Abstract

Open-path cavity ring down (OPCRD) technique with variable cavity length was developed to measure optical extinction including scattering and absorption of air in laboratory environment at 635 nm wavelength. By moving the rear cavity mirror of the ring-down cavity to change cavity length, ring-down time with different cavity lengths was experimentally obtained and the dependence of total cavity loss on cavity length was determined. The extinction coefficient of air was determined by the slope of linear dependence of total cavity loss on cavity length. The extinction coefficients of air with different particle concentrations at 635 nm wavelength were measured to be from 10.46 to 84.19 Mm−1 (ppm/m) in a normal laboratory environment. This variable-cavity-length OPCRD technique can be used for absolute extinction measurement and real-time environmental monitoring without closed-path sample cells and background measurements.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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References

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2016 (1)

2015 (1)

T. D. Gordon, N. L. Wagner, M. S. Richardson, D. C. Law, D. Wolfe, E. W. Eloranta, C. A. Brock, F. Erdesz, and D. M. Murphy, “Design of a novel open-path aerosol extinction cavity ringdown spectrometer,” Aerosol Sci. Technol. 49(9), 717–726 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

2013 (1)

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boundon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Muller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, and G. C. Toon, “Vl. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 96, 1–47 (2013).

2012 (1)

2011 (3)

L. Li, J. Chen, H. Chen, X. Yang, Y. Tang, and R. Zhang, “Monitoring optical properties of aerosols with cavity ring-down spectroscopy,” J. Aerosol Sci. 42(4), 277–284 (2011).
[Crossref]

D. Mellon, S. J. King, J. Kim, J. P. Reid, and A. J. Orr-Ewing, “Measurements of extinction by aerosol particles in the near-infrared using continuous wave cavity ring-down spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. A 115(5), 774–783 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. C. Qu, B. C. Li, and Y. L. Han, “Measurement of losses in optical components using filtered optical feedback cavity ring down technique,” Proc. SPIE 8206, 82061M (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

R. E. H. Miles, S. Rudić, A. J. Orr-Ewing, and J. P. Reid, “Measurements of the wavelength dependent extinction of aerosols by cavity ring down spectroscopy,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 12(15), 3914–3920 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

Y. Gong, B. Li, and Y. Han, “Optical feedback cavity ring-down technique for accurate measurement of ultra-high reflectivity,” Appl. Phys. B 93(2-3), 355–360 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

R. Wada, J. M. Beames, and A. J. Orr-Ewing, “Measurement of IO radical concentrations in the marine boundary layer using a cavity ring-down spectrometer,” J. Atmos. Chem. 58(1), 69–87 (2007).
[Crossref]

2005 (3)

H. Moosmüller, R. Varma, and W. P. Arnott, “Cavity ring-down and cavity-enhanced detection techniques for the measurement of aerosol extinction,” Aerosol Sci. Technol. 39(1), 30–39 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. Bitter, S. M. Ball, I. M. Povey, and R. L. Jones, “A broadband cavity ringdown spectrometer for in-situ measurements of atmospheric trace gases,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 5(9), 2547–2560 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. Sneep and W. Ubachs, “Direct measurement of the Rayleigh scattering cross section in various gases,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 92(3), 293–310 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

A. Pettersson, E. R. Lovejoy, C. A. Brock, S. S. Brown, and A. R. Ravishankara, “Measurement of aerosol optical extinction at 532 nm with pulsed cavity ring down spectroscopy,” J. Aerosol Sci. 35(8), 995–1011 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

A. W. Strawa, R. Castaneda, T. Owano, D. S. Baer, and B. A. Paldus, “The measurement of aerosol optical properties using continuous wave cavity ring-down techniques,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 20(4), 454–465 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (3)

S. S. Brown, H. Stark, and A. R. Ravishankara, “Cavity ring-down spectroscopy for atmospheric trace gas detection: application to the nitrate radical (NO3),” Appl. Phys. B 75(2-3), 173–182 (2002).
[Crossref]

S. S. Brown, H. Stark, S. J. Ciciora, R. J. McLaughlin, and A. R. Ravishankara, “Simultaneous in situ detection of atmospheric NO3 and N2O5 via cavity ring-down spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73(9), 3291–3301 (2002).
[Crossref]

A. R. Awtry and J. H. Miller, “Development of a cw-laser-based cavity-ringdown sensor aboard a spacecraft for trace air constituents,” Appl. Phys. B 75(2-3), 255–260 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

