Abstract

We report on the formation and structural evolution of embedded self-organized, polarization-dependent nanogratings in sodium germanate glasses induced by an 800 nm, 1 kHz femtosecond laser. Optical birefringence dependent on the femtosecond laser polarization as well as the sodium oxide content is observed when the sample surface is perpendicular to the laser propagation direction. Scanning electron microscopy images of the written lines reveal the formation of periodic platelet or nanovoid arrays, which are aligned perpendicularly to the laser polarization direction after mechanical polishing. The influences of sodium oxide content on the morphology and period of the nanogratings are discussed.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]

2018 (1)

S. Lotarev, S. Fedotov, A. Lipatiev, M. Presnyakov, P. Kazansky, and V. Sigaev, “Light-driven nanoperiodical modulation of alkaline cation distribution inside sodium silicate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 479, 49–54 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (2)

J. Cao, B. Poumellec, L. Mazerolles, F. Brisset, A. Helbert, S. Surble, X. He, and M. Lancry, “Nanoscale Phase Separation in Lithium Niobium Silicate Glass by Femtosecond Laser Irradiation,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 100(1), 115–124 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. Zhang, A. Cerkauskaite, R. Drevinskas, P. G. Kazansky, and J. Qiu, “Microengineering of Optical Properties of GeO2 Glass by Ultrafast Laser Nanostructuring,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(23), 1700342 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (6)

S. S. Fedotov, R. Drevinskas, S. V. Lotarev, A. S. Lipatiev, M. Beresna, A. Čerkauskaitė, V. N. Sigaev, and P. G. Kazansky, “Direct writing of birefringent elements by ultrafast laser nanostructuring in multicomponent glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(7), 071905 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Lancry, F. Zimmerman, R. Desmarchelier, J. Tian, F. Brisset, S. Nolte, and B. Poumellec, “Nanogratings formation in multicomponent silicate glasses,” Appl. Phys. B-Lasers. Opt. 122, 66 (2016).

K. N. Tan, K. N. Sharafudeen, Y. Yue, and J. Qiu, “Femtosecond laser induced phenomena in transparent solid materials: Fundamentals and applications,” Prog. Mater. Sci. 76, 154–228 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Rada, N. Aldea, Z. H. Wu, Z. Jing, S. Rada, E. Culea, S. Macavei, R. Balan, R. C. Suciu, R. V. Erhan, and V. Bodnarchuk, “Evolution of the germanium–oxygen coordination number in lithium–lead–germanate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 437, 10–16 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Lancry, J. Canning, K. Cook, M. Heili, D. R. Neuville, and B. Poumellec, “Nanoscale femtosecond laser milling and control of nanoporosity in the normal and anomalous regimes of GeO2-SiO2 glasses,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(2), 321 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. Zimmermann, M. Lancry, A. Plech, S. Richter, B. H. Babu, B. Poumellec, A. Tünnermann, and S. Nolte, “Femtosecond laser written nanostructures in Ge-doped glasses,” Opt. Lett. 41(6), 1161–1164 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (1)

T. Asai, Y. Shimotsuma, T. Kurita, A. Murata, S. Kubota, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, F. Brisset, B. Poumellec, and M. Lancry, “Systematic Control of Structural Changes in GeO2 Glass Induced by Femtosecond Laser Direct Writing,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 98(5), 1471–1477 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (6)

Y. Liao and Y. Cheng, “Femtosecond Laser 3D Fabrication in Porous Glass for Micro- and Nanofluidic Applications,” Micromachines (Basel) 5(4), 1106–1134 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Shimotsuma, T. Asai, M. Sakakura, and K. Miura, “Femtosecond-laser Nanostructuring in Glass,” J. Laser Micro Nanoeng. 9(1), 31 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Zhang, M. Gecevičius, M. Beresna, and P. G. Kazansky, “Seemingly Unlimited Lifetime Data Storage in Nanostructured Glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(3), 033901 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Zimmermann, A. Plech, S. Richter, A. Tünnermann, and S. Nolte, “Ultrashort laser pulse induced nanogratings in borosilicate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(21), 211107 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Zhang, H. Zhang, G. Dong, and J. Qiu, “Embedded nanogratings in germanium dioxide glass induced by femtosecond laser direct writing,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31(4), 860–864 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Dai, J. Ye, M. Gong, X. Ye, X. Yan, G. Ma, and J. Qiu, “Forced rotation of nanograting in glass by pulse-front tilted femtosecond laser direct writing,” Opt. Express 22(23), 28500–28505 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (1)

2012 (2)

2011 (1)

2010 (2)

M. Beresna and P. G. Kazansky, “Polarization diffraction grating produced by femtosecond laser nanostructuring in glass,” Opt. Lett. 35(10), 1662–1664 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, P. G. Kazansky, M. Beresna, J. R. Qiu, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Ultrafast Manipulation of Self-Assembled Form Birefringence in Glass,” Adv. Mater. 22, 5442 (2010).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

S. Juodkazis, K. Nishimura, S. Tanaka, H. Misawa, E. G. Gamaly, B. Luther-Davies, L. Hallo, P. Nicolai, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Laser-induced microexplosion confined in the bulk of a sapphire crystal: Evidence of multimegabar pressures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 166101 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. G. Gamaly, S. Juodkazis, K. Nishimura, H. Misawa, B. Luther-Davies, L. Hallo, P. Nicolai, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Laser-matter interaction in the bulk of a transparent solid: Confined microexplosion and void formation,” Phys. Rev. B 73(21), 214101 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

Y. Shimotsuma, K. Hirao, P. G. Kazansky, and J. Qiu, “Three-Dimensional Micro- and Nano-Fabrication in Transparent Materials by Femtosecond Laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44(7A), 4735–4748 (2005).
[Crossref]

C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, P. P. Rajeev, E. Simova, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, “Pulse duration dependence of femtosecond-laser-fabricated nanogratings in fused silica,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(1), 014104 (2005).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

S. K. Sundaram, C. B. Schaffer, and E. Mazur, “Microexplosions in tellurite glasses,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 76(3), 379–384 (2003).
[Crossref]

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Self-organized nanogratings in glass irradiated by ultrashort light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(24), 247405 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

S. K. Sundaram and E. Mazur, “Inducing and probing non-thermal transitions in semiconductors using femtosecond laser pulses,” Nat. Mater. 1(4), 217–224 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

P. G. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, K. Hirao, and F. Starrost, “Anomalous anisotropic light scattering in Ge-doped silica glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(10), 2199–2202 (1999).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

Akturk, S.

