Abstract

A secure free-space optical (S-FSO) communication system based on data fragmentation multipath transmission (DFMT) scheme is proposed and demonstrated for enhancing the security of FSO communications. By fragmenting the transmitted data and simultaneously distributing data fragments into different atmospheric channels, the S-FSO communication system can protect confidential messages from being eavesdropped effectively. A field experiment of S-FSO communication between two buildings has been successfully undertaken, and the experiment results demonstrate the feasibility of the scheme. The transmission distance is 50m and the maximum throughput is 1 Gb/s. We also established a theoretical model to analysis the security performance of the S-FSO communication system. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first application of DFMT scheme in FSO communication system.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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2017 (2)

R. Hamza, “A novel pseudo random sequence generator for image-cryptographic applications,” J. Info. Secu. Appl. 35, 119–127 (2017).

J. Cao, X. Zhao, W. Liu, and H. Gu, “Performance analysis of a coherent free space optical communication system based on experiment,” Opt. Express 25(13), 15299–15312 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (1)

2015 (2)

C. W. Liu, S. Q. Zhai, J. C. Zhang, Y. H. Zhou, Z. W. Jia, F. Q. Liu, and Z. G. Wang, “Free-space communication based on quantum cascade laser,” J. Semicond. 36(9), 094009 1–4 (2015).

F. J. Lopez-Martinez, G. Gomez, and J. M. Garrido-Balsells, “Physical-layer security in free-space optical communications,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(2), 7901014 (2015).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

Q. C. Zhao and H. X. Yin, “Performance analysis of dense wavelength division multiplexing secure communications with multiple chaotic optical channels,” Opt. Commun. 285(5), 693–698 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

M. P. Fok, Z. X. Wang, Y. H. Deng, and P. R. Prucnal, “Optical Layer Security in Fiber-Optic Networks,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Foren. Sec. 6(3), 725–736 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. G. Song and C. B. Xie, “Analysis and discussion on practical quantum communication,” China Basic Science 13(3), 21–25 (2011).

2010 (2)

2009 (1)

2007 (1)

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S. W. Seo, J. H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, A. V. Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. G. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, and A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Net. 6(10), 1210–1227 (2007).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

Z. Jiang, D. S. Seo, S. D. Yang, D. E. Leaird, R. V. Roussev, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and A. M. Weiner, “Four-user, 2.5-Gb/s, spectrally coded OCDMA system demonstration using low-power nonlinear processing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23(1), 143–158 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. Argyris, D. Syvridis, L. Larger, V. Annovazzi-Lodi, P. Colet, I. Fischer, J. García-Ojalvo, C. R. Mirasso, L. Pesquera, and K. A. Shore, “Chaos-based communications at high bit rates using commercial fibre-optic links,” Nature 438(7066), 343–346 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aihara, K.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S. W. Seo, J. H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, A. V. Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. G. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, and A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Net. 6(10), 1210–1227 (2007).
[Crossref]

Annovazzi-Lodi, V.

A. Argyris, D. Syvridis, L. Larger, V. Annovazzi-Lodi, P. Colet, I. Fischer, J. García-Ojalvo, C. R. Mirasso, L. Pesquera, and K. A. Shore, “Chaos-based communications at high bit rates using commercial fibre-optic links,” Nature 438(7066), 343–346 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Argyris, A.

A. Argyris, E. Grivas, M. Hamacher, A. Bogris, and D. Syvridis, “Chaos-on-a-chip secures data transmission in optical fiber links,” Opt. Express 18(5), 5188–5198 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Argyris, D. Syvridis, L. Larger, V. Annovazzi-Lodi, P. Colet, I. Fischer, J. García-Ojalvo, C. R. Mirasso, L. Pesquera, and K. A. Shore, “Chaos-based communications at high bit rates using commercial fibre-optic links,” Nature 438(7066), 343–346 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baek, J. H.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S. W. Seo, J. H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, A. V. Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. G. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, and A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Net. 6(10), 1210–1227 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bekkali, A.

Bogris, A.

