Abstract

Silicon ring resonators are used as photon pair sources by taking advantage of silicon’s large third order nonlinearity with a process known as spontaneous four wave mixing. These sources are capable of producing pairs of indistinguishable photons but typically suffer from an effective 50% loss. By slightly decoupling the input waveguide from the ring, the desired photons generated in the ring can preferentially be directed to the drop port. Thus, the ratio between the coincidences from the drop port and the total number of coincidences from all ports (coincidence efficiency) can be significantly increased, with the trade-off being that the pump is less efficiently coupled into the ring. In this paper, ring resonators with this design have been demonstrated having coincidence efficiency of ∼ 96% but requiring a factor of ∼ 10 increase in the pump power. Through the modification of the coupling design that relies on additional spectral dependence, it is possible to achieve similar coincidence efficiencies without the increased pumping requirement. This can be achieved by coupling the input waveguide to the ring multiple times, thus creating a Mach-Zehnder interferometer. This coupler design can be used on both sides of the ring resonator so that resonances supported by one of the couplers are suppressed by the other. This is the ideal configuration for a photon-pair source as it can only support the pump photons at the input side while only allowing the generated photons to leave through the output side. This work realizes a device with preliminary results exhibiting the desired spectral dependence and with a coincidence efficiency as high as ∼ 97% while allowing the pump to be nearly critically coupled to the ring. The coincidence efficiency is measured to be near unity and reflects a significant reduction in the intrinsic losses typically associated with double bus resonators This device has the potential to greatly improve the scalability and performance of quantum computing and communication systems.

© 2017 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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2017 (1)

2016 (1)

2015 (6)

J. A. Steidle, M. L. Fanto, C. C. Tison, Z. Wang, S. F. Preble, and P. M. Alsing, “High spectral purity silicon ring resonator photon-pair source,” “Proc. SPIE,”  9500, 950015 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. W. Silverstone, R. Santagati, D. Bonneau, M. J. Strain, M. Sorel, J. L. O’Brien, and M. G. Thompson, “Qubit entanglement between ring-resonator photon-pair sources on a silicon chip,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7948 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. F. Preble, M. L. Fanto, J. A. Steidle, C. C. Tison, G. A. Howland, and P. M. Alsing, “On-Chip Quantum Interference from a Single Silicon Ring Resonator Source,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 4, 021001 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Vernon and J. E. Sipe, “Spontaneous four-wave mixing in lossy microring resonators,” Phys. Rev. A 91, 053802 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Wakabayashi, M. Fujiwara, K.-i. Yoshino, Y. Nambu, M. Sasaki, and T. Aoki, “Time-bin entangled photon pair generation from Si micro-ring resonator,” Opt. Express 23, 1103–1113 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zeng, C. M. Gentry, and M. A. Popović, “Four-wave mixing in silicon coupled-cavity resonators with port-selective, orthogonal supermode excitation,” Opt. Lett. 40, 2120–2123 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (4)

P. B. Dixon, D. Rosenberg, V. Stelmakh, M. E. Grein, R. S. Bennink, E. A. Dauler, A. J. Kerman, R. J. Molnar, and F. N. C. Wong, “Heralding efficiency and correlated-mode coupling of near-ir fiber-coupled photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. A 90, 043804 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. E. Hach, S. F. Preble, A. W. Elshaari, P. M. Alsing, and M. L. Fanto, “Scalable Hong-Ou-Mandel manifolds in quantum-optical ring resonators,” Phys. Rev. A 89, 043805 (2014).
[Crossref]

N. C. Harris, D. Grassani, A. Simbula, M. Pant, M. Galli, T. Baehr-jones, M. Hochberg, D. Englund, D. Bajoni, and C. Galland, “Integrated Source of Spectrally Filtered Correlated Photons for Large-Scale Quantum Photonic Systems,” Phys. Rev. X 4, 041047 (2014).

J. W. Silverstone, D. Bonneau, K. Ohira, N. Suzuki, H. Yoshida, N. Iizuka, M. Ezaki, C. M. Natarajan, M. G. Tanner, R. H. Hadfield, V. Zwiller, G. D. Marshall, J. G. Rarity, J. L. O’Brien, and M. G. Thompson, “On-chip quantum interference between silicon photon-pair sources,” Nat. Photonics 8, 104–108 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

2012 (1)

2009 (1)

2007 (1)

2003 (1)

M. Dinu, F. Quochi, and H. Garcia, “Third-order nonlinearities in silicon at telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2954–2956 (2003).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

G. Barbarossa, A. M. Matteo, and M. N. Armenise, “Theoretical analysis of triple-coupler ring-based optical guided-wave resonator,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 148–157 (1995).
[Crossref]

Alsing, P. M.

Z. Vernon, M. Menotti, C. C. Tison, J. A. Steidle, M. L. Fanto, P. M. Thomas, S. F. Preble, A. M. Smith, P. M. Alsing, M. Liscidini, and J. E. Sipe, “Truly unentangled photon pairs without spectral filtering,” Opt. Lett. 42, 3638–3641 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. F. Preble, M. L. Fanto, J. A. Steidle, C. C. Tison, G. A. Howland, and P. M. Alsing, “On-Chip Quantum Interference from a Single Silicon Ring Resonator Source,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 4, 021001 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. A. Steidle, M. L. Fanto, C. C. Tison, Z. Wang, S. F. Preble, and P. M. Alsing, “High spectral purity silicon ring resonator photon-pair source,” “Proc. SPIE,”  9500, 950015 (2015).
[Crossref]

E. E. Hach, S. F. Preble, A. W. Elshaari, P. M. Alsing, and M. L. Fanto, “Scalable Hong-Ou-Mandel manifolds in quantum-optical ring resonators,” Phys. Rev. A 89, 043805 (2014).
[Crossref]

Aoki, T.

