Abstract

Spatial division multiplexing in multi-mode fibers allows to largely enhance transmission capacity compared to single-mode links. Photonic integrated circuits can provide solutions for mode multiplexing at the transmitter and demultiplexing at the receiver but have to generally face high losses and inter-modal cross-talk issues. Here a photonic circuit for efficient mode multiplexing and demultiplexing in few-mode fibers is presented and demonstrated. Two 10 Gbit/s channels at the same wavelength and polarization are simultaneously transmitted over modes LP01 and LP11a of a few-mode fiber relying only on integrated mode MUX and DEMUX. The proposed Indium-Phosphide-based circuits have a good coupling efficiency with fiber modes and mode-dependant loss smaller than 1 dB. Measured mode excitation cross-talk is as low as −20 dB and a channel cross-talk after propagation and demultiplexing of −15 dB is achieved. An operational bandwidth of the full transmission system of at least 10 nm is demonstrated. Both mode MUX and DEMUX are fully reconfigurable and allow a dynamic switch of channel routing in the transmission system. These results enable fully-integrated fiber mode handling for high-bandwidth flexible optical networks.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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References

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M. Smit, X. Leijtens, H. Ambrosius, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, B. Smalbrugge, T. de Vries, E. Geluk, J. Bolk, R. van Veldhoven, L. Augustin, P. Thijs, D. D’Agostino, H. Rabbani, K. Lawniczuk, S. Stopinski, S. Tahvili, A. Corradi, E. Kleijn, D. Dzibrou, M. Felicetti, E. Bitincka, V. Moskalenko, J. Zhao, R. Santos, G. Gilardi, W. Yao, K. Williams, P. Stabile, P. Kuindersma, J. Pello, Sr. Bhat, Y. Jiao, D. Heiss, G. Roelkens, M. Wale, P. Firth, F. Soares, N. Grote, M. Schell, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, J. Gentner, A. Bakker, T. Korthorst, D. Gallagher, A. Dabbs, A. Melloni, F. Morichetti, D. Melati, A. Wonfor, R. Penty, R. Broeke, B. Musk, and D. Robbins, “An introduction to InP-based generic integration technology,” Semicond. Sci. Tech. 29, 083001 (2014).
[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

L. Luo, N. Ophir, C. Chen, L. Gabrielli, C. Poitras, K. Bergmen, and M. Lipson, “WDM-compatible mode-division multiplexing on a silicon chip,” Nat. Communications 5, 3069 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Van Uden, R. Correa, E. Lopez, F. Huijskens, C. Xia, G. Li, A. Schülzgen, H. de Waardt, A. Koonen, and C. Okonkwo, “Ultra-high-density spatial division multiplexing with a few-mode multicore fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8, 865–870 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (5)

Y. Ding, H. Ou, J. Xu, and C. Peucheret, “Silicon photonic integrated circuit mode multiplexer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 648–651 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, V. Sleiffer, B. Snyder, M. Kuschnerov, R. van Uden, Y. Jung, C. Okonkwo, O. Raz, P. O’Brien, H. de Waardt, and T. Koonen, “Demonstration of a photonic integrated mode coupler with MDM and WDM transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 2039–2042 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. Dai, J. Wang, and Y. Shi, “Silicon mode (de) multiplexer enabling high capacity photonic networks-on-chip with a single-wavelength-carrier light,” Opt. Lett. 38, 1422–1424 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Miller, “Reconfigurable add-drop multiplexer for spatial modes,” Opt. Express 21, 20220–20229 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Richardson, J. Fini, and L. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7, 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (5)

2011 (2)

P. Winzer, “Energy-efficient optical transport capacity scaling through spatial multiplexing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 851–853 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Doerr, “Proposed Architecture for MIMO Optical Demultiplexing Using Photonic Integration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1573–1575 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

1975 (1)

W. Burns and A. Milton, “Mode conversion in planar-dielectric separating waveguides,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 32–39 (1975).
[Crossref]

Achouche, M.

M. Smit, X. Leijtens, H. Ambrosius, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, B. Smalbrugge, T. de Vries, E. Geluk, J. Bolk, R. van Veldhoven, L. Augustin, P. Thijs, D. D’Agostino, H. Rabbani, K. Lawniczuk, S. Stopinski, S. Tahvili, A. Corradi, E. Kleijn, D. Dzibrou, M. Felicetti, E. Bitincka, V. Moskalenko, J. Zhao, R. Santos, G. Gilardi, W. Yao, K. Williams, P. Stabile, P. Kuindersma, J. Pello, Sr. Bhat, Y. Jiao, D. Heiss, G. Roelkens, M. Wale, P. Firth, F. Soares, N. Grote, M. Schell, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, J. Gentner, A. Bakker, T. Korthorst, D. Gallagher, A. Dabbs, A. Melloni, F. Morichetti, D. Melati, A. Wonfor, R. Penty, R. Broeke, B. Musk, and D. Robbins, “An introduction to InP-based generic integration technology,” Semicond. Sci. Tech. 29, 083001 (2014).
[Crossref]

Al Amin, A.

Alam, S.U.

Ambrosius, H.

M. Smit, X. Leijtens, H. Ambrosius, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, B. Smalbrugge, T. de Vries, E. Geluk, J. Bolk, R. van Veldhoven, L. Augustin, P. Thijs, D. D’Agostino, H. Rabbani, K. Lawniczuk, S. Stopinski, S. Tahvili, A. Corradi, E. Kleijn, D. Dzibrou, M. Felicetti, E. Bitincka, V. Moskalenko, J. Zhao, R. Santos, G. Gilardi, W. Yao, K. Williams, P. Stabile, P. Kuindersma, J. Pello, Sr. Bhat, Y. Jiao, D. Heiss, G. Roelkens, M. Wale, P. Firth, F. Soares, N. Grote, M. Schell, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, J. Gentner, A. Bakker, T. Korthorst, D. Gallagher, A. Dabbs, A. Melloni, F. Morichetti, D. Melati, A. Wonfor, R. Penty, R. Broeke, B. Musk, and D. Robbins, “An introduction to InP-based generic integration technology,” Semicond. Sci. Tech. 29, 083001 (2014).
[Crossref]

Amezcua Correa, R.

N. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, B. Velazquez, J. Antonio Lopez, R. Amezcua Correa, B. Guan, B. Ercan, R. Scott, S. Ben Yoo, L. Gruner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “30X30 MIMO transmission over 15 spatial modes”, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference Post Deadline Papers, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper Th5C.1.
[Crossref]

Annoni, A.

F. Morichetti, A. Annoni, S. Grillanda, N. Peserico, M. Carminati, P. Ciccarella, G. Ferrari, E. Guglielmi, M. Sorel, and A. Melloni, “4-Channel All-Optical MIMO Demultiplexing on a Silicon Chip,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper Th3E.7.
[Crossref]

Antonio Lopez, J.

N. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, B. Velazquez, J. Antonio Lopez, R. Amezcua Correa, B. Guan, B. Ercan, R. Scott, S. Ben Yoo, L. Gruner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “30X30 MIMO transmission over 15 spatial modes”, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference Post Deadline Papers, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper Th5C.1.
[Crossref]

Augustin, L.

M. Smit, X. Leijtens, H. Ambrosius, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, B. Smalbrugge, T. de Vries, E. Geluk, J. Bolk, R. van Veldhoven, L. Augustin, P. Thijs, D. D’Agostino, H. Rabbani, K. Lawniczuk, S. Stopinski, S. Tahvili, A. Corradi, E. Kleijn, D. Dzibrou, M. Felicetti, E. Bitincka, V. Moskalenko, J. Zhao, R. Santos, G. Gilardi, W. Yao, K. Williams, P. Stabile, P. Kuindersma, J. Pello, Sr. Bhat, Y. Jiao, D. Heiss, G. Roelkens, M. Wale, P. Firth, F. Soares, N. Grote, M. Schell, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, J. Gentner, A. Bakker, T. Korthorst, D. Gallagher, A. Dabbs, A. Melloni, F. Morichetti, D. Melati, A. Wonfor, R. Penty, R. Broeke, B. Musk, and D. Robbins, “An introduction to InP-based generic integration technology,” Semicond. Sci. Tech. 29, 083001 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bakker, A.

M. Smit, X. Leijtens, H. Ambrosius, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, B. Smalbrugge, T. de Vries, E. Geluk, J. Bolk, R. van Veldhoven, L. Augustin, P. Thijs, D. D’Agostino, H. Rabbani, K. Lawniczuk, S. Stopinski, S. Tahvili, A. Corradi, E. Kleijn, D. Dzibrou, M. Felicetti, E. Bitincka, V. Moskalenko, J. Zhao, R. Santos, G. Gilardi, W. Yao, K. Williams, P. Stabile, P. Kuindersma, J. Pello, Sr. Bhat, Y. Jiao, D. Heiss, G. Roelkens, M. Wale, P. Firth, F. Soares, N. Grote, M. Schell, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, J. Gentner, A. Bakker, T. Korthorst, D. Gallagher, A. Dabbs, A. Melloni, F. Morichetti, D. Melati, A. Wonfor, R. Penty, R. Broeke, B. Musk, and D. Robbins, “An introduction to InP-based generic integration technology,” Semicond. Sci. Tech. 29, 083001 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ben Yoo, S.

N. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, B. Velazquez, J. Antonio Lopez, R. Amezcua Correa, B. Guan, B. Ercan, R. Scott, S. Ben Yoo, L. Gruner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “30X30 MIMO transmission over 15 spatial modes”, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference Post Deadline Papers, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper Th5C.1.
[Crossref]

Bente, E.

