Abstract

We report a prototypical device of CH3NH3PbCl3 film ultraviolet photodetectors that were fabricated with a coplanar metal-semiconductor-metal Au interdigital electrode configuration. Pure phase CH3NH3PbCl3 films with a good crystallinity were formed by a hybrid sequential deposition process featured with inter-diffusion of PbCl2 and CH3NH3Cl upon annealing. The CH3NH3PbCl3 film photodetector exhibits a high responsivity of 7.56 A /W at 360 nm, a ultraviolet/visible rejection ratio (R360 nm/R500 nm) was about two orders of magnitude and fast response speed with a rising time of 170 μs and a decay time of 220 μs. All the above results demonstrate CH3NH3PbCl3 film photodetector as a competitive candidate in the application of visible blind UV detectors.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  3. C. Grätzel and S. M. Zakeeruddin, “Recent trends in mesoscopic solar cells based on molecular and nanopigment light harvesters,” Mater. Today 16(1–2), 11–18 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  4. G. Xing, N. Mathews, S. Sun, S. S. Lim, Y. M. Lam, M. Grätzel, S. Mhaisalkar, and T. C. Sum, “Long-range balanced electron- and hole-transport lengths in organic-inorganic CH3NH3PbI3.,” Science 342(6156), 344–347 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. I. A. Shkrob and T. W. Marin, “Charge trapping in photovoltaically active perovskites and related halogenoplumbate compounds,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 5(7), 1066–1071 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. Q. Dong, Y. Fang, Y. Shao, P. Mulligan, J. Qiu, L. Cao, and J. Huang, “Electron-hole diffusion lengths > 175 μm in solution-grown CH3NH3PbI3 single crystals,” Science 347(6225), 967–970 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. M. I. Saidaminov, A. L. Abdelhady, G. Maculan, and O. M. Bakr, “Retrograde solubility of formamidinium and methylammonium lead halide perovskites enabling rapid single crystal growth,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 51(100), 17658–17661 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. L. Dou, Y. M. Yang, J. You, Z. Hong, W. H. Chang, G. Li, and Y. Yang, “Solution-processed hybrid perovskite photodetectors with high detectivity,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5404 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. K. Domanski, W. Tress, T. Moehl, M. Saliba, M. K. Nazeeruddin, and M. Grätzel, “Working principles of perovskite photodetectors: analyzing the interplay between photoconductivity and voltage-driven energy-level alignment,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(44), 6936–6947 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  10. Y. Fang and J. Huang, “Resolving weak light of sub-picowatt per square centimeter by hybrid perovskite photodetectors enabled by noise reduction,” Adv. Mater. 27(17), 2804–2810 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. Y. Guo, C. Liu, H. Tanaka, and E. Nakamura, “Air-stable and solution-processable perovskite photodetectors for solar-blind UV and visible light,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 6(3), 535–539 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. Y. Zhang, J. Du, X. Wu, G. Zhang, Y. Chu, D. Liu, Y. Zhao, Z. Liang, and J. Huang, “Ultrasensitive photodetectors based on island-structured CH3NH3PbI3 thin films,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7(39), 21634–21638 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. X. Hu, X. Zhang, L. Liang, J. Bao, S. Li, W. Yang, and Y. Xie, “High-performance flexible broadband photodetector based on organolead halide perovskite,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(46), 7373–7380 (2014).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. Y. Fang, Q. Dong, Y. Shao, Y. Yuan, and J. Huang, “Highly narrowband perovskite single-crystal photodetectors enabled by surface-charge recombination,” Nat. Photonics 9(10), 679–686 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  17. Y. Wu, A. Islam, X. Yang, C. Qin, J. Liu, K. Zhang, W. Peng, and L. Han, “Retarding the crystallization of PbI2for highly reproducible planar-structured perovskite solar cells via sequential deposition,” Energy Environ. Sci. 7(9), 2934–2938 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  18. Z. Xiao, Q. Dong, C. Bi, Y. Shao, Y. Yuan, and J. Huang, “Solvent annealing of perovskite-induced crystal growth for photovoltaic-device efficiency enhancement,” Adv. Mater. 26(37), 6503–6509 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. C. W. Chen, H. W. Kang, S. Y. Hsiao, P. F. Yang, K. M. Chiang, and H. W. Lin, “Efficient and uniform planar-type perovskite solar cells by simple sequential vacuum deposition,” Adv. Mater. 26(38), 6647–6652 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. S. R. Raga, M.-C. Jung, M. V. Lee, M. R. Leyden, Y. Kato, and Y. B. Qi, “Influence of air annealing on high efficiency planar structure perovskite solar cells,” Chem. Mater. 27(5), 1597–1603 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  21. Y. Li, X. Xu, C. Wang, C. Wang, F. Xie, J. Yang, and Y. Gao, “Investigation on thermal evaporated CH3NH3PbI3 thin films,” AIP Adv. 5(9), 097111 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  22. Y. Lee, J. Kwon, E. Hwang, C. H. Ra, W. J. Yoo, J. H. Ahn, J. H. Park, and J. H. Cho, “High-performance perovskite-graphene hybrid photodetector,” Adv. Mater. 27(1), 41–46 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  23. Y. Yuan, R. Xu, H. T. Xu, F. Hong, F. Xu, and L. J. Wang, “Nature of the band gap of halide perovskites ABX3 (A= CH3NH3,Cs; B= Sn, Pb; X= Cl, Br, I): First-principles calculations,” Chin. Phys. B 24(11), 116302 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  24. S. Sharma, M. Tomar, N. K. Puri, and V. Gupta, “Ultraviolet radiation detection by barium titanate thin films grown by sol–gel hydrothermal method,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 230, 175–181 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  25. W. J. Zhou, K. J. Jin, H. Z. Guo, C. Ge, M. He, and H. B. Lu, “Electrode effect on high-detectivity ultraviolet photodetectors based on perovskite oxides,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(22), 224503 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  26. S. Kundu, M. Clavel, P. Biswas, B. Chen, H.-C. Song, P. Kumar, N. N. Halder, M. K. Hudait, P. Banerji, M. Sanghadasa, and S. Priya, “Lead-free epitaxial ferroelectric material integration on semiconducting (100) Nb-doped SrTiO3 for low-power non-volatile memory and efficient ultraviolet ray detection,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12415 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  27. M. Zhang, Y. Chen, H. F. Zhang, W. Y. Chen, K. B. Lv, and S. P. Ruan, “Ultraviolet detector based on SrZr0.1Ti0.9O3 Film,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 34(3), 420–422 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  28. Z. Alaie, M. N. Nejad, and M. H. Yousefi, “Recent advances in ultraviolet photodetectors,” Mater. Sci. Semicond. Process. 29, 16–55 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  29. N. Kitazawa, Y. Watanabe, and Y. Nakamura, “Optical properties of CH3NH3PbX3 (X = halogen) and their mixed-halide crystals,” J. Mater. Sci. 37(17), 3585–3587 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  30. K. Tanaka, T. Takahashi, T. Ban, T. Kondo, K. Uchida, and N. Miura, “Comparative study on the excitons in lead-halide-based perovskite-type crystals CH3NH3PbBr3 CH3NH3PbI3,” Solid State Commun. 127(9-10), 619–623 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  31. Y. Yang, Y. Yan, M. Yang, S. Choi, K. Zhu, J. M. Luther, and M. C. Beard, “Low surface recombination velocity in solution-grown CH3NH3PbBr3 perovskite single crystal,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7961 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  32. Y. Kim and J.-Y. Leem, “Optical, electrical, and UV photoresponse properties of fluorine-doped ZnO thin films grown on flexible mica substrates,” J. Electron. Mater. 44(12), 4717–4721 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  33. Z. Wang, R. Yu, C. Pan, Z. Li, J. Yang, F. Yi, and Z. L. Wang, “Light-induced pyroelectric effect as an effective approach for ultrafast ultraviolet nanosensing,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8401 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (19)

K. Domanski, W. Tress, T. Moehl, M. Saliba, M. K. Nazeeruddin, and M. Grätzel, “Working principles of perovskite photodetectors: analyzing the interplay between photoconductivity and voltage-driven energy-level alignment,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(44), 6936–6947 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Fang and J. Huang, “Resolving weak light of sub-picowatt per square centimeter by hybrid perovskite photodetectors enabled by noise reduction,” Adv. Mater. 27(17), 2804–2810 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Guo, C. Liu, H. Tanaka, and E. Nakamura, “Air-stable and solution-processable perovskite photodetectors for solar-blind UV and visible light,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 6(3), 535–539 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhang, J. Du, X. Wu, G. Zhang, Y. Chu, D. Liu, Y. Zhao, Z. Liang, and J. Huang, “Ultrasensitive photodetectors based on island-structured CH3NH3PbI3 thin films,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7(39), 21634–21638 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Baikie, N. S. Barrow, Y. Fang, P. J. Keenan, P. R. Slater, R. O. Piltz, M. Gutmann, S. G. Mhaisalkar, and T. J. White, “A combined single crystal neutron/X-ray diffraction and solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance study of the hybrid perovskites CH3NH3PbX3(X = I, Br and Cl),” J. Mater. Chem. A Mater. Energy Sustain. 3(17), 9298–9307 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Maculan, A. D. Sheikh, A. L. Abdelhady, M. I. Saidaminov, M. A. Haque, B. Murali, E. Alarousu, O. F. Mohammed, T. Wu, and O. M. Bakr, “CH3NH3PbCl3 single crystals: inverse temperature crystallization and visible-blind UV-photodetector,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 6(19), 3781–3786 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Fang, Q. Dong, Y. Shao, Y. Yuan, and J. Huang, “Highly narrowband perovskite single-crystal photodetectors enabled by surface-charge recombination,” Nat. Photonics 9(10), 679–686 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. R. Raga, M.-C. Jung, M. V. Lee, M. R. Leyden, Y. Kato, and Y. B. Qi, “Influence of air annealing on high efficiency planar structure perovskite solar cells,” Chem. Mater. 27(5), 1597–1603 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Li, X. Xu, C. Wang, C. Wang, F. Xie, J. Yang, and Y. Gao, “Investigation on thermal evaporated CH3NH3PbI3 thin films,” AIP Adv. 5(9), 097111 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Lee, J. Kwon, E. Hwang, C. H. Ra, W. J. Yoo, J. H. Ahn, J. H. Park, and J. H. Cho, “High-performance perovskite-graphene hybrid photodetector,” Adv. Mater. 27(1), 41–46 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Yuan, R. Xu, H. T. Xu, F. Hong, F. Xu, and L. J. Wang, “Nature of the band gap of halide perovskites ABX3 (A= CH3NH3,Cs; B= Sn, Pb; X= Cl, Br, I): First-principles calculations,” Chin. Phys. B 24(11), 116302 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Sharma, M. Tomar, N. K. Puri, and V. Gupta, “Ultraviolet radiation detection by barium titanate thin films grown by sol–gel hydrothermal method,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 230, 175–181 (2015).
[Crossref]

