan, W.

D. Zhao, C. Zhang, W. Yuan, S. Zhang, R. Willingale, and Z. Ling, “Geant4 simulations of a wide-angle x-ray focusing telescope,” Exp. Astron. 43(2), 1–17 (2017).

Zhang, C.

D. Zhao, C. Zhang, W. Yuan, S. Zhang, R. Willingale, and Z. Ling, “Geant4 simulations of a wide-angle x-ray focusing telescope,” Exp. Astron. 43(2), 1–17 (2017).

D. Zhao, C. Zhang, R. Willingale, H. Li, and S. Zhang, “Ray tracing simulation for the wide-field x-ray telescope of the Einstein Probe mission based on Gent4 and XRTG4,” Proc. SPIE 9144, 91440 (2014).

Zhang, S.

D. Zhao, C. Zhang, W. Yuan, S. Zhang, R. Willingale, and Z. Ling, “Geant4 simulations of a wide-angle x-ray focusing telescope,” Exp. Astron. 43(2), 1–17 (2017).

D. Zhao, C. Zhang, R. Willingale, H. Li, and S. Zhang, “Ray tracing simulation for the wide-field x-ray telescope of the Einstein Probe mission based on Gent4 and XRTG4,” Proc. SPIE 9144, 91440 (2014).

Zhao, D.

D. Zhao, C. Zhang, W. Yuan, S. Zhang, R. Willingale, and Z. Ling, “Geant4 simulations of a wide-angle x-ray focusing telescope,” Exp. Astron. 43(2), 1–17 (2017).

D. Zhao, C. Zhang, R. Willingale, H. Li, and S. Zhang, “Ray tracing simulation for the wide-field x-ray telescope of the Einstein Probe mission based on Gent4 and XRTG4,” Proc. SPIE 9144, 91440 (2014).

Adv. Space Res. (1)

E. Friis-Christensen, H. Lühr, D. Knudsen, and R. Haagmans, “Swarm – An Earth Observation Mission investigating Geospace,” Adv. Space Res. 41(1), 210–216 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ann. Geophys. (1)

C. P. Escoubet, M. G. G. T. Taylor, A. Masson, H. Laakso, J. Volpp, M. Hapgood, and M. L. Goldstein, “Dynamical processes in space: Cluster results,” Ann. Geophys. 31(6), 1045–1059 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ann. Phys. (1)

H. Wolter, “Mirror systems with grazing incidence as image-forming optics for X-rays,” Ann. Phys. 10(6), 94–114 (1975).

Appl. Opt. (3)

Astrophys. J. (1)

J. R. P. Angel, “Lobster Eyes As X-Ray Telescopes,” Astrophys. J. 233(1), 364–373 (1979).
[Crossref]

Exp. Astron. (1)

D. Zhao, C. Zhang, W. Yuan, S. Zhang, R. Willingale, and Z. Ling, “Geant4 simulations of a wide-angle x-ray focusing telescope,” Exp. Astron. 43(2), 1–17 (2017).

J. Geophys. Res-Space (1)

T. Sun, C. Wang, F. Wei, and S. Sembay, “X-ray imaging of Kelvin-Helmholtz waves at the magnetopause,” J. Geophys. Res-Space 120(1), 266–275 (2015).

Nucl. Instrum. Methods (1)

W. K. H. Schmidt, “A proposed X-ray focusing device with wide field of view for use in X-ray astronomy,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods 127(2), 285–292 (1975).
[Crossref]

Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A (1)

G. W. Fraser, A. N. Brunton, J. E. Lee, J. F. Pearson, and W. B. Feller, “X-ray focusing using square-pore microchannel plates First observation of cruxiform image structure,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 324(1–2), 404–407 (1993).