M. Smit, X. Leijtens, H. Ambrosius, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, B. Smalbrugge, T. de Vries, E. Geluk, J. Bolk, R. van Veldhoven, L. Augustin, P. Thijs, D. D’Agostino, H. Rabbani, K. Lawniczuk, S. Stopinski, S. Tahvili, A. Corradi, E. Kleijn, D. Dzibrou, M. Felicetti, E. Bitincka, V. Moskalenko, J. Zhao, R. Santos, G. Gilardi, W. Yao, K. Williams, P. Stabile, P. Kuindersma, J. Pello, Sr. Bhat, Y. Jiao, D. Heiss, G. Roelkens, M. Wale, P. Firth, F. Soares, N. Grote, M. Schell, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, J. Gentner, A. Bakker, T. Korthorst, D. Gallagher, A. Dabbs, A. Melloni, F. Morichetti, D. Melati, A. Wonfor, R. Penty, R. Broeke, B. Musk, and D. Robbins, “An introduction to InP-based generic integration technology,” Semicond. Sci. Tech. 29, 083001 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bergmen, K.

L. Luo, N. Ophir, C. Chen, L. Gabrielli, C. Poitras, K. Bergmen, and M. Lipson, “WDM-compatible mode-division multiplexing on a silicon chip,” Nat. Communications 5, 3069 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bhat, Sr.

M. Smit, X. Leijtens, H. Ambrosius, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, B. Smalbrugge, T. de Vries, E. Geluk, J. Bolk, R. van Veldhoven, L. Augustin, P. Thijs, D. D’Agostino, H. Rabbani, K. Lawniczuk, S. Stopinski, S. Tahvili, A. Corradi, E. Kleijn, D. Dzibrou, M. Felicetti, E. Bitincka, V. Moskalenko, J. Zhao, R. Santos, G. Gilardi, W. Yao, K. Williams, P. Stabile, P. Kuindersma, J. Pello, Sr. Bhat, Y. Jiao, D. Heiss, G. Roelkens, M. Wale, P. Firth, F. Soares, N. Grote, M. Schell, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, J. Gentner, A. Bakker, T. Korthorst, D. Gallagher, A. Dabbs, A. Melloni, F. Morichetti, D. Melati, A. Wonfor, R. Penty, R. Broeke, B. Musk, and D. Robbins, “An introduction to InP-based generic integration technology,” Semicond. Sci. Tech. 29, 083001 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bitincka, E.

M. Smit, X. Leijtens, H. Ambrosius, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, B. Smalbrugge, T. de Vries, E. Geluk, J. Bolk, R. van Veldhoven, L. Augustin, P. Thijs, D. D’Agostino, H. Rabbani, K. Lawniczuk, S. Stopinski, S. Tahvili, A. Corradi, E. Kleijn, D. Dzibrou, M. Felicetti, E. Bitincka, V. Moskalenko, J. Zhao, R. Santos, G. Gilardi, W. Yao, K. Williams, P. Stabile, P. Kuindersma, J. Pello, Sr. Bhat, Y. Jiao, D. Heiss, G. Roelkens, M. Wale, P. Firth, F. Soares, N. Grote, M. Schell, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, J. Gentner, A. Bakker, T. Korthorst, D. Gallagher, A. Dabbs, A. Melloni, F. Morichetti, D. Melati, A. Wonfor, R. Penty, R. Broeke, B. Musk, and D. Robbins, “An introduction to InP-based generic integration technology,” Semicond. Sci. Tech. 29, 083001 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bolk, J.

M. Smit, X. Leijtens, H. Ambrosius, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, B. Smalbrugge, T. de Vries, E. Geluk, J. Bolk, R. van Veldhoven, L. Augustin, P. Thijs, D. D’Agostino, H. Rabbani, K. Lawniczuk, S. Stopinski, S. Tahvili, A. Corradi, E. Kleijn, D. Dzibrou, M. Felicetti, E. Bitincka, V. Moskalenko, J. Zhao, R. Santos, G. Gilardi, W. Yao, K. Williams, P. Stabile, P. Kuindersma, J. Pello, Sr. Bhat, Y. Jiao, D. Heiss, G. Roelkens, M. Wale, P. Firth, F. Soares, N. Grote, M. Schell, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, J. Gentner, A. Bakker, T. Korthorst, D. Gallagher, A. Dabbs, A. Melloni, F. Morichetti, D. Melati, A. Wonfor, R. Penty, R. Broeke, B. Musk, and D. Robbins, “An introduction to InP-based generic integration technology,” Semicond. Sci. Tech. 29, 083001 (2014).
[Crossref]

Broeke, R.

M. Smit, X. Leijtens, H. Ambrosius, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, B. Smalbrugge, T. de Vries, E. Geluk, J. Bolk, R. van Veldhoven, L. Augustin, P. Thijs, D. D’Agostino, H. Rabbani, K. Lawniczuk, S. Stopinski, S. Tahvili, A. Corradi, E. Kleijn, D. Dzibrou, M. Felicetti, E. Bitincka, V. Moskalenko, J. Zhao, R. Santos, G. Gilardi, W. Yao, K. Williams, P. Stabile, P. Kuindersma, J. Pello, Sr. Bhat, Y. Jiao, D. Heiss, G. Roelkens, M. Wale, P. Firth, F. Soares, N. Grote, M. Schell, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, J. Gentner, A. Bakker, T. Korthorst, D. Gallagher, A. Dabbs, A. Melloni, F. Morichetti, D. Melati, A. Wonfor, R. Penty, R. Broeke, B. Musk, and D. Robbins, “An introduction to InP-based generic integration technology,” Semicond. Sci. Tech. 29, 083001 (2014).
[Crossref]

Buhl, L.

N. K. Fontaine, C. Doerr, M. Mestre, R. Ryf, P. Winzer, L. Buhl, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, and R. Lingle, “Space-division multiplexing and all-optical MIMO demultiplexing using a photonic integrated circuit,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper PDP5B.1.

Burns, W.

W. Burns and A. Milton, “Mode conversion in planar-dielectric separating waveguides,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 32–39 (1975).
[Crossref]

Carminati, M.

F. Morichetti, A. Annoni, S. Grillanda, N. Peserico, M. Carminati, P. Ciccarella, G. Ferrari, E. Guglielmi, M. Sorel, and A. Melloni, “4-Channel All-Optical MIMO Demultiplexing on a Silicon Chip,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper Th3E.7.
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Chen, C.

L. Luo, N. Ophir, C. Chen, L. Gabrielli, C. Poitras, K. Bergmen, and M. Lipson, “WDM-compatible mode-division multiplexing on a silicon chip,” Nat. Communications 5, 3069 (2014).
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Chen, H.

H. Chen, R. van Uden, C. Okonkwo, and A. Koonen, “Compact spatial multiplexers for mode division multiplexing,” Opt. Express 22, 31582–31594 (2014).
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H. Chen, V. Sleiffer, B. Snyder, M. Kuschnerov, R. van Uden, Y. Jung, C. Okonkwo, O. Raz, P. O’Brien, H. de Waardt, and T. Koonen, “Demonstration of a photonic integrated mode coupler with MDM and WDM transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 2039–2042 (2013).
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A. Koonen, H. Chen, H. van den Boom, and O. Raz, “Silicon Photonic Integrated Mode Multiplexer and Demul-tiplexer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1961–1964 (2012).
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V.A.J.M. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, V. Veljanovski, R.G.H. van Uden, M. Kuschnerov, H. Chen, B. Inan, L. Nielsen, Y. Sun, D.J. Richardson, S.U. Alam, F. Poletti, J.K. Sahu, A. Dhar, A.M.J. Koonen, B. Corbett, R. Winfield, A.D. Ellis, and H. de Waardt, “73.7 Tb/s (96 × 3 × 256-Gb/s) mode-division-multiplexed DP-16QAM transmission with inline MM-EDFA,” Opt. Express 20, B428–B438 (2012).
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N. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, B. Velazquez, J. Antonio Lopez, R. Amezcua Correa, B. Guan, B. Ercan, R. Scott, S. Ben Yoo, L. Gruner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “30X30 MIMO transmission over 15 spatial modes”, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference Post Deadline Papers, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper Th5C.1.
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Chen, X.

Ciccarella, P.

F. Morichetti, A. Annoni, S. Grillanda, N. Peserico, M. Carminati, P. Ciccarella, G. Ferrari, E. Guglielmi, M. Sorel, and A. Melloni, “4-Channel All-Optical MIMO Demultiplexing on a Silicon Chip,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper Th3E.7.
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Corbett, B.

Corradi, A.

M. Smit, X. Leijtens, H. Ambrosius, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, B. Smalbrugge, T. de Vries, E. Geluk, J. Bolk, R. van Veldhoven, L. Augustin, P. Thijs, D. D’Agostino, H. Rabbani, K. Lawniczuk, S. Stopinski, S. Tahvili, A. Corradi, E. Kleijn, D. Dzibrou, M. Felicetti, E. Bitincka, V. Moskalenko, J. Zhao, R. Santos, G. Gilardi, W. Yao, K. Williams, P. Stabile, P. Kuindersma, J. Pello, Sr. Bhat, Y. Jiao, D. Heiss, G. Roelkens, M. Wale, P. Firth, F. Soares, N. Grote, M. Schell, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, J. Gentner, A. Bakker, T. Korthorst, D. Gallagher, A. Dabbs, A. Melloni, F. Morichetti, D. Melati, A. Wonfor, R. Penty, R. Broeke, B. Musk, and D. Robbins, “An introduction to InP-based generic integration technology,” Semicond. Sci. Tech. 29, 083001 (2014).
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Correa, R.

R. Van Uden, R. Correa, E. Lopez, F. Huijskens, C. Xia, G. Li, A. Schülzgen, H. de Waardt, A. Koonen, and C. Okonkwo, “Ultra-high-density spatial division multiplexing with a few-mode multicore fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8, 865–870 (2014).
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Cotter, D.

