Abstract

Grating-coupled surface plasmon resonance (SPR) is demonstrated with one-dimensional gratings fabricated on the surface of bulk stainless steel using imprinting combined with electrochemical etching. The extent of light coupling and the wavelengths of SPR peaks were characterized with respect to the incident angle and polarization states of the light. When the plane of incidence was orthogonal to the grating grooves, only TM polarization was absorbed at two different wavelengths. In the plane of incidence parallel to the grooves, a single resonance peak was observed only when the incident light was TE-polarized. The dependence of SPR wavelengths on the incident angle was in good agreement with theoretical consideration.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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References

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A. Kristensen, J. Yang, S. Bozhevolnyi, S. Link, P. Nordlander, N. Halas, and N. Mortensen, “Plasmonic colour generation,” Nat. Rev. Mater. 2, 16088 (2016).

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[PubMed]

R. Proietti Zaccaria, F. Bisio, G. Das, G. Maidecchi, M. Caminale, C. D. Vu, F. De Angelis, E. Di Fabrizio, A. Toma, and M. Canepa, “Plasmonic color-graded nanosystems and achromatic subwavelength architectures for light filtering and advanced SERS detection,’,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(12), 8024–8031 (2016).
[PubMed]

B. T. Chou, Y. H. Chou, Y. M. Wu, Y. C. Chung, W. J. Hsueh, S. W. Lin, T. C. Lu, T. R. Lin, and S. D. Lin, “Single-crystalline aluminum film for ultraviolet plasmonic nanolasers,” Sci. Rep. 6, 19887 (2016).
[PubMed]

J. Guo, Z. Li, and H. Guo, “Near perfect light trapping in a 2D gold nanotrench grating at oblique angles of incidence and its application for sensing,” Opt. Express 24(15), 17259–17271 (2016).
[PubMed]

2015 (12)

A. Rosenkranz, L. Reinert, C. Gachot, H. Aboufadl, S. Grandthyll, K. Jacobs, F. Muller, and F. Mucklich, “Oxide formation, morphology, and nanohardness of laser‐patterned steel surfaces,” Adv. Eng. Mater. 17, 1234–1242 (2015).

L. Duempelmann, A. Luu-Dinh, B. Gallinet, and L. Novotny, “Four-fold color filter based on plasmonic phase retarder,” ACS Photonics 3, 190–196 (2015).

Y. Gu, L. Zhang, J. K. Yang, S. P. Yeo, and C. W. Qiu, “Color generation via subwavelength plasmonic nanostructures,” Nanoscale 7(15), 6409–6419 (2015).
[PubMed]

T. Kikuchi, O. Nishinaga, S. Natsui, and R. Suzuki, “Fabrication of self-ordered porous alumina via etidronic acid anodizing and structural color generation from submicrometer-scale dimple array,” Electrochim. Acta 156, 235–243 (2015).

E. Amara, F. Haïd, and A. Noukaz, “Experimental investigations on fiber laser color marking of steels,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 351, 1–12 (2015).

D. Gerard and S. Gray, “Aluminum plasmonics,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 48, 184001 (2015).

G. Li, J. Li, Y. Hu, C. Zhang, X. Li, J. Chu, and W. Huang, “Femtosecond laser color marking stainless steel surface with different wavelengths,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 118, 1189–1196 (2015).

F. Luo, W. Ong, Y. Guan, F. Li, S. Sun, G. Lim, and M. Hong, “Study of micro/nanostructures formed by a nanosecond laser in gaseous environments for stainless steel surface coloring,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 328, 405–409 (2015).

A. Wood, B. Chen, S. Pathan, S. Bok, C. Mathai, K. Gangopadhyay, S. Grant, and S. Gangopadhyay, “Influence of silver grain size, roughness, and profile on the extraordinary fluorescence enhancement capabilities of grating coupled surface plasmon resonance,” RSC Advances 5, 78534–78544 (2015).

M. Shimizu, T. Yamada, K. Sasaki, A. Takada, H. Nomura, F. Iguchi, and H. Yugami, “Anisotropic multi-step etching for large-area fabrication of surface microstructures on stainless steel to control thermal radiation,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 16(2), 025001 (2015).
[PubMed]

F. Ren, K. Y. Kim, X. Chong, and A. X. Wang, “Effect of finite metallic grating size on Rayleigh anomaly-surface plasmon polariton resonances,” Opt. Express 23(22), 28868–28873 (2015).
[PubMed]

R. J. Ng, X. M. Goh, and J. K. Yang, “All-metal nanostructured substrates as subtractive color reflectors with near-perfect absorptance,” Opt. Express 23(25), 32597–32605 (2015).
[PubMed]

2014 (3)

J. S. Clausen, E. Højlund-Nielsen, A. B. Christiansen, S. Yazdi, M. Grajower, H. Taha, U. Levy, A. Kristensen, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for coloration of plastic consumer products,” Nano Lett. 14(8), 4499–4504 (2014).
[PubMed]

V. R. Shrestha, S. S. Lee, E. S. Kim, and D. Y. Choi, “Aluminum plasmonics based highly transmissive polarization-independent subtractive color filters exploiting a nanopatch array,” Nano Lett. 14(11), 6672–6678 (2014).
[PubMed]

M. W. Knight, N. S. King, L. Liu, H. O. Everitt, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Aluminum for plasmonics,” ACS Nano 8(1), 834–840 (2014).
[PubMed]

2013 (4)

D. Adams, V. Hodges, D. Hirschfeld, M. Rodriguez, J. McDonald, and P. Kotula, “Nanosecond pulsed laser irradiation of stainless steel 304L: Oxide growth and effects on underlying metal,” Surf. Coat. Tech. 222, 1–8 (2013).

V. Klimas, V. Pakstas, I. Vrublevsky, K. Chernyakova, and A. Jagminas, “Fabrication and characterization of anodic films onto the Type-304 stainless steel in glycerol electrolyte,” J. Phys. Chem. C 117, 20730–20737 (2013).

V. G. Kravets, F. Schedin, R. Jalil, L. Britnell, R. V. Gorbachev, D. Ansell, B. Thackray, K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, A. V. Kabashin, and A. N. Grigorenko, “Singular phase nano-optics in plasmonic metamaterials for label-free single-molecule detection,” Nat. Mater. 12(4), 304–309 (2013).
[PubMed]

A. Vorobyev and C. Guo, “Direct femtosecond laser surface nano/microstructuring and its applications,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7, 385–407 (2013).

2012 (2)

J. Yao, C. Zhang, H. Liu, Q. Dai, L. Wu, S. Lan, A. Gopal, V. Trofimov, and T. Lysak, “Selective appearance of several laser-induced periodic surface structure patterns on a metal surface using structural colors produced by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 258, 7625–7632 (2012).

K. Bhatnagar, A. Pathak, D. Menke, P. V. Cornish, K. Gangopadhyay, V. Korampally, and S. Gangopadhyay, “Fluorescence enhancement from nano-gap embedded plasmonic gratings by a novel fabrication technique with HD-DVD,” Nanotechnology 23(49), 495201 (2012).
[PubMed]

2011 (3)

A. Karambakhsh, A. Afshar, S. Ghahramani, and P. Malekinejad, “Pure commercial titanium color anodizing and corrosion resistance,” J. Mater. Eng. Perform. 20, 1690–1696 (2011).

M. Ozaki, J. Kato, and S. Kawata, “Surface-plasmon holography with white-light illumination,” Science 332(6026), 218–220 (2011).
[PubMed]

A. Dhawan, M. Canva, and T. Vo-Dinh, “Narrow groove plasmonic nano-gratings for surface plasmon resonance sensing,” Opt. Express 19(2), 787–813 (2011).
[PubMed]

2010 (2)

B. Dusser, Z. Sagan, H. Soder, N. Faure, J. P. Colombier, M. Jourlin, and E. Audouard, “Controlled nanostructrures formation by ultra fast laser pulses for color marking,” Opt. Express 18(3), 2913–2924 (2010).
[PubMed]

X. Deng, G. B. Braun, S. Liu, P. F. Sciortino, B. Koefer, T. Tombler, and M. Moskovits, “Single-order, subwavelength resonant nanograting as a uniformly hot substrate for surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Nano Lett. 10(5), 1780–1786 (2010).
[PubMed]

2009 (1)

Z. Li, H. Zheng, K. Teh, Y. Liu, C. Lim, H. Seng, and N. Yakovlev, “Analysis of oxide formation induced by UV laser coloration of stainless steel,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 256, 1582–1588 (2009).

2008 (1)

E. Laux, C. Genet, T. Skauli, and T. Ebbesen, “Plasmonic photon sorters for spectral and polarimetric imaging,” Nat. Photonics 2, 161–164 (2008).

