Abstract

This paper describes the tri-phase all-optical switching and broadband nonlinear optical response in Bi2Se3 nanosheets. Using Bi2Se3 nanosheets dispersion solution as the sample, the spatial phase of controlled light can be modulated as three phases (unchanging, focusing, diffraction) by changing the incident intensity of controlling light. The mechanism is conjectured that the controlling light changes the phase distribution of overlapping region and then modulates the phase distribution of the controlled light. Based on Gerchberg-Saxton algorithm, the phase distribution of the controlling light and controlled light is retrieved from the transmitted patterns. In dynamic spatial self-phase modulation (SSPM) experiment, the three processes including self-focusing, self-diffraction ring formation, and self-diffraction ring deformation can also be observed. In addition, the SSPM of controlling light is measured at the typical wavelengths from 350 nm to 1160 nm, which demonstrates that this all-optical switching is available in broadband. These results provide the great potential of Bi2Se3 as an all-optical switching for various optoelectronic applications.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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2017 (1)

Y. W. Wang, S. Liu, B. W. Zeng, H. Huang, J. Xiao, J. B. Li, M. Q. Long, S. Xiao, X. F. Yu, Y. L. Gao, and J. He, “Ultraviolet saturable absorption and ultrafast carrier dynamics in ultrasmall black phosphorus quantum dots,” Nanoscale 9(14), 4683–4690 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (6)

Y. Wang, H. Mu, X. Li, J. Yuan, J. Chen, S. Xiao, Q. Bao, Y. Gao, and J. He, “Observation of large nonlinear responses in a graphene-Bi2Te3 heterostructure at a telecommunication wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(22), 221901 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. Wang, Y. Wu, Q. Wu, J. Hua, and J. Zhao, “Coherent nonlinear optical response spatial self-phase modulation in MoSe2 nano-sheets,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 22072 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Zhang, X. Yu, W. Han, B. Lv, X. Li, S. Xiao, Y. Gao, and J. He, “Broadband spatial self-phase modulation of black phosphorous,” Opt. Lett. 41(8), 1704–1707 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Zhao, J. Zhang, N. Gao, P. Song, M. Bosman, B. Peng, B. Sun, C. W. Qiu, Q. H. Xu, Q. Bao, and K. P. Loh, “Actively tunable visible surface plasmons in Bi2Te3 and their energy-harvesting applications,” Adv. Mater. 28(16), 3138–3144 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Xie, Z. Li, Z. Sun, J. Shao, X. F. Yu, Z. Guo, J. Wang, Q. Xiao, H. Wang, Q. Q. Wang, H. Zhang, and P. K. Chu, “Metabolizable ultrathin Bi2Se3 nanosheets in imaging-guided photothermal therapy,” Small 12(30), 4136–4145 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Miao, J. Yi, Q. Wang, D. Feng, H. He, S. Lu, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. Wen, “Broadband third order nonlinear optical responses of bismuth telluride nanosheets,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(7), 2244–2251 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (6)

Y. Wang, G. Huang, H. Mu, S. Lin, J. Chen, S. Xiao, Q. Bao, and J. He, “Ultrafast recovery time and broadband saturable absorption properties of black phosphorus suspension,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(9), 091905 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Xiao, B. Lv, L. Wu, M. Zhu, J. He, and S. Tao, “Dynamic self-diffraction in MoS2 nanoflake solutions,” Opt. Express 23(5), 5875–5887 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Wang, S. Zhang, X. Zhang, L. Zhang, Y. Cheng, D. Fox, H. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, W. J. Blau, and J. Wang, “Tunable nonlinear refractive index of two-dimensional MoS2, WS2, and MoSe2 nanosheet dispersions [Invited],” Photon. Res. 3(2), A51–A55 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Wu, Q. Wu, F. Sun, C. Cheng, S. Meng, and J. Zhao, “Emergence of electron coherence and two-color all-optical switching in MoS2 based on spatial self-phase modulation,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 112(38), 11800–11805 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Shi, L. Miao, Q. Wang, J. Du, P. Tang, J. Liu, C. Zhao, and S. Wen, “Broadband ultrafast spatial self-phase modulation for topological insulator Bi2Te3 dispersions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(15), 151101 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Wu, S. Tao, and S. Xiao, “Phase retrieval-based distribution detecting method for transparent objects,” Opt. Eng. 54(11), 113103 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

G. Wang, S. Zhang, F. A. Umran, X. Cheng, N. Dong, D. Coghlan, Y. Cheng, L. Zhang, W. J. Blau, and J. Wang, “Tunable effective nonlinear refractive index of graphene dispersions during the distortion of spatial self-phase modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(14), 141909 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, J. He, S. Xiao, N. Yang, and H. Chen, “Wavelength selective optical limiting effect on MoS2 solution,” Wuli Xuebao 14(63), 144204 (2014).

2013 (1)

2012 (2)

Y. Min, G. D. Moon, B. S. Kim, B. Lim, J.-S. Kim, C. Y. Kang, and U. Jeong, “Quick, controlled synthesis of ultrathin Bi2Se3 nanodiscs and nanosheets,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(6), 2872–2875 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Karimzadeh, “Spatial self-phase modulation of a laser beam propagating through liquids with self-induced natural convection flow,” J. Opt. 14(9), 095701 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

R. Wu, Y. Zhang, S. Yan, F. Bian, W. Wang, X. Bai, X. Lu, J. Zhao, and E. Wang, “Purely coherent nonlinear optical response in solution dispersions of graphene sheets,” Nano Lett. 11(12), 5159–5164 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

1981 (1)

1968 (1)

S. A. Akhmanov, A. P. Sukhorukov, and R. V. Khokhlov, “Self-focusing and diffraction of light in a nonlinear medium,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 10(5), 609–636 (1968).
[Crossref]

1965 (1)

P. L. Kelley, “Self-focusing of optical beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 15(26), 1005–1008 (1965).
[Crossref]

Akhmanov, S. A.

