Abstract

Helical metamaterials, a kind of 3-dimensional structure, has relatively strong coupling effect among the helical nano-wires. Therefore, it is expected to be a good candidate for generating phase shift and controlling wavefront with high efficiency. In this paper, using the finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method, we studied the phase shift properties in the helical metamaterials. It is found that the phase shift occurs for both transmitted and reflected light waves. And the maximum of reflection coefficients can reach over 60%. In addition, the phase shift (φ) is dispersionless in the range of 600 nm to 860 nm, that is, it is only dominated by the initial angle (θ) of the helix. The relationship between them is φ = ± 2θ. Using Jones calculus we give a further explanation for these properties. Finally, by arranging the helixes in an array with a constant phase gradient, the phenomenon of anomalous refraction was also observed in a broad wavelength range.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Broadband optical isolator based on helical metamaterials

Hu Cao, ZhenYu Yang, Ming Zhao, Lin Wu, and Peng Zhang
J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 32(5) 778-781 (2015)

High efficiency active wavefront manipulation of spin photonics based on a graphene metasurface

Xiangxing Bai, Linlong Tang, Wei Yao, Qing Zang, Jialu Li, Shuang Liu, Wenqiang Lu, Yang Liu, Xiudong Sun, and Yueguang Lu
Opt. Express 27(16) 22475-22484 (2019)

On metamaterial circular polarizers based on metal N-helices

Johannes Kaschke, Justyna K. Gansel, and Martin Wegener
Opt. Express 20(23) 26012-26020 (2012)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. Z. Li, E. Palacios, S. Butun, and K. Aydin, “Visible-frequency metasurfaces for broadband anomalous reflection and high-efficiency spectrum splitting,” Nano Lett. 15(3), 1615–1621 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. Y. Wang, Y. Liu, C. Liu, B. Sun, X. Sun, F. Li, and Y. Lu, “New design for transmitted phase of reflectionless metasurfaces with 2 pi coverage,” IEEE Photonics J. 7, 2701108 (2015).
  3. N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. X. Su, C. Ouyang, N. Xu, S. Tan, J. Gu, Z. Tian, J. Han, F. Yan, and W. Zhang, “Broadband terahertz transparency in a switchable metasurface,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(1), 1–8 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  5. D. Veksler, E. Maguid, N. Shitrit, D. Ozeri, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Multiple wavefront shaping by metasurface based on mixed random antenna groups,” ACS Photonics 2(5), 661–667 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  6. C. Pfeiffer, N. K. Emani, A. M. Shaltout, A. Boltasseva, V. M. Shalaev, and A. Grbic, “Efficient light bending with isotropic metamaterial Huygens’ surfaces,” Nano Lett. 14(5), 2491–2497 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. A. Wu, H. Li, J. Du, X. Ni, Z. Ye, Y. Wang, Z. Sheng, S. Zou, F. Gan, X. Zhang, and X. Wang, “Experimental demonstration of in-plane negative-angle refraction with an array of silicon nanoposts,” Nano Lett. 15(3), 2055–2060 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. R. Li, Z. Guo, W. Wang, J. Zhang, A. Zhang, J. Liu, S. Qu, and J. Gao, “Ultra-thin circular polarization analyzer based on the metal rectangular split-ring resonators,” Opt. Express 22(23), 27968–27975 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. M. Khorasaninejad and K. B. Crozier, “Silicon nanofin grating as a miniature chirality-distinguishing beam-splitter,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5386 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. U. Levy, M. Abashin, K. Ikeda, A. Krishnamoorthy, J. Cunningham, and Y. Fainman, “Inhomogenous dielectric metamaterials with space-variant polarizability,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(24), 243901 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. N. Kundtz and D. R. Smith, “Extreme-angle broadband metamaterial lens,” Nat. Mater. 9(2), 129–132 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, P. Genevet, and F. Capasso, “Multiwavelength achromatic metasurfaces by dispersive phase compensation,” Science 347(6228), 1342–1345 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. J. Luo, H. Yu, M. Song, and Z. Zhang, “Highly efficient wavefront manipulation in terahertz based on plasmonic gradient metasurfaces,” Opt. Lett. 39(8), 2229–2231 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. A. Arbabi, Y. Horie, A. J. Ball, M. Bagheri, and A. Faraon, “Subwavelength-thick lenses with high numerical apertures and large efficiency based on high-contrast transmitarrays,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7069 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. V. A. Fedotov, J. Wallauer, M. Walther, M. Perino, N. Papasimakis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Wavevector selective metasurfaces and tunnel vision filters,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(7), e306 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  16. H. Zhou, J. Dong, S. Yan, Y. Zhou, and X. Zhang, “Generation of terahertz vortices using metasurface with circular slits,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(6), 1–7 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  17. J. H. Shi, H. F. Ma, C. Y. Guan, Z. P. Wang, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband chirality and asymmetric transmission in ultrathin 90 degrees-twisted babinet-inverted metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 89(16), 165128 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  18. L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Dispersionless phase discontinuities for controlling light propagation,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5750–5755 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. X. Ni, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Metasurface holograms for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2807 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  20. G. Zheng, H. Mühlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(4), 308–312 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. N. Yu, P. Genevet, F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, G. Aoust, J.-P. Tetienne, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Flat optics: controlling wavefronts with optical antenna metasurfaces,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 4700423 (2013).
  22. N. Yu and F. Capasso, “Flat optics with designer metasurfaces,” Nat. Mater. 13(2), 139–150 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  23. R. Blanchard, G. Aoust, P. Genevet, N. Yu, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Modeling nanoscale v-shaped antennas for the design of optical phased arrays,” Phys. Rev. B 85(15), 155457 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  24. N. Meinzer, W. L. Barnes, and I. R. Hooper, “Plasmonic meta-atoms and metasurfaces,” Nat. Photonics 8(12), 889–898 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  25. X. Chen, L. Huang, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, C.-W. Qiu, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Dual-polarity plasmonic metalens for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1198 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. M. Kang, T. Feng, H.-T. Wang, and J. Li, “Wave front engineering from an array of thin aperture antennas,” Opt. Express 20(14), 15882–15890 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  27. M. Kang, J. Chen, X.-L. Wang, and H.-T. Wang, “Twisted vector field from an inhomogeneous and anisotropic metamaterial,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29(4), 572–576 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  28. J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, “Gold helix photonic metamaterial as broadband circular polarizer,” Science 325(5947), 1513–1515 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  29. J. K. Gansel, M. Wegener, S. Burger, and S. Linden, “Gold helix photonic metamaterials: a numerical parameter study,” Opt. Express 18(2), 1059–1069 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  30. Z. Y. Yang, M. Zhao, and Y. F. Lu, “Similar structures, different characteristics: Optical performances of circular polarizers with single- and double-helical metamaterials,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 3415–3421 (2010).
  31. Z. Yang, P. Zhang, P. Xie, L. Wu, Z. Lu, and M. Zhao, “Polarization properties in helical metamaterials,” Front. Optoelectron. 5(3), 248–255 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  32. J. Kaschke, L. Blume, L. Wu, M. Thiel, K. Bade, Z. Yang, and M. Wegener, “A helical metamaterial for broadband circular polarization conversion,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(10), 1411–1417 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  33. A. D. Rakic, A. B. Djurisic, J. M. Elazar, and M. L. Majewski, “Optical properties of metallic films for vertical-cavity optoelectronic devices,” Appl. Opt. 37(22), 5271–5283 (1998).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  34. J. Kaschke and M. Wegener, “Gold triple-helix mid-infrared metamaterial by STED-inspired laser lithography,” Opt. Lett. 40(17), 3986–3989 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  35. K. Robbie, G. Beydaghyan, T. Brown, C. Dean, J. Adams, and C. Buzea, “Ultrahigh vacuum glancing angle deposition system for thin films with controlled three-dimensional nanoscale structure,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75(4), 1089–1097 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  36. A. Kuzyk, R. Schreiber, Z. Fan, G. Pardatscher, E.-M. Roller, A. Högele, F. C. Simmel, A. O. Govorov, and T. Liedl, “DNA-based self-assembly of chiral plasmonic nanostructures with tailored optical response,” Nature 483(7389), 311–314 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (11)