Q. Dong, Y. Fang, Y. Shao, P. Mulligan, J. Qiu, L. Cao, and J. Huang, “Electron-hole diffusion lengths > 175 μm in solution-grown CH3NH3PbI3 single crystals,” Science 347(6225), 967–970 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. I. Saidaminov, A. L. Abdelhady, G. Maculan, and O. M. Bakr, “Retrograde solubility of formamidinium and methylammonium lead halide perovskites enabling rapid single crystal growth,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 51(100), 17658–17661 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Kundu, M. Clavel, P. Biswas, B. Chen, H.-C. Song, P. Kumar, N. N. Halder, M. K. Hudait, P. Banerji, M. Sanghadasa, and S. Priya, “Lead-free epitaxial ferroelectric material integration on semiconducting (100) Nb-doped SrTiO3 for low-power non-volatile memory and efficient ultraviolet ray detection,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12415 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Alaie, M. N. Nejad, and M. H. Yousefi, “Recent advances in ultraviolet photodetectors,” Mater. Sci. Semicond. Process. 29, 16–55 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Yang, Y. Yan, M. Yang, S. Choi, K. Zhu, J. M. Luther, and M. C. Beard, “Low surface recombination velocity in solution-grown CH3NH3PbBr3 perovskite single crystal,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7961 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Kim and J.-Y. Leem, “Optical, electrical, and UV photoresponse properties of fluorine-doped ZnO thin films grown on flexible mica substrates,” J. Electron. Mater. 44(12), 4717–4721 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Wang, R. Yu, C. Pan, Z. Li, J. Yang, F. Yi, and Z. L. Wang, “Light-induced pyroelectric effect as an effective approach for ultrafast ultraviolet nanosensing,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8401 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (7)

I. A. Shkrob and T. W. Marin, “Charge trapping in photovoltaically active perovskites and related halogenoplumbate compounds,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 5(7), 1066–1071 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Dou, Y. M. Yang, J. You, Z. Hong, W. H. Chang, G. Li, and Y. Yang, “Solution-processed hybrid perovskite photodetectors with high detectivity,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5404 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Wu, A. Islam, X. Yang, C. Qin, J. Liu, K. Zhang, W. Peng, and L. Han, “Retarding the crystallization of PbI2for highly reproducible planar-structured perovskite solar cells via sequential deposition,” Energy Environ. Sci. 7(9), 2934–2938 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Xiao, Q. Dong, C. Bi, Y. Shao, Y. Yuan, and J. Huang, “Solvent annealing of perovskite-induced crystal growth for photovoltaic-device efficiency enhancement,” Adv. Mater. 26(37), 6503–6509 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. W. Chen, H. W. Kang, S. Y. Hsiao, P. F. Yang, K. M. Chiang, and H. W. Lin, “Efficient and uniform planar-type perovskite solar cells by simple sequential vacuum deposition,” Adv. Mater. 26(38), 6647–6652 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Hu, X. Zhang, L. Liang, J. Bao, S. Li, W. Yang, and Y. Xie, “High-performance flexible broadband photodetector based on organolead halide perovskite,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(46), 7373–7380 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Xiao, C. Bi, Y. Shao, Q. Dong, Q. Wang, Y. Yuan, C. Wang, Y. Gao, and J. Huang, “Efficient, high yield perovskite photovoltaic devices grown by interdiffusion of solution-processed precursor stacking layers,” Energy Environ. Sci. 7(8), 2619 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (5)

H. J. Snaith, “Perovskites: the emergence of a new era for low-cost, high-efficiency solar cells,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 4(21), 3623–3630 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. Grätzel and S. M. Zakeeruddin, “Recent trends in mesoscopic solar cells based on molecular and nanopigment light harvesters,” Mater. Today 16(1–2), 11–18 (2013).
[Crossref]

G. Xing, N. Mathews, S. Sun, S. S. Lim, Y. M. Lam, M. Grätzel, S. Mhaisalkar, and T. C. Sum, “Long-range balanced electron- and hole-transport lengths in organic-inorganic CH3NH3PbI3.,” Science 342(6156), 344–347 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. J. Zhou, K. J. Jin, H. Z. Guo, C. Ge, M. He, and H. B. Lu, “Electrode effect on high-detectivity ultraviolet photodetectors based on perovskite oxides,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(22), 224503 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Zhang, Y. Chen, H. F. Zhang, W. Y. Chen, K. B. Lv, and S. P. Ruan, “Ultraviolet detector based on SrZr0.1Ti0.9O3 Film,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 34(3), 420–422 (2013).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

K. Tanaka, T. Takahashi, T. Ban, T. Kondo, K. Uchida, and N. Miura, “Comparative study on the excitons in lead-halide-based perovskite-type crystals CH3NH3PbBr3 CH3NH3PbI3,” Solid State Commun. 127(9-10), 619–623 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

N. Kitazawa, Y. Watanabe, and Y. Nakamura, “Optical properties of CH3NH3PbX3 (X = halogen) and their mixed-halide crystals,” J. Mater. Sci. 37(17), 3585–3587 (2002).
[Crossref]

Abdelhady, A. L.

M. I. Saidaminov, A. L. Abdelhady, G. Maculan, and O. M. Bakr, “Retrograde solubility of formamidinium and methylammonium lead halide perovskites enabling rapid single crystal growth,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 51(100), 17658–17661 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Maculan, A. D. Sheikh, A. L. Abdelhady, M. I. Saidaminov, M. A. Haque, B. Murali, E. Alarousu, O. F. Mohammed, T. Wu, and O. M. Bakr, “CH3NH3PbCl3 single crystals: inverse temperature crystallization and visible-blind UV-photodetector,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 6(19), 3781–3786 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ahn, J. H.

Y. Lee, J. Kwon, E. Hwang, C. H. Ra, W. J. Yoo, J. H. Ahn, J. H. Park, and J. H. Cho, “High-performance perovskite-graphene hybrid photodetector,” Adv. Mater. 27(1), 41–46 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alaie, Z.

Z. Alaie, M. N. Nejad, and M. H. Yousefi, “Recent advances in ultraviolet photodetectors,” Mater. Sci. Semicond. Process. 29, 16–55 (2015).
[Crossref]

Alarousu, E.

G. Maculan, A. D. Sheikh, A. L. Abdelhady, M. I. Saidaminov, M. A. Haque, B. Murali, E. Alarousu, O. F. Mohammed, T. Wu, and O. M. Bakr, “CH3NH3PbCl3 single crystals: inverse temperature crystallization and visible-blind UV-photodetector,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 6(19), 3781–3786 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baikie, T.

T. Baikie, N. S. Barrow, Y. Fang, P. J. Keenan, P. R. Slater, R. O. Piltz, M. Gutmann, S. G. Mhaisalkar, and T. J. White, “A combined single crystal neutron/X-ray diffraction and solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance study of the hybrid perovskites CH3NH3PbX3(X = I, Br and Cl),” J. Mater. Chem. A Mater. Energy Sustain. 3(17), 9298–9307 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bakr, O. M.

M. I. Saidaminov, A. L. Abdelhady, G. Maculan, and O. M. Bakr, “Retrograde solubility of formamidinium and methylammonium lead halide perovskites enabling rapid single crystal growth,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 51(100), 17658–17661 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Maculan, A. D. Sheikh, A. L. Abdelhady, M. I. Saidaminov, M. A. Haque, B. Murali, E. Alarousu, O. F. Mohammed, T. Wu, and O. M. Bakr, “CH3NH3PbCl3 single crystals: inverse temperature crystallization and visible-blind UV-photodetector,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 6(19), 3781–3786 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ban, T.

K. Tanaka, T. Takahashi, T. Ban, T. Kondo, K. Uchida, and N. Miura, “Comparative study on the excitons in lead-halide-based perovskite-type crystals CH3NH3PbBr3 CH3NH3PbI3,” Solid State Commun. 127(9-10), 619–623 (2003).
[Crossref]

Banerji, P.

S. Kundu, M. Clavel, P. Biswas, B. Chen, H.-C. Song, P. Kumar, N. N. Halder, M. K. Hudait, P. Banerji, M. Sanghadasa, and S. Priya, “Lead-free epitaxial ferroelectric material integration on semiconducting (100) Nb-doped SrTiO3 for low-power non-volatile memory and efficient ultraviolet ray detection,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12415 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bao, J.

