Abstract

It has been hard to achieve simultaneous plasmonic enhancement of nanoscale light-matter interactions in terms of both electric and magnetic manners with easily reproducible fabrication method and systematic theoretical design rule. In this paper, a novel concept of a flat nanofocusing device is proposed for simultaneously squeezing both electric and magnetic fields in deep-subwavelength volume (~λ3/538) in a large area. Based on the funneled unit cell structures and surface plasmon-assisted coherent interactions between them, the array of rectangular nanocavity connected to a tapered nanoantenna, plasmonic metasurface cavity, is constructed by periodic arrangement of the unit cell. The average enhancement factors of electric and magnetic field intensities reach about 60 and 22 in nanocavities, respectively. The proposed outstanding performance of the device is verified numerically and experimentally. We expect that this work would expand methodologies involving optical near-field manipulations in large areas and related potential applications including nanophotonic sensors, nonlinear responses, and quantum interactions.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Critical nanofocusing of magnetic dipole moment using a closed plasmonic tip

Sun-Je Kim, Seunghyuk Yoo, Kyookeun Lee, Joonsoo Kim, Yohan Lee, and Byoungho Lee
Opt. Express 25(13) 14077-14088 (2017)

The origin of second harmonic generation hotspots in chiral optical metamaterials [Invited]

V. K. Valev, X. Zheng, C.G. Biris, A.V. Silhanek, V. Volskiy, B. De Clercq, O. A. Aktsipetrov, M. Ameloot, N. C. Panoiu, G. A. E. Vandenbosch, and V. V. Moshchalkov
Opt. Mater. Express 1(1) 36-45 (2011)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. N. C. Lindquist, J. Jose, S. Cherukulappurath, X. Chen, T. W. Johnson, and S. H. Oh, “Tip‐based plasmonics: squeezing light with metallic nanoprobes,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(4), 453–477 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  2. W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. J. A. Schuller, E. S. Barnard, W. Cai, Y. C. Jun, J. S. White, and M. L. Brongersma, “Plasmonics for extreme light concentration and manipulation,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 193–204 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. A. G. Brolo, R. Gordon, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, “Surface plasmon sensor based on the enhanced light transmission through arrays of nanoholes in gold films,” Langmuir 20(12), 4813–4815 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. S. Roh, T. Chung, and B. Lee, “Overview of the characteristics of micro- and nano-structured surface plasmon resonance sensors,” Sensors (Basel) 11(2), 1565–1588 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. Y. Lee, S.-J. Kim, H. Park, and B. Lee, “Metamaterials and metasurfaces for sensor applications,” Sensors (Basel) 17(8), 1726 (2017).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. M. Kauranen and A. V. Zayats, “Nonlinear plasmonics,” Nat. Photonics 6(11), 737–748 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  8. F. F. Lu, T. Li, X. P. Hu, Q. Q. Cheng, S. N. Zhu, and Y. Y. Zhu, “Efficient second-harmonic generation in nonlinear plasmonic waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 36(17), 3371–3373 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. M. R. Shcherbakov, D. N. Neshev, B. Hopkins, A. S. Shorokhov, I. Staude, E. V. Melik-Gaykazyan, M. Decker, A. A. Ezhov, A. E. Miroshnichenko, I. Brener, A. A. Fedyanin, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Enhanced third-harmonic generation in silicon nanoparticles driven by magnetic response,” Nano Lett. 14(11), 6488–6492 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. M. L. Juan, M. Righini, and R. Quidant, “Plasmon nano-optical tweezers,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 349–356 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  11. X. Luo and T. Ishihara, “Surface plasmon resonant interference nanolithography technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(23), 4780–4782 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  12. K. J. Russell, T.-L. Liu, S. Cui, and E. L. Hu, “Large spontaneous emission enhancement in plasmonic nanocavities,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 459–462 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  13. G. M. Akselrod, C. Argyropoulos, T. B. Hoang, C. Ciracì, C. Fang, J. Huang, D. R. Smith, and M. H. Mikkelsen, “Probing the mechanisms of large Purcell enhancement in plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 835–840 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  14. C. Sauvan, J. P. Hugonin, I. S. Maksymov, and P. Lalanne, “Theory of the spontaneous optical emission of nanosize photonic and plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(23), 237401 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. M. I. Stockman, “Nanofocusing of optical energy in tapered plasmonic waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(13), 137404 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. E. Verhagen, A. Polman, and L. K. Kuipers, “Nanofocusing in laterally tapered plasmonic waveguides,” Opt. Express 16(1), 45–57 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. H. Choo, M.-K. Kim, M. Staffaroni, T. J. Seok, J. Bokor, S. Cabrini, P. J. Schuck, M. C. Wu, and E. Yablonovitch, “Nanofocusing in a metal–insulator–metal gap plasmon waveguide with a three-dimensional linear taper,” Nat. Photonics 6(12), 838–844 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  18. D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, P. J. Schuck, G. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, “Gap-dependent optical coupling of single “Bowtie” nanoantennas resonant in the visible,” Nano Lett. 4(5), 957–961 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  19. K. Şendur and W. Challener, “Near-field radiation of bow-tie antennas and apertures at optical frequencies,” J. Microsc. 210(3), 279–283 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. P. J. Schuck, D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, G. S. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, “Improving the mismatch between light and nanoscale objects with gold bowtie nanoantennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(1), 017402 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. P. Neutens, L. Lagae, G. Borghs, and P. Van Dorpe, “Plasmon filters and resonators in metal-insulator-metal waveguides,” Opt. Express 20(4), 3408–3423 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  22. J. Yang, C. Sauvan, A. Jouanin, S. Collin, J.-L. Pelouard, and P. Lalanne, “Ultrasmall metal-insulator-metal nanoresonators: impact of slow-wave effects on the quality factor,” Opt. Express 20(15), 16880–16891 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  23. Z. Li, J. Kou, M. Kim, J. O. Lee, and H. Choo, “Highly efficient and tailorable on-chip metal-insulator-metal plasmonic nanofocusing cavity,” ACS Photonics 1(10), 944–953 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  24. C. Zhang, J. Fang, W. Yang, Q. Song, and S. Xiao, “Enhancing the magnetic resonance via strong coupling in optical metamaterials,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(20), 1700469 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  25. S. Dobmann, A. Kriesch, D. Ploss, and U. Peschel, “Near-field analysis of bright and dark modes on plasmonic metasurfaces showing extraordinary suppressed transmission,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(10), 990–999 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  26. T. J. Antosiewicz, P. Wróbel, and T. Szoplik, “Magnetic field concentrator for probing optical magnetic metamaterials,” Opt. Express 18(25), 25906–25911 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  27. T. Grosjean, M. Mivelle, F. I. Baida, G. W. Burr, and U. C. Fischer, “Diabolo nanoantenna for enhancing and confining the magnetic optical field,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1009–1013 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  28. Z. Gao, L. Shen, E. Li, L. Xu, and Z. Wang, “Cross-diabolo nanoantenna for localizing and enhancing magnetic field with arbitrary polarization,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(6), 829–833 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  29. N. Zhou, E. C. Kinzel, and X. Xu, “Complementary bowtie aperture for localizing and enhancing optical magnetic field,” Opt. Lett. 36(15), 2764–2766 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  30. S.-J. Kim, S. Yoo, K. Lee, J. Kim, Y. Lee, and B. Lee, “Critical nanofocusing of magnetic dipole moment using a closed plasmonic tip,” Opt. Express 25(13), 14077–14088 (2017).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  31. D. Lee and D.-S. Kim, “Light scattering of rectangular slot antennas: parallel magnetic vector vs perpendicularr electric vector,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 18935 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  32. K. G. Lee, H. W. Kihm, J. E. Kihm, W. J. Choi, H. Kim, C. Ropers, D. J. Park, Y. C. Yoon, S. B. Choi, D. H. Woo, J. Kim, B. Lee, Q. H. Park, C. Lienau, and D. S. Kim, “Vector field microscopic imaging of light,” Nat. Photonics 1(1), 53–56 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  33. D. K. Singh, J. S. Ahn, S. Koo, T. Kang, J. Kim, S. Lee, N. Park, and D.-S. Kim, “Selective electric and magnetic sensitivity of aperture probes,” Opt. Express 23(16), 20820–20828 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  34. M. Burresi, D. van Oosten, T. Kampfrath, H. Schoenmaker, R. Heideman, A. Leinse, and L. Kuipers, “Probing the magnetic field of light at optical frequencies,” Science 326(5952), 550–553 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  35. M. W. Klein, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, and S. Linden, “Second-harmonic generation from magnetic metamaterials,” Science 313(5786), 502–504 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  36. M. W. Klein, M. Wegener, N. Feth, and S. Linden, “Experiments on second- and third-harmonic generation from magnetic metamaterials,” Opt. Express 15(8), 5238–5247 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  37. L. Aigouy, A. Cazé, P. Gredin, M. Mortier, and R. Carminati, “Mapping and quantifying electric and magnetic dipole luminescence at the nanoscale,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(7), 076101 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  38. D. G. Baranov, R. S. Savelev, S. V. Li, A. E. Krasnok, and A. Alù, “Modifying magnetic dipole spontaneous emission with nanophotonic structures,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11(3), 1600268 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  39. J. Zhou, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, J. B. Pendry, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Saturation of the magnetic response of split-ring resonators at optical frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(22), 223902 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  40. B. J. Roxworthy and K. C. Toussaint., “Simultaneously tuning the electric and magnetic plasmonic response using capped bi-metallic nanoantennas,” Nanoscale 6(4), 2270–2274 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  41. Y. Chen, Y. Chen, J. Chu, and X. Xu, “Bridged bowtie aperture antenna for producing an electromagnetic hot spot,” ACS Photonics 4(3), 567–575 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  42. S.-J. Kim, S.-E. Mun, Y. Lee, H. Park, J. Hong, and B. Lee, “Nanofocusing of toroidal dipole for simultaneously enhanced electric and magnetic fields using plasmonic waveguide,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36(10), 1882–1889 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  43. I. Fernandez-Corbaton, S. Nanz, and C. Rockstuhl, “On the dynamic toroidal multipoles from localized electric current distributions,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 7527 (2017).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  44. I. Fernandez-Corbaton, S. Nanz, R. Alaee, and C. Rockstuhl, “Exact dipolar moments of a localized electric current distribution,” Opt. Express 23(26), 33044–33064 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  45. R. Alaee, C. Rockstuhl, and I. Fernandez-Corbaton, “An electromagnetic multipole expansion beyond the long-wavelength approximation,” Opt. Commun. 407(15), 17–21 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  46. E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, 1998).
  47. I. H. Malitson, “Interspecimen comparison of the refractive index of fused silica,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 55(10), 1205–1208 (1965).
    [Crossref]
  48. D. K. Gramotnev and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonics beyond the diffraction limit,” Nat. Photonics 4(2), 83–91 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  49. N. A. Issa and R. Guckenberger, “Optical nanofocusing on tapered metallic waveguides,” Plasmonics 2(1), 31–37 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  50. D. K. Gramotnev, D. F. P. Pile, M. W. Vogel, and X. Zhang, “Local electric field enhancement during nanofocusing of plasmons by a tapered gap,” Phys. Rev. B 75(3), 035431 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  51. B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  52. S. Kim, M. S. Jang, V. W. Brar, Y. Tolstova, K. W. Mauser, and H. A. Atwater, “Electronically tunable extraordinary optical transmission in graphene plasmonic ribbons coupled to subwavelength metallic slit arrays,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12323 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  53. Y. Yang, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “All-dielectric metasurface analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5753 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2018 (2)

