Abstract

In this paper, we theoretically and experimentally demonstrate a three-dimensional metamaterial that can motivate electromagnetic induced transparency (EIT) by using circular polarized wave as stimulations. The unit cell consists of a pair of metallic strips printed on both sides of the printed circuit board (PCB), where a conductive cylinder junction is used to connect the metal strips by drilling a hole inside the substrate. When a right circularly polarized wave is incident, destructive interference is excited between meta-atoms of the 3D structure, the transmission spectrum demonstrates a sharp transparency window. A coupled oscillator model and an electrical equivalent circuit model are applied to quantitatively and qualitatively analyze the coupling mechanism in the EIT-like metamaterial. Analysis in detail shows the EIT window’s amplitude and frequency are modulated by changing the degree of symmetry breaking. The proposed metamaterial may achieve potential applications in developing chiral slow light devices.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
  38. R. Singh, I. Al-Naib, W. Cao, C. Rockstuhl, M. Koch, and W. Zhang, “The Fano resonance in symmetry broken terahertz metamaterials,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 3(6), 820–826 (2013).
    [Crossref]

2016 (5)

L. Zhang, S. Mei, K. Huang, and C. W. Qiu, “Advances in full control of electromagnetic wave with Metasurfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(6), 818–833 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. L. N. Chen, L. J. Jiang, and W. E. I. Sha, “Artificial perfect electric conductor-perfect magnetic conductor anisotropic metasurface for generating orbital angular momentum of microwave with nearly perfect conversion efficiency,” J. Appl. Phys. 119(6), 064506 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Han, L. Cong, H. Lin, B. Xiao, H. Yang, and R. Singh, “Tunable electromagnetically induced transparency in coupled three-dimensional split-ring-resonator metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 6, 20801 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Han, L. Cong, F. Gao, R. Singh, and H. Yang, “Observation of Fano resonance and classical analog of electromagnetically induced transparency in toroidal metamaterials,” Ann. Phys. 528(5), 352–357 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. B. Khanikaev, N. Arju, Z. Fan, D. Purtseladze, F. Lu, J. Lee, P. Sarriugarte, M. Schnell, R. Hillenbrand, M. A. Belkin, and G. Shvets, “Experimental demonstration of the microscopic origin of circular dichroism in two-dimensional metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12045 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (8)

M. Manjappa, S. Y. Chiam, L. Cong, A. A. Bettiol, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Tailoring the slow light behavior in terahertz metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(18), 181101 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Hu, H. Yang, S. Han, X. Huang, and B. Xiao, “Tailoring dual-band electromagnetically induced transparency in planar metamaterials,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(4), 043107 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. P. Hokmabadi, J. H. Kim, E. Rivera, P. Kung, and S. M. Kim, “Impact of substrate and bright resonances on group velocity in metamaterial without dark resonator,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14373 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Kang, Z. Hao Jiang, T. Yue, and D. H. Werner, “Handedness dependent electromagnetically induced transparency in hybrid chiral metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12224 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Genevet and F. Capasso, “Holographic optical metasurfaces: a review of current progress,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 78(2), 024401 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Cong, N. Xu, J. Han, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “A tunable dispersion: Free terahertz metadevice with Pancharatnam Berry phase enabled modulation and polarization control,” Adv. Mater. 27(42), 6630–6636 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. P. Slobozhanyuk, P. Ginzburg, D. A. Powell, I. Iorsh, A. S. Shalin, P. Segovia, A. V. Krasavin, G. A. Wurtz, V. A. Podolskiy, P. A. Belov, and A. V. Zayats, “Purcell effect in hyperbolic metamaterial resonators,” Phys. Rev. B 92(19), 195127 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Manjappa, S. Y. Chiam, L. Cong, A. A. Bettiol, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Tailoring the slow light behavior in terahertz metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(18), 181101 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (4)

L. Liu, X. Zhang, M. Kenney, X. Su, N. Xu, C. Ouyang, Y. Shi, J. Han, W. Zhang, and S. Zhang, “Broadband metasurfaces with simultaneous control of phase and amplitude,” Adv. Mater. 26(29), 5031–5036 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Li, L. Guo, J. Dong, and H. Yang, “An ultra-thin chiral metamaterial absorber with high selectivity for LCP and RCP waves,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 47(18), 185102 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. Zhu, I. D. Rukhlenko, F. Xiao, and M. Premaratne, “Polarization conversion in U-shaped chiral metamaterial with four-fold symmetry breaking,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(14), 143101 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Matsui, M. Liu, D. A. Powell, I. V. Shadrivov, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Electromagnetic tuning of resonant transmission in magnetoelastic metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(16), 161117 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (5)

R. Singh, I. Al-Naib, W. Cao, C. Rockstuhl, M. Koch, and W. Zhang, “The Fano resonance in symmetry broken terahertz metamaterials,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 3(6), 820–826 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, G. Aoust, J. P. Tetienne, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Flat optics: controlling wavefronts with optical antenna metasurfaces,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 19(3), 4700423 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. B. Khanikaev, C. Wu, and G. Shvets, “Fano-resonant metamaterials and their applications,” Nanophotonics 2(4), 247–264 (2013).
[Crossref]

G. Li, M. Kang, S. Chen, S. Zhang, E. Y. Pun, K. W. Cheah, and J. Li, “Spin-enabled plasmonic metasurfaces for manipulating orbital angular momentum of light,” Nano Lett. 13(9), 4148–4151 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Nakanishi, T. Otani, Y. Tamayama, and M. Kitano, “Storage of electromagnetic waves in a metamaterial that mimics electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. B 87(16), 97–101 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (5)

F. Y. Meng, Q. Wu, D. Erni, K. Wu, and J. C. Lee, “Polarization-independent metamaterial analog of electromagnetically induced transparency for a refractive-index-based sensor,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 60(10), 3013–3022 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3(4), 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, R. Zhao, A. Jain, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Electromagnetically induced transparency and absorption in metamaterials: the radiating two-oscillator model and its experimental confirmation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(18), 187401 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. B. Khanikaev, S. H. Mousavi, C. Wu, N. Dabidian, K. B. Alici, and G. Shvets, “Electromagnetically induced polarization conversion,” Opt. Commun. 285(16), 3423–3427 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. Huang, Y. Feng, J. Zhao, Z. Wang, and T. Jiang, “Asymmetric electromagnetic wave transmission of linear polarization via polarization conversion through chiral metamaterial structures,” Phys. Rev. B 85(19), 195131 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

J. Harden, A. Joshi, and J. D. Serna, “Demonstration of double EIT using coupled harmonic oscillators and RLC circuits,” Eur. J. Phys. 32(2), 541–558 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

2009 (6)

R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, and W. Zhang, “Coupling between a dark and a bright eigenmode in a terahertz metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 79(8), 085111 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Bitzer, H. Merbold, A. Thoman, T. Feurer, H. Helm, and M. Walther, “Terahertz near-field imaging of electric and magnetic resonances of a planar metamaterial,” Opt. Express 17(5), 3826–3834 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, “Gold helix photonic metamaterial as broadband circular polarizer,” Science 325(5947), 1513–1515 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, T. Koschny, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Low-loss metamaterials based on classical electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(5), 053901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kästel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater. 8(9), 758–762 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, Y. S. Park, J. Li, X. Lu, W. Zhang, and X. Zhang, “Negative refractive index in chiral metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(2), 023901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312(5781), 1780–1782 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aieta, F.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, G. Aoust, J. P. Tetienne, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Flat optics: controlling wavefronts with optical antenna metasurfaces,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 19(3), 4700423 (2013).
[Crossref]

Alici, K. B.

