Abstract

We study the plasmonic resonances of double nanoholes (DNHs) in metal films. These apertures exhibit the usual gap-mode Fabry-Pérot resonances, where the zeroth order resonance is determined by the waveguide cut-off and the first order resonance shows sensitivity to the film thickness. An additional wedge resonance is observed, which is sensitive to the curvature of the cusps in the DNHs, analogous to the wedge modes of single wedges. While the gap mode intensity increases dramatically with decreasing gap-width, the wedge mode intensity saturates since its field enhancement arises from the curvature of the metal film, like cylindrical Sommerfeld waves. Experimental transmission spectra agree well with finite-difference time-domain simulations showing these separate resonances. The controlled design of these resonances is critical for applications including optical tweezers, nonlinear conversion, sensing and spectroscopy.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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2015 (1)

2014 (2)

J. Berthelot, S. S. Aćimović, M. L. Juan, M. P. Kreuzer, J. Renger, and R. Quidant, “Three-dimensional manipulation with scanning near-field optical nanotweezers,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(4), 295–299 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Kotnala and R. Gordon, “Quantification of high-efficiency trapping of nanoparticles in a double nanohole optical tweezer,” Nano Lett. 14(2), 853–856 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (4)

A. Kotnala, D. DePaoli, and R. Gordon, “Sensing nanoparticles using a double nanohole optical trap,” Lab Chip 13(20), 4142–4146 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Melli, A. Polyakov, D. Gargas, C. Huynh, L. Scipioni, W. Bao, D. F. Ogletree, P. J. Schuck, S. Cabrini, and A. Weber-Bargioni, “Reaching the theoretical resonance quality factor limit in coaxial plasmonic nanoresonators fabricated by helium ion lithography,” Nano Lett. 13(6), 2687–2691 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. N. Melentiev, A. E. Afanasiev, A. A. Kuzin, A. S. Baturin, and V. I. Balykin, “Giant optical nonlinearity of a single plasmonic nanostructure,” Opt. Express 21(12), 13896–13905 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. N. Melentiev, A. E. Afanasiev, A. A. Kuzin, A. S. Baturin, and V. I. Balykin, “Subwavelength light localization based on optical nonlinearity and light polarization,” Opt. Lett. 38(13), 2274–2276 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (4)

A. A. Saleh and J. A. Dionne, “Toward efficient optical trapping of sub-10-nm particles with coaxial plasmonic apertures,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5581–5586 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Lu, W. Li, T. Zhang, S. Yue, J. Liu, L. Hou, Z. Li, and Q. Gong, “Plasmonic-enhanced molecular fluorescence within isolated bowtie nano-apertures,” ACS Nano 6(2), 1438–1448 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Pang and R. Gordon, “Optical trapping of a single protein,” Nano Lett. 12(1), 402–406 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. K. Gramotnev, A. Pors, M. Willatzen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Gap-plasmon nanonantennas and bowtie resonators,” Phys. Rev. B 85(4), 04543 (2012).

2011 (4)

Y. Pang and R. Gordon, “Optical trapping of 12 nm dielectric spheres using double-nanoholes in a gold film,” Nano Lett. 11(9), 3763–3767 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Neumann, Y. Pang, A. Houyou, M. L. Juan, R. Gordon, and N. F. van Hulst, “Extraordinary optical transmission brightens near-field fiber probe,” Nano Lett. 11(2), 355–360 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Weber-Bargioni, A. Schwartzberg, M. Cornaglia, A. Ismach, J. J. Urban, Y. Pang, R. Gordon, J. Bokor, M. B. Salmeron, D. F. Ogletree, P. Ashby, S. Cabrini, and P. J. Schuck, “Hyperspectral nanoscale imaging on dielectric substrates with coaxial optical antenna scan probes,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1201–1207 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. L. Juan, M. Righini, and R. Quidant, “Plasmon nano-optical tweezers,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 349–356 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (3)

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martín-Moreno, T. W. Ebbesen, and L. Kuipers, “Light passing through subwavelength apertures,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82(1), 729–787 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. S. van Zanten, M. J. Lopez-Bosque, and M. F. Garcia-Parajo, “Imaging individual proteins and nanodomains on intact cell membranes with a probe-based optical antenna,” Small 6(2), 270–275 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. A. Ibrahim, M. Mivelle, T. Grosjean, J. T. Allegre, G. W. Burr, and F. I. Baida, “Bowtie-shaped nanoaperture: a modal study,” Opt. Lett. 35(14), 2448–2450 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

