Abstract

Metal nanostructures can transfer electromagnetic energy from femtosecond laser pulses to the near-field down to spatial scales well below the optical diffraction limit. By combining few-femtosecond laser pulses with photoemission electron microscopy, we study the dynamics of the induced few-cycle near-field in individual bowtie nanoantennas. We investigate how the dynamics depend on antenna size and exact bowtie shape resulting from fabrication. Different dynamics are, as expected, measured for antennas of different sizes. However, we also detect comparable dynamics differences between individual antennas of similar size. With Finite-difference time-domain simulations we show that these dynamics differences between similarly sized antennas can be due to small lateral shape variations generally induced during the fabrication.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Direct near-field optical imaging of UV bowtie nanoantennas

Liangcheng Zhou, Qiaoqiang Gan, Filbert J. Bartoli, and Volkmar Dierolf
Opt. Express 17(22) 20301-20306 (2009)

Metamorphic plasmonic nanoantennas for self-enhanced nonlinear light generation

Konrad Schraml, Armin Regler, Johannes Bartl, Glenn Glashagen, Jakob Wierzbowski, Jonathan J. Finley, and Michael Kaniber
Optica 3(12) 1453-1459 (2016)

Optimization and maximum potential of optical antennae in near-field enhancement

PingPing Chen, Ju Liu, Li Wang, Kuijuan Jin, Yan Yin, and ZhiYuan Li
Appl. Opt. 54(18) 5822-5828 (2015)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: the influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 668–677 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  2. P. Bharadwaj, B. Deutsch, and L. Novotny, “Optical antennas,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 1, 438–483 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  3. E. Hao and G. C. Schatz, “Electromagnetic fields around silver nanoparticles and dimers,” J. Chem. Phys. 120, 357–366 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. P. J. Schuck, D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, G. S. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, “Improving the mismatch between light and nanoscale objects with gold bowtie nanoantennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 017402 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. A. Sundaramurthy, K. B. Crozier, G. S. Kino, D. P. Fromm, P. J. Schuck, and W. E. Moerner, “Field enhancement and gap-dependent resonance in a system of two opposing tip-to-tip au nanotriangles,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 165409 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  6. L. Novotny and N. van Hulst, “Antennas for light,” Nat. Photonics 5, 83–90 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  7. B. W. Kempshall, S. M. Schwarz, B. I. Prenitzer, L. A. Giannuzzi, R. B. Irwin, and F. A. Stevie, “Ion channeling effects on the focused ion beam milling of Cu,” JVST B 19, 749–754 (2001).
  8. C. A. Volkert and A. M. Minor, “Focused ion beam microscopy and micromachining,” MRS Bulletin 32, 389–399 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  9. J.-S. Huang, V. Callegari, P. Geisler, C. Brning, J. Kern, J. C. Prangsma, X. Wu, T. Feichtner, J. Ziegler, P. Weinmann, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, P. Biagioni, U. Sennhauser, and B. Hecht, “Atomically flat single-crystalline gold nanostructures for plasmonic nanocircuitry,” Nat. Commun. 1, 150 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  10. V. Callegari, “Fabrication of photonic elements by focused ion beam (FIB),” Ph.D. thesis, ETH (2009).
  11. P. Munroe, “The application of focused ion beam microscopy in the material sciences,” Mater. Character. 60, 2–13 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  12. H. Kollmann, X. Piao, M. Esmann, S. F. Becker, D. Hou, C. Huynh, L.-O. Kautschor, G. Bösker, H. Vieker, A. Beyer, A. Gölzhäuser, N. Park, R. Vogelgesang, M. Silies, and C. Lienau, “Toward plasmonics with nanometer precision: nonlinear optics of helium-ion milled gold nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 14, 4778–4784 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. A. Trügler, J.-C. Tinguely, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, and U. Hohenester, “Influence of surface roughness on the optical properties of plasmonic nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B 83, 081412 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  14. H. Fischer and O. J. F. Martin, “Engineering the optical response of plasmonic nanoantennas,” Opt. Express 16, 9144–9154 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. M. Aeschlimann, M. Bauer, D. Bayer, T. Brixner, S. Cunovic, F. Dimler, A. Fischer, W. Pfeiffer, M. Rohmer, C. Schneider, F. Steeb, C. Strüber, and D. V. Voronine, “Spatiotemporal control of nanooptical excitations,” PNAS 107, 5329–5333 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. S. Kim, J. Jin, Y.-J. Kim, I.-Y. Park, Y. Kim, and S.-W. Kim, “High-harmonic generation by resonant plasmon field enhancement,” Nature 453, 757–760 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. P. Dombi, A. Hörl, P. Rácz, I. Márton, A. Trügler, J. R. Krenn, and U. Hohenester, “Ultrafast strong-field photoemission from plasmonic nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 13, 674–678 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. B. Piglosiewicz, S. Schmidt, D. J. Park, J. Vogelsang, P. Grosz, C. Manzoni, P. Farinello, G. Cerullo, and C. Lienau, “Carrier-envelope phase effects on the strong-field photoemission of electrons from metallic nanostructures,” Nat. Photonics 8, 37–42 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  19. A. Anderson, K. S. Deryckx, X. G. Xu, G. Steinmeyer, and M. B. Raschke, “Few-femtosecond plasmon dephasing of a single metallic nanostructure from optical response function reconstruction by interferometric frequency resolved optical gating,” Nano Lett. 10, 2519–2524 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. N. Accanto, L. Piatkowski, J. Renger, and N. F. van Hulst, “Capturing the optical phase response of nanoantennas by coherent second-harmonic microscopy,” Nano Lett. 14, 4078–4082 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. S. Onishi, K. Matsuishi, J. Oi, T. Harada, M. Kusaba, K. Hirosawa, and F. Kannari, “Spatiotemporal control of femtosecond plasmon using plasmon response functions measured by near-field scanning optical microscopy (NSOM),” Opt. Express 21, 26631–26641 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  22. A. Grubisic, V. Schweikhard, T. A. Baker, and D. J. Nesbitt, “Coherent multiphoton photoelectron emission from single Au nanorods: The critical role of plasmonic electric near-field enhancement,” ACS Nano 7, 87–99 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  23. M. Cinchetti, A. Gloskovskii, S. A. Nepjiko, G. Schönhense, H. Rochholz, and M. Kreiter, “Photoemission electron microscopy as a tool for the investigation of optical near fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 047601 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. A. Kubo, K. Onda, H. Petek, Z. Sun, Y. S. Jung, and H. K. Kim, “Femtosecond imaging of surface plasmon dynamics in a nanostructured silver film,” Nano Lett. 5, 1123–1127 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  25. Q. Sun, K. Ueno, H. Yu, A. Kubo, Y. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, “Direct imaging of the near field and dynamics of surface plasmon resonance on gold nanostructures using photoemission electron microscopy,” Light: Sci. Appl. 2, e118 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  26. Q. Jiang, J. Bo-Yu, H. Zuo-Qiang, and L. Jing-Quan, “Probing of ultrafast plasmon dynamics on gold bowtie nanostructure using photoemission electron microscopy,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 32, 064202 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  27. E. Mårsell, A. Losquin, R. Svärd, M. Miranda, C. Guo, A. Harth, E. Lorek, J. Mauritsson, C. L. Arnold, H. Xu, A. L’Huillier, and A. Mikkelsen, “Nanoscale imaging of local few-fs near-field dynamics within a single plasmonic nanoantenna,” Nano Lett. 15, 6601–6608 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  28. M. I. Stockman, M. F. Kling, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond nanoplasmonic-field microscope,” Nat. Photonics 1, 539–544 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  29. E. Mårsell, C. L. Arnold, E. Lorek, D. Guenot, T. Fordell, M. Miranda, J. Mauritsson, H. Xu, A. L’Huillier, and A. Mikkelsen, “Secondary electron imaging of nanostructures using extreme ultra-violet attosecond pulse trains and infra-red femtosecond pulses,” Ann. Phys. 525, 162–170 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  30. J. P. Kottmann and O. J. F. Martin, “Retardation-induced plasmon resonances in coupled nanoparticles,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1096–1098 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  31. J. Aizpurua, G. W. Bryant, L. J. Richter, F. J. García de Abajo, B. K. Kelley, and T. Mallouk, “Optical properties of coupled metallic nanorods for field-enhanced spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 235420 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  32. M. Miranda, T. Fordell, C. Arnold, A. L’Huillier, and H. Crespo, “Simultaneous compression and characterization of ultrashort laser pulses using chirped mirrors and glass wedges,” Opt. Express 20, 688–697 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  33. Https://www.lumerical.com/tcad-products/fdtd/ .
  34. P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370–4379 (1972).
    [Crossref]
  35. E. D. Palik, “Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids” (Academic Press, 1997).
  36. W. Sachtler, G. Dorgelo, and A. Holscher, “The work function of gold,” Surf. Sci. 5, 221–229 (1966).
    [Crossref]
  37. O. Schmidt, G. Fecher, Y. Hwu, and G. Schnhense, “The spatial distribution of non-linear effects in multi-photon photoemission from metallic adsorbates on si(1 1 1),” Surface Science 482485, 687–692 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  38. D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, P. J. Schuck, G. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, “Gap-dependent optical coupling of single bowtie nanoantennas resonant in the visible,” Nano Lett. 4, 957–961 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  39. M. Bauer, C. Wiemann, J. Lange, D. Bayer, M. Rohmer, and M. Aeschlimann, “Phase propagation of localized surface plasmons probed by time-resolved photoemission electron microscopy,” Appl. Phys. A 88, 473–480 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  40. C. Wiemann, D. Bayer, M. Rohmer, M. Aeschlimann, and M. Bauer, “Local 2PPE-yield enhancement in a defined periodic silver nanodisk array,” Surf. Sci. 601, 4714–4721 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  41. B. Grzeźkiewicz, K. Ptaszyński, and M. Kotkowiak, “Near and far-field properties of nanoprisms with rounded edges,” Plasmonics 9, 607–614 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  42. A. Mikkelsen, E. Hilner, J. N. Andersen, S. Ghatnekar-Nilsson, L. Montelius, and A. A. Zakharov, “Low temperature ga surface diffusion from focused ion beam milled grooves,” Nanotechnology 20, 325304 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (2)

Q. Jiang, J. Bo-Yu, H. Zuo-Qiang, and L. Jing-Quan, “Probing of ultrafast plasmon dynamics on gold bowtie nanostructure using photoemission electron microscopy,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 32, 064202 (2015).
[Crossref]

E. Mårsell, A. Losquin, R. Svärd, M. Miranda, C. Guo, A. Harth, E. Lorek, J. Mauritsson, C. L. Arnold, H. Xu, A. L’Huillier, and A. Mikkelsen, “Nanoscale imaging of local few-fs near-field dynamics within a single plasmonic nanoantenna,” Nano Lett. 15, 6601–6608 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (4)

