Abstract

Functional integration is crucial and has become a research interest in recent years; however, available efforts suffer from low efficiency and narrow operating bandwidth. Here, we propose a novel strategy to design bifunctional meta-surface with high efficiency and largely enhanced bandwidth in reflection geometry. For demonstration, we designed and fabricated a bifunctional meta-surface which enables both focusing and anomalous reflection under different polarizations. The working bandwidth is significantly extended by using the dual-resonant three-turn meander-line resonator (TMLR) element which provides an almost consistent phase response within a large frequency interval. For potential applications, we engineered a bifunctional antenna by launching the designed meta-surface with proper feed sources. Numerical and experimental results coincide well, indicating bifunctionalities of high gain pencil-beam radiation (reflectarray) and beam steering radiation with comparable performances. Our results can stimulate the realizations of high-performance meta-surfaces and antenna systems.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
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    [Crossref]
  6. H.-X. Xu, G.-M. Wang, K. Ma, and T. J. Cui, “Superscatterer illusions without using complementary media,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(6), 572–580 (2014).
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  7. N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
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  8. X. Chen, M. Chen, M. Q. Mehmood, D. Wen, F. Yue, C. W. Qiu, and S. Zhang, “Longitudinal multifoci metalens for circularly polarized light,” Adv. Optical Mater. 3(9), 1201–1206 (2015).
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  17. Z. Liao, X. Shen, B. C. Pan, J. Zhao, Y. Luo, and T. J. Cui, “Combined system for efficient excitation and capture of LSP resonances and flexible control of SPP transmissions,” ACS Photonics 2(6), 738–743 (2015).
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  24. T. Debogovic and J. Perruisseau-Carrier, “Low loss MEMS-reconfigurable 1-bit reflectarray cell with dual-linear polarization,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 62(10), 5055–5060 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  25. Y. Li and L. Li, “Broadband microstrip beam deflector based on dual-resonance conformal loops array,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 62(6), 3028–3034 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  26. Q. Luo, S. Gao, and C. Zhang, “Design and analysis of a reflectarray using slot antenna elements for Ka-band satcom,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 63(4), 1365–1374 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  27. P. Nayeri, F. Yang, and A. Z. Elsherbeni, “Design and experiment of a single-feed quad-beam reflectarray antenna,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 60(2), 1166–1171 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  28. M. Farmahini-Farahani and H. Mosallaei, “Birefringent reflectarray metasurface for beam engineering in infrared,” Opt. Lett. 38(4), 462–464 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  29. Y.-W. Wang, G.-M. Wang, and B.-F. Zong, “Directivity improvement of vivaldi antenna using double-slot structure,” IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett. 12, 1380–1383 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  30. F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, P. Genevet, and F. Capasso, “Applied optics. Multiwavelength achromatic metasurfaces by dispersive phase compensation,” Science 347(6228), 1342–1345 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  31. X. Li, S. Xiao, B. Cai, Q. He, T. J. Cui, and L. Zhou, “Flat metasurfaces to focus electromagnetic waves in reflection geometry,” Opt. Lett. 37(23), 4940–4942 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  32. C. Pfeiffer and A. Grbic, “Metamaterial Huygens’ surfaces: tailoring wave fronts with reflectionless sheets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(19), 197401 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (1)

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (10)

X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, C. Huang, Y. Wang, W. Pan, B. Zhao, J. Cui, C. Wang, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “A planar chiral meta-surface for optical vortex generation and focusing,” Sci. Rep. 5, 10365 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Li, G. Wang, H.-X. Xu, T. Cai, and J. Liang, “X-band phase-gradient metasurface for high-gain lens antenna application,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 63(11), 5144–5149 (2015).
[Crossref]

Q. Luo, S. Gao, and C. Zhang, “Design and analysis of a reflectarray using slot antenna elements for Ka-band satcom,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 63(4), 1365–1374 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, P. Genevet, and F. Capasso, “Applied optics. Multiwavelength achromatic metasurfaces by dispersive phase compensation,” Science 347(6228), 1342–1345 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. F. Ma, G. Z. Wang, G. S. Kong, and T. J. Cui, “Independent controls of differently-polarized reflected waves by anisotropic metasurfaces,” Sci. Rep. 5, 9605 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Chen, M. Chen, M. Q. Mehmood, D. Wen, F. Yue, C. W. Qiu, and S. Zhang, “Longitudinal multifoci metalens for circularly polarized light,” Adv. Optical Mater. 3(9), 1201–1206 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8241 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Cai, G.-M. Wang, F.-X. Zhang, J.-G. Liang, Y.-Q. Zhuang, D. Liu, and H.-X. Xu, “D. L, and H.-X. Xu, “Ultra-thin polarization beam splitter using 2-D transmissive phase gradient metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 63(12), 5629–5636 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Kianinejad, Z. N. Chen, and C.-W. Qiu, “Design and modeling of spoof surface plasmon modes-based microwave slow-wave transmission line,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 63(6), 1817–1825 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Liao, X. Shen, B. C. Pan, J. Zhao, Y. Luo, and T. J. Cui, “Combined system for efficient excitation and capture of LSP resonances and flexible control of SPP transmissions,” ACS Photonics 2(6), 738–743 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (8)