M. L. Juan, R. Gordon, Y. Pang, F. Eftekhari, and R. Quidant, “Self-induced back-action optical trapping of dielectric nanoparticles,” Nat. Phys. 5(12), 915–919 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (5)

H. Guo, T. P. Meyrath, T. Zentgraf, N. Liu, L. Fu, H. Schweizer, and H. Giessen, “Optical resonances of bowtie slot antennas and their geometry and material dependence,” Opt. Express 16(11), 7756–7766 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Moreno, S. G. Rodrigo, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. García-Vidal, “Guiding and focusing of electromagnetic fields with wedge plasmon polaritons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(2), 023901 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Murphy-DuBay, L. Wang, and X. Xu, “Nanolithography using high transmission nanoscale ridge aperture probe,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 93(4), 881–884 (2008).
[Crossref]

Q. Min, M. J. L. Santos, E. M. Girotto, A. G. Brolo, and R. Gordon, “Localized Raman enhancement from a double-hole nanostructure in a metal film,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(39), 15098–15101 (2008).

M. E. Stewart, C. R. Anderton, L. B. Thompson, J. Maria, S. K. Gray, J. A. Rogers, and R. G. Nuzzo, “Nanostructured plasmonic sensors,” Chem. Rev. 108(2), 494–521 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (9)

T. Xu, X. Jiao, G. P. Zhang, and S. Blair, “Second-harmonic emission from sub-wavelength apertures: Effects of aperture symmetry and lattice arrangement,” Opt. Express 15(21), 13894–13906 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Lesuffleur, L. K. S. Kumar, and R. Gordon, “Apex-enhanced second-harmonic generation by using double-hole arrays in a gold film,” Phys. Rev. B 75(4), 045423 (2007).
[Crossref]

L. Wang and X. Xu, “High transmission nanoscale bowtie-shaped aperture probe for near-field optical imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(26), 261105 (2007).
[Crossref]

C. Genet and T. W. Ebbesen, “Light in tiny holes,” Nature 445(7123), 39–46 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. H. Taminiau, R. J. Moerland, F. B. Segerink, L. Kuipers, and N. F. van Hulst, “λ/4 resonance of an optical monopole antenna probed by single molecule fluorescence,” Nano Lett. 7(1), 28–33 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T.-D. Onuta, M. Waegele, C. C. DuFort, W. L. Schaich, and B. Dragnea, “Optical field enhancement at cusps between adjacent nanoapertures,” Nano Lett. 7(3), 557–564 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Wang and X. Xu, “Spectral resonance of nanoscale bowtie apertures in visible wavelength,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 89(2), 293–297 (2007).
[Crossref]

E. Feigenbaum and M. Orenstein, “Modeling of complementary (void) plasmon waveguiding,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25(9), 2547–2562 (2007).
[Crossref]

T. Matsui, A. Agrawal, A. Nahata, and Z. V. Vardeny, “Transmission resonances through aperiodic arrays of subwavelength apertures,” Nature 446(7135), 517–521 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (7)

E. Feigenbaum and M. Orenstein, “Nano plasmon polariton modes of a wedge cross section metal waveguide,” Opt. Express 14(19), 8779–8784 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. K. S. Kumar, A. Lesuffleur, M. C. Hughes, and R. Gordon, “Double nanohole apex-enhanced transmission in metal films,” Appl. Phys. B 84(1-2), 25–28 (2006).
[Crossref]

E. X. Jin and X. Xu, “Plasmonic effects in near-field optical transmission enhancement through a single bowtie-shaped aperture,” Appl. Phys. B 84(1-2), 3–9 (2006).
[Crossref]

E. X. Jin and X. Xu, “Enhanced optical near field from a bowtie aperture,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(15), 153110 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. A. H. van Nieuwstadt, M. Sandtke, R. H. Harmsen, F. B. Segerink, J. C. Prangsma, S. Enoch, and L. Kuipers, “Strong modification of the nonlinear optical response of metallic subwavelength hole arrays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(14), 146102 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. A. Tetz, L. Pang, and Y. Fainman, “High-resolution surface plasmon resonance sensor based on linewidth-optimized nanohole array transmittance,” Opt. Lett. 31(10), 1528–1530 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Wang, S. M. Uppuluri, E. X. Jin, and X. Xu, “Nanolithography using high transmission nanoscale bowtie apertures,” Nano Lett. 6(3), 361–364 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (4)

