Abstract

A narrow-linewidth Q-switched random fiber laser (RFL) based on a half-opened cavity, which is realized by narrow-linewidth fiber Bragg grating (FBG) and a section of 3 km passive fiber, has been proposed and experimentally investigated. The narrow-linewidth lasing is generated by the spectral filtering of three FBGs with linewidth of 1.21 nm, 0.56 nm, and 0.12 nm, respectively. The Q switching of the distributed cavity is achieved by placing an acousto-optical modulator (AOM) between the FBG and the passive fiber. The maximal output powers of the narrow-linewidth RFLs with the three different FBGs are 0.54 W, 0.27 W, and 0.08 W, respectively. Furthermore, the repetition rates of the output pulses are 500 kHz, and the pulse durations are about 500 ns. The corresponding pulse energies are about 1.08 μJ, 0.54 μJ, and 0.16 μJ, accordingly. The linewidth of FBG can influence the output characteristics in full scale. The narrower the FBG, the higher the pump threshold; the lower the output power at the same pump level, the more serious the linewidth broadening; and thus the higher the proportion of the CW-ground exists in the output pulse trains. Thanks to the assistance of the band-pass filter (BPF), the proportion of the CW-ground of narrow-linewidth Q-switched RFL under the relative high-pump—low-output condition can be reduced effectively. The experimental results indicate that it is challenging to demonstrate a narrow-linewidth Q-switched RFL with high quality output. But further power scaling and linewidth narrowing is possible in the case of operating parameters, optimization efforts, and a more powerful pump source. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first demonstration of narrow-linewidth generation in a Q-switched RFL.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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References

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2016 (4)

S. M. Wang, W. Lin, W. C. Chen, C. Li, C. S. Yang, T. Qiao, and Z. M. Yang, “Low-threshold and multi-wavelength Q-switched random erbium-doped fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 9(3), 032701 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Wu, Z. N. Wang, Q. H. He, M. Q. Fan, Y. Q. Li, W. Sun, L. Zhang, Y. Li, and Y. J. Rao, “Polarization-modulated random fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(5), 055101 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. A. Babin, E. A. Zlobina, S. I. Kablukov, and E. V. Podivilov, “High-order random Raman lasing in a PM fiber with ultimate efficiency and narrow bandwidth,” Sci. Rep. 6, 22625 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Du, H. Zhang, X. Wang, P. Zhou, and Z. Liu, “Short cavity-length random fiber laser with record power and ultrahigh efficiency,” Opt. Lett. 41(3), 571–574 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (6)

D. Leandro, S. Rota-Rodrigo, D. Ardanaz, and M. Lopez-Amo, “Narrow-Linewidth Multi-Wavelength Random Distributed Feedback Laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(17), 3591–3596 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. G. Kuznetsov, E. V. Podivilov, and S. A. Babin, “Actively Q-switched Raman fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(3), 035102 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. N. Wang, H. Wu, M. Q. Fan, L. Zhang, Y. J. Rao, W. L. Zhang, and X. H. Jia, “High power random fiber laser with short cavity length: theoretical and experimental investigations,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 0900506 (2015).

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, I. D. Vatnik, Z. N. Wang, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, Y. J. Rao, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Recent advances in fundamentals and applications of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. C. Yao, Y. J. Rao, Z. N. Wang, Y. Wu, J. H. Zhou, H. Wu, M. Q. Fan, X. L. Cao, W. L. Zhang, Y. F. Chen, Y. R. Li, D. Churkin, S. Turitsyn, and C. W. Wong, “Graphene based widely-tunable and singly-polarized pulse generation with random fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 5, 18526 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Tang and J. Xu, “A random Q-switched fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 9338 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (3)

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, I. D. Vatnik, M. Nikulin, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre lasers,” Phys. Rep. 542(2), 133–193 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. W. Zhang, P. Zhou, H. Xiao, and X. J. Xu, “Efficient Raman fiber laser based on random Rayleigh distributed feedback with record high power,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075104 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Sugavanam, Z. Yan, V. Kamynin, A. S. Kurkov, L. Zhang, and D. V. Churkin, “Multiwavelength generation in a random distributed feedback fiber laser using an all fiber Lyot filter,” Opt. Express 22(3), 2839–2844 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (5)

2012 (4)

2011 (1)

S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Tunable random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 84(2), 021805 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).