R. Alaee, C. Rockstuhl, and I. Fernandez-Corbaton, “An electromagnetic multipole expansion beyond the long-wavelength approximation,” Opt. Commun. 407(15), 17–21 (2018).
[Crossref]

S.-J. Kim, S.-E. Mun, Y. Lee, H. Park, J. Hong, and B. Lee, “Nanofocusing of toroidal dipole for simultaneously enhanced electric and magnetic fields using plasmonic waveguide,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36(10), 1882–1889 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (6)

S.-J. Kim, S. Yoo, K. Lee, J. Kim, Y. Lee, and B. Lee, “Critical nanofocusing of magnetic dipole moment using a closed plasmonic tip,” Opt. Express 25(13), 14077–14088 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Chen, Y. Chen, J. Chu, and X. Xu, “Bridged bowtie aperture antenna for producing an electromagnetic hot spot,” ACS Photonics 4(3), 567–575 (2017).
[Crossref]

I. Fernandez-Corbaton, S. Nanz, and C. Rockstuhl, “On the dynamic toroidal multipoles from localized electric current distributions,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 7527 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Zhang, J. Fang, W. Yang, Q. Song, and S. Xiao, “Enhancing the magnetic resonance via strong coupling in optical metamaterials,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(20), 1700469 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. G. Baranov, R. S. Savelev, S. V. Li, A. E. Krasnok, and A. Alù, “Modifying magnetic dipole spontaneous emission with nanophotonic structures,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11(3), 1600268 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Lee, S.-J. Kim, H. Park, and B. Lee, “Metamaterials and metasurfaces for sensor applications,” Sensors (Basel) 17(8), 1726 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (2)

D. Lee and D.-S. Kim, “Light scattering of rectangular slot antennas: parallel magnetic vector vs perpendicularr electric vector,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 18935 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Kim, M. S. Jang, V. W. Brar, Y. Tolstova, K. W. Mauser, and H. A. Atwater, “Electronically tunable extraordinary optical transmission in graphene plasmonic ribbons coupled to subwavelength metallic slit arrays,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12323 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (2)

2014 (7)

Y. Yang, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “All-dielectric metasurface analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5753 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Dobmann, A. Kriesch, D. Ploss, and U. Peschel, “Near-field analysis of bright and dark modes on plasmonic metasurfaces showing extraordinary suppressed transmission,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(10), 990–999 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Aigouy, A. Cazé, P. Gredin, M. Mortier, and R. Carminati, “Mapping and quantifying electric and magnetic dipole luminescence at the nanoscale,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(7), 076101 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. J. Roxworthy and K. C. Toussaint., “Simultaneously tuning the electric and magnetic plasmonic response using capped bi-metallic nanoantennas,” Nanoscale 6(4), 2270–2274 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. R. Shcherbakov, D. N. Neshev, B. Hopkins, A. S. Shorokhov, I. Staude, E. V. Melik-Gaykazyan, M. Decker, A. A. Ezhov, A. E. Miroshnichenko, I. Brener, A. A. Fedyanin, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Enhanced third-harmonic generation in silicon nanoparticles driven by magnetic response,” Nano Lett. 14(11), 6488–6492 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. M. Akselrod, C. Argyropoulos, T. B. Hoang, C. Ciracì, C. Fang, J. Huang, D. R. Smith, and M. H. Mikkelsen, “Probing the mechanisms of large Purcell enhancement in plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 835–840 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Li, J. Kou, M. Kim, J. O. Lee, and H. Choo, “Highly efficient and tailorable on-chip metal-insulator-metal plasmonic nanofocusing cavity,” ACS Photonics 1(10), 944–953 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

C. Sauvan, J. P. Hugonin, I. S. Maksymov, and P. Lalanne, “Theory of the spontaneous optical emission of nanosize photonic and plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(23), 237401 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. C. Lindquist, J. Jose, S. Cherukulappurath, X. Chen, T. W. Johnson, and S. H. Oh, “Tip‐based plasmonics: squeezing light with metallic nanoprobes,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(4), 453–477 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (6)

M. Kauranen and A. V. Zayats, “Nonlinear plasmonics,” Nat. Photonics 6(11), 737–748 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. J. Russell, T.-L. Liu, S. Cui, and E. L. Hu, “Large spontaneous emission enhancement in plasmonic nanocavities,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 459–462 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Choo, M.-K. Kim, M. Staffaroni, T. J. Seok, J. Bokor, S. Cabrini, P. J. Schuck, M. C. Wu, and E. Yablonovitch, “Nanofocusing in a metal–insulator–metal gap plasmon waveguide with a three-dimensional linear taper,” Nat. Photonics 6(12), 838–844 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Neutens, L. Lagae, G. Borghs, and P. Van Dorpe, “Plasmon filters and resonators in metal-insulator-metal waveguides,” Opt. Express 20(4), 3408–3423 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Gao, L. Shen, E. Li, L. Xu, and Z. Wang, “Cross-diabolo nanoantenna for localizing and enhancing magnetic field with arbitrary polarization,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(6), 829–833 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Yang, C. Sauvan, A. Jouanin, S. Collin, J.-L. Pelouard, and P. Lalanne, “Ultrasmall metal-insulator-metal nanoresonators: impact of slow-wave effects on the quality factor,” Opt. Express 20(15), 16880–16891 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (5)

N. Zhou, E. C. Kinzel, and X. Xu, “Complementary bowtie aperture for localizing and enhancing optical magnetic field,” Opt. Lett. 36(15), 2764–2766 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. F. Lu, T. Li, X. P. Hu, Q. Q. Cheng, S. N. Zhu, and Y. Y. Zhu, “Efficient second-harmonic generation in nonlinear plasmonic waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 36(17), 3371–3373 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Roh, T. Chung, and B. Lee, “Overview of the characteristics of micro- and nano-structured surface plasmon resonance sensors,” Sensors (Basel) 11(2), 1565–1588 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. L. Juan, M. Righini, and R. Quidant, “Plasmon nano-optical tweezers,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 349–356 (2011).
[Crossref]

T. Grosjean, M. Mivelle, F. I. Baida, G. W. Burr, and U. C. Fischer, “Diabolo nanoantenna for enhancing and confining the magnetic optical field,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1009–1013 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (4)

D. K. Gramotnev and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonics beyond the diffraction limit,” Nat. Photonics 4(2), 83–91 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. A. Schuller, E. S. Barnard, W. Cai, Y. C. Jun, J. S. White, and M. L. Brongersma, “Plasmonics for extreme light concentration and manipulation,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 193–204 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. J. Antosiewicz, P. Wróbel, and T. Szoplik, “Magnetic field concentrator for probing optical magnetic metamaterials,” Opt. Express 18(25), 25906–25911 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

M. Burresi, D. van Oosten, T. Kampfrath, H. Schoenmaker, R. Heideman, A. Leinse, and L. Kuipers, “Probing the magnetic field of light at optical frequencies,” Science 326(5952), 550–553 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

2007 (4)

M. W. Klein, M. Wegener, N. Feth, and S. Linden, “Experiments on second- and third-harmonic generation from magnetic metamaterials,” Opt. Express 15(8), 5238–5247 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. G. Lee, H. W. Kihm, J. E. Kihm, W. J. Choi, H. Kim, C. Ropers, D. J. Park, Y. C. Yoon, S. B. Choi, D. H. Woo, J. Kim, B. Lee, Q. H. Park, C. Lienau, and D. S. Kim, “Vector field microscopic imaging of light,” Nat. Photonics 1(1), 53–56 (2007).
[Crossref]

N. A. Issa and R. Guckenberger, “Optical nanofocusing on tapered metallic waveguides,” Plasmonics 2(1), 31–37 (2007).
[Crossref]

D. K. Gramotnev, D. F. P. Pile, M. W. Vogel, and X. Zhang, “Local electric field enhancement during nanofocusing of plasmons by a tapered gap,” Phys. Rev. B 75(3), 035431 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

M. W. Klein, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, and S. Linden, “Second-harmonic generation from magnetic metamaterials,” Science 313(5786), 502–504 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

J. Zhou, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, J. B. Pendry, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Saturation of the magnetic response of split-ring resonators at optical frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(22), 223902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. J. Schuck, D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, G. S. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, “Improving the mismatch between light and nanoscale objects with gold bowtie nanoantennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(1), 017402 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (4)

D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, P. J. Schuck, G. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, “Gap-dependent optical coupling of single “Bowtie” nanoantennas resonant in the visible,” Nano Lett. 4(5), 957–961 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. I. Stockman, “Nanofocusing of optical energy in tapered plasmonic waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(13), 137404 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. G. Brolo, R. Gordon, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, “Surface plasmon sensor based on the enhanced light transmission through arrays of nanoholes in gold films,” Langmuir 20(12), 4813–4815 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Luo and T. Ishihara, “Surface plasmon resonant interference nanolithography technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(23), 4780–4782 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Şendur and W. Challener, “Near-field radiation of bow-tie antennas and apertures at optical frequencies,” J. Microsc. 210(3), 279–283 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1965 (1)

Ahn, J. S.