T. Rindzevicius, Y. Alaverdyan, A. Dahlin, F. Höök, D. S. Sutherland, and M. Käll, “Plasmonic sensing characteristics of single nanometric holes,” Nano Lett. 5(11), 2335–2339 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Rigneault, J. Capoulade, J. Dintinger, J. Wenger, N. Bonod, E. Popov, T. W. Ebbesen, and P. F. Lenne, “Enhancement of single-molecule fluorescence detection in subwavelength apertures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(11), 117401 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. X. Jin and X. Xu, “Obtaining super resolution light spot using surface plasmon assisted sharp ridge nanoapertures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(11), 111106 (2005).
[Crossref]

T.-I. Jeon, J. Zhang, and D. Grischkowsky, “THz sommerfeld wave propagation on a single metal wire,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(16), 161904 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (4)

H. Cao and A. Nahata, “Influence of aperture shape on the transmission properties of a periodic array of subwavelength apertures,” Opt. Express 12(16), 3664–3672 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. J. Lockyear, A. P. Hibbins, J. R. Sambles, and C. R. Lawrence, “Surface-topography-induced enhanced transmission and directivity of microwave radiation through a subwavelength circular metal aperture,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(12), 2040 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. A. Matteo, D. P. Fromm, Y. Yuen, P. J. Schuck, W. E. Moerner, and L. Hesselink, “Spectral analysis of strongly enhanced visible light transmission through single C-shaped nanoapertures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(4), 648–650 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. G. Brolo, E. Arctander, R. Gordon, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, “Nanohole-enhanced raman scattering,” Nano Lett. 4(10), 2015–2018 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (3)

Acimovic, S. S.

J. Berthelot, S. S. Aćimović, M. L. Juan, M. P. Kreuzer, J. Renger, and R. Quidant, “Three-dimensional manipulation with scanning near-field optical nanotweezers,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(4), 295–299 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Afanasiev, A. E.

Agrawal, A.

T. Matsui, A. Agrawal, A. Nahata, and Z. V. Vardeny, “Transmission resonances through aperiodic arrays of subwavelength apertures,” Nature 446(7135), 517–521 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alaverdyan, Y.

T. Rindzevicius, Y. Alaverdyan, A. Dahlin, F. Höök, D. S. Sutherland, and M. Käll, “Plasmonic sensing characteristics of single nanometric holes,” Nano Lett. 5(11), 2335–2339 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Allegre, J. T.

Anderton, C. R.

M. E. Stewart, C. R. Anderton, L. B. Thompson, J. Maria, S. K. Gray, J. A. Rogers, and R. G. Nuzzo, “Nanostructured plasmonic sensors,” Chem. Rev. 108(2), 494–521 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Arctander, E.

A. G. Brolo, E. Arctander, R. Gordon, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, “Nanohole-enhanced raman scattering,” Nano Lett. 4(10), 2015–2018 (2004).
[Crossref]

Ashby, P.

A. Weber-Bargioni, A. Schwartzberg, M. Cornaglia, A. Ismach, J. J. Urban, Y. Pang, R. Gordon, J. Bokor, M. B. Salmeron, D. F. Ogletree, P. Ashby, S. Cabrini, and P. J. Schuck, “Hyperspectral nanoscale imaging on dielectric substrates with coaxial optical antenna scan probes,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1201–1207 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baida, F.

Baida, F. I.

Balykin, V. I.

Bao, W.

M. Melli, A. Polyakov, D. Gargas, C. Huynh, L. Scipioni, W. Bao, D. F. Ogletree, P. J. Schuck, S. Cabrini, and A. Weber-Bargioni, “Reaching the theoretical resonance quality factor limit in coaxial plasmonic nanoresonators fabricated by helium ion lithography,” Nano Lett. 13(6), 2687–2691 (2013).
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Berthelot, J.

J. Berthelot, S. S. Aćimović, M. L. Juan, M. P. Kreuzer, J. Renger, and R. Quidant, “Three-dimensional manipulation with scanning near-field optical nanotweezers,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(4), 295–299 (2014).
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A. Weber-Bargioni, A. Schwartzberg, M. Cornaglia, A. Ismach, J. J. Urban, Y. Pang, R. Gordon, J. Bokor, M. B. Salmeron, D. F. Ogletree, P. Ashby, S. Cabrini, and P. J. Schuck, “Hyperspectral nanoscale imaging on dielectric substrates with coaxial optical antenna scan probes,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1201–1207 (2011).
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H. Rigneault, J. Capoulade, J. Dintinger, J. Wenger, N. Bonod, E. Popov, T. W. Ebbesen, and P. F. Lenne, “Enhancement of single-molecule fluorescence detection in subwavelength apertures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(11), 117401 (2005).
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Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

D. K. Gramotnev, A. Pors, M. Willatzen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Gap-plasmon nanonantennas and bowtie resonators,” Phys. Rev. B 85(4), 04543 (2012).