Z. Li, E. Palacios, S. Butun, and K. Aydin, “Visible-frequency metasurfaces for broadband anomalous reflection and high-efficiency spectrum splitting,” Nano Lett. 15(3), 1615–1621 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, Y. Liu, C. Liu, B. Sun, X. Sun, F. Li, and Y. Lu, “New design for transmitted phase of reflectionless metasurfaces with 2 pi coverage,” IEEE Photonics J. 7, 2701108 (2015).

X. Su, C. Ouyang, N. Xu, S. Tan, J. Gu, Z. Tian, J. Han, F. Yan, and W. Zhang, “Broadband terahertz transparency in a switchable metasurface,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(1), 1–8 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Veksler, E. Maguid, N. Shitrit, D. Ozeri, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Multiple wavefront shaping by metasurface based on mixed random antenna groups,” ACS Photonics 2(5), 661–667 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Wu, H. Li, J. Du, X. Ni, Z. Ye, Y. Wang, Z. Sheng, S. Zou, F. Gan, X. Zhang, and X. Wang, “Experimental demonstration of in-plane negative-angle refraction with an array of silicon nanoposts,” Nano Lett. 15(3), 2055–2060 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Arbabi, Y. Horie, A. J. Ball, M. Bagheri, and A. Faraon, “Subwavelength-thick lenses with high numerical apertures and large efficiency based on high-contrast transmitarrays,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7069 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. A. Fedotov, J. Wallauer, M. Walther, M. Perino, N. Papasimakis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Wavevector selective metasurfaces and tunnel vision filters,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(7), e306 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, P. Genevet, and F. Capasso, “Multiwavelength achromatic metasurfaces by dispersive phase compensation,” Science 347(6228), 1342–1345 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Zheng, H. Mühlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(4), 308–312 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Kaschke, L. Blume, L. Wu, M. Thiel, K. Bade, Z. Yang, and M. Wegener, “A helical metamaterial for broadband circular polarization conversion,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(10), 1411–1417 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Kaschke and M. Wegener, “Gold triple-helix mid-infrared metamaterial by STED-inspired laser lithography,” Opt. Lett. 40(17), 3986–3989 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (8)

N. Yu and F. Capasso, “Flat optics with designer metasurfaces,” Nat. Mater. 13(2), 139–150 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Meinzer, W. L. Barnes, and I. R. Hooper, “Plasmonic meta-atoms and metasurfaces,” Nat. Photonics 8(12), 889–898 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Luo, H. Yu, M. Song, and Z. Zhang, “Highly efficient wavefront manipulation in terahertz based on plasmonic gradient metasurfaces,” Opt. Lett. 39(8), 2229–2231 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Zhou, J. Dong, S. Yan, Y. Zhou, and X. Zhang, “Generation of terahertz vortices using metasurface with circular slits,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(6), 1–7 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. H. Shi, H. F. Ma, C. Y. Guan, Z. P. Wang, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband chirality and asymmetric transmission in ultrathin 90 degrees-twisted babinet-inverted metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 89(16), 165128 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Li, Z. Guo, W. Wang, J. Zhang, A. Zhang, J. Liu, S. Qu, and J. Gao, “Ultra-thin circular polarization analyzer based on the metal rectangular split-ring resonators,” Opt. Express 22(23), 27968–27975 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Khorasaninejad and K. B. Crozier, “Silicon nanofin grating as a miniature chirality-distinguishing beam-splitter,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5386 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Pfeiffer, N. K. Emani, A. M. Shaltout, A. Boltasseva, V. M. Shalaev, and A. Grbic, “Efficient light bending with isotropic metamaterial Huygens’ surfaces,” Nano Lett. 14(5), 2491–2497 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (2)

X. Ni, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Metasurface holograms for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2807 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, G. Aoust, J.-P. Tetienne, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Flat optics: controlling wavefronts with optical antenna metasurfaces,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 4700423 (2013).

2012 (7)

R. Blanchard, G. Aoust, P. Genevet, N. Yu, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Modeling nanoscale v-shaped antennas for the design of optical phased arrays,” Phys. Rev. B 85(15), 155457 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. Chen, L. Huang, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, C.-W. Qiu, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Dual-polarity plasmonic metalens for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1198 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Kang, T. Feng, H.-T. Wang, and J. Li, “Wave front engineering from an array of thin aperture antennas,” Opt. Express 20(14), 15882–15890 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Kang, J. Chen, X.-L. Wang, and H.-T. Wang, “Twisted vector field from an inhomogeneous and anisotropic metamaterial,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29(4), 572–576 (2012).
[Crossref]

Z. Yang, P. Zhang, P. Xie, L. Wu, Z. Lu, and M. Zhao, “Polarization properties in helical metamaterials,” Front. Optoelectron. 5(3), 248–255 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Kuzyk, R. Schreiber, Z. Fan, G. Pardatscher, E.-M. Roller, A. Högele, F. C. Simmel, A. O. Govorov, and T. Liedl, “DNA-based self-assembly of chiral plasmonic nanostructures with tailored optical response,” Nature 483(7389), 311–314 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Dispersionless phase discontinuities for controlling light propagation,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5750–5755 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (3)

N. Kundtz and D. R. Smith, “Extreme-angle broadband metamaterial lens,” Nat. Mater. 9(2), 129–132 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. K. Gansel, M. Wegener, S. Burger, and S. Linden, “Gold helix photonic metamaterials: a numerical parameter study,” Opt. Express 18(2), 1059–1069 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Y. Yang, M. Zhao, and Y. F. Lu, “Similar structures, different characteristics: Optical performances of circular polarizers with single- and double-helical metamaterials,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 3415–3421 (2010).

2009 (1)

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, “Gold helix photonic metamaterial as broadband circular polarizer,” Science 325(5947), 1513–1515 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

U. Levy, M. Abashin, K. Ikeda, A. Krishnamoorthy, J. Cunningham, and Y. Fainman, “Inhomogenous dielectric metamaterials with space-variant polarizability,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(24), 243901 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

K. Robbie, G. Beydaghyan, T. Brown, C. Dean, J. Adams, and C. Buzea, “Ultrahigh vacuum glancing angle deposition system for thin films with controlled three-dimensional nanoscale structure,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75(4), 1089–1097 (2004).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

Abashin, M.

U. Levy, M. Abashin, K. Ikeda, A. Krishnamoorthy, J. Cunningham, and Y. Fainman, “Inhomogenous dielectric metamaterials with space-variant polarizability,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(24), 243901 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adams, J.