H. Kollmann, X. Piao, M. Esmann, S. F. Becker, D. Hou, C. Huynh, L.-O. Kautschor, G. Bösker, H. Vieker, A. Beyer, A. Gölzhäuser, N. Park, R. Vogelgesang, M. Silies, and C. Lienau, “Toward plasmonics with nanometer precision: nonlinear optics of helium-ion milled gold nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 14, 4778–4784 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Grzeźkiewicz, K. Ptaszyński, and M. Kotkowiak, “Near and far-field properties of nanoprisms with rounded edges,” Plasmonics 9, 607–614 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. Piglosiewicz, S. Schmidt, D. J. Park, J. Vogelsang, P. Grosz, C. Manzoni, P. Farinello, G. Cerullo, and C. Lienau, “Carrier-envelope phase effects on the strong-field photoemission of electrons from metallic nanostructures,” Nat. Photonics 8, 37–42 (2014).
[Crossref]

N. Accanto, L. Piatkowski, J. Renger, and N. F. van Hulst, “Capturing the optical phase response of nanoantennas by coherent second-harmonic microscopy,” Nano Lett. 14, 4078–4082 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (5)

P. Dombi, A. Hörl, P. Rácz, I. Márton, A. Trügler, J. R. Krenn, and U. Hohenester, “Ultrafast strong-field photoemission from plasmonic nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 13, 674–678 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Mårsell, C. L. Arnold, E. Lorek, D. Guenot, T. Fordell, M. Miranda, J. Mauritsson, H. Xu, A. L’Huillier, and A. Mikkelsen, “Secondary electron imaging of nanostructures using extreme ultra-violet attosecond pulse trains and infra-red femtosecond pulses,” Ann. Phys. 525, 162–170 (2013).
[Crossref]

Q. Sun, K. Ueno, H. Yu, A. Kubo, Y. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, “Direct imaging of the near field and dynamics of surface plasmon resonance on gold nanostructures using photoemission electron microscopy,” Light: Sci. Appl. 2, e118 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Grubisic, V. Schweikhard, T. A. Baker, and D. J. Nesbitt, “Coherent multiphoton photoelectron emission from single Au nanorods: The critical role of plasmonic electric near-field enhancement,” ACS Nano 7, 87–99 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Onishi, K. Matsuishi, J. Oi, T. Harada, M. Kusaba, K. Hirosawa, and F. Kannari, “Spatiotemporal control of femtosecond plasmon using plasmon response functions measured by near-field scanning optical microscopy (NSOM),” Opt. Express 21, 26631–26641 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (1)

2011 (2)

A. Trügler, J.-C. Tinguely, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, and U. Hohenester, “Influence of surface roughness on the optical properties of plasmonic nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B 83, 081412 (2011).
[Crossref]

L. Novotny and N. van Hulst, “Antennas for light,” Nat. Photonics 5, 83–90 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (3)

J.-S. Huang, V. Callegari, P. Geisler, C. Brning, J. Kern, J. C. Prangsma, X. Wu, T. Feichtner, J. Ziegler, P. Weinmann, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, P. Biagioni, U. Sennhauser, and B. Hecht, “Atomically flat single-crystalline gold nanostructures for plasmonic nanocircuitry,” Nat. Commun. 1, 150 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Aeschlimann, M. Bauer, D. Bayer, T. Brixner, S. Cunovic, F. Dimler, A. Fischer, W. Pfeiffer, M. Rohmer, C. Schneider, F. Steeb, C. Strüber, and D. V. Voronine, “Spatiotemporal control of nanooptical excitations,” PNAS 107, 5329–5333 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Anderson, K. S. Deryckx, X. G. Xu, G. Steinmeyer, and M. B. Raschke, “Few-femtosecond plasmon dephasing of a single metallic nanostructure from optical response function reconstruction by interferometric frequency resolved optical gating,” Nano Lett. 10, 2519–2524 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (3)

A. Mikkelsen, E. Hilner, J. N. Andersen, S. Ghatnekar-Nilsson, L. Montelius, and A. A. Zakharov, “Low temperature ga surface diffusion from focused ion beam milled grooves,” Nanotechnology 20, 325304 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Munroe, “The application of focused ion beam microscopy in the material sciences,” Mater. Character. 60, 2–13 (2009).
[Crossref]

P. Bharadwaj, B. Deutsch, and L. Novotny, “Optical antennas,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 1, 438–483 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

S. Kim, J. Jin, Y.-J. Kim, I.-Y. Park, Y. Kim, and S.-W. Kim, “High-harmonic generation by resonant plasmon field enhancement,” Nature 453, 757–760 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Fischer and O. J. F. Martin, “Engineering the optical response of plasmonic nanoantennas,” Opt. Express 16, 9144–9154 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (4)

M. Bauer, C. Wiemann, J. Lange, D. Bayer, M. Rohmer, and M. Aeschlimann, “Phase propagation of localized surface plasmons probed by time-resolved photoemission electron microscopy,” Appl. Phys. A 88, 473–480 (2007).
[Crossref]

C. Wiemann, D. Bayer, M. Rohmer, M. Aeschlimann, and M. Bauer, “Local 2PPE-yield enhancement in a defined periodic silver nanodisk array,” Surf. Sci. 601, 4714–4721 (2007).
[Crossref]

C. A. Volkert and A. M. Minor, “Focused ion beam microscopy and micromachining,” MRS Bulletin 32, 389–399 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. I. Stockman, M. F. Kling, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond nanoplasmonic-field microscope,” Nat. Photonics 1, 539–544 (2007).
[Crossref]

2005 (5)

M. Cinchetti, A. Gloskovskii, S. A. Nepjiko, G. Schönhense, H. Rochholz, and M. Kreiter, “Photoemission electron microscopy as a tool for the investigation of optical near fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 047601 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Kubo, K. Onda, H. Petek, Z. Sun, Y. S. Jung, and H. K. Kim, “Femtosecond imaging of surface plasmon dynamics in a nanostructured silver film,” Nano Lett. 5, 1123–1127 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. J. Schuck, D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, G. S. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, “Improving the mismatch between light and nanoscale objects with gold bowtie nanoantennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 017402 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Sundaramurthy, K. B. Crozier, G. S. Kino, D. P. Fromm, P. J. Schuck, and W. E. Moerner, “Field enhancement and gap-dependent resonance in a system of two opposing tip-to-tip au nanotriangles,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 165409 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Aizpurua, G. W. Bryant, L. J. Richter, F. J. García de Abajo, B. K. Kelley, and T. Mallouk, “Optical properties of coupled metallic nanorods for field-enhanced spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 235420 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, P. J. Schuck, G. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, “Gap-dependent optical coupling of single bowtie nanoantennas resonant in the visible,” Nano Lett. 4, 957–961 (2004).
[Crossref]

E. Hao and G. C. Schatz, “Electromagnetic fields around silver nanoparticles and dimers,” J. Chem. Phys. 120, 357–366 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: the influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 668–677 (2003).
[Crossref]

2001 (3)

B. W. Kempshall, S. M. Schwarz, B. I. Prenitzer, L. A. Giannuzzi, R. B. Irwin, and F. A. Stevie, “Ion channeling effects on the focused ion beam milling of Cu,” JVST B 19, 749–754 (2001).

J. P. Kottmann and O. J. F. Martin, “Retardation-induced plasmon resonances in coupled nanoparticles,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1096–1098 (2001).
[Crossref]

O. Schmidt, G. Fecher, Y. Hwu, and G. Schnhense, “The spatial distribution of non-linear effects in multi-photon photoemission from metallic adsorbates on si(1 1 1),” Surface Science 482485, 687–692 (2001).
[Crossref]

1972 (1)

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370–4379 (1972).
[Crossref]

1966 (1)

W. Sachtler, G. Dorgelo, and A. Holscher, “The work function of gold,” Surf. Sci. 5, 221–229 (1966).
[Crossref]

Accanto, N.

N. Accanto, L. Piatkowski, J. Renger, and N. F. van Hulst, “Capturing the optical phase response of nanoantennas by coherent second-harmonic microscopy,” Nano Lett. 14, 4078–4082 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aeschlimann, M.

M. Aeschlimann, M. Bauer, D. Bayer, T. Brixner, S. Cunovic, F. Dimler, A. Fischer, W. Pfeiffer, M. Rohmer, C. Schneider, F. Steeb, C. Strüber, and D. V. Voronine, “Spatiotemporal control of nanooptical excitations,” PNAS 107, 5329–5333 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Bauer, C. Wiemann, J. Lange, D. Bayer, M. Rohmer, and M. Aeschlimann, “Phase propagation of localized surface plasmons probed by time-resolved photoemission electron microscopy,” Appl. Phys. A 88, 473–480 (2007).
[Crossref]

C. Wiemann, D. Bayer, M. Rohmer, M. Aeschlimann, and M. Bauer, “Local 2PPE-yield enhancement in a defined periodic silver nanodisk array,” Surf. Sci. 601, 4714–4721 (2007).
[Crossref]

Aizpurua, J.

J. Aizpurua, G. W. Bryant, L. J. Richter, F. J. García de Abajo, B. K. Kelley, and T. Mallouk, “Optical properties of coupled metallic nanorods for field-enhanced spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 235420 (2005).
[Crossref]

Andersen, J. N.

A. Mikkelsen, E. Hilner, J. N. Andersen, S. Ghatnekar-Nilsson, L. Montelius, and A. A. Zakharov, “Low temperature ga surface diffusion from focused ion beam milled grooves,” Nanotechnology 20, 325304 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Anderson, A.

A. Anderson, K. S. Deryckx, X. G. Xu, G. Steinmeyer, and M. B. Raschke, “Few-femtosecond plasmon dephasing of a single metallic nanostructure from optical response function reconstruction by interferometric frequency resolved optical gating,” Nano Lett. 10, 2519–2524 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Arnold, C.

Arnold, C. L.

E. Mårsell, A. Losquin, R. Svärd, M. Miranda, C. Guo, A. Harth, E. Lorek, J. Mauritsson, C. L. Arnold, H. Xu, A. L’Huillier, and A. Mikkelsen, “Nanoscale imaging of local few-fs near-field dynamics within a single plasmonic nanoantenna,” Nano Lett. 15, 6601–6608 (2015).
[Crossref]

E. Mårsell, C. L. Arnold, E. Lorek, D. Guenot, T. Fordell, M. Miranda, J. Mauritsson, H. Xu, A. L’Huillier, and A. Mikkelsen, “Secondary electron imaging of nanostructures using extreme ultra-violet attosecond pulse trains and infra-red femtosecond pulses,” Ann. Phys. 525, 162–170 (2013).
[Crossref]

Baker, T. A.

A. Grubisic, V. Schweikhard, T. A. Baker, and D. J. Nesbitt, “Coherent multiphoton photoelectron emission from single Au nanorods: The critical role of plasmonic electric near-field enhancement,” ACS Nano 7, 87–99 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bauer, M.

M. Aeschlimann, M. Bauer, D. Bayer, T. Brixner, S. Cunovic, F. Dimler, A. Fischer, W. Pfeiffer, M. Rohmer, C. Schneider, F. Steeb, C. Strüber, and D. V. Voronine, “Spatiotemporal control of nanooptical excitations,” PNAS 107, 5329–5333 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Bauer, C. Wiemann, J. Lange, D. Bayer, M. Rohmer, and M. Aeschlimann, “Phase propagation of localized surface plasmons probed by time-resolved photoemission electron microscopy,” Appl. Phys. A 88, 473–480 (2007).
[Crossref]

C. Wiemann, D. Bayer, M. Rohmer, M. Aeschlimann, and M. Bauer, “Local 2PPE-yield enhancement in a defined periodic silver nanodisk array,” Surf. Sci. 601, 4714–4721 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bayer, D.