D’Agostino, D.

M. Smit, X. Leijtens, H. Ambrosius, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, B. Smalbrugge, T. de Vries, E. Geluk, J. Bolk, R. van Veldhoven, L. Augustin, P. Thijs, D. D’Agostino, H. Rabbani, K. Lawniczuk, S. Stopinski, S. Tahvili, A. Corradi, E. Kleijn, D. Dzibrou, M. Felicetti, E. Bitincka, V. Moskalenko, J. Zhao, R. Santos, G. Gilardi, W. Yao, K. Williams, P. Stabile, P. Kuindersma, J. Pello, Sr. Bhat, Y. Jiao, D. Heiss, G. Roelkens, M. Wale, P. Firth, F. Soares, N. Grote, M. Schell, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, J. Gentner, A. Bakker, T. Korthorst, D. Gallagher, A. Dabbs, A. Melloni, F. Morichetti, D. Melati, A. Wonfor, R. Penty, R. Broeke, B. Musk, and D. Robbins, “An introduction to InP-based generic integration technology,” Semicond. Sci. Tech. 29, 083001 (2014).
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Dabbs, A.

M. Smit, X. Leijtens, H. Ambrosius, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, B. Smalbrugge, T. de Vries, E. Geluk, J. Bolk, R. van Veldhoven, L. Augustin, P. Thijs, D. D’Agostino, H. Rabbani, K. Lawniczuk, S. Stopinski, S. Tahvili, A. Corradi, E. Kleijn, D. Dzibrou, M. Felicetti, E. Bitincka, V. Moskalenko, J. Zhao, R. Santos, G. Gilardi, W. Yao, K. Williams, P. Stabile, P. Kuindersma, J. Pello, Sr. Bhat, Y. Jiao, D. Heiss, G. Roelkens, M. Wale, P. Firth, F. Soares, N. Grote, M. Schell, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, J. Gentner, A. Bakker, T. Korthorst, D. Gallagher, A. Dabbs, A. Melloni, F. Morichetti, D. Melati, A. Wonfor, R. Penty, R. Broeke, B. Musk, and D. Robbins, “An introduction to InP-based generic integration technology,” Semicond. Sci. Tech. 29, 083001 (2014).
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Dai, D.

de Vries, T.

M. Smit, X. Leijtens, H. Ambrosius, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, B. Smalbrugge, T. de Vries, E. Geluk, J. Bolk, R. van Veldhoven, L. Augustin, P. Thijs, D. D’Agostino, H. Rabbani, K. Lawniczuk, S. Stopinski, S. Tahvili, A. Corradi, E. Kleijn, D. Dzibrou, M. Felicetti, E. Bitincka, V. Moskalenko, J. Zhao, R. Santos, G. Gilardi, W. Yao, K. Williams, P. Stabile, P. Kuindersma, J. Pello, Sr. Bhat, Y. Jiao, D. Heiss, G. Roelkens, M. Wale, P. Firth, F. Soares, N. Grote, M. Schell, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, J. Gentner, A. Bakker, T. Korthorst, D. Gallagher, A. Dabbs, A. Melloni, F. Morichetti, D. Melati, A. Wonfor, R. Penty, R. Broeke, B. Musk, and D. Robbins, “An introduction to InP-based generic integration technology,” Semicond. Sci. Tech. 29, 083001 (2014).
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de Waardt, H.

R. Van Uden, R. Correa, E. Lopez, F. Huijskens, C. Xia, G. Li, A. Schülzgen, H. de Waardt, A. Koonen, and C. Okonkwo, “Ultra-high-density spatial division multiplexing with a few-mode multicore fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8, 865–870 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, V. Sleiffer, B. Snyder, M. Kuschnerov, R. van Uden, Y. Jung, C. Okonkwo, O. Raz, P. O’Brien, H. de Waardt, and T. Koonen, “Demonstration of a photonic integrated mode coupler with MDM and WDM transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 2039–2042 (2013).
[Crossref]

V.A.J.M. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, V. Veljanovski, R.G.H. van Uden, M. Kuschnerov, H. Chen, B. Inan, L. Nielsen, Y. Sun, D.J. Richardson, S.U. Alam, F. Poletti, J.K. Sahu, A. Dhar, A.M.J. Koonen, B. Corbett, R. Winfield, A.D. Ellis, and H. de Waardt, “73.7 Tb/s (96 × 3 × 256-Gb/s) mode-division-multiplexed DP-16QAM transmission with inline MM-EDFA,” Opt. Express 20, B428–B438 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Debregeas, H.

M. Smit, X. Leijtens, H. Ambrosius, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, B. Smalbrugge, T. de Vries, E. Geluk, J. Bolk, R. van Veldhoven, L. Augustin, P. Thijs, D. D’Agostino, H. Rabbani, K. Lawniczuk, S. Stopinski, S. Tahvili, A. Corradi, E. Kleijn, D. Dzibrou, M. Felicetti, E. Bitincka, V. Moskalenko, J. Zhao, R. Santos, G. Gilardi, W. Yao, K. Williams, P. Stabile, P. Kuindersma, J. Pello, Sr. Bhat, Y. Jiao, D. Heiss, G. Roelkens, M. Wale, P. Firth, F. Soares, N. Grote, M. Schell, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, J. Gentner, A. Bakker, T. Korthorst, D. Gallagher, A. Dabbs, A. Melloni, F. Morichetti, D. Melati, A. Wonfor, R. Penty, R. Broeke, B. Musk, and D. Robbins, “An introduction to InP-based generic integration technology,” Semicond. Sci. Tech. 29, 083001 (2014).
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Delbue, R.

R. Ryf, M. Mestre, S. Randel, C. Schmidt, A. Gnauck, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, D.W. Peckham, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Mode-multiplexed transmission over a 209-km DGD-compensated hybrid few-mode fiber span,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1965–1968 (2012).
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Dhar, A.

Ding, Y.

Y. Ding, H. Ou, J. Xu, and C. Peucheret, “Silicon photonic integrated circuit mode multiplexer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 648–651 (2013).
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Doerr, C.

C. Doerr, “Proposed Architecture for MIMO Optical Demultiplexing Using Photonic Integration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1573–1575 (2011).
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N. K. Fontaine, C. Doerr, M. Mestre, R. Ryf, P. Winzer, L. Buhl, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, and R. Lingle, “Space-division multiplexing and all-optical MIMO demultiplexing using a photonic integrated circuit,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper PDP5B.1.

Dzibrou, D.

M. Smit, X. Leijtens, H. Ambrosius, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, B. Smalbrugge, T. de Vries, E. Geluk, J. Bolk, R. van Veldhoven, L. Augustin, P. Thijs, D. D’Agostino, H. Rabbani, K. Lawniczuk, S. Stopinski, S. Tahvili, A. Corradi, E. Kleijn, D. Dzibrou, M. Felicetti, E. Bitincka, V. Moskalenko, J. Zhao, R. Santos, G. Gilardi, W. Yao, K. Williams, P. Stabile, P. Kuindersma, J. Pello, Sr. Bhat, Y. Jiao, D. Heiss, G. Roelkens, M. Wale, P. Firth, F. Soares, N. Grote, M. Schell, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, J. Gentner, A. Bakker, T. Korthorst, D. Gallagher, A. Dabbs, A. Melloni, F. Morichetti, D. Melati, A. Wonfor, R. Penty, R. Broeke, B. Musk, and D. Robbins, “An introduction to InP-based generic integration technology,” Semicond. Sci. Tech. 29, 083001 (2014).
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Ellis, A.

Ellis, A.D.

Ercan, B.

N. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, B. Velazquez, J. Antonio Lopez, R. Amezcua Correa, B. Guan, B. Ercan, R. Scott, S. Ben Yoo, L. Gruner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “30X30 MIMO transmission over 15 spatial modes”, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference Post Deadline Papers, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper Th5C.1.
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Essiambre, R.

R. Ryf, M. Mestre, S. Randel, C. Schmidt, A. Gnauck, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, D.W. Peckham, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Mode-multiplexed transmission over a 209-km DGD-compensated hybrid few-mode fiber span,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1965–1968 (2012).
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Felicetti, M.

M. Smit, X. Leijtens, H. Ambrosius, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, B. Smalbrugge, T. de Vries, E. Geluk, J. Bolk, R. van Veldhoven, L. Augustin, P. Thijs, D. D’Agostino, H. Rabbani, K. Lawniczuk, S. Stopinski, S. Tahvili, A. Corradi, E. Kleijn, D. Dzibrou, M. Felicetti, E. Bitincka, V. Moskalenko, J. Zhao, R. Santos, G. Gilardi, W. Yao, K. Williams, P. Stabile, P. Kuindersma, J. Pello, Sr. Bhat, Y. Jiao, D. Heiss, G. Roelkens, M. Wale, P. Firth, F. Soares, N. Grote, M. Schell, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, J. Gentner, A. Bakker, T. Korthorst, D. Gallagher, A. Dabbs, A. Melloni, F. Morichetti, D. Melati, A. Wonfor, R. Penty, R. Broeke, B. Musk, and D. Robbins, “An introduction to InP-based generic integration technology,” Semicond. Sci. Tech. 29, 083001 (2014).
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Ferrari, G.

F. Morichetti, A. Annoni, S. Grillanda, N. Peserico, M. Carminati, P. Ciccarella, G. Ferrari, E. Guglielmi, M. Sorel, and A. Melloni, “4-Channel All-Optical MIMO Demultiplexing on a Silicon Chip,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper Th3E.7.
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Fini, J.

D. Richardson, J. Fini, and L. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7, 354–362 (2013).
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Firth, P.