Borges, B. H.

Broeke, R. G.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S. W. Seo, J. H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, A. V. Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. G. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, and A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Net. 6(10), 1210–1227 (2007).
[Crossref]

Cao, J.

J. Cao, X. Zhao, W. Liu, and H. Gu, “Performance analysis of a coherent free space optical communication system based on experiment,” Opt. Express 25(13), 15299–15312 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S. W. Seo, J. H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, A. V. Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. G. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, and A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Net. 6(10), 1210–1227 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.

Chen, M.

Chu, S. N. G.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S. W. Seo, J. H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, A. V. Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. G. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, and A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Net. 6(10), 1210–1227 (2007).
[Crossref]

Colet, P.

A. Argyris, D. Syvridis, L. Larger, V. Annovazzi-Lodi, P. Colet, I. Fischer, J. García-Ojalvo, C. R. Mirasso, L. Pesquera, and K. A. Shore, “Chaos-based communications at high bit rates using commercial fibre-optic links,” Nature 438(7066), 343–346 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cong, W.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S. W. Seo, J. H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, A. V. Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. G. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, and A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Net. 6(10), 1210–1227 (2007).
[Crossref]

Dat, P. T.

Deng, Y. H.

M. P. Fok, Z. X. Wang, Y. H. Deng, and P. R. Prucnal, “Optical Layer Security in Fiber-Optic Networks,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Foren. Sec. 6(3), 725–736 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ding, Z.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S. W. Seo, J. H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, A. V. Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. G. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, and A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Net. 6(10), 1210–1227 (2007).
[Crossref]

Du, Y.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S. W. Seo, J. H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, A. V. Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. G. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, and A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Net. 6(10), 1210–1227 (2007).
[Crossref]

Fejer, M. M.

Fischer, I.

A. Argyris, D. Syvridis, L. Larger, V. Annovazzi-Lodi, P. Colet, I. Fischer, J. García-Ojalvo, C. R. Mirasso, L. Pesquera, and K. A. Shore, “Chaos-based communications at high bit rates using commercial fibre-optic links,” Nature 438(7066), 343–346 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fok, M. P.

M. P. Fok, Z. X. Wang, Y. H. Deng, and P. R. Prucnal, “Optical Layer Security in Fiber-Optic Networks,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Foren. Sec. 6(3), 725–736 (2011).
[Crossref]

Fontaine, N. K.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S. W. Seo, J. H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, A. V. Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. G. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, and A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Net. 6(10), 1210–1227 (2007).
[Crossref]

García-Ojalvo, J.

A. Argyris, D. Syvridis, L. Larger, V. Annovazzi-Lodi, P. Colet, I. Fischer, J. García-Ojalvo, C. R. Mirasso, L. Pesquera, and K. A. Shore, “Chaos-based communications at high bit rates using commercial fibre-optic links,” Nature 438(7066), 343–346 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Garrido-Balsells, J. M.

Gomez, G.

F. J. Lopez-Martinez, G. Gomez, and J. M. Garrido-Balsells, “Physical-layer security in free-space optical communications,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(2), 7901014 (2015).
[Crossref]

Grivas, E.

Gruezke, L. A.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S. W. Seo, J. H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, A. V. Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. G. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, and A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Net. 6(10), 1210–1227 (2007).
[Crossref]

Gu, H.

Hamacher, M.

Hamm, R. A.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S. W. Seo, J. H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, A. V. Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. G. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, and A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Net. 6(10), 1210–1227 (2007).
[Crossref]

Hamza, R.

R. Hamza, “A novel pseudo random sequence generator for image-cryptographic applications,” J. Info. Secu. Appl. 35, 119–127 (2017).

Heritage, J. P.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S. W. Seo, J. H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, A. V. Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. G. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, and A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Net. 6(10), 1210–1227 (2007).
[Crossref]

Hernandez, V. J.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S. W. Seo, J. H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, A. V. Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. G. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, and A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Net. 6(10), 1210–1227 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S. W. Seo, J. H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, A. V. Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. G. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, and A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Net. 6(10), 1210–1227 (2007).
[Crossref]

Higashino, T.

