Abstract

We investigate reduction of mode partition noise of a spectrally sliced Fabry-Perot laser diode (FP-LD) for application to seeded DWDM systems. The proposed scheme for the noise reduction incorporates a fiber-based Mach-Zehnder interferometer (MZI) and a reflective semiconductor optical amplifier (RSOA). The MZI enables to reduce a relative intensity noise (RIN) more than 3 dB with better noise distributions. Experimental results of 10-Gb/s signal transmission exhibit a considerable bit-error-rate (BER) reduction by three orders of magnitude at the given received power. After the noise reduction, the FP-LD is applied to a 10-Gb/s DWDM system as a seed-light-source. In a local-seeding scheme, return-to-zero (RZ) and carrier-suppressed (CS)-RZ signal formats are compared as a function of transmission distance. Furthermore, a back-reflection induced impairment is evaluated in a remote-seeding scheme. We also count the number of useable channels to show the feasibility of DWDM transmission.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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References

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2016 (1)

2015 (1)

S. H. Bae, H. K. Shim, U. H. Hong, H. Kim, A. Agata, K. Tanaka, M. Suzuki, and Y. C. Chung, “25-Gb/s TDM optical link using EMLs for mobile fronthaul network of LTE-A system,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(17), 1825–1828 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

2013 (2)

2011 (1)

S.-G. Mun, H.-S. Cho, and C.-H. Lee, “A Cost-Effective WDM-PON Using a Multiple Section Fabry–Pérot Laser Diode,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(1), 3–5 (2011).

2010 (2)

2009 (1)

A. Akrout, A. Shen, R. Brenot, F. Van-Dijk, O. Legouezigou, F. Pommereau, F. Lelarge, A. Ramdane, and G.-H. Duan, “Separate error-free transmission of eight channels at 10 Gb/s using comb generation in a quantum-dash-based mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(23), 1746–1748 (2009).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

J.-H. Moon, K.-M. Choi, S.-G. Mun, and C.-H. Lee, “Effects of back-reflection in WDM-PONs based on seed light injection,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(24), 2045–2047 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

G. Charlet, “Progress in optical modulation formats for high-bit rate WDM transmissions,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(4), 469–483 (2006).
[Crossref]

P. Winzer and R. Essiambre, “Advanced optical modulation formats,” Proc. IEEE 94(5), 952–985 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

2003 (2)

V. Wongpaibool, J. K. Shaw, and I. Jacobs, “Comparison of alternative carrier-suppressed return-to-zero modulation formats,” Proc. SPIE 5247, 284–298 (2003).
[Crossref]

K. Morito, M. Ekawa, T. Watanabe, and Y. Kotaki, “High-output-power polarization-insensitive semiconductor optical amplifier,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21(1), 176–181 (2003).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

K. Sato and H. Toba, “Reduction of mode partition noise by using semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7(2), 328–333 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

H. D. Kim, S.-G. Kang, and C.-H. Lee, “A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Faby-Pérot semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12(8), 1067–1069 (2000).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

J. J. Carr, S. L. Saikkonen, and D. H. Williams, “Refractive index measurements on single-mode fiber as functions of product parameters, tensile stress, and temperature,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 9(4), 393–396 (1990).
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

F. Koyama and K. Oga, “Frequency chirping in external modulators,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6(1), 87–93 (1988).
[Crossref]

1983 (1)

A. X. Widmer and P. A. Franaszek, “A DC-balanced, partitioned-block, 8B/10B transmission code,” IBM J. Res. Develop. 27(5), 440–451 (1983).
[Crossref]

1982 (1)

K. Iwashita and K. Nakagawa, “Mode partition noise characteristics in high-speed modulated laser diodes,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18(12), 2000–2005 (1982).
[Crossref]

1980 (1)

Y. Okano, K. Nakagawa, and T. Ito, “Laser mode partition noise evaluation for optical fiber transmission,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 28(2), 238–243 (1980).
[Crossref]

Agata, A.

S. H. Bae, H. K. Shim, U. H. Hong, H. Kim, A. Agata, K. Tanaka, M. Suzuki, and Y. C. Chung, “25-Gb/s TDM optical link using EMLs for mobile fronthaul network of LTE-A system,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(17), 1825–1828 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. Tanaka, A. Agata, and Y. Horiuchi, “IEEE 802.3av 10G-EPON standardization and its research and development status,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(4), 651–661 (2010).
[Crossref]

Akrout, A.

