Abstract

We demonstrated a cavity-dumped burst-mode 1.06 μm side-pumped Nd:YAG laser and its dual-stage dual-pass amplified laser performance. The cavity dumping process has been theoretically studied and the output performance has been experimentally investigated. At the pumping duration of 2 ms and pumping frequency of 10 Hz, burst energy, peak power and pulse width of the amplified laser reached 1.89 J, 2.87 MW and 3.1 ± 0.3 ns, respectively, at the Q-switch repetition rate of 100 kHz. The maximum energy extraction efficiency reaches to 30%.

© 2017 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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  1. F. Bergmann, M. Siebold, M. Loeser, F. Röser, D. Albach, and U. Schramm, “MHz Repetion Rate Yb:YAG and Yb:CaF2 Regenerative Picosecond Laser Amplifiers with a BBO Pockels Cell,” Appl. Sci. 5(4), 761–769 (2015).
  2. D. Nickel, C. Stolzenburg, A. Beyertt, A. Giesen, J. Häußermann, F. Butze, and M. Leitner, “200 kHz electro-optic switch for ultrafast laser systems,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 033111 (2005).
  3. P. He, H. Wang, L. Zhang, J. Wang, C. Mo, C. Wang, X. Li, and D. Chen, “Cavity-dumped electro-optical Q-switched Nd:GdVO4 laser with high repetition rate,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(3), 631–634 (2012).
  4. F. Chen, Y. Huo, S. He, and L. Feng, “Diode-pumped nanosecond pulsed laser with pulse-transmission-mode Q-switch,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 18(2), 228–229 (2001).
  5. L. Harris, M. Clark, P. Veitch, and D. Ottaway, “Compact cavity-dumped Q-switched Er:YAG laser,” Opt. Lett. 41(18), 4309–4311 (2016).
    [PubMed]
  6. M. N. Slipchenko, J. D. Miller, S. Roy, J. R. Gord, and T. R. Meyer, “All-diode-pumped quasi-continuous burst-mode laser for extended high-speed planar imaging,” Opt. Express 21(1), 681–689 (2013).
    [PubMed]
  7. H. Pan, R. Yan, X. Li, Y. Ma, X. Yu, and D. Chen, “LD-pumped acousto-optical Q-switched burst-mode Nd:YAG laser,” Proc. SPIE 9893, 98930X (2016).
  8. Yu. Huang, W. Zhuang, K. Su, and Y. Chen, “Power Scaling in a Diode-End-Pumped Multisegmented Nd:YVO4 Laser With Double-Pass Power Amplification,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 1601006 (2015).
  9. A. Agnesi, L. Carrà, R. Piccoli, F. Pirzio, and G. Reali, “Nd:YVO4 amplifier for ultrafast low-power lasers,” Opt. Lett. 37(17), 3612–3614 (2012).
    [PubMed]
  10. X. Délen, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, “Direct amplification of a nanosecond laser diode in a high gain diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 39(4), 997–1000 (2014).
    [PubMed]
  11. Y. Tzuk, Y. Glick, and M. M. Tilleman, “Compact ultra-high gain multi-pass Nd:YAG amplifier with a low passive reflection phase conjugate mirror,” Opt. Commun. 165(4–6), 237–244 (1999).
  12. R. B. Chesler and D. Maydan, “Calculation of Nd:YAlG Cavity Dumping,” J. Appl. Phys. 42(3), 1028–1030 (1971).

2016 (2)

L. Harris, M. Clark, P. Veitch, and D. Ottaway, “Compact cavity-dumped Q-switched Er:YAG laser,” Opt. Lett. 41(18), 4309–4311 (2016).
[PubMed]

H. Pan, R. Yan, X. Li, Y. Ma, X. Yu, and D. Chen, “LD-pumped acousto-optical Q-switched burst-mode Nd:YAG laser,” Proc. SPIE 9893, 98930X (2016).

2015 (2)

Yu. Huang, W. Zhuang, K. Su, and Y. Chen, “Power Scaling in a Diode-End-Pumped Multisegmented Nd:YVO4 Laser With Double-Pass Power Amplification,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 1601006 (2015).

