Abstract

We theoretically investigate the attosecond transient absorption spectrum of helium atom in the presence of an infrared-dressed laser pulse upon scanning their relative delay, with the particular emphasis on the chirp effect of the attosecond pulse. By numerically solving the fully three-dimensional time-dependent Schrödinger equation, we identify the attoscecond chirp can induce the temporal shift of the absorption spectrogram along the delay axis. Additionally, it is found that the extent of the temporal shift is dependent on both the position of the absorption line and the infrared pulse wavelength, which is well confirmed and reproduced by a three-level model. Moreover, we demonstrate that the observed features can be quantitatively explained in terms of the indirect two-photon absorption processes through some virtual states. This effect might provide a way to measure the chirp of attosecond pulse in an all-optical way.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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  1. H. Niikura, F. Légaré, R. Hasbani, A. D. Bandrauk, M. Y. Ivanov, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, “Sub-laser-cycle electron pulses for probing molecular dynamics,” Nature 417(6892), 917–922 (2002).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond Control and measurement: lightwave electronics,” Science 317(5839), 769–775 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. Z.-H. Loh, M. Khalil, R. E. Correa, R. Santra, C. Buth, and S. R. Leone, “Quantum state-resolved probing of strong-field-ionized xenon atoms using femtosecond high-order harmonic transient absorption spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(14), 143601 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. M. Kovačev, S. V. Fomichev, E. Priori, Y. Mairesse, H. Merdji, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, J. Norin, A. Persson, A. L’Huillier, C.-G. Wahlström, B. Carré, and P. Salières, “Extreme Ultraviolet Fourier-Transform Spectroscopy with High Order Harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(22), 223903 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. H. Wang, M. Chini, S. Chen, C.-H. Zhang, F. He, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, U. Thumm, and Z. Chang, “Attosecond Time-resolved autoionization of argon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(14), 143002 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. E. Goulielmakis, Z. H. Loh, A. Wirth, R. Santra, N. Rohringer, V. S. Yakovlev, S. Zherebtsov, T. Pfeifer, A. M. Azzeer, M. F. Kling, S. R. Leone, and F. Krausz, “Real-time observation of valence electron motion,” Nature 466(7307), 739–743 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. M. Holler, F. Schapper, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “Attosecond Electron Wave-Packet Interference Observed by Transient Absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(12), 123601 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. M. Chini, B. Zhao, H. Wang, Y. Cheng, S. X. Hu, and Z. Chang, “Subcycle ac Stark Shift of Helium Excited States Probed with Isolated Attosecond Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(7), 073601 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. Y. Cheng, M. Chini, X. Wang, A. González-Castrillo, A. Palacios, L. Argenti, F. Martín, and Z. Chang, “Reconstruction of an excited-state molecular wave packet with attosecond transient absorption spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 94(2), 023403 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  10. M. Schultze, K. Ramasesha, C. D. Pemmaraju, S. A. Sato, D. Whitmore, A. Gandman, J. S. Prell, L. J. Borja, D. Prendergast, K. Yabana, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Attosecond band-gap dynamics in silicon,” Science 346(6215), 1348–1352 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. X. Wang, M. Chini, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, X.-M. Tong, and Z. Chang, “Subcycle laser control and quantum interferences in attosecond photoabsorption of neon,” Phys. Rev. A 87(6), 063413 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  12. S. Chen, M. J. Bell, A. R. Beck, H. Mashiko, M. Wu, A. N. Pfeiffer, M. B. Gaarde, D. M. Neumark, S. R. Leone, and K. J. Schafer, “Light-induced states in attosecond transient absorption spectra of laser-dressed helium,” Phys. Rev. A 86(6), 063408 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  13. B. Bernhardt, A. R. Beck, X. Li, E. R. Warrick, M. J. Bell, D. J. Haxton, C. W. McCurdy, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “High-spectral-resolution attosecond absorption spectroscopy of autoionization in xenon,” Phys. Rev. A 89(2), 023408 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  14. C. Ott, A. Kaldun, L. Argenti, P. Raith, K. Meyer, M. Laux, Y. Zhang, A. Blättermann, S. Hagstotz, T. Ding, R. Heck, J. Madroñero, F. Martín, and T. Pfeifer, “Reconstruction and control of a time-dependent two-electron wave packet,” Nature 516(7531), 374–378 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. M. Reduzzi, J. Hummert, A. Dubrouil, F. Calegari, M. Nisoli, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, S. Chen, M. Wu, M. B. Gaarde, K. Schafer, and G. Sansone, “Polarization control of absorption of virtual dressed states in helium,” Phys. Rev. A 92(3), 033408 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  16. M. Lucchini, S. A. Sato, A. Ludwig, J. Herrmann, M. Volkov, L. Kasmi, Y. Shinohara, K. Yabana, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “Attosecond dynamical Franz-Keldysh effect in polycrystalline diamond,” Science 353(6302), 916–919 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. M. B. Gaarde, C. Buth, J. L. Tate, and K. J. Schafer, “Transient absorption and reshaping of ultrafast XUV light by laser-dressed helium,” Phys. Rev. A 83(1), 013419 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  18. J. E. Bækhøj, L. Yue, and L. B. Madsen, “Nuclear-motion effects in attosecond transient-absorption spectroscopy of molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 91(4), 043408 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  19. M. Chini, X. Wang, Y. Cheng, and Z. Chang, “Resonance effects and quantum beats in attosecond transient absorption of helium,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 47(12), 124009 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  20. C. Buth and R. Santra, “Theory of x-ray absorption by laser-dressed atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 75(3), 033412 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  21. R. Santra, V. S. Yakovlev, T. Pfeifer, and Z.-H. Loh, “Theory of attosecond transient absorption spectroscopy of strong-field-generated ions,” Phys. Rev. A 83(3), 033405 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  22. S. Pabst, A. Sytcheva, A. Moulet, A. Wirth, E. Goulielmakis, and R. Santra, “Theory of attosecond transient-absorption spectroscopy of krypton for overlapping pump and probe pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 86(6), 063411 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  23. S. Chen, M. Wu, M. B. Gaarde, and K. J. Schafer, “Quantum interference in attosecond transient absorption of laser-dressed helium atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 87(3), 033408 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  24. Z. Q. Yang, D. F. Ye, T. Ding, T. Pfeifer, and L. B. Fu, “Attosecond XUV absorption spectroscopy of doubly excited states in helium atoms dressed by a time-delayed femtosecond infrared laser,” Phys. Rev. A 91(1), 013414 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  25. L. Argenti, Á. Jiménez-Galán, C. Marante, C. Ott, T. Pfeifer, and F. Martín, “Dressing effects in the attosecond transient absorption spectra of doubly excited states in helium,” Phys. Rev. A 91(6), 061403 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  26. T. Sekikawa, T. Ohno, T. Yamazaki, Y. Nabekawa, and S. Watanabe, “Pulse Compression of a High-Order Harmonic by Compensating the Atomic Dipole Phase,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(13), 2564–2567 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  27. S. Laulan, J. Haché, H. S. Ba, and S. Barmaki, “Ionization Process of Atoms by Intense Femtosecond Chirped Laser Pulses,” J. Mod. Phys. 4(10), 20–26 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  28. S. Barmaki, P. Lanteigne, and S. Laulan, “Control of two-photon double ionization of helium with intense chirped attosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 89(6), 063406 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  29. M. Chini, X. Wang, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, D. Zhao, D. A. Telnov, S.-I. Chu, and Z. Chang, “Sub-cycle Oscillations in Virtual States Brought to Light,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1105 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  30. C. Liu, Z. Zeng, R. Li, Z. Xu, and M. Nisoli, “Mapping the spectral phase of isolated attosecond pulses by extreme-ultraviolet emission spectrum,” Opt. Express 23(8), 9858–9869 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  31. C. Liu, Z. Zeng, R. Li, Z. Xu, and M. Nisoli, “Attosecond photoionization for reconstruction of bound-electron wave packets,” Phys. Rev. A 90(1), 013403 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  32. C. Liu and M. Nisoli, “Complete characterization of a coherent superposition of atomic states by asymmetric attosecond photoionization,” Phys. Rev. A 85(5), 053423 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  33. M. Wu, S. Chen, S. Camp, K. J. Schafer, and M. B. Gaarde, “Theory of Strong-field attosecond transient absorption,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 49(6), 062003 (2016).
    [Crossref]

2016 (3)

Y. Cheng, M. Chini, X. Wang, A. González-Castrillo, A. Palacios, L. Argenti, F. Martín, and Z. Chang, “Reconstruction of an excited-state molecular wave packet with attosecond transient absorption spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 94(2), 023403 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Lucchini, S. A. Sato, A. Ludwig, J. Herrmann, M. Volkov, L. Kasmi, Y. Shinohara, K. Yabana, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “Attosecond dynamical Franz-Keldysh effect in polycrystalline diamond,” Science 353(6302), 916–919 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Wu, S. Chen, S. Camp, K. J. Schafer, and M. B. Gaarde, “Theory of Strong-field attosecond transient absorption,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 49(6), 062003 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (5)

C. Liu, Z. Zeng, R. Li, Z. Xu, and M. Nisoli, “Mapping the spectral phase of isolated attosecond pulses by extreme-ultraviolet emission spectrum,” Opt. Express 23(8), 9858–9869 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. E. Bækhøj, L. Yue, and L. B. Madsen, “Nuclear-motion effects in attosecond transient-absorption spectroscopy of molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 91(4), 043408 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Q. Yang, D. F. Ye, T. Ding, T. Pfeifer, and L. B. Fu, “Attosecond XUV absorption spectroscopy of doubly excited states in helium atoms dressed by a time-delayed femtosecond infrared laser,” Phys. Rev. A 91(1), 013414 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Argenti, Á. Jiménez-Galán, C. Marante, C. Ott, T. Pfeifer, and F. Martín, “Dressing effects in the attosecond transient absorption spectra of doubly excited states in helium,” Phys. Rev. A 91(6), 061403 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Reduzzi, J. Hummert, A. Dubrouil, F. Calegari, M. Nisoli, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, S. Chen, M. Wu, M. B. Gaarde, K. Schafer, and G. Sansone, “Polarization control of absorption of virtual dressed states in helium,” Phys. Rev. A 92(3), 033408 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (6)