M. Aeschlimann, M. Bauer, D. Bayer, T. Brixner, S. Cunovic, F. Dimler, A. Fischer, W. Pfeiffer, M. Rohmer, C. Schneider, F. Steeb, C. Strüber, and D. V. Voronine, “Spatiotemporal control of nanooptical excitations,” PNAS 107, 5329–5333 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Bauer, C. Wiemann, J. Lange, D. Bayer, M. Rohmer, and M. Aeschlimann, “Phase propagation of localized surface plasmons probed by time-resolved photoemission electron microscopy,” Appl. Phys. A 88, 473–480 (2007).
[Crossref]

C. Wiemann, D. Bayer, M. Rohmer, M. Aeschlimann, and M. Bauer, “Local 2PPE-yield enhancement in a defined periodic silver nanodisk array,” Surf. Sci. 601, 4714–4721 (2007).
[Crossref]

Becker, S. F.

H. Kollmann, X. Piao, M. Esmann, S. F. Becker, D. Hou, C. Huynh, L.-O. Kautschor, G. Bösker, H. Vieker, A. Beyer, A. Gölzhäuser, N. Park, R. Vogelgesang, M. Silies, and C. Lienau, “Toward plasmonics with nanometer precision: nonlinear optics of helium-ion milled gold nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 14, 4778–4784 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Beyer, A.

H. Kollmann, X. Piao, M. Esmann, S. F. Becker, D. Hou, C. Huynh, L.-O. Kautschor, G. Bösker, H. Vieker, A. Beyer, A. Gölzhäuser, N. Park, R. Vogelgesang, M. Silies, and C. Lienau, “Toward plasmonics with nanometer precision: nonlinear optics of helium-ion milled gold nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 14, 4778–4784 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bharadwaj, P.

P. Bharadwaj, B. Deutsch, and L. Novotny, “Optical antennas,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 1, 438–483 (2009).
[Crossref]

Biagioni, P.

J.-S. Huang, V. Callegari, P. Geisler, C. Brning, J. Kern, J. C. Prangsma, X. Wu, T. Feichtner, J. Ziegler, P. Weinmann, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, P. Biagioni, U. Sennhauser, and B. Hecht, “Atomically flat single-crystalline gold nanostructures for plasmonic nanocircuitry,” Nat. Commun. 1, 150 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bösker, G.

H. Kollmann, X. Piao, M. Esmann, S. F. Becker, D. Hou, C. Huynh, L.-O. Kautschor, G. Bösker, H. Vieker, A. Beyer, A. Gölzhäuser, N. Park, R. Vogelgesang, M. Silies, and C. Lienau, “Toward plasmonics with nanometer precision: nonlinear optics of helium-ion milled gold nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 14, 4778–4784 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bo-Yu, J.

Q. Jiang, J. Bo-Yu, H. Zuo-Qiang, and L. Jing-Quan, “Probing of ultrafast plasmon dynamics on gold bowtie nanostructure using photoemission electron microscopy,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 32, 064202 (2015).
[Crossref]

Brixner, T.

M. Aeschlimann, M. Bauer, D. Bayer, T. Brixner, S. Cunovic, F. Dimler, A. Fischer, W. Pfeiffer, M. Rohmer, C. Schneider, F. Steeb, C. Strüber, and D. V. Voronine, “Spatiotemporal control of nanooptical excitations,” PNAS 107, 5329–5333 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brning, C.

J.-S. Huang, V. Callegari, P. Geisler, C. Brning, J. Kern, J. C. Prangsma, X. Wu, T. Feichtner, J. Ziegler, P. Weinmann, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, P. Biagioni, U. Sennhauser, and B. Hecht, “Atomically flat single-crystalline gold nanostructures for plasmonic nanocircuitry,” Nat. Commun. 1, 150 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bryant, G. W.

J. Aizpurua, G. W. Bryant, L. J. Richter, F. J. García de Abajo, B. K. Kelley, and T. Mallouk, “Optical properties of coupled metallic nanorods for field-enhanced spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 235420 (2005).
[Crossref]

Callegari, V.

J.-S. Huang, V. Callegari, P. Geisler, C. Brning, J. Kern, J. C. Prangsma, X. Wu, T. Feichtner, J. Ziegler, P. Weinmann, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, P. Biagioni, U. Sennhauser, and B. Hecht, “Atomically flat single-crystalline gold nanostructures for plasmonic nanocircuitry,” Nat. Commun. 1, 150 (2010).
[Crossref]

V. Callegari, “Fabrication of photonic elements by focused ion beam (FIB),” Ph.D. thesis, ETH (2009).

Cerullo, G.

B. Piglosiewicz, S. Schmidt, D. J. Park, J. Vogelsang, P. Grosz, C. Manzoni, P. Farinello, G. Cerullo, and C. Lienau, “Carrier-envelope phase effects on the strong-field photoemission of electrons from metallic nanostructures,” Nat. Photonics 8, 37–42 (2014).
[Crossref]

Christy, R. W.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370–4379 (1972).
[Crossref]

Cinchetti, M.

M. Cinchetti, A. Gloskovskii, S. A. Nepjiko, G. Schönhense, H. Rochholz, and M. Kreiter, “Photoemission electron microscopy as a tool for the investigation of optical near fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 047601 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Coronado, E.

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: the influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 668–677 (2003).
[Crossref]

Crespo, H.

Crozier, K. B.

A. Sundaramurthy, K. B. Crozier, G. S. Kino, D. P. Fromm, P. J. Schuck, and W. E. Moerner, “Field enhancement and gap-dependent resonance in a system of two opposing tip-to-tip au nanotriangles,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 165409 (2005).
[Crossref]

Cunovic, S.

M. Aeschlimann, M. Bauer, D. Bayer, T. Brixner, S. Cunovic, F. Dimler, A. Fischer, W. Pfeiffer, M. Rohmer, C. Schneider, F. Steeb, C. Strüber, and D. V. Voronine, “Spatiotemporal control of nanooptical excitations,” PNAS 107, 5329–5333 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Deryckx, K. S.

A. Anderson, K. S. Deryckx, X. G. Xu, G. Steinmeyer, and M. B. Raschke, “Few-femtosecond plasmon dephasing of a single metallic nanostructure from optical response function reconstruction by interferometric frequency resolved optical gating,” Nano Lett. 10, 2519–2524 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Deutsch, B.

P. Bharadwaj, B. Deutsch, and L. Novotny, “Optical antennas,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 1, 438–483 (2009).
[Crossref]

Dimler, F.

M. Aeschlimann, M. Bauer, D. Bayer, T. Brixner, S. Cunovic, F. Dimler, A. Fischer, W. Pfeiffer, M. Rohmer, C. Schneider, F. Steeb, C. Strüber, and D. V. Voronine, “Spatiotemporal control of nanooptical excitations,” PNAS 107, 5329–5333 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dombi, P.

P. Dombi, A. Hörl, P. Rácz, I. Márton, A. Trügler, J. R. Krenn, and U. Hohenester, “Ultrafast strong-field photoemission from plasmonic nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 13, 674–678 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dorgelo, G.

W. Sachtler, G. Dorgelo, and A. Holscher, “The work function of gold,” Surf. Sci. 5, 221–229 (1966).
[Crossref]

Esmann, M.

H. Kollmann, X. Piao, M. Esmann, S. F. Becker, D. Hou, C. Huynh, L.-O. Kautschor, G. Bösker, H. Vieker, A. Beyer, A. Gölzhäuser, N. Park, R. Vogelgesang, M. Silies, and C. Lienau, “Toward plasmonics with nanometer precision: nonlinear optics of helium-ion milled gold nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 14, 4778–4784 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Farinello, P.

B. Piglosiewicz, S. Schmidt, D. J. Park, J. Vogelsang, P. Grosz, C. Manzoni, P. Farinello, G. Cerullo, and C. Lienau, “Carrier-envelope phase effects on the strong-field photoemission of electrons from metallic nanostructures,” Nat. Photonics 8, 37–42 (2014).
[Crossref]

Fecher, G.

O. Schmidt, G. Fecher, Y. Hwu, and G. Schnhense, “The spatial distribution of non-linear effects in multi-photon photoemission from metallic adsorbates on si(1 1 1),” Surface Science 482485, 687–692 (2001).
[Crossref]

Feichtner, T.

J.-S. Huang, V. Callegari, P. Geisler, C. Brning, J. Kern, J. C. Prangsma, X. Wu, T. Feichtner, J. Ziegler, P. Weinmann, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, P. Biagioni, U. Sennhauser, and B. Hecht, “Atomically flat single-crystalline gold nanostructures for plasmonic nanocircuitry,” Nat. Commun. 1, 150 (2010).
[Crossref]

Fischer, A.

M. Aeschlimann, M. Bauer, D. Bayer, T. Brixner, S. Cunovic, F. Dimler, A. Fischer, W. Pfeiffer, M. Rohmer, C. Schneider, F. Steeb, C. Strüber, and D. V. Voronine, “Spatiotemporal control of nanooptical excitations,” PNAS 107, 5329–5333 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fischer, H.

Forchel, A.

J.-S. Huang, V. Callegari, P. Geisler, C. Brning, J. Kern, J. C. Prangsma, X. Wu, T. Feichtner, J. Ziegler, P. Weinmann, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, P. Biagioni, U. Sennhauser, and B. Hecht, “Atomically flat single-crystalline gold nanostructures for plasmonic nanocircuitry,” Nat. Commun. 1, 150 (2010).
[Crossref]

Fordell, T.

E. Mårsell, C. L. Arnold, E. Lorek, D. Guenot, T. Fordell, M. Miranda, J. Mauritsson, H. Xu, A. L’Huillier, and A. Mikkelsen, “Secondary electron imaging of nanostructures using extreme ultra-violet attosecond pulse trains and infra-red femtosecond pulses,” Ann. Phys. 525, 162–170 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Miranda, T. Fordell, C. Arnold, A. L’Huillier, and H. Crespo, “Simultaneous compression and characterization of ultrashort laser pulses using chirped mirrors and glass wedges,” Opt. Express 20, 688–697 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fromm, D. P.

A. Sundaramurthy, K. B. Crozier, G. S. Kino, D. P. Fromm, P. J. Schuck, and W. E. Moerner, “Field enhancement and gap-dependent resonance in a system of two opposing tip-to-tip au nanotriangles,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 165409 (2005).
[Crossref]

P. J. Schuck, D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, G. S. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, “Improving the mismatch between light and nanoscale objects with gold bowtie nanoantennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 017402 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, P. J. Schuck, G. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, “Gap-dependent optical coupling of single bowtie nanoantennas resonant in the visible,” Nano Lett. 4, 957–961 (2004).
[Crossref]

García de Abajo, F. J.

