Abstract

We propose a wide-angle, polarization-independent and dual-band infrared perfect metamaterial absorber made of double L-shaped gold patches on a dielectric spacer and opaque gold ground layer. Numerical and experimental results demonstrate that the absorber has two near-unity absorption peaks, which are result from magnetic polariton modes generated at two different resonant wavelengths. In addition, the proposed structure also shows good absorption stability in a wide range of incident anglesθfor both TE and TM incidences at azimuthal angle φ = 0°. Moreover, we demonstrate that such structure has good absorption stability for a wide range of azimuthal angles due to the excitation of perpendicular magnetic polariton modes within the asymmetric double L-shaped structure. Such structure will assist in designing magnetic polaritons absorbing element for infrared spectroscopy and imaging.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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2013 (3)

2012 (8)

K. Chen, R. Adato, and H. Altug, “Dual-Band Perfect Absorber for Multispectral Plasmon-Enhanced Infrared Spectroscopy,” ACS Nano 6(9), 7998–8006 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Hendrickson, J. Guo, B. Zhang, W. Buchwald, and R. Soref, “Wideband perfect light absorber at midwave infrared using multiplexed metal structures,” Opt. Lett. 37(3), 371–373 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Bouchon, C. Koechlin, F. Pardo, R. Haïdar, and J. L. Pelouard, “Wideband omnidirectional infrared absorber with a patchwork of plasmonic nanoantennas,” Opt. Lett. 37(6), 1038–1040 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C.-W. Cheng, M. N. Abbas, C.-W. Chiu, K.-T. Lai, M.-H. Shih, and Y.-C. Chang, “Wide-angle polarization independent infrared broadband absorbers based on metallic multi-sized disk arrays,” Opt. Express 20(9), 10376–10381 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. C. Devarapu and S. Foteinopoulou, “Mid-IR near-perfect absorption with a SiC photonic crystal with angle-controlled polarization selectivity,” Opt. Express 20(12), 13040–13054 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Dai, D. Yap, and G. Chen, “Wideband enhancement of infrared absorption in a direct band-gap semiconductor by using nonabsorptive pyramids,” Opt. Express 20(104), A519–A529 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Ding, Y. Cui, X. Ge, Y. Jin, and S. He, “Ultra-broadband microwave metamaterial absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(10), 103506 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “Ultrabroadband Light Absorption by a Sawtooth Anisotropic Metamaterial Slab,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1443–1447 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (5)

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the Blackbody with Infrared Metamaterials as Selective Thermal Emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Mason, S. Smith, and D. Wasserman, “Strong absorption and selective thermal emission from a midinfrared metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(24), 241105 (2011).
[Crossref]

B. Zhang, Y. Zhao, Q. Hao, B. Kiraly, I.-C. Khoo, S. Chen, and T. J. Huang, “Polarization-independent dual-band infrared perfect absorber based on a metal-dielectric-metal elliptical nanodisk array,” Opt. Express 19(16), 15221–15228 (2011).
[PubMed]

J. Grant, Y. Ma, S. Saha, A. Khalid, and D. R. S. Cumming, “Polarization insensitive, broadband terahertz metamaterial absorber,” Opt. Lett. 36(17), 3476–3478 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Q. Xu, P. H. Zhou, H. B. Zhang, L. Chen, and L. Jiang Deng, “A wide-angle planar metamaterial absorber based on split ring resonator coupling,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(4), 044102 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (5)

X. Liu, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, and W. J. Padilla, “Infrared Spatial and Frequency Selective Metamaterial with Near-Unity Absorbance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(20), 207403 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Hu, C. M. Bingham, D. Pilon, K. Fan, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Shrekenhamer, W. J. Padilla, Z. Xin, and R. D. Averitt, “A dual band terahertz metamaterial absorber,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(22), 225102 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared Perfect Absorber and Its Application As Plasmonic Sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Q. Ye, Y. Jin, and S. He, “Omnidirectional, polarization-insensitive and broadband thin absorber in the terahertz regime,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(3), 498–504 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

M. Diem, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Wide-angle perfect absorber/thermal emitter in the terahertz regime,” Phys. Rev. B 79(3), 033101 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. Hu, Z. Zhao, X. Chen, and X. Luo, “Realizing near-perfect absorption at visible frequencies,” Opt. Express 17(13), 11039–11044 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (3)

B. J. Lee, L. P. Wang, and Z. M. Zhang, “Coherent thermal emission by excitation of magnetic polaritons between periodic strips and a metallic film,” Opt. Express 16(15), 11328–11336 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (4)

W. Cai, K. U. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Optical cloaking with metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 1(4), 224–227 (2007).