B. Bernhardt, A. R. Beck, X. Li, E. R. Warrick, M. J. Bell, D. J. Haxton, C. W. McCurdy, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “High-spectral-resolution attosecond absorption spectroscopy of autoionization in xenon,” Phys. Rev. A 89(2), 023408 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Ott, A. Kaldun, L. Argenti, P. Raith, K. Meyer, M. Laux, Y. Zhang, A. Blättermann, S. Hagstotz, T. Ding, R. Heck, J. Madroñero, F. Martín, and T. Pfeifer, “Reconstruction and control of a time-dependent two-electron wave packet,” Nature 516(7531), 374–378 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Schultze, K. Ramasesha, C. D. Pemmaraju, S. A. Sato, D. Whitmore, A. Gandman, J. S. Prell, L. J. Borja, D. Prendergast, K. Yabana, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Attosecond band-gap dynamics in silicon,” Science 346(6215), 1348–1352 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Chini, X. Wang, Y. Cheng, and Z. Chang, “Resonance effects and quantum beats in attosecond transient absorption of helium,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 47(12), 124009 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Barmaki, P. Lanteigne, and S. Laulan, “Control of two-photon double ionization of helium with intense chirped attosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 89(6), 063406 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Liu, Z. Zeng, R. Li, Z. Xu, and M. Nisoli, “Attosecond photoionization for reconstruction of bound-electron wave packets,” Phys. Rev. A 90(1), 013403 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (4)

M. Chini, X. Wang, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, D. Zhao, D. A. Telnov, S.-I. Chu, and Z. Chang, “Sub-cycle Oscillations in Virtual States Brought to Light,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1105 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Chen, M. Wu, M. B. Gaarde, and K. J. Schafer, “Quantum interference in attosecond transient absorption of laser-dressed helium atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 87(3), 033408 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Laulan, J. Haché, H. S. Ba, and S. Barmaki, “Ionization Process of Atoms by Intense Femtosecond Chirped Laser Pulses,” J. Mod. Phys. 4(10), 20–26 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Wang, M. Chini, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, X.-M. Tong, and Z. Chang, “Subcycle laser control and quantum interferences in attosecond photoabsorption of neon,” Phys. Rev. A 87(6), 063413 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (4)

S. Chen, M. J. Bell, A. R. Beck, H. Mashiko, M. Wu, A. N. Pfeiffer, M. B. Gaarde, D. M. Neumark, S. R. Leone, and K. J. Schafer, “Light-induced states in attosecond transient absorption spectra of laser-dressed helium,” Phys. Rev. A 86(6), 063408 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Chini, B. Zhao, H. Wang, Y. Cheng, S. X. Hu, and Z. Chang, “Subcycle ac Stark Shift of Helium Excited States Probed with Isolated Attosecond Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(7), 073601 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Pabst, A. Sytcheva, A. Moulet, A. Wirth, E. Goulielmakis, and R. Santra, “Theory of attosecond transient-absorption spectroscopy of krypton for overlapping pump and probe pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 86(6), 063411 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. Liu and M. Nisoli, “Complete characterization of a coherent superposition of atomic states by asymmetric attosecond photoionization,” Phys. Rev. A 85(5), 053423 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (3)

R. Santra, V. S. Yakovlev, T. Pfeifer, and Z.-H. Loh, “Theory of attosecond transient absorption spectroscopy of strong-field-generated ions,” Phys. Rev. A 83(3), 033405 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. B. Gaarde, C. Buth, J. L. Tate, and K. J. Schafer, “Transient absorption and reshaping of ultrafast XUV light by laser-dressed helium,” Phys. Rev. A 83(1), 013419 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Holler, F. Schapper, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “Attosecond Electron Wave-Packet Interference Observed by Transient Absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(12), 123601 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (2)

H. Wang, M. Chini, S. Chen, C.-H. Zhang, F. He, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, U. Thumm, and Z. Chang, “Attosecond Time-resolved autoionization of argon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(14), 143002 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Goulielmakis, Z. H. Loh, A. Wirth, R. Santra, N. Rohringer, V. S. Yakovlev, S. Zherebtsov, T. Pfeifer, A. M. Azzeer, M. F. Kling, S. R. Leone, and F. Krausz, “Real-time observation of valence electron motion,” Nature 466(7307), 739–743 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (3)

E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond Control and measurement: lightwave electronics,” Science 317(5839), 769–775 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z.-H. Loh, M. Khalil, R. E. Correa, R. Santra, C. Buth, and S. R. Leone, “Quantum state-resolved probing of strong-field-ionized xenon atoms using femtosecond high-order harmonic transient absorption spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(14), 143601 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Buth and R. Santra, “Theory of x-ray absorption by laser-dressed atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 75(3), 033412 (2007).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

M. Kovačev, S. V. Fomichev, E. Priori, Y. Mairesse, H. Merdji, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, J. Norin, A. Persson, A. L’Huillier, C.-G. Wahlström, B. Carré, and P. Salières, “Extreme Ultraviolet Fourier-Transform Spectroscopy with High Order Harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(22), 223903 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

H. Niikura, F. Légaré, R. Hasbani, A. D. Bandrauk, M. Y. Ivanov, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, “Sub-laser-cycle electron pulses for probing molecular dynamics,” Nature 417(6892), 917–922 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

T. Sekikawa, T. Ohno, T. Yamazaki, Y. Nabekawa, and S. Watanabe, “Pulse Compression of a High-Order Harmonic by Compensating the Atomic Dipole Phase,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(13), 2564–2567 (1999).
[Crossref]

Apolonski, A.

E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond Control and measurement: lightwave electronics,” Science 317(5839), 769–775 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Argenti, L.

Y. Cheng, M. Chini, X. Wang, A. González-Castrillo, A. Palacios, L. Argenti, F. Martín, and Z. Chang, “Reconstruction of an excited-state molecular wave packet with attosecond transient absorption spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 94(2), 023403 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Argenti, Á. Jiménez-Galán, C. Marante, C. Ott, T. Pfeifer, and F. Martín, “Dressing effects in the attosecond transient absorption spectra of doubly excited states in helium,” Phys. Rev. A 91(6), 061403 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Ott, A. Kaldun, L. Argenti, P. Raith, K. Meyer, M. Laux, Y. Zhang, A. Blättermann, S. Hagstotz, T. Ding, R. Heck, J. Madroñero, F. Martín, and T. Pfeifer, “Reconstruction and control of a time-dependent two-electron wave packet,” Nature 516(7531), 374–378 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Azzeer, A. M.

E. Goulielmakis, Z. H. Loh, A. Wirth, R. Santra, N. Rohringer, V. S. Yakovlev, S. Zherebtsov, T. Pfeifer, A. M. Azzeer, M. F. Kling, S. R. Leone, and F. Krausz, “Real-time observation of valence electron motion,” Nature 466(7307), 739–743 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ba, H. S.

S. Laulan, J. Haché, H. S. Ba, and S. Barmaki, “Ionization Process of Atoms by Intense Femtosecond Chirped Laser Pulses,” J. Mod. Phys. 4(10), 20–26 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bækhøj, J. E.

J. E. Bækhøj, L. Yue, and L. B. Madsen, “Nuclear-motion effects in attosecond transient-absorption spectroscopy of molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 91(4), 043408 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bandrauk, A. D.

H. Niikura, F. Légaré, R. Hasbani, A. D. Bandrauk, M. Y. Ivanov, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, “Sub-laser-cycle electron pulses for probing molecular dynamics,” Nature 417(6892), 917–922 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Barmaki, S.

S. Barmaki, P. Lanteigne, and S. Laulan, “Control of two-photon double ionization of helium with intense chirped attosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 89(6), 063406 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Laulan, J. Haché, H. S. Ba, and S. Barmaki, “Ionization Process of Atoms by Intense Femtosecond Chirped Laser Pulses,” J. Mod. Phys. 4(10), 20–26 (2013).
[Crossref]

Beck, A. R.

B. Bernhardt, A. R. Beck, X. Li, E. R. Warrick, M. J. Bell, D. J. Haxton, C. W. McCurdy, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “High-spectral-resolution attosecond absorption spectroscopy of autoionization in xenon,” Phys. Rev. A 89(2), 023408 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Chen, M. J. Bell, A. R. Beck, H. Mashiko, M. Wu, A. N. Pfeiffer, M. B. Gaarde, D. M. Neumark, S. R. Leone, and K. J. Schafer, “Light-induced states in attosecond transient absorption spectra of laser-dressed helium,” Phys. Rev. A 86(6), 063408 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bell, M. J.

B. Bernhardt, A. R. Beck, X. Li, E. R. Warrick, M. J. Bell, D. J. Haxton, C. W. McCurdy, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “High-spectral-resolution attosecond absorption spectroscopy of autoionization in xenon,” Phys. Rev. A 89(2), 023408 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Chen, M. J. Bell, A. R. Beck, H. Mashiko, M. Wu, A. N. Pfeiffer, M. B. Gaarde, D. M. Neumark, S. R. Leone, and K. J. Schafer, “Light-induced states in attosecond transient absorption spectra of laser-dressed helium,” Phys. Rev. A 86(6), 063408 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bernhardt, B.

B. Bernhardt, A. R. Beck, X. Li, E. R. Warrick, M. J. Bell, D. J. Haxton, C. W. McCurdy, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “High-spectral-resolution attosecond absorption spectroscopy of autoionization in xenon,” Phys. Rev. A 89(2), 023408 (2014).
[Crossref]

Blättermann, A.

C. Ott, A. Kaldun, L. Argenti, P. Raith, K. Meyer, M. Laux, Y. Zhang, A. Blättermann, S. Hagstotz, T. Ding, R. Heck, J. Madroñero, F. Martín, and T. Pfeifer, “Reconstruction and control of a time-dependent two-electron wave packet,” Nature 516(7531), 374–378 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Borja, L. J.

M. Schultze, K. Ramasesha, C. D. Pemmaraju, S. A. Sato, D. Whitmore, A. Gandman, J. S. Prell, L. J. Borja, D. Prendergast, K. Yabana, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Attosecond band-gap dynamics in silicon,” Science 346(6215), 1348–1352 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Breger, P.

M. Kovačev, S. V. Fomichev, E. Priori, Y. Mairesse, H. Merdji, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, J. Norin, A. Persson, A. L’Huillier, C.-G. Wahlström, B. Carré, and P. Salières, “Extreme Ultraviolet Fourier-Transform Spectroscopy with High Order Harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(22), 223903 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Buth, C.

M. B. Gaarde, C. Buth, J. L. Tate, and K. J. Schafer, “Transient absorption and reshaping of ultrafast XUV light by laser-dressed helium,” Phys. Rev. A 83(1), 013419 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Buth and R. Santra, “Theory of x-ray absorption by laser-dressed atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 75(3), 033412 (2007).
[Crossref]

Z.-H. Loh, M. Khalil, R. E. Correa, R. Santra, C. Buth, and S. R. Leone, “Quantum state-resolved probing of strong-field-ionized xenon atoms using femtosecond high-order harmonic transient absorption spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(14), 143601 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Calegari, F.