Opt. Express (1)

Planet. Space Sci. (1)

G. W. Fraser, J. D. Carpenter, D. A. Rothery, J. F. Pearson, A. Martindale, J. Huovelin, J. Treis, M. Anand, M. Anttila, M. Ashcroft, J. Benkoff, P. Bland, A. Bowyer, A. Bradley, J. Bridges, C. Brown, C. Bulloch, E. J. Bunce, U. Christense, M. Evans, R. Fairbend, M. Feasey, F. Giannini, S. Hermann, M. Hesse, M. Hilchenbach, T. Jorden, K. Joy, M. Kaipiainen, I. Kitchingman, P. Lechner, G. Lutz, A. Malkki, K. Muinonen, J. Naranen, P. Portin, M. Prydderch, J. San Juan, E. Sclater, E. Schyns, T. J. Stevenson, L. Struder, M. Syrjasuo, D. Talboys, P. Thomas, C. Whitford, and S. Whitehead, “The mercury imaging X-ray spectrometer (MIXS) on bepicolombo,” Planet. Space Sci. 58(1), 79–95 (2010).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (5)

T. H. K. Irving, A. G. Peele, K. A. Nugent, and S. P. Brumby, “Faster, better, cheaper metrology of lobster-eye (square-pore) optics,” Proc. SPIE 4145, 209–218 (2001).
[Crossref]

R. Willingale, A. Martindale, C. H. Feldman, R. Fairbend, E. Schyns, S. Petit, J. P. Osborne, and P. T. O’Brien, “Aberrations in square pore micro-channel optics used for X-ray lobster eye telescope,” Proc. SPIE 9905, 99050 (2016).

V. Tichy, R. Hudec, and M. Barbera, “Analytical description of lobster eye and similar multi-foil optics,” Proc. SPIE 9510, 95100 (2015).

A. G. Peele, G. W. Fraser, A. N. Brunton, A. R. Martin, R. M. Rideout, N. E. White, R. Petre, and W. B. Feller, “Recent studies of lobster-eye optics,” Proc. SPIE 3444, 404–415 (1998).
[Crossref]

D. Zhao, C. Zhang, R. Willingale, H. Li, and S. Zhang, “Ray tracing simulation for the wide-field x-ray telescope of the Einstein Probe mission based on Gent4 and XRTG4,” Proc. SPIE 9144, 91440 (2014).

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (3)

A. G. Peele, “Investigation of etched silicon wafers for lobster-eye optics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70(2), 1268–1273 (1999).
[Crossref]

M. R. Collier, F. S. Porter, D. G. Sibeck, J. A. Carter, M. P. Chiao, D. J. Chornay, T. E. Cravens, M. Galeazzi, J. W. Keller, D. Koutroumpa, J. Kujawski, K. Kuntz, A. M. Read, I. P. Robertson, S. Sembay, S. L. Snowden, N. Thomas, Y. Uprety, and B. M. Walsh, “Invited Article: First flight in space of a wide-field-of-view soft x-ray imager using lobster-eye optics: Instrument description and initial flight results,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(7), 071301 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. N. Chapman, K. A. Nugent, and S. W. Wilkins, “X-ray focusing using square channel-capillary arrays,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 62(6), 1542–1561 (1991).
[Crossref]

Sci. Am. (1)

M. F. Land, “Animal eyes with mirror optics,” Sci. Am. 239(6), 126–134 (1978).
[Crossref]

Science (1)

T. E. Cravens, “X-ray emission from comets,” Science 296(5570), 1042–1045 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Naturforsch., C, Biosci. (1)

K. Vogt, “Zur Optik des Flusskrebsauges,” Z. Naturforsch., C, Biosci. 30(5), 691 (1975).
[PubMed]

Other (1)

