Abstract

In this study, we propose and experimentally demonstrate a wavelength domain rogue-free ONU based on wavelength-pairing of downstream and upstream signals for time/wavelength division-multiplexed optical access networks. The wavelength-pairing tunable filter is aligned to the upstream wavelength channel by aligning it to one of the downstream wavelength channels. Wavelength-pairing is implemented with a compact and cyclic Si-AWG integrated with a Ge-PD. The pairing filter covered four 100 GHz-spaced wavelength channels. The feasibility of the wavelength domain rogue-free operation is investigated by emulating malfunction of the misaligned laser. The wavelength-pairing tunable filter based on the Si-AWG blocks the upstream signal in the non-assigned wavelength channel before data collision with other ONUs.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. M. Oishi, K. Ohara, and Y. Horiuchi, “Failed ONU detection technique applicable to commercially available passive optical networks,” in Proceeding of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2010), paper We.8.B.3.
    [Crossref]
  2. B. Lee and M. Lee, “Remote fault detection method for time-slot-violated terminal using periodic probing signal in TDM-PON,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(16), 3498–3508 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  3. ITU-T recommendations, G.987.3, “10-Gigabit-Capable Passive Optical Networks (XG-PON): Transmission convergence (TC) layer specification,” http://www.itu.int/ITU-T/recommendations/index.aspx?ser=G .
  4. ITU-T recommendations, G.suppl.49, “Rogue optical network unit (ONU) considerations,” http://www.itu.int/ITU-T/recommendations/index.aspx?ser=G .
  5. P. Chanclou, A. Cui, F. Geilhardt, H. Nakamura, and D. Nesset, “Network operator requirements for the next generation of optical access networks,” IEEE Netw. 26(2), 8–14 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  6. Y. Ma, Y. Qian, G. Peng, X. Zhou, X. Wang, J. Yu, Y. Luo, X. Yan, and F. Effenberger, “Demonstration of a 40Gb/s time and wavelength division multiplexed passive optical network prototype system,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper PDP5D.7.
    [Crossref]
  7. D. Nesset, “NG-PON2 Technology and Standards,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(5), 1136–1143 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  8. B. Lee and M. Lee, “Remote fault detection method for time-slot-violated terminal using periodic probing signal in TDM-PON,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(16), 3498–3508 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  9. ITU-T recommendations, G.989 series, “40-Gigabit-Capable Passive Optical Networks (NG-PON2),” http://www.itu.int/ITU-T/recommendations/index.aspx?ser=G .
  10. IEEE 802.3 Ethernet Working Group, “Next Generation Ethernet Passive Optical Network (NG-EPON),” http://www.ieee802.org/3/cfi/request_1113_1.html .
  11. K. Doo, J. Bang, M. S. Han, J. Lee, and S. Lee, “Two-stage resource allocation to improve utilization of synchronous OFDM-PON supporting service differentiation,” ETRI J. 37(4), 657–666 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  12. R. Yu, R. Proietti, J. Kurumida, A. Karalar, B. Guan, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Rapid High precision In Situ wavelength calibration for tunable lasers using an ahtermal AWG and a PD array,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(1), 70–72 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  13. J. Heanue, E. Vail, M. Sherback, and B. Pezeshki, “Widely tunable laser module using DFB array and MEMs selection with internal wavelength locker,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper MF67.
    [Crossref]
  14. M. Roppelt, F. Pohl, K. Grobe, M. Eiselt, and J. Elbers, “Tuning methods for uncooled low-cost tunable lasers in WDM-PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper NTuB1.
    [Crossref]
  15. S. Pachnicke, J. Zhu, M. Lawin, A. Wonfor, M. H. Eiselt, R. V. Penty, R. Cush, R. Turner, P. Firth, M. Wale, I. White, and J. P. Elbers, “First demonstration of a full C-band tunable WDM-PON system with novel high-temperature DS-DBR Lasers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper W3G.2.
    [Crossref]
  16. K. Grobe, M. H. Eiselt, S. Pachnicke, and J. Elbers, “Access networks based on tunable laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(16), 2815–2823 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  17. Y. Luo, S. Meng, and F. Effenberger, “Wavelength management in time and wavelength division multiplexed passive optical networks (TWDM-PONs),” in Proc. of IEEE Globecom (IEEE, 2012), pp. 2971–2976.
    [Crossref]
  18. S. Pathak, M. Vanslembrouck, P. Dumon, D. Van Thourhout, and W. Bogaerts, “Optimized silicon AWG with flattened spectral response using an MMI aperture,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(1), 87–93 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  19. S. Keyvaninia, S. Verstuyft, S. Pathak, F. Lelarge, G.-H. Duan, D. Bordel, J.-M. Fedeli, T. De Vries, B. Smalbrugge, E. J. Geluk, J. Bolk, M. Smit, G. Roelkens, and D. Van Thourhout, “III-V-on-silicon multi-frequency lasers,” Opt. Express 21(11), 13675–13683 (2013).
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  20. J. H. Lee, M. Y. Park, C. Y. Kim, S. Cho, W. Lee, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, “Tunable external cavity laser based on polymer waveguide platform for WDM access network,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(9), 1956–1958 (2005).
    [Crossref]