X. Hu, X. Zhang, L. Liang, J. Bao, S. Li, W. Yang, and Y. Xie, “High-performance flexible broadband photodetector based on organolead halide perovskite,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(46), 7373–7380 (2014).
[Crossref]

Barrow, N. S.

T. Baikie, N. S. Barrow, Y. Fang, P. J. Keenan, P. R. Slater, R. O. Piltz, M. Gutmann, S. G. Mhaisalkar, and T. J. White, “A combined single crystal neutron/X-ray diffraction and solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance study of the hybrid perovskites CH3NH3PbX3(X = I, Br and Cl),” J. Mater. Chem. A Mater. Energy Sustain. 3(17), 9298–9307 (2015).
[Crossref]

Beard, M. C.

Y. Yang, Y. Yan, M. Yang, S. Choi, K. Zhu, J. M. Luther, and M. C. Beard, “Low surface recombination velocity in solution-grown CH3NH3PbBr3 perovskite single crystal,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7961 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bi, C.

Z. Xiao, C. Bi, Y. Shao, Q. Dong, Q. Wang, Y. Yuan, C. Wang, Y. Gao, and J. Huang, “Efficient, high yield perovskite photovoltaic devices grown by interdiffusion of solution-processed precursor stacking layers,” Energy Environ. Sci. 7(8), 2619 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Xiao, Q. Dong, C. Bi, Y. Shao, Y. Yuan, and J. Huang, “Solvent annealing of perovskite-induced crystal growth for photovoltaic-device efficiency enhancement,” Adv. Mater. 26(37), 6503–6509 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Biswas, P.

S. Kundu, M. Clavel, P. Biswas, B. Chen, H.-C. Song, P. Kumar, N. N. Halder, M. K. Hudait, P. Banerji, M. Sanghadasa, and S. Priya, “Lead-free epitaxial ferroelectric material integration on semiconducting (100) Nb-doped SrTiO3 for low-power non-volatile memory and efficient ultraviolet ray detection,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12415 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cao, L.

Q. Dong, Y. Fang, Y. Shao, P. Mulligan, J. Qiu, L. Cao, and J. Huang, “Electron-hole diffusion lengths > 175 μm in solution-grown CH3NH3PbI3 single crystals,” Science 347(6225), 967–970 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chang, W. H.

L. Dou, Y. M. Yang, J. You, Z. Hong, W. H. Chang, G. Li, and Y. Yang, “Solution-processed hybrid perovskite photodetectors with high detectivity,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5404 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, B.

S. Kundu, M. Clavel, P. Biswas, B. Chen, H.-C. Song, P. Kumar, N. N. Halder, M. K. Hudait, P. Banerji, M. Sanghadasa, and S. Priya, “Lead-free epitaxial ferroelectric material integration on semiconducting (100) Nb-doped SrTiO3 for low-power non-volatile memory and efficient ultraviolet ray detection,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12415 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, C. W.

C. W. Chen, H. W. Kang, S. Y. Hsiao, P. F. Yang, K. M. Chiang, and H. W. Lin, “Efficient and uniform planar-type perovskite solar cells by simple sequential vacuum deposition,” Adv. Mater. 26(38), 6647–6652 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, W. Y.

M. Zhang, Y. Chen, H. F. Zhang, W. Y. Chen, K. B. Lv, and S. P. Ruan, “Ultraviolet detector based on SrZr0.1Ti0.9O3 Film,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 34(3), 420–422 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

M. Zhang, Y. Chen, H. F. Zhang, W. Y. Chen, K. B. Lv, and S. P. Ruan, “Ultraviolet detector based on SrZr0.1Ti0.9O3 Film,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 34(3), 420–422 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chiang, K. M.

C. W. Chen, H. W. Kang, S. Y. Hsiao, P. F. Yang, K. M. Chiang, and H. W. Lin, “Efficient and uniform planar-type perovskite solar cells by simple sequential vacuum deposition,” Adv. Mater. 26(38), 6647–6652 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cho, J. H.

Y. Lee, J. Kwon, E. Hwang, C. H. Ra, W. J. Yoo, J. H. Ahn, J. H. Park, and J. H. Cho, “High-performance perovskite-graphene hybrid photodetector,” Adv. Mater. 27(1), 41–46 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Choi, S.

Y. Yang, Y. Yan, M. Yang, S. Choi, K. Zhu, J. M. Luther, and M. C. Beard, “Low surface recombination velocity in solution-grown CH3NH3PbBr3 perovskite single crystal,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7961 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chu, Y.

Y. Zhang, J. Du, X. Wu, G. Zhang, Y. Chu, D. Liu, Y. Zhao, Z. Liang, and J. Huang, “Ultrasensitive photodetectors based on island-structured CH3NH3PbI3 thin films,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7(39), 21634–21638 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Clavel, M.

S. Kundu, M. Clavel, P. Biswas, B. Chen, H.-C. Song, P. Kumar, N. N. Halder, M. K. Hudait, P. Banerji, M. Sanghadasa, and S. Priya, “Lead-free epitaxial ferroelectric material integration on semiconducting (100) Nb-doped SrTiO3 for low-power non-volatile memory and efficient ultraviolet ray detection,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12415 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Domanski, K.

K. Domanski, W. Tress, T. Moehl, M. Saliba, M. K. Nazeeruddin, and M. Grätzel, “Working principles of perovskite photodetectors: analyzing the interplay between photoconductivity and voltage-driven energy-level alignment,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(44), 6936–6947 (2015).
[Crossref]

Dong, Q.

Q. Dong, Y. Fang, Y. Shao, P. Mulligan, J. Qiu, L. Cao, and J. Huang, “Electron-hole diffusion lengths > 175 μm in solution-grown CH3NH3PbI3 single crystals,” Science 347(6225), 967–970 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Fang, Q. Dong, Y. Shao, Y. Yuan, and J. Huang, “Highly narrowband perovskite single-crystal photodetectors enabled by surface-charge recombination,” Nat. Photonics 9(10), 679–686 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Xiao, Q. Dong, C. Bi, Y. Shao, Y. Yuan, and J. Huang, “Solvent annealing of perovskite-induced crystal growth for photovoltaic-device efficiency enhancement,” Adv. Mater. 26(37), 6503–6509 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Xiao, C. Bi, Y. Shao, Q. Dong, Q. Wang, Y. Yuan, C. Wang, Y. Gao, and J. Huang, “Efficient, high yield perovskite photovoltaic devices grown by interdiffusion of solution-processed precursor stacking layers,” Energy Environ. Sci. 7(8), 2619 (2014).
[Crossref]

Dou, L.

L. Dou, Y. M. Yang, J. You, Z. Hong, W. H. Chang, G. Li, and Y. Yang, “Solution-processed hybrid perovskite photodetectors with high detectivity,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5404 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Du, J.

Y. Zhang, J. Du, X. Wu, G. Zhang, Y. Chu, D. Liu, Y. Zhao, Z. Liang, and J. Huang, “Ultrasensitive photodetectors based on island-structured CH3NH3PbI3 thin films,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7(39), 21634–21638 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fang, Y.

Y. Fang and J. Huang, “Resolving weak light of sub-picowatt per square centimeter by hybrid perovskite photodetectors enabled by noise reduction,” Adv. Mater. 27(17), 2804–2810 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Baikie, N. S. Barrow, Y. Fang, P. J. Keenan, P. R. Slater, R. O. Piltz, M. Gutmann, S. G. Mhaisalkar, and T. J. White, “A combined single crystal neutron/X-ray diffraction and solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance study of the hybrid perovskites CH3NH3PbX3(X = I, Br and Cl),” J. Mater. Chem. A Mater. Energy Sustain. 3(17), 9298–9307 (2015).
[Crossref]

Q. Dong, Y. Fang, Y. Shao, P. Mulligan, J. Qiu, L. Cao, and J. Huang, “Electron-hole diffusion lengths > 175 μm in solution-grown CH3NH3PbI3 single crystals,” Science 347(6225), 967–970 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Fang, Q. Dong, Y. Shao, Y. Yuan, and J. Huang, “Highly narrowband perovskite single-crystal photodetectors enabled by surface-charge recombination,” Nat. Photonics 9(10), 679–686 (2015).
[Crossref]

Gao, Y.

Y. Li, X. Xu, C. Wang, C. Wang, F. Xie, J. Yang, and Y. Gao, “Investigation on thermal evaporated CH3NH3PbI3 thin films,” AIP Adv. 5(9), 097111 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Xiao, C. Bi, Y. Shao, Q. Dong, Q. Wang, Y. Yuan, C. Wang, Y. Gao, and J. Huang, “Efficient, high yield perovskite photovoltaic devices grown by interdiffusion of solution-processed precursor stacking layers,” Energy Environ. Sci. 7(8), 2619 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ge, C.

W. J. Zhou, K. J. Jin, H. Z. Guo, C. Ge, M. He, and H. B. Lu, “Electrode effect on high-detectivity ultraviolet photodetectors based on perovskite oxides,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(22), 224503 (2013).
[Crossref]

Grätzel, C.

C. Grätzel and S. M. Zakeeruddin, “Recent trends in mesoscopic solar cells based on molecular and nanopigment light harvesters,” Mater. Today 16(1–2), 11–18 (2013).
[Crossref]

Grätzel, M.

K. Domanski, W. Tress, T. Moehl, M. Saliba, M. K. Nazeeruddin, and M. Grätzel, “Working principles of perovskite photodetectors: analyzing the interplay between photoconductivity and voltage-driven energy-level alignment,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(44), 6936–6947 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Xing, N. Mathews, S. Sun, S. S. Lim, Y. M. Lam, M. Grätzel, S. Mhaisalkar, and T. C. Sum, “Long-range balanced electron- and hole-transport lengths in organic-inorganic CH3NH3PbI3.,” Science 342(6156), 344–347 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guo, H. Z.

