Abstract

We propose a novel multiplexing technique for increasing the viewing zone of a multi-view based multi-projection 3D display system by employing double refraction in uniaxial crystal. When linearly polarized images from projector pass through the uniaxial crystal, two possible optical paths exist according to the polarization states of image. Therefore, the optical paths of the image could be changed, and the viewing zone is shifted in a lateral direction. The polarization modulation of the image from a single projection unit enables us to generate two viewing zones at different positions. For realizing full-color images at each viewing zone, a polarization-based temporal multiplexing technique is adopted with a conventional polarization switching device of liquid crystal (LC) display. Through experiments, a prototype of a ten-view multi-projection 3D display system presenting full-colored view images is implemented by combining five laser scanning projectors, an optically clear calcite (CaCO3) crystal, and an LC polarization rotator. For each time sequence of temporal multiplexing, the luminance distribution of the proposed system is measured and analyzed.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Compact multi-projection 3D display system with light-guide projection

Chang-Kun Lee, Soon-gi Park, Seokil Moon, Jong-Young Hong, and Byoungho Lee
Opt. Express 23(22) 28945-28959 (2015)

Large-screen multi-view 3D display

Nikolai I. Petrov, Maxim N. Khromov, and Yuri M. Sokolov
OSA Continuum 2(9) 2601-2613 (2019)