K. Robbie, G. Beydaghyan, T. Brown, C. Dean, J. Adams, and C. Buzea, “Ultrahigh vacuum glancing angle deposition system for thin films with controlled three-dimensional nanoscale structure,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75(4), 1089–1097 (2004).
[Crossref]

Aieta, F.

F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, P. Genevet, and F. Capasso, “Multiwavelength achromatic metasurfaces by dispersive phase compensation,” Science 347(6228), 1342–1345 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, G. Aoust, J.-P. Tetienne, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Flat optics: controlling wavefronts with optical antenna metasurfaces,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 4700423 (2013).

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aoust, G.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, G. Aoust, J.-P. Tetienne, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Flat optics: controlling wavefronts with optical antenna metasurfaces,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 4700423 (2013).

R. Blanchard, G. Aoust, P. Genevet, N. Yu, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Modeling nanoscale v-shaped antennas for the design of optical phased arrays,” Phys. Rev. B 85(15), 155457 (2012).
[Crossref]

Arbabi, A.

A. Arbabi, Y. Horie, A. J. Ball, M. Bagheri, and A. Faraon, “Subwavelength-thick lenses with high numerical apertures and large efficiency based on high-contrast transmitarrays,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7069 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aydin, K.

Z. Li, E. Palacios, S. Butun, and K. Aydin, “Visible-frequency metasurfaces for broadband anomalous reflection and high-efficiency spectrum splitting,” Nano Lett. 15(3), 1615–1621 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bade, K.

J. Kaschke, L. Blume, L. Wu, M. Thiel, K. Bade, Z. Yang, and M. Wegener, “A helical metamaterial for broadband circular polarization conversion,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(10), 1411–1417 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, “Gold helix photonic metamaterial as broadband circular polarizer,” Science 325(5947), 1513–1515 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bagheri, M.

A. Arbabi, Y. Horie, A. J. Ball, M. Bagheri, and A. Faraon, “Subwavelength-thick lenses with high numerical apertures and large efficiency based on high-contrast transmitarrays,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7069 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bai, B.

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Dispersionless phase discontinuities for controlling light propagation,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5750–5755 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Chen, L. Huang, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, C.-W. Qiu, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Dual-polarity plasmonic metalens for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1198 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ball, A. J.

A. Arbabi, Y. Horie, A. J. Ball, M. Bagheri, and A. Faraon, “Subwavelength-thick lenses with high numerical apertures and large efficiency based on high-contrast transmitarrays,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7069 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Barnes, W. L.

N. Meinzer, W. L. Barnes, and I. R. Hooper, “Plasmonic meta-atoms and metasurfaces,” Nat. Photonics 8(12), 889–898 (2014).
[Crossref]

Beydaghyan, G.

K. Robbie, G. Beydaghyan, T. Brown, C. Dean, J. Adams, and C. Buzea, “Ultrahigh vacuum glancing angle deposition system for thin films with controlled three-dimensional nanoscale structure,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75(4), 1089–1097 (2004).
[Crossref]

Blanchard, R.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, G. Aoust, J.-P. Tetienne, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Flat optics: controlling wavefronts with optical antenna metasurfaces,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 4700423 (2013).

R. Blanchard, G. Aoust, P. Genevet, N. Yu, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Modeling nanoscale v-shaped antennas for the design of optical phased arrays,” Phys. Rev. B 85(15), 155457 (2012).
[Crossref]

Blume, L.

J. Kaschke, L. Blume, L. Wu, M. Thiel, K. Bade, Z. Yang, and M. Wegener, “A helical metamaterial for broadband circular polarization conversion,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(10), 1411–1417 (2015).
[Crossref]

Boltasseva, A.

C. Pfeiffer, N. K. Emani, A. M. Shaltout, A. Boltasseva, V. M. Shalaev, and A. Grbic, “Efficient light bending with isotropic metamaterial Huygens’ surfaces,” Nano Lett. 14(5), 2491–2497 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brown, T.

K. Robbie, G. Beydaghyan, T. Brown, C. Dean, J. Adams, and C. Buzea, “Ultrahigh vacuum glancing angle deposition system for thin films with controlled three-dimensional nanoscale structure,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75(4), 1089–1097 (2004).
[Crossref]

Burger, S.

Butun, S.

Z. Li, E. Palacios, S. Butun, and K. Aydin, “Visible-frequency metasurfaces for broadband anomalous reflection and high-efficiency spectrum splitting,” Nano Lett. 15(3), 1615–1621 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Buzea, C.

K. Robbie, G. Beydaghyan, T. Brown, C. Dean, J. Adams, and C. Buzea, “Ultrahigh vacuum glancing angle deposition system for thin films with controlled three-dimensional nanoscale structure,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75(4), 1089–1097 (2004).
[Crossref]

Capasso, F.

F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, P. Genevet, and F. Capasso, “Multiwavelength achromatic metasurfaces by dispersive phase compensation,” Science 347(6228), 1342–1345 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yu and F. Capasso, “Flat optics with designer metasurfaces,” Nat. Mater. 13(2), 139–150 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, G. Aoust, J.-P. Tetienne, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Flat optics: controlling wavefronts with optical antenna metasurfaces,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 4700423 (2013).

R. Blanchard, G. Aoust, P. Genevet, N. Yu, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Modeling nanoscale v-shaped antennas for the design of optical phased arrays,” Phys. Rev. B 85(15), 155457 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, J.

Chen, X.

X. Chen, L. Huang, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, C.-W. Qiu, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Dual-polarity plasmonic metalens for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1198 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Dispersionless phase discontinuities for controlling light propagation,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5750–5755 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Crozier, K. B.

M. Khorasaninejad and K. B. Crozier, “Silicon nanofin grating as a miniature chirality-distinguishing beam-splitter,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5386 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cui, T. J.

J. H. Shi, H. F. Ma, C. Y. Guan, Z. P. Wang, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband chirality and asymmetric transmission in ultrathin 90 degrees-twisted babinet-inverted metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 89(16), 165128 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cunningham, J.

U. Levy, M. Abashin, K. Ikeda, A. Krishnamoorthy, J. Cunningham, and Y. Fainman, “Inhomogenous dielectric metamaterials with space-variant polarizability,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(24), 243901 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dean, C.

K. Robbie, G. Beydaghyan, T. Brown, C. Dean, J. Adams, and C. Buzea, “Ultrahigh vacuum glancing angle deposition system for thin films with controlled three-dimensional nanoscale structure,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75(4), 1089–1097 (2004).
[Crossref]

Decker, M.

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, “Gold helix photonic metamaterial as broadband circular polarizer,” Science 325(5947), 1513–1515 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Djurisic, A. B.

Dong, J.

H. Zhou, J. Dong, S. Yan, Y. Zhou, and X. Zhang, “Generation of terahertz vortices using metasurface with circular slits,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(6), 1–7 (2014).
[Crossref]

Du, J.

A. Wu, H. Li, J. Du, X. Ni, Z. Ye, Y. Wang, Z. Sheng, S. Zou, F. Gan, X. Zhang, and X. Wang, “Experimental demonstration of in-plane negative-angle refraction with an array of silicon nanoposts,” Nano Lett. 15(3), 2055–2060 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Elazar, J. M.

Emani, N. K.

C. Pfeiffer, N. K. Emani, A. M. Shaltout, A. Boltasseva, V. M. Shalaev, and A. Grbic, “Efficient light bending with isotropic metamaterial Huygens’ surfaces,” Nano Lett. 14(5), 2491–2497 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fainman, Y.