M. Reduzzi, J. Hummert, A. Dubrouil, F. Calegari, M. Nisoli, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, S. Chen, M. Wu, M. B. Gaarde, K. Schafer, and G. Sansone, “Polarization control of absorption of virtual dressed states in helium,” Phys. Rev. A 92(3), 033408 (2015).
[Crossref]

Camp, S.

M. Wu, S. Chen, S. Camp, K. J. Schafer, and M. B. Gaarde, “Theory of Strong-field attosecond transient absorption,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 49(6), 062003 (2016).
[Crossref]

Carré, B.

M. Kovačev, S. V. Fomichev, E. Priori, Y. Mairesse, H. Merdji, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, J. Norin, A. Persson, A. L’Huillier, C.-G. Wahlström, B. Carré, and P. Salières, “Extreme Ultraviolet Fourier-Transform Spectroscopy with High Order Harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(22), 223903 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cavalieri, A. L.

E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond Control and measurement: lightwave electronics,” Science 317(5839), 769–775 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chang, Z.

Y. Cheng, M. Chini, X. Wang, A. González-Castrillo, A. Palacios, L. Argenti, F. Martín, and Z. Chang, “Reconstruction of an excited-state molecular wave packet with attosecond transient absorption spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 94(2), 023403 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Chini, X. Wang, Y. Cheng, and Z. Chang, “Resonance effects and quantum beats in attosecond transient absorption of helium,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 47(12), 124009 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Chini, X. Wang, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, D. Zhao, D. A. Telnov, S.-I. Chu, and Z. Chang, “Sub-cycle Oscillations in Virtual States Brought to Light,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1105 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Wang, M. Chini, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, X.-M. Tong, and Z. Chang, “Subcycle laser control and quantum interferences in attosecond photoabsorption of neon,” Phys. Rev. A 87(6), 063413 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Chini, B. Zhao, H. Wang, Y. Cheng, S. X. Hu, and Z. Chang, “Subcycle ac Stark Shift of Helium Excited States Probed with Isolated Attosecond Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(7), 073601 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Wang, M. Chini, S. Chen, C.-H. Zhang, F. He, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, U. Thumm, and Z. Chang, “Attosecond Time-resolved autoionization of argon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(14), 143002 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, S.

M. Wu, S. Chen, S. Camp, K. J. Schafer, and M. B. Gaarde, “Theory of Strong-field attosecond transient absorption,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 49(6), 062003 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Reduzzi, J. Hummert, A. Dubrouil, F. Calegari, M. Nisoli, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, S. Chen, M. Wu, M. B. Gaarde, K. Schafer, and G. Sansone, “Polarization control of absorption of virtual dressed states in helium,” Phys. Rev. A 92(3), 033408 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Chen, M. Wu, M. B. Gaarde, and K. J. Schafer, “Quantum interference in attosecond transient absorption of laser-dressed helium atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 87(3), 033408 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Chen, M. J. Bell, A. R. Beck, H. Mashiko, M. Wu, A. N. Pfeiffer, M. B. Gaarde, D. M. Neumark, S. R. Leone, and K. J. Schafer, “Light-induced states in attosecond transient absorption spectra of laser-dressed helium,” Phys. Rev. A 86(6), 063408 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Wang, M. Chini, S. Chen, C.-H. Zhang, F. He, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, U. Thumm, and Z. Chang, “Attosecond Time-resolved autoionization of argon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(14), 143002 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cheng, Y.

Y. Cheng, M. Chini, X. Wang, A. González-Castrillo, A. Palacios, L. Argenti, F. Martín, and Z. Chang, “Reconstruction of an excited-state molecular wave packet with attosecond transient absorption spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 94(2), 023403 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Chini, X. Wang, Y. Cheng, and Z. Chang, “Resonance effects and quantum beats in attosecond transient absorption of helium,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 47(12), 124009 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Chini, X. Wang, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, D. Zhao, D. A. Telnov, S.-I. Chu, and Z. Chang, “Sub-cycle Oscillations in Virtual States Brought to Light,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1105 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Wang, M. Chini, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, X.-M. Tong, and Z. Chang, “Subcycle laser control and quantum interferences in attosecond photoabsorption of neon,” Phys. Rev. A 87(6), 063413 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Chini, B. Zhao, H. Wang, Y. Cheng, S. X. Hu, and Z. Chang, “Subcycle ac Stark Shift of Helium Excited States Probed with Isolated Attosecond Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(7), 073601 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Wang, M. Chini, S. Chen, C.-H. Zhang, F. He, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, U. Thumm, and Z. Chang, “Attosecond Time-resolved autoionization of argon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(14), 143002 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chini, M.

Y. Cheng, M. Chini, X. Wang, A. González-Castrillo, A. Palacios, L. Argenti, F. Martín, and Z. Chang, “Reconstruction of an excited-state molecular wave packet with attosecond transient absorption spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 94(2), 023403 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Chini, X. Wang, Y. Cheng, and Z. Chang, “Resonance effects and quantum beats in attosecond transient absorption of helium,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 47(12), 124009 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Chini, X. Wang, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, D. Zhao, D. A. Telnov, S.-I. Chu, and Z. Chang, “Sub-cycle Oscillations in Virtual States Brought to Light,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1105 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Wang, M. Chini, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, X.-M. Tong, and Z. Chang, “Subcycle laser control and quantum interferences in attosecond photoabsorption of neon,” Phys. Rev. A 87(6), 063413 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Chini, B. Zhao, H. Wang, Y. Cheng, S. X. Hu, and Z. Chang, “Subcycle ac Stark Shift of Helium Excited States Probed with Isolated Attosecond Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(7), 073601 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Wang, M. Chini, S. Chen, C.-H. Zhang, F. He, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, U. Thumm, and Z. Chang, “Attosecond Time-resolved autoionization of argon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(14), 143002 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chu, S.-I.

M. Chini, X. Wang, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, D. Zhao, D. A. Telnov, S.-I. Chu, and Z. Chang, “Sub-cycle Oscillations in Virtual States Brought to Light,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Corkum, P. B.

H. Niikura, F. Légaré, R. Hasbani, A. D. Bandrauk, M. Y. Ivanov, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, “Sub-laser-cycle electron pulses for probing molecular dynamics,” Nature 417(6892), 917–922 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Correa, R. E.

Z.-H. Loh, M. Khalil, R. E. Correa, R. Santra, C. Buth, and S. R. Leone, “Quantum state-resolved probing of strong-field-ionized xenon atoms using femtosecond high-order harmonic transient absorption spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(14), 143601 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ding, T.

Z. Q. Yang, D. F. Ye, T. Ding, T. Pfeifer, and L. B. Fu, “Attosecond XUV absorption spectroscopy of doubly excited states in helium atoms dressed by a time-delayed femtosecond infrared laser,” Phys. Rev. A 91(1), 013414 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Ott, A. Kaldun, L. Argenti, P. Raith, K. Meyer, M. Laux, Y. Zhang, A. Blättermann, S. Hagstotz, T. Ding, R. Heck, J. Madroñero, F. Martín, and T. Pfeifer, “Reconstruction and control of a time-dependent two-electron wave packet,” Nature 516(7531), 374–378 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dubrouil, A.

M. Reduzzi, J. Hummert, A. Dubrouil, F. Calegari, M. Nisoli, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, S. Chen, M. Wu, M. B. Gaarde, K. Schafer, and G. Sansone, “Polarization control of absorption of virtual dressed states in helium,” Phys. Rev. A 92(3), 033408 (2015).
[Crossref]

Fomichev, S. V.

M. Kovačev, S. V. Fomichev, E. Priori, Y. Mairesse, H. Merdji, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, J. Norin, A. Persson, A. L’Huillier, C.-G. Wahlström, B. Carré, and P. Salières, “Extreme Ultraviolet Fourier-Transform Spectroscopy with High Order Harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(22), 223903 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Frassetto, F.

M. Reduzzi, J. Hummert, A. Dubrouil, F. Calegari, M. Nisoli, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, S. Chen, M. Wu, M. B. Gaarde, K. Schafer, and G. Sansone, “Polarization control of absorption of virtual dressed states in helium,” Phys. Rev. A 92(3), 033408 (2015).
[Crossref]

Fu, L. B.

Z. Q. Yang, D. F. Ye, T. Ding, T. Pfeifer, and L. B. Fu, “Attosecond XUV absorption spectroscopy of doubly excited states in helium atoms dressed by a time-delayed femtosecond infrared laser,” Phys. Rev. A 91(1), 013414 (2015).
[Crossref]

Gaarde, M. B.

M. Wu, S. Chen, S. Camp, K. J. Schafer, and M. B. Gaarde, “Theory of Strong-field attosecond transient absorption,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 49(6), 062003 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Reduzzi, J. Hummert, A. Dubrouil, F. Calegari, M. Nisoli, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, S. Chen, M. Wu, M. B. Gaarde, K. Schafer, and G. Sansone, “Polarization control of absorption of virtual dressed states in helium,” Phys. Rev. A 92(3), 033408 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Chen, M. Wu, M. B. Gaarde, and K. J. Schafer, “Quantum interference in attosecond transient absorption of laser-dressed helium atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 87(3), 033408 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Chen, M. J. Bell, A. R. Beck, H. Mashiko, M. Wu, A. N. Pfeiffer, M. B. Gaarde, D. M. Neumark, S. R. Leone, and K. J. Schafer, “Light-induced states in attosecond transient absorption spectra of laser-dressed helium,” Phys. Rev. A 86(6), 063408 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. B. Gaarde, C. Buth, J. L. Tate, and K. J. Schafer, “Transient absorption and reshaping of ultrafast XUV light by laser-dressed helium,” Phys. Rev. A 83(1), 013419 (2011).
[Crossref]

Gallmann, L.

M. Lucchini, S. A. Sato, A. Ludwig, J. Herrmann, M. Volkov, L. Kasmi, Y. Shinohara, K. Yabana, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “Attosecond dynamical Franz-Keldysh effect in polycrystalline diamond,” Science 353(6302), 916–919 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Holler, F. Schapper, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “Attosecond Electron Wave-Packet Interference Observed by Transient Absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(12), 123601 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gandman, A.

M. Schultze, K. Ramasesha, C. D. Pemmaraju, S. A. Sato, D. Whitmore, A. Gandman, J. S. Prell, L. J. Borja, D. Prendergast, K. Yabana, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Attosecond band-gap dynamics in silicon,” Science 346(6215), 1348–1352 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

González-Castrillo, A.