Computational multi-projection display

Seokil Moon, Soon-Gi Park, Chang-Kun Lee, Jaebum Cho, Seungjae Lee, and Byoungho Lee
Opt. Express 24(8) 9025-9037 (2016)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. B. Lee, “Three-dimensional displays, past and present,” Phys. Today 66(4), 36–41 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  2. J. Geng, “Three-dimensional display technologies,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 5(4), 456–535 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. N. S. Holliman, N. A. Dodgson, G. E. Favalora, and L. Pockett, “Three-dimensional displays: a review and applications analysis,” IEEE Trans. Broadcast 57(2), 362–371 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  4. Y. Kim, J. Kim, K. Hong, H. K. Yang, J.-H. Jung, H. Choi, S.-W. Min, J.-M. Seo, J.-M. Hwang, and B. Lee, “Accommodative response of integral imaging in near distance,” J. Disp. Technol. 8(2), 70–78 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  5. J. Nakamura, K. Tanaka, and Y. Takaki, “Increase in depth of field of eyes using reduced-view super multi-view displays,” Appl. Phys. Express 6(2), 022501 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  6. A. Jones, I. McDowall, H. Yamada, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Rendering for an interactive 360° light field display,” ACM Trans. Graph. 26(3), 40 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  7. Y. Kajiki, H. Yoshikawa, and T. Honda, “Hologram-like video images by 45-view stereoscopic display,” Proc. SPIE 3012, 154–166 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  8. T. Honda, D. Nagai, and M. Shimomatsu, “Development of 3-D display system by a fan-like array of projection optics,” Proc. SPIE 4660, 191–199 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  9. Y. Takaki and N. Nago, “Multi-projection of lenticular displays to construct a 256-view super multi-view display,” Opt. Express 18(9), 8824–8835 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. Y. Takaki and S. Uchida, “Table screen 360-degree three-dimensional display using a small array of high-speed projectors,” Opt. Express 20(8), 8848–8861 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. K. Nagano, A. Jones, J. Liu, J. Busch, X. Yu, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “An autostereoscopic projector array optimized for 3D facial display,” in ACM SIGGRAPH 2013 Emerging Technologies (ACM, 2013), paper 1.
  12. J.-H. Lee, J. Park, D. Nam, S. Y. Choi, D.-S. Park, and C. Y. Kim, “Optimal projector configuration design for 300-Mpixel multi-projection 3D display,” Opt. Express 21(22), 26820–26835 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. T. Balogh, P. Kovacs, and A. Barsi, “Holovizio 3D display system,” in 2007 3DTV Conf. (IEEE, 2007), pp. 1–4.
    [Crossref]
  14. D. Cheng, Y. Wang, H. Hua, and J. Sasian, “Design of a wide-angle, lightweight head-mounted display using free-form optics tiling,” Opt. Lett. 36(11), 2098–2100 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. A. R. L. Travis, T. A. Large, N. Emerton, and S. N. Bathiche, “Wedge optics in flat panel displays,” Proc. IEEE 101(1), 45–60 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  16. C.-K. Lee, S.-G. Park, S. Moon, J.-Y. Hong, and B. Lee, “Compact multi-projection 3D display system with light-guide projection,” Opt. Express 23(22), 28945–28959 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. D. Teng, L. Liu, and B. Wang, “Super multi-view three-dimensional display through spatial-spectrum time-multiplexing of planar aligned OLED microdisplays,” Opt. Express 22(25), 31448–31457 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. Y. Takaki, “Super multi-view and holographic displays using MEMS devices,” Displays 37, 19–24 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  19. K. Akşit, O. Eldeş, S. Viswanathan, M. Freeman, and H. Urey, “Portable 3D laser projector using mixed polarization technique,” J. Disp. Technol. 8(10), 582–589 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  20. L. Liu, Z. Pang, and D. Teng, “Super multi-view three-dimensional display technique for portable devices,” Opt. Express 24(5), 4421–4430 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  21. J.-H. Park, S. Jung, H. Choi, and B. Lee, “Integral imaging with multiple image planes using a uniaxial crystal plate,” Opt. Express 11(16), 1862–1875 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  22. Q.-X. Liu, W.-Z. Zhang, H.-F. Gao, and F.-H. Yu, “A new polarization multiplexing method for the micro LCOS projector optical system,” Proc. SPIE 7506, 75061A (2009).
    [Crossref]
  23. C.-K. Lee, S.-G. Park, J. Jeong, and B. Lee, “Multi-projection 3D display with dual projection system using uniaxial crystal,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 46(1), 538–541 (2015).
  24. J. Kim, Y. Kim, J. Hong, G. Park, K. Hong, S.-W. Min, and B. Lee, “A full-color anaglyph three-dimensional display system using active color filter glasses,” J. Inf. Disp. 12(1), 37–41 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  25. A. Yariv and P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystals (Wiley, 1984).
  26. M. C. Simon and K. V. Gottschalk, “Waves and rays in uniaxial birefringent crystals,” Optik (Stuttg.) 118(10), 457–470 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  27. M. Avendaño-Alejo, “Analysis of the refraction of the extraordinary ray in a plane-parallel uniaxial plate with an arbitrary orientation of the optical axis,” Opt. Express 13(7), 2549–2555 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  28. S. T. Lin, K. T. Lin, and W. J. Syu, “Angular interferometer using calcite prism and rotating analyzer,” Opt. Commun. 277(2), 251–255 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  29. A. J. Woods, “Crosstalk in stereoscopic displays: a review,” J. Electron. Imaging 21(4), 040902 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  30. K. H. Lee, Y. Park, H. Lee, S. K. Yoon, and S. K. Kim, “Crosstalk reduction in auto-stereoscopic projection 3D display system,” Opt. Express 20(18), 19757–19768 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  31. S.-G. Park, J.-Y. Hong, C.-K. Lee, M. Miranda, Y. Kim, and B. Lee, “Depth-expression characteristics of multi-projection 3D display systems [invited],” Appl. Opt. 53(27), G198–G208 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (1)

2015 (2)

2014 (2)

2013 (5)

A. R. L. Travis, T. A. Large, N. Emerton, and S. N. Bathiche, “Wedge optics in flat panel displays,” Proc. IEEE 101(1), 45–60 (2013).
[Crossref]

J.-H. Lee, J. Park, D. Nam, S. Y. Choi, D.-S. Park, and C. Y. Kim, “Optimal projector configuration design for 300-Mpixel multi-projection 3D display,” Opt. Express 21(22), 26820–26835 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Lee, “Three-dimensional displays, past and present,” Phys. Today 66(4), 36–41 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Geng, “Three-dimensional display technologies,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 5(4), 456–535 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Nakamura, K. Tanaka, and Y. Takaki, “Increase in depth of field of eyes using reduced-view super multi-view displays,” Appl. Phys. Express 6(2), 022501 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (5)