Hobson, W. S.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S. W. Seo, J. H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, A. V. Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. G. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, and A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Net. 6(10), 1210–1227 (2007).
[Crossref]

Jia, Z. W.

C. W. Liu, S. Q. Zhai, J. C. Zhang, Y. H. Zhou, Z. W. Jia, F. Q. Liu, and Z. G. Wang, “Free-space communication based on quantum cascade laser,” J. Semicond. 36(9), 094009 1–4 (2015).

Jiang, W.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S. W. Seo, J. H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, A. V. Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. G. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, and A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Net. 6(10), 1210–1227 (2007).
[Crossref]

Jiang, Z.

Jurado-Navas, A.

Kazaura, K.

Kolner, B. H.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S. W. Seo, J. H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, A. V. Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. G. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, and A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Net. 6(10), 1210–1227 (2007).
[Crossref]

Komaki, S.

Langrock, C.

Larger, L.

A. Argyris, D. Syvridis, L. Larger, V. Annovazzi-Lodi, P. Colet, I. Fischer, J. García-Ojalvo, C. R. Mirasso, L. Pesquera, and K. A. Shore, “Chaos-based communications at high bit rates using commercial fibre-optic links,” Nature 438(7066), 343–346 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Leaird, D. E.

Lin, S.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S. W. Seo, J. H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, A. V. Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. G. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, and A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Net. 6(10), 1210–1227 (2007).
[Crossref]

Liou, K. Y.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S. W. Seo, J. H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, A. V. Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. G. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, and A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Net. 6(10), 1210–1227 (2007).
[Crossref]

Liu, C. W.

C. W. Liu, S. Q. Zhai, J. C. Zhang, Y. H. Zhou, Z. W. Jia, F. Q. Liu, and Z. G. Wang, “Free-space communication based on quantum cascade laser,” J. Semicond. 36(9), 094009 1–4 (2015).

Liu, F. Q.

C. W. Liu, S. Q. Zhai, J. C. Zhang, Y. H. Zhou, Z. W. Jia, F. Q. Liu, and Z. G. Wang, “Free-space communication based on quantum cascade laser,” J. Semicond. 36(9), 094009 1–4 (2015).

Liu, W.

Lopez-Martinez, F. J.

F. J. Lopez-Martinez, G. Gomez, and J. M. Garrido-Balsells, “Physical-layer security in free-space optical communications,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(2), 7901014 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lothian, J. R.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S. W. Seo, J. H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, A. V. Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. G. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, and A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Net. 6(10), 1210–1227 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lourdudoss, S.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S. W. Seo, J. H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, A. V. Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. G. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, and A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Net. 6(10), 1210–1227 (2007).
[Crossref]

Matsumoto, M.

Mirasso, C. R.

A. Argyris, D. Syvridis, L. Larger, V. Annovazzi-Lodi, P. Colet, I. Fischer, J. García-Ojalvo, C. R. Mirasso, L. Pesquera, and K. A. Shore, “Chaos-based communications at high bit rates using commercial fibre-optic links,” Nature 438(7066), 343–346 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Monroy, I. T.

Olmos, J. J.

Olsson, F.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S. W. Seo, J. H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, A. V. Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. G. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, and A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Net. 6(10), 1210–1227 (2007).
[Crossref]

Patel, B.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S. W. Seo, J. H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, A. V. Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. G. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, and A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Net. 6(10), 1210–1227 (2007).
[Crossref]

Pesquera, L.

A. Argyris, D. Syvridis, L. Larger, V. Annovazzi-Lodi, P. Colet, I. Fischer, J. García-Ojalvo, C. R. Mirasso, L. Pesquera, and K. A. Shore, “Chaos-based communications at high bit rates using commercial fibre-optic links,” Nature 438(7066), 343–346 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pham, A. V.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S. W. Seo, J. H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, A. V. Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. G. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, and A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Net. 6(10), 1210–1227 (2007).
[Crossref]

Prucnal, P. R.

