Abstract

Through numerical simulations, we investigate the correlation between the absorption cross-section and the color saturation of plasmonic nanostructures of varying density. Understanding this correlation, enables the prediction of an optimal nanostructure separation, or combinations of different nanostructure sizes for plasmonic color printing applications. Here, we use metal-insulator-metal (MIM) aluminum nanostructures that support gap-plasmons. Large absorption cross-sections were observed that exceed twelve times the physical cross-section of the nanostructure disks. We derive a set of equations to determine the optimal separation for a periodic array using the absorption cross-section of an individual structure to realize saturated colors. Using the optimum pitch and enabled by the large absorption cross-sections of our structures, we employ color mixing strategies to realize a wider color gamut. The simulated color gamut exceeds the sRGB gamut for some colors, and includes dark tones. Color mixing using structures with large absorption cross-sections is a practical approach to generate a broad range of colors, in comparison to fabricating structures with continuously varying sizes.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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2017 (3)

S. D. Rezaei, S. Shannigrahi, and S. Ramakrishna, “A review of conventional, advanced, and smart glazing technologies and materials for improving indoor environment,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 159, 26–51 (2017).

H. Wang, X. Wang, C. Yan, H. Zhao, J. Zhang, C. Santschi, and O. J. F. Martin, “Full Color Generation Using Silver Tandem Nanodisks,” ACS Nano 11, 8465 (2017).

W. Yue, S. Gao, S. Lee, E. Kim, and D. Choi, “Highly reflective subtractive color filters capitalizing on a silicon metasurface integrated with nanostructured aluminum mirrors,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11(3), 285 (2017).

2016 (10)

W. Yue, S. Gao, S.-S. Lee, E.-S. Kim, and D.-Y. Choi, “Subtractive Color Filters Based on a Silicon-Aluminum Hybrid-Nanodisk Metasurface Enabling Enhanced Color Purity,” Sci. Rep. 6, 29756 (2016).
[PubMed]

B.-R. Lu, C. Xu, J. Liao, J. Liu, and Y. Chen, “High-resolution plasmonic structural colors from nanohole arrays with bottom metal disks,” Opt. Lett. 41(7), 1400–1403 (2016).
[PubMed]

M. Scuderi, M. Esposito, F. Todisco, D. Simeone, I. Tarantini, L. De Marco, M. De Giorgi, G. Nicotra, L. Carbone, D. Sanvitto, A. Passaseo, G. Gigli, and M. Cuscunà, “Nanoscale Study of the Tarnishing Process in Electron Beam Lithography-Fabricated Silver Nanoparticles for Plasmonic Applications,” J. Phys. Chem. C 120, 24314–24323 (2016).

M. Jalali, Y. Yu, K. Xu, R. J. H. Ng, Z. Dong, L. Wang, S. Safari Dinachali, M. Hong, and J. K. W. Yang, “Stacking of colors in exfoliable plasmonic superlattices,” Nanoscale 8(42), 18228–18234 (2016).
[PubMed]

T. D. James, P. Mulvaney, and A. Roberts, “The plasmonic pixel: large area, wide gamut color reproduction using aluminum nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 16(6), 3817–3823 (2016).
[PubMed]

A. Kristensen, J. K. W. Yang, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, S. Link, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic colour generation,” Nat. Rev. Mater. 2, 16088 (2016).

Z. Li, W. Wang, D. Rosenmann, D. A. Czaplewski, X. Yang, and J. Gao, “All-metal structural color printing based on aluminum plasmonic metasurfaces,” Opt. Express 24(18), 20472–20480 (2016).
[PubMed]

Z. Li, A. W. Clark, and J. M. Cooper, “Dual color plasmonic pixels create a polarization controlled nano color palette,” ACS Nano 10(1), 492–498 (2016).
[PubMed]

M. Miyata, H. Hatada, and J. Takahara, “Full-Color Subwavelength Printing with Gap-Plasmonic Optical Antennas,” Nano Lett. 16(5), 3166–3172 (2016).
[PubMed]

X. L. Hu, L. B. Sun, B. Zeng, L. S. Wang, Z. G. Yu, S. A. Bai, S. M. Yang, L. X. Zhao, Q. Li, M. Qiu, R. Z. Tai, H. J. Fecht, J. Z. Jiang, and D. X. Zhang, “Polarization-independent plasmonic subtractive color filtering in ultrathin Ag nanodisks with high transmission,” Appl. Opt. 55(1), 148–152 (2016).
[PubMed]

2015 (7)

F. Cheng, J. Gao, L. Stan, D. Rosenmann, D. Czaplewski, and X. Yang, “Aluminum plasmonic metamaterials for structural color printing,” Opt. Express 23(11), 14552–14560 (2015).
[PubMed]

F. Cheng, X. Yang, D. Rosenmann, L. Stan, D. Czaplewski, and J. Gao, “Enhanced structural color generation in aluminum metamaterials coated with a thin polymer layer,” Opt. Express 23(19), 25329–25339 (2015).
[PubMed]

F. Cheng, J. Gao, T. S. Luk, and X. Yang, “Structural color printing based on plasmonic metasurfaces of perfect light absorption,” Sci. Rep. 5, 11045 (2015).
[PubMed]

F. Lütolf, M. Stalder, and O. J. F. Martin, “Metallized Gratings Enable Color Effects and Floating Screen Films by First‐Order Diffraction,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 1793–1799 (2015).

R. J. H. Ng, X. M. Goh, and J. K. W. Yang, “All-metal nanostructured substrates as subtractive color reflectors with near-perfect absorptance,” Opt. Express 23(25), 32597–32605 (2015).
[PubMed]

A. Pors and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Gap plasmon-based phase-amplitude metasurfaces: material constraints [Invited],” Opt. Mater. Express 5, 2448–2458 (2015).

Z. Li, E. Palacios, S. Butun, H. Kocer, and K. Aydin, “Omnidirectional, broadband light absorption using large-area, ultrathin lossy metallic film coatings,” Sci. Rep. 5, 15137 (2015).
[PubMed]

2014 (7)

V. R. Shrestha, S.-S. Lee, E.-S. Kim, and D.-Y. Choi, “Aluminum plasmonics based highly transmissive polarization-independent subtractive color filters exploiting a nanopatch array,” Nano Lett. 14(11), 6672–6678 (2014).
[PubMed]

J. S. Clausen, E. Højlund-Nielsen, A. B. Christiansen, S. Yazdi, M. Grajower, H. Taha, U. Levy, A. Kristensen, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for coloration of plastic consumer products,” Nano Lett. 14(8), 4499–4504 (2014).
[PubMed]

X. Fan, W. Zheng, and D. J. Singh, “Light scattering and surface plasmons on small spherical particles,” Light Sci. Appl. 3, e179 (2014).