2008 (1)

D. S. Wiersma, “The physics and applications of random lasers,” Nat. Phys. 4(5), 359–367 (2008).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

Ania-Castañón, J. D.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).

Ardanaz, D.

Babin, S. A.

S. A. Babin, E. A. Zlobina, S. I. Kablukov, and E. V. Podivilov, “High-order random Raman lasing in a PM fiber with ultimate efficiency and narrow bandwidth,” Sci. Rep. 6, 22625 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, I. D. Vatnik, Z. N. Wang, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, Y. J. Rao, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Recent advances in fundamentals and applications of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. G. Kuznetsov, E. V. Podivilov, and S. A. Babin, “Actively Q-switched Raman fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(3), 035102 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, I. D. Vatnik, M. Nikulin, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre lasers,” Phys. Rep. 542(2), 133–193 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Tunable random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 84(2), 021805 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).

Bao, X.

Bao, X. Y.

T. Zhu, F. Y. Chen, S. H. Huang, and X. Y. Bao, “An ultra-narrow linewidth fiber laser based on Rayleigh backscattering in a tapered optical fiber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(5), 055110 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bravo, M.

Brunet, F.

Cao, H.

B. Redding, M. A. Choma, and H. Cao, “Speckle-free laser imaging using random laser illumination,” Nat. Photonics 6(6), 355–359 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cao, X. L.

B. C. Yao, Y. J. Rao, Z. N. Wang, Y. Wu, J. H. Zhou, H. Wu, M. Q. Fan, X. L. Cao, W. L. Zhang, Y. F. Chen, Y. R. Li, D. Churkin, S. Turitsyn, and C. W. Wong, “Graphene based widely-tunable and singly-polarized pulse generation with random fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 5, 18526 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, F. Y.

T. Zhu, F. Y. Chen, S. H. Huang, and X. Y. Bao, “An ultra-narrow linewidth fiber laser based on Rayleigh backscattering in a tapered optical fiber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(5), 055110 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, L.

Chen, W. C.

S. M. Wang, W. Lin, W. C. Chen, C. Li, C. S. Yang, T. Qiao, and Z. M. Yang, “Low-threshold and multi-wavelength Q-switched random erbium-doped fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 9(3), 032701 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y. F.

B. C. Yao, Y. J. Rao, Z. N. Wang, Y. Wu, J. H. Zhou, H. Wu, M. Q. Fan, X. L. Cao, W. L. Zhang, Y. F. Chen, Y. R. Li, D. Churkin, S. Turitsyn, and C. W. Wong, “Graphene based widely-tunable and singly-polarized pulse generation with random fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 5, 18526 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Choma, M. A.

B. Redding, M. A. Choma, and H. Cao, “Speckle-free laser imaging using random laser illumination,” Nat. Photonics 6(6), 355–359 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Churkin, D.

B. C. Yao, Y. J. Rao, Z. N. Wang, Y. Wu, J. H. Zhou, H. Wu, M. Q. Fan, X. L. Cao, W. L. Zhang, Y. F. Chen, Y. R. Li, D. Churkin, S. Turitsyn, and C. W. Wong, “Graphene based widely-tunable and singly-polarized pulse generation with random fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 5, 18526 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Churkin, D. V.

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, I. D. Vatnik, Z. N. Wang, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, Y. J. Rao, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Recent advances in fundamentals and applications of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, I. D. Vatnik, M. Nikulin, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre lasers,” Phys. Rep. 542(2), 133–193 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Sugavanam, Z. Yan, V. Kamynin, A. S. Kurkov, L. Zhang, and D. V. Churkin, “Multiwavelength generation in a random distributed feedback fiber laser using an all fiber Lyot filter,” Opt. Express 22(3), 2839–2844 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sugavanam, N. Tarasov, X. Shu, and D. V. Churkin, “Narrow-band generation in random distributed feedback fiber laser,” Opt. Express 21(14), 16466–16472 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).