A. B. Khanikaev, S. H. Mousavi, C. Wu, N. Dabidian, K. B. Alici, and G. Shvets, “Electromagnetically induced polarization conversion,” Opt. Commun. 285(16), 3423–3427 (2012).
[Crossref]

Al-Naib, I.

R. Singh, I. Al-Naib, W. Cao, C. Rockstuhl, M. Koch, and W. Zhang, “The Fano resonance in symmetry broken terahertz metamaterials,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 3(6), 820–826 (2013).
[Crossref]

Aoust, G.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, G. Aoust, J. P. Tetienne, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Flat optics: controlling wavefronts with optical antenna metasurfaces,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 19(3), 4700423 (2013).
[Crossref]

Arju, N.

A. B. Khanikaev, N. Arju, Z. Fan, D. Purtseladze, F. Lu, J. Lee, P. Sarriugarte, M. Schnell, R. Hillenbrand, M. A. Belkin, and G. Shvets, “Experimental demonstration of the microscopic origin of circular dichroism in two-dimensional metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12045 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Atwater, H. A.

Aydin, K.

Azad, A. K.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3(4), 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bade, K.

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, “Gold helix photonic metamaterial as broadband circular polarizer,” Science 325(5947), 1513–1515 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Belkin, M. A.

A. B. Khanikaev, N. Arju, Z. Fan, D. Purtseladze, F. Lu, J. Lee, P. Sarriugarte, M. Schnell, R. Hillenbrand, M. A. Belkin, and G. Shvets, “Experimental demonstration of the microscopic origin of circular dichroism in two-dimensional metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12045 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Belov, P. A.

A. P. Slobozhanyuk, P. Ginzburg, D. A. Powell, I. Iorsh, A. S. Shalin, P. Segovia, A. V. Krasavin, G. A. Wurtz, V. A. Podolskiy, P. A. Belov, and A. V. Zayats, “Purcell effect in hyperbolic metamaterial resonators,” Phys. Rev. B 92(19), 195127 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bettiol, A. A.

M. Manjappa, S. Y. Chiam, L. Cong, A. A. Bettiol, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Tailoring the slow light behavior in terahertz metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(18), 181101 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Manjappa, S. Y. Chiam, L. Cong, A. A. Bettiol, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Tailoring the slow light behavior in terahertz metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(18), 181101 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bitzer, A.

Blanchard, R.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, G. Aoust, J. P. Tetienne, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Flat optics: controlling wavefronts with optical antenna metasurfaces,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 19(3), 4700423 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cao, W.

R. Singh, I. Al-Naib, W. Cao, C. Rockstuhl, M. Koch, and W. Zhang, “The Fano resonance in symmetry broken terahertz metamaterials,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 3(6), 820–826 (2013).
[Crossref]

Capasso, F.

P. Genevet and F. Capasso, “Holographic optical metasurfaces: a review of current progress,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 78(2), 024401 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, G. Aoust, J. P. Tetienne, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Flat optics: controlling wavefronts with optical antenna metasurfaces,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 19(3), 4700423 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cheah, K. W.

G. Li, M. Kang, S. Chen, S. Zhang, E. Y. Pun, K. W. Cheah, and J. Li, “Spin-enabled plasmonic metasurfaces for manipulating orbital angular momentum of light,” Nano Lett. 13(9), 4148–4151 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, H. T.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3(4), 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, M. L. N.

M. L. N. Chen, L. J. Jiang, and W. E. I. Sha, “Artificial perfect electric conductor-perfect magnetic conductor anisotropic metasurface for generating orbital angular momentum of microwave with nearly perfect conversion efficiency,” J. Appl. Phys. 119(6), 064506 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, S.

G. Li, M. Kang, S. Chen, S. Zhang, E. Y. Pun, K. W. Cheah, and J. Li, “Spin-enabled plasmonic metasurfaces for manipulating orbital angular momentum of light,” Nano Lett. 13(9), 4148–4151 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chiam, S. Y.

M. Manjappa, S. Y. Chiam, L. Cong, A. A. Bettiol, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Tailoring the slow light behavior in terahertz metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(18), 181101 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Manjappa, S. Y. Chiam, L. Cong, A. A. Bettiol, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Tailoring the slow light behavior in terahertz metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(18), 181101 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cong, L.

S. Han, L. Cong, H. Lin, B. Xiao, H. Yang, and R. Singh, “Tunable electromagnetically induced transparency in coupled three-dimensional split-ring-resonator metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 6, 20801 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Han, L. Cong, F. Gao, R. Singh, and H. Yang, “Observation of Fano resonance and classical analog of electromagnetically induced transparency in toroidal metamaterials,” Ann. Phys. 528(5), 352–357 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Manjappa, S. Y. Chiam, L. Cong, A. A. Bettiol, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Tailoring the slow light behavior in terahertz metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(18), 181101 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Manjappa, S. Y. Chiam, L. Cong, A. A. Bettiol, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Tailoring the slow light behavior in terahertz metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(18), 181101 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Cong, N. Xu, J. Han, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “A tunable dispersion: Free terahertz metadevice with Pancharatnam Berry phase enabled modulation and polarization control,” Adv. Mater. 27(42), 6630–6636 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dabidian, N.

A. B. Khanikaev, S. H. Mousavi, C. Wu, N. Dabidian, K. B. Alici, and G. Shvets, “Electromagnetically induced polarization conversion,” Opt. Commun. 285(16), 3423–3427 (2012).
[Crossref]

Decker, M.

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, “Gold helix photonic metamaterial as broadband circular polarizer,” Science 325(5947), 1513–1515 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dong, J.

M. Li, L. Guo, J. Dong, and H. Yang, “An ultra-thin chiral metamaterial absorber with high selectivity for LCP and RCP waves,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 47(18), 185102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Economou, E. N.