J. D. Smith and D. B. Atkinson, “A portable pulsed cavity ring-down transmissometer for measurement of the optical extinction of the atmospheric aerosol,” Analyst (Lond.) 126(8), 1216–1220 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

1999 (1)

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

D. Romanini, A. A. Kachanov, and F. Stoeckel, “Diode laser cavity ring down spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 270(5-6), 538–545 (1997).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

D. Romanini and K. K. Lehmann, “Ring-down cavity absorption spectroscopy of the very weak HCN overtone bands with six, seven, and eight stretching quanta,” J. Chem. Phys. 99(9), 6287–6301 (1993).
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

A. O’Keefe and D. A. G. Deacon, “Cavity ring-down optical spectrometer for absorption measurements using pulsed laser sources,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 59(12), 2544–2551 (1988).
[Crossref]

Arnott, W. P.

H. Moosmüller, R. Varma, and W. P. Arnott, “Cavity ring-down and cavity-enhanced detection techniques for the measurement of aerosol extinction,” Aerosol Sci. Technol. 39(1), 30–39 (2005).
[Crossref]

Atkinson, D. B.

J. D. Smith and D. B. Atkinson, “A portable pulsed cavity ring-down transmissometer for measurement of the optical extinction of the atmospheric aerosol,” Analyst (Lond.) 126(8), 1216–1220 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Awtry, A. R.

A. R. Awtry and J. H. Miller, “Development of a cw-laser-based cavity-ringdown sensor aboard a spacecraft for trace air constituents,” Appl. Phys. B 75(2-3), 255–260 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Babikov, Y.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boundon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Muller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, and G. C. Toon, “Vl. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 96, 1–47 (2013).

Baer, D. S.

A. W. Strawa, R. Castaneda, T. Owano, D. S. Baer, and B. A. Paldus, “The measurement of aerosol optical properties using continuous wave cavity ring-down techniques,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 20(4), 454–465 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ball, S. M.

M. Bitter, S. M. Ball, I. M. Povey, and R. L. Jones, “A broadband cavity ringdown spectrometer for in-situ measurements of atmospheric trace gases,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 5(9), 2547–2560 (2005).
[Crossref]

Barbe, A.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boundon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Muller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, and G. C. Toon, “Vl. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 96, 1–47 (2013).

Beames, J. M.

R. Wada, J. M. Beames, and A. J. Orr-Ewing, “Measurement of IO radical concentrations in the marine boundary layer using a cavity ring-down spectrometer,” J. Atmos. Chem. 58(1), 69–87 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bernath, P. F.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boundon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Muller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, and G. C. Toon, “Vl. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 96, 1–47 (2013).

Birk, M.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boundon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Muller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, and G. C. Toon, “Vl. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 96, 1–47 (2013).

Bitter, M.

M. Bitter, S. M. Ball, I. M. Povey, and R. L. Jones, “A broadband cavity ringdown spectrometer for in-situ measurements of atmospheric trace gases,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 5(9), 2547–2560 (2005).
[Crossref]

Bizzocchi, L.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boundon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Muller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, and G. C. Toon, “Vl. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 96, 1–47 (2013).

Boundon, V.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boundon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Muller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, and G. C. Toon, “Vl. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 96, 1–47 (2013).

Boyson, T. K.

Brock, C. A.

T. D. Gordon, N. L. Wagner, M. S. Richardson, D. C. Law, D. Wolfe, E. W. Eloranta, C. A. Brock, F. Erdesz, and D. M. Murphy, “Design of a novel open-path aerosol extinction cavity ringdown spectrometer,” Aerosol Sci. Technol. 49(9), 717–726 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Pettersson, E. R. Lovejoy, C. A. Brock, S. S. Brown, and A. R. Ravishankara, “Measurement of aerosol optical extinction at 532 nm with pulsed cavity ring down spectroscopy,” J. Aerosol Sci. 35(8), 995–1011 (2004).
[Crossref]

Brown, L. R.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boundon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Muller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, and G. C. Toon, “Vl. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 96, 1–47 (2013).

Brown, S. S.

A. Pettersson, E. R. Lovejoy, C. A. Brock, S. S. Brown, and A. R. Ravishankara, “Measurement of aerosol optical extinction at 532 nm with pulsed cavity ring down spectroscopy,” J. Aerosol Sci. 35(8), 995–1011 (2004).
[Crossref]

S. S. Brown, H. Stark, and A. R. Ravishankara, “Cavity ring-down spectroscopy for atmospheric trace gas detection: application to the nitrate radical (NO3),” Appl. Phys. B 75(2-3), 173–182 (2002).
[Crossref]

S. S. Brown, H. Stark, S. J. Ciciora, R. J. McLaughlin, and A. R. Ravishankara, “Simultaneous in situ detection of atmospheric NO3 and N2O5 via cavity ring-down spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73(9), 3291–3301 (2002).
[Crossref]

Calzada, M. E.

