Abstract

We propose the use of Manchester encoding in conjunction with balanced detection to overcome the mode partition noise (MPN) limit of quantum-dash Fabry-Perot mode-locked lasers (QD-MLLs) used as multi-wavelength sources in short-reach applications. The proposed approach is demonstrated for a 10-mode laser, each carrying a 10-Gb/s signal. We show that bit-error-rate floors as high as 10−4 when traditional non-return-to-zero (NRZ) modulation is employed with a single-ended detection scheme can be pushed below 10−9 thanks to the introduction of Manchester encoding together with balanced detection. The benefit of the scheme could be attributed to the spectral shift of the Manchester spectrum, resulting in a smaller overlap with the high-relative intensity noise (RIN) region present at low frequencies, and the use of balanced detection. We clarify the origin of the performance improvement through comparisons of single-ended and balanced detection and the use of a RIN emulation technique. We unambiguously show that the use of balanced detection plays the leading role in MPN mitigation enabled by Manchester modulation.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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2017 (1)

2016 (2)

2015 (3)

2014 (1)

R. Ding, Y. Liu, Q. Li, Z. Xuan, Y. Ma, Y. Yang, A. E.-J. Lim, G.-Q. Lo, K. Bergman, T. Baehr-Jones, and M. Hochberg, “A compact low-power 320-Gb/s WDM transmitter based on silicon microrings,” IEEE Photonics J. 6, 6600608 (2014).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

Y. Ben M’Sallem, Q. T. Le, L. Bramerie, Q.-T. Nguyen, E. Borgne, P. Besnard, A. Shen, F. Lelarge, S. LaRochelle, L. A. Rusch, and J.-C. Simon, “Quantum-dash mode-locked laser as a source for 56-Gb/s DQPSK modulation in WDM multicast applications,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23, 453–455 (2011).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

A. Akrout, A. Shen, R. Brenot, F. Van Dijk, O. Legouezigou, F. Pommereau, F. Lelarge, A. Ramdane, and G.-H. Duan, “Separate error-free transmission of eight channels at 10 Gb/s using comb generation in a quantum-dash-based mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21, 1746–1748 (2009).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. van Dijk, D. Make, O. Le Gouezigou, J.-G. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, P. Frederic, and G.-H. Duan, “Recent advances on InAs/InP quantum dash based semiconductor lasers and optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 111–124 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Gubenko, I. Krestnikov, D. Livshtis, S. Mikhrin, A. Kovsh, L. West, C. Bornholdt, N. Grote, and A. Zhukov, “Error-free 10 Gbit/s transmission using individual Fabry-Perot modes of low-noise quantum-dot laser,” Electron. Lett. 43, 1430–1431 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

A. Joshi, X. Wang, D. Mohr, D. Becker, and C. Wree, “Balanced photoreceivers for analog and digital fiber optic communications,” Proc. SPIE 5814, 39–50 (2005).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

J. Zhang, N. Chi, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, C. Peucheret, and P. Jeppesen, “Performance of Manchester-coded payload in an optical FSK labeling scheme,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1174–1176 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

K. Sato and H. Toba, “Reduction of mode partition noise by using semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 328–333 (2001).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

1982 (2)

K. Ogawa, “Analysis of mode partition noise in laser transmission systems,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 849–855 (1982).
[Crossref]

K. Iwashita and K. Nakagawa, “Suppression of mode partition noise by laser diode light injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1669–1982 (1982).
[Crossref]

Accard, A.

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. van Dijk, D. Make, O. Le Gouezigou, J.-G. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, P. Frederic, and G.-H. Duan, “Recent advances on InAs/InP quantum dash based semiconductor lasers and optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 111–124 (2007).
[Crossref]

Akrout, A.

A. Akrout, A. Shen, R. Brenot, F. Van Dijk, O. Legouezigou, F. Pommereau, F. Lelarge, A. Ramdane, and G.-H. Duan, “Separate error-free transmission of eight channels at 10 Gb/s using comb generation in a quantum-dash-based mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21, 1746–1748 (2009).
[Crossref]

Alphonse, G. A.

Anthur, A. P.

Ashkan Seyedi, M.

Baehr-Jones, T.

R. Ding, Y. Liu, Q. Li, Z. Xuan, Y. Ma, Y. Yang, A. E.-J. Lim, G.-Q. Lo, K. Bergman, T. Baehr-Jones, and M. Hochberg, “A compact low-power 320-Gb/s WDM transmitter based on silicon microrings,” IEEE Photonics J. 6, 6600608 (2014).
[Crossref]

Barbet, S.

M. Gay, A. O’Hare, L. Bramerie, Z. Hao, S. Fresnel, C. Peucheret, P. Besnard, S. Joshi, S. Barbet, and F. Lelarge, “Single quantum dash mode-locked laser as a comb-generator in four-channel 112 Gbit/s WDM transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (The Optical Society, 2014), paper Tu2H.5.
[Crossref]

Barry, L. P.

V. Vujicic, A. P. Anthur, A. Saljoghei, V. Panapakkam, R. Zhiu, Q. Gaimard, K. Merghem, F. Lelarge, A. Ramdane, and L. P. Barry, “Mitigation of relative intensity noise of quantum dash mode-locked lasers for PAM4 based optical interconnects using encoding techniques,” Opt. Express 25, 20–29 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Vujicic, C. Calo, R. Watts, F. Lelarge, C. Browning, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, A. Ramdane, and L. P. Barry, “Quantum dash mode-locked lasers for data centre applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 1101508 (2015).
[Crossref]

Beausoleil, R.

