Abstract

We discuss the design and characterization of a micro ring laser with on-chip filtered optical feedback. The laser and feedback section have been fabricated on a generic photonic integration platform using only standard building blocks. The filtering process in the feedback scheme is based on the reflection from a distributed Bragg reflector. We include several control pads in the feedback section which allows us to control separately the wavelength, the strength and the phase of the filtered feedback. By controlling the phase of the feedback, we can fine-tune the longitudinal mode selection and wavelength of the laser output, while changing the strength of the feedback allows us to control the power distribution between the two directions of the micro ring laser. Numerical simulations reproduce our experimental observations.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. M. Khoder, G. Verschaffelt, R. M. Nguimdo, J. Bolk, X. J. M. Leijtens, and J. Danckaert, “Digitally tunable dual wavelength emission from semiconductor ring lasers with filtered optical feedback,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(7), 075804 (2013).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. M. Khoder, G. Van der Sande, J. Danckaert, and G. Verschaffelt, “Effect of external optical feedback on tunable micro-ring lasers using on-chip filtered feedback,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(9), 959–962 (2016).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  24. M. Khoder, G. Verschaffelt, R. M. Nguimdo, J. Bolk, X. J. M. Leijtens, and J. Danckaert, “Controlled multiwavelength emission using semiconductor ring lasers with on-chip filtered optical feedback,” Optics. Lett. 38(14), 2608–2610 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  25. M. Khoder, R. M. Nguimdo, J. Bolk, X. J. M. Leijtens, J. Danckaert, and G. Verschaffelt, “Wavelength switching speed in semiconductor ring lasers with on-chip filtered optical feedback,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(5), 520–523 (2014).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  28. G. Morthier and P. Mechet, “Theoretical analysis of unidirectional operation and reflection sensitivity of semiconductor ring or disk lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 49(14), 1097–1101 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  29. M. Sorel, P. J. R. Laybourn, A. Scirè, S. Balle, G. Giuliani, R. Miglierina, and S. Donati, “Alternate oscillations in semiconductor ring lasers,” Opt. Lett. 27(22), 1992–1994 (2002).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]

2018 (2)

M. Radziunas, M. Khoder, V. Tronciu, J. Danckaert, and G. Verschaffelt, “Semiconductor ring laser with filtered optical feedback: traveling wave description and experimental validation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 35(2) 380–390 (2018)
[Crossref]

M. Khoder, “Longitudinal modes competition in a micro ring laser subject to both a self and a cross optical feedback,” Communications in Nonlinear Science and Numerical Simulation 62(16), 146–156 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (1)

2016 (3)

M. Khoder, G. Van der Sande, J. Danckaert, and G. Verschaffelt, “Effect of external optical feedback on tunable micro-ring lasers using on-chip filtered feedback,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(9), 959–962 (2016).
[Crossref]

S-S. Li, X-Z. Li, J-P. Zhuang, G. Mezosi, M. Sorel, and S-C. Chan, “Square-wave oscillations in a semiconductor ring laser subject to counter-directional delayed mutual feedback,” Opt. Lett. 41(4), 812–815 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. B. Al Husseini, K. A. Al Naimee, and A. H. Al-Khursan, “External modes in quantum dot light emitting diode with filtered optical feedback,” J. Appl. Phys. 119, 224301 (2016).
[Crossref]

2014 (3)

2013 (3)

G. Morthier and P. Mechet, “Theoretical analysis of unidirectional operation and reflection sensitivity of semiconductor ring or disk lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 49(14), 1097–1101 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Khoder, G. Verschaffelt, R. M. Nguimdo, J. Bolk, X. J. M. Leijtens, and J. Danckaert, “Controlled multiwavelength emission using semiconductor ring lasers with on-chip filtered optical feedback,” Optics. Lett. 38(14), 2608–2610 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Khoder, G. Verschaffelt, R. M. Nguimdo, J. Bolk, X. J. M. Leijtens, and J. Danckaert, “Digitally tunable dual wavelength emission from semiconductor ring lasers with filtered optical feedback,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(7), 075804 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

I. V. Ermakov, S. Beri, M. Ashour, J. Danckaert, B. Docter, J. Bolk, X. J. M. Leijtens, and G. Verschaffelt, “Semiconductor ring laser with on-chip filtered optical feedback for discrete wavelength tuning,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(2), 129–136 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

X. J. M. Leijtens, “JePPIX : the platform for Indium Phosphide-based photonics,” IET Optoelectron. 5(5) 202–206 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

B. Docter, J. Pozo, S. Beri, I. V. Ermakov, J. Danckaert, M. K. Smit, and F. Karouta, “Discretely tunable laser based on filtered feedback for telecommunication applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1405–1412 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

S. Fürst, S. Yu, and M. Sorel, “Fast and digitally wavelength-tunable semiconductor ring laser using a monolithically integrated distributed Bragg reflector,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(23), 1926–1928 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