W. J. Zhou, K. J. Jin, H. Z. Guo, C. Ge, M. He, and H. B. Lu, “Electrode effect on high-detectivity ultraviolet photodetectors based on perovskite oxides,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(22), 224503 (2013).
[Crossref]

Guo, Y.

Y. Guo, C. Liu, H. Tanaka, and E. Nakamura, “Air-stable and solution-processable perovskite photodetectors for solar-blind UV and visible light,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 6(3), 535–539 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gupta, V.

S. Sharma, M. Tomar, N. K. Puri, and V. Gupta, “Ultraviolet radiation detection by barium titanate thin films grown by sol–gel hydrothermal method,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 230, 175–181 (2015).
[Crossref]

Gutmann, M.

T. Baikie, N. S. Barrow, Y. Fang, P. J. Keenan, P. R. Slater, R. O. Piltz, M. Gutmann, S. G. Mhaisalkar, and T. J. White, “A combined single crystal neutron/X-ray diffraction and solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance study of the hybrid perovskites CH3NH3PbX3(X = I, Br and Cl),” J. Mater. Chem. A Mater. Energy Sustain. 3(17), 9298–9307 (2015).
[Crossref]

Halder, N. N.

S. Kundu, M. Clavel, P. Biswas, B. Chen, H.-C. Song, P. Kumar, N. N. Halder, M. K. Hudait, P. Banerji, M. Sanghadasa, and S. Priya, “Lead-free epitaxial ferroelectric material integration on semiconducting (100) Nb-doped SrTiO3 for low-power non-volatile memory and efficient ultraviolet ray detection,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12415 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Han, L.

Y. Wu, A. Islam, X. Yang, C. Qin, J. Liu, K. Zhang, W. Peng, and L. Han, “Retarding the crystallization of PbI2for highly reproducible planar-structured perovskite solar cells via sequential deposition,” Energy Environ. Sci. 7(9), 2934–2938 (2014).
[Crossref]

Haque, M. A.

G. Maculan, A. D. Sheikh, A. L. Abdelhady, M. I. Saidaminov, M. A. Haque, B. Murali, E. Alarousu, O. F. Mohammed, T. Wu, and O. M. Bakr, “CH3NH3PbCl3 single crystals: inverse temperature crystallization and visible-blind UV-photodetector,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 6(19), 3781–3786 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

He, M.

W. J. Zhou, K. J. Jin, H. Z. Guo, C. Ge, M. He, and H. B. Lu, “Electrode effect on high-detectivity ultraviolet photodetectors based on perovskite oxides,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(22), 224503 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hong, F.

Y. Yuan, R. Xu, H. T. Xu, F. Hong, F. Xu, and L. J. Wang, “Nature of the band gap of halide perovskites ABX3 (A= CH3NH3,Cs; B= Sn, Pb; X= Cl, Br, I): First-principles calculations,” Chin. Phys. B 24(11), 116302 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hong, Z.

L. Dou, Y. M. Yang, J. You, Z. Hong, W. H. Chang, G. Li, and Y. Yang, “Solution-processed hybrid perovskite photodetectors with high detectivity,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5404 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hsiao, S. Y.

C. W. Chen, H. W. Kang, S. Y. Hsiao, P. F. Yang, K. M. Chiang, and H. W. Lin, “Efficient and uniform planar-type perovskite solar cells by simple sequential vacuum deposition,” Adv. Mater. 26(38), 6647–6652 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hu, X.

X. Hu, X. Zhang, L. Liang, J. Bao, S. Li, W. Yang, and Y. Xie, “High-performance flexible broadband photodetector based on organolead halide perovskite,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(46), 7373–7380 (2014).
[Crossref]

Huang, J.

Y. Zhang, J. Du, X. Wu, G. Zhang, Y. Chu, D. Liu, Y. Zhao, Z. Liang, and J. Huang, “Ultrasensitive photodetectors based on island-structured CH3NH3PbI3 thin films,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7(39), 21634–21638 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Fang and J. Huang, “Resolving weak light of sub-picowatt per square centimeter by hybrid perovskite photodetectors enabled by noise reduction,” Adv. Mater. 27(17), 2804–2810 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Dong, Y. Fang, Y. Shao, P. Mulligan, J. Qiu, L. Cao, and J. Huang, “Electron-hole diffusion lengths > 175 μm in solution-grown CH3NH3PbI3 single crystals,” Science 347(6225), 967–970 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Fang, Q. Dong, Y. Shao, Y. Yuan, and J. Huang, “Highly narrowband perovskite single-crystal photodetectors enabled by surface-charge recombination,” Nat. Photonics 9(10), 679–686 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Xiao, Q. Dong, C. Bi, Y. Shao, Y. Yuan, and J. Huang, “Solvent annealing of perovskite-induced crystal growth for photovoltaic-device efficiency enhancement,” Adv. Mater. 26(37), 6503–6509 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Xiao, C. Bi, Y. Shao, Q. Dong, Q. Wang, Y. Yuan, C. Wang, Y. Gao, and J. Huang, “Efficient, high yield perovskite photovoltaic devices grown by interdiffusion of solution-processed precursor stacking layers,” Energy Environ. Sci. 7(8), 2619 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hudait, M. K.

S. Kundu, M. Clavel, P. Biswas, B. Chen, H.-C. Song, P. Kumar, N. N. Halder, M. K. Hudait, P. Banerji, M. Sanghadasa, and S. Priya, “Lead-free epitaxial ferroelectric material integration on semiconducting (100) Nb-doped SrTiO3 for low-power non-volatile memory and efficient ultraviolet ray detection,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12415 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hwang, E.

Y. Lee, J. Kwon, E. Hwang, C. H. Ra, W. J. Yoo, J. H. Ahn, J. H. Park, and J. H. Cho, “High-performance perovskite-graphene hybrid photodetector,” Adv. Mater. 27(1), 41–46 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Islam, A.

Y. Wu, A. Islam, X. Yang, C. Qin, J. Liu, K. Zhang, W. Peng, and L. Han, “Retarding the crystallization of PbI2for highly reproducible planar-structured perovskite solar cells via sequential deposition,” Energy Environ. Sci. 7(9), 2934–2938 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jin, K. J.

W. J. Zhou, K. J. Jin, H. Z. Guo, C. Ge, M. He, and H. B. Lu, “Electrode effect on high-detectivity ultraviolet photodetectors based on perovskite oxides,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(22), 224503 (2013).
[Crossref]

Jung, M.-C.

S. R. Raga, M.-C. Jung, M. V. Lee, M. R. Leyden, Y. Kato, and Y. B. Qi, “Influence of air annealing on high efficiency planar structure perovskite solar cells,” Chem. Mater. 27(5), 1597–1603 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kang, H. W.

C. W. Chen, H. W. Kang, S. Y. Hsiao, P. F. Yang, K. M. Chiang, and H. W. Lin, “Efficient and uniform planar-type perovskite solar cells by simple sequential vacuum deposition,” Adv. Mater. 26(38), 6647–6652 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kato, Y.

S. R. Raga, M.-C. Jung, M. V. Lee, M. R. Leyden, Y. Kato, and Y. B. Qi, “Influence of air annealing on high efficiency planar structure perovskite solar cells,” Chem. Mater. 27(5), 1597–1603 (2015).
[Crossref]

Keenan, P. J.

T. Baikie, N. S. Barrow, Y. Fang, P. J. Keenan, P. R. Slater, R. O. Piltz, M. Gutmann, S. G. Mhaisalkar, and T. J. White, “A combined single crystal neutron/X-ray diffraction and solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance study of the hybrid perovskites CH3NH3PbX3(X = I, Br and Cl),” J. Mater. Chem. A Mater. Energy Sustain. 3(17), 9298–9307 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kim, Y.

Y. Kim and J.-Y. Leem, “Optical, electrical, and UV photoresponse properties of fluorine-doped ZnO thin films grown on flexible mica substrates,” J. Electron. Mater. 44(12), 4717–4721 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kitazawa, N.

N. Kitazawa, Y. Watanabe, and Y. Nakamura, “Optical properties of CH3NH3PbX3 (X = halogen) and their mixed-halide crystals,” J. Mater. Sci. 37(17), 3585–3587 (2002).
[Crossref]

Kondo, T.

K. Tanaka, T. Takahashi, T. Ban, T. Kondo, K. Uchida, and N. Miura, “Comparative study on the excitons in lead-halide-based perovskite-type crystals CH3NH3PbBr3 CH3NH3PbI3,” Solid State Commun. 127(9-10), 619–623 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kumar, P.

S. Kundu, M. Clavel, P. Biswas, B. Chen, H.-C. Song, P. Kumar, N. N. Halder, M. K. Hudait, P. Banerji, M. Sanghadasa, and S. Priya, “Lead-free epitaxial ferroelectric material integration on semiconducting (100) Nb-doped SrTiO3 for low-power non-volatile memory and efficient ultraviolet ray detection,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12415 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kundu, S.

S. Kundu, M. Clavel, P. Biswas, B. Chen, H.-C. Song, P. Kumar, N. N. Halder, M. K. Hudait, P. Banerji, M. Sanghadasa, and S. Priya, “Lead-free epitaxial ferroelectric material integration on semiconducting (100) Nb-doped SrTiO3 for low-power non-volatile memory and efficient ultraviolet ray detection,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12415 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kwon, J.

Y. Lee, J. Kwon, E. Hwang, C. H. Ra, W. J. Yoo, J. H. Ahn, J. H. Park, and J. H. Cho, “High-performance perovskite-graphene hybrid photodetector,” Adv. Mater. 27(1), 41–46 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lam, Y. M.