U. Levy, M. Abashin, K. Ikeda, A. Krishnamoorthy, J. Cunningham, and Y. Fainman, “Inhomogenous dielectric metamaterials with space-variant polarizability,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(24), 243901 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fan, Z.

A. Kuzyk, R. Schreiber, Z. Fan, G. Pardatscher, E.-M. Roller, A. Högele, F. C. Simmel, A. O. Govorov, and T. Liedl, “DNA-based self-assembly of chiral plasmonic nanostructures with tailored optical response,” Nature 483(7389), 311–314 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Faraon, A.

A. Arbabi, Y. Horie, A. J. Ball, M. Bagheri, and A. Faraon, “Subwavelength-thick lenses with high numerical apertures and large efficiency based on high-contrast transmitarrays,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7069 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fedotov, V. A.

V. A. Fedotov, J. Wallauer, M. Walther, M. Perino, N. Papasimakis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Wavevector selective metasurfaces and tunnel vision filters,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(7), e306 (2015).
[Crossref]

Feng, T.

Gaburro, Z.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, G. Aoust, J.-P. Tetienne, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Flat optics: controlling wavefronts with optical antenna metasurfaces,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 4700423 (2013).

R. Blanchard, G. Aoust, P. Genevet, N. Yu, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Modeling nanoscale v-shaped antennas for the design of optical phased arrays,” Phys. Rev. B 85(15), 155457 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gan, F.

A. Wu, H. Li, J. Du, X. Ni, Z. Ye, Y. Wang, Z. Sheng, S. Zou, F. Gan, X. Zhang, and X. Wang, “Experimental demonstration of in-plane negative-angle refraction with an array of silicon nanoposts,” Nano Lett. 15(3), 2055–2060 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gansel, J. K.

J. K. Gansel, M. Wegener, S. Burger, and S. Linden, “Gold helix photonic metamaterials: a numerical parameter study,” Opt. Express 18(2), 1059–1069 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, “Gold helix photonic metamaterial as broadband circular polarizer,” Science 325(5947), 1513–1515 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gao, J.

Genevet, P.

F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, P. Genevet, and F. Capasso, “Multiwavelength achromatic metasurfaces by dispersive phase compensation,” Science 347(6228), 1342–1345 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, G. Aoust, J.-P. Tetienne, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Flat optics: controlling wavefronts with optical antenna metasurfaces,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 4700423 (2013).

R. Blanchard, G. Aoust, P. Genevet, N. Yu, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Modeling nanoscale v-shaped antennas for the design of optical phased arrays,” Phys. Rev. B 85(15), 155457 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Govorov, A. O.

A. Kuzyk, R. Schreiber, Z. Fan, G. Pardatscher, E.-M. Roller, A. Högele, F. C. Simmel, A. O. Govorov, and T. Liedl, “DNA-based self-assembly of chiral plasmonic nanostructures with tailored optical response,” Nature 483(7389), 311–314 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grbic, A.

C. Pfeiffer, N. K. Emani, A. M. Shaltout, A. Boltasseva, V. M. Shalaev, and A. Grbic, “Efficient light bending with isotropic metamaterial Huygens’ surfaces,” Nano Lett. 14(5), 2491–2497 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gu, J.

X. Su, C. Ouyang, N. Xu, S. Tan, J. Gu, Z. Tian, J. Han, F. Yan, and W. Zhang, “Broadband terahertz transparency in a switchable metasurface,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(1), 1–8 (2015).
[Crossref]

Guan, C. Y.

J. H. Shi, H. F. Ma, C. Y. Guan, Z. P. Wang, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband chirality and asymmetric transmission in ultrathin 90 degrees-twisted babinet-inverted metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 89(16), 165128 (2014).
[Crossref]

Guo, Z.

Han, J.

X. Su, C. Ouyang, N. Xu, S. Tan, J. Gu, Z. Tian, J. Han, F. Yan, and W. Zhang, “Broadband terahertz transparency in a switchable metasurface,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(1), 1–8 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hasman, E.

D. Veksler, E. Maguid, N. Shitrit, D. Ozeri, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Multiple wavefront shaping by metasurface based on mixed random antenna groups,” ACS Photonics 2(5), 661–667 (2015).
[Crossref]

Högele, A.

A. Kuzyk, R. Schreiber, Z. Fan, G. Pardatscher, E.-M. Roller, A. Högele, F. C. Simmel, A. O. Govorov, and T. Liedl, “DNA-based self-assembly of chiral plasmonic nanostructures with tailored optical response,” Nature 483(7389), 311–314 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hooper, I. R.

N. Meinzer, W. L. Barnes, and I. R. Hooper, “Plasmonic meta-atoms and metasurfaces,” Nat. Photonics 8(12), 889–898 (2014).
[Crossref]

Horie, Y.

A. Arbabi, Y. Horie, A. J. Ball, M. Bagheri, and A. Faraon, “Subwavelength-thick lenses with high numerical apertures and large efficiency based on high-contrast transmitarrays,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7069 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, L.

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Dispersionless phase discontinuities for controlling light propagation,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5750–5755 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Chen, L. Huang, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, C.-W. Qiu, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Dual-polarity plasmonic metalens for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1198 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ikeda, K.

U. Levy, M. Abashin, K. Ikeda, A. Krishnamoorthy, J. Cunningham, and Y. Fainman, “Inhomogenous dielectric metamaterials with space-variant polarizability,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(24), 243901 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jin, G.

X. Chen, L. Huang, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, C.-W. Qiu, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Dual-polarity plasmonic metalens for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1198 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Dispersionless phase discontinuities for controlling light propagation,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5750–5755 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kang, M.

Kaschke, J.

J. Kaschke, L. Blume, L. Wu, M. Thiel, K. Bade, Z. Yang, and M. Wegener, “A helical metamaterial for broadband circular polarization conversion,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(10), 1411–1417 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Kaschke and M. Wegener, “Gold triple-helix mid-infrared metamaterial by STED-inspired laser lithography,” Opt. Lett. 40(17), 3986–3989 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kats, M. A.

F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, P. Genevet, and F. Capasso, “Multiwavelength achromatic metasurfaces by dispersive phase compensation,” Science 347(6228), 1342–1345 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, G. Aoust, J.-P. Tetienne, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Flat optics: controlling wavefronts with optical antenna metasurfaces,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 4700423 (2013).

R. Blanchard, G. Aoust, P. Genevet, N. Yu, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Modeling nanoscale v-shaped antennas for the design of optical phased arrays,” Phys. Rev. B 85(15), 155457 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kenney, M.

G. Zheng, H. Mühlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(4), 308–312 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Khorasaninejad, M.

M. Khorasaninejad and K. B. Crozier, “Silicon nanofin grating as a miniature chirality-distinguishing beam-splitter,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5386 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kildishev, A. V.

X. Ni, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Metasurface holograms for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2807 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kleiner, V.

D. Veksler, E. Maguid, N. Shitrit, D. Ozeri, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Multiple wavefront shaping by metasurface based on mixed random antenna groups,” ACS Photonics 2(5), 661–667 (2015).
[Crossref]

Krishnamoorthy, A.

U. Levy, M. Abashin, K. Ikeda, A. Krishnamoorthy, J. Cunningham, and Y. Fainman, “Inhomogenous dielectric metamaterials with space-variant polarizability,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(24), 243901 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kundtz, N.