D. Gérard and S. K. Gray, “Aluminium plasmonics,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 48, 184001 (2014).

X. M. Goh, Y. Zheng, S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, K. Kumar, C.-W. Qiu, and J. K. W. Yang, “Three-dimensional plasmonic stereoscopic prints in full colour,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5361 (2014).
[PubMed]

S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, D. Zhu, X. M. Goh, Y. M. Wang, K. Kumar, C.-W. Qiu, and J. K. W. Yang, “Plasmonic color palettes for photorealistic printing with aluminum nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 14(7), 4023–4029 (2014).
[PubMed]

T. Tani, S. Hakuta, N. Kiyoto, and M. Naya, “Transparent near-infrared reflector metasurface with randomly dispersed silver nanodisks,” Opt. Express 22(8), 9262–9270 (2014).
[PubMed]

2013 (2)

G. V. Naik, V. M. Shalaev, and A. Boltasseva, “Alternative plasmonic materials: beyond gold and silver,” Adv. Mater. 25(24), 3264–3294 (2013).
[PubMed]

A. Pors, O. Albrektsen, I. P. Radko, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Gap plasmon-based metasurfaces for total control of reflected light,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2155 (2013).
[PubMed]

2012 (3)

T. Søndergaard, S. M. Novikov, T. Holmgaard, R. L. Eriksen, J. Beermann, Z. Han, K. Pedersen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonic black gold by adiabatic nanofocusing and absorption of light in ultra-sharp convex grooves,” Nat. Commun. 3, 969 (2012).
[PubMed]

M. G. Nielsen, A. Pors, O. Albrektsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Efficient absorption of visible radiation by gap plasmon resonators,” Opt. Express 20(12), 13311–13319 (2012).
[PubMed]

K. Kumar, H. Duan, R. S. Hegde, S. C. W. Koh, J. N. Wei, and J. K. W. Yang, “Printing colour at the optical diffraction limit,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(9), 557–561 (2012).
[PubMed]

2011 (1)

2010 (1)

H. A. Atwater and A. Polman, “Plasmonics for improved photovoltaic devices,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 205–213 (2010).
[PubMed]

2008 (1)

C. Langhammer, M. Schwind, B. Kasemo, and I. Zorić, “Localized surface plasmon resonances in aluminum nanodisks,” Nano Lett. 8(5), 1461–1471 (2008).
[PubMed]

2007 (1)

C. Langhammer, B. Kasemo, and I. Zorić, “Absorption and scattering of light by Pt, Pd, Ag, and Au nanodisks: absolute cross sections and branching ratios,” J. Chem. Phys. 126(19), 194702 (2007).
[PubMed]

1931 (1)

T. Smith and J. Guild, “The C.I.E. colorimetric standards and their use,” Trans. Opt. Soc. 33, 73–134 (1931).

Albrektsen, O.

Atwater, H. A.

H. A. Atwater and A. Polman, “Plasmonics for improved photovoltaic devices,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 205–213 (2010).
[PubMed]

Aydin, K.

Z. Li, E. Palacios, S. Butun, H. Kocer, and K. Aydin, “Omnidirectional, broadband light absorption using large-area, ultrathin lossy metallic film coatings,” Sci. Rep. 5, 15137 (2015).
[PubMed]

Bai, S. A.

Beermann, J.

T. Søndergaard, S. M. Novikov, T. Holmgaard, R. L. Eriksen, J. Beermann, Z. Han, K. Pedersen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonic black gold by adiabatic nanofocusing and absorption of light in ultra-sharp convex grooves,” Nat. Commun. 3, 969 (2012).
[PubMed]

Boltasseva, A.

G. V. Naik, V. M. Shalaev, and A. Boltasseva, “Alternative plasmonic materials: beyond gold and silver,” Adv. Mater. 25(24), 3264–3294 (2013).
[PubMed]

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

A. Kristensen, J. K. W. Yang, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, S. Link, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic colour generation,” Nat. Rev. Mater. 2, 16088 (2016).

A. Pors and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Gap plasmon-based phase-amplitude metasurfaces: material constraints [Invited],” Opt. Mater. Express 5, 2448–2458 (2015).

A. Pors, O. Albrektsen, I. P. Radko, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Gap plasmon-based metasurfaces for total control of reflected light,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2155 (2013).
[PubMed]

T. Søndergaard, S. M. Novikov, T. Holmgaard, R. L. Eriksen, J. Beermann, Z. Han, K. Pedersen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonic black gold by adiabatic nanofocusing and absorption of light in ultra-sharp convex grooves,” Nat. Commun. 3, 969 (2012).
[PubMed]

M. G. Nielsen, A. Pors, O. Albrektsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Efficient absorption of visible radiation by gap plasmon resonators,” Opt. Express 20(12), 13311–13319 (2012).
[PubMed]

M. G. Nielsen, D. K. Gramotnev, A. Pors, O. Albrektsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Continuous layer gap plasmon resonators,” Opt. Express 19(20), 19310–19322 (2011).
[PubMed]

Butun, S.

Z. Li, E. Palacios, S. Butun, H. Kocer, and K. Aydin, “Omnidirectional, broadband light absorption using large-area, ultrathin lossy metallic film coatings,” Sci. Rep. 5, 15137 (2015).
[PubMed]

Carbone, L.

M. Scuderi, M. Esposito, F. Todisco, D. Simeone, I. Tarantini, L. De Marco, M. De Giorgi, G. Nicotra, L. Carbone, D. Sanvitto, A. Passaseo, G. Gigli, and M. Cuscunà, “Nanoscale Study of the Tarnishing Process in Electron Beam Lithography-Fabricated Silver Nanoparticles for Plasmonic Applications,” J. Phys. Chem. C 120, 24314–24323 (2016).

Chen, Y.

Cheng, F.

Choi, D.