H. Erzgräbr, B. Krauskopf, and D. Lenstra, “Bifurcation analysis of a semiconductor laser with filtered optical feedback,” SIAM. J. Appl. Dyn. Sys. 6(1), 1–28 (2007).
[Crossref]

T. Perez, A. Scirè, G. Van der Sande, P. Colet, and C. R. Mirasso, “Bistability and all-optical switching in semiconductor ring lasers,” Opt. Express 15(20), 12941–12948 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. de Vries, X. J. M. Leijtens, J. H. den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, “A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers,” Nature 432, 206–209 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. P. A. Fischer, M. Yousefi, D. Lenstra, M. W. Carter, and G. Vemuri, “Filtered optical feedback induced frequency dynamics in semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 023901 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

M. Yousefi, D. Lenstra, and G. Vemuri, “Nonlinear dynamics of a semiconductor laser with filtered optical feedback and the influence of noise,” Phys. Rev. E 67, 046213 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. Sorel, G. Giuliani, A. Scirè, R. Miglierina, S. Donati, and P. J. R. Laybourn, “Operating Regimes of GaAs–AlGaAs Semiconductor Ring Lasers: Experiment and Model,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 39(10), 1187–1195 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

1996 (1)

1995 (2)

K. Petermann, “External optical feedback phenomena in semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1(2), 480–489 (1995).
[Crossref]

G. H. M. Van Tartwijk and D. Lenstra, “Semiconductor lasers with optical injection and feedback,” Quantum and Semiclassical Optics: Journal of the European Optical Society Part B 7(2), 87–143 (1995).
[Crossref]

1980 (1)

R. Lang and K. Kobayashi, “External optical feedback effects on semiconductor injection laser properties,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 16(3), 347–355 (1980).
[Crossref]

Al Naimee, K. A.

H. B. Al Husseini, K. A. Al Naimee, and A. H. Al-Khursan, “External modes in quantum dot light emitting diode with filtered optical feedback,” J. Appl. Phys. 119, 224301 (2016).
[Crossref]

Al-Khursan, A. H.

H. B. Al Husseini, K. A. Al Naimee, and A. H. Al-Khursan, “External modes in quantum dot light emitting diode with filtered optical feedback,” J. Appl. Phys. 119, 224301 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ashour, M.

I. V. Ermakov, S. Beri, M. Ashour, J. Danckaert, B. Docter, J. Bolk, X. J. M. Leijtens, and G. Verschaffelt, “Semiconductor ring laser with on-chip filtered optical feedback for discrete wavelength tuning,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(2), 129–136 (2012).
[Crossref]

Balle, S.

Beri, S.

I. V. Ermakov, S. Beri, M. Ashour, J. Danckaert, B. Docter, J. Bolk, X. J. M. Leijtens, and G. Verschaffelt, “Semiconductor ring laser with on-chip filtered optical feedback for discrete wavelength tuning,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(2), 129–136 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. Docter, J. Pozo, S. Beri, I. V. Ermakov, J. Danckaert, M. K. Smit, and F. Karouta, “Discretely tunable laser based on filtered feedback for telecommunication applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1405–1412 (2010).
[Crossref]

Binsma, H.

M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. de Vries, X. J. M. Leijtens, J. H. den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, “A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers,” Nature 432, 206–209 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bolk, J.

M. Khoder, R. M. Nguimdo, J. Bolk, X. J. M. Leijtens, J. Danckaert, and G. Verschaffelt, “Wavelength switching speed in semiconductor ring lasers with on-chip filtered optical feedback,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(5), 520–523 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Khoder, G. Verschaffelt, R. M. Nguimdo, J. Bolk, X. J. M. Leijtens, and J. Danckaert, “Controlled multiwavelength emission using semiconductor ring lasers with on-chip filtered optical feedback,” Optics. Lett. 38(14), 2608–2610 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Khoder, G. Verschaffelt, R. M. Nguimdo, J. Bolk, X. J. M. Leijtens, and J. Danckaert, “Digitally tunable dual wavelength emission from semiconductor ring lasers with filtered optical feedback,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(7), 075804 (2013).
[Crossref]

I. V. Ermakov, S. Beri, M. Ashour, J. Danckaert, B. Docter, J. Bolk, X. J. M. Leijtens, and G. Verschaffelt, “Semiconductor ring laser with on-chip filtered optical feedback for discrete wavelength tuning,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(2), 129–136 (2012).
[Crossref]

Carter, M. W.

A. P. A. Fischer, M. Yousefi, D. Lenstra, M. W. Carter, and G. Vemuri, “Filtered optical feedback induced frequency dynamics in semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 023901 (2004).
[Crossref]

Chan, S-C.

Colet, P.

Danckaert, J.