F. Bergmann, M. Siebold, M. Loeser, F. Röser, D. Albach, and U. Schramm, “MHz Repetion Rate Yb:YAG and Yb:CaF2 Regenerative Picosecond Laser Amplifiers with a BBO Pockels Cell,” Appl. Sci. 5(4), 761–769 (2015).

2014 (1)

2013 (1)

2012 (2)

A. Agnesi, L. Carrà, R. Piccoli, F. Pirzio, and G. Reali, “Nd:YVO4 amplifier for ultrafast low-power lasers,” Opt. Lett. 37(17), 3612–3614 (2012).
[PubMed]

P. He, H. Wang, L. Zhang, J. Wang, C. Mo, C. Wang, X. Li, and D. Chen, “Cavity-dumped electro-optical Q-switched Nd:GdVO4 laser with high repetition rate,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(3), 631–634 (2012).

2005 (1)

D. Nickel, C. Stolzenburg, A. Beyertt, A. Giesen, J. Häußermann, F. Butze, and M. Leitner, “200 kHz electro-optic switch for ultrafast laser systems,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 033111 (2005).

2001 (1)

F. Chen, Y. Huo, S. He, and L. Feng, “Diode-pumped nanosecond pulsed laser with pulse-transmission-mode Q-switch,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 18(2), 228–229 (2001).

1999 (1)

Y. Tzuk, Y. Glick, and M. M. Tilleman, “Compact ultra-high gain multi-pass Nd:YAG amplifier with a low passive reflection phase conjugate mirror,” Opt. Commun. 165(4–6), 237–244 (1999).

1971 (1)

R. B. Chesler and D. Maydan, “Calculation of Nd:YAlG Cavity Dumping,” J. Appl. Phys. 42(3), 1028–1030 (1971).

Agnesi, A.

Albach, D.

F. Bergmann, M. Siebold, M. Loeser, F. Röser, D. Albach, and U. Schramm, “MHz Repetion Rate Yb:YAG and Yb:CaF2 Regenerative Picosecond Laser Amplifiers with a BBO Pockels Cell,” Appl. Sci. 5(4), 761–769 (2015).

Balembois, F.

Bergmann, F.

F. Bergmann, M. Siebold, M. Loeser, F. Röser, D. Albach, and U. Schramm, “MHz Repetion Rate Yb:YAG and Yb:CaF2 Regenerative Picosecond Laser Amplifiers with a BBO Pockels Cell,” Appl. Sci. 5(4), 761–769 (2015).

Beyertt, A.

D. Nickel, C. Stolzenburg, A. Beyertt, A. Giesen, J. Häußermann, F. Butze, and M. Leitner, “200 kHz electro-optic switch for ultrafast laser systems,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 033111 (2005).

Butze, F.

D. Nickel, C. Stolzenburg, A. Beyertt, A. Giesen, J. Häußermann, F. Butze, and M. Leitner, “200 kHz electro-optic switch for ultrafast laser systems,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 033111 (2005).

Carrà, L.

Chen, D.

H. Pan, R. Yan, X. Li, Y. Ma, X. Yu, and D. Chen, “LD-pumped acousto-optical Q-switched burst-mode Nd:YAG laser,” Proc. SPIE 9893, 98930X (2016).

P. He, H. Wang, L. Zhang, J. Wang, C. Mo, C. Wang, X. Li, and D. Chen, “Cavity-dumped electro-optical Q-switched Nd:GdVO4 laser with high repetition rate,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(3), 631–634 (2012).

Chen, F.

F. Chen, Y. Huo, S. He, and L. Feng, “Diode-pumped nanosecond pulsed laser with pulse-transmission-mode Q-switch,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 18(2), 228–229 (2001).

Chen, Y.

Yu. Huang, W. Zhuang, K. Su, and Y. Chen, “Power Scaling in a Diode-End-Pumped Multisegmented Nd:YVO4 Laser With Double-Pass Power Amplification,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 1601006 (2015).

Chesler, R. B.

R. B. Chesler and D. Maydan, “Calculation of Nd:YAlG Cavity Dumping,” J. Appl. Phys. 42(3), 1028–1030 (1971).

Clark, M.