2004 (1)

1998 (1)

C. Degueldre, L. Fuks, and E. Schenker, “Pre-oxidation of stainless steel: a study by diffuse reflection spectroscopy,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 134, 254–262 (1998).

Aboufadl, H.

A. Rosenkranz, L. Reinert, C. Gachot, H. Aboufadl, S. Grandthyll, K. Jacobs, F. Muller, and F. Mucklich, “Oxide formation, morphology, and nanohardness of laser‐patterned steel surfaces,” Adv. Eng. Mater. 17, 1234–1242 (2015).

Adams, D.

D. Adams, V. Hodges, D. Hirschfeld, M. Rodriguez, J. McDonald, and P. Kotula, “Nanosecond pulsed laser irradiation of stainless steel 304L: Oxide growth and effects on underlying metal,” Surf. Coat. Tech. 222, 1–8 (2013).

Afshar, A.

A. Karambakhsh, A. Afshar, S. Ghahramani, and P. Malekinejad, “Pure commercial titanium color anodizing and corrosion resistance,” J. Mater. Eng. Perform. 20, 1690–1696 (2011).

Amara, E.

E. Amara, F. Haïd, and A. Noukaz, “Experimental investigations on fiber laser color marking of steels,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 351, 1–12 (2015).

Ansell, D.

V. G. Kravets, F. Schedin, R. Jalil, L. Britnell, R. V. Gorbachev, D. Ansell, B. Thackray, K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, A. V. Kabashin, and A. N. Grigorenko, “Singular phase nano-optics in plasmonic metamaterials for label-free single-molecule detection,” Nat. Mater. 12(4), 304–309 (2013).
[PubMed]

Audouard, E.

Averitt, R.

Bhatnagar, K.

K. Bhatnagar, A. Pathak, D. Menke, P. V. Cornish, K. Gangopadhyay, V. Korampally, and S. Gangopadhyay, “Fluorescence enhancement from nano-gap embedded plasmonic gratings by a novel fabrication technique with HD-DVD,” Nanotechnology 23(49), 495201 (2012).
[PubMed]

Bisio, F.

R. Proietti Zaccaria, F. Bisio, G. Das, G. Maidecchi, M. Caminale, C. D. Vu, F. De Angelis, E. Di Fabrizio, A. Toma, and M. Canepa, “Plasmonic color-graded nanosystems and achromatic subwavelength architectures for light filtering and advanced SERS detection,’,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(12), 8024–8031 (2016).
[PubMed]

Bok, S.

A. Wood, B. Chen, S. Pathan, S. Bok, C. Mathai, K. Gangopadhyay, S. Grant, and S. Gangopadhyay, “Influence of silver grain size, roughness, and profile on the extraordinary fluorescence enhancement capabilities of grating coupled surface plasmon resonance,” RSC Advances 5, 78534–78544 (2015).

Bozhevolnyi, S.

A. Kristensen, J. Yang, S. Bozhevolnyi, S. Link, P. Nordlander, N. Halas, and N. Mortensen, “Plasmonic colour generation,” Nat. Rev. Mater. 2, 16088 (2016).

Braun, G. B.

X. Deng, G. B. Braun, S. Liu, P. F. Sciortino, B. Koefer, T. Tombler, and M. Moskovits, “Single-order, subwavelength resonant nanograting as a uniformly hot substrate for surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Nano Lett. 10(5), 1780–1786 (2010).
[PubMed]

Britnell, L.

V. G. Kravets, F. Schedin, R. Jalil, L. Britnell, R. V. Gorbachev, D. Ansell, B. Thackray, K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, A. V. Kabashin, and A. N. Grigorenko, “Singular phase nano-optics in plasmonic metamaterials for label-free single-molecule detection,” Nat. Mater. 12(4), 304–309 (2013).
[PubMed]

Caminale, M.

R. Proietti Zaccaria, F. Bisio, G. Das, G. Maidecchi, M. Caminale, C. D. Vu, F. De Angelis, E. Di Fabrizio, A. Toma, and M. Canepa, “Plasmonic color-graded nanosystems and achromatic subwavelength architectures for light filtering and advanced SERS detection,’,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(12), 8024–8031 (2016).
[PubMed]

Canepa, M.

R. Proietti Zaccaria, F. Bisio, G. Das, G. Maidecchi, M. Caminale, C. D. Vu, F. De Angelis, E. Di Fabrizio, A. Toma, and M. Canepa, “Plasmonic color-graded nanosystems and achromatic subwavelength architectures for light filtering and advanced SERS detection,’,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(12), 8024–8031 (2016).
[PubMed]

Canva, M.

Chen, B.

A. Wood, B. Chen, S. Pathan, S. Bok, C. Mathai, K. Gangopadhyay, S. Grant, and S. Gangopadhyay, “Influence of silver grain size, roughness, and profile on the extraordinary fluorescence enhancement capabilities of grating coupled surface plasmon resonance,” RSC Advances 5, 78534–78544 (2015).

Chernyakova, K.

V. Klimas, V. Pakstas, I. Vrublevsky, K. Chernyakova, and A. Jagminas, “Fabrication and characterization of anodic films onto the Type-304 stainless steel in glycerol electrolyte,” J. Phys. Chem. C 117, 20730–20737 (2013).

Choi, D. Y.

V. R. Shrestha, S. S. Lee, E. S. Kim, and D. Y. Choi, “Aluminum plasmonics based highly transmissive polarization-independent subtractive color filters exploiting a nanopatch array,” Nano Lett. 14(11), 6672–6678 (2014).
[PubMed]

Chong, X.

Chou, B. T.

B. T. Chou, Y. H. Chou, Y. M. Wu, Y. C. Chung, W. J. Hsueh, S. W. Lin, T. C. Lu, T. R. Lin, and S. D. Lin, “Single-crystalline aluminum film for ultraviolet plasmonic nanolasers,” Sci. Rep. 6, 19887 (2016).
[PubMed]

Chou, Y. H.

B. T. Chou, Y. H. Chou, Y. M. Wu, Y. C. Chung, W. J. Hsueh, S. W. Lin, T. C. Lu, T. R. Lin, and S. D. Lin, “Single-crystalline aluminum film for ultraviolet plasmonic nanolasers,” Sci. Rep. 6, 19887 (2016).
[PubMed]

Christiansen, A. B.

J. S. Clausen, E. Højlund-Nielsen, A. B. Christiansen, S. Yazdi, M. Grajower, H. Taha, U. Levy, A. Kristensen, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for coloration of plastic consumer products,” Nano Lett. 14(8), 4499–4504 (2014).
[PubMed]

Chu, J.

G. Li, J. Li, Y. Hu, C. Zhang, X. Li, J. Chu, and W. Huang, “Femtosecond laser color marking stainless steel surface with different wavelengths,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 118, 1189–1196 (2015).

Chung, Y. C.

B. T. Chou, Y. H. Chou, Y. M. Wu, Y. C. Chung, W. J. Hsueh, S. W. Lin, T. C. Lu, T. R. Lin, and S. D. Lin, “Single-crystalline aluminum film for ultraviolet plasmonic nanolasers,” Sci. Rep. 6, 19887 (2016).
[PubMed]

Clausen, J. S.

J. S. Clausen, E. Højlund-Nielsen, A. B. Christiansen, S. Yazdi, M. Grajower, H. Taha, U. Levy, A. Kristensen, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for coloration of plastic consumer products,” Nano Lett. 14(8), 4499–4504 (2014).
[PubMed]

Colombier, J. P.

Cornish, P. V.

K. Bhatnagar, A. Pathak, D. Menke, P. V. Cornish, K. Gangopadhyay, V. Korampally, and S. Gangopadhyay, “Fluorescence enhancement from nano-gap embedded plasmonic gratings by a novel fabrication technique with HD-DVD,” Nanotechnology 23(49), 495201 (2012).
[PubMed]

Dai, Q.

J. Yao, C. Zhang, H. Liu, Q. Dai, L. Wu, S. Lan, A. Gopal, V. Trofimov, and T. Lysak, “Selective appearance of several laser-induced periodic surface structure patterns on a metal surface using structural colors produced by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 258, 7625–7632 (2012).

Das, G.

R. Proietti Zaccaria, F. Bisio, G. Das, G. Maidecchi, M. Caminale, C. D. Vu, F. De Angelis, E. Di Fabrizio, A. Toma, and M. Canepa, “Plasmonic color-graded nanosystems and achromatic subwavelength architectures for light filtering and advanced SERS detection,’,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(12), 8024–8031 (2016).
[PubMed]

De Angelis, F.

R. Proietti Zaccaria, F. Bisio, G. Das, G. Maidecchi, M. Caminale, C. D. Vu, F. De Angelis, E. Di Fabrizio, A. Toma, and M. Canepa, “Plasmonic color-graded nanosystems and achromatic subwavelength architectures for light filtering and advanced SERS detection,’,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(12), 8024–8031 (2016).
[PubMed]

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C. Degueldre, L. Fuks, and E. Schenker, “Pre-oxidation of stainless steel: a study by diffuse reflection spectroscopy,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 134, 254–262 (1998).