X. Wan, X. Shen, Y. Luo, and T. J. Cui, “Planar bifunctional Luneburg-fisheye lens made of an anisotropic metasurface,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(5), 757–765 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Ling, X. Zhou, W. Shu, H. Luo, and S. Wen, “Realization of tunable photonic spin Hall effect by tailoring the Pancharatnam-berry phase,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5557 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. F. Ma, G. Z. Wang, W. X. Jiang, and T. J. Cui, “Independent control of differently-polarized waves using anisotropic gradient-index metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6337 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Cheng and H. Mosallaei, “Optical metasurfaces for beam scanning in space,” Opt. Lett. 39(9), 2719–2722 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H.-X. Xu, G.-M. Wang, K. Ma, and T. J. Cui, “Superscatterer illusions without using complementary media,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(6), 572–580 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Florencio, J. Encinar, R. R. Boix, and G. Perez-Palomino, “Dual-polarisation reflectarray made of cells with two orthogonal sets of parallel dipoles for bandwidth and cross-polarisation improvement,” IET Microw. Antennas Propag. 8(15), 1389–1397 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Debogovic and J. Perruisseau-Carrier, “Low loss MEMS-reconfigurable 1-bit reflectarray cell with dual-linear polarization,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 62(10), 5055–5060 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Li and L. Li, “Broadband microstrip beam deflector based on dual-resonance conformal loops array,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 62(6), 3028–3034 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (6)

M. Farmahini-Farahani and H. Mosallaei, “Birefringent reflectarray metasurface for beam engineering in infrared,” Opt. Lett. 38(4), 462–464 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y.-W. Wang, G.-M. Wang, and B.-F. Zong, “Directivity improvement of vivaldi antenna using double-slot structure,” IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett. 12, 1380–1383 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. Pfeiffer and A. Grbic, “Metamaterial Huygens’ surfaces: tailoring wave fronts with reflectionless sheets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(19), 197401 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H.-X. Xu, G.-M. Wang, M. Q. Qi, L. Li, and T. J. Cui, “Three-dimensional super lens composed of fractal left-handed materials,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 1(7), 495–502 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, H. Zhang, S. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, K. W. Cheah, C. W. Qiu, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical holography using a plasmonic metasurface,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2808 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Huang, X. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Helicity dependent directional surface plasmon polariton excitation using a metasurface with interfacial phase discontinuity,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(3), e70 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

X. Li, S. Xiao, B. Cai, Q. He, T. J. Cui, and L. Zhou, “Flat metasurfaces to focus electromagnetic waves in reflection geometry,” Opt. Lett. 37(23), 4940–4942 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Nayeri, F. Yang, and A. Z. Elsherbeni, “Design and experiment of a single-feed quad-beam reflectarray antenna,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 60(2), 1166–1171 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

H. F. Ma and T. J. Cui, “Three-dimensional broadband and broad-angle transformation-optics lens,” Nat. Commun. 1(8), 124 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312(5781), 1780–1782 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

J. B. Pendry, “Negative refraction makes a perfect lens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(18), 3966–3969 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1991 (1)

K. Shiraishi, T. Sato, and S. Kawakami, “Experimental verification of a form-birefringent polarization splitter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58(3), 211–212 (1991).
[Crossref]

Aieta, F.

F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, P. Genevet, and F. Capasso, “Applied optics. Multiwavelength achromatic metasurfaces by dispersive phase compensation,” Science 347(6228), 1342–1345 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bai, B.

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, H. Zhang, S. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, K. W. Cheah, C. W. Qiu, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical holography using a plasmonic metasurface,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2808 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Huang, X. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Helicity dependent directional surface plasmon polariton excitation using a metasurface with interfacial phase discontinuity,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(3), e70 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bao, D.

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref]

Boix, R. R.

R. Florencio, J. Encinar, R. R. Boix, and G. Perez-Palomino, “Dual-polarisation reflectarray made of cells with two orthogonal sets of parallel dipoles for bandwidth and cross-polarisation improvement,” IET Microw. Antennas Propag. 8(15), 1389–1397 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cai, B.

Cai, T.

H. Li, G. Wang, H.-X. Xu, T. Cai, and J. Liang, “X-band phase-gradient metasurface for high-gain lens antenna application,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 63(11), 5144–5149 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. Cai, G.-M. Wang, F.-X. Zhang, J.-G. Liang, Y.-Q. Zhuang, D. Liu, and H.-X. Xu, “D. L, and H.-X. Xu, “Ultra-thin polarization beam splitter using 2-D transmissive phase gradient metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 63(12), 5629–5636 (2015).
[Crossref]

Capasso, F.

F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, P. Genevet, and F. Capasso, “Applied optics. Multiwavelength achromatic metasurfaces by dispersive phase compensation,” Science 347(6228), 1342–1345 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chan, K.

D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8241 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cheah, K. W.

D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8241 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, H. Zhang, S. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, K. W. Cheah, C. W. Qiu, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical holography using a plasmonic metasurface,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2808 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, M.

D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8241 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Chen, M. Chen, M. Q. Mehmood, D. Wen, F. Yue, C. W. Qiu, and S. Zhang, “Longitudinal multifoci metalens for circularly polarized light,” Adv. Optical Mater. 3(9), 1201–1206 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chen, S.