Y. Kim, J. Kim, K. Hong, H. K. Yang, J.-H. Jung, H. Choi, S.-W. Min, J.-M. Seo, J.-M. Hwang, and B. Lee, “Accommodative response of integral imaging in near distance,” J. Disp. Technol. 8(2), 70–78 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Takaki and S. Uchida, “Table screen 360-degree three-dimensional display using a small array of high-speed projectors,” Opt. Express 20(8), 8848–8861 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Akşit, O. Eldeş, S. Viswanathan, M. Freeman, and H. Urey, “Portable 3D laser projector using mixed polarization technique,” J. Disp. Technol. 8(10), 582–589 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. J. Woods, “Crosstalk in stereoscopic displays: a review,” J. Electron. Imaging 21(4), 040902 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. H. Lee, Y. Park, H. Lee, S. K. Yoon, and S. K. Kim, “Crosstalk reduction in auto-stereoscopic projection 3D display system,” Opt. Express 20(18), 19757–19768 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (3)

J. Kim, Y. Kim, J. Hong, G. Park, K. Hong, S.-W. Min, and B. Lee, “A full-color anaglyph three-dimensional display system using active color filter glasses,” J. Inf. Disp. 12(1), 37–41 (2011).
[Crossref]

D. Cheng, Y. Wang, H. Hua, and J. Sasian, “Design of a wide-angle, lightweight head-mounted display using free-form optics tiling,” Opt. Lett. 36(11), 2098–2100 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. S. Holliman, N. A. Dodgson, G. E. Favalora, and L. Pockett, “Three-dimensional displays: a review and applications analysis,” IEEE Trans. Broadcast 57(2), 362–371 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

Q.-X. Liu, W.-Z. Zhang, H.-F. Gao, and F.-H. Yu, “A new polarization multiplexing method for the micro LCOS projector optical system,” Proc. SPIE 7506, 75061A (2009).
[Crossref]

2007 (3)

M. C. Simon and K. V. Gottschalk, “Waves and rays in uniaxial birefringent crystals,” Optik (Stuttg.) 118(10), 457–470 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. T. Lin, K. T. Lin, and W. J. Syu, “Angular interferometer using calcite prism and rotating analyzer,” Opt. Commun. 277(2), 251–255 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Jones, I. McDowall, H. Yamada, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Rendering for an interactive 360° light field display,” ACM Trans. Graph. 26(3), 40 (2007).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

T. Honda, D. Nagai, and M. Shimomatsu, “Development of 3-D display system by a fan-like array of projection optics,” Proc. SPIE 4660, 191–199 (2002).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

Y. Kajiki, H. Yoshikawa, and T. Honda, “Hologram-like video images by 45-view stereoscopic display,” Proc. SPIE 3012, 154–166 (1997).
[Crossref]

Aksit, K.

K. Akşit, O. Eldeş, S. Viswanathan, M. Freeman, and H. Urey, “Portable 3D laser projector using mixed polarization technique,” J. Disp. Technol. 8(10), 582–589 (2012).
[Crossref]

Avendaño-Alejo, M.

Bathiche, S. N.

A. R. L. Travis, T. A. Large, N. Emerton, and S. N. Bathiche, “Wedge optics in flat panel displays,” Proc. IEEE 101(1), 45–60 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bolas, M.

A. Jones, I. McDowall, H. Yamada, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Rendering for an interactive 360° light field display,” ACM Trans. Graph. 26(3), 40 (2007).
[Crossref]

Cheng, D.

Choi, H.

Y. Kim, J. Kim, K. Hong, H. K. Yang, J.-H. Jung, H. Choi, S.-W. Min, J.-M. Seo, J.-M. Hwang, and B. Lee, “Accommodative response of integral imaging in near distance,” J. Disp. Technol. 8(2), 70–78 (2012).
[Crossref]

J.-H. Park, S. Jung, H. Choi, and B. Lee, “Integral imaging with multiple image planes using a uniaxial crystal plate,” Opt. Express 11(16), 1862–1875 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Choi, S. Y.

Debevec, P.

A. Jones, I. McDowall, H. Yamada, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Rendering for an interactive 360° light field display,” ACM Trans. Graph. 26(3), 40 (2007).
[Crossref]

Dodgson, N. A.

N. S. Holliman, N. A. Dodgson, G. E. Favalora, and L. Pockett, “Three-dimensional displays: a review and applications analysis,” IEEE Trans. Broadcast 57(2), 362–371 (2011).
[Crossref]

Eldes, O.