J. Aizpurua, G. W. Bryant, L. J. Richter, F. J. García de Abajo, B. K. Kelley, and T. Mallouk, “Optical properties of coupled metallic nanorods for field-enhanced spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 235420 (2005).
[Crossref]

Geisler, P.

J.-S. Huang, V. Callegari, P. Geisler, C. Brning, J. Kern, J. C. Prangsma, X. Wu, T. Feichtner, J. Ziegler, P. Weinmann, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, P. Biagioni, U. Sennhauser, and B. Hecht, “Atomically flat single-crystalline gold nanostructures for plasmonic nanocircuitry,” Nat. Commun. 1, 150 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ghatnekar-Nilsson, S.

A. Mikkelsen, E. Hilner, J. N. Andersen, S. Ghatnekar-Nilsson, L. Montelius, and A. A. Zakharov, “Low temperature ga surface diffusion from focused ion beam milled grooves,” Nanotechnology 20, 325304 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Giannuzzi, L. A.

B. W. Kempshall, S. M. Schwarz, B. I. Prenitzer, L. A. Giannuzzi, R. B. Irwin, and F. A. Stevie, “Ion channeling effects on the focused ion beam milling of Cu,” JVST B 19, 749–754 (2001).

Gloskovskii, A.

M. Cinchetti, A. Gloskovskii, S. A. Nepjiko, G. Schönhense, H. Rochholz, and M. Kreiter, “Photoemission electron microscopy as a tool for the investigation of optical near fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 047601 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gölzhäuser, A.

H. Kollmann, X. Piao, M. Esmann, S. F. Becker, D. Hou, C. Huynh, L.-O. Kautschor, G. Bösker, H. Vieker, A. Beyer, A. Gölzhäuser, N. Park, R. Vogelgesang, M. Silies, and C. Lienau, “Toward plasmonics with nanometer precision: nonlinear optics of helium-ion milled gold nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 14, 4778–4784 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grosz, P.

B. Piglosiewicz, S. Schmidt, D. J. Park, J. Vogelsang, P. Grosz, C. Manzoni, P. Farinello, G. Cerullo, and C. Lienau, “Carrier-envelope phase effects on the strong-field photoemission of electrons from metallic nanostructures,” Nat. Photonics 8, 37–42 (2014).
[Crossref]

Grubisic, A.

A. Grubisic, V. Schweikhard, T. A. Baker, and D. J. Nesbitt, “Coherent multiphoton photoelectron emission from single Au nanorods: The critical role of plasmonic electric near-field enhancement,” ACS Nano 7, 87–99 (2013).
[Crossref]

Grzezkiewicz, B.

B. Grzeźkiewicz, K. Ptaszyński, and M. Kotkowiak, “Near and far-field properties of nanoprisms with rounded edges,” Plasmonics 9, 607–614 (2014).
[Crossref]

Guenot, D.

E. Mårsell, C. L. Arnold, E. Lorek, D. Guenot, T. Fordell, M. Miranda, J. Mauritsson, H. Xu, A. L’Huillier, and A. Mikkelsen, “Secondary electron imaging of nanostructures using extreme ultra-violet attosecond pulse trains and infra-red femtosecond pulses,” Ann. Phys. 525, 162–170 (2013).
[Crossref]

Guo, C.

E. Mårsell, A. Losquin, R. Svärd, M. Miranda, C. Guo, A. Harth, E. Lorek, J. Mauritsson, C. L. Arnold, H. Xu, A. L’Huillier, and A. Mikkelsen, “Nanoscale imaging of local few-fs near-field dynamics within a single plasmonic nanoantenna,” Nano Lett. 15, 6601–6608 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hao, E.

E. Hao and G. C. Schatz, “Electromagnetic fields around silver nanoparticles and dimers,” J. Chem. Phys. 120, 357–366 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Harada, T.

Harth, A.

E. Mårsell, A. Losquin, R. Svärd, M. Miranda, C. Guo, A. Harth, E. Lorek, J. Mauritsson, C. L. Arnold, H. Xu, A. L’Huillier, and A. Mikkelsen, “Nanoscale imaging of local few-fs near-field dynamics within a single plasmonic nanoantenna,” Nano Lett. 15, 6601–6608 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hecht, B.

J.-S. Huang, V. Callegari, P. Geisler, C. Brning, J. Kern, J. C. Prangsma, X. Wu, T. Feichtner, J. Ziegler, P. Weinmann, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, P. Biagioni, U. Sennhauser, and B. Hecht, “Atomically flat single-crystalline gold nanostructures for plasmonic nanocircuitry,” Nat. Commun. 1, 150 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hilner, E.

A. Mikkelsen, E. Hilner, J. N. Andersen, S. Ghatnekar-Nilsson, L. Montelius, and A. A. Zakharov, “Low temperature ga surface diffusion from focused ion beam milled grooves,” Nanotechnology 20, 325304 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hirosawa, K.

Hohenau, A.

A. Trügler, J.-C. Tinguely, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, and U. Hohenester, “Influence of surface roughness on the optical properties of plasmonic nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B 83, 081412 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hohenester, U.

P. Dombi, A. Hörl, P. Rácz, I. Márton, A. Trügler, J. R. Krenn, and U. Hohenester, “Ultrafast strong-field photoemission from plasmonic nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 13, 674–678 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Trügler, J.-C. Tinguely, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, and U. Hohenester, “Influence of surface roughness on the optical properties of plasmonic nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B 83, 081412 (2011).
[Crossref]

Holscher, A.

W. Sachtler, G. Dorgelo, and A. Holscher, “The work function of gold,” Surf. Sci. 5, 221–229 (1966).
[Crossref]

Hörl, A.

P. Dombi, A. Hörl, P. Rácz, I. Márton, A. Trügler, J. R. Krenn, and U. Hohenester, “Ultrafast strong-field photoemission from plasmonic nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 13, 674–678 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hou, D.

H. Kollmann, X. Piao, M. Esmann, S. F. Becker, D. Hou, C. Huynh, L.-O. Kautschor, G. Bösker, H. Vieker, A. Beyer, A. Gölzhäuser, N. Park, R. Vogelgesang, M. Silies, and C. Lienau, “Toward plasmonics with nanometer precision: nonlinear optics of helium-ion milled gold nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 14, 4778–4784 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, J.-S.

J.-S. Huang, V. Callegari, P. Geisler, C. Brning, J. Kern, J. C. Prangsma, X. Wu, T. Feichtner, J. Ziegler, P. Weinmann, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, P. Biagioni, U. Sennhauser, and B. Hecht, “Atomically flat single-crystalline gold nanostructures for plasmonic nanocircuitry,” Nat. Commun. 1, 150 (2010).
[Crossref]

Huynh, C.

H. Kollmann, X. Piao, M. Esmann, S. F. Becker, D. Hou, C. Huynh, L.-O. Kautschor, G. Bösker, H. Vieker, A. Beyer, A. Gölzhäuser, N. Park, R. Vogelgesang, M. Silies, and C. Lienau, “Toward plasmonics with nanometer precision: nonlinear optics of helium-ion milled gold nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 14, 4778–4784 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hwu, Y.

O. Schmidt, G. Fecher, Y. Hwu, and G. Schnhense, “The spatial distribution of non-linear effects in multi-photon photoemission from metallic adsorbates on si(1 1 1),” Surface Science 482485, 687–692 (2001).
[Crossref]

Irwin, R. B.

B. W. Kempshall, S. M. Schwarz, B. I. Prenitzer, L. A. Giannuzzi, R. B. Irwin, and F. A. Stevie, “Ion channeling effects on the focused ion beam milling of Cu,” JVST B 19, 749–754 (2001).

Jiang, Q.

Q. Jiang, J. Bo-Yu, H. Zuo-Qiang, and L. Jing-Quan, “Probing of ultrafast plasmon dynamics on gold bowtie nanostructure using photoemission electron microscopy,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 32, 064202 (2015).
[Crossref]

Jin, J.

S. Kim, J. Jin, Y.-J. Kim, I.-Y. Park, Y. Kim, and S.-W. Kim, “High-harmonic generation by resonant plasmon field enhancement,” Nature 453, 757–760 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jing-Quan, L.

Q. Jiang, J. Bo-Yu, H. Zuo-Qiang, and L. Jing-Quan, “Probing of ultrafast plasmon dynamics on gold bowtie nanostructure using photoemission electron microscopy,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 32, 064202 (2015).
[Crossref]

Johnson, P. B.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370–4379 (1972).
[Crossref]

Jung, Y. S.

A. Kubo, K. Onda, H. Petek, Z. Sun, Y. S. Jung, and H. K. Kim, “Femtosecond imaging of surface plasmon dynamics in a nanostructured silver film,” Nano Lett. 5, 1123–1127 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kamp, M.

J.-S. Huang, V. Callegari, P. Geisler, C. Brning, J. Kern, J. C. Prangsma, X. Wu, T. Feichtner, J. Ziegler, P. Weinmann, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, P. Biagioni, U. Sennhauser, and B. Hecht, “Atomically flat single-crystalline gold nanostructures for plasmonic nanocircuitry,” Nat. Commun. 1, 150 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kannari, F.

Kautschor, L.-O.

H. Kollmann, X. Piao, M. Esmann, S. F. Becker, D. Hou, C. Huynh, L.-O. Kautschor, G. Bösker, H. Vieker, A. Beyer, A. Gölzhäuser, N. Park, R. Vogelgesang, M. Silies, and C. Lienau, “Toward plasmonics with nanometer precision: nonlinear optics of helium-ion milled gold nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 14, 4778–4784 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kelley, B. K.

J. Aizpurua, G. W. Bryant, L. J. Richter, F. J. García de Abajo, B. K. Kelley, and T. Mallouk, “Optical properties of coupled metallic nanorods for field-enhanced spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 235420 (2005).
[Crossref]

Kelly, K. L.

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: the influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 668–677 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kempshall, B. W.

B. W. Kempshall, S. M. Schwarz, B. I. Prenitzer, L. A. Giannuzzi, R. B. Irwin, and F. A. Stevie, “Ion channeling effects on the focused ion beam milling of Cu,” JVST B 19, 749–754 (2001).

Kern, J.

J.-S. Huang, V. Callegari, P. Geisler, C. Brning, J. Kern, J. C. Prangsma, X. Wu, T. Feichtner, J. Ziegler, P. Weinmann, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, P. Biagioni, U. Sennhauser, and B. Hecht, “Atomically flat single-crystalline gold nanostructures for plasmonic nanocircuitry,” Nat. Commun. 1, 150 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kim, H. K.

A. Kubo, K. Onda, H. Petek, Z. Sun, Y. S. Jung, and H. K. Kim, “Femtosecond imaging of surface plasmon dynamics in a nanostructured silver film,” Nano Lett. 5, 1123–1127 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, S.

S. Kim, J. Jin, Y.-J. Kim, I.-Y. Park, Y. Kim, and S.-W. Kim, “High-harmonic generation by resonant plasmon field enhancement,” Nature 453, 757–760 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, S.-W.

S. Kim, J. Jin, Y.-J. Kim, I.-Y. Park, Y. Kim, and S.-W. Kim, “High-harmonic generation by resonant plasmon field enhancement,” Nature 453, 757–760 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, Y.