Du, X.

El-Taher, A. E.

S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Tunable random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 84(2), 021805 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).

Fan, M. Q.

H. Wu, Z. N. Wang, Q. H. He, M. Q. Fan, Y. Q. Li, W. Sun, L. Zhang, Y. Li, and Y. J. Rao, “Polarization-modulated random fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(5), 055101 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. C. Yao, Y. J. Rao, Z. N. Wang, Y. Wu, J. H. Zhou, H. Wu, M. Q. Fan, X. L. Cao, W. L. Zhang, Y. F. Chen, Y. R. Li, D. Churkin, S. Turitsyn, and C. W. Wong, “Graphene based widely-tunable and singly-polarized pulse generation with random fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 5, 18526 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. N. Wang, H. Wu, M. Q. Fan, L. Zhang, Y. J. Rao, W. L. Zhang, and X. H. Jia, “High power random fiber laser with short cavity length: theoretical and experimental investigations,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 0900506 (2015).

Fernandez-Vallejo, M.

Galarneau, P.

Harper, P.

S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Tunable random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 84(2), 021805 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).

He, Q. H.

H. Wu, Z. N. Wang, Q. H. He, M. Q. Fan, Y. Q. Li, W. Sun, L. Zhang, Y. Li, and Y. J. Rao, “Polarization-modulated random fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(5), 055101 (2016).
[Crossref]

Huang, S. H.

T. Zhu, F. Y. Chen, S. H. Huang, and X. Y. Bao, “An ultra-narrow linewidth fiber laser based on Rayleigh backscattering in a tapered optical fiber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(5), 055110 (2013).
[Crossref]

Jia, X. H.

Jiang, Y.

Kablukov, S. I.

S. A. Babin, E. A. Zlobina, S. I. Kablukov, and E. V. Podivilov, “High-order random Raman lasing in a PM fiber with ultimate efficiency and narrow bandwidth,” Sci. Rep. 6, 22625 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).

Kamynin, V.

Karalekas, V.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).

Kobelke, J.

Kurkov, A. S.

Kuznetsov, A. G.

A. G. Kuznetsov, E. V. Podivilov, and S. A. Babin, “Actively Q-switched Raman fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(3), 035102 (2015).
[Crossref]

LaRochelle, S.

Leandro, D.

Li, C.

S. M. Wang, W. Lin, W. C. Chen, C. Li, C. S. Yang, T. Qiao, and Z. M. Yang, “Low-threshold and multi-wavelength Q-switched random erbium-doped fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 9(3), 032701 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

Li, P. Y.

Li, Y.

H. Wu, Z. N. Wang, Q. H. He, M. Q. Fan, Y. Q. Li, W. Sun, L. Zhang, Y. Li, and Y. J. Rao, “Polarization-modulated random fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(5), 055101 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, Y. Q.

H. Wu, Z. N. Wang, Q. H. He, M. Q. Fan, Y. Q. Li, W. Sun, L. Zhang, Y. Li, and Y. J. Rao, “Polarization-modulated random fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(5), 055101 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, Y. R.

B. C. Yao, Y. J. Rao, Z. N. Wang, Y. Wu, J. H. Zhou, H. Wu, M. Q. Fan, X. L. Cao, W. L. Zhang, Y. F. Chen, Y. R. Li, D. Churkin, S. Turitsyn, and C. W. Wong, “Graphene based widely-tunable and singly-polarized pulse generation with random fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 5, 18526 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, W.

S. M. Wang, W. Lin, W. C. Chen, C. Li, C. S. Yang, T. Qiao, and Z. M. Yang, “Low-threshold and multi-wavelength Q-switched random erbium-doped fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 9(3), 032701 (2016).
[Crossref]

Liu, Z.

Lopez-Amo, M.

Lu, P.

Lu, Y.