Aigouy, L.

L. Aigouy, A. Cazé, P. Gredin, M. Mortier, and R. Carminati, “Mapping and quantifying electric and magnetic dipole luminescence at the nanoscale,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(7), 076101 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Akselrod, G. M.

G. M. Akselrod, C. Argyropoulos, T. B. Hoang, C. Ciracì, C. Fang, J. Huang, D. R. Smith, and M. H. Mikkelsen, “Probing the mechanisms of large Purcell enhancement in plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 835–840 (2014).
[Crossref]

Alaee, R.

R. Alaee, C. Rockstuhl, and I. Fernandez-Corbaton, “An electromagnetic multipole expansion beyond the long-wavelength approximation,” Opt. Commun. 407(15), 17–21 (2018).
[Crossref]

I. Fernandez-Corbaton, S. Nanz, R. Alaee, and C. Rockstuhl, “Exact dipolar moments of a localized electric current distribution,” Opt. Express 23(26), 33044–33064 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alù, A.

D. G. Baranov, R. S. Savelev, S. V. Li, A. E. Krasnok, and A. Alù, “Modifying magnetic dipole spontaneous emission with nanophotonic structures,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11(3), 1600268 (2017).
[Crossref]

Antosiewicz, T. J.

Argyropoulos, C.

G. M. Akselrod, C. Argyropoulos, T. B. Hoang, C. Ciracì, C. Fang, J. Huang, D. R. Smith, and M. H. Mikkelsen, “Probing the mechanisms of large Purcell enhancement in plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 835–840 (2014).
[Crossref]

Atwater, H. A.

S. Kim, M. S. Jang, V. W. Brar, Y. Tolstova, K. W. Mauser, and H. A. Atwater, “Electronically tunable extraordinary optical transmission in graphene plasmonic ribbons coupled to subwavelength metallic slit arrays,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12323 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baida, F. I.

T. Grosjean, M. Mivelle, F. I. Baida, G. W. Burr, and U. C. Fischer, “Diabolo nanoantenna for enhancing and confining the magnetic optical field,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1009–1013 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baranov, D. G.

D. G. Baranov, R. S. Savelev, S. V. Li, A. E. Krasnok, and A. Alù, “Modifying magnetic dipole spontaneous emission with nanophotonic structures,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11(3), 1600268 (2017).
[Crossref]

Barnard, E. S.

J. A. Schuller, E. S. Barnard, W. Cai, Y. C. Jun, J. S. White, and M. L. Brongersma, “Plasmonics for extreme light concentration and manipulation,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 193–204 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Barnes, W. L.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bokor, J.

H. Choo, M.-K. Kim, M. Staffaroni, T. J. Seok, J. Bokor, S. Cabrini, P. J. Schuck, M. C. Wu, and E. Yablonovitch, “Nanofocusing in a metal–insulator–metal gap plasmon waveguide with a three-dimensional linear taper,” Nat. Photonics 6(12), 838–844 (2012).
[Crossref]

Borghs, G.

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

D. K. Gramotnev and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonics beyond the diffraction limit,” Nat. Photonics 4(2), 83–91 (2010).
[Crossref]

Brar, V. W.

S. Kim, M. S. Jang, V. W. Brar, Y. Tolstova, K. W. Mauser, and H. A. Atwater, “Electronically tunable extraordinary optical transmission in graphene plasmonic ribbons coupled to subwavelength metallic slit arrays,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12323 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brener, I.

M. R. Shcherbakov, D. N. Neshev, B. Hopkins, A. S. Shorokhov, I. Staude, E. V. Melik-Gaykazyan, M. Decker, A. A. Ezhov, A. E. Miroshnichenko, I. Brener, A. A. Fedyanin, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Enhanced third-harmonic generation in silicon nanoparticles driven by magnetic response,” Nano Lett. 14(11), 6488–6492 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Briggs, D. P.

Y. Yang, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “All-dielectric metasurface analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5753 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brolo, A. G.

A. G. Brolo, R. Gordon, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, “Surface plasmon sensor based on the enhanced light transmission through arrays of nanoholes in gold films,” Langmuir 20(12), 4813–4815 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brongersma, M. L.

J. A. Schuller, E. S. Barnard, W. Cai, Y. C. Jun, J. S. White, and M. L. Brongersma, “Plasmonics for extreme light concentration and manipulation,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 193–204 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Burr, G. W.

T. Grosjean, M. Mivelle, F. I. Baida, G. W. Burr, and U. C. Fischer, “Diabolo nanoantenna for enhancing and confining the magnetic optical field,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1009–1013 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Burresi, M.

M. Burresi, D. van Oosten, T. Kampfrath, H. Schoenmaker, R. Heideman, A. Leinse, and L. Kuipers, “Probing the magnetic field of light at optical frequencies,” Science 326(5952), 550–553 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cabrini, S.

H. Choo, M.-K. Kim, M. Staffaroni, T. J. Seok, J. Bokor, S. Cabrini, P. J. Schuck, M. C. Wu, and E. Yablonovitch, “Nanofocusing in a metal–insulator–metal gap plasmon waveguide with a three-dimensional linear taper,” Nat. Photonics 6(12), 838–844 (2012).
[Crossref]

Cai, W.

J. A. Schuller, E. S. Barnard, W. Cai, Y. C. Jun, J. S. White, and M. L. Brongersma, “Plasmonics for extreme light concentration and manipulation,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 193–204 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Carminati, R.

L. Aigouy, A. Cazé, P. Gredin, M. Mortier, and R. Carminati, “Mapping and quantifying electric and magnetic dipole luminescence at the nanoscale,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(7), 076101 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cazé, A.

L. Aigouy, A. Cazé, P. Gredin, M. Mortier, and R. Carminati, “Mapping and quantifying electric and magnetic dipole luminescence at the nanoscale,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(7), 076101 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Challener, W.

K. Şendur and W. Challener, “Near-field radiation of bow-tie antennas and apertures at optical frequencies,” J. Microsc. 210(3), 279–283 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, X.

N. C. Lindquist, J. Jose, S. Cherukulappurath, X. Chen, T. W. Johnson, and S. H. Oh, “Tip‐based plasmonics: squeezing light with metallic nanoprobes,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(4), 453–477 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

Y. Chen, Y. Chen, J. Chu, and X. Xu, “Bridged bowtie aperture antenna for producing an electromagnetic hot spot,” ACS Photonics 4(3), 567–575 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, Y. Chen, J. Chu, and X. Xu, “Bridged bowtie aperture antenna for producing an electromagnetic hot spot,” ACS Photonics 4(3), 567–575 (2017).
[Crossref]

Cheng, Q. Q.

Cherukulappurath, S.

N. C. Lindquist, J. Jose, S. Cherukulappurath, X. Chen, T. W. Johnson, and S. H. Oh, “Tip‐based plasmonics: squeezing light with metallic nanoprobes,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(4), 453–477 (2013).
[Crossref]

Choi, S. B.

K. G. Lee, H. W. Kihm, J. E. Kihm, W. J. Choi, H. Kim, C. Ropers, D. J. Park, Y. C. Yoon, S. B. Choi, D. H. Woo, J. Kim, B. Lee, Q. H. Park, C. Lienau, and D. S. Kim, “Vector field microscopic imaging of light,” Nat. Photonics 1(1), 53–56 (2007).
[Crossref]

Choi, W. J.

K. G. Lee, H. W. Kihm, J. E. Kihm, W. J. Choi, H. Kim, C. Ropers, D. J. Park, Y. C. Yoon, S. B. Choi, D. H. Woo, J. Kim, B. Lee, Q. H. Park, C. Lienau, and D. S. Kim, “Vector field microscopic imaging of light,” Nat. Photonics 1(1), 53–56 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chong, C. T.

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Choo, H.

Z. Li, J. Kou, M. Kim, J. O. Lee, and H. Choo, “Highly efficient and tailorable on-chip metal-insulator-metal plasmonic nanofocusing cavity,” ACS Photonics 1(10), 944–953 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Choo, M.-K. Kim, M. Staffaroni, T. J. Seok, J. Bokor, S. Cabrini, P. J. Schuck, M. C. Wu, and E. Yablonovitch, “Nanofocusing in a metal–insulator–metal gap plasmon waveguide with a three-dimensional linear taper,” Nat. Photonics 6(12), 838–844 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chu, J.

Y. Chen, Y. Chen, J. Chu, and X. Xu, “Bridged bowtie aperture antenna for producing an electromagnetic hot spot,” ACS Photonics 4(3), 567–575 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chung, T.