N. Kundtz and D. R. Smith, “Extreme-angle broadband metamaterial lens,” Nat. Mater. 9(2), 129–132 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kuzyk, A.

A. Kuzyk, R. Schreiber, Z. Fan, G. Pardatscher, E.-M. Roller, A. Högele, F. C. Simmel, A. O. Govorov, and T. Liedl, “DNA-based self-assembly of chiral plasmonic nanostructures with tailored optical response,” Nature 483(7389), 311–314 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Levy, U.

U. Levy, M. Abashin, K. Ikeda, A. Krishnamoorthy, J. Cunningham, and Y. Fainman, “Inhomogenous dielectric metamaterials with space-variant polarizability,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(24), 243901 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, F.

Y. Wang, Y. Liu, C. Liu, B. Sun, X. Sun, F. Li, and Y. Lu, “New design for transmitted phase of reflectionless metasurfaces with 2 pi coverage,” IEEE Photonics J. 7, 2701108 (2015).

Li, G.

G. Zheng, H. Mühlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(4), 308–312 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Dispersionless phase discontinuities for controlling light propagation,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5750–5755 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Chen, L. Huang, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, C.-W. Qiu, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Dual-polarity plasmonic metalens for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1198 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, H.

A. Wu, H. Li, J. Du, X. Ni, Z. Ye, Y. Wang, Z. Sheng, S. Zou, F. Gan, X. Zhang, and X. Wang, “Experimental demonstration of in-plane negative-angle refraction with an array of silicon nanoposts,” Nano Lett. 15(3), 2055–2060 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, J.

Li, R.

Li, Z.

Z. Li, E. Palacios, S. Butun, and K. Aydin, “Visible-frequency metasurfaces for broadband anomalous reflection and high-efficiency spectrum splitting,” Nano Lett. 15(3), 1615–1621 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liedl, T.

A. Kuzyk, R. Schreiber, Z. Fan, G. Pardatscher, E.-M. Roller, A. Högele, F. C. Simmel, A. O. Govorov, and T. Liedl, “DNA-based self-assembly of chiral plasmonic nanostructures with tailored optical response,” Nature 483(7389), 311–314 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Linden, S.

J. K. Gansel, M. Wegener, S. Burger, and S. Linden, “Gold helix photonic metamaterials: a numerical parameter study,” Opt. Express 18(2), 1059–1069 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, “Gold helix photonic metamaterial as broadband circular polarizer,” Science 325(5947), 1513–1515 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, C.

Y. Wang, Y. Liu, C. Liu, B. Sun, X. Sun, F. Li, and Y. Lu, “New design for transmitted phase of reflectionless metasurfaces with 2 pi coverage,” IEEE Photonics J. 7, 2701108 (2015).

Liu, J.

Liu, Y.

Y. Wang, Y. Liu, C. Liu, B. Sun, X. Sun, F. Li, and Y. Lu, “New design for transmitted phase of reflectionless metasurfaces with 2 pi coverage,” IEEE Photonics J. 7, 2701108 (2015).

Lu, Y.

Y. Wang, Y. Liu, C. Liu, B. Sun, X. Sun, F. Li, and Y. Lu, “New design for transmitted phase of reflectionless metasurfaces with 2 pi coverage,” IEEE Photonics J. 7, 2701108 (2015).

Lu, Y. F.

Z. Y. Yang, M. Zhao, and Y. F. Lu, “Similar structures, different characteristics: Optical performances of circular polarizers with single- and double-helical metamaterials,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 3415–3421 (2010).

Lu, Z.

Z. Yang, P. Zhang, P. Xie, L. Wu, Z. Lu, and M. Zhao, “Polarization properties in helical metamaterials,” Front. Optoelectron. 5(3), 248–255 (2012).
[Crossref]

Luo, J.

Ma, H. F.

J. H. Shi, H. F. Ma, C. Y. Guan, Z. P. Wang, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband chirality and asymmetric transmission in ultrathin 90 degrees-twisted babinet-inverted metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 89(16), 165128 (2014).
[Crossref]

Maguid, E.

D. Veksler, E. Maguid, N. Shitrit, D. Ozeri, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Multiple wavefront shaping by metasurface based on mixed random antenna groups,” ACS Photonics 2(5), 661–667 (2015).
[Crossref]

Majewski, M. L.

Meinzer, N.

N. Meinzer, W. L. Barnes, and I. R. Hooper, “Plasmonic meta-atoms and metasurfaces,” Nat. Photonics 8(12), 889–898 (2014).
[Crossref]

Mühlenbernd, H.

G. Zheng, H. Mühlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(4), 308–312 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Chen, L. Huang, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, C.-W. Qiu, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Dual-polarity plasmonic metalens for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1198 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Dispersionless phase discontinuities for controlling light propagation,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5750–5755 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ni, X.

A. Wu, H. Li, J. Du, X. Ni, Z. Ye, Y. Wang, Z. Sheng, S. Zou, F. Gan, X. Zhang, and X. Wang, “Experimental demonstration of in-plane negative-angle refraction with an array of silicon nanoposts,” Nano Lett. 15(3), 2055–2060 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Ni, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Metasurface holograms for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2807 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ouyang, C.

X. Su, C. Ouyang, N. Xu, S. Tan, J. Gu, Z. Tian, J. Han, F. Yan, and W. Zhang, “Broadband terahertz transparency in a switchable metasurface,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(1), 1–8 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ozeri, D.

D. Veksler, E. Maguid, N. Shitrit, D. Ozeri, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Multiple wavefront shaping by metasurface based on mixed random antenna groups,” ACS Photonics 2(5), 661–667 (2015).
[Crossref]

Palacios, E.

Z. Li, E. Palacios, S. Butun, and K. Aydin, “Visible-frequency metasurfaces for broadband anomalous reflection and high-efficiency spectrum splitting,” Nano Lett. 15(3), 1615–1621 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Papasimakis, N.

V. A. Fedotov, J. Wallauer, M. Walther, M. Perino, N. Papasimakis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Wavevector selective metasurfaces and tunnel vision filters,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(7), e306 (2015).
[Crossref]

Pardatscher, G.

A. Kuzyk, R. Schreiber, Z. Fan, G. Pardatscher, E.-M. Roller, A. Högele, F. C. Simmel, A. O. Govorov, and T. Liedl, “DNA-based self-assembly of chiral plasmonic nanostructures with tailored optical response,” Nature 483(7389), 311–314 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Perino, M.

V. A. Fedotov, J. Wallauer, M. Walther, M. Perino, N. Papasimakis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Wavevector selective metasurfaces and tunnel vision filters,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(7), e306 (2015).
[Crossref]

Pfeiffer, C.

C. Pfeiffer, N. K. Emani, A. M. Shaltout, A. Boltasseva, V. M. Shalaev, and A. Grbic, “Efficient light bending with isotropic metamaterial Huygens’ surfaces,” Nano Lett. 14(5), 2491–2497 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Qiu, C.-W.

X. Chen, L. Huang, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, C.-W. Qiu, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Dual-polarity plasmonic metalens for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1198 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Qu, S.

Rakic, A. D.

Rill, M. S.

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, “Gold helix photonic metamaterial as broadband circular polarizer,” Science 325(5947), 1513–1515 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Robbie, K.

K. Robbie, G. Beydaghyan, T. Brown, C. Dean, J. Adams, and C. Buzea, “Ultrahigh vacuum glancing angle deposition system for thin films with controlled three-dimensional nanoscale structure,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75(4), 1089–1097 (2004).
[Crossref]

Roller, E.-M.