S. Kim, J. Jin, Y.-J. Kim, I.-Y. Park, Y. Kim, and S.-W. Kim, “High-harmonic generation by resonant plasmon field enhancement,” Nature 453, 757–760 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, Y.-J.

S. Kim, J. Jin, Y.-J. Kim, I.-Y. Park, Y. Kim, and S.-W. Kim, “High-harmonic generation by resonant plasmon field enhancement,” Nature 453, 757–760 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kino, G.

D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, P. J. Schuck, G. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, “Gap-dependent optical coupling of single bowtie nanoantennas resonant in the visible,” Nano Lett. 4, 957–961 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kino, G. S.

P. J. Schuck, D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, G. S. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, “Improving the mismatch between light and nanoscale objects with gold bowtie nanoantennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 017402 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Sundaramurthy, K. B. Crozier, G. S. Kino, D. P. Fromm, P. J. Schuck, and W. E. Moerner, “Field enhancement and gap-dependent resonance in a system of two opposing tip-to-tip au nanotriangles,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 165409 (2005).
[Crossref]

Kleineberg, U.

M. I. Stockman, M. F. Kling, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond nanoplasmonic-field microscope,” Nat. Photonics 1, 539–544 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kling, M. F.

M. I. Stockman, M. F. Kling, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond nanoplasmonic-field microscope,” Nat. Photonics 1, 539–544 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kollmann, H.

H. Kollmann, X. Piao, M. Esmann, S. F. Becker, D. Hou, C. Huynh, L.-O. Kautschor, G. Bösker, H. Vieker, A. Beyer, A. Gölzhäuser, N. Park, R. Vogelgesang, M. Silies, and C. Lienau, “Toward plasmonics with nanometer precision: nonlinear optics of helium-ion milled gold nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 14, 4778–4784 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kotkowiak, M.

B. Grzeźkiewicz, K. Ptaszyński, and M. Kotkowiak, “Near and far-field properties of nanoprisms with rounded edges,” Plasmonics 9, 607–614 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kottmann, J. P.

Krausz, F.

M. I. Stockman, M. F. Kling, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond nanoplasmonic-field microscope,” Nat. Photonics 1, 539–544 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kreiter, M.

M. Cinchetti, A. Gloskovskii, S. A. Nepjiko, G. Schönhense, H. Rochholz, and M. Kreiter, “Photoemission electron microscopy as a tool for the investigation of optical near fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 047601 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Krenn, J. R.

P. Dombi, A. Hörl, P. Rácz, I. Márton, A. Trügler, J. R. Krenn, and U. Hohenester, “Ultrafast strong-field photoemission from plasmonic nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 13, 674–678 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Trügler, J.-C. Tinguely, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, and U. Hohenester, “Influence of surface roughness on the optical properties of plasmonic nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B 83, 081412 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kubo, A.

Q. Sun, K. Ueno, H. Yu, A. Kubo, Y. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, “Direct imaging of the near field and dynamics of surface plasmon resonance on gold nanostructures using photoemission electron microscopy,” Light: Sci. Appl. 2, e118 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Kubo, K. Onda, H. Petek, Z. Sun, Y. S. Jung, and H. K. Kim, “Femtosecond imaging of surface plasmon dynamics in a nanostructured silver film,” Nano Lett. 5, 1123–1127 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kusaba, M.

L’Huillier, A.

E. Mårsell, A. Losquin, R. Svärd, M. Miranda, C. Guo, A. Harth, E. Lorek, J. Mauritsson, C. L. Arnold, H. Xu, A. L’Huillier, and A. Mikkelsen, “Nanoscale imaging of local few-fs near-field dynamics within a single plasmonic nanoantenna,” Nano Lett. 15, 6601–6608 (2015).
[Crossref]

E. Mårsell, C. L. Arnold, E. Lorek, D. Guenot, T. Fordell, M. Miranda, J. Mauritsson, H. Xu, A. L’Huillier, and A. Mikkelsen, “Secondary electron imaging of nanostructures using extreme ultra-violet attosecond pulse trains and infra-red femtosecond pulses,” Ann. Phys. 525, 162–170 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Miranda, T. Fordell, C. Arnold, A. L’Huillier, and H. Crespo, “Simultaneous compression and characterization of ultrashort laser pulses using chirped mirrors and glass wedges,” Opt. Express 20, 688–697 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lange, J.

M. Bauer, C. Wiemann, J. Lange, D. Bayer, M. Rohmer, and M. Aeschlimann, “Phase propagation of localized surface plasmons probed by time-resolved photoemission electron microscopy,” Appl. Phys. A 88, 473–480 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lienau, C.

H. Kollmann, X. Piao, M. Esmann, S. F. Becker, D. Hou, C. Huynh, L.-O. Kautschor, G. Bösker, H. Vieker, A. Beyer, A. Gölzhäuser, N. Park, R. Vogelgesang, M. Silies, and C. Lienau, “Toward plasmonics with nanometer precision: nonlinear optics of helium-ion milled gold nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 14, 4778–4784 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Piglosiewicz, S. Schmidt, D. J. Park, J. Vogelsang, P. Grosz, C. Manzoni, P. Farinello, G. Cerullo, and C. Lienau, “Carrier-envelope phase effects on the strong-field photoemission of electrons from metallic nanostructures,” Nat. Photonics 8, 37–42 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lorek, E.

E. Mårsell, A. Losquin, R. Svärd, M. Miranda, C. Guo, A. Harth, E. Lorek, J. Mauritsson, C. L. Arnold, H. Xu, A. L’Huillier, and A. Mikkelsen, “Nanoscale imaging of local few-fs near-field dynamics within a single plasmonic nanoantenna,” Nano Lett. 15, 6601–6608 (2015).
[Crossref]

E. Mårsell, C. L. Arnold, E. Lorek, D. Guenot, T. Fordell, M. Miranda, J. Mauritsson, H. Xu, A. L’Huillier, and A. Mikkelsen, “Secondary electron imaging of nanostructures using extreme ultra-violet attosecond pulse trains and infra-red femtosecond pulses,” Ann. Phys. 525, 162–170 (2013).
[Crossref]

Losquin, A.

E. Mårsell, A. Losquin, R. Svärd, M. Miranda, C. Guo, A. Harth, E. Lorek, J. Mauritsson, C. L. Arnold, H. Xu, A. L’Huillier, and A. Mikkelsen, “Nanoscale imaging of local few-fs near-field dynamics within a single plasmonic nanoantenna,” Nano Lett. 15, 6601–6608 (2015).
[Crossref]

Mallouk, T.

J. Aizpurua, G. W. Bryant, L. J. Richter, F. J. García de Abajo, B. K. Kelley, and T. Mallouk, “Optical properties of coupled metallic nanorods for field-enhanced spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 235420 (2005).
[Crossref]

Manzoni, C.

B. Piglosiewicz, S. Schmidt, D. J. Park, J. Vogelsang, P. Grosz, C. Manzoni, P. Farinello, G. Cerullo, and C. Lienau, “Carrier-envelope phase effects on the strong-field photoemission of electrons from metallic nanostructures,” Nat. Photonics 8, 37–42 (2014).
[Crossref]

Mårsell, E.

E. Mårsell, A. Losquin, R. Svärd, M. Miranda, C. Guo, A. Harth, E. Lorek, J. Mauritsson, C. L. Arnold, H. Xu, A. L’Huillier, and A. Mikkelsen, “Nanoscale imaging of local few-fs near-field dynamics within a single plasmonic nanoantenna,” Nano Lett. 15, 6601–6608 (2015).
[Crossref]

E. Mårsell, C. L. Arnold, E. Lorek, D. Guenot, T. Fordell, M. Miranda, J. Mauritsson, H. Xu, A. L’Huillier, and A. Mikkelsen, “Secondary electron imaging of nanostructures using extreme ultra-violet attosecond pulse trains and infra-red femtosecond pulses,” Ann. Phys. 525, 162–170 (2013).
[Crossref]

Martin, O. J. F.

Márton, I.

P. Dombi, A. Hörl, P. Rácz, I. Márton, A. Trügler, J. R. Krenn, and U. Hohenester, “Ultrafast strong-field photoemission from plasmonic nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 13, 674–678 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Matsuishi, K.

Matsuo, Y.

Q. Sun, K. Ueno, H. Yu, A. Kubo, Y. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, “Direct imaging of the near field and dynamics of surface plasmon resonance on gold nanostructures using photoemission electron microscopy,” Light: Sci. Appl. 2, e118 (2013).
[Crossref]

Mauritsson, J.

E. Mårsell, A. Losquin, R. Svärd, M. Miranda, C. Guo, A. Harth, E. Lorek, J. Mauritsson, C. L. Arnold, H. Xu, A. L’Huillier, and A. Mikkelsen, “Nanoscale imaging of local few-fs near-field dynamics within a single plasmonic nanoantenna,” Nano Lett. 15, 6601–6608 (2015).
[Crossref]

E. Mårsell, C. L. Arnold, E. Lorek, D. Guenot, T. Fordell, M. Miranda, J. Mauritsson, H. Xu, A. L’Huillier, and A. Mikkelsen, “Secondary electron imaging of nanostructures using extreme ultra-violet attosecond pulse trains and infra-red femtosecond pulses,” Ann. Phys. 525, 162–170 (2013).
[Crossref]

Mikkelsen, A.

E. Mårsell, A. Losquin, R. Svärd, M. Miranda, C. Guo, A. Harth, E. Lorek, J. Mauritsson, C. L. Arnold, H. Xu, A. L’Huillier, and A. Mikkelsen, “Nanoscale imaging of local few-fs near-field dynamics within a single plasmonic nanoantenna,” Nano Lett. 15, 6601–6608 (2015).
[Crossref]

E. Mårsell, C. L. Arnold, E. Lorek, D. Guenot, T. Fordell, M. Miranda, J. Mauritsson, H. Xu, A. L’Huillier, and A. Mikkelsen, “Secondary electron imaging of nanostructures using extreme ultra-violet attosecond pulse trains and infra-red femtosecond pulses,” Ann. Phys. 525, 162–170 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Mikkelsen, E. Hilner, J. N. Andersen, S. Ghatnekar-Nilsson, L. Montelius, and A. A. Zakharov, “Low temperature ga surface diffusion from focused ion beam milled grooves,” Nanotechnology 20, 325304 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Minor, A. M.

C. A. Volkert and A. M. Minor, “Focused ion beam microscopy and micromachining,” MRS Bulletin 32, 389–399 (2007).
[Crossref]

Miranda, M.

E. Mårsell, A. Losquin, R. Svärd, M. Miranda, C. Guo, A. Harth, E. Lorek, J. Mauritsson, C. L. Arnold, H. Xu, A. L’Huillier, and A. Mikkelsen, “Nanoscale imaging of local few-fs near-field dynamics within a single plasmonic nanoantenna,” Nano Lett. 15, 6601–6608 (2015).
[Crossref]

E. Mårsell, C. L. Arnold, E. Lorek, D. Guenot, T. Fordell, M. Miranda, J. Mauritsson, H. Xu, A. L’Huillier, and A. Mikkelsen, “Secondary electron imaging of nanostructures using extreme ultra-violet attosecond pulse trains and infra-red femtosecond pulses,” Ann. Phys. 525, 162–170 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Miranda, T. Fordell, C. Arnold, A. L’Huillier, and H. Crespo, “Simultaneous compression and characterization of ultrashort laser pulses using chirped mirrors and glass wedges,” Opt. Express 20, 688–697 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Misawa, H.