M. P. Fok, Z. X. Wang, Y. H. Deng, and P. R. Prucnal, “Optical Layer Security in Fiber-Optic Networks,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Foren. Sec. 6(3), 725–736 (2011).
[Crossref]

Raddo, T. R.

Roussev, R. V.

Scherer, A.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S. W. Seo, J. H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, A. V. Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. G. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, and A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Net. 6(10), 1210–1227 (2007).
[Crossref]

Scott, R. P.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S. W. Seo, J. H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, A. V. Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. G. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, and A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Net. 6(10), 1210–1227 (2007).
[Crossref]

Seo, D. S.

Seo, S. W.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S. W. Seo, J. H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, A. V. Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. G. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, and A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Net. 6(10), 1210–1227 (2007).
[Crossref]

Shearn, M.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S. W. Seo, J. H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, A. V. Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. G. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, and A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Net. 6(10), 1210–1227 (2007).
[Crossref]

Shore, K. A.

A. Argyris, D. Syvridis, L. Larger, V. Annovazzi-Lodi, P. Colet, I. Fischer, J. García-Ojalvo, C. R. Mirasso, L. Pesquera, and K. A. Shore, “Chaos-based communications at high bit rates using commercial fibre-optic links,” Nature 438(7066), 343–346 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Si, Z.

Soares, F. M.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S. W. Seo, J. H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, A. V. Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. G. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, and A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Net. 6(10), 1210–1227 (2007).
[Crossref]

Song, H. G.

H. G. Song and C. B. Xie, “Analysis and discussion on practical quantum communication,” China Basic Science 13(3), 21–25 (2011).

Suzuki, T.

Syvridis, D.

A. Argyris, E. Grivas, M. Hamacher, A. Bogris, and D. Syvridis, “Chaos-on-a-chip secures data transmission in optical fiber links,” Opt. Express 18(5), 5188–5198 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Argyris, D. Syvridis, L. Larger, V. Annovazzi-Lodi, P. Colet, I. Fischer, J. García-Ojalvo, C. R. Mirasso, L. Pesquera, and K. A. Shore, “Chaos-based communications at high bit rates using commercial fibre-optic links,” Nature 438(7066), 343–346 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tsang, W. T.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S. W. Seo, J. H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, A. V. Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. G. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, and A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Net. 6(10), 1210–1227 (2007).
[Crossref]

Tsukamoto, K.

Vatanapradit, S.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S. W. Seo, J. H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, A. V. Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. G. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, and A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Net. 6(10), 1210–1227 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wakamori, K.

Wang, Z. G.

C. W. Liu, S. Q. Zhai, J. C. Zhang, Y. H. Zhou, Z. W. Jia, F. Q. Liu, and Z. G. Wang, “Free-space communication based on quantum cascade laser,” J. Semicond. 36(9), 094009 1–4 (2015).

Wang, Z. X.

M. P. Fok, Z. X. Wang, Y. H. Deng, and P. R. Prucnal, “Optical Layer Security in Fiber-Optic Networks,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Foren. Sec. 6(3), 725–736 (2011).
[Crossref]

Weiner, A. M.

Xie, C. B.

H. G. Song and C. B. Xie, “Analysis and discussion on practical quantum communication,” China Basic Science 13(3), 21–25 (2011).

Xie, S.

Xin, M.

Yang, C.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S. W. Seo, J. H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, A. V. Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. G. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, and A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Net. 6(10), 1210–1227 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yang, S. D.

Yin, F.

Yin, H. X.

Q. C. Zhao and H. X. Yin, “Performance analysis of dense wavelength division multiplexing secure communications with multiple chaotic optical channels,” Opt. Commun. 285(5), 693–698 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yoo, S. J. B.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S. W. Seo, J. H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, A. V. Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. G. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, and A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Net. 6(10), 1210–1227 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zhai, S. Q.

C. W. Liu, S. Q. Zhai, J. C. Zhang, Y. H. Zhou, Z. W. Jia, F. Q. Liu, and Z. G. Wang, “Free-space communication based on quantum cascade laser,” J. Semicond. 36(9), 094009 1–4 (2015).

