Abstract

We present the first diode-pumped modelocked thulium (Tm3+) laser based on a double-tungstate crystalline gain material. The solid-state laser consists of a Tm:KY(WO4)2 crystal as gain medium and a GaInSb/GaSb quantum well saturable absorber for self-starting passive mode locking. The laser is pumped by a multi-mode fiber-coupled laser diode at a wavelength of 793 nm. An average output power of 202 mW is achieved at a center wavelength of 2032 nm. Pulses with duration of 3 ps are generated at a repetition rate of 139.6 MHz. We also report on the first noise evaluation of a modelocked solid-state laser operating in the 2-µm wavelength range. We measured a timing jitter of sub-100 fs and a relative intensity noise of only 0.04% (frequency range from 500 Hz to 1 MHz).

© 2017 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Ho:KY(WO4)2 thin-disk laser passively Q-switched by a GaSb-based SESAM

Xavier Mateos, Pavel Loiko, Samir Lamrini, Karsten Scholle, Peter Fuhrberg, Soile Suomalainen, Antti Härkönen, Mircea Guina, Sergei Vatnik, Ivan Vedin, Magdalena Aguiló, Francesc Díaz, Yicheng Wang, Uwe Griebner, and Valentin Petrov
Opt. Express 26(7) 9011-9016 (2018)

Diode-pumped Kerr-lens mode-locked Yb:KY(WO4)2 laser

H. Liu, J. Nees, and G. Mourou
Opt. Lett. 26(21) 1723-1725 (2001)

Diode-pumped continuous-wave (Ho,Tm):KLu(WO4)2 laser with >1 W output power

Xavier Mateos, Fabrizio Di Trapani, Magdalena Aguiló, Francesc Díaz, Uwe Griebner, and Valentin Petrov
Opt. Mater. Express 4(11) 2274-2279 (2014)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. M. Gaponenko, N. Kuleshov, and T. Südmeyer, “Passively Q-switched thulium microchip laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28, 147–150 (2016).
  2. J. M. Serres, X. Mateos, P. Loiko, K. Yumashev, N. Kuleshov, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Diode-pumped microchip Tm:KLu(WO4)2 laser with more than 3 W of output power,” Opt. Lett. 39(14), 4247–4250 (2014).
    [PubMed]
  3. M. Gaponenko, N. Kuleshov, and T. Südmeyer, “Efficient diode-pumped Tm:KYW 1.9-μm microchip laser with 1 W cw output power,” Opt. Express 22(10), 11578–11582 (2014).
    [PubMed]
  4. J. Ma, G. Q. Xie, W. L. Gao, P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Diode-pumped mode-locked femtosecond Tm:CLNGG disordered crystal laser,” Opt. Lett. 37(8), 1376–1378 (2012).
    [PubMed]
  5. J. Ma, G. Q. Xie, P. Lv, W. L. Gao, P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, and D. Y. Tang, “Graphene mode-locked femtosecond laser at 2 μm wavelength,” Opt. Lett. 37(11), 2085–2087 (2012).
    [PubMed]
  6. A. A. Lagatsky, P. Koopmann, P. Fuhrberg, G. Huber, C. T. A. Brown, and W. Sibbett, “Passively mode locked femtosecond Tm:Sc2O3 laser at 2.1 μm,” Opt. Lett. 37(3), 437–439 (2012).
    [PubMed]
  7. W. B. Cho, A. Schmidt, J. H. Yim, S. Y. Choi, S. Lee, F. Rotermund, U. Griebner, G. Steinmeyer, V. Petrov, X. Mateos, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Passive mode-locking of a Tm-doped bulk laser near 2 microm using a carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 17(13), 11007–11012 (2009).
    [PubMed]
  8. F. Fusari, A. A. Lagatsky, G. Jose, S. Calvez, A. Jha, M. D. Dawson, J. A. Gupta, W. Sibbett, and C. T. A. Brown, “Femtosecond mode-locked Tm3+ and Tm3+-Ho3+ doped 2 μm glass lasers,” Opt. Express 18(21), 22090–22098 (2010).
    [PubMed]
  9. A. A. Lagatsky, O. L. Antipov, and W. Sibbett, “Broadly tunable femtosecond Tm:Lu2O3 ceramic laser operating around 2070 nm,” Opt. Express 20(17), 19349–19354 (2012).
    [PubMed]
  10. A. A. Lagatsky, S. Calvez, J. A. Gupta, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, C. T. A. Brown, M. D. Dawson, and W. Sibbett, “Broadly tunable femtosecond mode-locking in a Tm:KYW laser near 2 μm,” Opt. Express 19(10), 9995–10000 (2011).
    [PubMed]
  11. A. Schmidt, P. Koopmann, G. Huber, P. Fuhrberg, S. Y. Choi, D.-I. Yeom, F. Rotermund, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “175 fs Tm:Lu2O3 laser at 2.07 µm mode-locked using single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Express 20(5), 5313–5318 (2012).
    [PubMed]
  12. A. Gluth, Y. Wang, V. Petrov, J. Paajaste, S. Suomalainen, A. Härkönen, M. Guina, G. Steinmeyer, X. Mateos, S. Veronesi, M. Tonelli, J. Li, Y. Pan, J. Guo, and U. Griebner, “GaSb-based SESAM mode-locked Tm:YAG ceramic laser at 2 µm,” Opt. Express 23(2), 1361–1369 (2015).
    [PubMed]
  13. Y. Wang, G. Xie, X. Xu, J. Di, Z. Qin, S. Suomalainen, M. Guina, A. Härkönen, A. Agnesi, U. Griebner, X. Mateos, P. Loiko, and V. Petrov, “SESAM mode-locked Tm:CALGO laser at 2 µm,” Opt. Mater. Express 6, 131 (2016).
  14. A. Schmidt, S. Y. Choi, D.-I. Yeom, F. Rotermund, X. Mateos, M. Segura, F. Diaz, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “Femtosecond pulses near 2 µm from a Tm:KLuW laser mode-locked by a single-walled carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Express 5, 092704 (2012).
  15. A. A. Lagatsky, Z. Sun, T. S. Kulmala, R. S. Sundaram, S. Milana, F. Torrisi, O. L. Antipov, Y. Lee, J. H. Ahn, and C. T. A. Brown, “2 μm solid-state laser mode-locked by single-layer graphene,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 013113 (2013).
  16. N. Coluccelli, G. Galzerano, D. Gatti, A. D. Lieto, M. Tonelli, and P. Laporta, “Passive mode-locking of a diode-pumped Tm:GdLiF4 laser,” Appl. Phys. B 101, 75–78 (2010).
  17. T. Feng, K. Yang, J. Zhao, S. Zhao, W. Qiao, T. Li, T. Dekorsy, J. He, L. Zheng, Q. Wang, X. Xu, L. Su, and J. Xu, “1.21 W passively mode-locked Tm:LuAG laser,” Opt. Express 23(9), 11819–11825 (2015).
    [PubMed]
  18. Z. Qin, G. Xie, L. Kong, P. Yuan, L. Qian, X. Xu, and J. Xu, “Diode-pumped passively mode-locked Tm:CaGdAlO4 laser at 2-µm wavelength,” IEEE Photonics J. 7, 1–5 (2015).
  19. K. Yang, H. Bromberger, H. Ruf, H. Schäfer, J. Neuhaus, T. Dekorsy, C. V. Grimm, M. Helm, K. Biermann, and H. Künzel, “Passively mode-locked Tm,Ho:YAG laser at 2 microm based on saturable absorption of intersubband transitions in quantum wells,” Opt. Express 18(7), 6537–6544 (2010).
    [PubMed]
  20. K. J. Yang, D. C. Heinecke, C. Kölbl, T. Dekorsy, S. Z. Zhao, L. H. Zheng, J. Xu, and G. J. Zhao, “Mode-locked Tm,Ho:YAP laser around 2.1 μm,” Opt. Express 21(2), 1574–1580 (2013).
    [PubMed]
  21. K. Yang, D. Heinecke, J. Paajaste, C. Kölbl, T. Dekorsy, S. Suomalainen, and M. Guina, “Mode-locking of 2 μm Tm,Ho:YAG laser with GaInAs and GaSb-based SESAMs,” Opt. Express 21(4), 4311–4318 (2013).
    [PubMed]
  22. V. Aleksandrov, A. Gluth, V. Petrov, I. Buchvarov, G. Steinmeyer, J. Paajaste, S. Suomalainen, A. Härkönen, M. Guina, X. Mateos, F. Díaz, and U. Griebner, “Mode-locked Tm,Ho:KLu(WO4)2 laser at 2060 nm using InGaSb-based SESAMs,” Opt. Express 23(4), 4614–4619 (2015).
    [PubMed]
  23. V. Aleksandrov, A. Gluth, V. Petrov, I. Buchvarov, S. Y. Choi, M. H. Kim, F. Rotermund, X. Mateos, F. Díaz, and U. Griebner, “Tm,Ho:KLu(WO4)2 laser mode-locked near 2 μm by single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Express 22(22), 26872–26877 (2014).
    [PubMed]
  24. A. A. Lagatsky, F. Fusari, S. Calvez, J. A. Gupta, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, C. T. A. Brown, M. D. Dawson, and W. Sibbett, “Passive mode locking of a Tm,Ho:KY(WO4)2 laser around 2 μm,” Opt. Lett. 34(17), 2587–2589 (2009).
    [PubMed]
  25. A. A. Lagatsky, F. Fusari, S. Calvez, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, M. D. Dawson, C. T. A. Brown, and W. Sibbett, “Femtosecond pulse operation of a Tm,Ho-codoped crystalline laser near 2 μm,” Opt. Lett. 35(2), 172–174 (2010).
    [PubMed]
  26. A. A. Lagatsky, X. Han, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Calvez, M. D. Dawson, J. A. Gupta, C. T. A. Brown, and W. Sibbett, “Femtosecond (191 fs) NaY(WO4)2 Tm,Ho-codoped laser at 2060 nm,” Opt. Lett. 35(18), 3027–3029 (2010).
    [PubMed]
  27. O. Silvestre, J. Grau, M. C. Pujol, J. Massons, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, M. T. Borowiec, A. Szewczyk, M. U. Gutowska, M. Massot, A. Salazar, and V. Petrov, “Thermal properties of monoclinic KLu(WO4)2 as a promising solid state laser host,” Opt. Express 16(7), 5022–5034 (2008).
    [PubMed]
  28. M. S. Gaponenko, P. A. Loiko, N. V. Gusakova, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Thermal lensing and microchip laser performance of Ng-cut Tm3+:KY(WO4)2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 108, 603–607 (2012).
  29. A. E. Troshin, V. E. Kisel, A. S. Yasukevich, N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Pavlyuk, E. B. Dunina, and A. A. Kornienko, “Spectroscopy and laser properties of Tm3+:KY(WO4)2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 287–292 (2006).
  30. M. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguilo, D. Galan, and G. Viera, “Efficient 2-μm continuous-wave laser oscillation of Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008–1015 (2006).
  31. J. Paajaste, S. Suomalainen, A. Härkönen, U. Griebner, G. Steinmeyer, and M. Guina, “Absorption recovery dynamics in 2 µm GaSb-based SESAMs,” J. Phys. Appl. Phys. 47, 065102 (2014).
  32. D. von der Linde, “Characterization of the noise in continuously operating mode-locked lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 39, 201–217 (1986).
  33. P. Li, A. Ruehl, U. Grosse-Wortmann, and I. Hartl, “Sub-100 fs passively mode-locked holmium-doped fiber oscillator operating at 2.06 μm,” Opt. Lett. 39(24), 6859–6862 (2014).
    [PubMed]
  34. A. E. Akosman and M. Y. Sander, “Low noise, mode-locked 253 MHz Tm/Ho fiber laser with core pumping at 790 nm,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28, 1878–1881 (2016).
  35. M. Mangold, S. M. Link, A. Klenner, C. A. Zaugg, M. Golling, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Amplitude noise and timing jitter characterization of a high-power mode-locked integrated external-cavity surface emitting laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6, 1–9 (2014).
  36. V. J. Wittwer, R. van der Linden, B. W. Tilma, B. Resan, K. J. Weingarten, T. Sudmeyer, and U. Keller, “Sub-60-fs timing jitter of a SESAM modelocked VECSEL,” IEEE Photonics J. 5, 1400107 (2013).

