Abstract

The efficient generation of redshifted pulses from chirped femtosecond joule level Bessel beam pulses in gases is studied. The redshift spans from a few 100 cm−1 to several 1000 cm−1 corresponding to a shift of 50-500 nm for Nd:glass laser systems. The generated pulses have an almost perfect Gaussian beam profile insensitive of the pump beam profile, and are much shorter than the pump pulses. The highest measured energy is as high as 30 mJ, which is significantly higher than possible with solid state nonlinear frequency shifters.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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  1. V. Malkin, G. Shvets, and N. Fisch, “Fast compression of laser beams to highly overcritical powers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(22), 4448–4451 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  2. G. Mourou, N. Fisch, V. Malkin, Z. Toroker, E. Khazanov, A. Sergeev, T. Tajima, and B. Le Garrec, “Exawatt-Zettawatt pulse generation and applications,” Opt. Commun. 285(5), 720–724 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  3. J. Ren, W. Cheng, S. Li, and S. Suckewer, “A new method for generating ultraintense and ultrashort laser pulses,” Nat. Phys. 3(10), 732–736 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  4. G. Vieux, A. Lyachev, X. Yang, B. Ersfeld, J. Farmer, E. Brunetti, R. Issac, G. Raj, G. Welsh, S. Wiggins, and D. A. Jaroszynski, “Chirped pulse Raman amplification in plasma,” New J. Phys. 13(6), 063042 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  5. G. Shvets, N. Fisch, A. Pukhov, and J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, “Superradiant amplification of an ultrashort laser pulse in a plasma by a counterpropagating pump,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81(22), 4879–4882 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  6. M. Scheller, X. Chen, G. O. Ariunbold, N. Born, J. Moloney, M. Kolesik, and P. Polynkin, “Raman conversion in intense femtosecond Bessel beams in air,” Phys. Rev. A 89(5), 053805 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  7. T. A. Planchon, L. Gao, D. E. Milkie, M. W. Davidson, J. A. Galbraith, C. G. Galbraith, and E. Betzig, “Rapid three-dimensional isotropic imaging of living cells using Bessel beam plane illumination,” Nat. Methods 8(5), 417–423 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. J. Arlt, V. Garces-Chavez, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, “Optical micromanipulation using a Bessel light beam,” Opt. Commun. 197(4-6), 239–245 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  9. P. Polynkin, “Intense femtosecond shaped laser beams for writing extended structures inside transparent dielectrics,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 114(1), 143–149 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  10. A. Dubietis, P. Polesana, G. Valiulis, A. Stabinis, P. Di Trapani, and A. Piskarskas, “Axial emission and spectral broadening in self-focusing of femtosecond Bessel beams,” Opt. Express 15(7), 4168–4175 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. N. Zhavoronkov, “Efficient spectral conversion and temporal compression of femtosecond pulses in SF6,” Opt. Lett. 36(4), 529–531 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. R. Trines, F. Fiuza, R. Bingham, R. Fonseca, L. Silva, R. Cairns, and P. Norreys, “Simulations of efficient Raman amplification into the multipetawatt regime,” Nat. Phys. 7(1), 87–92 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  13. M. A. Porras and I. Gonzalo, “Control of temporal characteristics of Bessel-X pulses in dispersive media,” Opt. Commun. 217(1-6), 257–264 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  14. S. Klewitz, S. Sogomonian, M. Woerner, and S. Herminghaus, “Stimulated Raman scattering of femtosecond Bessel pulses,” Opt. Commun. 154(4), 186–190 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  15. D. Elliott and J. Ward, “Measurements of refractive-index dispersion in gases with a two-wavelength one-path interferometer,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 73(12), 1836–1838 (1983).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  17. J. C. Evans and H. J. Bernstein, “The vibrational spectra of isobutane and isobutane-d1,” Can. J. Chem. 34(8), 1037–1045 (1956).
    [Crossref]
  18. X. Guo, J. Lu, W. Li, Y. Xu, X. Lu, Y. Leng, and R. Li, “Chirped pulse Raman amplification in Ba(NO3)2 crystals,” Opt. Laser Technol. 67, 8–11 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  19. P. Polynkin, M. Kolesik, and J. Moloney, “Extended filamentation with temporally chirped femtosecond Bessel-Gauss beams in air,” Opt. Express 17(2), 575–584 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (1)