Aldea, N.

M. Rada, N. Aldea, Z. H. Wu, Z. Jing, S. Rada, E. Culea, S. Macavei, R. Balan, R. C. Suciu, R. V. Erhan, and V. Bodnarchuk, “Evolution of the germanium–oxygen coordination number in lithium–lead–germanate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 437, 10–16 (2016).
[Crossref]

Asai, T.

T. Asai, Y. Shimotsuma, T. Kurita, A. Murata, S. Kubota, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, F. Brisset, B. Poumellec, and M. Lancry, “Systematic Control of Structural Changes in GeO2 Glass Induced by Femtosecond Laser Direct Writing,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 98(5), 1471–1477 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Shimotsuma, T. Asai, M. Sakakura, and K. Miura, “Femtosecond-laser Nanostructuring in Glass,” J. Laser Micro Nanoeng. 9(1), 31 (2014).
[Crossref]

Babu, B. H.

Balan, R.

M. Rada, N. Aldea, Z. H. Wu, Z. Jing, S. Rada, E. Culea, S. Macavei, R. Balan, R. C. Suciu, R. V. Erhan, and V. Bodnarchuk, “Evolution of the germanium–oxygen coordination number in lithium–lead–germanate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 437, 10–16 (2016).
[Crossref]

Beresna, M.

S. S. Fedotov, R. Drevinskas, S. V. Lotarev, A. S. Lipatiev, M. Beresna, A. Čerkauskaitė, V. N. Sigaev, and P. G. Kazansky, “Direct writing of birefringent elements by ultrafast laser nanostructuring in multicomponent glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(7), 071905 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Zhang, M. Gecevičius, M. Beresna, and P. G. Kazansky, “Seemingly Unlimited Lifetime Data Storage in Nanostructured Glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(3), 033901 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. G. Kazansky, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, M. Beresna, M. Gecevičius, Y. Svirko, S. Akturk, J. Qiu, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Photosensitivity control of an isotropic medium through polarization of light pulses with tilted intensity front,” Opt. Express 19(21), 20657–20664 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Beresna and P. G. Kazansky, “Polarization diffraction grating produced by femtosecond laser nanostructuring in glass,” Opt. Lett. 35(10), 1662–1664 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, P. G. Kazansky, M. Beresna, J. R. Qiu, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Ultrafast Manipulation of Self-Assembled Form Birefringence in Glass,” Adv. Mater. 22, 5442 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bhardwaj, V. R.

C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, P. P. Rajeev, E. Simova, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, “Pulse duration dependence of femtosecond-laser-fabricated nanogratings in fused silica,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(1), 014104 (2005).
[Crossref]

Bodnarchuk, V.

M. Rada, N. Aldea, Z. H. Wu, Z. Jing, S. Rada, E. Culea, S. Macavei, R. Balan, R. C. Suciu, R. V. Erhan, and V. Bodnarchuk, “Evolution of the germanium–oxygen coordination number in lithium–lead–germanate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 437, 10–16 (2016).
[Crossref]

Brisset, F.

J. Cao, B. Poumellec, L. Mazerolles, F. Brisset, A. Helbert, S. Surble, X. He, and M. Lancry, “Nanoscale Phase Separation in Lithium Niobium Silicate Glass by Femtosecond Laser Irradiation,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 100(1), 115–124 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Lancry, F. Zimmerman, R. Desmarchelier, J. Tian, F. Brisset, S. Nolte, and B. Poumellec, “Nanogratings formation in multicomponent silicate glasses,” Appl. Phys. B-Lasers. Opt. 122, 66 (2016).

T. Asai, Y. Shimotsuma, T. Kurita, A. Murata, S. Kubota, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, F. Brisset, B. Poumellec, and M. Lancry, “Systematic Control of Structural Changes in GeO2 Glass Induced by Femtosecond Laser Direct Writing,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 98(5), 1471–1477 (2015).
[Crossref]

Canning, J.

Cao, J.

J. Cao, B. Poumellec, L. Mazerolles, F. Brisset, A. Helbert, S. Surble, X. He, and M. Lancry, “Nanoscale Phase Separation in Lithium Niobium Silicate Glass by Femtosecond Laser Irradiation,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 100(1), 115–124 (2017).
[Crossref]

Cerkauskaite, A.

F. Zhang, A. Cerkauskaite, R. Drevinskas, P. G. Kazansky, and J. Qiu, “Microengineering of Optical Properties of GeO2 Glass by Ultrafast Laser Nanostructuring,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(23), 1700342 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. S. Fedotov, R. Drevinskas, S. V. Lotarev, A. S. Lipatiev, M. Beresna, A. Čerkauskaitė, V. N. Sigaev, and P. G. Kazansky, “Direct writing of birefringent elements by ultrafast laser nanostructuring in multicomponent glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(7), 071905 (2016).
[Crossref]

Cheng, C.

Cheng, Y.

Y. Liao and Y. Cheng, “Femtosecond Laser 3D Fabrication in Porous Glass for Micro- and Nanofluidic Applications,” Micromachines (Basel) 5(4), 1106–1134 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cook, K.

Corkum, P. B.

C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, P. P. Rajeev, E. Simova, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, “Pulse duration dependence of femtosecond-laser-fabricated nanogratings in fused silica,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(1), 014104 (2005).
[Crossref]

Culea, E.

M. Rada, N. Aldea, Z. H. Wu, Z. Jing, S. Rada, E. Culea, S. Macavei, R. Balan, R. C. Suciu, R. V. Erhan, and V. Bodnarchuk, “Evolution of the germanium–oxygen coordination number in lithium–lead–germanate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 437, 10–16 (2016).
[Crossref]

Dai, Y.

Desmarchelier, R.

M. Lancry, F. Zimmerman, R. Desmarchelier, J. Tian, F. Brisset, S. Nolte, and B. Poumellec, “Nanogratings formation in multicomponent silicate glasses,” Appl. Phys. B-Lasers. Opt. 122, 66 (2016).

Dong, G.

Döring, S.

Drevinskas, R.