Campargue, A.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boundon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Muller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, and G. C. Toon, “Vl. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 96, 1–47 (2013).

Castaneda, R.

A. W. Strawa, R. Castaneda, T. Owano, D. S. Baer, and B. A. Paldus, “The measurement of aerosol optical properties using continuous wave cavity ring-down techniques,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 20(4), 454–465 (2003).
[Crossref]

Chance, K.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boundon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Muller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, and G. C. Toon, “Vl. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 96, 1–47 (2013).

Chen, H.

L. Li, J. Chen, H. Chen, X. Yang, Y. Tang, and R. Zhang, “Monitoring optical properties of aerosols with cavity ring-down spectroscopy,” J. Aerosol Sci. 42(4), 277–284 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chen, J.

L. Li, J. Chen, H. Chen, X. Yang, Y. Tang, and R. Zhang, “Monitoring optical properties of aerosols with cavity ring-down spectroscopy,” J. Aerosol Sci. 42(4), 277–284 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chris Benner, D.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boundon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Muller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, and G. C. Toon, “Vl. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 96, 1–47 (2013).

Ciciora, S. J.

S. S. Brown, H. Stark, S. J. Ciciora, R. J. McLaughlin, and A. R. Ravishankara, “Simultaneous in situ detection of atmospheric NO3 and N2O5 via cavity ring-down spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73(9), 3291–3301 (2002).
[Crossref]

Cohen, E. A.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boundon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Muller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, and G. C. Toon, “Vl. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 96, 1–47 (2013).

Coudert, L. H.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boundon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Muller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, and G. C. Toon, “Vl. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 96, 1–47 (2013).

Cui, H.

Deacon, D. A. G.

A. O’Keefe and D. A. G. Deacon, “Cavity ring-down optical spectrometer for absorption measurements using pulsed laser sources,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 59(12), 2544–2551 (1988).
[Crossref]

Devi, V. M.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boundon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Muller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, and G. C. Toon, “Vl. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 96, 1–47 (2013).

Drouin, B. J.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boundon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Muller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, and G. C. Toon, “Vl. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 96, 1–47 (2013).

Eloranta, E. W.

T. D. Gordon, N. L. Wagner, M. S. Richardson, D. C. Law, D. Wolfe, E. W. Eloranta, C. A. Brock, F. Erdesz, and D. M. Murphy, “Design of a novel open-path aerosol extinction cavity ringdown spectrometer,” Aerosol Sci. Technol. 49(9), 717–726 (2015).
[Crossref]

Erdesz, F.

T. D. Gordon, N. L. Wagner, M. S. Richardson, D. C. Law, D. Wolfe, E. W. Eloranta, C. A. Brock, F. Erdesz, and D. M. Murphy, “Design of a novel open-path aerosol extinction cavity ringdown spectrometer,” Aerosol Sci. Technol. 49(9), 717–726 (2015).
[Crossref]

Fayt, A.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boundon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Muller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, and G. C. Toon, “Vl. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 96, 1–47 (2013).

Flaud, J.-M.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boundon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Muller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, and G. C. Toon, “Vl. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 96, 1–47 (2013).

Gamache, R. R.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boundon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Muller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, and G. C. Toon, “Vl. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 96, 1–47 (2013).

Gao, C.

Gao, L.

Gong, Y.

Y. Gong, B. Li, and Y. Han, “Optical feedback cavity ring-down technique for accurate measurement of ultra-high reflectivity,” Appl. Phys. B 93(2-3), 355–360 (2008).
[Crossref]

Gordon, I. E.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boundon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Muller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, and G. C. Toon, “Vl. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 96, 1–47 (2013).

Gordon, T. D.

T. D. Gordon, N. L. Wagner, M. S. Richardson, D. C. Law, D. Wolfe, E. W. Eloranta, C. A. Brock, F. Erdesz, and D. M. Murphy, “Design of a novel open-path aerosol extinction cavity ringdown spectrometer,” Aerosol Sci. Technol. 49(9), 717–726 (2015).
[Crossref]

Guo, C.

Han, Y.