Armenise, M. N.

G. Barbarossa, A. M. Matteo, and M. N. Armenise, “Theoretical analysis of triple-coupler ring-based optical guided-wave resonator,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 148–157 (1995).
[Crossref]

Azzini, S.

Baehr-jones, T.

N. C. Harris, D. Grassani, A. Simbula, M. Pant, M. Galli, T. Baehr-jones, M. Hochberg, D. Englund, D. Bajoni, and C. Galland, “Integrated Source of Spectrally Filtered Correlated Photons for Large-Scale Quantum Photonic Systems,” Phys. Rev. X 4, 041047 (2014).

Baets, R. G.

Bajoni, D.

N. C. Harris, D. Grassani, A. Simbula, M. Pant, M. Galli, T. Baehr-jones, M. Hochberg, D. Englund, D. Bajoni, and C. Galland, “Integrated Source of Spectrally Filtered Correlated Photons for Large-Scale Quantum Photonic Systems,” Phys. Rev. X 4, 041047 (2014).

S. Azzini, D. Grassani, M. J. Strain, M. Sorel, L. G. Helt, J. E. Sipe, M. Liscidini, M. Galli, and D. Bajoni, “Ultra-low power generation of twin photons in a compact silicon ring resonator,” Opt. Express 20, 23100–23107 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Barbarossa, G.

G. Barbarossa, A. M. Matteo, and M. N. Armenise, “Theoretical analysis of triple-coupler ring-based optical guided-wave resonator,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 148–157 (1995).
[Crossref]

Barwicz, T.

M. A. Popović, T. Barwicz, M. S. Dahlem, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, P. T. Rakich, M. R. Watts, H. I. Smith, F. X. Kärtner, and E. P. Ippen, “Hitless-reconfigurable and bandwidth-scalable silicon photonic circuits for telecom and interconnect applications,” in “Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference,” (2008), p. OTuF4.

Bennink, R. S.

P. B. Dixon, D. Rosenberg, V. Stelmakh, M. E. Grein, R. S. Bennink, E. A. Dauler, A. J. Kerman, R. J. Molnar, and F. N. C. Wong, “Heralding efficiency and correlated-mode coupling of near-ir fiber-coupled photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. A 90, 043804 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bogaerts, W.

Bonneau, D.

J. W. Silverstone, R. Santagati, D. Bonneau, M. J. Strain, M. Sorel, J. L. O’Brien, and M. G. Thompson, “Qubit entanglement between ring-resonator photon-pair sources on a silicon chip,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7948 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. W. Silverstone, D. Bonneau, K. Ohira, N. Suzuki, H. Yoshida, N. Iizuka, M. Ezaki, C. M. Natarajan, M. G. Tanner, R. H. Hadfield, V. Zwiller, G. D. Marshall, J. G. Rarity, J. L. O’Brien, and M. G. Thompson, “On-chip quantum interference between silicon photon-pair sources,” Nat. Photonics 8, 104–108 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. Engin, D. Bonneau, C. M. Natarajan, A. S. Clark, M. G. Tanner, R. H. Hadfield, S. N. Dorenbos, V. Zwiller, K. Ohira, N. Suzuki, H. Yoshida, N. Iizuka, M. Ezaki, J. L. O’Brien, and M. G. Thompson, “Photon pair generation in a silicon micro-ring resonator with reverse bias enhancement,” Opt. Express 21, 27826–27834 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, L.

Clark, A. S.

Clemmen, S.

Dahlem, M. S.

M. A. Popović, T. Barwicz, M. S. Dahlem, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, P. T. Rakich, M. R. Watts, H. I. Smith, F. X. Kärtner, and E. P. Ippen, “Hitless-reconfigurable and bandwidth-scalable silicon photonic circuits for telecom and interconnect applications,” in “Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference,” (2008), p. OTuF4.

Dauler, E. A.

P. B. Dixon, D. Rosenberg, V. Stelmakh, M. E. Grein, R. S. Bennink, E. A. Dauler, A. J. Kerman, R. J. Molnar, and F. N. C. Wong, “Heralding efficiency and correlated-mode coupling of near-ir fiber-coupled photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. A 90, 043804 (2014).
[Crossref]

Dinu, M.

M. Dinu, F. Quochi, and H. Garcia, “Third-order nonlinearities in silicon at telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2954–2956 (2003).
[Crossref]

Dixon, P. B.

P. B. Dixon, D. Rosenberg, V. Stelmakh, M. E. Grein, R. S. Bennink, E. A. Dauler, A. J. Kerman, R. J. Molnar, and F. N. C. Wong, “Heralding efficiency and correlated-mode coupling of near-ir fiber-coupled photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. A 90, 043804 (2014).
[Crossref]

Dorenbos, S. N.

Elshaari, A. W.

E. E. Hach, S. F. Preble, A. W. Elshaari, P. M. Alsing, and M. L. Fanto, “Scalable Hong-Ou-Mandel manifolds in quantum-optical ring resonators,” Phys. Rev. A 89, 043805 (2014).
[Crossref]

Emplit, P.

Engin, E.

Englund, D.