X. Guo, J. Lu, W. Li, Y. Xu, X. Lu, Y. Leng, and R. Li, “Chirped pulse Raman amplification in Ba(NO3)2 crystals,” Opt. Laser Technol. 67, 8–11 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

M. Scheller, X. Chen, G. O. Ariunbold, N. Born, J. Moloney, M. Kolesik, and P. Polynkin, “Raman conversion in intense femtosecond Bessel beams in air,” Phys. Rev. A 89(5), 053805 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. Polynkin, “Intense femtosecond shaped laser beams for writing extended structures inside transparent dielectrics,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 114(1), 143–149 (2014).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

G. Mourou, N. Fisch, V. Malkin, Z. Toroker, E. Khazanov, A. Sergeev, T. Tajima, and B. Le Garrec, “Exawatt-Zettawatt pulse generation and applications,” Opt. Commun. 285(5), 720–724 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (4)

G. Vieux, A. Lyachev, X. Yang, B. Ersfeld, J. Farmer, E. Brunetti, R. Issac, G. Raj, G. Welsh, S. Wiggins, and D. A. Jaroszynski, “Chirped pulse Raman amplification in plasma,” New J. Phys. 13(6), 063042 (2011).
[Crossref]

T. A. Planchon, L. Gao, D. E. Milkie, M. W. Davidson, J. A. Galbraith, C. G. Galbraith, and E. Betzig, “Rapid three-dimensional isotropic imaging of living cells using Bessel beam plane illumination,” Nat. Methods 8(5), 417–423 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Zhavoronkov, “Efficient spectral conversion and temporal compression of femtosecond pulses in SF6,” Opt. Lett. 36(4), 529–531 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Trines, F. Fiuza, R. Bingham, R. Fonseca, L. Silva, R. Cairns, and P. Norreys, “Simulations of efficient Raman amplification into the multipetawatt regime,” Nat. Phys. 7(1), 87–92 (2011).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

2007 (2)

2003 (1)

M. A. Porras and I. Gonzalo, “Control of temporal characteristics of Bessel-X pulses in dispersive media,” Opt. Commun. 217(1-6), 257–264 (2003).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

J. Arlt, V. Garces-Chavez, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, “Optical micromanipulation using a Bessel light beam,” Opt. Commun. 197(4-6), 239–245 (2001).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

V. Malkin, G. Shvets, and N. Fisch, “Fast compression of laser beams to highly overcritical powers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(22), 4448–4451 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (2)

S. Klewitz, S. Sogomonian, M. Woerner, and S. Herminghaus, “Stimulated Raman scattering of femtosecond Bessel pulses,” Opt. Commun. 154(4), 186–190 (1998).
[Crossref]

G. Shvets, N. Fisch, A. Pukhov, and J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, “Superradiant amplification of an ultrashort laser pulse in a plasma by a counterpropagating pump,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81(22), 4879–4882 (1998).
[Crossref]

1983 (1)

1977 (1)

T. Shimanouchi, “Tables of molecular vibrational frequencies. Consolidated volume II,” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 6(3), 993–1102 (1977).
[Crossref]

1956 (1)

J. C. Evans and H. J. Bernstein, “The vibrational spectra of isobutane and isobutane-d1,” Can. J. Chem. 34(8), 1037–1045 (1956).
[Crossref]

Ariunbold, G. O.

M. Scheller, X. Chen, G. O. Ariunbold, N. Born, J. Moloney, M. Kolesik, and P. Polynkin, “Raman conversion in intense femtosecond Bessel beams in air,” Phys. Rev. A 89(5), 053805 (2014).
[Crossref]

Arlt, J.