F. Zhang, A. Cerkauskaite, R. Drevinskas, P. G. Kazansky, and J. Qiu, “Microengineering of Optical Properties of GeO2 Glass by Ultrafast Laser Nanostructuring,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(23), 1700342 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. S. Fedotov, R. Drevinskas, S. V. Lotarev, A. S. Lipatiev, M. Beresna, A. Čerkauskaitė, V. N. Sigaev, and P. G. Kazansky, “Direct writing of birefringent elements by ultrafast laser nanostructuring in multicomponent glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(7), 071905 (2016).
[Crossref]

Erhan, R. V.

M. Rada, N. Aldea, Z. H. Wu, Z. Jing, S. Rada, E. Culea, S. Macavei, R. Balan, R. C. Suciu, R. V. Erhan, and V. Bodnarchuk, “Evolution of the germanium–oxygen coordination number in lithium–lead–germanate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 437, 10–16 (2016).
[Crossref]

Fedotov, S.

S. Lotarev, S. Fedotov, A. Lipatiev, M. Presnyakov, P. Kazansky, and V. Sigaev, “Light-driven nanoperiodical modulation of alkaline cation distribution inside sodium silicate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 479, 49–54 (2018).
[Crossref]

Fedotov, S. S.

S. S. Fedotov, R. Drevinskas, S. V. Lotarev, A. S. Lipatiev, M. Beresna, A. Čerkauskaitė, V. N. Sigaev, and P. G. Kazansky, “Direct writing of birefringent elements by ultrafast laser nanostructuring in multicomponent glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(7), 071905 (2016).
[Crossref]

Gamaly, E. G.

S. Juodkazis, K. Nishimura, S. Tanaka, H. Misawa, E. G. Gamaly, B. Luther-Davies, L. Hallo, P. Nicolai, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Laser-induced microexplosion confined in the bulk of a sapphire crystal: Evidence of multimegabar pressures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 166101 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. G. Gamaly, S. Juodkazis, K. Nishimura, H. Misawa, B. Luther-Davies, L. Hallo, P. Nicolai, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Laser-matter interaction in the bulk of a transparent solid: Confined microexplosion and void formation,” Phys. Rev. B 73(21), 214101 (2006).
[Crossref]

Gecevicius, M.

Gong, M.

Hallo, L.

S. Juodkazis, K. Nishimura, S. Tanaka, H. Misawa, E. G. Gamaly, B. Luther-Davies, L. Hallo, P. Nicolai, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Laser-induced microexplosion confined in the bulk of a sapphire crystal: Evidence of multimegabar pressures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 166101 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. G. Gamaly, S. Juodkazis, K. Nishimura, H. Misawa, B. Luther-Davies, L. Hallo, P. Nicolai, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Laser-matter interaction in the bulk of a transparent solid: Confined microexplosion and void formation,” Phys. Rev. B 73(21), 214101 (2006).
[Crossref]

He, X.

J. Cao, B. Poumellec, L. Mazerolles, F. Brisset, A. Helbert, S. Surble, X. He, and M. Lancry, “Nanoscale Phase Separation in Lithium Niobium Silicate Glass by Femtosecond Laser Irradiation,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 100(1), 115–124 (2017).
[Crossref]

Heili, M.

Heinrich, M.

Helbert, A.

J. Cao, B. Poumellec, L. Mazerolles, F. Brisset, A. Helbert, S. Surble, X. He, and M. Lancry, “Nanoscale Phase Separation in Lithium Niobium Silicate Glass by Femtosecond Laser Irradiation,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 100(1), 115–124 (2017).
[Crossref]

Hirao, K.

P. G. Kazansky, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, M. Beresna, M. Gecevičius, Y. Svirko, S. Akturk, J. Qiu, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Photosensitivity control of an isotropic medium through polarization of light pulses with tilted intensity front,” Opt. Express 19(21), 20657–20664 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, P. G. Kazansky, M. Beresna, J. R. Qiu, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Ultrafast Manipulation of Self-Assembled Form Birefringence in Glass,” Adv. Mater. 22, 5442 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Shimotsuma, K. Hirao, P. G. Kazansky, and J. Qiu, “Three-Dimensional Micro- and Nano-Fabrication in Transparent Materials by Femtosecond Laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44(7A), 4735–4748 (2005).
[Crossref]

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Self-organized nanogratings in glass irradiated by ultrashort light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(24), 247405 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. G. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, K. Hirao, and F. Starrost, “Anomalous anisotropic light scattering in Ge-doped silica glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(10), 2199–2202 (1999).
[Crossref]

Hnatovsky, C.

C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, P. P. Rajeev, E. Simova, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, “Pulse duration dependence of femtosecond-laser-fabricated nanogratings in fused silica,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(1), 014104 (2005).
[Crossref]

Inouye, H.

P. G. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, K. Hirao, and F. Starrost, “Anomalous anisotropic light scattering in Ge-doped silica glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(10), 2199–2202 (1999).
[Crossref]

Jia, F.

Jing, Z.

M. Rada, N. Aldea, Z. H. Wu, Z. Jing, S. Rada, E. Culea, S. Macavei, R. Balan, R. C. Suciu, R. V. Erhan, and V. Bodnarchuk, “Evolution of the germanium–oxygen coordination number in lithium–lead–germanate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 437, 10–16 (2016).
[Crossref]

Juodkazis, S.

S. Juodkazis, K. Nishimura, S. Tanaka, H. Misawa, E. G. Gamaly, B. Luther-Davies, L. Hallo, P. Nicolai, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Laser-induced microexplosion confined in the bulk of a sapphire crystal: Evidence of multimegabar pressures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 166101 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. G. Gamaly, S. Juodkazis, K. Nishimura, H. Misawa, B. Luther-Davies, L. Hallo, P. Nicolai, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Laser-matter interaction in the bulk of a transparent solid: Confined microexplosion and void formation,” Phys. Rev. B 73(21), 214101 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kazansky, P.

S. Lotarev, S. Fedotov, A. Lipatiev, M. Presnyakov, P. Kazansky, and V. Sigaev, “Light-driven nanoperiodical modulation of alkaline cation distribution inside sodium silicate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 479, 49–54 (2018).
[Crossref]

Kazansky, P. G.