S. Roh, T. Chung, and B. Lee, “Overview of the characteristics of micro- and nano-structured surface plasmon resonance sensors,” Sensors (Basel) 11(2), 1565–1588 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ciracì, C.

G. M. Akselrod, C. Argyropoulos, T. B. Hoang, C. Ciracì, C. Fang, J. Huang, D. R. Smith, and M. H. Mikkelsen, “Probing the mechanisms of large Purcell enhancement in plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 835–840 (2014).
[Crossref]

Collin, S.

Cui, S.

K. J. Russell, T.-L. Liu, S. Cui, and E. L. Hu, “Large spontaneous emission enhancement in plasmonic nanocavities,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 459–462 (2012).
[Crossref]

Decker, M.

M. R. Shcherbakov, D. N. Neshev, B. Hopkins, A. S. Shorokhov, I. Staude, E. V. Melik-Gaykazyan, M. Decker, A. A. Ezhov, A. E. Miroshnichenko, I. Brener, A. A. Fedyanin, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Enhanced third-harmonic generation in silicon nanoparticles driven by magnetic response,” Nano Lett. 14(11), 6488–6492 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dereux, A.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dobmann, S.

S. Dobmann, A. Kriesch, D. Ploss, and U. Peschel, “Near-field analysis of bright and dark modes on plasmonic metasurfaces showing extraordinary suppressed transmission,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(10), 990–999 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ebbesen, T. W.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Economou, E. N.

J. Zhou, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, J. B. Pendry, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Saturation of the magnetic response of split-ring resonators at optical frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(22), 223902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Enkrich, C.

M. W. Klein, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, and S. Linden, “Second-harmonic generation from magnetic metamaterials,” Science 313(5786), 502–504 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ezhov, A. A.

M. R. Shcherbakov, D. N. Neshev, B. Hopkins, A. S. Shorokhov, I. Staude, E. V. Melik-Gaykazyan, M. Decker, A. A. Ezhov, A. E. Miroshnichenko, I. Brener, A. A. Fedyanin, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Enhanced third-harmonic generation in silicon nanoparticles driven by magnetic response,” Nano Lett. 14(11), 6488–6492 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fang, C.

G. M. Akselrod, C. Argyropoulos, T. B. Hoang, C. Ciracì, C. Fang, J. Huang, D. R. Smith, and M. H. Mikkelsen, “Probing the mechanisms of large Purcell enhancement in plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 835–840 (2014).
[Crossref]

Fang, J.

C. Zhang, J. Fang, W. Yang, Q. Song, and S. Xiao, “Enhancing the magnetic resonance via strong coupling in optical metamaterials,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(20), 1700469 (2017).
[Crossref]

Fedyanin, A. A.

M. R. Shcherbakov, D. N. Neshev, B. Hopkins, A. S. Shorokhov, I. Staude, E. V. Melik-Gaykazyan, M. Decker, A. A. Ezhov, A. E. Miroshnichenko, I. Brener, A. A. Fedyanin, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Enhanced third-harmonic generation in silicon nanoparticles driven by magnetic response,” Nano Lett. 14(11), 6488–6492 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fernandez-Corbaton, I.

R. Alaee, C. Rockstuhl, and I. Fernandez-Corbaton, “An electromagnetic multipole expansion beyond the long-wavelength approximation,” Opt. Commun. 407(15), 17–21 (2018).
[Crossref]

I. Fernandez-Corbaton, S. Nanz, and C. Rockstuhl, “On the dynamic toroidal multipoles from localized electric current distributions,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 7527 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Fernandez-Corbaton, S. Nanz, R. Alaee, and C. Rockstuhl, “Exact dipolar moments of a localized electric current distribution,” Opt. Express 23(26), 33044–33064 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Feth, N.

Fischer, U. C.

T. Grosjean, M. Mivelle, F. I. Baida, G. W. Burr, and U. C. Fischer, “Diabolo nanoantenna for enhancing and confining the magnetic optical field,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1009–1013 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fromm, D. P.

P. J. Schuck, D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, G. S. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, “Improving the mismatch between light and nanoscale objects with gold bowtie nanoantennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(1), 017402 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, P. J. Schuck, G. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, “Gap-dependent optical coupling of single “Bowtie” nanoantennas resonant in the visible,” Nano Lett. 4(5), 957–961 (2004).
[Crossref]

Gao, Z.

Giessen, H.

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gordon, R.

A. G. Brolo, R. Gordon, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, “Surface plasmon sensor based on the enhanced light transmission through arrays of nanoholes in gold films,” Langmuir 20(12), 4813–4815 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gramotnev, D. K.

D. K. Gramotnev and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonics beyond the diffraction limit,” Nat. Photonics 4(2), 83–91 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. K. Gramotnev, D. F. P. Pile, M. W. Vogel, and X. Zhang, “Local electric field enhancement during nanofocusing of plasmons by a tapered gap,” Phys. Rev. B 75(3), 035431 (2007).
[Crossref]

Gredin, P.

L. Aigouy, A. Cazé, P. Gredin, M. Mortier, and R. Carminati, “Mapping and quantifying electric and magnetic dipole luminescence at the nanoscale,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(7), 076101 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grosjean, T.

T. Grosjean, M. Mivelle, F. I. Baida, G. W. Burr, and U. C. Fischer, “Diabolo nanoantenna for enhancing and confining the magnetic optical field,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1009–1013 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guckenberger, R.

N. A. Issa and R. Guckenberger, “Optical nanofocusing on tapered metallic waveguides,” Plasmonics 2(1), 31–37 (2007).
[Crossref]

Halas, N. J.

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Heideman, R.

M. Burresi, D. van Oosten, T. Kampfrath, H. Schoenmaker, R. Heideman, A. Leinse, and L. Kuipers, “Probing the magnetic field of light at optical frequencies,” Science 326(5952), 550–553 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hoang, T. B.

G. M. Akselrod, C. Argyropoulos, T. B. Hoang, C. Ciracì, C. Fang, J. Huang, D. R. Smith, and M. H. Mikkelsen, “Probing the mechanisms of large Purcell enhancement in plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 835–840 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hong, J.

Hopkins, B.

M. R. Shcherbakov, D. N. Neshev, B. Hopkins, A. S. Shorokhov, I. Staude, E. V. Melik-Gaykazyan, M. Decker, A. A. Ezhov, A. E. Miroshnichenko, I. Brener, A. A. Fedyanin, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Enhanced third-harmonic generation in silicon nanoparticles driven by magnetic response,” Nano Lett. 14(11), 6488–6492 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hu, E. L.

K. J. Russell, T.-L. Liu, S. Cui, and E. L. Hu, “Large spontaneous emission enhancement in plasmonic nanocavities,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 459–462 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hu, X. P.

Huang, J.

G. M. Akselrod, C. Argyropoulos, T. B. Hoang, C. Ciracì, C. Fang, J. Huang, D. R. Smith, and M. H. Mikkelsen, “Probing the mechanisms of large Purcell enhancement in plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 835–840 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hugonin, J. P.

C. Sauvan, J. P. Hugonin, I. S. Maksymov, and P. Lalanne, “Theory of the spontaneous optical emission of nanosize photonic and plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(23), 237401 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ishihara, T.

X. Luo and T. Ishihara, “Surface plasmon resonant interference nanolithography technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(23), 4780–4782 (2004).
[Crossref]

Issa, N. A.

N. A. Issa and R. Guckenberger, “Optical nanofocusing on tapered metallic waveguides,” Plasmonics 2(1), 31–37 (2007).
[Crossref]

Jang, M. S.

S. Kim, M. S. Jang, V. W. Brar, Y. Tolstova, K. W. Mauser, and H. A. Atwater, “Electronically tunable extraordinary optical transmission in graphene plasmonic ribbons coupled to subwavelength metallic slit arrays,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12323 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Johnson, T. W.

N. C. Lindquist, J. Jose, S. Cherukulappurath, X. Chen, T. W. Johnson, and S. H. Oh, “Tip‐based plasmonics: squeezing light with metallic nanoprobes,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(4), 453–477 (2013).
[Crossref]

Jose, J.

N. C. Lindquist, J. Jose, S. Cherukulappurath, X. Chen, T. W. Johnson, and S. H. Oh, “Tip‐based plasmonics: squeezing light with metallic nanoprobes,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(4), 453–477 (2013).
[Crossref]

Jouanin, A.

Juan, M. L.

M. L. Juan, M. Righini, and R. Quidant, “Plasmon nano-optical tweezers,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 349–356 (2011).
[Crossref]

Jun, Y. C.

J. A. Schuller, E. S. Barnard, W. Cai, Y. C. Jun, J. S. White, and M. L. Brongersma, “Plasmonics for extreme light concentration and manipulation,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 193–204 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kafesaki, M.

J. Zhou, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, J. B. Pendry, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Saturation of the magnetic response of split-ring resonators at optical frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(22), 223902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kampfrath, T.

M. Burresi, D. van Oosten, T. Kampfrath, H. Schoenmaker, R. Heideman, A. Leinse, and L. Kuipers, “Probing the magnetic field of light at optical frequencies,” Science 326(5952), 550–553 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kang, T.

Kauranen, M.

M. Kauranen and A. V. Zayats, “Nonlinear plasmonics,” Nat. Photonics 6(11), 737–748 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kavanagh, K. L.

A. G. Brolo, R. Gordon, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, “Surface plasmon sensor based on the enhanced light transmission through arrays of nanoholes in gold films,” Langmuir 20(12), 4813–4815 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kihm, H. W.

K. G. Lee, H. W. Kihm, J. E. Kihm, W. J. Choi, H. Kim, C. Ropers, D. J. Park, Y. C. Yoon, S. B. Choi, D. H. Woo, J. Kim, B. Lee, Q. H. Park, C. Lienau, and D. S. Kim, “Vector field microscopic imaging of light,” Nat. Photonics 1(1), 53–56 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kihm, J. E.

