Abstract

The performance and potential of a W-band radio-over-fiber link is analyzed, including a characterization of the wireless channel. The presented setup focuses on minimizing complexity in the radio frequency domain, using a passive radio frequency transmitter and a Schottky diode based envelope detector. Performance is experimentally validated with carriers at 75–87GHz over wireless distances of 30–70m. Finally the necessity for and impact of bend insensitive fiber for on-site installation are discussed and experimentally investigated.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. X. Pang, A. Lebedev, J. J. Vegas Olmos, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Multigigabit W-band (75–110 GHz) bidirectional hybrid fiber-wireless systems in access networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 3983–3990 (2014).
  2. T. Pfeiffer, “Next generation mobile fronthaul architectures,” in Proc. OFC 2015 (OSA, 2015), pp. 1–3.
  3. H. Yang, A. Ng’oma, B. Shih, A. Gowda, and L. Kazovsky, “Fiber-based solutions for in-door multi-Gbit/s wireless access,” in Proc. OFC 2015 (OSA, Los Angeles, 2015), paper W3F.1.
  4. J. J. VegasOlmos, T. Kuri, T. Sono, K. Tamura, H. Toda, and K.-i. Kitayama, “Wireless and optical-integrated access network with peer-to-peer connection capability,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 1127–1129 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  5. K.-i. Kitayama, T. Kuri, J. J. Vegas Olmos, and H. Toda, “Fiber-wireless networks and radio-over-fibre technique,” in Proc. CLEO/QELS 2008 (OSA, 2008), pp 1–2.
  6. J. Wells, “Faster than fiber: The future of multi-G/s wireless,” IEEE Microw. Mag. 10, 104–112 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  7. J. J. VegasOlmos, T. Kuri, and K.-i. Kitayama, “Reconfigurable radio-over-fiber networks: Multiple-access functionality directly over the optical layer,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 58, 3001–3010 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  8. W.-J. Jiang, H. Yang, Y.-M. Yang, C.-T. Lin, and A. Ng’oma, “40 Gb/s RoF signal transmission with 10 m wireless distance at 60 GHz,” in OFC/NFOEC 2012 (OSA, 2012), pp. 1–3.
  9. A. Lebedev, X. Pang, J. J. VegasOlmos, S. Forchhammer, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Simultaneous 60-GHz RoF transmission of lightwaves emitted by ECL, DFB, and VCSEL,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26, 733–736 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  10. C.-H. Li, M.-F. Wu, C.-H. Lin, and C.-T. Lin, “W-band OFDM RoF system with simple envelope detector down-conversion,” in Proc. OFC 2015 (OSA, 2015), pp. 1–3.
  11. S. Rommel, L. C. P. Cavalcante, J. J. Vegas Olmos, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Low RF complexity photonically enabled indoor and building-to-building w-band wireless link,” in Proc. ACP 2015 (OSA, 2015), paper AM1B.7.
  12. S. Koenig, F. Boes, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, R. Henneberger, R. M. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, I. Kallfass, and J. Leuthold, “100 Gbit/s wireless link with mm-wave photonics,” in Proc. OFC 2013 (OSA, 2013), pp 1–3.
  13. H. Xu, V. Kukshya, and T. S. Rappaport, “Spatial and temporal characteristics of 60-GHz indoor channels,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 20, 620–630 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  14. A. P. Garcia, W. Kotterman, R. S. Thoma, U. Trautwein, D. Bruckner, W. Wirnitzer, and J. Kunisch, “60 GHz in-cabin real-time channel sounding,” in Proc. ChinaCOM 2009 (IEEE, 2009), pp 1–5.
  15. S. Rommel, A. GalvisQuintero, L. C. P. Cavalcante, J. J. Vegas Olmos, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Channel characterization for high-speed W-band wireless communication links,” in Proc. OECC 2015 (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–3.
  16. A. Stöhr, O. Cojucari, F. van Dijk, G. Carpintero, T. Tekin, S. Formont, I. Flammia, V. Rymanov, B. Khani, and R. Chuenchom, “Robust 71–76 GHz radio-over-fiber wireless link with high-dynamic range photonic assisted transmitter and laser phase-noise insensitive SBD receiver,” in Proc. OFC 2014 (OSA, 2014), paper M2D.4.
  17. R. Chuenchom, X. Zou, V. Rymanov, B. Khani, M. Steeg, S. Dülme, S. Babiel, A. Stöhr, J. Honecker, and A. G. Steffan, “Integrated 110 GHz coherent photonic mixer for CRoF mobile backhaul links,” in Proc. MWP 2015 (IEEE, 2015), paper 1–4.
  18. S. Rommel, S. Rodriguez, L. Chorchos, E. P. Grakhova, A. K. Sultanov, J. P. Turkiewicz, J. J. Vegas Olmos, and I. Tafur Monroy, “225m outdoor W-band radio-over-fiber link using an optical SFP+ module,” in Proc. OFC 2016 (OSA, 2016), paper Th2A.16.
  19. C. Lim, A. Nirmalathas, M. Bakaul, K.-L. Lee, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Mitigation strategy for transmission impairments in millimeter-wave radio-over-fiber networks,” J. Opt. Netw. 8, 201–214 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  20. A. Lebedev, J. J. VegasOlmos, X. Pang, S. Forchhammer, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Demonstration and comparison study for V- and W-band real-time high-definition video delivery in diverse fiber-wireless infrastructure,” Fiber Integrated Opt. 32, 93–104 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  21. M. Morant, A. Macho, and R. Llorente, “Optical fronthaul of LTE-advanced MIMO by spatial multiplexing in multicore fiber,” in Proc. OFC 2015 (OSA, 2015), paper W1F.6.
  22. D. Z. Chen, W. R. Belben, J. B. Gallup, C. Mazzali, P. Dainese, and T. Rhyne, “Requirements for bend insensitive fibers for Verizon’s FiOS and FTTH applications,” in Proc. OFC 2008 (IEEE, 2008), pp. 1–7.
  23. S. Rommel, L. C. P. Cavalcante, J. J. VegasOlmos, I. Tafur Monroy, and A. K. Mishra, “Requirements for bend insensitive fiber in millimeter-wave fronthaul systems,” in Proc. MWP 2015 (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–4.
  24. B. Sklar, “Rayleigh fading channels in mobile digital communication systems - Part I: characterization,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 35, 90–100 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  25. T. S. Rappaport, Wireless Communications: Principles and Practice, 2nd ed. (Prentice Hall, 2002).
  26. I. Oppermann, M. Hämäläinen, and J. Iinatti, eds., UWB: Theory and Applications (John Wiley and Sons, 2004).