F. Zhang, A. Cerkauskaite, R. Drevinskas, P. G. Kazansky, and J. Qiu, “Microengineering of Optical Properties of GeO2 Glass by Ultrafast Laser Nanostructuring,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(23), 1700342 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. S. Fedotov, R. Drevinskas, S. V. Lotarev, A. S. Lipatiev, M. Beresna, A. Čerkauskaitė, V. N. Sigaev, and P. G. Kazansky, “Direct writing of birefringent elements by ultrafast laser nanostructuring in multicomponent glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(7), 071905 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Zhang, M. Gecevičius, M. Beresna, and P. G. Kazansky, “Seemingly Unlimited Lifetime Data Storage in Nanostructured Glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(3), 033901 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. G. Kazansky, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, M. Beresna, M. Gecevičius, Y. Svirko, S. Akturk, J. Qiu, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Photosensitivity control of an isotropic medium through polarization of light pulses with tilted intensity front,” Opt. Express 19(21), 20657–20664 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Beresna and P. G. Kazansky, “Polarization diffraction grating produced by femtosecond laser nanostructuring in glass,” Opt. Lett. 35(10), 1662–1664 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, P. G. Kazansky, M. Beresna, J. R. Qiu, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Ultrafast Manipulation of Self-Assembled Form Birefringence in Glass,” Adv. Mater. 22, 5442 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Shimotsuma, K. Hirao, P. G. Kazansky, and J. Qiu, “Three-Dimensional Micro- and Nano-Fabrication in Transparent Materials by Femtosecond Laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44(7A), 4735–4748 (2005).
[Crossref]

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Self-organized nanogratings in glass irradiated by ultrashort light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(24), 247405 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. G. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, K. Hirao, and F. Starrost, “Anomalous anisotropic light scattering in Ge-doped silica glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(10), 2199–2202 (1999).
[Crossref]

Kubota, S.

T. Asai, Y. Shimotsuma, T. Kurita, A. Murata, S. Kubota, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, F. Brisset, B. Poumellec, and M. Lancry, “Systematic Control of Structural Changes in GeO2 Glass Induced by Femtosecond Laser Direct Writing,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 98(5), 1471–1477 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kurita, T.

T. Asai, Y. Shimotsuma, T. Kurita, A. Murata, S. Kubota, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, F. Brisset, B. Poumellec, and M. Lancry, “Systematic Control of Structural Changes in GeO2 Glass Induced by Femtosecond Laser Direct Writing,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 98(5), 1471–1477 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lancry, M.

J. Cao, B. Poumellec, L. Mazerolles, F. Brisset, A. Helbert, S. Surble, X. He, and M. Lancry, “Nanoscale Phase Separation in Lithium Niobium Silicate Glass by Femtosecond Laser Irradiation,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 100(1), 115–124 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Lancry, F. Zimmerman, R. Desmarchelier, J. Tian, F. Brisset, S. Nolte, and B. Poumellec, “Nanogratings formation in multicomponent silicate glasses,” Appl. Phys. B-Lasers. Opt. 122, 66 (2016).

F. Zimmermann, M. Lancry, A. Plech, S. Richter, B. H. Babu, B. Poumellec, A. Tünnermann, and S. Nolte, “Femtosecond laser written nanostructures in Ge-doped glasses,” Opt. Lett. 41(6), 1161–1164 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Lancry, J. Canning, K. Cook, M. Heili, D. R. Neuville, and B. Poumellec, “Nanoscale femtosecond laser milling and control of nanoporosity in the normal and anomalous regimes of GeO2-SiO2 glasses,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(2), 321 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Asai, Y. Shimotsuma, T. Kurita, A. Murata, S. Kubota, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, F. Brisset, B. Poumellec, and M. Lancry, “Systematic Control of Structural Changes in GeO2 Glass Induced by Femtosecond Laser Direct Writing,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 98(5), 1471–1477 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liao, Y.

Y. Liao and Y. Cheng, “Femtosecond Laser 3D Fabrication in Porous Glass for Micro- and Nanofluidic Applications,” Micromachines (Basel) 5(4), 1106–1134 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lin, X.

Lipatiev, A.

S. Lotarev, S. Fedotov, A. Lipatiev, M. Presnyakov, P. Kazansky, and V. Sigaev, “Light-driven nanoperiodical modulation of alkaline cation distribution inside sodium silicate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 479, 49–54 (2018).
[Crossref]

Lipatiev, A. S.

S. S. Fedotov, R. Drevinskas, S. V. Lotarev, A. S. Lipatiev, M. Beresna, A. Čerkauskaitė, V. N. Sigaev, and P. G. Kazansky, “Direct writing of birefringent elements by ultrafast laser nanostructuring in multicomponent glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(7), 071905 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lotarev, S.

S. Lotarev, S. Fedotov, A. Lipatiev, M. Presnyakov, P. Kazansky, and V. Sigaev, “Light-driven nanoperiodical modulation of alkaline cation distribution inside sodium silicate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 479, 49–54 (2018).
[Crossref]

Lotarev, S. V.

S. S. Fedotov, R. Drevinskas, S. V. Lotarev, A. S. Lipatiev, M. Beresna, A. Čerkauskaitė, V. N. Sigaev, and P. G. Kazansky, “Direct writing of birefringent elements by ultrafast laser nanostructuring in multicomponent glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(7), 071905 (2016).
[Crossref]

Luther-Davies, B.

S. Juodkazis, K. Nishimura, S. Tanaka, H. Misawa, E. G. Gamaly, B. Luther-Davies, L. Hallo, P. Nicolai, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Laser-induced microexplosion confined in the bulk of a sapphire crystal: Evidence of multimegabar pressures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 166101 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. G. Gamaly, S. Juodkazis, K. Nishimura, H. Misawa, B. Luther-Davies, L. Hallo, P. Nicolai, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Laser-matter interaction in the bulk of a transparent solid: Confined microexplosion and void formation,” Phys. Rev. B 73(21), 214101 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ma, G.

Macavei, S.

M. Rada, N. Aldea, Z. H. Wu, Z. Jing, S. Rada, E. Culea, S. Macavei, R. Balan, R. C. Suciu, R. V. Erhan, and V. Bodnarchuk, “Evolution of the germanium–oxygen coordination number in lithium–lead–germanate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 437, 10–16 (2016).
[Crossref]

Mazerolles, L.

J. Cao, B. Poumellec, L. Mazerolles, F. Brisset, A. Helbert, S. Surble, X. He, and M. Lancry, “Nanoscale Phase Separation in Lithium Niobium Silicate Glass by Femtosecond Laser Irradiation,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 100(1), 115–124 (2017).
[Crossref]

Mazur, E.