S. A. Akhmanov, A. P. Sukhorukov, and R. V. Khokhlov, “Self-focusing and diffraction of light in a nonlinear medium,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 10(5), 609–636 (1968).
[Crossref]

Arakelian, S. M.

Bai, X.

R. Wu, Y. Zhang, S. Yan, F. Bian, W. Wang, X. Bai, X. Lu, J. Zhao, and E. Wang, “Purely coherent nonlinear optical response in solution dispersions of graphene sheets,” Nano Lett. 11(12), 5159–5164 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bao, Q.

Y. Wang, H. Mu, X. Li, J. Yuan, J. Chen, S. Xiao, Q. Bao, Y. Gao, and J. He, “Observation of large nonlinear responses in a graphene-Bi2Te3 heterostructure at a telecommunication wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(22), 221901 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Zhao, J. Zhang, N. Gao, P. Song, M. Bosman, B. Peng, B. Sun, C. W. Qiu, Q. H. Xu, Q. Bao, and K. P. Loh, “Actively tunable visible surface plasmons in Bi2Te3 and their energy-harvesting applications,” Adv. Mater. 28(16), 3138–3144 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, G. Huang, H. Mu, S. Lin, J. Chen, S. Xiao, Q. Bao, and J. He, “Ultrafast recovery time and broadband saturable absorption properties of black phosphorus suspension,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(9), 091905 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bian, F.

R. Wu, Y. Zhang, S. Yan, F. Bian, W. Wang, X. Bai, X. Lu, J. Zhao, and E. Wang, “Purely coherent nonlinear optical response in solution dispersions of graphene sheets,” Nano Lett. 11(12), 5159–5164 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Blau, W. J.

G. Wang, S. Zhang, X. Zhang, L. Zhang, Y. Cheng, D. Fox, H. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, W. J. Blau, and J. Wang, “Tunable nonlinear refractive index of two-dimensional MoS2, WS2, and MoSe2 nanosheet dispersions [Invited],” Photon. Res. 3(2), A51–A55 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Wang, S. Zhang, F. A. Umran, X. Cheng, N. Dong, D. Coghlan, Y. Cheng, L. Zhang, W. J. Blau, and J. Wang, “Tunable effective nonlinear refractive index of graphene dispersions during the distortion of spatial self-phase modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(14), 141909 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bosman, M.

M. Zhao, J. Zhang, N. Gao, P. Song, M. Bosman, B. Peng, B. Sun, C. W. Qiu, Q. H. Xu, Q. Bao, and K. P. Loh, “Actively tunable visible surface plasmons in Bi2Te3 and their energy-harvesting applications,” Adv. Mater. 28(16), 3138–3144 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, H.

Y. Wang, J. He, S. Xiao, N. Yang, and H. Chen, “Wavelength selective optical limiting effect on MoS2 solution,” Wuli Xuebao 14(63), 144204 (2014).

Chen, J.

Y. Wang, H. Mu, X. Li, J. Yuan, J. Chen, S. Xiao, Q. Bao, Y. Gao, and J. He, “Observation of large nonlinear responses in a graphene-Bi2Te3 heterostructure at a telecommunication wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(22), 221901 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, G. Huang, H. Mu, S. Lin, J. Chen, S. Xiao, Q. Bao, and J. He, “Ultrafast recovery time and broadband saturable absorption properties of black phosphorus suspension,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(9), 091905 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chen, S.

Chen, W.

Chen, Y.

Cheng, C.

Y. Wu, Q. Wu, F. Sun, C. Cheng, S. Meng, and J. Zhao, “Emergence of electron coherence and two-color all-optical switching in MoS2 based on spatial self-phase modulation,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 112(38), 11800–11805 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cheng, X.

G. Wang, S. Zhang, F. A. Umran, X. Cheng, N. Dong, D. Coghlan, Y. Cheng, L. Zhang, W. J. Blau, and J. Wang, “Tunable effective nonlinear refractive index of graphene dispersions during the distortion of spatial self-phase modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(14), 141909 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cheng, Y.

G. Wang, S. Zhang, X. Zhang, L. Zhang, Y. Cheng, D. Fox, H. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, W. J. Blau, and J. Wang, “Tunable nonlinear refractive index of two-dimensional MoS2, WS2, and MoSe2 nanosheet dispersions [Invited],” Photon. Res. 3(2), A51–A55 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Wang, S. Zhang, F. A. Umran, X. Cheng, N. Dong, D. Coghlan, Y. Cheng, L. Zhang, W. J. Blau, and J. Wang, “Tunable effective nonlinear refractive index of graphene dispersions during the distortion of spatial self-phase modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(14), 141909 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chu, P. K.

H. Xie, Z. Li, Z. Sun, J. Shao, X. F. Yu, Z. Guo, J. Wang, Q. Xiao, H. Wang, Q. Q. Wang, H. Zhang, and P. K. Chu, “Metabolizable ultrathin Bi2Se3 nanosheets in imaging-guided photothermal therapy,” Small 12(30), 4136–4145 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Coghlan, D.

G. Wang, S. Zhang, F. A. Umran, X. Cheng, N. Dong, D. Coghlan, Y. Cheng, L. Zhang, W. J. Blau, and J. Wang, “Tunable effective nonlinear refractive index of graphene dispersions during the distortion of spatial self-phase modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(14), 141909 (2014).
[Crossref]

Coleman, J. N.

