Abstract

In this paper, we investigate the benefits of introducing the active fiber into long-distance point-sensing system based on random fiber laser (RFL). In this scheme the active fiber is placed between two segments of single mode fiber (SMF) and backward RFL pumping scheme is used. Through the numerical analysis, the influence of active fiber location on the spectral and power performance for the RFL is carefully discussed. Compared with the scheme without active fiber, the lasing threshold is much lower and the optical signal to noise ratio (OSNR) of the lasing line can be much higher, and the location of the active fiber has significant flexibility. The RFL experimental results are well coincident with the theoretical analysis; also, the sensing performance of such a system is demonstrated.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fiber laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
  2. D. V. Churkin, A. E. El-Taher, I. D. Vatnik, J. D. Ania-Castañón, P. Harper, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Experimental and theoretical study of longitudinal power distribution in a random DFB fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20(10), 11178–11188 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
  4. Z. N. Wang, H. Wu, M. Q. Fan, L. Zhang, Y. J. Rao, W. L. Zhang, and X. H. Jia, “High power random fiber laser with short cavity length: theoretical and experimental investigations,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 0900506 (2015).
  5. J. Nuño, M. Alcon-Camas, and J. D. Ania-Castañón, “RIN transfer in random distributed feedback fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 20(24), 27376–27381 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. H. Zhang, P. Zhou, X. Wang, X. Du, H. Xiao, and X. Xu, “Hundred-watt-level high power random distributed feedback Raman fiber laser at 1150 nm and its application in mid-infrared laser generation,” Opt. Express 23(13), 17138–17144 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. Z. Hu, Q. Zhang, B. Miao, Q. Fu, G. Zou, Y. Chen, Y. Luo, D. Zhang, P. Wang, H. Ming, and Q. Zhang, “Coherent random fiber laser based on nanoparticles scattering in the extremely weakly scattering regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(25), 253901 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. Z. Hu, B. Miao, T. Wang, Q. Fu, D. Zhang, H. Ming, and Q. Zhang, “Disordered microstructure polymer optical fiber for stabilized coherent random fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 38(22), 4644–4647 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. X. H. Jia, Y. J. Rao, C. X. Yuan, J. Li, X. D. Yan, Z. N. Wang, W. L. Zhang, H. Wu, Y. Y. Zhu, and F. Peng, “Hybrid distributed Raman amplification combining random fiber laser based 2nd-order and low-noise LD based 1st-order pumping,” Opt. Express 21(21), 24611–24619 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  19. L. L. Wang, X. Y. Dong, P. P. Shum, and H. B. Su, “Tunable erbium-doped fiber laser based on random distributed feedback,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(5), 1501705 (2014).

2016 (1)

2015 (3)

W. L. Zhang, S. W. Li, R. Ma, Y. J. Rao, Y. Y. Zhu, Z. N. Wang, X. H. Jia, and J. Li, “Random distributed feedback fiber laser based on combination of Er-doped fiber and single-mode fiber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 44–49 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. N. Wang, H. Wu, M. Q. Fan, L. Zhang, Y. J. Rao, W. L. Zhang, and X. H. Jia, “High power random fiber laser with short cavity length: theoretical and experimental investigations,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 0900506 (2015).

H. Zhang, P. Zhou, X. Wang, X. Du, H. Xiao, and X. Xu, “Hundred-watt-level high power random distributed feedback Raman fiber laser at 1150 nm and its application in mid-infrared laser generation,” Opt. Express 23(13), 17138–17144 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (3)

T. Zhu, S. H. Huang, L. L. Shi, W. Huang, M. Liu, and K. Chiang, “Rayleigh backscattering: a method to highly compress laser linewidth,” Chin. Sci. Bull. 59(33), 4631–4636 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. L. Wang, X. Y. Dong, P. P. Shum, and H. B. Su, “Tunable erbium-doped fiber laser based on random distributed feedback,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(5), 1501705 (2014).

Z. N. Wang, J. J. Zeng, J. Li, M. Q. Fan, H. Wu, F. Peng, L. Zhang, Y. Zhou, and Y. J. Rao, “Ultra-long phase-sensitive OTDR with hybrid distributed amplification,” Opt. Lett. 39(20), 5866–5869 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (3)

2012 (4)

2011 (2)

2010 (2)

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fiber laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).

J. Y. Wang, T. Y. Liu, C. Wang, X. H. Liu, D. H. Huo, and J. Chang, “A micro-seismic fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensor system based on a distributed feedback laser,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 21(9), 094012 (2010).
[Crossref]

Alcon-Camas, M.

Ania-Castanon, J. D.