S. K. Sundaram, C. B. Schaffer, and E. Mazur, “Microexplosions in tellurite glasses,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 76(3), 379–384 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. K. Sundaram and E. Mazur, “Inducing and probing non-thermal transitions in semiconductors using femtosecond laser pulses,” Nat. Mater. 1(4), 217–224 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Misawa, H.

E. G. Gamaly, S. Juodkazis, K. Nishimura, H. Misawa, B. Luther-Davies, L. Hallo, P. Nicolai, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Laser-matter interaction in the bulk of a transparent solid: Confined microexplosion and void formation,” Phys. Rev. B 73(21), 214101 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. Juodkazis, K. Nishimura, S. Tanaka, H. Misawa, E. G. Gamaly, B. Luther-Davies, L. Hallo, P. Nicolai, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Laser-induced microexplosion confined in the bulk of a sapphire crystal: Evidence of multimegabar pressures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 166101 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mitsuyu, T.

P. G. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, K. Hirao, and F. Starrost, “Anomalous anisotropic light scattering in Ge-doped silica glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(10), 2199–2202 (1999).
[Crossref]

Miura, K.

T. Asai, Y. Shimotsuma, T. Kurita, A. Murata, S. Kubota, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, F. Brisset, B. Poumellec, and M. Lancry, “Systematic Control of Structural Changes in GeO2 Glass Induced by Femtosecond Laser Direct Writing,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 98(5), 1471–1477 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Shimotsuma, T. Asai, M. Sakakura, and K. Miura, “Femtosecond-laser Nanostructuring in Glass,” J. Laser Micro Nanoeng. 9(1), 31 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. G. Kazansky, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, M. Beresna, M. Gecevičius, Y. Svirko, S. Akturk, J. Qiu, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Photosensitivity control of an isotropic medium through polarization of light pulses with tilted intensity front,” Opt. Express 19(21), 20657–20664 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, P. G. Kazansky, M. Beresna, J. R. Qiu, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Ultrafast Manipulation of Self-Assembled Form Birefringence in Glass,” Adv. Mater. 22, 5442 (2010).
[Crossref]

P. G. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, K. Hirao, and F. Starrost, “Anomalous anisotropic light scattering in Ge-doped silica glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(10), 2199–2202 (1999).
[Crossref]

Murata, A.

T. Asai, Y. Shimotsuma, T. Kurita, A. Murata, S. Kubota, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, F. Brisset, B. Poumellec, and M. Lancry, “Systematic Control of Structural Changes in GeO2 Glass Induced by Femtosecond Laser Direct Writing,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 98(5), 1471–1477 (2015).
[Crossref]

Neuville, D. R.

Nicolai, P.

S. Juodkazis, K. Nishimura, S. Tanaka, H. Misawa, E. G. Gamaly, B. Luther-Davies, L. Hallo, P. Nicolai, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Laser-induced microexplosion confined in the bulk of a sapphire crystal: Evidence of multimegabar pressures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 166101 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. G. Gamaly, S. Juodkazis, K. Nishimura, H. Misawa, B. Luther-Davies, L. Hallo, P. Nicolai, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Laser-matter interaction in the bulk of a transparent solid: Confined microexplosion and void formation,” Phys. Rev. B 73(21), 214101 (2006).
[Crossref]

Nishimura, K.

E. G. Gamaly, S. Juodkazis, K. Nishimura, H. Misawa, B. Luther-Davies, L. Hallo, P. Nicolai, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Laser-matter interaction in the bulk of a transparent solid: Confined microexplosion and void formation,” Phys. Rev. B 73(21), 214101 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. Juodkazis, K. Nishimura, S. Tanaka, H. Misawa, E. G. Gamaly, B. Luther-Davies, L. Hallo, P. Nicolai, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Laser-induced microexplosion confined in the bulk of a sapphire crystal: Evidence of multimegabar pressures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 166101 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nolte, S.

M. Lancry, F. Zimmerman, R. Desmarchelier, J. Tian, F. Brisset, S. Nolte, and B. Poumellec, “Nanogratings formation in multicomponent silicate glasses,” Appl. Phys. B-Lasers. Opt. 122, 66 (2016).

F. Zimmermann, M. Lancry, A. Plech, S. Richter, B. H. Babu, B. Poumellec, A. Tünnermann, and S. Nolte, “Femtosecond laser written nanostructures in Ge-doped glasses,” Opt. Lett. 41(6), 1161–1164 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Zimmermann, A. Plech, S. Richter, A. Tünnermann, and S. Nolte, “Ultrashort laser pulse induced nanogratings in borosilicate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(21), 211107 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Richter, F. Jia, M. Heinrich, S. Döring, U. Peschel, A. Tünnermann, and S. Nolte, “The role of self-trapped excitons and defects in the formation of nanogratings in fused silica,” Opt. Lett. 37(4), 482–484 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Peschel, U.

Plech, A.

F. Zimmermann, M. Lancry, A. Plech, S. Richter, B. H. Babu, B. Poumellec, A. Tünnermann, and S. Nolte, “Femtosecond laser written nanostructures in Ge-doped glasses,” Opt. Lett. 41(6), 1161–1164 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Zimmermann, A. Plech, S. Richter, A. Tünnermann, and S. Nolte, “Ultrashort laser pulse induced nanogratings in borosilicate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(21), 211107 (2014).
[Crossref]

Poumellec, B.

J. Cao, B. Poumellec, L. Mazerolles, F. Brisset, A. Helbert, S. Surble, X. He, and M. Lancry, “Nanoscale Phase Separation in Lithium Niobium Silicate Glass by Femtosecond Laser Irradiation,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 100(1), 115–124 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Lancry, F. Zimmerman, R. Desmarchelier, J. Tian, F. Brisset, S. Nolte, and B. Poumellec, “Nanogratings formation in multicomponent silicate glasses,” Appl. Phys. B-Lasers. Opt. 122, 66 (2016).

F. Zimmermann, M. Lancry, A. Plech, S. Richter, B. H. Babu, B. Poumellec, A. Tünnermann, and S. Nolte, “Femtosecond laser written nanostructures in Ge-doped glasses,” Opt. Lett. 41(6), 1161–1164 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Lancry, J. Canning, K. Cook, M. Heili, D. R. Neuville, and B. Poumellec, “Nanoscale femtosecond laser milling and control of nanoporosity in the normal and anomalous regimes of GeO2-SiO2 glasses,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(2), 321 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Asai, Y. Shimotsuma, T. Kurita, A. Murata, S. Kubota, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, F. Brisset, B. Poumellec, and M. Lancry, “Systematic Control of Structural Changes in GeO2 Glass Induced by Femtosecond Laser Direct Writing,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 98(5), 1471–1477 (2015).
[Crossref]

Presnyakov, M.