A. Akrout, A. Shen, R. Brenot, F. Van-Dijk, O. Legouezigou, F. Pommereau, F. Lelarge, A. Ramdane, and G.-H. Duan, “Separate error-free transmission of eight channels at 10 Gb/s using comb generation in a quantum-dash-based mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(23), 1746–1748 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bae, S. H.

S. H. Bae, H. K. Shim, U. H. Hong, H. Kim, A. Agata, K. Tanaka, M. Suzuki, and Y. C. Chung, “25-Gb/s TDM optical link using EMLs for mobile fronthaul network of LTE-A system,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(17), 1825–1828 (2015).
[Crossref]

Barbet, S.

M. Gay, A. O’Hare, L. Bramerie, Z. Hao, S. Fresnel, C. Peucheret, P. Besnard, S. Joshi, S. Barbet, and F. Lelarge, “Single quantum dash mode-locked laser as a comb-generator in four-channel 112 Gbit/s WDM transmission, ” in Proc. of OFC 2014 (2014), paper Tu2H.5.
[Crossref]

Barrios, P. J.

Z. G. Lu, J. R. Liu, P. J. Poole, S. Raymond, P. J. Barrios, D. Poitras, G. Pakulski, X. P. Zhang, K. Hinzer, and T. J. Hall, “Low noise InAs/InP quantum dot C-band monolithic multiwavelength lasers for WDM-PONs,” in Proc. of OFC/NFOEC 2009 (2009), paper JWA27.
[Crossref]

Besnard, P.

M. Gay, A. O’Hare, L. Bramerie, Z. Hao, S. Fresnel, C. Peucheret, P. Besnard, S. Joshi, S. Barbet, and F. Lelarge, “Single quantum dash mode-locked laser as a comb-generator in four-channel 112 Gbit/s WDM transmission, ” in Proc. of OFC 2014 (2014), paper Tu2H.5.
[Crossref]

Bramerie, L.

M. Gay, A. O’Hare, L. Bramerie, Z. Hao, S. Fresnel, C. Peucheret, P. Besnard, S. Joshi, S. Barbet, and F. Lelarge, “Single quantum dash mode-locked laser as a comb-generator in four-channel 112 Gbit/s WDM transmission, ” in Proc. of OFC 2014 (2014), paper Tu2H.5.
[Crossref]

Brenot, R.

A. Akrout, A. Shen, R. Brenot, F. Van-Dijk, O. Legouezigou, F. Pommereau, F. Lelarge, A. Ramdane, and G.-H. Duan, “Separate error-free transmission of eight channels at 10 Gb/s using comb generation in a quantum-dash-based mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(23), 1746–1748 (2009).
[Crossref]

Carr, J. J.

J. J. Carr, S. L. Saikkonen, and D. H. Williams, “Refractive index measurements on single-mode fiber as functions of product parameters, tensile stress, and temperature,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 9(4), 393–396 (1990).
[Crossref]

Charlet, G.

G. Charlet, “Progress in optical modulation formats for high-bit rate WDM transmissions,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(4), 469–483 (2006).
[Crossref]

Cho, H.-S.

S.-G. Mun, H.-S. Cho, and C.-H. Lee, “A Cost-Effective WDM-PON Using a Multiple Section Fabry–Pérot Laser Diode,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(1), 3–5 (2011).

Choi, B.-S.

D. C. Kim, H.-S. Kim, K. S. Kim, B.-S. Choi, J.-S. Jeong, and O.-K. Kwon, “10 Gbps SOA-REAM using monolithic integration of planar buried-heterostructure SOA with deep-ridge waveguide EA modulator for colourless optical source in WDM-PON,” in Proc. of ECOC2011, paper Tu.5.LeSaleve.5.
[Crossref]

Choi, K.-M.

J.-H. Moon, K.-M. Choi, S.-G. Mun, and C.-H. Lee, “Effects of back-reflection in WDM-PONs based on seed light injection,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(24), 2045–2047 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chung, Y. C.

S. H. Bae, H. K. Shim, U. H. Hong, H. Kim, A. Agata, K. Tanaka, M. Suzuki, and Y. C. Chung, “25-Gb/s TDM optical link using EMLs for mobile fronthaul network of LTE-A system,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(17), 1825–1828 (2015).
[Crossref]

Duan, G.-H.

A. Akrout, A. Shen, R. Brenot, F. Van-Dijk, O. Legouezigou, F. Pommereau, F. Lelarge, A. Ramdane, and G.-H. Duan, “Separate error-free transmission of eight channels at 10 Gb/s using comb generation in a quantum-dash-based mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(23), 1746–1748 (2009).
[Crossref]

Eiselt, M. H.

Eiselt, N.