Deng, X.

X. Deng, G. B. Braun, S. Liu, P. F. Sciortino, B. Koefer, T. Tombler, and M. Moskovits, “Single-order, subwavelength resonant nanograting as a uniformly hot substrate for surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Nano Lett. 10(5), 1780–1786 (2010).
[PubMed]

Dhawan, A.

Di Fabrizio, E.

R. Proietti Zaccaria, F. Bisio, G. Das, G. Maidecchi, M. Caminale, C. D. Vu, F. De Angelis, E. Di Fabrizio, A. Toma, and M. Canepa, “Plasmonic color-graded nanosystems and achromatic subwavelength architectures for light filtering and advanced SERS detection,’,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(12), 8024–8031 (2016).
[PubMed]

Duempelmann, L.

L. Duempelmann, A. Luu-Dinh, B. Gallinet, and L. Novotny, “Four-fold color filter based on plasmonic phase retarder,” ACS Photonics 3, 190–196 (2015).

Dusser, B.

Ebbesen, T.

E. Laux, C. Genet, T. Skauli, and T. Ebbesen, “Plasmonic photon sorters for spectral and polarimetric imaging,” Nat. Photonics 2, 161–164 (2008).

Elbahri, M.

M. Hedayati and M. Elbahri, “Review of metasurface plasmonic structural color,” Plasmonics 12, 1–17 (2016).

Everitt, H. O.

M. W. Knight, N. S. King, L. Liu, H. O. Everitt, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Aluminum for plasmonics,” ACS Nano 8(1), 834–840 (2014).
[PubMed]

Faure, N.

Fuks, L.

C. Degueldre, L. Fuks, and E. Schenker, “Pre-oxidation of stainless steel: a study by diffuse reflection spectroscopy,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 134, 254–262 (1998).

Gachot, C.

A. Rosenkranz, L. Reinert, C. Gachot, H. Aboufadl, S. Grandthyll, K. Jacobs, F. Muller, and F. Mucklich, “Oxide formation, morphology, and nanohardness of laser‐patterned steel surfaces,” Adv. Eng. Mater. 17, 1234–1242 (2015).

Gallinet, B.

L. Duempelmann, A. Luu-Dinh, B. Gallinet, and L. Novotny, “Four-fold color filter based on plasmonic phase retarder,” ACS Photonics 3, 190–196 (2015).

Gangopadhyay, K.

A. Wood, B. Chen, S. Pathan, S. Bok, C. Mathai, K. Gangopadhyay, S. Grant, and S. Gangopadhyay, “Influence of silver grain size, roughness, and profile on the extraordinary fluorescence enhancement capabilities of grating coupled surface plasmon resonance,” RSC Advances 5, 78534–78544 (2015).

K. Bhatnagar, A. Pathak, D. Menke, P. V. Cornish, K. Gangopadhyay, V. Korampally, and S. Gangopadhyay, “Fluorescence enhancement from nano-gap embedded plasmonic gratings by a novel fabrication technique with HD-DVD,” Nanotechnology 23(49), 495201 (2012).
[PubMed]

Gangopadhyay, S.

A. Wood, B. Chen, S. Pathan, S. Bok, C. Mathai, K. Gangopadhyay, S. Grant, and S. Gangopadhyay, “Influence of silver grain size, roughness, and profile on the extraordinary fluorescence enhancement capabilities of grating coupled surface plasmon resonance,” RSC Advances 5, 78534–78544 (2015).

K. Bhatnagar, A. Pathak, D. Menke, P. V. Cornish, K. Gangopadhyay, V. Korampally, and S. Gangopadhyay, “Fluorescence enhancement from nano-gap embedded plasmonic gratings by a novel fabrication technique with HD-DVD,” Nanotechnology 23(49), 495201 (2012).
[PubMed]

Geim, A. K.

V. G. Kravets, F. Schedin, R. Jalil, L. Britnell, R. V. Gorbachev, D. Ansell, B. Thackray, K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, A. V. Kabashin, and A. N. Grigorenko, “Singular phase nano-optics in plasmonic metamaterials for label-free single-molecule detection,” Nat. Mater. 12(4), 304–309 (2013).
[PubMed]

Genet, C.

E. Laux, C. Genet, T. Skauli, and T. Ebbesen, “Plasmonic photon sorters for spectral and polarimetric imaging,” Nat. Photonics 2, 161–164 (2008).

Gerard, D.

D. Gerard and S. Gray, “Aluminum plasmonics,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 48, 184001 (2015).

Ghahramani, S.

A. Karambakhsh, A. Afshar, S. Ghahramani, and P. Malekinejad, “Pure commercial titanium color anodizing and corrosion resistance,” J. Mater. Eng. Perform. 20, 1690–1696 (2011).

Goh, X. M.

Gopal, A.

J. Yao, C. Zhang, H. Liu, Q. Dai, L. Wu, S. Lan, A. Gopal, V. Trofimov, and T. Lysak, “Selective appearance of several laser-induced periodic surface structure patterns on a metal surface using structural colors produced by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 258, 7625–7632 (2012).

Gorbachev, R. V.

V. G. Kravets, F. Schedin, R. Jalil, L. Britnell, R. V. Gorbachev, D. Ansell, B. Thackray, K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, A. V. Kabashin, and A. N. Grigorenko, “Singular phase nano-optics in plasmonic metamaterials for label-free single-molecule detection,” Nat. Mater. 12(4), 304–309 (2013).
[PubMed]

Grajower, M.

J. S. Clausen, E. Højlund-Nielsen, A. B. Christiansen, S. Yazdi, M. Grajower, H. Taha, U. Levy, A. Kristensen, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for coloration of plastic consumer products,” Nano Lett. 14(8), 4499–4504 (2014).
[PubMed]

Grandthyll, S.

A. Rosenkranz, L. Reinert, C. Gachot, H. Aboufadl, S. Grandthyll, K. Jacobs, F. Muller, and F. Mucklich, “Oxide formation, morphology, and nanohardness of laser‐patterned steel surfaces,” Adv. Eng. Mater. 17, 1234–1242 (2015).

Grant, S.

A. Wood, B. Chen, S. Pathan, S. Bok, C. Mathai, K. Gangopadhyay, S. Grant, and S. Gangopadhyay, “Influence of silver grain size, roughness, and profile on the extraordinary fluorescence enhancement capabilities of grating coupled surface plasmon resonance,” RSC Advances 5, 78534–78544 (2015).

Gray, S.

D. Gerard and S. Gray, “Aluminum plasmonics,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 48, 184001 (2015).

Grigorenko, A. N.

V. G. Kravets, F. Schedin, R. Jalil, L. Britnell, R. V. Gorbachev, D. Ansell, B. Thackray, K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, A. V. Kabashin, and A. N. Grigorenko, “Singular phase nano-optics in plasmonic metamaterials for label-free single-molecule detection,” Nat. Mater. 12(4), 304–309 (2013).
[PubMed]

Gu, Y.

Y. Gu, L. Zhang, J. K. Yang, S. P. Yeo, and C. W. Qiu, “Color generation via subwavelength plasmonic nanostructures,” Nanoscale 7(15), 6409–6419 (2015).
[PubMed]

Guan, Y.

F. Luo, W. Ong, Y. Guan, F. Li, S. Sun, G. Lim, and M. Hong, “Study of micro/nanostructures formed by a nanosecond laser in gaseous environments for stainless steel surface coloring,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 328, 405–409 (2015).

Guo, C.

A. Vorobyev and C. Guo, “Direct femtosecond laser surface nano/microstructuring and its applications,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7, 385–407 (2013).

Guo, H.

Guo, J.

Haïd, F.

E. Amara, F. Haïd, and A. Noukaz, “Experimental investigations on fiber laser color marking of steels,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 351, 1–12 (2015).

Halas, N.

A. Kristensen, J. Yang, S. Bozhevolnyi, S. Link, P. Nordlander, N. Halas, and N. Mortensen, “Plasmonic colour generation,” Nat. Rev. Mater. 2, 16088 (2016).

Halas, N. J.

M. W. Knight, N. S. King, L. Liu, H. O. Everitt, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Aluminum for plasmonics,” ACS Nano 8(1), 834–840 (2014).
[PubMed]

Hedayati, M.

M. Hedayati and M. Elbahri, “Review of metasurface plasmonic structural color,” Plasmonics 12, 1–17 (2016).

Hirschfeld, D.

D. Adams, V. Hodges, D. Hirschfeld, M. Rodriguez, J. McDonald, and P. Kotula, “Nanosecond pulsed laser irradiation of stainless steel 304L: Oxide growth and effects on underlying metal,” Surf. Coat. Tech. 222, 1–8 (2013).