Dong, N.

G. Wang, S. Zhang, F. A. Umran, X. Cheng, N. Dong, D. Coghlan, Y. Cheng, L. Zhang, W. J. Blau, and J. Wang, “Tunable effective nonlinear refractive index of graphene dispersions during the distortion of spatial self-phase modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(14), 141909 (2014).
[Crossref]

Du, J.

B. Shi, L. Miao, Q. Wang, J. Du, P. Tang, J. Liu, C. Zhao, and S. Wen, “Broadband ultrafast spatial self-phase modulation for topological insulator Bi2Te3 dispersions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(15), 151101 (2015).
[Crossref]

Durbin, S. D.

Feng, D.

Fox, D.

Gao, N.

M. Zhao, J. Zhang, N. Gao, P. Song, M. Bosman, B. Peng, B. Sun, C. W. Qiu, Q. H. Xu, Q. Bao, and K. P. Loh, “Actively tunable visible surface plasmons in Bi2Te3 and their energy-harvesting applications,” Adv. Mater. 28(16), 3138–3144 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gao, Y.

J. Zhang, X. Yu, W. Han, B. Lv, X. Li, S. Xiao, Y. Gao, and J. He, “Broadband spatial self-phase modulation of black phosphorous,” Opt. Lett. 41(8), 1704–1707 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, H. Mu, X. Li, J. Yuan, J. Chen, S. Xiao, Q. Bao, Y. Gao, and J. He, “Observation of large nonlinear responses in a graphene-Bi2Te3 heterostructure at a telecommunication wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(22), 221901 (2016).
[Crossref]

Gao, Y. L.

Y. W. Wang, S. Liu, B. W. Zeng, H. Huang, J. Xiao, J. B. Li, M. Q. Long, S. Xiao, X. F. Yu, Y. L. Gao, and J. He, “Ultraviolet saturable absorption and ultrafast carrier dynamics in ultrasmall black phosphorus quantum dots,” Nanoscale 9(14), 4683–4690 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guo, Z.

H. Xie, Z. Li, Z. Sun, J. Shao, X. F. Yu, Z. Guo, J. Wang, Q. Xiao, H. Wang, Q. Q. Wang, H. Zhang, and P. K. Chu, “Metabolizable ultrathin Bi2Se3 nanosheets in imaging-guided photothermal therapy,” Small 12(30), 4136–4145 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Ji, W. Chen, S. Lim, J. Lin, and Z. Guo, “Gravitation-dependent, thermally-induced self-diffraction in carbon nanotube solutions,” Opt. Express 14(20), 8958–8966 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Han, W.

He, H.

He, J.

Y. W. Wang, S. Liu, B. W. Zeng, H. Huang, J. Xiao, J. B. Li, M. Q. Long, S. Xiao, X. F. Yu, Y. L. Gao, and J. He, “Ultraviolet saturable absorption and ultrafast carrier dynamics in ultrasmall black phosphorus quantum dots,” Nanoscale 9(14), 4683–4690 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Zhang, X. Yu, W. Han, B. Lv, X. Li, S. Xiao, Y. Gao, and J. He, “Broadband spatial self-phase modulation of black phosphorous,” Opt. Lett. 41(8), 1704–1707 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, H. Mu, X. Li, J. Yuan, J. Chen, S. Xiao, Q. Bao, Y. Gao, and J. He, “Observation of large nonlinear responses in a graphene-Bi2Te3 heterostructure at a telecommunication wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(22), 221901 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Xiao, B. Lv, L. Wu, M. Zhu, J. He, and S. Tao, “Dynamic self-diffraction in MoS2 nanoflake solutions,” Opt. Express 23(5), 5875–5887 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, G. Huang, H. Mu, S. Lin, J. Chen, S. Xiao, Q. Bao, and J. He, “Ultrafast recovery time and broadband saturable absorption properties of black phosphorus suspension,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(9), 091905 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, J. He, S. Xiao, N. Yang, and H. Chen, “Wavelength selective optical limiting effect on MoS2 solution,” Wuli Xuebao 14(63), 144204 (2014).

Hua, J.

W. Wang, Y. Wu, Q. Wu, J. Hua, and J. Zhao, “Coherent nonlinear optical response spatial self-phase modulation in MoSe2 nano-sheets,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 22072 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, G.

Y. Wang, G. Huang, H. Mu, S. Lin, J. Chen, S. Xiao, Q. Bao, and J. He, “Ultrafast recovery time and broadband saturable absorption properties of black phosphorus suspension,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(9), 091905 (2015).
[Crossref]

Huang, H.

Y. W. Wang, S. Liu, B. W. Zeng, H. Huang, J. Xiao, J. B. Li, M. Q. Long, S. Xiao, X. F. Yu, Y. L. Gao, and J. He, “Ultraviolet saturable absorption and ultrafast carrier dynamics in ultrasmall black phosphorus quantum dots,” Nanoscale 9(14), 4683–4690 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jeong, U.

Y. Min, G. D. Moon, B. S. Kim, B. Lim, J.-S. Kim, C. Y. Kang, and U. Jeong, “Quick, controlled synthesis of ultrathin Bi2Se3 nanodiscs and nanosheets,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(6), 2872–2875 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ji, W.

Kang, C. Y.

Y. Min, G. D. Moon, B. S. Kim, B. Lim, J.-S. Kim, C. Y. Kang, and U. Jeong, “Quick, controlled synthesis of ultrathin Bi2Se3 nanodiscs and nanosheets,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(6), 2872–2875 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Karimzadeh, R.