M. Radziunas, M. Khoder, V. Tronciu, J. Danckaert, and G. Verschaffelt, “Semiconductor ring laser with filtered optical feedback: traveling wave description and experimental validation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 35(2) 380–390 (2018)
[Crossref]

M. Khoder, G. Van der Sande, J. Danckaert, and G. Verschaffelt, “Effect of external optical feedback on tunable micro-ring lasers using on-chip filtered feedback,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(9), 959–962 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. M. Nguimdo, M. Khoder, J. Danckaert, G. Van der Sande, and G. Verschaffelt, “Fast phase response and chaos bandwidth enhancement in semiconductor lasers subject to optical feedback and injection,” Opt. Lett. 39(20), 5945–5948 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Khoder, R. M. Nguimdo, J. Bolk, X. J. M. Leijtens, J. Danckaert, and G. Verschaffelt, “Wavelength switching speed in semiconductor ring lasers with on-chip filtered optical feedback,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(5), 520–523 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Khoder, G. Verschaffelt, R. M. Nguimdo, J. Bolk, X. J. M. Leijtens, and J. Danckaert, “Controlled multiwavelength emission using semiconductor ring lasers with on-chip filtered optical feedback,” Optics. Lett. 38(14), 2608–2610 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Khoder, G. Verschaffelt, R. M. Nguimdo, J. Bolk, X. J. M. Leijtens, and J. Danckaert, “Digitally tunable dual wavelength emission from semiconductor ring lasers with filtered optical feedback,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(7), 075804 (2013).
[Crossref]

I. V. Ermakov, S. Beri, M. Ashour, J. Danckaert, B. Docter, J. Bolk, X. J. M. Leijtens, and G. Verschaffelt, “Semiconductor ring laser with on-chip filtered optical feedback for discrete wavelength tuning,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(2), 129–136 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. Docter, J. Pozo, S. Beri, I. V. Ermakov, J. Danckaert, M. K. Smit, and F. Karouta, “Discretely tunable laser based on filtered feedback for telecommunication applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1405–1412 (2010).
[Crossref]

de Vries, T.

M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. de Vries, X. J. M. Leijtens, J. H. den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, “A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers,” Nature 432, 206–209 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

den Besten, J. H.

M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. de Vries, X. J. M. Leijtens, J. H. den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, “A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers,” Nature 432, 206–209 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Docter, B.

I. V. Ermakov, S. Beri, M. Ashour, J. Danckaert, B. Docter, J. Bolk, X. J. M. Leijtens, and G. Verschaffelt, “Semiconductor ring laser with on-chip filtered optical feedback for discrete wavelength tuning,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(2), 129–136 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. Docter, J. Pozo, S. Beri, I. V. Ermakov, J. Danckaert, M. K. Smit, and F. Karouta, “Discretely tunable laser based on filtered feedback for telecommunication applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1405–1412 (2010).
[Crossref]

Donati, S.

M. Sorel, G. Giuliani, A. Scirè, R. Miglierina, S. Donati, and P. J. R. Laybourn, “Operating Regimes of GaAs–AlGaAs Semiconductor Ring Lasers: Experiment and Model,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 39(10), 1187–1195 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. Sorel, P. J. R. Laybourn, A. Scirè, S. Balle, G. Giuliani, R. Miglierina, and S. Donati, “Alternate oscillations in semiconductor ring lasers,” Opt. Lett. 27(22), 1992–1994 (2002).
[Crossref]

Dorren, H. J. S.

M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. de Vries, X. J. M. Leijtens, J. H. den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, “A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers,” Nature 432, 206–209 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eiselt, M. H.

Elbers, J. P.

Ermakov, I. V.

I. V. Ermakov, S. Beri, M. Ashour, J. Danckaert, B. Docter, J. Bolk, X. J. M. Leijtens, and G. Verschaffelt, “Semiconductor ring laser with on-chip filtered optical feedback for discrete wavelength tuning,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(2), 129–136 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. Docter, J. Pozo, S. Beri, I. V. Ermakov, J. Danckaert, M. K. Smit, and F. Karouta, “Discretely tunable laser based on filtered feedback for telecommunication applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1405–1412 (2010).
[Crossref]

I. V. Ermakov, V. Z. Tronciu, and P. Colet, “Controlling the unstable emission of a semiconductor laser subject to conventional optical feedback with a filtered feedback branch,” Opt. Express 17(11), 8749–8755 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Erneux, T.

Erzgräbr, H.

H. Erzgräbr, B. Krauskopf, and D. Lenstra, “Bifurcation analysis of a semiconductor laser with filtered optical feedback,” SIAM. J. Appl. Dyn. Sys. 6(1), 1–28 (2007).
[Crossref]

Fischer, A. P. A.

A. P. A. Fischer, M. Yousefi, D. Lenstra, M. W. Carter, and G. Vemuri, “Filtered optical feedback induced frequency dynamics in semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 023901 (2004).
[Crossref]

Friart, G.

Fürst, S.