2016 (3)

M. Gaponenko, N. Kuleshov, and T. Südmeyer, “Passively Q-switched thulium microchip laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28, 147–150 (2016).

Y. Wang, G. Xie, X. Xu, J. Di, Z. Qin, S. Suomalainen, M. Guina, A. Härkönen, A. Agnesi, U. Griebner, X. Mateos, P. Loiko, and V. Petrov, “SESAM mode-locked Tm:CALGO laser at 2 µm,” Opt. Mater. Express 6, 131 (2016).

A. E. Akosman and M. Y. Sander, “Low noise, mode-locked 253 MHz Tm/Ho fiber laser with core pumping at 790 nm,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28, 1878–1881 (2016).

2015 (4)

2014 (6)

2013 (4)

V. J. Wittwer, R. van der Linden, B. W. Tilma, B. Resan, K. J. Weingarten, T. Sudmeyer, and U. Keller, “Sub-60-fs timing jitter of a SESAM modelocked VECSEL,” IEEE Photonics J. 5, 1400107 (2013).

K. J. Yang, D. C. Heinecke, C. Kölbl, T. Dekorsy, S. Z. Zhao, L. H. Zheng, J. Xu, and G. J. Zhao, “Mode-locked Tm,Ho:YAP laser around 2.1 μm,” Opt. Express 21(2), 1574–1580 (2013).
[PubMed]

K. Yang, D. Heinecke, J. Paajaste, C. Kölbl, T. Dekorsy, S. Suomalainen, and M. Guina, “Mode-locking of 2 μm Tm,Ho:YAG laser with GaInAs and GaSb-based SESAMs,” Opt. Express 21(4), 4311–4318 (2013).
[PubMed]

A. A. Lagatsky, Z. Sun, T. S. Kulmala, R. S. Sundaram, S. Milana, F. Torrisi, O. L. Antipov, Y. Lee, J. H. Ahn, and C. T. A. Brown, “2 μm solid-state laser mode-locked by single-layer graphene,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 013113 (2013).

2012 (7)

A. Schmidt, S. Y. Choi, D.-I. Yeom, F. Rotermund, X. Mateos, M. Segura, F. Diaz, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “Femtosecond pulses near 2 µm from a Tm:KLuW laser mode-locked by a single-walled carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Express 5, 092704 (2012).

J. Ma, G. Q. Xie, W. L. Gao, P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Diode-pumped mode-locked femtosecond Tm:CLNGG disordered crystal laser,” Opt. Lett. 37(8), 1376–1378 (2012).
[PubMed]

J. Ma, G. Q. Xie, P. Lv, W. L. Gao, P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, and D. Y. Tang, “Graphene mode-locked femtosecond laser at 2 μm wavelength,” Opt. Lett. 37(11), 2085–2087 (2012).
[PubMed]

A. A. Lagatsky, P. Koopmann, P. Fuhrberg, G. Huber, C. T. A. Brown, and W. Sibbett, “Passively mode locked femtosecond Tm:Sc2O3 laser at 2.1 μm,” Opt. Lett. 37(3), 437–439 (2012).
[PubMed]

A. A. Lagatsky, O. L. Antipov, and W. Sibbett, “Broadly tunable femtosecond Tm:Lu2O3 ceramic laser operating around 2070 nm,” Opt. Express 20(17), 19349–19354 (2012).
[PubMed]

A. Schmidt, P. Koopmann, G. Huber, P. Fuhrberg, S. Y. Choi, D.-I. Yeom, F. Rotermund, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “175 fs Tm:Lu2O3 laser at 2.07 µm mode-locked using single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Express 20(5), 5313–5318 (2012).
[PubMed]

M. S. Gaponenko, P. A. Loiko, N. V. Gusakova, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Thermal lensing and microchip laser performance of Ng-cut Tm3+:KY(WO4)2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 108, 603–607 (2012).