Ekawa, M.

Elbers, J.-P.

Essiambre, R.

P. Winzer and R. Essiambre, “Advanced optical modulation formats,” Proc. IEEE 94(5), 952–985 (2006).
[Crossref]

Franaszek, P. A.

A. X. Widmer and P. A. Franaszek, “A DC-balanced, partitioned-block, 8B/10B transmission code,” IBM J. Res. Develop. 27(5), 440–451 (1983).
[Crossref]

Fresnel, S.

M. Gay, A. O’Hare, L. Bramerie, Z. Hao, S. Fresnel, C. Peucheret, P. Besnard, S. Joshi, S. Barbet, and F. Lelarge, “Single quantum dash mode-locked laser as a comb-generator in four-channel 112 Gbit/s WDM transmission, ” in Proc. of OFC 2014 (2014), paper Tu2H.5.
[Crossref]

Gay, M.

M. Gay, A. O’Hare, L. Bramerie, Z. Hao, S. Fresnel, C. Peucheret, P. Besnard, S. Joshi, S. Barbet, and F. Lelarge, “Single quantum dash mode-locked laser as a comb-generator in four-channel 112 Gbit/s WDM transmission, ” in Proc. of OFC 2014 (2014), paper Tu2H.5.
[Crossref]

Griesser, H.

Grobe, K.

Hall, T. J.

Z. G. Lu, J. R. Liu, P. J. Poole, S. Raymond, P. J. Barrios, D. Poitras, G. Pakulski, X. P. Zhang, K. Hinzer, and T. J. Hall, “Low noise InAs/InP quantum dot C-band monolithic multiwavelength lasers for WDM-PONs,” in Proc. of OFC/NFOEC 2009 (2009), paper JWA27.
[Crossref]

Hao, Z.

M. Gay, A. O’Hare, L. Bramerie, Z. Hao, S. Fresnel, C. Peucheret, P. Besnard, S. Joshi, S. Barbet, and F. Lelarge, “Single quantum dash mode-locked laser as a comb-generator in four-channel 112 Gbit/s WDM transmission, ” in Proc. of OFC 2014 (2014), paper Tu2H.5.
[Crossref]

Hinzer, K.

Z. G. Lu, J. R. Liu, P. J. Poole, S. Raymond, P. J. Barrios, D. Poitras, G. Pakulski, X. P. Zhang, K. Hinzer, and T. J. Hall, “Low noise InAs/InP quantum dot C-band monolithic multiwavelength lasers for WDM-PONs,” in Proc. of OFC/NFOEC 2009 (2009), paper JWA27.
[Crossref]

Hong, U. H.

S. H. Bae, H. K. Shim, U. H. Hong, H. Kim, A. Agata, K. Tanaka, M. Suzuki, and Y. C. Chung, “25-Gb/s TDM optical link using EMLs for mobile fronthaul network of LTE-A system,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(17), 1825–1828 (2015).
[Crossref]

Horak, P.

Horiuchi, Y.

Ibsen, M.

Ito, T.

Y. Okano, K. Nakagawa, and T. Ito, “Laser mode partition noise evaluation for optical fiber transmission,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 28(2), 238–243 (1980).
[Crossref]

Iwashita, K.

K. Iwashita and K. Nakagawa, “Mode partition noise characteristics in high-speed modulated laser diodes,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18(12), 2000–2005 (1982).
[Crossref]

Jacobs, I.

V. Wongpaibool, J. K. Shaw, and I. Jacobs, “Comparison of alternative carrier-suppressed return-to-zero modulation formats,” Proc. SPIE 5247, 284–298 (2003).
[Crossref]

Jeong, J.-S.

D. C. Kim, H.-S. Kim, K. S. Kim, B.-S. Choi, J.-S. Jeong, and O.-K. Kwon, “10 Gbps SOA-REAM using monolithic integration of planar buried-heterostructure SOA with deep-ridge waveguide EA modulator for colourless optical source in WDM-PON,” in Proc. of ECOC2011, paper Tu.5.LeSaleve.5.
[Crossref]

Joshi, S.

M. Gay, A. O’Hare, L. Bramerie, Z. Hao, S. Fresnel, C. Peucheret, P. Besnard, S. Joshi, S. Barbet, and F. Lelarge, “Single quantum dash mode-locked laser as a comb-generator in four-channel 112 Gbit/s WDM transmission, ” in Proc. of OFC 2014 (2014), paper Tu2H.5.
[Crossref]

Kang, S.-G.