D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8241 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, H. Zhang, S. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, K. W. Cheah, C. W. Qiu, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical holography using a plasmonic metasurface,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2808 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, X.

D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8241 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Chen, M. Chen, M. Q. Mehmood, D. Wen, F. Yue, C. W. Qiu, and S. Zhang, “Longitudinal multifoci metalens for circularly polarized light,” Adv. Optical Mater. 3(9), 1201–1206 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, H. Zhang, S. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, K. W. Cheah, C. W. Qiu, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical holography using a plasmonic metasurface,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2808 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Huang, X. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Helicity dependent directional surface plasmon polariton excitation using a metasurface with interfacial phase discontinuity,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(3), e70 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, Z. N.

A. Kianinejad, Z. N. Chen, and C.-W. Qiu, “Design and modeling of spoof surface plasmon modes-based microwave slow-wave transmission line,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 63(6), 1817–1825 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cheng, J.

Cheng, Q.

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref]

Cui, J.

X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, C. Huang, Y. Wang, W. Pan, B. Zhao, J. Cui, C. Wang, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “A planar chiral meta-surface for optical vortex generation and focusing,” Sci. Rep. 5, 10365 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cui, T. J.

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. F. Ma, G. Z. Wang, G. S. Kong, and T. J. Cui, “Independent controls of differently-polarized reflected waves by anisotropic metasurfaces,” Sci. Rep. 5, 9605 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Liao, X. Shen, B. C. Pan, J. Zhao, Y. Luo, and T. J. Cui, “Combined system for efficient excitation and capture of LSP resonances and flexible control of SPP transmissions,” ACS Photonics 2(6), 738–743 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Wan, X. Shen, Y. Luo, and T. J. Cui, “Planar bifunctional Luneburg-fisheye lens made of an anisotropic metasurface,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(5), 757–765 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. F. Ma, G. Z. Wang, W. X. Jiang, and T. J. Cui, “Independent control of differently-polarized waves using anisotropic gradient-index metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6337 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H.-X. Xu, G.-M. Wang, K. Ma, and T. J. Cui, “Superscatterer illusions without using complementary media,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(6), 572–580 (2014).
[Crossref]

H.-X. Xu, G.-M. Wang, M. Q. Qi, L. Li, and T. J. Cui, “Three-dimensional super lens composed of fractal left-handed materials,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 1(7), 495–502 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Li, S. Xiao, B. Cai, Q. He, T. J. Cui, and L. Zhou, “Flat metasurfaces to focus electromagnetic waves in reflection geometry,” Opt. Lett. 37(23), 4940–4942 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. F. Ma and T. J. Cui, “Three-dimensional broadband and broad-angle transformation-optics lens,” Nat. Commun. 1(8), 124 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Debogovic, T.

T. Debogovic and J. Perruisseau-Carrier, “Low loss MEMS-reconfigurable 1-bit reflectarray cell with dual-linear polarization,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 62(10), 5055–5060 (2014).
[Crossref]

Du, L.

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref]

Elsherbeni, A. Z.

P. Nayeri, F. Yang, and A. Z. Elsherbeni, “Design and experiment of a single-feed quad-beam reflectarray antenna,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 60(2), 1166–1171 (2012).
[Crossref]

Encinar, J.

R. Florencio, J. Encinar, R. R. Boix, and G. Perez-Palomino, “Dual-polarisation reflectarray made of cells with two orthogonal sets of parallel dipoles for bandwidth and cross-polarisation improvement,” IET Microw. Antennas Propag. 8(15), 1389–1397 (2014).
[Crossref]

Farmahini-Farahani, M.

Florencio, R.

R. Florencio, J. Encinar, R. R. Boix, and G. Perez-Palomino, “Dual-polarisation reflectarray made of cells with two orthogonal sets of parallel dipoles for bandwidth and cross-polarisation improvement,” IET Microw. Antennas Propag. 8(15), 1389–1397 (2014).
[Crossref]

Gaburro, Z.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gao, S.

Q. Luo, S. Gao, and C. Zhang, “Design and analysis of a reflectarray using slot antenna elements for Ka-band satcom,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 63(4), 1365–1374 (2015).
[Crossref]

Genevet, P.

F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, P. Genevet, and F. Capasso, “Applied optics. Multiwavelength achromatic metasurfaces by dispersive phase compensation,” Science 347(6228), 1342–1345 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grbic, A.

C. Pfeiffer and A. Grbic, “Metamaterial Huygens’ surfaces: tailoring wave fronts with reflectionless sheets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(19), 197401 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Han, J.

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref]

He, Q.

Huang, C.

X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, C. Huang, Y. Wang, W. Pan, B. Zhao, J. Cui, C. Wang, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “A planar chiral meta-surface for optical vortex generation and focusing,” Sci. Rep. 5, 10365 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, L.

L. Huang, X. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Helicity dependent directional surface plasmon polariton excitation using a metasurface with interfacial phase discontinuity,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(3), e70 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, H. Zhang, S. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, K. W. Cheah, C. W. Qiu, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical holography using a plasmonic metasurface,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2808 (2013).
[Crossref]

Jiang, W. X.