Beausoleil, R. G.

Becker, D.

A. Joshi, X. Wang, D. Mohr, D. Becker, and C. Wree, “Balanced photoreceivers for analog and digital fiber optic communications,” Proc. SPIE 5814, 39–50 (2005).
[Crossref]

Ben M’Sallem, Y.

Y. Ben M’Sallem, Q. T. Le, L. Bramerie, Q.-T. Nguyen, E. Borgne, P. Besnard, A. Shen, F. Lelarge, S. LaRochelle, L. A. Rusch, and J.-C. Simon, “Quantum-dash mode-locked laser as a source for 56-Gb/s DQPSK modulation in WDM multicast applications,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23, 453–455 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bergman, K.

R. Ding, Y. Liu, Q. Li, Z. Xuan, Y. Ma, Y. Yang, A. E.-J. Lim, G.-Q. Lo, K. Bergman, T. Baehr-Jones, and M. Hochberg, “A compact low-power 320-Gb/s WDM transmitter based on silicon microrings,” IEEE Photonics J. 6, 6600608 (2014).
[Crossref]

Besnard, P.

Y. Ben M’Sallem, Q. T. Le, L. Bramerie, Q.-T. Nguyen, E. Borgne, P. Besnard, A. Shen, F. Lelarge, S. LaRochelle, L. A. Rusch, and J.-C. Simon, “Quantum-dash mode-locked laser as a source for 56-Gb/s DQPSK modulation in WDM multicast applications,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23, 453–455 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Gay, A. O’Hare, L. Bramerie, Z. Hao, S. Fresnel, C. Peucheret, P. Besnard, S. Joshi, S. Barbet, and F. Lelarge, “Single quantum dash mode-locked laser as a comb-generator in four-channel 112 Gbit/s WDM transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (The Optical Society, 2014), paper Tu2H.5.
[Crossref]

Borgne, E.

Y. Ben M’Sallem, Q. T. Le, L. Bramerie, Q.-T. Nguyen, E. Borgne, P. Besnard, A. Shen, F. Lelarge, S. LaRochelle, L. A. Rusch, and J.-C. Simon, “Quantum-dash mode-locked laser as a source for 56-Gb/s DQPSK modulation in WDM multicast applications,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23, 453–455 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bornholdt, C.

A. Gubenko, I. Krestnikov, D. Livshtis, S. Mikhrin, A. Kovsh, L. West, C. Bornholdt, N. Grote, and A. Zhukov, “Error-free 10 Gbit/s transmission using individual Fabry-Perot modes of low-noise quantum-dot laser,” Electron. Lett. 43, 1430–1431 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bramerie, L.

Y. Ben M’Sallem, Q. T. Le, L. Bramerie, Q.-T. Nguyen, E. Borgne, P. Besnard, A. Shen, F. Lelarge, S. LaRochelle, L. A. Rusch, and J.-C. Simon, “Quantum-dash mode-locked laser as a source for 56-Gb/s DQPSK modulation in WDM multicast applications,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23, 453–455 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Gay, A. O’Hare, L. Bramerie, Z. Hao, S. Fresnel, C. Peucheret, P. Besnard, S. Joshi, S. Barbet, and F. Lelarge, “Single quantum dash mode-locked laser as a comb-generator in four-channel 112 Gbit/s WDM transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (The Optical Society, 2014), paper Tu2H.5.
[Crossref]

M. E. Chaibi, L. Bramerie, S. Lobo, and C. Peucheret, “Mitigation of mode partition noise in quantum-dash Fabry-Perot mode-locked lasers using Manchester encoding,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, (2016), paper Tu.2.E.6.

Brenot, R.

A. Akrout, A. Shen, R. Brenot, F. Van Dijk, O. Legouezigou, F. Pommereau, F. Lelarge, A. Ramdane, and G.-H. Duan, “Separate error-free transmission of eight channels at 10 Gb/s using comb generation in a quantum-dash-based mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21, 1746–1748 (2009).
[Crossref]

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. van Dijk, D. Make, O. Le Gouezigou, J.-G. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, P. Frederic, and G.-H. Duan, “Recent advances on InAs/InP quantum dash based semiconductor lasers and optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 111–124 (2007).
[Crossref]

Browning, C.

V. Vujicic, C. Calo, R. Watts, F. Lelarge, C. Browning, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, A. Ramdane, and L. P. Barry, “Quantum dash mode-locked lasers for data centre applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 1101508 (2015).
[Crossref]

Calo, C.

V. Vujicic, C. Calo, R. Watts, F. Lelarge, C. Browning, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, A. Ramdane, and L. P. Barry, “Quantum dash mode-locked lasers for data centre applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 1101508 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chaibi, M. E.

M. E. Chaibi, L. Bramerie, S. Lobo, and C. Peucheret, “Mitigation of mode partition noise in quantum-dash Fabry-Perot mode-locked lasers using Manchester encoding,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, (2016), paper Tu.2.E.6.

Chan, C. C. K.

