Abstract

We present the amplification of a mode-locked vertical external-cavity surface-emitting laser (VECSEL) using an Yb:YAG crystalline waveguide as gain medium. The VECSEL seed laser operates at a center wavelength of 1030 nm and generates 300-fs pulses at a repetition rate of 1.77 GHz. An average seed power of 60 mW was launched onto a 8.3 mm long fs-laser written Yb:YAG waveguide pumped by 7.7 W from a 969-nm continuous-wave VECSEL. The amplifier achieves an average output power of up to 2.9 W, corresponding to an amplification factor of 17 dB. Due to gain narrowing, the pulse duration increases to 629 fs. Our results show that crystalline waveguides are a promising technique for the realization of compact multi-watt ultrafast amplifier systems.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  22. K. M. Davis, K. Miura, N. Sugimoto, and K. Hirao, “Writing waveguides in glass with a femtosecond laser,” Opt. Lett. 21(21), 1729–1731 (1996).
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  29. C. G. Leburn, C. Y. Ramírez-Corral, I. J. Thomson, D. R. Hall, H. J. Baker, and D. T. Reid, “Femtosecond pulses at 50-W average power from an Yb:YAG planar waveguide amplifier seeded by an Yb:KYW oscillator,” Opt. Express 20(16), 17367–17373 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  30. D. J. H. C. Maas, A.-R. Bellancourt, B. Rudin, M. Golling, H. J. Unold, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Vertical integration of ultrafast semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 88(4), 493–497 (2007).
    [Crossref]

2016 (4)

2015 (3)

K. Hasse, T. Calmano, B. Deppe, C. Liebald, and C. Kränkel, “Efficient Yb3+:CaGdAlO4 bulk and femtosecond-laser-written waveguide lasers,” Opt. Lett. 40(15), 3552–3555 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Calmano and S. Müller, “Crystalline waveguide lasers in the visible and near-infrared spectral range,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 401–413 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. W. Tilma, M. Mangold, C. A. Zaugg, S. M. Link, D. Waldburger, A. Klenner, A. S. Mayer, E. Gini, M. Golling, and U. Keller, “Recent advances in ultrafast semiconductor disk lasers,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(7), e310 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

2013 (4)

T. Calmano, A.-G. Paschke, S. Müller, C. Kränkel, and G. Huber, “Curved Yb:YAG waveguide lasers, fabricated by femtosecond laser inscription,” Opt. Express 21(21), 25501–25508 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. G. Wilcox, A. C. Tropper, H. E. Beere, D. A. Ritchie, B. Kunert, B. Heinen, and W. Stolz, “4.35 kW peak power femtosecond pulse mode-locked VECSEL for supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express 21(2), 1599–1605 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. R. Head, H.-Y. Chan, J. S. Feehan, D. P. Shepherd, S. Alam, A. C. Tropper, J. H. V. Price, and K. G. Wilcox, “Supercontinuum generation with GHz repetition rate femtosecond-pulse fiber-amplified VECSELs,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(5), 464–467 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “High-power fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 861–867 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (5)

M. Scheller, T.-L. Wang, B. Kunert, W. Stolz, S. W. Koch, and J. V. Moloney, “Passively modelocked VECSEL emitting 682 fs pulses with 5.1 W of average output power,” Electron. Lett. 48(10), 588–589 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Kerttula, A. Chamorovskiy, O. G. Okhotnikov, and J. Rautiainen, “Supercontinuum generation with amplified 1.57 μm picosecond semiconductor disk laser,” Electron. Lett. 48(16), 1010–1012 (2012).
[Crossref]

F. Chen, “Micro- and submicrometric waveguiding structures in optical crystals produced by ion beams for photonic applications,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(5), 622–640 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Koerner, C. Vorholt, H. Liebetrau, M. Kahle, D. Kloepfel, R. Seifert, J. Hein, and M. C. Kaluza, “Measurement of temperature-dependent absorption and emission spectra of Yb:YAG, Yb:LuAG, and Yb:CaF2 between 20 °C and 200 °C and predictions on their influence on laser performance,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29(9), 2493–2502 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. G. Leburn, C. Y. Ramírez-Corral, I. J. Thomson, D. R. Hall, H. J. Baker, and D. T. Reid, “Femtosecond pulses at 50-W average power from an Yb:YAG planar waveguide amplifier seeded by an Yb:KYW oscillator,” Opt. Express 20(16), 17367–17373 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