H. D. Kim, S.-G. Kang, and C.-H. Lee, “A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Faby-Pérot semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12(8), 1067–1069 (2000).
[Crossref]

Kim, C. H.

Kim, D. C.

D. C. Kim, H.-S. Kim, K. S. Kim, B.-S. Choi, J.-S. Jeong, and O.-K. Kwon, “10 Gbps SOA-REAM using monolithic integration of planar buried-heterostructure SOA with deep-ridge waveguide EA modulator for colourless optical source in WDM-PON,” in Proc. of ECOC2011, paper Tu.5.LeSaleve.5.
[Crossref]

Kim, H.

S. H. Bae, H. K. Shim, U. H. Hong, H. Kim, A. Agata, K. Tanaka, M. Suzuki, and Y. C. Chung, “25-Gb/s TDM optical link using EMLs for mobile fronthaul network of LTE-A system,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(17), 1825–1828 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Kim, “Pulsed-incoherent-light-injected Fabry-Perot laser diode for WDM passive optical networks,” Opt. Express 18(2), 1714–1721 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, H. D.

H. D. Kim, S.-G. Kang, and C.-H. Lee, “A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Faby-Pérot semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12(8), 1067–1069 (2000).
[Crossref]

Kim, H.-S.

D. C. Kim, H.-S. Kim, K. S. Kim, B.-S. Choi, J.-S. Jeong, and O.-K. Kwon, “10 Gbps SOA-REAM using monolithic integration of planar buried-heterostructure SOA with deep-ridge waveguide EA modulator for colourless optical source in WDM-PON,” in Proc. of ECOC2011, paper Tu.5.LeSaleve.5.
[Crossref]

Kim, J.-Y.

Kim, K. S.

D. C. Kim, H.-S. Kim, K. S. Kim, B.-S. Choi, J.-S. Jeong, and O.-K. Kwon, “10 Gbps SOA-REAM using monolithic integration of planar buried-heterostructure SOA with deep-ridge waveguide EA modulator for colourless optical source in WDM-PON,” in Proc. of ECOC2011, paper Tu.5.LeSaleve.5.
[Crossref]

Kotaki, Y.

Koyama, F.

F. Koyama and K. Oga, “Frequency chirping in external modulators,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6(1), 87–93 (1988).
[Crossref]

Kwon, O.-K.

D. C. Kim, H.-S. Kim, K. S. Kim, B.-S. Choi, J.-S. Jeong, and O.-K. Kwon, “10 Gbps SOA-REAM using monolithic integration of planar buried-heterostructure SOA with deep-ridge waveguide EA modulator for colourless optical source in WDM-PON,” in Proc. of ECOC2011, paper Tu.5.LeSaleve.5.
[Crossref]

Kye, M.

Lee, C.-H.

S.-H. Yoo, S.-R. Moon, M. Kye, and C.-H. Lee, “Pulsed-ASE-seeded DWDM optical system with interferometric noise suppression,” Opt. Express 22(7), 8790–8797 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S.-R. Moon, S.-H. Yoo, and C.-H. Lee, “Effect of noise distribution in a WDM system seeded by a spectrum-sliced ASE,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(12), 2271–2276 (2014).
[Crossref]

S.-H. Yoo, J.-Y. Kim, B.-I. Seo, and C.-H. Lee, “Noise-suppressed mutually injected Fabry-Perot laser diodes for 10-Gb/s broadcast signal transmission in WDM passive optical networks,” Opt. Express 21(5), 6538–6546 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S.-G. Mun, H.-S. Cho, and C.-H. Lee, “A Cost-Effective WDM-PON Using a Multiple Section Fabry–Pérot Laser Diode,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(1), 3–5 (2011).

J.-H. Moon, K.-M. Choi, S.-G. Mun, and C.-H. Lee, “Effects of back-reflection in WDM-PONs based on seed light injection,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(24), 2045–2047 (2007).
[Crossref]

H. D. Kim, S.-G. Kang, and C.-H. Lee, “A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Faby-Pérot semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12(8), 1067–1069 (2000).
[Crossref]

Legouezigou, O.

A. Akrout, A. Shen, R. Brenot, F. Van-Dijk, O. Legouezigou, F. Pommereau, F. Lelarge, A. Ramdane, and G.-H. Duan, “Separate error-free transmission of eight channels at 10 Gb/s using comb generation in a quantum-dash-based mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(23), 1746–1748 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lelarge, F.