Ania-Castañón, J. D.

Babin, S. A.

Chang, J.

J. Y. Wang, T. Y. Liu, C. Wang, X. H. Liu, D. H. Huo, and J. Chang, “A micro-seismic fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensor system based on a distributed feedback laser,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 21(9), 094012 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

Z. Hu, Q. Zhang, B. Miao, Q. Fu, G. Zou, Y. Chen, Y. Luo, D. Zhang, P. Wang, H. Ming, and Q. Zhang, “Coherent random fiber laser based on nanoparticles scattering in the extremely weakly scattering regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(25), 253901 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chiang, K.

T. Zhu, S. H. Huang, L. L. Shi, W. Huang, M. Liu, and K. Chiang, “Rayleigh backscattering: a method to highly compress laser linewidth,” Chin. Sci. Bull. 59(33), 4631–4636 (2014).
[Crossref]

Churkin, D. V.

deMiguel-Soto, V.

D. Leandro, V. deMiguel-Soto, and M. Lopez-Amo, “High-resolution sensor system using a random distributed feedback fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. in press (2016).

Dong, X. Y.

L. L. Wang, X. Y. Dong, P. P. Shum, and H. B. Su, “Tunable erbium-doped fiber laser based on random distributed feedback,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(5), 1501705 (2014).

Du, X.

El-Taher, A. E.

Fan, M. Q.

Z. N. Wang, H. Wu, M. Q. Fan, L. Zhang, Y. J. Rao, W. L. Zhang, and X. H. Jia, “High power random fiber laser with short cavity length: theoretical and experimental investigations,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 0900506 (2015).

Z. N. Wang, J. J. Zeng, J. Li, M. Q. Fan, H. Wu, F. Peng, L. Zhang, Y. Zhou, and Y. J. Rao, “Ultra-long phase-sensitive OTDR with hybrid distributed amplification,” Opt. Lett. 39(20), 5866–5869 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fu, Q.

Z. Hu, B. Miao, T. Wang, Q. Fu, D. Zhang, H. Ming, and Q. Zhang, “Disordered microstructure polymer optical fiber for stabilized coherent random fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 38(22), 4644–4647 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Hu, Q. Zhang, B. Miao, Q. Fu, G. Zou, Y. Chen, Y. Luo, D. Zhang, P. Wang, H. Ming, and Q. Zhang, “Coherent random fiber laser based on nanoparticles scattering in the extremely weakly scattering regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(25), 253901 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Harper, P.

Hu, Z.

Z. Hu, B. Miao, T. Wang, Q. Fu, D. Zhang, H. Ming, and Q. Zhang, “Disordered microstructure polymer optical fiber for stabilized coherent random fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 38(22), 4644–4647 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Hu, Q. Zhang, B. Miao, Q. Fu, G. Zou, Y. Chen, Y. Luo, D. Zhang, P. Wang, H. Ming, and Q. Zhang, “Coherent random fiber laser based on nanoparticles scattering in the extremely weakly scattering regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(25), 253901 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, S. H.

T. Zhu, S. H. Huang, L. L. Shi, W. Huang, M. Liu, and K. Chiang, “Rayleigh backscattering: a method to highly compress laser linewidth,” Chin. Sci. Bull. 59(33), 4631–4636 (2014).
[Crossref]

Huang, W.

T. Zhu, S. H. Huang, L. L. Shi, W. Huang, M. Liu, and K. Chiang, “Rayleigh backscattering: a method to highly compress laser linewidth,” Chin. Sci. Bull. 59(33), 4631–4636 (2014).
[Crossref]

Huo, D. H.

J. Y. Wang, T. Y. Liu, C. Wang, X. H. Liu, D. H. Huo, and J. Chang, “A micro-seismic fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensor system based on a distributed feedback laser,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 21(9), 094012 (2010).
[Crossref]

Jia, X. H.

W. L. Zhang, S. W. Li, R. Ma, Y. J. Rao, Y. Y. Zhu, Z. N. Wang, X. H. Jia, and J. Li, “Random distributed feedback fiber laser based on combination of Er-doped fiber and single-mode fiber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 44–49 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. N. Wang, H. Wu, M. Q. Fan, L. Zhang, Y. J. Rao, W. L. Zhang, and X. H. Jia, “High power random fiber laser with short cavity length: theoretical and experimental investigations,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 0900506 (2015).