K. G. Lee, H. W. Kihm, J. E. Kihm, W. J. Choi, H. Kim, C. Ropers, D. J. Park, Y. C. Yoon, S. B. Choi, D. H. Woo, J. Kim, B. Lee, Q. H. Park, C. Lienau, and D. S. Kim, “Vector field microscopic imaging of light,” Nat. Photonics 1(1), 53–56 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kim, D. S.

K. G. Lee, H. W. Kihm, J. E. Kihm, W. J. Choi, H. Kim, C. Ropers, D. J. Park, Y. C. Yoon, S. B. Choi, D. H. Woo, J. Kim, B. Lee, Q. H. Park, C. Lienau, and D. S. Kim, “Vector field microscopic imaging of light,” Nat. Photonics 1(1), 53–56 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kim, D.-S.

D. Lee and D.-S. Kim, “Light scattering of rectangular slot antennas: parallel magnetic vector vs perpendicularr electric vector,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 18935 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. K. Singh, J. S. Ahn, S. Koo, T. Kang, J. Kim, S. Lee, N. Park, and D.-S. Kim, “Selective electric and magnetic sensitivity of aperture probes,” Opt. Express 23(16), 20820–20828 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, H.

K. G. Lee, H. W. Kihm, J. E. Kihm, W. J. Choi, H. Kim, C. Ropers, D. J. Park, Y. C. Yoon, S. B. Choi, D. H. Woo, J. Kim, B. Lee, Q. H. Park, C. Lienau, and D. S. Kim, “Vector field microscopic imaging of light,” Nat. Photonics 1(1), 53–56 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kim, J.

Kim, M.

Z. Li, J. Kou, M. Kim, J. O. Lee, and H. Choo, “Highly efficient and tailorable on-chip metal-insulator-metal plasmonic nanofocusing cavity,” ACS Photonics 1(10), 944–953 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kim, M.-K.

H. Choo, M.-K. Kim, M. Staffaroni, T. J. Seok, J. Bokor, S. Cabrini, P. J. Schuck, M. C. Wu, and E. Yablonovitch, “Nanofocusing in a metal–insulator–metal gap plasmon waveguide with a three-dimensional linear taper,” Nat. Photonics 6(12), 838–844 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kim, S.

S. Kim, M. S. Jang, V. W. Brar, Y. Tolstova, K. W. Mauser, and H. A. Atwater, “Electronically tunable extraordinary optical transmission in graphene plasmonic ribbons coupled to subwavelength metallic slit arrays,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12323 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, S.-J.

Kino, G.

D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, P. J. Schuck, G. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, “Gap-dependent optical coupling of single “Bowtie” nanoantennas resonant in the visible,” Nano Lett. 4(5), 957–961 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kino, G. S.

P. J. Schuck, D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, G. S. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, “Improving the mismatch between light and nanoscale objects with gold bowtie nanoantennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(1), 017402 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kinzel, E. C.

Kivshar, Y. S.

M. R. Shcherbakov, D. N. Neshev, B. Hopkins, A. S. Shorokhov, I. Staude, E. V. Melik-Gaykazyan, M. Decker, A. A. Ezhov, A. E. Miroshnichenko, I. Brener, A. A. Fedyanin, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Enhanced third-harmonic generation in silicon nanoparticles driven by magnetic response,” Nano Lett. 14(11), 6488–6492 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Klein, M. W.

M. W. Klein, M. Wegener, N. Feth, and S. Linden, “Experiments on second- and third-harmonic generation from magnetic metamaterials,” Opt. Express 15(8), 5238–5247 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. W. Klein, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, and S. Linden, “Second-harmonic generation from magnetic metamaterials,” Science 313(5786), 502–504 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Koo, S.

Koschny, T.

J. Zhou, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, J. B. Pendry, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Saturation of the magnetic response of split-ring resonators at optical frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(22), 223902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kou, J.

Z. Li, J. Kou, M. Kim, J. O. Lee, and H. Choo, “Highly efficient and tailorable on-chip metal-insulator-metal plasmonic nanofocusing cavity,” ACS Photonics 1(10), 944–953 (2014).
[Crossref]

Krasnok, A. E.

D. G. Baranov, R. S. Savelev, S. V. Li, A. E. Krasnok, and A. Alù, “Modifying magnetic dipole spontaneous emission with nanophotonic structures,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11(3), 1600268 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kravchenko, I. I.

Y. Yang, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “All-dielectric metasurface analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5753 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kriesch, A.

S. Dobmann, A. Kriesch, D. Ploss, and U. Peschel, “Near-field analysis of bright and dark modes on plasmonic metasurfaces showing extraordinary suppressed transmission,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(10), 990–999 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kuipers, L.

M. Burresi, D. van Oosten, T. Kampfrath, H. Schoenmaker, R. Heideman, A. Leinse, and L. Kuipers, “Probing the magnetic field of light at optical frequencies,” Science 326(5952), 550–553 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kuipers, L. K.

Lagae, L.

Lalanne, P.

C. Sauvan, J. P. Hugonin, I. S. Maksymov, and P. Lalanne, “Theory of the spontaneous optical emission of nanosize photonic and plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(23), 237401 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Yang, C. Sauvan, A. Jouanin, S. Collin, J.-L. Pelouard, and P. Lalanne, “Ultrasmall metal-insulator-metal nanoresonators: impact of slow-wave effects on the quality factor,” Opt. Express 20(15), 16880–16891 (2012).
[Crossref]

Leathem, B.

A. G. Brolo, R. Gordon, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, “Surface plasmon sensor based on the enhanced light transmission through arrays of nanoholes in gold films,” Langmuir 20(12), 4813–4815 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, B.

S.-J. Kim, S.-E. Mun, Y. Lee, H. Park, J. Hong, and B. Lee, “Nanofocusing of toroidal dipole for simultaneously enhanced electric and magnetic fields using plasmonic waveguide,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36(10), 1882–1889 (2018).
[Crossref]

S.-J. Kim, S. Yoo, K. Lee, J. Kim, Y. Lee, and B. Lee, “Critical nanofocusing of magnetic dipole moment using a closed plasmonic tip,” Opt. Express 25(13), 14077–14088 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Lee, S.-J. Kim, H. Park, and B. Lee, “Metamaterials and metasurfaces for sensor applications,” Sensors (Basel) 17(8), 1726 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Roh, T. Chung, and B. Lee, “Overview of the characteristics of micro- and nano-structured surface plasmon resonance sensors,” Sensors (Basel) 11(2), 1565–1588 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. G. Lee, H. W. Kihm, J. E. Kihm, W. J. Choi, H. Kim, C. Ropers, D. J. Park, Y. C. Yoon, S. B. Choi, D. H. Woo, J. Kim, B. Lee, Q. H. Park, C. Lienau, and D. S. Kim, “Vector field microscopic imaging of light,” Nat. Photonics 1(1), 53–56 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lee, D.

D. Lee and D.-S. Kim, “Light scattering of rectangular slot antennas: parallel magnetic vector vs perpendicularr electric vector,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 18935 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, J. O.

Z. Li, J. Kou, M. Kim, J. O. Lee, and H. Choo, “Highly efficient and tailorable on-chip metal-insulator-metal plasmonic nanofocusing cavity,” ACS Photonics 1(10), 944–953 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lee, K.

Lee, K. G.

K. G. Lee, H. W. Kihm, J. E. Kihm, W. J. Choi, H. Kim, C. Ropers, D. J. Park, Y. C. Yoon, S. B. Choi, D. H. Woo, J. Kim, B. Lee, Q. H. Park, C. Lienau, and D. S. Kim, “Vector field microscopic imaging of light,” Nat. Photonics 1(1), 53–56 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lee, S.

Lee, Y.

Leinse, A.

M. Burresi, D. van Oosten, T. Kampfrath, H. Schoenmaker, R. Heideman, A. Leinse, and L. Kuipers, “Probing the magnetic field of light at optical frequencies,” Science 326(5952), 550–553 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, E.

Li, S. V.

D. G. Baranov, R. S. Savelev, S. V. Li, A. E. Krasnok, and A. Alù, “Modifying magnetic dipole spontaneous emission with nanophotonic structures,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11(3), 1600268 (2017).
[Crossref]

Li, T.

Li, Z.

Z. Li, J. Kou, M. Kim, J. O. Lee, and H. Choo, “Highly efficient and tailorable on-chip metal-insulator-metal plasmonic nanofocusing cavity,” ACS Photonics 1(10), 944–953 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lienau, C.

K. G. Lee, H. W. Kihm, J. E. Kihm, W. J. Choi, H. Kim, C. Ropers, D. J. Park, Y. C. Yoon, S. B. Choi, D. H. Woo, J. Kim, B. Lee, Q. H. Park, C. Lienau, and D. S. Kim, “Vector field microscopic imaging of light,” Nat. Photonics 1(1), 53–56 (2007).
[Crossref]

Linden, S.

M. W. Klein, M. Wegener, N. Feth, and S. Linden, “Experiments on second- and third-harmonic generation from magnetic metamaterials,” Opt. Express 15(8), 5238–5247 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. W. Klein, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, and S. Linden, “Second-harmonic generation from magnetic metamaterials,” Science 313(5786), 502–504 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lindquist, N. C.

N. C. Lindquist, J. Jose, S. Cherukulappurath, X. Chen, T. W. Johnson, and S. H. Oh, “Tip‐based plasmonics: squeezing light with metallic nanoprobes,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(4), 453–477 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liu, T.-L.

K. J. Russell, T.-L. Liu, S. Cui, and E. L. Hu, “Large spontaneous emission enhancement in plasmonic nanocavities,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 459–462 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lu, F. F.

Luk’yanchuk, B.