W. Yue, S. Gao, S. Lee, E. Kim, and D. Choi, “Highly reflective subtractive color filters capitalizing on a silicon metasurface integrated with nanostructured aluminum mirrors,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11(3), 285 (2017).

Choi, D.-Y.

W. Yue, S. Gao, S.-S. Lee, E.-S. Kim, and D.-Y. Choi, “Subtractive Color Filters Based on a Silicon-Aluminum Hybrid-Nanodisk Metasurface Enabling Enhanced Color Purity,” Sci. Rep. 6, 29756 (2016).
[PubMed]

V. R. Shrestha, S.-S. Lee, E.-S. Kim, and D.-Y. Choi, “Aluminum plasmonics based highly transmissive polarization-independent subtractive color filters exploiting a nanopatch array,” Nano Lett. 14(11), 6672–6678 (2014).
[PubMed]

Christiansen, A. B.

J. S. Clausen, E. Højlund-Nielsen, A. B. Christiansen, S. Yazdi, M. Grajower, H. Taha, U. Levy, A. Kristensen, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for coloration of plastic consumer products,” Nano Lett. 14(8), 4499–4504 (2014).
[PubMed]

Clark, A. W.

Z. Li, A. W. Clark, and J. M. Cooper, “Dual color plasmonic pixels create a polarization controlled nano color palette,” ACS Nano 10(1), 492–498 (2016).
[PubMed]

Clausen, J. S.

J. S. Clausen, E. Højlund-Nielsen, A. B. Christiansen, S. Yazdi, M. Grajower, H. Taha, U. Levy, A. Kristensen, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for coloration of plastic consumer products,” Nano Lett. 14(8), 4499–4504 (2014).
[PubMed]

Cooper, J. M.

Z. Li, A. W. Clark, and J. M. Cooper, “Dual color plasmonic pixels create a polarization controlled nano color palette,” ACS Nano 10(1), 492–498 (2016).
[PubMed]

Cuscunà, M.

M. Scuderi, M. Esposito, F. Todisco, D. Simeone, I. Tarantini, L. De Marco, M. De Giorgi, G. Nicotra, L. Carbone, D. Sanvitto, A. Passaseo, G. Gigli, and M. Cuscunà, “Nanoscale Study of the Tarnishing Process in Electron Beam Lithography-Fabricated Silver Nanoparticles for Plasmonic Applications,” J. Phys. Chem. C 120, 24314–24323 (2016).

Czaplewski, D.

Czaplewski, D. A.

De Giorgi, M.

M. Scuderi, M. Esposito, F. Todisco, D. Simeone, I. Tarantini, L. De Marco, M. De Giorgi, G. Nicotra, L. Carbone, D. Sanvitto, A. Passaseo, G. Gigli, and M. Cuscunà, “Nanoscale Study of the Tarnishing Process in Electron Beam Lithography-Fabricated Silver Nanoparticles for Plasmonic Applications,” J. Phys. Chem. C 120, 24314–24323 (2016).

De Marco, L.

M. Scuderi, M. Esposito, F. Todisco, D. Simeone, I. Tarantini, L. De Marco, M. De Giorgi, G. Nicotra, L. Carbone, D. Sanvitto, A. Passaseo, G. Gigli, and M. Cuscunà, “Nanoscale Study of the Tarnishing Process in Electron Beam Lithography-Fabricated Silver Nanoparticles for Plasmonic Applications,” J. Phys. Chem. C 120, 24314–24323 (2016).

Dong, Z.

M. Jalali, Y. Yu, K. Xu, R. J. H. Ng, Z. Dong, L. Wang, S. Safari Dinachali, M. Hong, and J. K. W. Yang, “Stacking of colors in exfoliable plasmonic superlattices,” Nanoscale 8(42), 18228–18234 (2016).
[PubMed]

Duan, H.

K. Kumar, H. Duan, R. S. Hegde, S. C. W. Koh, J. N. Wei, and J. K. W. Yang, “Printing colour at the optical diffraction limit,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(9), 557–561 (2012).
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T. Søndergaard, S. M. Novikov, T. Holmgaard, R. L. Eriksen, J. Beermann, Z. Han, K. Pedersen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonic black gold by adiabatic nanofocusing and absorption of light in ultra-sharp convex grooves,” Nat. Commun. 3, 969 (2012).
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M. Scuderi, M. Esposito, F. Todisco, D. Simeone, I. Tarantini, L. De Marco, M. De Giorgi, G. Nicotra, L. Carbone, D. Sanvitto, A. Passaseo, G. Gigli, and M. Cuscunà, “Nanoscale Study of the Tarnishing Process in Electron Beam Lithography-Fabricated Silver Nanoparticles for Plasmonic Applications,” J. Phys. Chem. C 120, 24314–24323 (2016).

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X. Fan, W. Zheng, and D. J. Singh, “Light scattering and surface plasmons on small spherical particles,” Light Sci. Appl. 3, e179 (2014).

Fecht, H. J.

Gao, J.

Gao, S.

W. Yue, S. Gao, S. Lee, E. Kim, and D. Choi, “Highly reflective subtractive color filters capitalizing on a silicon metasurface integrated with nanostructured aluminum mirrors,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11(3), 285 (2017).

W. Yue, S. Gao, S.-S. Lee, E.-S. Kim, and D.-Y. Choi, “Subtractive Color Filters Based on a Silicon-Aluminum Hybrid-Nanodisk Metasurface Enabling Enhanced Color Purity,” Sci. Rep. 6, 29756 (2016).
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Goh, X. M.

R. J. H. Ng, X. M. Goh, and J. K. W. Yang, “All-metal nanostructured substrates as subtractive color reflectors with near-perfect absorptance,” Opt. Express 23(25), 32597–32605 (2015).
[PubMed]

X. M. Goh, Y. Zheng, S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, K. Kumar, C.-W. Qiu, and J. K. W. Yang, “Three-dimensional plasmonic stereoscopic prints in full colour,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5361 (2014).
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S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, D. Zhu, X. M. Goh, Y. M. Wang, K. Kumar, C.-W. Qiu, and J. K. W. Yang, “Plasmonic color palettes for photorealistic printing with aluminum nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 14(7), 4023–4029 (2014).
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T. Smith and J. Guild, “The C.I.E. colorimetric standards and their use,” Trans. Opt. Soc. 33, 73–134 (1931).