2011 (1)

2010 (5)

2009 (2)

2008 (1)

2006 (2)

A. E. Troshin, V. E. Kisel, A. S. Yasukevich, N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Pavlyuk, E. B. Dunina, and A. A. Kornienko, “Spectroscopy and laser properties of Tm3+:KY(WO4)2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 287–292 (2006).

M. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguilo, D. Galan, and G. Viera, “Efficient 2-μm continuous-wave laser oscillation of Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008–1015 (2006).

1986 (1)

D. von der Linde, “Characterization of the noise in continuously operating mode-locked lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 39, 201–217 (1986).

Agnesi, A.

Aguilo, M.

M. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguilo, D. Galan, and G. Viera, “Efficient 2-μm continuous-wave laser oscillation of Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008–1015 (2006).

Aguiló, M.

Ahn, J. H.

A. A. Lagatsky, Z. Sun, T. S. Kulmala, R. S. Sundaram, S. Milana, F. Torrisi, O. L. Antipov, Y. Lee, J. H. Ahn, and C. T. A. Brown, “2 μm solid-state laser mode-locked by single-layer graphene,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 013113 (2013).

Akosman, A. E.

A. E. Akosman and M. Y. Sander, “Low noise, mode-locked 253 MHz Tm/Ho fiber laser with core pumping at 790 nm,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28, 1878–1881 (2016).

Aleksandrov, V.

Antipov, O. L.

A. A. Lagatsky, Z. Sun, T. S. Kulmala, R. S. Sundaram, S. Milana, F. Torrisi, O. L. Antipov, Y. Lee, J. H. Ahn, and C. T. A. Brown, “2 μm solid-state laser mode-locked by single-layer graphene,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 013113 (2013).

A. A. Lagatsky, O. L. Antipov, and W. Sibbett, “Broadly tunable femtosecond Tm:Lu2O3 ceramic laser operating around 2070 nm,” Opt. Express 20(17), 19349–19354 (2012).
[PubMed]

Biermann, K.

Borowiec, M. T.

Bromberger, H.

Brown, C. T. A.

A. A. Lagatsky, Z. Sun, T. S. Kulmala, R. S. Sundaram, S. Milana, F. Torrisi, O. L. Antipov, Y. Lee, J. H. Ahn, and C. T. A. Brown, “2 μm solid-state laser mode-locked by single-layer graphene,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 013113 (2013).

A. A. Lagatsky, P. Koopmann, P. Fuhrberg, G. Huber, C. T. A. Brown, and W. Sibbett, “Passively mode locked femtosecond Tm:Sc2O3 laser at 2.1 μm,” Opt. Lett. 37(3), 437–439 (2012).
[PubMed]

A. A. Lagatsky, S. Calvez, J. A. Gupta, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, C. T. A. Brown, M. D. Dawson, and W. Sibbett, “Broadly tunable femtosecond mode-locking in a Tm:KYW laser near 2 μm,” Opt. Express 19(10), 9995–10000 (2011).
[PubMed]

F. Fusari, A. A. Lagatsky, G. Jose, S. Calvez, A. Jha, M. D. Dawson, J. A. Gupta, W. Sibbett, and C. T. A. Brown, “Femtosecond mode-locked Tm3+ and Tm3+-Ho3+ doped 2 μm glass lasers,” Opt. Express 18(21), 22090–22098 (2010).
[PubMed]

A. A. Lagatsky, F. Fusari, S. Calvez, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, M. D. Dawson, C. T. A. Brown, and W. Sibbett, “Femtosecond pulse operation of a Tm,Ho-codoped crystalline laser near 2 μm,” Opt. Lett. 35(2), 172–174 (2010).
[PubMed]

A. A. Lagatsky, X. Han, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Calvez, M. D. Dawson, J. A. Gupta, C. T. A. Brown, and W. Sibbett, “Femtosecond (191 fs) NaY(WO4)2 Tm,Ho-codoped laser at 2060 nm,” Opt. Lett. 35(18), 3027–3029 (2010).
[PubMed]

A. A. Lagatsky, F. Fusari, S. Calvez, J. A. Gupta, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, C. T. A. Brown, M. D. Dawson, and W. Sibbett, “Passive mode locking of a Tm,Ho:KY(WO4)2 laser around 2 μm,” Opt. Lett. 34(17), 2587–2589 (2009).
[PubMed]

Buchvarov, I.

Calvez, S.

Carvajal, J. J.

Cascales, C.

Cho, W. B.

Choi, S. Y.

Coluccelli, N.

N. Coluccelli, G. Galzerano, D. Gatti, A. D. Lieto, M. Tonelli, and P. Laporta, “Passive mode-locking of a diode-pumped Tm:GdLiF4 laser,” Appl. Phys. B 101, 75–78 (2010).

Dawson, M. D.

Dekorsy, T.

Di, J.

Diaz, F.

A. Schmidt, S. Y. Choi, D.-I. Yeom, F. Rotermund, X. Mateos, M. Segura, F. Diaz, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “Femtosecond pulses near 2 µm from a Tm:KLuW laser mode-locked by a single-walled carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Express 5, 092704 (2012).

Díaz, F.

Dunina, E. B.

A. E. Troshin, V. E. Kisel, A. S. Yasukevich, N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Pavlyuk, E. B. Dunina, and A. A. Kornienko, “Spectroscopy and laser properties of Tm3+:KY(WO4)2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 287–292 (2006).

Feng, T.

Fuhrberg, P.

Fusari, F.

Galan, D.

M. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguilo, D. Galan, and G. Viera, “Efficient 2-μm continuous-wave laser oscillation of Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008–1015 (2006).

Galzerano, G.

N. Coluccelli, G. Galzerano, D. Gatti, A. D. Lieto, M. Tonelli, and P. Laporta, “Passive mode-locking of a diode-pumped Tm:GdLiF4 laser,” Appl. Phys. B 101, 75–78 (2010).

Gao, W. L.

Gaponenko, M.

M. Gaponenko, N. Kuleshov, and T. Südmeyer, “Passively Q-switched thulium microchip laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28, 147–150 (2016).

M. Gaponenko, N. Kuleshov, and T. Südmeyer, “Efficient diode-pumped Tm:KYW 1.9-μm microchip laser with 1 W cw output power,” Opt. Express 22(10), 11578–11582 (2014).
[PubMed]

Gaponenko, M. S.

M. S. Gaponenko, P. A. Loiko, N. V. Gusakova, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Thermal lensing and microchip laser performance of Ng-cut Tm3+:KY(WO4)2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 108, 603–607 (2012).

Gatti, D.

N. Coluccelli, G. Galzerano, D. Gatti, A. D. Lieto, M. Tonelli, and P. Laporta, “Passive mode-locking of a diode-pumped Tm:GdLiF4 laser,” Appl. Phys. B 101, 75–78 (2010).

Gluth, A.

Golling, M.

M. Mangold, S. M. Link, A. Klenner, C. A. Zaugg, M. Golling, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Amplitude noise and timing jitter characterization of a high-power mode-locked integrated external-cavity surface emitting laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6, 1–9 (2014).

Grau, J.

Griebner, U.