2014 (2)

X. Pang, A. Lebedev, J. J. Vegas Olmos, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Multigigabit W-band (75–110 GHz) bidirectional hybrid fiber-wireless systems in access networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 3983–3990 (2014).

A. Lebedev, X. Pang, J. J. VegasOlmos, S. Forchhammer, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Simultaneous 60-GHz RoF transmission of lightwaves emitted by ECL, DFB, and VCSEL,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26, 733–736 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

A. Lebedev, J. J. VegasOlmos, X. Pang, S. Forchhammer, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Demonstration and comparison study for V- and W-band real-time high-definition video delivery in diverse fiber-wireless infrastructure,” Fiber Integrated Opt. 32, 93–104 (2013).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

J. J. VegasOlmos, T. Kuri, and K.-i. Kitayama, “Reconfigurable radio-over-fiber networks: Multiple-access functionality directly over the optical layer,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 58, 3001–3010 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

2008 (1)

J. J. VegasOlmos, T. Kuri, T. Sono, K. Tamura, H. Toda, and K.-i. Kitayama, “Wireless and optical-integrated access network with peer-to-peer connection capability,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 1127–1129 (2008).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

H. Xu, V. Kukshya, and T. S. Rappaport, “Spatial and temporal characteristics of 60-GHz indoor channels,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 20, 620–630 (2002).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

B. Sklar, “Rayleigh fading channels in mobile digital communication systems - Part I: characterization,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 35, 90–100 (1997).
[Crossref]

Ambacher, O.

S. Koenig, F. Boes, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, R. Henneberger, R. M. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, I. Kallfass, and J. Leuthold, “100 Gbit/s wireless link with mm-wave photonics,” in Proc. OFC 2013 (OSA, 2013), pp 1–3.

Antes, J.

S. Koenig, F. Boes, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, R. Henneberger, R. M. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, I. Kallfass, and J. Leuthold, “100 Gbit/s wireless link with mm-wave photonics,” in Proc. OFC 2013 (OSA, 2013), pp 1–3.

Babiel, S.

R. Chuenchom, X. Zou, V. Rymanov, B. Khani, M. Steeg, S. Dülme, S. Babiel, A. Stöhr, J. Honecker, and A. G. Steffan, “Integrated 110 GHz coherent photonic mixer for CRoF mobile backhaul links,” in Proc. MWP 2015 (IEEE, 2015), paper 1–4.

Bakaul, M.

Belben, W. R.

D. Z. Chen, W. R. Belben, J. B. Gallup, C. Mazzali, P. Dainese, and T. Rhyne, “Requirements for bend insensitive fibers for Verizon’s FiOS and FTTH applications,” in Proc. OFC 2008 (IEEE, 2008), pp. 1–7.

Boes, F.

S. Koenig, F. Boes, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, R. Henneberger, R. M. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, I. Kallfass, and J. Leuthold, “100 Gbit/s wireless link with mm-wave photonics,” in Proc. OFC 2013 (OSA, 2013), pp 1–3.

Bruckner, D.

A. P. Garcia, W. Kotterman, R. S. Thoma, U. Trautwein, D. Bruckner, W. Wirnitzer, and J. Kunisch, “60 GHz in-cabin real-time channel sounding,” in Proc. ChinaCOM 2009 (IEEE, 2009), pp 1–5.

Carpintero, G.

A. Stöhr, O. Cojucari, F. van Dijk, G. Carpintero, T. Tekin, S. Formont, I. Flammia, V. Rymanov, B. Khani, and R. Chuenchom, “Robust 71–76 GHz radio-over-fiber wireless link with high-dynamic range photonic assisted transmitter and laser phase-noise insensitive SBD receiver,” in Proc. OFC 2014 (OSA, 2014), paper M2D.4.

Cavalcante, L. C. P.

S. Rommel, L. C. P. Cavalcante, J. J. VegasOlmos, I. Tafur Monroy, and A. K. Mishra, “Requirements for bend insensitive fiber in millimeter-wave fronthaul systems,” in Proc. MWP 2015 (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–4.

S. Rommel, A. GalvisQuintero, L. C. P. Cavalcante, J. J. Vegas Olmos, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Channel characterization for high-speed W-band wireless communication links,” in Proc. OECC 2015 (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–3.

S. Rommel, L. C. P. Cavalcante, J. J. Vegas Olmos, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Low RF complexity photonically enabled indoor and building-to-building w-band wireless link,” in Proc. ACP 2015 (OSA, 2015), paper AM1B.7.

Chen, D. Z.

D. Z. Chen, W. R. Belben, J. B. Gallup, C. Mazzali, P. Dainese, and T. Rhyne, “Requirements for bend insensitive fibers for Verizon’s FiOS and FTTH applications,” in Proc. OFC 2008 (IEEE, 2008), pp. 1–7.

Chorchos, L.

S. Rommel, S. Rodriguez, L. Chorchos, E. P. Grakhova, A. K. Sultanov, J. P. Turkiewicz, J. J. Vegas Olmos, and I. Tafur Monroy, “225m outdoor W-band radio-over-fiber link using an optical SFP+ module,” in Proc. OFC 2016 (OSA, 2016), paper Th2A.16.

Chuenchom, R.

A. Stöhr, O. Cojucari, F. van Dijk, G. Carpintero, T. Tekin, S. Formont, I. Flammia, V. Rymanov, B. Khani, and R. Chuenchom, “Robust 71–76 GHz radio-over-fiber wireless link with high-dynamic range photonic assisted transmitter and laser phase-noise insensitive SBD receiver,” in Proc. OFC 2014 (OSA, 2014), paper M2D.4.

R. Chuenchom, X. Zou, V. Rymanov, B. Khani, M. Steeg, S. Dülme, S. Babiel, A. Stöhr, J. Honecker, and A. G. Steffan, “Integrated 110 GHz coherent photonic mixer for CRoF mobile backhaul links,” in Proc. MWP 2015 (IEEE, 2015), paper 1–4.

Cojucari, O.

A. Stöhr, O. Cojucari, F. van Dijk, G. Carpintero, T. Tekin, S. Formont, I. Flammia, V. Rymanov, B. Khani, and R. Chuenchom, “Robust 71–76 GHz radio-over-fiber wireless link with high-dynamic range photonic assisted transmitter and laser phase-noise insensitive SBD receiver,” in Proc. OFC 2014 (OSA, 2014), paper M2D.4.