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A. Kristensen, J. K. W. Yang, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, S. Link, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic colour generation,” Nat. Rev. Mater. 2, 16088 (2016).

Han, Z.

T. Søndergaard, S. M. Novikov, T. Holmgaard, R. L. Eriksen, J. Beermann, Z. Han, K. Pedersen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonic black gold by adiabatic nanofocusing and absorption of light in ultra-sharp convex grooves,” Nat. Commun. 3, 969 (2012).
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M. Miyata, H. Hatada, and J. Takahara, “Full-Color Subwavelength Printing with Gap-Plasmonic Optical Antennas,” Nano Lett. 16(5), 3166–3172 (2016).
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K. Kumar, H. Duan, R. S. Hegde, S. C. W. Koh, J. N. Wei, and J. K. W. Yang, “Printing colour at the optical diffraction limit,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(9), 557–561 (2012).
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J. S. Clausen, E. Højlund-Nielsen, A. B. Christiansen, S. Yazdi, M. Grajower, H. Taha, U. Levy, A. Kristensen, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for coloration of plastic consumer products,” Nano Lett. 14(8), 4499–4504 (2014).
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T. Søndergaard, S. M. Novikov, T. Holmgaard, R. L. Eriksen, J. Beermann, Z. Han, K. Pedersen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonic black gold by adiabatic nanofocusing and absorption of light in ultra-sharp convex grooves,” Nat. Commun. 3, 969 (2012).
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M. Jalali, Y. Yu, K. Xu, R. J. H. Ng, Z. Dong, L. Wang, S. Safari Dinachali, M. Hong, and J. K. W. Yang, “Stacking of colors in exfoliable plasmonic superlattices,” Nanoscale 8(42), 18228–18234 (2016).
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Jalali, M.

M. Jalali, Y. Yu, K. Xu, R. J. H. Ng, Z. Dong, L. Wang, S. Safari Dinachali, M. Hong, and J. K. W. Yang, “Stacking of colors in exfoliable plasmonic superlattices,” Nanoscale 8(42), 18228–18234 (2016).
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T. D. James, P. Mulvaney, and A. Roberts, “The plasmonic pixel: large area, wide gamut color reproduction using aluminum nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 16(6), 3817–3823 (2016).
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Jiang, J. Z.

Kasemo, B.

C. Langhammer, M. Schwind, B. Kasemo, and I. Zorić, “Localized surface plasmon resonances in aluminum nanodisks,” Nano Lett. 8(5), 1461–1471 (2008).
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C. Langhammer, B. Kasemo, and I. Zorić, “Absorption and scattering of light by Pt, Pd, Ag, and Au nanodisks: absolute cross sections and branching ratios,” J. Chem. Phys. 126(19), 194702 (2007).
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Kim, E.

W. Yue, S. Gao, S. Lee, E. Kim, and D. Choi, “Highly reflective subtractive color filters capitalizing on a silicon metasurface integrated with nanostructured aluminum mirrors,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11(3), 285 (2017).

Kim, E.-S.

W. Yue, S. Gao, S.-S. Lee, E.-S. Kim, and D.-Y. Choi, “Subtractive Color Filters Based on a Silicon-Aluminum Hybrid-Nanodisk Metasurface Enabling Enhanced Color Purity,” Sci. Rep. 6, 29756 (2016).
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V. R. Shrestha, S.-S. Lee, E.-S. Kim, and D.-Y. Choi, “Aluminum plasmonics based highly transmissive polarization-independent subtractive color filters exploiting a nanopatch array,” Nano Lett. 14(11), 6672–6678 (2014).
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Kocer, H.

Z. Li, E. Palacios, S. Butun, H. Kocer, and K. Aydin, “Omnidirectional, broadband light absorption using large-area, ultrathin lossy metallic film coatings,” Sci. Rep. 5, 15137 (2015).
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Koh, S. C. W.

K. Kumar, H. Duan, R. S. Hegde, S. C. W. Koh, J. N. Wei, and J. K. W. Yang, “Printing colour at the optical diffraction limit,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(9), 557–561 (2012).
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A. Kristensen, J. K. W. Yang, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, S. Link, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic colour generation,” Nat. Rev. Mater. 2, 16088 (2016).

J. S. Clausen, E. Højlund-Nielsen, A. B. Christiansen, S. Yazdi, M. Grajower, H. Taha, U. Levy, A. Kristensen, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for coloration of plastic consumer products,” Nano Lett. 14(8), 4499–4504 (2014).
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Kumar, K.

S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, D. Zhu, X. M. Goh, Y. M. Wang, K. Kumar, C.-W. Qiu, and J. K. W. Yang, “Plasmonic color palettes for photorealistic printing with aluminum nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 14(7), 4023–4029 (2014).
[PubMed]

X. M. Goh, Y. Zheng, S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, K. Kumar, C.-W. Qiu, and J. K. W. Yang, “Three-dimensional plasmonic stereoscopic prints in full colour,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5361 (2014).
[PubMed]

K. Kumar, H. Duan, R. S. Hegde, S. C. W. Koh, J. N. Wei, and J. K. W. Yang, “Printing colour at the optical diffraction limit,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(9), 557–561 (2012).
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Langhammer, C.

C. Langhammer, M. Schwind, B. Kasemo, and I. Zorić, “Localized surface plasmon resonances in aluminum nanodisks,” Nano Lett. 8(5), 1461–1471 (2008).
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C. Langhammer, B. Kasemo, and I. Zorić, “Absorption and scattering of light by Pt, Pd, Ag, and Au nanodisks: absolute cross sections and branching ratios,” J. Chem. Phys. 126(19), 194702 (2007).
[PubMed]

Lee, S.

W. Yue, S. Gao, S. Lee, E. Kim, and D. Choi, “Highly reflective subtractive color filters capitalizing on a silicon metasurface integrated with nanostructured aluminum mirrors,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11(3), 285 (2017).

Lee, S.-S.