Z. Liu, J. Xu, Q. Wang, and C. C. K. Chan, “Rayleigh noise mitigated 70-km-reach bi-directional WDM-PON with 10-Gb/s directly modulated Manchester-duobinary as downstream signal,” in “Optical Fiber Communication Conference,” (The Optical Society, 2012), paper OW1B.2.

Chen, C.-H.

Chi, N.

J. Zhang, N. Chi, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, C. Peucheret, and P. Jeppesen, “Performance of Manchester-coded payload in an optical FSK labeling scheme,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1174–1176 (2003).
[Crossref]

Chimot, N.

J. Pfeifle, I. Shkarban, S. Wolf, J. N. Kemal, C. Weimann, W. Hartmann, N. Chimot, S. Joshi, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, M. Weber, A. Ramdane, F. Lelarge, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Coherent terabit communications using a quantum-dash mode-locked laser and self-homodyne detection,” in “Optical Fiber Communication Conference,” OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper W2A.19.

Dagens, B.

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. van Dijk, D. Make, O. Le Gouezigou, J.-G. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, P. Frederic, and G.-H. Duan, “Recent advances on InAs/InP quantum dash based semiconductor lasers and optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 111–124 (2007).
[Crossref]

Delfyett, P. J.

Derouin, E.

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. van Dijk, D. Make, O. Le Gouezigou, J.-G. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, P. Frederic, and G.-H. Duan, “Recent advances on InAs/InP quantum dash based semiconductor lasers and optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 111–124 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ding, R.

R. Ding, Y. Liu, Q. Li, Z. Xuan, Y. Ma, Y. Yang, A. E.-J. Lim, G.-Q. Lo, K. Bergman, T. Baehr-Jones, and M. Hochberg, “A compact low-power 320-Gb/s WDM transmitter based on silicon microrings,” IEEE Photonics J. 6, 6600608 (2014).
[Crossref]

Drisse, O.

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. van Dijk, D. Make, O. Le Gouezigou, J.-G. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, P. Frederic, and G.-H. Duan, “Recent advances on InAs/InP quantum dash based semiconductor lasers and optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 111–124 (2007).
[Crossref]

Duan, G.-H.

A. Akrout, A. Shen, R. Brenot, F. Van Dijk, O. Legouezigou, F. Pommereau, F. Lelarge, A. Ramdane, and G.-H. Duan, “Separate error-free transmission of eight channels at 10 Gb/s using comb generation in a quantum-dash-based mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21, 1746–1748 (2009).
[Crossref]

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. van Dijk, D. Make, O. Le Gouezigou, J.-G. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, P. Frederic, and G.-H. Duan, “Recent advances on InAs/InP quantum dash based semiconductor lasers and optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 111–124 (2007).
[Crossref]

Fiorentino, M.

Frederic, P.

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. van Dijk, D. Make, O. Le Gouezigou, J.-G. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, P. Frederic, and G.-H. Duan, “Recent advances on InAs/InP quantum dash based semiconductor lasers and optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 111–124 (2007).
[Crossref]

Fresnel, S.

M. Gay, A. O’Hare, L. Bramerie, Z. Hao, S. Fresnel, C. Peucheret, P. Besnard, S. Joshi, S. Barbet, and F. Lelarge, “Single quantum dash mode-locked laser as a comb-generator in four-channel 112 Gbit/s WDM transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (The Optical Society, 2014), paper Tu2H.5.
[Crossref]

Freude, W.

J. Pfeifle, I. Shkarban, S. Wolf, J. N. Kemal, C. Weimann, W. Hartmann, N. Chimot, S. Joshi, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, M. Weber, A. Ramdane, F. Lelarge, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Coherent terabit communications using a quantum-dash mode-locked laser and self-homodyne detection,” in “Optical Fiber Communication Conference,” OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper W2A.19.

Gaimard, Q.

Gay, M.

M. Gay, A. O’Hare, L. Bramerie, Z. Hao, S. Fresnel, C. Peucheret, P. Besnard, S. Joshi, S. Barbet, and F. Lelarge, “Single quantum dash mode-locked laser as a comb-generator in four-channel 112 Gbit/s WDM transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (The Optical Society, 2014), paper Tu2H.5.
[Crossref]

Grote, N.

A. Gubenko, I. Krestnikov, D. Livshtis, S. Mikhrin, A. Kovsh, L. West, C. Bornholdt, N. Grote, and A. Zhukov, “Error-free 10 Gbit/s transmission using individual Fabry-Perot modes of low-noise quantum-dot laser,” Electron. Lett. 43, 1430–1431 (2007).
[Crossref]

Gubenko, A.

C.-H. Chen, M. Ashkan Seyedi, M. Fiorentino, D. Livshits, A. Gubenko, S. Mikhrin, V. Mikhrin, and R. G. Beausoleil, “A comb laser-driven DWDM silicon photonic transmitter based on microring modulators,” Opt. Express 23, 21541–21548 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Gubenko, I. Krestnikov, D. Livshtis, S. Mikhrin, A. Kovsh, L. West, C. Bornholdt, N. Grote, and A. Zhukov, “Error-free 10 Gbit/s transmission using individual Fabry-Perot modes of low-noise quantum-dot laser,” Electron. Lett. 43, 1430–1431 (2007).
[Crossref]

Habara, K.

Hao, Z.