Y. Cheng, M. Chini, X. Wang, A. González-Castrillo, A. Palacios, L. Argenti, F. Martín, and Z. Chang, “Reconstruction of an excited-state molecular wave packet with attosecond transient absorption spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 94(2), 023403 (2016).
[Crossref]

Goulielmakis, E.

S. Pabst, A. Sytcheva, A. Moulet, A. Wirth, E. Goulielmakis, and R. Santra, “Theory of attosecond transient-absorption spectroscopy of krypton for overlapping pump and probe pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 86(6), 063411 (2012).
[Crossref]

E. Goulielmakis, Z. H. Loh, A. Wirth, R. Santra, N. Rohringer, V. S. Yakovlev, S. Zherebtsov, T. Pfeifer, A. M. Azzeer, M. F. Kling, S. R. Leone, and F. Krausz, “Real-time observation of valence electron motion,” Nature 466(7307), 739–743 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond Control and measurement: lightwave electronics,” Science 317(5839), 769–775 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Haché, J.

S. Laulan, J. Haché, H. S. Ba, and S. Barmaki, “Ionization Process of Atoms by Intense Femtosecond Chirped Laser Pulses,” J. Mod. Phys. 4(10), 20–26 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hagstotz, S.

C. Ott, A. Kaldun, L. Argenti, P. Raith, K. Meyer, M. Laux, Y. Zhang, A. Blättermann, S. Hagstotz, T. Ding, R. Heck, J. Madroñero, F. Martín, and T. Pfeifer, “Reconstruction and control of a time-dependent two-electron wave packet,” Nature 516(7531), 374–378 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hasbani, R.

H. Niikura, F. Légaré, R. Hasbani, A. D. Bandrauk, M. Y. Ivanov, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, “Sub-laser-cycle electron pulses for probing molecular dynamics,” Nature 417(6892), 917–922 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Haxton, D. J.

B. Bernhardt, A. R. Beck, X. Li, E. R. Warrick, M. J. Bell, D. J. Haxton, C. W. McCurdy, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “High-spectral-resolution attosecond absorption spectroscopy of autoionization in xenon,” Phys. Rev. A 89(2), 023408 (2014).
[Crossref]

He, F.

H. Wang, M. Chini, S. Chen, C.-H. Zhang, F. He, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, U. Thumm, and Z. Chang, “Attosecond Time-resolved autoionization of argon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(14), 143002 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Heck, R.

C. Ott, A. Kaldun, L. Argenti, P. Raith, K. Meyer, M. Laux, Y. Zhang, A. Blättermann, S. Hagstotz, T. Ding, R. Heck, J. Madroñero, F. Martín, and T. Pfeifer, “Reconstruction and control of a time-dependent two-electron wave packet,” Nature 516(7531), 374–378 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Herrmann, J.

M. Lucchini, S. A. Sato, A. Ludwig, J. Herrmann, M. Volkov, L. Kasmi, Y. Shinohara, K. Yabana, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “Attosecond dynamical Franz-Keldysh effect in polycrystalline diamond,” Science 353(6302), 916–919 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Holler, M.

M. Holler, F. Schapper, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “Attosecond Electron Wave-Packet Interference Observed by Transient Absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(12), 123601 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hu, S. X.

M. Chini, B. Zhao, H. Wang, Y. Cheng, S. X. Hu, and Z. Chang, “Subcycle ac Stark Shift of Helium Excited States Probed with Isolated Attosecond Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(7), 073601 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hummert, J.

M. Reduzzi, J. Hummert, A. Dubrouil, F. Calegari, M. Nisoli, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, S. Chen, M. Wu, M. B. Gaarde, K. Schafer, and G. Sansone, “Polarization control of absorption of virtual dressed states in helium,” Phys. Rev. A 92(3), 033408 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ivanov, M. Y.

H. Niikura, F. Légaré, R. Hasbani, A. D. Bandrauk, M. Y. Ivanov, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, “Sub-laser-cycle electron pulses for probing molecular dynamics,” Nature 417(6892), 917–922 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jiménez-Galán, Á.

L. Argenti, Á. Jiménez-Galán, C. Marante, C. Ott, T. Pfeifer, and F. Martín, “Dressing effects in the attosecond transient absorption spectra of doubly excited states in helium,” Phys. Rev. A 91(6), 061403 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kaldun, A.

C. Ott, A. Kaldun, L. Argenti, P. Raith, K. Meyer, M. Laux, Y. Zhang, A. Blättermann, S. Hagstotz, T. Ding, R. Heck, J. Madroñero, F. Martín, and T. Pfeifer, “Reconstruction and control of a time-dependent two-electron wave packet,” Nature 516(7531), 374–378 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kasmi, L.

M. Lucchini, S. A. Sato, A. Ludwig, J. Herrmann, M. Volkov, L. Kasmi, Y. Shinohara, K. Yabana, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “Attosecond dynamical Franz-Keldysh effect in polycrystalline diamond,” Science 353(6302), 916–919 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Keller, U.

M. Lucchini, S. A. Sato, A. Ludwig, J. Herrmann, M. Volkov, L. Kasmi, Y. Shinohara, K. Yabana, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “Attosecond dynamical Franz-Keldysh effect in polycrystalline diamond,” Science 353(6302), 916–919 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Holler, F. Schapper, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “Attosecond Electron Wave-Packet Interference Observed by Transient Absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(12), 123601 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Khalil, M.

Z.-H. Loh, M. Khalil, R. E. Correa, R. Santra, C. Buth, and S. R. Leone, “Quantum state-resolved probing of strong-field-ionized xenon atoms using femtosecond high-order harmonic transient absorption spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(14), 143601 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kienberger, R.

E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond Control and measurement: lightwave electronics,” Science 317(5839), 769–775 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kleineberg, U.

E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond Control and measurement: lightwave electronics,” Science 317(5839), 769–775 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kling, M. F.

E. Goulielmakis, Z. H. Loh, A. Wirth, R. Santra, N. Rohringer, V. S. Yakovlev, S. Zherebtsov, T. Pfeifer, A. M. Azzeer, M. F. Kling, S. R. Leone, and F. Krausz, “Real-time observation of valence electron motion,” Nature 466(7307), 739–743 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kovacev, M.

M. Kovačev, S. V. Fomichev, E. Priori, Y. Mairesse, H. Merdji, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, J. Norin, A. Persson, A. L’Huillier, C.-G. Wahlström, B. Carré, and P. Salières, “Extreme Ultraviolet Fourier-Transform Spectroscopy with High Order Harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(22), 223903 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Krausz, F.

E. Goulielmakis, Z. H. Loh, A. Wirth, R. Santra, N. Rohringer, V. S. Yakovlev, S. Zherebtsov, T. Pfeifer, A. M. Azzeer, M. F. Kling, S. R. Leone, and F. Krausz, “Real-time observation of valence electron motion,” Nature 466(7307), 739–743 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond Control and measurement: lightwave electronics,” Science 317(5839), 769–775 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L’Huillier, A.

M. Kovačev, S. V. Fomichev, E. Priori, Y. Mairesse, H. Merdji, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, J. Norin, A. Persson, A. L’Huillier, C.-G. Wahlström, B. Carré, and P. Salières, “Extreme Ultraviolet Fourier-Transform Spectroscopy with High Order Harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(22), 223903 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lanteigne, P.

S. Barmaki, P. Lanteigne, and S. Laulan, “Control of two-photon double ionization of helium with intense chirped attosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 89(6), 063406 (2014).
[Crossref]

Laulan, S.

S. Barmaki, P. Lanteigne, and S. Laulan, “Control of two-photon double ionization of helium with intense chirped attosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 89(6), 063406 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Laulan, J. Haché, H. S. Ba, and S. Barmaki, “Ionization Process of Atoms by Intense Femtosecond Chirped Laser Pulses,” J. Mod. Phys. 4(10), 20–26 (2013).
[Crossref]

Laux, M.

C. Ott, A. Kaldun, L. Argenti, P. Raith, K. Meyer, M. Laux, Y. Zhang, A. Blättermann, S. Hagstotz, T. Ding, R. Heck, J. Madroñero, F. Martín, and T. Pfeifer, “Reconstruction and control of a time-dependent two-electron wave packet,” Nature 516(7531), 374–378 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Légaré, F.

H. Niikura, F. Légaré, R. Hasbani, A. D. Bandrauk, M. Y. Ivanov, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, “Sub-laser-cycle electron pulses for probing molecular dynamics,” Nature 417(6892), 917–922 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Leone, S. R.

B. Bernhardt, A. R. Beck, X. Li, E. R. Warrick, M. J. Bell, D. J. Haxton, C. W. McCurdy, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “High-spectral-resolution attosecond absorption spectroscopy of autoionization in xenon,” Phys. Rev. A 89(2), 023408 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Schultze, K. Ramasesha, C. D. Pemmaraju, S. A. Sato, D. Whitmore, A. Gandman, J. S. Prell, L. J. Borja, D. Prendergast, K. Yabana, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Attosecond band-gap dynamics in silicon,” Science 346(6215), 1348–1352 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Chen, M. J. Bell, A. R. Beck, H. Mashiko, M. Wu, A. N. Pfeiffer, M. B. Gaarde, D. M. Neumark, S. R. Leone, and K. J. Schafer, “Light-induced states in attosecond transient absorption spectra of laser-dressed helium,” Phys. Rev. A 86(6), 063408 (2012).
[Crossref]

E. Goulielmakis, Z. H. Loh, A. Wirth, R. Santra, N. Rohringer, V. S. Yakovlev, S. Zherebtsov, T. Pfeifer, A. M. Azzeer, M. F. Kling, S. R. Leone, and F. Krausz, “Real-time observation of valence electron motion,” Nature 466(7307), 739–743 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z.-H. Loh, M. Khalil, R. E. Correa, R. Santra, C. Buth, and S. R. Leone, “Quantum state-resolved probing of strong-field-ionized xenon atoms using femtosecond high-order harmonic transient absorption spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(14), 143601 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, R.

C. Liu, Z. Zeng, R. Li, Z. Xu, and M. Nisoli, “Mapping the spectral phase of isolated attosecond pulses by extreme-ultraviolet emission spectrum,” Opt. Express 23(8), 9858–9869 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Liu, Z. Zeng, R. Li, Z. Xu, and M. Nisoli, “Attosecond photoionization for reconstruction of bound-electron wave packets,” Phys. Rev. A 90(1), 013403 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, X.