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. F. Ma, G. Z. Wang, W. X. Jiang, and T. J. Cui, “Independent control of differently-polarized waves using anisotropic gradient-index metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6337 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jin, G.

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, H. Zhang, S. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, K. W. Cheah, C. W. Qiu, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical holography using a plasmonic metasurface,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2808 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Huang, X. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Helicity dependent directional surface plasmon polariton excitation using a metasurface with interfacial phase discontinuity,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(3), e70 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kats, M. A.

F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, P. Genevet, and F. Capasso, “Applied optics. Multiwavelength achromatic metasurfaces by dispersive phase compensation,” Science 347(6228), 1342–1345 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kawakami, S.

K. Shiraishi, T. Sato, and S. Kawakami, “Experimental verification of a form-birefringent polarization splitter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58(3), 211–212 (1991).
[Crossref]

Kianinejad, A.

A. Kianinejad, Z. N. Chen, and C.-W. Qiu, “Design and modeling of spoof surface plasmon modes-based microwave slow-wave transmission line,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 63(6), 1817–1825 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kong, G. S.

H. F. Ma, G. Z. Wang, G. S. Kong, and T. J. Cui, “Independent controls of differently-polarized reflected waves by anisotropic metasurfaces,” Sci. Rep. 5, 9605 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, G.

D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8241 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, H.

H. Li, G. Wang, H.-X. Xu, T. Cai, and J. Liang, “X-band phase-gradient metasurface for high-gain lens antenna application,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 63(11), 5144–5149 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, H. Zhang, S. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, K. W. Cheah, C. W. Qiu, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical holography using a plasmonic metasurface,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2808 (2013).
[Crossref]

Li, K. F.

D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8241 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, L.

Y. Li and L. Li, “Broadband microstrip beam deflector based on dual-resonance conformal loops array,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 62(6), 3028–3034 (2014).
[Crossref]

H.-X. Xu, G.-M. Wang, M. Q. Qi, L. Li, and T. J. Cui, “Three-dimensional super lens composed of fractal left-handed materials,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 1(7), 495–502 (2013).
[Crossref]

Li, X.

X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, C. Huang, Y. Wang, W. Pan, B. Zhao, J. Cui, C. Wang, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “A planar chiral meta-surface for optical vortex generation and focusing,” Sci. Rep. 5, 10365 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Li, S. Xiao, B. Cai, Q. He, T. J. Cui, and L. Zhou, “Flat metasurfaces to focus electromagnetic waves in reflection geometry,” Opt. Lett. 37(23), 4940–4942 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Y.

Y. Li and L. Li, “Broadband microstrip beam deflector based on dual-resonance conformal loops array,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 62(6), 3028–3034 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liang, J.

H. Li, G. Wang, H.-X. Xu, T. Cai, and J. Liang, “X-band phase-gradient metasurface for high-gain lens antenna application,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 63(11), 5144–5149 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liang, J.-G.

T. Cai, G.-M. Wang, F.-X. Zhang, J.-G. Liang, Y.-Q. Zhuang, D. Liu, and H.-X. Xu, “D. L, and H.-X. Xu, “Ultra-thin polarization beam splitter using 2-D transmissive phase gradient metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 63(12), 5629–5636 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liao, Z.

Z. Liao, X. Shen, B. C. Pan, J. Zhao, Y. Luo, and T. J. Cui, “Combined system for efficient excitation and capture of LSP resonances and flexible control of SPP transmissions,” ACS Photonics 2(6), 738–743 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ling, X.

X. Ling, X. Zhou, W. Shu, H. Luo, and S. Wen, “Realization of tunable photonic spin Hall effect by tailoring the Pancharatnam-berry phase,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5557 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, D.

T. Cai, G.-M. Wang, F.-X. Zhang, J.-G. Liang, Y.-Q. Zhuang, D. Liu, and H.-X. Xu, “D. L, and H.-X. Xu, “Ultra-thin polarization beam splitter using 2-D transmissive phase gradient metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 63(12), 5629–5636 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liu, S.

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref]

Luo, H.

X. Ling, X. Zhou, W. Shu, H. Luo, and S. Wen, “Realization of tunable photonic spin Hall effect by tailoring the Pancharatnam-berry phase,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5557 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luo, Q.

Q. Luo, S. Gao, and C. Zhang, “Design and analysis of a reflectarray using slot antenna elements for Ka-band satcom,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 63(4), 1365–1374 (2015).
[Crossref]

Luo, X.

X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, C. Huang, Y. Wang, W. Pan, B. Zhao, J. Cui, C. Wang, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “A planar chiral meta-surface for optical vortex generation and focusing,” Sci. Rep. 5, 10365 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luo, Y.

Z. Liao, X. Shen, B. C. Pan, J. Zhao, Y. Luo, and T. J. Cui, “Combined system for efficient excitation and capture of LSP resonances and flexible control of SPP transmissions,” ACS Photonics 2(6), 738–743 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Wan, X. Shen, Y. Luo, and T. J. Cui, “Planar bifunctional Luneburg-fisheye lens made of an anisotropic metasurface,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(5), 757–765 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ma, H. F.