Musha, M.

Nikulin, M.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, I. D. Vatnik, M. Nikulin, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre lasers,” Phys. Rep. 542(2), 133–193 (2014).
[Crossref]

Pang, M.

Pinto, A. M. R.

Podivilov, E. V.

S. A. Babin, E. A. Zlobina, S. I. Kablukov, and E. V. Podivilov, “High-order random Raman lasing in a PM fiber with ultimate efficiency and narrow bandwidth,” Sci. Rep. 6, 22625 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, I. D. Vatnik, Z. N. Wang, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, Y. J. Rao, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Recent advances in fundamentals and applications of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. G. Kuznetsov, E. V. Podivilov, and S. A. Babin, “Actively Q-switched Raman fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(3), 035102 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, I. D. Vatnik, M. Nikulin, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre lasers,” Phys. Rep. 542(2), 133–193 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Tunable random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 84(2), 021805 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).

Qiao, T.

S. M. Wang, W. Lin, W. C. Chen, C. Li, C. S. Yang, T. Qiao, and Z. M. Yang, “Low-threshold and multi-wavelength Q-switched random erbium-doped fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 9(3), 032701 (2016).
[Crossref]

Qin, Z.

Rao, Y. J.

H. Wu, Z. N. Wang, Q. H. He, M. Q. Fan, Y. Q. Li, W. Sun, L. Zhang, Y. Li, and Y. J. Rao, “Polarization-modulated random fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(5), 055101 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. N. Wang, H. Wu, M. Q. Fan, L. Zhang, Y. J. Rao, W. L. Zhang, and X. H. Jia, “High power random fiber laser with short cavity length: theoretical and experimental investigations,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 0900506 (2015).

B. C. Yao, Y. J. Rao, Z. N. Wang, Y. Wu, J. H. Zhou, H. Wu, M. Q. Fan, X. L. Cao, W. L. Zhang, Y. F. Chen, Y. R. Li, D. Churkin, S. Turitsyn, and C. W. Wong, “Graphene based widely-tunable and singly-polarized pulse generation with random fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 5, 18526 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, I. D. Vatnik, Z. N. Wang, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, Y. J. Rao, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Recent advances in fundamentals and applications of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

W. L. Zhang, Y. J. Rao, J. M. Zhu, Z. X. Yang, Z. N. Wang, and X. H. Jia, “Low threshold 2nd-order random lasing of a fiber laser with a half-opened cavity,” Opt. Express 20(13), 14400–14405 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. N. Wang, Y. J. Rao, H. Wu, P. Y. Li, Y. Jiang, X. H. Jia, and W. L. Zhang, “Long-distance fiber-optic point-sensing systems based on random fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 20(16), 17695–17700 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Redding, B.

B. Redding, M. A. Choma, and H. Cao, “Speckle-free laser imaging using random laser illumination,” Nat. Photonics 6(6), 355–359 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rota-Rodrigo, S.

Schuster, K.

Shirakawa, A.

Shu, X.

Sugavanam, S.

Sun, W.

H. Wu, Z. N. Wang, Q. H. He, M. Q. Fan, Y. Q. Li, W. Sun, L. Zhang, Y. Li, and Y. J. Rao, “Polarization-modulated random fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(5), 055101 (2016).
[Crossref]

Taillon, Y.

Tang, Y.

Y. Tang and J. Xu, “A random Q-switched fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 9338 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tarasov, N.

Turitsyn, S.

B. C. Yao, Y. J. Rao, Z. N. Wang, Y. Wu, J. H. Zhou, H. Wu, M. Q. Fan, X. L. Cao, W. L. Zhang, Y. F. Chen, Y. R. Li, D. Churkin, S. Turitsyn, and C. W. Wong, “Graphene based widely-tunable and singly-polarized pulse generation with random fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 5, 18526 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Turitsyn, S. K.

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, I. D. Vatnik, Z. N. Wang, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, Y. J. Rao, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Recent advances in fundamentals and applications of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, I. D. Vatnik, M. Nikulin, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre lasers,” Phys. Rep. 542(2), 133–193 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Tunable random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 84(2), 021805 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).