2015 (2)

K. Doo, J. Bang, M. S. Han, J. Lee, and S. Lee, “Two-stage resource allocation to improve utilization of synchronous OFDM-PON supporting service differentiation,” ETRI J. 37(4), 657–666 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Nesset, “NG-PON2 Technology and Standards,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(5), 1136–1143 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

2013 (2)

2012 (2)

P. Chanclou, A. Cui, F. Geilhardt, H. Nakamura, and D. Nesset, “Network operator requirements for the next generation of optical access networks,” IEEE Netw. 26(2), 8–14 (2012).
[Crossref]

R. Yu, R. Proietti, J. Kurumida, A. Karalar, B. Guan, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Rapid High precision In Situ wavelength calibration for tunable lasers using an ahtermal AWG and a PD array,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(1), 70–72 (2012).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

2005 (1)

J. H. Lee, M. Y. Park, C. Y. Kim, S. Cho, W. Lee, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, “Tunable external cavity laser based on polymer waveguide platform for WDM access network,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(9), 1956–1958 (2005).
[Crossref]

Bang, J.

K. Doo, J. Bang, M. S. Han, J. Lee, and S. Lee, “Two-stage resource allocation to improve utilization of synchronous OFDM-PON supporting service differentiation,” ETRI J. 37(4), 657–666 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bogaerts, W.

Bolk, J.

Bordel, D.

Chanclou, P.

P. Chanclou, A. Cui, F. Geilhardt, H. Nakamura, and D. Nesset, “Network operator requirements for the next generation of optical access networks,” IEEE Netw. 26(2), 8–14 (2012).
[Crossref]

Cho, S.

J. H. Lee, M. Y. Park, C. Y. Kim, S. Cho, W. Lee, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, “Tunable external cavity laser based on polymer waveguide platform for WDM access network,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(9), 1956–1958 (2005).
[Crossref]

Cui, A.

P. Chanclou, A. Cui, F. Geilhardt, H. Nakamura, and D. Nesset, “Network operator requirements for the next generation of optical access networks,” IEEE Netw. 26(2), 8–14 (2012).
[Crossref]

De Vries, T.

Doo, K.

K. Doo, J. Bang, M. S. Han, J. Lee, and S. Lee, “Two-stage resource allocation to improve utilization of synchronous OFDM-PON supporting service differentiation,” ETRI J. 37(4), 657–666 (2015).
[Crossref]

Duan, G.-H.

Dumon, P.

Effenberger, F.

Y. Luo, S. Meng, and F. Effenberger, “Wavelength management in time and wavelength division multiplexed passive optical networks (TWDM-PONs),” in Proc. of IEEE Globecom (IEEE, 2012), pp. 2971–2976.
[Crossref]

Eiselt, M. H.

Elbers, J.

Fedeli, J.-M.

Geilhardt, F.

P. Chanclou, A. Cui, F. Geilhardt, H. Nakamura, and D. Nesset, “Network operator requirements for the next generation of optical access networks,” IEEE Netw. 26(2), 8–14 (2012).
[Crossref]

Geluk, E. J.

Grobe, K.

Guan, B.

R. Yu, R. Proietti, J. Kurumida, A. Karalar, B. Guan, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Rapid High precision In Situ wavelength calibration for tunable lasers using an ahtermal AWG and a PD array,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(1), 70–72 (2012).
[Crossref]

Han, M. S.

K. Doo, J. Bang, M. S. Han, J. Lee, and S. Lee, “Two-stage resource allocation to improve utilization of synchronous OFDM-PON supporting service differentiation,” ETRI J. 37(4), 657–666 (2015).
[Crossref]

Jeong, G.

J. H. Lee, M. Y. Park, C. Y. Kim, S. Cho, W. Lee, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, “Tunable external cavity laser based on polymer waveguide platform for WDM access network,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(9), 1956–1958 (2005).
[Crossref]

Karalar, A.