2010 (2)

J. Siebenmorgen, T. Calmano, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Highly efficient Yb:YAG channel waveguide laser written with a femtosecond-laser,” Opt. Express 18(15), 16035–16041 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

U. Keller, “Ultrafast solid-state laser oscillators: a success story for the last 20 years with no end in sight,” Appl. Phys. B 100(1), 15–28 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fiber laser technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 191–206 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

R. R. Gattass and E. Mazur, “Femtosecond laser micromachining in transparent materials,” Nat. Photonics 2(4), 219–225 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

D. J. H. C. Maas, A.-R. Bellancourt, B. Rudin, M. Golling, H. J. Unold, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Vertical integration of ultrafast semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 88(4), 493–497 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

2000 (1)

S. Hoogland, S. Dhanjal, A. C. Tropper, J. S. Roberts, R. Häring, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked diode-pumped surface-emitting semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12(9), 1135–1137 (2000).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, and A. Mooradian, “High-power (> 0.5-W CW) diode-pumped vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers with circular TEM00 beams,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9(8), 1063–1065 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (2)

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

K. M. Davis, K. Miura, N. Sugimoto, and K. Hirao, “Writing waveguides in glass with a femtosecond laser,” Opt. Lett. 21(21), 1729–1731 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alam, S.

C. R. Head, H.-Y. Chan, J. S. Feehan, D. P. Shepherd, S. Alam, A. C. Tropper, J. H. V. Price, and K. G. Wilcox, “Supercontinuum generation with GHz repetition rate femtosecond-pulse fiber-amplified VECSELs,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(5), 464–467 (2013).
[Crossref]

Alfieri, C. G. E.

Aus der Au, J.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Baker, H. J.

Beere, H. E.

Bellancourt, A.-R.

D. J. H. C. Maas, A.-R. Bellancourt, B. Rudin, M. Golling, H. J. Unold, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Vertical integration of ultrafast semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 88(4), 493–497 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bettiol, A. A.

A. A. Bettiol, S. Venugopal Rao, T. C. Sum, J. A. van Kan, and F. Watt, “Fabrication of optical waveguides using proton beam writing,” J. Cryst. Growth 288(1), 209–212 (2006).
[Crossref]

Braun, B.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Calmano, T.

Chamorovskiy, A.

J. Kerttula, A. Chamorovskiy, O. G. Okhotnikov, and J. Rautiainen, “Supercontinuum generation with amplified 1.57 μm picosecond semiconductor disk laser,” Electron. Lett. 48(16), 1010–1012 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chan, H.-Y.

C. R. Head, H.-Y. Chan, J. S. Feehan, D. P. Shepherd, S. Alam, A. C. Tropper, J. H. V. Price, and K. G. Wilcox, “Supercontinuum generation with GHz repetition rate femtosecond-pulse fiber-amplified VECSELs,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(5), 464–467 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, F.

F. Chen and J. R. V. de Aldana, “Optical waveguides in crystalline dielectric materials produced by femtosecond-laser micromachining,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(2), 251–275 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Chen, “Micro- and submicrometric waveguiding structures in optical crystals produced by ion beams for photonic applications,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(5), 622–640 (2012).
[Crossref]

Davis, K. M.

de Aldana, J. R. V.

F. Chen and J. R. V. de Aldana, “Optical waveguides in crystalline dielectric materials produced by femtosecond-laser micromachining,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(2), 251–275 (2014).
[Crossref]

Deppe, B.

Dhanjal, S.

S. Hoogland, S. Dhanjal, A. C. Tropper, J. S. Roberts, R. Häring, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked diode-pumped surface-emitting semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12(9), 1135–1137 (2000).
[Crossref]

Dupriez, P.

Emaury, F.

Erbert, G.

Fedorova, K. A.