R. Karimzadeh, “Spatial self-phase modulation of a laser beam propagating through liquids with self-induced natural convection flow,” J. Opt. 14(9), 095701 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kelley, P. L.

P. L. Kelley, “Self-focusing of optical beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 15(26), 1005–1008 (1965).
[Crossref]

Khokhlov, R. V.

S. A. Akhmanov, A. P. Sukhorukov, and R. V. Khokhlov, “Self-focusing and diffraction of light in a nonlinear medium,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 10(5), 609–636 (1968).
[Crossref]

Kim, B. S.

Y. Min, G. D. Moon, B. S. Kim, B. Lim, J.-S. Kim, C. Y. Kang, and U. Jeong, “Quick, controlled synthesis of ultrathin Bi2Se3 nanodiscs and nanosheets,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(6), 2872–2875 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, J.-S.

Y. Min, G. D. Moon, B. S. Kim, B. Lim, J.-S. Kim, C. Y. Kang, and U. Jeong, “Quick, controlled synthesis of ultrathin Bi2Se3 nanodiscs and nanosheets,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(6), 2872–2875 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, J. B.

Y. W. Wang, S. Liu, B. W. Zeng, H. Huang, J. Xiao, J. B. Li, M. Q. Long, S. Xiao, X. F. Yu, Y. L. Gao, and J. He, “Ultraviolet saturable absorption and ultrafast carrier dynamics in ultrasmall black phosphorus quantum dots,” Nanoscale 9(14), 4683–4690 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, X.

J. Zhang, X. Yu, W. Han, B. Lv, X. Li, S. Xiao, Y. Gao, and J. He, “Broadband spatial self-phase modulation of black phosphorous,” Opt. Lett. 41(8), 1704–1707 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, H. Mu, X. Li, J. Yuan, J. Chen, S. Xiao, Q. Bao, Y. Gao, and J. He, “Observation of large nonlinear responses in a graphene-Bi2Te3 heterostructure at a telecommunication wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(22), 221901 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, Y.

Li, Z.

H. Xie, Z. Li, Z. Sun, J. Shao, X. F. Yu, Z. Guo, J. Wang, Q. Xiao, H. Wang, Q. Q. Wang, H. Zhang, and P. K. Chu, “Metabolizable ultrathin Bi2Se3 nanosheets in imaging-guided photothermal therapy,” Small 12(30), 4136–4145 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lim, B.

Y. Min, G. D. Moon, B. S. Kim, B. Lim, J.-S. Kim, C. Y. Kang, and U. Jeong, “Quick, controlled synthesis of ultrathin Bi2Se3 nanodiscs and nanosheets,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(6), 2872–2875 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lim, S.

Lin, J.

Lin, S.

Y. Wang, G. Huang, H. Mu, S. Lin, J. Chen, S. Xiao, Q. Bao, and J. He, “Ultrafast recovery time and broadband saturable absorption properties of black phosphorus suspension,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(9), 091905 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liu, J.

B. Shi, L. Miao, Q. Wang, J. Du, P. Tang, J. Liu, C. Zhao, and S. Wen, “Broadband ultrafast spatial self-phase modulation for topological insulator Bi2Te3 dispersions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(15), 151101 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liu, S.

Y. W. Wang, S. Liu, B. W. Zeng, H. Huang, J. Xiao, J. B. Li, M. Q. Long, S. Xiao, X. F. Yu, Y. L. Gao, and J. He, “Ultraviolet saturable absorption and ultrafast carrier dynamics in ultrasmall black phosphorus quantum dots,” Nanoscale 9(14), 4683–4690 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Loh, K. P.

M. Zhao, J. Zhang, N. Gao, P. Song, M. Bosman, B. Peng, B. Sun, C. W. Qiu, Q. H. Xu, Q. Bao, and K. P. Loh, “Actively tunable visible surface plasmons in Bi2Te3 and their energy-harvesting applications,” Adv. Mater. 28(16), 3138–3144 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Long, M. Q.

Y. W. Wang, S. Liu, B. W. Zeng, H. Huang, J. Xiao, J. B. Li, M. Q. Long, S. Xiao, X. F. Yu, Y. L. Gao, and J. He, “Ultraviolet saturable absorption and ultrafast carrier dynamics in ultrasmall black phosphorus quantum dots,” Nanoscale 9(14), 4683–4690 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lu, S.

Lu, X.

R. Wu, Y. Zhang, S. Yan, F. Bian, W. Wang, X. Bai, X. Lu, J. Zhao, and E. Wang, “Purely coherent nonlinear optical response in solution dispersions of graphene sheets,” Nano Lett. 11(12), 5159–5164 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lv, B.

Meng, S.

Y. Wu, Q. Wu, F. Sun, C. Cheng, S. Meng, and J. Zhao, “Emergence of electron coherence and two-color all-optical switching in MoS2 based on spatial self-phase modulation,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 112(38), 11800–11805 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Miao, L.

L. Miao, J. Yi, Q. Wang, D. Feng, H. He, S. Lu, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. Wen, “Broadband third order nonlinear optical responses of bismuth telluride nanosheets,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(7), 2244–2251 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Shi, L. Miao, Q. Wang, J. Du, P. Tang, J. Liu, C. Zhao, and S. Wen, “Broadband ultrafast spatial self-phase modulation for topological insulator Bi2Te3 dispersions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(15), 151101 (2015).
[Crossref]

Min, Y.

Y. Min, G. D. Moon, B. S. Kim, B. Lim, J.-S. Kim, C. Y. Kang, and U. Jeong, “Quick, controlled synthesis of ultrathin Bi2Se3 nanodiscs and nanosheets,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(6), 2872–2875 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Moon, G. D.