N. C. Harris, D. Grassani, A. Simbula, M. Pant, M. Galli, T. Baehr-jones, M. Hochberg, D. Englund, D. Bajoni, and C. Galland, “Integrated Source of Spectrally Filtered Correlated Photons for Large-Scale Quantum Photonic Systems,” Phys. Rev. X 4, 041047 (2014).

Ezaki, M.

J. W. Silverstone, D. Bonneau, K. Ohira, N. Suzuki, H. Yoshida, N. Iizuka, M. Ezaki, C. M. Natarajan, M. G. Tanner, R. H. Hadfield, V. Zwiller, G. D. Marshall, J. G. Rarity, J. L. O’Brien, and M. G. Thompson, “On-chip quantum interference between silicon photon-pair sources,” Nat. Photonics 8, 104–108 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. Engin, D. Bonneau, C. M. Natarajan, A. S. Clark, M. G. Tanner, R. H. Hadfield, S. N. Dorenbos, V. Zwiller, K. Ohira, N. Suzuki, H. Yoshida, N. Iizuka, M. Ezaki, J. L. O’Brien, and M. G. Thompson, “Photon pair generation in a silicon micro-ring resonator with reverse bias enhancement,” Opt. Express 21, 27826–27834 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fanto, M. L.

Z. Vernon, M. Menotti, C. C. Tison, J. A. Steidle, M. L. Fanto, P. M. Thomas, S. F. Preble, A. M. Smith, P. M. Alsing, M. Liscidini, and J. E. Sipe, “Truly unentangled photon pairs without spectral filtering,” Opt. Lett. 42, 3638–3641 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. A. Steidle, M. L. Fanto, C. C. Tison, Z. Wang, S. F. Preble, and P. M. Alsing, “High spectral purity silicon ring resonator photon-pair source,” “Proc. SPIE,”  9500, 950015 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. F. Preble, M. L. Fanto, J. A. Steidle, C. C. Tison, G. A. Howland, and P. M. Alsing, “On-Chip Quantum Interference from a Single Silicon Ring Resonator Source,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 4, 021001 (2015).
[Crossref]

E. E. Hach, S. F. Preble, A. W. Elshaari, P. M. Alsing, and M. L. Fanto, “Scalable Hong-Ou-Mandel manifolds in quantum-optical ring resonators,” Phys. Rev. A 89, 043805 (2014).
[Crossref]

Fujiwara, M.

Galland, C.

N. C. Harris, D. Grassani, A. Simbula, M. Pant, M. Galli, T. Baehr-jones, M. Hochberg, D. Englund, D. Bajoni, and C. Galland, “Integrated Source of Spectrally Filtered Correlated Photons for Large-Scale Quantum Photonic Systems,” Phys. Rev. X 4, 041047 (2014).

Galli, M.

N. C. Harris, D. Grassani, A. Simbula, M. Pant, M. Galli, T. Baehr-jones, M. Hochberg, D. Englund, D. Bajoni, and C. Galland, “Integrated Source of Spectrally Filtered Correlated Photons for Large-Scale Quantum Photonic Systems,” Phys. Rev. X 4, 041047 (2014).

S. Azzini, D. Grassani, M. J. Strain, M. Sorel, L. G. Helt, J. E. Sipe, M. Liscidini, M. Galli, and D. Bajoni, “Ultra-low power generation of twin photons in a compact silicon ring resonator,” Opt. Express 20, 23100–23107 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gan, F.

M. A. Popović, T. Barwicz, M. S. Dahlem, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, P. T. Rakich, M. R. Watts, H. I. Smith, F. X. Kärtner, and E. P. Ippen, “Hitless-reconfigurable and bandwidth-scalable silicon photonic circuits for telecom and interconnect applications,” in “Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference,” (2008), p. OTuF4.

Garcia, H.

M. Dinu, F. Quochi, and H. Garcia, “Third-order nonlinearities in silicon at telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2954–2956 (2003).
[Crossref]

Gentry, C. M.

Grassani, D.

N. C. Harris, D. Grassani, A. Simbula, M. Pant, M. Galli, T. Baehr-jones, M. Hochberg, D. Englund, D. Bajoni, and C. Galland, “Integrated Source of Spectrally Filtered Correlated Photons for Large-Scale Quantum Photonic Systems,” Phys. Rev. X 4, 041047 (2014).

S. Azzini, D. Grassani, M. J. Strain, M. Sorel, L. G. Helt, J. E. Sipe, M. Liscidini, M. Galli, and D. Bajoni, “Ultra-low power generation of twin photons in a compact silicon ring resonator,” Opt. Express 20, 23100–23107 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grein, M. E.

P. B. Dixon, D. Rosenberg, V. Stelmakh, M. E. Grein, R. S. Bennink, E. A. Dauler, A. J. Kerman, R. J. Molnar, and F. N. C. Wong, “Heralding efficiency and correlated-mode coupling of near-ir fiber-coupled photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. A 90, 043804 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hach, E. E.

E. E. Hach, S. F. Preble, A. W. Elshaari, P. M. Alsing, and M. L. Fanto, “Scalable Hong-Ou-Mandel manifolds in quantum-optical ring resonators,” Phys. Rev. A 89, 043805 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hadfield, R. H.