Han, Y. L.

Z. C. Qu, B. C. Li, and Y. L. Han, “Measurement of losses in optical components using filtered optical feedback cavity ring down technique,” Proc. SPIE 8206, 82061M (2011).
[Crossref]

Harb, C. C.

Harrison, J. J.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boundon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Muller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, and G. C. Toon, “Vl. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 96, 1–47 (2013).

Hartmann, J.-M.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boundon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Muller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, and G. C. Toon, “Vl. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 96, 1–47 (2013).

He, Y.

Hecobian, A.

Hill, C.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boundon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Muller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, and G. C. Toon, “Vl. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 96, 1–47 (2013).

Hill, E. S.

Hill, J.

Hodges, J. T.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boundon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Muller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, and G. C. Toon, “Vl. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 96, 1–47 (2013).

Jacquemart, D.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boundon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Muller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, and G. C. Toon, “Vl. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 96, 1–47 (2013).

Jamie, I. M.

Jin, C.

Jolly, A.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boundon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Muller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, and G. C. Toon, “Vl. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 96, 1–47 (2013).

Jones, R. L.

M. Bitter, S. M. Ball, I. M. Povey, and R. L. Jones, “A broadband cavity ringdown spectrometer for in-situ measurements of atmospheric trace gases,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 5(9), 2547–2560 (2005).
[Crossref]

Kachanov, A. A.

D. Romanini, A. A. Kachanov, and F. Stoeckel, “Diode laser cavity ring down spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 270(5-6), 538–545 (1997).
[Crossref]

Kallapur, A. G.

Kan, R.

Kim, J.

D. Mellon, S. J. King, J. Kim, J. P. Reid, and A. J. Orr-Ewing, “Measurements of extinction by aerosol particles in the near-infrared using continuous wave cavity ring-down spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. A 115(5), 774–783 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

King, S. J.

D. Mellon, S. J. King, J. Kim, J. P. Reid, and A. J. Orr-Ewing, “Measurements of extinction by aerosol particles in the near-infrared using continuous wave cavity ring-down spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. A 115(5), 774–783 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kirkbride, K. P.

Lamouroux, J.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boundon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Muller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, and G. C. Toon, “Vl. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 96, 1–47 (2013).

Law, D. C.

T. D. Gordon, N. L. Wagner, M. S. Richardson, D. C. Law, D. Wolfe, E. W. Eloranta, C. A. Brock, F. Erdesz, and D. M. Murphy, “Design of a novel open-path aerosol extinction cavity ringdown spectrometer,” Aerosol Sci. Technol. 49(9), 717–726 (2015).
[Crossref]

Le Roy, R. J.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boundon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Muller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, and G. C. Toon, “Vl. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 96, 1–47 (2013).

Lehmann, K. K.

D. Romanini and K. K. Lehmann, “Ring-down cavity absorption spectroscopy of the very weak HCN overtone bands with six, seven, and eight stretching quanta,” J. Chem. Phys. 99(9), 6287–6301 (1993).
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Li, B.

Li, B. C.

Z. C. Qu, B. C. Li, and Y. L. Han, “Measurement of losses in optical components using filtered optical feedback cavity ring down technique,” Proc. SPIE 8206, 82061M (2011).
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Li, G.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boundon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Muller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, and G. C. Toon, “Vl. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 96, 1–47 (2013).

Li, L.

L. Li, J. Chen, H. Chen, X. Yang, Y. Tang, and R. Zhang, “Monitoring optical properties of aerosols with cavity ring-down spectroscopy,” J. Aerosol Sci. 42(4), 277–284 (2011).
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Linne, M. A.

Liu, J.

Liu, W.

Long, D. A.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boundon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Muller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, and G. C. Toon, “Vl. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 96, 1–47 (2013).

Lovejoy, E. R.

A. Pettersson, E. R. Lovejoy, C. A. Brock, S. S. Brown, and A. R. Ravishankara, “Measurement of aerosol optical extinction at 532 nm with pulsed cavity ring down spectroscopy,” J. Aerosol Sci. 35(8), 995–1011 (2004).
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Lyulin, O. M.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boundon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Muller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, and G. C. Toon, “Vl. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 96, 1–47 (2013).

Mackie, C. J.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boundon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Muller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, and G. C. Toon, “Vl. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 96, 1–47 (2013).

Massie, S. T.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boundon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Muller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, and G. C. Toon, “Vl. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 96, 1–47 (2013).

McHale, L. E.

McLaughlin, R. J.