K. Akşit, O. Eldeş, S. Viswanathan, M. Freeman, and H. Urey, “Portable 3D laser projector using mixed polarization technique,” J. Disp. Technol. 8(10), 582–589 (2012).
[Crossref]

Emerton, N.

A. R. L. Travis, T. A. Large, N. Emerton, and S. N. Bathiche, “Wedge optics in flat panel displays,” Proc. IEEE 101(1), 45–60 (2013).
[Crossref]

Favalora, G. E.

N. S. Holliman, N. A. Dodgson, G. E. Favalora, and L. Pockett, “Three-dimensional displays: a review and applications analysis,” IEEE Trans. Broadcast 57(2), 362–371 (2011).
[Crossref]

Freeman, M.

K. Akşit, O. Eldeş, S. Viswanathan, M. Freeman, and H. Urey, “Portable 3D laser projector using mixed polarization technique,” J. Disp. Technol. 8(10), 582–589 (2012).
[Crossref]

Gao, H.-F.

Q.-X. Liu, W.-Z. Zhang, H.-F. Gao, and F.-H. Yu, “A new polarization multiplexing method for the micro LCOS projector optical system,” Proc. SPIE 7506, 75061A (2009).
[Crossref]

Geng, J.

J. Geng, “Three-dimensional display technologies,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 5(4), 456–535 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gottschalk, K. V.

M. C. Simon and K. V. Gottschalk, “Waves and rays in uniaxial birefringent crystals,” Optik (Stuttg.) 118(10), 457–470 (2007).
[Crossref]

Holliman, N. S.

N. S. Holliman, N. A. Dodgson, G. E. Favalora, and L. Pockett, “Three-dimensional displays: a review and applications analysis,” IEEE Trans. Broadcast 57(2), 362–371 (2011).
[Crossref]

Honda, T.

T. Honda, D. Nagai, and M. Shimomatsu, “Development of 3-D display system by a fan-like array of projection optics,” Proc. SPIE 4660, 191–199 (2002).
[Crossref]

Y. Kajiki, H. Yoshikawa, and T. Honda, “Hologram-like video images by 45-view stereoscopic display,” Proc. SPIE 3012, 154–166 (1997).
[Crossref]

Hong, J.

J. Kim, Y. Kim, J. Hong, G. Park, K. Hong, S.-W. Min, and B. Lee, “A full-color anaglyph three-dimensional display system using active color filter glasses,” J. Inf. Disp. 12(1), 37–41 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hong, J.-Y.

Hong, K.

Y. Kim, J. Kim, K. Hong, H. K. Yang, J.-H. Jung, H. Choi, S.-W. Min, J.-M. Seo, J.-M. Hwang, and B. Lee, “Accommodative response of integral imaging in near distance,” J. Disp. Technol. 8(2), 70–78 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Kim, Y. Kim, J. Hong, G. Park, K. Hong, S.-W. Min, and B. Lee, “A full-color anaglyph three-dimensional display system using active color filter glasses,” J. Inf. Disp. 12(1), 37–41 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hua, H.

Hwang, J.-M.

Y. Kim, J. Kim, K. Hong, H. K. Yang, J.-H. Jung, H. Choi, S.-W. Min, J.-M. Seo, J.-M. Hwang, and B. Lee, “Accommodative response of integral imaging in near distance,” J. Disp. Technol. 8(2), 70–78 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jones, A.

A. Jones, I. McDowall, H. Yamada, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Rendering for an interactive 360° light field display,” ACM Trans. Graph. 26(3), 40 (2007).
[Crossref]

Jung, J.-H.

Y. Kim, J. Kim, K. Hong, H. K. Yang, J.-H. Jung, H. Choi, S.-W. Min, J.-M. Seo, J.-M. Hwang, and B. Lee, “Accommodative response of integral imaging in near distance,” J. Disp. Technol. 8(2), 70–78 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jung, S.

Kajiki, Y.

Y. Kajiki, H. Yoshikawa, and T. Honda, “Hologram-like video images by 45-view stereoscopic display,” Proc. SPIE 3012, 154–166 (1997).
[Crossref]

Kim, C. Y.

Kim, J.