W. Yue, S. Gao, S.-S. Lee, E.-S. Kim, and D.-Y. Choi, “Subtractive Color Filters Based on a Silicon-Aluminum Hybrid-Nanodisk Metasurface Enabling Enhanced Color Purity,” Sci. Rep. 6, 29756 (2016).
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V. R. Shrestha, S.-S. Lee, E.-S. Kim, and D.-Y. Choi, “Aluminum plasmonics based highly transmissive polarization-independent subtractive color filters exploiting a nanopatch array,” Nano Lett. 14(11), 6672–6678 (2014).
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J. S. Clausen, E. Højlund-Nielsen, A. B. Christiansen, S. Yazdi, M. Grajower, H. Taha, U. Levy, A. Kristensen, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for coloration of plastic consumer products,” Nano Lett. 14(8), 4499–4504 (2014).
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Li, Z.

Z. Li, W. Wang, D. Rosenmann, D. A. Czaplewski, X. Yang, and J. Gao, “All-metal structural color printing based on aluminum plasmonic metasurfaces,” Opt. Express 24(18), 20472–20480 (2016).
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Z. Li, A. W. Clark, and J. M. Cooper, “Dual color plasmonic pixels create a polarization controlled nano color palette,” ACS Nano 10(1), 492–498 (2016).
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Z. Li, E. Palacios, S. Butun, H. Kocer, and K. Aydin, “Omnidirectional, broadband light absorption using large-area, ultrathin lossy metallic film coatings,” Sci. Rep. 5, 15137 (2015).
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Liao, J.

Link, S.

A. Kristensen, J. K. W. Yang, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, S. Link, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic colour generation,” Nat. Rev. Mater. 2, 16088 (2016).

Liu, J.

Lu, B.-R.

Luk, T. S.

F. Cheng, J. Gao, T. S. Luk, and X. Yang, “Structural color printing based on plasmonic metasurfaces of perfect light absorption,” Sci. Rep. 5, 11045 (2015).
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F. Lütolf, M. Stalder, and O. J. F. Martin, “Metallized Gratings Enable Color Effects and Floating Screen Films by First‐Order Diffraction,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 1793–1799 (2015).

Martin, O. J. F.

H. Wang, X. Wang, C. Yan, H. Zhao, J. Zhang, C. Santschi, and O. J. F. Martin, “Full Color Generation Using Silver Tandem Nanodisks,” ACS Nano 11, 8465 (2017).

F. Lütolf, M. Stalder, and O. J. F. Martin, “Metallized Gratings Enable Color Effects and Floating Screen Films by First‐Order Diffraction,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 1793–1799 (2015).

Miyata, M.

M. Miyata, H. Hatada, and J. Takahara, “Full-Color Subwavelength Printing with Gap-Plasmonic Optical Antennas,” Nano Lett. 16(5), 3166–3172 (2016).
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Mortensen, N. A.

A. Kristensen, J. K. W. Yang, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, S. Link, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic colour generation,” Nat. Rev. Mater. 2, 16088 (2016).

J. S. Clausen, E. Højlund-Nielsen, A. B. Christiansen, S. Yazdi, M. Grajower, H. Taha, U. Levy, A. Kristensen, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for coloration of plastic consumer products,” Nano Lett. 14(8), 4499–4504 (2014).
[PubMed]

Mulvaney, P.

T. D. James, P. Mulvaney, and A. Roberts, “The plasmonic pixel: large area, wide gamut color reproduction using aluminum nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 16(6), 3817–3823 (2016).
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G. V. Naik, V. M. Shalaev, and A. Boltasseva, “Alternative plasmonic materials: beyond gold and silver,” Adv. Mater. 25(24), 3264–3294 (2013).
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Ng, R. J. H.

M. Jalali, Y. Yu, K. Xu, R. J. H. Ng, Z. Dong, L. Wang, S. Safari Dinachali, M. Hong, and J. K. W. Yang, “Stacking of colors in exfoliable plasmonic superlattices,” Nanoscale 8(42), 18228–18234 (2016).
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R. J. H. Ng, X. M. Goh, and J. K. W. Yang, “All-metal nanostructured substrates as subtractive color reflectors with near-perfect absorptance,” Opt. Express 23(25), 32597–32605 (2015).
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Nicotra, G.

M. Scuderi, M. Esposito, F. Todisco, D. Simeone, I. Tarantini, L. De Marco, M. De Giorgi, G. Nicotra, L. Carbone, D. Sanvitto, A. Passaseo, G. Gigli, and M. Cuscunà, “Nanoscale Study of the Tarnishing Process in Electron Beam Lithography-Fabricated Silver Nanoparticles for Plasmonic Applications,” J. Phys. Chem. C 120, 24314–24323 (2016).

Nielsen, M. G.

Nordlander, P.

A. Kristensen, J. K. W. Yang, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, S. Link, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic colour generation,” Nat. Rev. Mater. 2, 16088 (2016).

Novikov, S. M.

T. Søndergaard, S. M. Novikov, T. Holmgaard, R. L. Eriksen, J. Beermann, Z. Han, K. Pedersen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonic black gold by adiabatic nanofocusing and absorption of light in ultra-sharp convex grooves,” Nat. Commun. 3, 969 (2012).
[PubMed]

Palacios, E.

Z. Li, E. Palacios, S. Butun, H. Kocer, and K. Aydin, “Omnidirectional, broadband light absorption using large-area, ultrathin lossy metallic film coatings,” Sci. Rep. 5, 15137 (2015).
[PubMed]

Passaseo, A.

M. Scuderi, M. Esposito, F. Todisco, D. Simeone, I. Tarantini, L. De Marco, M. De Giorgi, G. Nicotra, L. Carbone, D. Sanvitto, A. Passaseo, G. Gigli, and M. Cuscunà, “Nanoscale Study of the Tarnishing Process in Electron Beam Lithography-Fabricated Silver Nanoparticles for Plasmonic Applications,” J. Phys. Chem. C 120, 24314–24323 (2016).

Pedersen, K.

T. Søndergaard, S. M. Novikov, T. Holmgaard, R. L. Eriksen, J. Beermann, Z. Han, K. Pedersen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonic black gold by adiabatic nanofocusing and absorption of light in ultra-sharp convex grooves,” Nat. Commun. 3, 969 (2012).
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Qiu, C.-W.

X. M. Goh, Y. Zheng, S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, K. Kumar, C.-W. Qiu, and J. K. W. Yang, “Three-dimensional plasmonic stereoscopic prints in full colour,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5361 (2014).
[PubMed]

S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, D. Zhu, X. M. Goh, Y. M. Wang, K. Kumar, C.-W. Qiu, and J. K. W. Yang, “Plasmonic color palettes for photorealistic printing with aluminum nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 14(7), 4023–4029 (2014).
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Radko, I. P.