Dainese, P.

D. Z. Chen, W. R. Belben, J. B. Gallup, C. Mazzali, P. Dainese, and T. Rhyne, “Requirements for bend insensitive fibers for Verizon’s FiOS and FTTH applications,” in Proc. OFC 2008 (IEEE, 2008), pp. 1–7.

Dülme, S.

R. Chuenchom, X. Zou, V. Rymanov, B. Khani, M. Steeg, S. Dülme, S. Babiel, A. Stöhr, J. Honecker, and A. G. Steffan, “Integrated 110 GHz coherent photonic mixer for CRoF mobile backhaul links,” in Proc. MWP 2015 (IEEE, 2015), paper 1–4.

Flammia, I.

A. Stöhr, O. Cojucari, F. van Dijk, G. Carpintero, T. Tekin, S. Formont, I. Flammia, V. Rymanov, B. Khani, and R. Chuenchom, “Robust 71–76 GHz radio-over-fiber wireless link with high-dynamic range photonic assisted transmitter and laser phase-noise insensitive SBD receiver,” in Proc. OFC 2014 (OSA, 2014), paper M2D.4.

Forchhammer, S.

A. Lebedev, X. Pang, J. J. VegasOlmos, S. Forchhammer, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Simultaneous 60-GHz RoF transmission of lightwaves emitted by ECL, DFB, and VCSEL,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26, 733–736 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Lebedev, J. J. VegasOlmos, X. Pang, S. Forchhammer, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Demonstration and comparison study for V- and W-band real-time high-definition video delivery in diverse fiber-wireless infrastructure,” Fiber Integrated Opt. 32, 93–104 (2013).
[Crossref]

Formont, S.

A. Stöhr, O. Cojucari, F. van Dijk, G. Carpintero, T. Tekin, S. Formont, I. Flammia, V. Rymanov, B. Khani, and R. Chuenchom, “Robust 71–76 GHz radio-over-fiber wireless link with high-dynamic range photonic assisted transmitter and laser phase-noise insensitive SBD receiver,” in Proc. OFC 2014 (OSA, 2014), paper M2D.4.

Freude, W.

S. Koenig, F. Boes, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, R. Henneberger, R. M. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, I. Kallfass, and J. Leuthold, “100 Gbit/s wireless link with mm-wave photonics,” in Proc. OFC 2013 (OSA, 2013), pp 1–3.

Gallup, J. B.

D. Z. Chen, W. R. Belben, J. B. Gallup, C. Mazzali, P. Dainese, and T. Rhyne, “Requirements for bend insensitive fibers for Verizon’s FiOS and FTTH applications,” in Proc. OFC 2008 (IEEE, 2008), pp. 1–7.

GalvisQuintero, A.

S. Rommel, A. GalvisQuintero, L. C. P. Cavalcante, J. J. Vegas Olmos, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Channel characterization for high-speed W-band wireless communication links,” in Proc. OECC 2015 (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–3.

Garcia, A. P.

A. P. Garcia, W. Kotterman, R. S. Thoma, U. Trautwein, D. Bruckner, W. Wirnitzer, and J. Kunisch, “60 GHz in-cabin real-time channel sounding,” in Proc. ChinaCOM 2009 (IEEE, 2009), pp 1–5.

Gowda, A.

H. Yang, A. Ng’oma, B. Shih, A. Gowda, and L. Kazovsky, “Fiber-based solutions for in-door multi-Gbit/s wireless access,” in Proc. OFC 2015 (OSA, Los Angeles, 2015), paper W3F.1.

Grakhova, E. P.

S. Rommel, S. Rodriguez, L. Chorchos, E. P. Grakhova, A. K. Sultanov, J. P. Turkiewicz, J. J. Vegas Olmos, and I. Tafur Monroy, “225m outdoor W-band radio-over-fiber link using an optical SFP+ module,” in Proc. OFC 2016 (OSA, 2016), paper Th2A.16.

Henneberger, R.

S. Koenig, F. Boes, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, R. Henneberger, R. M. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, I. Kallfass, and J. Leuthold, “100 Gbit/s wireless link with mm-wave photonics,” in Proc. OFC 2013 (OSA, 2013), pp 1–3.

Hillerkuss, D.

S. Koenig, F. Boes, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, R. Henneberger, R. M. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, I. Kallfass, and J. Leuthold, “100 Gbit/s wireless link with mm-wave photonics,” in Proc. OFC 2013 (OSA, 2013), pp 1–3.

Honecker, J.

R. Chuenchom, X. Zou, V. Rymanov, B. Khani, M. Steeg, S. Dülme, S. Babiel, A. Stöhr, J. Honecker, and A. G. Steffan, “Integrated 110 GHz coherent photonic mixer for CRoF mobile backhaul links,” in Proc. MWP 2015 (IEEE, 2015), paper 1–4.

Jiang, W.-J.

W.-J. Jiang, H. Yang, Y.-M. Yang, C.-T. Lin, and A. Ng’oma, “40 Gb/s RoF signal transmission with 10 m wireless distance at 60 GHz,” in OFC/NFOEC 2012 (OSA, 2012), pp. 1–3.

Kallfass, I.

S. Koenig, F. Boes, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, R. Henneberger, R. M. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, I. Kallfass, and J. Leuthold, “100 Gbit/s wireless link with mm-wave photonics,” in Proc. OFC 2013 (OSA, 2013), pp 1–3.

Kazovsky, L.

H. Yang, A. Ng’oma, B. Shih, A. Gowda, and L. Kazovsky, “Fiber-based solutions for in-door multi-Gbit/s wireless access,” in Proc. OFC 2015 (OSA, Los Angeles, 2015), paper W3F.1.

Khani, B.

A. Stöhr, O. Cojucari, F. van Dijk, G. Carpintero, T. Tekin, S. Formont, I. Flammia, V. Rymanov, B. Khani, and R. Chuenchom, “Robust 71–76 GHz radio-over-fiber wireless link with high-dynamic range photonic assisted transmitter and laser phase-noise insensitive SBD receiver,” in Proc. OFC 2014 (OSA, 2014), paper M2D.4.

R. Chuenchom, X. Zou, V. Rymanov, B. Khani, M. Steeg, S. Dülme, S. Babiel, A. Stöhr, J. Honecker, and A. G. Steffan, “Integrated 110 GHz coherent photonic mixer for CRoF mobile backhaul links,” in Proc. MWP 2015 (IEEE, 2015), paper 1–4.

Kitayama, K.-i.

