Abstract

In this paper, a novel optical signal to noise ratio (OSNR) monitoring method using 2-dimension (2-D) phase portrait is proposed and demonstrated, which is generated by using a single low-speed sampling channel with software synchronization technique. Moreover, variable phase difference is proposed to generate the X-Y pairs, which increases the tolerance of synchronization accuracy significantly. This method is a cost effective solution with simple system setup.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. Z. Pan, C. Yu, and A. E. Willner, “Optical performance monitoring for the next generation optical communication networks,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 16(1), 20–45 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  2. Z. Chen, L. Yan, A. Yi, W. Pan, and B. Luo, “Simultaneous OSNR monitoring for two polarization tributaries of a PDM signal using a polarization-diversity nonlinear loop mirror based on FWM,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(14), 2376–2381 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  3. J. H. Lee, D. K. Jung, C. H. Kim, and Y. C. Chung, “OSNR monitoring technique using polarization-nulling method,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(1), 88–90 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  4. M. R. Chitgarha, S. Khaleghi, W. Daab, M. Ziyadi, A. Mohajerin-Ariaei, D. Rogawski, M. Tur, J. D. Touch, V. Vusirikala, W. Zhao, and A. E. Willner, “Demonstration of WDM OSNR performance monitoring and operating guidelines for pol-muxed 200-Gbit/s 16-QAM and 100-Gbit/s QPSK data channels,” OFC, OTh3B.6, (2013).
    [Crossref]
  5. N. Hanik, A. Gladisch, C. Casper, and B. Strebel, “Application of amplitude histograms to monitor performance of optical channels,” Electron. Lett. 35(5), 403–404 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  6. I. Shake, H. Takara, and S. Kawanishi, “Simple Q factor monitoring for BER estimation using opened eye diagrams captured by high-speed asynchronous electrooptical sampling,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(4), 620–622 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  7. R. S. Luís, A. Teixeira, and P. Monteiro, “Optical signal-to-noise ratio estimation using reference asynchronous histograms,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(6), 731–743 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  8. S. D. Dods and T. B. Anderson, “Optical performance monitoring technique using delay tap asynchronous waveform sampling,” OFC, OThP5, (2006).
    [Crossref]
  9. B. Kozick, A. Maruta, and K. Kitayama, “Experimental investigation of delay-tap sampling technique for online monitoring of RZ-DQPSK signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(3), 179–181 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  10. F. N. Khan, A. P. T. Lau, Z. Li, C. Lu, and P. K. A. Wai, “Statistical analysis of optical signal to noise ratio monitoring using delay-tap sampling,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(3), 149–151 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  11. F. N. Khan, A. P. T. Lau, Z. Li, C. Lu, and P. K. A. Wai, “OSNR monitoring for RZ-DQPSK systems using half-symbol delay-tap sampling technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(11), 823–825 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  12. Y. Yu, B. Zhang, and C. Yu, “Optical signal to noise ratio monitoring using single channel sampling technique,” Opt. Express 22(6), 6874–6880 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. H. G. Choi, J. H. Chang, and Y. C. Chung, “OSNR monitoring technique based on software-based synchronous amplitude histogram analysis,” OECC 2013, TuR2–TuR5 (2013).
  14. H. G. Choi, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Phasor monitoring of DxPSK signals using software-based synchronization technique,” Opt. Express 18(21), 21511–21518 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. Y. Yu and C. Yu, “OSNR monitoring by using single sampling channel generated 2-D phase portrait,” OFC, Th2A.49, (2014).
    [Crossref]

2014 (1)

2013 (1)

H. G. Choi, J. H. Chang, and Y. C. Chung, “OSNR monitoring technique based on software-based synchronous amplitude histogram analysis,” OECC 2013, TuR2–TuR5 (2013).