S. S. Brown, H. Stark, S. J. Ciciora, R. J. McLaughlin, and A. R. Ravishankara, “Simultaneous in situ detection of atmospheric NO3 and N2O5 via cavity ring-down spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73(9), 3291–3301 (2002).
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Mellon, D.

D. Mellon, S. J. King, J. Kim, J. P. Reid, and A. J. Orr-Ewing, “Measurements of extinction by aerosol particles in the near-infrared using continuous wave cavity ring-down spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. A 115(5), 774–783 (2011).
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Mikhailenko, S.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boundon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Muller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, and G. C. Toon, “Vl. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 96, 1–47 (2013).

Miles, R. E. H.

R. E. H. Miles, S. Rudić, A. J. Orr-Ewing, and J. P. Reid, “Measurements of the wavelength dependent extinction of aerosols by cavity ring down spectroscopy,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 12(15), 3914–3920 (2010).
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Miller, J. H.

A. R. Awtry and J. H. Miller, “Development of a cw-laser-based cavity-ringdown sensor aboard a spacecraft for trace air constituents,” Appl. Phys. B 75(2-3), 255–260 (2002).
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Moore, D. S.

Moosmüller, H.

H. Moosmüller, R. Varma, and W. P. Arnott, “Cavity ring-down and cavity-enhanced detection techniques for the measurement of aerosol extinction,” Aerosol Sci. Technol. 39(1), 30–39 (2005).
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Muller, H. S. P.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boundon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Muller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, and G. C. Toon, “Vl. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 96, 1–47 (2013).

Murphy, D. M.

T. D. Gordon, N. L. Wagner, M. S. Richardson, D. C. Law, D. Wolfe, E. W. Eloranta, C. A. Brock, F. Erdesz, and D. M. Murphy, “Design of a novel open-path aerosol extinction cavity ringdown spectrometer,” Aerosol Sci. Technol. 49(9), 717–726 (2015).
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Naumenko, O. V.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boundon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Muller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, and G. C. Toon, “Vl. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 96, 1–47 (2013).

Naus, H.

Nikitin, A. V.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boundon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Muller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, and G. C. Toon, “Vl. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 96, 1–47 (2013).

O’Keefe, A.

A. O’Keefe and D. A. G. Deacon, “Cavity ring-down optical spectrometer for absorption measurements using pulsed laser sources,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 59(12), 2544–2551 (1988).
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Orphal, J.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boundon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Muller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, and G. C. Toon, “Vl. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 96, 1–47 (2013).

Orr, B. J.

Orr-Ewing, A. J.

D. Mellon, S. J. King, J. Kim, J. P. Reid, and A. J. Orr-Ewing, “Measurements of extinction by aerosol particles in the near-infrared using continuous wave cavity ring-down spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. A 115(5), 774–783 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. E. H. Miles, S. Rudić, A. J. Orr-Ewing, and J. P. Reid, “Measurements of the wavelength dependent extinction of aerosols by cavity ring down spectroscopy,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 12(15), 3914–3920 (2010).
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R. Wada, J. M. Beames, and A. J. Orr-Ewing, “Measurement of IO radical concentrations in the marine boundary layer using a cavity ring-down spectrometer,” J. Atmos. Chem. 58(1), 69–87 (2007).
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Owano, T.

A. W. Strawa, R. Castaneda, T. Owano, D. S. Baer, and B. A. Paldus, “The measurement of aerosol optical properties using continuous wave cavity ring-down techniques,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 20(4), 454–465 (2003).
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Paldus, B. A.

A. W. Strawa, R. Castaneda, T. Owano, D. S. Baer, and B. A. Paldus, “The measurement of aerosol optical properties using continuous wave cavity ring-down techniques,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 20(4), 454–465 (2003).
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Perevalov, V.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boundon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Muller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, and G. C. Toon, “Vl. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 96, 1–47 (2013).

Perrin, A.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boundon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Muller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, and G. C. Toon, “Vl. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 96, 1–47 (2013).

Petersen, I. R.

Pettersson, A.

A. Pettersson, E. R. Lovejoy, C. A. Brock, S. S. Brown, and A. R. Ravishankara, “Measurement of aerosol optical extinction at 532 nm with pulsed cavity ring down spectroscopy,” J. Aerosol Sci. 35(8), 995–1011 (2004).
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Polovtseva, E. R.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boundon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Muller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, and G. C. Toon, “Vl. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 96, 1–47 (2013).

Povey, I. M.