B. Bernhardt, A. R. Beck, X. Li, E. R. Warrick, M. J. Bell, D. J. Haxton, C. W. McCurdy, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “High-spectral-resolution attosecond absorption spectroscopy of autoionization in xenon,” Phys. Rev. A 89(2), 023408 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, C.

C. Liu, Z. Zeng, R. Li, Z. Xu, and M. Nisoli, “Mapping the spectral phase of isolated attosecond pulses by extreme-ultraviolet emission spectrum,” Opt. Express 23(8), 9858–9869 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Liu, Z. Zeng, R. Li, Z. Xu, and M. Nisoli, “Attosecond photoionization for reconstruction of bound-electron wave packets,” Phys. Rev. A 90(1), 013403 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Liu and M. Nisoli, “Complete characterization of a coherent superposition of atomic states by asymmetric attosecond photoionization,” Phys. Rev. A 85(5), 053423 (2012).
[Crossref]

Loh, Z. H.

E. Goulielmakis, Z. H. Loh, A. Wirth, R. Santra, N. Rohringer, V. S. Yakovlev, S. Zherebtsov, T. Pfeifer, A. M. Azzeer, M. F. Kling, S. R. Leone, and F. Krausz, “Real-time observation of valence electron motion,” Nature 466(7307), 739–743 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Loh, Z.-H.

R. Santra, V. S. Yakovlev, T. Pfeifer, and Z.-H. Loh, “Theory of attosecond transient absorption spectroscopy of strong-field-generated ions,” Phys. Rev. A 83(3), 033405 (2011).
[Crossref]

Z.-H. Loh, M. Khalil, R. E. Correa, R. Santra, C. Buth, and S. R. Leone, “Quantum state-resolved probing of strong-field-ionized xenon atoms using femtosecond high-order harmonic transient absorption spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(14), 143601 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lucchini, M.

M. Lucchini, S. A. Sato, A. Ludwig, J. Herrmann, M. Volkov, L. Kasmi, Y. Shinohara, K. Yabana, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “Attosecond dynamical Franz-Keldysh effect in polycrystalline diamond,” Science 353(6302), 916–919 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ludwig, A.

M. Lucchini, S. A. Sato, A. Ludwig, J. Herrmann, M. Volkov, L. Kasmi, Y. Shinohara, K. Yabana, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “Attosecond dynamical Franz-Keldysh effect in polycrystalline diamond,” Science 353(6302), 916–919 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Madroñero, J.

C. Ott, A. Kaldun, L. Argenti, P. Raith, K. Meyer, M. Laux, Y. Zhang, A. Blättermann, S. Hagstotz, T. Ding, R. Heck, J. Madroñero, F. Martín, and T. Pfeifer, “Reconstruction and control of a time-dependent two-electron wave packet,” Nature 516(7531), 374–378 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Madsen, L. B.

J. E. Bækhøj, L. Yue, and L. B. Madsen, “Nuclear-motion effects in attosecond transient-absorption spectroscopy of molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 91(4), 043408 (2015).
[Crossref]

Mairesse, Y.

M. Kovačev, S. V. Fomichev, E. Priori, Y. Mairesse, H. Merdji, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, J. Norin, A. Persson, A. L’Huillier, C.-G. Wahlström, B. Carré, and P. Salières, “Extreme Ultraviolet Fourier-Transform Spectroscopy with High Order Harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(22), 223903 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Marante, C.

L. Argenti, Á. Jiménez-Galán, C. Marante, C. Ott, T. Pfeifer, and F. Martín, “Dressing effects in the attosecond transient absorption spectra of doubly excited states in helium,” Phys. Rev. A 91(6), 061403 (2015).
[Crossref]

Martín, F.

Y. Cheng, M. Chini, X. Wang, A. González-Castrillo, A. Palacios, L. Argenti, F. Martín, and Z. Chang, “Reconstruction of an excited-state molecular wave packet with attosecond transient absorption spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 94(2), 023403 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Argenti, Á. Jiménez-Galán, C. Marante, C. Ott, T. Pfeifer, and F. Martín, “Dressing effects in the attosecond transient absorption spectra of doubly excited states in helium,” Phys. Rev. A 91(6), 061403 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Ott, A. Kaldun, L. Argenti, P. Raith, K. Meyer, M. Laux, Y. Zhang, A. Blättermann, S. Hagstotz, T. Ding, R. Heck, J. Madroñero, F. Martín, and T. Pfeifer, “Reconstruction and control of a time-dependent two-electron wave packet,” Nature 516(7531), 374–378 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mashiko, H.

S. Chen, M. J. Bell, A. R. Beck, H. Mashiko, M. Wu, A. N. Pfeiffer, M. B. Gaarde, D. M. Neumark, S. R. Leone, and K. J. Schafer, “Light-induced states in attosecond transient absorption spectra of laser-dressed helium,” Phys. Rev. A 86(6), 063408 (2012).
[Crossref]

McCurdy, C. W.

B. Bernhardt, A. R. Beck, X. Li, E. R. Warrick, M. J. Bell, D. J. Haxton, C. W. McCurdy, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “High-spectral-resolution attosecond absorption spectroscopy of autoionization in xenon,” Phys. Rev. A 89(2), 023408 (2014).
[Crossref]

Merdji, H.

M. Kovačev, S. V. Fomichev, E. Priori, Y. Mairesse, H. Merdji, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, J. Norin, A. Persson, A. L’Huillier, C.-G. Wahlström, B. Carré, and P. Salières, “Extreme Ultraviolet Fourier-Transform Spectroscopy with High Order Harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(22), 223903 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Meyer, K.

C. Ott, A. Kaldun, L. Argenti, P. Raith, K. Meyer, M. Laux, Y. Zhang, A. Blättermann, S. Hagstotz, T. Ding, R. Heck, J. Madroñero, F. Martín, and T. Pfeifer, “Reconstruction and control of a time-dependent two-electron wave packet,” Nature 516(7531), 374–378 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Monchicourt, P.

M. Kovačev, S. V. Fomichev, E. Priori, Y. Mairesse, H. Merdji, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, J. Norin, A. Persson, A. L’Huillier, C.-G. Wahlström, B. Carré, and P. Salières, “Extreme Ultraviolet Fourier-Transform Spectroscopy with High Order Harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(22), 223903 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Moulet, A.

S. Pabst, A. Sytcheva, A. Moulet, A. Wirth, E. Goulielmakis, and R. Santra, “Theory of attosecond transient-absorption spectroscopy of krypton for overlapping pump and probe pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 86(6), 063411 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nabekawa, Y.

T. Sekikawa, T. Ohno, T. Yamazaki, Y. Nabekawa, and S. Watanabe, “Pulse Compression of a High-Order Harmonic by Compensating the Atomic Dipole Phase,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(13), 2564–2567 (1999).
[Crossref]

Neumark, D. M.

B. Bernhardt, A. R. Beck, X. Li, E. R. Warrick, M. J. Bell, D. J. Haxton, C. W. McCurdy, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “High-spectral-resolution attosecond absorption spectroscopy of autoionization in xenon,” Phys. Rev. A 89(2), 023408 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Schultze, K. Ramasesha, C. D. Pemmaraju, S. A. Sato, D. Whitmore, A. Gandman, J. S. Prell, L. J. Borja, D. Prendergast, K. Yabana, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Attosecond band-gap dynamics in silicon,” Science 346(6215), 1348–1352 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Chen, M. J. Bell, A. R. Beck, H. Mashiko, M. Wu, A. N. Pfeiffer, M. B. Gaarde, D. M. Neumark, S. R. Leone, and K. J. Schafer, “Light-induced states in attosecond transient absorption spectra of laser-dressed helium,” Phys. Rev. A 86(6), 063408 (2012).
[Crossref]

Niikura, H.

H. Niikura, F. Légaré, R. Hasbani, A. D. Bandrauk, M. Y. Ivanov, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, “Sub-laser-cycle electron pulses for probing molecular dynamics,” Nature 417(6892), 917–922 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nisoli, M.

M. Reduzzi, J. Hummert, A. Dubrouil, F. Calegari, M. Nisoli, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, S. Chen, M. Wu, M. B. Gaarde, K. Schafer, and G. Sansone, “Polarization control of absorption of virtual dressed states in helium,” Phys. Rev. A 92(3), 033408 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Liu, Z. Zeng, R. Li, Z. Xu, and M. Nisoli, “Mapping the spectral phase of isolated attosecond pulses by extreme-ultraviolet emission spectrum,” Opt. Express 23(8), 9858–9869 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Liu, Z. Zeng, R. Li, Z. Xu, and M. Nisoli, “Attosecond photoionization for reconstruction of bound-electron wave packets,” Phys. Rev. A 90(1), 013403 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Liu and M. Nisoli, “Complete characterization of a coherent superposition of atomic states by asymmetric attosecond photoionization,” Phys. Rev. A 85(5), 053423 (2012).
[Crossref]

Norin, J.

M. Kovačev, S. V. Fomichev, E. Priori, Y. Mairesse, H. Merdji, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, J. Norin, A. Persson, A. L’Huillier, C.-G. Wahlström, B. Carré, and P. Salières, “Extreme Ultraviolet Fourier-Transform Spectroscopy with High Order Harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(22), 223903 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ohno, T.

T. Sekikawa, T. Ohno, T. Yamazaki, Y. Nabekawa, and S. Watanabe, “Pulse Compression of a High-Order Harmonic by Compensating the Atomic Dipole Phase,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(13), 2564–2567 (1999).
[Crossref]

Ott, C.

L. Argenti, Á. Jiménez-Galán, C. Marante, C. Ott, T. Pfeifer, and F. Martín, “Dressing effects in the attosecond transient absorption spectra of doubly excited states in helium,” Phys. Rev. A 91(6), 061403 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Ott, A. Kaldun, L. Argenti, P. Raith, K. Meyer, M. Laux, Y. Zhang, A. Blättermann, S. Hagstotz, T. Ding, R. Heck, J. Madroñero, F. Martín, and T. Pfeifer, “Reconstruction and control of a time-dependent two-electron wave packet,” Nature 516(7531), 374–378 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pabst, S.

S. Pabst, A. Sytcheva, A. Moulet, A. Wirth, E. Goulielmakis, and R. Santra, “Theory of attosecond transient-absorption spectroscopy of krypton for overlapping pump and probe pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 86(6), 063411 (2012).
[Crossref]

Palacios, A.

Y. Cheng, M. Chini, X. Wang, A. González-Castrillo, A. Palacios, L. Argenti, F. Martín, and Z. Chang, “Reconstruction of an excited-state molecular wave packet with attosecond transient absorption spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 94(2), 023403 (2016).
[Crossref]

Pemmaraju, C. D.