J. Arlt, V. Garces-Chavez, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, “Optical micromanipulation using a Bessel light beam,” Opt. Commun. 197(4-6), 239–245 (2001).
[Crossref]

Bernstein, H. J.

J. C. Evans and H. J. Bernstein, “The vibrational spectra of isobutane and isobutane-d1,” Can. J. Chem. 34(8), 1037–1045 (1956).
[Crossref]

Betzig, E.

T. A. Planchon, L. Gao, D. E. Milkie, M. W. Davidson, J. A. Galbraith, C. G. Galbraith, and E. Betzig, “Rapid three-dimensional isotropic imaging of living cells using Bessel beam plane illumination,” Nat. Methods 8(5), 417–423 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bingham, R.

R. Trines, F. Fiuza, R. Bingham, R. Fonseca, L. Silva, R. Cairns, and P. Norreys, “Simulations of efficient Raman amplification into the multipetawatt regime,” Nat. Phys. 7(1), 87–92 (2011).
[Crossref]

Born, N.

M. Scheller, X. Chen, G. O. Ariunbold, N. Born, J. Moloney, M. Kolesik, and P. Polynkin, “Raman conversion in intense femtosecond Bessel beams in air,” Phys. Rev. A 89(5), 053805 (2014).
[Crossref]

Brunetti, E.

G. Vieux, A. Lyachev, X. Yang, B. Ersfeld, J. Farmer, E. Brunetti, R. Issac, G. Raj, G. Welsh, S. Wiggins, and D. A. Jaroszynski, “Chirped pulse Raman amplification in plasma,” New J. Phys. 13(6), 063042 (2011).
[Crossref]

Cairns, R.

R. Trines, F. Fiuza, R. Bingham, R. Fonseca, L. Silva, R. Cairns, and P. Norreys, “Simulations of efficient Raman amplification into the multipetawatt regime,” Nat. Phys. 7(1), 87–92 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chen, X.

M. Scheller, X. Chen, G. O. Ariunbold, N. Born, J. Moloney, M. Kolesik, and P. Polynkin, “Raman conversion in intense femtosecond Bessel beams in air,” Phys. Rev. A 89(5), 053805 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cheng, W.

J. Ren, W. Cheng, S. Li, and S. Suckewer, “A new method for generating ultraintense and ultrashort laser pulses,” Nat. Phys. 3(10), 732–736 (2007).
[Crossref]

Davidson, M. W.

T. A. Planchon, L. Gao, D. E. Milkie, M. W. Davidson, J. A. Galbraith, C. G. Galbraith, and E. Betzig, “Rapid three-dimensional isotropic imaging of living cells using Bessel beam plane illumination,” Nat. Methods 8(5), 417–423 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dholakia, K.

J. Arlt, V. Garces-Chavez, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, “Optical micromanipulation using a Bessel light beam,” Opt. Commun. 197(4-6), 239–245 (2001).
[Crossref]

Di Trapani, P.

Dubietis, A.

Elliott, D.

Ersfeld, B.

G. Vieux, A. Lyachev, X. Yang, B. Ersfeld, J. Farmer, E. Brunetti, R. Issac, G. Raj, G. Welsh, S. Wiggins, and D. A. Jaroszynski, “Chirped pulse Raman amplification in plasma,” New J. Phys. 13(6), 063042 (2011).
[Crossref]

Evans, J. C.

J. C. Evans and H. J. Bernstein, “The vibrational spectra of isobutane and isobutane-d1,” Can. J. Chem. 34(8), 1037–1045 (1956).
[Crossref]

Farmer, J.

G. Vieux, A. Lyachev, X. Yang, B. Ersfeld, J. Farmer, E. Brunetti, R. Issac, G. Raj, G. Welsh, S. Wiggins, and D. A. Jaroszynski, “Chirped pulse Raman amplification in plasma,” New J. Phys. 13(6), 063042 (2011).
[Crossref]

Fisch, N.