A. Akrout, A. Shen, R. Brenot, F. Van-Dijk, O. Legouezigou, F. Pommereau, F. Lelarge, A. Ramdane, and G.-H. Duan, “Separate error-free transmission of eight channels at 10 Gb/s using comb generation in a quantum-dash-based mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(23), 1746–1748 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Gay, A. O’Hare, L. Bramerie, Z. Hao, S. Fresnel, C. Peucheret, P. Besnard, S. Joshi, S. Barbet, and F. Lelarge, “Single quantum dash mode-locked laser as a comb-generator in four-channel 112 Gbit/s WDM transmission, ” in Proc. of OFC 2014 (2014), paper Tu2H.5.
[Crossref]

Liu, J. R.

Z. G. Lu, J. R. Liu, P. J. Poole, S. Raymond, P. J. Barrios, D. Poitras, G. Pakulski, X. P. Zhang, K. Hinzer, and T. J. Hall, “Low noise InAs/InP quantum dot C-band monolithic multiwavelength lasers for WDM-PONs,” in Proc. of OFC/NFOEC 2009 (2009), paper JWA27.
[Crossref]

Lu, Z. G.

Z. G. Lu, J. R. Liu, P. J. Poole, S. Raymond, P. J. Barrios, D. Poitras, G. Pakulski, X. P. Zhang, K. Hinzer, and T. J. Hall, “Low noise InAs/InP quantum dot C-band monolithic multiwavelength lasers for WDM-PONs,” in Proc. of OFC/NFOEC 2009 (2009), paper JWA27.
[Crossref]

McCoy, A. D.

Monroy, I. T.

Moon, J.-H.

J.-H. Moon, K.-M. Choi, S.-G. Mun, and C.-H. Lee, “Effects of back-reflection in WDM-PONs based on seed light injection,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(24), 2045–2047 (2007).
[Crossref]

Moon, S.-R.

Morito, K.

Mun, S.-G.

S.-G. Mun, H.-S. Cho, and C.-H. Lee, “A Cost-Effective WDM-PON Using a Multiple Section Fabry–Pérot Laser Diode,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(1), 3–5 (2011).

J.-H. Moon, K.-M. Choi, S.-G. Mun, and C.-H. Lee, “Effects of back-reflection in WDM-PONs based on seed light injection,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(24), 2045–2047 (2007).
[Crossref]

Nakagawa, K.

K. Iwashita and K. Nakagawa, “Mode partition noise characteristics in high-speed modulated laser diodes,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18(12), 2000–2005 (1982).
[Crossref]

Y. Okano, K. Nakagawa, and T. Ito, “Laser mode partition noise evaluation for optical fiber transmission,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 28(2), 238–243 (1980).
[Crossref]

O’Hare, A.

M. Gay, A. O’Hare, L. Bramerie, Z. Hao, S. Fresnel, C. Peucheret, P. Besnard, S. Joshi, S. Barbet, and F. Lelarge, “Single quantum dash mode-locked laser as a comb-generator in four-channel 112 Gbit/s WDM transmission, ” in Proc. of OFC 2014 (2014), paper Tu2H.5.
[Crossref]

Oga, K.

F. Koyama and K. Oga, “Frequency chirping in external modulators,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6(1), 87–93 (1988).
[Crossref]

Okano, Y.

Y. Okano, K. Nakagawa, and T. Ito, “Laser mode partition noise evaluation for optical fiber transmission,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 28(2), 238–243 (1980).
[Crossref]

Olmos, J. J. V.

Pakulski, G.

Z. G. Lu, J. R. Liu, P. J. Poole, S. Raymond, P. J. Barrios, D. Poitras, G. Pakulski, X. P. Zhang, K. Hinzer, and T. J. Hall, “Low noise InAs/InP quantum dot C-band monolithic multiwavelength lasers for WDM-PONs,” in Proc. of OFC/NFOEC 2009 (2009), paper JWA27.
[Crossref]

Peucheret, C.

M. Gay, A. O’Hare, L. Bramerie, Z. Hao, S. Fresnel, C. Peucheret, P. Besnard, S. Joshi, S. Barbet, and F. Lelarge, “Single quantum dash mode-locked laser as a comb-generator in four-channel 112 Gbit/s WDM transmission, ” in Proc. of OFC 2014 (2014), paper Tu2H.5.
[Crossref]

Poitras, D.

Z. G. Lu, J. R. Liu, P. J. Poole, S. Raymond, P. J. Barrios, D. Poitras, G. Pakulski, X. P. Zhang, K. Hinzer, and T. J. Hall, “Low noise InAs/InP quantum dot C-band monolithic multiwavelength lasers for WDM-PONs,” in Proc. of OFC/NFOEC 2009 (2009), paper JWA27.
[Crossref]

Pommereau, F.