Y. Wang, G. Xie, X. Xu, J. Di, Z. Qin, S. Suomalainen, M. Guina, A. Härkönen, A. Agnesi, U. Griebner, X. Mateos, P. Loiko, and V. Petrov, “SESAM mode-locked Tm:CALGO laser at 2 µm,” Opt. Mater. Express 6, 131 (2016).

A. Gluth, Y. Wang, V. Petrov, J. Paajaste, S. Suomalainen, A. Härkönen, M. Guina, G. Steinmeyer, X. Mateos, S. Veronesi, M. Tonelli, J. Li, Y. Pan, J. Guo, and U. Griebner, “GaSb-based SESAM mode-locked Tm:YAG ceramic laser at 2 µm,” Opt. Express 23(2), 1361–1369 (2015).
[PubMed]

V. Aleksandrov, A. Gluth, V. Petrov, I. Buchvarov, G. Steinmeyer, J. Paajaste, S. Suomalainen, A. Härkönen, M. Guina, X. Mateos, F. Díaz, and U. Griebner, “Mode-locked Tm,Ho:KLu(WO4)2 laser at 2060 nm using InGaSb-based SESAMs,” Opt. Express 23(4), 4614–4619 (2015).
[PubMed]

V. Aleksandrov, A. Gluth, V. Petrov, I. Buchvarov, S. Y. Choi, M. H. Kim, F. Rotermund, X. Mateos, F. Díaz, and U. Griebner, “Tm,Ho:KLu(WO4)2 laser mode-locked near 2 μm by single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Express 22(22), 26872–26877 (2014).
[PubMed]

J. Paajaste, S. Suomalainen, A. Härkönen, U. Griebner, G. Steinmeyer, and M. Guina, “Absorption recovery dynamics in 2 µm GaSb-based SESAMs,” J. Phys. Appl. Phys. 47, 065102 (2014).

J. M. Serres, X. Mateos, P. Loiko, K. Yumashev, N. Kuleshov, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Diode-pumped microchip Tm:KLu(WO4)2 laser with more than 3 W of output power,” Opt. Lett. 39(14), 4247–4250 (2014).
[PubMed]

A. Schmidt, P. Koopmann, G. Huber, P. Fuhrberg, S. Y. Choi, D.-I. Yeom, F. Rotermund, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “175 fs Tm:Lu2O3 laser at 2.07 µm mode-locked using single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Express 20(5), 5313–5318 (2012).
[PubMed]

A. Schmidt, S. Y. Choi, D.-I. Yeom, F. Rotermund, X. Mateos, M. Segura, F. Diaz, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “Femtosecond pulses near 2 µm from a Tm:KLuW laser mode-locked by a single-walled carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Express 5, 092704 (2012).

W. B. Cho, A. Schmidt, J. H. Yim, S. Y. Choi, S. Lee, F. Rotermund, U. Griebner, G. Steinmeyer, V. Petrov, X. Mateos, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Passive mode-locking of a Tm-doped bulk laser near 2 microm using a carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 17(13), 11007–11012 (2009).
[PubMed]

M. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguilo, D. Galan, and G. Viera, “Efficient 2-μm continuous-wave laser oscillation of Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008–1015 (2006).

Grimm, C. V.

Grosse-Wortmann, U.

Guina, M.

Guo, J.

Gupta, J. A.

Gusakova, N. V.

M. S. Gaponenko, P. A. Loiko, N. V. Gusakova, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Thermal lensing and microchip laser performance of Ng-cut Tm3+:KY(WO4)2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 108, 603–607 (2012).

Gutowska, M. U.

Han, X.

Härkönen, A.

Hartl, I.

He, J.

Heinecke, D.

Heinecke, D. C.

Helm, M.

Huber, G.

Jha, A.

Jose, G.

Keller, U.

M. Mangold, S. M. Link, A. Klenner, C. A. Zaugg, M. Golling, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Amplitude noise and timing jitter characterization of a high-power mode-locked integrated external-cavity surface emitting laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6, 1–9 (2014).

V. J. Wittwer, R. van der Linden, B. W. Tilma, B. Resan, K. J. Weingarten, T. Sudmeyer, and U. Keller, “Sub-60-fs timing jitter of a SESAM modelocked VECSEL,” IEEE Photonics J. 5, 1400107 (2013).

Kim, M. H.

Kisel, V. E.

Klenner, A.

M. Mangold, S. M. Link, A. Klenner, C. A. Zaugg, M. Golling, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Amplitude noise and timing jitter characterization of a high-power mode-locked integrated external-cavity surface emitting laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6, 1–9 (2014).

Kölbl, C.

Kong, L.

Z. Qin, G. Xie, L. Kong, P. Yuan, L. Qian, X. Xu, and J. Xu, “Diode-pumped passively mode-locked Tm:CaGdAlO4 laser at 2-µm wavelength,” IEEE Photonics J. 7, 1–5 (2015).

Koopmann, P.

Kornienko, A. A.

A. E. Troshin, V. E. Kisel, A. S. Yasukevich, N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Pavlyuk, E. B. Dunina, and A. A. Kornienko, “Spectroscopy and laser properties of Tm3+:KY(WO4)2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 287–292 (2006).

Kuleshov, N.

Kuleshov, N. V.

Kulmala, T. S.

A. A. Lagatsky, Z. Sun, T. S. Kulmala, R. S. Sundaram, S. Milana, F. Torrisi, O. L. Antipov, Y. Lee, J. H. Ahn, and C. T. A. Brown, “2 μm solid-state laser mode-locked by single-layer graphene,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 013113 (2013).

Künzel, H.

Kurilchik, S. V.

Lagatsky, A. A.

A. A. Lagatsky, Z. Sun, T. S. Kulmala, R. S. Sundaram, S. Milana, F. Torrisi, O. L. Antipov, Y. Lee, J. H. Ahn, and C. T. A. Brown, “2 μm solid-state laser mode-locked by single-layer graphene,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 013113 (2013).

A. A. Lagatsky, O. L. Antipov, and W. Sibbett, “Broadly tunable femtosecond Tm:Lu2O3 ceramic laser operating around 2070 nm,” Opt. Express 20(17), 19349–19354 (2012).
[PubMed]

A. A. Lagatsky, P. Koopmann, P. Fuhrberg, G. Huber, C. T. A. Brown, and W. Sibbett, “Passively mode locked femtosecond Tm:Sc2O3 laser at 2.1 μm,” Opt. Lett. 37(3), 437–439 (2012).
[PubMed]

A. A. Lagatsky, S. Calvez, J. A. Gupta, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, C. T. A. Brown, M. D. Dawson, and W. Sibbett, “Broadly tunable femtosecond mode-locking in a Tm:KYW laser near 2 μm,” Opt. Express 19(10), 9995–10000 (2011).
[PubMed]

F. Fusari, A. A. Lagatsky, G. Jose, S. Calvez, A. Jha, M. D. Dawson, J. A. Gupta, W. Sibbett, and C. T. A. Brown, “Femtosecond mode-locked Tm3+ and Tm3+-Ho3+ doped 2 μm glass lasers,” Opt. Express 18(21), 22090–22098 (2010).
[PubMed]

A. A. Lagatsky, F. Fusari, S. Calvez, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, M. D. Dawson, C. T. A. Brown, and W. Sibbett, “Femtosecond pulse operation of a Tm,Ho-codoped crystalline laser near 2 μm,” Opt. Lett. 35(2), 172–174 (2010).
[PubMed]

A. A. Lagatsky, X. Han, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Calvez, M. D. Dawson, J. A. Gupta, C. T. A. Brown, and W. Sibbett, “Femtosecond (191 fs) NaY(WO4)2 Tm,Ho-codoped laser at 2060 nm,” Opt. Lett. 35(18), 3027–3029 (2010).
[PubMed]

A. A. Lagatsky, F. Fusari, S. Calvez, J. A. Gupta, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, C. T. A. Brown, M. D. Dawson, and W. Sibbett, “Passive mode locking of a Tm,Ho:KY(WO4)2 laser around 2 μm,” Opt. Lett. 34(17), 2587–2589 (2009).
[PubMed]

Laporta, P.