J. W. Silverstone, D. Bonneau, K. Ohira, N. Suzuki, H. Yoshida, N. Iizuka, M. Ezaki, C. M. Natarajan, M. G. Tanner, R. H. Hadfield, V. Zwiller, G. D. Marshall, J. G. Rarity, J. L. O’Brien, and M. G. Thompson, “On-chip quantum interference between silicon photon-pair sources,” Nat. Photonics 8, 104–108 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. Engin, D. Bonneau, C. M. Natarajan, A. S. Clark, M. G. Tanner, R. H. Hadfield, S. N. Dorenbos, V. Zwiller, K. Ohira, N. Suzuki, H. Yoshida, N. Iizuka, M. Ezaki, J. L. O’Brien, and M. G. Thompson, “Photon pair generation in a silicon micro-ring resonator with reverse bias enhancement,” Opt. Express 21, 27826–27834 (2013).
[Crossref]

Harris, N. C.

N. C. Harris, D. Grassani, A. Simbula, M. Pant, M. Galli, T. Baehr-jones, M. Hochberg, D. Englund, D. Bajoni, and C. Galland, “Integrated Source of Spectrally Filtered Correlated Photons for Large-Scale Quantum Photonic Systems,” Phys. Rev. X 4, 041047 (2014).

Helt, L. G.

Hochberg, M.

N. C. Harris, D. Grassani, A. Simbula, M. Pant, M. Galli, T. Baehr-jones, M. Hochberg, D. Englund, D. Bajoni, and C. Galland, “Integrated Source of Spectrally Filtered Correlated Photons for Large-Scale Quantum Photonic Systems,” Phys. Rev. X 4, 041047 (2014).

Holzwarth, C. W.

M. A. Popović, T. Barwicz, M. S. Dahlem, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, P. T. Rakich, M. R. Watts, H. I. Smith, F. X. Kärtner, and E. P. Ippen, “Hitless-reconfigurable and bandwidth-scalable silicon photonic circuits for telecom and interconnect applications,” in “Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference,” (2008), p. OTuF4.

Howland, G. A.

S. F. Preble, M. L. Fanto, J. A. Steidle, C. C. Tison, G. A. Howland, and P. M. Alsing, “On-Chip Quantum Interference from a Single Silicon Ring Resonator Source,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 4, 021001 (2015).
[Crossref]

Iizuka, N.

J. W. Silverstone, D. Bonneau, K. Ohira, N. Suzuki, H. Yoshida, N. Iizuka, M. Ezaki, C. M. Natarajan, M. G. Tanner, R. H. Hadfield, V. Zwiller, G. D. Marshall, J. G. Rarity, J. L. O’Brien, and M. G. Thompson, “On-chip quantum interference between silicon photon-pair sources,” Nat. Photonics 8, 104–108 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. Engin, D. Bonneau, C. M. Natarajan, A. S. Clark, M. G. Tanner, R. H. Hadfield, S. N. Dorenbos, V. Zwiller, K. Ohira, N. Suzuki, H. Yoshida, N. Iizuka, M. Ezaki, J. L. O’Brien, and M. G. Thompson, “Photon pair generation in a silicon micro-ring resonator with reverse bias enhancement,” Opt. Express 21, 27826–27834 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ippen, E. P.

M. A. Popović, T. Barwicz, M. S. Dahlem, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, P. T. Rakich, M. R. Watts, H. I. Smith, F. X. Kärtner, and E. P. Ippen, “Hitless-reconfigurable and bandwidth-scalable silicon photonic circuits for telecom and interconnect applications,” in “Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference,” (2008), p. OTuF4.

Kärtner, F. X.

M. A. Popović, T. Barwicz, M. S. Dahlem, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, P. T. Rakich, M. R. Watts, H. I. Smith, F. X. Kärtner, and E. P. Ippen, “Hitless-reconfigurable and bandwidth-scalable silicon photonic circuits for telecom and interconnect applications,” in “Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference,” (2008), p. OTuF4.

Kerman, A. J.

P. B. Dixon, D. Rosenberg, V. Stelmakh, M. E. Grein, R. S. Bennink, E. A. Dauler, A. J. Kerman, R. J. Molnar, and F. N. C. Wong, “Heralding efficiency and correlated-mode coupling of near-ir fiber-coupled photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. A 90, 043804 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lipson, M.

Liscidini, M.

Marshall, G. D.

J. W. Silverstone, D. Bonneau, K. Ohira, N. Suzuki, H. Yoshida, N. Iizuka, M. Ezaki, C. M. Natarajan, M. G. Tanner, R. H. Hadfield, V. Zwiller, G. D. Marshall, J. G. Rarity, J. L. O’Brien, and M. G. Thompson, “On-chip quantum interference between silicon photon-pair sources,” Nat. Photonics 8, 104–108 (2014).
[Crossref]

Massar, S.

Matteo, A. M.

G. Barbarossa, A. M. Matteo, and M. N. Armenise, “Theoretical analysis of triple-coupler ring-based optical guided-wave resonator,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 148–157 (1995).
[Crossref]

Menotti, M.

Molnar, R. J.

P. B. Dixon, D. Rosenberg, V. Stelmakh, M. E. Grein, R. S. Bennink, E. A. Dauler, A. J. Kerman, R. J. Molnar, and F. N. C. Wong, “Heralding efficiency and correlated-mode coupling of near-ir fiber-coupled photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. A 90, 043804 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nambu, Y.

Natarajan, C. M.

J. W. Silverstone, D. Bonneau, K. Ohira, N. Suzuki, H. Yoshida, N. Iizuka, M. Ezaki, C. M. Natarajan, M. G. Tanner, R. H. Hadfield, V. Zwiller, G. D. Marshall, J. G. Rarity, J. L. O’Brien, and M. G. Thompson, “On-chip quantum interference between silicon photon-pair sources,” Nat. Photonics 8, 104–108 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. Engin, D. Bonneau, C. M. Natarajan, A. S. Clark, M. G. Tanner, R. H. Hadfield, S. N. Dorenbos, V. Zwiller, K. Ohira, N. Suzuki, H. Yoshida, N. Iizuka, M. Ezaki, J. L. O’Brien, and M. G. Thompson, “Photon pair generation in a silicon micro-ring resonator with reverse bias enhancement,” Opt. Express 21, 27826–27834 (2013).
[Crossref]

O’Brien, J. L.