Ueda, K.

Vatnik, I. D.

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, I. D. Vatnik, Z. N. Wang, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, Y. J. Rao, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Recent advances in fundamentals and applications of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, I. D. Vatnik, M. Nikulin, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre lasers,” Phys. Rep. 542(2), 133–193 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, S. M.

S. M. Wang, W. Lin, W. C. Chen, C. Li, C. S. Yang, T. Qiao, and Z. M. Yang, “Low-threshold and multi-wavelength Q-switched random erbium-doped fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 9(3), 032701 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.

Wang, Z. N.

H. Wu, Z. N. Wang, Q. H. He, M. Q. Fan, Y. Q. Li, W. Sun, L. Zhang, Y. Li, and Y. J. Rao, “Polarization-modulated random fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(5), 055101 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, I. D. Vatnik, Z. N. Wang, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, Y. J. Rao, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Recent advances in fundamentals and applications of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. N. Wang, H. Wu, M. Q. Fan, L. Zhang, Y. J. Rao, W. L. Zhang, and X. H. Jia, “High power random fiber laser with short cavity length: theoretical and experimental investigations,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 0900506 (2015).

B. C. Yao, Y. J. Rao, Z. N. Wang, Y. Wu, J. H. Zhou, H. Wu, M. Q. Fan, X. L. Cao, W. L. Zhang, Y. F. Chen, Y. R. Li, D. Churkin, S. Turitsyn, and C. W. Wong, “Graphene based widely-tunable and singly-polarized pulse generation with random fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 5, 18526 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. L. Zhang, Y. J. Rao, J. M. Zhu, Z. X. Yang, Z. N. Wang, and X. H. Jia, “Low threshold 2nd-order random lasing of a fiber laser with a half-opened cavity,” Opt. Express 20(13), 14400–14405 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. N. Wang, Y. J. Rao, H. Wu, P. Y. Li, Y. Jiang, X. H. Jia, and W. L. Zhang, “Long-distance fiber-optic point-sensing systems based on random fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 20(16), 17695–17700 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wiersma, D. S.

D. S. Wiersma, “The physics and applications of random lasers,” Nat. Phys. 4(5), 359–367 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wong, C. W.

B. C. Yao, Y. J. Rao, Z. N. Wang, Y. Wu, J. H. Zhou, H. Wu, M. Q. Fan, X. L. Cao, W. L. Zhang, Y. F. Chen, Y. R. Li, D. Churkin, S. Turitsyn, and C. W. Wong, “Graphene based widely-tunable and singly-polarized pulse generation with random fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 5, 18526 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, H.

H. Wu, Z. N. Wang, Q. H. He, M. Q. Fan, Y. Q. Li, W. Sun, L. Zhang, Y. Li, and Y. J. Rao, “Polarization-modulated random fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(5), 055101 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. N. Wang, H. Wu, M. Q. Fan, L. Zhang, Y. J. Rao, W. L. Zhang, and X. H. Jia, “High power random fiber laser with short cavity length: theoretical and experimental investigations,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 0900506 (2015).

B. C. Yao, Y. J. Rao, Z. N. Wang, Y. Wu, J. H. Zhou, H. Wu, M. Q. Fan, X. L. Cao, W. L. Zhang, Y. F. Chen, Y. R. Li, D. Churkin, S. Turitsyn, and C. W. Wong, “Graphene based widely-tunable and singly-polarized pulse generation with random fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 5, 18526 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. N. Wang, Y. J. Rao, H. Wu, P. Y. Li, Y. Jiang, X. H. Jia, and W. L. Zhang, “Long-distance fiber-optic point-sensing systems based on random fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 20(16), 17695–17700 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, Y.

B. C. Yao, Y. J. Rao, Z. N. Wang, Y. Wu, J. H. Zhou, H. Wu, M. Q. Fan, X. L. Cao, W. L. Zhang, Y. F. Chen, Y. R. Li, D. Churkin, S. Turitsyn, and C. W. Wong, “Graphene based widely-tunable and singly-polarized pulse generation with random fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 5, 18526 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xiao, H.