A. Kuzyk, R. Schreiber, Z. Fan, G. Pardatscher, E.-M. Roller, A. Högele, F. C. Simmel, A. O. Govorov, and T. Liedl, “DNA-based self-assembly of chiral plasmonic nanostructures with tailored optical response,” Nature 483(7389), 311–314 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Saile, V.

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, “Gold helix photonic metamaterial as broadband circular polarizer,” Science 325(5947), 1513–1515 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schreiber, R.

A. Kuzyk, R. Schreiber, Z. Fan, G. Pardatscher, E.-M. Roller, A. Högele, F. C. Simmel, A. O. Govorov, and T. Liedl, “DNA-based self-assembly of chiral plasmonic nanostructures with tailored optical response,” Nature 483(7389), 311–314 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shalaev, V. M.

C. Pfeiffer, N. K. Emani, A. M. Shaltout, A. Boltasseva, V. M. Shalaev, and A. Grbic, “Efficient light bending with isotropic metamaterial Huygens’ surfaces,” Nano Lett. 14(5), 2491–2497 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Ni, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Metasurface holograms for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2807 (2013).
[Crossref]

Shaltout, A. M.

C. Pfeiffer, N. K. Emani, A. M. Shaltout, A. Boltasseva, V. M. Shalaev, and A. Grbic, “Efficient light bending with isotropic metamaterial Huygens’ surfaces,” Nano Lett. 14(5), 2491–2497 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sheng, Z.

A. Wu, H. Li, J. Du, X. Ni, Z. Ye, Y. Wang, Z. Sheng, S. Zou, F. Gan, X. Zhang, and X. Wang, “Experimental demonstration of in-plane negative-angle refraction with an array of silicon nanoposts,” Nano Lett. 15(3), 2055–2060 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shi, J. H.

J. H. Shi, H. F. Ma, C. Y. Guan, Z. P. Wang, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband chirality and asymmetric transmission in ultrathin 90 degrees-twisted babinet-inverted metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 89(16), 165128 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shitrit, N.

D. Veksler, E. Maguid, N. Shitrit, D. Ozeri, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Multiple wavefront shaping by metasurface based on mixed random antenna groups,” ACS Photonics 2(5), 661–667 (2015).
[Crossref]

Simmel, F. C.

A. Kuzyk, R. Schreiber, Z. Fan, G. Pardatscher, E.-M. Roller, A. Högele, F. C. Simmel, A. O. Govorov, and T. Liedl, “DNA-based self-assembly of chiral plasmonic nanostructures with tailored optical response,” Nature 483(7389), 311–314 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Smith, D. R.

N. Kundtz and D. R. Smith, “Extreme-angle broadband metamaterial lens,” Nat. Mater. 9(2), 129–132 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Song, M.

Su, X.

X. Su, C. Ouyang, N. Xu, S. Tan, J. Gu, Z. Tian, J. Han, F. Yan, and W. Zhang, “Broadband terahertz transparency in a switchable metasurface,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(1), 1–8 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sun, B.

Y. Wang, Y. Liu, C. Liu, B. Sun, X. Sun, F. Li, and Y. Lu, “New design for transmitted phase of reflectionless metasurfaces with 2 pi coverage,” IEEE Photonics J. 7, 2701108 (2015).

Sun, X.

Y. Wang, Y. Liu, C. Liu, B. Sun, X. Sun, F. Li, and Y. Lu, “New design for transmitted phase of reflectionless metasurfaces with 2 pi coverage,” IEEE Photonics J. 7, 2701108 (2015).

Tan, Q.

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Dispersionless phase discontinuities for controlling light propagation,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5750–5755 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Chen, L. Huang, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, C.-W. Qiu, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Dual-polarity plasmonic metalens for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1198 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tan, S.

X. Su, C. Ouyang, N. Xu, S. Tan, J. Gu, Z. Tian, J. Han, F. Yan, and W. Zhang, “Broadband terahertz transparency in a switchable metasurface,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(1), 1–8 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tetienne, J.-P.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, G. Aoust, J.-P. Tetienne, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Flat optics: controlling wavefronts with optical antenna metasurfaces,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 4700423 (2013).

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Thiel, M.

J. Kaschke, L. Blume, L. Wu, M. Thiel, K. Bade, Z. Yang, and M. Wegener, “A helical metamaterial for broadband circular polarization conversion,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(10), 1411–1417 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, “Gold helix photonic metamaterial as broadband circular polarizer,” Science 325(5947), 1513–1515 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tian, Z.

X. Su, C. Ouyang, N. Xu, S. Tan, J. Gu, Z. Tian, J. Han, F. Yan, and W. Zhang, “Broadband terahertz transparency in a switchable metasurface,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(1), 1–8 (2015).
[Crossref]

Veksler, D.

D. Veksler, E. Maguid, N. Shitrit, D. Ozeri, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Multiple wavefront shaping by metasurface based on mixed random antenna groups,” ACS Photonics 2(5), 661–667 (2015).
[Crossref]

von Freymann, G.

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, “Gold helix photonic metamaterial as broadband circular polarizer,” Science 325(5947), 1513–1515 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wallauer, J.

V. A. Fedotov, J. Wallauer, M. Walther, M. Perino, N. Papasimakis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Wavevector selective metasurfaces and tunnel vision filters,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(7), e306 (2015).
[Crossref]

Walther, M.

V. A. Fedotov, J. Wallauer, M. Walther, M. Perino, N. Papasimakis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Wavevector selective metasurfaces and tunnel vision filters,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(7), e306 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, H.-T.

Wang, W.

Wang, X.

A. Wu, H. Li, J. Du, X. Ni, Z. Ye, Y. Wang, Z. Sheng, S. Zou, F. Gan, X. Zhang, and X. Wang, “Experimental demonstration of in-plane negative-angle refraction with an array of silicon nanoposts,” Nano Lett. 15(3), 2055–2060 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, X.-L.

Wang, Y.

A. Wu, H. Li, J. Du, X. Ni, Z. Ye, Y. Wang, Z. Sheng, S. Zou, F. Gan, X. Zhang, and X. Wang, “Experimental demonstration of in-plane negative-angle refraction with an array of silicon nanoposts,” Nano Lett. 15(3), 2055–2060 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, Y. Liu, C. Liu, B. Sun, X. Sun, F. Li, and Y. Lu, “New design for transmitted phase of reflectionless metasurfaces with 2 pi coverage,” IEEE Photonics J. 7, 2701108 (2015).

Wang, Z. P.

J. H. Shi, H. F. Ma, C. Y. Guan, Z. P. Wang, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband chirality and asymmetric transmission in ultrathin 90 degrees-twisted babinet-inverted metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 89(16), 165128 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wegener, M.

J. Kaschke, L. Blume, L. Wu, M. Thiel, K. Bade, Z. Yang, and M. Wegener, “A helical metamaterial for broadband circular polarization conversion,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(10), 1411–1417 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Kaschke and M. Wegener, “Gold triple-helix mid-infrared metamaterial by STED-inspired laser lithography,” Opt. Lett. 40(17), 3986–3989 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. K. Gansel, M. Wegener, S. Burger, and S. Linden, “Gold helix photonic metamaterials: a numerical parameter study,” Opt. Express 18(2), 1059–1069 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, “Gold helix photonic metamaterial as broadband circular polarizer,” Science 325(5947), 1513–1515 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, A.