M. A. Gaafar, A. Rahimi-Iman, K. A. Fedorova, W. Stolz, E. U. Rafailov, and M. Koch, “Mode-locked semiconductor disk lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 8(3), 370–400 (2016).
[Crossref]

Feehan, J. S.

C. R. Head, H.-Y. Chan, J. S. Feehan, D. P. Shepherd, S. Alam, A. C. Tropper, J. H. V. Price, and K. G. Wilcox, “Supercontinuum generation with GHz repetition rate femtosecond-pulse fiber-amplified VECSELs,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(5), 464–467 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fermann, M. E.

M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fiber laser technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 191–206 (2009).
[Crossref]

Fiebig, C.

Finot, C.

Fluck, R.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Foreman, H. D.

Gaafar, M. A.

M. A. Gaafar, A. Rahimi-Iman, K. A. Fedorova, W. Stolz, E. U. Rafailov, and M. Koch, “Mode-locked semiconductor disk lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 8(3), 370–400 (2016).
[Crossref]

Gattass, R. R.

R. R. Gattass and E. Mazur, “Femtosecond laser micromachining in transparent materials,” Nat. Photonics 2(4), 219–225 (2008).
[Crossref]

Gini, E.

Golling, M.

D. Waldburger, S. M. Link, M. Mangold, C. G. E. Alfieri, E. Gini, M. Golling, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “High-power 100 fs semiconductor disk lasers,” Optica 3(8), 844–852 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. W. Tilma, M. Mangold, C. A. Zaugg, S. M. Link, D. Waldburger, A. Klenner, A. S. Mayer, E. Gini, M. Golling, and U. Keller, “Recent advances in ultrafast semiconductor disk lasers,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(7), e310 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. A. Zaugg, A. Klenner, M. Mangold, A. S. Mayer, S. M. Link, F. Emaury, M. Golling, E. Gini, C. J. Saraceno, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Gigahertz self-referenceable frequency comb from a semiconductor disk laser,” Opt. Express 22(13), 16445–16455 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. J. H. C. Maas, A.-R. Bellancourt, B. Rudin, M. Golling, H. J. Unold, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Vertical integration of ultrafast semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 88(4), 493–497 (2007).
[Crossref]

Hakimi, F.

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, and A. Mooradian, “High-power (> 0.5-W CW) diode-pumped vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers with circular TEM00 beams,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9(8), 1063–1065 (1997).
[Crossref]

Hakobyan, S.

Hall, D. R.

Häring, R.

S. Hoogland, S. Dhanjal, A. C. Tropper, J. S. Roberts, R. Häring, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked diode-pumped surface-emitting semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12(9), 1135–1137 (2000).
[Crossref]

Hartl, I.

M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fiber laser technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 191–206 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hasse, K.

Head, C. R.

C. R. Head, H.-Y. Chan, J. S. Feehan, D. P. Shepherd, S. Alam, A. C. Tropper, J. H. V. Price, and K. G. Wilcox, “Supercontinuum generation with GHz repetition rate femtosecond-pulse fiber-amplified VECSELs,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(5), 464–467 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hein, J.

Heinen, B.

Hirao, K.

Honninger, C.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Hoogland, S.

S. Hoogland, S. Dhanjal, A. C. Tropper, J. S. Roberts, R. Häring, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked diode-pumped surface-emitting semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12(9), 1135–1137 (2000).
[Crossref]

Huber, G.

Jauregui, C.

C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “High-power fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 861–867 (2013).
[Crossref]

Jung, I. D.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Kahle, M.

Kaluza, M. C.

Kartner, F. X.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Keller, U.