Hodges, V.

D. Adams, V. Hodges, D. Hirschfeld, M. Rodriguez, J. McDonald, and P. Kotula, “Nanosecond pulsed laser irradiation of stainless steel 304L: Oxide growth and effects on underlying metal,” Surf. Coat. Tech. 222, 1–8 (2013).

Højlund-Nielsen, E.

X. Zhu, C. Vannahme, E. Højlund-Nielsen, N. A. Mortensen, and A. Kristensen, “Plasmonic colour laser printing,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 11(4), 325–329 (2016).
[PubMed]

J. S. Clausen, E. Højlund-Nielsen, A. B. Christiansen, S. Yazdi, M. Grajower, H. Taha, U. Levy, A. Kristensen, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for coloration of plastic consumer products,” Nano Lett. 14(8), 4499–4504 (2014).
[PubMed]

Hong, M.

F. Luo, W. Ong, Y. Guan, F. Li, S. Sun, G. Lim, and M. Hong, “Study of micro/nanostructures formed by a nanosecond laser in gaseous environments for stainless steel surface coloring,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 328, 405–409 (2015).

Hsueh, W. J.

B. T. Chou, Y. H. Chou, Y. M. Wu, Y. C. Chung, W. J. Hsueh, S. W. Lin, T. C. Lu, T. R. Lin, and S. D. Lin, “Single-crystalline aluminum film for ultraviolet plasmonic nanolasers,” Sci. Rep. 6, 19887 (2016).
[PubMed]

Hu, Y.

G. Li, J. Li, Y. Hu, C. Zhang, X. Li, J. Chu, and W. Huang, “Femtosecond laser color marking stainless steel surface with different wavelengths,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 118, 1189–1196 (2015).

Huang, W.

G. Li, J. Li, Y. Hu, C. Zhang, X. Li, J. Chu, and W. Huang, “Femtosecond laser color marking stainless steel surface with different wavelengths,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 118, 1189–1196 (2015).

Iguchi, F.

M. Shimizu, T. Yamada, K. Sasaki, A. Takada, H. Nomura, F. Iguchi, and H. Yugami, “Anisotropic multi-step etching for large-area fabrication of surface microstructures on stainless steel to control thermal radiation,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 16(2), 025001 (2015).
[PubMed]

Jacobs, K.

A. Rosenkranz, L. Reinert, C. Gachot, H. Aboufadl, S. Grandthyll, K. Jacobs, F. Muller, and F. Mucklich, “Oxide formation, morphology, and nanohardness of laser‐patterned steel surfaces,” Adv. Eng. Mater. 17, 1234–1242 (2015).

Jagminas, A.

V. Klimas, V. Pakstas, I. Vrublevsky, K. Chernyakova, and A. Jagminas, “Fabrication and characterization of anodic films onto the Type-304 stainless steel in glycerol electrolyte,” J. Phys. Chem. C 117, 20730–20737 (2013).

Jalil, R.

V. G. Kravets, F. Schedin, R. Jalil, L. Britnell, R. V. Gorbachev, D. Ansell, B. Thackray, K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, A. V. Kabashin, and A. N. Grigorenko, “Singular phase nano-optics in plasmonic metamaterials for label-free single-molecule detection,” Nat. Mater. 12(4), 304–309 (2013).
[PubMed]

Jourlin, M.

Kabashin, A. V.

V. G. Kravets, F. Schedin, R. Jalil, L. Britnell, R. V. Gorbachev, D. Ansell, B. Thackray, K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, A. V. Kabashin, and A. N. Grigorenko, “Singular phase nano-optics in plasmonic metamaterials for label-free single-molecule detection,” Nat. Mater. 12(4), 304–309 (2013).
[PubMed]

Karambakhsh, A.

A. Karambakhsh, A. Afshar, S. Ghahramani, and P. Malekinejad, “Pure commercial titanium color anodizing and corrosion resistance,” J. Mater. Eng. Perform. 20, 1690–1696 (2011).

Kato, J.

M. Ozaki, J. Kato, and S. Kawata, “Surface-plasmon holography with white-light illumination,” Science 332(6026), 218–220 (2011).
[PubMed]

Kawata, S.

M. Ozaki, J. Kato, and S. Kawata, “Surface-plasmon holography with white-light illumination,” Science 332(6026), 218–220 (2011).
[PubMed]

Kikuchi, T.

T. Kikuchi, O. Nishinaga, S. Natsui, and R. Suzuki, “Fabrication of self-ordered porous alumina via etidronic acid anodizing and structural color generation from submicrometer-scale dimple array,” Electrochim. Acta 156, 235–243 (2015).

Kim, E. S.

V. R. Shrestha, S. S. Lee, E. S. Kim, and D. Y. Choi, “Aluminum plasmonics based highly transmissive polarization-independent subtractive color filters exploiting a nanopatch array,” Nano Lett. 14(11), 6672–6678 (2014).
[PubMed]

Kim, K. Y.

King, N. S.

M. W. Knight, N. S. King, L. Liu, H. O. Everitt, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Aluminum for plasmonics,” ACS Nano 8(1), 834–840 (2014).
[PubMed]

Klimas, V.

V. Klimas, V. Pakstas, I. Vrublevsky, K. Chernyakova, and A. Jagminas, “Fabrication and characterization of anodic films onto the Type-304 stainless steel in glycerol electrolyte,” J. Phys. Chem. C 117, 20730–20737 (2013).

Knight, M. W.

M. W. Knight, N. S. King, L. Liu, H. O. Everitt, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Aluminum for plasmonics,” ACS Nano 8(1), 834–840 (2014).
[PubMed]

Koefer, B.

X. Deng, G. B. Braun, S. Liu, P. F. Sciortino, B. Koefer, T. Tombler, and M. Moskovits, “Single-order, subwavelength resonant nanograting as a uniformly hot substrate for surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Nano Lett. 10(5), 1780–1786 (2010).
[PubMed]

Korampally, V.

K. Bhatnagar, A. Pathak, D. Menke, P. V. Cornish, K. Gangopadhyay, V. Korampally, and S. Gangopadhyay, “Fluorescence enhancement from nano-gap embedded plasmonic gratings by a novel fabrication technique with HD-DVD,” Nanotechnology 23(49), 495201 (2012).
[PubMed]

Kotula, P.

D. Adams, V. Hodges, D. Hirschfeld, M. Rodriguez, J. McDonald, and P. Kotula, “Nanosecond pulsed laser irradiation of stainless steel 304L: Oxide growth and effects on underlying metal,” Surf. Coat. Tech. 222, 1–8 (2013).

Kravets, V. G.

V. G. Kravets, F. Schedin, R. Jalil, L. Britnell, R. V. Gorbachev, D. Ansell, B. Thackray, K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, A. V. Kabashin, and A. N. Grigorenko, “Singular phase nano-optics in plasmonic metamaterials for label-free single-molecule detection,” Nat. Mater. 12(4), 304–309 (2013).
[PubMed]

Kristensen, A.

X. Zhu, C. Vannahme, E. Højlund-Nielsen, N. A. Mortensen, and A. Kristensen, “Plasmonic colour laser printing,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 11(4), 325–329 (2016).
[PubMed]

A. Kristensen, J. Yang, S. Bozhevolnyi, S. Link, P. Nordlander, N. Halas, and N. Mortensen, “Plasmonic colour generation,” Nat. Rev. Mater. 2, 16088 (2016).

J. S. Clausen, E. Højlund-Nielsen, A. B. Christiansen, S. Yazdi, M. Grajower, H. Taha, U. Levy, A. Kristensen, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for coloration of plastic consumer products,” Nano Lett. 14(8), 4499–4504 (2014).
[PubMed]

Lan, S.

J. Yao, C. Zhang, H. Liu, Q. Dai, L. Wu, S. Lan, A. Gopal, V. Trofimov, and T. Lysak, “Selective appearance of several laser-induced periodic surface structure patterns on a metal surface using structural colors produced by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 258, 7625–7632 (2012).

Laux, E.

E. Laux, C. Genet, T. Skauli, and T. Ebbesen, “Plasmonic photon sorters for spectral and polarimetric imaging,” Nat. Photonics 2, 161–164 (2008).

Lee, S. S.

V. R. Shrestha, S. S. Lee, E. S. Kim, and D. Y. Choi, “Aluminum plasmonics based highly transmissive polarization-independent subtractive color filters exploiting a nanopatch array,” Nano Lett. 14(11), 6672–6678 (2014).
[PubMed]

Levy, U.

J. S. Clausen, E. Højlund-Nielsen, A. B. Christiansen, S. Yazdi, M. Grajower, H. Taha, U. Levy, A. Kristensen, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for coloration of plastic consumer products,” Nano Lett. 14(8), 4499–4504 (2014).
[PubMed]

Li, F.