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, T. Koschny, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Low-loss metamaterials based on classical electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(5), 053901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Erni, D.

F. Y. Meng, Q. Wu, D. Erni, K. Wu, and J. C. Lee, “Polarization-independent metamaterial analog of electromagnetically induced transparency for a refractive-index-based sensor,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 60(10), 3013–3022 (2012).
[Crossref]

Fan, Z.

A. B. Khanikaev, N. Arju, Z. Fan, D. Purtseladze, F. Lu, J. Lee, P. Sarriugarte, M. Schnell, R. Hillenbrand, M. A. Belkin, and G. Shvets, “Experimental demonstration of the microscopic origin of circular dichroism in two-dimensional metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12045 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Feng, Y.

C. Huang, Y. Feng, J. Zhao, Z. Wang, and T. Jiang, “Asymmetric electromagnetic wave transmission of linear polarization via polarization conversion through chiral metamaterial structures,” Phys. Rev. B 85(19), 195131 (2012).
[Crossref]

Feurer, T.

Fleischhauer, M.

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kästel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater. 8(9), 758–762 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gaburro, Z.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, G. Aoust, J. P. Tetienne, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Flat optics: controlling wavefronts with optical antenna metasurfaces,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 19(3), 4700423 (2013).
[Crossref]

Gansel, J. K.

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, “Gold helix photonic metamaterial as broadband circular polarizer,” Science 325(5947), 1513–1515 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gao, F.

S. Han, L. Cong, F. Gao, R. Singh, and H. Yang, “Observation of Fano resonance and classical analog of electromagnetically induced transparency in toroidal metamaterials,” Ann. Phys. 528(5), 352–357 (2016).
[Crossref]

Genevet, P.

P. Genevet and F. Capasso, “Holographic optical metasurfaces: a review of current progress,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 78(2), 024401 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, G. Aoust, J. P. Tetienne, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Flat optics: controlling wavefronts with optical antenna metasurfaces,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 19(3), 4700423 (2013).
[Crossref]

Giessen, H.

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kästel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater. 8(9), 758–762 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ginzburg, P.

A. P. Slobozhanyuk, P. Ginzburg, D. A. Powell, I. Iorsh, A. S. Shalin, P. Segovia, A. V. Krasavin, G. A. Wurtz, V. A. Podolskiy, P. A. Belov, and A. V. Zayats, “Purcell effect in hyperbolic metamaterial resonators,” Phys. Rev. B 92(19), 195127 (2015).
[Crossref]

Gu, J.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3(4), 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guo, L.

M. Li, L. Guo, J. Dong, and H. Yang, “An ultra-thin chiral metamaterial absorber with high selectivity for LCP and RCP waves,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 47(18), 185102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Han, J.

L. Cong, N. Xu, J. Han, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “A tunable dispersion: Free terahertz metadevice with Pancharatnam Berry phase enabled modulation and polarization control,” Adv. Mater. 27(42), 6630–6636 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Liu, X. Zhang, M. Kenney, X. Su, N. Xu, C. Ouyang, Y. Shi, J. Han, W. Zhang, and S. Zhang, “Broadband metasurfaces with simultaneous control of phase and amplitude,” Adv. Mater. 26(29), 5031–5036 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3(4), 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Han, S.

S. Han, L. Cong, H. Lin, B. Xiao, H. Yang, and R. Singh, “Tunable electromagnetically induced transparency in coupled three-dimensional split-ring-resonator metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 6, 20801 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Han, L. Cong, F. Gao, R. Singh, and H. Yang, “Observation of Fano resonance and classical analog of electromagnetically induced transparency in toroidal metamaterials,” Ann. Phys. 528(5), 352–357 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Hu, H. Yang, S. Han, X. Huang, and B. Xiao, “Tailoring dual-band electromagnetically induced transparency in planar metamaterials,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(4), 043107 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hao Jiang, Z.

L. Kang, Z. Hao Jiang, T. Yue, and D. H. Werner, “Handedness dependent electromagnetically induced transparency in hybrid chiral metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12224 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Harden, J.

J. Harden, A. Joshi, and J. D. Serna, “Demonstration of double EIT using coupled harmonic oscillators and RLC circuits,” Eur. J. Phys. 32(2), 541–558 (2011).
[Crossref]

Helm, H.

Hillenbrand, R.

A. B. Khanikaev, N. Arju, Z. Fan, D. Purtseladze, F. Lu, J. Lee, P. Sarriugarte, M. Schnell, R. Hillenbrand, M. A. Belkin, and G. Shvets, “Experimental demonstration of the microscopic origin of circular dichroism in two-dimensional metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12045 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hokmabadi, M. P.

M. P. Hokmabadi, J. H. Kim, E. Rivera, P. Kung, and S. M. Kim, “Impact of substrate and bright resonances on group velocity in metamaterial without dark resonator,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14373 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hu, S.

S. Hu, H. Yang, S. Han, X. Huang, and B. Xiao, “Tailoring dual-band electromagnetically induced transparency in planar metamaterials,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(4), 043107 (2015).
[Crossref]

Huang, C.

C. Huang, Y. Feng, J. Zhao, Z. Wang, and T. Jiang, “Asymmetric electromagnetic wave transmission of linear polarization via polarization conversion through chiral metamaterial structures,” Phys. Rev. B 85(19), 195131 (2012).
[Crossref]

Huang, K.

L. Zhang, S. Mei, K. Huang, and C. W. Qiu, “Advances in full control of electromagnetic wave with Metasurfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(6), 818–833 (2016).
[Crossref]

Huang, X.

S. Hu, H. Yang, S. Han, X. Huang, and B. Xiao, “Tailoring dual-band electromagnetically induced transparency in planar metamaterials,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(4), 043107 (2015).
[Crossref]

Iorsh, I.

A. P. Slobozhanyuk, P. Ginzburg, D. A. Powell, I. Iorsh, A. S. Shalin, P. Segovia, A. V. Krasavin, G. A. Wurtz, V. A. Podolskiy, P. A. Belov, and A. V. Zayats, “Purcell effect in hyperbolic metamaterial resonators,” Phys. Rev. B 92(19), 195127 (2015).
[Crossref]

Jain, A.

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, R. Zhao, A. Jain, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Electromagnetically induced transparency and absorption in metamaterials: the radiating two-oscillator model and its experimental confirmation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(18), 187401 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jiang, L. J.

M. L. N. Chen, L. J. Jiang, and W. E. I. Sha, “Artificial perfect electric conductor-perfect magnetic conductor anisotropic metasurface for generating orbital angular momentum of microwave with nearly perfect conversion efficiency,” J. Appl. Phys. 119(6), 064506 (2016).
[Crossref]

Jiang, T.