Zhang, J. C.

C. W. Liu, S. Q. Zhai, J. C. Zhang, Y. H. Zhou, Z. W. Jia, F. Q. Liu, and Z. G. Wang, “Free-space communication based on quantum cascade laser,” J. Semicond. 36(9), 094009 1–4 (2015).

Zhao, Q. C.

Q. C. Zhao and H. X. Yin, “Performance analysis of dense wavelength division multiplexing secure communications with multiple chaotic optical channels,” Opt. Commun. 285(5), 693–698 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhao, X.

Zhou, Y. H.

C. W. Liu, S. Q. Zhai, J. C. Zhang, Y. H. Zhou, Z. W. Jia, F. Q. Liu, and Z. G. Wang, “Free-space communication based on quantum cascade laser,” J. Semicond. 36(9), 094009 1–4 (2015).

China Basic Science (1)

H. G. Song and C. B. Xie, “Analysis and discussion on practical quantum communication,” China Basic Science 13(3), 21–25 (2011).

IEEE Photonics J. (1)

F. J. Lopez-Martinez, G. Gomez, and J. M. Garrido-Balsells, “Physical-layer security in free-space optical communications,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(2), 7901014 (2015).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Inf. Foren. Sec. (1)

M. P. Fok, Z. X. Wang, Y. H. Deng, and P. R. Prucnal, “Optical Layer Security in Fiber-Optic Networks,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Foren. Sec. 6(3), 725–736 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Info. Secu. Appl. (1)

R. Hamza, “A novel pseudo random sequence generator for image-cryptographic applications,” J. Info. Secu. Appl. 35, 119–127 (2017).

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Net. (1)

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S. W. Seo, J. H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, A. V. Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. G. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, and A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Net. 6(10), 1210–1227 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Semicond. (1)

C. W. Liu, S. Q. Zhai, J. C. Zhang, Y. H. Zhou, Z. W. Jia, F. Q. Liu, and Z. G. Wang, “Free-space communication based on quantum cascade laser,” J. Semicond. 36(9), 094009 1–4 (2015).

Nature (1)

A. Argyris, D. Syvridis, L. Larger, V. Annovazzi-Lodi, P. Colet, I. Fischer, J. García-Ojalvo, C. R. Mirasso, L. Pesquera, and K. A. Shore, “Chaos-based communications at high bit rates using commercial fibre-optic links,” Nature 438(7066), 343–346 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

Q. C. Zhao and H. X. Yin, “Performance analysis of dense wavelength division multiplexing secure communications with multiple chaotic optical channels,” Opt. Commun. 285(5), 693–698 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (3)

Z. Jiang, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, “Experimental Investigation of Security Issues in OCDMA,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OThT2.
[Crossref]

L. C. Andrews, R. L. Phillips, and C. Y. Hopen, Laser beam scintillation with applications (SPIE, 2001), Chap. 7.

A. K. Majumder and J. C. Ricklin, Free-Space Laser Communications: Principles and Advances (Springer, 2008), Chap.1.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Process of data decryption and decryption in FPGA. is the symbol for the operation of XOR. S1-S2: the sources of data, R1-R4: the receivers of data, A0A1: the sources addresses of unencrypted data, B0B1: the destination channels addresses of encrypted data, S0S1: the cryptographic key, NSG: noise-like sequence generator.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Schematic set-up for S-FSO communication. (b)Experiment configuration of S-FSO communication. DFMTA: data fragmentation multipath transmission apparatus, ATP: acquisition tracking pointing.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Schematic set-up for measurement of S-FSO communication. DFMTA: data fragmentation multipath transmission apparatus, ATP: acquisition tracking pointing. (b) Measured frame loss rate for different line loads.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Eye diagram of 1 Gb/s S-FSO communication system.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 The intercept possibility through one eavesdropping result in simulation

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Specifications and parameters of S-FSO communication system

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

P 1 = ( 1 N ) M n (1 P e ) M
P=T P 1

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