Y. Min, G. D. Moon, B. S. Kim, B. Lim, J.-S. Kim, C. Y. Kang, and U. Jeong, “Quick, controlled synthesis of ultrathin Bi2Se3 nanodiscs and nanosheets,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(6), 2872–2875 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mu, H.

Y. Wang, H. Mu, X. Li, J. Yuan, J. Chen, S. Xiao, Q. Bao, Y. Gao, and J. He, “Observation of large nonlinear responses in a graphene-Bi2Te3 heterostructure at a telecommunication wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(22), 221901 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, G. Huang, H. Mu, S. Lin, J. Chen, S. Xiao, Q. Bao, and J. He, “Ultrafast recovery time and broadband saturable absorption properties of black phosphorus suspension,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(9), 091905 (2015).
[Crossref]

Peng, B.

M. Zhao, J. Zhang, N. Gao, P. Song, M. Bosman, B. Peng, B. Sun, C. W. Qiu, Q. H. Xu, Q. Bao, and K. P. Loh, “Actively tunable visible surface plasmons in Bi2Te3 and their energy-harvesting applications,” Adv. Mater. 28(16), 3138–3144 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Qiu, C. W.

M. Zhao, J. Zhang, N. Gao, P. Song, M. Bosman, B. Peng, B. Sun, C. W. Qiu, Q. H. Xu, Q. Bao, and K. P. Loh, “Actively tunable visible surface plasmons in Bi2Te3 and their energy-harvesting applications,” Adv. Mater. 28(16), 3138–3144 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shao, J.

H. Xie, Z. Li, Z. Sun, J. Shao, X. F. Yu, Z. Guo, J. Wang, Q. Xiao, H. Wang, Q. Q. Wang, H. Zhang, and P. K. Chu, “Metabolizable ultrathin Bi2Se3 nanosheets in imaging-guided photothermal therapy,” Small 12(30), 4136–4145 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shen, Y. R.

Shi, B.

B. Shi, L. Miao, Q. Wang, J. Du, P. Tang, J. Liu, C. Zhao, and S. Wen, “Broadband ultrafast spatial self-phase modulation for topological insulator Bi2Te3 dispersions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(15), 151101 (2015).
[Crossref]

Song, P.

M. Zhao, J. Zhang, N. Gao, P. Song, M. Bosman, B. Peng, B. Sun, C. W. Qiu, Q. H. Xu, Q. Bao, and K. P. Loh, “Actively tunable visible surface plasmons in Bi2Te3 and their energy-harvesting applications,” Adv. Mater. 28(16), 3138–3144 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sukhorukov, A. P.

S. A. Akhmanov, A. P. Sukhorukov, and R. V. Khokhlov, “Self-focusing and diffraction of light in a nonlinear medium,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 10(5), 609–636 (1968).
[Crossref]

Sun, B.

M. Zhao, J. Zhang, N. Gao, P. Song, M. Bosman, B. Peng, B. Sun, C. W. Qiu, Q. H. Xu, Q. Bao, and K. P. Loh, “Actively tunable visible surface plasmons in Bi2Te3 and their energy-harvesting applications,” Adv. Mater. 28(16), 3138–3144 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, F.

Y. Wu, Q. Wu, F. Sun, C. Cheng, S. Meng, and J. Zhao, “Emergence of electron coherence and two-color all-optical switching in MoS2 based on spatial self-phase modulation,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 112(38), 11800–11805 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, Z.

H. Xie, Z. Li, Z. Sun, J. Shao, X. F. Yu, Z. Guo, J. Wang, Q. Xiao, H. Wang, Q. Q. Wang, H. Zhang, and P. K. Chu, “Metabolizable ultrathin Bi2Se3 nanosheets in imaging-guided photothermal therapy,” Small 12(30), 4136–4145 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tang, D.

Tang, P.

B. Shi, L. Miao, Q. Wang, J. Du, P. Tang, J. Liu, C. Zhao, and S. Wen, “Broadband ultrafast spatial self-phase modulation for topological insulator Bi2Te3 dispersions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(15), 151101 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tao, S.

L. Wu, S. Tao, and S. Xiao, “Phase retrieval-based distribution detecting method for transparent objects,” Opt. Eng. 54(11), 113103 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Xiao, B. Lv, L. Wu, M. Zhu, J. He, and S. Tao, “Dynamic self-diffraction in MoS2 nanoflake solutions,” Opt. Express 23(5), 5875–5887 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Umran, F. A.

G. Wang, S. Zhang, F. A. Umran, X. Cheng, N. Dong, D. Coghlan, Y. Cheng, L. Zhang, W. J. Blau, and J. Wang, “Tunable effective nonlinear refractive index of graphene dispersions during the distortion of spatial self-phase modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(14), 141909 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, E.

R. Wu, Y. Zhang, S. Yan, F. Bian, W. Wang, X. Bai, X. Lu, J. Zhao, and E. Wang, “Purely coherent nonlinear optical response in solution dispersions of graphene sheets,” Nano Lett. 11(12), 5159–5164 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, G.

G. Wang, S. Zhang, X. Zhang, L. Zhang, Y. Cheng, D. Fox, H. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, W. J. Blau, and J. Wang, “Tunable nonlinear refractive index of two-dimensional MoS2, WS2, and MoSe2 nanosheet dispersions [Invited],” Photon. Res. 3(2), A51–A55 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Wang, S. Zhang, F. A. Umran, X. Cheng, N. Dong, D. Coghlan, Y. Cheng, L. Zhang, W. J. Blau, and J. Wang, “Tunable effective nonlinear refractive index of graphene dispersions during the distortion of spatial self-phase modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(14), 141909 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, H.