J. W. Silverstone, R. Santagati, D. Bonneau, M. J. Strain, M. Sorel, J. L. O’Brien, and M. G. Thompson, “Qubit entanglement between ring-resonator photon-pair sources on a silicon chip,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7948 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. W. Silverstone, D. Bonneau, K. Ohira, N. Suzuki, H. Yoshida, N. Iizuka, M. Ezaki, C. M. Natarajan, M. G. Tanner, R. H. Hadfield, V. Zwiller, G. D. Marshall, J. G. Rarity, J. L. O’Brien, and M. G. Thompson, “On-chip quantum interference between silicon photon-pair sources,” Nat. Photonics 8, 104–108 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. Engin, D. Bonneau, C. M. Natarajan, A. S. Clark, M. G. Tanner, R. H. Hadfield, S. N. Dorenbos, V. Zwiller, K. Ohira, N. Suzuki, H. Yoshida, N. Iizuka, M. Ezaki, J. L. O’Brien, and M. G. Thompson, “Photon pair generation in a silicon micro-ring resonator with reverse bias enhancement,” Opt. Express 21, 27826–27834 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ohira, K.

J. W. Silverstone, D. Bonneau, K. Ohira, N. Suzuki, H. Yoshida, N. Iizuka, M. Ezaki, C. M. Natarajan, M. G. Tanner, R. H. Hadfield, V. Zwiller, G. D. Marshall, J. G. Rarity, J. L. O’Brien, and M. G. Thompson, “On-chip quantum interference between silicon photon-pair sources,” Nat. Photonics 8, 104–108 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. Engin, D. Bonneau, C. M. Natarajan, A. S. Clark, M. G. Tanner, R. H. Hadfield, S. N. Dorenbos, V. Zwiller, K. Ohira, N. Suzuki, H. Yoshida, N. Iizuka, M. Ezaki, J. L. O’Brien, and M. G. Thompson, “Photon pair generation in a silicon micro-ring resonator with reverse bias enhancement,” Opt. Express 21, 27826–27834 (2013).
[Crossref]

Pant, M.

N. C. Harris, D. Grassani, A. Simbula, M. Pant, M. Galli, T. Baehr-jones, M. Hochberg, D. Englund, D. Bajoni, and C. Galland, “Integrated Source of Spectrally Filtered Correlated Photons for Large-Scale Quantum Photonic Systems,” Phys. Rev. X 4, 041047 (2014).

Phan Huy, K.

Popovic, M. A.

X. Zeng, C. M. Gentry, and M. A. Popović, “Four-wave mixing in silicon coupled-cavity resonators with port-selective, orthogonal supermode excitation,” Opt. Lett. 40, 2120–2123 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. A. Popović, T. Barwicz, M. S. Dahlem, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, P. T. Rakich, M. R. Watts, H. I. Smith, F. X. Kärtner, and E. P. Ippen, “Hitless-reconfigurable and bandwidth-scalable silicon photonic circuits for telecom and interconnect applications,” in “Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference,” (2008), p. OTuF4.

Preble, S. F.

Z. Vernon, M. Menotti, C. C. Tison, J. A. Steidle, M. L. Fanto, P. M. Thomas, S. F. Preble, A. M. Smith, P. M. Alsing, M. Liscidini, and J. E. Sipe, “Truly unentangled photon pairs without spectral filtering,” Opt. Lett. 42, 3638–3641 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. A. Steidle, M. L. Fanto, C. C. Tison, Z. Wang, S. F. Preble, and P. M. Alsing, “High spectral purity silicon ring resonator photon-pair source,” “Proc. SPIE,”  9500, 950015 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. F. Preble, M. L. Fanto, J. A. Steidle, C. C. Tison, G. A. Howland, and P. M. Alsing, “On-Chip Quantum Interference from a Single Silicon Ring Resonator Source,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 4, 021001 (2015).
[Crossref]

E. E. Hach, S. F. Preble, A. W. Elshaari, P. M. Alsing, and M. L. Fanto, “Scalable Hong-Ou-Mandel manifolds in quantum-optical ring resonators,” Phys. Rev. A 89, 043805 (2014).
[Crossref]

Quochi, F.

M. Dinu, F. Quochi, and H. Garcia, “Third-order nonlinearities in silicon at telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2954–2956 (2003).
[Crossref]

Rakich, P. T.

M. A. Popović, T. Barwicz, M. S. Dahlem, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, P. T. Rakich, M. R. Watts, H. I. Smith, F. X. Kärtner, and E. P. Ippen, “Hitless-reconfigurable and bandwidth-scalable silicon photonic circuits for telecom and interconnect applications,” in “Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference,” (2008), p. OTuF4.

Rarity, J. G.

J. W. Silverstone, D. Bonneau, K. Ohira, N. Suzuki, H. Yoshida, N. Iizuka, M. Ezaki, C. M. Natarajan, M. G. Tanner, R. H. Hadfield, V. Zwiller, G. D. Marshall, J. G. Rarity, J. L. O’Brien, and M. G. Thompson, “On-chip quantum interference between silicon photon-pair sources,” Nat. Photonics 8, 104–108 (2014).
[Crossref]

Rosenberg, D.