A. Akrout, A. Shen, R. Brenot, F. Van-Dijk, O. Legouezigou, F. Pommereau, F. Lelarge, A. Ramdane, and G.-H. Duan, “Separate error-free transmission of eight channels at 10 Gb/s using comb generation in a quantum-dash-based mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(23), 1746–1748 (2009).
[Crossref]

Poole, P. J.

Z. G. Lu, J. R. Liu, P. J. Poole, S. Raymond, P. J. Barrios, D. Poitras, G. Pakulski, X. P. Zhang, K. Hinzer, and T. J. Hall, “Low noise InAs/InP quantum dot C-band monolithic multiwavelength lasers for WDM-PONs,” in Proc. of OFC/NFOEC 2009 (2009), paper JWA27.
[Crossref]

Ramdane, A.

A. Akrout, A. Shen, R. Brenot, F. Van-Dijk, O. Legouezigou, F. Pommereau, F. Lelarge, A. Ramdane, and G.-H. Duan, “Separate error-free transmission of eight channels at 10 Gb/s using comb generation in a quantum-dash-based mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(23), 1746–1748 (2009).
[Crossref]

Raymond, S.

Z. G. Lu, J. R. Liu, P. J. Poole, S. Raymond, P. J. Barrios, D. Poitras, G. Pakulski, X. P. Zhang, K. Hinzer, and T. J. Hall, “Low noise InAs/InP quantum dot C-band monolithic multiwavelength lasers for WDM-PONs,” in Proc. of OFC/NFOEC 2009 (2009), paper JWA27.
[Crossref]

Richardson, D. J.

Saikkonen, S. L.

J. J. Carr, S. L. Saikkonen, and D. H. Williams, “Refractive index measurements on single-mode fiber as functions of product parameters, tensile stress, and temperature,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 9(4), 393–396 (1990).
[Crossref]

Sato, K.

K. Sato and H. Toba, “Reduction of mode partition noise by using semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7(2), 328–333 (2001).
[Crossref]

Seo, B.-I.

Shaw, J. K.

V. Wongpaibool, J. K. Shaw, and I. Jacobs, “Comparison of alternative carrier-suppressed return-to-zero modulation formats,” Proc. SPIE 5247, 284–298 (2003).
[Crossref]

Shen, A.

A. Akrout, A. Shen, R. Brenot, F. Van-Dijk, O. Legouezigou, F. Pommereau, F. Lelarge, A. Ramdane, and G.-H. Duan, “Separate error-free transmission of eight channels at 10 Gb/s using comb generation in a quantum-dash-based mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(23), 1746–1748 (2009).
[Crossref]

Shim, H. K.

S. H. Bae, H. K. Shim, U. H. Hong, H. Kim, A. Agata, K. Tanaka, M. Suzuki, and Y. C. Chung, “25-Gb/s TDM optical link using EMLs for mobile fronthaul network of LTE-A system,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(17), 1825–1828 (2015).
[Crossref]

Suzuki, M.

S. H. Bae, H. K. Shim, U. H. Hong, H. Kim, A. Agata, K. Tanaka, M. Suzuki, and Y. C. Chung, “25-Gb/s TDM optical link using EMLs for mobile fronthaul network of LTE-A system,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(17), 1825–1828 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tanaka, K.

S. H. Bae, H. K. Shim, U. H. Hong, H. Kim, A. Agata, K. Tanaka, M. Suzuki, and Y. C. Chung, “25-Gb/s TDM optical link using EMLs for mobile fronthaul network of LTE-A system,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(17), 1825–1828 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. Tanaka, A. Agata, and Y. Horiuchi, “IEEE 802.3av 10G-EPON standardization and its research and development status,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(4), 651–661 (2010).
[Crossref]

Thomsen, B. C.

Toba, H.

K. Sato and H. Toba, “Reduction of mode partition noise by using semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7(2), 328–333 (2001).
[Crossref]

Van-Dijk, F.

A. Akrout, A. Shen, R. Brenot, F. Van-Dijk, O. Legouezigou, F. Pommereau, F. Lelarge, A. Ramdane, and G.-H. Duan, “Separate error-free transmission of eight channels at 10 Gb/s using comb generation in a quantum-dash-based mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(23), 1746–1748 (2009).
[Crossref]

Watanabe, T.

Wei, J.

Widmer, A. X.

A. X. Widmer and P. A. Franaszek, “A DC-balanced, partitioned-block, 8B/10B transmission code,” IBM J. Res. Develop. 27(5), 440–451 (1983).
[Crossref]

Williams, D. H.