J. J. VegasOlmos, T. Kuri, and K.-i. Kitayama, “Reconfigurable radio-over-fiber networks: Multiple-access functionality directly over the optical layer,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 58, 3001–3010 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. J. VegasOlmos, T. Kuri, T. Sono, K. Tamura, H. Toda, and K.-i. Kitayama, “Wireless and optical-integrated access network with peer-to-peer connection capability,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 1127–1129 (2008).
[Crossref]

K.-i. Kitayama, T. Kuri, J. J. Vegas Olmos, and H. Toda, “Fiber-wireless networks and radio-over-fibre technique,” in Proc. CLEO/QELS 2008 (OSA, 2008), pp 1–2.

Koenig, S.

S. Koenig, F. Boes, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, R. Henneberger, R. M. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, I. Kallfass, and J. Leuthold, “100 Gbit/s wireless link with mm-wave photonics,” in Proc. OFC 2013 (OSA, 2013), pp 1–3.

Koos, C.

S. Koenig, F. Boes, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, R. Henneberger, R. M. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, I. Kallfass, and J. Leuthold, “100 Gbit/s wireless link with mm-wave photonics,” in Proc. OFC 2013 (OSA, 2013), pp 1–3.

Kotterman, W.

A. P. Garcia, W. Kotterman, R. S. Thoma, U. Trautwein, D. Bruckner, W. Wirnitzer, and J. Kunisch, “60 GHz in-cabin real-time channel sounding,” in Proc. ChinaCOM 2009 (IEEE, 2009), pp 1–5.

Kukshya, V.

H. Xu, V. Kukshya, and T. S. Rappaport, “Spatial and temporal characteristics of 60-GHz indoor channels,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 20, 620–630 (2002).
[Crossref]

Kunisch, J.

A. P. Garcia, W. Kotterman, R. S. Thoma, U. Trautwein, D. Bruckner, W. Wirnitzer, and J. Kunisch, “60 GHz in-cabin real-time channel sounding,” in Proc. ChinaCOM 2009 (IEEE, 2009), pp 1–5.

Kuri, T.

J. J. VegasOlmos, T. Kuri, and K.-i. Kitayama, “Reconfigurable radio-over-fiber networks: Multiple-access functionality directly over the optical layer,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 58, 3001–3010 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. J. VegasOlmos, T. Kuri, T. Sono, K. Tamura, H. Toda, and K.-i. Kitayama, “Wireless and optical-integrated access network with peer-to-peer connection capability,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 1127–1129 (2008).
[Crossref]

K.-i. Kitayama, T. Kuri, J. J. Vegas Olmos, and H. Toda, “Fiber-wireless networks and radio-over-fibre technique,” in Proc. CLEO/QELS 2008 (OSA, 2008), pp 1–2.

Lebedev, A.

X. Pang, A. Lebedev, J. J. Vegas Olmos, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Multigigabit W-band (75–110 GHz) bidirectional hybrid fiber-wireless systems in access networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 3983–3990 (2014).

A. Lebedev, X. Pang, J. J. VegasOlmos, S. Forchhammer, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Simultaneous 60-GHz RoF transmission of lightwaves emitted by ECL, DFB, and VCSEL,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26, 733–736 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Lebedev, J. J. VegasOlmos, X. Pang, S. Forchhammer, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Demonstration and comparison study for V- and W-band real-time high-definition video delivery in diverse fiber-wireless infrastructure,” Fiber Integrated Opt. 32, 93–104 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lee, K.-L.

Leuthold, J.

S. Koenig, F. Boes, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, R. Henneberger, R. M. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, I. Kallfass, and J. Leuthold, “100 Gbit/s wireless link with mm-wave photonics,” in Proc. OFC 2013 (OSA, 2013), pp 1–3.

Li, C.-H.

C.-H. Li, M.-F. Wu, C.-H. Lin, and C.-T. Lin, “W-band OFDM RoF system with simple envelope detector down-conversion,” in Proc. OFC 2015 (OSA, 2015), pp. 1–3.

Lim, C.

Lin, C.-H.

C.-H. Li, M.-F. Wu, C.-H. Lin, and C.-T. Lin, “W-band OFDM RoF system with simple envelope detector down-conversion,” in Proc. OFC 2015 (OSA, 2015), pp. 1–3.

Lin, C.-T.

C.-H. Li, M.-F. Wu, C.-H. Lin, and C.-T. Lin, “W-band OFDM RoF system with simple envelope detector down-conversion,” in Proc. OFC 2015 (OSA, 2015), pp. 1–3.

W.-J. Jiang, H. Yang, Y.-M. Yang, C.-T. Lin, and A. Ng’oma, “40 Gb/s RoF signal transmission with 10 m wireless distance at 60 GHz,” in OFC/NFOEC 2012 (OSA, 2012), pp. 1–3.

Llorente, R.

M. Morant, A. Macho, and R. Llorente, “Optical fronthaul of LTE-advanced MIMO by spatial multiplexing in multicore fiber,” in Proc. OFC 2015 (OSA, 2015), paper W1F.6.

Lopez-Diaz, D.

S. Koenig, F. Boes, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, R. Henneberger, R. M. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, I. Kallfass, and J. Leuthold, “100 Gbit/s wireless link with mm-wave photonics,” in Proc. OFC 2013 (OSA, 2013), pp 1–3.

Macho, A.

M. Morant, A. Macho, and R. Llorente, “Optical fronthaul of LTE-advanced MIMO by spatial multiplexing in multicore fiber,” in Proc. OFC 2015 (OSA, 2015), paper W1F.6.

Mazzali, C.

D. Z. Chen, W. R. Belben, J. B. Gallup, C. Mazzali, P. Dainese, and T. Rhyne, “Requirements for bend insensitive fibers for Verizon’s FiOS and FTTH applications,” in Proc. OFC 2008 (IEEE, 2008), pp. 1–7.

Mishra, A. K.

S. Rommel, L. C. P. Cavalcante, J. J. VegasOlmos, I. Tafur Monroy, and A. K. Mishra, “Requirements for bend insensitive fiber in millimeter-wave fronthaul systems,” in Proc. MWP 2015 (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–4.

Monroy, I. Tafur

A. Lebedev, X. Pang, J. J. VegasOlmos, S. Forchhammer, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Simultaneous 60-GHz RoF transmission of lightwaves emitted by ECL, DFB, and VCSEL,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26, 733–736 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Pang, A. Lebedev, J. J. Vegas Olmos, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Multigigabit W-band (75–110 GHz) bidirectional hybrid fiber-wireless systems in access networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 3983–3990 (2014).