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luo, X.

X. Luo and T. Ishihara, “Surface plasmon resonant interference nanolithography technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(23), 4780–4782 (2004).
[Crossref]

Maier, S. A.

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Maksymov, I. S.

C. Sauvan, J. P. Hugonin, I. S. Maksymov, and P. Lalanne, “Theory of the spontaneous optical emission of nanosize photonic and plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(23), 237401 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Malitson, I. H.

Mauser, K. W.

S. Kim, M. S. Jang, V. W. Brar, Y. Tolstova, K. W. Mauser, and H. A. Atwater, “Electronically tunable extraordinary optical transmission in graphene plasmonic ribbons coupled to subwavelength metallic slit arrays,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12323 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Melik-Gaykazyan, E. V.

M. R. Shcherbakov, D. N. Neshev, B. Hopkins, A. S. Shorokhov, I. Staude, E. V. Melik-Gaykazyan, M. Decker, A. A. Ezhov, A. E. Miroshnichenko, I. Brener, A. A. Fedyanin, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Enhanced third-harmonic generation in silicon nanoparticles driven by magnetic response,” Nano Lett. 14(11), 6488–6492 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mikkelsen, M. H.

G. M. Akselrod, C. Argyropoulos, T. B. Hoang, C. Ciracì, C. Fang, J. Huang, D. R. Smith, and M. H. Mikkelsen, “Probing the mechanisms of large Purcell enhancement in plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 835–840 (2014).
[Crossref]

Miroshnichenko, A. E.

M. R. Shcherbakov, D. N. Neshev, B. Hopkins, A. S. Shorokhov, I. Staude, E. V. Melik-Gaykazyan, M. Decker, A. A. Ezhov, A. E. Miroshnichenko, I. Brener, A. A. Fedyanin, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Enhanced third-harmonic generation in silicon nanoparticles driven by magnetic response,” Nano Lett. 14(11), 6488–6492 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mivelle, M.

T. Grosjean, M. Mivelle, F. I. Baida, G. W. Burr, and U. C. Fischer, “Diabolo nanoantenna for enhancing and confining the magnetic optical field,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1009–1013 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Moerner, W. E.

P. J. Schuck, D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, G. S. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, “Improving the mismatch between light and nanoscale objects with gold bowtie nanoantennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(1), 017402 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, P. J. Schuck, G. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, “Gap-dependent optical coupling of single “Bowtie” nanoantennas resonant in the visible,” Nano Lett. 4(5), 957–961 (2004).
[Crossref]

Mortier, M.

L. Aigouy, A. Cazé, P. Gredin, M. Mortier, and R. Carminati, “Mapping and quantifying electric and magnetic dipole luminescence at the nanoscale,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(7), 076101 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mun, S.-E.

Nanz, S.

I. Fernandez-Corbaton, S. Nanz, and C. Rockstuhl, “On the dynamic toroidal multipoles from localized electric current distributions,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 7527 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Fernandez-Corbaton, S. Nanz, R. Alaee, and C. Rockstuhl, “Exact dipolar moments of a localized electric current distribution,” Opt. Express 23(26), 33044–33064 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Neshev, D. N.

M. R. Shcherbakov, D. N. Neshev, B. Hopkins, A. S. Shorokhov, I. Staude, E. V. Melik-Gaykazyan, M. Decker, A. A. Ezhov, A. E. Miroshnichenko, I. Brener, A. A. Fedyanin, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Enhanced third-harmonic generation in silicon nanoparticles driven by magnetic response,” Nano Lett. 14(11), 6488–6492 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Neutens, P.

Nordlander, P.

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Oh, S. H.

N. C. Lindquist, J. Jose, S. Cherukulappurath, X. Chen, T. W. Johnson, and S. H. Oh, “Tip‐based plasmonics: squeezing light with metallic nanoprobes,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(4), 453–477 (2013).
[Crossref]

Park, D. J.

K. G. Lee, H. W. Kihm, J. E. Kihm, W. J. Choi, H. Kim, C. Ropers, D. J. Park, Y. C. Yoon, S. B. Choi, D. H. Woo, J. Kim, B. Lee, Q. H. Park, C. Lienau, and D. S. Kim, “Vector field microscopic imaging of light,” Nat. Photonics 1(1), 53–56 (2007).
[Crossref]

Park, H.

Park, N.

Park, Q. H.

K. G. Lee, H. W. Kihm, J. E. Kihm, W. J. Choi, H. Kim, C. Ropers, D. J. Park, Y. C. Yoon, S. B. Choi, D. H. Woo, J. Kim, B. Lee, Q. H. Park, C. Lienau, and D. S. Kim, “Vector field microscopic imaging of light,” Nat. Photonics 1(1), 53–56 (2007).
[Crossref]

Pelouard, J.-L.

Pendry, J. B.

J. Zhou, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, J. B. Pendry, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Saturation of the magnetic response of split-ring resonators at optical frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(22), 223902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Peschel, U.

S. Dobmann, A. Kriesch, D. Ploss, and U. Peschel, “Near-field analysis of bright and dark modes on plasmonic metasurfaces showing extraordinary suppressed transmission,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(10), 990–999 (2014).
[Crossref]

Pile, D. F. P.

D. K. Gramotnev, D. F. P. Pile, M. W. Vogel, and X. Zhang, “Local electric field enhancement during nanofocusing of plasmons by a tapered gap,” Phys. Rev. B 75(3), 035431 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ploss, D.

S. Dobmann, A. Kriesch, D. Ploss, and U. Peschel, “Near-field analysis of bright and dark modes on plasmonic metasurfaces showing extraordinary suppressed transmission,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(10), 990–999 (2014).
[Crossref]

Polman, A.

Quidant, R.

M. L. Juan, M. Righini, and R. Quidant, “Plasmon nano-optical tweezers,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 349–356 (2011).
[Crossref]

Righini, M.

M. L. Juan, M. Righini, and R. Quidant, “Plasmon nano-optical tweezers,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 349–356 (2011).
[Crossref]

Rockstuhl, C.

R. Alaee, C. Rockstuhl, and I. Fernandez-Corbaton, “An electromagnetic multipole expansion beyond the long-wavelength approximation,” Opt. Commun. 407(15), 17–21 (2018).
[Crossref]

I. Fernandez-Corbaton, S. Nanz, and C. Rockstuhl, “On the dynamic toroidal multipoles from localized electric current distributions,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 7527 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Fernandez-Corbaton, S. Nanz, R. Alaee, and C. Rockstuhl, “Exact dipolar moments of a localized electric current distribution,” Opt. Express 23(26), 33044–33064 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Roh, S.

S. Roh, T. Chung, and B. Lee, “Overview of the characteristics of micro- and nano-structured surface plasmon resonance sensors,” Sensors (Basel) 11(2), 1565–1588 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ropers, C.

K. G. Lee, H. W. Kihm, J. E. Kihm, W. J. Choi, H. Kim, C. Ropers, D. J. Park, Y. C. Yoon, S. B. Choi, D. H. Woo, J. Kim, B. Lee, Q. H. Park, C. Lienau, and D. S. Kim, “Vector field microscopic imaging of light,” Nat. Photonics 1(1), 53–56 (2007).
[Crossref]

Roxworthy, B. J.

B. J. Roxworthy and K. C. Toussaint., “Simultaneously tuning the electric and magnetic plasmonic response using capped bi-metallic nanoantennas,” Nanoscale 6(4), 2270–2274 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Russell, K. J.

K. J. Russell, T.-L. Liu, S. Cui, and E. L. Hu, “Large spontaneous emission enhancement in plasmonic nanocavities,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 459–462 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sauvan, C.

C. Sauvan, J. P. Hugonin, I. S. Maksymov, and P. Lalanne, “Theory of the spontaneous optical emission of nanosize photonic and plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(23), 237401 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Yang, C. Sauvan, A. Jouanin, S. Collin, J.-L. Pelouard, and P. Lalanne, “Ultrasmall metal-insulator-metal nanoresonators: impact of slow-wave effects on the quality factor,” Opt. Express 20(15), 16880–16891 (2012).
[Crossref]

Savelev, R. S.

D. G. Baranov, R. S. Savelev, S. V. Li, A. E. Krasnok, and A. Alù, “Modifying magnetic dipole spontaneous emission with nanophotonic structures,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11(3), 1600268 (2017).
[Crossref]

Schoenmaker, H.

M. Burresi, D. van Oosten, T. Kampfrath, H. Schoenmaker, R. Heideman, A. Leinse, and L. Kuipers, “Probing the magnetic field of light at optical frequencies,” Science 326(5952), 550–553 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schuck, P. J.

H. Choo, M.-K. Kim, M. Staffaroni, T. J. Seok, J. Bokor, S. Cabrini, P. J. Schuck, M. C. Wu, and E. Yablonovitch, “Nanofocusing in a metal–insulator–metal gap plasmon waveguide with a three-dimensional linear taper,” Nat. Photonics 6(12), 838–844 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. J. Schuck, D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, G. S. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, “Improving the mismatch between light and nanoscale objects with gold bowtie nanoantennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(1), 017402 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, P. J. Schuck, G. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, “Gap-dependent optical coupling of single “Bowtie” nanoantennas resonant in the visible,” Nano Lett. 4(5), 957–961 (2004).
[Crossref]

Schuller, J. A.

J. A. Schuller, E. S. Barnard, W. Cai, Y. C. Jun, J. S. White, and M. L. Brongersma, “Plasmonics for extreme light concentration and manipulation,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 193–204 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sendur, K.

K. Şendur and W. Challener, “Near-field radiation of bow-tie antennas and apertures at optical frequencies,” J. Microsc. 210(3), 279–283 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Seok, T. J.