S. Lotarev, S. Fedotov, A. Lipatiev, M. Presnyakov, P. Kazansky, and V. Sigaev, “Light-driven nanoperiodical modulation of alkaline cation distribution inside sodium silicate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 479, 49–54 (2018).
[Crossref]

Qiu, J.

F. Zhang, A. Cerkauskaite, R. Drevinskas, P. G. Kazansky, and J. Qiu, “Microengineering of Optical Properties of GeO2 Glass by Ultrafast Laser Nanostructuring,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(23), 1700342 (2017).
[Crossref]

K. N. Tan, K. N. Sharafudeen, Y. Yue, and J. Qiu, “Femtosecond laser induced phenomena in transparent solid materials: Fundamentals and applications,” Prog. Mater. Sci. 76, 154–228 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Dai, J. Ye, M. Gong, X. Ye, X. Yan, G. Ma, and J. Qiu, “Forced rotation of nanograting in glass by pulse-front tilted femtosecond laser direct writing,” Opt. Express 22(23), 28500–28505 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Zhang, H. Zhang, G. Dong, and J. Qiu, “Embedded nanogratings in germanium dioxide glass induced by femtosecond laser direct writing,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31(4), 860–864 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Zhang, Y. Yu, C. Cheng, Y. Dai, and J. Qiu, “Fabrication of polarization-dependent light attenuator in fused silica using a low-repetition-rate femtosecond laser,” Opt. Lett. 38(13), 2212–2214 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Dai, G. Wu, X. Lin, G. Ma, and J. Qiu, “Femtosecond laser induced rotated 3D self-organized nanograting in fused silica,” Opt. Express 20(16), 18072–18078 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. G. Kazansky, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, M. Beresna, M. Gecevičius, Y. Svirko, S. Akturk, J. Qiu, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Photosensitivity control of an isotropic medium through polarization of light pulses with tilted intensity front,” Opt. Express 19(21), 20657–20664 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Shimotsuma, K. Hirao, P. G. Kazansky, and J. Qiu, “Three-Dimensional Micro- and Nano-Fabrication in Transparent Materials by Femtosecond Laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44(7A), 4735–4748 (2005).
[Crossref]

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Self-organized nanogratings in glass irradiated by ultrashort light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(24), 247405 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. G. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, K. Hirao, and F. Starrost, “Anomalous anisotropic light scattering in Ge-doped silica glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(10), 2199–2202 (1999).
[Crossref]

Qiu, J. R.

Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, P. G. Kazansky, M. Beresna, J. R. Qiu, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Ultrafast Manipulation of Self-Assembled Form Birefringence in Glass,” Adv. Mater. 22, 5442 (2010).
[Crossref]

Rada, M.

M. Rada, N. Aldea, Z. H. Wu, Z. Jing, S. Rada, E. Culea, S. Macavei, R. Balan, R. C. Suciu, R. V. Erhan, and V. Bodnarchuk, “Evolution of the germanium–oxygen coordination number in lithium–lead–germanate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 437, 10–16 (2016).
[Crossref]

Rada, S.

M. Rada, N. Aldea, Z. H. Wu, Z. Jing, S. Rada, E. Culea, S. Macavei, R. Balan, R. C. Suciu, R. V. Erhan, and V. Bodnarchuk, “Evolution of the germanium–oxygen coordination number in lithium–lead–germanate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 437, 10–16 (2016).
[Crossref]

Rajeev, P. P.

C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, P. P. Rajeev, E. Simova, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, “Pulse duration dependence of femtosecond-laser-fabricated nanogratings in fused silica,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(1), 014104 (2005).
[Crossref]

Rayner, D. M.

C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, P. P. Rajeev, E. Simova, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, “Pulse duration dependence of femtosecond-laser-fabricated nanogratings in fused silica,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(1), 014104 (2005).
[Crossref]

Richter, S.

Sakaguchi, S.

Sakakura, M.

T. Asai, Y. Shimotsuma, T. Kurita, A. Murata, S. Kubota, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, F. Brisset, B. Poumellec, and M. Lancry, “Systematic Control of Structural Changes in GeO2 Glass Induced by Femtosecond Laser Direct Writing,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 98(5), 1471–1477 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Shimotsuma, T. Asai, M. Sakakura, and K. Miura, “Femtosecond-laser Nanostructuring in Glass,” J. Laser Micro Nanoeng. 9(1), 31 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. G. Kazansky, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, M. Beresna, M. Gecevičius, Y. Svirko, S. Akturk, J. Qiu, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Photosensitivity control of an isotropic medium through polarization of light pulses with tilted intensity front,” Opt. Express 19(21), 20657–20664 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, P. G. Kazansky, M. Beresna, J. R. Qiu, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Ultrafast Manipulation of Self-Assembled Form Birefringence in Glass,” Adv. Mater. 22, 5442 (2010).
[Crossref]

Schaffer, C. B.

S. K. Sundaram, C. B. Schaffer, and E. Mazur, “Microexplosions in tellurite glasses,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 76(3), 379–384 (2003).
[Crossref]

Sharafudeen, K. N.

K. N. Tan, K. N. Sharafudeen, Y. Yue, and J. Qiu, “Femtosecond laser induced phenomena in transparent solid materials: Fundamentals and applications,” Prog. Mater. Sci. 76, 154–228 (2016).
[Crossref]

Shimotsuma, Y.

T. Asai, Y. Shimotsuma, T. Kurita, A. Murata, S. Kubota, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, F. Brisset, B. Poumellec, and M. Lancry, “Systematic Control of Structural Changes in GeO2 Glass Induced by Femtosecond Laser Direct Writing,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 98(5), 1471–1477 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Shimotsuma, T. Asai, M. Sakakura, and K. Miura, “Femtosecond-laser Nanostructuring in Glass,” J. Laser Micro Nanoeng. 9(1), 31 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. G. Kazansky, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, M. Beresna, M. Gecevičius, Y. Svirko, S. Akturk, J. Qiu, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Photosensitivity control of an isotropic medium through polarization of light pulses with tilted intensity front,” Opt. Express 19(21), 20657–20664 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, P. G. Kazansky, M. Beresna, J. R. Qiu, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Ultrafast Manipulation of Self-Assembled Form Birefringence in Glass,” Adv. Mater. 22, 5442 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Shimotsuma, K. Hirao, P. G. Kazansky, and J. Qiu, “Three-Dimensional Micro- and Nano-Fabrication in Transparent Materials by Femtosecond Laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44(7A), 4735–4748 (2005).
[Crossref]

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Self-organized nanogratings in glass irradiated by ultrashort light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(24), 247405 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sigaev, V.