D. Waldburger, S. M. Link, M. Mangold, C. G. E. Alfieri, E. Gini, M. Golling, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “High-power 100 fs semiconductor disk lasers,” Optica 3(8), 844–852 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. W. Tilma, M. Mangold, C. A. Zaugg, S. M. Link, D. Waldburger, A. Klenner, A. S. Mayer, E. Gini, M. Golling, and U. Keller, “Recent advances in ultrafast semiconductor disk lasers,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(7), e310 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. A. Zaugg, A. Klenner, M. Mangold, A. S. Mayer, S. M. Link, F. Emaury, M. Golling, E. Gini, C. J. Saraceno, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Gigahertz self-referenceable frequency comb from a semiconductor disk laser,” Opt. Express 22(13), 16445–16455 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

U. Keller, “Ultrafast solid-state laser oscillators: a success story for the last 20 years with no end in sight,” Appl. Phys. B 100(1), 15–28 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. J. H. C. Maas, A.-R. Bellancourt, B. Rudin, M. Golling, H. J. Unold, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Vertical integration of ultrafast semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 88(4), 493–497 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. Hoogland, S. Dhanjal, A. C. Tropper, J. S. Roberts, R. Häring, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked diode-pumped surface-emitting semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12(9), 1135–1137 (2000).
[Crossref]

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Kerttula, J.

J. Kerttula, A. Chamorovskiy, O. G. Okhotnikov, and J. Rautiainen, “Supercontinuum generation with amplified 1.57 μm picosecond semiconductor disk laser,” Electron. Lett. 48(16), 1010–1012 (2012).
[Crossref]

Klenner, A.

B. W. Tilma, M. Mangold, C. A. Zaugg, S. M. Link, D. Waldburger, A. Klenner, A. S. Mayer, E. Gini, M. Golling, and U. Keller, “Recent advances in ultrafast semiconductor disk lasers,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(7), e310 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. A. Zaugg, A. Klenner, M. Mangold, A. S. Mayer, S. M. Link, F. Emaury, M. Golling, E. Gini, C. J. Saraceno, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Gigahertz self-referenceable frequency comb from a semiconductor disk laser,” Opt. Express 22(13), 16445–16455 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kloepfel, D.

Koch, M.

M. A. Gaafar, A. Rahimi-Iman, K. A. Fedorova, W. Stolz, E. U. Rafailov, and M. Koch, “Mode-locked semiconductor disk lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 8(3), 370–400 (2016).
[Crossref]

Koch, S. W.

M. Scheller, T.-L. Wang, B. Kunert, W. Stolz, S. W. Koch, and J. V. Moloney, “Passively modelocked VECSEL emitting 682 fs pulses with 5.1 W of average output power,” Electron. Lett. 48(10), 588–589 (2012).
[Crossref]

Koerner, J.

Kopf, D.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Kränkel, C.

Kunert, B.

K. G. Wilcox, A. C. Tropper, H. E. Beere, D. A. Ritchie, B. Kunert, B. Heinen, and W. Stolz, “4.35 kW peak power femtosecond pulse mode-locked VECSEL for supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express 21(2), 1599–1605 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Scheller, T.-L. Wang, B. Kunert, W. Stolz, S. W. Koch, and J. V. Moloney, “Passively modelocked VECSEL emitting 682 fs pulses with 5.1 W of average output power,” Electron. Lett. 48(10), 588–589 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kuznetsov, M.

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, and A. Mooradian, “High-power (> 0.5-W CW) diode-pumped vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers with circular TEM00 beams,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9(8), 1063–1065 (1997).
[Crossref]

Leburn, C. G.

Liebald, C.

Liebetrau, H.

Limpert, J.

C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “High-power fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 861–867 (2013).
[Crossref]

Link, S. M.

Maas, D. J. H. C.

D. J. H. C. Maas, A.-R. Bellancourt, B. Rudin, M. Golling, H. J. Unold, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Vertical integration of ultrafast semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 88(4), 493–497 (2007).
[Crossref]

Malinowski, A.

Mangold, M.

Matuschek, N.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Mayer, A. S.

B. W. Tilma, M. Mangold, C. A. Zaugg, S. M. Link, D. Waldburger, A. Klenner, A. S. Mayer, E. Gini, M. Golling, and U. Keller, “Recent advances in ultrafast semiconductor disk lasers,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(7), e310 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. A. Zaugg, A. Klenner, M. Mangold, A. S. Mayer, S. M. Link, F. Emaury, M. Golling, E. Gini, C. J. Saraceno, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Gigahertz self-referenceable frequency comb from a semiconductor disk laser,” Opt. Express 22(13), 16445–16455 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mazur, E.