P. B. Catrysse and S. Fan, “Near-complete transmission through subwavelength hole arrays in phonon-polaritonic thin films,” Phys. Rev. B 75, 075422 (2007).

G. Dolling, M. Wegener, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, “Design-related losses of double-fishnet negative-index photonic metamaterials,” Opt. Express 15(18), 11536–11541 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Kafesaki, I. Tsiapa, N. Katsarakis, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and E. N. Economou, “Left-handed metamaterials: the fishnet structure and its variations,” Phys. Rev. B 75(23), 235114 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312(5781), 1780–1782 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

D. R. Smith, D. C. Vier, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Electromagnetic parameter retrieval from inhomogeneous metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 71(3), 036617 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, and M. C. K. Wiltshire, “Metamaterials and negative refractive index,” Science 305(5685), 788–792 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. R. Christensen, B. Jakosky, H. H. Kieffer, M. C. Malin, H. Y. McSween, K. Nealson, G. L. Mehall, S. H. Silverman, S. Ferry, M. Caplinger, and M. Ravine, “The Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS) for the Mars 2001 Odyssey Mission,” Space Sci. Rev. 110(1–2), 85–130 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, “Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction,” Science 292(5514), 77–79 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2000 (2)

D. R. Smith, W. J. Padilla, D. C. Vier, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Schultz, “Composite medium with simultaneously negative permeability and permittivity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(18), 4184–4187 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, “Negative refraction makes a perfect lens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(18), 3966–3969 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Abbas, M. N.

Adato, R.

K. Chen, R. Adato, and H. Altug, “Dual-Band Perfect Absorber for Multispectral Plasmon-Enhanced Infrared Spectroscopy,” ACS Nano 6(9), 7998–8006 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Altug, H.

K. Chen, R. Adato, and H. Altug, “Dual-Band Perfect Absorber for Multispectral Plasmon-Enhanced Infrared Spectroscopy,” ACS Nano 6(9), 7998–8006 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Averitt, R. D.

T. Hu, C. M. Bingham, D. Pilon, K. Fan, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Shrekenhamer, W. J. Padilla, Z. Xin, and R. D. Averitt, “A dual band terahertz metamaterial absorber,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(22), 225102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Barnes, W. L.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bartal, G.

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bingham, C. M.

T. Hu, C. M. Bingham, D. Pilon, K. Fan, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Shrekenhamer, W. J. Padilla, Z. Xin, and R. D. Averitt, “A dual band terahertz metamaterial absorber,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(22), 225102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bouchon, P.

Buchwald, W.

Cai, W.

W. Cai, K. U. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Optical cloaking with metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 1(4), 224–227 (2007).

Caplinger, M.

P. R. Christensen, B. Jakosky, H. H. Kieffer, M. C. Malin, H. Y. McSween, K. Nealson, G. L. Mehall, S. H. Silverman, S. Ferry, M. Caplinger, and M. Ravine, “The Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS) for the Mars 2001 Odyssey Mission,” Space Sci. Rev. 110(1–2), 85–130 (2004).
[Crossref]

Catrysse, P. B.

P. B. Catrysse and S. Fan, “Near-complete transmission through subwavelength hole arrays in phonon-polaritonic thin films,” Phys. Rev. B 75, 075422 (2007).

Chang, Y.-C.

Chen, G.

Chen, K.

K. Chen, R. Adato, and H. Altug, “Dual-Band Perfect Absorber for Multispectral Plasmon-Enhanced Infrared Spectroscopy,” ACS Nano 6(9), 7998–8006 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, L.

Y. Q. Xu, P. H. Zhou, H. B. Zhang, L. Chen, and L. Jiang Deng, “A wide-angle planar metamaterial absorber based on split ring resonator coupling,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(4), 044102 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chen, S.

Chen, X.

Cheng, C.-W.

Cheng, D.

Chettiar, K. U.