Y. Kim, J. Kim, K. Hong, H. K. Yang, J.-H. Jung, H. Choi, S.-W. Min, J.-M. Seo, J.-M. Hwang, and B. Lee, “Accommodative response of integral imaging in near distance,” J. Disp. Technol. 8(2), 70–78 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Kim, Y. Kim, J. Hong, G. Park, K. Hong, S.-W. Min, and B. Lee, “A full-color anaglyph three-dimensional display system using active color filter glasses,” J. Inf. Disp. 12(1), 37–41 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kim, S. K.

Kim, Y.

S.-G. Park, J.-Y. Hong, C.-K. Lee, M. Miranda, Y. Kim, and B. Lee, “Depth-expression characteristics of multi-projection 3D display systems [invited],” Appl. Opt. 53(27), G198–G208 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Kim, J. Kim, K. Hong, H. K. Yang, J.-H. Jung, H. Choi, S.-W. Min, J.-M. Seo, J.-M. Hwang, and B. Lee, “Accommodative response of integral imaging in near distance,” J. Disp. Technol. 8(2), 70–78 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Kim, Y. Kim, J. Hong, G. Park, K. Hong, S.-W. Min, and B. Lee, “A full-color anaglyph three-dimensional display system using active color filter glasses,” J. Inf. Disp. 12(1), 37–41 (2011).
[Crossref]

Large, T. A.

A. R. L. Travis, T. A. Large, N. Emerton, and S. N. Bathiche, “Wedge optics in flat panel displays,” Proc. IEEE 101(1), 45–60 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lee, B.

C.-K. Lee, S.-G. Park, S. Moon, J.-Y. Hong, and B. Lee, “Compact multi-projection 3D display system with light-guide projection,” Opt. Express 23(22), 28945–28959 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S.-G. Park, J.-Y. Hong, C.-K. Lee, M. Miranda, Y. Kim, and B. Lee, “Depth-expression characteristics of multi-projection 3D display systems [invited],” Appl. Opt. 53(27), G198–G208 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Lee, “Three-dimensional displays, past and present,” Phys. Today 66(4), 36–41 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Kim, J. Kim, K. Hong, H. K. Yang, J.-H. Jung, H. Choi, S.-W. Min, J.-M. Seo, J.-M. Hwang, and B. Lee, “Accommodative response of integral imaging in near distance,” J. Disp. Technol. 8(2), 70–78 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Kim, Y. Kim, J. Hong, G. Park, K. Hong, S.-W. Min, and B. Lee, “A full-color anaglyph three-dimensional display system using active color filter glasses,” J. Inf. Disp. 12(1), 37–41 (2011).
[Crossref]

J.-H. Park, S. Jung, H. Choi, and B. Lee, “Integral imaging with multiple image planes using a uniaxial crystal plate,” Opt. Express 11(16), 1862–1875 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, C.-K.

Lee, H.

Lee, J.-H.

Lee, K. H.

Lin, K. T.

S. T. Lin, K. T. Lin, and W. J. Syu, “Angular interferometer using calcite prism and rotating analyzer,” Opt. Commun. 277(2), 251–255 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lin, S. T.

S. T. Lin, K. T. Lin, and W. J. Syu, “Angular interferometer using calcite prism and rotating analyzer,” Opt. Commun. 277(2), 251–255 (2007).
[Crossref]

Liu, L.

Liu, Q.-X.

Q.-X. Liu, W.-Z. Zhang, H.-F. Gao, and F.-H. Yu, “A new polarization multiplexing method for the micro LCOS projector optical system,” Proc. SPIE 7506, 75061A (2009).
[Crossref]

McDowall, I.

A. Jones, I. McDowall, H. Yamada, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Rendering for an interactive 360° light field display,” ACM Trans. Graph. 26(3), 40 (2007).
[Crossref]

Min, S.-W.

Y. Kim, J. Kim, K. Hong, H. K. Yang, J.-H. Jung, H. Choi, S.-W. Min, J.-M. Seo, J.-M. Hwang, and B. Lee, “Accommodative response of integral imaging in near distance,” J. Disp. Technol. 8(2), 70–78 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Kim, Y. Kim, J. Hong, G. Park, K. Hong, S.-W. Min, and B. Lee, “A full-color anaglyph three-dimensional display system using active color filter glasses,” J. Inf. Disp. 12(1), 37–41 (2011).
[Crossref]

Miranda, M.