G. Mourou, N. Fisch, V. Malkin, Z. Toroker, E. Khazanov, A. Sergeev, T. Tajima, and B. Le Garrec, “Exawatt-Zettawatt pulse generation and applications,” Opt. Commun. 285(5), 720–724 (2012).
[Crossref]

V. Malkin, G. Shvets, and N. Fisch, “Fast compression of laser beams to highly overcritical powers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(22), 4448–4451 (1999).
[Crossref]

G. Shvets, N. Fisch, A. Pukhov, and J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, “Superradiant amplification of an ultrashort laser pulse in a plasma by a counterpropagating pump,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81(22), 4879–4882 (1998).
[Crossref]

Fiuza, F.

R. Trines, F. Fiuza, R. Bingham, R. Fonseca, L. Silva, R. Cairns, and P. Norreys, “Simulations of efficient Raman amplification into the multipetawatt regime,” Nat. Phys. 7(1), 87–92 (2011).
[Crossref]

Fonseca, R.

R. Trines, F. Fiuza, R. Bingham, R. Fonseca, L. Silva, R. Cairns, and P. Norreys, “Simulations of efficient Raman amplification into the multipetawatt regime,” Nat. Phys. 7(1), 87–92 (2011).
[Crossref]

Galbraith, C. G.

T. A. Planchon, L. Gao, D. E. Milkie, M. W. Davidson, J. A. Galbraith, C. G. Galbraith, and E. Betzig, “Rapid three-dimensional isotropic imaging of living cells using Bessel beam plane illumination,” Nat. Methods 8(5), 417–423 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Galbraith, J. A.

T. A. Planchon, L. Gao, D. E. Milkie, M. W. Davidson, J. A. Galbraith, C. G. Galbraith, and E. Betzig, “Rapid three-dimensional isotropic imaging of living cells using Bessel beam plane illumination,” Nat. Methods 8(5), 417–423 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gao, L.

T. A. Planchon, L. Gao, D. E. Milkie, M. W. Davidson, J. A. Galbraith, C. G. Galbraith, and E. Betzig, “Rapid three-dimensional isotropic imaging of living cells using Bessel beam plane illumination,” Nat. Methods 8(5), 417–423 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Garces-Chavez, V.

J. Arlt, V. Garces-Chavez, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, “Optical micromanipulation using a Bessel light beam,” Opt. Commun. 197(4-6), 239–245 (2001).
[Crossref]

Gonzalo, I.

M. A. Porras and I. Gonzalo, “Control of temporal characteristics of Bessel-X pulses in dispersive media,” Opt. Commun. 217(1-6), 257–264 (2003).
[Crossref]

Guo, X.

X. Guo, J. Lu, W. Li, Y. Xu, X. Lu, Y. Leng, and R. Li, “Chirped pulse Raman amplification in Ba(NO3)2 crystals,” Opt. Laser Technol. 67, 8–11 (2015).
[Crossref]

Herminghaus, S.

S. Klewitz, S. Sogomonian, M. Woerner, and S. Herminghaus, “Stimulated Raman scattering of femtosecond Bessel pulses,” Opt. Commun. 154(4), 186–190 (1998).
[Crossref]

Issac, R.

G. Vieux, A. Lyachev, X. Yang, B. Ersfeld, J. Farmer, E. Brunetti, R. Issac, G. Raj, G. Welsh, S. Wiggins, and D. A. Jaroszynski, “Chirped pulse Raman amplification in plasma,” New J. Phys. 13(6), 063042 (2011).
[Crossref]

Jaroszynski, D. A.

G. Vieux, A. Lyachev, X. Yang, B. Ersfeld, J. Farmer, E. Brunetti, R. Issac, G. Raj, G. Welsh, S. Wiggins, and D. A. Jaroszynski, “Chirped pulse Raman amplification in plasma,” New J. Phys. 13(6), 063042 (2011).
[Crossref]

Khazanov, E.