C. Huang, Y. Feng, J. Zhao, Z. Wang, and T. Jiang, “Asymmetric electromagnetic wave transmission of linear polarization via polarization conversion through chiral metamaterial structures,” Phys. Rev. B 85(19), 195131 (2012).
[Crossref]

Joshi, A.

J. Harden, A. Joshi, and J. D. Serna, “Demonstration of double EIT using coupled harmonic oscillators and RLC circuits,” Eur. J. Phys. 32(2), 541–558 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kang, L.

L. Kang, Z. Hao Jiang, T. Yue, and D. H. Werner, “Handedness dependent electromagnetically induced transparency in hybrid chiral metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12224 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kang, M.

G. Li, M. Kang, S. Chen, S. Zhang, E. Y. Pun, K. W. Cheah, and J. Li, “Spin-enabled plasmonic metasurfaces for manipulating orbital angular momentum of light,” Nano Lett. 13(9), 4148–4151 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kästel, J.

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kästel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater. 8(9), 758–762 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kats, M. A.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, G. Aoust, J. P. Tetienne, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Flat optics: controlling wavefronts with optical antenna metasurfaces,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 19(3), 4700423 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kenney, M.

L. Liu, X. Zhang, M. Kenney, X. Su, N. Xu, C. Ouyang, Y. Shi, J. Han, W. Zhang, and S. Zhang, “Broadband metasurfaces with simultaneous control of phase and amplitude,” Adv. Mater. 26(29), 5031–5036 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Khanikaev, A. B.

A. B. Khanikaev, N. Arju, Z. Fan, D. Purtseladze, F. Lu, J. Lee, P. Sarriugarte, M. Schnell, R. Hillenbrand, M. A. Belkin, and G. Shvets, “Experimental demonstration of the microscopic origin of circular dichroism in two-dimensional metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12045 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. B. Khanikaev, C. Wu, and G. Shvets, “Fano-resonant metamaterials and their applications,” Nanophotonics 2(4), 247–264 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. B. Khanikaev, S. H. Mousavi, C. Wu, N. Dabidian, K. B. Alici, and G. Shvets, “Electromagnetically induced polarization conversion,” Opt. Commun. 285(16), 3423–3427 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kim, J. H.

M. P. Hokmabadi, J. H. Kim, E. Rivera, P. Kung, and S. M. Kim, “Impact of substrate and bright resonances on group velocity in metamaterial without dark resonator,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14373 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, S. M.

M. P. Hokmabadi, J. H. Kim, E. Rivera, P. Kung, and S. M. Kim, “Impact of substrate and bright resonances on group velocity in metamaterial without dark resonator,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14373 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kitano, M.

T. Nakanishi, T. Otani, Y. Tamayama, and M. Kitano, “Storage of electromagnetic waves in a metamaterial that mimics electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. B 87(16), 97–101 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kivshar, Y. S.

T. Matsui, M. Liu, D. A. Powell, I. V. Shadrivov, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Electromagnetic tuning of resonant transmission in magnetoelastic metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(16), 161117 (2014).
[Crossref]

Koch, M.

R. Singh, I. Al-Naib, W. Cao, C. Rockstuhl, M. Koch, and W. Zhang, “The Fano resonance in symmetry broken terahertz metamaterials,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 3(6), 820–826 (2013).
[Crossref]

Koschny, T.

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, R. Zhao, A. Jain, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Electromagnetically induced transparency and absorption in metamaterials: the radiating two-oscillator model and its experimental confirmation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(18), 187401 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, T. Koschny, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Low-loss metamaterials based on classical electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(5), 053901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Krasavin, A. V.

A. P. Slobozhanyuk, P. Ginzburg, D. A. Powell, I. Iorsh, A. S. Shalin, P. Segovia, A. V. Krasavin, G. A. Wurtz, V. A. Podolskiy, P. A. Belov, and A. V. Zayats, “Purcell effect in hyperbolic metamaterial resonators,” Phys. Rev. B 92(19), 195127 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kung, P.

M. P. Hokmabadi, J. H. Kim, E. Rivera, P. Kung, and S. M. Kim, “Impact of substrate and bright resonances on group velocity in metamaterial without dark resonator,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14373 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Langguth, L.

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kästel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater. 8(9), 758–762 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lederer, F.

R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, and W. Zhang, “Coupling between a dark and a bright eigenmode in a terahertz metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 79(8), 085111 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lee, J.

A. B. Khanikaev, N. Arju, Z. Fan, D. Purtseladze, F. Lu, J. Lee, P. Sarriugarte, M. Schnell, R. Hillenbrand, M. A. Belkin, and G. Shvets, “Experimental demonstration of the microscopic origin of circular dichroism in two-dimensional metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12045 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, J. C.

F. Y. Meng, Q. Wu, D. Erni, K. Wu, and J. C. Lee, “Polarization-independent metamaterial analog of electromagnetically induced transparency for a refractive-index-based sensor,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 60(10), 3013–3022 (2012).
[Crossref]

Li, G.

G. Li, M. Kang, S. Chen, S. Zhang, E. Y. Pun, K. W. Cheah, and J. Li, “Spin-enabled plasmonic metasurfaces for manipulating orbital angular momentum of light,” Nano Lett. 13(9), 4148–4151 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, J.

G. Li, M. Kang, S. Chen, S. Zhang, E. Y. Pun, K. W. Cheah, and J. Li, “Spin-enabled plasmonic metasurfaces for manipulating orbital angular momentum of light,” Nano Lett. 13(9), 4148–4151 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, Y. S. Park, J. Li, X. Lu, W. Zhang, and X. Zhang, “Negative refractive index in chiral metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(2), 023901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, M.

M. Li, L. Guo, J. Dong, and H. Yang, “An ultra-thin chiral metamaterial absorber with high selectivity for LCP and RCP waves,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 47(18), 185102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, Z.

Z. Li, M. Mutlu, and E. Ozbay, “Chiral metamaterials: from optical activity and negative refractive index to asymmetric transmission,” J. Opt.15(2), 023001 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lin, H.

S. Han, L. Cong, H. Lin, B. Xiao, H. Yang, and R. Singh, “Tunable electromagnetically induced transparency in coupled three-dimensional split-ring-resonator metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 6, 20801 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Linden, S.

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, “Gold helix photonic metamaterial as broadband circular polarizer,” Science 325(5947), 1513–1515 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, L.

L. Liu, X. Zhang, M. Kenney, X. Su, N. Xu, C. Ouyang, Y. Shi, J. Han, W. Zhang, and S. Zhang, “Broadband metasurfaces with simultaneous control of phase and amplitude,” Adv. Mater. 26(29), 5031–5036 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, M.