H. W. Zhang, P. Zhou, H. Xiao, and X. J. Xu, “Efficient Raman fiber laser based on random Rayleigh distributed feedback with record high power,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075104 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xu, J.

Y. Tang and J. Xu, “A random Q-switched fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 9338 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, X. J.

H. W. Zhang, P. Zhou, H. Xiao, and X. J. Xu, “Efficient Raman fiber laser based on random Rayleigh distributed feedback with record high power,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075104 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yan, Z.

Yang, C. S.

S. M. Wang, W. Lin, W. C. Chen, C. Li, C. S. Yang, T. Qiao, and Z. M. Yang, “Low-threshold and multi-wavelength Q-switched random erbium-doped fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 9(3), 032701 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yang, Z. M.

S. M. Wang, W. Lin, W. C. Chen, C. Li, C. S. Yang, T. Qiao, and Z. M. Yang, “Low-threshold and multi-wavelength Q-switched random erbium-doped fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 9(3), 032701 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yang, Z. X.

Yao, B. C.

B. C. Yao, Y. J. Rao, Z. N. Wang, Y. Wu, J. H. Zhou, H. Wu, M. Q. Fan, X. L. Cao, W. L. Zhang, Y. F. Chen, Y. R. Li, D. Churkin, S. Turitsyn, and C. W. Wong, “Graphene based widely-tunable and singly-polarized pulse generation with random fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 5, 18526 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, H.

Zhang, H. W.

H. W. Zhang, P. Zhou, H. Xiao, and X. J. Xu, “Efficient Raman fiber laser based on random Rayleigh distributed feedback with record high power,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075104 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

H. Wu, Z. N. Wang, Q. H. He, M. Q. Fan, Y. Q. Li, W. Sun, L. Zhang, Y. Li, and Y. J. Rao, “Polarization-modulated random fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(5), 055101 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. N. Wang, H. Wu, M. Q. Fan, L. Zhang, Y. J. Rao, W. L. Zhang, and X. H. Jia, “High power random fiber laser with short cavity length: theoretical and experimental investigations,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 0900506 (2015).

S. Sugavanam, Z. Yan, V. Kamynin, A. S. Kurkov, L. Zhang, and D. V. Churkin, “Multiwavelength generation in a random distributed feedback fiber laser using an all fiber Lyot filter,” Opt. Express 22(3), 2839–2844 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, W. L.

Z. N. Wang, H. Wu, M. Q. Fan, L. Zhang, Y. J. Rao, W. L. Zhang, and X. H. Jia, “High power random fiber laser with short cavity length: theoretical and experimental investigations,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 0900506 (2015).

B. C. Yao, Y. J. Rao, Z. N. Wang, Y. Wu, J. H. Zhou, H. Wu, M. Q. Fan, X. L. Cao, W. L. Zhang, Y. F. Chen, Y. R. Li, D. Churkin, S. Turitsyn, and C. W. Wong, “Graphene based widely-tunable and singly-polarized pulse generation with random fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 5, 18526 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. N. Wang, Y. J. Rao, H. Wu, P. Y. Li, Y. Jiang, X. H. Jia, and W. L. Zhang, “Long-distance fiber-optic point-sensing systems based on random fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 20(16), 17695–17700 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. L. Zhang, Y. J. Rao, J. M. Zhu, Z. X. Yang, Z. N. Wang, and X. H. Jia, “Low threshold 2nd-order random lasing of a fiber laser with a half-opened cavity,” Opt. Express 20(13), 14400–14405 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, J. H.

B. C. Yao, Y. J. Rao, Z. N. Wang, Y. Wu, J. H. Zhou, H. Wu, M. Q. Fan, X. L. Cao, W. L. Zhang, Y. F. Chen, Y. R. Li, D. Churkin, S. Turitsyn, and C. W. Wong, “Graphene based widely-tunable and singly-polarized pulse generation with random fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 5, 18526 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, P.