G. Mourou, N. Fisch, V. Malkin, Z. Toroker, E. Khazanov, A. Sergeev, T. Tajima, and B. Le Garrec, “Exawatt-Zettawatt pulse generation and applications,” Opt. Commun. 285(5), 720–724 (2012).
[Crossref]

Klewitz, S.

S. Klewitz, S. Sogomonian, M. Woerner, and S. Herminghaus, “Stimulated Raman scattering of femtosecond Bessel pulses,” Opt. Commun. 154(4), 186–190 (1998).
[Crossref]

Kolesik, M.

M. Scheller, X. Chen, G. O. Ariunbold, N. Born, J. Moloney, M. Kolesik, and P. Polynkin, “Raman conversion in intense femtosecond Bessel beams in air,” Phys. Rev. A 89(5), 053805 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. Polynkin, M. Kolesik, and J. Moloney, “Extended filamentation with temporally chirped femtosecond Bessel-Gauss beams in air,” Opt. Express 17(2), 575–584 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Le Garrec, B.

G. Mourou, N. Fisch, V. Malkin, Z. Toroker, E. Khazanov, A. Sergeev, T. Tajima, and B. Le Garrec, “Exawatt-Zettawatt pulse generation and applications,” Opt. Commun. 285(5), 720–724 (2012).
[Crossref]

Leng, Y.

X. Guo, J. Lu, W. Li, Y. Xu, X. Lu, Y. Leng, and R. Li, “Chirped pulse Raman amplification in Ba(NO3)2 crystals,” Opt. Laser Technol. 67, 8–11 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, R.

X. Guo, J. Lu, W. Li, Y. Xu, X. Lu, Y. Leng, and R. Li, “Chirped pulse Raman amplification in Ba(NO3)2 crystals,” Opt. Laser Technol. 67, 8–11 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, S.

J. Ren, W. Cheng, S. Li, and S. Suckewer, “A new method for generating ultraintense and ultrashort laser pulses,” Nat. Phys. 3(10), 732–736 (2007).
[Crossref]

Li, W.

X. Guo, J. Lu, W. Li, Y. Xu, X. Lu, Y. Leng, and R. Li, “Chirped pulse Raman amplification in Ba(NO3)2 crystals,” Opt. Laser Technol. 67, 8–11 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lu, J.

X. Guo, J. Lu, W. Li, Y. Xu, X. Lu, Y. Leng, and R. Li, “Chirped pulse Raman amplification in Ba(NO3)2 crystals,” Opt. Laser Technol. 67, 8–11 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lu, X.

X. Guo, J. Lu, W. Li, Y. Xu, X. Lu, Y. Leng, and R. Li, “Chirped pulse Raman amplification in Ba(NO3)2 crystals,” Opt. Laser Technol. 67, 8–11 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lyachev, A.

G. Vieux, A. Lyachev, X. Yang, B. Ersfeld, J. Farmer, E. Brunetti, R. Issac, G. Raj, G. Welsh, S. Wiggins, and D. A. Jaroszynski, “Chirped pulse Raman amplification in plasma,” New J. Phys. 13(6), 063042 (2011).
[Crossref]

Malkin, V.

G. Mourou, N. Fisch, V. Malkin, Z. Toroker, E. Khazanov, A. Sergeev, T. Tajima, and B. Le Garrec, “Exawatt-Zettawatt pulse generation and applications,” Opt. Commun. 285(5), 720–724 (2012).
[Crossref]

V. Malkin, G. Shvets, and N. Fisch, “Fast compression of laser beams to highly overcritical powers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(22), 4448–4451 (1999).
[Crossref]

Meyer-ter-Vehn, J.

G. Shvets, N. Fisch, A. Pukhov, and J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, “Superradiant amplification of an ultrashort laser pulse in a plasma by a counterpropagating pump,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81(22), 4879–4882 (1998).
[Crossref]

Milkie, D. E.