H. Xie, Z. Li, Z. Sun, J. Shao, X. F. Yu, Z. Guo, J. Wang, Q. Xiao, H. Wang, Q. Q. Wang, H. Zhang, and P. K. Chu, “Metabolizable ultrathin Bi2Se3 nanosheets in imaging-guided photothermal therapy,” Small 12(30), 4136–4145 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, J.

H. Xie, Z. Li, Z. Sun, J. Shao, X. F. Yu, Z. Guo, J. Wang, Q. Xiao, H. Wang, Q. Q. Wang, H. Zhang, and P. K. Chu, “Metabolizable ultrathin Bi2Se3 nanosheets in imaging-guided photothermal therapy,” Small 12(30), 4136–4145 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Wang, S. Zhang, X. Zhang, L. Zhang, Y. Cheng, D. Fox, H. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, W. J. Blau, and J. Wang, “Tunable nonlinear refractive index of two-dimensional MoS2, WS2, and MoSe2 nanosheet dispersions [Invited],” Photon. Res. 3(2), A51–A55 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Wang, S. Zhang, F. A. Umran, X. Cheng, N. Dong, D. Coghlan, Y. Cheng, L. Zhang, W. J. Blau, and J. Wang, “Tunable effective nonlinear refractive index of graphene dispersions during the distortion of spatial self-phase modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(14), 141909 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, Q.

L. Miao, J. Yi, Q. Wang, D. Feng, H. He, S. Lu, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. Wen, “Broadband third order nonlinear optical responses of bismuth telluride nanosheets,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(7), 2244–2251 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Shi, L. Miao, Q. Wang, J. Du, P. Tang, J. Liu, C. Zhao, and S. Wen, “Broadband ultrafast spatial self-phase modulation for topological insulator Bi2Te3 dispersions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(15), 151101 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, Q. Q.

H. Xie, Z. Li, Z. Sun, J. Shao, X. F. Yu, Z. Guo, J. Wang, Q. Xiao, H. Wang, Q. Q. Wang, H. Zhang, and P. K. Chu, “Metabolizable ultrathin Bi2Se3 nanosheets in imaging-guided photothermal therapy,” Small 12(30), 4136–4145 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, W.

W. Wang, Y. Wu, Q. Wu, J. Hua, and J. Zhao, “Coherent nonlinear optical response spatial self-phase modulation in MoSe2 nano-sheets,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 22072 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Wu, Y. Zhang, S. Yan, F. Bian, W. Wang, X. Bai, X. Lu, J. Zhao, and E. Wang, “Purely coherent nonlinear optical response in solution dispersions of graphene sheets,” Nano Lett. 11(12), 5159–5164 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, H. Mu, X. Li, J. Yuan, J. Chen, S. Xiao, Q. Bao, Y. Gao, and J. He, “Observation of large nonlinear responses in a graphene-Bi2Te3 heterostructure at a telecommunication wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(22), 221901 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, G. Huang, H. Mu, S. Lin, J. Chen, S. Xiao, Q. Bao, and J. He, “Ultrafast recovery time and broadband saturable absorption properties of black phosphorus suspension,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(9), 091905 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, J. He, S. Xiao, N. Yang, and H. Chen, “Wavelength selective optical limiting effect on MoS2 solution,” Wuli Xuebao 14(63), 144204 (2014).

Wang, Y. W.

Y. W. Wang, S. Liu, B. W. Zeng, H. Huang, J. Xiao, J. B. Li, M. Q. Long, S. Xiao, X. F. Yu, Y. L. Gao, and J. He, “Ultraviolet saturable absorption and ultrafast carrier dynamics in ultrasmall black phosphorus quantum dots,” Nanoscale 9(14), 4683–4690 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wen, S.

Wu, L.

L. Wu, S. Tao, and S. Xiao, “Phase retrieval-based distribution detecting method for transparent objects,” Opt. Eng. 54(11), 113103 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Xiao, B. Lv, L. Wu, M. Zhu, J. He, and S. Tao, “Dynamic self-diffraction in MoS2 nanoflake solutions,” Opt. Express 23(5), 5875–5887 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, Q.

W. Wang, Y. Wu, Q. Wu, J. Hua, and J. Zhao, “Coherent nonlinear optical response spatial self-phase modulation in MoSe2 nano-sheets,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 22072 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Wu, Q. Wu, F. Sun, C. Cheng, S. Meng, and J. Zhao, “Emergence of electron coherence and two-color all-optical switching in MoS2 based on spatial self-phase modulation,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 112(38), 11800–11805 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, R.

R. Wu, Y. Zhang, S. Yan, F. Bian, W. Wang, X. Bai, X. Lu, J. Zhao, and E. Wang, “Purely coherent nonlinear optical response in solution dispersions of graphene sheets,” Nano Lett. 11(12), 5159–5164 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, Y.

W. Wang, Y. Wu, Q. Wu, J. Hua, and J. Zhao, “Coherent nonlinear optical response spatial self-phase modulation in MoSe2 nano-sheets,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 22072 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Wu, Q. Wu, F. Sun, C. Cheng, S. Meng, and J. Zhao, “Emergence of electron coherence and two-color all-optical switching in MoS2 based on spatial self-phase modulation,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 112(38), 11800–11805 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xiao, J.

Y. W. Wang, S. Liu, B. W. Zeng, H. Huang, J. Xiao, J. B. Li, M. Q. Long, S. Xiao, X. F. Yu, Y. L. Gao, and J. He, “Ultraviolet saturable absorption and ultrafast carrier dynamics in ultrasmall black phosphorus quantum dots,” Nanoscale 9(14), 4683–4690 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xiao, Q.