G. Xing, N. Mathews, S. Sun, S. S. Lim, Y. M. Lam, M. Grätzel, S. Mhaisalkar, and T. C. Sum, “Long-range balanced electron- and hole-transport lengths in organic-inorganic CH3NH3PbI3.,” Science 342(6156), 344–347 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, M. V.

S. R. Raga, M.-C. Jung, M. V. Lee, M. R. Leyden, Y. Kato, and Y. B. Qi, “Influence of air annealing on high efficiency planar structure perovskite solar cells,” Chem. Mater. 27(5), 1597–1603 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lee, Y.

Y. Lee, J. Kwon, E. Hwang, C. H. Ra, W. J. Yoo, J. H. Ahn, J. H. Park, and J. H. Cho, “High-performance perovskite-graphene hybrid photodetector,” Adv. Mater. 27(1), 41–46 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Leem, J.-Y.

Y. Kim and J.-Y. Leem, “Optical, electrical, and UV photoresponse properties of fluorine-doped ZnO thin films grown on flexible mica substrates,” J. Electron. Mater. 44(12), 4717–4721 (2015).
[Crossref]

Leyden, M. R.

S. R. Raga, M.-C. Jung, M. V. Lee, M. R. Leyden, Y. Kato, and Y. B. Qi, “Influence of air annealing on high efficiency planar structure perovskite solar cells,” Chem. Mater. 27(5), 1597–1603 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, G.

L. Dou, Y. M. Yang, J. You, Z. Hong, W. H. Chang, G. Li, and Y. Yang, “Solution-processed hybrid perovskite photodetectors with high detectivity,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5404 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, S.

X. Hu, X. Zhang, L. Liang, J. Bao, S. Li, W. Yang, and Y. Xie, “High-performance flexible broadband photodetector based on organolead halide perovskite,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(46), 7373–7380 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, Y.

Y. Li, X. Xu, C. Wang, C. Wang, F. Xie, J. Yang, and Y. Gao, “Investigation on thermal evaporated CH3NH3PbI3 thin films,” AIP Adv. 5(9), 097111 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, Z.

Z. Wang, R. Yu, C. Pan, Z. Li, J. Yang, F. Yi, and Z. L. Wang, “Light-induced pyroelectric effect as an effective approach for ultrafast ultraviolet nanosensing,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8401 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liang, L.

X. Hu, X. Zhang, L. Liang, J. Bao, S. Li, W. Yang, and Y. Xie, “High-performance flexible broadband photodetector based on organolead halide perovskite,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(46), 7373–7380 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liang, Z.

Y. Zhang, J. Du, X. Wu, G. Zhang, Y. Chu, D. Liu, Y. Zhao, Z. Liang, and J. Huang, “Ultrasensitive photodetectors based on island-structured CH3NH3PbI3 thin films,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7(39), 21634–21638 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lim, S. S.

G. Xing, N. Mathews, S. Sun, S. S. Lim, Y. M. Lam, M. Grätzel, S. Mhaisalkar, and T. C. Sum, “Long-range balanced electron- and hole-transport lengths in organic-inorganic CH3NH3PbI3.,” Science 342(6156), 344–347 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, H. W.

C. W. Chen, H. W. Kang, S. Y. Hsiao, P. F. Yang, K. M. Chiang, and H. W. Lin, “Efficient and uniform planar-type perovskite solar cells by simple sequential vacuum deposition,” Adv. Mater. 26(38), 6647–6652 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, C.

Y. Guo, C. Liu, H. Tanaka, and E. Nakamura, “Air-stable and solution-processable perovskite photodetectors for solar-blind UV and visible light,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 6(3), 535–539 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, D.

Y. Zhang, J. Du, X. Wu, G. Zhang, Y. Chu, D. Liu, Y. Zhao, Z. Liang, and J. Huang, “Ultrasensitive photodetectors based on island-structured CH3NH3PbI3 thin films,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7(39), 21634–21638 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, J.

Y. Wu, A. Islam, X. Yang, C. Qin, J. Liu, K. Zhang, W. Peng, and L. Han, “Retarding the crystallization of PbI2for highly reproducible planar-structured perovskite solar cells via sequential deposition,” Energy Environ. Sci. 7(9), 2934–2938 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lu, H. B.

W. J. Zhou, K. J. Jin, H. Z. Guo, C. Ge, M. He, and H. B. Lu, “Electrode effect on high-detectivity ultraviolet photodetectors based on perovskite oxides,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(22), 224503 (2013).
[Crossref]

Luther, J. M.

Y. Yang, Y. Yan, M. Yang, S. Choi, K. Zhu, J. M. Luther, and M. C. Beard, “Low surface recombination velocity in solution-grown CH3NH3PbBr3 perovskite single crystal,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7961 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lv, K. B.

M. Zhang, Y. Chen, H. F. Zhang, W. Y. Chen, K. B. Lv, and S. P. Ruan, “Ultraviolet detector based on SrZr0.1Ti0.9O3 Film,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 34(3), 420–422 (2013).
[Crossref]

Maculan, G.

G. Maculan, A. D. Sheikh, A. L. Abdelhady, M. I. Saidaminov, M. A. Haque, B. Murali, E. Alarousu, O. F. Mohammed, T. Wu, and O. M. Bakr, “CH3NH3PbCl3 single crystals: inverse temperature crystallization and visible-blind UV-photodetector,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 6(19), 3781–3786 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. I. Saidaminov, A. L. Abdelhady, G. Maculan, and O. M. Bakr, “Retrograde solubility of formamidinium and methylammonium lead halide perovskites enabling rapid single crystal growth,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 51(100), 17658–17661 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Marin, T. W.

I. A. Shkrob and T. W. Marin, “Charge trapping in photovoltaically active perovskites and related halogenoplumbate compounds,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 5(7), 1066–1071 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mathews, N.

G. Xing, N. Mathews, S. Sun, S. S. Lim, Y. M. Lam, M. Grätzel, S. Mhaisalkar, and T. C. Sum, “Long-range balanced electron- and hole-transport lengths in organic-inorganic CH3NH3PbI3.,” Science 342(6156), 344–347 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mhaisalkar, S.

G. Xing, N. Mathews, S. Sun, S. S. Lim, Y. M. Lam, M. Grätzel, S. Mhaisalkar, and T. C. Sum, “Long-range balanced electron- and hole-transport lengths in organic-inorganic CH3NH3PbI3.,” Science 342(6156), 344–347 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mhaisalkar, S. G.

T. Baikie, N. S. Barrow, Y. Fang, P. J. Keenan, P. R. Slater, R. O. Piltz, M. Gutmann, S. G. Mhaisalkar, and T. J. White, “A combined single crystal neutron/X-ray diffraction and solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance study of the hybrid perovskites CH3NH3PbX3(X = I, Br and Cl),” J. Mater. Chem. A Mater. Energy Sustain. 3(17), 9298–9307 (2015).
[Crossref]

Miura, N.

K. Tanaka, T. Takahashi, T. Ban, T. Kondo, K. Uchida, and N. Miura, “Comparative study on the excitons in lead-halide-based perovskite-type crystals CH3NH3PbBr3 CH3NH3PbI3,” Solid State Commun. 127(9-10), 619–623 (2003).
[Crossref]

Moehl, T.

K. Domanski, W. Tress, T. Moehl, M. Saliba, M. K. Nazeeruddin, and M. Grätzel, “Working principles of perovskite photodetectors: analyzing the interplay between photoconductivity and voltage-driven energy-level alignment,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(44), 6936–6947 (2015).
[Crossref]

Mohammed, O. F.

G. Maculan, A. D. Sheikh, A. L. Abdelhady, M. I. Saidaminov, M. A. Haque, B. Murali, E. Alarousu, O. F. Mohammed, T. Wu, and O. M. Bakr, “CH3NH3PbCl3 single crystals: inverse temperature crystallization and visible-blind UV-photodetector,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 6(19), 3781–3786 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mulligan, P.

Q. Dong, Y. Fang, Y. Shao, P. Mulligan, J. Qiu, L. Cao, and J. Huang, “Electron-hole diffusion lengths > 175 μm in solution-grown CH3NH3PbI3 single crystals,” Science 347(6225), 967–970 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Murali, B.

G. Maculan, A. D. Sheikh, A. L. Abdelhady, M. I. Saidaminov, M. A. Haque, B. Murali, E. Alarousu, O. F. Mohammed, T. Wu, and O. M. Bakr, “CH3NH3PbCl3 single crystals: inverse temperature crystallization and visible-blind UV-photodetector,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 6(19), 3781–3786 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nakamura, E.

Y. Guo, C. Liu, H. Tanaka, and E. Nakamura, “Air-stable and solution-processable perovskite photodetectors for solar-blind UV and visible light,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 6(3), 535–539 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nakamura, Y.

N. Kitazawa, Y. Watanabe, and Y. Nakamura, “Optical properties of CH3NH3PbX3 (X = halogen) and their mixed-halide crystals,” J. Mater. Sci. 37(17), 3585–3587 (2002).
[Crossref]

Nazeeruddin, M. K.

K. Domanski, W. Tress, T. Moehl, M. Saliba, M. K. Nazeeruddin, and M. Grätzel, “Working principles of perovskite photodetectors: analyzing the interplay between photoconductivity and voltage-driven energy-level alignment,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(44), 6936–6947 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nejad, M. N.

Z. Alaie, M. N. Nejad, and M. H. Yousefi, “Recent advances in ultraviolet photodetectors,” Mater. Sci. Semicond. Process. 29, 16–55 (2015).
[Crossref]

Pan, C.

Z. Wang, R. Yu, C. Pan, Z. Li, J. Yang, F. Yi, and Z. L. Wang, “Light-induced pyroelectric effect as an effective approach for ultrafast ultraviolet nanosensing,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8401 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Park, J. H.