A. Wu, H. Li, J. Du, X. Ni, Z. Ye, Y. Wang, Z. Sheng, S. Zou, F. Gan, X. Zhang, and X. Wang, “Experimental demonstration of in-plane negative-angle refraction with an array of silicon nanoposts,” Nano Lett. 15(3), 2055–2060 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, L.

J. Kaschke, L. Blume, L. Wu, M. Thiel, K. Bade, Z. Yang, and M. Wegener, “A helical metamaterial for broadband circular polarization conversion,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(10), 1411–1417 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Yang, P. Zhang, P. Xie, L. Wu, Z. Lu, and M. Zhao, “Polarization properties in helical metamaterials,” Front. Optoelectron. 5(3), 248–255 (2012).
[Crossref]

Xie, P.

Z. Yang, P. Zhang, P. Xie, L. Wu, Z. Lu, and M. Zhao, “Polarization properties in helical metamaterials,” Front. Optoelectron. 5(3), 248–255 (2012).
[Crossref]

Xu, N.

X. Su, C. Ouyang, N. Xu, S. Tan, J. Gu, Z. Tian, J. Han, F. Yan, and W. Zhang, “Broadband terahertz transparency in a switchable metasurface,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(1), 1–8 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yan, F.

X. Su, C. Ouyang, N. Xu, S. Tan, J. Gu, Z. Tian, J. Han, F. Yan, and W. Zhang, “Broadband terahertz transparency in a switchable metasurface,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(1), 1–8 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yan, S.

H. Zhou, J. Dong, S. Yan, Y. Zhou, and X. Zhang, “Generation of terahertz vortices using metasurface with circular slits,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(6), 1–7 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yang, Z.

J. Kaschke, L. Blume, L. Wu, M. Thiel, K. Bade, Z. Yang, and M. Wegener, “A helical metamaterial for broadband circular polarization conversion,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(10), 1411–1417 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Yang, P. Zhang, P. Xie, L. Wu, Z. Lu, and M. Zhao, “Polarization properties in helical metamaterials,” Front. Optoelectron. 5(3), 248–255 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yang, Z. Y.

Z. Y. Yang, M. Zhao, and Y. F. Lu, “Similar structures, different characteristics: Optical performances of circular polarizers with single- and double-helical metamaterials,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 3415–3421 (2010).

Ye, Z.

A. Wu, H. Li, J. Du, X. Ni, Z. Ye, Y. Wang, Z. Sheng, S. Zou, F. Gan, X. Zhang, and X. Wang, “Experimental demonstration of in-plane negative-angle refraction with an array of silicon nanoposts,” Nano Lett. 15(3), 2055–2060 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, H.

Yu, N.

N. Yu and F. Capasso, “Flat optics with designer metasurfaces,” Nat. Mater. 13(2), 139–150 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, G. Aoust, J.-P. Tetienne, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Flat optics: controlling wavefronts with optical antenna metasurfaces,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 4700423 (2013).

R. Blanchard, G. Aoust, P. Genevet, N. Yu, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Modeling nanoscale v-shaped antennas for the design of optical phased arrays,” Phys. Rev. B 85(15), 155457 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zentgraf, T.

G. Zheng, H. Mühlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(4), 308–312 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Dispersionless phase discontinuities for controlling light propagation,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5750–5755 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Chen, L. Huang, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, C.-W. Qiu, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Dual-polarity plasmonic metalens for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1198 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, A.

Zhang, J.

Zhang, P.

Z. Yang, P. Zhang, P. Xie, L. Wu, Z. Lu, and M. Zhao, “Polarization properties in helical metamaterials,” Front. Optoelectron. 5(3), 248–255 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S.

G. Zheng, H. Mühlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(4), 308–312 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Chen, L. Huang, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, C.-W. Qiu, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Dual-polarity plasmonic metalens for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1198 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Dispersionless phase discontinuities for controlling light propagation,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5750–5755 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, W.

X. Su, C. Ouyang, N. Xu, S. Tan, J. Gu, Z. Tian, J. Han, F. Yan, and W. Zhang, “Broadband terahertz transparency in a switchable metasurface,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(1), 1–8 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

A. Wu, H. Li, J. Du, X. Ni, Z. Ye, Y. Wang, Z. Sheng, S. Zou, F. Gan, X. Zhang, and X. Wang, “Experimental demonstration of in-plane negative-angle refraction with an array of silicon nanoposts,” Nano Lett. 15(3), 2055–2060 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Zhou, J. Dong, S. Yan, Y. Zhou, and X. Zhang, “Generation of terahertz vortices using metasurface with circular slits,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(6), 1–7 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Z.

Zhao, M.

Z. Yang, P. Zhang, P. Xie, L. Wu, Z. Lu, and M. Zhao, “Polarization properties in helical metamaterials,” Front. Optoelectron. 5(3), 248–255 (2012).
[Crossref]

Z. Y. Yang, M. Zhao, and Y. F. Lu, “Similar structures, different characteristics: Optical performances of circular polarizers with single- and double-helical metamaterials,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 3415–3421 (2010).

Zheludev, N. I.

V. A. Fedotov, J. Wallauer, M. Walther, M. Perino, N. Papasimakis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Wavevector selective metasurfaces and tunnel vision filters,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(7), e306 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zheng, G.

G. Zheng, H. Mühlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(4), 308–312 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, H.

H. Zhou, J. Dong, S. Yan, Y. Zhou, and X. Zhang, “Generation of terahertz vortices using metasurface with circular slits,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(6), 1–7 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhou, Y.

H. Zhou, J. Dong, S. Yan, Y. Zhou, and X. Zhang, “Generation of terahertz vortices using metasurface with circular slits,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(6), 1–7 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zou, S.

A. Wu, H. Li, J. Du, X. Ni, Z. Ye, Y. Wang, Z. Sheng, S. Zou, F. Gan, X. Zhang, and X. Wang, “Experimental demonstration of in-plane negative-angle refraction with an array of silicon nanoposts,” Nano Lett. 15(3), 2055–2060 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

ACS Photonics (1)

D. Veksler, E. Maguid, N. Shitrit, D. Ozeri, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Multiple wavefront shaping by metasurface based on mixed random antenna groups,” ACS Photonics 2(5), 661–667 (2015).
[Crossref]

Adv. Opt. Mater. (1)

J. Kaschke, L. Blume, L. Wu, M. Thiel, K. Bade, Z. Yang, and M. Wegener, “A helical metamaterial for broadband circular polarization conversion,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(10), 1411–1417 (2015).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Front. Optoelectron. (1)

Z. Yang, P. Zhang, P. Xie, L. Wu, Z. Lu, and M. Zhao, “Polarization properties in helical metamaterials,” Front. Optoelectron. 5(3), 248–255 (2012).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

N. Yu, P. Genevet, F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, G. Aoust, J.-P. Tetienne, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Flat optics: controlling wavefronts with optical antenna metasurfaces,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 4700423 (2013).

IEEE Photonics J. (3)

H. Zhou, J. Dong, S. Yan, Y. Zhou, and X. Zhang, “Generation of terahertz vortices using metasurface with circular slits,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(6), 1–7 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, Y. Liu, C. Liu, B. Sun, X. Sun, F. Li, and Y. Lu, “New design for transmitted phase of reflectionless metasurfaces with 2 pi coverage,” IEEE Photonics J. 7, 2701108 (2015).