X. H. Jia, Y. J. Rao, C. X. Yuan, J. Li, X. D. Yan, Z. N. Wang, W. L. Zhang, H. Wu, Y. Y. Zhu, and F. Peng, “Hybrid distributed Raman amplification combining random fiber laser based 2nd-order and low-noise LD based 1st-order pumping,” Opt. Express 21(21), 24611–24619 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. N. Wang, Y. J. Rao, H. Wu, P. Y. Li, Y. Jiang, X. H. Jia, and W. L. Zhang, “Long-distance fiber-optic point-sensing systems based on random fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 20(16), 17695–17700 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jiang, Y.

Kablukov, S. I.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fiber laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).

Karalekas, V.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fiber laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).

Leandro, D.

D. Leandro, V. deMiguel-Soto, and M. Lopez-Amo, “High-resolution sensor system using a random distributed feedback fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. in press (2016).

Li, J.

Li, P. Y.

Li, S. W.

W. L. Zhang, S. W. Li, R. Ma, Y. J. Rao, Y. Y. Zhu, Z. N. Wang, X. H. Jia, and J. Li, “Random distributed feedback fiber laser based on combination of Er-doped fiber and single-mode fiber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 44–49 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liu, M.

T. Zhu, S. H. Huang, L. L. Shi, W. Huang, M. Liu, and K. Chiang, “Rayleigh backscattering: a method to highly compress laser linewidth,” Chin. Sci. Bull. 59(33), 4631–4636 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, T. Y.

J. Y. Wang, T. Y. Liu, C. Wang, X. H. Liu, D. H. Huo, and J. Chang, “A micro-seismic fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensor system based on a distributed feedback laser,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 21(9), 094012 (2010).
[Crossref]

Liu, X. H.

J. Y. Wang, T. Y. Liu, C. Wang, X. H. Liu, D. H. Huo, and J. Chang, “A micro-seismic fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensor system based on a distributed feedback laser,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 21(9), 094012 (2010).
[Crossref]

Liu, Z.

Lopez-Amo, M.

D. Leandro, V. deMiguel-Soto, and M. Lopez-Amo, “High-resolution sensor system using a random distributed feedback fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. in press (2016).

Luo, Y.

Z. Hu, Q. Zhang, B. Miao, Q. Fu, G. Zou, Y. Chen, Y. Luo, D. Zhang, P. Wang, H. Ming, and Q. Zhang, “Coherent random fiber laser based on nanoparticles scattering in the extremely weakly scattering regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(25), 253901 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ma, R.

W. L. Zhang, S. W. Li, R. Ma, Y. J. Rao, Y. Y. Zhu, Z. N. Wang, X. H. Jia, and J. Li, “Random distributed feedback fiber laser based on combination of Er-doped fiber and single-mode fiber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 44–49 (2015).
[Crossref]

Miao, B.

Z. Hu, B. Miao, T. Wang, Q. Fu, D. Zhang, H. Ming, and Q. Zhang, “Disordered microstructure polymer optical fiber for stabilized coherent random fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 38(22), 4644–4647 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Hu, Q. Zhang, B. Miao, Q. Fu, G. Zou, Y. Chen, Y. Luo, D. Zhang, P. Wang, H. Ming, and Q. Zhang, “Coherent random fiber laser based on nanoparticles scattering in the extremely weakly scattering regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(25), 253901 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ming, H.

Z. Hu, B. Miao, T. Wang, Q. Fu, D. Zhang, H. Ming, and Q. Zhang, “Disordered microstructure polymer optical fiber for stabilized coherent random fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 38(22), 4644–4647 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Hu, Q. Zhang, B. Miao, Q. Fu, G. Zou, Y. Chen, Y. Luo, D. Zhang, P. Wang, H. Ming, and Q. Zhang, “Coherent random fiber laser based on nanoparticles scattering in the extremely weakly scattering regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(25), 253901 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Montserrat, M.

F. Vallejo and M. Montserrat, “Bravo, and M. Lopez-Amo, “Ultra-long laser systems for remote fiber Bragg gratings arrays interrogation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(14), 1362–1364 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nuño, J.

Peng, F.

Podivilov, E. V.

Rao, Y. J.

Shi, L. L.

T. Zhu, S. H. Huang, L. L. Shi, W. Huang, M. Liu, and K. Chiang, “Rayleigh backscattering: a method to highly compress laser linewidth,” Chin. Sci. Bull. 59(33), 4631–4636 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shum, P. P.

L. L. Wang, X. Y. Dong, P. P. Shum, and H. B. Su, “Tunable erbium-doped fiber laser based on random distributed feedback,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(5), 1501705 (2014).

Su, H. B.

L. L. Wang, X. Y. Dong, P. P. Shum, and H. B. Su, “Tunable erbium-doped fiber laser based on random distributed feedback,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(5), 1501705 (2014).