Y. Lee, J. Kwon, E. Hwang, C. H. Ra, W. J. Yoo, J. H. Ahn, J. H. Park, and J. H. Cho, “High-performance perovskite-graphene hybrid photodetector,” Adv. Mater. 27(1), 41–46 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Peng, W.

Y. Wu, A. Islam, X. Yang, C. Qin, J. Liu, K. Zhang, W. Peng, and L. Han, “Retarding the crystallization of PbI2for highly reproducible planar-structured perovskite solar cells via sequential deposition,” Energy Environ. Sci. 7(9), 2934–2938 (2014).
[Crossref]

Piltz, R. O.

T. Baikie, N. S. Barrow, Y. Fang, P. J. Keenan, P. R. Slater, R. O. Piltz, M. Gutmann, S. G. Mhaisalkar, and T. J. White, “A combined single crystal neutron/X-ray diffraction and solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance study of the hybrid perovskites CH3NH3PbX3(X = I, Br and Cl),” J. Mater. Chem. A Mater. Energy Sustain. 3(17), 9298–9307 (2015).
[Crossref]

Priya, S.

S. Kundu, M. Clavel, P. Biswas, B. Chen, H.-C. Song, P. Kumar, N. N. Halder, M. K. Hudait, P. Banerji, M. Sanghadasa, and S. Priya, “Lead-free epitaxial ferroelectric material integration on semiconducting (100) Nb-doped SrTiO3 for low-power non-volatile memory and efficient ultraviolet ray detection,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12415 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Puri, N. K.

S. Sharma, M. Tomar, N. K. Puri, and V. Gupta, “Ultraviolet radiation detection by barium titanate thin films grown by sol–gel hydrothermal method,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 230, 175–181 (2015).
[Crossref]

Qi, Y. B.

S. R. Raga, M.-C. Jung, M. V. Lee, M. R. Leyden, Y. Kato, and Y. B. Qi, “Influence of air annealing on high efficiency planar structure perovskite solar cells,” Chem. Mater. 27(5), 1597–1603 (2015).
[Crossref]

Qin, C.

Y. Wu, A. Islam, X. Yang, C. Qin, J. Liu, K. Zhang, W. Peng, and L. Han, “Retarding the crystallization of PbI2for highly reproducible planar-structured perovskite solar cells via sequential deposition,” Energy Environ. Sci. 7(9), 2934–2938 (2014).
[Crossref]

Qiu, J.

Q. Dong, Y. Fang, Y. Shao, P. Mulligan, J. Qiu, L. Cao, and J. Huang, “Electron-hole diffusion lengths > 175 μm in solution-grown CH3NH3PbI3 single crystals,” Science 347(6225), 967–970 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ra, C. H.

Y. Lee, J. Kwon, E. Hwang, C. H. Ra, W. J. Yoo, J. H. Ahn, J. H. Park, and J. H. Cho, “High-performance perovskite-graphene hybrid photodetector,” Adv. Mater. 27(1), 41–46 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Raga, S. R.

S. R. Raga, M.-C. Jung, M. V. Lee, M. R. Leyden, Y. Kato, and Y. B. Qi, “Influence of air annealing on high efficiency planar structure perovskite solar cells,” Chem. Mater. 27(5), 1597–1603 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ruan, S. P.

M. Zhang, Y. Chen, H. F. Zhang, W. Y. Chen, K. B. Lv, and S. P. Ruan, “Ultraviolet detector based on SrZr0.1Ti0.9O3 Film,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 34(3), 420–422 (2013).
[Crossref]

Saidaminov, M. I.

G. Maculan, A. D. Sheikh, A. L. Abdelhady, M. I. Saidaminov, M. A. Haque, B. Murali, E. Alarousu, O. F. Mohammed, T. Wu, and O. M. Bakr, “CH3NH3PbCl3 single crystals: inverse temperature crystallization and visible-blind UV-photodetector,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 6(19), 3781–3786 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. I. Saidaminov, A. L. Abdelhady, G. Maculan, and O. M. Bakr, “Retrograde solubility of formamidinium and methylammonium lead halide perovskites enabling rapid single crystal growth,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 51(100), 17658–17661 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Saliba, M.

K. Domanski, W. Tress, T. Moehl, M. Saliba, M. K. Nazeeruddin, and M. Grätzel, “Working principles of perovskite photodetectors: analyzing the interplay between photoconductivity and voltage-driven energy-level alignment,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(44), 6936–6947 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sanghadasa, M.

S. Kundu, M. Clavel, P. Biswas, B. Chen, H.-C. Song, P. Kumar, N. N. Halder, M. K. Hudait, P. Banerji, M. Sanghadasa, and S. Priya, “Lead-free epitaxial ferroelectric material integration on semiconducting (100) Nb-doped SrTiO3 for low-power non-volatile memory and efficient ultraviolet ray detection,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12415 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shao, Y.

Q. Dong, Y. Fang, Y. Shao, P. Mulligan, J. Qiu, L. Cao, and J. Huang, “Electron-hole diffusion lengths > 175 μm in solution-grown CH3NH3PbI3 single crystals,” Science 347(6225), 967–970 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Fang, Q. Dong, Y. Shao, Y. Yuan, and J. Huang, “Highly narrowband perovskite single-crystal photodetectors enabled by surface-charge recombination,” Nat. Photonics 9(10), 679–686 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Xiao, Q. Dong, C. Bi, Y. Shao, Y. Yuan, and J. Huang, “Solvent annealing of perovskite-induced crystal growth for photovoltaic-device efficiency enhancement,” Adv. Mater. 26(37), 6503–6509 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Xiao, C. Bi, Y. Shao, Q. Dong, Q. Wang, Y. Yuan, C. Wang, Y. Gao, and J. Huang, “Efficient, high yield perovskite photovoltaic devices grown by interdiffusion of solution-processed precursor stacking layers,” Energy Environ. Sci. 7(8), 2619 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sharma, S.

S. Sharma, M. Tomar, N. K. Puri, and V. Gupta, “Ultraviolet radiation detection by barium titanate thin films grown by sol–gel hydrothermal method,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 230, 175–181 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sheikh, A. D.

G. Maculan, A. D. Sheikh, A. L. Abdelhady, M. I. Saidaminov, M. A. Haque, B. Murali, E. Alarousu, O. F. Mohammed, T. Wu, and O. M. Bakr, “CH3NH3PbCl3 single crystals: inverse temperature crystallization and visible-blind UV-photodetector,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 6(19), 3781–3786 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shkrob, I. A.

I. A. Shkrob and T. W. Marin, “Charge trapping in photovoltaically active perovskites and related halogenoplumbate compounds,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 5(7), 1066–1071 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Slater, P. R.

T. Baikie, N. S. Barrow, Y. Fang, P. J. Keenan, P. R. Slater, R. O. Piltz, M. Gutmann, S. G. Mhaisalkar, and T. J. White, “A combined single crystal neutron/X-ray diffraction and solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance study of the hybrid perovskites CH3NH3PbX3(X = I, Br and Cl),” J. Mater. Chem. A Mater. Energy Sustain. 3(17), 9298–9307 (2015).
[Crossref]

Snaith, H. J.

H. J. Snaith, “Perovskites: the emergence of a new era for low-cost, high-efficiency solar cells,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 4(21), 3623–3630 (2013).
[Crossref]

Song, H.-C.

S. Kundu, M. Clavel, P. Biswas, B. Chen, H.-C. Song, P. Kumar, N. N. Halder, M. K. Hudait, P. Banerji, M. Sanghadasa, and S. Priya, “Lead-free epitaxial ferroelectric material integration on semiconducting (100) Nb-doped SrTiO3 for low-power non-volatile memory and efficient ultraviolet ray detection,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12415 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sum, T. C.

G. Xing, N. Mathews, S. Sun, S. S. Lim, Y. M. Lam, M. Grätzel, S. Mhaisalkar, and T. C. Sum, “Long-range balanced electron- and hole-transport lengths in organic-inorganic CH3NH3PbI3.,” Science 342(6156), 344–347 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, S.

G. Xing, N. Mathews, S. Sun, S. S. Lim, Y. M. Lam, M. Grätzel, S. Mhaisalkar, and T. C. Sum, “Long-range balanced electron- and hole-transport lengths in organic-inorganic CH3NH3PbI3.,” Science 342(6156), 344–347 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Takahashi, T.

K. Tanaka, T. Takahashi, T. Ban, T. Kondo, K. Uchida, and N. Miura, “Comparative study on the excitons in lead-halide-based perovskite-type crystals CH3NH3PbBr3 CH3NH3PbI3,” Solid State Commun. 127(9-10), 619–623 (2003).
[Crossref]

Tanaka, H.

Y. Guo, C. Liu, H. Tanaka, and E. Nakamura, “Air-stable and solution-processable perovskite photodetectors for solar-blind UV and visible light,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 6(3), 535–539 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tanaka, K.

K. Tanaka, T. Takahashi, T. Ban, T. Kondo, K. Uchida, and N. Miura, “Comparative study on the excitons in lead-halide-based perovskite-type crystals CH3NH3PbBr3 CH3NH3PbI3,” Solid State Commun. 127(9-10), 619–623 (2003).
[Crossref]

Tomar, M.

S. Sharma, M. Tomar, N. K. Puri, and V. Gupta, “Ultraviolet radiation detection by barium titanate thin films grown by sol–gel hydrothermal method,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 230, 175–181 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tress, W.

K. Domanski, W. Tress, T. Moehl, M. Saliba, M. K. Nazeeruddin, and M. Grätzel, “Working principles of perovskite photodetectors: analyzing the interplay between photoconductivity and voltage-driven energy-level alignment,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(44), 6936–6947 (2015).
[Crossref]

Uchida, K.