T. A. Planchon, L. Gao, D. E. Milkie, M. W. Davidson, J. A. Galbraith, C. G. Galbraith, and E. Betzig, “Rapid three-dimensional isotropic imaging of living cells using Bessel beam plane illumination,” Nat. Methods 8(5), 417–423 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Moloney, J.

M. Scheller, X. Chen, G. O. Ariunbold, N. Born, J. Moloney, M. Kolesik, and P. Polynkin, “Raman conversion in intense femtosecond Bessel beams in air,” Phys. Rev. A 89(5), 053805 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. Polynkin, M. Kolesik, and J. Moloney, “Extended filamentation with temporally chirped femtosecond Bessel-Gauss beams in air,” Opt. Express 17(2), 575–584 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mourou, G.

G. Mourou, N. Fisch, V. Malkin, Z. Toroker, E. Khazanov, A. Sergeev, T. Tajima, and B. Le Garrec, “Exawatt-Zettawatt pulse generation and applications,” Opt. Commun. 285(5), 720–724 (2012).
[Crossref]

Norreys, P.

R. Trines, F. Fiuza, R. Bingham, R. Fonseca, L. Silva, R. Cairns, and P. Norreys, “Simulations of efficient Raman amplification into the multipetawatt regime,” Nat. Phys. 7(1), 87–92 (2011).
[Crossref]

Piskarskas, A.

Planchon, T. A.

T. A. Planchon, L. Gao, D. E. Milkie, M. W. Davidson, J. A. Galbraith, C. G. Galbraith, and E. Betzig, “Rapid three-dimensional isotropic imaging of living cells using Bessel beam plane illumination,” Nat. Methods 8(5), 417–423 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Polesana, P.

Polynkin, P.

P. Polynkin, “Intense femtosecond shaped laser beams for writing extended structures inside transparent dielectrics,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 114(1), 143–149 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Scheller, X. Chen, G. O. Ariunbold, N. Born, J. Moloney, M. Kolesik, and P. Polynkin, “Raman conversion in intense femtosecond Bessel beams in air,” Phys. Rev. A 89(5), 053805 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. Polynkin, M. Kolesik, and J. Moloney, “Extended filamentation with temporally chirped femtosecond Bessel-Gauss beams in air,” Opt. Express 17(2), 575–584 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Porras, M. A.

M. A. Porras and I. Gonzalo, “Control of temporal characteristics of Bessel-X pulses in dispersive media,” Opt. Commun. 217(1-6), 257–264 (2003).
[Crossref]

Pukhov, A.

G. Shvets, N. Fisch, A. Pukhov, and J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, “Superradiant amplification of an ultrashort laser pulse in a plasma by a counterpropagating pump,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81(22), 4879–4882 (1998).
[Crossref]

Raj, G.

G. Vieux, A. Lyachev, X. Yang, B. Ersfeld, J. Farmer, E. Brunetti, R. Issac, G. Raj, G. Welsh, S. Wiggins, and D. A. Jaroszynski, “Chirped pulse Raman amplification in plasma,” New J. Phys. 13(6), 063042 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ren, J.

J. Ren, W. Cheng, S. Li, and S. Suckewer, “A new method for generating ultraintense and ultrashort laser pulses,” Nat. Phys. 3(10), 732–736 (2007).
[Crossref]

Scheller, M.

M. Scheller, X. Chen, G. O. Ariunbold, N. Born, J. Moloney, M. Kolesik, and P. Polynkin, “Raman conversion in intense femtosecond Bessel beams in air,” Phys. Rev. A 89(5), 053805 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sergeev, A.

G. Mourou, N. Fisch, V. Malkin, Z. Toroker, E. Khazanov, A. Sergeev, T. Tajima, and B. Le Garrec, “Exawatt-Zettawatt pulse generation and applications,” Opt. Commun. 285(5), 720–724 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shimanouchi, T.