Délen, X.

Feng, L.

F. Chen, Y. Huo, S. He, and L. Feng, “Diode-pumped nanosecond pulsed laser with pulse-transmission-mode Q-switch,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 18(2), 228–229 (2001).

Georges, P.

Giesen, A.

D. Nickel, C. Stolzenburg, A. Beyertt, A. Giesen, J. Häußermann, F. Butze, and M. Leitner, “200 kHz electro-optic switch for ultrafast laser systems,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 033111 (2005).

Glick, Y.

Y. Tzuk, Y. Glick, and M. M. Tilleman, “Compact ultra-high gain multi-pass Nd:YAG amplifier with a low passive reflection phase conjugate mirror,” Opt. Commun. 165(4–6), 237–244 (1999).

Gord, J. R.

Harris, L.

Häußermann, J.

D. Nickel, C. Stolzenburg, A. Beyertt, A. Giesen, J. Häußermann, F. Butze, and M. Leitner, “200 kHz electro-optic switch for ultrafast laser systems,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 033111 (2005).

He, P.

P. He, H. Wang, L. Zhang, J. Wang, C. Mo, C. Wang, X. Li, and D. Chen, “Cavity-dumped electro-optical Q-switched Nd:GdVO4 laser with high repetition rate,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(3), 631–634 (2012).

He, S.

F. Chen, Y. Huo, S. He, and L. Feng, “Diode-pumped nanosecond pulsed laser with pulse-transmission-mode Q-switch,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 18(2), 228–229 (2001).

Huang, Yu.

Yu. Huang, W. Zhuang, K. Su, and Y. Chen, “Power Scaling in a Diode-End-Pumped Multisegmented Nd:YVO4 Laser With Double-Pass Power Amplification,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 1601006 (2015).

Huo, Y.

F. Chen, Y. Huo, S. He, and L. Feng, “Diode-pumped nanosecond pulsed laser with pulse-transmission-mode Q-switch,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 18(2), 228–229 (2001).

Leitner, M.

D. Nickel, C. Stolzenburg, A. Beyertt, A. Giesen, J. Häußermann, F. Butze, and M. Leitner, “200 kHz electro-optic switch for ultrafast laser systems,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 033111 (2005).

Li, X.

H. Pan, R. Yan, X. Li, Y. Ma, X. Yu, and D. Chen, “LD-pumped acousto-optical Q-switched burst-mode Nd:YAG laser,” Proc. SPIE 9893, 98930X (2016).

P. He, H. Wang, L. Zhang, J. Wang, C. Mo, C. Wang, X. Li, and D. Chen, “Cavity-dumped electro-optical Q-switched Nd:GdVO4 laser with high repetition rate,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(3), 631–634 (2012).

Loeser, M.

F. Bergmann, M. Siebold, M. Loeser, F. Röser, D. Albach, and U. Schramm, “MHz Repetion Rate Yb:YAG and Yb:CaF2 Regenerative Picosecond Laser Amplifiers with a BBO Pockels Cell,” Appl. Sci. 5(4), 761–769 (2015).

Ma, Y.

H. Pan, R. Yan, X. Li, Y. Ma, X. Yu, and D. Chen, “LD-pumped acousto-optical Q-switched burst-mode Nd:YAG laser,” Proc. SPIE 9893, 98930X (2016).

Maydan, D.

R. B. Chesler and D. Maydan, “Calculation of Nd:YAlG Cavity Dumping,” J. Appl. Phys. 42(3), 1028–1030 (1971).

Meyer, T. R.

Miller, J. D.

Mo, C.

P. He, H. Wang, L. Zhang, J. Wang, C. Mo, C. Wang, X. Li, and D. Chen, “Cavity-dumped electro-optical Q-switched Nd:GdVO4 laser with high repetition rate,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(3), 631–634 (2012).

Nickel, D.

D. Nickel, C. Stolzenburg, A. Beyertt, A. Giesen, J. Häußermann, F. Butze, and M. Leitner, “200 kHz electro-optic switch for ultrafast laser systems,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 033111 (2005).

Ottaway, D.

Pan, H.