X. Su, C. Ouyang, N. Xu, S. Tan, J. Gu, Z. Tian, J. Han, F. Yan, and W. Zhang, “Broadband terahertz transparency in a switchable metasurface,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(1), 1–8 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Z. Y. Yang, M. Zhao, and Y. F. Lu, “Similar structures, different characteristics: Optical performances of circular polarizers with single- and double-helical metamaterials,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 3415–3421 (2010).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Light Sci. Appl. (1)

V. A. Fedotov, J. Wallauer, M. Walther, M. Perino, N. Papasimakis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Wavevector selective metasurfaces and tunnel vision filters,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(7), e306 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (4)

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Dispersionless phase discontinuities for controlling light propagation,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5750–5755 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Li, E. Palacios, S. Butun, and K. Aydin, “Visible-frequency metasurfaces for broadband anomalous reflection and high-efficiency spectrum splitting,” Nano Lett. 15(3), 1615–1621 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Pfeiffer, N. K. Emani, A. M. Shaltout, A. Boltasseva, V. M. Shalaev, and A. Grbic, “Efficient light bending with isotropic metamaterial Huygens’ surfaces,” Nano Lett. 14(5), 2491–2497 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Wu, H. Li, J. Du, X. Ni, Z. Ye, Y. Wang, Z. Sheng, S. Zou, F. Gan, X. Zhang, and X. Wang, “Experimental demonstration of in-plane negative-angle refraction with an array of silicon nanoposts,” Nano Lett. 15(3), 2055–2060 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Commun. (4)

A. Arbabi, Y. Horie, A. J. Ball, M. Bagheri, and A. Faraon, “Subwavelength-thick lenses with high numerical apertures and large efficiency based on high-contrast transmitarrays,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7069 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Ni, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Metasurface holograms for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2807 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Chen, L. Huang, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, C.-W. Qiu, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Dual-polarity plasmonic metalens for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1198 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Khorasaninejad and K. B. Crozier, “Silicon nanofin grating as a miniature chirality-distinguishing beam-splitter,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5386 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Mater. (2)

N. Kundtz and D. R. Smith, “Extreme-angle broadband metamaterial lens,” Nat. Mater. 9(2), 129–132 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yu and F. Capasso, “Flat optics with designer metasurfaces,” Nat. Mater. 13(2), 139–150 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

G. Zheng, H. Mühlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(4), 308–312 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

N. Meinzer, W. L. Barnes, and I. R. Hooper, “Plasmonic meta-atoms and metasurfaces,” Nat. Photonics 8(12), 889–898 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

A. Kuzyk, R. Schreiber, Z. Fan, G. Pardatscher, E.-M. Roller, A. Högele, F. C. Simmel, A. O. Govorov, and T. Liedl, “DNA-based self-assembly of chiral plasmonic nanostructures with tailored optical response,” Nature 483(7389), 311–314 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. B (2)

R. Blanchard, G. Aoust, P. Genevet, N. Yu, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Modeling nanoscale v-shaped antennas for the design of optical phased arrays,” Phys. Rev. B 85(15), 155457 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. H. Shi, H. F. Ma, C. Y. Guan, Z. P. Wang, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband chirality and asymmetric transmission in ultrathin 90 degrees-twisted babinet-inverted metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 89(16), 165128 (2014).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

U. Levy, M. Abashin, K. Ikeda, A. Krishnamoorthy, J. Cunningham, and Y. Fainman, “Inhomogenous dielectric metamaterials with space-variant polarizability,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(24), 243901 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

K. Robbie, G. Beydaghyan, T. Brown, C. Dean, J. Adams, and C. Buzea, “Ultrahigh vacuum glancing angle deposition system for thin films with controlled three-dimensional nanoscale structure,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75(4), 1089–1097 (2004).
[Crossref]

Science (3)

F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, P. Genevet, and F. Capasso, “Multiwavelength achromatic metasurfaces by dispersive phase compensation,” Science 347(6228), 1342–1345 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, “Gold helix photonic metamaterial as broadband circular polarizer,” Science 325(5947), 1513–1515 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic diagrams of the single-helical metamaterials. (a): 3D view; (b): Side view; (c): Top view.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Schematic diagrams of the helixes with different initial angles. (a): θ = 0°; (b): θ = 90°; (c): θ = 180°; and (d): θ = 270°.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The amplitude conversion and phase shift of the transmitted light. (a) and (b): The transmitted LCP light with the RCP light incidence; (c) and (d): The transmitted RCP light with the LCP light incidence.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 The transmittance spectra of the left-handedness helical metamaterials with different initial angles.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 The phase shifts with different NH = 3, 2.5, 2, 1.5, 1, and 0.5, respectively.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 The reflection coefficient and phase shift of the reflective light. (a) and (b): The reflective RCP light with the RCP light incidence; (c) and (d): The reflective LCP light with the LCP light incidence.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Schematic diagram of the helical metamaterials with anomalous refraction
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 The equal phase surface of the electrical field in the anomalous refraction. (a), (c), and (e): RCP transmitted waves with the LCP wave excitations whose wavelengths are 600 nm, 700 nm, and 860 nm, respectively; (b), (d), and (f): LCP transmitted waves with the RCP plane wave excitations whose wavelengths are 600 nm, 700 nm, and 860 nm, respectively.

Tables (5)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Main Values of the Helix Parameters and the Lorentz-Drude Model Parameters of Al.

Tables Icon

Table 2 Phase Shifts in Transmitted Light of the Helixes

Tables Icon

Table 3 The Complex Coefficients of to, te, to’, and te’

Tables Icon

Table 4 The Complex Coefficients of ro, re, ro’, and re’

Tables Icon

Table 5 Comparisons of the Anomalous Refractive Angles Derived by the Generalized Snell’s law and the Simulation Results.

Equations (9)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ε r ( ω ) = [ 1 Ω 2 ω ( ω i Γ 0 ) ] + [ j = 1 k f j ω p 2 ( ω j 2 ω 2 ) + i ω Γ j ]
M = R ( θ ) ( t o t o ' t e ' t e ) R ( θ )
R ( θ ) = ( cos θ sin θ sin θ cos θ )
E t r R C P = M E i n R C P = M ( 1 i ) = ( t o + t e ) i ( t o ' t e ' ) 2 ( 1 i ) + ( t o t e ) i ( t o ' + t e ' ) 2 exp ( i 2 θ ) ( 1 i )
E t r L C P = M E i n L C P = M ( 1 i ) = ( t o + t e ) + i ( t o ' t e ' ) 2 ( 1 i ) + ( t o t e ) + i ( t o ' + t e ' ) 2 exp ( i 2 θ ) ( 1 i )
M r = R ( θ ) ( r o r o ' r e ' r e ) R ( θ ) ( 1 0 0 1 )
E r e L C P = M r E i n L C P = M r ( 1 i ) = ( r o r e ) i ( r o ' + r e ' ) 2 ( 1 i ) + ( r o + r e ) i ( r o ' r e ' ) 2 exp ( i 2 θ ) ( 1 i )
E r e R C P = M r E i n R C P = M r ( 1 i ) = ( r o + r e ) + i ( r o ' r e ' ) 2 ( 1 i ) + ( r o r e ) + i ( r o ' + r e ' ) 2 exp ( i 2 θ ) ( 1 i )
sin ( θ t ) n t sin ( θ i ) n i = λ 0 2 π d ϕ d x .

Metrics