T. Shimanouchi, “Tables of molecular vibrational frequencies. Consolidated volume II,” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 6(3), 993–1102 (1977).
[Crossref]

Shvets, G.

V. Malkin, G. Shvets, and N. Fisch, “Fast compression of laser beams to highly overcritical powers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(22), 4448–4451 (1999).
[Crossref]

G. Shvets, N. Fisch, A. Pukhov, and J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, “Superradiant amplification of an ultrashort laser pulse in a plasma by a counterpropagating pump,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81(22), 4879–4882 (1998).
[Crossref]

Sibbett, W.

J. Arlt, V. Garces-Chavez, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, “Optical micromanipulation using a Bessel light beam,” Opt. Commun. 197(4-6), 239–245 (2001).
[Crossref]

Silva, L.

R. Trines, F. Fiuza, R. Bingham, R. Fonseca, L. Silva, R. Cairns, and P. Norreys, “Simulations of efficient Raman amplification into the multipetawatt regime,” Nat. Phys. 7(1), 87–92 (2011).
[Crossref]

Sogomonian, S.

S. Klewitz, S. Sogomonian, M. Woerner, and S. Herminghaus, “Stimulated Raman scattering of femtosecond Bessel pulses,” Opt. Commun. 154(4), 186–190 (1998).
[Crossref]

Stabinis, A.

Suckewer, S.

J. Ren, W. Cheng, S. Li, and S. Suckewer, “A new method for generating ultraintense and ultrashort laser pulses,” Nat. Phys. 3(10), 732–736 (2007).
[Crossref]

Tajima, T.

G. Mourou, N. Fisch, V. Malkin, Z. Toroker, E. Khazanov, A. Sergeev, T. Tajima, and B. Le Garrec, “Exawatt-Zettawatt pulse generation and applications,” Opt. Commun. 285(5), 720–724 (2012).
[Crossref]

Toroker, Z.

G. Mourou, N. Fisch, V. Malkin, Z. Toroker, E. Khazanov, A. Sergeev, T. Tajima, and B. Le Garrec, “Exawatt-Zettawatt pulse generation and applications,” Opt. Commun. 285(5), 720–724 (2012).
[Crossref]

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R. Trines, F. Fiuza, R. Bingham, R. Fonseca, L. Silva, R. Cairns, and P. Norreys, “Simulations of efficient Raman amplification into the multipetawatt regime,” Nat. Phys. 7(1), 87–92 (2011).
[Crossref]

Valiulis, G.

Vieux, G.

G. Vieux, A. Lyachev, X. Yang, B. Ersfeld, J. Farmer, E. Brunetti, R. Issac, G. Raj, G. Welsh, S. Wiggins, and D. A. Jaroszynski, “Chirped pulse Raman amplification in plasma,” New J. Phys. 13(6), 063042 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ward, J.

Welsh, G.

G. Vieux, A. Lyachev, X. Yang, B. Ersfeld, J. Farmer, E. Brunetti, R. Issac, G. Raj, G. Welsh, S. Wiggins, and D. A. Jaroszynski, “Chirped pulse Raman amplification in plasma,” New J. Phys. 13(6), 063042 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wiggins, S.

G. Vieux, A. Lyachev, X. Yang, B. Ersfeld, J. Farmer, E. Brunetti, R. Issac, G. Raj, G. Welsh, S. Wiggins, and D. A. Jaroszynski, “Chirped pulse Raman amplification in plasma,” New J. Phys. 13(6), 063042 (2011).
[Crossref]

Woerner, M.

S. Klewitz, S. Sogomonian, M. Woerner, and S. Herminghaus, “Stimulated Raman scattering of femtosecond Bessel pulses,” Opt. Commun. 154(4), 186–190 (1998).
[Crossref]

Xu, Y.

X. Guo, J. Lu, W. Li, Y. Xu, X. Lu, Y. Leng, and R. Li, “Chirped pulse Raman amplification in Ba(NO3)2 crystals,” Opt. Laser Technol. 67, 8–11 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yang, X.