T. Matsui, M. Liu, D. A. Powell, I. V. Shadrivov, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Electromagnetic tuning of resonant transmission in magnetoelastic metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(16), 161117 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, N.

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kästel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater. 8(9), 758–762 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, X.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3(4), 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lu, F.

A. B. Khanikaev, N. Arju, Z. Fan, D. Purtseladze, F. Lu, J. Lee, P. Sarriugarte, M. Schnell, R. Hillenbrand, M. A. Belkin, and G. Shvets, “Experimental demonstration of the microscopic origin of circular dichroism in two-dimensional metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12045 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lu, X.

S. Zhang, Y. S. Park, J. Li, X. Lu, W. Zhang, and X. Zhang, “Negative refractive index in chiral metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(2), 023901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ma, Y.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3(4), 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Maier, S. A.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3(4), 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Manjappa, M.

M. Manjappa, S. Y. Chiam, L. Cong, A. A. Bettiol, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Tailoring the slow light behavior in terahertz metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(18), 181101 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Manjappa, S. Y. Chiam, L. Cong, A. A. Bettiol, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Tailoring the slow light behavior in terahertz metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(18), 181101 (2015).
[Crossref]

Matsui, T.

T. Matsui, M. Liu, D. A. Powell, I. V. Shadrivov, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Electromagnetic tuning of resonant transmission in magnetoelastic metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(16), 161117 (2014).
[Crossref]

Mei, S.

L. Zhang, S. Mei, K. Huang, and C. W. Qiu, “Advances in full control of electromagnetic wave with Metasurfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(6), 818–833 (2016).
[Crossref]

Meng, F. Y.

F. Y. Meng, Q. Wu, D. Erni, K. Wu, and J. C. Lee, “Polarization-independent metamaterial analog of electromagnetically induced transparency for a refractive-index-based sensor,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 60(10), 3013–3022 (2012).
[Crossref]

Merbold, H.

Mousavi, S. H.

A. B. Khanikaev, S. H. Mousavi, C. Wu, N. Dabidian, K. B. Alici, and G. Shvets, “Electromagnetically induced polarization conversion,” Opt. Commun. 285(16), 3423–3427 (2012).
[Crossref]

Mutlu, M.

Z. Li, M. Mutlu, and E. Ozbay, “Chiral metamaterials: from optical activity and negative refractive index to asymmetric transmission,” J. Opt.15(2), 023001 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nakanishi, T.

T. Nakanishi, T. Otani, Y. Tamayama, and M. Kitano, “Storage of electromagnetic waves in a metamaterial that mimics electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. B 87(16), 97–101 (2013).
[Crossref]

Otani, T.

T. Nakanishi, T. Otani, Y. Tamayama, and M. Kitano, “Storage of electromagnetic waves in a metamaterial that mimics electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. B 87(16), 97–101 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ouyang, C.

L. Liu, X. Zhang, M. Kenney, X. Su, N. Xu, C. Ouyang, Y. Shi, J. Han, W. Zhang, and S. Zhang, “Broadband metasurfaces with simultaneous control of phase and amplitude,” Adv. Mater. 26(29), 5031–5036 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ozbay, E.

Z. Li, M. Mutlu, and E. Ozbay, “Chiral metamaterials: from optical activity and negative refractive index to asymmetric transmission,” J. Opt.15(2), 023001 (2013).
[Crossref]

Park, Y. S.

S. Zhang, Y. S. Park, J. Li, X. Lu, W. Zhang, and X. Zhang, “Negative refractive index in chiral metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(2), 023901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pendry, J. B.

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312(5781), 1780–1782 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pfau, T.

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kästel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater. 8(9), 758–762 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Podolskiy, V. A.

A. P. Slobozhanyuk, P. Ginzburg, D. A. Powell, I. Iorsh, A. S. Shalin, P. Segovia, A. V. Krasavin, G. A. Wurtz, V. A. Podolskiy, P. A. Belov, and A. V. Zayats, “Purcell effect in hyperbolic metamaterial resonators,” Phys. Rev. B 92(19), 195127 (2015).
[Crossref]

Powell, D. A.

A. P. Slobozhanyuk, P. Ginzburg, D. A. Powell, I. Iorsh, A. S. Shalin, P. Segovia, A. V. Krasavin, G. A. Wurtz, V. A. Podolskiy, P. A. Belov, and A. V. Zayats, “Purcell effect in hyperbolic metamaterial resonators,” Phys. Rev. B 92(19), 195127 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. Matsui, M. Liu, D. A. Powell, I. V. Shadrivov, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Electromagnetic tuning of resonant transmission in magnetoelastic metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(16), 161117 (2014).
[Crossref]

Premaratne, M.

W. Zhu, I. D. Rukhlenko, F. Xiao, and M. Premaratne, “Polarization conversion in U-shaped chiral metamaterial with four-fold symmetry breaking,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(14), 143101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Pryce, I. M.

Pun, E. Y.

G. Li, M. Kang, S. Chen, S. Zhang, E. Y. Pun, K. W. Cheah, and J. Li, “Spin-enabled plasmonic metasurfaces for manipulating orbital angular momentum of light,” Nano Lett. 13(9), 4148–4151 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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A. B. Khanikaev, N. Arju, Z. Fan, D. Purtseladze, F. Lu, J. Lee, P. Sarriugarte, M. Schnell, R. Hillenbrand, M. A. Belkin, and G. Shvets, “Experimental demonstration of the microscopic origin of circular dichroism in two-dimensional metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12045 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Qiu, C. W.

L. Zhang, S. Mei, K. Huang, and C. W. Qiu, “Advances in full control of electromagnetic wave with Metasurfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(6), 818–833 (2016).
[Crossref]

Rill, M. S.

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, “Gold helix photonic metamaterial as broadband circular polarizer,” Science 325(5947), 1513–1515 (2009).
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M. P. Hokmabadi, J. H. Kim, E. Rivera, P. Kung, and S. M. Kim, “Impact of substrate and bright resonances on group velocity in metamaterial without dark resonator,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14373 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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R. Singh, I. Al-Naib, W. Cao, C. Rockstuhl, M. Koch, and W. Zhang, “The Fano resonance in symmetry broken terahertz metamaterials,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 3(6), 820–826 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, and W. Zhang, “Coupling between a dark and a bright eigenmode in a terahertz metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 79(8), 085111 (2009).
[Crossref]

Rukhlenko, I. D.

W. Zhu, I. D. Rukhlenko, F. Xiao, and M. Premaratne, “Polarization conversion in U-shaped chiral metamaterial with four-fold symmetry breaking,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(14), 143101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Saile, V.

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, “Gold helix photonic metamaterial as broadband circular polarizer,” Science 325(5947), 1513–1515 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sarriugarte, P.