J. J. Carr, S. L. Saikkonen, and D. H. Williams, “Refractive index measurements on single-mode fiber as functions of product parameters, tensile stress, and temperature,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 9(4), 393–396 (1990).
[Crossref]

Winzer, P.

P. Winzer and R. Essiambre, “Advanced optical modulation formats,” Proc. IEEE 94(5), 952–985 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wongpaibool, V.

V. Wongpaibool, J. K. Shaw, and I. Jacobs, “Comparison of alternative carrier-suppressed return-to-zero modulation formats,” Proc. SPIE 5247, 284–298 (2003).
[Crossref]

Xue, X.

X. Xue, X. Zheng, H. Zhang, and B. Zhou, “Noise suppression for fiber radio transmission on spectrum-sliced WDM-PONs employing interferometric structures,” in Proc. of OFC/NFOEC 2011 (2011), paper OWK6.
[Crossref]

Yoo, S.-H.

Zhang, H.

X. Xue, X. Zheng, H. Zhang, and B. Zhou, “Noise suppression for fiber radio transmission on spectrum-sliced WDM-PONs employing interferometric structures,” in Proc. of OFC/NFOEC 2011 (2011), paper OWK6.
[Crossref]

Zhang, X. P.

Z. G. Lu, J. R. Liu, P. J. Poole, S. Raymond, P. J. Barrios, D. Poitras, G. Pakulski, X. P. Zhang, K. Hinzer, and T. J. Hall, “Low noise InAs/InP quantum dot C-band monolithic multiwavelength lasers for WDM-PONs,” in Proc. of OFC/NFOEC 2009 (2009), paper JWA27.
[Crossref]

Zheng, X.

X. Xue, X. Zheng, H. Zhang, and B. Zhou, “Noise suppression for fiber radio transmission on spectrum-sliced WDM-PONs employing interferometric structures,” in Proc. of OFC/NFOEC 2011 (2011), paper OWK6.
[Crossref]

Zhou, B.

X. Xue, X. Zheng, H. Zhang, and B. Zhou, “Noise suppression for fiber radio transmission on spectrum-sliced WDM-PONs employing interferometric structures,” in Proc. of OFC/NFOEC 2011 (2011), paper OWK6.
[Crossref]

Fiber Integr. Opt. (1)

J. J. Carr, S. L. Saikkonen, and D. H. Williams, “Refractive index measurements on single-mode fiber as functions of product parameters, tensile stress, and temperature,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 9(4), 393–396 (1990).
[Crossref]

IBM J. Res. Develop. (1)

A. X. Widmer and P. A. Franaszek, “A DC-balanced, partitioned-block, 8B/10B transmission code,” IBM J. Res. Develop. 27(5), 440–451 (1983).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

K. Iwashita and K. Nakagawa, “Mode partition noise characteristics in high-speed modulated laser diodes,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18(12), 2000–2005 (1982).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

G. Charlet, “Progress in optical modulation formats for high-bit rate WDM transmissions,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(4), 469–483 (2006).
[Crossref]

K. Sato and H. Toba, “Reduction of mode partition noise by using semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7(2), 328–333 (2001).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (5)

S.-G. Mun, H.-S. Cho, and C.-H. Lee, “A Cost-Effective WDM-PON Using a Multiple Section Fabry–Pérot Laser Diode,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(1), 3–5 (2011).

H. D. Kim, S.-G. Kang, and C.-H. Lee, “A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Faby-Pérot semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12(8), 1067–1069 (2000).
[Crossref]

A. Akrout, A. Shen, R. Brenot, F. Van-Dijk, O. Legouezigou, F. Pommereau, F. Lelarge, A. Ramdane, and G.-H. Duan, “Separate error-free transmission of eight channels at 10 Gb/s using comb generation in a quantum-dash-based mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(23), 1746–1748 (2009).
[Crossref]

J.-H. Moon, K.-M. Choi, S.-G. Mun, and C.-H. Lee, “Effects of back-reflection in WDM-PONs based on seed light injection,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(24), 2045–2047 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. H. Bae, H. K. Shim, U. H. Hong, H. Kim, A. Agata, K. Tanaka, M. Suzuki, and Y. C. Chung, “25-Gb/s TDM optical link using EMLs for mobile fronthaul network of LTE-A system,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(17), 1825–1828 (2015).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

Y. Okano, K. Nakagawa, and T. Ito, “Laser mode partition noise evaluation for optical fiber transmission,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 28(2), 238–243 (1980).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (6)

Opt. Express (4)