R. R. Gattass and E. Mazur, “Femtosecond laser micromachining in transparent materials,” Nat. Photonics 2(4), 219–225 (2008).
[Crossref]

Miura, K.

Moloney, J. V.

M. Scheller, T.-L. Wang, B. Kunert, W. Stolz, S. W. Koch, and J. V. Moloney, “Passively modelocked VECSEL emitting 682 fs pulses with 5.1 W of average output power,” Electron. Lett. 48(10), 588–589 (2012).
[Crossref]

Mooradian, A.

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, and A. Mooradian, “High-power (> 0.5-W CW) diode-pumped vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers with circular TEM00 beams,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9(8), 1063–1065 (1997).
[Crossref]

Morier-Genoud, F.

S. Hoogland, S. Dhanjal, A. C. Tropper, J. S. Roberts, R. Häring, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked diode-pumped surface-emitting semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12(9), 1135–1137 (2000).
[Crossref]

Müller, S.

T. Calmano and S. Müller, “Crystalline waveguide lasers in the visible and near-infrared spectral range,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 401–413 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. Calmano, A.-G. Paschke, S. Müller, C. Kränkel, and G. Huber, “Curved Yb:YAG waveguide lasers, fabricated by femtosecond laser inscription,” Opt. Express 21(21), 25501–25508 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nilsson, J.

Okhotnikov, O. G.

J. Kerttula, A. Chamorovskiy, O. G. Okhotnikov, and J. Rautiainen, “Supercontinuum generation with amplified 1.57 μm picosecond semiconductor disk laser,” Electron. Lett. 48(16), 1010–1012 (2012).
[Crossref]

Paschke, A.-G.

Paschke, K.

Paschotta, R.

S. Hoogland, S. Dhanjal, A. C. Tropper, J. S. Roberts, R. Häring, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked diode-pumped surface-emitting semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12(9), 1135–1137 (2000).
[Crossref]

Petermann, K.

Price, J. H. V.

C. R. Head, H.-Y. Chan, J. S. Feehan, D. P. Shepherd, S. Alam, A. C. Tropper, J. H. V. Price, and K. G. Wilcox, “Supercontinuum generation with GHz repetition rate femtosecond-pulse fiber-amplified VECSELs,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(5), 464–467 (2013).
[Crossref]

Rafailov, E. U.

M. A. Gaafar, A. Rahimi-Iman, K. A. Fedorova, W. Stolz, E. U. Rafailov, and M. Koch, “Mode-locked semiconductor disk lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 8(3), 370–400 (2016).
[Crossref]

Rahimi-Iman, A.

A. Rahimi-Iman, “Recent advances in VECSELs,” J. Opt. 18(9), 093003 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. A. Gaafar, A. Rahimi-Iman, K. A. Fedorova, W. Stolz, E. U. Rafailov, and M. Koch, “Mode-locked semiconductor disk lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 8(3), 370–400 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ramírez-Corral, C. Y.

Rautiainen, J.

J. Kerttula, A. Chamorovskiy, O. G. Okhotnikov, and J. Rautiainen, “Supercontinuum generation with amplified 1.57 μm picosecond semiconductor disk laser,” Electron. Lett. 48(16), 1010–1012 (2012).
[Crossref]

Reid, D. T.

Richardson, D. J.

Ritchie, D. A.

Roberts, J. S.

S. Hoogland, S. Dhanjal, A. C. Tropper, J. S. Roberts, R. Häring, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked diode-pumped surface-emitting semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12(9), 1135–1137 (2000).
[Crossref]

Rudin, B.

D. J. H. C. Maas, A.-R. Bellancourt, B. Rudin, M. Golling, H. J. Unold, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Vertical integration of ultrafast semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 88(4), 493–497 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sahu, J. K.

Saraceno, C. J.

Scheller, M.

M. Scheller, T.-L. Wang, B. Kunert, W. Stolz, S. W. Koch, and J. V. Moloney, “Passively modelocked VECSEL emitting 682 fs pulses with 5.1 W of average output power,” Electron. Lett. 48(10), 588–589 (2012).
[Crossref]

Seifert, R.

Shepherd, D. P.