K. Tanaka, T. Takahashi, T. Ban, T. Kondo, K. Uchida, and N. Miura, “Comparative study on the excitons in lead-halide-based perovskite-type crystals CH3NH3PbBr3 CH3NH3PbI3,” Solid State Commun. 127(9-10), 619–623 (2003).
[Crossref]

Wang, C.

Y. Li, X. Xu, C. Wang, C. Wang, F. Xie, J. Yang, and Y. Gao, “Investigation on thermal evaporated CH3NH3PbI3 thin films,” AIP Adv. 5(9), 097111 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Li, X. Xu, C. Wang, C. Wang, F. Xie, J. Yang, and Y. Gao, “Investigation on thermal evaporated CH3NH3PbI3 thin films,” AIP Adv. 5(9), 097111 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Xiao, C. Bi, Y. Shao, Q. Dong, Q. Wang, Y. Yuan, C. Wang, Y. Gao, and J. Huang, “Efficient, high yield perovskite photovoltaic devices grown by interdiffusion of solution-processed precursor stacking layers,” Energy Environ. Sci. 7(8), 2619 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, L. J.

Y. Yuan, R. Xu, H. T. Xu, F. Hong, F. Xu, and L. J. Wang, “Nature of the band gap of halide perovskites ABX3 (A= CH3NH3,Cs; B= Sn, Pb; X= Cl, Br, I): First-principles calculations,” Chin. Phys. B 24(11), 116302 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, Q.

Z. Xiao, C. Bi, Y. Shao, Q. Dong, Q. Wang, Y. Yuan, C. Wang, Y. Gao, and J. Huang, “Efficient, high yield perovskite photovoltaic devices grown by interdiffusion of solution-processed precursor stacking layers,” Energy Environ. Sci. 7(8), 2619 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z.

Z. Wang, R. Yu, C. Pan, Z. Li, J. Yang, F. Yi, and Z. L. Wang, “Light-induced pyroelectric effect as an effective approach for ultrafast ultraviolet nanosensing,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8401 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Z. L.

Z. Wang, R. Yu, C. Pan, Z. Li, J. Yang, F. Yi, and Z. L. Wang, “Light-induced pyroelectric effect as an effective approach for ultrafast ultraviolet nanosensing,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8401 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Watanabe, Y.

N. Kitazawa, Y. Watanabe, and Y. Nakamura, “Optical properties of CH3NH3PbX3 (X = halogen) and their mixed-halide crystals,” J. Mater. Sci. 37(17), 3585–3587 (2002).
[Crossref]

White, T. J.

T. Baikie, N. S. Barrow, Y. Fang, P. J. Keenan, P. R. Slater, R. O. Piltz, M. Gutmann, S. G. Mhaisalkar, and T. J. White, “A combined single crystal neutron/X-ray diffraction and solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance study of the hybrid perovskites CH3NH3PbX3(X = I, Br and Cl),” J. Mater. Chem. A Mater. Energy Sustain. 3(17), 9298–9307 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wu, T.

G. Maculan, A. D. Sheikh, A. L. Abdelhady, M. I. Saidaminov, M. A. Haque, B. Murali, E. Alarousu, O. F. Mohammed, T. Wu, and O. M. Bakr, “CH3NH3PbCl3 single crystals: inverse temperature crystallization and visible-blind UV-photodetector,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 6(19), 3781–3786 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, X.

Y. Zhang, J. Du, X. Wu, G. Zhang, Y. Chu, D. Liu, Y. Zhao, Z. Liang, and J. Huang, “Ultrasensitive photodetectors based on island-structured CH3NH3PbI3 thin films,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7(39), 21634–21638 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, Y.

Y. Wu, A. Islam, X. Yang, C. Qin, J. Liu, K. Zhang, W. Peng, and L. Han, “Retarding the crystallization of PbI2for highly reproducible planar-structured perovskite solar cells via sequential deposition,” Energy Environ. Sci. 7(9), 2934–2938 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xiao, Z.

Z. Xiao, Q. Dong, C. Bi, Y. Shao, Y. Yuan, and J. Huang, “Solvent annealing of perovskite-induced crystal growth for photovoltaic-device efficiency enhancement,” Adv. Mater. 26(37), 6503–6509 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Xiao, C. Bi, Y. Shao, Q. Dong, Q. Wang, Y. Yuan, C. Wang, Y. Gao, and J. Huang, “Efficient, high yield perovskite photovoltaic devices grown by interdiffusion of solution-processed precursor stacking layers,” Energy Environ. Sci. 7(8), 2619 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xie, F.

Y. Li, X. Xu, C. Wang, C. Wang, F. Xie, J. Yang, and Y. Gao, “Investigation on thermal evaporated CH3NH3PbI3 thin films,” AIP Adv. 5(9), 097111 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xie, Y.

X. Hu, X. Zhang, L. Liang, J. Bao, S. Li, W. Yang, and Y. Xie, “High-performance flexible broadband photodetector based on organolead halide perovskite,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(46), 7373–7380 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xing, G.

G. Xing, N. Mathews, S. Sun, S. S. Lim, Y. M. Lam, M. Grätzel, S. Mhaisalkar, and T. C. Sum, “Long-range balanced electron- and hole-transport lengths in organic-inorganic CH3NH3PbI3.,” Science 342(6156), 344–347 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, F.

Y. Yuan, R. Xu, H. T. Xu, F. Hong, F. Xu, and L. J. Wang, “Nature of the band gap of halide perovskites ABX3 (A= CH3NH3,Cs; B= Sn, Pb; X= Cl, Br, I): First-principles calculations,” Chin. Phys. B 24(11), 116302 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xu, H. T.

Y. Yuan, R. Xu, H. T. Xu, F. Hong, F. Xu, and L. J. Wang, “Nature of the band gap of halide perovskites ABX3 (A= CH3NH3,Cs; B= Sn, Pb; X= Cl, Br, I): First-principles calculations,” Chin. Phys. B 24(11), 116302 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xu, R.

Y. Yuan, R. Xu, H. T. Xu, F. Hong, F. Xu, and L. J. Wang, “Nature of the band gap of halide perovskites ABX3 (A= CH3NH3,Cs; B= Sn, Pb; X= Cl, Br, I): First-principles calculations,” Chin. Phys. B 24(11), 116302 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xu, X.

Y. Li, X. Xu, C. Wang, C. Wang, F. Xie, J. Yang, and Y. Gao, “Investigation on thermal evaporated CH3NH3PbI3 thin films,” AIP Adv. 5(9), 097111 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yan, Y.

Y. Yang, Y. Yan, M. Yang, S. Choi, K. Zhu, J. M. Luther, and M. C. Beard, “Low surface recombination velocity in solution-grown CH3NH3PbBr3 perovskite single crystal,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7961 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, J.

Z. Wang, R. Yu, C. Pan, Z. Li, J. Yang, F. Yi, and Z. L. Wang, “Light-induced pyroelectric effect as an effective approach for ultrafast ultraviolet nanosensing,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8401 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Li, X. Xu, C. Wang, C. Wang, F. Xie, J. Yang, and Y. Gao, “Investigation on thermal evaporated CH3NH3PbI3 thin films,” AIP Adv. 5(9), 097111 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yang, M.

Y. Yang, Y. Yan, M. Yang, S. Choi, K. Zhu, J. M. Luther, and M. C. Beard, “Low surface recombination velocity in solution-grown CH3NH3PbBr3 perovskite single crystal,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7961 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, P. F.

C. W. Chen, H. W. Kang, S. Y. Hsiao, P. F. Yang, K. M. Chiang, and H. W. Lin, “Efficient and uniform planar-type perovskite solar cells by simple sequential vacuum deposition,” Adv. Mater. 26(38), 6647–6652 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, W.

X. Hu, X. Zhang, L. Liang, J. Bao, S. Li, W. Yang, and Y. Xie, “High-performance flexible broadband photodetector based on organolead halide perovskite,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(46), 7373–7380 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yang, X.

Y. Wu, A. Islam, X. Yang, C. Qin, J. Liu, K. Zhang, W. Peng, and L. Han, “Retarding the crystallization of PbI2for highly reproducible planar-structured perovskite solar cells via sequential deposition,” Energy Environ. Sci. 7(9), 2934–2938 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yang, Y.

Y. Yang, Y. Yan, M. Yang, S. Choi, K. Zhu, J. M. Luther, and M. C. Beard, “Low surface recombination velocity in solution-grown CH3NH3PbBr3 perovskite single crystal,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7961 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Dou, Y. M. Yang, J. You, Z. Hong, W. H. Chang, G. Li, and Y. Yang, “Solution-processed hybrid perovskite photodetectors with high detectivity,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5404 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, Y. M.

L. Dou, Y. M. Yang, J. You, Z. Hong, W. H. Chang, G. Li, and Y. Yang, “Solution-processed hybrid perovskite photodetectors with high detectivity,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5404 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yi, F.

Z. Wang, R. Yu, C. Pan, Z. Li, J. Yang, F. Yi, and Z. L. Wang, “Light-induced pyroelectric effect as an effective approach for ultrafast ultraviolet nanosensing,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8401 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yoo, W. J.

Y. Lee, J. Kwon, E. Hwang, C. H. Ra, W. J. Yoo, J. H. Ahn, J. H. Park, and J. H. Cho, “High-performance perovskite-graphene hybrid photodetector,” Adv. Mater. 27(1), 41–46 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

You, J.

L. Dou, Y. M. Yang, J. You, Z. Hong, W. H. Chang, G. Li, and Y. Yang, “Solution-processed hybrid perovskite photodetectors with high detectivity,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5404 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yousefi, M. H.