M. Gay, A. O’Hare, L. Bramerie, Z. Hao, S. Fresnel, C. Peucheret, P. Besnard, S. Joshi, S. Barbet, and F. Lelarge, “Single quantum dash mode-locked laser as a comb-generator in four-channel 112 Gbit/s WDM transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (The Optical Society, 2014), paper Tu2H.5.
[Crossref]

Hartmann, W.

J. Pfeifle, I. Shkarban, S. Wolf, J. N. Kemal, C. Weimann, W. Hartmann, N. Chimot, S. Joshi, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, M. Weber, A. Ramdane, F. Lelarge, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Coherent terabit communications using a quantum-dash mode-locked laser and self-homodyne detection,” in “Optical Fiber Communication Conference,” OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper W2A.19.

Hochberg, M.

R. Ding, Y. Liu, Q. Li, Z. Xuan, Y. Ma, Y. Yang, A. E.-J. Lim, G.-Q. Lo, K. Bergman, T. Baehr-Jones, and M. Hochberg, “A compact low-power 320-Gb/s WDM transmitter based on silicon microrings,” IEEE Photonics J. 6, 6600608 (2014).
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J. Zhang, N. Chi, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, C. Peucheret, and P. Jeppesen, “Performance of Manchester-coded payload in an optical FSK labeling scheme,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1174–1176 (2003).
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K. Iwashita and K. Nakagawa, “Suppression of mode partition noise by laser diode light injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1669–1982 (1982).
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J. Zhang, N. Chi, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, C. Peucheret, and P. Jeppesen, “Performance of Manchester-coded payload in an optical FSK labeling scheme,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1174–1176 (2003).
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A. Joshi, X. Wang, D. Mohr, D. Becker, and C. Wree, “Balanced photoreceivers for analog and digital fiber optic communications,” Proc. SPIE 5814, 39–50 (2005).
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Joshi, S.

M. Gay, A. O’Hare, L. Bramerie, Z. Hao, S. Fresnel, C. Peucheret, P. Besnard, S. Joshi, S. Barbet, and F. Lelarge, “Single quantum dash mode-locked laser as a comb-generator in four-channel 112 Gbit/s WDM transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (The Optical Society, 2014), paper Tu2H.5.
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J. Pfeifle, I. Shkarban, S. Wolf, J. N. Kemal, C. Weimann, W. Hartmann, N. Chimot, S. Joshi, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, M. Weber, A. Ramdane, F. Lelarge, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Coherent terabit communications using a quantum-dash mode-locked laser and self-homodyne detection,” in “Optical Fiber Communication Conference,” OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper W2A.19.

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J. Pfeifle, I. Shkarban, S. Wolf, J. N. Kemal, C. Weimann, W. Hartmann, N. Chimot, S. Joshi, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, M. Weber, A. Ramdane, F. Lelarge, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Coherent terabit communications using a quantum-dash mode-locked laser and self-homodyne detection,” in “Optical Fiber Communication Conference,” OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper W2A.19.

Koos, C.

J. Pfeifle, I. Shkarban, S. Wolf, J. N. Kemal, C. Weimann, W. Hartmann, N. Chimot, S. Joshi, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, M. Weber, A. Ramdane, F. Lelarge, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Coherent terabit communications using a quantum-dash mode-locked laser and self-homodyne detection,” in “Optical Fiber Communication Conference,” OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper W2A.19.

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A. Gubenko, I. Krestnikov, D. Livshtis, S. Mikhrin, A. Kovsh, L. West, C. Bornholdt, N. Grote, and A. Zhukov, “Error-free 10 Gbit/s transmission using individual Fabry-Perot modes of low-noise quantum-dot laser,” Electron. Lett. 43, 1430–1431 (2007).
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Y. Ben M’Sallem, Q. T. Le, L. Bramerie, Q.-T. Nguyen, E. Borgne, P. Besnard, A. Shen, F. Lelarge, S. LaRochelle, L. A. Rusch, and J.-C. Simon, “Quantum-dash mode-locked laser as a source for 56-Gb/s DQPSK modulation in WDM multicast applications,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23, 453–455 (2011).
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Y. Ben M’Sallem, Q. T. Le, L. Bramerie, Q.-T. Nguyen, E. Borgne, P. Besnard, A. Shen, F. Lelarge, S. LaRochelle, L. A. Rusch, and J.-C. Simon, “Quantum-dash mode-locked laser as a source for 56-Gb/s DQPSK modulation in WDM multicast applications,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23, 453–455 (2011).
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V. Vujicic, A. P. Anthur, A. Saljoghei, V. Panapakkam, R. Zhiu, Q. Gaimard, K. Merghem, F. Lelarge, A. Ramdane, and L. P. Barry, “Mitigation of relative intensity noise of quantum dash mode-locked lasers for PAM4 based optical interconnects using encoding techniques,” Opt. Express 25, 20–29 (2017).
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Y. Ben M’Sallem, Q. T. Le, L. Bramerie, Q.-T. Nguyen, E. Borgne, P. Besnard, A. Shen, F. Lelarge, S. LaRochelle, L. A. Rusch, and J.-C. Simon, “Quantum-dash mode-locked laser as a source for 56-Gb/s DQPSK modulation in WDM multicast applications,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23, 453–455 (2011).
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A. Akrout, A. Shen, R. Brenot, F. Van Dijk, O. Legouezigou, F. Pommereau, F. Lelarge, A. Ramdane, and G.-H. Duan, “Separate error-free transmission of eight channels at 10 Gb/s using comb generation in a quantum-dash-based mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21, 1746–1748 (2009).
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F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. van Dijk, D. Make, O. Le Gouezigou, J.-G. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, P. Frederic, and G.-H. Duan, “Recent advances on InAs/InP quantum dash based semiconductor lasers and optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 111–124 (2007).
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M. Gay, A. O’Hare, L. Bramerie, Z. Hao, S. Fresnel, C. Peucheret, P. Besnard, S. Joshi, S. Barbet, and F. Lelarge, “Single quantum dash mode-locked laser as a comb-generator in four-channel 112 Gbit/s WDM transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (The Optical Society, 2014), paper Tu2H.5.
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R. Ding, Y. Liu, Q. Li, Z. Xuan, Y. Ma, Y. Yang, A. E.-J. Lim, G.-Q. Lo, K. Bergman, T. Baehr-Jones, and M. Hochberg, “A compact low-power 320-Gb/s WDM transmitter based on silicon microrings,” IEEE Photonics J. 6, 6600608 (2014).
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Lim, A. E.-J.