A. B. Khanikaev, N. Arju, Z. Fan, D. Purtseladze, F. Lu, J. Lee, P. Sarriugarte, M. Schnell, R. Hillenbrand, M. A. Belkin, and G. Shvets, “Experimental demonstration of the microscopic origin of circular dichroism in two-dimensional metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12045 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schnell, M.

A. B. Khanikaev, N. Arju, Z. Fan, D. Purtseladze, F. Lu, J. Lee, P. Sarriugarte, M. Schnell, R. Hillenbrand, M. A. Belkin, and G. Shvets, “Experimental demonstration of the microscopic origin of circular dichroism in two-dimensional metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12045 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schurig, D.

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312(5781), 1780–1782 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Segovia, P.

A. P. Slobozhanyuk, P. Ginzburg, D. A. Powell, I. Iorsh, A. S. Shalin, P. Segovia, A. V. Krasavin, G. A. Wurtz, V. A. Podolskiy, P. A. Belov, and A. V. Zayats, “Purcell effect in hyperbolic metamaterial resonators,” Phys. Rev. B 92(19), 195127 (2015).
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J. Harden, A. Joshi, and J. D. Serna, “Demonstration of double EIT using coupled harmonic oscillators and RLC circuits,” Eur. J. Phys. 32(2), 541–558 (2011).
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Sha, W. E. I.

M. L. N. Chen, L. J. Jiang, and W. E. I. Sha, “Artificial perfect electric conductor-perfect magnetic conductor anisotropic metasurface for generating orbital angular momentum of microwave with nearly perfect conversion efficiency,” J. Appl. Phys. 119(6), 064506 (2016).
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Shadrivov, I. V.

T. Matsui, M. Liu, D. A. Powell, I. V. Shadrivov, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Electromagnetic tuning of resonant transmission in magnetoelastic metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(16), 161117 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shalin, A. S.

A. P. Slobozhanyuk, P. Ginzburg, D. A. Powell, I. Iorsh, A. S. Shalin, P. Segovia, A. V. Krasavin, G. A. Wurtz, V. A. Podolskiy, P. A. Belov, and A. V. Zayats, “Purcell effect in hyperbolic metamaterial resonators,” Phys. Rev. B 92(19), 195127 (2015).
[Crossref]

Shi, Y.

L. Liu, X. Zhang, M. Kenney, X. Su, N. Xu, C. Ouyang, Y. Shi, J. Han, W. Zhang, and S. Zhang, “Broadband metasurfaces with simultaneous control of phase and amplitude,” Adv. Mater. 26(29), 5031–5036 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shvets, G.

A. B. Khanikaev, N. Arju, Z. Fan, D. Purtseladze, F. Lu, J. Lee, P. Sarriugarte, M. Schnell, R. Hillenbrand, M. A. Belkin, and G. Shvets, “Experimental demonstration of the microscopic origin of circular dichroism in two-dimensional metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12045 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. B. Khanikaev, C. Wu, and G. Shvets, “Fano-resonant metamaterials and their applications,” Nanophotonics 2(4), 247–264 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. B. Khanikaev, S. H. Mousavi, C. Wu, N. Dabidian, K. B. Alici, and G. Shvets, “Electromagnetically induced polarization conversion,” Opt. Commun. 285(16), 3423–3427 (2012).
[Crossref]

Singh, R.

S. Han, L. Cong, H. Lin, B. Xiao, H. Yang, and R. Singh, “Tunable electromagnetically induced transparency in coupled three-dimensional split-ring-resonator metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 6, 20801 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Han, L. Cong, F. Gao, R. Singh, and H. Yang, “Observation of Fano resonance and classical analog of electromagnetically induced transparency in toroidal metamaterials,” Ann. Phys. 528(5), 352–357 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Manjappa, S. Y. Chiam, L. Cong, A. A. Bettiol, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Tailoring the slow light behavior in terahertz metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(18), 181101 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Manjappa, S. Y. Chiam, L. Cong, A. A. Bettiol, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Tailoring the slow light behavior in terahertz metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(18), 181101 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Cong, N. Xu, J. Han, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “A tunable dispersion: Free terahertz metadevice with Pancharatnam Berry phase enabled modulation and polarization control,” Adv. Mater. 27(42), 6630–6636 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Singh, I. Al-Naib, W. Cao, C. Rockstuhl, M. Koch, and W. Zhang, “The Fano resonance in symmetry broken terahertz metamaterials,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 3(6), 820–826 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3(4), 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, and W. Zhang, “Coupling between a dark and a bright eigenmode in a terahertz metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 79(8), 085111 (2009).
[Crossref]

Slobozhanyuk, A. P.

A. P. Slobozhanyuk, P. Ginzburg, D. A. Powell, I. Iorsh, A. S. Shalin, P. Segovia, A. V. Krasavin, G. A. Wurtz, V. A. Podolskiy, P. A. Belov, and A. V. Zayats, “Purcell effect in hyperbolic metamaterial resonators,” Phys. Rev. B 92(19), 195127 (2015).
[Crossref]

Smith, D. R.

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312(5781), 1780–1782 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Soukoulis, C. M.

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, R. Zhao, A. Jain, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Electromagnetically induced transparency and absorption in metamaterials: the radiating two-oscillator model and its experimental confirmation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(18), 187401 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, T. Koschny, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Low-loss metamaterials based on classical electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(5), 053901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Su, X.

L. Liu, X. Zhang, M. Kenney, X. Su, N. Xu, C. Ouyang, Y. Shi, J. Han, W. Zhang, and S. Zhang, “Broadband metasurfaces with simultaneous control of phase and amplitude,” Adv. Mater. 26(29), 5031–5036 (2014).
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Tamayama, Y.

T. Nakanishi, T. Otani, Y. Tamayama, and M. Kitano, “Storage of electromagnetic waves in a metamaterial that mimics electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. B 87(16), 97–101 (2013).
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P. Tassin, L. Zhang, R. Zhao, A. Jain, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Electromagnetically induced transparency and absorption in metamaterials: the radiating two-oscillator model and its experimental confirmation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(18), 187401 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, T. Koschny, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Low-loss metamaterials based on classical electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(5), 053901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Taylor, A. J.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3(4), 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tetienne, J. P.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, G. Aoust, J. P. Tetienne, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Flat optics: controlling wavefronts with optical antenna metasurfaces,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 19(3), 4700423 (2013).
[Crossref]

Thiel, M.

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, “Gold helix photonic metamaterial as broadband circular polarizer,” Science 325(5947), 1513–1515 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Thoman, A.

Tian, Z.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3(4), 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

von Freymann, G.

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, “Gold helix photonic metamaterial as broadband circular polarizer,” Science 325(5947), 1513–1515 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Walther, M.