Z. Alaie, M. N. Nejad, and M. H. Yousefi, “Recent advances in ultraviolet photodetectors,” Mater. Sci. Semicond. Process. 29, 16–55 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yu, R.

Z. Wang, R. Yu, C. Pan, Z. Li, J. Yang, F. Yi, and Z. L. Wang, “Light-induced pyroelectric effect as an effective approach for ultrafast ultraviolet nanosensing,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8401 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yuan, Y.

Y. Yuan, R. Xu, H. T. Xu, F. Hong, F. Xu, and L. J. Wang, “Nature of the band gap of halide perovskites ABX3 (A= CH3NH3,Cs; B= Sn, Pb; X= Cl, Br, I): First-principles calculations,” Chin. Phys. B 24(11), 116302 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Fang, Q. Dong, Y. Shao, Y. Yuan, and J. Huang, “Highly narrowband perovskite single-crystal photodetectors enabled by surface-charge recombination,” Nat. Photonics 9(10), 679–686 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Xiao, Q. Dong, C. Bi, Y. Shao, Y. Yuan, and J. Huang, “Solvent annealing of perovskite-induced crystal growth for photovoltaic-device efficiency enhancement,” Adv. Mater. 26(37), 6503–6509 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Xiao, C. Bi, Y. Shao, Q. Dong, Q. Wang, Y. Yuan, C. Wang, Y. Gao, and J. Huang, “Efficient, high yield perovskite photovoltaic devices grown by interdiffusion of solution-processed precursor stacking layers,” Energy Environ. Sci. 7(8), 2619 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zakeeruddin, S. M.

C. Grätzel and S. M. Zakeeruddin, “Recent trends in mesoscopic solar cells based on molecular and nanopigment light harvesters,” Mater. Today 16(1–2), 11–18 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, G.

Y. Zhang, J. Du, X. Wu, G. Zhang, Y. Chu, D. Liu, Y. Zhao, Z. Liang, and J. Huang, “Ultrasensitive photodetectors based on island-structured CH3NH3PbI3 thin films,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7(39), 21634–21638 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, H. F.

M. Zhang, Y. Chen, H. F. Zhang, W. Y. Chen, K. B. Lv, and S. P. Ruan, “Ultraviolet detector based on SrZr0.1Ti0.9O3 Film,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 34(3), 420–422 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, K.

Y. Wu, A. Islam, X. Yang, C. Qin, J. Liu, K. Zhang, W. Peng, and L. Han, “Retarding the crystallization of PbI2for highly reproducible planar-structured perovskite solar cells via sequential deposition,” Energy Environ. Sci. 7(9), 2934–2938 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, M.

M. Zhang, Y. Chen, H. F. Zhang, W. Y. Chen, K. B. Lv, and S. P. Ruan, “Ultraviolet detector based on SrZr0.1Ti0.9O3 Film,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 34(3), 420–422 (2013).
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X. Hu, X. Zhang, L. Liang, J. Bao, S. Li, W. Yang, and Y. Xie, “High-performance flexible broadband photodetector based on organolead halide perovskite,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(46), 7373–7380 (2014).
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Y. Zhang, J. Du, X. Wu, G. Zhang, Y. Chu, D. Liu, Y. Zhao, Z. Liang, and J. Huang, “Ultrasensitive photodetectors based on island-structured CH3NH3PbI3 thin films,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7(39), 21634–21638 (2015).
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W. J. Zhou, K. J. Jin, H. Z. Guo, C. Ge, M. He, and H. B. Lu, “Electrode effect on high-detectivity ultraviolet photodetectors based on perovskite oxides,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(22), 224503 (2013).
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Y. Yang, Y. Yan, M. Yang, S. Choi, K. Zhu, J. M. Luther, and M. C. Beard, “Low surface recombination velocity in solution-grown CH3NH3PbBr3 perovskite single crystal,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7961 (2015).
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ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces (1)

Y. Zhang, J. Du, X. Wu, G. Zhang, Y. Chu, D. Liu, Y. Zhao, Z. Liang, and J. Huang, “Ultrasensitive photodetectors based on island-structured CH3NH3PbI3 thin films,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7(39), 21634–21638 (2015).
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Adv. Funct. Mater. (2)

X. Hu, X. Zhang, L. Liang, J. Bao, S. Li, W. Yang, and Y. Xie, “High-performance flexible broadband photodetector based on organolead halide perovskite,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(46), 7373–7380 (2014).
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K. Domanski, W. Tress, T. Moehl, M. Saliba, M. K. Nazeeruddin, and M. Grätzel, “Working principles of perovskite photodetectors: analyzing the interplay between photoconductivity and voltage-driven energy-level alignment,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(44), 6936–6947 (2015).
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Y. Fang and J. Huang, “Resolving weak light of sub-picowatt per square centimeter by hybrid perovskite photodetectors enabled by noise reduction,” Adv. Mater. 27(17), 2804–2810 (2015).
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Y. Li, X. Xu, C. Wang, C. Wang, F. Xie, J. Yang, and Y. Gao, “Investigation on thermal evaporated CH3NH3PbI3 thin films,” AIP Adv. 5(9), 097111 (2015).
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M. I. Saidaminov, A. L. Abdelhady, G. Maculan, and O. M. Bakr, “Retrograde solubility of formamidinium and methylammonium lead halide perovskites enabling rapid single crystal growth,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 51(100), 17658–17661 (2015).
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Chem. Mater. (1)

S. R. Raga, M.-C. Jung, M. V. Lee, M. R. Leyden, Y. Kato, and Y. B. Qi, “Influence of air annealing on high efficiency planar structure perovskite solar cells,” Chem. Mater. 27(5), 1597–1603 (2015).
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Chin. Phys. B (1)

Y. Yuan, R. Xu, H. T. Xu, F. Hong, F. Xu, and L. J. Wang, “Nature of the band gap of halide perovskites ABX3 (A= CH3NH3,Cs; B= Sn, Pb; X= Cl, Br, I): First-principles calculations,” Chin. Phys. B 24(11), 116302 (2015).
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Y. Wu, A. Islam, X. Yang, C. Qin, J. Liu, K. Zhang, W. Peng, and L. Han, “Retarding the crystallization of PbI2for highly reproducible planar-structured perovskite solar cells via sequential deposition,” Energy Environ. Sci. 7(9), 2934–2938 (2014).
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Z. Xiao, C. Bi, Y. Shao, Q. Dong, Q. Wang, Y. Yuan, C. Wang, Y. Gao, and J. Huang, “Efficient, high yield perovskite photovoltaic devices grown by interdiffusion of solution-processed precursor stacking layers,” Energy Environ. Sci. 7(8), 2619 (2014).
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IEEE Electron Device Lett. (1)

M. Zhang, Y. Chen, H. F. Zhang, W. Y. Chen, K. B. Lv, and S. P. Ruan, “Ultraviolet detector based on SrZr0.1Ti0.9O3 Film,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 34(3), 420–422 (2013).
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J. Appl. Phys. (1)

W. J. Zhou, K. J. Jin, H. Z. Guo, C. Ge, M. He, and H. B. Lu, “Electrode effect on high-detectivity ultraviolet photodetectors based on perovskite oxides,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(22), 224503 (2013).
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Y. Kim and J.-Y. Leem, “Optical, electrical, and UV photoresponse properties of fluorine-doped ZnO thin films grown on flexible mica substrates,” J. Electron. Mater. 44(12), 4717–4721 (2015).
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T. Baikie, N. S. Barrow, Y. Fang, P. J. Keenan, P. R. Slater, R. O. Piltz, M. Gutmann, S. G. Mhaisalkar, and T. J. White, “A combined single crystal neutron/X-ray diffraction and solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance study of the hybrid perovskites CH3NH3PbX3(X = I, Br and Cl),” J. Mater. Chem. A Mater. Energy Sustain. 3(17), 9298–9307 (2015).
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Q. Dong, Y. Fang, Y. Shao, P. Mulligan, J. Qiu, L. Cao, and J. Huang, “Electron-hole diffusion lengths > 175 μm in solution-grown CH3NH3PbI3 single crystals,” Science 347(6225), 967–970 (2015).
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K. Tanaka, T. Takahashi, T. Ban, T. Kondo, K. Uchida, and N. Miura, “Comparative study on the excitons in lead-halide-based perovskite-type crystals CH3NH3PbBr3 CH3NH3PbI3,” Solid State Commun. 127(9-10), 619–623 (2003).
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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic illustration of a hybrid sequential deposition process used in the preparation of MAPbCl3 perovskite thin films.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) X-ray diffraction patterns of the MAPbCl3 film (red line) and PbCl2 film (black line) on the glass substrate. (b) A top-view SEM image of the PbCl2 film. (c) A top-view SEM image of the MAPbCl3 film. (d) The cross-sectional view of a representative MAPbCl3 film photodetector. (e) The XPS core level spectra of Pb 4f, Cl 2p and N 1s for the MAPbCl3 thin film
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) I-V curves of the MAPbCl3 thin film photodetector in dark (red and light magenta lines) and under light illumination at 360 nm. The dark I-V curves are multiplied by ten to show a nonlinear relationship clearly. (b) Energy band diagrams of Au/MAPbCl3/Au and Au/MAPbI3/Au. (c) Photocurrent and responsivity versus the illuminated light irradiance.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Responsivity (R) and absorbance versus the illumination wavelength. (b) Transmittance and PL spectra of the MAPbCl3 thin film. (c) Time response of the photodetector with a light irradiance of 0.1 mW/cm2. The inset shows the schematic of the measurement circuit. (d) Single photocurrent response cycle with light irradiation ON and OFF, showing rise (170 μs) time and decay (220 μs) time of the photodetector measured at a bias of 4 V and at a light intensity of 0.1 mW/ cm2.

Equations (1)

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R=( I light I dark )/PS

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