C. R. Head, H.-Y. Chan, J. S. Feehan, D. P. Shepherd, S. Alam, A. C. Tropper, J. H. V. Price, and K. G. Wilcox, “Supercontinuum generation with GHz repetition rate femtosecond-pulse fiber-amplified VECSELs,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(5), 464–467 (2013).
[Crossref]

Siebenmorgen, J.

Sprague, R.

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, and A. Mooradian, “High-power (> 0.5-W CW) diode-pumped vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers with circular TEM00 beams,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9(8), 1063–1065 (1997).
[Crossref]

Stolz, W.

M. A. Gaafar, A. Rahimi-Iman, K. A. Fedorova, W. Stolz, E. U. Rafailov, and M. Koch, “Mode-locked semiconductor disk lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 8(3), 370–400 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. G. Wilcox, A. C. Tropper, H. E. Beere, D. A. Ritchie, B. Kunert, B. Heinen, and W. Stolz, “4.35 kW peak power femtosecond pulse mode-locked VECSEL for supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express 21(2), 1599–1605 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Scheller, T.-L. Wang, B. Kunert, W. Stolz, S. W. Koch, and J. V. Moloney, “Passively modelocked VECSEL emitting 682 fs pulses with 5.1 W of average output power,” Electron. Lett. 48(10), 588–589 (2012).
[Crossref]

Südmeyer, T.

S. Hakobyan, V. J. Wittwer, K. Hasse, C. Kränkel, T. Südmeyer, and T. Calmano, “Highly efficient Q-switched Yb:YAG channel waveguide laser with 5.6 W of average output power,” Opt. Lett. 41(20), 4715–4718 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. J. H. C. Maas, A.-R. Bellancourt, B. Rudin, M. Golling, H. J. Unold, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Vertical integration of ultrafast semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 88(4), 493–497 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sugimoto, N.

Sum, T. C.

A. A. Bettiol, S. Venugopal Rao, T. C. Sum, J. A. van Kan, and F. Watt, “Fabrication of optical waveguides using proton beam writing,” J. Cryst. Growth 288(1), 209–212 (2006).
[Crossref]

Thomson, I. J.

Tilma, B. W.

Tropper, A. C.

C. R. Head, H.-Y. Chan, J. S. Feehan, D. P. Shepherd, S. Alam, A. C. Tropper, J. H. V. Price, and K. G. Wilcox, “Supercontinuum generation with GHz repetition rate femtosecond-pulse fiber-amplified VECSELs,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(5), 464–467 (2013).
[Crossref]

K. G. Wilcox, A. C. Tropper, H. E. Beere, D. A. Ritchie, B. Kunert, B. Heinen, and W. Stolz, “4.35 kW peak power femtosecond pulse mode-locked VECSEL for supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express 21(2), 1599–1605 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Dupriez, C. Finot, A. Malinowski, J. K. Sahu, J. Nilsson, D. J. Richardson, K. G. Wilcox, H. D. Foreman, and A. C. Tropper, “High-power, high repetition rate picosecond and femtosecond sources based on Yb-doped fiber amplification of VECSELs,” Opt. Express 14(21), 9611–9616 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Hoogland, S. Dhanjal, A. C. Tropper, J. S. Roberts, R. Häring, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked diode-pumped surface-emitting semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12(9), 1135–1137 (2000).
[Crossref]

Tünnermann, A.

C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “High-power fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 861–867 (2013).
[Crossref]

Unold, H. J.

D. J. H. C. Maas, A.-R. Bellancourt, B. Rudin, M. Golling, H. J. Unold, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Vertical integration of ultrafast semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 88(4), 493–497 (2007).
[Crossref]

van Kan, J. A.

A. A. Bettiol, S. Venugopal Rao, T. C. Sum, J. A. van Kan, and F. Watt, “Fabrication of optical waveguides using proton beam writing,” J. Cryst. Growth 288(1), 209–212 (2006).
[Crossref]

Venugopal Rao, S.

A. A. Bettiol, S. Venugopal Rao, T. C. Sum, J. A. van Kan, and F. Watt, “Fabrication of optical waveguides using proton beam writing,” J. Cryst. Growth 288(1), 209–212 (2006).
[Crossref]

Vorholt, C.