N. Coluccelli, G. Galzerano, D. Gatti, A. D. Lieto, M. Tonelli, and P. Laporta, “Passive mode-locking of a diode-pumped Tm:GdLiF4 laser,” Appl. Phys. B 101, 75–78 (2010).

Lee, S.

Lee, Y.

A. A. Lagatsky, Z. Sun, T. S. Kulmala, R. S. Sundaram, S. Milana, F. Torrisi, O. L. Antipov, Y. Lee, J. H. Ahn, and C. T. A. Brown, “2 μm solid-state laser mode-locked by single-layer graphene,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 013113 (2013).

Li, J.

Li, P.

Li, T.

Lieto, A. D.

N. Coluccelli, G. Galzerano, D. Gatti, A. D. Lieto, M. Tonelli, and P. Laporta, “Passive mode-locking of a diode-pumped Tm:GdLiF4 laser,” Appl. Phys. B 101, 75–78 (2010).

Link, S. M.

M. Mangold, S. M. Link, A. Klenner, C. A. Zaugg, M. Golling, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Amplitude noise and timing jitter characterization of a high-power mode-locked integrated external-cavity surface emitting laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6, 1–9 (2014).

Liu, J.

M. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguilo, D. Galan, and G. Viera, “Efficient 2-μm continuous-wave laser oscillation of Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008–1015 (2006).

Loiko, P.

Loiko, P. A.

M. S. Gaponenko, P. A. Loiko, N. V. Gusakova, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Thermal lensing and microchip laser performance of Ng-cut Tm3+:KY(WO4)2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 108, 603–607 (2012).

Lv, P.

Ma, J.

Mangold, M.

M. Mangold, S. M. Link, A. Klenner, C. A. Zaugg, M. Golling, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Amplitude noise and timing jitter characterization of a high-power mode-locked integrated external-cavity surface emitting laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6, 1–9 (2014).

Massons, J.

Massot, M.

Mateos, X.

Y. Wang, G. Xie, X. Xu, J. Di, Z. Qin, S. Suomalainen, M. Guina, A. Härkönen, A. Agnesi, U. Griebner, X. Mateos, P. Loiko, and V. Petrov, “SESAM mode-locked Tm:CALGO laser at 2 µm,” Opt. Mater. Express 6, 131 (2016).

A. Gluth, Y. Wang, V. Petrov, J. Paajaste, S. Suomalainen, A. Härkönen, M. Guina, G. Steinmeyer, X. Mateos, S. Veronesi, M. Tonelli, J. Li, Y. Pan, J. Guo, and U. Griebner, “GaSb-based SESAM mode-locked Tm:YAG ceramic laser at 2 µm,” Opt. Express 23(2), 1361–1369 (2015).
[PubMed]

V. Aleksandrov, A. Gluth, V. Petrov, I. Buchvarov, G. Steinmeyer, J. Paajaste, S. Suomalainen, A. Härkönen, M. Guina, X. Mateos, F. Díaz, and U. Griebner, “Mode-locked Tm,Ho:KLu(WO4)2 laser at 2060 nm using InGaSb-based SESAMs,” Opt. Express 23(4), 4614–4619 (2015).
[PubMed]

V. Aleksandrov, A. Gluth, V. Petrov, I. Buchvarov, S. Y. Choi, M. H. Kim, F. Rotermund, X. Mateos, F. Díaz, and U. Griebner, “Tm,Ho:KLu(WO4)2 laser mode-locked near 2 μm by single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Express 22(22), 26872–26877 (2014).
[PubMed]

J. M. Serres, X. Mateos, P. Loiko, K. Yumashev, N. Kuleshov, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Diode-pumped microchip Tm:KLu(WO4)2 laser with more than 3 W of output power,” Opt. Lett. 39(14), 4247–4250 (2014).
[PubMed]

A. Schmidt, S. Y. Choi, D.-I. Yeom, F. Rotermund, X. Mateos, M. Segura, F. Diaz, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “Femtosecond pulses near 2 µm from a Tm:KLuW laser mode-locked by a single-walled carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Express 5, 092704 (2012).

W. B. Cho, A. Schmidt, J. H. Yim, S. Y. Choi, S. Lee, F. Rotermund, U. Griebner, G. Steinmeyer, V. Petrov, X. Mateos, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Passive mode-locking of a Tm-doped bulk laser near 2 microm using a carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 17(13), 11007–11012 (2009).
[PubMed]

Milana, S.

A. A. Lagatsky, Z. Sun, T. S. Kulmala, R. S. Sundaram, S. Milana, F. Torrisi, O. L. Antipov, Y. Lee, J. H. Ahn, and C. T. A. Brown, “2 μm solid-state laser mode-locked by single-layer graphene,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 013113 (2013).

Neuhaus, J.

Paajaste, J.

Pan, Y.

Pavlyuk, A. A.

M. S. Gaponenko, P. A. Loiko, N. V. Gusakova, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Thermal lensing and microchip laser performance of Ng-cut Tm3+:KY(WO4)2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 108, 603–607 (2012).

A. E. Troshin, V. E. Kisel, A. S. Yasukevich, N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Pavlyuk, E. B. Dunina, and A. A. Kornienko, “Spectroscopy and laser properties of Tm3+:KY(WO4)2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 287–292 (2006).

Petrov, M.

M. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguilo, D. Galan, and G. Viera, “Efficient 2-μm continuous-wave laser oscillation of Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008–1015 (2006).

Petrov, V.

Y. Wang, G. Xie, X. Xu, J. Di, Z. Qin, S. Suomalainen, M. Guina, A. Härkönen, A. Agnesi, U. Griebner, X. Mateos, P. Loiko, and V. Petrov, “SESAM mode-locked Tm:CALGO laser at 2 µm,” Opt. Mater. Express 6, 131 (2016).

A. Gluth, Y. Wang, V. Petrov, J. Paajaste, S. Suomalainen, A. Härkönen, M. Guina, G. Steinmeyer, X. Mateos, S. Veronesi, M. Tonelli, J. Li, Y. Pan, J. Guo, and U. Griebner, “GaSb-based SESAM mode-locked Tm:YAG ceramic laser at 2 µm,” Opt. Express 23(2), 1361–1369 (2015).
[PubMed]

V. Aleksandrov, A. Gluth, V. Petrov, I. Buchvarov, G. Steinmeyer, J. Paajaste, S. Suomalainen, A. Härkönen, M. Guina, X. Mateos, F. Díaz, and U. Griebner, “Mode-locked Tm,Ho:KLu(WO4)2 laser at 2060 nm using InGaSb-based SESAMs,” Opt. Express 23(4), 4614–4619 (2015).
[PubMed]

V. Aleksandrov, A. Gluth, V. Petrov, I. Buchvarov, S. Y. Choi, M. H. Kim, F. Rotermund, X. Mateos, F. Díaz, and U. Griebner, “Tm,Ho:KLu(WO4)2 laser mode-locked near 2 μm by single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Express 22(22), 26872–26877 (2014).
[PubMed]

J. M. Serres, X. Mateos, P. Loiko, K. Yumashev, N. Kuleshov, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Diode-pumped microchip Tm:KLu(WO4)2 laser with more than 3 W of output power,” Opt. Lett. 39(14), 4247–4250 (2014).
[PubMed]

A. Schmidt, P. Koopmann, G. Huber, P. Fuhrberg, S. Y. Choi, D.-I. Yeom, F. Rotermund, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “175 fs Tm:Lu2O3 laser at 2.07 µm mode-locked using single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Express 20(5), 5313–5318 (2012).
[PubMed]

A. Schmidt, S. Y. Choi, D.-I. Yeom, F. Rotermund, X. Mateos, M. Segura, F. Diaz, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “Femtosecond pulses near 2 µm from a Tm:KLuW laser mode-locked by a single-walled carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Express 5, 092704 (2012).