H. Choo, M.-K. Kim, M. Staffaroni, T. J. Seok, J. Bokor, S. Cabrini, P. J. Schuck, M. C. Wu, and E. Yablonovitch, “Nanofocusing in a metal–insulator–metal gap plasmon waveguide with a three-dimensional linear taper,” Nat. Photonics 6(12), 838–844 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shcherbakov, M. R.

M. R. Shcherbakov, D. N. Neshev, B. Hopkins, A. S. Shorokhov, I. Staude, E. V. Melik-Gaykazyan, M. Decker, A. A. Ezhov, A. E. Miroshnichenko, I. Brener, A. A. Fedyanin, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Enhanced third-harmonic generation in silicon nanoparticles driven by magnetic response,” Nano Lett. 14(11), 6488–6492 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shen, L.

Shorokhov, A. S.

M. R. Shcherbakov, D. N. Neshev, B. Hopkins, A. S. Shorokhov, I. Staude, E. V. Melik-Gaykazyan, M. Decker, A. A. Ezhov, A. E. Miroshnichenko, I. Brener, A. A. Fedyanin, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Enhanced third-harmonic generation in silicon nanoparticles driven by magnetic response,” Nano Lett. 14(11), 6488–6492 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Singh, D. K.

Smith, D. R.

G. M. Akselrod, C. Argyropoulos, T. B. Hoang, C. Ciracì, C. Fang, J. Huang, D. R. Smith, and M. H. Mikkelsen, “Probing the mechanisms of large Purcell enhancement in plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 835–840 (2014).
[Crossref]

Song, Q.

C. Zhang, J. Fang, W. Yang, Q. Song, and S. Xiao, “Enhancing the magnetic resonance via strong coupling in optical metamaterials,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(20), 1700469 (2017).
[Crossref]

Soukoulis, C. M.

J. Zhou, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, J. B. Pendry, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Saturation of the magnetic response of split-ring resonators at optical frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(22), 223902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Staffaroni, M.

H. Choo, M.-K. Kim, M. Staffaroni, T. J. Seok, J. Bokor, S. Cabrini, P. J. Schuck, M. C. Wu, and E. Yablonovitch, “Nanofocusing in a metal–insulator–metal gap plasmon waveguide with a three-dimensional linear taper,” Nat. Photonics 6(12), 838–844 (2012).
[Crossref]

Staude, I.

M. R. Shcherbakov, D. N. Neshev, B. Hopkins, A. S. Shorokhov, I. Staude, E. V. Melik-Gaykazyan, M. Decker, A. A. Ezhov, A. E. Miroshnichenko, I. Brener, A. A. Fedyanin, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Enhanced third-harmonic generation in silicon nanoparticles driven by magnetic response,” Nano Lett. 14(11), 6488–6492 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stockman, M. I.

M. I. Stockman, “Nanofocusing of optical energy in tapered plasmonic waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(13), 137404 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sundaramurthy, A.

P. J. Schuck, D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, G. S. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, “Improving the mismatch between light and nanoscale objects with gold bowtie nanoantennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(1), 017402 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, P. J. Schuck, G. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, “Gap-dependent optical coupling of single “Bowtie” nanoantennas resonant in the visible,” Nano Lett. 4(5), 957–961 (2004).
[Crossref]

Szoplik, T.

Tolstova, Y.

S. Kim, M. S. Jang, V. W. Brar, Y. Tolstova, K. W. Mauser, and H. A. Atwater, “Electronically tunable extraordinary optical transmission in graphene plasmonic ribbons coupled to subwavelength metallic slit arrays,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12323 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Toussaint, K. C.

B. J. Roxworthy and K. C. Toussaint., “Simultaneously tuning the electric and magnetic plasmonic response using capped bi-metallic nanoantennas,” Nanoscale 6(4), 2270–2274 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Valentine, J.

Y. Yang, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “All-dielectric metasurface analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5753 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Van Dorpe, P.

van Oosten, D.

M. Burresi, D. van Oosten, T. Kampfrath, H. Schoenmaker, R. Heideman, A. Leinse, and L. Kuipers, “Probing the magnetic field of light at optical frequencies,” Science 326(5952), 550–553 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Verhagen, E.

Vogel, M. W.

D. K. Gramotnev, D. F. P. Pile, M. W. Vogel, and X. Zhang, “Local electric field enhancement during nanofocusing of plasmons by a tapered gap,” Phys. Rev. B 75(3), 035431 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z.

Wegener, M.

M. W. Klein, M. Wegener, N. Feth, and S. Linden, “Experiments on second- and third-harmonic generation from magnetic metamaterials,” Opt. Express 15(8), 5238–5247 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. W. Klein, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, and S. Linden, “Second-harmonic generation from magnetic metamaterials,” Science 313(5786), 502–504 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

White, J. S.

J. A. Schuller, E. S. Barnard, W. Cai, Y. C. Jun, J. S. White, and M. L. Brongersma, “Plasmonics for extreme light concentration and manipulation,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 193–204 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Woo, D. H.

K. G. Lee, H. W. Kihm, J. E. Kihm, W. J. Choi, H. Kim, C. Ropers, D. J. Park, Y. C. Yoon, S. B. Choi, D. H. Woo, J. Kim, B. Lee, Q. H. Park, C. Lienau, and D. S. Kim, “Vector field microscopic imaging of light,” Nat. Photonics 1(1), 53–56 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wróbel, P.

Wu, M. C.

H. Choo, M.-K. Kim, M. Staffaroni, T. J. Seok, J. Bokor, S. Cabrini, P. J. Schuck, M. C. Wu, and E. Yablonovitch, “Nanofocusing in a metal–insulator–metal gap plasmon waveguide with a three-dimensional linear taper,” Nat. Photonics 6(12), 838–844 (2012).
[Crossref]

Xiao, S.

C. Zhang, J. Fang, W. Yang, Q. Song, and S. Xiao, “Enhancing the magnetic resonance via strong coupling in optical metamaterials,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(20), 1700469 (2017).
[Crossref]

Xu, L.

Xu, X.

Y. Chen, Y. Chen, J. Chu, and X. Xu, “Bridged bowtie aperture antenna for producing an electromagnetic hot spot,” ACS Photonics 4(3), 567–575 (2017).
[Crossref]

N. Zhou, E. C. Kinzel, and X. Xu, “Complementary bowtie aperture for localizing and enhancing optical magnetic field,” Opt. Lett. 36(15), 2764–2766 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yablonovitch, E.

H. Choo, M.-K. Kim, M. Staffaroni, T. J. Seok, J. Bokor, S. Cabrini, P. J. Schuck, M. C. Wu, and E. Yablonovitch, “Nanofocusing in a metal–insulator–metal gap plasmon waveguide with a three-dimensional linear taper,” Nat. Photonics 6(12), 838–844 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yang, J.

Yang, W.

C. Zhang, J. Fang, W. Yang, Q. Song, and S. Xiao, “Enhancing the magnetic resonance via strong coupling in optical metamaterials,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(20), 1700469 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yang, Y.

Y. Yang, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “All-dielectric metasurface analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5753 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yoo, S.

Yoon, Y. C.

K. G. Lee, H. W. Kihm, J. E. Kihm, W. J. Choi, H. Kim, C. Ropers, D. J. Park, Y. C. Yoon, S. B. Choi, D. H. Woo, J. Kim, B. Lee, Q. H. Park, C. Lienau, and D. S. Kim, “Vector field microscopic imaging of light,” Nat. Photonics 1(1), 53–56 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zayats, A. V.

M. Kauranen and A. V. Zayats, “Nonlinear plasmonics,” Nat. Photonics 6(11), 737–748 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, C.

C. Zhang, J. Fang, W. Yang, Q. Song, and S. Xiao, “Enhancing the magnetic resonance via strong coupling in optical metamaterials,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(20), 1700469 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

D. K. Gramotnev, D. F. P. Pile, M. W. Vogel, and X. Zhang, “Local electric field enhancement during nanofocusing of plasmons by a tapered gap,” Phys. Rev. B 75(3), 035431 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zheludev, N. I.

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, J.

J. Zhou, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, J. B. Pendry, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Saturation of the magnetic response of split-ring resonators at optical frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(22), 223902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, N.

Zhu, S. N.

Zhu, Y. Y.

ACS Photonics (2)

Z. Li, J. Kou, M. Kim, J. O. Lee, and H. Choo, “Highly efficient and tailorable on-chip metal-insulator-metal plasmonic nanofocusing cavity,” ACS Photonics 1(10), 944–953 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, Y. Chen, J. Chu, and X. Xu, “Bridged bowtie aperture antenna for producing an electromagnetic hot spot,” ACS Photonics 4(3), 567–575 (2017).
[Crossref]

Adv. Opt. Mater. (2)

C. Zhang, J. Fang, W. Yang, Q. Song, and S. Xiao, “Enhancing the magnetic resonance via strong coupling in optical metamaterials,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(20), 1700469 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Dobmann, A. Kriesch, D. Ploss, and U. Peschel, “Near-field analysis of bright and dark modes on plasmonic metasurfaces showing extraordinary suppressed transmission,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(10), 990–999 (2014).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

X. Luo and T. Ishihara, “Surface plasmon resonant interference nanolithography technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(23), 4780–4782 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

J. Microsc. (1)

K. Şendur and W. Challener, “Near-field radiation of bow-tie antennas and apertures at optical frequencies,” J. Microsc. 210(3), 279–283 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Langmuir (1)

A. G. Brolo, R. Gordon, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, “Surface plasmon sensor based on the enhanced light transmission through arrays of nanoholes in gold films,” Langmuir 20(12), 4813–4815 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Laser Photonics Rev. (2)