S. Lotarev, S. Fedotov, A. Lipatiev, M. Presnyakov, P. Kazansky, and V. Sigaev, “Light-driven nanoperiodical modulation of alkaline cation distribution inside sodium silicate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 479, 49–54 (2018).
[Crossref]

Sigaev, V. N.

S. S. Fedotov, R. Drevinskas, S. V. Lotarev, A. S. Lipatiev, M. Beresna, A. Čerkauskaitė, V. N. Sigaev, and P. G. Kazansky, “Direct writing of birefringent elements by ultrafast laser nanostructuring in multicomponent glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(7), 071905 (2016).
[Crossref]

Simova, E.

C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, P. P. Rajeev, E. Simova, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, “Pulse duration dependence of femtosecond-laser-fabricated nanogratings in fused silica,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(1), 014104 (2005).
[Crossref]

Starrost, F.

P. G. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, K. Hirao, and F. Starrost, “Anomalous anisotropic light scattering in Ge-doped silica glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(10), 2199–2202 (1999).
[Crossref]

Suciu, R. C.

M. Rada, N. Aldea, Z. H. Wu, Z. Jing, S. Rada, E. Culea, S. Macavei, R. Balan, R. C. Suciu, R. V. Erhan, and V. Bodnarchuk, “Evolution of the germanium–oxygen coordination number in lithium–lead–germanate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 437, 10–16 (2016).
[Crossref]

Sundaram, S. K.

S. K. Sundaram, C. B. Schaffer, and E. Mazur, “Microexplosions in tellurite glasses,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 76(3), 379–384 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. K. Sundaram and E. Mazur, “Inducing and probing non-thermal transitions in semiconductors using femtosecond laser pulses,” Nat. Mater. 1(4), 217–224 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Surble, S.

J. Cao, B. Poumellec, L. Mazerolles, F. Brisset, A. Helbert, S. Surble, X. He, and M. Lancry, “Nanoscale Phase Separation in Lithium Niobium Silicate Glass by Femtosecond Laser Irradiation,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 100(1), 115–124 (2017).
[Crossref]

Svirko, Y.

Tan, K. N.

K. N. Tan, K. N. Sharafudeen, Y. Yue, and J. Qiu, “Femtosecond laser induced phenomena in transparent solid materials: Fundamentals and applications,” Prog. Mater. Sci. 76, 154–228 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tanaka, S.

S. Juodkazis, K. Nishimura, S. Tanaka, H. Misawa, E. G. Gamaly, B. Luther-Davies, L. Hallo, P. Nicolai, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Laser-induced microexplosion confined in the bulk of a sapphire crystal: Evidence of multimegabar pressures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 166101 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Taylor, R. S.

C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, P. P. Rajeev, E. Simova, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, “Pulse duration dependence of femtosecond-laser-fabricated nanogratings in fused silica,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(1), 014104 (2005).
[Crossref]

Tian, J.

M. Lancry, F. Zimmerman, R. Desmarchelier, J. Tian, F. Brisset, S. Nolte, and B. Poumellec, “Nanogratings formation in multicomponent silicate glasses,” Appl. Phys. B-Lasers. Opt. 122, 66 (2016).

Tikhonchuk, V. T.

E. G. Gamaly, S. Juodkazis, K. Nishimura, H. Misawa, B. Luther-Davies, L. Hallo, P. Nicolai, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Laser-matter interaction in the bulk of a transparent solid: Confined microexplosion and void formation,” Phys. Rev. B 73(21), 214101 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. Juodkazis, K. Nishimura, S. Tanaka, H. Misawa, E. G. Gamaly, B. Luther-Davies, L. Hallo, P. Nicolai, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Laser-induced microexplosion confined in the bulk of a sapphire crystal: Evidence of multimegabar pressures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 166101 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Todoroki, S.

Tünnermann, A.

Wu, G.

Wu, Z. H.

M. Rada, N. Aldea, Z. H. Wu, Z. Jing, S. Rada, E. Culea, S. Macavei, R. Balan, R. C. Suciu, R. V. Erhan, and V. Bodnarchuk, “Evolution of the germanium–oxygen coordination number in lithium–lead–germanate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 437, 10–16 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yan, X.

Ye, J.

Ye, X.

Yu, Y.

Yue, Y.

K. N. Tan, K. N. Sharafudeen, Y. Yue, and J. Qiu, “Femtosecond laser induced phenomena in transparent solid materials: Fundamentals and applications,” Prog. Mater. Sci. 76, 154–228 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, F.

Zhang, H.

Zhang, J.

J. Zhang, M. Gecevičius, M. Beresna, and P. G. Kazansky, “Seemingly Unlimited Lifetime Data Storage in Nanostructured Glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(3), 033901 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zimmerman, F.

M. Lancry, F. Zimmerman, R. Desmarchelier, J. Tian, F. Brisset, S. Nolte, and B. Poumellec, “Nanogratings formation in multicomponent silicate glasses,” Appl. Phys. B-Lasers. Opt. 122, 66 (2016).

Zimmermann, F.