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. F. Ma, G. Z. Wang, G. S. Kong, and T. J. Cui, “Independent controls of differently-polarized reflected waves by anisotropic metasurfaces,” Sci. Rep. 5, 9605 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. F. Ma, G. Z. Wang, W. X. Jiang, and T. J. Cui, “Independent control of differently-polarized waves using anisotropic gradient-index metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6337 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. F. Ma and T. J. Cui, “Three-dimensional broadband and broad-angle transformation-optics lens,” Nat. Commun. 1(8), 124 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ma, K.

H.-X. Xu, G.-M. Wang, K. Ma, and T. J. Cui, “Superscatterer illusions without using complementary media,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(6), 572–580 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ma, X.

X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, C. Huang, Y. Wang, W. Pan, B. Zhao, J. Cui, C. Wang, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “A planar chiral meta-surface for optical vortex generation and focusing,” Sci. Rep. 5, 10365 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mehmood, M. Q.

X. Chen, M. Chen, M. Q. Mehmood, D. Wen, F. Yue, C. W. Qiu, and S. Zhang, “Longitudinal multifoci metalens for circularly polarized light,” Adv. Optical Mater. 3(9), 1201–1206 (2015).
[Crossref]

Mosallaei, H.

Mühlenbernd, H.

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, H. Zhang, S. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, K. W. Cheah, C. W. Qiu, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical holography using a plasmonic metasurface,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2808 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nayeri, P.

P. Nayeri, F. Yang, and A. Z. Elsherbeni, “Design and experiment of a single-feed quad-beam reflectarray antenna,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 60(2), 1166–1171 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ouyang, C.

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref]

Pan, B. C.

Z. Liao, X. Shen, B. C. Pan, J. Zhao, Y. Luo, and T. J. Cui, “Combined system for efficient excitation and capture of LSP resonances and flexible control of SPP transmissions,” ACS Photonics 2(6), 738–743 (2015).
[Crossref]

Pan, W.

X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, C. Huang, Y. Wang, W. Pan, B. Zhao, J. Cui, C. Wang, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “A planar chiral meta-surface for optical vortex generation and focusing,” Sci. Rep. 5, 10365 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pendry, J. B.

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312(5781), 1780–1782 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, “Negative refraction makes a perfect lens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(18), 3966–3969 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Perez-Palomino, G.

R. Florencio, J. Encinar, R. R. Boix, and G. Perez-Palomino, “Dual-polarisation reflectarray made of cells with two orthogonal sets of parallel dipoles for bandwidth and cross-polarisation improvement,” IET Microw. Antennas Propag. 8(15), 1389–1397 (2014).
[Crossref]

Perruisseau-Carrier, J.

T. Debogovic and J. Perruisseau-Carrier, “Low loss MEMS-reconfigurable 1-bit reflectarray cell with dual-linear polarization,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 62(10), 5055–5060 (2014).
[Crossref]

Pfeiffer, C.

C. Pfeiffer and A. Grbic, “Metamaterial Huygens’ surfaces: tailoring wave fronts with reflectionless sheets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(19), 197401 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pu, M.

X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, C. Huang, Y. Wang, W. Pan, B. Zhao, J. Cui, C. Wang, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “A planar chiral meta-surface for optical vortex generation and focusing,” Sci. Rep. 5, 10365 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pun, E. Y. B.

D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8241 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Qi, M. Q.

H.-X. Xu, G.-M. Wang, M. Q. Qi, L. Li, and T. J. Cui, “Three-dimensional super lens composed of fractal left-handed materials,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 1(7), 495–502 (2013).
[Crossref]

Qiu, C. W.

X. Chen, M. Chen, M. Q. Mehmood, D. Wen, F. Yue, C. W. Qiu, and S. Zhang, “Longitudinal multifoci metalens for circularly polarized light,” Adv. Optical Mater. 3(9), 1201–1206 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, H. Zhang, S. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, K. W. Cheah, C. W. Qiu, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical holography using a plasmonic metasurface,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2808 (2013).
[Crossref]

Qiu, C.-W.

A. Kianinejad, Z. N. Chen, and C.-W. Qiu, “Design and modeling of spoof surface plasmon modes-based microwave slow-wave transmission line,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 63(6), 1817–1825 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sato, T.

K. Shiraishi, T. Sato, and S. Kawakami, “Experimental verification of a form-birefringent polarization splitter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58(3), 211–212 (1991).
[Crossref]

Schurig, D.

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312(5781), 1780–1782 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shen, X.

Z. Liao, X. Shen, B. C. Pan, J. Zhao, Y. Luo, and T. J. Cui, “Combined system for efficient excitation and capture of LSP resonances and flexible control of SPP transmissions,” ACS Photonics 2(6), 738–743 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Wan, X. Shen, Y. Luo, and T. J. Cui, “Planar bifunctional Luneburg-fisheye lens made of an anisotropic metasurface,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(5), 757–765 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shiraishi, K.

K. Shiraishi, T. Sato, and S. Kawakami, “Experimental verification of a form-birefringent polarization splitter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58(3), 211–212 (1991).
[Crossref]

Shu, W.

X. Ling, X. Zhou, W. Shu, H. Luo, and S. Wen, “Realization of tunable photonic spin Hall effect by tailoring the Pancharatnam-berry phase,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5557 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Smith, D. R.