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Rezaei, S. D.

S. D. Rezaei, S. Shannigrahi, and S. Ramakrishna, “A review of conventional, advanced, and smart glazing technologies and materials for improving indoor environment,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 159, 26–51 (2017).

Roberts, A.

T. D. James, P. Mulvaney, and A. Roberts, “The plasmonic pixel: large area, wide gamut color reproduction using aluminum nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 16(6), 3817–3823 (2016).
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Rosenmann, D.

Safari Dinachali, S.

M. Jalali, Y. Yu, K. Xu, R. J. H. Ng, Z. Dong, L. Wang, S. Safari Dinachali, M. Hong, and J. K. W. Yang, “Stacking of colors in exfoliable plasmonic superlattices,” Nanoscale 8(42), 18228–18234 (2016).
[PubMed]

Santschi, C.

H. Wang, X. Wang, C. Yan, H. Zhao, J. Zhang, C. Santschi, and O. J. F. Martin, “Full Color Generation Using Silver Tandem Nanodisks,” ACS Nano 11, 8465 (2017).

Sanvitto, D.

M. Scuderi, M. Esposito, F. Todisco, D. Simeone, I. Tarantini, L. De Marco, M. De Giorgi, G. Nicotra, L. Carbone, D. Sanvitto, A. Passaseo, G. Gigli, and M. Cuscunà, “Nanoscale Study of the Tarnishing Process in Electron Beam Lithography-Fabricated Silver Nanoparticles for Plasmonic Applications,” J. Phys. Chem. C 120, 24314–24323 (2016).

Schwind, M.

C. Langhammer, M. Schwind, B. Kasemo, and I. Zorić, “Localized surface plasmon resonances in aluminum nanodisks,” Nano Lett. 8(5), 1461–1471 (2008).
[PubMed]

Scuderi, M.

M. Scuderi, M. Esposito, F. Todisco, D. Simeone, I. Tarantini, L. De Marco, M. De Giorgi, G. Nicotra, L. Carbone, D. Sanvitto, A. Passaseo, G. Gigli, and M. Cuscunà, “Nanoscale Study of the Tarnishing Process in Electron Beam Lithography-Fabricated Silver Nanoparticles for Plasmonic Applications,” J. Phys. Chem. C 120, 24314–24323 (2016).

Shalaev, V. M.

G. V. Naik, V. M. Shalaev, and A. Boltasseva, “Alternative plasmonic materials: beyond gold and silver,” Adv. Mater. 25(24), 3264–3294 (2013).
[PubMed]

Shannigrahi, S.

S. D. Rezaei, S. Shannigrahi, and S. Ramakrishna, “A review of conventional, advanced, and smart glazing technologies and materials for improving indoor environment,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 159, 26–51 (2017).

Shrestha, V. R.

V. R. Shrestha, S.-S. Lee, E.-S. Kim, and D.-Y. Choi, “Aluminum plasmonics based highly transmissive polarization-independent subtractive color filters exploiting a nanopatch array,” Nano Lett. 14(11), 6672–6678 (2014).
[PubMed]

Simeone, D.

M. Scuderi, M. Esposito, F. Todisco, D. Simeone, I. Tarantini, L. De Marco, M. De Giorgi, G. Nicotra, L. Carbone, D. Sanvitto, A. Passaseo, G. Gigli, and M. Cuscunà, “Nanoscale Study of the Tarnishing Process in Electron Beam Lithography-Fabricated Silver Nanoparticles for Plasmonic Applications,” J. Phys. Chem. C 120, 24314–24323 (2016).

Singh, D. J.

X. Fan, W. Zheng, and D. J. Singh, “Light scattering and surface plasmons on small spherical particles,” Light Sci. Appl. 3, e179 (2014).

Smith, T.

T. Smith and J. Guild, “The C.I.E. colorimetric standards and their use,” Trans. Opt. Soc. 33, 73–134 (1931).

Søndergaard, T.

T. Søndergaard, S. M. Novikov, T. Holmgaard, R. L. Eriksen, J. Beermann, Z. Han, K. Pedersen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonic black gold by adiabatic nanofocusing and absorption of light in ultra-sharp convex grooves,” Nat. Commun. 3, 969 (2012).
[PubMed]

Stalder, M.

F. Lütolf, M. Stalder, and O. J. F. Martin, “Metallized Gratings Enable Color Effects and Floating Screen Films by First‐Order Diffraction,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 1793–1799 (2015).

Stan, L.

Sun, L. B.

Taha, H.

J. S. Clausen, E. Højlund-Nielsen, A. B. Christiansen, S. Yazdi, M. Grajower, H. Taha, U. Levy, A. Kristensen, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for coloration of plastic consumer products,” Nano Lett. 14(8), 4499–4504 (2014).
[PubMed]

Tai, R. Z.

Takahara, J.

M. Miyata, H. Hatada, and J. Takahara, “Full-Color Subwavelength Printing with Gap-Plasmonic Optical Antennas,” Nano Lett. 16(5), 3166–3172 (2016).
[PubMed]

Tan, S. J.

S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, D. Zhu, X. M. Goh, Y. M. Wang, K. Kumar, C.-W. Qiu, and J. K. W. Yang, “Plasmonic color palettes for photorealistic printing with aluminum nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 14(7), 4023–4029 (2014).
[PubMed]

X. M. Goh, Y. Zheng, S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, K. Kumar, C.-W. Qiu, and J. K. W. Yang, “Three-dimensional plasmonic stereoscopic prints in full colour,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5361 (2014).
[PubMed]

Tani, T.

Tarantini, I.

M. Scuderi, M. Esposito, F. Todisco, D. Simeone, I. Tarantini, L. De Marco, M. De Giorgi, G. Nicotra, L. Carbone, D. Sanvitto, A. Passaseo, G. Gigli, and M. Cuscunà, “Nanoscale Study of the Tarnishing Process in Electron Beam Lithography-Fabricated Silver Nanoparticles for Plasmonic Applications,” J. Phys. Chem. C 120, 24314–24323 (2016).

Todisco, F.