W. B. Cho, A. Schmidt, J. H. Yim, S. Y. Choi, S. Lee, F. Rotermund, U. Griebner, G. Steinmeyer, V. Petrov, X. Mateos, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Passive mode-locking of a Tm-doped bulk laser near 2 microm using a carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 17(13), 11007–11012 (2009).
[PubMed]

O. Silvestre, J. Grau, M. C. Pujol, J. Massons, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, M. T. Borowiec, A. Szewczyk, M. U. Gutowska, M. Massot, A. Salazar, and V. Petrov, “Thermal properties of monoclinic KLu(WO4)2 as a promising solid state laser host,” Opt. Express 16(7), 5022–5034 (2008).
[PubMed]

Pujol, M. C.

Qian, L.

Z. Qin, G. Xie, L. Kong, P. Yuan, L. Qian, X. Xu, and J. Xu, “Diode-pumped passively mode-locked Tm:CaGdAlO4 laser at 2-µm wavelength,” IEEE Photonics J. 7, 1–5 (2015).

Qian, L. J.

Qiao, W.

Qin, Z.

Y. Wang, G. Xie, X. Xu, J. Di, Z. Qin, S. Suomalainen, M. Guina, A. Härkönen, A. Agnesi, U. Griebner, X. Mateos, P. Loiko, and V. Petrov, “SESAM mode-locked Tm:CALGO laser at 2 µm,” Opt. Mater. Express 6, 131 (2016).

Z. Qin, G. Xie, L. Kong, P. Yuan, L. Qian, X. Xu, and J. Xu, “Diode-pumped passively mode-locked Tm:CaGdAlO4 laser at 2-µm wavelength,” IEEE Photonics J. 7, 1–5 (2015).

Resan, B.

V. J. Wittwer, R. van der Linden, B. W. Tilma, B. Resan, K. J. Weingarten, T. Sudmeyer, and U. Keller, “Sub-60-fs timing jitter of a SESAM modelocked VECSEL,” IEEE Photonics J. 5, 1400107 (2013).

Rotermund, F.

Ruehl, A.

Ruf, H.

Salazar, A.

Sander, M. Y.

A. E. Akosman and M. Y. Sander, “Low noise, mode-locked 253 MHz Tm/Ho fiber laser with core pumping at 790 nm,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28, 1878–1881 (2016).

Schäfer, H.

Schmidt, A.

Segura, M.

A. Schmidt, S. Y. Choi, D.-I. Yeom, F. Rotermund, X. Mateos, M. Segura, F. Diaz, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “Femtosecond pulses near 2 µm from a Tm:KLuW laser mode-locked by a single-walled carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Express 5, 092704 (2012).

Serrano, M. D.

Serres, J. M.

Sibbett, W.

A. A. Lagatsky, P. Koopmann, P. Fuhrberg, G. Huber, C. T. A. Brown, and W. Sibbett, “Passively mode locked femtosecond Tm:Sc2O3 laser at 2.1 μm,” Opt. Lett. 37(3), 437–439 (2012).
[PubMed]

A. A. Lagatsky, O. L. Antipov, and W. Sibbett, “Broadly tunable femtosecond Tm:Lu2O3 ceramic laser operating around 2070 nm,” Opt. Express 20(17), 19349–19354 (2012).
[PubMed]

A. A. Lagatsky, S. Calvez, J. A. Gupta, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, C. T. A. Brown, M. D. Dawson, and W. Sibbett, “Broadly tunable femtosecond mode-locking in a Tm:KYW laser near 2 μm,” Opt. Express 19(10), 9995–10000 (2011).
[PubMed]

F. Fusari, A. A. Lagatsky, G. Jose, S. Calvez, A. Jha, M. D. Dawson, J. A. Gupta, W. Sibbett, and C. T. A. Brown, “Femtosecond mode-locked Tm3+ and Tm3+-Ho3+ doped 2 μm glass lasers,” Opt. Express 18(21), 22090–22098 (2010).
[PubMed]

A. A. Lagatsky, F. Fusari, S. Calvez, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, M. D. Dawson, C. T. A. Brown, and W. Sibbett, “Femtosecond pulse operation of a Tm,Ho-codoped crystalline laser near 2 μm,” Opt. Lett. 35(2), 172–174 (2010).
[PubMed]

A. A. Lagatsky, X. Han, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Calvez, M. D. Dawson, J. A. Gupta, C. T. A. Brown, and W. Sibbett, “Femtosecond (191 fs) NaY(WO4)2 Tm,Ho-codoped laser at 2060 nm,” Opt. Lett. 35(18), 3027–3029 (2010).
[PubMed]

A. A. Lagatsky, F. Fusari, S. Calvez, J. A. Gupta, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, C. T. A. Brown, M. D. Dawson, and W. Sibbett, “Passive mode locking of a Tm,Ho:KY(WO4)2 laser around 2 μm,” Opt. Lett. 34(17), 2587–2589 (2009).
[PubMed]

Silvestre, O.

Steinmeyer, G.

Su, L.

Sudmeyer, T.

V. J. Wittwer, R. van der Linden, B. W. Tilma, B. Resan, K. J. Weingarten, T. Sudmeyer, and U. Keller, “Sub-60-fs timing jitter of a SESAM modelocked VECSEL,” IEEE Photonics J. 5, 1400107 (2013).

Südmeyer, T.

M. Gaponenko, N. Kuleshov, and T. Südmeyer, “Passively Q-switched thulium microchip laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28, 147–150 (2016).

M. Gaponenko, N. Kuleshov, and T. Südmeyer, “Efficient diode-pumped Tm:KYW 1.9-μm microchip laser with 1 W cw output power,” Opt. Express 22(10), 11578–11582 (2014).
[PubMed]

Sun, Z.

A. A. Lagatsky, Z. Sun, T. S. Kulmala, R. S. Sundaram, S. Milana, F. Torrisi, O. L. Antipov, Y. Lee, J. H. Ahn, and C. T. A. Brown, “2 μm solid-state laser mode-locked by single-layer graphene,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 013113 (2013).

Sundaram, R. S.

A. A. Lagatsky, Z. Sun, T. S. Kulmala, R. S. Sundaram, S. Milana, F. Torrisi, O. L. Antipov, Y. Lee, J. H. Ahn, and C. T. A. Brown, “2 μm solid-state laser mode-locked by single-layer graphene,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 013113 (2013).

Suomalainen, S.

Szewczyk, A.

Tang, D. Y.

Tilma, B. W.

M. Mangold, S. M. Link, A. Klenner, C. A. Zaugg, M. Golling, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Amplitude noise and timing jitter characterization of a high-power mode-locked integrated external-cavity surface emitting laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6, 1–9 (2014).

V. J. Wittwer, R. van der Linden, B. W. Tilma, B. Resan, K. J. Weingarten, T. Sudmeyer, and U. Keller, “Sub-60-fs timing jitter of a SESAM modelocked VECSEL,” IEEE Photonics J. 5, 1400107 (2013).

Tonelli, M.

Torrisi, F.

A. A. Lagatsky, Z. Sun, T. S. Kulmala, R. S. Sundaram, S. Milana, F. Torrisi, O. L. Antipov, Y. Lee, J. H. Ahn, and C. T. A. Brown, “2 μm solid-state laser mode-locked by single-layer graphene,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 013113 (2013).

Troshin, A. E.