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312(5781), 1780–1782 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tan, Q.

L. Huang, X. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Helicity dependent directional surface plasmon polariton excitation using a metasurface with interfacial phase discontinuity,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(3), e70 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, H. Zhang, S. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, K. W. Cheah, C. W. Qiu, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical holography using a plasmonic metasurface,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2808 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tang, W. X.

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tetienne, J.-P.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wan, X.

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Wan, X. Shen, Y. Luo, and T. J. Cui, “Planar bifunctional Luneburg-fisheye lens made of an anisotropic metasurface,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(5), 757–765 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, C.

X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, C. Huang, Y. Wang, W. Pan, B. Zhao, J. Cui, C. Wang, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “A planar chiral meta-surface for optical vortex generation and focusing,” Sci. Rep. 5, 10365 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, G.

H. Li, G. Wang, H.-X. Xu, T. Cai, and J. Liang, “X-band phase-gradient metasurface for high-gain lens antenna application,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 63(11), 5144–5149 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, G. Z.

H. F. Ma, G. Z. Wang, G. S. Kong, and T. J. Cui, “Independent controls of differently-polarized reflected waves by anisotropic metasurfaces,” Sci. Rep. 5, 9605 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. F. Ma, G. Z. Wang, W. X. Jiang, and T. J. Cui, “Independent control of differently-polarized waves using anisotropic gradient-index metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6337 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, G.-M.

T. Cai, G.-M. Wang, F.-X. Zhang, J.-G. Liang, Y.-Q. Zhuang, D. Liu, and H.-X. Xu, “D. L, and H.-X. Xu, “Ultra-thin polarization beam splitter using 2-D transmissive phase gradient metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 63(12), 5629–5636 (2015).
[Crossref]

H.-X. Xu, G.-M. Wang, K. Ma, and T. J. Cui, “Superscatterer illusions without using complementary media,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(6), 572–580 (2014).
[Crossref]

H.-X. Xu, G.-M. Wang, M. Q. Qi, L. Li, and T. J. Cui, “Three-dimensional super lens composed of fractal left-handed materials,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 1(7), 495–502 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y.-W. Wang, G.-M. Wang, and B.-F. Zong, “Directivity improvement of vivaldi antenna using double-slot structure,” IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett. 12, 1380–1383 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, C. Huang, Y. Wang, W. Pan, B. Zhao, J. Cui, C. Wang, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “A planar chiral meta-surface for optical vortex generation and focusing,” Sci. Rep. 5, 10365 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Y.-W.

Y.-W. Wang, G.-M. Wang, and B.-F. Zong, “Directivity improvement of vivaldi antenna using double-slot structure,” IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett. 12, 1380–1383 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wen, D.

X. Chen, M. Chen, M. Q. Mehmood, D. Wen, F. Yue, C. W. Qiu, and S. Zhang, “Longitudinal multifoci metalens for circularly polarized light,” Adv. Optical Mater. 3(9), 1201–1206 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8241 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wen, S.

X. Ling, X. Zhou, W. Shu, H. Luo, and S. Wen, “Realization of tunable photonic spin Hall effect by tailoring the Pancharatnam-berry phase,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5557 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wong, P. W. H.

D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8241 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xiao, S.

Xu, H.-X.

T. Cai, G.-M. Wang, F.-X. Zhang, J.-G. Liang, Y.-Q. Zhuang, D. Liu, and H.-X. Xu, “D. L, and H.-X. Xu, “Ultra-thin polarization beam splitter using 2-D transmissive phase gradient metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 63(12), 5629–5636 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Li, G. Wang, H.-X. Xu, T. Cai, and J. Liang, “X-band phase-gradient metasurface for high-gain lens antenna application,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 63(11), 5144–5149 (2015).
[Crossref]

H.-X. Xu, G.-M. Wang, K. Ma, and T. J. Cui, “Superscatterer illusions without using complementary media,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(6), 572–580 (2014).
[Crossref]

H.-X. Xu, G.-M. Wang, M. Q. Qi, L. Li, and T. J. Cui, “Three-dimensional super lens composed of fractal left-handed materials,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 1(7), 495–502 (2013).
[Crossref]

Xu, Q.

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yang, F.

P. Nayeri, F. Yang, and A. Z. Elsherbeni, “Design and experiment of a single-feed quad-beam reflectarray antenna,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 60(2), 1166–1171 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yu, N.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yuan, H.

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yue, F.

X. Chen, M. Chen, M. Q. Mehmood, D. Wen, F. Yue, C. W. Qiu, and S. Zhang, “Longitudinal multifoci metalens for circularly polarized light,” Adv. Optical Mater. 3(9), 1201–1206 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8241 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zentgraf, T.

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, H. Zhang, S. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, K. W. Cheah, C. W. Qiu, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical holography using a plasmonic metasurface,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2808 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Huang, X. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Helicity dependent directional surface plasmon polariton excitation using a metasurface with interfacial phase discontinuity,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(3), e70 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, C.

Q. Luo, S. Gao, and C. Zhang, “Design and analysis of a reflectarray using slot antenna elements for Ka-band satcom,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 63(4), 1365–1374 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, F.-X.