Wang, Z.

C. Huang, Y. Feng, J. Zhao, Z. Wang, and T. Jiang, “Asymmetric electromagnetic wave transmission of linear polarization via polarization conversion through chiral metamaterial structures,” Phys. Rev. B 85(19), 195131 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wegener, M.

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, “Gold helix photonic metamaterial as broadband circular polarizer,” Science 325(5947), 1513–1515 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Weiss, T.

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kästel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater. 8(9), 758–762 (2009).
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Werner, D. H.

L. Kang, Z. Hao Jiang, T. Yue, and D. H. Werner, “Handedness dependent electromagnetically induced transparency in hybrid chiral metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12224 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, C.

A. B. Khanikaev, C. Wu, and G. Shvets, “Fano-resonant metamaterials and their applications,” Nanophotonics 2(4), 247–264 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. B. Khanikaev, S. H. Mousavi, C. Wu, N. Dabidian, K. B. Alici, and G. Shvets, “Electromagnetically induced polarization conversion,” Opt. Commun. 285(16), 3423–3427 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wu, K.

F. Y. Meng, Q. Wu, D. Erni, K. Wu, and J. C. Lee, “Polarization-independent metamaterial analog of electromagnetically induced transparency for a refractive-index-based sensor,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 60(10), 3013–3022 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wu, Q.

F. Y. Meng, Q. Wu, D. Erni, K. Wu, and J. C. Lee, “Polarization-independent metamaterial analog of electromagnetically induced transparency for a refractive-index-based sensor,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 60(10), 3013–3022 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wurtz, G. A.

A. P. Slobozhanyuk, P. Ginzburg, D. A. Powell, I. Iorsh, A. S. Shalin, P. Segovia, A. V. Krasavin, G. A. Wurtz, V. A. Podolskiy, P. A. Belov, and A. V. Zayats, “Purcell effect in hyperbolic metamaterial resonators,” Phys. Rev. B 92(19), 195127 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xiao, B.

S. Han, L. Cong, H. Lin, B. Xiao, H. Yang, and R. Singh, “Tunable electromagnetically induced transparency in coupled three-dimensional split-ring-resonator metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 6, 20801 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Hu, H. Yang, S. Han, X. Huang, and B. Xiao, “Tailoring dual-band electromagnetically induced transparency in planar metamaterials,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(4), 043107 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xiao, F.

W. Zhu, I. D. Rukhlenko, F. Xiao, and M. Premaratne, “Polarization conversion in U-shaped chiral metamaterial with four-fold symmetry breaking,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(14), 143101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xu, N.

L. Cong, N. Xu, J. Han, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “A tunable dispersion: Free terahertz metadevice with Pancharatnam Berry phase enabled modulation and polarization control,” Adv. Mater. 27(42), 6630–6636 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Liu, X. Zhang, M. Kenney, X. Su, N. Xu, C. Ouyang, Y. Shi, J. Han, W. Zhang, and S. Zhang, “Broadband metasurfaces with simultaneous control of phase and amplitude,” Adv. Mater. 26(29), 5031–5036 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, H.

S. Han, L. Cong, H. Lin, B. Xiao, H. Yang, and R. Singh, “Tunable electromagnetically induced transparency in coupled three-dimensional split-ring-resonator metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 6, 20801 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Han, L. Cong, F. Gao, R. Singh, and H. Yang, “Observation of Fano resonance and classical analog of electromagnetically induced transparency in toroidal metamaterials,” Ann. Phys. 528(5), 352–357 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Hu, H. Yang, S. Han, X. Huang, and B. Xiao, “Tailoring dual-band electromagnetically induced transparency in planar metamaterials,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(4), 043107 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Li, L. Guo, J. Dong, and H. Yang, “An ultra-thin chiral metamaterial absorber with high selectivity for LCP and RCP waves,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 47(18), 185102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yu, N.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, G. Aoust, J. P. Tetienne, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Flat optics: controlling wavefronts with optical antenna metasurfaces,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 19(3), 4700423 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yue, T.

L. Kang, Z. Hao Jiang, T. Yue, and D. H. Werner, “Handedness dependent electromagnetically induced transparency in hybrid chiral metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12224 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zayats, A. V.

A. P. Slobozhanyuk, P. Ginzburg, D. A. Powell, I. Iorsh, A. S. Shalin, P. Segovia, A. V. Krasavin, G. A. Wurtz, V. A. Podolskiy, P. A. Belov, and A. V. Zayats, “Purcell effect in hyperbolic metamaterial resonators,” Phys. Rev. B 92(19), 195127 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

L. Zhang, S. Mei, K. Huang, and C. W. Qiu, “Advances in full control of electromagnetic wave with Metasurfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(6), 818–833 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, R. Zhao, A. Jain, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Electromagnetically induced transparency and absorption in metamaterials: the radiating two-oscillator model and its experimental confirmation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(18), 187401 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, T. Koschny, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Low-loss metamaterials based on classical electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(5), 053901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, S.

L. Liu, X. Zhang, M. Kenney, X. Su, N. Xu, C. Ouyang, Y. Shi, J. Han, W. Zhang, and S. Zhang, “Broadband metasurfaces with simultaneous control of phase and amplitude,” Adv. Mater. 26(29), 5031–5036 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Li, M. Kang, S. Chen, S. Zhang, E. Y. Pun, K. W. Cheah, and J. Li, “Spin-enabled plasmonic metasurfaces for manipulating orbital angular momentum of light,” Nano Lett. 13(9), 4148–4151 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3(4), 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, Y. S. Park, J. Li, X. Lu, W. Zhang, and X. Zhang, “Negative refractive index in chiral metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(2), 023901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, W.

M. Manjappa, S. Y. Chiam, L. Cong, A. A. Bettiol, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Tailoring the slow light behavior in terahertz metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(18), 181101 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Cong, N. Xu, J. Han, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “A tunable dispersion: Free terahertz metadevice with Pancharatnam Berry phase enabled modulation and polarization control,” Adv. Mater. 27(42), 6630–6636 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Manjappa, S. Y. Chiam, L. Cong, A. A. Bettiol, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Tailoring the slow light behavior in terahertz metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(18), 181101 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Liu, X. Zhang, M. Kenney, X. Su, N. Xu, C. Ouyang, Y. Shi, J. Han, W. Zhang, and S. Zhang, “Broadband metasurfaces with simultaneous control of phase and amplitude,” Adv. Mater. 26(29), 5031–5036 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Singh, I. Al-Naib, W. Cao, C. Rockstuhl, M. Koch, and W. Zhang, “The Fano resonance in symmetry broken terahertz metamaterials,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 3(6), 820–826 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3(4), 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, and W. Zhang, “Coupling between a dark and a bright eigenmode in a terahertz metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 79(8), 085111 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Zhang, Y. S. Park, J. Li, X. Lu, W. Zhang, and X. Zhang, “Negative refractive index in chiral metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(2), 023901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, X.