A. E. Troshin, V. E. Kisel, A. S. Yasukevich, N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Pavlyuk, E. B. Dunina, and A. A. Kornienko, “Spectroscopy and laser properties of Tm3+:KY(WO4)2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 287–292 (2006).

van der Linden, R.

V. J. Wittwer, R. van der Linden, B. W. Tilma, B. Resan, K. J. Weingarten, T. Sudmeyer, and U. Keller, “Sub-60-fs timing jitter of a SESAM modelocked VECSEL,” IEEE Photonics J. 5, 1400107 (2013).

Veronesi, S.

Viera, G.

M. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguilo, D. Galan, and G. Viera, “Efficient 2-μm continuous-wave laser oscillation of Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008–1015 (2006).

von der Linde, D.

D. von der Linde, “Characterization of the noise in continuously operating mode-locked lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 39, 201–217 (1986).

Wang, J. Y.

Wang, Q.

Wang, Y.

Weingarten, K. J.

V. J. Wittwer, R. van der Linden, B. W. Tilma, B. Resan, K. J. Weingarten, T. Sudmeyer, and U. Keller, “Sub-60-fs timing jitter of a SESAM modelocked VECSEL,” IEEE Photonics J. 5, 1400107 (2013).

Wittwer, V. J.

V. J. Wittwer, R. van der Linden, B. W. Tilma, B. Resan, K. J. Weingarten, T. Sudmeyer, and U. Keller, “Sub-60-fs timing jitter of a SESAM modelocked VECSEL,” IEEE Photonics J. 5, 1400107 (2013).

Xie, G.

Y. Wang, G. Xie, X. Xu, J. Di, Z. Qin, S. Suomalainen, M. Guina, A. Härkönen, A. Agnesi, U. Griebner, X. Mateos, P. Loiko, and V. Petrov, “SESAM mode-locked Tm:CALGO laser at 2 µm,” Opt. Mater. Express 6, 131 (2016).

Z. Qin, G. Xie, L. Kong, P. Yuan, L. Qian, X. Xu, and J. Xu, “Diode-pumped passively mode-locked Tm:CaGdAlO4 laser at 2-µm wavelength,” IEEE Photonics J. 7, 1–5 (2015).

Xie, G. Q.

Xu, J.

Xu, X.

Yang, K.

Yang, K. J.

Yasukevich, A. S.

A. E. Troshin, V. E. Kisel, A. S. Yasukevich, N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Pavlyuk, E. B. Dunina, and A. A. Kornienko, “Spectroscopy and laser properties of Tm3+:KY(WO4)2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 287–292 (2006).

Yeom, D.-I.

A. Schmidt, S. Y. Choi, D.-I. Yeom, F. Rotermund, X. Mateos, M. Segura, F. Diaz, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “Femtosecond pulses near 2 µm from a Tm:KLuW laser mode-locked by a single-walled carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Express 5, 092704 (2012).

A. Schmidt, P. Koopmann, G. Huber, P. Fuhrberg, S. Y. Choi, D.-I. Yeom, F. Rotermund, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “175 fs Tm:Lu2O3 laser at 2.07 µm mode-locked using single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Express 20(5), 5313–5318 (2012).
[PubMed]

Yim, J. H.

Yu, H. H.

Yuan, P.

Yumashev, K.

Yumashev, K. V.

M. S. Gaponenko, P. A. Loiko, N. V. Gusakova, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Thermal lensing and microchip laser performance of Ng-cut Tm3+:KY(WO4)2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 108, 603–607 (2012).

Zaldo, C.

Zaugg, C. A.

M. Mangold, S. M. Link, A. Klenner, C. A. Zaugg, M. Golling, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Amplitude noise and timing jitter characterization of a high-power mode-locked integrated external-cavity surface emitting laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6, 1–9 (2014).

Zhang, H. J.

Zhao, G. J.

Zhao, J.

Zhao, S.

Zhao, S. Z.

Zheng, L.

Zheng, L. H.

Appl. Phys. B (4)

M. S. Gaponenko, P. A. Loiko, N. V. Gusakova, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Thermal lensing and microchip laser performance of Ng-cut Tm3+:KY(WO4)2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 108, 603–607 (2012).

A. E. Troshin, V. E. Kisel, A. S. Yasukevich, N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Pavlyuk, E. B. Dunina, and A. A. Kornienko, “Spectroscopy and laser properties of Tm3+:KY(WO4)2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 287–292 (2006).

N. Coluccelli, G. Galzerano, D. Gatti, A. D. Lieto, M. Tonelli, and P. Laporta, “Passive mode-locking of a diode-pumped Tm:GdLiF4 laser,” Appl. Phys. B 101, 75–78 (2010).

D. von der Linde, “Characterization of the noise in continuously operating mode-locked lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 39, 201–217 (1986).

Appl. Phys. Express (1)

A. Schmidt, S. Y. Choi, D.-I. Yeom, F. Rotermund, X. Mateos, M. Segura, F. Diaz, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “Femtosecond pulses near 2 µm from a Tm:KLuW laser mode-locked by a single-walled carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Express 5, 092704 (2012).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. A. Lagatsky, Z. Sun, T. S. Kulmala, R. S. Sundaram, S. Milana, F. Torrisi, O. L. Antipov, Y. Lee, J. H. Ahn, and C. T. A. Brown, “2 μm solid-state laser mode-locked by single-layer graphene,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 013113 (2013).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguilo, D. Galan, and G. Viera, “Efficient 2-μm continuous-wave laser oscillation of Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008–1015 (2006).

IEEE Photonics J. (3)

M. Mangold, S. M. Link, A. Klenner, C. A. Zaugg, M. Golling, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Amplitude noise and timing jitter characterization of a high-power mode-locked integrated external-cavity surface emitting laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6, 1–9 (2014).

V. J. Wittwer, R. van der Linden, B. W. Tilma, B. Resan, K. J. Weingarten, T. Sudmeyer, and U. Keller, “Sub-60-fs timing jitter of a SESAM modelocked VECSEL,” IEEE Photonics J. 5, 1400107 (2013).

Z. Qin, G. Xie, L. Kong, P. Yuan, L. Qian, X. Xu, and J. Xu, “Diode-pumped passively mode-locked Tm:CaGdAlO4 laser at 2-µm wavelength,” IEEE Photonics J. 7, 1–5 (2015).

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (2)

A. E. Akosman and M. Y. Sander, “Low noise, mode-locked 253 MHz Tm/Ho fiber laser with core pumping at 790 nm,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28, 1878–1881 (2016).

M. Gaponenko, N. Kuleshov, and T. Südmeyer, “Passively Q-switched thulium microchip laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28, 147–150 (2016).

J. Phys. Appl. Phys. (1)

J. Paajaste, S. Suomalainen, A. Härkönen, U. Griebner, G. Steinmeyer, and M. Guina, “Absorption recovery dynamics in 2 µm GaSb-based SESAMs,” J. Phys. Appl. Phys. 47, 065102 (2014).