M. Bitter, S. M. Ball, I. M. Povey, and R. L. Jones, “A broadband cavity ringdown spectrometer for in-situ measurements of atmospheric trace gases,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 5(9), 2547–2560 (2005).
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Qu, Z. C.

Z. C. Qu, B. C. Li, and Y. L. Han, “Measurement of losses in optical components using filtered optical feedback cavity ring down technique,” Proc. SPIE 8206, 82061M (2011).
[Crossref]

Ravishankara, A. R.

A. Pettersson, E. R. Lovejoy, C. A. Brock, S. S. Brown, and A. R. Ravishankara, “Measurement of aerosol optical extinction at 532 nm with pulsed cavity ring down spectroscopy,” J. Aerosol Sci. 35(8), 995–1011 (2004).
[Crossref]

S. S. Brown, H. Stark, and A. R. Ravishankara, “Cavity ring-down spectroscopy for atmospheric trace gas detection: application to the nitrate radical (NO3),” Appl. Phys. B 75(2-3), 173–182 (2002).
[Crossref]

S. S. Brown, H. Stark, S. J. Ciciora, R. J. McLaughlin, and A. R. Ravishankara, “Simultaneous in situ detection of atmospheric NO3 and N2O5 via cavity ring-down spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73(9), 3291–3301 (2002).
[Crossref]

Reid, J. P.

D. Mellon, S. J. King, J. Kim, J. P. Reid, and A. J. Orr-Ewing, “Measurements of extinction by aerosol particles in the near-infrared using continuous wave cavity ring-down spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. A 115(5), 774–783 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. E. H. Miles, S. Rudić, A. J. Orr-Ewing, and J. P. Reid, “Measurements of the wavelength dependent extinction of aerosols by cavity ring down spectroscopy,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 12(15), 3914–3920 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Richard, C.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boundon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Muller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, and G. C. Toon, “Vl. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 96, 1–47 (2013).

Richardson, M. S.

T. D. Gordon, N. L. Wagner, M. S. Richardson, D. C. Law, D. Wolfe, E. W. Eloranta, C. A. Brock, F. Erdesz, and D. M. Murphy, “Design of a novel open-path aerosol extinction cavity ringdown spectrometer,” Aerosol Sci. Technol. 49(9), 717–726 (2015).
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Romanini, D.

D. Romanini, A. A. Kachanov, and F. Stoeckel, “Diode laser cavity ring down spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 270(5-6), 538–545 (1997).
[Crossref]

D. Romanini and K. K. Lehmann, “Ring-down cavity absorption spectroscopy of the very weak HCN overtone bands with six, seven, and eight stretching quanta,” J. Chem. Phys. 99(9), 6287–6301 (1993).
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Rothman, L. S.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boundon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Muller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, and G. C. Toon, “Vl. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 96, 1–47 (2013).

Rudic, S.

R. E. H. Miles, S. Rudić, A. J. Orr-Ewing, and J. P. Reid, “Measurements of the wavelength dependent extinction of aerosols by cavity ring down spectroscopy,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 12(15), 3914–3920 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sappey, A. D.

Settersten, T.

Smith, J. D.

J. D. Smith and D. B. Atkinson, “A portable pulsed cavity ring-down transmissometer for measurement of the optical extinction of the atmospheric aerosol,” Analyst (Lond.) 126(8), 1216–1220 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Smith, M. A. H.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boundon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Muller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, and G. C. Toon, “Vl. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 96, 1–47 (2013).

Sneep, M.

M. Sneep and W. Ubachs, “Direct measurement of the Rayleigh scattering cross section in various gases,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 92(3), 293–310 (2005).
[Crossref]

Spence, T. G.

Starikova, E.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boundon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Muller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, and G. C. Toon, “Vl. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 96, 1–47 (2013).

Stark, H.

S. S. Brown, H. Stark, and A. R. Ravishankara, “Cavity ring-down spectroscopy for atmospheric trace gas detection: application to the nitrate radical (NO3),” Appl. Phys. B 75(2-3), 173–182 (2002).
[Crossref]

S. S. Brown, H. Stark, S. J. Ciciora, R. J. McLaughlin, and A. R. Ravishankara, “Simultaneous in situ detection of atmospheric NO3 and N2O5 via cavity ring-down spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73(9), 3291–3301 (2002).
[Crossref]

Stoeckel, F.

D. Romanini, A. A. Kachanov, and F. Stoeckel, “Diode laser cavity ring down spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 270(5-6), 538–545 (1997).
[Crossref]

Strawa, A. W.