E. Moreno, S. G. Rodrigo, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. García-Vidal, “Guiding and focusing of electromagnetic fields with wedge plasmon polaritons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(2), 023901 (2008).
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Q. Min, M. J. L. Santos, E. M. Girotto, A. G. Brolo, and R. Gordon, “Localized Raman enhancement from a double-hole nanostructure in a metal film,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(39), 15098–15101 (2008).

A. G. Brolo, E. Arctander, R. Gordon, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, “Nanohole-enhanced raman scattering,” Nano Lett. 4(10), 2015–2018 (2004).
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Cabrini, S.

M. Melli, A. Polyakov, D. Gargas, C. Huynh, L. Scipioni, W. Bao, D. F. Ogletree, P. J. Schuck, S. Cabrini, and A. Weber-Bargioni, “Reaching the theoretical resonance quality factor limit in coaxial plasmonic nanoresonators fabricated by helium ion lithography,” Nano Lett. 13(6), 2687–2691 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Weber-Bargioni, A. Schwartzberg, M. Cornaglia, A. Ismach, J. J. Urban, Y. Pang, R. Gordon, J. Bokor, M. B. Salmeron, D. F. Ogletree, P. Ashby, S. Cabrini, and P. J. Schuck, “Hyperspectral nanoscale imaging on dielectric substrates with coaxial optical antenna scan probes,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1201–1207 (2011).
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Capoulade, J.

H. Rigneault, J. Capoulade, J. Dintinger, J. Wenger, N. Bonod, E. Popov, T. W. Ebbesen, and P. F. Lenne, “Enhancement of single-molecule fluorescence detection in subwavelength apertures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(11), 117401 (2005).
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A. Weber-Bargioni, A. Schwartzberg, M. Cornaglia, A. Ismach, J. J. Urban, Y. Pang, R. Gordon, J. Bokor, M. B. Salmeron, D. F. Ogletree, P. Ashby, S. Cabrini, and P. J. Schuck, “Hyperspectral nanoscale imaging on dielectric substrates with coaxial optical antenna scan probes,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1201–1207 (2011).
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T. Rindzevicius, Y. Alaverdyan, A. Dahlin, F. Höök, D. S. Sutherland, and M. Käll, “Plasmonic sensing characteristics of single nanometric holes,” Nano Lett. 5(11), 2335–2339 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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A. Kotnala, D. DePaoli, and R. Gordon, “Sensing nanoparticles using a double nanohole optical trap,” Lab Chip 13(20), 4142–4146 (2013).
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H. Rigneault, J. Capoulade, J. Dintinger, J. Wenger, N. Bonod, E. Popov, T. W. Ebbesen, and P. F. Lenne, “Enhancement of single-molecule fluorescence detection in subwavelength apertures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(11), 117401 (2005).
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A. A. Saleh and J. A. Dionne, “Toward efficient optical trapping of sub-10-nm particles with coaxial plasmonic apertures,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5581–5586 (2012).
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F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martín-Moreno, T. W. Ebbesen, and L. Kuipers, “Light passing through subwavelength apertures,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82(1), 729–787 (2010).
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[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eftekhari, F.

M. L. Juan, R. Gordon, Y. Pang, F. Eftekhari, and R. Quidant, “Self-induced back-action optical trapping of dielectric nanoparticles,” Nat. Phys. 5(12), 915–919 (2009).
[Crossref]

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J. A. H. van Nieuwstadt, M. Sandtke, R. H. Harmsen, F. B. Segerink, J. C. Prangsma, S. Enoch, and L. Kuipers, “Strong modification of the nonlinear optical response of metallic subwavelength hole arrays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(14), 146102 (2006).
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Feigenbaum, E.

Fromm, D. P.

J. A. Matteo, D. P. Fromm, Y. Yuen, P. J. Schuck, W. E. Moerner, and L. Hesselink, “Spectral analysis of strongly enhanced visible light transmission through single C-shaped nanoapertures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(4), 648–650 (2004).
[Crossref]

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Garcia-Parajo, M. F.