2012 (1)

2010 (4)

Z. Pan, C. Yu, and A. E. Willner, “Optical performance monitoring for the next generation optical communication networks,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 16(1), 20–45 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. N. Khan, A. P. T. Lau, Z. Li, C. Lu, and P. K. A. Wai, “Statistical analysis of optical signal to noise ratio monitoring using delay-tap sampling,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(3), 149–151 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. N. Khan, A. P. T. Lau, Z. Li, C. Lu, and P. K. A. Wai, “OSNR monitoring for RZ-DQPSK systems using half-symbol delay-tap sampling technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(11), 823–825 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. G. Choi, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Phasor monitoring of DxPSK signals using software-based synchronization technique,” Opt. Express 18(21), 21511–21518 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

R. S. Luís, A. Teixeira, and P. Monteiro, “Optical signal-to-noise ratio estimation using reference asynchronous histograms,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(6), 731–743 (2009).
[Crossref]

B. Kozick, A. Maruta, and K. Kitayama, “Experimental investigation of delay-tap sampling technique for online monitoring of RZ-DQPSK signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(3), 179–181 (2009).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

I. Shake, H. Takara, and S. Kawanishi, “Simple Q factor monitoring for BER estimation using opened eye diagrams captured by high-speed asynchronous electrooptical sampling,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(4), 620–622 (2003).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

J. H. Lee, D. K. Jung, C. H. Kim, and Y. C. Chung, “OSNR monitoring technique using polarization-nulling method,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(1), 88–90 (2001).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

N. Hanik, A. Gladisch, C. Casper, and B. Strebel, “Application of amplitude histograms to monitor performance of optical channels,” Electron. Lett. 35(5), 403–404 (1999).
[Crossref]

Casper, C.

N. Hanik, A. Gladisch, C. Casper, and B. Strebel, “Application of amplitude histograms to monitor performance of optical channels,” Electron. Lett. 35(5), 403–404 (1999).
[Crossref]

Chang, J. H.

H. G. Choi, J. H. Chang, and Y. C. Chung, “OSNR monitoring technique based on software-based synchronous amplitude histogram analysis,” OECC 2013, TuR2–TuR5 (2013).

Chen, Z.

Choi, H. G.

H. G. Choi, J. H. Chang, and Y. C. Chung, “OSNR monitoring technique based on software-based synchronous amplitude histogram analysis,” OECC 2013, TuR2–TuR5 (2013).

H. G. Choi, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Phasor monitoring of DxPSK signals using software-based synchronization technique,” Opt. Express 18(21), 21511–21518 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chung, Y. C.

H. G. Choi, J. H. Chang, and Y. C. Chung, “OSNR monitoring technique based on software-based synchronous amplitude histogram analysis,” OECC 2013, TuR2–TuR5 (2013).

H. G. Choi, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Phasor monitoring of DxPSK signals using software-based synchronization technique,” Opt. Express 18(21), 21511–21518 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Lee, D. K. Jung, C. H. Kim, and Y. C. Chung, “OSNR monitoring technique using polarization-nulling method,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(1), 88–90 (2001).
[Crossref]

Gladisch, A.

N. Hanik, A. Gladisch, C. Casper, and B. Strebel, “Application of amplitude histograms to monitor performance of optical channels,” Electron. Lett. 35(5), 403–404 (1999).
[Crossref]

Hanik, N.

N. Hanik, A. Gladisch, C. Casper, and B. Strebel, “Application of amplitude histograms to monitor performance of optical channels,” Electron. Lett. 35(5), 403–404 (1999).
[Crossref]

Jung, D. K.

J. H. Lee, D. K. Jung, C. H. Kim, and Y. C. Chung, “OSNR monitoring technique using polarization-nulling method,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(1), 88–90 (2001).
[Crossref]

Kawanishi, S.

I. Shake, H. Takara, and S. Kawanishi, “Simple Q factor monitoring for BER estimation using opened eye diagrams captured by high-speed asynchronous electrooptical sampling,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(4), 620–622 (2003).
[Crossref]

Khan, F. N.

F. N. Khan, A. P. T. Lau, Z. Li, C. Lu, and P. K. A. Wai, “Statistical analysis of optical signal to noise ratio monitoring using delay-tap sampling,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(3), 149–151 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. N. Khan, A. P. T. Lau, Z. Li, C. Lu, and P. K. A. Wai, “OSNR monitoring for RZ-DQPSK systems using half-symbol delay-tap sampling technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(11), 823–825 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kim, C. H.

J. H. Lee, D. K. Jung, C. H. Kim, and Y. C. Chung, “OSNR monitoring technique using polarization-nulling method,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(1), 88–90 (2001).
[Crossref]

Kitayama, K.

B. Kozick, A. Maruta, and K. Kitayama, “Experimental investigation of delay-tap sampling technique for online monitoring of RZ-DQPSK signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(3), 179–181 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kozick, B.

B. Kozick, A. Maruta, and K. Kitayama, “Experimental investigation of delay-tap sampling technique for online monitoring of RZ-DQPSK signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(3), 179–181 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lau, A. P. T.

F. N. Khan, A. P. T. Lau, Z. Li, C. Lu, and P. K. A. Wai, “OSNR monitoring for RZ-DQPSK systems using half-symbol delay-tap sampling technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(11), 823–825 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. N. Khan, A. P. T. Lau, Z. Li, C. Lu, and P. K. A. Wai, “Statistical analysis of optical signal to noise ratio monitoring using delay-tap sampling,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(3), 149–151 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lee, J. H.

J. H. Lee, D. K. Jung, C. H. Kim, and Y. C. Chung, “OSNR monitoring technique using polarization-nulling method,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(1), 88–90 (2001).
[Crossref]

Li, Z.

F. N. Khan, A. P. T. Lau, Z. Li, C. Lu, and P. K. A. Wai, “Statistical analysis of optical signal to noise ratio monitoring using delay-tap sampling,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(3), 149–151 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. N. Khan, A. P. T. Lau, Z. Li, C. Lu, and P. K. A. Wai, “OSNR monitoring for RZ-DQPSK systems using half-symbol delay-tap sampling technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(11), 823–825 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lu, C.

F. N. Khan, A. P. T. Lau, Z. Li, C. Lu, and P. K. A. Wai, “OSNR monitoring for RZ-DQPSK systems using half-symbol delay-tap sampling technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(11), 823–825 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. N. Khan, A. P. T. Lau, Z. Li, C. Lu, and P. K. A. Wai, “Statistical analysis of optical signal to noise ratio monitoring using delay-tap sampling,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(3), 149–151 (2010).
[Crossref]

Luís, R. S.

Luo, B.

Maruta, A.

B. Kozick, A. Maruta, and K. Kitayama, “Experimental investigation of delay-tap sampling technique for online monitoring of RZ-DQPSK signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(3), 179–181 (2009).
[Crossref]

Monteiro, P.

Pan, W.

Pan, Z.

Z. Pan, C. Yu, and A. E. Willner, “Optical performance monitoring for the next generation optical communication networks,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 16(1), 20–45 (2010).
[Crossref]

Shake, I.

I. Shake, H. Takara, and S. Kawanishi, “Simple Q factor monitoring for BER estimation using opened eye diagrams captured by high-speed asynchronous electrooptical sampling,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(4), 620–622 (2003).
[Crossref]

Strebel, B.

N. Hanik, A. Gladisch, C. Casper, and B. Strebel, “Application of amplitude histograms to monitor performance of optical channels,” Electron. Lett. 35(5), 403–404 (1999).
[Crossref]

Takara, H.

I. Shake, H. Takara, and S. Kawanishi, “Simple Q factor monitoring for BER estimation using opened eye diagrams captured by high-speed asynchronous electrooptical sampling,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(4), 620–622 (2003).
[Crossref]

Takushima, Y.

Teixeira, A.

Wai, P. K. A.

F. N. Khan, A. P. T. Lau, Z. Li, C. Lu, and P. K. A. Wai, “Statistical analysis of optical signal to noise ratio monitoring using delay-tap sampling,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(3), 149–151 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. N. Khan, A. P. T. Lau, Z. Li, C. Lu, and P. K. A. Wai, “OSNR monitoring for RZ-DQPSK systems using half-symbol delay-tap sampling technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(11), 823–825 (2010).
[Crossref]

Willner, A. E.

Z. Pan, C. Yu, and A. E. Willner, “Optical performance monitoring for the next generation optical communication networks,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 16(1), 20–45 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yan, L.

Yi, A.

Yu, C.

Y. Yu, B. Zhang, and C. Yu, “Optical signal to noise ratio monitoring using single channel sampling technique,” Opt. Express 22(6), 6874–6880 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Pan, C. Yu, and A. E. Willner, “Optical performance monitoring for the next generation optical communication networks,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 16(1), 20–45 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yu, Y.

Zhang, B.

Electron. Lett. (1)

N. Hanik, A. Gladisch, C. Casper, and B. Strebel, “Application of amplitude histograms to monitor performance of optical channels,” Electron. Lett. 35(5), 403–404 (1999).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (5)

I. Shake, H. Takara, and S. Kawanishi, “Simple Q factor monitoring for BER estimation using opened eye diagrams captured by high-speed asynchronous electrooptical sampling,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(4), 620–622 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. H. Lee, D. K. Jung, C. H. Kim, and Y. C. Chung, “OSNR monitoring technique using polarization-nulling method,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(1), 88–90 (2001).
[Crossref]

B. Kozick, A. Maruta, and K. Kitayama, “Experimental investigation of delay-tap sampling technique for online monitoring of RZ-DQPSK signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(3), 179–181 (2009).
[Crossref]

F. N. Khan, A. P. T. Lau, Z. Li, C. Lu, and P. K. A. Wai, “Statistical analysis of optical signal to noise ratio monitoring using delay-tap sampling,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(3), 149–151 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. N. Khan, A. P. T. Lau, Z. Li, C. Lu, and P. K. A. Wai, “OSNR monitoring for RZ-DQPSK systems using half-symbol delay-tap sampling technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(11), 823–825 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

OECC (1)

H. G. Choi, J. H. Chang, and Y. C. Chung, “OSNR monitoring technique based on software-based synchronous amplitude histogram analysis,” OECC 2013, TuR2–TuR5 (2013).

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

Z. Pan, C. Yu, and A. E. Willner, “Optical performance monitoring for the next generation optical communication networks,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 16(1), 20–45 (2010).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

Y. Yu and C. Yu, “OSNR monitoring by using single sampling channel generated 2-D phase portrait,” OFC, Th2A.49, (2014).
[Crossref]

M. R. Chitgarha, S. Khaleghi, W. Daab, M. Ziyadi, A. Mohajerin-Ariaei, D. Rogawski, M. Tur, J. D. Touch, V. Vusirikala, W. Zhao, and A. E. Willner, “Demonstration of WDM OSNR performance monitoring and operating guidelines for pol-muxed 200-Gbit/s 16-QAM and 100-Gbit/s QPSK data channels,” OFC, OTh3B.6, (2013).
[Crossref]

S. D. Dods and T. B. Anderson, “Optical performance monitoring technique using delay tap asynchronous waveform sampling,” OFC, OThP5, (2006).
[Crossref]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Experimental setup of the proposed OSNR monitoring method.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Un-related low-speed sampling scheme, (b) schematic diagram of X-Y pairs generation.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 For 30-dB OSNR NRZ-DPSK signal, the reconstructed eye diagram, when the aliasing FO is (a) 0 Hz, (b) 500 Hz; half-symbol phase difference phase portrait, when the aliasing FO is (c) 0 Hz, (d) 500 Hz, (e) 10 kHz.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Phase portrait generated by using different phase differences in different modulation formats.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Schematic diagram of phase portrait generated by variable phase difference, (b) variable half-symbol phase difference phase portrait under 10-kHz aliasing FO.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) OSNR monitoring error versus the phase difference deviation; OSNR monitoring error versus aliasing frequency offset in (b) NRZ-DPSK, (c) RZ-DPSK, (d) NRZ-OOK.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 OSNR monitoring performance in the presence of CD variation and aliasing frequency offset in (a) NRZ-DPSK, (b) RZ-DPSK, (c) NRZ-OOK.

Equations (2)

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f a f s = τ T
f a + f o f s = τ+Δτ T

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