H. Xie, Z. Li, Z. Sun, J. Shao, X. F. Yu, Z. Guo, J. Wang, Q. Xiao, H. Wang, Q. Q. Wang, H. Zhang, and P. K. Chu, “Metabolizable ultrathin Bi2Se3 nanosheets in imaging-guided photothermal therapy,” Small 12(30), 4136–4145 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xiao, S.

Y. W. Wang, S. Liu, B. W. Zeng, H. Huang, J. Xiao, J. B. Li, M. Q. Long, S. Xiao, X. F. Yu, Y. L. Gao, and J. He, “Ultraviolet saturable absorption and ultrafast carrier dynamics in ultrasmall black phosphorus quantum dots,” Nanoscale 9(14), 4683–4690 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Zhang, X. Yu, W. Han, B. Lv, X. Li, S. Xiao, Y. Gao, and J. He, “Broadband spatial self-phase modulation of black phosphorous,” Opt. Lett. 41(8), 1704–1707 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, H. Mu, X. Li, J. Yuan, J. Chen, S. Xiao, Q. Bao, Y. Gao, and J. He, “Observation of large nonlinear responses in a graphene-Bi2Te3 heterostructure at a telecommunication wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(22), 221901 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Xiao, B. Lv, L. Wu, M. Zhu, J. He, and S. Tao, “Dynamic self-diffraction in MoS2 nanoflake solutions,” Opt. Express 23(5), 5875–5887 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, G. Huang, H. Mu, S. Lin, J. Chen, S. Xiao, Q. Bao, and J. He, “Ultrafast recovery time and broadband saturable absorption properties of black phosphorus suspension,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(9), 091905 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Wu, S. Tao, and S. Xiao, “Phase retrieval-based distribution detecting method for transparent objects,” Opt. Eng. 54(11), 113103 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, J. He, S. Xiao, N. Yang, and H. Chen, “Wavelength selective optical limiting effect on MoS2 solution,” Wuli Xuebao 14(63), 144204 (2014).

Xie, H.

H. Xie, Z. Li, Z. Sun, J. Shao, X. F. Yu, Z. Guo, J. Wang, Q. Xiao, H. Wang, Q. Q. Wang, H. Zhang, and P. K. Chu, “Metabolizable ultrathin Bi2Se3 nanosheets in imaging-guided photothermal therapy,” Small 12(30), 4136–4145 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, Q. H.

M. Zhao, J. Zhang, N. Gao, P. Song, M. Bosman, B. Peng, B. Sun, C. W. Qiu, Q. H. Xu, Q. Bao, and K. P. Loh, “Actively tunable visible surface plasmons in Bi2Te3 and their energy-harvesting applications,” Adv. Mater. 28(16), 3138–3144 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yan, S.

R. Wu, Y. Zhang, S. Yan, F. Bian, W. Wang, X. Bai, X. Lu, J. Zhao, and E. Wang, “Purely coherent nonlinear optical response in solution dispersions of graphene sheets,” Nano Lett. 11(12), 5159–5164 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, N.

Y. Wang, J. He, S. Xiao, N. Yang, and H. Chen, “Wavelength selective optical limiting effect on MoS2 solution,” Wuli Xuebao 14(63), 144204 (2014).

Yi, J.

Yu, X.

Yu, X. F.

Y. W. Wang, S. Liu, B. W. Zeng, H. Huang, J. Xiao, J. B. Li, M. Q. Long, S. Xiao, X. F. Yu, Y. L. Gao, and J. He, “Ultraviolet saturable absorption and ultrafast carrier dynamics in ultrasmall black phosphorus quantum dots,” Nanoscale 9(14), 4683–4690 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Xie, Z. Li, Z. Sun, J. Shao, X. F. Yu, Z. Guo, J. Wang, Q. Xiao, H. Wang, Q. Q. Wang, H. Zhang, and P. K. Chu, “Metabolizable ultrathin Bi2Se3 nanosheets in imaging-guided photothermal therapy,” Small 12(30), 4136–4145 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yuan, J.

Y. Wang, H. Mu, X. Li, J. Yuan, J. Chen, S. Xiao, Q. Bao, Y. Gao, and J. He, “Observation of large nonlinear responses in a graphene-Bi2Te3 heterostructure at a telecommunication wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(22), 221901 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zeng, B. W.

Y. W. Wang, S. Liu, B. W. Zeng, H. Huang, J. Xiao, J. B. Li, M. Q. Long, S. Xiao, X. F. Yu, Y. L. Gao, and J. He, “Ultraviolet saturable absorption and ultrafast carrier dynamics in ultrasmall black phosphorus quantum dots,” Nanoscale 9(14), 4683–4690 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, H.

Zhang, J.

M. Zhao, J. Zhang, N. Gao, P. Song, M. Bosman, B. Peng, B. Sun, C. W. Qiu, Q. H. Xu, Q. Bao, and K. P. Loh, “Actively tunable visible surface plasmons in Bi2Te3 and their energy-harvesting applications,” Adv. Mater. 28(16), 3138–3144 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Zhang, X. Yu, W. Han, B. Lv, X. Li, S. Xiao, Y. Gao, and J. He, “Broadband spatial self-phase modulation of black phosphorous,” Opt. Lett. 41(8), 1704–1707 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, L.