A. Lebedev, J. J. VegasOlmos, X. Pang, S. Forchhammer, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Demonstration and comparison study for V- and W-band real-time high-definition video delivery in diverse fiber-wireless infrastructure,” Fiber Integrated Opt. 32, 93–104 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Rommel, L. C. P. Cavalcante, J. J. VegasOlmos, I. Tafur Monroy, and A. K. Mishra, “Requirements for bend insensitive fiber in millimeter-wave fronthaul systems,” in Proc. MWP 2015 (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–4.

S. Rommel, S. Rodriguez, L. Chorchos, E. P. Grakhova, A. K. Sultanov, J. P. Turkiewicz, J. J. Vegas Olmos, and I. Tafur Monroy, “225m outdoor W-band radio-over-fiber link using an optical SFP+ module,” in Proc. OFC 2016 (OSA, 2016), paper Th2A.16.

S. Rommel, L. C. P. Cavalcante, J. J. Vegas Olmos, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Low RF complexity photonically enabled indoor and building-to-building w-band wireless link,” in Proc. ACP 2015 (OSA, 2015), paper AM1B.7.

S. Rommel, A. GalvisQuintero, L. C. P. Cavalcante, J. J. Vegas Olmos, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Channel characterization for high-speed W-band wireless communication links,” in Proc. OECC 2015 (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–3.

Morant, M.

M. Morant, A. Macho, and R. Llorente, “Optical fronthaul of LTE-advanced MIMO by spatial multiplexing in multicore fiber,” in Proc. OFC 2015 (OSA, 2015), paper W1F.6.

Ng’oma, A.

H. Yang, A. Ng’oma, B. Shih, A. Gowda, and L. Kazovsky, “Fiber-based solutions for in-door multi-Gbit/s wireless access,” in Proc. OFC 2015 (OSA, Los Angeles, 2015), paper W3F.1.

W.-J. Jiang, H. Yang, Y.-M. Yang, C.-T. Lin, and A. Ng’oma, “40 Gb/s RoF signal transmission with 10 m wireless distance at 60 GHz,” in OFC/NFOEC 2012 (OSA, 2012), pp. 1–3.

Nirmalathas, A.

Novak, D.

Palmer, R.

S. Koenig, F. Boes, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, R. Henneberger, R. M. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, I. Kallfass, and J. Leuthold, “100 Gbit/s wireless link with mm-wave photonics,” in Proc. OFC 2013 (OSA, 2013), pp 1–3.

Pang, X.

A. Lebedev, X. Pang, J. J. VegasOlmos, S. Forchhammer, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Simultaneous 60-GHz RoF transmission of lightwaves emitted by ECL, DFB, and VCSEL,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26, 733–736 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Pang, A. Lebedev, J. J. Vegas Olmos, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Multigigabit W-band (75–110 GHz) bidirectional hybrid fiber-wireless systems in access networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 3983–3990 (2014).

A. Lebedev, J. J. VegasOlmos, X. Pang, S. Forchhammer, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Demonstration and comparison study for V- and W-band real-time high-definition video delivery in diverse fiber-wireless infrastructure,” Fiber Integrated Opt. 32, 93–104 (2013).
[Crossref]

Pfeiffer, T.

T. Pfeiffer, “Next generation mobile fronthaul architectures,” in Proc. OFC 2015 (OSA, 2015), pp. 1–3.

Rappaport, T. S.

H. Xu, V. Kukshya, and T. S. Rappaport, “Spatial and temporal characteristics of 60-GHz indoor channels,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 20, 620–630 (2002).
[Crossref]

T. S. Rappaport, Wireless Communications: Principles and Practice, 2nd ed. (Prentice Hall, 2002).

Rhyne, T.

D. Z. Chen, W. R. Belben, J. B. Gallup, C. Mazzali, P. Dainese, and T. Rhyne, “Requirements for bend insensitive fibers for Verizon’s FiOS and FTTH applications,” in Proc. OFC 2008 (IEEE, 2008), pp. 1–7.

Rodriguez, S.

S. Rommel, S. Rodriguez, L. Chorchos, E. P. Grakhova, A. K. Sultanov, J. P. Turkiewicz, J. J. Vegas Olmos, and I. Tafur Monroy, “225m outdoor W-band radio-over-fiber link using an optical SFP+ module,” in Proc. OFC 2016 (OSA, 2016), paper Th2A.16.

Rommel, S.

S. Rommel, S. Rodriguez, L. Chorchos, E. P. Grakhova, A. K. Sultanov, J. P. Turkiewicz, J. J. Vegas Olmos, and I. Tafur Monroy, “225m outdoor W-band radio-over-fiber link using an optical SFP+ module,” in Proc. OFC 2016 (OSA, 2016), paper Th2A.16.

S. Rommel, L. C. P. Cavalcante, J. J. VegasOlmos, I. Tafur Monroy, and A. K. Mishra, “Requirements for bend insensitive fiber in millimeter-wave fronthaul systems,” in Proc. MWP 2015 (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–4.

S. Rommel, A. GalvisQuintero, L. C. P. Cavalcante, J. J. Vegas Olmos, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Channel characterization for high-speed W-band wireless communication links,” in Proc. OECC 2015 (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–3.

S. Rommel, L. C. P. Cavalcante, J. J. Vegas Olmos, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Low RF complexity photonically enabled indoor and building-to-building w-band wireless link,” in Proc. ACP 2015 (OSA, 2015), paper AM1B.7.

Rymanov, V.

R. Chuenchom, X. Zou, V. Rymanov, B. Khani, M. Steeg, S. Dülme, S. Babiel, A. Stöhr, J. Honecker, and A. G. Steffan, “Integrated 110 GHz coherent photonic mixer for CRoF mobile backhaul links,” in Proc. MWP 2015 (IEEE, 2015), paper 1–4.

A. Stöhr, O. Cojucari, F. van Dijk, G. Carpintero, T. Tekin, S. Formont, I. Flammia, V. Rymanov, B. Khani, and R. Chuenchom, “Robust 71–76 GHz radio-over-fiber wireless link with high-dynamic range photonic assisted transmitter and laser phase-noise insensitive SBD receiver,” in Proc. OFC 2014 (OSA, 2014), paper M2D.4.

Schmogrow, R. M.

S. Koenig, F. Boes, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, R. Henneberger, R. M. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, I. Kallfass, and J. Leuthold, “100 Gbit/s wireless link with mm-wave photonics,” in Proc. OFC 2013 (OSA, 2013), pp 1–3.