F. Luo, W. Ong, Y. Guan, F. Li, S. Sun, G. Lim, and M. Hong, “Study of micro/nanostructures formed by a nanosecond laser in gaseous environments for stainless steel surface coloring,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 328, 405–409 (2015).

Li, G.

G. Li, J. Li, Y. Hu, C. Zhang, X. Li, J. Chu, and W. Huang, “Femtosecond laser color marking stainless steel surface with different wavelengths,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 118, 1189–1196 (2015).

Li, J.

G. Li, J. Li, Y. Hu, C. Zhang, X. Li, J. Chu, and W. Huang, “Femtosecond laser color marking stainless steel surface with different wavelengths,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 118, 1189–1196 (2015).

Li, X.

G. Li, J. Li, Y. Hu, C. Zhang, X. Li, J. Chu, and W. Huang, “Femtosecond laser color marking stainless steel surface with different wavelengths,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 118, 1189–1196 (2015).

Li, Z.

J. Guo, Z. Li, and H. Guo, “Near perfect light trapping in a 2D gold nanotrench grating at oblique angles of incidence and its application for sensing,” Opt. Express 24(15), 17259–17271 (2016).
[PubMed]

Z. Li, H. Zheng, K. Teh, Y. Liu, C. Lim, H. Seng, and N. Yakovlev, “Analysis of oxide formation induced by UV laser coloration of stainless steel,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 256, 1582–1588 (2009).

Lim, C.

Z. Li, H. Zheng, K. Teh, Y. Liu, C. Lim, H. Seng, and N. Yakovlev, “Analysis of oxide formation induced by UV laser coloration of stainless steel,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 256, 1582–1588 (2009).

Lim, G.

F. Luo, W. Ong, Y. Guan, F. Li, S. Sun, G. Lim, and M. Hong, “Study of micro/nanostructures formed by a nanosecond laser in gaseous environments for stainless steel surface coloring,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 328, 405–409 (2015).

Lin, S. D.

B. T. Chou, Y. H. Chou, Y. M. Wu, Y. C. Chung, W. J. Hsueh, S. W. Lin, T. C. Lu, T. R. Lin, and S. D. Lin, “Single-crystalline aluminum film for ultraviolet plasmonic nanolasers,” Sci. Rep. 6, 19887 (2016).
[PubMed]

Lin, S. W.

B. T. Chou, Y. H. Chou, Y. M. Wu, Y. C. Chung, W. J. Hsueh, S. W. Lin, T. C. Lu, T. R. Lin, and S. D. Lin, “Single-crystalline aluminum film for ultraviolet plasmonic nanolasers,” Sci. Rep. 6, 19887 (2016).
[PubMed]

Lin, T. R.

B. T. Chou, Y. H. Chou, Y. M. Wu, Y. C. Chung, W. J. Hsueh, S. W. Lin, T. C. Lu, T. R. Lin, and S. D. Lin, “Single-crystalline aluminum film for ultraviolet plasmonic nanolasers,” Sci. Rep. 6, 19887 (2016).
[PubMed]

Link, S.

A. Kristensen, J. Yang, S. Bozhevolnyi, S. Link, P. Nordlander, N. Halas, and N. Mortensen, “Plasmonic colour generation,” Nat. Rev. Mater. 2, 16088 (2016).

Liu, H.

J. Yao, C. Zhang, H. Liu, Q. Dai, L. Wu, S. Lan, A. Gopal, V. Trofimov, and T. Lysak, “Selective appearance of several laser-induced periodic surface structure patterns on a metal surface using structural colors produced by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 258, 7625–7632 (2012).

Liu, L.

M. W. Knight, N. S. King, L. Liu, H. O. Everitt, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Aluminum for plasmonics,” ACS Nano 8(1), 834–840 (2014).
[PubMed]

Liu, S.

X. Deng, G. B. Braun, S. Liu, P. F. Sciortino, B. Koefer, T. Tombler, and M. Moskovits, “Single-order, subwavelength resonant nanograting as a uniformly hot substrate for surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Nano Lett. 10(5), 1780–1786 (2010).
[PubMed]

Liu, Y.

Z. Li, H. Zheng, K. Teh, Y. Liu, C. Lim, H. Seng, and N. Yakovlev, “Analysis of oxide formation induced by UV laser coloration of stainless steel,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 256, 1582–1588 (2009).

Lu, T. C.

B. T. Chou, Y. H. Chou, Y. M. Wu, Y. C. Chung, W. J. Hsueh, S. W. Lin, T. C. Lu, T. R. Lin, and S. D. Lin, “Single-crystalline aluminum film for ultraviolet plasmonic nanolasers,” Sci. Rep. 6, 19887 (2016).
[PubMed]

Luo, F.

F. Luo, W. Ong, Y. Guan, F. Li, S. Sun, G. Lim, and M. Hong, “Study of micro/nanostructures formed by a nanosecond laser in gaseous environments for stainless steel surface coloring,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 328, 405–409 (2015).

Luu-Dinh, A.

L. Duempelmann, A. Luu-Dinh, B. Gallinet, and L. Novotny, “Four-fold color filter based on plasmonic phase retarder,” ACS Photonics 3, 190–196 (2015).

Lysak, T.

J. Yao, C. Zhang, H. Liu, Q. Dai, L. Wu, S. Lan, A. Gopal, V. Trofimov, and T. Lysak, “Selective appearance of several laser-induced periodic surface structure patterns on a metal surface using structural colors produced by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 258, 7625–7632 (2012).

Maidecchi, G.

R. Proietti Zaccaria, F. Bisio, G. Das, G. Maidecchi, M. Caminale, C. D. Vu, F. De Angelis, E. Di Fabrizio, A. Toma, and M. Canepa, “Plasmonic color-graded nanosystems and achromatic subwavelength architectures for light filtering and advanced SERS detection,’,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(12), 8024–8031 (2016).
[PubMed]

Malekinejad, P.

A. Karambakhsh, A. Afshar, S. Ghahramani, and P. Malekinejad, “Pure commercial titanium color anodizing and corrosion resistance,” J. Mater. Eng. Perform. 20, 1690–1696 (2011).

Mathai, C.

A. Wood, B. Chen, S. Pathan, S. Bok, C. Mathai, K. Gangopadhyay, S. Grant, and S. Gangopadhyay, “Influence of silver grain size, roughness, and profile on the extraordinary fluorescence enhancement capabilities of grating coupled surface plasmon resonance,” RSC Advances 5, 78534–78544 (2015).

McDonald, J.

D. Adams, V. Hodges, D. Hirschfeld, M. Rodriguez, J. McDonald, and P. Kotula, “Nanosecond pulsed laser irradiation of stainless steel 304L: Oxide growth and effects on underlying metal,” Surf. Coat. Tech. 222, 1–8 (2013).

Menke, D.

K. Bhatnagar, A. Pathak, D. Menke, P. V. Cornish, K. Gangopadhyay, V. Korampally, and S. Gangopadhyay, “Fluorescence enhancement from nano-gap embedded plasmonic gratings by a novel fabrication technique with HD-DVD,” Nanotechnology 23(49), 495201 (2012).
[PubMed]

Mortensen, N.

A. Kristensen, J. Yang, S. Bozhevolnyi, S. Link, P. Nordlander, N. Halas, and N. Mortensen, “Plasmonic colour generation,” Nat. Rev. Mater. 2, 16088 (2016).

Mortensen, N. A.

X. Zhu, C. Vannahme, E. Højlund-Nielsen, N. A. Mortensen, and A. Kristensen, “Plasmonic colour laser printing,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 11(4), 325–329 (2016).
[PubMed]

J. S. Clausen, E. Højlund-Nielsen, A. B. Christiansen, S. Yazdi, M. Grajower, H. Taha, U. Levy, A. Kristensen, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for coloration of plastic consumer products,” Nano Lett. 14(8), 4499–4504 (2014).
[PubMed]

Moskovits, M.

X. Deng, G. B. Braun, S. Liu, P. F. Sciortino, B. Koefer, T. Tombler, and M. Moskovits, “Single-order, subwavelength resonant nanograting as a uniformly hot substrate for surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Nano Lett. 10(5), 1780–1786 (2010).
[PubMed]

Mucklich, F.

A. Rosenkranz, L. Reinert, C. Gachot, H. Aboufadl, S. Grandthyll, K. Jacobs, F. Muller, and F. Mucklich, “Oxide formation, morphology, and nanohardness of laser‐patterned steel surfaces,” Adv. Eng. Mater. 17, 1234–1242 (2015).

Muller, F.

A. Rosenkranz, L. Reinert, C. Gachot, H. Aboufadl, S. Grandthyll, K. Jacobs, F. Muller, and F. Mucklich, “Oxide formation, morphology, and nanohardness of laser‐patterned steel surfaces,” Adv. Eng. Mater. 17, 1234–1242 (2015).