P. B. Dixon, D. Rosenberg, V. Stelmakh, M. E. Grein, R. S. Bennink, E. A. Dauler, A. J. Kerman, R. J. Molnar, and F. N. C. Wong, “Heralding efficiency and correlated-mode coupling of near-ir fiber-coupled photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. A 90, 043804 (2014).
[Crossref]

Santagati, R.

J. W. Silverstone, R. Santagati, D. Bonneau, M. J. Strain, M. Sorel, J. L. O’Brien, and M. G. Thompson, “Qubit entanglement between ring-resonator photon-pair sources on a silicon chip,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7948 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sasaki, M.

Sherwood-droz, N.

Silverstone, J. W.

J. W. Silverstone, R. Santagati, D. Bonneau, M. J. Strain, M. Sorel, J. L. O’Brien, and M. G. Thompson, “Qubit entanglement between ring-resonator photon-pair sources on a silicon chip,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7948 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. W. Silverstone, D. Bonneau, K. Ohira, N. Suzuki, H. Yoshida, N. Iizuka, M. Ezaki, C. M. Natarajan, M. G. Tanner, R. H. Hadfield, V. Zwiller, G. D. Marshall, J. G. Rarity, J. L. O’Brien, and M. G. Thompson, “On-chip quantum interference between silicon photon-pair sources,” Nat. Photonics 8, 104–108 (2014).
[Crossref]

Simbula, A.

N. C. Harris, D. Grassani, A. Simbula, M. Pant, M. Galli, T. Baehr-jones, M. Hochberg, D. Englund, D. Bajoni, and C. Galland, “Integrated Source of Spectrally Filtered Correlated Photons for Large-Scale Quantum Photonic Systems,” Phys. Rev. X 4, 041047 (2014).

Sipe, J. E.

Smith, A. M.

Smith, H. I.

M. A. Popović, T. Barwicz, M. S. Dahlem, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, P. T. Rakich, M. R. Watts, H. I. Smith, F. X. Kärtner, and E. P. Ippen, “Hitless-reconfigurable and bandwidth-scalable silicon photonic circuits for telecom and interconnect applications,” in “Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference,” (2008), p. OTuF4.

Sorel, M.

J. W. Silverstone, R. Santagati, D. Bonneau, M. J. Strain, M. Sorel, J. L. O’Brien, and M. G. Thompson, “Qubit entanglement between ring-resonator photon-pair sources on a silicon chip,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7948 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Azzini, D. Grassani, M. J. Strain, M. Sorel, L. G. Helt, J. E. Sipe, M. Liscidini, M. Galli, and D. Bajoni, “Ultra-low power generation of twin photons in a compact silicon ring resonator,” Opt. Express 20, 23100–23107 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Steidle, J. A.

Z. Vernon, M. Menotti, C. C. Tison, J. A. Steidle, M. L. Fanto, P. M. Thomas, S. F. Preble, A. M. Smith, P. M. Alsing, M. Liscidini, and J. E. Sipe, “Truly unentangled photon pairs without spectral filtering,” Opt. Lett. 42, 3638–3641 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. A. Steidle, M. L. Fanto, C. C. Tison, Z. Wang, S. F. Preble, and P. M. Alsing, “High spectral purity silicon ring resonator photon-pair source,” “Proc. SPIE,”  9500, 950015 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. F. Preble, M. L. Fanto, J. A. Steidle, C. C. Tison, G. A. Howland, and P. M. Alsing, “On-Chip Quantum Interference from a Single Silicon Ring Resonator Source,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 4, 021001 (2015).
[Crossref]

Stelmakh, V.

P. B. Dixon, D. Rosenberg, V. Stelmakh, M. E. Grein, R. S. Bennink, E. A. Dauler, A. J. Kerman, R. J. Molnar, and F. N. C. Wong, “Heralding efficiency and correlated-mode coupling of near-ir fiber-coupled photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. A 90, 043804 (2014).
[Crossref]

Strain, M. J.

J. W. Silverstone, R. Santagati, D. Bonneau, M. J. Strain, M. Sorel, J. L. O’Brien, and M. G. Thompson, “Qubit entanglement between ring-resonator photon-pair sources on a silicon chip,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7948 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Azzini, D. Grassani, M. J. Strain, M. Sorel, L. G. Helt, J. E. Sipe, M. Liscidini, M. Galli, and D. Bajoni, “Ultra-low power generation of twin photons in a compact silicon ring resonator,” Opt. Express 20, 23100–23107 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Suzuki, N.

J. W. Silverstone, D. Bonneau, K. Ohira, N. Suzuki, H. Yoshida, N. Iizuka, M. Ezaki, C. M. Natarajan, M. G. Tanner, R. H. Hadfield, V. Zwiller, G. D. Marshall, J. G. Rarity, J. L. O’Brien, and M. G. Thompson, “On-chip quantum interference between silicon photon-pair sources,” Nat. Photonics 8, 104–108 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. Engin, D. Bonneau, C. M. Natarajan, A. S. Clark, M. G. Tanner, R. H. Hadfield, S. N. Dorenbos, V. Zwiller, K. Ohira, N. Suzuki, H. Yoshida, N. Iizuka, M. Ezaki, J. L. O’Brien, and M. G. Thompson, “Photon pair generation in a silicon micro-ring resonator with reverse bias enhancement,” Opt. Express 21, 27826–27834 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tanner, M. G.