M. Schultze, K. Ramasesha, C. D. Pemmaraju, S. A. Sato, D. Whitmore, A. Gandman, J. S. Prell, L. J. Borja, D. Prendergast, K. Yabana, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Attosecond band-gap dynamics in silicon,” Science 346(6215), 1348–1352 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Persson, A.

M. Kovačev, S. V. Fomichev, E. Priori, Y. Mairesse, H. Merdji, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, J. Norin, A. Persson, A. L’Huillier, C.-G. Wahlström, B. Carré, and P. Salières, “Extreme Ultraviolet Fourier-Transform Spectroscopy with High Order Harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(22), 223903 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pervak, V.

E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond Control and measurement: lightwave electronics,” Science 317(5839), 769–775 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pfeifer, T.

L. Argenti, Á. Jiménez-Galán, C. Marante, C. Ott, T. Pfeifer, and F. Martín, “Dressing effects in the attosecond transient absorption spectra of doubly excited states in helium,” Phys. Rev. A 91(6), 061403 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Q. Yang, D. F. Ye, T. Ding, T. Pfeifer, and L. B. Fu, “Attosecond XUV absorption spectroscopy of doubly excited states in helium atoms dressed by a time-delayed femtosecond infrared laser,” Phys. Rev. A 91(1), 013414 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Ott, A. Kaldun, L. Argenti, P. Raith, K. Meyer, M. Laux, Y. Zhang, A. Blättermann, S. Hagstotz, T. Ding, R. Heck, J. Madroñero, F. Martín, and T. Pfeifer, “Reconstruction and control of a time-dependent two-electron wave packet,” Nature 516(7531), 374–378 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Santra, V. S. Yakovlev, T. Pfeifer, and Z.-H. Loh, “Theory of attosecond transient absorption spectroscopy of strong-field-generated ions,” Phys. Rev. A 83(3), 033405 (2011).
[Crossref]

E. Goulielmakis, Z. H. Loh, A. Wirth, R. Santra, N. Rohringer, V. S. Yakovlev, S. Zherebtsov, T. Pfeifer, A. M. Azzeer, M. F. Kling, S. R. Leone, and F. Krausz, “Real-time observation of valence electron motion,” Nature 466(7307), 739–743 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pfeiffer, A. N.

S. Chen, M. J. Bell, A. R. Beck, H. Mashiko, M. Wu, A. N. Pfeiffer, M. B. Gaarde, D. M. Neumark, S. R. Leone, and K. J. Schafer, “Light-induced states in attosecond transient absorption spectra of laser-dressed helium,” Phys. Rev. A 86(6), 063408 (2012).
[Crossref]

Poletto, L.

M. Reduzzi, J. Hummert, A. Dubrouil, F. Calegari, M. Nisoli, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, S. Chen, M. Wu, M. B. Gaarde, K. Schafer, and G. Sansone, “Polarization control of absorption of virtual dressed states in helium,” Phys. Rev. A 92(3), 033408 (2015).
[Crossref]

Prell, J. S.

M. Schultze, K. Ramasesha, C. D. Pemmaraju, S. A. Sato, D. Whitmore, A. Gandman, J. S. Prell, L. J. Borja, D. Prendergast, K. Yabana, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Attosecond band-gap dynamics in silicon,” Science 346(6215), 1348–1352 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Prendergast, D.

M. Schultze, K. Ramasesha, C. D. Pemmaraju, S. A. Sato, D. Whitmore, A. Gandman, J. S. Prell, L. J. Borja, D. Prendergast, K. Yabana, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Attosecond band-gap dynamics in silicon,” Science 346(6215), 1348–1352 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Priori, E.

M. Kovačev, S. V. Fomichev, E. Priori, Y. Mairesse, H. Merdji, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, J. Norin, A. Persson, A. L’Huillier, C.-G. Wahlström, B. Carré, and P. Salières, “Extreme Ultraviolet Fourier-Transform Spectroscopy with High Order Harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(22), 223903 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Raith, P.

C. Ott, A. Kaldun, L. Argenti, P. Raith, K. Meyer, M. Laux, Y. Zhang, A. Blättermann, S. Hagstotz, T. Ding, R. Heck, J. Madroñero, F. Martín, and T. Pfeifer, “Reconstruction and control of a time-dependent two-electron wave packet,” Nature 516(7531), 374–378 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ramasesha, K.

M. Schultze, K. Ramasesha, C. D. Pemmaraju, S. A. Sato, D. Whitmore, A. Gandman, J. S. Prell, L. J. Borja, D. Prendergast, K. Yabana, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Attosecond band-gap dynamics in silicon,” Science 346(6215), 1348–1352 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Reduzzi, M.

M. Reduzzi, J. Hummert, A. Dubrouil, F. Calegari, M. Nisoli, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, S. Chen, M. Wu, M. B. Gaarde, K. Schafer, and G. Sansone, “Polarization control of absorption of virtual dressed states in helium,” Phys. Rev. A 92(3), 033408 (2015).
[Crossref]

Rohringer, N.

E. Goulielmakis, Z. H. Loh, A. Wirth, R. Santra, N. Rohringer, V. S. Yakovlev, S. Zherebtsov, T. Pfeifer, A. M. Azzeer, M. F. Kling, S. R. Leone, and F. Krausz, “Real-time observation of valence electron motion,” Nature 466(7307), 739–743 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Salières, P.

M. Kovačev, S. V. Fomichev, E. Priori, Y. Mairesse, H. Merdji, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, J. Norin, A. Persson, A. L’Huillier, C.-G. Wahlström, B. Carré, and P. Salières, “Extreme Ultraviolet Fourier-Transform Spectroscopy with High Order Harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(22), 223903 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sansone, G.

M. Reduzzi, J. Hummert, A. Dubrouil, F. Calegari, M. Nisoli, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, S. Chen, M. Wu, M. B. Gaarde, K. Schafer, and G. Sansone, “Polarization control of absorption of virtual dressed states in helium,” Phys. Rev. A 92(3), 033408 (2015).
[Crossref]

Santra, R.

S. Pabst, A. Sytcheva, A. Moulet, A. Wirth, E. Goulielmakis, and R. Santra, “Theory of attosecond transient-absorption spectroscopy of krypton for overlapping pump and probe pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 86(6), 063411 (2012).
[Crossref]

R. Santra, V. S. Yakovlev, T. Pfeifer, and Z.-H. Loh, “Theory of attosecond transient absorption spectroscopy of strong-field-generated ions,” Phys. Rev. A 83(3), 033405 (2011).
[Crossref]

E. Goulielmakis, Z. H. Loh, A. Wirth, R. Santra, N. Rohringer, V. S. Yakovlev, S. Zherebtsov, T. Pfeifer, A. M. Azzeer, M. F. Kling, S. R. Leone, and F. Krausz, “Real-time observation of valence electron motion,” Nature 466(7307), 739–743 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z.-H. Loh, M. Khalil, R. E. Correa, R. Santra, C. Buth, and S. R. Leone, “Quantum state-resolved probing of strong-field-ionized xenon atoms using femtosecond high-order harmonic transient absorption spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(14), 143601 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Buth and R. Santra, “Theory of x-ray absorption by laser-dressed atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 75(3), 033412 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sato, S. A.

M. Lucchini, S. A. Sato, A. Ludwig, J. Herrmann, M. Volkov, L. Kasmi, Y. Shinohara, K. Yabana, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “Attosecond dynamical Franz-Keldysh effect in polycrystalline diamond,” Science 353(6302), 916–919 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Schultze, K. Ramasesha, C. D. Pemmaraju, S. A. Sato, D. Whitmore, A. Gandman, J. S. Prell, L. J. Borja, D. Prendergast, K. Yabana, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Attosecond band-gap dynamics in silicon,” Science 346(6215), 1348–1352 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schafer, K.

M. Reduzzi, J. Hummert, A. Dubrouil, F. Calegari, M. Nisoli, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, S. Chen, M. Wu, M. B. Gaarde, K. Schafer, and G. Sansone, “Polarization control of absorption of virtual dressed states in helium,” Phys. Rev. A 92(3), 033408 (2015).
[Crossref]

Schafer, K. J.

M. Wu, S. Chen, S. Camp, K. J. Schafer, and M. B. Gaarde, “Theory of Strong-field attosecond transient absorption,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 49(6), 062003 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Chen, M. Wu, M. B. Gaarde, and K. J. Schafer, “Quantum interference in attosecond transient absorption of laser-dressed helium atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 87(3), 033408 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Chen, M. J. Bell, A. R. Beck, H. Mashiko, M. Wu, A. N. Pfeiffer, M. B. Gaarde, D. M. Neumark, S. R. Leone, and K. J. Schafer, “Light-induced states in attosecond transient absorption spectra of laser-dressed helium,” Phys. Rev. A 86(6), 063408 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. B. Gaarde, C. Buth, J. L. Tate, and K. J. Schafer, “Transient absorption and reshaping of ultrafast XUV light by laser-dressed helium,” Phys. Rev. A 83(1), 013419 (2011).
[Crossref]

Schapper, F.

M. Holler, F. Schapper, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “Attosecond Electron Wave-Packet Interference Observed by Transient Absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(12), 123601 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schultze, M.

M. Schultze, K. Ramasesha, C. D. Pemmaraju, S. A. Sato, D. Whitmore, A. Gandman, J. S. Prell, L. J. Borja, D. Prendergast, K. Yabana, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Attosecond band-gap dynamics in silicon,” Science 346(6215), 1348–1352 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sekikawa, T.

T. Sekikawa, T. Ohno, T. Yamazaki, Y. Nabekawa, and S. Watanabe, “Pulse Compression of a High-Order Harmonic by Compensating the Atomic Dipole Phase,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(13), 2564–2567 (1999).
[Crossref]

Shinohara, Y.

M. Lucchini, S. A. Sato, A. Ludwig, J. Herrmann, M. Volkov, L. Kasmi, Y. Shinohara, K. Yabana, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “Attosecond dynamical Franz-Keldysh effect in polycrystalline diamond,” Science 353(6302), 916–919 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sytcheva, A.

S. Pabst, A. Sytcheva, A. Moulet, A. Wirth, E. Goulielmakis, and R. Santra, “Theory of attosecond transient-absorption spectroscopy of krypton for overlapping pump and probe pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 86(6), 063411 (2012).
[Crossref]

Tate, J. L.

M. B. Gaarde, C. Buth, J. L. Tate, and K. J. Schafer, “Transient absorption and reshaping of ultrafast XUV light by laser-dressed helium,” Phys. Rev. A 83(1), 013419 (2011).
[Crossref]

Telnov, D. A.