Q. Sun, K. Ueno, H. Yu, A. Kubo, Y. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, “Direct imaging of the near field and dynamics of surface plasmon resonance on gold nanostructures using photoemission electron microscopy,” Light: Sci. Appl. 2, e118 (2013).
[Crossref]

Moerner, W. E.

A. Sundaramurthy, K. B. Crozier, G. S. Kino, D. P. Fromm, P. J. Schuck, and W. E. Moerner, “Field enhancement and gap-dependent resonance in a system of two opposing tip-to-tip au nanotriangles,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 165409 (2005).
[Crossref]

P. J. Schuck, D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, G. S. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, “Improving the mismatch between light and nanoscale objects with gold bowtie nanoantennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 017402 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, P. J. Schuck, G. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, “Gap-dependent optical coupling of single bowtie nanoantennas resonant in the visible,” Nano Lett. 4, 957–961 (2004).
[Crossref]

Montelius, L.

A. Mikkelsen, E. Hilner, J. N. Andersen, S. Ghatnekar-Nilsson, L. Montelius, and A. A. Zakharov, “Low temperature ga surface diffusion from focused ion beam milled grooves,” Nanotechnology 20, 325304 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Munroe, P.

P. Munroe, “The application of focused ion beam microscopy in the material sciences,” Mater. Character. 60, 2–13 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nepjiko, S. A.

M. Cinchetti, A. Gloskovskii, S. A. Nepjiko, G. Schönhense, H. Rochholz, and M. Kreiter, “Photoemission electron microscopy as a tool for the investigation of optical near fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 047601 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nesbitt, D. J.

A. Grubisic, V. Schweikhard, T. A. Baker, and D. J. Nesbitt, “Coherent multiphoton photoelectron emission from single Au nanorods: The critical role of plasmonic electric near-field enhancement,” ACS Nano 7, 87–99 (2013).
[Crossref]

Novotny, L.

L. Novotny and N. van Hulst, “Antennas for light,” Nat. Photonics 5, 83–90 (2011).
[Crossref]

P. Bharadwaj, B. Deutsch, and L. Novotny, “Optical antennas,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 1, 438–483 (2009).
[Crossref]

Oi, J.

Onda, K.

A. Kubo, K. Onda, H. Petek, Z. Sun, Y. S. Jung, and H. K. Kim, “Femtosecond imaging of surface plasmon dynamics in a nanostructured silver film,” Nano Lett. 5, 1123–1127 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Onishi, S.

Palik, E. D.

E. D. Palik, “Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids” (Academic Press, 1997).

Park, D. J.

B. Piglosiewicz, S. Schmidt, D. J. Park, J. Vogelsang, P. Grosz, C. Manzoni, P. Farinello, G. Cerullo, and C. Lienau, “Carrier-envelope phase effects on the strong-field photoemission of electrons from metallic nanostructures,” Nat. Photonics 8, 37–42 (2014).
[Crossref]

Park, I.-Y.

S. Kim, J. Jin, Y.-J. Kim, I.-Y. Park, Y. Kim, and S.-W. Kim, “High-harmonic generation by resonant plasmon field enhancement,” Nature 453, 757–760 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Park, N.

H. Kollmann, X. Piao, M. Esmann, S. F. Becker, D. Hou, C. Huynh, L.-O. Kautschor, G. Bösker, H. Vieker, A. Beyer, A. Gölzhäuser, N. Park, R. Vogelgesang, M. Silies, and C. Lienau, “Toward plasmonics with nanometer precision: nonlinear optics of helium-ion milled gold nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 14, 4778–4784 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Petek, H.

A. Kubo, K. Onda, H. Petek, Z. Sun, Y. S. Jung, and H. K. Kim, “Femtosecond imaging of surface plasmon dynamics in a nanostructured silver film,” Nano Lett. 5, 1123–1127 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pfeiffer, W.

M. Aeschlimann, M. Bauer, D. Bayer, T. Brixner, S. Cunovic, F. Dimler, A. Fischer, W. Pfeiffer, M. Rohmer, C. Schneider, F. Steeb, C. Strüber, and D. V. Voronine, “Spatiotemporal control of nanooptical excitations,” PNAS 107, 5329–5333 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Piao, X.

H. Kollmann, X. Piao, M. Esmann, S. F. Becker, D. Hou, C. Huynh, L.-O. Kautschor, G. Bösker, H. Vieker, A. Beyer, A. Gölzhäuser, N. Park, R. Vogelgesang, M. Silies, and C. Lienau, “Toward plasmonics with nanometer precision: nonlinear optics of helium-ion milled gold nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 14, 4778–4784 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Piatkowski, L.

N. Accanto, L. Piatkowski, J. Renger, and N. F. van Hulst, “Capturing the optical phase response of nanoantennas by coherent second-harmonic microscopy,” Nano Lett. 14, 4078–4082 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Piglosiewicz, B.

B. Piglosiewicz, S. Schmidt, D. J. Park, J. Vogelsang, P. Grosz, C. Manzoni, P. Farinello, G. Cerullo, and C. Lienau, “Carrier-envelope phase effects on the strong-field photoemission of electrons from metallic nanostructures,” Nat. Photonics 8, 37–42 (2014).
[Crossref]

Prangsma, J. C.

J.-S. Huang, V. Callegari, P. Geisler, C. Brning, J. Kern, J. C. Prangsma, X. Wu, T. Feichtner, J. Ziegler, P. Weinmann, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, P. Biagioni, U. Sennhauser, and B. Hecht, “Atomically flat single-crystalline gold nanostructures for plasmonic nanocircuitry,” Nat. Commun. 1, 150 (2010).
[Crossref]

Prenitzer, B. I.

B. W. Kempshall, S. M. Schwarz, B. I. Prenitzer, L. A. Giannuzzi, R. B. Irwin, and F. A. Stevie, “Ion channeling effects on the focused ion beam milling of Cu,” JVST B 19, 749–754 (2001).

Ptaszynski, K.

B. Grzeźkiewicz, K. Ptaszyński, and M. Kotkowiak, “Near and far-field properties of nanoprisms with rounded edges,” Plasmonics 9, 607–614 (2014).
[Crossref]

Rácz, P.

P. Dombi, A. Hörl, P. Rácz, I. Márton, A. Trügler, J. R. Krenn, and U. Hohenester, “Ultrafast strong-field photoemission from plasmonic nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 13, 674–678 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Raschke, M. B.

A. Anderson, K. S. Deryckx, X. G. Xu, G. Steinmeyer, and M. B. Raschke, “Few-femtosecond plasmon dephasing of a single metallic nanostructure from optical response function reconstruction by interferometric frequency resolved optical gating,” Nano Lett. 10, 2519–2524 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Renger, J.

N. Accanto, L. Piatkowski, J. Renger, and N. F. van Hulst, “Capturing the optical phase response of nanoantennas by coherent second-harmonic microscopy,” Nano Lett. 14, 4078–4082 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Richter, L. J.

J. Aizpurua, G. W. Bryant, L. J. Richter, F. J. García de Abajo, B. K. Kelley, and T. Mallouk, “Optical properties of coupled metallic nanorods for field-enhanced spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 235420 (2005).
[Crossref]

Rochholz, H.

M. Cinchetti, A. Gloskovskii, S. A. Nepjiko, G. Schönhense, H. Rochholz, and M. Kreiter, “Photoemission electron microscopy as a tool for the investigation of optical near fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 047601 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rohmer, M.

M. Aeschlimann, M. Bauer, D. Bayer, T. Brixner, S. Cunovic, F. Dimler, A. Fischer, W. Pfeiffer, M. Rohmer, C. Schneider, F. Steeb, C. Strüber, and D. V. Voronine, “Spatiotemporal control of nanooptical excitations,” PNAS 107, 5329–5333 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Bauer, C. Wiemann, J. Lange, D. Bayer, M. Rohmer, and M. Aeschlimann, “Phase propagation of localized surface plasmons probed by time-resolved photoemission electron microscopy,” Appl. Phys. A 88, 473–480 (2007).
[Crossref]

C. Wiemann, D. Bayer, M. Rohmer, M. Aeschlimann, and M. Bauer, “Local 2PPE-yield enhancement in a defined periodic silver nanodisk array,” Surf. Sci. 601, 4714–4721 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sachtler, W.

W. Sachtler, G. Dorgelo, and A. Holscher, “The work function of gold,” Surf. Sci. 5, 221–229 (1966).
[Crossref]

Schatz, G. C.

E. Hao and G. C. Schatz, “Electromagnetic fields around silver nanoparticles and dimers,” J. Chem. Phys. 120, 357–366 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: the influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 668–677 (2003).
[Crossref]

Schmidt, O.

O. Schmidt, G. Fecher, Y. Hwu, and G. Schnhense, “The spatial distribution of non-linear effects in multi-photon photoemission from metallic adsorbates on si(1 1 1),” Surface Science 482485, 687–692 (2001).
[Crossref]

Schmidt, S.

B. Piglosiewicz, S. Schmidt, D. J. Park, J. Vogelsang, P. Grosz, C. Manzoni, P. Farinello, G. Cerullo, and C. Lienau, “Carrier-envelope phase effects on the strong-field photoemission of electrons from metallic nanostructures,” Nat. Photonics 8, 37–42 (2014).
[Crossref]

Schneider, C.

M. Aeschlimann, M. Bauer, D. Bayer, T. Brixner, S. Cunovic, F. Dimler, A. Fischer, W. Pfeiffer, M. Rohmer, C. Schneider, F. Steeb, C. Strüber, and D. V. Voronine, “Spatiotemporal control of nanooptical excitations,” PNAS 107, 5329–5333 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schnhense, G.

O. Schmidt, G. Fecher, Y. Hwu, and G. Schnhense, “The spatial distribution of non-linear effects in multi-photon photoemission from metallic adsorbates on si(1 1 1),” Surface Science 482485, 687–692 (2001).
[Crossref]

Schönhense, G.

M. Cinchetti, A. Gloskovskii, S. A. Nepjiko, G. Schönhense, H. Rochholz, and M. Kreiter, “Photoemission electron microscopy as a tool for the investigation of optical near fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 047601 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schuck, P. J.

P. J. Schuck, D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, G. S. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, “Improving the mismatch between light and nanoscale objects with gold bowtie nanoantennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 017402 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Sundaramurthy, K. B. Crozier, G. S. Kino, D. P. Fromm, P. J. Schuck, and W. E. Moerner, “Field enhancement and gap-dependent resonance in a system of two opposing tip-to-tip au nanotriangles,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 165409 (2005).
[Crossref]

D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, P. J. Schuck, G. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, “Gap-dependent optical coupling of single bowtie nanoantennas resonant in the visible,” Nano Lett. 4, 957–961 (2004).
[Crossref]

Schwarz, S. M.