Moon, S.

Nagai, D.

T. Honda, D. Nagai, and M. Shimomatsu, “Development of 3-D display system by a fan-like array of projection optics,” Proc. SPIE 4660, 191–199 (2002).
[Crossref]

Nago, N.

Nakamura, J.

J. Nakamura, K. Tanaka, and Y. Takaki, “Increase in depth of field of eyes using reduced-view super multi-view displays,” Appl. Phys. Express 6(2), 022501 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nam, D.

Pang, Z.

Park, D.-S.

Park, G.

J. Kim, Y. Kim, J. Hong, G. Park, K. Hong, S.-W. Min, and B. Lee, “A full-color anaglyph three-dimensional display system using active color filter glasses,” J. Inf. Disp. 12(1), 37–41 (2011).
[Crossref]

Park, J.

Park, J.-H.

Park, S.-G.

Park, Y.

Pockett, L.

N. S. Holliman, N. A. Dodgson, G. E. Favalora, and L. Pockett, “Three-dimensional displays: a review and applications analysis,” IEEE Trans. Broadcast 57(2), 362–371 (2011).
[Crossref]

Sasian, J.

Seo, J.-M.

Y. Kim, J. Kim, K. Hong, H. K. Yang, J.-H. Jung, H. Choi, S.-W. Min, J.-M. Seo, J.-M. Hwang, and B. Lee, “Accommodative response of integral imaging in near distance,” J. Disp. Technol. 8(2), 70–78 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shimomatsu, M.

T. Honda, D. Nagai, and M. Shimomatsu, “Development of 3-D display system by a fan-like array of projection optics,” Proc. SPIE 4660, 191–199 (2002).
[Crossref]

Simon, M. C.

M. C. Simon and K. V. Gottschalk, “Waves and rays in uniaxial birefringent crystals,” Optik (Stuttg.) 118(10), 457–470 (2007).
[Crossref]

Syu, W. J.

S. T. Lin, K. T. Lin, and W. J. Syu, “Angular interferometer using calcite prism and rotating analyzer,” Opt. Commun. 277(2), 251–255 (2007).
[Crossref]

Takaki, Y.

Y. Takaki, “Super multi-view and holographic displays using MEMS devices,” Displays 37, 19–24 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Nakamura, K. Tanaka, and Y. Takaki, “Increase in depth of field of eyes using reduced-view super multi-view displays,” Appl. Phys. Express 6(2), 022501 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Takaki and S. Uchida, “Table screen 360-degree three-dimensional display using a small array of high-speed projectors,” Opt. Express 20(8), 8848–8861 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Takaki and N. Nago, “Multi-projection of lenticular displays to construct a 256-view super multi-view display,” Opt. Express 18(9), 8824–8835 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tanaka, K.

J. Nakamura, K. Tanaka, and Y. Takaki, “Increase in depth of field of eyes using reduced-view super multi-view displays,” Appl. Phys. Express 6(2), 022501 (2013).
[Crossref]

Teng, D.

Travis, A. R. L.

A. R. L. Travis, T. A. Large, N. Emerton, and S. N. Bathiche, “Wedge optics in flat panel displays,” Proc. IEEE 101(1), 45–60 (2013).
[Crossref]

Uchida, S.

Urey, H.

K. Akşit, O. Eldeş, S. Viswanathan, M. Freeman, and H. Urey, “Portable 3D laser projector using mixed polarization technique,” J. Disp. Technol. 8(10), 582–589 (2012).
[Crossref]

Viswanathan, S.

K. Akşit, O. Eldeş, S. Viswanathan, M. Freeman, and H. Urey, “Portable 3D laser projector using mixed polarization technique,” J. Disp. Technol. 8(10), 582–589 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, B.

Wang, Y.

Woods, A. J.

A. J. Woods, “Crosstalk in stereoscopic displays: a review,” J. Electron. Imaging 21(4), 040902 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yamada, H.

A. Jones, I. McDowall, H. Yamada, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Rendering for an interactive 360° light field display,” ACM Trans. Graph. 26(3), 40 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yang, H. K.