J. W. Silverstone, D. Bonneau, K. Ohira, N. Suzuki, H. Yoshida, N. Iizuka, M. Ezaki, C. M. Natarajan, M. G. Tanner, R. H. Hadfield, V. Zwiller, G. D. Marshall, J. G. Rarity, J. L. O’Brien, and M. G. Thompson, “On-chip quantum interference between silicon photon-pair sources,” Nat. Photonics 8, 104–108 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. Engin, D. Bonneau, C. M. Natarajan, A. S. Clark, M. G. Tanner, R. H. Hadfield, S. N. Dorenbos, V. Zwiller, K. Ohira, N. Suzuki, H. Yoshida, N. Iizuka, M. Ezaki, J. L. O’Brien, and M. G. Thompson, “Photon pair generation in a silicon micro-ring resonator with reverse bias enhancement,” Opt. Express 21, 27826–27834 (2013).
[Crossref]

Thomas, P. M.

Thompson, M. G.

J. W. Silverstone, R. Santagati, D. Bonneau, M. J. Strain, M. Sorel, J. L. O’Brien, and M. G. Thompson, “Qubit entanglement between ring-resonator photon-pair sources on a silicon chip,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7948 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. W. Silverstone, D. Bonneau, K. Ohira, N. Suzuki, H. Yoshida, N. Iizuka, M. Ezaki, C. M. Natarajan, M. G. Tanner, R. H. Hadfield, V. Zwiller, G. D. Marshall, J. G. Rarity, J. L. O’Brien, and M. G. Thompson, “On-chip quantum interference between silicon photon-pair sources,” Nat. Photonics 8, 104–108 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. Engin, D. Bonneau, C. M. Natarajan, A. S. Clark, M. G. Tanner, R. H. Hadfield, S. N. Dorenbos, V. Zwiller, K. Ohira, N. Suzuki, H. Yoshida, N. Iizuka, M. Ezaki, J. L. O’Brien, and M. G. Thompson, “Photon pair generation in a silicon micro-ring resonator with reverse bias enhancement,” Opt. Express 21, 27826–27834 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tison, C. C.

Z. Vernon, M. Menotti, C. C. Tison, J. A. Steidle, M. L. Fanto, P. M. Thomas, S. F. Preble, A. M. Smith, P. M. Alsing, M. Liscidini, and J. E. Sipe, “Truly unentangled photon pairs without spectral filtering,” Opt. Lett. 42, 3638–3641 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. A. Steidle, M. L. Fanto, C. C. Tison, Z. Wang, S. F. Preble, and P. M. Alsing, “High spectral purity silicon ring resonator photon-pair source,” “Proc. SPIE,”  9500, 950015 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. F. Preble, M. L. Fanto, J. A. Steidle, C. C. Tison, G. A. Howland, and P. M. Alsing, “On-Chip Quantum Interference from a Single Silicon Ring Resonator Source,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 4, 021001 (2015).
[Crossref]

Vernon, Z.

Wakabayashi, R.

Wang, Z.

J. A. Steidle, M. L. Fanto, C. C. Tison, Z. Wang, S. F. Preble, and P. M. Alsing, “High spectral purity silicon ring resonator photon-pair source,” “Proc. SPIE,”  9500, 950015 (2015).
[Crossref]

Watts, M. R.

M. A. Popović, T. Barwicz, M. S. Dahlem, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, P. T. Rakich, M. R. Watts, H. I. Smith, F. X. Kärtner, and E. P. Ippen, “Hitless-reconfigurable and bandwidth-scalable silicon photonic circuits for telecom and interconnect applications,” in “Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference,” (2008), p. OTuF4.

Wong, F. N. C.

P. B. Dixon, D. Rosenberg, V. Stelmakh, M. E. Grein, R. S. Bennink, E. A. Dauler, A. J. Kerman, R. J. Molnar, and F. N. C. Wong, “Heralding efficiency and correlated-mode coupling of near-ir fiber-coupled photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. A 90, 043804 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yoshida, H.

J. W. Silverstone, D. Bonneau, K. Ohira, N. Suzuki, H. Yoshida, N. Iizuka, M. Ezaki, C. M. Natarajan, M. G. Tanner, R. H. Hadfield, V. Zwiller, G. D. Marshall, J. G. Rarity, J. L. O’Brien, and M. G. Thompson, “On-chip quantum interference between silicon photon-pair sources,” Nat. Photonics 8, 104–108 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. Engin, D. Bonneau, C. M. Natarajan, A. S. Clark, M. G. Tanner, R. H. Hadfield, S. N. Dorenbos, V. Zwiller, K. Ohira, N. Suzuki, H. Yoshida, N. Iizuka, M. Ezaki, J. L. O’Brien, and M. G. Thompson, “Photon pair generation in a silicon micro-ring resonator with reverse bias enhancement,” Opt. Express 21, 27826–27834 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yoshino, K.-i.

Zeng, X.

Zwiller, V.