B. W. Kempshall, S. M. Schwarz, B. I. Prenitzer, L. A. Giannuzzi, R. B. Irwin, and F. A. Stevie, “Ion channeling effects on the focused ion beam milling of Cu,” JVST B 19, 749–754 (2001).

Schweikhard, V.

A. Grubisic, V. Schweikhard, T. A. Baker, and D. J. Nesbitt, “Coherent multiphoton photoelectron emission from single Au nanorods: The critical role of plasmonic electric near-field enhancement,” ACS Nano 7, 87–99 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sennhauser, U.

J.-S. Huang, V. Callegari, P. Geisler, C. Brning, J. Kern, J. C. Prangsma, X. Wu, T. Feichtner, J. Ziegler, P. Weinmann, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, P. Biagioni, U. Sennhauser, and B. Hecht, “Atomically flat single-crystalline gold nanostructures for plasmonic nanocircuitry,” Nat. Commun. 1, 150 (2010).
[Crossref]

Silies, M.

H. Kollmann, X. Piao, M. Esmann, S. F. Becker, D. Hou, C. Huynh, L.-O. Kautschor, G. Bösker, H. Vieker, A. Beyer, A. Gölzhäuser, N. Park, R. Vogelgesang, M. Silies, and C. Lienau, “Toward plasmonics with nanometer precision: nonlinear optics of helium-ion milled gold nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 14, 4778–4784 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Steeb, F.

M. Aeschlimann, M. Bauer, D. Bayer, T. Brixner, S. Cunovic, F. Dimler, A. Fischer, W. Pfeiffer, M. Rohmer, C. Schneider, F. Steeb, C. Strüber, and D. V. Voronine, “Spatiotemporal control of nanooptical excitations,” PNAS 107, 5329–5333 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Steinmeyer, G.

A. Anderson, K. S. Deryckx, X. G. Xu, G. Steinmeyer, and M. B. Raschke, “Few-femtosecond plasmon dephasing of a single metallic nanostructure from optical response function reconstruction by interferometric frequency resolved optical gating,” Nano Lett. 10, 2519–2524 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stevie, F. A.

B. W. Kempshall, S. M. Schwarz, B. I. Prenitzer, L. A. Giannuzzi, R. B. Irwin, and F. A. Stevie, “Ion channeling effects on the focused ion beam milling of Cu,” JVST B 19, 749–754 (2001).

Stockman, M. I.

M. I. Stockman, M. F. Kling, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond nanoplasmonic-field microscope,” Nat. Photonics 1, 539–544 (2007).
[Crossref]

Strüber, C.

M. Aeschlimann, M. Bauer, D. Bayer, T. Brixner, S. Cunovic, F. Dimler, A. Fischer, W. Pfeiffer, M. Rohmer, C. Schneider, F. Steeb, C. Strüber, and D. V. Voronine, “Spatiotemporal control of nanooptical excitations,” PNAS 107, 5329–5333 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, Q.

Q. Sun, K. Ueno, H. Yu, A. Kubo, Y. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, “Direct imaging of the near field and dynamics of surface plasmon resonance on gold nanostructures using photoemission electron microscopy,” Light: Sci. Appl. 2, e118 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sun, Z.

A. Kubo, K. Onda, H. Petek, Z. Sun, Y. S. Jung, and H. K. Kim, “Femtosecond imaging of surface plasmon dynamics in a nanostructured silver film,” Nano Lett. 5, 1123–1127 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sundaramurthy, A.

A. Sundaramurthy, K. B. Crozier, G. S. Kino, D. P. Fromm, P. J. Schuck, and W. E. Moerner, “Field enhancement and gap-dependent resonance in a system of two opposing tip-to-tip au nanotriangles,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 165409 (2005).
[Crossref]

P. J. Schuck, D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, G. S. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, “Improving the mismatch between light and nanoscale objects with gold bowtie nanoantennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 017402 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, P. J. Schuck, G. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, “Gap-dependent optical coupling of single bowtie nanoantennas resonant in the visible,” Nano Lett. 4, 957–961 (2004).
[Crossref]

Svärd, R.

E. Mårsell, A. Losquin, R. Svärd, M. Miranda, C. Guo, A. Harth, E. Lorek, J. Mauritsson, C. L. Arnold, H. Xu, A. L’Huillier, and A. Mikkelsen, “Nanoscale imaging of local few-fs near-field dynamics within a single plasmonic nanoantenna,” Nano Lett. 15, 6601–6608 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tinguely, J.-C.

A. Trügler, J.-C. Tinguely, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, and U. Hohenester, “Influence of surface roughness on the optical properties of plasmonic nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B 83, 081412 (2011).
[Crossref]

Trügler, A.

P. Dombi, A. Hörl, P. Rácz, I. Márton, A. Trügler, J. R. Krenn, and U. Hohenester, “Ultrafast strong-field photoemission from plasmonic nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 13, 674–678 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Trügler, J.-C. Tinguely, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, and U. Hohenester, “Influence of surface roughness on the optical properties of plasmonic nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B 83, 081412 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ueno, K.

Q. Sun, K. Ueno, H. Yu, A. Kubo, Y. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, “Direct imaging of the near field and dynamics of surface plasmon resonance on gold nanostructures using photoemission electron microscopy,” Light: Sci. Appl. 2, e118 (2013).
[Crossref]

van Hulst, N.

L. Novotny and N. van Hulst, “Antennas for light,” Nat. Photonics 5, 83–90 (2011).
[Crossref]

van Hulst, N. F.

N. Accanto, L. Piatkowski, J. Renger, and N. F. van Hulst, “Capturing the optical phase response of nanoantennas by coherent second-harmonic microscopy,” Nano Lett. 14, 4078–4082 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vieker, H.

H. Kollmann, X. Piao, M. Esmann, S. F. Becker, D. Hou, C. Huynh, L.-O. Kautschor, G. Bösker, H. Vieker, A. Beyer, A. Gölzhäuser, N. Park, R. Vogelgesang, M. Silies, and C. Lienau, “Toward plasmonics with nanometer precision: nonlinear optics of helium-ion milled gold nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 14, 4778–4784 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vogelgesang, R.

H. Kollmann, X. Piao, M. Esmann, S. F. Becker, D. Hou, C. Huynh, L.-O. Kautschor, G. Bösker, H. Vieker, A. Beyer, A. Gölzhäuser, N. Park, R. Vogelgesang, M. Silies, and C. Lienau, “Toward plasmonics with nanometer precision: nonlinear optics of helium-ion milled gold nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 14, 4778–4784 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vogelsang, J.

B. Piglosiewicz, S. Schmidt, D. J. Park, J. Vogelsang, P. Grosz, C. Manzoni, P. Farinello, G. Cerullo, and C. Lienau, “Carrier-envelope phase effects on the strong-field photoemission of electrons from metallic nanostructures,” Nat. Photonics 8, 37–42 (2014).
[Crossref]

Volkert, C. A.

C. A. Volkert and A. M. Minor, “Focused ion beam microscopy and micromachining,” MRS Bulletin 32, 389–399 (2007).
[Crossref]

Voronine, D. V.

M. Aeschlimann, M. Bauer, D. Bayer, T. Brixner, S. Cunovic, F. Dimler, A. Fischer, W. Pfeiffer, M. Rohmer, C. Schneider, F. Steeb, C. Strüber, and D. V. Voronine, “Spatiotemporal control of nanooptical excitations,” PNAS 107, 5329–5333 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Weinmann, P.

J.-S. Huang, V. Callegari, P. Geisler, C. Brning, J. Kern, J. C. Prangsma, X. Wu, T. Feichtner, J. Ziegler, P. Weinmann, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, P. Biagioni, U. Sennhauser, and B. Hecht, “Atomically flat single-crystalline gold nanostructures for plasmonic nanocircuitry,” Nat. Commun. 1, 150 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wiemann, C.

M. Bauer, C. Wiemann, J. Lange, D. Bayer, M. Rohmer, and M. Aeschlimann, “Phase propagation of localized surface plasmons probed by time-resolved photoemission electron microscopy,” Appl. Phys. A 88, 473–480 (2007).
[Crossref]

C. Wiemann, D. Bayer, M. Rohmer, M. Aeschlimann, and M. Bauer, “Local 2PPE-yield enhancement in a defined periodic silver nanodisk array,” Surf. Sci. 601, 4714–4721 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wu, X.

J.-S. Huang, V. Callegari, P. Geisler, C. Brning, J. Kern, J. C. Prangsma, X. Wu, T. Feichtner, J. Ziegler, P. Weinmann, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, P. Biagioni, U. Sennhauser, and B. Hecht, “Atomically flat single-crystalline gold nanostructures for plasmonic nanocircuitry,” Nat. Commun. 1, 150 (2010).
[Crossref]

Xu, H.

E. Mårsell, A. Losquin, R. Svärd, M. Miranda, C. Guo, A. Harth, E. Lorek, J. Mauritsson, C. L. Arnold, H. Xu, A. L’Huillier, and A. Mikkelsen, “Nanoscale imaging of local few-fs near-field dynamics within a single plasmonic nanoantenna,” Nano Lett. 15, 6601–6608 (2015).
[Crossref]

E. Mårsell, C. L. Arnold, E. Lorek, D. Guenot, T. Fordell, M. Miranda, J. Mauritsson, H. Xu, A. L’Huillier, and A. Mikkelsen, “Secondary electron imaging of nanostructures using extreme ultra-violet attosecond pulse trains and infra-red femtosecond pulses,” Ann. Phys. 525, 162–170 (2013).
[Crossref]

Xu, X. G.

A. Anderson, K. S. Deryckx, X. G. Xu, G. Steinmeyer, and M. B. Raschke, “Few-femtosecond plasmon dephasing of a single metallic nanostructure from optical response function reconstruction by interferometric frequency resolved optical gating,” Nano Lett. 10, 2519–2524 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, H.

Q. Sun, K. Ueno, H. Yu, A. Kubo, Y. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, “Direct imaging of the near field and dynamics of surface plasmon resonance on gold nanostructures using photoemission electron microscopy,” Light: Sci. Appl. 2, e118 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zakharov, A. A.

A. Mikkelsen, E. Hilner, J. N. Andersen, S. Ghatnekar-Nilsson, L. Montelius, and A. A. Zakharov, “Low temperature ga surface diffusion from focused ion beam milled grooves,” Nanotechnology 20, 325304 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, L. L.

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: the influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 668–677 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ziegler, J.

J.-S. Huang, V. Callegari, P. Geisler, C. Brning, J. Kern, J. C. Prangsma, X. Wu, T. Feichtner, J. Ziegler, P. Weinmann, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, P. Biagioni, U. Sennhauser, and B. Hecht, “Atomically flat single-crystalline gold nanostructures for plasmonic nanocircuitry,” Nat. Commun. 1, 150 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zuo-Qiang, H.