M. Scuderi, M. Esposito, F. Todisco, D. Simeone, I. Tarantini, L. De Marco, M. De Giorgi, G. Nicotra, L. Carbone, D. Sanvitto, A. Passaseo, G. Gigli, and M. Cuscunà, “Nanoscale Study of the Tarnishing Process in Electron Beam Lithography-Fabricated Silver Nanoparticles for Plasmonic Applications,” J. Phys. Chem. C 120, 24314–24323 (2016).

Wang, H.

H. Wang, X. Wang, C. Yan, H. Zhao, J. Zhang, C. Santschi, and O. J. F. Martin, “Full Color Generation Using Silver Tandem Nanodisks,” ACS Nano 11, 8465 (2017).

Wang, L.

M. Jalali, Y. Yu, K. Xu, R. J. H. Ng, Z. Dong, L. Wang, S. Safari Dinachali, M. Hong, and J. K. W. Yang, “Stacking of colors in exfoliable plasmonic superlattices,” Nanoscale 8(42), 18228–18234 (2016).
[PubMed]

Wang, L. S.

Wang, W.

Wang, X.

H. Wang, X. Wang, C. Yan, H. Zhao, J. Zhang, C. Santschi, and O. J. F. Martin, “Full Color Generation Using Silver Tandem Nanodisks,” ACS Nano 11, 8465 (2017).

Wang, Y. M.

S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, D. Zhu, X. M. Goh, Y. M. Wang, K. Kumar, C.-W. Qiu, and J. K. W. Yang, “Plasmonic color palettes for photorealistic printing with aluminum nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 14(7), 4023–4029 (2014).
[PubMed]

Wei, J. N.

K. Kumar, H. Duan, R. S. Hegde, S. C. W. Koh, J. N. Wei, and J. K. W. Yang, “Printing colour at the optical diffraction limit,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(9), 557–561 (2012).
[PubMed]

Xu, C.

Xu, K.

M. Jalali, Y. Yu, K. Xu, R. J. H. Ng, Z. Dong, L. Wang, S. Safari Dinachali, M. Hong, and J. K. W. Yang, “Stacking of colors in exfoliable plasmonic superlattices,” Nanoscale 8(42), 18228–18234 (2016).
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Yan, C.

H. Wang, X. Wang, C. Yan, H. Zhao, J. Zhang, C. Santschi, and O. J. F. Martin, “Full Color Generation Using Silver Tandem Nanodisks,” ACS Nano 11, 8465 (2017).

Yang, J. K. W.

A. Kristensen, J. K. W. Yang, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, S. Link, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic colour generation,” Nat. Rev. Mater. 2, 16088 (2016).

M. Jalali, Y. Yu, K. Xu, R. J. H. Ng, Z. Dong, L. Wang, S. Safari Dinachali, M. Hong, and J. K. W. Yang, “Stacking of colors in exfoliable plasmonic superlattices,” Nanoscale 8(42), 18228–18234 (2016).
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R. J. H. Ng, X. M. Goh, and J. K. W. Yang, “All-metal nanostructured substrates as subtractive color reflectors with near-perfect absorptance,” Opt. Express 23(25), 32597–32605 (2015).
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S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, D. Zhu, X. M. Goh, Y. M. Wang, K. Kumar, C.-W. Qiu, and J. K. W. Yang, “Plasmonic color palettes for photorealistic printing with aluminum nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 14(7), 4023–4029 (2014).
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X. M. Goh, Y. Zheng, S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, K. Kumar, C.-W. Qiu, and J. K. W. Yang, “Three-dimensional plasmonic stereoscopic prints in full colour,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5361 (2014).
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K. Kumar, H. Duan, R. S. Hegde, S. C. W. Koh, J. N. Wei, and J. K. W. Yang, “Printing colour at the optical diffraction limit,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(9), 557–561 (2012).
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Yu, Y.

M. Jalali, Y. Yu, K. Xu, R. J. H. Ng, Z. Dong, L. Wang, S. Safari Dinachali, M. Hong, and J. K. W. Yang, “Stacking of colors in exfoliable plasmonic superlattices,” Nanoscale 8(42), 18228–18234 (2016).
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Yu, Z. G.

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W. Yue, S. Gao, S. Lee, E. Kim, and D. Choi, “Highly reflective subtractive color filters capitalizing on a silicon metasurface integrated with nanostructured aluminum mirrors,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11(3), 285 (2017).

W. Yue, S. Gao, S.-S. Lee, E.-S. Kim, and D.-Y. Choi, “Subtractive Color Filters Based on a Silicon-Aluminum Hybrid-Nanodisk Metasurface Enabling Enhanced Color Purity,” Sci. Rep. 6, 29756 (2016).
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Zhang, L.

S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, D. Zhu, X. M. Goh, Y. M. Wang, K. Kumar, C.-W. Qiu, and J. K. W. Yang, “Plasmonic color palettes for photorealistic printing with aluminum nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 14(7), 4023–4029 (2014).
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X. M. Goh, Y. Zheng, S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, K. Kumar, C.-W. Qiu, and J. K. W. Yang, “Three-dimensional plasmonic stereoscopic prints in full colour,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5361 (2014).
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H. Wang, X. Wang, C. Yan, H. Zhao, J. Zhang, C. Santschi, and O. J. F. Martin, “Full Color Generation Using Silver Tandem Nanodisks,” ACS Nano 11, 8465 (2017).

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X. Fan, W. Zheng, and D. J. Singh, “Light scattering and surface plasmons on small spherical particles,” Light Sci. Appl. 3, e179 (2014).

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X. M. Goh, Y. Zheng, S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, K. Kumar, C.-W. Qiu, and J. K. W. Yang, “Three-dimensional plasmonic stereoscopic prints in full colour,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5361 (2014).
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S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, D. Zhu, X. M. Goh, Y. M. Wang, K. Kumar, C.-W. Qiu, and J. K. W. Yang, “Plasmonic color palettes for photorealistic printing with aluminum nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 14(7), 4023–4029 (2014).
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Z. Li, A. W. Clark, and J. M. Cooper, “Dual color plasmonic pixels create a polarization controlled nano color palette,” ACS Nano 10(1), 492–498 (2016).
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G. V. Naik, V. M. Shalaev, and A. Boltasseva, “Alternative plasmonic materials: beyond gold and silver,” Adv. Mater. 25(24), 3264–3294 (2013).
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F. Lütolf, M. Stalder, and O. J. F. Martin, “Metallized Gratings Enable Color Effects and Floating Screen Films by First‐Order Diffraction,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 1793–1799 (2015).