T. Cai, G.-M. Wang, F.-X. Zhang, J.-G. Liang, Y.-Q. Zhuang, D. Liu, and H.-X. Xu, “D. L, and H.-X. Xu, “Ultra-thin polarization beam splitter using 2-D transmissive phase gradient metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 63(12), 5629–5636 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, H. Zhang, S. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, K. W. Cheah, C. W. Qiu, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical holography using a plasmonic metasurface,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2808 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S.

D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8241 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Chen, M. Chen, M. Q. Mehmood, D. Wen, F. Yue, C. W. Qiu, and S. Zhang, “Longitudinal multifoci metalens for circularly polarized light,” Adv. Optical Mater. 3(9), 1201–1206 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, H. Zhang, S. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, K. W. Cheah, C. W. Qiu, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical holography using a plasmonic metasurface,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2808 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Huang, X. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Helicity dependent directional surface plasmon polariton excitation using a metasurface with interfacial phase discontinuity,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(3), e70 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W.

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhao, B.

X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, C. Huang, Y. Wang, W. Pan, B. Zhao, J. Cui, C. Wang, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “A planar chiral meta-surface for optical vortex generation and focusing,” Sci. Rep. 5, 10365 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, J.

Z. Liao, X. Shen, B. C. Pan, J. Zhao, Y. Luo, and T. J. Cui, “Combined system for efficient excitation and capture of LSP resonances and flexible control of SPP transmissions,” ACS Photonics 2(6), 738–743 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Z.

X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, C. Huang, Y. Wang, W. Pan, B. Zhao, J. Cui, C. Wang, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “A planar chiral meta-surface for optical vortex generation and focusing,” Sci. Rep. 5, 10365 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zheng, G.

D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8241 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, L.

Zhou, X.

X. Ling, X. Zhou, W. Shu, H. Luo, and S. Wen, “Realization of tunable photonic spin Hall effect by tailoring the Pancharatnam-berry phase,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5557 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, X. Y.

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhuang, Y.-Q.

T. Cai, G.-M. Wang, F.-X. Zhang, J.-G. Liang, Y.-Q. Zhuang, D. Liu, and H.-X. Xu, “D. L, and H.-X. Xu, “Ultra-thin polarization beam splitter using 2-D transmissive phase gradient metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 63(12), 5629–5636 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zong, B.-F.

Y.-W. Wang, G.-M. Wang, and B.-F. Zong, “Directivity improvement of vivaldi antenna using double-slot structure,” IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett. 12, 1380–1383 (2013).
[Crossref]

ACS Photonics (1)

Z. Liao, X. Shen, B. C. Pan, J. Zhao, Y. Luo, and T. J. Cui, “Combined system for efficient excitation and capture of LSP resonances and flexible control of SPP transmissions,” ACS Photonics 2(6), 738–743 (2015).
[Crossref]

Adv. Opt. Mater. (2)

H.-X. Xu, G.-M. Wang, M. Q. Qi, L. Li, and T. J. Cui, “Three-dimensional super lens composed of fractal left-handed materials,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 1(7), 495–502 (2013).
[Crossref]

H.-X. Xu, G.-M. Wang, K. Ma, and T. J. Cui, “Superscatterer illusions without using complementary media,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(6), 572–580 (2014).
[Crossref]

Adv. Optical Mater. (1)

X. Chen, M. Chen, M. Q. Mehmood, D. Wen, F. Yue, C. W. Qiu, and S. Zhang, “Longitudinal multifoci metalens for circularly polarized light,” Adv. Optical Mater. 3(9), 1201–1206 (2015).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

K. Shiraishi, T. Sato, and S. Kawakami, “Experimental verification of a form-birefringent polarization splitter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58(3), 211–212 (1991).
[Crossref]

IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett. (1)

Y.-W. Wang, G.-M. Wang, and B.-F. Zong, “Directivity improvement of vivaldi antenna using double-slot structure,” IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett. 12, 1380–1383 (2013).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. (6)

H. Li, G. Wang, H.-X. Xu, T. Cai, and J. Liang, “X-band phase-gradient metasurface for high-gain lens antenna application,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 63(11), 5144–5149 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. Debogovic and J. Perruisseau-Carrier, “Low loss MEMS-reconfigurable 1-bit reflectarray cell with dual-linear polarization,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 62(10), 5055–5060 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Li and L. Li, “Broadband microstrip beam deflector based on dual-resonance conformal loops array,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 62(6), 3028–3034 (2014).
[Crossref]

Q. Luo, S. Gao, and C. Zhang, “Design and analysis of a reflectarray using slot antenna elements for Ka-band satcom,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 63(4), 1365–1374 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Nayeri, F. Yang, and A. Z. Elsherbeni, “Design and experiment of a single-feed quad-beam reflectarray antenna,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 60(2), 1166–1171 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. Cai, G.-M. Wang, F.-X. Zhang, J.-G. Liang, Y.-Q. Zhuang, D. Liu, and H.-X. Xu, “D. L, and H.-X. Xu, “Ultra-thin polarization beam splitter using 2-D transmissive phase gradient metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 63(12), 5629–5636 (2015).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (1)

A. Kianinejad, Z. N. Chen, and C.-W. Qiu, “Design and modeling of spoof surface plasmon modes-based microwave slow-wave transmission line,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 63(6), 1817–1825 (2015).
[Crossref]