Natsui, S.

T. Kikuchi, O. Nishinaga, S. Natsui, and R. Suzuki, “Fabrication of self-ordered porous alumina via etidronic acid anodizing and structural color generation from submicrometer-scale dimple array,” Electrochim. Acta 156, 235–243 (2015).

Ng, R. J.

Nishinaga, O.

T. Kikuchi, O. Nishinaga, S. Natsui, and R. Suzuki, “Fabrication of self-ordered porous alumina via etidronic acid anodizing and structural color generation from submicrometer-scale dimple array,” Electrochim. Acta 156, 235–243 (2015).

Nomura, H.

M. Shimizu, T. Yamada, K. Sasaki, A. Takada, H. Nomura, F. Iguchi, and H. Yugami, “Anisotropic multi-step etching for large-area fabrication of surface microstructures on stainless steel to control thermal radiation,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 16(2), 025001 (2015).
[PubMed]

Nordlander, P.

A. Kristensen, J. Yang, S. Bozhevolnyi, S. Link, P. Nordlander, N. Halas, and N. Mortensen, “Plasmonic colour generation,” Nat. Rev. Mater. 2, 16088 (2016).

M. W. Knight, N. S. King, L. Liu, H. O. Everitt, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Aluminum for plasmonics,” ACS Nano 8(1), 834–840 (2014).
[PubMed]

Noukaz, A.

E. Amara, F. Haïd, and A. Noukaz, “Experimental investigations on fiber laser color marking of steels,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 351, 1–12 (2015).

Novoselov, K. S.

V. G. Kravets, F. Schedin, R. Jalil, L. Britnell, R. V. Gorbachev, D. Ansell, B. Thackray, K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, A. V. Kabashin, and A. N. Grigorenko, “Singular phase nano-optics in plasmonic metamaterials for label-free single-molecule detection,” Nat. Mater. 12(4), 304–309 (2013).
[PubMed]

Novotny, L.

L. Duempelmann, A. Luu-Dinh, B. Gallinet, and L. Novotny, “Four-fold color filter based on plasmonic phase retarder,” ACS Photonics 3, 190–196 (2015).

O’Hara, J.

Ong, W.

F. Luo, W. Ong, Y. Guan, F. Li, S. Sun, G. Lim, and M. Hong, “Study of micro/nanostructures formed by a nanosecond laser in gaseous environments for stainless steel surface coloring,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 328, 405–409 (2015).

Ozaki, M.

M. Ozaki, J. Kato, and S. Kawata, “Surface-plasmon holography with white-light illumination,” Science 332(6026), 218–220 (2011).
[PubMed]

Pakstas, V.

V. Klimas, V. Pakstas, I. Vrublevsky, K. Chernyakova, and A. Jagminas, “Fabrication and characterization of anodic films onto the Type-304 stainless steel in glycerol electrolyte,” J. Phys. Chem. C 117, 20730–20737 (2013).

Pathak, A.

K. Bhatnagar, A. Pathak, D. Menke, P. V. Cornish, K. Gangopadhyay, V. Korampally, and S. Gangopadhyay, “Fluorescence enhancement from nano-gap embedded plasmonic gratings by a novel fabrication technique with HD-DVD,” Nanotechnology 23(49), 495201 (2012).
[PubMed]

Pathan, S.

A. Wood, B. Chen, S. Pathan, S. Bok, C. Mathai, K. Gangopadhyay, S. Grant, and S. Gangopadhyay, “Influence of silver grain size, roughness, and profile on the extraordinary fluorescence enhancement capabilities of grating coupled surface plasmon resonance,” RSC Advances 5, 78534–78544 (2015).

Proietti Zaccaria, R.

R. Proietti Zaccaria, F. Bisio, G. Das, G. Maidecchi, M. Caminale, C. D. Vu, F. De Angelis, E. Di Fabrizio, A. Toma, and M. Canepa, “Plasmonic color-graded nanosystems and achromatic subwavelength architectures for light filtering and advanced SERS detection,’,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(12), 8024–8031 (2016).
[PubMed]

Qiu, C. W.

Y. Gu, L. Zhang, J. K. Yang, S. P. Yeo, and C. W. Qiu, “Color generation via subwavelength plasmonic nanostructures,” Nanoscale 7(15), 6409–6419 (2015).
[PubMed]

Reinert, L.

A. Rosenkranz, L. Reinert, C. Gachot, H. Aboufadl, S. Grandthyll, K. Jacobs, F. Muller, and F. Mucklich, “Oxide formation, morphology, and nanohardness of laser‐patterned steel surfaces,” Adv. Eng. Mater. 17, 1234–1242 (2015).

Ren, F.

Rodriguez, M.

D. Adams, V. Hodges, D. Hirschfeld, M. Rodriguez, J. McDonald, and P. Kotula, “Nanosecond pulsed laser irradiation of stainless steel 304L: Oxide growth and effects on underlying metal,” Surf. Coat. Tech. 222, 1–8 (2013).

Rosenkranz, A.

A. Rosenkranz, L. Reinert, C. Gachot, H. Aboufadl, S. Grandthyll, K. Jacobs, F. Muller, and F. Mucklich, “Oxide formation, morphology, and nanohardness of laser‐patterned steel surfaces,” Adv. Eng. Mater. 17, 1234–1242 (2015).

Sagan, Z.

Sasaki, K.

M. Shimizu, T. Yamada, K. Sasaki, A. Takada, H. Nomura, F. Iguchi, and H. Yugami, “Anisotropic multi-step etching for large-area fabrication of surface microstructures on stainless steel to control thermal radiation,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 16(2), 025001 (2015).
[PubMed]

Schedin, F.

V. G. Kravets, F. Schedin, R. Jalil, L. Britnell, R. V. Gorbachev, D. Ansell, B. Thackray, K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, A. V. Kabashin, and A. N. Grigorenko, “Singular phase nano-optics in plasmonic metamaterials for label-free single-molecule detection,” Nat. Mater. 12(4), 304–309 (2013).
[PubMed]

Schenker, E.

C. Degueldre, L. Fuks, and E. Schenker, “Pre-oxidation of stainless steel: a study by diffuse reflection spectroscopy,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 134, 254–262 (1998).

Sciortino, P. F.

X. Deng, G. B. Braun, S. Liu, P. F. Sciortino, B. Koefer, T. Tombler, and M. Moskovits, “Single-order, subwavelength resonant nanograting as a uniformly hot substrate for surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Nano Lett. 10(5), 1780–1786 (2010).
[PubMed]

Seng, H.

Z. Li, H. Zheng, K. Teh, Y. Liu, C. Lim, H. Seng, and N. Yakovlev, “Analysis of oxide formation induced by UV laser coloration of stainless steel,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 256, 1582–1588 (2009).

Shimizu, M.

M. Shimizu, T. Yamada, K. Sasaki, A. Takada, H. Nomura, F. Iguchi, and H. Yugami, “Anisotropic multi-step etching for large-area fabrication of surface microstructures on stainless steel to control thermal radiation,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 16(2), 025001 (2015).
[PubMed]

Shrestha, V. R.

V. R. Shrestha, S. S. Lee, E. S. Kim, and D. Y. Choi, “Aluminum plasmonics based highly transmissive polarization-independent subtractive color filters exploiting a nanopatch array,” Nano Lett. 14(11), 6672–6678 (2014).
[PubMed]

Skauli, T.

E. Laux, C. Genet, T. Skauli, and T. Ebbesen, “Plasmonic photon sorters for spectral and polarimetric imaging,” Nat. Photonics 2, 161–164 (2008).

Soder, H.

Sun, S.

F. Luo, W. Ong, Y. Guan, F. Li, S. Sun, G. Lim, and M. Hong, “Study of micro/nanostructures formed by a nanosecond laser in gaseous environments for stainless steel surface coloring,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 328, 405–409 (2015).

Suzuki, R.

T. Kikuchi, O. Nishinaga, S. Natsui, and R. Suzuki, “Fabrication of self-ordered porous alumina via etidronic acid anodizing and structural color generation from submicrometer-scale dimple array,” Electrochim. Acta 156, 235–243 (2015).

Taha, H.

J. S. Clausen, E. Højlund-Nielsen, A. B. Christiansen, S. Yazdi, M. Grajower, H. Taha, U. Levy, A. Kristensen, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for coloration of plastic consumer products,” Nano Lett. 14(8), 4499–4504 (2014).
[PubMed]

Takada, A.

M. Shimizu, T. Yamada, K. Sasaki, A. Takada, H. Nomura, F. Iguchi, and H. Yugami, “Anisotropic multi-step etching for large-area fabrication of surface microstructures on stainless steel to control thermal radiation,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 16(2), 025001 (2015).
[PubMed]

Taylor, A.