R. Yu, R. Proietti, J. Kurumida, A. Karalar, B. Guan, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Rapid High precision In Situ wavelength calibration for tunable lasers using an ahtermal AWG and a PD array,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(1), 70–72 (2012).
[Crossref]

Keyvaninia, S.

Kim, B. W.

J. H. Lee, M. Y. Park, C. Y. Kim, S. Cho, W. Lee, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, “Tunable external cavity laser based on polymer waveguide platform for WDM access network,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(9), 1956–1958 (2005).
[Crossref]

Kim, C. Y.

J. H. Lee, M. Y. Park, C. Y. Kim, S. Cho, W. Lee, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, “Tunable external cavity laser based on polymer waveguide platform for WDM access network,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(9), 1956–1958 (2005).
[Crossref]

Kurumida, J.

R. Yu, R. Proietti, J. Kurumida, A. Karalar, B. Guan, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Rapid High precision In Situ wavelength calibration for tunable lasers using an ahtermal AWG and a PD array,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(1), 70–72 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lee, B.

Lee, J.

K. Doo, J. Bang, M. S. Han, J. Lee, and S. Lee, “Two-stage resource allocation to improve utilization of synchronous OFDM-PON supporting service differentiation,” ETRI J. 37(4), 657–666 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lee, J. H.

J. H. Lee, M. Y. Park, C. Y. Kim, S. Cho, W. Lee, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, “Tunable external cavity laser based on polymer waveguide platform for WDM access network,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(9), 1956–1958 (2005).
[Crossref]

Lee, M.

Lee, S.

K. Doo, J. Bang, M. S. Han, J. Lee, and S. Lee, “Two-stage resource allocation to improve utilization of synchronous OFDM-PON supporting service differentiation,” ETRI J. 37(4), 657–666 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lee, W.

J. H. Lee, M. Y. Park, C. Y. Kim, S. Cho, W. Lee, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, “Tunable external cavity laser based on polymer waveguide platform for WDM access network,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(9), 1956–1958 (2005).
[Crossref]

Lelarge, F.

Luo, Y.

Y. Luo, S. Meng, and F. Effenberger, “Wavelength management in time and wavelength division multiplexed passive optical networks (TWDM-PONs),” in Proc. of IEEE Globecom (IEEE, 2012), pp. 2971–2976.
[Crossref]

Meng, S.

Y. Luo, S. Meng, and F. Effenberger, “Wavelength management in time and wavelength division multiplexed passive optical networks (TWDM-PONs),” in Proc. of IEEE Globecom (IEEE, 2012), pp. 2971–2976.
[Crossref]

Nakamura, H.

P. Chanclou, A. Cui, F. Geilhardt, H. Nakamura, and D. Nesset, “Network operator requirements for the next generation of optical access networks,” IEEE Netw. 26(2), 8–14 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nesset, D.

D. Nesset, “NG-PON2 Technology and Standards,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(5), 1136–1143 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Chanclou, A. Cui, F. Geilhardt, H. Nakamura, and D. Nesset, “Network operator requirements for the next generation of optical access networks,” IEEE Netw. 26(2), 8–14 (2012).
[Crossref]

Pachnicke, S.

Park, M. Y.

J. H. Lee, M. Y. Park, C. Y. Kim, S. Cho, W. Lee, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, “Tunable external cavity laser based on polymer waveguide platform for WDM access network,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(9), 1956–1958 (2005).
[Crossref]

Pathak, S.

Proietti, R.

R. Yu, R. Proietti, J. Kurumida, A. Karalar, B. Guan, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Rapid High precision In Situ wavelength calibration for tunable lasers using an ahtermal AWG and a PD array,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(1), 70–72 (2012).
[Crossref]

Roelkens, G.

Smalbrugge, B.

Smit, M.

Van Thourhout, D.

Vanslembrouck, M.

Verstuyft, S.

Yoo, S. J. B.

R. Yu, R. Proietti, J. Kurumida, A. Karalar, B. Guan, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Rapid High precision In Situ wavelength calibration for tunable lasers using an ahtermal AWG and a PD array,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(1), 70–72 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yu, R.

R. Yu, R. Proietti, J. Kurumida, A. Karalar, B. Guan, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Rapid High precision In Situ wavelength calibration for tunable lasers using an ahtermal AWG and a PD array,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(1), 70–72 (2012).
[Crossref]

ETRI J. (1)

K. Doo, J. Bang, M. S. Han, J. Lee, and S. Lee, “Two-stage resource allocation to improve utilization of synchronous OFDM-PON supporting service differentiation,” ETRI J. 37(4), 657–666 (2015).
[Crossref]

IEEE Netw. (1)

P. Chanclou, A. Cui, F. Geilhardt, H. Nakamura, and D. Nesset, “Network operator requirements for the next generation of optical access networks,” IEEE Netw. 26(2), 8–14 (2012).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (2)

R. Yu, R. Proietti, J. Kurumida, A. Karalar, B. Guan, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Rapid High precision In Situ wavelength calibration for tunable lasers using an ahtermal AWG and a PD array,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(1), 70–72 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. H. Lee, M. Y. Park, C. Y. Kim, S. Cho, W. Lee, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, “Tunable external cavity laser based on polymer waveguide platform for WDM access network,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(9), 1956–1958 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (5)

Opt. Express (1)

Other (10)

Y. Luo, S. Meng, and F. Effenberger, “Wavelength management in time and wavelength division multiplexed passive optical networks (TWDM-PONs),” in Proc. of IEEE Globecom (IEEE, 2012), pp. 2971–2976.
[Crossref]

J. Heanue, E. Vail, M. Sherback, and B. Pezeshki, “Widely tunable laser module using DFB array and MEMs selection with internal wavelength locker,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper MF67.
[Crossref]

M. Roppelt, F. Pohl, K. Grobe, M. Eiselt, and J. Elbers, “Tuning methods for uncooled low-cost tunable lasers in WDM-PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper NTuB1.
[Crossref]

S. Pachnicke, J. Zhu, M. Lawin, A. Wonfor, M. H. Eiselt, R. V. Penty, R. Cush, R. Turner, P. Firth, M. Wale, I. White, and J. P. Elbers, “First demonstration of a full C-band tunable WDM-PON system with novel high-temperature DS-DBR Lasers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper W3G.2.
[Crossref]

ITU-T recommendations, G.989 series, “40-Gigabit-Capable Passive Optical Networks (NG-PON2),” http://www.itu.int/ITU-T/recommendations/index.aspx?ser=G .

IEEE 802.3 Ethernet Working Group, “Next Generation Ethernet Passive Optical Network (NG-EPON),” http://www.ieee802.org/3/cfi/request_1113_1.html .

ITU-T recommendations, G.987.3, “10-Gigabit-Capable Passive Optical Networks (XG-PON): Transmission convergence (TC) layer specification,” http://www.itu.int/ITU-T/recommendations/index.aspx?ser=G .

ITU-T recommendations, G.suppl.49, “Rogue optical network unit (ONU) considerations,” http://www.itu.int/ITU-T/recommendations/index.aspx?ser=G .

Y. Ma, Y. Qian, G. Peng, X. Zhou, X. Wang, J. Yu, Y. Luo, X. Yan, and F. Effenberger, “Demonstration of a 40Gb/s time and wavelength division multiplexed passive optical network prototype system,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper PDP5D.7.
[Crossref]

M. Oishi, K. Ohara, and Y. Horiuchi, “Failed ONU detection technique applicable to commercially available passive optical networks,” in Proceeding of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2010), paper We.8.B.3.
[Crossref]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Block diagram and wavelength map of the TDM/WDM optical access network, (b) normal operation of the conventional tunable ONU #2 operating at assigned wavelength (λD1, λU1) and (c) upstream data collision caused by the rogue behavior of ONU #2 when the tunable laser transmits data at the non-assigned wavelength (λU2).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Proposed rogue-free ONU with up/downstream wavelength-pairing (a) assigned wavelength channels and the transmission characteristic of the wavelength-pairing tunable filter, (b) normal operation of proposed ONU #2 from Fig. 1, operating at assigned wavelength (λD1, λU1), and (c) absence of upstream data collision because of the rogue-free nature of ONU #2 when the tunable laser transmits data at the non-assigned wavelength (λU2).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Block diagram and (b) photograph of the fabricated Si-AWG with Ge-PD
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Temperature dependence of the center wavelength of the passband of the Si-AWG and (b) superposition of the transmission spectra at different temperatures in C- and L-band
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Opto-electric bandwidth and (b) electrical eye-diagram at temperature (b) 18 °C and (c) 27 °C of the Ge-PD integrated with the Si-AWG.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Experimental setup for BER performance evaluation of the rogue-free tunable ONU
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 BER performance of (a) 10 Gb/s downstream at L-band and (b) 2.5 Gb/s upstream at C-band

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