G. W. Fraser, A. N. Brunton, N. P. Bannister, J. F. Pearson, M. J. Ward, T. Stevenson, D. J. Watson, B. Warwick, S. Whitehead, P. T. O’Brien, N. White, K. Jahoda, K. Black, S. D. Hunter, P. Deines-Jones, W. C. Priedhorsky, K. N. Borozdin, T. Vestrand, A. C. Fabian, K. Nugent, A. Peele, T. H. Irving, S. Price, S. Eckersley, I. Renouf, M. Smith, A. Parmar, I. M. McHardy, P. Uttley, and A. Lawrence, “LOBSTER-ISS: an imaging x-ray all-sky monitor for the International Space Station. International Symposium on Optical Science and Technology,” Proc. SPIE, 4497 (2002).
[Crossref]

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (13)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) The structure of Angel-type lobster-eye optics. (b) The imaging principle of Angel-type lobster-eye optical system.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 One-dimensional schematic diagram of lobster-eye optics for multiple point light sources in (a) finite object distance and (b) infinite object distance.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 One-dimensional schematic diagram of geometric collection area and the angle range of rays with 0-time reflection.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 The coordinate system diagram of Angel-type lobster-eye model.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 The angular coordinate of intersection point of the incident ray and the micro channel.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 The flow chart for geometrical ray-tracing.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Reflective process of incident rays in the micro-channel.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 The simulation results of an ideal point light source imaging. (a) The scatter diagram of rays on image surface with reflection information. (b) The larger version of center region in Fig. 8(a), showing more details of the focal spot. (c) The energy distribution on image surface. The z-axis represents the counts of rays per 0.5° × 0.5° pixel. (d) The counts statistics per 0.01° × 0.01° pixel in the directions x = 0 and y = 0.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 (a) Scatter diagram of focal rays on incident surface. (b) The focusing efficiency of micro-channels.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 (a) The comparison of effective area in simulation and theory. (b) The width of focal spot varies with ratio of length to width of micro-channel.
Fig. 11
Fig. 11 Imaging simulation of ‘Hello’ surface light source with uniform intensity distribution. (a) shows light source surface. (b) shows the counts statistics of rays per 0.01° × 0.01° pixel on image surface.
Fig. 12
Fig. 12 MHD simulation images describing the soft X-ray intensity distribution in a magnetic storm event with different solar wind conditions. The angle range is −30 to 30 degrees both in x-axis and y-axis. The size of each pixel is 0.5 × 0.5 degrees. (a) The X-ray intensity distribution when the solar wind is weak. (b) The X-ray intensity distribution when the solar wind is strong.
Fig. 13
Fig. 13 The ‘smile’ surface light source imaging. Figure 13(a) and Fig. 13(c) show the intensity distribution per 1° × 1° pixel on image surface. (b) The comparison of intensity distribution on Fig. 13(a) and Fig. 12(a) in the directions x = 0 and y = 0 after intensity normalization. Similarly, Fig. 13(d) corresponds to the comparison of Fig. 13(c) and Fig. 12(b) in the directions x = 0 and y = 0.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Parameters of Angel-type lobster-eye model

Equations (11)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

1 l i 1 l s = 1 f = 2 R ,
M= CD AB = R l i R+ l s = l i l s .
S geo = L eff 2 = [ 2( R+ l 2 )sin θ c ] 2 .
ϕ 0 arcsin{ R+l/2 R/2 sin[ arctan( w l )arctan( w R+l/2 ) ] },
A eff = { 2[ 0 w/l lRθ w+t R reflectivity dθ+ w/l 2w/l (2wlθ) R w+t R reflectivity dθ ] } 2 ,
θ c = 2δ .
R reflectivity = (θA) 2 + B 2 (θ+A) 2 + B 2 e ( 4πσsinθ λ ) 2 ,
{ θ Hmin (J) θ x θ Hmax (J) θ Vmin (I) θ y θ Vmax (I)
{ θ hmin (j) θ x θ hmax (j) θ vmin (i) θ y θ vmax (i) .
{ θ hmin (j) θ x ' θ hmax (j) θ vmin (i) θ y ' θ vmax (i) Rl/2 d cross R+l/2 .
N= I point S point TΩ E 0 ,

Metrics