S. Fürst, S. Yu, and M. Sorel, “Fast and digitally wavelength-tunable semiconductor ring laser using a monolithically integrated distributed Bragg reflector,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(23), 1926–1928 (2008).
[Crossref]

Giuliani, G.

M. Sorel, G. Giuliani, A. Scirè, R. Miglierina, S. Donati, and P. J. R. Laybourn, “Operating Regimes of GaAs–AlGaAs Semiconductor Ring Lasers: Experiment and Model,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 39(10), 1187–1195 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. Sorel, P. J. R. Laybourn, A. Scirè, S. Balle, G. Giuliani, R. Miglierina, and S. Donati, “Alternate oscillations in semiconductor ring lasers,” Opt. Lett. 27(22), 1992–1994 (2002).
[Crossref]

Grobe, K.

Hill, M. T.

M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. de Vries, X. J. M. Leijtens, J. H. den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, “A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers,” Nature 432, 206–209 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Husseini, H. B. Al

H. B. Al Husseini, K. A. Al Naimee, and A. H. Al-Khursan, “External modes in quantum dot light emitting diode with filtered optical feedback,” J. Appl. Phys. 119, 224301 (2016).
[Crossref]

Jin, S.

Karouta, F.

B. Docter, J. Pozo, S. Beri, I. V. Ermakov, J. Danckaert, M. K. Smit, and F. Karouta, “Discretely tunable laser based on filtered feedback for telecommunication applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1405–1412 (2010).
[Crossref]

Khoder, M.

M. Khoder, “Longitudinal modes competition in a micro ring laser subject to both a self and a cross optical feedback,” Communications in Nonlinear Science and Numerical Simulation 62(16), 146–156 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Radziunas, M. Khoder, V. Tronciu, J. Danckaert, and G. Verschaffelt, “Semiconductor ring laser with filtered optical feedback: traveling wave description and experimental validation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 35(2) 380–390 (2018)
[Crossref]

G. Friart, G. Van der Sande, M. Khoder, T. Erneux, and G. Verschaffelt, “Stability of steady and periodic states through the bifurcation bridge mechanism in semiconductor ring lasers subject to optical feedback,” Opt. Express 25(1), 339–350 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Khoder, G. Van der Sande, J. Danckaert, and G. Verschaffelt, “Effect of external optical feedback on tunable micro-ring lasers using on-chip filtered feedback,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(9), 959–962 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. M. Nguimdo, M. Khoder, J. Danckaert, G. Van der Sande, and G. Verschaffelt, “Fast phase response and chaos bandwidth enhancement in semiconductor lasers subject to optical feedback and injection,” Opt. Lett. 39(20), 5945–5948 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Khoder, R. M. Nguimdo, J. Bolk, X. J. M. Leijtens, J. Danckaert, and G. Verschaffelt, “Wavelength switching speed in semiconductor ring lasers with on-chip filtered optical feedback,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(5), 520–523 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Khoder, G. Verschaffelt, R. M. Nguimdo, J. Bolk, X. J. M. Leijtens, and J. Danckaert, “Digitally tunable dual wavelength emission from semiconductor ring lasers with filtered optical feedback,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(7), 075804 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Khoder, G. Verschaffelt, R. M. Nguimdo, J. Bolk, X. J. M. Leijtens, and J. Danckaert, “Controlled multiwavelength emission using semiconductor ring lasers with on-chip filtered optical feedback,” Optics. Lett. 38(14), 2608–2610 (2013).
[Crossref]

Khoe, G. D.

M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. de Vries, X. J. M. Leijtens, J. H. den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, “A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers,” Nature 432, 206–209 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kobayashi, K.

R. Lang and K. Kobayashi, “External optical feedback effects on semiconductor injection laser properties,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 16(3), 347–355 (1980).
[Crossref]

Krauskopf, B.

H. Erzgräbr, B. Krauskopf, and D. Lenstra, “Bifurcation analysis of a semiconductor laser with filtered optical feedback,” SIAM. J. Appl. Dyn. Sys. 6(1), 1–28 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lang, R.

R. Lang and K. Kobayashi, “External optical feedback effects on semiconductor injection laser properties,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 16(3), 347–355 (1980).
[Crossref]

Laybourn, P. J. R.

M. Sorel, G. Giuliani, A. Scirè, R. Miglierina, S. Donati, and P. J. R. Laybourn, “Operating Regimes of GaAs–AlGaAs Semiconductor Ring Lasers: Experiment and Model,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 39(10), 1187–1195 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. Sorel, P. J. R. Laybourn, A. Scirè, S. Balle, G. Giuliani, R. Miglierina, and S. Donati, “Alternate oscillations in semiconductor ring lasers,” Opt. Lett. 27(22), 1992–1994 (2002).
[Crossref]

Leijtens, X. J. M.