Waldburger, D.

D. Waldburger, S. M. Link, M. Mangold, C. G. E. Alfieri, E. Gini, M. Golling, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “High-power 100 fs semiconductor disk lasers,” Optica 3(8), 844–852 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. W. Tilma, M. Mangold, C. A. Zaugg, S. M. Link, D. Waldburger, A. Klenner, A. S. Mayer, E. Gini, M. Golling, and U. Keller, “Recent advances in ultrafast semiconductor disk lasers,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(7), e310 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, T.-L.

M. Scheller, T.-L. Wang, B. Kunert, W. Stolz, S. W. Koch, and J. V. Moloney, “Passively modelocked VECSEL emitting 682 fs pulses with 5.1 W of average output power,” Electron. Lett. 48(10), 588–589 (2012).
[Crossref]

Watt, F.

A. A. Bettiol, S. Venugopal Rao, T. C. Sum, J. A. van Kan, and F. Watt, “Fabrication of optical waveguides using proton beam writing,” J. Cryst. Growth 288(1), 209–212 (2006).
[Crossref]

Weingarten, K. J.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Wilcox, K. G.

Wittwer, V. J.

Zaugg, C. A.

B. W. Tilma, M. Mangold, C. A. Zaugg, S. M. Link, D. Waldburger, A. Klenner, A. S. Mayer, E. Gini, M. Golling, and U. Keller, “Recent advances in ultrafast semiconductor disk lasers,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(7), e310 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. A. Zaugg, A. Klenner, M. Mangold, A. S. Mayer, S. M. Link, F. Emaury, M. Golling, E. Gini, C. J. Saraceno, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Gigahertz self-referenceable frequency comb from a semiconductor disk laser,” Opt. Express 22(13), 16445–16455 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Opt. Photonics (1)

M. A. Gaafar, A. Rahimi-Iman, K. A. Fedorova, W. Stolz, E. U. Rafailov, and M. Koch, “Mode-locked semiconductor disk lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 8(3), 370–400 (2016).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

U. Keller, “Ultrafast solid-state laser oscillators: a success story for the last 20 years with no end in sight,” Appl. Phys. B 100(1), 15–28 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. J. H. C. Maas, A.-R. Bellancourt, B. Rudin, M. Golling, H. J. Unold, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Vertical integration of ultrafast semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 88(4), 493–497 (2007).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (2)

M. Scheller, T.-L. Wang, B. Kunert, W. Stolz, S. W. Koch, and J. V. Moloney, “Passively modelocked VECSEL emitting 682 fs pulses with 5.1 W of average output power,” Electron. Lett. 48(10), 588–589 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Kerttula, A. Chamorovskiy, O. G. Okhotnikov, and J. Rautiainen, “Supercontinuum generation with amplified 1.57 μm picosecond semiconductor disk laser,” Electron. Lett. 48(16), 1010–1012 (2012).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (3)

M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fiber laser technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 191–206 (2009).
[Crossref]

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

T. Calmano and S. Müller, “Crystalline waveguide lasers in the visible and near-infrared spectral range,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 401–413 (2015).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (3)

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, and A. Mooradian, “High-power (> 0.5-W CW) diode-pumped vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers with circular TEM00 beams,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9(8), 1063–1065 (1997).
[Crossref]

S. Hoogland, S. Dhanjal, A. C. Tropper, J. S. Roberts, R. Häring, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked diode-pumped surface-emitting semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12(9), 1135–1137 (2000).
[Crossref]

C. R. Head, H.-Y. Chan, J. S. Feehan, D. P. Shepherd, S. Alam, A. C. Tropper, J. H. V. Price, and K. G. Wilcox, “Supercontinuum generation with GHz repetition rate femtosecond-pulse fiber-amplified VECSELs,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(5), 464–467 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

A. A. Bettiol, S. Venugopal Rao, T. C. Sum, J. A. van Kan, and F. Watt, “Fabrication of optical waveguides using proton beam writing,” J. Cryst. Growth 288(1), 209–212 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. (1)