M. Smit, X. Leijtens, H. Ambrosius, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, B. Smalbrugge, T. de Vries, E. Geluk, J. Bolk, R. van Veldhoven, L. Augustin, P. Thijs, D. D’Agostino, H. Rabbani, K. Lawniczuk, S. Stopinski, S. Tahvili, A. Corradi, E. Kleijn, D. Dzibrou, M. Felicetti, E. Bitincka, V. Moskalenko, J. Zhao, R. Santos, G. Gilardi, W. Yao, K. Williams, P. Stabile, P. Kuindersma, J. Pello, Sr. Bhat, Y. Jiao, D. Heiss, G. Roelkens, M. Wale, P. Firth, F. Soares, N. Grote, M. Schell, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, J. Gentner, A. Bakker, T. Korthorst, D. Gallagher, A. Dabbs, A. Melloni, F. Morichetti, D. Melati, A. Wonfor, R. Penty, R. Broeke, B. Musk, and D. Robbins, “An introduction to InP-based generic integration technology,” Semicond. Sci. Tech. 29, 083001 (2014).
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Fontaine, N.

N. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, B. Velazquez, J. Antonio Lopez, R. Amezcua Correa, B. Guan, B. Ercan, R. Scott, S. Ben Yoo, L. Gruner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “30X30 MIMO transmission over 15 spatial modes”, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference Post Deadline Papers, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper Th5C.1.
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Fontaine, N. K.

N. K. Fontaine, C. Doerr, M. Mestre, R. Ryf, P. Winzer, L. Buhl, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, and R. Lingle, “Space-division multiplexing and all-optical MIMO demultiplexing using a photonic integrated circuit,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper PDP5B.1.

Gabrielli, L.

L. Luo, N. Ophir, C. Chen, L. Gabrielli, C. Poitras, K. Bergmen, and M. Lipson, “WDM-compatible mode-division multiplexing on a silicon chip,” Nat. Communications 5, 3069 (2014).
[Crossref]

Gallagher, D.

M. Smit, X. Leijtens, H. Ambrosius, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, B. Smalbrugge, T. de Vries, E. Geluk, J. Bolk, R. van Veldhoven, L. Augustin, P. Thijs, D. D’Agostino, H. Rabbani, K. Lawniczuk, S. Stopinski, S. Tahvili, A. Corradi, E. Kleijn, D. Dzibrou, M. Felicetti, E. Bitincka, V. Moskalenko, J. Zhao, R. Santos, G. Gilardi, W. Yao, K. Williams, P. Stabile, P. Kuindersma, J. Pello, Sr. Bhat, Y. Jiao, D. Heiss, G. Roelkens, M. Wale, P. Firth, F. Soares, N. Grote, M. Schell, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, J. Gentner, A. Bakker, T. Korthorst, D. Gallagher, A. Dabbs, A. Melloni, F. Morichetti, D. Melati, A. Wonfor, R. Penty, R. Broeke, B. Musk, and D. Robbins, “An introduction to InP-based generic integration technology,” Semicond. Sci. Tech. 29, 083001 (2014).
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Geluk, E.

M. Smit, X. Leijtens, H. Ambrosius, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, B. Smalbrugge, T. de Vries, E. Geluk, J. Bolk, R. van Veldhoven, L. Augustin, P. Thijs, D. D’Agostino, H. Rabbani, K. Lawniczuk, S. Stopinski, S. Tahvili, A. Corradi, E. Kleijn, D. Dzibrou, M. Felicetti, E. Bitincka, V. Moskalenko, J. Zhao, R. Santos, G. Gilardi, W. Yao, K. Williams, P. Stabile, P. Kuindersma, J. Pello, Sr. Bhat, Y. Jiao, D. Heiss, G. Roelkens, M. Wale, P. Firth, F. Soares, N. Grote, M. Schell, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, J. Gentner, A. Bakker, T. Korthorst, D. Gallagher, A. Dabbs, A. Melloni, F. Morichetti, D. Melati, A. Wonfor, R. Penty, R. Broeke, B. Musk, and D. Robbins, “An introduction to InP-based generic integration technology,” Semicond. Sci. Tech. 29, 083001 (2014).
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Gentner, J.

M. Smit, X. Leijtens, H. Ambrosius, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, B. Smalbrugge, T. de Vries, E. Geluk, J. Bolk, R. van Veldhoven, L. Augustin, P. Thijs, D. D’Agostino, H. Rabbani, K. Lawniczuk, S. Stopinski, S. Tahvili, A. Corradi, E. Kleijn, D. Dzibrou, M. Felicetti, E. Bitincka, V. Moskalenko, J. Zhao, R. Santos, G. Gilardi, W. Yao, K. Williams, P. Stabile, P. Kuindersma, J. Pello, Sr. Bhat, Y. Jiao, D. Heiss, G. Roelkens, M. Wale, P. Firth, F. Soares, N. Grote, M. Schell, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, J. Gentner, A. Bakker, T. Korthorst, D. Gallagher, A. Dabbs, A. Melloni, F. Morichetti, D. Melati, A. Wonfor, R. Penty, R. Broeke, B. Musk, and D. Robbins, “An introduction to InP-based generic integration technology,” Semicond. Sci. Tech. 29, 083001 (2014).
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Gilardi, G.

M. Smit, X. Leijtens, H. Ambrosius, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, B. Smalbrugge, T. de Vries, E. Geluk, J. Bolk, R. van Veldhoven, L. Augustin, P. Thijs, D. D’Agostino, H. Rabbani, K. Lawniczuk, S. Stopinski, S. Tahvili, A. Corradi, E. Kleijn, D. Dzibrou, M. Felicetti, E. Bitincka, V. Moskalenko, J. Zhao, R. Santos, G. Gilardi, W. Yao, K. Williams, P. Stabile, P. Kuindersma, J. Pello, Sr. Bhat, Y. Jiao, D. Heiss, G. Roelkens, M. Wale, P. Firth, F. Soares, N. Grote, M. Schell, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, J. Gentner, A. Bakker, T. Korthorst, D. Gallagher, A. Dabbs, A. Melloni, F. Morichetti, D. Melati, A. Wonfor, R. Penty, R. Broeke, B. Musk, and D. Robbins, “An introduction to InP-based generic integration technology,” Semicond. Sci. Tech. 29, 083001 (2014).
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Gnauck, A.

R. Ryf, M. Mestre, S. Randel, C. Schmidt, A. Gnauck, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, D.W. Peckham, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Mode-multiplexed transmission over a 209-km DGD-compensated hybrid few-mode fiber span,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1965–1968 (2012).
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Grillanda, S.

F. Morichetti, A. Annoni, S. Grillanda, N. Peserico, M. Carminati, P. Ciccarella, G. Ferrari, E. Guglielmi, M. Sorel, and A. Melloni, “4-Channel All-Optical MIMO Demultiplexing on a Silicon Chip,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper Th3E.7.
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Grote, N.

M. Smit, X. Leijtens, H. Ambrosius, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, B. Smalbrugge, T. de Vries, E. Geluk, J. Bolk, R. van Veldhoven, L. Augustin, P. Thijs, D. D’Agostino, H. Rabbani, K. Lawniczuk, S. Stopinski, S. Tahvili, A. Corradi, E. Kleijn, D. Dzibrou, M. Felicetti, E. Bitincka, V. Moskalenko, J. Zhao, R. Santos, G. Gilardi, W. Yao, K. Williams, P. Stabile, P. Kuindersma, J. Pello, Sr. Bhat, Y. Jiao, D. Heiss, G. Roelkens, M. Wale, P. Firth, F. Soares, N. Grote, M. Schell, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, J. Gentner, A. Bakker, T. Korthorst, D. Gallagher, A. Dabbs, A. Melloni, F. Morichetti, D. Melati, A. Wonfor, R. Penty, R. Broeke, B. Musk, and D. Robbins, “An introduction to InP-based generic integration technology,” Semicond. Sci. Tech. 29, 083001 (2014).
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F. Soares, K. Janiak, J. Kreissl, M. Moehrle, and N. Grote, “Semi-insulating substrate based generic InP photonic integration platform,” in Integrated Photonics: Materials, Devices, and Applications II, Proc. SPIE8767, 87670M (2013)

Gruner-Nielsen, L.

L. Gruner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, J. Nicholson, D. Jakobsen, K. G. Jespersen, R. Lingle, and B. Palsdottir, “Few Mode Transmission Fiber With Low DGD, Low Mode Coupling, and Low Loss,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 3693–3698 (2012).
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N. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, B. Velazquez, J. Antonio Lopez, R. Amezcua Correa, B. Guan, B. Ercan, R. Scott, S. Ben Yoo, L. Gruner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “30X30 MIMO transmission over 15 spatial modes”, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference Post Deadline Papers, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper Th5C.1.
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Guan, B.

N. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, B. Velazquez, J. Antonio Lopez, R. Amezcua Correa, B. Guan, B. Ercan, R. Scott, S. Ben Yoo, L. Gruner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “30X30 MIMO transmission over 15 spatial modes”, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference Post Deadline Papers, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper Th5C.1.
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Guglielmi, E.

F. Morichetti, A. Annoni, S. Grillanda, N. Peserico, M. Carminati, P. Ciccarella, G. Ferrari, E. Guglielmi, M. Sorel, and A. Melloni, “4-Channel All-Optical MIMO Demultiplexing on a Silicon Chip,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper Th3E.7.
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Guo, F.

F. Guo, D. Lu, R. Zhang, H. Wang, and C. Ji, “A two-mode (de)multiplexer based on multimode interferometer coupler and y-junction on inp substrate,” IEEE Photon. J. 8, 1–8 (2016).
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Heiss, D.