R. Ding, Y. Liu, Q. Li, Z. Xuan, Y. Ma, Y. Yang, A. E.-J. Lim, G.-Q. Lo, K. Bergman, T. Baehr-Jones, and M. Hochberg, “A compact low-power 320-Gb/s WDM transmitter based on silicon microrings,” IEEE Photonics J. 6, 6600608 (2014).
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Liu, Y.

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Livshtis, D.

A. Gubenko, I. Krestnikov, D. Livshtis, S. Mikhrin, A. Kovsh, L. West, C. Bornholdt, N. Grote, and A. Zhukov, “Error-free 10 Gbit/s transmission using individual Fabry-Perot modes of low-noise quantum-dot laser,” Electron. Lett. 43, 1430–1431 (2007).
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Lo, G.-Q.

R. Ding, Y. Liu, Q. Li, Z. Xuan, Y. Ma, Y. Yang, A. E.-J. Lim, G.-Q. Lo, K. Bergman, T. Baehr-Jones, and M. Hochberg, “A compact low-power 320-Gb/s WDM transmitter based on silicon microrings,” IEEE Photonics J. 6, 6600608 (2014).
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M. E. Chaibi, L. Bramerie, S. Lobo, and C. Peucheret, “Mitigation of mode partition noise in quantum-dash Fabry-Perot mode-locked lasers using Manchester encoding,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, (2016), paper Tu.2.E.6.

Ma, Y.

R. Ding, Y. Liu, Q. Li, Z. Xuan, Y. Ma, Y. Yang, A. E.-J. Lim, G.-Q. Lo, K. Bergman, T. Baehr-Jones, and M. Hochberg, “A compact low-power 320-Gb/s WDM transmitter based on silicon microrings,” IEEE Photonics J. 6, 6600608 (2014).
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F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. van Dijk, D. Make, O. Le Gouezigou, J.-G. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, P. Frederic, and G.-H. Duan, “Recent advances on InAs/InP quantum dash based semiconductor lasers and optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 111–124 (2007).
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Martinez, A.

V. Vujicic, C. Calo, R. Watts, F. Lelarge, C. Browning, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, A. Ramdane, and L. P. Barry, “Quantum dash mode-locked lasers for data centre applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 1101508 (2015).
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Merghem, K.

V. Vujicic, A. P. Anthur, A. Saljoghei, V. Panapakkam, R. Zhiu, Q. Gaimard, K. Merghem, F. Lelarge, A. Ramdane, and L. P. Barry, “Mitigation of relative intensity noise of quantum dash mode-locked lasers for PAM4 based optical interconnects using encoding techniques,” Opt. Express 25, 20–29 (2017).
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V. Vujicic, C. Calo, R. Watts, F. Lelarge, C. Browning, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, A. Ramdane, and L. P. Barry, “Quantum dash mode-locked lasers for data centre applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 1101508 (2015).
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J. Pfeifle, I. Shkarban, S. Wolf, J. N. Kemal, C. Weimann, W. Hartmann, N. Chimot, S. Joshi, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, M. Weber, A. Ramdane, F. Lelarge, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Coherent terabit communications using a quantum-dash mode-locked laser and self-homodyne detection,” in “Optical Fiber Communication Conference,” OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper W2A.19.

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A. Joshi, X. Wang, D. Mohr, D. Becker, and C. Wree, “Balanced photoreceivers for analog and digital fiber optic communications,” Proc. SPIE 5814, 39–50 (2005).
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K. Iwashita and K. Nakagawa, “Suppression of mode partition noise by laser diode light injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1669–1982 (1982).
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Y. Ben M’Sallem, Q. T. Le, L. Bramerie, Q.-T. Nguyen, E. Borgne, P. Besnard, A. Shen, F. Lelarge, S. LaRochelle, L. A. Rusch, and J.-C. Simon, “Quantum-dash mode-locked laser as a source for 56-Gb/s DQPSK modulation in WDM multicast applications,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23, 453–455 (2011).
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O’Hare, A.