M. Chini, X. Wang, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, D. Zhao, D. A. Telnov, S.-I. Chu, and Z. Chang, “Sub-cycle Oscillations in Virtual States Brought to Light,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Thumm, U.

H. Wang, M. Chini, S. Chen, C.-H. Zhang, F. He, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, U. Thumm, and Z. Chang, “Attosecond Time-resolved autoionization of argon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(14), 143002 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tong, X.-M.

X. Wang, M. Chini, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, X.-M. Tong, and Z. Chang, “Subcycle laser control and quantum interferences in attosecond photoabsorption of neon,” Phys. Rev. A 87(6), 063413 (2013).
[Crossref]

Uiberacker, M.

E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond Control and measurement: lightwave electronics,” Science 317(5839), 769–775 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Villeneuve, D. M.

H. Niikura, F. Légaré, R. Hasbani, A. D. Bandrauk, M. Y. Ivanov, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, “Sub-laser-cycle electron pulses for probing molecular dynamics,” Nature 417(6892), 917–922 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Volkov, M.

M. Lucchini, S. A. Sato, A. Ludwig, J. Herrmann, M. Volkov, L. Kasmi, Y. Shinohara, K. Yabana, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “Attosecond dynamical Franz-Keldysh effect in polycrystalline diamond,” Science 353(6302), 916–919 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wahlström, C.-G.

M. Kovačev, S. V. Fomichev, E. Priori, Y. Mairesse, H. Merdji, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, J. Norin, A. Persson, A. L’Huillier, C.-G. Wahlström, B. Carré, and P. Salières, “Extreme Ultraviolet Fourier-Transform Spectroscopy with High Order Harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(22), 223903 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, H.

M. Chini, B. Zhao, H. Wang, Y. Cheng, S. X. Hu, and Z. Chang, “Subcycle ac Stark Shift of Helium Excited States Probed with Isolated Attosecond Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(7), 073601 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Wang, M. Chini, S. Chen, C.-H. Zhang, F. He, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, U. Thumm, and Z. Chang, “Attosecond Time-resolved autoionization of argon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(14), 143002 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, X.

Y. Cheng, M. Chini, X. Wang, A. González-Castrillo, A. Palacios, L. Argenti, F. Martín, and Z. Chang, “Reconstruction of an excited-state molecular wave packet with attosecond transient absorption spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 94(2), 023403 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Chini, X. Wang, Y. Cheng, and Z. Chang, “Resonance effects and quantum beats in attosecond transient absorption of helium,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 47(12), 124009 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Chini, X. Wang, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, D. Zhao, D. A. Telnov, S.-I. Chu, and Z. Chang, “Sub-cycle Oscillations in Virtual States Brought to Light,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1105 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Wang, M. Chini, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, X.-M. Tong, and Z. Chang, “Subcycle laser control and quantum interferences in attosecond photoabsorption of neon,” Phys. Rev. A 87(6), 063413 (2013).
[Crossref]

Warrick, E. R.

B. Bernhardt, A. R. Beck, X. Li, E. R. Warrick, M. J. Bell, D. J. Haxton, C. W. McCurdy, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “High-spectral-resolution attosecond absorption spectroscopy of autoionization in xenon,” Phys. Rev. A 89(2), 023408 (2014).
[Crossref]

Watanabe, S.

T. Sekikawa, T. Ohno, T. Yamazaki, Y. Nabekawa, and S. Watanabe, “Pulse Compression of a High-Order Harmonic by Compensating the Atomic Dipole Phase,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(13), 2564–2567 (1999).
[Crossref]

Whitmore, D.

M. Schultze, K. Ramasesha, C. D. Pemmaraju, S. A. Sato, D. Whitmore, A. Gandman, J. S. Prell, L. J. Borja, D. Prendergast, K. Yabana, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Attosecond band-gap dynamics in silicon,” Science 346(6215), 1348–1352 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wirth, A.

S. Pabst, A. Sytcheva, A. Moulet, A. Wirth, E. Goulielmakis, and R. Santra, “Theory of attosecond transient-absorption spectroscopy of krypton for overlapping pump and probe pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 86(6), 063411 (2012).
[Crossref]

E. Goulielmakis, Z. H. Loh, A. Wirth, R. Santra, N. Rohringer, V. S. Yakovlev, S. Zherebtsov, T. Pfeifer, A. M. Azzeer, M. F. Kling, S. R. Leone, and F. Krausz, “Real-time observation of valence electron motion,” Nature 466(7307), 739–743 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, M.

M. Wu, S. Chen, S. Camp, K. J. Schafer, and M. B. Gaarde, “Theory of Strong-field attosecond transient absorption,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 49(6), 062003 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Reduzzi, J. Hummert, A. Dubrouil, F. Calegari, M. Nisoli, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, S. Chen, M. Wu, M. B. Gaarde, K. Schafer, and G. Sansone, “Polarization control of absorption of virtual dressed states in helium,” Phys. Rev. A 92(3), 033408 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Chen, M. Wu, M. B. Gaarde, and K. J. Schafer, “Quantum interference in attosecond transient absorption of laser-dressed helium atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 87(3), 033408 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Chen, M. J. Bell, A. R. Beck, H. Mashiko, M. Wu, A. N. Pfeiffer, M. B. Gaarde, D. M. Neumark, S. R. Leone, and K. J. Schafer, “Light-induced states in attosecond transient absorption spectra of laser-dressed helium,” Phys. Rev. A 86(6), 063408 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wu, Y.

X. Wang, M. Chini, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, X.-M. Tong, and Z. Chang, “Subcycle laser control and quantum interferences in attosecond photoabsorption of neon,” Phys. Rev. A 87(6), 063413 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Chini, X. Wang, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, D. Zhao, D. A. Telnov, S.-I. Chu, and Z. Chang, “Sub-cycle Oscillations in Virtual States Brought to Light,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1105 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Wang, M. Chini, S. Chen, C.-H. Zhang, F. He, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, U. Thumm, and Z. Chang, “Attosecond Time-resolved autoionization of argon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(14), 143002 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, Z.

C. Liu, Z. Zeng, R. Li, Z. Xu, and M. Nisoli, “Mapping the spectral phase of isolated attosecond pulses by extreme-ultraviolet emission spectrum,” Opt. Express 23(8), 9858–9869 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Liu, Z. Zeng, R. Li, Z. Xu, and M. Nisoli, “Attosecond photoionization for reconstruction of bound-electron wave packets,” Phys. Rev. A 90(1), 013403 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yabana, K.

M. Lucchini, S. A. Sato, A. Ludwig, J. Herrmann, M. Volkov, L. Kasmi, Y. Shinohara, K. Yabana, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “Attosecond dynamical Franz-Keldysh effect in polycrystalline diamond,” Science 353(6302), 916–919 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Schultze, K. Ramasesha, C. D. Pemmaraju, S. A. Sato, D. Whitmore, A. Gandman, J. S. Prell, L. J. Borja, D. Prendergast, K. Yabana, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Attosecond band-gap dynamics in silicon,” Science 346(6215), 1348–1352 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yakovlev, V. S.

R. Santra, V. S. Yakovlev, T. Pfeifer, and Z.-H. Loh, “Theory of attosecond transient absorption spectroscopy of strong-field-generated ions,” Phys. Rev. A 83(3), 033405 (2011).
[Crossref]

E. Goulielmakis, Z. H. Loh, A. Wirth, R. Santra, N. Rohringer, V. S. Yakovlev, S. Zherebtsov, T. Pfeifer, A. M. Azzeer, M. F. Kling, S. R. Leone, and F. Krausz, “Real-time observation of valence electron motion,” Nature 466(7307), 739–743 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond Control and measurement: lightwave electronics,” Science 317(5839), 769–775 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yamazaki, T.

T. Sekikawa, T. Ohno, T. Yamazaki, Y. Nabekawa, and S. Watanabe, “Pulse Compression of a High-Order Harmonic by Compensating the Atomic Dipole Phase,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(13), 2564–2567 (1999).
[Crossref]

Yang, Z. Q.

Z. Q. Yang, D. F. Ye, T. Ding, T. Pfeifer, and L. B. Fu, “Attosecond XUV absorption spectroscopy of doubly excited states in helium atoms dressed by a time-delayed femtosecond infrared laser,” Phys. Rev. A 91(1), 013414 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ye, D. F.

Z. Q. Yang, D. F. Ye, T. Ding, T. Pfeifer, and L. B. Fu, “Attosecond XUV absorption spectroscopy of doubly excited states in helium atoms dressed by a time-delayed femtosecond infrared laser,” Phys. Rev. A 91(1), 013414 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yue, L.

J. E. Bækhøj, L. Yue, and L. B. Madsen, “Nuclear-motion effects in attosecond transient-absorption spectroscopy of molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 91(4), 043408 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zeng, Z.

C. Liu, Z. Zeng, R. Li, Z. Xu, and M. Nisoli, “Mapping the spectral phase of isolated attosecond pulses by extreme-ultraviolet emission spectrum,” Opt. Express 23(8), 9858–9869 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Liu, Z. Zeng, R. Li, Z. Xu, and M. Nisoli, “Attosecond photoionization for reconstruction of bound-electron wave packets,” Phys. Rev. A 90(1), 013403 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, C.-H.

H. Wang, M. Chini, S. Chen, C.-H. Zhang, F. He, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, U. Thumm, and Z. Chang, “Attosecond Time-resolved autoionization of argon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(14), 143002 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Y.

C. Ott, A. Kaldun, L. Argenti, P. Raith, K. Meyer, M. Laux, Y. Zhang, A. Blättermann, S. Hagstotz, T. Ding, R. Heck, J. Madroñero, F. Martín, and T. Pfeifer, “Reconstruction and control of a time-dependent two-electron wave packet,” Nature 516(7531), 374–378 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, B.

M. Chini, B. Zhao, H. Wang, Y. Cheng, S. X. Hu, and Z. Chang, “Subcycle ac Stark Shift of Helium Excited States Probed with Isolated Attosecond Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(7), 073601 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, D.

M. Chini, X. Wang, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, D. Zhao, D. A. Telnov, S.-I. Chu, and Z. Chang, “Sub-cycle Oscillations in Virtual States Brought to Light,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zherebtsov, S.