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M. Smit, X. Leijtens, H. Ambrosius, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, B. Smalbrugge, T. de Vries, E. Geluk, J. Bolk, R. van Veldhoven, L. Augustin, P. Thijs, D. D’Agostino, H. Rabbani, K. Lawniczuk, S. Stopinski, S. Tahvili, A. Corradi, E. Kleijn, D. Dzibrou, M. Felicetti, E. Bitincka, V. Moskalenko, J. Zhao, R. Santos, G. Gilardi, W. Yao, K. Williams, P. Stabile, P. Kuindersma, J. Pello, Sr. Bhat, Y. Jiao, D. Heiss, G. Roelkens, M. Wale, P. Firth, F. Soares, N. Grote, M. Schell, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, J. Gentner, A. Bakker, T. Korthorst, D. Gallagher, A. Dabbs, A. Melloni, F. Morichetti, D. Melati, A. Wonfor, R. Penty, R. Broeke, B. Musk, and D. Robbins, “An introduction to InP-based generic integration technology,” Semicond. Sci. Tech. 29, 083001 (2014).
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N. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, B. Velazquez, J. Antonio Lopez, R. Amezcua Correa, B. Guan, B. Ercan, R. Scott, S. Ben Yoo, L. Gruner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “30X30 MIMO transmission over 15 spatial modes”, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference Post Deadline Papers, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper Th5C.1.
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L. Luo, N. Ophir, C. Chen, L. Gabrielli, C. Poitras, K. Bergmen, and M. Lipson, “WDM-compatible mode-division multiplexing on a silicon chip,” Nat. Communications 5, 3069 (2014).
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R. Van Uden, R. Correa, E. Lopez, F. Huijskens, C. Xia, G. Li, A. Schülzgen, H. de Waardt, A. Koonen, and C. Okonkwo, “Ultra-high-density spatial division multiplexing with a few-mode multicore fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8, 865–870 (2014).
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F. Guo, D. Lu, R. Zhang, H. Wang, and C. Ji, “A two-mode (de)multiplexer based on multimode interferometer coupler and y-junction on inp substrate,” IEEE Photon. J. 8, 1–8 (2016).
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M. Smit, X. Leijtens, H. Ambrosius, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, B. Smalbrugge, T. de Vries, E. Geluk, J. Bolk, R. van Veldhoven, L. Augustin, P. Thijs, D. D’Agostino, H. Rabbani, K. Lawniczuk, S. Stopinski, S. Tahvili, A. Corradi, E. Kleijn, D. Dzibrou, M. Felicetti, E. Bitincka, V. Moskalenko, J. Zhao, R. Santos, G. Gilardi, W. Yao, K. Williams, P. Stabile, P. Kuindersma, J. Pello, Sr. Bhat, Y. Jiao, D. Heiss, G. Roelkens, M. Wale, P. Firth, F. Soares, N. Grote, M. Schell, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, J. Gentner, A. Bakker, T. Korthorst, D. Gallagher, A. Dabbs, A. Melloni, F. Morichetti, D. Melati, A. Wonfor, R. Penty, R. Broeke, B. Musk, and D. Robbins, “An introduction to InP-based generic integration technology,” Semicond. Sci. Tech. 29, 083001 (2014).
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R. Ryf, M. Mestre, S. Randel, C. Schmidt, A. Gnauck, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, D.W. Peckham, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Mode-multiplexed transmission over a 209-km DGD-compensated hybrid few-mode fiber span,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1965–1968 (2012).
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F. Soares, K. Janiak, J. Kreissl, M. Moehrle, and N. Grote, “Semi-insulating substrate based generic InP photonic integration platform,” in Integrated Photonics: Materials, Devices, and Applications II, Proc. SPIE8767, 87670M (2013)

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M. Smit, X. Leijtens, H. Ambrosius, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, B. Smalbrugge, T. de Vries, E. Geluk, J. Bolk, R. van Veldhoven, L. Augustin, P. Thijs, D. D’Agostino, H. Rabbani, K. Lawniczuk, S. Stopinski, S. Tahvili, A. Corradi, E. Kleijn, D. Dzibrou, M. Felicetti, E. Bitincka, V. Moskalenko, J. Zhao, R. Santos, G. Gilardi, W. Yao, K. Williams, P. Stabile, P. Kuindersma, J. Pello, Sr. Bhat, Y. Jiao, D. Heiss, G. Roelkens, M. Wale, P. Firth, F. Soares, N. Grote, M. Schell, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, J. Gentner, A. Bakker, T. Korthorst, D. Gallagher, A. Dabbs, A. Melloni, F. Morichetti, D. Melati, A. Wonfor, R. Penty, R. Broeke, B. Musk, and D. Robbins, “An introduction to InP-based generic integration technology,” Semicond. Sci. Tech. 29, 083001 (2014).
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M. Smit, X. Leijtens, H. Ambrosius, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, B. Smalbrugge, T. de Vries, E. Geluk, J. Bolk, R. van Veldhoven, L. Augustin, P. Thijs, D. D’Agostino, H. Rabbani, K. Lawniczuk, S. Stopinski, S. Tahvili, A. Corradi, E. Kleijn, D. Dzibrou, M. Felicetti, E. Bitincka, V. Moskalenko, J. Zhao, R. Santos, G. Gilardi, W. Yao, K. Williams, P. Stabile, P. Kuindersma, J. Pello, Sr. Bhat, Y. Jiao, D. Heiss, G. Roelkens, M. Wale, P. Firth, F. Soares, N. Grote, M. Schell, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, J. Gentner, A. Bakker, T. Korthorst, D. Gallagher, A. Dabbs, A. Melloni, F. Morichetti, D. Melati, A. Wonfor, R. Penty, R. Broeke, B. Musk, and D. Robbins, “An introduction to InP-based generic integration technology,” Semicond. Sci. Tech. 29, 083001 (2014).
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M. Smit, X. Leijtens, H. Ambrosius, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, B. Smalbrugge, T. de Vries, E. Geluk, J. Bolk, R. van Veldhoven, L. Augustin, P. Thijs, D. D’Agostino, H. Rabbani, K. Lawniczuk, S. Stopinski, S. Tahvili, A. Corradi, E. Kleijn, D. Dzibrou, M. Felicetti, E. Bitincka, V. Moskalenko, J. Zhao, R. Santos, G. Gilardi, W. Yao, K. Williams, P. Stabile, P. Kuindersma, J. Pello, Sr. Bhat, Y. Jiao, D. Heiss, G. Roelkens, M. Wale, P. Firth, F. Soares, N. Grote, M. Schell, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, J. Gentner, A. Bakker, T. Korthorst, D. Gallagher, A. Dabbs, A. Melloni, F. Morichetti, D. Melati, A. Wonfor, R. Penty, R. Broeke, B. Musk, and D. Robbins, “An introduction to InP-based generic integration technology,” Semicond. Sci. Tech. 29, 083001 (2014).
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Okonkwo, C.

R. Van Uden, R. Correa, E. Lopez, F. Huijskens, C. Xia, G. Li, A. Schülzgen, H. de Waardt, A. Koonen, and C. Okonkwo, “Ultra-high-density spatial division multiplexing with a few-mode multicore fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8, 865–870 (2014).
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H. Chen, R. van Uden, C. Okonkwo, and A. Koonen, “Compact spatial multiplexers for mode division multiplexing,” Opt. Express 22, 31582–31594 (2014).
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H. Chen, V. Sleiffer, B. Snyder, M. Kuschnerov, R. van Uden, Y. Jung, C. Okonkwo, O. Raz, P. O’Brien, H. de Waardt, and T. Koonen, “Demonstration of a photonic integrated mode coupler with MDM and WDM transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 2039–2042 (2013).
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Ophir, N.

L. Luo, N. Ophir, C. Chen, L. Gabrielli, C. Poitras, K. Bergmen, and M. Lipson, “WDM-compatible mode-division multiplexing on a silicon chip,” Nat. Communications 5, 3069 (2014).
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M. Smit, X. Leijtens, H. Ambrosius, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, B. Smalbrugge, T. de Vries, E. Geluk, J. Bolk, R. van Veldhoven, L. Augustin, P. Thijs, D. D’Agostino, H. Rabbani, K. Lawniczuk, S. Stopinski, S. Tahvili, A. Corradi, E. Kleijn, D. Dzibrou, M. Felicetti, E. Bitincka, V. Moskalenko, J. Zhao, R. Santos, G. Gilardi, W. Yao, K. Williams, P. Stabile, P. Kuindersma, J. Pello, Sr. Bhat, Y. Jiao, D. Heiss, G. Roelkens, M. Wale, P. Firth, F. Soares, N. Grote, M. Schell, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, J. Gentner, A. Bakker, T. Korthorst, D. Gallagher, A. Dabbs, A. Melloni, F. Morichetti, D. Melati, A. Wonfor, R. Penty, R. Broeke, B. Musk, and D. Robbins, “An introduction to InP-based generic integration technology,” Semicond. Sci. Tech. 29, 083001 (2014).
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Peserico, N.

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Rabbani, H.

M. Smit, X. Leijtens, H. Ambrosius, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, B. Smalbrugge, T. de Vries, E. Geluk, J. Bolk, R. van Veldhoven, L. Augustin, P. Thijs, D. D’Agostino, H. Rabbani, K. Lawniczuk, S. Stopinski, S. Tahvili, A. Corradi, E. Kleijn, D. Dzibrou, M. Felicetti, E. Bitincka, V. Moskalenko, J. Zhao, R. Santos, G. Gilardi, W. Yao, K. Williams, P. Stabile, P. Kuindersma, J. Pello, Sr. Bhat, Y. Jiao, D. Heiss, G. Roelkens, M. Wale, P. Firth, F. Soares, N. Grote, M. Schell, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, J. Gentner, A. Bakker, T. Korthorst, D. Gallagher, A. Dabbs, A. Melloni, F. Morichetti, D. Melati, A. Wonfor, R. Penty, R. Broeke, B. Musk, and D. Robbins, “An introduction to InP-based generic integration technology,” Semicond. Sci. Tech. 29, 083001 (2014).
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R. Ryf, M. Mestre, S. Randel, C. Schmidt, A. Gnauck, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, D.W. Peckham, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Mode-multiplexed transmission over a 209-km DGD-compensated hybrid few-mode fiber span,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1965–1968 (2012).
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Raz, O.