M. Gay, A. O’Hare, L. Bramerie, Z. Hao, S. Fresnel, C. Peucheret, P. Besnard, S. Joshi, S. Barbet, and F. Lelarge, “Single quantum dash mode-locked laser as a comb-generator in four-channel 112 Gbit/s WDM transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (The Optical Society, 2014), paper Tu2H.5.
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J. Zhang, N. Chi, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, C. Peucheret, and P. Jeppesen, “Performance of Manchester-coded payload in an optical FSK labeling scheme,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1174–1176 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. E. Chaibi, L. Bramerie, S. Lobo, and C. Peucheret, “Mitigation of mode partition noise in quantum-dash Fabry-Perot mode-locked lasers using Manchester encoding,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, (2016), paper Tu.2.E.6.

M. Gay, A. O’Hare, L. Bramerie, Z. Hao, S. Fresnel, C. Peucheret, P. Besnard, S. Joshi, S. Barbet, and F. Lelarge, “Single quantum dash mode-locked laser as a comb-generator in four-channel 112 Gbit/s WDM transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (The Optical Society, 2014), paper Tu2H.5.
[Crossref]

Pfeifle, J.

J. Pfeifle, I. Shkarban, S. Wolf, J. N. Kemal, C. Weimann, W. Hartmann, N. Chimot, S. Joshi, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, M. Weber, A. Ramdane, F. Lelarge, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Coherent terabit communications using a quantum-dash mode-locked laser and self-homodyne detection,” in “Optical Fiber Communication Conference,” OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper W2A.19.

Poingt, F.

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. van Dijk, D. Make, O. Le Gouezigou, J.-G. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, P. Frederic, and G.-H. Duan, “Recent advances on InAs/InP quantum dash based semiconductor lasers and optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 111–124 (2007).
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Pommereau, F.

A. Akrout, A. Shen, R. Brenot, F. Van Dijk, O. Legouezigou, F. Pommereau, F. Lelarge, A. Ramdane, and G.-H. Duan, “Separate error-free transmission of eight channels at 10 Gb/s using comb generation in a quantum-dash-based mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21, 1746–1748 (2009).
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Provost, J.-G.

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. van Dijk, D. Make, O. Le Gouezigou, J.-G. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, P. Frederic, and G.-H. Duan, “Recent advances on InAs/InP quantum dash based semiconductor lasers and optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 111–124 (2007).
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Ramdane, A.

V. Vujicic, A. P. Anthur, A. Saljoghei, V. Panapakkam, R. Zhiu, Q. Gaimard, K. Merghem, F. Lelarge, A. Ramdane, and L. P. Barry, “Mitigation of relative intensity noise of quantum dash mode-locked lasers for PAM4 based optical interconnects using encoding techniques,” Opt. Express 25, 20–29 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Vujicic, C. Calo, R. Watts, F. Lelarge, C. Browning, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, A. Ramdane, and L. P. Barry, “Quantum dash mode-locked lasers for data centre applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 1101508 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Akrout, A. Shen, R. Brenot, F. Van Dijk, O. Legouezigou, F. Pommereau, F. Lelarge, A. Ramdane, and G.-H. Duan, “Separate error-free transmission of eight channels at 10 Gb/s using comb generation in a quantum-dash-based mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21, 1746–1748 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Pfeifle, I. Shkarban, S. Wolf, J. N. Kemal, C. Weimann, W. Hartmann, N. Chimot, S. Joshi, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, M. Weber, A. Ramdane, F. Lelarge, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Coherent terabit communications using a quantum-dash mode-locked laser and self-homodyne detection,” in “Optical Fiber Communication Conference,” OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper W2A.19.

Renaudier, J.

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. van Dijk, D. Make, O. Le Gouezigou, J.-G. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, P. Frederic, and G.-H. Duan, “Recent advances on InAs/InP quantum dash based semiconductor lasers and optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 111–124 (2007).
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Rousseau, B.

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. van Dijk, D. Make, O. Le Gouezigou, J.-G. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, P. Frederic, and G.-H. Duan, “Recent advances on InAs/InP quantum dash based semiconductor lasers and optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 111–124 (2007).
[Crossref]

Rusch, L. A.

Y. Ben M’Sallem, Q. T. Le, L. Bramerie, Q.-T. Nguyen, E. Borgne, P. Besnard, A. Shen, F. Lelarge, S. LaRochelle, L. A. Rusch, and J.-C. Simon, “Quantum-dash mode-locked laser as a source for 56-Gb/s DQPSK modulation in WDM multicast applications,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23, 453–455 (2011).
[Crossref]

Saljoghei, A.

Sato, K.

K. Sato and H. Toba, “Reduction of mode partition noise by using semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 328–333 (2001).
[Crossref]

Schmidt, B.

Shakya, J.

Shen, A.

Y. Ben M’Sallem, Q. T. Le, L. Bramerie, Q.-T. Nguyen, E. Borgne, P. Besnard, A. Shen, F. Lelarge, S. LaRochelle, L. A. Rusch, and J.-C. Simon, “Quantum-dash mode-locked laser as a source for 56-Gb/s DQPSK modulation in WDM multicast applications,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23, 453–455 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. Akrout, A. Shen, R. Brenot, F. Van Dijk, O. Legouezigou, F. Pommereau, F. Lelarge, A. Ramdane, and G.-H. Duan, “Separate error-free transmission of eight channels at 10 Gb/s using comb generation in a quantum-dash-based mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21, 1746–1748 (2009).
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Shibata, Y.