F. Zimmermann, M. Lancry, A. Plech, S. Richter, B. H. Babu, B. Poumellec, A. Tünnermann, and S. Nolte, “Femtosecond laser written nanostructures in Ge-doped glasses,” Opt. Lett. 41(6), 1161–1164 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Zimmermann, A. Plech, S. Richter, A. Tünnermann, and S. Nolte, “Ultrashort laser pulse induced nanogratings in borosilicate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(21), 211107 (2014).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (1)

Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, P. G. Kazansky, M. Beresna, J. R. Qiu, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Ultrafast Manipulation of Self-Assembled Form Birefringence in Glass,” Adv. Mater. 22, 5442 (2010).
[Crossref]

Adv. Opt. Mater. (1)

F. Zhang, A. Cerkauskaite, R. Drevinskas, P. G. Kazansky, and J. Qiu, “Microengineering of Optical Properties of GeO2 Glass by Ultrafast Laser Nanostructuring,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(23), 1700342 (2017).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B-Lasers. Opt. (1)

M. Lancry, F. Zimmerman, R. Desmarchelier, J. Tian, F. Brisset, S. Nolte, and B. Poumellec, “Nanogratings formation in multicomponent silicate glasses,” Appl. Phys. B-Lasers. Opt. 122, 66 (2016).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

F. Zimmermann, A. Plech, S. Richter, A. Tünnermann, and S. Nolte, “Ultrashort laser pulse induced nanogratings in borosilicate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(21), 211107 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. S. Fedotov, R. Drevinskas, S. V. Lotarev, A. S. Lipatiev, M. Beresna, A. Čerkauskaitė, V. N. Sigaev, and P. G. Kazansky, “Direct writing of birefringent elements by ultrafast laser nanostructuring in multicomponent glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(7), 071905 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, P. P. Rajeev, E. Simova, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, “Pulse duration dependence of femtosecond-laser-fabricated nanogratings in fused silica,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(1), 014104 (2005).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. (1)

S. K. Sundaram, C. B. Schaffer, and E. Mazur, “Microexplosions in tellurite glasses,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 76(3), 379–384 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (2)

J. Cao, B. Poumellec, L. Mazerolles, F. Brisset, A. Helbert, S. Surble, X. He, and M. Lancry, “Nanoscale Phase Separation in Lithium Niobium Silicate Glass by Femtosecond Laser Irradiation,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 100(1), 115–124 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Asai, Y. Shimotsuma, T. Kurita, A. Murata, S. Kubota, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, F. Brisset, B. Poumellec, and M. Lancry, “Systematic Control of Structural Changes in GeO2 Glass Induced by Femtosecond Laser Direct Writing,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 98(5), 1471–1477 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Laser Micro Nanoeng. (1)

Y. Shimotsuma, T. Asai, M. Sakakura, and K. Miura, “Femtosecond-laser Nanostructuring in Glass,” J. Laser Micro Nanoeng. 9(1), 31 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (2)

M. Rada, N. Aldea, Z. H. Wu, Z. Jing, S. Rada, E. Culea, S. Macavei, R. Balan, R. C. Suciu, R. V. Erhan, and V. Bodnarchuk, “Evolution of the germanium–oxygen coordination number in lithium–lead–germanate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 437, 10–16 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Lotarev, S. Fedotov, A. Lipatiev, M. Presnyakov, P. Kazansky, and V. Sigaev, “Light-driven nanoperiodical modulation of alkaline cation distribution inside sodium silicate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 479, 49–54 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Shimotsuma, K. Hirao, P. G. Kazansky, and J. Qiu, “Three-Dimensional Micro- and Nano-Fabrication in Transparent Materials by Femtosecond Laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44(7A), 4735–4748 (2005).
[Crossref]

Micromachines (Basel) (1)

Y. Liao and Y. Cheng, “Femtosecond Laser 3D Fabrication in Porous Glass for Micro- and Nanofluidic Applications,” Micromachines (Basel) 5(4), 1106–1134 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nat. Mater. (1)

S. K. Sundaram and E. Mazur, “Inducing and probing non-thermal transitions in semiconductors using femtosecond laser pulses,” Nat. Mater. 1(4), 217–224 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

E. G. Gamaly, S. Juodkazis, K. Nishimura, H. Misawa, B. Luther-Davies, L. Hallo, P. Nicolai, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Laser-matter interaction in the bulk of a transparent solid: Confined microexplosion and void formation,” Phys. Rev. B 73(21), 214101 (2006).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

S. Juodkazis, K. Nishimura, S. Tanaka, H. Misawa, E. G. Gamaly, B. Luther-Davies, L. Hallo, P. Nicolai, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Laser-induced microexplosion confined in the bulk of a sapphire crystal: Evidence of multimegabar pressures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 166101 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. G. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, K. Hirao, and F. Starrost, “Anomalous anisotropic light scattering in Ge-doped silica glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(10), 2199–2202 (1999).
[Crossref]

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Self-organized nanogratings in glass irradiated by ultrashort light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(24), 247405 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Zhang, M. Gecevičius, M. Beresna, and P. G. Kazansky, “Seemingly Unlimited Lifetime Data Storage in Nanostructured Glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(3), 033901 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Prog. Mater. Sci. (1)

K. N. Tan, K. N. Sharafudeen, Y. Yue, and J. Qiu, “Femtosecond laser induced phenomena in transparent solid materials: Fundamentals and applications,” Prog. Mater. Sci. 76, 154–228 (2016).
[Crossref]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Optical microscope images of the horizontal lines fabricated by translating the sample perpendicular to the laser propagation direction with different laser polarizations (indicated by θ) under laser pulse energy fixed at 1.5 μJ. (a), (c) and (e) Birefringence signal in the same region between cross polarizers (indicated by P1 and P2). (b), (d) and (f) Bright field images. (g) Birefringence intensity distribution corresponding to lines written with different laser polarizations.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 SEM images of self-organized nanogratings in the plane perpendicular to the laser propagation axis in 95Ge with different laser polarizations (indicated by θ) under laser pulse energy fixed at 1.5 μJ. (a) Overview. (b)-(j) Lines written with different laser polarizations.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a)-(c) SEM images of self-organized nanogratings in 95Ge with different period under various laser polarizations (indicated by θ). (d) The dependence of grating period and the θ.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Optical (a)-(c) and SEM (d)-(f) images of modified region of 100Ge, 95Ge and 90Ge glass. The pulse energy was 1.5 μJ and the scanning speed was 2μm/s. The angles between translating direction and laser polarization direction are indicated by θ. The optical images are just for revealing the potential structure of the nanograting and the chromatic aberration may be due to the different camera, white balance and contrast ratio.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) and (b) SEM image of the nanogratings in 100Ge glass. (c) Concentration distribution of Ge and O elements along the white dotted line by energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS). The black bars indicate the O/Ge ratio corresponding to the white crosses in (a). The blue dotted line indicates the average level of O/Ge ratio in glass matrix.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) and (b) SEM image of the nanogratings in 95Ge glass. (c) Concentration distribution of Ge and O elements along the white dotted line by EDS. The black and red bars indicate the O/Ge ratio corresponding to the white crosses in (a). The blue dotted line indicates the average level of O/Ge ratio in glass matrix.

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