M. Khoder, R. M. Nguimdo, J. Bolk, X. J. M. Leijtens, J. Danckaert, and G. Verschaffelt, “Wavelength switching speed in semiconductor ring lasers with on-chip filtered optical feedback,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(5), 520–523 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Khoder, G. Verschaffelt, R. M. Nguimdo, J. Bolk, X. J. M. Leijtens, and J. Danckaert, “Digitally tunable dual wavelength emission from semiconductor ring lasers with filtered optical feedback,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(7), 075804 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Khoder, G. Verschaffelt, R. M. Nguimdo, J. Bolk, X. J. M. Leijtens, and J. Danckaert, “Controlled multiwavelength emission using semiconductor ring lasers with on-chip filtered optical feedback,” Optics. Lett. 38(14), 2608–2610 (2013).
[Crossref]

I. V. Ermakov, S. Beri, M. Ashour, J. Danckaert, B. Docter, J. Bolk, X. J. M. Leijtens, and G. Verschaffelt, “Semiconductor ring laser with on-chip filtered optical feedback for discrete wavelength tuning,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(2), 129–136 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. J. M. Leijtens, “JePPIX : the platform for Indium Phosphide-based photonics,” IET Optoelectron. 5(5) 202–206 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. de Vries, X. J. M. Leijtens, J. H. den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, “A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers,” Nature 432, 206–209 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Zhao, P. J. Williams, M. K. Smit, and X. J. M. Leijtens, “Monolithic integrated filtered-feedback multi-wavelength laser,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference OFC/NFOEC, (IEEE, 2012), pp. 1–3.

Lenstra, D.

H. Erzgräbr, B. Krauskopf, and D. Lenstra, “Bifurcation analysis of a semiconductor laser with filtered optical feedback,” SIAM. J. Appl. Dyn. Sys. 6(1), 1–28 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. P. A. Fischer, M. Yousefi, D. Lenstra, M. W. Carter, and G. Vemuri, “Filtered optical feedback induced frequency dynamics in semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 023901 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. Yousefi, D. Lenstra, and G. Vemuri, “Nonlinear dynamics of a semiconductor laser with filtered optical feedback and the influence of noise,” Phys. Rev. E 67, 046213 (2003).
[Crossref]

G. H. M. Van Tartwijk and D. Lenstra, “Semiconductor lasers with optical injection and feedback,” Quantum and Semiclassical Optics: Journal of the European Optical Society Part B 7(2), 87–143 (1995).
[Crossref]

D. Lenstra, G. Vemuri, and M. Yousefi, Unlocking Dynamical Diversity: Optical Feedback Effects on Semiconductor Lasers Generalized Optical Feedback: Theory. (Wiley, 2005). Chap. 4.

Li, S-S.

Li, X-Z.

Li, Y.

Mechet, P.

G. Morthier and P. Mechet, “Theoretical analysis of unidirectional operation and reflection sensitivity of semiconductor ring or disk lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 49(14), 1097–1101 (2013).
[Crossref]

Mezosi, G.

Miglierina, R.

M. Sorel, G. Giuliani, A. Scirè, R. Miglierina, S. Donati, and P. J. R. Laybourn, “Operating Regimes of GaAs–AlGaAs Semiconductor Ring Lasers: Experiment and Model,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 39(10), 1187–1195 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. Sorel, P. J. R. Laybourn, A. Scirè, S. Balle, G. Giuliani, R. Miglierina, and S. Donati, “Alternate oscillations in semiconductor ring lasers,” Opt. Lett. 27(22), 1992–1994 (2002).
[Crossref]

Mirasso, C. R.

Morthier, G.

G. Morthier and P. Mechet, “Theoretical analysis of unidirectional operation and reflection sensitivity of semiconductor ring or disk lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 49(14), 1097–1101 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nguimdo, R. M.

M. Khoder, R. M. Nguimdo, J. Bolk, X. J. M. Leijtens, J. Danckaert, and G. Verschaffelt, “Wavelength switching speed in semiconductor ring lasers with on-chip filtered optical feedback,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(5), 520–523 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. M. Nguimdo, M. Khoder, J. Danckaert, G. Van der Sande, and G. Verschaffelt, “Fast phase response and chaos bandwidth enhancement in semiconductor lasers subject to optical feedback and injection,” Opt. Lett. 39(20), 5945–5948 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Khoder, G. Verschaffelt, R. M. Nguimdo, J. Bolk, X. J. M. Leijtens, and J. Danckaert, “Digitally tunable dual wavelength emission from semiconductor ring lasers with filtered optical feedback,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(7), 075804 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Khoder, G. Verschaffelt, R. M. Nguimdo, J. Bolk, X. J. M. Leijtens, and J. Danckaert, “Controlled multiwavelength emission using semiconductor ring lasers with on-chip filtered optical feedback,” Optics. Lett. 38(14), 2608–2610 (2013).
[Crossref]

Oei, Y. S.

M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. de Vries, X. J. M. Leijtens, J. H. den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, “A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers,” Nature 432, 206–209 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pachnicke, S.