H. Chen, V. Sleiffer, B. Snyder, M. Kuschnerov, R. van Uden, Y. Jung, C. Okonkwo, O. Raz, P. O’Brien, H. de Waardt, and T. Koonen, “Demonstration of a photonic integrated mode coupler with MDM and WDM transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 2039–2042 (2013).
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A. Koonen, H. Chen, H. van den Boom, and O. Raz, “Silicon Photonic Integrated Mode Multiplexer and Demul-tiplexer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1961–1964 (2012).
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Richardson, D.

D. Richardson, J. Fini, and L. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7, 354–362 (2013).
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Richardson, D.J.

Robbins, D.

M. Smit, X. Leijtens, H. Ambrosius, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, B. Smalbrugge, T. de Vries, E. Geluk, J. Bolk, R. van Veldhoven, L. Augustin, P. Thijs, D. D’Agostino, H. Rabbani, K. Lawniczuk, S. Stopinski, S. Tahvili, A. Corradi, E. Kleijn, D. Dzibrou, M. Felicetti, E. Bitincka, V. Moskalenko, J. Zhao, R. Santos, G. Gilardi, W. Yao, K. Williams, P. Stabile, P. Kuindersma, J. Pello, Sr. Bhat, Y. Jiao, D. Heiss, G. Roelkens, M. Wale, P. Firth, F. Soares, N. Grote, M. Schell, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, J. Gentner, A. Bakker, T. Korthorst, D. Gallagher, A. Dabbs, A. Melloni, F. Morichetti, D. Melati, A. Wonfor, R. Penty, R. Broeke, B. Musk, and D. Robbins, “An introduction to InP-based generic integration technology,” Semicond. Sci. Tech. 29, 083001 (2014).
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Roelkens, G.

M. Smit, X. Leijtens, H. Ambrosius, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, B. Smalbrugge, T. de Vries, E. Geluk, J. Bolk, R. van Veldhoven, L. Augustin, P. Thijs, D. D’Agostino, H. Rabbani, K. Lawniczuk, S. Stopinski, S. Tahvili, A. Corradi, E. Kleijn, D. Dzibrou, M. Felicetti, E. Bitincka, V. Moskalenko, J. Zhao, R. Santos, G. Gilardi, W. Yao, K. Williams, P. Stabile, P. Kuindersma, J. Pello, Sr. Bhat, Y. Jiao, D. Heiss, G. Roelkens, M. Wale, P. Firth, F. Soares, N. Grote, M. Schell, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, J. Gentner, A. Bakker, T. Korthorst, D. Gallagher, A. Dabbs, A. Melloni, F. Morichetti, D. Melati, A. Wonfor, R. Penty, R. Broeke, B. Musk, and D. Robbins, “An introduction to InP-based generic integration technology,” Semicond. Sci. Tech. 29, 083001 (2014).
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Ryf, R.

R. Ryf, M. Mestre, S. Randel, C. Schmidt, A. Gnauck, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, D.W. Peckham, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Mode-multiplexed transmission over a 209-km DGD-compensated hybrid few-mode fiber span,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1965–1968 (2012).
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N. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, B. Velazquez, J. Antonio Lopez, R. Amezcua Correa, B. Guan, B. Ercan, R. Scott, S. Ben Yoo, L. Gruner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “30X30 MIMO transmission over 15 spatial modes”, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference Post Deadline Papers, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper Th5C.1.
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N. K. Fontaine, C. Doerr, M. Mestre, R. Ryf, P. Winzer, L. Buhl, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, and R. Lingle, “Space-division multiplexing and all-optical MIMO demultiplexing using a photonic integrated circuit,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper PDP5B.1.

Sahu, J.K.

Santos, R.

M. Smit, X. Leijtens, H. Ambrosius, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, B. Smalbrugge, T. de Vries, E. Geluk, J. Bolk, R. van Veldhoven, L. Augustin, P. Thijs, D. D’Agostino, H. Rabbani, K. Lawniczuk, S. Stopinski, S. Tahvili, A. Corradi, E. Kleijn, D. Dzibrou, M. Felicetti, E. Bitincka, V. Moskalenko, J. Zhao, R. Santos, G. Gilardi, W. Yao, K. Williams, P. Stabile, P. Kuindersma, J. Pello, Sr. Bhat, Y. Jiao, D. Heiss, G. Roelkens, M. Wale, P. Firth, F. Soares, N. Grote, M. Schell, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, J. Gentner, A. Bakker, T. Korthorst, D. Gallagher, A. Dabbs, A. Melloni, F. Morichetti, D. Melati, A. Wonfor, R. Penty, R. Broeke, B. Musk, and D. Robbins, “An introduction to InP-based generic integration technology,” Semicond. Sci. Tech. 29, 083001 (2014).
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Schell, M.

M. Smit, X. Leijtens, H. Ambrosius, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, B. Smalbrugge, T. de Vries, E. Geluk, J. Bolk, R. van Veldhoven, L. Augustin, P. Thijs, D. D’Agostino, H. Rabbani, K. Lawniczuk, S. Stopinski, S. Tahvili, A. Corradi, E. Kleijn, D. Dzibrou, M. Felicetti, E. Bitincka, V. Moskalenko, J. Zhao, R. Santos, G. Gilardi, W. Yao, K. Williams, P. Stabile, P. Kuindersma, J. Pello, Sr. Bhat, Y. Jiao, D. Heiss, G. Roelkens, M. Wale, P. Firth, F. Soares, N. Grote, M. Schell, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, J. Gentner, A. Bakker, T. Korthorst, D. Gallagher, A. Dabbs, A. Melloni, F. Morichetti, D. Melati, A. Wonfor, R. Penty, R. Broeke, B. Musk, and D. Robbins, “An introduction to InP-based generic integration technology,” Semicond. Sci. Tech. 29, 083001 (2014).
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Schmidt, C.

R. Ryf, M. Mestre, S. Randel, C. Schmidt, A. Gnauck, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, D.W. Peckham, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Mode-multiplexed transmission over a 209-km DGD-compensated hybrid few-mode fiber span,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1965–1968 (2012).
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Schülzgen, A.

R. Van Uden, R. Correa, E. Lopez, F. Huijskens, C. Xia, G. Li, A. Schülzgen, H. de Waardt, A. Koonen, and C. Okonkwo, “Ultra-high-density spatial division multiplexing with a few-mode multicore fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8, 865–870 (2014).
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Scott, R.

N. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, B. Velazquez, J. Antonio Lopez, R. Amezcua Correa, B. Guan, B. Ercan, R. Scott, S. Ben Yoo, L. Gruner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “30X30 MIMO transmission over 15 spatial modes”, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference Post Deadline Papers, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper Th5C.1.
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Shi, Y.

Shieh, W.

Sleiffer, V.

H. Chen, V. Sleiffer, B. Snyder, M. Kuschnerov, R. van Uden, Y. Jung, C. Okonkwo, O. Raz, P. O’Brien, H. de Waardt, and T. Koonen, “Demonstration of a photonic integrated mode coupler with MDM and WDM transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 2039–2042 (2013).
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Sleiffer, V.A.J.M.

Smalbrugge, B.

M. Smit, X. Leijtens, H. Ambrosius, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, B. Smalbrugge, T. de Vries, E. Geluk, J. Bolk, R. van Veldhoven, L. Augustin, P. Thijs, D. D’Agostino, H. Rabbani, K. Lawniczuk, S. Stopinski, S. Tahvili, A. Corradi, E. Kleijn, D. Dzibrou, M. Felicetti, E. Bitincka, V. Moskalenko, J. Zhao, R. Santos, G. Gilardi, W. Yao, K. Williams, P. Stabile, P. Kuindersma, J. Pello, Sr. Bhat, Y. Jiao, D. Heiss, G. Roelkens, M. Wale, P. Firth, F. Soares, N. Grote, M. Schell, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, J. Gentner, A. Bakker, T. Korthorst, D. Gallagher, A. Dabbs, A. Melloni, F. Morichetti, D. Melati, A. Wonfor, R. Penty, R. Broeke, B. Musk, and D. Robbins, “An introduction to InP-based generic integration technology,” Semicond. Sci. Tech. 29, 083001 (2014).
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Smit, M.

M. Smit, X. Leijtens, H. Ambrosius, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, B. Smalbrugge, T. de Vries, E. Geluk, J. Bolk, R. van Veldhoven, L. Augustin, P. Thijs, D. D’Agostino, H. Rabbani, K. Lawniczuk, S. Stopinski, S. Tahvili, A. Corradi, E. Kleijn, D. Dzibrou, M. Felicetti, E. Bitincka, V. Moskalenko, J. Zhao, R. Santos, G. Gilardi, W. Yao, K. Williams, P. Stabile, P. Kuindersma, J. Pello, Sr. Bhat, Y. Jiao, D. Heiss, G. Roelkens, M. Wale, P. Firth, F. Soares, N. Grote, M. Schell, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, J. Gentner, A. Bakker, T. Korthorst, D. Gallagher, A. Dabbs, A. Melloni, F. Morichetti, D. Melati, A. Wonfor, R. Penty, R. Broeke, B. Musk, and D. Robbins, “An introduction to InP-based generic integration technology,” Semicond. Sci. Tech. 29, 083001 (2014).
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Snyder, B.