W. Cai, K. U. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Optical cloaking with metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 1(4), 224–227 (2007).

Chiu, C.-W.

Christensen, P. R.

P. R. Christensen, B. Jakosky, H. H. Kieffer, M. C. Malin, H. Y. McSween, K. Nealson, G. L. Mehall, S. H. Silverman, S. Ferry, M. Caplinger, and M. Ravine, “The Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS) for the Mars 2001 Odyssey Mission,” Space Sci. Rev. 110(1–2), 85–130 (2004).
[Crossref]

Cui, Y.

F. Ding, Y. Cui, X. Ge, Y. Jin, and S. He, “Ultra-broadband microwave metamaterial absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(10), 103506 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “Ultrabroadband Light Absorption by a Sawtooth Anisotropic Metamaterial Slab,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1443–1447 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cumming, D. R. S.

Dai, W.

Deng, L.

Dereux, A.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Devarapu, G. C.

Diem, M.

M. Diem, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Wide-angle perfect absorber/thermal emitter in the terahertz regime,” Phys. Rev. B 79(3), 033101 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ding, F.

F. Ding, Y. Cui, X. Ge, Y. Jin, and S. He, “Ultra-broadband microwave metamaterial absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(10), 103506 (2012).
[Crossref]

Dolling, G.

Ebbesen, T. W.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Economou, E. N.

M. Kafesaki, I. Tsiapa, N. Katsarakis, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and E. N. Economou, “Left-handed metamaterials: the fishnet structure and its variations,” Phys. Rev. B 75(23), 235114 (2007).
[Crossref]

Fan, K.

T. Hu, C. M. Bingham, D. Pilon, K. Fan, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Shrekenhamer, W. J. Padilla, Z. Xin, and R. D. Averitt, “A dual band terahertz metamaterial absorber,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(22), 225102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Fan, S.

P. B. Catrysse and S. Fan, “Near-complete transmission through subwavelength hole arrays in phonon-polaritonic thin films,” Phys. Rev. B 75, 075422 (2007).

Fang, N. X.

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “Ultrabroadband Light Absorption by a Sawtooth Anisotropic Metamaterial Slab,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1443–1447 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ferry, S.

P. R. Christensen, B. Jakosky, H. H. Kieffer, M. C. Malin, H. Y. McSween, K. Nealson, G. L. Mehall, S. H. Silverman, S. Ferry, M. Caplinger, and M. Ravine, “The Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS) for the Mars 2001 Odyssey Mission,” Space Sci. Rev. 110(1–2), 85–130 (2004).
[Crossref]

Foteinopoulou, S.

Fung, K. H.

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “Ultrabroadband Light Absorption by a Sawtooth Anisotropic Metamaterial Slab,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1443–1447 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ge, X.

F. Ding, Y. Cui, X. Ge, Y. Jin, and S. He, “Ultra-broadband microwave metamaterial absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(10), 103506 (2012).
[Crossref]

Genov, D. A.

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
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Guo, J.

Haïdar, R.

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J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
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Hao, Q.

He, S.

F. Ding, Y. Cui, X. Ge, Y. Jin, and S. He, “Ultra-broadband microwave metamaterial absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(10), 103506 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “Ultrabroadband Light Absorption by a Sawtooth Anisotropic Metamaterial Slab,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1443–1447 (2012).
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Y. Q. Ye, Y. Jin, and S. He, “Omnidirectional, polarization-insensitive and broadband thin absorber in the terahertz regime,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(3), 498–504 (2010).
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Hendrickson, J.

Hentschel, M.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared Perfect Absorber and Its Application As Plasmonic Sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
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Hu, C.

Hu, T.

T. Hu, C. M. Bingham, D. Pilon, K. Fan, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Shrekenhamer, W. J. Padilla, Z. Xin, and R. D. Averitt, “A dual band terahertz metamaterial absorber,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(22), 225102 (2010).
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Huang, T. J.

Jakosky, B.

P. R. Christensen, B. Jakosky, H. H. Kieffer, M. C. Malin, H. Y. McSween, K. Nealson, G. L. Mehall, S. H. Silverman, S. Ferry, M. Caplinger, and M. Ravine, “The Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS) for the Mars 2001 Odyssey Mission,” Space Sci. Rev. 110(1–2), 85–130 (2004).
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Jiang Deng, L.

Y. Q. Xu, P. H. Zhou, H. B. Zhang, L. Chen, and L. Jiang Deng, “A wide-angle planar metamaterial absorber based on split ring resonator coupling,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(4), 044102 (2011).
[Crossref]

Jin, Y.

F. Ding, Y. Cui, X. Ge, Y. Jin, and S. He, “Ultra-broadband microwave metamaterial absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(10), 103506 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “Ultrabroadband Light Absorption by a Sawtooth Anisotropic Metamaterial Slab,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1443–1447 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Q. Ye, Y. Jin, and S. He, “Omnidirectional, polarization-insensitive and broadband thin absorber in the terahertz regime,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(3), 498–504 (2010).
[Crossref]

Jokerst, N. M.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the Blackbody with Infrared Metamaterials as Selective Thermal Emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
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M. Kafesaki, I. Tsiapa, N. Katsarakis, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and E. N. Economou, “Left-handed metamaterials: the fishnet structure and its variations,” Phys. Rev. B 75(23), 235114 (2007).
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Katsarakis, N.

M. Kafesaki, I. Tsiapa, N. Katsarakis, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and E. N. Economou, “Left-handed metamaterials: the fishnet structure and its variations,” Phys. Rev. B 75(23), 235114 (2007).
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Khalid, A.

Khoo, I.-C.

Kieffer, H. H.

P. R. Christensen, B. Jakosky, H. H. Kieffer, M. C. Malin, H. Y. McSween, K. Nealson, G. L. Mehall, S. H. Silverman, S. Ferry, M. Caplinger, and M. Ravine, “The Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS) for the Mars 2001 Odyssey Mission,” Space Sci. Rev. 110(1–2), 85–130 (2004).
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Kildishev, A. V.

W. Cai, K. U. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Optical cloaking with metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 1(4), 224–227 (2007).

Kiraly, B.

Koechlin, C.

Koschny, T.

M. Diem, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Wide-angle perfect absorber/thermal emitter in the terahertz regime,” Phys. Rev. B 79(3), 033101 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Kafesaki, I. Tsiapa, N. Katsarakis, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and E. N. Economou, “Left-handed metamaterials: the fishnet structure and its variations,” Phys. Rev. B 75(23), 235114 (2007).
[Crossref]

D. R. Smith, D. C. Vier, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Electromagnetic parameter retrieval from inhomogeneous metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 71(3), 036617 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lai, K.-T.

Landy, N. I.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, B. J.

Linden, S.

Liu, N.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared Perfect Absorber and Its Application As Plasmonic Sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, X.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the Blackbody with Infrared Metamaterials as Selective Thermal Emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, and W. J. Padilla, “Infrared Spatial and Frequency Selective Metamaterial with Near-Unity Absorbance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(20), 207403 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luo, X.

Ma, H.

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “Ultrabroadband Light Absorption by a Sawtooth Anisotropic Metamaterial Slab,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1443–1447 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ma, Y.

Malin, M. C.

P. R. Christensen, B. Jakosky, H. H. Kieffer, M. C. Malin, H. Y. McSween, K. Nealson, G. L. Mehall, S. H. Silverman, S. Ferry, M. Caplinger, and M. Ravine, “The Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS) for the Mars 2001 Odyssey Mission,” Space Sci. Rev. 110(1–2), 85–130 (2004).
[Crossref]

Mason, J.

J. Mason, S. Smith, and D. Wasserman, “Strong absorption and selective thermal emission from a midinfrared metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(24), 241105 (2011).
[Crossref]

McSween, H. Y.

P. R. Christensen, B. Jakosky, H. H. Kieffer, M. C. Malin, H. Y. McSween, K. Nealson, G. L. Mehall, S. H. Silverman, S. Ferry, M. Caplinger, and M. Ravine, “The Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS) for the Mars 2001 Odyssey Mission,” Space Sci. Rev. 110(1–2), 85–130 (2004).
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Mehall, G. L.

P. R. Christensen, B. Jakosky, H. H. Kieffer, M. C. Malin, H. Y. McSween, K. Nealson, G. L. Mehall, S. H. Silverman, S. Ferry, M. Caplinger, and M. Ravine, “The Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS) for the Mars 2001 Odyssey Mission,” Space Sci. Rev. 110(1–2), 85–130 (2004).
[Crossref]

Mesch, M.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared Perfect Absorber and Its Application As Plasmonic Sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mock, J. J.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nahar, N. K.

W.-G. Yeo, N. K. Nahar, and K. Sertel, “Far‐IR multiband dual‐polarization perfect absorber for wide incident angles,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 55(3), 632–636 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nealson, K.

P. R. Christensen, B. Jakosky, H. H. Kieffer, M. C. Malin, H. Y. McSween, K. Nealson, G. L. Mehall, S. H. Silverman, S. Ferry, M. Caplinger, and M. Ravine, “The Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS) for the Mars 2001 Odyssey Mission,” Space Sci. Rev. 110(1–2), 85–130 (2004).
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Nemat-Nasser, S. C.

D. R. Smith, W. J. Padilla, D. C. Vier, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Schultz, “Composite medium with simultaneously negative permeability and permittivity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(18), 4184–4187 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Padilla, W. J.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the Blackbody with Infrared Metamaterials as Selective Thermal Emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. Hu, C. M. Bingham, D. Pilon, K. Fan, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Shrekenhamer, W. J. Padilla, Z. Xin, and R. D. Averitt, “A dual band terahertz metamaterial absorber,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(22), 225102 (2010).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, and W. J. Padilla, “Infrared Spatial and Frequency Selective Metamaterial with Near-Unity Absorbance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(20), 207403 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. R. Smith, W. J. Padilla, D. C. Vier, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Schultz, “Composite medium with simultaneously negative permeability and permittivity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(18), 4184–4187 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pardo, F.

Pelouard, J. L.

Pendry, J. B.

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312(5781), 1780–1782 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, and M. C. K. Wiltshire, “Metamaterials and negative refractive index,” Science 305(5685), 788–792 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, “Negative refraction makes a perfect lens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(18), 3966–3969 (2000).
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Pilon, D.

T. Hu, C. M. Bingham, D. Pilon, K. Fan, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Shrekenhamer, W. J. Padilla, Z. Xin, and R. D. Averitt, “A dual band terahertz metamaterial absorber,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(22), 225102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Qiu, M.

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
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Ravine, M.

P. R. Christensen, B. Jakosky, H. H. Kieffer, M. C. Malin, H. Y. McSween, K. Nealson, G. L. Mehall, S. H. Silverman, S. Ferry, M. Caplinger, and M. Ravine, “The Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS) for the Mars 2001 Odyssey Mission,” Space Sci. Rev. 110(1–2), 85–130 (2004).
[Crossref]

Saha, S.

Sajuyigbe, S.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schultz, S.

R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, “Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction,” Science 292(5514), 77–79 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. R. Smith, W. J. Padilla, D. C. Vier, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Schultz, “Composite medium with simultaneously negative permeability and permittivity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(18), 4184–4187 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schurig, D.

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312(5781), 1780–1782 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sertel, K.

W.-G. Yeo, N. K. Nahar, and K. Sertel, “Far‐IR multiband dual‐polarization perfect absorber for wide incident angles,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 55(3), 632–636 (2013).
[Crossref]

Shalaev, V. M.

W. Cai, K. U. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Optical cloaking with metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 1(4), 224–227 (2007).

Shelby, R. A.

R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, “Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction,” Science 292(5514), 77–79 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shih, M.-H.

Shrekenhamer, D.

T. Hu, C. M. Bingham, D. Pilon, K. Fan, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Shrekenhamer, W. J. Padilla, Z. Xin, and R. D. Averitt, “A dual band terahertz metamaterial absorber,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(22), 225102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Silverman, S. H.

P. R. Christensen, B. Jakosky, H. H. Kieffer, M. C. Malin, H. Y. McSween, K. Nealson, G. L. Mehall, S. H. Silverman, S. Ferry, M. Caplinger, and M. Ravine, “The Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS) for the Mars 2001 Odyssey Mission,” Space Sci. Rev. 110(1–2), 85–130 (2004).
[Crossref]

Smith, D. R.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312(5781), 1780–1782 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. R. Smith, D. C. Vier, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Electromagnetic parameter retrieval from inhomogeneous metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 71(3), 036617 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, and M. C. K. Wiltshire, “Metamaterials and negative refractive index,” Science 305(5685), 788–792 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, “Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction,” Science 292(5514), 77–79 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. R. Smith, W. J. Padilla, D. C. Vier, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Schultz, “Composite medium with simultaneously negative permeability and permittivity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(18), 4184–4187 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Smith, S.

J. Mason, S. Smith, and D. Wasserman, “Strong absorption and selective thermal emission from a midinfrared metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(24), 241105 (2011).
[Crossref]

Soref, R.

Soukoulis, C. M.

M. Diem, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Wide-angle perfect absorber/thermal emitter in the terahertz regime,” Phys. Rev. B 79(3), 033101 (2009).
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G. Dolling, M. Wegener, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, “Design-related losses of double-fishnet negative-index photonic metamaterials,” Opt. Express 15(18), 11536–11541 (2007).
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M. Kafesaki, I. Tsiapa, N. Katsarakis, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and E. N. Economou, “Left-handed metamaterials: the fishnet structure and its variations,” Phys. Rev. B 75(23), 235114 (2007).
[Crossref]

D. R. Smith, D. C. Vier, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Electromagnetic parameter retrieval from inhomogeneous metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 71(3), 036617 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Starr, A. F.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the Blackbody with Infrared Metamaterials as Selective Thermal Emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Liu, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, and W. J. Padilla, “Infrared Spatial and Frequency Selective Metamaterial with Near-Unity Absorbance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(20), 207403 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Starr, T.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the Blackbody with Infrared Metamaterials as Selective Thermal Emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Liu, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, and W. J. Padilla, “Infrared Spatial and Frequency Selective Metamaterial with Near-Unity Absorbance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(20), 207403 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Strikwerda, A. C.

T. Hu, C. M. Bingham, D. Pilon, K. Fan, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Shrekenhamer, W. J. Padilla, Z. Xin, and R. D. Averitt, “A dual band terahertz metamaterial absorber,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(22), 225102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tsiapa, I.

M. Kafesaki, I. Tsiapa, N. Katsarakis, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and E. N. Economou, “Left-handed metamaterials: the fishnet structure and its variations,” Phys. Rev. B 75(23), 235114 (2007).
[Crossref]

Tyler, T.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the Blackbody with Infrared Metamaterials as Selective Thermal Emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
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Ulin-Avila, E.

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
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Valentine, J.

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vier, D. C.

D. R. Smith, D. C. Vier, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Electromagnetic parameter retrieval from inhomogeneous metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 71(3), 036617 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. R. Smith, W. J. Padilla, D. C. Vier, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Schultz, “Composite medium with simultaneously negative permeability and permittivity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(18), 4184–4187 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, J.

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wang, L. P.

Wasserman, D.

J. Mason, S. Smith, and D. Wasserman, “Strong absorption and selective thermal emission from a midinfrared metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(24), 241105 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wegener, M.

Weiss, T.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared Perfect Absorber and Its Application As Plasmonic Sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
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Weng, X.

Wiltshire, M. C. K.

D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, and M. C. K. Wiltshire, “Metamaterials and negative refractive index,” Science 305(5685), 788–792 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xie, J.

Xin, Z.

T. Hu, C. M. Bingham, D. Pilon, K. Fan, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Shrekenhamer, W. J. Padilla, Z. Xin, and R. D. Averitt, “A dual band terahertz metamaterial absorber,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(22), 225102 (2010).
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Xu, J.

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “Ultrabroadband Light Absorption by a Sawtooth Anisotropic Metamaterial Slab,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1443–1447 (2012).
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Xu, Y. Q.

Y. Q. Xu, P. H. Zhou, H. B. Zhang, L. Chen, and L. Jiang Deng, “A wide-angle planar metamaterial absorber based on split ring resonator coupling,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(4), 044102 (2011).
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Yap, D.

Ye, Y. Q.

Yeo, W.-G.

W.-G. Yeo, N. K. Nahar, and K. Sertel, “Far‐IR multiband dual‐polarization perfect absorber for wide incident angles,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 55(3), 632–636 (2013).
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J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
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Zhang, H. B.

Y. Q. Xu, P. H. Zhou, H. B. Zhang, L. Chen, and L. Jiang Deng, “A wide-angle planar metamaterial absorber based on split ring resonator coupling,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(4), 044102 (2011).
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Zhang, N.