T. S. van Zanten, M. J. Lopez-Bosque, and M. F. Garcia-Parajo, “Imaging individual proteins and nanodomains on intact cell membranes with a probe-based optical antenna,” Small 6(2), 270–275 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Garcia-Vidal, F. J.

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martín-Moreno, T. W. Ebbesen, and L. Kuipers, “Light passing through subwavelength apertures,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82(1), 729–787 (2010).
[Crossref]

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E. Moreno, S. G. Rodrigo, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. García-Vidal, “Guiding and focusing of electromagnetic fields with wedge plasmon polaritons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(2), 023901 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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M. Melli, A. Polyakov, D. Gargas, C. Huynh, L. Scipioni, W. Bao, D. F. Ogletree, P. J. Schuck, S. Cabrini, and A. Weber-Bargioni, “Reaching the theoretical resonance quality factor limit in coaxial plasmonic nanoresonators fabricated by helium ion lithography,” Nano Lett. 13(6), 2687–2691 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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C. Genet and T. W. Ebbesen, “Light in tiny holes,” Nature 445(7123), 39–46 (2007).
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Q. Min, M. J. L. Santos, E. M. Girotto, A. G. Brolo, and R. Gordon, “Localized Raman enhancement from a double-hole nanostructure in a metal film,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(39), 15098–15101 (2008).

Gong, Q.

G. Lu, W. Li, T. Zhang, S. Yue, J. Liu, L. Hou, Z. Li, and Q. Gong, “Plasmonic-enhanced molecular fluorescence within isolated bowtie nano-apertures,” ACS Nano 6(2), 1438–1448 (2012).
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Y. Chen, L. Yu, J. Zhang, and R. Gordon, “Effective wavelength scaling of rectangular aperture antennas,” Opt. Express 23(8), 10385–10395 (2015).
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A. Kotnala and R. Gordon, “Quantification of high-efficiency trapping of nanoparticles in a double nanohole optical tweezer,” Nano Lett. 14(2), 853–856 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Kotnala, D. DePaoli, and R. Gordon, “Sensing nanoparticles using a double nanohole optical trap,” Lab Chip 13(20), 4142–4146 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Pang and R. Gordon, “Optical trapping of 12 nm dielectric spheres using double-nanoholes in a gold film,” Nano Lett. 11(9), 3763–3767 (2011).
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L. Neumann, Y. Pang, A. Houyou, M. L. Juan, R. Gordon, and N. F. van Hulst, “Extraordinary optical transmission brightens near-field fiber probe,” Nano Lett. 11(2), 355–360 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Weber-Bargioni, A. Schwartzberg, M. Cornaglia, A. Ismach, J. J. Urban, Y. Pang, R. Gordon, J. Bokor, M. B. Salmeron, D. F. Ogletree, P. Ashby, S. Cabrini, and P. J. Schuck, “Hyperspectral nanoscale imaging on dielectric substrates with coaxial optical antenna scan probes,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1201–1207 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. L. Juan, R. Gordon, Y. Pang, F. Eftekhari, and R. Quidant, “Self-induced back-action optical trapping of dielectric nanoparticles,” Nat. Phys. 5(12), 915–919 (2009).
[Crossref]

Q. Min, M. J. L. Santos, E. M. Girotto, A. G. Brolo, and R. Gordon, “Localized Raman enhancement from a double-hole nanostructure in a metal film,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(39), 15098–15101 (2008).

A. Lesuffleur, L. K. S. Kumar, and R. Gordon, “Apex-enhanced second-harmonic generation by using double-hole arrays in a gold film,” Phys. Rev. B 75(4), 045423 (2007).
[Crossref]

L. K. S. Kumar, A. Lesuffleur, M. C. Hughes, and R. Gordon, “Double nanohole apex-enhanced transmission in metal films,” Appl. Phys. B 84(1-2), 25–28 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. G. Brolo, E. Arctander, R. Gordon, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, “Nanohole-enhanced raman scattering,” Nano Lett. 4(10), 2015–2018 (2004).
[Crossref]

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D. K. Gramotnev, A. Pors, M. Willatzen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Gap-plasmon nanonantennas and bowtie resonators,” Phys. Rev. B 85(4), 04543 (2012).

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Gray, S. K.

M. E. Stewart, C. R. Anderton, L. B. Thompson, J. Maria, S. K. Gray, J. A. Rogers, and R. G. Nuzzo, “Nanostructured plasmonic sensors,” Chem. Rev. 108(2), 494–521 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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T.-I. Jeon, J. