Abstract

We propose a scheme using cooperative interaction of antiphase resonance modes to enhance optical trapping in plasmonic nanostructures. This is implemented with a subwavelength array of asymmetric binary nanogrooves (e.g. different depths) in metal. When damping and inter-coupling of antiphase fields in the nanogrooves are mediated satisfying a critical condition, light can be cooperatively trapped in the nanogrooves, demonstrating perfect absorption at nearly the intrinsic resonance frequency of the deeper nanogrooves. A harmonic oscillator model is developed to interpret the cooperative interaction processes. The phenomenon has been also implemented in asymmetric ternary nanogroove arrays. In terms of compositions and intra-coupling mechanisms, the asymmetric binary/ternary plasmonic nanostructure arrays are crystalline molecular-metamaterials, analogous to electronic crystals composed of covalence-bond molecules.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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  26. C. L. G. Alzar, M. A. G. Martinez, and P. Nussenzveig, “Classical analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Am. J. Phys. 70(1), 37–41 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  27. S. Mukherjee, H. Sobhani, J. B. Lassiter, R. Bardhan, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Fanoshells: Nanoparticles with built-in Fano resonances,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2694–2701 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]

2015 (3)

2014 (3)

Y. Sun, W. Tan, H. Q. Li, J. Li, and H. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of a coherent perfect absorber with PT phase transition,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(14), 143903 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Al-Naib, E. Hebestreit, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, D. Christodoulides, T. Ozaki, and R. Morandotti, “Conductive coupling of split ring resonators: a path to THz metamaterials with ultrasharp resonances,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(18), 183903 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Meinzer, W. L. Barnes, and I. R. Hooper, “Plasmonic meta-atoms and metasurfaces,” Nat. Photonics 8(12), 889–898 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (4)

S. D. Jenkins and J. Ruostekoski, “Metamaterial transparency induced by cooperative electromagnetic interactions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(14), 147401 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Lovera, B. Gallinet, P. Nordlander, and O. J. F. Martin, “Mechanisms of Fano resonances in coupled plasmonic systems,” ACS Nano 7(5), 4527–4536 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Lazarides and G. P. Tsironis, “Gain-driven discrete breathers in PT-symmetric nonlinear metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(5), 053901 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Kang, F. Liu, and J. Li, “Effective spontaneous PT-symmetry breaking in hybridized metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. A 87(5), 053824 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

L. Verslegers, Z. Yu, Z. Ruan, P. B. Catrysse, and S. Fan, “From electromagnetically induced transparency to superscattering with a single structure: a coupled-mode theory for doubly resonant structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(8), 083902 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Taubert, M. Hentschel, J. Kästel, and H. Giessen, “Classical analog of electromagnetically induced absorption in plasmonics,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1367–1371 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

C. Kurter, P. Tassin, L. Zhang, T. Koschny, A. P. Zhuravel, A. V. Ustinov, S. M. Anlage, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Classical analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency with a metal-superconductor hybrid metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 043901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (4)

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. E. Miroshnichenko, S. Flach, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Fano resonances in nanoscale structures,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82(3), 2257–2298 (2010).
[Crossref]

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sönnichsen, and H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1103–1107 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Mukherjee, H. Sobhani, J. B. Lassiter, R. Bardhan, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Fanoshells: Nanoparticles with built-in Fano resonances,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2694–2701 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

M. L. Juan, R. Gordon, Y. Pang, F. Eftekhari, and R. Quidant, “Self-induced back-action optical trapping of dielectric nanoparticles,” Nat. Phys. 5(12), 915–919 (2009).
[Crossref]

N. Papasimakis, Y. H. Fu, V. A. Fedotov, S. L. Prosvirnin, D. P. Tsai, and N. I. Zheludev, “Metamaterial with polarization and direction insensitive resonant transmission response mimicking electromagnetically induced transparency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(21), 211902 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 047401 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

V. A. Fedotov, M. Rose, S. L. Prosvirnin, N. Papasimakis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Sharp trapped-mode resonances in planar metamaterials with a broken structural symmetry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(14), 147401 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, “Electromagnetically induced transparency: Optics in coherent media,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 77(2), 633–673 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, and M. C. K. Wiltshire, “Metamaterials and negative refractive index,” Science 305(5685), 788–792 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Prodan, C. Radloff, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, “A hybridization model for the plasmon response of complex nanostructures,” Science 302(5644), 419–422 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

C. L. G. Alzar, M. A. G. Martinez, and P. Nussenzveig, “Classical analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Am. J. Phys. 70(1), 37–41 (2002).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

J. Faist, F. Capasso, C. Sirtori, K. W. West, and L. N. Pfeiffer, “Controlling the sign of quantum interference by tunneling from quantum wells,” Nature 390(6660), 589–591 (1997).
[Crossref]

1961 (1)

U. Fano, “Effects of configuration interaction on intensities and phase shifts,” Phys. Rev. 124(6), 1866–1878 (1961).
[Crossref]

Al-Naib, I.

I. Al-Naib, E. Hebestreit, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, D. Christodoulides, T. Ozaki, and R. Morandotti, “Conductive coupling of split ring resonators: a path to THz metamaterials with ultrasharp resonances,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(18), 183903 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alzar, C. L. G.

C. L. G. Alzar, M. A. G. Martinez, and P. Nussenzveig, “Classical analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Am. J. Phys. 70(1), 37–41 (2002).
[Crossref]

Anlage, S. M.

C. Kurter, P. Tassin, L. Zhang, T. Koschny, A. P. Zhuravel, A. V. Ustinov, S. M. Anlage, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Classical analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency with a metal-superconductor hybrid metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 043901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bardhan, R.

S. Mukherjee, H. Sobhani, J. B. Lassiter, R. Bardhan, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Fanoshells: Nanoparticles with built-in Fano resonances,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2694–2701 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Barnes, W. L.

N. Meinzer, W. L. Barnes, and I. R. Hooper, “Plasmonic meta-atoms and metasurfaces,” Nat. Photonics 8(12), 889–898 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Capasso, F.

J. Faist, F. Capasso, C. Sirtori, K. W. West, and L. N. Pfeiffer, “Controlling the sign of quantum interference by tunneling from quantum wells,” Nature 390(6660), 589–591 (1997).
[Crossref]

Catrysse, P. B.

L. Verslegers, Z. Yu, Z. Ruan, P. B. Catrysse, and S. Fan, “From electromagnetically induced transparency to superscattering with a single structure: a coupled-mode theory for doubly resonant structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(8), 083902 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, H.

Y. Sun, W. Tan, H. Q. Li, J. Li, and H. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of a coherent perfect absorber with PT phase transition,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(14), 143903 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chong, C. T.

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Christodoulides, D.

I. Al-Naib, E. Hebestreit, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, D. Christodoulides, T. Ozaki, and R. Morandotti, “Conductive coupling of split ring resonators: a path to THz metamaterials with ultrasharp resonances,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(18), 183903 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cummer, S. A.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dereux, A.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ebbesen, T. W.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eftekhari, F.

M. L. Juan, R. Gordon, Y. Pang, F. Eftekhari, and R. Quidant, “Self-induced back-action optical trapping of dielectric nanoparticles,” Nat. Phys. 5(12), 915–919 (2009).
[Crossref]

Eigenthaler, U.

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sönnichsen, and H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1103–1107 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Faist, J.

J. Faist, F. Capasso, C. Sirtori, K. W. West, and L. N. Pfeiffer, “Controlling the sign of quantum interference by tunneling from quantum wells,” Nature 390(6660), 589–591 (1997).
[Crossref]

Fan, S.

L. Verslegers, Z. Yu, Z. Ruan, P. B. Catrysse, and S. Fan, “From electromagnetically induced transparency to superscattering with a single structure: a coupled-mode theory for doubly resonant structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(8), 083902 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fano, U.

U. Fano, “Effects of configuration interaction on intensities and phase shifts,” Phys. Rev. 124(6), 1866–1878 (1961).
[Crossref]

Fedotov, V. A.

N. Papasimakis, Y. H. Fu, V. A. Fedotov, S. L. Prosvirnin, D. P. Tsai, and N. I. Zheludev, “Metamaterial with polarization and direction insensitive resonant transmission response mimicking electromagnetically induced transparency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(21), 211902 (2009).
[Crossref]

V. A. Fedotov, M. Rose, S. L. Prosvirnin, N. Papasimakis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Sharp trapped-mode resonances in planar metamaterials with a broken structural symmetry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(14), 147401 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Flach, S.

A. E. Miroshnichenko, S. Flach, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Fano resonances in nanoscale structures,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82(3), 2257–2298 (2010).
[Crossref]

Fleischhauer, M.

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, “Electromagnetically induced transparency: Optics in coherent media,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 77(2), 633–673 (2005).
[Crossref]

Förstner, J.

F. Zeuner, M. Muldarisnur, A. Hildebrandt, J. Förstner, and T. Zentgraf, “Coupling mediated coherent control of localized surface plasmon polaritons,” Nano Lett. 15(6), 4189–4193 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fu, Y. H.

N. Papasimakis, Y. H. Fu, V. A. Fedotov, S. L. Prosvirnin, D. P. Tsai, and N. I. Zheludev, “Metamaterial with polarization and direction insensitive resonant transmission response mimicking electromagnetically induced transparency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(21), 211902 (2009).
[Crossref]

Gallinet, B.

A. Lovera, B. Gallinet, P. Nordlander, and O. J. F. Martin, “Mechanisms of Fano resonances in coupled plasmonic systems,” ACS Nano 7(5), 4527–4536 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Genov, D. A.

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 047401 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Giessen, H.

R. Taubert, M. Hentschel, J. Kästel, and H. Giessen, “Classical analog of electromagnetically induced absorption in plasmonics,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1367–1371 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sönnichsen, and H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1103–1107 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gordon, R.

M. L. Juan, R. Gordon, Y. Pang, F. Eftekhari, and R. Quidant, “Self-induced back-action optical trapping of dielectric nanoparticles,” Nat. Phys. 5(12), 915–919 (2009).
[Crossref]

Halas, N. J.

S. Mukherjee, H. Sobhani, J. B. Lassiter, R. Bardhan, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Fanoshells: Nanoparticles with built-in Fano resonances,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2694–2701 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Prodan, C. Radloff, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, “A hybridization model for the plasmon response of complex nanostructures,” Science 302(5644), 419–422 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hebestreit, E.

I. Al-Naib, E. Hebestreit, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, D. Christodoulides, T. Ozaki, and R. Morandotti, “Conductive coupling of split ring resonators: a path to THz metamaterials with ultrasharp resonances,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(18), 183903 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hentschel, M.

R. Taubert, M. Hentschel, J. Kästel, and H. Giessen, “Classical analog of electromagnetically induced absorption in plasmonics,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1367–1371 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hildebrandt, A.

F. Zeuner, M. Muldarisnur, A. Hildebrandt, J. Förstner, and T. Zentgraf, “Coupling mediated coherent control of localized surface plasmon polaritons,” Nano Lett. 15(6), 4189–4193 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hirscher, M.

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sönnichsen, and H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1103–1107 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hooper, I. R.

N. Meinzer, W. L. Barnes, and I. R. Hooper, “Plasmonic meta-atoms and metasurfaces,” Nat. Photonics 8(12), 889–898 (2014).
[Crossref]

Imamoglu, A.

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, “Electromagnetically induced transparency: Optics in coherent media,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 77(2), 633–673 (2005).
[Crossref]

Jenkins, S. D.

S. D. Jenkins and J. Ruostekoski, “Metamaterial transparency induced by cooperative electromagnetic interactions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(14), 147401 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jiang, Y.

Juan, M. L.

M. L. Juan, R. Gordon, Y. Pang, F. Eftekhari, and R. Quidant, “Self-induced back-action optical trapping of dielectric nanoparticles,” Nat. Phys. 5(12), 915–919 (2009).
[Crossref]

Justice, B. J.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kang, M.

M. Kang, F. Liu, and J. Li, “Effective spontaneous PT-symmetry breaking in hybridized metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. A 87(5), 053824 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kästel, J.

R. Taubert, M. Hentschel, J. Kästel, and H. Giessen, “Classical analog of electromagnetically induced absorption in plasmonics,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1367–1371 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kivshar, Y. S.

A. E. Miroshnichenko, S. Flach, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Fano resonances in nanoscale structures,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82(3), 2257–2298 (2010).
[Crossref]

Koschny, T.

C. Kurter, P. Tassin, L. Zhang, T. Koschny, A. P. Zhuravel, A. V. Ustinov, S. M. Anlage, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Classical analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency with a metal-superconductor hybrid metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 043901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kurter, C.

C. Kurter, P. Tassin, L. Zhang, T. Koschny, A. P. Zhuravel, A. V. Ustinov, S. M. Anlage, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Classical analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency with a metal-superconductor hybrid metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 043901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Langguth, L.

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sönnichsen, and H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1103–1107 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lassiter, J. B.

S. Mukherjee, H. Sobhani, J. B. Lassiter, R. Bardhan, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Fanoshells: Nanoparticles with built-in Fano resonances,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2694–2701 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lazarides, N.

N. Lazarides and G. P. Tsironis, “Gain-driven discrete breathers in PT-symmetric nonlinear metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(5), 053901 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lederer, F.

I. Al-Naib, E. Hebestreit, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, D. Christodoulides, T. Ozaki, and R. Morandotti, “Conductive coupling of split ring resonators: a path to THz metamaterials with ultrasharp resonances,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(18), 183903 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Leng, X.

Li, H. Q.

Y. Sun, W. Tan, H. Q. Li, J. Li, and H. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of a coherent perfect absorber with PT phase transition,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(14), 143903 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, J.

Y. Sun, W. Tan, H. Q. Li, J. Li, and H. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of a coherent perfect absorber with PT phase transition,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(14), 143903 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Kang, F. Liu, and J. Li, “Effective spontaneous PT-symmetry breaking in hybridized metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. A 87(5), 053824 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liu, F.

M. Kang, F. Liu, and J. Li, “Effective spontaneous PT-symmetry breaking in hybridized metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. A 87(5), 053824 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liu, M.

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 047401 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, N.

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sönnichsen, and H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1103–1107 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lovera, A.

A. Lovera, B. Gallinet, P. Nordlander, and O. J. F. Martin, “Mechanisms of Fano resonances in coupled plasmonic systems,” ACS Nano 7(5), 4527–4536 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luk’yanchuk, B.

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Maier, S. A.

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Marangos, J. P.

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, “Electromagnetically induced transparency: Optics in coherent media,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 77(2), 633–673 (2005).
[Crossref]

Martin, O. J. F.

A. Lovera, B. Gallinet, P. Nordlander, and O. J. F. Martin, “Mechanisms of Fano resonances in coupled plasmonic systems,” ACS Nano 7(5), 4527–4536 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Martinez, M. A. G.

C. L. G. Alzar, M. A. G. Martinez, and P. Nussenzveig, “Classical analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Am. J. Phys. 70(1), 37–41 (2002).
[Crossref]

Meinzer, N.

N. Meinzer, W. L. Barnes, and I. R. Hooper, “Plasmonic meta-atoms and metasurfaces,” Nat. Photonics 8(12), 889–898 (2014).
[Crossref]

Mesch, M.

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sönnichsen, and H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1103–1107 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Miroshnichenko, A. E.

A. E. Miroshnichenko, S. Flach, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Fano resonances in nanoscale structures,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82(3), 2257–2298 (2010).
[Crossref]

Mock, J. J.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Morandotti, R.

I. Al-Naib, E. Hebestreit, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, D. Christodoulides, T. Ozaki, and R. Morandotti, “Conductive coupling of split ring resonators: a path to THz metamaterials with ultrasharp resonances,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(18), 183903 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mukherjee, S.

S. Mukherjee, H. Sobhani, J. B. Lassiter, R. Bardhan, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Fanoshells: Nanoparticles with built-in Fano resonances,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2694–2701 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Muldarisnur, M.

F. Zeuner, M. Muldarisnur, A. Hildebrandt, J. Förstner, and T. Zentgraf, “Coupling mediated coherent control of localized surface plasmon polaritons,” Nano Lett. 15(6), 4189–4193 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nordlander, P.

A. Lovera, B. Gallinet, P. Nordlander, and O. J. F. Martin, “Mechanisms of Fano resonances in coupled plasmonic systems,” ACS Nano 7(5), 4527–4536 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Mukherjee, H. Sobhani, J. B. Lassiter, R. Bardhan, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Fanoshells: Nanoparticles with built-in Fano resonances,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2694–2701 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Prodan, C. Radloff, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, “A hybridization model for the plasmon response of complex nanostructures,” Science 302(5644), 419–422 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nussenzveig, P.

C. L. G. Alzar, M. A. G. Martinez, and P. Nussenzveig, “Classical analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Am. J. Phys. 70(1), 37–41 (2002).
[Crossref]

Ozaki, T.

I. Al-Naib, E. Hebestreit, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, D. Christodoulides, T. Ozaki, and R. Morandotti, “Conductive coupling of split ring resonators: a path to THz metamaterials with ultrasharp resonances,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(18), 183903 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pang, Y.

M. L. Juan, R. Gordon, Y. Pang, F. Eftekhari, and R. Quidant, “Self-induced back-action optical trapping of dielectric nanoparticles,” Nat. Phys. 5(12), 915–919 (2009).
[Crossref]

Papasimakis, N.

N. Papasimakis, Y. H. Fu, V. A. Fedotov, S. L. Prosvirnin, D. P. Tsai, and N. I. Zheludev, “Metamaterial with polarization and direction insensitive resonant transmission response mimicking electromagnetically induced transparency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(21), 211902 (2009).
[Crossref]

V. A. Fedotov, M. Rose, S. L. Prosvirnin, N. Papasimakis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Sharp trapped-mode resonances in planar metamaterials with a broken structural symmetry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(14), 147401 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pendry, J. B.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, and M. C. K. Wiltshire, “Metamaterials and negative refractive index,” Science 305(5685), 788–792 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pfeiffer, L. N.

J. Faist, F. Capasso, C. Sirtori, K. W. West, and L. N. Pfeiffer, “Controlling the sign of quantum interference by tunneling from quantum wells,” Nature 390(6660), 589–591 (1997).
[Crossref]

Prodan, E.

E. Prodan, C. Radloff, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, “A hybridization model for the plasmon response of complex nanostructures,” Science 302(5644), 419–422 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Prosvirnin, S. L.

N. Papasimakis, Y. H. Fu, V. A. Fedotov, S. L. Prosvirnin, D. P. Tsai, and N. I. Zheludev, “Metamaterial with polarization and direction insensitive resonant transmission response mimicking electromagnetically induced transparency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(21), 211902 (2009).
[Crossref]

V. A. Fedotov, M. Rose, S. L. Prosvirnin, N. Papasimakis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Sharp trapped-mode resonances in planar metamaterials with a broken structural symmetry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(14), 147401 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Quidant, R.

M. L. Juan, R. Gordon, Y. Pang, F. Eftekhari, and R. Quidant, “Self-induced back-action optical trapping of dielectric nanoparticles,” Nat. Phys. 5(12), 915–919 (2009).
[Crossref]

Radloff, C.

E. Prodan, C. Radloff, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, “A hybridization model for the plasmon response of complex nanostructures,” Science 302(5644), 419–422 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rockstuhl, C.

I. Al-Naib, E. Hebestreit, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, D. Christodoulides, T. Ozaki, and R. Morandotti, “Conductive coupling of split ring resonators: a path to THz metamaterials with ultrasharp resonances,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(18), 183903 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rose, M.

V. A. Fedotov, M. Rose, S. L. Prosvirnin, N. Papasimakis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Sharp trapped-mode resonances in planar metamaterials with a broken structural symmetry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(14), 147401 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ruan, Z.

L. Verslegers, Z. Yu, Z. Ruan, P. B. Catrysse, and S. Fan, “From electromagnetically induced transparency to superscattering with a single structure: a coupled-mode theory for doubly resonant structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(8), 083902 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ruostekoski, J.

S. D. Jenkins and J. Ruostekoski, “Metamaterial transparency induced by cooperative electromagnetic interactions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(14), 147401 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schurig, D.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sirtori, C.

J. Faist, F. Capasso, C. Sirtori, K. W. West, and L. N. Pfeiffer, “Controlling the sign of quantum interference by tunneling from quantum wells,” Nature 390(6660), 589–591 (1997).
[Crossref]

Smith, D. R.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, and M. C. K. Wiltshire, “Metamaterials and negative refractive index,” Science 305(5685), 788–792 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sobhani, H.

S. Mukherjee, H. Sobhani, J. B. Lassiter, R. Bardhan, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Fanoshells: Nanoparticles with built-in Fano resonances,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2694–2701 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sönnichsen, C.

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sönnichsen, and H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1103–1107 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Soukoulis, C. M.

C. Kurter, P. Tassin, L. Zhang, T. Koschny, A. P. Zhuravel, A. V. Ustinov, S. M. Anlage, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Classical analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency with a metal-superconductor hybrid metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 043901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Starr, A. F.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, Y.

Y. Sun, W. Tan, H. Q. Li, J. Li, and H. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of a coherent perfect absorber with PT phase transition,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(14), 143903 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tan, W.

Y. Sun, W. Tan, H. Q. Li, J. Li, and H. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of a coherent perfect absorber with PT phase transition,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(14), 143903 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tassin, P.

C. Kurter, P. Tassin, L. Zhang, T. Koschny, A. P. Zhuravel, A. V. Ustinov, S. M. Anlage, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Classical analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency with a metal-superconductor hybrid metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 043901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Taubert, R.

R. Taubert, M. Hentschel, J. Kästel, and H. Giessen, “Classical analog of electromagnetically induced absorption in plasmonics,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1367–1371 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tsai, D. P.

N. Papasimakis, Y. H. Fu, V. A. Fedotov, S. L. Prosvirnin, D. P. Tsai, and N. I. Zheludev, “Metamaterial with polarization and direction insensitive resonant transmission response mimicking electromagnetically induced transparency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(21), 211902 (2009).
[Crossref]

Tsironis, G. P.

N. Lazarides and G. P. Tsironis, “Gain-driven discrete breathers in PT-symmetric nonlinear metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(5), 053901 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ustinov, A. V.

C. Kurter, P. Tassin, L. Zhang, T. Koschny, A. P. Zhuravel, A. V. Ustinov, S. M. Anlage, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Classical analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency with a metal-superconductor hybrid metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 043901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Verslegers, L.

L. Verslegers, Z. Yu, Z. Ruan, P. B. Catrysse, and S. Fan, “From electromagnetically induced transparency to superscattering with a single structure: a coupled-mode theory for doubly resonant structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(8), 083902 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Y.

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 047401 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Weiss, T.

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sönnichsen, and H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1103–1107 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

West, K. W.

J. Faist, F. Capasso, C. Sirtori, K. W. West, and L. N. Pfeiffer, “Controlling the sign of quantum interference by tunneling from quantum wells,” Nature 390(6660), 589–591 (1997).
[Crossref]

Wiltshire, M. C. K.

D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, and M. C. K. Wiltshire, “Metamaterials and negative refractive index,” Science 305(5685), 788–792 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, Z.

L. Verslegers, Z. Yu, Z. Ruan, P. B. Catrysse, and S. Fan, “From electromagnetically induced transparency to superscattering with a single structure: a coupled-mode theory for doubly resonant structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(8), 083902 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zentgraf, T.

F. Zeuner, M. Muldarisnur, A. Hildebrandt, J. Förstner, and T. Zentgraf, “Coupling mediated coherent control of localized surface plasmon polaritons,” Nano Lett. 15(6), 4189–4193 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zeuner, F.

F. Zeuner, M. Muldarisnur, A. Hildebrandt, J. Förstner, and T. Zentgraf, “Coupling mediated coherent control of localized surface plasmon polaritons,” Nano Lett. 15(6), 4189–4193 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, L.

C. Kurter, P. Tassin, L. Zhang, T. Koschny, A. P. Zhuravel, A. V. Ustinov, S. M. Anlage, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Classical analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency with a metal-superconductor hybrid metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 043901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, S.

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 047401 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, X.

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 047401 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, W.

Zheludev, N. I.

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Papasimakis, Y. H. Fu, V. A. Fedotov, S. L. Prosvirnin, D. P. Tsai, and N. I. Zheludev, “Metamaterial with polarization and direction insensitive resonant transmission response mimicking electromagnetically induced transparency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(21), 211902 (2009).
[Crossref]

V. A. Fedotov, M. Rose, S. L. Prosvirnin, N. Papasimakis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Sharp trapped-mode resonances in planar metamaterials with a broken structural symmetry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(14), 147401 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhuravel, A. P.

C. Kurter, P. Tassin, L. Zhang, T. Koschny, A. P. Zhuravel, A. V. Ustinov, S. M. Anlage, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Classical analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency with a metal-superconductor hybrid metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 043901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

ACS Nano (1)

A. Lovera, B. Gallinet, P. Nordlander, and O. J. F. Martin, “Mechanisms of Fano resonances in coupled plasmonic systems,” ACS Nano 7(5), 4527–4536 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Am. J. Phys. (1)

C. L. G. Alzar, M. A. G. Martinez, and P. Nussenzveig, “Classical analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Am. J. Phys. 70(1), 37–41 (2002).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

N. Papasimakis, Y. H. Fu, V. A. Fedotov, S. L. Prosvirnin, D. P. Tsai, and N. I. Zheludev, “Metamaterial with polarization and direction insensitive resonant transmission response mimicking electromagnetically induced transparency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(21), 211902 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (4)

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sönnichsen, and H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1103–1107 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Mukherjee, H. Sobhani, J. B. Lassiter, R. Bardhan, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Fanoshells: Nanoparticles with built-in Fano resonances,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2694–2701 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Taubert, M. Hentschel, J. Kästel, and H. Giessen, “Classical analog of electromagnetically induced absorption in plasmonics,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1367–1371 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Zeuner, M. Muldarisnur, A. Hildebrandt, J. Förstner, and T. Zentgraf, “Coupling mediated coherent control of localized surface plasmon polaritons,” Nano Lett. 15(6), 4189–4193 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Mater. (1)

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

N. Meinzer, W. L. Barnes, and I. R. Hooper, “Plasmonic meta-atoms and metasurfaces,” Nat. Photonics 8(12), 889–898 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nat. Phys. (1)

M. L. Juan, R. Gordon, Y. Pang, F. Eftekhari, and R. Quidant, “Self-induced back-action optical trapping of dielectric nanoparticles,” Nat. Phys. 5(12), 915–919 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nature (2)

J. Faist, F. Capasso, C. Sirtori, K. W. West, and L. N. Pfeiffer, “Controlling the sign of quantum interference by tunneling from quantum wells,” Nature 390(6660), 589–591 (1997).
[Crossref]

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. (1)

U. Fano, “Effects of configuration interaction on intensities and phase shifts,” Phys. Rev. 124(6), 1866–1878 (1961).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

M. Kang, F. Liu, and J. Li, “Effective spontaneous PT-symmetry breaking in hybridized metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. A 87(5), 053824 (2013).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (8)