Zhang, S.

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
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Zhang, X.

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
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Zhang, Z. M.

Zhao, Y.

Zhao, Z.

Zhou, L.

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
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Zhou, P.

Zhou, P. H.

Y. Q. Xu, P. H. Zhou, H. B. Zhang, L. Chen, and L. Jiang Deng, “A wide-angle planar metamaterial absorber based on split ring resonator coupling,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(4), 044102 (2011).
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ACS Nano (1)

K. Chen, R. Adato, and H. Altug, “Dual-Band Perfect Absorber for Multispectral Plasmon-Enhanced Infrared Spectroscopy,” ACS Nano 6(9), 7998–8006 (2012).
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Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

J. Mason, S. Smith, and D. Wasserman, “Strong absorption and selective thermal emission from a midinfrared metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(24), 241105 (2011).
[Crossref]

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J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Q. Xu, P. H. Zhou, H. B. Zhang, L. Chen, and L. Jiang Deng, “A wide-angle planar metamaterial absorber based on split ring resonator coupling,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(4), 044102 (2011).
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W.-G. Yeo, N. K. Nahar, and K. Sertel, “Far‐IR multiband dual‐polarization perfect absorber for wide incident angles,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 55(3), 632–636 (2013).
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Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “Ultrabroadband Light Absorption by a Sawtooth Anisotropic Metamaterial Slab,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1443–1447 (2012).
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Nat. Photonics (1)

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Nature (2)

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CST MICROWAVE STUDIO, Computer Simulation Technology, www.cst.com .

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Figures (12)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Top view and (b) side view of a unit cell of the single L-shaped metamaterial absorber, (c) TE incident wave impinging on the structure in x-z incident plane (where the azimuthal angle φ = 0°) with an incident angle of θ to z–direction.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Absorption spectra of single L-shaped metamaterial with different incident angles for (a) TE configuration and (b) TM configuration, where the azimuthal angle φ = 0° and the length l and width w are respectively set as 0.8 μm and 0.4 μm.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Top view and (b) side view of a unit cell of the L-shaped metamaterial absorber, (c) TM incident wave impinging on the structure in x-z incident plane (where the azimuthal angle φ = 0°) with an incident angle of θ to z–direction, (d) SEM image of the fabricated L-shaped metamaterial absorber.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) The absorption spectrum of perfect absorber under the incident angle of θ = 45° and φ = 0°for both TE (red solid line) and TM (blue dotted line) configurations; (b) the imaginary part (solid line) and real part (dotted line) of the effective impedance in TE configuration.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 The z component of electric field distribution at resonant wavelength λ2 = 7.54 μm on (a) double L-shaped patches and (b) bottom metal layer in TE incidence under the incident angle of θ = 45° and φ = 0°.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 The z component of electric field distribution at resonant wavelength λ1 = 5.86 μm on (a) double L-shaped patches and (b) bottom metal layer in TE incidence under the incident angle of θ = 45° and φ = 0°.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Absorption spectra as a function of incident angle θ at φ = 0° (a) for TE polarization and (b) for TM polarization, and the intensity of absorption is given by the colormap.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Absorption spectra as a function of azimuthal angle φ at θ = 45° (a) for TE polarization and (b) for TM polarization, and the intensity of absorption is given by the colormap.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 The absorption spectrum in TE incidence under the incident angle of θ = 45° and φ = 0°.varies with (a) lengths l of the L-shaped patches while w is fixed at 0.4 μm and (b) widths w of the L-shaped patches while l is fixed at 0.8 μm, and the intensity of absorption is given by the colormap
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Schematic of the equivalent LC circuit for the L-shaped resonator.
Fig. 11
Fig. 11 The experimental set up schematic of FTIR measuring sample reflection.
Fig. 12
Fig. 12 Experimental(black-solid) and theoretical (red dash line is in TE incidence) results of the absorption spectrum of L-shaped metamaterial absorber at θ = 22° and φ = 0°.

Equations (2)

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Z tot = iω( L m + L e ) 1 ω 2 C g ( L m + L e ) 2i ω C m +iω( L m + L e )
ω R = [ ( C m + C g C m 2 + C g 2 ) / ( ( L m + L e ) C m C g ) ] 1/2

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