L. Liu, X. Zhang, M. Kenney, X. Su, N. Xu, C. Ouyang, Y. Shi, J. Han, W. Zhang, and S. Zhang, “Broadband metasurfaces with simultaneous control of phase and amplitude,” Adv. Mater. 26(29), 5031–5036 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3(4), 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, Y. S. Park, J. Li, X. Lu, W. Zhang, and X. Zhang, “Negative refractive index in chiral metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(2), 023901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, J.

C. Huang, Y. Feng, J. Zhao, Z. Wang, and T. Jiang, “Asymmetric electromagnetic wave transmission of linear polarization via polarization conversion through chiral metamaterial structures,” Phys. Rev. B 85(19), 195131 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhao, R.

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, R. Zhao, A. Jain, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Electromagnetically induced transparency and absorption in metamaterials: the radiating two-oscillator model and its experimental confirmation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(18), 187401 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, W.

W. Zhu, I. D. Rukhlenko, F. Xiao, and M. Premaratne, “Polarization conversion in U-shaped chiral metamaterial with four-fold symmetry breaking,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(14), 143101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (2)

L. Liu, X. Zhang, M. Kenney, X. Su, N. Xu, C. Ouyang, Y. Shi, J. Han, W. Zhang, and S. Zhang, “Broadband metasurfaces with simultaneous control of phase and amplitude,” Adv. Mater. 26(29), 5031–5036 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Cong, N. Xu, J. Han, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “A tunable dispersion: Free terahertz metadevice with Pancharatnam Berry phase enabled modulation and polarization control,” Adv. Mater. 27(42), 6630–6636 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Opt. Mater. (1)

L. Zhang, S. Mei, K. Huang, and C. W. Qiu, “Advances in full control of electromagnetic wave with Metasurfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(6), 818–833 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ann. Phys. (1)

S. Han, L. Cong, F. Gao, R. Singh, and H. Yang, “Observation of Fano resonance and classical analog of electromagnetically induced transparency in toroidal metamaterials,” Ann. Phys. 528(5), 352–357 (2016).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

T. Matsui, M. Liu, D. A. Powell, I. V. Shadrivov, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Electromagnetic tuning of resonant transmission in magnetoelastic metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(16), 161117 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Manjappa, S. Y. Chiam, L. Cong, A. A. Bettiol, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Tailoring the slow light behavior in terahertz metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(18), 181101 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Manjappa, S. Y. Chiam, L. Cong, A. A. Bettiol, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Tailoring the slow light behavior in terahertz metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(18), 181101 (2015).
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J. Harden, A. Joshi, and J. D. Serna, “Demonstration of double EIT using coupled harmonic oscillators and RLC circuits,” Eur. J. Phys. 32(2), 541–558 (2011).
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IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. (1)

N. Yu, P. Genevet, F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, G. Aoust, J. P. Tetienne, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Flat optics: controlling wavefronts with optical antenna metasurfaces,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 19(3), 4700423 (2013).
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IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (1)

F. Y. Meng, Q. Wu, D. Erni, K. Wu, and J. C. Lee, “Polarization-independent metamaterial analog of electromagnetically induced transparency for a refractive-index-based sensor,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 60(10), 3013–3022 (2012).
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IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. (1)

R. Singh, I. Al-Naib, W. Cao, C. Rockstuhl, M. Koch, and W. Zhang, “The Fano resonance in symmetry broken terahertz metamaterials,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 3(6), 820–826 (2013).
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J. Appl. Phys. (3)

S. Hu, H. Yang, S. Han, X. Huang, and B. Xiao, “Tailoring dual-band electromagnetically induced transparency in planar metamaterials,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(4), 043107 (2015).
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W. Zhu, I. D. Rukhlenko, F. Xiao, and M. Premaratne, “Polarization conversion in U-shaped chiral metamaterial with four-fold symmetry breaking,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(14), 143101 (2014).
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M. L. N. Chen, L. J. Jiang, and W. E. I. Sha, “Artificial perfect electric conductor-perfect magnetic conductor anisotropic metasurface for generating orbital angular momentum of microwave with nearly perfect conversion efficiency,” J. Appl. Phys. 119(6), 064506 (2016).
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Nano Lett. (1)

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Nanophotonics (1)

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Nat. Commun. (2)

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3(4), 1151 (2012).
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Phys. Rev. B (4)

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N. Xu, M. Manjappa, R. Singh, and W. Zhang, “Tailoring the electromagnetically induced transparency and absorbance in coupled Fano-Lorentzian metasurfaces: a classical analog of a four‐level tripod quantum system,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(8), published online (2016).
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[Crossref]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Schematic of the EIT-like metamaterial under circular polarization wave incidence; (b) top panel photograph of the fabricated sample, (c) bottom panel photograph of the fabricated sample.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) and (b) Simulated and measured transmission spectra of EIT-like metamaterial under RCP and LCP incidence; (c) Simulated linear polarization rotation angle and ellipticity angle of the transmitted wave; (d) simulated time-domain pulse before and after transmitting the blank substrate, the EIT-like metamaterial sample, respectively.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a), (c) and (e) surface current distribution under LCP illumination at 10.77GHz, 11.7GHz and 13.85GHz respectively; (b), (d) and (f) surface current distribution under RCP illumination at 10.7GHz, 11.7GHz and 13.85GHz respectively
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Comparison between the simulated transmission spectra and the analytically calculated spectra based on two particle model. (b) An electric circuit analogy model for the 3D chiral metamaterial
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) and (b) Simulated transmission spectra of two symmetry 3D structure, the inset shows its geometric parameter, respectively; (c) surface current distribution around the resonance frequency 13.07GHz of the structures
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) Simulated transmission spectra with θ varying from 30 to 60 , (b) Simulated transmission spectra with varying the place of the through vias while fix the rotation angle θ
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Simulated resonance shift of the EIT-like metamaterial with respect to the change in the relative permittivity of the back medium

Equations (3)

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x ¨ 1 (t)+ γ 1 x ˙ 1 (t)+ ω 0 2 x 1 (t)+Ω x 2 (t)=gE
x ¨ 2 (t)+ γ 2 x ˙ 2 (t)+( ω 0 +δ) x 2 (t)+Ω x 1 (t)=0
T = 1 Re i g 2 ( ω ω 0 δ + i γ 2 / 2 ) ( ω ω 0 + i γ 1 / 2 ) ( ω ω 0 δ + i γ 2 / 2 ) Ω 2 / 4

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