Perez, T.

Petermann, K.

K. Petermann, “External optical feedback phenomena in semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1(2), 480–489 (1995).
[Crossref]

Pozo, J.

B. Docter, J. Pozo, S. Beri, I. V. Ermakov, J. Danckaert, M. K. Smit, and F. Karouta, “Discretely tunable laser based on filtered feedback for telecommunication applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1405–1412 (2010).
[Crossref]

Radziunas, M.

Scirè, A.

Smalbrugge, B.

M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. de Vries, X. J. M. Leijtens, J. H. den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, “A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers,” Nature 432, 206–209 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Smit, M. K.

B. Docter, J. Pozo, S. Beri, I. V. Ermakov, J. Danckaert, M. K. Smit, and F. Karouta, “Discretely tunable laser based on filtered feedback for telecommunication applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1405–1412 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. de Vries, X. J. M. Leijtens, J. H. den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, “A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers,” Nature 432, 206–209 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Zhao, P. J. Williams, M. K. Smit, and X. J. M. Leijtens, “Monolithic integrated filtered-feedback multi-wavelength laser,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference OFC/NFOEC, (IEEE, 2012), pp. 1–3.

Sorel, M.

S-S. Li, X-Z. Li, J-P. Zhuang, G. Mezosi, M. Sorel, and S-C. Chan, “Square-wave oscillations in a semiconductor ring laser subject to counter-directional delayed mutual feedback,” Opt. Lett. 41(4), 812–815 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Fürst, S. Yu, and M. Sorel, “Fast and digitally wavelength-tunable semiconductor ring laser using a monolithically integrated distributed Bragg reflector,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(23), 1926–1928 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. Sorel, G. Giuliani, A. Scirè, R. Miglierina, S. Donati, and P. J. R. Laybourn, “Operating Regimes of GaAs–AlGaAs Semiconductor Ring Lasers: Experiment and Model,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 39(10), 1187–1195 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. Sorel, P. J. R. Laybourn, A. Scirè, S. Balle, G. Giuliani, R. Miglierina, and S. Donati, “Alternate oscillations in semiconductor ring lasers,” Opt. Lett. 27(22), 1992–1994 (2002).
[Crossref]

Tronciu, V.

Tronciu, V. Z.

Van der Sande, G.

Van Tartwijk, G. H. M.

G. H. M. Van Tartwijk and D. Lenstra, “Semiconductor lasers with optical injection and feedback,” Quantum and Semiclassical Optics: Journal of the European Optical Society Part B 7(2), 87–143 (1995).
[Crossref]

Vemuri, G.

A. P. A. Fischer, M. Yousefi, D. Lenstra, M. W. Carter, and G. Vemuri, “Filtered optical feedback induced frequency dynamics in semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 023901 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. Yousefi, D. Lenstra, and G. Vemuri, “Nonlinear dynamics of a semiconductor laser with filtered optical feedback and the influence of noise,” Phys. Rev. E 67, 046213 (2003).
[Crossref]

D. Lenstra, G. Vemuri, and M. Yousefi, Unlocking Dynamical Diversity: Optical Feedback Effects on Semiconductor Lasers Generalized Optical Feedback: Theory. (Wiley, 2005). Chap. 4.

Verschaffelt, G.

M. Radziunas, M. Khoder, V. Tronciu, J. Danckaert, and G. Verschaffelt, “Semiconductor ring laser with filtered optical feedback: traveling wave description and experimental validation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 35(2) 380–390 (2018)
[Crossref]

G. Friart, G. Van der Sande, M. Khoder, T. Erneux, and G. Verschaffelt, “Stability of steady and periodic states through the bifurcation bridge mechanism in semiconductor ring lasers subject to optical feedback,” Opt. Express 25(1), 339–350 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Khoder, G. Van der Sande, J. Danckaert, and G. Verschaffelt, “Effect of external optical feedback on tunable micro-ring lasers using on-chip filtered feedback,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(9), 959–962 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. M. Nguimdo, M. Khoder, J. Danckaert, G. Van der Sande, and G. Verschaffelt, “Fast phase response and chaos bandwidth enhancement in semiconductor lasers subject to optical feedback and injection,” Opt. Lett. 39(20), 5945–5948 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Khoder, R. M. Nguimdo, J. Bolk, X. J. M. Leijtens, J. Danckaert, and G. Verschaffelt, “Wavelength switching speed in semiconductor ring lasers with on-chip filtered optical feedback,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(5), 520–523 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Khoder, G. Verschaffelt, R. M. Nguimdo, J. Bolk, X. J. M. Leijtens, and J. Danckaert, “Digitally tunable dual wavelength emission from semiconductor ring lasers with filtered optical feedback,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(7), 075804 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Khoder, G. Verschaffelt, R. M. Nguimdo, J. Bolk, X. J. M. Leijtens, and J. Danckaert, “Controlled multiwavelength emission using semiconductor ring lasers with on-chip filtered optical feedback,” Optics. Lett. 38(14), 2608–2610 (2013).
[Crossref]

I. V. Ermakov, S. Beri, M. Ashour, J. Danckaert, B. Docter, J. Bolk, X. J. M. Leijtens, and G. Verschaffelt, “Semiconductor ring laser with on-chip filtered optical feedback for discrete wavelength tuning,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(2), 129–136 (2012).
[Crossref]

Williams, P. J.