Shih, B.

H. Yang, A. Ng’oma, B. Shih, A. Gowda, and L. Kazovsky, “Fiber-based solutions for in-door multi-Gbit/s wireless access,” in Proc. OFC 2015 (OSA, Los Angeles, 2015), paper W3F.1.

Sklar, B.

B. Sklar, “Rayleigh fading channels in mobile digital communication systems - Part I: characterization,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 35, 90–100 (1997).
[Crossref]

Sono, T.

J. J. VegasOlmos, T. Kuri, T. Sono, K. Tamura, H. Toda, and K.-i. Kitayama, “Wireless and optical-integrated access network with peer-to-peer connection capability,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 1127–1129 (2008).
[Crossref]

Steeg, M.

R. Chuenchom, X. Zou, V. Rymanov, B. Khani, M. Steeg, S. Dülme, S. Babiel, A. Stöhr, J. Honecker, and A. G. Steffan, “Integrated 110 GHz coherent photonic mixer for CRoF mobile backhaul links,” in Proc. MWP 2015 (IEEE, 2015), paper 1–4.

Steffan, A. G.

R. Chuenchom, X. Zou, V. Rymanov, B. Khani, M. Steeg, S. Dülme, S. Babiel, A. Stöhr, J. Honecker, and A. G. Steffan, “Integrated 110 GHz coherent photonic mixer for CRoF mobile backhaul links,” in Proc. MWP 2015 (IEEE, 2015), paper 1–4.

Stöhr, A.

R. Chuenchom, X. Zou, V. Rymanov, B. Khani, M. Steeg, S. Dülme, S. Babiel, A. Stöhr, J. Honecker, and A. G. Steffan, “Integrated 110 GHz coherent photonic mixer for CRoF mobile backhaul links,” in Proc. MWP 2015 (IEEE, 2015), paper 1–4.

A. Stöhr, O. Cojucari, F. van Dijk, G. Carpintero, T. Tekin, S. Formont, I. Flammia, V. Rymanov, B. Khani, and R. Chuenchom, “Robust 71–76 GHz radio-over-fiber wireless link with high-dynamic range photonic assisted transmitter and laser phase-noise insensitive SBD receiver,” in Proc. OFC 2014 (OSA, 2014), paper M2D.4.

Sultanov, A. K.

S. Rommel, S. Rodriguez, L. Chorchos, E. P. Grakhova, A. K. Sultanov, J. P. Turkiewicz, J. J. Vegas Olmos, and I. Tafur Monroy, “225m outdoor W-band radio-over-fiber link using an optical SFP+ module,” in Proc. OFC 2016 (OSA, 2016), paper Th2A.16.

Tamura, K.

J. J. VegasOlmos, T. Kuri, T. Sono, K. Tamura, H. Toda, and K.-i. Kitayama, “Wireless and optical-integrated access network with peer-to-peer connection capability,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 1127–1129 (2008).
[Crossref]

Tekin, T.

A. Stöhr, O. Cojucari, F. van Dijk, G. Carpintero, T. Tekin, S. Formont, I. Flammia, V. Rymanov, B. Khani, and R. Chuenchom, “Robust 71–76 GHz radio-over-fiber wireless link with high-dynamic range photonic assisted transmitter and laser phase-noise insensitive SBD receiver,” in Proc. OFC 2014 (OSA, 2014), paper M2D.4.

Thoma, R. S.

A. P. Garcia, W. Kotterman, R. S. Thoma, U. Trautwein, D. Bruckner, W. Wirnitzer, and J. Kunisch, “60 GHz in-cabin real-time channel sounding,” in Proc. ChinaCOM 2009 (IEEE, 2009), pp 1–5.

Toda, H.

J. J. VegasOlmos, T. Kuri, T. Sono, K. Tamura, H. Toda, and K.-i. Kitayama, “Wireless and optical-integrated access network with peer-to-peer connection capability,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 1127–1129 (2008).
[Crossref]

K.-i. Kitayama, T. Kuri, J. J. Vegas Olmos, and H. Toda, “Fiber-wireless networks and radio-over-fibre technique,” in Proc. CLEO/QELS 2008 (OSA, 2008), pp 1–2.

Trautwein, U.

A. P. Garcia, W. Kotterman, R. S. Thoma, U. Trautwein, D. Bruckner, W. Wirnitzer, and J. Kunisch, “60 GHz in-cabin real-time channel sounding,” in Proc. ChinaCOM 2009 (IEEE, 2009), pp 1–5.

Turkiewicz, J. P.

S. Rommel, S. Rodriguez, L. Chorchos, E. P. Grakhova, A. K. Sultanov, J. P. Turkiewicz, J. J. Vegas Olmos, and I. Tafur Monroy, “225m outdoor W-band radio-over-fiber link using an optical SFP+ module,” in Proc. OFC 2016 (OSA, 2016), paper Th2A.16.

van Dijk, F.

A. Stöhr, O. Cojucari, F. van Dijk, G. Carpintero, T. Tekin, S. Formont, I. Flammia, V. Rymanov, B. Khani, and R. Chuenchom, “Robust 71–76 GHz radio-over-fiber wireless link with high-dynamic range photonic assisted transmitter and laser phase-noise insensitive SBD receiver,” in Proc. OFC 2014 (OSA, 2014), paper M2D.4.

Vegas Olmos, J. J.

X. Pang, A. Lebedev, J. J. Vegas Olmos, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Multigigabit W-band (75–110 GHz) bidirectional hybrid fiber-wireless systems in access networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 3983–3990 (2014).

K.-i. Kitayama, T. Kuri, J. J. Vegas Olmos, and H. Toda, “Fiber-wireless networks and radio-over-fibre technique,” in Proc. CLEO/QELS 2008 (OSA, 2008), pp 1–2.

S. Rommel, A. GalvisQuintero, L. C. P. Cavalcante, J. J. Vegas Olmos, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Channel characterization for high-speed W-band wireless communication links,” in Proc. OECC 2015 (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–3.

S. Rommel, L. C. P. Cavalcante, J. J. Vegas Olmos, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Low RF complexity photonically enabled indoor and building-to-building w-band wireless link,” in Proc. ACP 2015 (OSA, 2015), paper AM1B.7.