H. Pan, R. Yan, X. Li, Y. Ma, X. Yu, and D. Chen, “LD-pumped acousto-optical Q-switched burst-mode Nd:YAG laser,” Proc. SPIE 9893, 98930X (2016).

Piccoli, R.

Pirzio, F.

Reali, G.

Röser, F.

F. Bergmann, M. Siebold, M. Loeser, F. Röser, D. Albach, and U. Schramm, “MHz Repetion Rate Yb:YAG and Yb:CaF2 Regenerative Picosecond Laser Amplifiers with a BBO Pockels Cell,” Appl. Sci. 5(4), 761–769 (2015).

Roy, S.

Schramm, U.

F. Bergmann, M. Siebold, M. Loeser, F. Röser, D. Albach, and U. Schramm, “MHz Repetion Rate Yb:YAG and Yb:CaF2 Regenerative Picosecond Laser Amplifiers with a BBO Pockels Cell,” Appl. Sci. 5(4), 761–769 (2015).

Siebold, M.

F. Bergmann, M. Siebold, M. Loeser, F. Röser, D. Albach, and U. Schramm, “MHz Repetion Rate Yb:YAG and Yb:CaF2 Regenerative Picosecond Laser Amplifiers with a BBO Pockels Cell,” Appl. Sci. 5(4), 761–769 (2015).

Slipchenko, M. N.

Stolzenburg, C.

D. Nickel, C. Stolzenburg, A. Beyertt, A. Giesen, J. Häußermann, F. Butze, and M. Leitner, “200 kHz electro-optic switch for ultrafast laser systems,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 033111 (2005).

Su, K.

Yu. Huang, W. Zhuang, K. Su, and Y. Chen, “Power Scaling in a Diode-End-Pumped Multisegmented Nd:YVO4 Laser With Double-Pass Power Amplification,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 1601006 (2015).

Tilleman, M. M.

Y. Tzuk, Y. Glick, and M. M. Tilleman, “Compact ultra-high gain multi-pass Nd:YAG amplifier with a low passive reflection phase conjugate mirror,” Opt. Commun. 165(4–6), 237–244 (1999).

Tzuk, Y.

Y. Tzuk, Y. Glick, and M. M. Tilleman, “Compact ultra-high gain multi-pass Nd:YAG amplifier with a low passive reflection phase conjugate mirror,” Opt. Commun. 165(4–6), 237–244 (1999).

Veitch, P.

Wang, C.

P. He, H. Wang, L. Zhang, J. Wang, C. Mo, C. Wang, X. Li, and D. Chen, “Cavity-dumped electro-optical Q-switched Nd:GdVO4 laser with high repetition rate,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(3), 631–634 (2012).

Wang, H.

P. He, H. Wang, L. Zhang, J. Wang, C. Mo, C. Wang, X. Li, and D. Chen, “Cavity-dumped electro-optical Q-switched Nd:GdVO4 laser with high repetition rate,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(3), 631–634 (2012).

Wang, J.

P. He, H. Wang, L. Zhang, J. Wang, C. Mo, C. Wang, X. Li, and D. Chen, “Cavity-dumped electro-optical Q-switched Nd:GdVO4 laser with high repetition rate,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(3), 631–634 (2012).

Yan, R.

H. Pan, R. Yan, X. Li, Y. Ma, X. Yu, and D. Chen, “LD-pumped acousto-optical Q-switched burst-mode Nd:YAG laser,” Proc. SPIE 9893, 98930X (2016).

Yu, X.

H. Pan, R. Yan, X. Li, Y. Ma, X. Yu, and D. Chen, “LD-pumped acousto-optical Q-switched burst-mode Nd:YAG laser,” Proc. SPIE 9893, 98930X (2016).

Zhang, L.

P. He, H. Wang, L. Zhang, J. Wang, C. Mo, C. Wang, X. Li, and D. Chen, “Cavity-dumped electro-optical Q-switched Nd:GdVO4 laser with high repetition rate,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(3), 631–634 (2012).

Zhuang, W.

Yu. Huang, W. Zhuang, K. Su, and Y. Chen, “Power Scaling in a Diode-End-Pumped Multisegmented Nd:YVO4 Laser With Double-Pass Power Amplification,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 1601006 (2015).