J. W. Silverstone, D. Bonneau, K. Ohira, N. Suzuki, H. Yoshida, N. Iizuka, M. Ezaki, C. M. Natarajan, M. G. Tanner, R. H. Hadfield, V. Zwiller, G. D. Marshall, J. G. Rarity, J. L. O’Brien, and M. G. Thompson, “On-chip quantum interference between silicon photon-pair sources,” Nat. Photonics 8, 104–108 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. Engin, D. Bonneau, C. M. Natarajan, A. S. Clark, M. G. Tanner, R. H. Hadfield, S. N. Dorenbos, V. Zwiller, K. Ohira, N. Suzuki, H. Yoshida, N. Iizuka, M. Ezaki, J. L. O’Brien, and M. G. Thompson, “Photon pair generation in a silicon micro-ring resonator with reverse bias enhancement,” Opt. Express 21, 27826–27834 (2013).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. Dinu, F. Quochi, and H. Garcia, “Third-order nonlinearities in silicon at telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2954–2956 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

G. Barbarossa, A. M. Matteo, and M. N. Armenise, “Theoretical analysis of triple-coupler ring-based optical guided-wave resonator,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 148–157 (1995).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (1)

J. W. Silverstone, R. Santagati, D. Bonneau, M. J. Strain, M. Sorel, J. L. O’Brien, and M. G. Thompson, “Qubit entanglement between ring-resonator photon-pair sources on a silicon chip,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7948 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

J. W. Silverstone, D. Bonneau, K. Ohira, N. Suzuki, H. Yoshida, N. Iizuka, M. Ezaki, C. M. Natarajan, M. G. Tanner, R. H. Hadfield, V. Zwiller, G. D. Marshall, J. G. Rarity, J. L. O’Brien, and M. G. Thompson, “On-chip quantum interference between silicon photon-pair sources,” Nat. Photonics 8, 104–108 (2014).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. A (3)

P. B. Dixon, D. Rosenberg, V. Stelmakh, M. E. Grein, R. S. Bennink, E. A. Dauler, A. J. Kerman, R. J. Molnar, and F. N. C. Wong, “Heralding efficiency and correlated-mode coupling of near-ir fiber-coupled photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. A 90, 043804 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. E. Hach, S. F. Preble, A. W. Elshaari, P. M. Alsing, and M. L. Fanto, “Scalable Hong-Ou-Mandel manifolds in quantum-optical ring resonators,” Phys. Rev. A 89, 043805 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Vernon and J. E. Sipe, “Spontaneous four-wave mixing in lossy microring resonators,” Phys. Rev. A 91, 053802 (2015).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Appl. (1)

S. F. Preble, M. L. Fanto, J. A. Steidle, C. C. Tison, G. A. Howland, and P. M. Alsing, “On-Chip Quantum Interference from a Single Silicon Ring Resonator Source,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 4, 021001 (2015).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. X (1)

N. C. Harris, D. Grassani, A. Simbula, M. Pant, M. Galli, T. Baehr-jones, M. Hochberg, D. Englund, D. Bajoni, and C. Galland, “Integrated Source of Spectrally Filtered Correlated Photons for Large-Scale Quantum Photonic Systems,” Phys. Rev. X 4, 041047 (2014).

Proc. SPIE (1)

J. A. Steidle, M. L. Fanto, C. C. Tison, Z. Wang, S. F. Preble, and P. M. Alsing, “High spectral purity silicon ring resonator photon-pair source,” “Proc. SPIE,”  9500, 950015 (2015).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

M. A. Popović, T. Barwicz, M. S. Dahlem, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, P. T. Rakich, M. R. Watts, H. I. Smith, F. X. Kärtner, and E. P. Ippen, “Hitless-reconfigurable and bandwidth-scalable silicon photonic circuits for telecom and interconnect applications,” in “Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference,” (2008), p. OTuF4.

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Diagram of an asymmetrically coupled double bus ring resonator with an enlarged schematic of the evanescent couplers.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Transmission spectrum of the ring resonator source from the drop port of the device with a 150 nm input gap. The arrows indicate the locations of the pump, signal, and idler photons. (b) Energy conservation schematic for the non-degenerate SFWM configuration that was used. (c) Schematic of the experimental setup along with plots of the filter transmission spectra.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) On-resonance coincidence peaks for a device with a 150 nm input gap. (b) On-resonance and (c) off-resonance coincidence peaks for a device with a 350 nm input gap. The peak in the off-resonance case is a result of broadband SFWM in the input bus waveguide. In all cases, coincidences were counted for a period of 900 s and with a pump power of 5 dBm.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Comparison between the experimental results and the theory. The size of the gap between the input waveguide and the ring is labeled for each data point.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Schematic and (b) optical microscope image of the fabricated microring source with Mach-Zehnder interferometer couplers. The green lines are the silicon waveguides and the brown are the thermal tuners.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Theoretical spectra of a microring resonator (dotted), Mach-Zehnder interferometer (dot-dashed), and a combination of the two (solid) for both (a) input and (b) output sides. The green, blue, and red shaded regions indicate the location of the pump, signal, and idler resonances respectively.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Transmission spectra for the (a) input side and (b) output side of the DMZR without any thermal tuning. Transmission spectra for the (c) input side and (d) output side of the DMZR after optimization of the heaters. The green, blue, and red shaded regions indicate the locations of the pump, signal, and idler resonances respectively. In all cases, the power of the pump laser was set to −10 dBm.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Measured results from the dual Mach-Zehnder device showing the increase in coincidence counts when the resonances are (a) out of tune and (b) tuned. In both cases, coincidences were counted for a period of 60 s with a pump power of 0 dBm.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Device Design Dimensions

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

p drop = | κ 2 | 2 | κ 1 | 2 + | κ 2 | 2 = 1 | t 2 | 2 2 | t 1 | 2 | t 2 | 2 .
η coinc = p drop   2 ( p thru + p drop ) 2 = ( 1 | t 2 | 2 2 | t 1 | 2 | t 2 | 2 ) 2 .
η coinc = C drop , drop   2 ( C drop , drop + C thru , drop + C drop , thru 2 ) 2 .

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