IET Microw. Antennas Propag. (1)

R. Florencio, J. Encinar, R. R. Boix, and G. Perez-Palomino, “Dual-polarisation reflectarray made of cells with two orthogonal sets of parallel dipoles for bandwidth and cross-polarisation improvement,” IET Microw. Antennas Propag. 8(15), 1389–1397 (2014).
[Crossref]

Laser Photonics Rev. (1)

X. Wan, X. Shen, Y. Luo, and T. J. Cui, “Planar bifunctional Luneburg-fisheye lens made of an anisotropic metasurface,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(5), 757–765 (2014).
[Crossref]

Light Sci. Appl. (2)

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Huang, X. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Helicity dependent directional surface plasmon polariton excitation using a metasurface with interfacial phase discontinuity,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(3), e70 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (3)

H. F. Ma and T. J. Cui, “Three-dimensional broadband and broad-angle transformation-optics lens,” Nat. Commun. 1(8), 124 (2010).
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D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8241 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, H. Zhang, S. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, K. W. Cheah, C. W. Qiu, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical holography using a plasmonic metasurface,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2808 (2013).
[Crossref]

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Sci. Rep. (4)

H. F. Ma, G. Z. Wang, W. X. Jiang, and T. J. Cui, “Independent control of differently-polarized waves using anisotropic gradient-index metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6337 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Ling, X. Zhou, W. Shu, H. Luo, and S. Wen, “Realization of tunable photonic spin Hall effect by tailoring the Pancharatnam-berry phase,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5557 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, C. Huang, Y. Wang, W. Pan, B. Zhao, J. Cui, C. Wang, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “A planar chiral meta-surface for optical vortex generation and focusing,” Sci. Rep. 5, 10365 (2015).
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H. F. Ma, G. Z. Wang, G. S. Kong, and T. J. Cui, “Independent controls of differently-polarized reflected waves by anisotropic metasurfaces,” Sci. Rep. 5, 9605 (2015).
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Science (3)

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N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematics of functionalities of different meta-surfaces. Conventional mirror reflection responses of GMS1 (φx(x, y) = C1, φy(x, y) = C2) to (a) Ex and (b) Ey polarizations; GMS2 ( φ x (x,y)= k 0 ( F 2 + x 2 + y 2 F) , φy(x, y) = ξy) behaves as a focusing lens under (c) Ex polarization and a beam deflector under (d) Ey polarization.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Topology of proposed meta-atoms with different turns, EM simulation setup process and simulated reflection spectra. The top view of (a) TMLR, (b) CBR, (c) TOMLR, (d) FOMLR and (e) FMLR elements; (f) EM simulation setup process; (g) FDTD simulated spectra of reflection coefficient and phase; (h) FDTD simulated spectra of reflection coefficient ryy and rxy. The parameters are listed as: g = 0.2mm, c = 0.2mm, t = 0.2mm, px = py = 5.8mm.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Phase responses of the proposed TMLR under excitation with different polarizations. The 2-D color map of the phase profile as functions of b1 and frequency illuminating by (a) Ey and (b) Ex; the blue symbols in (a) represent the magnetic resonances with the reflection phase being 0° or 360°. The phase curves of different frequencies under excitation of (c) Ey and (d) Ex.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Photograph of the fabricated sample of our bifunctional meta-surface and the corresponding phase distributions for (b) Ex and (c) Ey polarizations.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Measured electric field distributions in yoz plane at different frequencies. The electric field distributions at (a) 10 GHz, (b) 11 GHz, (c) 12 GHz, (d) 13 GHz, (e) 14 GHz, (f) 15 GHz.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 The normalized Ex-field amplitude as a function of frequency. The Ex-field distribution at z = 70mm at f0 = 13 GHz is shown inset.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Numerical and experimental results of the anomalous reflection effect. (a) FDTD simulated Ey-electric field under illuminating of a normal y-polarized wave. (b) Measured scattered-wave intensity map as functions of frequency and detection angle. (c) Measured absolute efficiency as a function of frequency.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Characterizations of the reflectarray antenna. (a) Topology of the designed reflectarray antenna; (b) numerical and experimental results of radiation gain for the referenced Vivaldi antenna and the proposed reflectarray antenna; (c) FDTD simulated 3-D radiation patterns at f0 = 13 GHz; (d) Simulated and measured 2-D far field patterns in E-plane at f0 = 13 GHz.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Characterizations of the beam steering antenna. 2-D far field patterns at yoz plane for (a) simulated and (b) measured results at three representative frequencies.

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

{ k xi =0 k yi =0 k zi = k 0
{ k xi = ξ x (i) k yi = ξ y (i) k zi = k 0 2 ( k xi ) 2 ( k yi ) 2
{ ξ x (x)= φ x (x,y) x , ξ y (x)= φ x (x,y) y ξ x (y)= φ y (x,y) x , ξ y (y)= φ y (x,y) y   .
{ φ x (x,y)= k 0 ( F 2 + x 2 + y 2 F) φ y (x,y)= ξ y (y)y   .
φ(x,y) f 1 φ(x,y) f j φ(x,y) f 2
θ r = sin 1 (sin θ i +ξ/ k 0 )

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