J. Zhao, P. J. Williams, M. K. Smit, and X. J. M. Leijtens, “Monolithic integrated filtered-feedback multi-wavelength laser,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference OFC/NFOEC, (IEEE, 2012), pp. 1–3.

Xiao, M.

Yousefi, M.

A. P. A. Fischer, M. Yousefi, D. Lenstra, M. W. Carter, and G. Vemuri, “Filtered optical feedback induced frequency dynamics in semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 023901 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. Yousefi, D. Lenstra, and G. Vemuri, “Nonlinear dynamics of a semiconductor laser with filtered optical feedback and the influence of noise,” Phys. Rev. E 67, 046213 (2003).
[Crossref]

D. Lenstra, G. Vemuri, and M. Yousefi, Unlocking Dynamical Diversity: Optical Feedback Effects on Semiconductor Lasers Generalized Optical Feedback: Theory. (Wiley, 2005). Chap. 4.

Yu, S.

S. Fürst, S. Yu, and M. Sorel, “Fast and digitally wavelength-tunable semiconductor ring laser using a monolithically integrated distributed Bragg reflector,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(23), 1926–1928 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zhao, J.

J. Zhao, P. J. Williams, M. K. Smit, and X. J. M. Leijtens, “Monolithic integrated filtered-feedback multi-wavelength laser,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference OFC/NFOEC, (IEEE, 2012), pp. 1–3.

Zhuang, J-P.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Communications in Nonlinear Science and Numerical Simulation (1)

M. Khoder, “Longitudinal modes competition in a micro ring laser subject to both a self and a cross optical feedback,” Communications in Nonlinear Science and Numerical Simulation 62(16), 146–156 (2018).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

I. V. Ermakov, S. Beri, M. Ashour, J. Danckaert, B. Docter, J. Bolk, X. J. M. Leijtens, and G. Verschaffelt, “Semiconductor ring laser with on-chip filtered optical feedback for discrete wavelength tuning,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(2), 129–136 (2012).
[Crossref]

G. Morthier and P. Mechet, “Theoretical analysis of unidirectional operation and reflection sensitivity of semiconductor ring or disk lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 49(14), 1097–1101 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Lang and K. Kobayashi, “External optical feedback effects on semiconductor injection laser properties,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 16(3), 347–355 (1980).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (3)

M. Sorel, G. Giuliani, A. Scirè, R. Miglierina, S. Donati, and P. J. R. Laybourn, “Operating Regimes of GaAs–AlGaAs Semiconductor Ring Lasers: Experiment and Model,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 39(10), 1187–1195 (2003).
[Crossref]

B. Docter, J. Pozo, S. Beri, I. V. Ermakov, J. Danckaert, M. K. Smit, and F. Karouta, “Discretely tunable laser based on filtered feedback for telecommunication applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1405–1412 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. Petermann, “External optical feedback phenomena in semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1(2), 480–489 (1995).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (3)

M. Khoder, G. Van der Sande, J. Danckaert, and G. Verschaffelt, “Effect of external optical feedback on tunable micro-ring lasers using on-chip filtered feedback,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(9), 959–962 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Fürst, S. Yu, and M. Sorel, “Fast and digitally wavelength-tunable semiconductor ring laser using a monolithically integrated distributed Bragg reflector,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(23), 1926–1928 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. Khoder, R. M. Nguimdo, J. Bolk, X. J. M. Leijtens, J. Danckaert, and G. Verschaffelt, “Wavelength switching speed in semiconductor ring lasers with on-chip filtered optical feedback,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(5), 520–523 (2014).
[Crossref]

IET Optoelectron. (1)

X. J. M. Leijtens, “JePPIX : the platform for Indium Phosphide-based photonics,” IET Optoelectron. 5(5) 202–206 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

H. B. Al Husseini, K. A. Al Naimee, and A. H. Al-Khursan, “External modes in quantum dot light emitting diode with filtered optical feedback,” J. Appl. Phys. 119, 224301 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

M. Khoder, G. Verschaffelt, R. M. Nguimdo, J. Bolk, X. J. M. Leijtens, and J. Danckaert, “Digitally tunable dual wavelength emission from semiconductor ring lasers with filtered optical feedback,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(7), 075804 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. de Vries, X. J. M. Leijtens, J. H. den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, “A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers,” Nature 432, 206–209 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Optics. Lett. (1)