Y. Sun, W. Tan, H. Q. Li, J. Li, and H. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of a coherent perfect absorber with PT phase transition,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(14), 143903 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Lazarides and G. P. Tsironis, “Gain-driven discrete breathers in PT-symmetric nonlinear metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(5), 053901 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. D. Jenkins and J. Ruostekoski, “Metamaterial transparency induced by cooperative electromagnetic interactions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(14), 147401 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Al-Naib, E. Hebestreit, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, D. Christodoulides, T. Ozaki, and R. Morandotti, “Conductive coupling of split ring resonators: a path to THz metamaterials with ultrasharp resonances,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(18), 183903 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. A. Fedotov, M. Rose, S. L. Prosvirnin, N. Papasimakis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Sharp trapped-mode resonances in planar metamaterials with a broken structural symmetry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(14), 147401 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 047401 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Reflection spectrum of an array of asymmetric binary nanogrooves (d1,2 = 172, 200 nm) showing perfect absorption at f = 220 THz. The spectra of arrays of symmetric binary nanogrooves (d1 = d2 = 200 nm) and single nanogrooves (d = 172 or 200 nm) are also plotted for reference. (b) Dependences of the enhanced resonant absorption frequency and its reflectance value on the depth of groove 1 (d1) for a fixed depth of groove 2 (d2 = 200 nm). Perfect absorption is obtained only at d1 = 172 nm and 232 nm. Resonance frequencies of an array of single nanogrooves with various depths are also plotted.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Distributions of the transverse magnetic field (Hy) (a, c, e) and power flow (b, d, f) at resonance frequencies of the symmetric and asymmetric binary nanogroove arrays. (a, b) d1 = d2 = 200 nm, s = 100 nm, f = 234 THz; (c, d) d1 = 172 nm, d2 = 200 nm, s = 100 nm, f = 220 THz; (e, f) d1 = 164 nm, d2 = 200 nm, s = 30 nm, f = 215THz; Perfect absorption is achieved for the asymmetric structures in (c)-(f).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Schematic illustration of the near-field optical processes. (b) A coupled harmonic oscillator model of the interaction processes. In the model, two coupled damping oscillators (“1” and “2”) driven by antiphase forces can cooperatively make a free oscillator (“3”) maintaining stationary in spite of their interactive biases, subject to appropriate damping and inter-coupling conditions.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Back-scattering spectra of isolated pairs of coupled nanogrooves for various depth of one of the nanogrooves (d1: nm). The width and separation of the nanogrooves are w = 60 nm, s = 100 nm, and depth of the other nanogroove is d2 = 200 nm. (b) Reflection spectrum of a 800-nm-period structure (w = 60 nm, s = 100 nm, d1 = 172 nm, d2 = 200 nm), for which perfect absorption is achieved when its nanogroove separation is adjusted to be s = 300 nm, or its shallower nanogroove depth d1 = 182 nm.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Reflection spectrum of an array of asymmetric ternary nanogrooves (d1,2,3 = 172, 200, 235 nm) showing perfect absorption at nearly the intrinsic resonance frequencies of the deeper grooves 2 and 3 (f = 192, 220 THz). (b-e) Distributions of the transverse magnetic field (Hy) and power flow at the resonance frequencies of 192 THz (b, c) and 220 THz (d, e).
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Reflection spectra of asymmetric binary nanogroove arrays (p = 400 nm, w = 60 nm, s = 100 nm, d2 = 200 nm) with dielectric nanoparticles (index = 1.5, diameter = 30 nm) locating in the deeper nanogrooves. The spectrum of an arrays of singlet nanogrooves (p = 400 nm, w = 60 nm, d = 200 nm) with such nanoparticles is also plotted for reference (dashed curve).
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Reflection spectra of asymmetric binary nanogroove arrays (p = 400 nm, w = 60 nm, s = 100 nm, d2 = 200 nm) with round edges. For the round curvature radii R = 10, 20 and 30 nm at fixed value of d2 = 200 nm, perfect absorption is achieved when d1 = 172, 171 and 169 nm respectively; and the corresponding resonance positions are f = 226, 231 and 239 THz. The spectrum of unrounded structure (R = 0 nm) is plotted for reference.

Equations (3)

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x ¨ 1 +( γ 1 + γ 13 ) x ˙ 1 + ω 1 2 x 1 κ 12 x 2 = F 0 e iωt x ¨ 2 +( γ 2 + γ 23 ) x ˙ 2 + ω 2 2 x 2 κ 12 x 1 = F 0 e iωt , x ¨ 3 = γ 13 x ˙ 1 + γ 23 x ˙ 2
γ 1 γ 2 = κ 12 + ω 2 ω 1 2 κ 12 + ω 2 ω 2 2 .
γ 1 γ 2 =1 ω 1 2 ω 2 2 κ 12 .

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