Appl. Sci. (1)

F. Bergmann, M. Siebold, M. Loeser, F. Röser, D. Albach, and U. Schramm, “MHz Repetion Rate Yb:YAG and Yb:CaF2 Regenerative Picosecond Laser Amplifiers with a BBO Pockels Cell,” Appl. Sci. 5(4), 761–769 (2015).

Chin. Phys. Lett. (1)

F. Chen, Y. Huo, S. He, and L. Feng, “Diode-pumped nanosecond pulsed laser with pulse-transmission-mode Q-switch,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 18(2), 228–229 (2001).

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

Yu. Huang, W. Zhuang, K. Su, and Y. Chen, “Power Scaling in a Diode-End-Pumped Multisegmented Nd:YVO4 Laser With Double-Pass Power Amplification,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 1601006 (2015).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

R. B. Chesler and D. Maydan, “Calculation of Nd:YAlG Cavity Dumping,” J. Appl. Phys. 42(3), 1028–1030 (1971).

Opt. Commun. (1)

Y. Tzuk, Y. Glick, and M. M. Tilleman, “Compact ultra-high gain multi-pass Nd:YAG amplifier with a low passive reflection phase conjugate mirror,” Opt. Commun. 165(4–6), 237–244 (1999).

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

P. He, H. Wang, L. Zhang, J. Wang, C. Mo, C. Wang, X. Li, and D. Chen, “Cavity-dumped electro-optical Q-switched Nd:GdVO4 laser with high repetition rate,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(3), 631–634 (2012).

Opt. Lett. (3)

Proc. SPIE (1)

H. Pan, R. Yan, X. Li, Y. Ma, X. Yu, and D. Chen, “LD-pumped acousto-optical Q-switched burst-mode Nd:YAG laser,” Proc. SPIE 9893, 98930X (2016).

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

D. Nickel, C. Stolzenburg, A. Beyertt, A. Giesen, J. Häußermann, F. Butze, and M. Leitner, “200 kHz electro-optic switch for ultrafast laser systems,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 033111 (2005).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic diagram of the experimental setup.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Waveform profiles of the output electrical pulses of the Pockels cell driver measured at repetition rate of 100 kHz. (a) – pulse train; (b) – single pulse.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Theoretical calculation results of normalized field energy F / F 0 and normalized inversion energy N / N 0 versus time. Black for Φ = 2 and Δ = 0.1 , resulting in ε 4.14 × 10 7 s 1 , γ 171.5 and τ 414 . Blue for Φ = 2 and Δ = 0.01 , resulting in ε 4.14 × 10 6 s 1 , γ 17.15 and τ 41.4 . Red for Φ = 4 and Δ = 0.1 , resulting in ε 4.14 × 10 7 s 1 , γ 414 and τ 414 . Green for Φ = 4 and Δ = 0.01 , resulting in ε 4.14 × 10 6 s 1 , τ 41.4 and τ 41.4 .
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Master oscillator: average power, burst energy, single pulse energy, peak power and pulse width versus repetition rate.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Single pulses and pulse trains waveform profiles of output lasers of the master oscillator and amplifiers.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Average power, burst energy, peak power, single pulse energy, pulse width and energy extraction efficiency versus amplifier pump energy and amplifier pump average power. (a) – results of amplifier stage 1; (b) – results of amplifier stage 2 while pump pulse energy of stage 1 set at 4.3 J.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Burst energy, peak power, pulse width and energy extraction efficiency versus burst duration. (a) – results of single stage amplification; (b) – results of dual stage amplification.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 The output beam profiles and beam quality factors measured at 100 kHz with 1.89 J burst energy.

Equations (7)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

F = F 0 + f F 0
N = N 0 + n F 0
N 0 = ε Φ 1 / 2 / β
F 0 = ζ ( Φ 1 / 2 1 ) / β
s = t ε
n = Φ 1 2 τ ( 1 γ 1 2 + s τ exp ( γ s / τ ) e γ 1 )
f = γ   exp ( γ s / τ ) e γ 1 1

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