Turitsyn, S. K.

Vallejo, F.

F. Vallejo and M. Montserrat, “Bravo, and M. Lopez-Amo, “Ultra-long laser systems for remote fiber Bragg gratings arrays interrogation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(14), 1362–1364 (2013).
[Crossref]

Vatnik, I. D.

Wang, C.

J. Y. Wang, T. Y. Liu, C. Wang, X. H. Liu, D. H. Huo, and J. Chang, “A micro-seismic fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensor system based on a distributed feedback laser,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 21(9), 094012 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wang, J. Y.

J. Y. Wang, T. Y. Liu, C. Wang, X. H. Liu, D. H. Huo, and J. Chang, “A micro-seismic fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensor system based on a distributed feedback laser,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 21(9), 094012 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wang, L. L.

L. L. Wang, X. Y. Dong, P. P. Shum, and H. B. Su, “Tunable erbium-doped fiber laser based on random distributed feedback,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(5), 1501705 (2014).

Wang, P.

Z. Hu, Q. Zhang, B. Miao, Q. Fu, G. Zou, Y. Chen, Y. Luo, D. Zhang, P. Wang, H. Ming, and Q. Zhang, “Coherent random fiber laser based on nanoparticles scattering in the extremely weakly scattering regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(25), 253901 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, T.

Wang, X.

Wang, Z. N.

Wu, H.

Xiao, H.

Xu, X.

Yan, X. D.

Yuan, C. X.

Zeng, J. J.

Zhang, D.

Z. Hu, B. Miao, T. Wang, Q. Fu, D. Zhang, H. Ming, and Q. Zhang, “Disordered microstructure polymer optical fiber for stabilized coherent random fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 38(22), 4644–4647 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Hu, Q. Zhang, B. Miao, Q. Fu, G. Zou, Y. Chen, Y. Luo, D. Zhang, P. Wang, H. Ming, and Q. Zhang, “Coherent random fiber laser based on nanoparticles scattering in the extremely weakly scattering regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(25), 253901 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, H.

Zhang, L.

Z. N. Wang, H. Wu, M. Q. Fan, L. Zhang, Y. J. Rao, W. L. Zhang, and X. H. Jia, “High power random fiber laser with short cavity length: theoretical and experimental investigations,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 0900506 (2015).

Z. N. Wang, J. J. Zeng, J. Li, M. Q. Fan, H. Wu, F. Peng, L. Zhang, Y. Zhou, and Y. J. Rao, “Ultra-long phase-sensitive OTDR with hybrid distributed amplification,” Opt. Lett. 39(20), 5866–5869 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Q.

Z. Hu, B. Miao, T. Wang, Q. Fu, D. Zhang, H. Ming, and Q. Zhang, “Disordered microstructure polymer optical fiber for stabilized coherent random fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 38(22), 4644–4647 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Hu, Q. Zhang, B. Miao, Q. Fu, G. Zou, Y. Chen, Y. Luo, D. Zhang, P. Wang, H. Ming, and Q. Zhang, “Coherent random fiber laser based on nanoparticles scattering in the extremely weakly scattering regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(25), 253901 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Hu, Q. Zhang, B. Miao, Q. Fu, G. Zou, Y. Chen, Y. Luo, D. Zhang, P. Wang, H. Ming, and Q. Zhang, “Coherent random fiber laser based on nanoparticles scattering in the extremely weakly scattering regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(25), 253901 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, W. L.

W. L. Zhang, S. W. Li, R. Ma, Y. J. Rao, Y. Y. Zhu, Z. N. Wang, X. H. Jia, and J. Li, “Random distributed feedback fiber laser based on combination of Er-doped fiber and single-mode fiber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 44–49 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. N. Wang, H. Wu, M. Q. Fan, L. Zhang, Y. J. Rao, W. L. Zhang, and X. H. Jia, “High power random fiber laser with short cavity length: theoretical and experimental investigations,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 0900506 (2015).

X. H. Jia, Y. J. Rao, C. X. Yuan, J. Li, X. D. Yan, Z. N. Wang, W. L. Zhang, H. Wu, Y. Y. Zhu, and F. Peng, “Hybrid distributed Raman amplification combining random fiber laser based 2nd-order and low-noise LD based 1st-order pumping,” Opt. Express 21(21), 24611–24619 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. N. Wang, Y. J. Rao, H. Wu, P. Y. Li, Y. Jiang, X. H. Jia, and W. L. Zhang, “Long-distance fiber-optic point-sensing systems based on random fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 20(16), 17695–17700 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, P.

Zhou, Y.

Zhu, T.