Q. Jiang, J. Bo-Yu, H. Zuo-Qiang, and L. Jing-Quan, “Probing of ultrafast plasmon dynamics on gold bowtie nanostructure using photoemission electron microscopy,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 32, 064202 (2015).
[Crossref]

ACS Nano (1)

A. Grubisic, V. Schweikhard, T. A. Baker, and D. J. Nesbitt, “Coherent multiphoton photoelectron emission from single Au nanorods: The critical role of plasmonic electric near-field enhancement,” ACS Nano 7, 87–99 (2013).
[Crossref]

Adv. Opt. Photonics (1)

P. Bharadwaj, B. Deutsch, and L. Novotny, “Optical antennas,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 1, 438–483 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ann. Phys. (1)

E. Mårsell, C. L. Arnold, E. Lorek, D. Guenot, T. Fordell, M. Miranda, J. Mauritsson, H. Xu, A. L’Huillier, and A. Mikkelsen, “Secondary electron imaging of nanostructures using extreme ultra-violet attosecond pulse trains and infra-red femtosecond pulses,” Ann. Phys. 525, 162–170 (2013).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. A (1)

M. Bauer, C. Wiemann, J. Lange, D. Bayer, M. Rohmer, and M. Aeschlimann, “Phase propagation of localized surface plasmons probed by time-resolved photoemission electron microscopy,” Appl. Phys. A 88, 473–480 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chin. Phys. Lett. (1)

Q. Jiang, J. Bo-Yu, H. Zuo-Qiang, and L. Jing-Quan, “Probing of ultrafast plasmon dynamics on gold bowtie nanostructure using photoemission electron microscopy,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 32, 064202 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

E. Hao and G. C. Schatz, “Electromagnetic fields around silver nanoparticles and dimers,” J. Chem. Phys. 120, 357–366 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Phys. Chem. B (1)

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: the influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 668–677 (2003).
[Crossref]

JVST B (1)

B. W. Kempshall, S. M. Schwarz, B. I. Prenitzer, L. A. Giannuzzi, R. B. Irwin, and F. A. Stevie, “Ion channeling effects on the focused ion beam milling of Cu,” JVST B 19, 749–754 (2001).

Light: Sci. Appl. (1)

Q. Sun, K. Ueno, H. Yu, A. Kubo, Y. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, “Direct imaging of the near field and dynamics of surface plasmon resonance on gold nanostructures using photoemission electron microscopy,” Light: Sci. Appl. 2, e118 (2013).
[Crossref]

Mater. Character. (1)

P. Munroe, “The application of focused ion beam microscopy in the material sciences,” Mater. Character. 60, 2–13 (2009).
[Crossref]

MRS Bulletin (1)

C. A. Volkert and A. M. Minor, “Focused ion beam microscopy and micromachining,” MRS Bulletin 32, 389–399 (2007).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (7)

H. Kollmann, X. Piao, M. Esmann, S. F. Becker, D. Hou, C. Huynh, L.-O. Kautschor, G. Bösker, H. Vieker, A. Beyer, A. Gölzhäuser, N. Park, R. Vogelgesang, M. Silies, and C. Lienau, “Toward plasmonics with nanometer precision: nonlinear optics of helium-ion milled gold nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 14, 4778–4784 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Dombi, A. Hörl, P. Rácz, I. Márton, A. Trügler, J. R. Krenn, and U. Hohenester, “Ultrafast strong-field photoemission from plasmonic nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 13, 674–678 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Kubo, K. Onda, H. Petek, Z. Sun, Y. S. Jung, and H. K. Kim, “Femtosecond imaging of surface plasmon dynamics in a nanostructured silver film,” Nano Lett. 5, 1123–1127 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Mårsell, A. Losquin, R. Svärd, M. Miranda, C. Guo, A. Harth, E. Lorek, J. Mauritsson, C. L. Arnold, H. Xu, A. L’Huillier, and A. Mikkelsen, “Nanoscale imaging of local few-fs near-field dynamics within a single plasmonic nanoantenna,” Nano Lett. 15, 6601–6608 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Anderson, K. S. Deryckx, X. G. Xu, G. Steinmeyer, and M. B. Raschke, “Few-femtosecond plasmon dephasing of a single metallic nanostructure from optical response function reconstruction by interferometric frequency resolved optical gating,” Nano Lett. 10, 2519–2524 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Accanto, L. Piatkowski, J. Renger, and N. F. van Hulst, “Capturing the optical phase response of nanoantennas by coherent second-harmonic microscopy,” Nano Lett. 14, 4078–4082 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, P. J. Schuck, G. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, “Gap-dependent optical coupling of single bowtie nanoantennas resonant in the visible,” Nano Lett. 4, 957–961 (2004).
[Crossref]

Nanotechnology (1)

A. Mikkelsen, E. Hilner, J. N. Andersen, S. Ghatnekar-Nilsson, L. Montelius, and A. A. Zakharov, “Low temperature ga surface diffusion from focused ion beam milled grooves,” Nanotechnology 20, 325304 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Commun. (1)

J.-S. Huang, V. Callegari, P. Geisler, C. Brning, J. Kern, J. C. Prangsma, X. Wu, T. Feichtner, J. Ziegler, P. Weinmann, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, P. Biagioni, U. Sennhauser, and B. Hecht, “Atomically flat single-crystalline gold nanostructures for plasmonic nanocircuitry,” Nat. Commun. 1, 150 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (3)

B. Piglosiewicz, S. Schmidt, D. J. Park, J. Vogelsang, P. Grosz, C. Manzoni, P. Farinello, G. Cerullo, and C. Lienau, “Carrier-envelope phase effects on the strong-field photoemission of electrons from metallic nanostructures,” Nat. Photonics 8, 37–42 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Novotny and N. van Hulst, “Antennas for light,” Nat. Photonics 5, 83–90 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. I. Stockman, M. F. Kling, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond nanoplasmonic-field microscope,” Nat. Photonics 1, 539–544 (2007).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

S. Kim, J. Jin, Y.-J. Kim, I.-Y. Park, Y. Kim, and S.-W. Kim, “High-harmonic generation by resonant plasmon field enhancement,” Nature 453, 757–760 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. B (4)

J. Aizpurua, G. W. Bryant, L. J. Richter, F. J. García de Abajo, B. K. Kelley, and T. Mallouk, “Optical properties of coupled metallic nanorods for field-enhanced spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 235420 (2005).
[Crossref]

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370–4379 (1972).
[Crossref]

A. Trügler, J.-C. Tinguely, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, and U. Hohenester, “Influence of surface roughness on the optical properties of plasmonic nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B 83, 081412 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. Sundaramurthy, K. B. Crozier, G. S. Kino, D. P. Fromm, P. J. Schuck, and W. E. Moerner, “Field enhancement and gap-dependent resonance in a system of two opposing tip-to-tip au nanotriangles,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 165409 (2005).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

P. J. Schuck, D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, G. S. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, “Improving the mismatch between light and nanoscale objects with gold bowtie nanoantennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 017402 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Cinchetti, A. Gloskovskii, S. A. Nepjiko, G. Schönhense, H. Rochholz, and M. Kreiter, “Photoemission electron microscopy as a tool for the investigation of optical near fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 047601 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Plasmonics (1)

B. Grzeźkiewicz, K. Ptaszyński, and M. Kotkowiak, “Near and far-field properties of nanoprisms with rounded edges,” Plasmonics 9, 607–614 (2014).
[Crossref]

PNAS (1)

M. Aeschlimann, M. Bauer, D. Bayer, T. Brixner, S. Cunovic, F. Dimler, A. Fischer, W. Pfeiffer, M. Rohmer, C. Schneider, F. Steeb, C. Strüber, and D. V. Voronine, “Spatiotemporal control of nanooptical excitations,” PNAS 107, 5329–5333 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Surf. Sci. (2)

W. Sachtler, G. Dorgelo, and A. Holscher, “The work function of gold,” Surf. Sci. 5, 221–229 (1966).
[Crossref]

C. Wiemann, D. Bayer, M. Rohmer, M. Aeschlimann, and M. Bauer, “Local 2PPE-yield enhancement in a defined periodic silver nanodisk array,” Surf. Sci. 601, 4714–4721 (2007).
[Crossref]

Surface Science (1)

O. Schmidt, G. Fecher, Y. Hwu, and G. Schnhense, “The spatial distribution of non-linear effects in multi-photon photoemission from metallic adsorbates on si(1 1 1),” Surface Science 482485, 687–692 (2001).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

E. D. Palik, “Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids” (Academic Press, 1997).

Https://www.lumerical.com/tcad-products/fdtd/ .

V. Callegari, “Fabrication of photonic elements by focused ion beam (FIB),” Ph.D. thesis, ETH (2009).

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 A schematic of the experimental setup, including a spectrum of the oscillator output shown as spectral power density as a function of wavelength.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 The nanoantennas. Figures (a) and (b) show the design parameters used in the fabrication process. A SEM image of part of the antenna array with size scale factors s = 0.5 1.5 is shown in (c) and a SEM image of a single antenna (s = 1) is shown in (d). Figures (e) and (f) show PEEM images of an antenna scaled with s = 1.25. The image obtained using the mercury lamp only is shown in (e), whereas the image in (f) was obtained using both the mercury lamp and the laser. The polarization of the electric field E is shown. For better visualization, an outline of the antenna is drawn (white dashed lines) and the images in (e) and (f) are divided by the maximum pixel value of the image in (e), which makes the image in (f) saturated.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) The measured photoemission depending on laser power. Each data point (blue) is the logarithm of the summed signal over an array of s = 1-antennas for a given laser power. The green curve is a linear fit to the data points. (b) Excitation configuration and separate SEM images of two perpendicularly oriented antennas (c) The measured photoemission dependence (individually normalized) on laser polarization angle θ for the two antennas shown in (b).
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 FDTD simulations of the optical properties of the bowtie antennas. Figure (a) shows the absorption as a function of excitation wavelength for the five sizes. The supported resonances are indicated by A, B, C, D and E. Depending on the size, different resonances fall within the laser spectral range. The spectra are vertically shifted for clarity, and are together normalized so that the maximum value of all curves (seen for the s = 0.75-antenna) is set to 1. Figure (b) presents spatial variations of the normal component of the steady state electric field associated to the three resonances (A–C) of the s = 0.75-antenna.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Experimental results. (a) A PEEM image of the bowtie array. The scale factors below the image describe the size distribution. (b) A recorded near-field autocorrelation trace of the three antennas of different size marked in (a). (c) A finer scan of the delay for the same antennas, with SEM images provided. For better visualization the minimum value is subtracted from each graph before normalization in (b) and (c). (d) The position of the third peak [defined in (b) and (c)] as a function of antenna size. The length of each error bar is twice the standard deviation and the error bars are centered on the mean values (red dots). The points for the individual antennas are shifted slightly to the right of the error bars for easier visualization. (e) The position of the fourth peak as a function of size group. (f) SEM images of three s = 1-antennas exemplifying the minor shape differences resulting from the fabrication. The scale bars in (c) and (f) correspond to 100 nm.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Results from simulations. (a) The lateral shapes of three of the s = 1-antennas fed into the simulations. (b) Simulated fields calculated at one of the tips for each of the three antennas. At time t1 all the fields are in phase. At t2 all the curves are clearly out of phase with each other. (c) Corresponding near-field autocorrelation traces.

Metrics