X. Du, H. Zhang, X. Wang, P. Zhou, and Z. Liu, “Short cavity-length random fiber laser with record power and ultrahigh efficiency,” Opt. Lett. 41(3), 571–574 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. W. Zhang, P. Zhou, H. Xiao, and X. J. Xu, “Efficient Raman fiber laser based on random Rayleigh distributed feedback with record high power,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075104 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhu, J. M.

Zhu, T.

T. Zhu, F. Y. Chen, S. H. Huang, and X. Y. Bao, “An ultra-narrow linewidth fiber laser based on Rayleigh backscattering in a tapered optical fiber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(5), 055110 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zlobina, E. A.

S. A. Babin, E. A. Zlobina, S. I. Kablukov, and E. V. Podivilov, “High-order random Raman lasing in a PM fiber with ultimate efficiency and narrow bandwidth,” Sci. Rep. 6, 22625 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Opt. Photonics (1)

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, I. D. Vatnik, Z. N. Wang, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, Y. J. Rao, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Recent advances in fundamentals and applications of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Express (1)

S. M. Wang, W. Lin, W. C. Chen, C. Li, C. S. Yang, T. Qiao, and Z. M. Yang, “Low-threshold and multi-wavelength Q-switched random erbium-doped fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 9(3), 032701 (2016).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

Z. N. Wang, H. Wu, M. Q. Fan, L. Zhang, Y. J. Rao, W. L. Zhang, and X. H. Jia, “High power random fiber laser with short cavity length: theoretical and experimental investigations,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 0900506 (2015).

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

Laser Phys. Lett. (4)

A. G. Kuznetsov, E. V. Podivilov, and S. A. Babin, “Actively Q-switched Raman fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(3), 035102 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Wu, Z. N. Wang, Q. H. He, M. Q. Fan, Y. Q. Li, W. Sun, L. Zhang, Y. Li, and Y. J. Rao, “Polarization-modulated random fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(5), 055101 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Zhu, F. Y. Chen, S. H. Huang, and X. Y. Bao, “An ultra-narrow linewidth fiber laser based on Rayleigh backscattering in a tapered optical fiber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(5), 055110 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. W. Zhang, P. Zhou, H. Xiao, and X. J. Xu, “Efficient Raman fiber laser based on random Rayleigh distributed feedback with record high power,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075104 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (2)

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).

B. Redding, M. A. Choma, and H. Cao, “Speckle-free laser imaging using random laser illumination,” Nat. Photonics 6(6), 355–359 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Phys. (1)

D. S. Wiersma, “The physics and applications of random lasers,” Nat. Phys. 4(5), 359–367 (2008).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rep. (1)

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, I. D. Vatnik, M. Nikulin, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre lasers,” Phys. Rep. 542(2), 133–193 (2014).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Tunable random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 84(2), 021805 (2011).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (3)

B. C. Yao, Y. J. Rao, Z. N. Wang, Y. Wu, J. H. Zhou, H. Wu, M. Q. Fan, X. L. Cao, W. L. Zhang, Y. F. Chen, Y. R. Li, D. Churkin, S. Turitsyn, and C. W. Wong, “Graphene based widely-tunable and singly-polarized pulse generation with random fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 5, 18526 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Tang and J. Xu, “A random Q-switched fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 9338 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. A. Babin, E. A. Zlobina, S. I. Kablukov, and E. V. Podivilov, “High-order random Raman lasing in a PM fiber with ultimate efficiency and narrow bandwidth,” Sci. Rep. 6, 22625 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic of narrow-linewidth Q-switched RFL.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Output characteristics of the narrow-linewidth Q-switched RFL without BPF at maximal output power (a) Output spectra; (b) output pulses of RFL.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Output characteristics of the narrow-linewidth Q-switched RFL with BPF at maximal output power (a) Output spectra; (b) output pulses.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Evolutions of output light as functions of pump power (a) Output power; (b) linewidth; (c) proportion of signal light; (d) proportion of CW-ground.

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