A. W. Strawa, R. Castaneda, T. Owano, D. S. Baer, and B. A. Paldus, “The measurement of aerosol optical properties using continuous wave cavity ring-down techniques,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 20(4), 454–465 (2003).
[Crossref]

Sung, K.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boundon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Muller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, and G. C. Toon, “Vl. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 96, 1–47 (2013).

Tang, Y.

L. Li, J. Chen, H. Chen, X. Yang, Y. Tang, and R. Zhang, “Monitoring optical properties of aerosols with cavity ring-down spectroscopy,” J. Aerosol Sci. 42(4), 277–284 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tashkun, S.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boundon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Muller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, and G. C. Toon, “Vl. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 96, 1–47 (2013).

Tennyson, J.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boundon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Muller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, and G. C. Toon, “Vl. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 96, 1–47 (2013).

Ticich, T. M.

Toon, G. C.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boundon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Muller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, and G. C. Toon, “Vl. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 96, 1–47 (2013).

Ubachs, W.

M. Sneep and W. Ubachs, “Direct measurement of the Rayleigh scattering cross section in various gases,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 92(3), 293–310 (2005).
[Crossref]

H. Naus and W. Ubachs, “Experimental verification of Rayleigh scattering cross sections,” Opt. Lett. 25(5), 347–349 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vander Wal, R. L.

Varma, R.

H. Moosmüller, R. Varma, and W. P. Arnott, “Cavity ring-down and cavity-enhanced detection techniques for the measurement of aerosol extinction,” Aerosol Sci. Technol. 39(1), 30–39 (2005).
[Crossref]

Wada, R.

R. Wada, J. M. Beames, and A. J. Orr-Ewing, “Measurement of IO radical concentrations in the marine boundary layer using a cavity ring-down spectrometer,” J. Atmos. Chem. 58(1), 69–87 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wagner, N. L.

T. D. Gordon, N. L. Wagner, M. S. Richardson, D. C. Law, D. Wolfe, E. W. Eloranta, C. A. Brock, F. Erdesz, and D. M. Murphy, “Design of a novel open-path aerosol extinction cavity ringdown spectrometer,” Aerosol Sci. Technol. 49(9), 717–726 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

Wolfe, D.

T. D. Gordon, N. L. Wagner, M. S. Richardson, D. C. Law, D. Wolfe, E. W. Eloranta, C. A. Brock, F. Erdesz, and D. M. Murphy, “Design of a novel open-path aerosol extinction cavity ringdown spectrometer,” Aerosol Sci. Technol. 49(9), 717–726 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yalin, A. P.

Yang, X.

L. Li, J. Chen, H. Chen, X. Yang, Y. Tang, and R. Zhang, “Monitoring optical properties of aerosols with cavity ring-down spectroscopy,” J. Aerosol Sci. 42(4), 277–284 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhang, R.

L. Li, J. Chen, H. Chen, X. Yang, Y. Tang, and R. Zhang, “Monitoring optical properties of aerosols with cavity ring-down spectroscopy,” J. Aerosol Sci. 42(4), 277–284 (2011).
[Crossref]

Aerosol Sci. Technol. (2)

H. Moosmüller, R. Varma, and W. P. Arnott, “Cavity ring-down and cavity-enhanced detection techniques for the measurement of aerosol extinction,” Aerosol Sci. Technol. 39(1), 30–39 (2005).
[Crossref]

T. D. Gordon, N. L. Wagner, M. S. Richardson, D. C. Law, D. Wolfe, E. W. Eloranta, C. A. Brock, F. Erdesz, and D. M. Murphy, “Design of a novel open-path aerosol extinction cavity ringdown spectrometer,” Aerosol Sci. Technol. 49(9), 717–726 (2015).
[Crossref]

Analyst (Lond.) (1)

J. D. Smith and D. B. Atkinson, “A portable pulsed cavity ring-down transmissometer for measurement of the optical extinction of the atmospheric aerosol,” Analyst (Lond.) 126(8), 1216–1220 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (3)

A. R. Awtry and J. H. Miller, “Development of a cw-laser-based cavity-ringdown sensor aboard a spacecraft for trace air constituents,” Appl. Phys. B 75(2-3), 255–260 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. S. Brown, H. Stark, and A. R. Ravishankara, “Cavity ring-down spectroscopy for atmospheric trace gas detection: application to the nitrate radical (NO3),” Appl. Phys. B 75(2-3), 173–182 (2002).
[Crossref]