Appl. Opt. (1)

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C. Langhammer, B. Kasemo, and I. Zorić, “Absorption and scattering of light by Pt, Pd, Ag, and Au nanodisks: absolute cross sections and branching ratios,” J. Chem. Phys. 126(19), 194702 (2007).
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M. Scuderi, M. Esposito, F. Todisco, D. Simeone, I. Tarantini, L. De Marco, M. De Giorgi, G. Nicotra, L. Carbone, D. Sanvitto, A. Passaseo, G. Gigli, and M. Cuscunà, “Nanoscale Study of the Tarnishing Process in Electron Beam Lithography-Fabricated Silver Nanoparticles for Plasmonic Applications,” J. Phys. Chem. C 120, 24314–24323 (2016).

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D. Gérard and S. K. Gray, “Aluminium plasmonics,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 48, 184001 (2014).

Laser Photonics Rev. (1)

W. Yue, S. Gao, S. Lee, E. Kim, and D. Choi, “Highly reflective subtractive color filters capitalizing on a silicon metasurface integrated with nanostructured aluminum mirrors,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11(3), 285 (2017).

Light Sci. Appl. (1)

X. Fan, W. Zheng, and D. J. Singh, “Light scattering and surface plasmons on small spherical particles,” Light Sci. Appl. 3, e179 (2014).

Nano Lett. (6)

T. D. James, P. Mulvaney, and A. Roberts, “The plasmonic pixel: large area, wide gamut color reproduction using aluminum nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 16(6), 3817–3823 (2016).
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C. Langhammer, M. Schwind, B. Kasemo, and I. Zorić, “Localized surface plasmon resonances in aluminum nanodisks,” Nano Lett. 8(5), 1461–1471 (2008).
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S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, D. Zhu, X. M. Goh, Y. M. Wang, K. Kumar, C.-W. Qiu, and J. K. W. Yang, “Plasmonic color palettes for photorealistic printing with aluminum nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 14(7), 4023–4029 (2014).
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M. Miyata, H. Hatada, and J. Takahara, “Full-Color Subwavelength Printing with Gap-Plasmonic Optical Antennas,” Nano Lett. 16(5), 3166–3172 (2016).
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J. S. Clausen, E. Højlund-Nielsen, A. B. Christiansen, S. Yazdi, M. Grajower, H. Taha, U. Levy, A. Kristensen, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for coloration of plastic consumer products,” Nano Lett. 14(8), 4499–4504 (2014).
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Nanoscale (1)

M. Jalali, Y. Yu, K. Xu, R. J. H. Ng, Z. Dong, L. Wang, S. Safari Dinachali, M. Hong, and J. K. W. Yang, “Stacking of colors in exfoliable plasmonic superlattices,” Nanoscale 8(42), 18228–18234 (2016).
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T. Søndergaard, S. M. Novikov, T. Holmgaard, R. L. Eriksen, J. Beermann, Z. Han, K. Pedersen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonic black gold by adiabatic nanofocusing and absorption of light in ultra-sharp convex grooves,” Nat. Commun. 3, 969 (2012).
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K. Kumar, H. Duan, R. S. Hegde, S. C. W. Koh, J. N. Wei, and J. K. W. Yang, “Printing colour at the optical diffraction limit,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(9), 557–561 (2012).
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A. Kristensen, J. K. W. Yang, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, S. Link, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic colour generation,” Nat. Rev. Mater. 2, 16088 (2016).

Opt. Express (7)

Opt. Lett. (1)

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F. Cheng, J. Gao, T. S. Luk, and X. Yang, “Structural color printing based on plasmonic metasurfaces of perfect light absorption,” Sci. Rep. 5, 11045 (2015).
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W. Yue, S. Gao, S.-S. Lee, E.-S. Kim, and D.-Y. Choi, “Subtractive Color Filters Based on a Silicon-Aluminum Hybrid-Nanodisk Metasurface Enabling Enhanced Color Purity,” Sci. Rep. 6, 29756 (2016).
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S. D. Rezaei, S. Shannigrahi, and S. Ramakrishna, “A review of conventional, advanced, and smart glazing technologies and materials for improving indoor environment,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 159, 26–51 (2017).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Periodic arrays with different absorption cross-sections and pitches. dabs is the absorption cross-section diameter assuming a circular profile. (a) Pitch (Pu) is equal to the absorption cross-section diameter (b) Pitch (Pl) is smaller than the absorption cross-section diameter (c) Pitch (Pm) of the array is the average diameter of absorption cross-section plus nanostructure diameter (d).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Schematic of a unit cell for the nanostructure under study, the normal incident light is polarized along the x-axis. (b) Absorption cross-section map for individual nanodisks of various diameters. (c) Absorption efficiency map for different diameters. (d) The electric field distributions and Poynting-vector field lines at wavelength of 600 nm in x-z plane and (e) in y-z plane.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) HSB color coordinate. HSB refers to the color hue (H), saturation (S) and brightness (B). (b) Top view of the periodic nanostructure. (c) Calculated reflectance spectra for various disk diameters at P = 340 nm. (d) Simulated color palette in reflection mode. Minimum pitch, lower bound and upper bound pitch are calculated and highlighted on the color palette for d = 90, 110, 130 nm. (e) HSB plot vs. pitch with calculated Pm, Pl and Pm for d = 90 nm. (f) d = 110 nm. (g) d = 130 nm. (h-j) Calculated reflectance for d = 90, 110, 130 nm and various periods.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Schematic of sub-pixel layout for color mixing. Each color is separately funneled into its corresponding nanodisk and absorbed. The incident light is polarized along x-axis. (b) Calculated reflectance spectra for a near-black pixel. (c) Calculated reflectance for red and green colors. (d) Simulated Color palettes for d1 = 0 (e - l) d1 = 80 - 150 nm (m-n) Chromaticity coordinates corresponding to basic (individual periodic disks) and extended color gamut on the CIE 1931 chromaticity diagram.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Digital copy of Vincent van Gogh’s Café Terrace at Night painting obtained from a public domain resource. (b) Simulated painting by extended color gamut.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

σ abs = P abs I
Q abs = 4 σ abs π d 2
P u =2 σ abs π
P 1 = σ abs
P m = σ abs π + d 2

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