H. Chen, V. Sleiffer, B. Snyder, M. Kuschnerov, R. van Uden, Y. Jung, C. Okonkwo, O. Raz, P. O’Brien, H. de Waardt, and T. Koonen, “Demonstration of a photonic integrated mode coupler with MDM and WDM transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 2039–2042 (2013).
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Soares, F.

M. Smit, X. Leijtens, H. Ambrosius, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, B. Smalbrugge, T. de Vries, E. Geluk, J. Bolk, R. van Veldhoven, L. Augustin, P. Thijs, D. D’Agostino, H. Rabbani, K. Lawniczuk, S. Stopinski, S. Tahvili, A. Corradi, E. Kleijn, D. Dzibrou, M. Felicetti, E. Bitincka, V. Moskalenko, J. Zhao, R. Santos, G. Gilardi, W. Yao, K. Williams, P. Stabile, P. Kuindersma, J. Pello, Sr. Bhat, Y. Jiao, D. Heiss, G. Roelkens, M. Wale, P. Firth, F. Soares, N. Grote, M. Schell, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, J. Gentner, A. Bakker, T. Korthorst, D. Gallagher, A. Dabbs, A. Melloni, F. Morichetti, D. Melati, A. Wonfor, R. Penty, R. Broeke, B. Musk, and D. Robbins, “An introduction to InP-based generic integration technology,” Semicond. Sci. Tech. 29, 083001 (2014).
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F. Soares, K. Janiak, J. Kreissl, M. Moehrle, and N. Grote, “Semi-insulating substrate based generic InP photonic integration platform,” in Integrated Photonics: Materials, Devices, and Applications II, Proc. SPIE8767, 87670M (2013)

Sorel, M.

F. Morichetti, A. Annoni, S. Grillanda, N. Peserico, M. Carminati, P. Ciccarella, G. Ferrari, E. Guglielmi, M. Sorel, and A. Melloni, “4-Channel All-Optical MIMO Demultiplexing on a Silicon Chip,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper Th3E.7.
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Stabile, P.

M. Smit, X. Leijtens, H. Ambrosius, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, B. Smalbrugge, T. de Vries, E. Geluk, J. Bolk, R. van Veldhoven, L. Augustin, P. Thijs, D. D’Agostino, H. Rabbani, K. Lawniczuk, S. Stopinski, S. Tahvili, A. Corradi, E. Kleijn, D. Dzibrou, M. Felicetti, E. Bitincka, V. Moskalenko, J. Zhao, R. Santos, G. Gilardi, W. Yao, K. Williams, P. Stabile, P. Kuindersma, J. Pello, Sr. Bhat, Y. Jiao, D. Heiss, G. Roelkens, M. Wale, P. Firth, F. Soares, N. Grote, M. Schell, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, J. Gentner, A. Bakker, T. Korthorst, D. Gallagher, A. Dabbs, A. Melloni, F. Morichetti, D. Melati, A. Wonfor, R. Penty, R. Broeke, B. Musk, and D. Robbins, “An introduction to InP-based generic integration technology,” Semicond. Sci. Tech. 29, 083001 (2014).
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Stopinski, S.

M. Smit, X. Leijtens, H. Ambrosius, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, B. Smalbrugge, T. de Vries, E. Geluk, J. Bolk, R. van Veldhoven, L. Augustin, P. Thijs, D. D’Agostino, H. Rabbani, K. Lawniczuk, S. Stopinski, S. Tahvili, A. Corradi, E. Kleijn, D. Dzibrou, M. Felicetti, E. Bitincka, V. Moskalenko, J. Zhao, R. Santos, G. Gilardi, W. Yao, K. Williams, P. Stabile, P. Kuindersma, J. Pello, Sr. Bhat, Y. Jiao, D. Heiss, G. Roelkens, M. Wale, P. Firth, F. Soares, N. Grote, M. Schell, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, J. Gentner, A. Bakker, T. Korthorst, D. Gallagher, A. Dabbs, A. Melloni, F. Morichetti, D. Melati, A. Wonfor, R. Penty, R. Broeke, B. Musk, and D. Robbins, “An introduction to InP-based generic integration technology,” Semicond. Sci. Tech. 29, 083001 (2014).
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Sun, Y.

L. Gruner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, J. Nicholson, D. Jakobsen, K. G. Jespersen, R. Lingle, and B. Palsdottir, “Few Mode Transmission Fiber With Low DGD, Low Mode Coupling, and Low Loss,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 3693–3698 (2012).
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V.A.J.M. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, V. Veljanovski, R.G.H. van Uden, M. Kuschnerov, H. Chen, B. Inan, L. Nielsen, Y. Sun, D.J. Richardson, S.U. Alam, F. Poletti, J.K. Sahu, A. Dhar, A.M.J. Koonen, B. Corbett, R. Winfield, A.D. Ellis, and H. de Waardt, “73.7 Tb/s (96 × 3 × 256-Gb/s) mode-division-multiplexed DP-16QAM transmission with inline MM-EDFA,” Opt. Express 20, B428–B438 (2012).
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R. Ryf, M. Mestre, S. Randel, C. Schmidt, A. Gnauck, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, D.W. Peckham, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Mode-multiplexed transmission over a 209-km DGD-compensated hybrid few-mode fiber span,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1965–1968 (2012).
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N. K. Fontaine, C. Doerr, M. Mestre, R. Ryf, P. Winzer, L. Buhl, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, and R. Lingle, “Space-division multiplexing and all-optical MIMO demultiplexing using a photonic integrated circuit,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper PDP5B.1.

N. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, B. Velazquez, J. Antonio Lopez, R. Amezcua Correa, B. Guan, B. Ercan, R. Scott, S. Ben Yoo, L. Gruner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “30X30 MIMO transmission over 15 spatial modes”, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference Post Deadline Papers, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper Th5C.1.
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Sureka, A.

R. Ryf, M. Mestre, S. Randel, C. Schmidt, A. Gnauck, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, D.W. Peckham, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Mode-multiplexed transmission over a 209-km DGD-compensated hybrid few-mode fiber span,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1965–1968 (2012).
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Tahvili, S.

M. Smit, X. Leijtens, H. Ambrosius, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, B. Smalbrugge, T. de Vries, E. Geluk, J. Bolk, R. van Veldhoven, L. Augustin, P. Thijs, D. D’Agostino, H. Rabbani, K. Lawniczuk, S. Stopinski, S. Tahvili, A. Corradi, E. Kleijn, D. Dzibrou, M. Felicetti, E. Bitincka, V. Moskalenko, J. Zhao, R. Santos, G. Gilardi, W. Yao, K. Williams, P. Stabile, P. Kuindersma, J. Pello, Sr. Bhat, Y. Jiao, D. Heiss, G. Roelkens, M. Wale, P. Firth, F. Soares, N. Grote, M. Schell, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, J. Gentner, A. Bakker, T. Korthorst, D. Gallagher, A. Dabbs, A. Melloni, F. Morichetti, D. Melati, A. Wonfor, R. Penty, R. Broeke, B. Musk, and D. Robbins, “An introduction to InP-based generic integration technology,” Semicond. Sci. Tech. 29, 083001 (2014).
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Thijs, P.

M. Smit, X. Leijtens, H. Ambrosius, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, B. Smalbrugge, T. de Vries, E. Geluk, J. Bolk, R. van Veldhoven, L. Augustin, P. Thijs, D. D’Agostino, H. Rabbani, K. Lawniczuk, S. Stopinski, S. Tahvili, A. Corradi, E. Kleijn, D. Dzibrou, M. Felicetti, E. Bitincka, V. Moskalenko, J. Zhao, R. Santos, G. Gilardi, W. Yao, K. Williams, P. Stabile, P. Kuindersma, J. Pello, Sr. Bhat, Y. Jiao, D. Heiss, G. Roelkens, M. Wale, P. Firth, F. Soares, N. Grote, M. Schell, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, J. Gentner, A. Bakker, T. Korthorst, D. Gallagher, A. Dabbs, A. Melloni, F. Morichetti, D. Melati, A. Wonfor, R. Penty, R. Broeke, B. Musk, and D. Robbins, “An introduction to InP-based generic integration technology,” Semicond. Sci. Tech. 29, 083001 (2014).
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van den Boom, H.

A. Koonen, H. Chen, H. van den Boom, and O. Raz, “Silicon Photonic Integrated Mode Multiplexer and Demul-tiplexer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1961–1964 (2012).
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van der Tol, J.

M. Smit, X. Leijtens, H. Ambrosius, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, B. Smalbrugge, T. de Vries, E. Geluk, J. Bolk, R. van Veldhoven, L. Augustin, P. Thijs, D. D’Agostino, H. Rabbani, K. Lawniczuk, S. Stopinski, S. Tahvili, A. Corradi, E. Kleijn, D. Dzibrou, M. Felicetti, E. Bitincka, V. Moskalenko, J. Zhao, R. Santos, G. Gilardi, W. Yao, K. Williams, P. Stabile, P. Kuindersma, J. Pello, Sr. Bhat, Y. Jiao, D. Heiss, G. Roelkens, M. Wale, P. Firth, F. Soares, N. Grote, M. Schell, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, J. Gentner, A. Bakker, T. Korthorst, D. Gallagher, A. Dabbs, A. Melloni, F. Morichetti, D. Melati, A. Wonfor, R. Penty, R. Broeke, B. Musk, and D. Robbins, “An introduction to InP-based generic integration technology,” Semicond. Sci. Tech. 29, 083001 (2014).
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Van Uden, R.