Y. Gong, B. Li, and Y. Han, “Optical feedback cavity ring-down technique for accurate measurement of ultra-high reflectivity,” Appl. Phys. B 93(2-3), 355–360 (2008).
[Crossref]

Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. (1)

M. Bitter, S. M. Ball, I. M. Povey, and R. L. Jones, “A broadband cavity ringdown spectrometer for in-situ measurements of atmospheric trace gases,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 5(9), 2547–2560 (2005).
[Crossref]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

D. Romanini, A. A. Kachanov, and F. Stoeckel, “Diode laser cavity ring down spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 270(5-6), 538–545 (1997).
[Crossref]

J. Aerosol Sci. (2)

A. Pettersson, E. R. Lovejoy, C. A. Brock, S. S. Brown, and A. R. Ravishankara, “Measurement of aerosol optical extinction at 532 nm with pulsed cavity ring down spectroscopy,” J. Aerosol Sci. 35(8), 995–1011 (2004).
[Crossref]

L. Li, J. Chen, H. Chen, X. Yang, Y. Tang, and R. Zhang, “Monitoring optical properties of aerosols with cavity ring-down spectroscopy,” J. Aerosol Sci. 42(4), 277–284 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Atmos. Chem. (1)

R. Wada, J. M. Beames, and A. J. Orr-Ewing, “Measurement of IO radical concentrations in the marine boundary layer using a cavity ring-down spectrometer,” J. Atmos. Chem. 58(1), 69–87 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. (1)

A. W. Strawa, R. Castaneda, T. Owano, D. S. Baer, and B. A. Paldus, “The measurement of aerosol optical properties using continuous wave cavity ring-down techniques,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 20(4), 454–465 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

D. Romanini and K. K. Lehmann, “Ring-down cavity absorption spectroscopy of the very weak HCN overtone bands with six, seven, and eight stretching quanta,” J. Chem. Phys. 99(9), 6287–6301 (1993).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. A (1)

D. Mellon, S. J. King, J. Kim, J. P. Reid, and A. J. Orr-Ewing, “Measurements of extinction by aerosol particles in the near-infrared using continuous wave cavity ring-down spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. A 115(5), 774–783 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. (2)

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boundon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Muller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, and G. C. Toon, “Vl. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 96, 1–47 (2013).

M. Sneep and W. Ubachs, “Direct measurement of the Rayleigh scattering cross section in various gases,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 92(3), 293–310 (2005).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. (1)

R. E. H. Miles, S. Rudić, A. J. Orr-Ewing, and J. P. Reid, “Measurements of the wavelength dependent extinction of aerosols by cavity ring down spectroscopy,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 12(15), 3914–3920 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE (1)

Z. C. Qu, B. C. Li, and Y. L. Han, “Measurement of losses in optical components using filtered optical feedback cavity ring down technique,” Proc. SPIE 8206, 82061M (2011).
[Crossref]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (2)

A. O’Keefe and D. A. G. Deacon, “Cavity ring-down optical spectrometer for absorption measurements using pulsed laser sources,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 59(12), 2544–2551 (1988).
[Crossref]

S. S. Brown, H. Stark, S. J. Ciciora, R. J. McLaughlin, and A. R. Ravishankara, “Simultaneous in situ detection of atmospheric NO3 and N2O5 via cavity ring-down spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73(9), 3291–3301 (2002).
[Crossref]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic diagram of the variable-cavity-length OPCRD experimental setup. L: focusing lens; PD: photo detector; R1, R2, R3: cavity mirrors; PC: personal computer.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 The measured total cavity loss versus angular misalignment of cavity mirror R2 when cavity length L is 0.875 m.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The measured total cavity loss versus cavity length in dirty air and clean air.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) The measured total loss and dust concentration versus time when PDS is turned on. (b) The measured total loss versus dust concentration. The cavity length is 1.05 m.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 The measured total cavity loss versus cavity length at different particle concentrations (a) 2.7 × 106 /m3, (b) 3.4 × 106 /m3, (c) 6.4 × 106 /m3, and (d) 1.3 × 107 /m3.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 The measured extinction coefficient of air versus particle concentration.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

I(t)= I 0 exp( t τ )= I 0 exp( c((1R)+αL) L t)
α total =((1R)+αL)= L cτ
α= 1 c ( 1 τ 1 τ 0 )
α= L 2 / τ 2 L 1 / τ 1 c( L 2 L 1 )
α= d α total dL

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