Teh, K.

Z. Li, H. Zheng, K. Teh, Y. Liu, C. Lim, H. Seng, and N. Yakovlev, “Analysis of oxide formation induced by UV laser coloration of stainless steel,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 256, 1582–1588 (2009).

Thackray, B.

V. G. Kravets, F. Schedin, R. Jalil, L. Britnell, R. V. Gorbachev, D. Ansell, B. Thackray, K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, A. V. Kabashin, and A. N. Grigorenko, “Singular phase nano-optics in plasmonic metamaterials for label-free single-molecule detection,” Nat. Mater. 12(4), 304–309 (2013).
[PubMed]

Toma, A.

R. Proietti Zaccaria, F. Bisio, G. Das, G. Maidecchi, M. Caminale, C. D. Vu, F. De Angelis, E. Di Fabrizio, A. Toma, and M. Canepa, “Plasmonic color-graded nanosystems and achromatic subwavelength architectures for light filtering and advanced SERS detection,’,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(12), 8024–8031 (2016).
[PubMed]

Tombler, T.

X. Deng, G. B. Braun, S. Liu, P. F. Sciortino, B. Koefer, T. Tombler, and M. Moskovits, “Single-order, subwavelength resonant nanograting as a uniformly hot substrate for surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Nano Lett. 10(5), 1780–1786 (2010).
[PubMed]

Trofimov, V.

J. Yao, C. Zhang, H. Liu, Q. Dai, L. Wu, S. Lan, A. Gopal, V. Trofimov, and T. Lysak, “Selective appearance of several laser-induced periodic surface structure patterns on a metal surface using structural colors produced by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 258, 7625–7632 (2012).

Vannahme, C.

X. Zhu, C. Vannahme, E. Højlund-Nielsen, N. A. Mortensen, and A. Kristensen, “Plasmonic colour laser printing,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 11(4), 325–329 (2016).
[PubMed]

Vo-Dinh, T.

Vorobyev, A.

A. Vorobyev and C. Guo, “Direct femtosecond laser surface nano/microstructuring and its applications,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7, 385–407 (2013).

Vrublevsky, I.

V. Klimas, V. Pakstas, I. Vrublevsky, K. Chernyakova, and A. Jagminas, “Fabrication and characterization of anodic films onto the Type-304 stainless steel in glycerol electrolyte,” J. Phys. Chem. C 117, 20730–20737 (2013).

Vu, C. D.

R. Proietti Zaccaria, F. Bisio, G. Das, G. Maidecchi, M. Caminale, C. D. Vu, F. De Angelis, E. Di Fabrizio, A. Toma, and M. Canepa, “Plasmonic color-graded nanosystems and achromatic subwavelength architectures for light filtering and advanced SERS detection,’,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(12), 8024–8031 (2016).
[PubMed]

Wang, A. X.

Wood, A.

A. Wood, B. Chen, S. Pathan, S. Bok, C. Mathai, K. Gangopadhyay, S. Grant, and S. Gangopadhyay, “Influence of silver grain size, roughness, and profile on the extraordinary fluorescence enhancement capabilities of grating coupled surface plasmon resonance,” RSC Advances 5, 78534–78544 (2015).

Wu, L.

J. Yao, C. Zhang, H. Liu, Q. Dai, L. Wu, S. Lan, A. Gopal, V. Trofimov, and T. Lysak, “Selective appearance of several laser-induced periodic surface structure patterns on a metal surface using structural colors produced by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 258, 7625–7632 (2012).

Wu, Y. M.

B. T. Chou, Y. H. Chou, Y. M. Wu, Y. C. Chung, W. J. Hsueh, S. W. Lin, T. C. Lu, T. R. Lin, and S. D. Lin, “Single-crystalline aluminum film for ultraviolet plasmonic nanolasers,” Sci. Rep. 6, 19887 (2016).
[PubMed]

Yakovlev, N.

Z. Li, H. Zheng, K. Teh, Y. Liu, C. Lim, H. Seng, and N. Yakovlev, “Analysis of oxide formation induced by UV laser coloration of stainless steel,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 256, 1582–1588 (2009).

Yamada, T.

M. Shimizu, T. Yamada, K. Sasaki, A. Takada, H. Nomura, F. Iguchi, and H. Yugami, “Anisotropic multi-step etching for large-area fabrication of surface microstructures on stainless steel to control thermal radiation,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 16(2), 025001 (2015).
[PubMed]

Yang, J.

A. Kristensen, J. Yang, S. Bozhevolnyi, S. Link, P. Nordlander, N. Halas, and N. Mortensen, “Plasmonic colour generation,” Nat. Rev. Mater. 2, 16088 (2016).

Yang, J. K.

Y. Gu, L. Zhang, J. K. Yang, S. P. Yeo, and C. W. Qiu, “Color generation via subwavelength plasmonic nanostructures,” Nanoscale 7(15), 6409–6419 (2015).
[PubMed]

R. J. Ng, X. M. Goh, and J. K. Yang, “All-metal nanostructured substrates as subtractive color reflectors with near-perfect absorptance,” Opt. Express 23(25), 32597–32605 (2015).
[PubMed]

Yao, J.

J. Yao, C. Zhang, H. Liu, Q. Dai, L. Wu, S. Lan, A. Gopal, V. Trofimov, and T. Lysak, “Selective appearance of several laser-induced periodic surface structure patterns on a metal surface using structural colors produced by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 258, 7625–7632 (2012).

Yazdi, S.

J. S. Clausen, E. Højlund-Nielsen, A. B. Christiansen, S. Yazdi, M. Grajower, H. Taha, U. Levy, A. Kristensen, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for coloration of plastic consumer products,” Nano Lett. 14(8), 4499–4504 (2014).
[PubMed]

Yeo, S. P.

Y. Gu, L. Zhang, J. K. Yang, S. P. Yeo, and C. W. Qiu, “Color generation via subwavelength plasmonic nanostructures,” Nanoscale 7(15), 6409–6419 (2015).
[PubMed]

Yugami, H.

M. Shimizu, T. Yamada, K. Sasaki, A. Takada, H. Nomura, F. Iguchi, and H. Yugami, “Anisotropic multi-step etching for large-area fabrication of surface microstructures on stainless steel to control thermal radiation,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 16(2), 025001 (2015).
[PubMed]

Zhang, C.

G. Li, J. Li, Y. Hu, C. Zhang, X. Li, J. Chu, and W. Huang, “Femtosecond laser color marking stainless steel surface with different wavelengths,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 118, 1189–1196 (2015).

J. Yao, C. Zhang, H. Liu, Q. Dai, L. Wu, S. Lan, A. Gopal, V. Trofimov, and T. Lysak, “Selective appearance of several laser-induced periodic surface structure patterns on a metal surface using structural colors produced by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 258, 7625–7632 (2012).

Zhang, L.

Y. Gu, L. Zhang, J. K. Yang, S. P. Yeo, and C. W. Qiu, “Color generation via subwavelength plasmonic nanostructures,” Nanoscale 7(15), 6409–6419 (2015).
[PubMed]

Zheng, H.

Z. Li, H. Zheng, K. Teh, Y. Liu, C. Lim, H. Seng, and N. Yakovlev, “Analysis of oxide formation induced by UV laser coloration of stainless steel,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 256, 1582–1588 (2009).

Zhu, X.

X. Zhu, C. Vannahme, E. Højlund-Nielsen, N. A. Mortensen, and A. Kristensen, “Plasmonic colour laser printing,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 11(4), 325–329 (2016).
[PubMed]

ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces (1)

R. Proietti Zaccaria, F. Bisio, G. Das, G. Maidecchi, M. Caminale, C. D. Vu, F. De Angelis, E. Di Fabrizio, A. Toma, and M. Canepa, “Plasmonic color-graded nanosystems and achromatic subwavelength architectures for light filtering and advanced SERS detection,’,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(12), 8024–8031 (2016).
[PubMed]

ACS Nano (1)

M. W. Knight, N. S. King, L. Liu, H. O. Everitt, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Aluminum for plasmonics,” ACS Nano 8(1), 834–840 (2014).
[PubMed]

ACS Photonics (1)

L. Duempelmann, A. Luu-Dinh, B. Gallinet, and L. Novotny, “Four-fold color filter based on plasmonic phase retarder,” ACS Photonics 3, 190–196 (2015).

Adv. Eng. Mater. (1)

A. Rosenkranz, L. Reinert, C. Gachot, H. Aboufadl, S. Grandthyll, K. Jacobs, F. Muller, and F. Mucklich, “Oxide formation, morphology, and nanohardness of laser‐patterned steel surfaces,” Adv. Eng. Mater. 17, 1234–1242 (2015).

Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. (1)

G. Li, J. Li, Y. Hu, C. Zhang, X. Li, J. Chu, and W. Huang, “Femtosecond laser color marking stainless steel surface with different wavelengths,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 118, 1189–1196 (2015).

Appl. Surf. Sci. (5)

J. Yao, C. Zhang, H. Liu, Q. Dai, L. Wu, S. Lan, A. Gopal, V. Trofimov, and T. Lysak, “Selective appearance of several laser-induced periodic surface structure patterns on a metal surface using structural colors produced by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 258, 7625–7632 (2012).

F. Luo, W. Ong, Y. Guan, F. Li, S. Sun, G. Lim, and M. Hong, “Study of micro/nanostructures formed by a nanosecond laser in gaseous environments for stainless steel surface coloring,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 328, 405–409 (2015).

E. Amara, F. Haïd, and A. Noukaz, “Experimental investigations on fiber laser color marking of steels,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 351, 1–12 (2015).

Z. Li, H. Zheng, K. Teh, Y. Liu, C. Lim, H. Seng, and N. Yakovlev, “Analysis of oxide formation induced by UV laser coloration of stainless steel,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 256, 1582–1588 (2009).

C. Degueldre, L. Fuks, and E. Schenker, “Pre-oxidation of stainless steel: a study by diffuse reflection spectroscopy,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 134, 254–262 (1998).

Electrochim. Acta (1)

T. Kikuchi, O. Nishinaga, S. Natsui, and R. Suzuki, “Fabrication of self-ordered porous alumina via etidronic acid anodizing and structural color generation from submicrometer-scale dimple array,” Electrochim. Acta 156, 235–243 (2015).

J. Mater. Eng. Perform. (1)

A. Karambakhsh, A. Afshar, S. Ghahramani, and P. Malekinejad, “Pure commercial titanium color anodizing and corrosion resistance,” J. Mater. Eng. Perform. 20, 1690–1696 (2011).

J. Phys. Chem. C (1)

V. Klimas, V. Pakstas, I. Vrublevsky, K. Chernyakova, and A. Jagminas, “Fabrication and characterization of anodic films onto the Type-304 stainless steel in glycerol electrolyte,” J. Phys. Chem. C 117, 20730–20737 (2013).

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (1)

D. Gerard and S. Gray, “Aluminum plasmonics,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 48, 184001 (2015).

Laser Photonics Rev. (1)

A. Vorobyev and C. Guo, “Direct femtosecond laser surface nano/microstructuring and its applications,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7, 385–407 (2013).

Nano Lett. (3)

X. Deng, G. B. Braun, S. Liu, P. F. Sciortino, B. Koefer, T. Tombler, and M. Moskovits, “Single-order, subwavelength resonant nanograting as a uniformly hot substrate for surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Nano Lett. 10(5), 1780–1786 (2010).
[PubMed]

V. R. Shrestha, S. S. Lee, E. S. Kim, and D. Y. Choi, “Aluminum plasmonics based highly transmissive polarization-independent subtractive color filters exploiting a nanopatch array,” Nano Lett. 14(11), 6672–6678 (2014).
[PubMed]

J. S. Clausen, E. Højlund-Nielsen, A. B. Christiansen, S. Yazdi, M. Grajower, H. Taha, U. Levy, A. Kristensen, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for coloration of plastic consumer products,” Nano Lett. 14(8), 4499–4504 (2014).
[PubMed]

Nanoscale (1)

Y. Gu, L. Zhang, J. K. Yang, S. P. Yeo, and C. W. Qiu, “Color generation via subwavelength plasmonic nanostructures,” Nanoscale 7(15), 6409–6419 (2015).
[PubMed]

Nanotechnology (1)

K. Bhatnagar, A. Pathak, D. Menke, P. V. Cornish, K. Gangopadhyay, V. Korampally, and S. Gangopadhyay, “Fluorescence enhancement from nano-gap embedded plasmonic gratings by a novel fabrication technique with HD-DVD,” Nanotechnology 23(49), 495201 (2012).
[PubMed]

Nat. Mater. (1)

V. G. Kravets, F. Schedin, R. Jalil, L. Britnell, R. V. Gorbachev, D. Ansell, B. Thackray, K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, A. V. Kabashin, and A. N. Grigorenko, “Singular phase nano-optics in plasmonic metamaterials for label-free single-molecule detection,” Nat. Mater. 12(4), 304–309 (2013).
[PubMed]

Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

X. Zhu, C. Vannahme, E. Højlund-Nielsen, N. A. Mortensen, and A. Kristensen, “Plasmonic colour laser printing,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 11(4), 325–329 (2016).
[PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

E. Laux, C. Genet, T. Skauli, and T. Ebbesen, “Plasmonic photon sorters for spectral and polarimetric imaging,” Nat. Photonics 2, 161–164 (2008).

Nat. Rev. Mater. (1)

A. Kristensen, J. Yang, S. Bozhevolnyi, S. Link, P. Nordlander, N. Halas, and N. Mortensen, “Plasmonic colour generation,” Nat. Rev. Mater. 2, 16088 (2016).

Opt. Express (6)

Plasmonics (1)

M. Hedayati and M. Elbahri, “Review of metasurface plasmonic structural color,” Plasmonics 12, 1–17 (2016).

RSC Advances (1)

A. Wood, B. Chen, S. Pathan, S. Bok, C. Mathai, K. Gangopadhyay, S. Grant, and S. Gangopadhyay, “Influence of silver grain size, roughness, and profile on the extraordinary fluorescence enhancement capabilities of grating coupled surface plasmon resonance,” RSC Advances 5, 78534–78544 (2015).

Sci. Rep. (1)

B. T. Chou, Y. H. Chou, Y. M. Wu, Y. C. Chung, W. J. Hsueh, S. W. Lin, T. C. Lu, T. R. Lin, and S. D. Lin, “Single-crystalline aluminum film for ultraviolet plasmonic nanolasers,” Sci. Rep. 6, 19887 (2016).
[PubMed]

Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. (1)

M. Shimizu, T. Yamada, K. Sasaki, A. Takada, H. Nomura, F. Iguchi, and H. Yugami, “Anisotropic multi-step etching for large-area fabrication of surface microstructures on stainless steel to control thermal radiation,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 16(2), 025001 (2015).
[PubMed]

Science (1)

M. Ozaki, J. Kato, and S. Kawata, “Surface-plasmon holography with white-light illumination,” Science 332(6026), 218–220 (2011).
[PubMed]

Surf. Coat. Tech. (1)

D. Adams, V. Hodges, D. Hirschfeld, M. Rodriguez, J. McDonald, and P. Kotula, “Nanosecond pulsed laser irradiation of stainless steel 304L: Oxide growth and effects on underlying metal,” Surf. Coat. Tech. 222, 1–8 (2013).

Other (3)

L. Novotny and B. Hecht, Principles of Nano-Optics (Cambridge University, 2006).

M. Seo, J. Lee, and M. Lee, “Dielectric constant,” figshare (2017) [retrieved 18 October 2017], https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.5458258 .

D. Sarid and W. Challener, Modern Introduction To Surface Plasmons (Cambridge University, 2010).

Supplementary Material (1)

NameDescription
» Dataset 1       Dielectric constant

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 A schematic for the fabrication process of 1D grating
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 SEM images of gratings. (a) Pattern width = 260 nm, height = 100 nm, (b) width = 180 nm, height = 155 nm, (c) width = 60 nm, height = 170 nm.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 A plane wave incident onto a 1D grating
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Digital-camera images of patterned samples. The arrow represents the orientation of the grating vector. (b) Obliquely viewed samples. The images were taken with white papers placed near the sample to minimize light coming from the surrounding regions. The oblique angle in (b) was approximately 30° (left), 45° (middle), and 75° (right).
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Diffuse reflectance from the sample. Solid lines represent measured data points. Squares, triangles, and circles put on the lines are just to differentiate these data lines from one another.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Specular reflectance at α = 90°: (a) TE polarization, (b) TM polarization. Solid lines represent measured data points. Squares, triangles, and circles put on the lines are just to differentiate these data lines from one another.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Specular reflectance at α = 0°: (a) TE polarization, (b) TM polarization.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Dependence of resonance wavelength on the incident angle of light, when (a) α = 90° and (b) α = 0°.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Diffuse reflectance from three samples of different pattern morphology, when (a) α = 90° and (b) α = 0°. Solid lines represent measured data points. Squares, triangles, and circles put on the lines are just to differentiate these data lines from one another.

Equations (6)

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K sp = ω c ε d ε m ε d + ε m .
K x =Ksinθsinα+m(2π/d),
K y =Ksinθcosα.
sinθ= λ d msinα± ε d ε m ε d + ε m ( λ d m ) 2 cos 2 α .
sinθ= λ d m± ε d ε m ε d + ε m .
sinθ= ε d ε m ε d + ε m ( λ d m ) 2 .

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