Proc. IEEE (1)

P. Winzer and R. Essiambre, “Advanced optical modulation formats,” Proc. IEEE 94(5), 952–985 (2006).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (1)

V. Wongpaibool, J. K. Shaw, and I. Jacobs, “Comparison of alternative carrier-suppressed return-to-zero modulation formats,” Proc. SPIE 5247, 284–298 (2003).
[Crossref]

Other (7)

D. C. Kim, H.-S. Kim, K. S. Kim, B.-S. Choi, J.-S. Jeong, and O.-K. Kwon, “10 Gbps SOA-REAM using monolithic integration of planar buried-heterostructure SOA with deep-ridge waveguide EA modulator for colourless optical source in WDM-PON,” in Proc. of ECOC2011, paper Tu.5.LeSaleve.5.
[Crossref]

J.-Y. Kim, S.-H. Yoo, S.-R. Moon, D. C. Kim, and C.-H. Lee, “400 Gb/s (40 × 10 Gb/s) ASE injection seeded WDM-PON based on SOA-REAM,” in Proc. of OFC/NFOEC 2013 (2013), paper OW4D.
[Crossref]

F. Payoux, P. Chanclou, M. Moisnard, and R. Brenot, “Gigabit optical access using WDM PON based on spectrum slicing and reflective SOA,” in Proc. of ECOC 2005 (2005), paper We 3.3.5.
[Crossref]

Z. G. Lu, J. R. Liu, P. J. Poole, S. Raymond, P. J. Barrios, D. Poitras, G. Pakulski, X. P. Zhang, K. Hinzer, and T. J. Hall, “Low noise InAs/InP quantum dot C-band monolithic multiwavelength lasers for WDM-PONs,” in Proc. of OFC/NFOEC 2009 (2009), paper JWA27.
[Crossref]

M. Gay, A. O’Hare, L. Bramerie, Z. Hao, S. Fresnel, C. Peucheret, P. Besnard, S. Joshi, S. Barbet, and F. Lelarge, “Single quantum dash mode-locked laser as a comb-generator in four-channel 112 Gbit/s WDM transmission, ” in Proc. of OFC 2014 (2014), paper Tu2H.5.
[Crossref]

“G.975: Forward error correction for submarine systems,” Recommendation, ITU-T (2000).

X. Xue, X. Zheng, H. Zhang, and B. Zhou, “Noise suppression for fiber radio transmission on spectrum-sliced WDM-PONs employing interferometric structures,” in Proc. of OFC/NFOEC 2011 (2011), paper OWK6.
[Crossref]

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Schematics of the noise reduction measurement for the FP-LD based on the MZI, (b) optical spectrum of all modes and a single filtered mode, (c) RIN spectra of a single filtered mode (#17), and (d) noise reduction ratio vs time delay.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Experimental setup for mode partition noise reduction using a MZI and a gain-saturated RSOA.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Measured average RIN, (b) input-power-versus-output-power curve of a RSOA, histograms of (c) input lights, and (d) output lights with and without a MZI. Inset in Fig. 3(a) shows RIN spectra at injection power of −6 dBm.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Schematics of an optical transmitter for BER measurement, (b) measured waveform of 10.7 GHz optical pulses after a LiNbO3 intensity modulator and a MZI, (c) 10.7 Gb/s electrical NRZ signal at an EAM, and (d) 10.7 Gb/s optical RZ signal at a 3rd output port of circulator. Inset shows spectra of driving electrical PRBS and 8b/10b signals at an EAM.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Measured BER curves of the 10.7-Gb/s optical RZ50 signals, (b) corresponding V-curves, and (c) statistical noise distributions w/o modulation.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Experimental setup for the 10-Gb/s signal transmission in DWDM system based on local-seeding (downstream signal transmission). Inset shows optical waveform of CS pulses, optical spectrum of CS pulse-modulated FP-LD, and an equivalent setup for an R-SOA-EAM.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 (a) Measured BER curves after 40-km SMF transmission and (b) power penalty for RZ50 and CS-RZ signal versus fiber length.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Experimental setup for the 10-Gb/s signal transmission in DWDM system based on remote-seeding (upstream signal transmission). Inset shows an equivalent setup for R-SOA-EAM.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 (a) Measured BER curves for 10.7-Gb/s RZ50 signal and (b) receiver sensitivity according to TEE gain at −6 dBm injection power.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Measured BER and FP-LD output power according to various DWDM channel.

Equations (1)

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RI N wMZI ( f )= 1 2 ×( 1+cos( 2πfΔτ ) )×RI N woMZI ( f )

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