S. Rommel, S. Rodriguez, L. Chorchos, E. P. Grakhova, A. K. Sultanov, J. P. Turkiewicz, J. J. Vegas Olmos, and I. Tafur Monroy, “225m outdoor W-band radio-over-fiber link using an optical SFP+ module,” in Proc. OFC 2016 (OSA, 2016), paper Th2A.16.

VegasOlmos, J. J.

A. Lebedev, X. Pang, J. J. VegasOlmos, S. Forchhammer, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Simultaneous 60-GHz RoF transmission of lightwaves emitted by ECL, DFB, and VCSEL,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26, 733–736 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Lebedev, J. J. VegasOlmos, X. Pang, S. Forchhammer, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Demonstration and comparison study for V- and W-band real-time high-definition video delivery in diverse fiber-wireless infrastructure,” Fiber Integrated Opt. 32, 93–104 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. J. VegasOlmos, T. Kuri, and K.-i. Kitayama, “Reconfigurable radio-over-fiber networks: Multiple-access functionality directly over the optical layer,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 58, 3001–3010 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. J. VegasOlmos, T. Kuri, T. Sono, K. Tamura, H. Toda, and K.-i. Kitayama, “Wireless and optical-integrated access network with peer-to-peer connection capability,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 1127–1129 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Rommel, L. C. P. Cavalcante, J. J. VegasOlmos, I. Tafur Monroy, and A. K. Mishra, “Requirements for bend insensitive fiber in millimeter-wave fronthaul systems,” in Proc. MWP 2015 (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–4.

Waterhouse, R.

Wells, J.

J. Wells, “Faster than fiber: The future of multi-G/s wireless,” IEEE Microw. Mag. 10, 104–112 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wirnitzer, W.

A. P. Garcia, W. Kotterman, R. S. Thoma, U. Trautwein, D. Bruckner, W. Wirnitzer, and J. Kunisch, “60 GHz in-cabin real-time channel sounding,” in Proc. ChinaCOM 2009 (IEEE, 2009), pp 1–5.

Wu, M.-F.

C.-H. Li, M.-F. Wu, C.-H. Lin, and C.-T. Lin, “W-band OFDM RoF system with simple envelope detector down-conversion,” in Proc. OFC 2015 (OSA, 2015), pp. 1–3.

Xu, H.

H. Xu, V. Kukshya, and T. S. Rappaport, “Spatial and temporal characteristics of 60-GHz indoor channels,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 20, 620–630 (2002).
[Crossref]

Yang, H.

W.-J. Jiang, H. Yang, Y.-M. Yang, C.-T. Lin, and A. Ng’oma, “40 Gb/s RoF signal transmission with 10 m wireless distance at 60 GHz,” in OFC/NFOEC 2012 (OSA, 2012), pp. 1–3.

H. Yang, A. Ng’oma, B. Shih, A. Gowda, and L. Kazovsky, “Fiber-based solutions for in-door multi-Gbit/s wireless access,” in Proc. OFC 2015 (OSA, Los Angeles, 2015), paper W3F.1.

Yang, Y.-M.

W.-J. Jiang, H. Yang, Y.-M. Yang, C.-T. Lin, and A. Ng’oma, “40 Gb/s RoF signal transmission with 10 m wireless distance at 60 GHz,” in OFC/NFOEC 2012 (OSA, 2012), pp. 1–3.

Zou, X.

R. Chuenchom, X. Zou, V. Rymanov, B. Khani, M. Steeg, S. Dülme, S. Babiel, A. Stöhr, J. Honecker, and A. G. Steffan, “Integrated 110 GHz coherent photonic mixer for CRoF mobile backhaul links,” in Proc. MWP 2015 (IEEE, 2015), paper 1–4.

Zwick, T.

S. Koenig, F. Boes, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, R. Henneberger, R. M. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, I. Kallfass, and J. Leuthold, “100 Gbit/s wireless link with mm-wave photonics,” in Proc. OFC 2013 (OSA, 2013), pp 1–3.

Fiber Integrated Opt. (1)

A. Lebedev, J. J. VegasOlmos, X. Pang, S. Forchhammer, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Demonstration and comparison study for V- and W-band real-time high-definition video delivery in diverse fiber-wireless infrastructure,” Fiber Integrated Opt. 32, 93–104 (2013).
[Crossref]

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

B. Sklar, “Rayleigh fading channels in mobile digital communication systems - Part I: characterization,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 35, 90–100 (1997).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (1)

H. Xu, V. Kukshya, and T. S. Rappaport, “Spatial and temporal characteristics of 60-GHz indoor channels,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 20, 620–630 (2002).
[Crossref]

IEEE Microw. Mag. (1)

J. Wells, “Faster than fiber: The future of multi-G/s wireless,” IEEE Microw. Mag. 10, 104–112 (2009).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (2)

J. J. VegasOlmos, T. Kuri, T. Sono, K. Tamura, H. Toda, and K.-i. Kitayama, “Wireless and optical-integrated access network with peer-to-peer connection capability,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 1127–1129 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Lebedev, X. Pang, J. J. VegasOlmos, S. Forchhammer, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Simultaneous 60-GHz RoF transmission of lightwaves emitted by ECL, DFB, and VCSEL,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26, 733–736 (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (1)

J. J. VegasOlmos, T. Kuri, and K.-i. Kitayama, “Reconfigurable radio-over-fiber networks: Multiple-access functionality directly over the optical layer,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 58, 3001–3010 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Netw. (1)

Other (17)

W.-J. Jiang, H. Yang, Y.-M. Yang, C.-T. Lin, and A. Ng’oma, “40 Gb/s RoF signal transmission with 10 m wireless distance at 60 GHz,” in OFC/NFOEC 2012 (OSA, 2012), pp. 1–3.

T. S. Rappaport, Wireless Communications: Principles and Practice, 2nd ed. (Prentice Hall, 2002).

I. Oppermann, M. Hämäläinen, and J. Iinatti, eds., UWB: Theory and Applications (John Wiley and Sons, 2004).

C.-H. Li, M.-F. Wu, C.-H. Lin, and C.-T. Lin, “W-band OFDM RoF system with simple envelope detector down-conversion,” in Proc. OFC 2015 (OSA, 2015), pp. 1–3.

S. Rommel, L. C. P. Cavalcante, J. J. Vegas Olmos, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Low RF complexity photonically enabled indoor and building-to-building w-band wireless link,” in Proc. ACP 2015 (OSA, 2015), paper AM1B.7.

S. Koenig, F. Boes, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, R. Henneberger, R. M. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, I. Kallfass, and J. Leuthold, “100 Gbit/s wireless link with mm-wave photonics,” in Proc. OFC 2013 (OSA, 2013), pp 1–3.