N. C. Lindquist, J. Jose, S. Cherukulappurath, X. Chen, T. W. Johnson, and S. H. Oh, “Tip‐based plasmonics: squeezing light with metallic nanoprobes,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(4), 453–477 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. G. Baranov, R. S. Savelev, S. V. Li, A. E. Krasnok, and A. Alù, “Modifying magnetic dipole spontaneous emission with nanophotonic structures,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11(3), 1600268 (2017).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (3)

T. Grosjean, M. Mivelle, F. I. Baida, G. W. Burr, and U. C. Fischer, “Diabolo nanoantenna for enhancing and confining the magnetic optical field,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1009–1013 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. R. Shcherbakov, D. N. Neshev, B. Hopkins, A. S. Shorokhov, I. Staude, E. V. Melik-Gaykazyan, M. Decker, A. A. Ezhov, A. E. Miroshnichenko, I. Brener, A. A. Fedyanin, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Enhanced third-harmonic generation in silicon nanoparticles driven by magnetic response,” Nano Lett. 14(11), 6488–6492 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, P. J. Schuck, G. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, “Gap-dependent optical coupling of single “Bowtie” nanoantennas resonant in the visible,” Nano Lett. 4(5), 957–961 (2004).
[Crossref]

Nanoscale (1)

B. J. Roxworthy and K. C. Toussaint., “Simultaneously tuning the electric and magnetic plasmonic response using capped bi-metallic nanoantennas,” Nanoscale 6(4), 2270–2274 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Commun. (2)

S. Kim, M. S. Jang, V. W. Brar, Y. Tolstova, K. W. Mauser, and H. A. Atwater, “Electronically tunable extraordinary optical transmission in graphene plasmonic ribbons coupled to subwavelength metallic slit arrays,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12323 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Yang, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “All-dielectric metasurface analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5753 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Mater. (2)

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. A. Schuller, E. S. Barnard, W. Cai, Y. C. Jun, J. S. White, and M. L. Brongersma, “Plasmonics for extreme light concentration and manipulation,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 193–204 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (7)

M. Kauranen and A. V. Zayats, “Nonlinear plasmonics,” Nat. Photonics 6(11), 737–748 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. L. Juan, M. Righini, and R. Quidant, “Plasmon nano-optical tweezers,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 349–356 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. Choo, M.-K. Kim, M. Staffaroni, T. J. Seok, J. Bokor, S. Cabrini, P. J. Schuck, M. C. Wu, and E. Yablonovitch, “Nanofocusing in a metal–insulator–metal gap plasmon waveguide with a three-dimensional linear taper,” Nat. Photonics 6(12), 838–844 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. J. Russell, T.-L. Liu, S. Cui, and E. L. Hu, “Large spontaneous emission enhancement in plasmonic nanocavities,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 459–462 (2012).
[Crossref]

G. M. Akselrod, C. Argyropoulos, T. B. Hoang, C. Ciracì, C. Fang, J. Huang, D. R. Smith, and M. H. Mikkelsen, “Probing the mechanisms of large Purcell enhancement in plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 835–840 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. K. Gramotnev and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonics beyond the diffraction limit,” Nat. Photonics 4(2), 83–91 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. G. Lee, H. W. Kihm, J. E. Kihm, W. J. Choi, H. Kim, C. Ropers, D. J. Park, Y. C. Yoon, S. B. Choi, D. H. Woo, J. Kim, B. Lee, Q. H. Park, C. Lienau, and D. S. Kim, “Vector field microscopic imaging of light,” Nat. Photonics 1(1), 53–56 (2007).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

R. Alaee, C. Rockstuhl, and I. Fernandez-Corbaton, “An electromagnetic multipole expansion beyond the long-wavelength approximation,” Opt. Commun. 407(15), 17–21 (2018).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (8)

M. W. Klein, M. Wegener, N. Feth, and S. Linden, “Experiments on second- and third-harmonic generation from magnetic metamaterials,” Opt. Express 15(8), 5238–5247 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Verhagen, A. Polman, and L. K. Kuipers, “Nanofocusing in laterally tapered plasmonic waveguides,” Opt. Express 16(1), 45–57 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. J. Antosiewicz, P. Wróbel, and T. Szoplik, “Magnetic field concentrator for probing optical magnetic metamaterials,” Opt. Express 18(25), 25906–25911 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Neutens, L. Lagae, G. Borghs, and P. Van Dorpe, “Plasmon filters and resonators in metal-insulator-metal waveguides,” Opt. Express 20(4), 3408–3423 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Yang, C. Sauvan, A. Jouanin, S. Collin, J.-L. Pelouard, and P. Lalanne, “Ultrasmall metal-insulator-metal nanoresonators: impact of slow-wave effects on the quality factor,” Opt. Express 20(15), 16880–16891 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. K. Singh, J. S. Ahn, S. Koo, T. Kang, J. Kim, S. Lee, N. Park, and D.-S. Kim, “Selective electric and magnetic sensitivity of aperture probes,” Opt. Express 23(16), 20820–20828 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Fernandez-Corbaton, S. Nanz, R. Alaee, and C. Rockstuhl, “Exact dipolar moments of a localized electric current distribution,” Opt. Express 23(26), 33044–33064 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S.-J. Kim, S. Yoo, K. Lee, J. Kim, Y. Lee, and B. Lee, “Critical nanofocusing of magnetic dipole moment using a closed plasmonic tip,” Opt. Express 25(13), 14077–14088 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

D. K. Gramotnev, D. F. P. Pile, M. W. Vogel, and X. Zhang, “Local electric field enhancement during nanofocusing of plasmons by a tapered gap,” Phys. Rev. B 75(3), 035431 (2007).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (5)

L. Aigouy, A. Cazé, P. Gredin, M. Mortier, and R. Carminati, “Mapping and quantifying electric and magnetic dipole luminescence at the nanoscale,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(7), 076101 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Zhou, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, J. B. Pendry, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Saturation of the magnetic response of split-ring resonators at optical frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(22), 223902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Sauvan, J. P. Hugonin, I. S. Maksymov, and P. Lalanne, “Theory of the spontaneous optical emission of nanosize photonic and plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(23), 237401 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. I. Stockman, “Nanofocusing of optical energy in tapered plasmonic waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(13), 137404 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. J. Schuck, D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, G. S. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, “Improving the mismatch between light and nanoscale objects with gold bowtie nanoantennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(1), 017402 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Plasmonics (1)

N. A. Issa and R. Guckenberger, “Optical nanofocusing on tapered metallic waveguides,” Plasmonics 2(1), 31–37 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (2)

I. Fernandez-Corbaton, S. Nanz, and C. Rockstuhl, “On the dynamic toroidal multipoles from localized electric current distributions,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 7527 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Lee and D.-S. Kim, “Light scattering of rectangular slot antennas: parallel magnetic vector vs perpendicularr electric vector,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 18935 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (2)

M. Burresi, D. van Oosten, T. Kampfrath, H. Schoenmaker, R. Heideman, A. Leinse, and L. Kuipers, “Probing the magnetic field of light at optical frequencies,” Science 326(5952), 550–553 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. W. Klein, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, and S. Linden, “Second-harmonic generation from magnetic metamaterials,” Science 313(5786), 502–504 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sensors (Basel) (2)

S. Roh, T. Chung, and B. Lee, “Overview of the characteristics of micro- and nano-structured surface plasmon resonance sensors,” Sensors (Basel) 11(2), 1565–1588 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Lee, S.-J. Kim, H. Park, and B. Lee, “Metamaterials and metasurfaces for sensor applications,” Sensors (Basel) 17(8), 1726 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, 1998).

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Schematic illustration of the proposed funneled aperture cavity for novel electric dipolar nanofocusing (θ = 15°, d2 = 750 nm, w0 = 70 nm, d1 = 355 nm, and h = 100 nm) at the wavelength of 1120 nm. Spatial distributions of (b) induced x-directional electric current (Jx), (c) y-directional electric field (Ey), and (d) z-directional magnetic field (Hz) at the cross-section of metal in the middle, respectively.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Normalized Ez field distribution describing SP scattering (a) at gold/glass interface and (b) at air/gold interface (c) Angular SP radiation pattern for the unit cell at the interface of the gold/glass and air/gold interface
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Schematic diagram describing the top view of the metasurface cavity with periodically arranged unit cells (Λx = 1200 nm and Λy = 890 nm). The black-dotted line and arrow denote the rectangular nanocavity region where hotspot is excited. (b) Intensity enhancement factors for the periodic metasurface cavity (lines) and the single unit cell (stars) at the near-infrared wavelengths. The electric and magnetic field intensity enhancement is averaged in the nanocavities. (c) Calculated scattering cross-sections of multipolar contributions in the nanocavities in log scale. C sca p and C sca m denote scattering cross-sections of electric and magnetic dipoles, respectively.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a-c) Electric and (d-f) magnetic energy density profiles at the metal cross-section in the middle at the wavelength of 1120, 1188, and 1288 nm (we and wm are equally normalized in (a-c) and (d-f), respectively.)
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Schematic illustration of the custom-built spectroscopy setup for near-infrared metamaterial measurements (b) Field enhanced scanning electron microscopy image of the fabricated meta-cavity and its magnified image (c) Normalized transmission spectrum results by experimental measurement and numerical calculation.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

p α = 1 iω { d 3 r J α ω j 0 ( kr )+ k 2 2 d 3 r [ 3( r J ω ) r α r 2 J α ω ] j 2 ( kr ) ( kr ) 2 },
m α = 3 2 d 3 r ( r× J ω ) α j 1 ( kr ) kr (α=x,y,z) ,
C sca total = C sca p + C sca m + C sca Q e + C sca Q m = k 4 6π ε 0 2 | E inc | 2 [ α ( | p α | 2 + | m α | 2 c 2 ) + 1 120 αβ ( | k Q αβ | 2 + | k Q αβ c | 2 ) + ], (α=x,y,z),

Metrics