T. Zhu, S. H. Huang, L. L. Shi, W. Huang, M. Liu, and K. Chiang, “Rayleigh backscattering: a method to highly compress laser linewidth,” Chin. Sci. Bull. 59(33), 4631–4636 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhu, Y. Y.

W. L. Zhang, S. W. Li, R. Ma, Y. J. Rao, Y. Y. Zhu, Z. N. Wang, X. H. Jia, and J. Li, “Random distributed feedback fiber laser based on combination of Er-doped fiber and single-mode fiber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 44–49 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. H. Jia, Y. J. Rao, C. X. Yuan, J. Li, X. D. Yan, Z. N. Wang, W. L. Zhang, H. Wu, Y. Y. Zhu, and F. Peng, “Hybrid distributed Raman amplification combining random fiber laser based 2nd-order and low-noise LD based 1st-order pumping,” Opt. Express 21(21), 24611–24619 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zou, G.

Z. Hu, Q. Zhang, B. Miao, Q. Fu, G. Zou, Y. Chen, Y. Luo, D. Zhang, P. Wang, H. Ming, and Q. Zhang, “Coherent random fiber laser based on nanoparticles scattering in the extremely weakly scattering regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(25), 253901 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chin. Sci. Bull. (1)

T. Zhu, S. H. Huang, L. L. Shi, W. Huang, M. Liu, and K. Chiang, “Rayleigh backscattering: a method to highly compress laser linewidth,” Chin. Sci. Bull. 59(33), 4631–4636 (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

Z. N. Wang, H. Wu, M. Q. Fan, L. Zhang, Y. J. Rao, W. L. Zhang, and X. H. Jia, “High power random fiber laser with short cavity length: theoretical and experimental investigations,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 0900506 (2015).

W. L. Zhang, S. W. Li, R. Ma, Y. J. Rao, Y. Y. Zhu, Z. N. Wang, X. H. Jia, and J. Li, “Random distributed feedback fiber laser based on combination of Er-doped fiber and single-mode fiber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 44–49 (2015).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics J. (1)

L. L. Wang, X. Y. Dong, P. P. Shum, and H. B. Su, “Tunable erbium-doped fiber laser based on random distributed feedback,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(5), 1501705 (2014).

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

F. Vallejo and M. Montserrat, “Bravo, and M. Lopez-Amo, “Ultra-long laser systems for remote fiber Bragg gratings arrays interrogation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(14), 1362–1364 (2013).
[Crossref]

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

J. Y. Wang, T. Y. Liu, C. Wang, X. H. Liu, D. H. Huo, and J. Chang, “A micro-seismic fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensor system based on a distributed feedback laser,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 21(9), 094012 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fiber laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Tunable random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 84(2), 021805 (2011).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

Z. Hu, Q. Zhang, B. Miao, Q. Fu, G. Zou, Y. Chen, Y. Luo, D. Zhang, P. Wang, H. Ming, and Q. Zhang, “Coherent random fiber laser based on nanoparticles scattering in the extremely weakly scattering regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(25), 253901 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

D. Leandro, V. deMiguel-Soto, and M. Lopez-Amo, “High-resolution sensor system using a random distributed feedback fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. in press (2016).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic setup.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Calculated pump/lasing power distribution along the fiber with 0.9W launched pump. (a) 1455nm pump; (b) 1550nm random lasing.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Calculated spectra of random lasing with different EDF locations. (The inset is the enlarged view of the spectrum from 1544nm to 1556nm); (b) Calculated output power vs. pump power with different EDF locations.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Input-output curves from both experimental and simulated results; (b) Measured lasing spectral evolution with different pump power.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Numerical results about the lasing threshold vs. EDF length in the 25/75km case; (b) The measured peak lasing wavelength vs. temperature. (The inset is the measured spectrum with two FBGs at the far-end of the system.)

Equations (4)

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N 2 ¯ N t ¯ = k=0 N ( P k + + P k )α k h v k ζ 1+ k=0 N ( P k + + P k )(α + k g k ) h v k ζ
d P k ± dz =±( α k + g k ) N 2 ¯ N t ¯ P k ± ±2 g k N 2 ¯ N t ¯ h ν k Δ ν ke ( α k + l k ) P k ±
d P k ± dz = α k P k ± ±η g k ( P 0 + + P 0 )( P k ± +0.5 Γ k )± ε k P k ± (1η) k ' =1 N v 0 v k ' ( P k ' + + P k ' + Γ k ' ) P 0 ±
Γ k =4h ν k Δ ν ks { 1+ 1 exp[ h( v 0 ν k )/( K B T) ]1 }

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