Shkarban, I.

J. Pfeifle, I. Shkarban, S. Wolf, J. N. Kemal, C. Weimann, W. Hartmann, N. Chimot, S. Joshi, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, M. Weber, A. Ramdane, F. Lelarge, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Coherent terabit communications using a quantum-dash mode-locked laser and self-homodyne detection,” in “Optical Fiber Communication Conference,” OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper W2A.19.

Simon, J.-C.

Y. Ben M’Sallem, Q. T. Le, L. Bramerie, Q.-T. Nguyen, E. Borgne, P. Besnard, A. Shen, F. Lelarge, S. LaRochelle, L. A. Rusch, and J.-C. Simon, “Quantum-dash mode-locked laser as a source for 56-Gb/s DQPSK modulation in WDM multicast applications,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23, 453–455 (2011).
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Toba, H.

K. Sato and H. Toba, “Reduction of mode partition noise by using semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 328–333 (2001).
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Van Dijk, F.

A. Akrout, A. Shen, R. Brenot, F. Van Dijk, O. Legouezigou, F. Pommereau, F. Lelarge, A. Ramdane, and G.-H. Duan, “Separate error-free transmission of eight channels at 10 Gb/s using comb generation in a quantum-dash-based mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21, 1746–1748 (2009).
[Crossref]

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. van Dijk, D. Make, O. Le Gouezigou, J.-G. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, P. Frederic, and G.-H. Duan, “Recent advances on InAs/InP quantum dash based semiconductor lasers and optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 111–124 (2007).
[Crossref]

Vujicic, V.

V. Vujicic, A. P. Anthur, A. Saljoghei, V. Panapakkam, R. Zhiu, Q. Gaimard, K. Merghem, F. Lelarge, A. Ramdane, and L. P. Barry, “Mitigation of relative intensity noise of quantum dash mode-locked lasers for PAM4 based optical interconnects using encoding techniques,” Opt. Express 25, 20–29 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Vujicic, C. Calo, R. Watts, F. Lelarge, C. Browning, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, A. Ramdane, and L. P. Barry, “Quantum dash mode-locked lasers for data centre applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 1101508 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, Q.

Z. Liu, J. Xu, Q. Wang, and C. C. K. Chan, “Rayleigh noise mitigated 70-km-reach bi-directional WDM-PON with 10-Gb/s directly modulated Manchester-duobinary as downstream signal,” in “Optical Fiber Communication Conference,” (The Optical Society, 2012), paper OW1B.2.

Wang, X.

A. Joshi, X. Wang, D. Mohr, D. Becker, and C. Wree, “Balanced photoreceivers for analog and digital fiber optic communications,” Proc. SPIE 5814, 39–50 (2005).
[Crossref]

Watts, R.

V. Vujicic, C. Calo, R. Watts, F. Lelarge, C. Browning, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, A. Ramdane, and L. P. Barry, “Quantum dash mode-locked lasers for data centre applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 1101508 (2015).
[Crossref]

Weber, M.

J. Pfeifle, I. Shkarban, S. Wolf, J. N. Kemal, C. Weimann, W. Hartmann, N. Chimot, S. Joshi, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, M. Weber, A. Ramdane, F. Lelarge, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Coherent terabit communications using a quantum-dash mode-locked laser and self-homodyne detection,” in “Optical Fiber Communication Conference,” OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper W2A.19.

Weimann, C.

J. Pfeifle, I. Shkarban, S. Wolf, J. N. Kemal, C. Weimann, W. Hartmann, N. Chimot, S. Joshi, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, M. Weber, A. Ramdane, F. Lelarge, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Coherent terabit communications using a quantum-dash mode-locked laser and self-homodyne detection,” in “Optical Fiber Communication Conference,” OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper W2A.19.

West, L.

A. Gubenko, I. Krestnikov, D. Livshtis, S. Mikhrin, A. Kovsh, L. West, C. Bornholdt, N. Grote, and A. Zhukov, “Error-free 10 Gbit/s transmission using individual Fabry-Perot modes of low-noise quantum-dot laser,” Electron. Lett. 43, 1430–1431 (2007).
[Crossref]

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J. Pfeifle, I. Shkarban, S. Wolf, J. N. Kemal, C. Weimann, W. Hartmann, N. Chimot, S. Joshi, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, M. Weber, A. Ramdane, F. Lelarge, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Coherent terabit communications using a quantum-dash mode-locked laser and self-homodyne detection,” in “Optical Fiber Communication Conference,” OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper W2A.19.

Wree, C.

A. Joshi, X. Wang, D. Mohr, D. Becker, and C. Wree, “Balanced photoreceivers for analog and digital fiber optic communications,” Proc. SPIE 5814, 39–50 (2005).
[Crossref]

Xu, J.

Z. Liu, J. Xu, Q. Wang, and C. C. K. Chan, “Rayleigh noise mitigated 70-km-reach bi-directional WDM-PON with 10-Gb/s directly modulated Manchester-duobinary as downstream signal,” in “Optical Fiber Communication Conference,” (The Optical Society, 2012), paper OW1B.2.

Xu, Q.

Xuan, Z.