G. Vieux, A. Lyachev, X. Yang, B. Ersfeld, J. Farmer, E. Brunetti, R. Issac, G. Raj, G. Welsh, S. Wiggins, and D. A. Jaroszynski, “Chirped pulse Raman amplification in plasma,” New J. Phys. 13(6), 063042 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhavoronkov, N.

Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. (1)

P. Polynkin, “Intense femtosecond shaped laser beams for writing extended structures inside transparent dielectrics,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 114(1), 143–149 (2014).
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[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Phys. (2)

J. Ren, W. Cheng, S. Li, and S. Suckewer, “A new method for generating ultraintense and ultrashort laser pulses,” Nat. Phys. 3(10), 732–736 (2007).
[Crossref]

R. Trines, F. Fiuza, R. Bingham, R. Fonseca, L. Silva, R. Cairns, and P. Norreys, “Simulations of efficient Raman amplification into the multipetawatt regime,” Nat. Phys. 7(1), 87–92 (2011).
[Crossref]

New J. Phys. (1)

G. Vieux, A. Lyachev, X. Yang, B. Ersfeld, J. Farmer, E. Brunetti, R. Issac, G. Raj, G. Welsh, S. Wiggins, and D. A. Jaroszynski, “Chirped pulse Raman amplification in plasma,” New J. Phys. 13(6), 063042 (2011).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (4)

G. Mourou, N. Fisch, V. Malkin, Z. Toroker, E. Khazanov, A. Sergeev, T. Tajima, and B. Le Garrec, “Exawatt-Zettawatt pulse generation and applications,” Opt. Commun. 285(5), 720–724 (2012).
[Crossref]

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M. A. Porras and I. Gonzalo, “Control of temporal characteristics of Bessel-X pulses in dispersive media,” Opt. Commun. 217(1-6), 257–264 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. Klewitz, S. Sogomonian, M. Woerner, and S. Herminghaus, “Stimulated Raman scattering of femtosecond Bessel pulses,” Opt. Commun. 154(4), 186–190 (1998).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

X. Guo, J. Lu, W. Li, Y. Xu, X. Lu, Y. Leng, and R. Li, “Chirped pulse Raman amplification in Ba(NO3)2 crystals,” Opt. Laser Technol. 67, 8–11 (2015).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

M. Scheller, X. Chen, G. O. Ariunbold, N. Born, J. Moloney, M. Kolesik, and P. Polynkin, “Raman conversion in intense femtosecond Bessel beams in air,” Phys. Rev. A 89(5), 053805 (2014).
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[Crossref]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Axicon focus of a Gaussian beam and the resulting far field pattern of the beam at the anti-Stokes, fundamental and Stokes wavelength
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Red-shift spectra in Ar, SF6 and Isobutane (C4H10) using femtosecond pump pulses at 1053nm stretched to 1 to 30ps. For a better comparison only a part of the first order Raman line of SF6 is presented. The amplitude of the second order line process is about half of the first order at 1152 nm. Ar shows dominantly the onset of white light generation with sub-2 ps pulses.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 From the measured beam profile of the frequency doubles seed pulse we calculated the fundamental profile as shown here. Note the high likely-hood to Gaussian distributions even for non-ideal pump beam profiles.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Single shot autocorrelation measurement of the pulse duration of the Stokes pulse generated in SF6. The left panel shows the raw data on the CCD and the right panel the lineout together with a Gaussian fit. The fit indicates a pulse duration as short as 330 ± 5 fs.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Maximum conversion efficiency using SF6 as function of pump energy and pulse duration. The black line indicates the threshold for Raman generation corresponding to peak intensities of 4 to 15 GW. The red line is the boarder of the high efficiency region using peak intensities between 20 and 150 GW depending on pulse duration. The high efficiency can be obtained also for pulses as long as 10 ps, if enough energy is available.

Equations (1)

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v gB = c S F 6 cosθ(1(ω θ / ω )tanθ)

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