M. Khoder, G. Verschaffelt, R. M. Nguimdo, J. Bolk, X. J. M. Leijtens, and J. Danckaert, “Controlled multiwavelength emission using semiconductor ring lasers with on-chip filtered optical feedback,” Optics. Lett. 38(14), 2608–2610 (2013).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. E (1)

M. Yousefi, D. Lenstra, and G. Vemuri, “Nonlinear dynamics of a semiconductor laser with filtered optical feedback and the influence of noise,” Phys. Rev. E 67, 046213 (2003).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

A. P. A. Fischer, M. Yousefi, D. Lenstra, M. W. Carter, and G. Vemuri, “Filtered optical feedback induced frequency dynamics in semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 023901 (2004).
[Crossref]

Quantum and Semiclassical Optics: Journal of the European Optical Society Part B (1)

G. H. M. Van Tartwijk and D. Lenstra, “Semiconductor lasers with optical injection and feedback,” Quantum and Semiclassical Optics: Journal of the European Optical Society Part B 7(2), 87–143 (1995).
[Crossref]

SIAM. J. Appl. Dyn. Sys. (1)

H. Erzgräbr, B. Krauskopf, and D. Lenstra, “Bifurcation analysis of a semiconductor laser with filtered optical feedback,” SIAM. J. Appl. Dyn. Sys. 6(1), 1–28 (2007).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

J. Zhao, P. J. Williams, M. K. Smit, and X. J. M. Leijtens, “Monolithic integrated filtered-feedback multi-wavelength laser,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference OFC/NFOEC, (IEEE, 2012), pp. 1–3.

D. Lenstra, G. Vemuri, and M. Yousefi, Unlocking Dynamical Diversity: Optical Feedback Effects on Semiconductor Lasers Generalized Optical Feedback: Theory. (Wiley, 2005). Chap. 4.

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Figures (13)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Microscopic image of the tunable ring laser integrated with two filtered feedback arms.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 P-I curve of the SRL without FOF.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Optical spectra of the SRL at a laser pump current of 35 mA, 45 mA and 55 mA.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Peak wavelength (top) and SMSR (bottom) of the device’s output as a function of the current injected in the phase section in feedback arm 1, while the SRL is biased at 60 mA and the SOA in feedback arm 1 is biased at 40 mA.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Transmitted power through the DBR as function of the pumping current of the SOA in feedback arm 1: (left) no current is applied to the SRL, (right) SRL is biased below threshold at 25 mA.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Power distribution between the CW and the CCW directions as function of the current applied to the SOA in feedback arm 1 while the SRL is biased at 80 mA.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Optical spectrum measured in the CW direction when the SRL is pumped at 55 mA, the SOA is pumped at 40 mA and the phase section is not pumped.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Spectrum of the light transmitted through the DBR in feedback arm 1 when the SOA in the same feedback arm is biased at 30 mA without pumping the SRL.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Top: Center wavelength (red) of the DBR reflection spectrum in feedback arm 1 as a function of the current injected into this DBR and the peak wavelength (blue) of the device’s output as a function of the current injected in the DBR of feedback arm 1, while the SRL is biased at 80 mA and the SOA in feedback arm 1 is biased at 20 mA. Bottom: SMSR as a function of the current injected in the DBR of feedback arm 1
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Left: Peak wavelength (blue) and first side mode (red), Middle: Side-Mode Suppression Ratio, Right: Power in the CCW-direction as a function of the current injected in the SOA of arm 2, for a fixed current of 42 mA being pumped into the SOA of arm 1.
Fig. 11
Fig. 11 Optical spectrum in the CCW direction for different values of the current injected in the SOA of arm 2, while the SOA in arm 1 is pumped at 42mA. The SOA pump current in arm 2 is 42 mA (left), 44 mA (middle) and 47 mA (right)
Fig. 12
Fig. 12 Intensity of two modes LM1 and LM2 in the CW and the CCW direction as a function of the feedback strength η1 while η2= θ2=θ1=0.
Fig. 13
Fig. 13 Intensities of the two modes LM1 and LM2 in the CW and the CCW direction as a function of the feedback phase θ1 while (a) η1= η2 = 5 ns−1, θ2=0, and (b) η1= η2= 10 ns−1, θ2=0.

Equations (5)

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E ˙ m c w = κ ( 1 + i α ) [ N G m c w 1 ] E m c w ( k d + i k c c c w ) E m c c w + η m E m c c w ( t τ ) e i θ m
E ˙ m c c w = κ ( 1 + i α ) [ N G m c c w 1 ] E m c c w ( k d + i k c c w ) E m c w
1 γ N ˙ = μ N N m = 1 n ( G m c w | E m c w | 2 + G m c c w | E m c c w | 2 )
G m c w = ( 1 s | E m c w | 2 c | E m c c w | 2 )
G m c c w = ( 1 s | E m c c w | 2 c | E m c w | 2 )

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