A. Rahimi-Iman, “Recent advances in VECSELs,” J. Opt. 18(9), 093003 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Photonics Rev. (2)

F. Chen and J. R. V. de Aldana, “Optical waveguides in crystalline dielectric materials produced by femtosecond-laser micromachining,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(2), 251–275 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Chen, “Micro- and submicrometric waveguiding structures in optical crystals produced by ion beams for photonic applications,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(5), 622–640 (2012).
[Crossref]

Light Sci. Appl. (1)

B. W. Tilma, M. Mangold, C. A. Zaugg, S. M. Link, D. Waldburger, A. Klenner, A. S. Mayer, E. Gini, M. Golling, and U. Keller, “Recent advances in ultrafast semiconductor disk lasers,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(7), e310 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (2)

C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “High-power fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 861–867 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. R. Gattass and E. Mazur, “Femtosecond laser micromachining in transparent materials,” Nat. Photonics 2(4), 219–225 (2008).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (6)

T. Calmano, A.-G. Paschke, S. Müller, C. Kränkel, and G. Huber, “Curved Yb:YAG waveguide lasers, fabricated by femtosecond laser inscription,” Opt. Express 21(21), 25501–25508 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. G. Leburn, C. Y. Ramírez-Corral, I. J. Thomson, D. R. Hall, H. J. Baker, and D. T. Reid, “Femtosecond pulses at 50-W average power from an Yb:YAG planar waveguide amplifier seeded by an Yb:KYW oscillator,” Opt. Express 20(16), 17367–17373 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Siebenmorgen, T. Calmano, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Highly efficient Yb:YAG channel waveguide laser written with a femtosecond-laser,” Opt. Express 18(15), 16035–16041 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. A. Zaugg, A. Klenner, M. Mangold, A. S. Mayer, S. M. Link, F. Emaury, M. Golling, E. Gini, C. J. Saraceno, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Gigahertz self-referenceable frequency comb from a semiconductor disk laser,” Opt. Express 22(13), 16445–16455 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. G. Wilcox, A. C. Tropper, H. E. Beere, D. A. Ritchie, B. Kunert, B. Heinen, and W. Stolz, “4.35 kW peak power femtosecond pulse mode-locked VECSEL for supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express 21(2), 1599–1605 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Dupriez, C. Finot, A. Malinowski, J. K. Sahu, J. Nilsson, D. J. Richardson, K. G. Wilcox, H. D. Foreman, and A. C. Tropper, “High-power, high repetition rate picosecond and femtosecond sources based on Yb-doped fiber amplification of VECSELs,” Opt. Express 14(21), 9611–9616 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Optica (1)

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Pulse characterization of the seed laser. a) Optical spectrum centered at 1032.6 nm with a FWHM of 4.1 nm. b) Autocorrelation trace (blue) and fit to the autocorrelation of sech2 pulses (dashed red) corresponding to a pulse duration of 300 fs. c) Microwave spectrum centered at 1.77 GHz measured with a resolution band width (RBW) of 10 kHz. Inset: Wide span RF spectrum of the higher harmonics of the repetition rate measured with a RBW of 100 kHz.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Schematic setup for amplification of the mode-locked VECSEL seed beam in the wedged Yb:YAG waveguide.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Characterization of the amplified signal. a) Amplified signal power as a function of the pump power in red, slope efficiency for pump powers below 3 W (dashed red) and extraction efficiency in green. Inset: beam profile of the amplified seed with a pump power of 7.7 W. The two rectangles represent the inscribed tracks of the waveguide. b) Normalized optical spectrum of the seed in blue with a central wavelength of 1032.6 nm and FWHM of 4.1 nm, of the amplified signal in red with a central wavelength of 1030.4 nm and FWHM of 2.1 nm and the normalized effective gain spectrum of our waveguide amplifier in green (computed from the ratio between amplified and seed spectrum). c) Pulse duration in blue and spectral bandwidth in green as a function of the amplified output power. d) Autocorrelation trace before amplification in blue and with maximum amplified power in red and fit to the autocorrelation of sech2 pulses corresponding to an amplified signal pulse duration of 629 fs.

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