Y. Kim, J. Kim, K. Hong, H. K. Yang, J.-H. Jung, H. Choi, S.-W. Min, J.-M. Seo, J.-M. Hwang, and B. Lee, “Accommodative response of integral imaging in near distance,” J. Disp. Technol. 8(2), 70–78 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yoon, S. K.

Yoshikawa, H.

Y. Kajiki, H. Yoshikawa, and T. Honda, “Hologram-like video images by 45-view stereoscopic display,” Proc. SPIE 3012, 154–166 (1997).
[Crossref]

Yu, F.-H.

Q.-X. Liu, W.-Z. Zhang, H.-F. Gao, and F.-H. Yu, “A new polarization multiplexing method for the micro LCOS projector optical system,” Proc. SPIE 7506, 75061A (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W.-Z.

Q.-X. Liu, W.-Z. Zhang, H.-F. Gao, and F.-H. Yu, “A new polarization multiplexing method for the micro LCOS projector optical system,” Proc. SPIE 7506, 75061A (2009).
[Crossref]

ACM Trans. Graph. (1)

A. Jones, I. McDowall, H. Yamada, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Rendering for an interactive 360° light field display,” ACM Trans. Graph. 26(3), 40 (2007).
[Crossref]

Adv. Opt. Photonics (1)

J. Geng, “Three-dimensional display technologies,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 5(4), 456–535 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Express (1)

J. Nakamura, K. Tanaka, and Y. Takaki, “Increase in depth of field of eyes using reduced-view super multi-view displays,” Appl. Phys. Express 6(2), 022501 (2013).
[Crossref]

Displays (1)

Y. Takaki, “Super multi-view and holographic displays using MEMS devices,” Displays 37, 19–24 (2015).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Broadcast (1)

N. S. Holliman, N. A. Dodgson, G. E. Favalora, and L. Pockett, “Three-dimensional displays: a review and applications analysis,” IEEE Trans. Broadcast 57(2), 362–371 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Disp. Technol. (2)

Y. Kim, J. Kim, K. Hong, H. K. Yang, J.-H. Jung, H. Choi, S.-W. Min, J.-M. Seo, J.-M. Hwang, and B. Lee, “Accommodative response of integral imaging in near distance,” J. Disp. Technol. 8(2), 70–78 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. Akşit, O. Eldeş, S. Viswanathan, M. Freeman, and H. Urey, “Portable 3D laser projector using mixed polarization technique,” J. Disp. Technol. 8(10), 582–589 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Electron. Imaging (1)

A. J. Woods, “Crosstalk in stereoscopic displays: a review,” J. Electron. Imaging 21(4), 040902 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Inf. Disp. (1)

J. Kim, Y. Kim, J. Hong, G. Park, K. Hong, S.-W. Min, and B. Lee, “A full-color anaglyph three-dimensional display system using active color filter glasses,” J. Inf. Disp. 12(1), 37–41 (2011).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

S. T. Lin, K. T. Lin, and W. J. Syu, “Angular interferometer using calcite prism and rotating analyzer,” Opt. Commun. 277(2), 251–255 (2007).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (9)

C.-K. Lee, S.-G. Park, S. Moon, J.-Y. Hong, and B. Lee, “Compact multi-projection 3D display system with light-guide projection,” Opt. Express 23(22), 28945–28959 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Teng, L. Liu, and B. Wang, “Super multi-view three-dimensional display through spatial-spectrum time-multiplexing of planar aligned OLED microdisplays,” Opt. Express 22(25), 31448–31457 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. H. Lee, Y. Park, H. Lee, S. K. Yoon, and S. K. Kim, “Crosstalk reduction in auto-stereoscopic projection 3D display system,” Opt. Express 20(18), 19757–19768 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Avendaño-Alejo, “Analysis of the refraction of the extraordinary ray in a plane-parallel uniaxial plate with an arbitrary orientation of the optical axis,” Opt. Express 13(7), 2549–2555 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Liu, Z. Pang, and D. Teng, “Super multi-view three-dimensional display technique for portable devices,” Opt. Express 24(5), 4421–4430 (2016).
[Crossref]