K.-i. Kitayama, T. Kuri, J. J. Vegas Olmos, and H. Toda, “Fiber-wireless networks and radio-over-fibre technique,” in Proc. CLEO/QELS 2008 (OSA, 2008), pp 1–2.

T. Pfeiffer, “Next generation mobile fronthaul architectures,” in Proc. OFC 2015 (OSA, 2015), pp. 1–3.

H. Yang, A. Ng’oma, B. Shih, A. Gowda, and L. Kazovsky, “Fiber-based solutions for in-door multi-Gbit/s wireless access,” in Proc. OFC 2015 (OSA, Los Angeles, 2015), paper W3F.1.

A. P. Garcia, W. Kotterman, R. S. Thoma, U. Trautwein, D. Bruckner, W. Wirnitzer, and J. Kunisch, “60 GHz in-cabin real-time channel sounding,” in Proc. ChinaCOM 2009 (IEEE, 2009), pp 1–5.

S. Rommel, A. GalvisQuintero, L. C. P. Cavalcante, J. J. Vegas Olmos, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Channel characterization for high-speed W-band wireless communication links,” in Proc. OECC 2015 (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–3.

A. Stöhr, O. Cojucari, F. van Dijk, G. Carpintero, T. Tekin, S. Formont, I. Flammia, V. Rymanov, B. Khani, and R. Chuenchom, “Robust 71–76 GHz radio-over-fiber wireless link with high-dynamic range photonic assisted transmitter and laser phase-noise insensitive SBD receiver,” in Proc. OFC 2014 (OSA, 2014), paper M2D.4.

R. Chuenchom, X. Zou, V. Rymanov, B. Khani, M. Steeg, S. Dülme, S. Babiel, A. Stöhr, J. Honecker, and A. G. Steffan, “Integrated 110 GHz coherent photonic mixer for CRoF mobile backhaul links,” in Proc. MWP 2015 (IEEE, 2015), paper 1–4.

S. Rommel, S. Rodriguez, L. Chorchos, E. P. Grakhova, A. K. Sultanov, J. P. Turkiewicz, J. J. Vegas Olmos, and I. Tafur Monroy, “225m outdoor W-band radio-over-fiber link using an optical SFP+ module,” in Proc. OFC 2016 (OSA, 2016), paper Th2A.16.

M. Morant, A. Macho, and R. Llorente, “Optical fronthaul of LTE-advanced MIMO by spatial multiplexing in multicore fiber,” in Proc. OFC 2015 (OSA, 2015), paper W1F.6.

D. Z. Chen, W. R. Belben, J. B. Gallup, C. Mazzali, P. Dainese, and T. Rhyne, “Requirements for bend insensitive fibers for Verizon’s FiOS and FTTH applications,” in Proc. OFC 2008 (IEEE, 2008), pp. 1–7.

S. Rommel, L. C. P. Cavalcante, J. J. VegasOlmos, I. Tafur Monroy, and A. K. Mishra, “Requirements for bend insensitive fiber in millimeter-wave fronthaul systems,” in Proc. MWP 2015 (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–4.

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Figures (12)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Network scenarios for the hybrid fiber-wireless link. (a)–(d) outdoor medium distance links: (a) building-to-building communication, (b) recovery and protection of fiber links, (c) mobile front-/backhaul, (d) spanning obstacles and providing broadband access to rural ares; (e) short-range indoor wireless distribution
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Schematic of the experimental setup for W-band channel characterization and photograph of the pair of pyramidal waveguide horns. lo: local oscillator, esa: electrical spectrum analyzer
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Received power over frequency at distances of 0.5–4 m; close up: showing the aggregated effects of path loss, shadowing and small-scale fading
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Path loss over (a) distance and (b) frequency compared to predictions based on the Friis transmission equation (1)
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Wireless channel frequency ((a), (c)) and time ((b), (d)) response at 50 cm ((a), (b)) and 400 cm ((c), (d)) transmission distance
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Experimental setup for radio-over-fiber transmission and bend insensitive fiber analysis. ecl: external cavity laser, vsg: vector signal generator, mzm: Mach-Zehnder modulator, edfa: erbium doped fiber amplifier, awg: arrayed waveguide grating, ppg: pulse pattern generator, voa: variable optical attenuator, smf: standard single-mode fiber, bif: bend insensitive fiber, pd: photodiode, lna: low noise amplifier, ed: envelope detector, dso: digital storage oscilloscope
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 (a) Portable laboratory setup with photonic upconversion, (b) rack-mounted optical setup, (c) transmit antenna with pd, (d) receive antenna with lna and ed, (e) mandrels of different radii for bending analysis
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Signal spectra: (a) Optical signal at the output of the 3 dB coupler before fiber transmission and photonic upconversion, for the generation of a signal with an 80 GHz carrier; (b) Received electrical spectrum after envelope detection of the 2.5 Gbit/s nrz signal on an 84 GHz carrier and 70 m wireless transmission with Popt = 5dBm
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Evolution of ber: (a) vs Popt for different rf carrier frequencies at 2.5 Gbit/s and after 70 m wireless transmission, (b) vs Popt for wireless transmission distances between 30 m and 70 m at data rates of 2 Gbit/s and 2.5 Gbit/s and with an rf carrier frequency of 84 GHz, (c) vs distance and carrier frequency for 0dBm ≤ Popt 5dBm
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Eye diagrams: (a) transmitted 2.5 Gbit/s nrz signal, (b–d) received signal after envelope detection of the 2.5 Gbit/s nrz signal on an 84 GHz carrier and 50–70 m wireless transmission with Popt = 5dBm
Fig. 11
Fig. 11 Comparison of macrobending losses of Sterlite bif fiber samples at 1550 nm with ITU-T G.657 A1, A/B2 and B3 specifications
Fig. 12
Fig. 12 ber vs Popt without bending (a,b) and allowable numbers of turns at different radii (b,d) for a system performance with ber < 106; wireless distance: 70 m, carrier frequency: 84 GHz. (a,b) at 1 Gbit/s (Δ: ber = 2.0×104 for 10 turns @ 10 mm with smf fiber), (c,d) at 2.5 Gbit/s (Δ: ber = 2.5 × 106 for 5 turns @ 7.5 mm with sample A)

Equations (2)

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F S L [ d B ] = 10 log ( ( 4 π d f / c ) 2 ) = 20 log ( 4 π d f / c )
G E P L [ d B ] = 10 n log ( d / d 0 ) + L 0

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