R. Van Uden, R. Correa, E. Lopez, F. Huijskens, C. Xia, G. Li, A. Schülzgen, H. de Waardt, A. Koonen, and C. Okonkwo, “Ultra-high-density spatial division multiplexing with a few-mode multicore fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8, 865–870 (2014).
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H. Chen, R. van Uden, C. Okonkwo, and A. Koonen, “Compact spatial multiplexers for mode division multiplexing,” Opt. Express 22, 31582–31594 (2014).
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H. Chen, V. Sleiffer, B. Snyder, M. Kuschnerov, R. van Uden, Y. Jung, C. Okonkwo, O. Raz, P. O’Brien, H. de Waardt, and T. Koonen, “Demonstration of a photonic integrated mode coupler with MDM and WDM transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 2039–2042 (2013).
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Velazquez, B.

N. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, B. Velazquez, J. Antonio Lopez, R. Amezcua Correa, B. Guan, B. Ercan, R. Scott, S. Ben Yoo, L. Gruner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “30X30 MIMO transmission over 15 spatial modes”, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference Post Deadline Papers, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper Th5C.1.
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Wale, M.

M. Smit, X. Leijtens, H. Ambrosius, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, B. Smalbrugge, T. de Vries, E. Geluk, J. Bolk, R. van Veldhoven, L. Augustin, P. Thijs, D. D’Agostino, H. Rabbani, K. Lawniczuk, S. Stopinski, S. Tahvili, A. Corradi, E. Kleijn, D. Dzibrou, M. Felicetti, E. Bitincka, V. Moskalenko, J. Zhao, R. Santos, G. Gilardi, W. Yao, K. Williams, P. Stabile, P. Kuindersma, J. Pello, Sr. Bhat, Y. Jiao, D. Heiss, G. Roelkens, M. Wale, P. Firth, F. Soares, N. Grote, M. Schell, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, J. Gentner, A. Bakker, T. Korthorst, D. Gallagher, A. Dabbs, A. Melloni, F. Morichetti, D. Melati, A. Wonfor, R. Penty, R. Broeke, B. Musk, and D. Robbins, “An introduction to InP-based generic integration technology,” Semicond. Sci. Tech. 29, 083001 (2014).
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F. Guo, D. Lu, R. Zhang, H. Wang, and C. Ji, “A two-mode (de)multiplexer based on multimode interferometer coupler and y-junction on inp substrate,” IEEE Photon. J. 8, 1–8 (2016).
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P. Winzer, “Making spatial multiplexing a reality,” Nat. Photonics 8, 345–348 (2014).
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R. Ryf, M. Mestre, S. Randel, C. Schmidt, A. Gnauck, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, D.W. Peckham, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Mode-multiplexed transmission over a 209-km DGD-compensated hybrid few-mode fiber span,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1965–1968 (2012).
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M. Smit, X. Leijtens, H. Ambrosius, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, B. Smalbrugge, T. de Vries, E. Geluk, J. Bolk, R. van Veldhoven, L. Augustin, P. Thijs, D. D’Agostino, H. Rabbani, K. Lawniczuk, S. Stopinski, S. Tahvili, A. Corradi, E. Kleijn, D. Dzibrou, M. Felicetti, E. Bitincka, V. Moskalenko, J. Zhao, R. Santos, G. Gilardi, W. Yao, K. Williams, P. Stabile, P. Kuindersma, J. Pello, Sr. Bhat, Y. Jiao, D. Heiss, G. Roelkens, M. Wale, P. Firth, F. Soares, N. Grote, M. Schell, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, J. Gentner, A. Bakker, T. Korthorst, D. Gallagher, A. Dabbs, A. Melloni, F. Morichetti, D. Melati, A. Wonfor, R. Penty, R. Broeke, B. Musk, and D. Robbins, “An introduction to InP-based generic integration technology,” Semicond. Sci. Tech. 29, 083001 (2014).
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Ye, J.

Zhang, R.

F. Guo, D. Lu, R. Zhang, H. Wang, and C. Ji, “A two-mode (de)multiplexer based on multimode interferometer coupler and y-junction on inp substrate,” IEEE Photon. J. 8, 1–8 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhao, J.

M. Smit, X. Leijtens, H. Ambrosius, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, B. Smalbrugge, T. de Vries, E. Geluk, J. Bolk, R. van Veldhoven, L. Augustin, P. Thijs, D. D’Agostino, H. Rabbani, K. Lawniczuk, S. Stopinski, S. Tahvili, A. Corradi, E. Kleijn, D. Dzibrou, M. Felicetti, E. Bitincka, V. Moskalenko, J. Zhao, R. Santos, G. Gilardi, W. Yao, K. Williams, P. Stabile, P. Kuindersma, J. Pello, Sr. Bhat, Y. Jiao, D. Heiss, G. Roelkens, M. Wale, P. Firth, F. Soares, N. Grote, M. Schell, H. Debregeas, M. Achouche, J. Gentner, A. Bakker, T. Korthorst, D. Gallagher, A. Dabbs, A. Melloni, F. Morichetti, D. Melati, A. Wonfor, R. Penty, R. Broeke, B. Musk, and D. Robbins, “An introduction to InP-based generic integration technology,” Semicond. Sci. Tech. 29, 083001 (2014).
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IEEE Photon. J. (1)

F. Guo, D. Lu, R. Zhang, H. Wang, and C. Ji, “A two-mode (de)multiplexer based on multimode interferometer coupler and y-junction on inp substrate,” IEEE Photon. J. 8, 1–8 (2016).
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IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (6)

A. Koonen, H. Chen, H. van den Boom, and O. Raz, “Silicon Photonic Integrated Mode Multiplexer and Demul-tiplexer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1961–1964 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Winzer, “Energy-efficient optical transport capacity scaling through spatial multiplexing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 851–853 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, M. Mestre, S. Randel, C. Schmidt, A. Gnauck, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, D.W. Peckham, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Mode-multiplexed transmission over a 209-km DGD-compensated hybrid few-mode fiber span,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1965–1968 (2012).
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Y. Ding, H. Ou, J. Xu, and C. Peucheret, “Silicon photonic integrated circuit mode multiplexer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 648–651 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, V. Sleiffer, B. Snyder, M. Kuschnerov, R. van Uden, Y. Jung, C. Okonkwo, O. Raz, P. O’Brien, H. de Waardt, and T. Koonen, “Demonstration of a photonic integrated mode coupler with MDM and WDM transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 2039–2042 (2013).
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Nat. Photonics (3)

R. Van Uden, R. Correa, E. Lopez, F. Huijskens, C. Xia, G. Li, A. Schülzgen, H. de Waardt, A. Koonen, and C. Okonkwo, “Ultra-high-density spatial division multiplexing with a few-mode multicore fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8, 865–870 (2014).
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Opt. Express (5)

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Other (5)

JePPIX, http://www.jeppix.eu .

F. Soares, K. Janiak, J. Kreissl, M. Moehrle, and N. Grote, “Semi-insulating substrate based generic InP photonic integration platform,” in Integrated Photonics: Materials, Devices, and Applications II, Proc. SPIE8767, 87670M (2013)

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[Crossref]

N. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, B. Velazquez, J. Antonio Lopez, R. Amezcua Correa, B. Guan, B. Ercan, R. Scott, S. Ben Yoo, L. Gruner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “30X30 MIMO transmission over 15 spatial modes”, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference Post Deadline Papers, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper Th5C.1.
[Crossref]

N. K. Fontaine, C. Doerr, M. Mestre, R. Ryf, P. Winzer, L. Buhl, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, and R. Lingle, “Space-division multiplexing and all-optical MIMO demultiplexing using a photonic integrated circuit,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper PDP5B.1.

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Schematic of the integrated mode (de)multiplexer. Two single mode waveguides are coupled to the fundamental and first higher order mode of a two-mode waveguide through a tuneable, linear, and fully reconfigurable circuit. (b) Cross-section of the InP-based waveguides exploited in this work.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Propagation simulation through the last part of the integrated mode (DE)MUX, from the phase controller to port T. The simulation is based on the Beam Propagation Method and color scale is normalized. Z-axis refers the direction of propagation while X-axis refers the cross-section view. (a) and (b) show the propagation in the integrated mode MUX with fundamental mode inputs with 0 and π phase difference, respectively. (c) and (d) refer to the DEMUX case, considering as input LP01 and LP11a mode, respectively.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Photograph of the realized integrated mode (de)multiplexer.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Mode field distribution at the output of the MUX circuit for different inputs and different voltages applied at the phase controller. VP = 4.8 V allows to obtain a phase shift of ϕP = π. Tunable coupler is set at 3-dB state with VA = 3.1 V (ϕA = π/2). Wavelength of the input light is either (a) 1550 nm or (b) 1480 nm.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 SDM transmission test setup with integrated mode MUX and DEMUX. The demultiplexer output waveguides S1rx and S2rx are equipped with integrated PIN photodiodes.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a–d) Normalized transmission from S1tx and S2tx to S1rx and S2rx as function of the voltage applied to DEMUX thermo-optic heaters (VA,rx and VP,rx). The MUX is set at VA,tx = 3.1 V, VP,tx = 0 V for all the reported results.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Frequency response at S2rx for both input S1tx and S2tx. Mode MUX and DEMUX are configured in order to demultiplex S2tx at S2rx. The channel cross-talk is lower than −10 dB on the entire 10-nm bandwidth. Channel attenuation fluctuates less than 2.5 dB (shaded area).
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Experimental setup for SDM transmission. Two 10Gbit/s OOK NRZ channels are multiplexed on modes LP01 and LP11a of the few-mode fiber by means of the integrated mode MUX. Integrated mode DEMUX is used at the receiver.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Eye diagrams of channel 1 when demultiplexed at output port S2rx of the mode DEMUX (a) without channel 2 and (b) with simultaneous transmission of channel 2.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Normalized transmission from S1tx and S2rx to S1rx and S2rx for two different DEMUX configurations. Channels cross-talk at the two output photodiodes is reported.

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