E. Goulielmakis, Z. H. Loh, A. Wirth, R. Santra, N. Rohringer, V. S. Yakovlev, S. Zherebtsov, T. Pfeifer, A. M. Azzeer, M. F. Kling, S. R. Leone, and F. Krausz, “Real-time observation of valence electron motion,” Nature 466(7307), 739–743 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Mod. Phys. (1)

S. Laulan, J. Haché, H. S. Ba, and S. Barmaki, “Ionization Process of Atoms by Intense Femtosecond Chirped Laser Pulses,” J. Mod. Phys. 4(10), 20–26 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. (2)

M. Wu, S. Chen, S. Camp, K. J. Schafer, and M. B. Gaarde, “Theory of Strong-field attosecond transient absorption,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 49(6), 062003 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Chini, X. Wang, Y. Cheng, and Z. Chang, “Resonance effects and quantum beats in attosecond transient absorption of helium,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 47(12), 124009 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nature (3)

H. Niikura, F. Légaré, R. Hasbani, A. D. Bandrauk, M. Y. Ivanov, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, “Sub-laser-cycle electron pulses for probing molecular dynamics,” Nature 417(6892), 917–922 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Goulielmakis, Z. H. Loh, A. Wirth, R. Santra, N. Rohringer, V. S. Yakovlev, S. Zherebtsov, T. Pfeifer, A. M. Azzeer, M. F. Kling, S. R. Leone, and F. Krausz, “Real-time observation of valence electron motion,” Nature 466(7307), 739–743 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Ott, A. Kaldun, L. Argenti, P. Raith, K. Meyer, M. Laux, Y. Zhang, A. Blättermann, S. Hagstotz, T. Ding, R. Heck, J. Madroñero, F. Martín, and T. Pfeifer, “Reconstruction and control of a time-dependent two-electron wave packet,” Nature 516(7531), 374–378 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (1)

Phys. Rev. A (16)

C. Liu, Z. Zeng, R. Li, Z. Xu, and M. Nisoli, “Attosecond photoionization for reconstruction of bound-electron wave packets,” Phys. Rev. A 90(1), 013403 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Liu and M. Nisoli, “Complete characterization of a coherent superposition of atomic states by asymmetric attosecond photoionization,” Phys. Rev. A 85(5), 053423 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Reduzzi, J. Hummert, A. Dubrouil, F. Calegari, M. Nisoli, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, S. Chen, M. Wu, M. B. Gaarde, K. Schafer, and G. Sansone, “Polarization control of absorption of virtual dressed states in helium,” Phys. Rev. A 92(3), 033408 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Wang, M. Chini, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, X.-M. Tong, and Z. Chang, “Subcycle laser control and quantum interferences in attosecond photoabsorption of neon,” Phys. Rev. A 87(6), 063413 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Chen, M. J. Bell, A. R. Beck, H. Mashiko, M. Wu, A. N. Pfeiffer, M. B. Gaarde, D. M. Neumark, S. R. Leone, and K. J. Schafer, “Light-induced states in attosecond transient absorption spectra of laser-dressed helium,” Phys. Rev. A 86(6), 063408 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. Bernhardt, A. R. Beck, X. Li, E. R. Warrick, M. J. Bell, D. J. Haxton, C. W. McCurdy, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “High-spectral-resolution attosecond absorption spectroscopy of autoionization in xenon,” Phys. Rev. A 89(2), 023408 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Barmaki, P. Lanteigne, and S. Laulan, “Control of two-photon double ionization of helium with intense chirped attosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 89(6), 063406 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. B. Gaarde, C. Buth, J. L. Tate, and K. J. Schafer, “Transient absorption and reshaping of ultrafast XUV light by laser-dressed helium,” Phys. Rev. A 83(1), 013419 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. E. Bækhøj, L. Yue, and L. B. Madsen, “Nuclear-motion effects in attosecond transient-absorption spectroscopy of molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 91(4), 043408 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Cheng, M. Chini, X. Wang, A. González-Castrillo, A. Palacios, L. Argenti, F. Martín, and Z. Chang, “Reconstruction of an excited-state molecular wave packet with attosecond transient absorption spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 94(2), 023403 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Buth and R. Santra, “Theory of x-ray absorption by laser-dressed atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 75(3), 033412 (2007).
[Crossref]

R. Santra, V. S. Yakovlev, T. Pfeifer, and Z.-H. Loh, “Theory of attosecond transient absorption spectroscopy of strong-field-generated ions,” Phys. Rev. A 83(3), 033405 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. Pabst, A. Sytcheva, A. Moulet, A. Wirth, E. Goulielmakis, and R. Santra, “Theory of attosecond transient-absorption spectroscopy of krypton for overlapping pump and probe pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 86(6), 063411 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Chen, M. Wu, M. B. Gaarde, and K. J. Schafer, “Quantum interference in attosecond transient absorption of laser-dressed helium atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 87(3), 033408 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. Q. Yang, D. F. Ye, T. Ding, T. Pfeifer, and L. B. Fu, “Attosecond XUV absorption spectroscopy of doubly excited states in helium atoms dressed by a time-delayed femtosecond infrared laser,” Phys. Rev. A 91(1), 013414 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Argenti, Á. Jiménez-Galán, C. Marante, C. Ott, T. Pfeifer, and F. Martín, “Dressing effects in the attosecond transient absorption spectra of doubly excited states in helium,” Phys. Rev. A 91(6), 061403 (2015).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (6)

T. Sekikawa, T. Ohno, T. Yamazaki, Y. Nabekawa, and S. Watanabe, “Pulse Compression of a High-Order Harmonic by Compensating the Atomic Dipole Phase,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(13), 2564–2567 (1999).
[Crossref]

M. Holler, F. Schapper, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “Attosecond Electron Wave-Packet Interference Observed by Transient Absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(12), 123601 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Chini, B. Zhao, H. Wang, Y. Cheng, S. X. Hu, and Z. Chang, “Subcycle ac Stark Shift of Helium Excited States Probed with Isolated Attosecond Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(7), 073601 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z.-H. Loh, M. Khalil, R. E. Correa, R. Santra, C. Buth, and S. R. Leone, “Quantum state-resolved probing of strong-field-ionized xenon atoms using femtosecond high-order harmonic transient absorption spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(14), 143601 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Kovačev, S. V. Fomichev, E. Priori, Y. Mairesse, H. Merdji, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, J. Norin, A. Persson, A. L’Huillier, C.-G. Wahlström, B. Carré, and P. Salières, “Extreme Ultraviolet Fourier-Transform Spectroscopy with High Order Harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(22), 223903 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Wang, M. Chini, S. Chen, C.-H. Zhang, F. He, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, U. Thumm, and Z. Chang, “Attosecond Time-resolved autoionization of argon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(14), 143002 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sci. Rep. (1)

M. Chini, X. Wang, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, D. Zhao, D. A. Telnov, S.-I. Chu, and Z. Chang, “Sub-cycle Oscillations in Virtual States Brought to Light,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Science (3)

M. Lucchini, S. A. Sato, A. Ludwig, J. Herrmann, M. Volkov, L. Kasmi, Y. Shinohara, K. Yabana, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “Attosecond dynamical Franz-Keldysh effect in polycrystalline diamond,” Science 353(6302), 916–919 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond Control and measurement: lightwave electronics,” Science 317(5839), 769–775 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Schultze, K. Ramasesha, C. D. Pemmaraju, S. A. Sato, D. Whitmore, A. Gandman, J. S. Prell, L. J. Borja, D. Prendergast, K. Yabana, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Attosecond band-gap dynamics in silicon,” Science 346(6215), 1348–1352 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Calculated single-atom response function S ˜ (ω, t D ) using the fully 3D-TDSE model upon scanning the relative delay between the IR pulse and the attosecond pulse with three different chirp rates: (a) ξ=4 , (b) ξ=0 and (c) ξ=4 .
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Delay-dependent absorption signals near (a) 2p (21.05 eV), (b) 4p (23.73 eV) and (c) the low-energy continuum state (25.55 eV), respectively for three different attosecond chirp rates: ξ=4 (red-solid line), ξ=0 (blue-dashed line) and ξ=4 (black-dot line).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Absorption signals near the 2p state (21.05 eV) in the case of three different chirp rates: ξ=4 (red-solid line), ξ=0 (blue-dashed line) and ξ=4 (black-dot line), calculated by three-level model. Other simulation parameters are the same as Fig. 1.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 The IR wavelength-dependent offset Δ(ξ)= t D (ξ) t D (0) in the case of five different chirp rates: ξ=4 (red-pluses), ξ=2 (green-stars), ξ=0 (blue-circles), ξ=2 (cyan-crosses) and ξ=4 (black-squares) presents the fully 3D-TDSE results. Other parameters are consistent with Fig. 3.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Schematic of the three-level model including the 1s , 2p and 3s states. S and S + are eigenstates for the 2p and 3s states dressed by the intense IR pulse. The indirect two-photon pathway from the ground state 1s to the final state S through the virtual state S + is also indicated.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) Time-frequency spectrogram of the XUV pulses at different chirp rates: ξ=4, 2, 0, 2, 4 respectively. (b) Time-dependent photon energy which has the maximal intensity, extracted from panel (a) for five different chirp rates.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 The IR wavelength-dependent offset Δ(ξ) for five different chirp rates: ξ=4, 2, 0, 2, 4 calculated by an analytical model based on the two-photon absorption process. Other parameters are consistent with Fig. 4.

Equations (9)

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i t Ψ( r ,t)=[ 1 2 1 r 2 r + l ^ 2 2 r 2 +V(r)+ V I ( r ,t) ]Ψ( r ,t),
V(r)= 1.0+1.231 e 0.662r 1.325r e 1.236r 0.231 e 0.48r r ,
A X (t t D )=Re( i 1 ω X I X 1iξ exp{ i[ ω X ( t t D )+ φ X ]2ln2 ( t t D ) 2 τ X 2 ( 1iξ ) } ),
A IR (t)=Re( i 1 ω IR I IR exp{ i[ ω IR t+ φ IR ]2ln2 t 2 τ IR 2 } ),
S ˜ (ω, t D )=2Im[ d ˜ (ω, t D ) ε ˜ * (ω, t D )], ω>0,
E = E 2p + E 3s ( E 2p E 3s ) 2 +4 d 23 2 E IR 2 (t) 2 ,
E + = E 2p + E 3s + ( E 2p E 3s ) 2 +4 d 23 2 E IR 2 (t) 2 ,
η = 2 d 23 2 E IR 2 (t) ( E 2p E 3s ) 2 +4 d 23 2 E IR 2 (t)( E 2p E 3s ) ( E 2p E 3s ) 2 +4 d 23 2 E IR 2 (t) ,
η + = 2 d 23 2 E IR 2 (t) ( E 2p E 3s ) 2 +4 d 23 2 E IR 2 (t)+( E 2p E 3s ) ( E 2p E 3s ) 2 +4 d 23 2 E IR 2 (t) .

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