J.-H. Park, S. Jung, H. Choi, and B. Lee, “Integral imaging with multiple image planes using a uniaxial crystal plate,” Opt. Express 11(16), 1862–1875 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J.-H. Lee, J. Park, D. Nam, S. Y. Choi, D.-S. Park, and C. Y. Kim, “Optimal projector configuration design for 300-Mpixel multi-projection 3D display,” Opt. Express 21(22), 26820–26835 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Takaki and N. Nago, “Multi-projection of lenticular displays to construct a 256-view super multi-view display,” Opt. Express 18(9), 8824–8835 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Takaki and S. Uchida, “Table screen 360-degree three-dimensional display using a small array of high-speed projectors,” Opt. Express 20(8), 8848–8861 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Optik (Stuttg.) (1)

M. C. Simon and K. V. Gottschalk, “Waves and rays in uniaxial birefringent crystals,” Optik (Stuttg.) 118(10), 457–470 (2007).
[Crossref]

Phys. Today (1)

B. Lee, “Three-dimensional displays, past and present,” Phys. Today 66(4), 36–41 (2013).
[Crossref]

Proc. IEEE (1)

A. R. L. Travis, T. A. Large, N. Emerton, and S. N. Bathiche, “Wedge optics in flat panel displays,” Proc. IEEE 101(1), 45–60 (2013).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (3)

Q.-X. Liu, W.-Z. Zhang, H.-F. Gao, and F.-H. Yu, “A new polarization multiplexing method for the micro LCOS projector optical system,” Proc. SPIE 7506, 75061A (2009).
[Crossref]

Y. Kajiki, H. Yoshikawa, and T. Honda, “Hologram-like video images by 45-view stereoscopic display,” Proc. SPIE 3012, 154–166 (1997).
[Crossref]

T. Honda, D. Nagai, and M. Shimomatsu, “Development of 3-D display system by a fan-like array of projection optics,” Proc. SPIE 4660, 191–199 (2002).
[Crossref]

Other (4)

K. Nagano, A. Jones, J. Liu, J. Busch, X. Yu, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “An autostereoscopic projector array optimized for 3D facial display,” in ACM SIGGRAPH 2013 Emerging Technologies (ACM, 2013), paper 1.

C.-K. Lee, S.-G. Park, J. Jeong, and B. Lee, “Multi-projection 3D display with dual projection system using uniaxial crystal,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 46(1), 538–541 (2015).

T. Balogh, P. Kovacs, and A. Barsi, “Holovizio 3D display system,” in 2007 3DTV Conf. (IEEE, 2007), pp. 1–4.
[Crossref]

A. Yariv and P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystals (Wiley, 1984).

Supplementary Material (2)

NameDescription
» Visualization 1: MOV (962 KB)      Color conversion by polarization switching
» Visualization 2: MOV (240 KB)      Series of full-color view images generated by ten-view multi-projection 3D display system

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Double refraction in calcite (CaCO3).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Concept of viewing zone duplication: (a) dual projection, (b) viewing zone duplication for multi-projection 3D displays.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Lateral displacement in dual projection: (a) lateral displacement with changes in incident angle, (b) projection origin shift in dual projection.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Full-color generation process with temporal multiplexing in dual projection.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Image interweaving process for full-color generation.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Experimental setup: (a) prototype of proposed system, (b) luminance measurement of prototype, and (c) duplicated projection origins.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Color conversion by polarization switching (Visualization 1).
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Series of full-color view images generated by ten-view multi-projection 3D display system (Visualization 2).
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Luminance distribution of prototype: (a) luminance distribution and crosstalk, (b) normalized luminance distribution.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Detailed polarization information of laser diode sources.

Tables Icon

Table 2 Experimental conditions

Equations (9)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

k i sin θ i = k o sin θ o = k e sin θ e ,
P circle =( n o ω c sin θ o , n o ω c cos θ o ),
P ellipse =( n o ω c sin θ o , n e ω c cos θ o ),
θ e_ray =cot ( n o n e cot θ o ) 1 .
D=t(tan θ o tan θ e_ray )cos θ inclined .
1 d p + 1 d v = 1 f Fresnel ,
p dual =D d v d p ,
L n = L n_1st + L n_2nd ,
C n = i=1 in P L i / L n_total ×100(%).

Metrics