G. Wang, S. Zhang, X. Zhang, L. Zhang, Y. Cheng, D. Fox, H. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, W. J. Blau, and J. Wang, “Tunable nonlinear refractive index of two-dimensional MoS2, WS2, and MoSe2 nanosheet dispersions [Invited],” Photon. Res. 3(2), A51–A55 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Wang, S. Zhang, F. A. Umran, X. Cheng, N. Dong, D. Coghlan, Y. Cheng, L. Zhang, W. J. Blau, and J. Wang, “Tunable effective nonlinear refractive index of graphene dispersions during the distortion of spatial self-phase modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(14), 141909 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S.

G. Wang, S. Zhang, X. Zhang, L. Zhang, Y. Cheng, D. Fox, H. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, W. J. Blau, and J. Wang, “Tunable nonlinear refractive index of two-dimensional MoS2, WS2, and MoSe2 nanosheet dispersions [Invited],” Photon. Res. 3(2), A51–A55 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Wang, S. Zhang, F. A. Umran, X. Cheng, N. Dong, D. Coghlan, Y. Cheng, L. Zhang, W. J. Blau, and J. Wang, “Tunable effective nonlinear refractive index of graphene dispersions during the distortion of spatial self-phase modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(14), 141909 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

Zhang, Y.

R. Wu, Y. Zhang, S. Yan, F. Bian, W. Wang, X. Bai, X. Lu, J. Zhao, and E. Wang, “Purely coherent nonlinear optical response in solution dispersions of graphene sheets,” Nano Lett. 11(12), 5159–5164 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, C.

Zhao, J.

W. Wang, Y. Wu, Q. Wu, J. Hua, and J. Zhao, “Coherent nonlinear optical response spatial self-phase modulation in MoSe2 nano-sheets,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 22072 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Wu, Q. Wu, F. Sun, C. Cheng, S. Meng, and J. Zhao, “Emergence of electron coherence and two-color all-optical switching in MoS2 based on spatial self-phase modulation,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 112(38), 11800–11805 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Wu, Y. Zhang, S. Yan, F. Bian, W. Wang, X. Bai, X. Lu, J. Zhao, and E. Wang, “Purely coherent nonlinear optical response in solution dispersions of graphene sheets,” Nano Lett. 11(12), 5159–5164 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, M.

M. Zhao, J. Zhang, N. Gao, P. Song, M. Bosman, B. Peng, B. Sun, C. W. Qiu, Q. H. Xu, Q. Bao, and K. P. Loh, “Actively tunable visible surface plasmons in Bi2Te3 and their energy-harvesting applications,” Adv. Mater. 28(16), 3138–3144 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, M.

Zou, Y.

Adv. Mater. (1)

M. Zhao, J. Zhang, N. Gao, P. Song, M. Bosman, B. Peng, B. Sun, C. W. Qiu, Q. H. Xu, Q. Bao, and K. P. Loh, “Actively tunable visible surface plasmons in Bi2Te3 and their energy-harvesting applications,” Adv. Mater. 28(16), 3138–3144 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

B. Shi, L. Miao, Q. Wang, J. Du, P. Tang, J. Liu, C. Zhao, and S. Wen, “Broadband ultrafast spatial self-phase modulation for topological insulator Bi2Te3 dispersions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(15), 151101 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, H. Mu, X. Li, J. Yuan, J. Chen, S. Xiao, Q. Bao, Y. Gao, and J. He, “Observation of large nonlinear responses in a graphene-Bi2Te3 heterostructure at a telecommunication wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(22), 221901 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, G. Huang, H. Mu, S. Lin, J. Chen, S. Xiao, Q. Bao, and J. He, “Ultrafast recovery time and broadband saturable absorption properties of black phosphorus suspension,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(9), 091905 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Wang, S. Zhang, F. A. Umran, X. Cheng, N. Dong, D. Coghlan, Y. Cheng, L. Zhang, W. J. Blau, and J. Wang, “Tunable effective nonlinear refractive index of graphene dispersions during the distortion of spatial self-phase modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(14), 141909 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Characterizations of Bi2Se3 nanosheets: (a) AFM image with inset height profile. (b) SEM image. (c) UV-vis-NIR absorption spectrum. (d) XRD pattern.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Schematic diagram of tri-phase all-optical switching. (b, c) Transmitted signals of (b) controlling light and (c) controlled light when the controlling light intensity is 0.9 mW, 4 mW, and 10 mW and the controlled light intensity is kept as 0.9 mW. (d-i) The phase distribution patterns of (d, g) unchanging, (e, h) focusing, and (f, i) diffraction for the controlling light and controlled light.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Schematic diagram of the SSPM setup. (b) Three kinds of irradiated paths including left edge, middle area, and right edge of the cuvette. (c-e) The corresponding SSPM processes of (b).
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 The ultrafast nonlinear process for Bi2Se3 film with a pump wavelength of 700 nm.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Number of rings (N) vs incident intensity (W/cm2) with the inset maximal SSPM pattern with the excitation wavelength of 350 nm, 600 nm, 700 nm, and 1160 nm.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Third-order optical susceptibility χ(3) of Bi2Se3 dispersion solution at 350 nm - 1160 nm.

Equations (6)

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Δ ψ ( r ) = ( 2 π n 0 λ ) 0 L e f f n 2 I ( r , z ) d z
L e f f = L 1 L 2 ( 1 + z 2 z 0 2 ) 1 d z = z 0 arc tan ( z z 0 ) | L 1 L 2
Δ ψ ( 0 ) Δ ψ ( ) = 2 N π
n 2 = ( λ 2 n 0 L e f f ) N I
n 2 = ( 12 π 2 / n 0 2 c ) 10 3 χ ( 3 )
χ t o t a l ( 3 ) K 2 χ sin g l e ( 3 )

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