R. Ding, Y. Liu, Q. Li, Z. Xuan, Y. Ma, Y. Yang, A. E.-J. Lim, G.-Q. Lo, K. Bergman, T. Baehr-Jones, and M. Hochberg, “A compact low-power 320-Gb/s WDM transmitter based on silicon microrings,” IEEE Photonics J. 6, 6600608 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yamada, Y.

Yang, Y.

R. Ding, Y. Liu, Q. Li, Z. Xuan, Y. Ma, Y. Yang, A. E.-J. Lim, G.-Q. Lo, K. Bergman, T. Baehr-Jones, and M. Hochberg, “A compact low-power 320-Gb/s WDM transmitter based on silicon microrings,” IEEE Photonics J. 6, 6600608 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yoo, S.-H.

Zhang, J.

J. Zhang, N. Chi, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, C. Peucheret, and P. Jeppesen, “Performance of Manchester-coded payload in an optical FSK labeling scheme,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1174–1176 (2003).
[Crossref]

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Zhukov, A.

A. Gubenko, I. Krestnikov, D. Livshtis, S. Mikhrin, A. Kovsh, L. West, C. Bornholdt, N. Grote, and A. Zhukov, “Error-free 10 Gbit/s transmission using individual Fabry-Perot modes of low-noise quantum-dot laser,” Electron. Lett. 43, 1430–1431 (2007).
[Crossref]

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A. Gubenko, I. Krestnikov, D. Livshtis, S. Mikhrin, A. Kovsh, L. West, C. Bornholdt, N. Grote, and A. Zhukov, “Error-free 10 Gbit/s transmission using individual Fabry-Perot modes of low-noise quantum-dot laser,” Electron. Lett. 43, 1430–1431 (2007).
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[Crossref]

V. Vujicic, C. Calo, R. Watts, F. Lelarge, C. Browning, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, A. Ramdane, and L. P. Barry, “Quantum dash mode-locked lasers for data centre applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 1101508 (2015).
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[Crossref]

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A. Akrout, A. Shen, R. Brenot, F. Van Dijk, O. Legouezigou, F. Pommereau, F. Lelarge, A. Ramdane, and G.-H. Duan, “Separate error-free transmission of eight channels at 10 Gb/s using comb generation in a quantum-dash-based mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21, 1746–1748 (2009).
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[Crossref]

Other (5)

Z. Liu, J. Xu, Q. Wang, and C. C. K. Chan, “Rayleigh noise mitigated 70-km-reach bi-directional WDM-PON with 10-Gb/s directly modulated Manchester-duobinary as downstream signal,” in “Optical Fiber Communication Conference,” (The Optical Society, 2012), paper OW1B.2.

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[Crossref]

M. E. Chaibi, L. Bramerie, S. Lobo, and C. Peucheret, “Mitigation of mode partition noise in quantum-dash Fabry-Perot mode-locked lasers using Manchester encoding,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, (2016), paper Tu.2.E.6.

J. Pfeifle, I. Shkarban, S. Wolf, J. N. Kemal, C. Weimann, W. Hartmann, N. Chimot, S. Joshi, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, M. Weber, A. Ramdane, F. Lelarge, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Coherent terabit communications using a quantum-dash mode-locked laser and self-homodyne detection,” in “Optical Fiber Communication Conference,” OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper W2A.19.

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Figures (11)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Serial multi-wavelength transmitter based on a QD-MLL and micro-ring modulators.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Measured RF spectra of NRZ and Manchester line codes at 10 Gb/s.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Experimental set-up. QD-MLL: quantum-dash mode-locked laser; EDFA: erbium-doped fiber amplifier; OBPF: optical bandpass filter; MZM: Mach-Zehnder modulator; T/2: half-symbol delay; CDR: clock and data recovery; DFF: D flip-flop.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) QD-MLL optical spectrum for a bias current of 150 mA. (b) Measured RIN for the joint detection of all QD-MLL modes, after filtering of modes 8 or 9, and for the reference case of an external cavity laser.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Eye diagrams of the NRZ signal obtained from (a) a reference ECL or (b) the filtered QD-MLL. (c) and (d): corresponding eye diagrams with Manchester coding.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 BER versus average received power for (a) NRZ and (b) Manchester encoding. The average power is measured at the input of the optical pre-amplifier.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Comparison of the BER performance for single-ended and balanced detection Manchester coding, as well as NRZ coding in the reference ECL case and for a filtered QD-MLL mode.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Experimental set-up used to emulate the RIN. The low frequency part of the RIN spectrum synthesized in an arbitrary waveform generator (AWG) is modulated on a low-RIN continuous-wave (CW) optical carrier using a Mach-Zehnder modulator (MZM) and added to white noise generated in an amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) source.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 (a) Measured RIN spectra at the output of the externally modulated laser (corresponding to output 1 in Fig. 8), at the output of the ASE source (output 2) and at the output of the whole RIN emulating system (output 3), superimposed with the RIN spectrum of mode 7 of the QD-MLL source. (b) Comparison of BER performance of two QD-MLL filtered modes and their corresponding RIN emulated sources.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 (a) Different emulated RIN profiles considered in the single-ended detection case. (b) Comparison of Manchester encoding (MAN) and NRZ when both employ single-ended detection for the different RIN profiles.
Fig. 11
Fig. 11 (a) Different emulated RIN profiles considered in the balanced detection case. (b) BER performance obtained using Manchester encoding in conjunction with balanced detection for the different RIN profiles.

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