Opt. Express (14)

O. Silvestre, J. Grau, M. C. Pujol, J. Massons, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, M. T. Borowiec, A. Szewczyk, M. U. Gutowska, M. Massot, A. Salazar, and V. Petrov, “Thermal properties of monoclinic KLu(WO4)2 as a promising solid state laser host,” Opt. Express 16(7), 5022–5034 (2008).
[PubMed]

T. Feng, K. Yang, J. Zhao, S. Zhao, W. Qiao, T. Li, T. Dekorsy, J. He, L. Zheng, Q. Wang, X. Xu, L. Su, and J. Xu, “1.21 W passively mode-locked Tm:LuAG laser,” Opt. Express 23(9), 11819–11825 (2015).
[PubMed]

K. Yang, H. Bromberger, H. Ruf, H. Schäfer, J. Neuhaus, T. Dekorsy, C. V. Grimm, M. Helm, K. Biermann, and H. Künzel, “Passively mode-locked Tm,Ho:YAG laser at 2 microm based on saturable absorption of intersubband transitions in quantum wells,” Opt. Express 18(7), 6537–6544 (2010).
[PubMed]

K. J. Yang, D. C. Heinecke, C. Kölbl, T. Dekorsy, S. Z. Zhao, L. H. Zheng, J. Xu, and G. J. Zhao, “Mode-locked Tm,Ho:YAP laser around 2.1 μm,” Opt. Express 21(2), 1574–1580 (2013).
[PubMed]

K. Yang, D. Heinecke, J. Paajaste, C. Kölbl, T. Dekorsy, S. Suomalainen, and M. Guina, “Mode-locking of 2 μm Tm,Ho:YAG laser with GaInAs and GaSb-based SESAMs,” Opt. Express 21(4), 4311–4318 (2013).
[PubMed]

V. Aleksandrov, A. Gluth, V. Petrov, I. Buchvarov, G. Steinmeyer, J. Paajaste, S. Suomalainen, A. Härkönen, M. Guina, X. Mateos, F. Díaz, and U. Griebner, “Mode-locked Tm,Ho:KLu(WO4)2 laser at 2060 nm using InGaSb-based SESAMs,” Opt. Express 23(4), 4614–4619 (2015).
[PubMed]

V. Aleksandrov, A. Gluth, V. Petrov, I. Buchvarov, S. Y. Choi, M. H. Kim, F. Rotermund, X. Mateos, F. Díaz, and U. Griebner, “Tm,Ho:KLu(WO4)2 laser mode-locked near 2 μm by single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Express 22(22), 26872–26877 (2014).
[PubMed]

M. Gaponenko, N. Kuleshov, and T. Südmeyer, “Efficient diode-pumped Tm:KYW 1.9-μm microchip laser with 1 W cw output power,” Opt. Express 22(10), 11578–11582 (2014).
[PubMed]

W. B. Cho, A. Schmidt, J. H. Yim, S. Y. Choi, S. Lee, F. Rotermund, U. Griebner, G. Steinmeyer, V. Petrov, X. Mateos, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Passive mode-locking of a Tm-doped bulk laser near 2 microm using a carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 17(13), 11007–11012 (2009).
[PubMed]

F. Fusari, A. A. Lagatsky, G. Jose, S. Calvez, A. Jha, M. D. Dawson, J. A. Gupta, W. Sibbett, and C. T. A. Brown, “Femtosecond mode-locked Tm3+ and Tm3+-Ho3+ doped 2 μm glass lasers,” Opt. Express 18(21), 22090–22098 (2010).
[PubMed]

A. A. Lagatsky, O. L. Antipov, and W. Sibbett, “Broadly tunable femtosecond Tm:Lu2O3 ceramic laser operating around 2070 nm,” Opt. Express 20(17), 19349–19354 (2012).
[PubMed]

A. A. Lagatsky, S. Calvez, J. A. Gupta, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, C. T. A. Brown, M. D. Dawson, and W. Sibbett, “Broadly tunable femtosecond mode-locking in a Tm:KYW laser near 2 μm,” Opt. Express 19(10), 9995–10000 (2011).
[PubMed]

A. Schmidt, P. Koopmann, G. Huber, P. Fuhrberg, S. Y. Choi, D.-I. Yeom, F. Rotermund, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “175 fs Tm:Lu2O3 laser at 2.07 µm mode-locked using single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Express 20(5), 5313–5318 (2012).
[PubMed]

A. Gluth, Y. Wang, V. Petrov, J. Paajaste, S. Suomalainen, A. Härkönen, M. Guina, G. Steinmeyer, X. Mateos, S. Veronesi, M. Tonelli, J. Li, Y. Pan, J. Guo, and U. Griebner, “GaSb-based SESAM mode-locked Tm:YAG ceramic laser at 2 µm,” Opt. Express 23(2), 1361–1369 (2015).
[PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (8)

J. Ma, G. Q. Xie, W. L. Gao, P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Diode-pumped mode-locked femtosecond Tm:CLNGG disordered crystal laser,” Opt. Lett. 37(8), 1376–1378 (2012).
[PubMed]

J. Ma, G. Q. Xie, P. Lv, W. L. Gao, P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, and D. Y. Tang, “Graphene mode-locked femtosecond laser at 2 μm wavelength,” Opt. Lett. 37(11), 2085–2087 (2012).
[PubMed]

A. A. Lagatsky, P. Koopmann, P. Fuhrberg, G. Huber, C. T. A. Brown, and W. Sibbett, “Passively mode locked femtosecond Tm:Sc2O3 laser at 2.1 μm,” Opt. Lett. 37(3), 437–439 (2012).
[PubMed]

A. A. Lagatsky, F. Fusari, S. Calvez, J. A. Gupta, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, C. T. A. Brown, M. D. Dawson, and W. Sibbett, “Passive mode locking of a Tm,Ho:KY(WO4)2 laser around 2 μm,” Opt. Lett. 34(17), 2587–2589 (2009).
[PubMed]

A. A. Lagatsky, F. Fusari, S. Calvez, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, M. D. Dawson, C. T. A. Brown, and W. Sibbett, “Femtosecond pulse operation of a Tm,Ho-codoped crystalline laser near 2 μm,” Opt. Lett. 35(2), 172–174 (2010).
[PubMed]

A. A. Lagatsky, X. Han, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Calvez, M. D. Dawson, J. A. Gupta, C. T. A. Brown, and W. Sibbett, “Femtosecond (191 fs) NaY(WO4)2 Tm,Ho-codoped laser at 2060 nm,” Opt. Lett. 35(18), 3027–3029 (2010).
[PubMed]

P. Li, A. Ruehl, U. Grosse-Wortmann, and I. Hartl, “Sub-100 fs passively mode-locked holmium-doped fiber oscillator operating at 2.06 μm,” Opt. Lett. 39(24), 6859–6862 (2014).
[PubMed]

J. M. Serres, X. Mateos, P. Loiko, K. Yumashev, N. Kuleshov, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Diode-pumped microchip Tm:KLu(WO4)2 laser with more than 3 W of output power,” Opt. Lett. 39(14), 4247–4250 (2014).
[PubMed]

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 State-of-the-art performance of 2-μm modelocked solid-state lasers based on Tm-doped or Tm,Ho-codoped gain materials [4–26].
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Schematics of the diode-pumped Tm:KYW laser. OC: output coupler with transmission of T = 1%; M1, M4, M6: flat HR mirrors; M2, M3, M5: concave HR mirrors. Mirror M6 is replaced by a short-wave pass filter (SWPF) to provide a laser operation at the wavelength of 2032 nm. HR mirror M1 is replaced by a SESAM for modelocking operation. FS is a 6-mm fused silica plate for introducing a negative GDD in the cavity during modelocking laser operation.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Output power of the Tm:KYW laser vs. absorbed pump power in cw operation: a) operation at a wavelength of 1960 nm without any spectrally-selective element inside the laser cavity; b) operation at a wavelength of 2022 nm (with a short-wavelength pass filter inside the laser cavity).
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Reflectivity curve of the GaSb-SESAM (a,b) and output power slope of the modelocked Tm:KYW laser (c).
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Characteristics of the modelocked Tm:KYW laser at the maximum output power: a pulse train (a), a RF-spectrum measured with a resolution bandwidth of 3MHz (b), a RF-spectrum measured with a resolution bandwidth of 100 Hz (c), an autocorrelation trace with a sech2 fit (d), an optical spectrum (e).
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Phase and amplitude noise of the modelocked Tm-laser measured on the 7th harmonic of the repetition rate (a). Integrated timing jitter (b) and relative intensity noise (c) values calculated for the shown range of lower limit frequencies.

Metrics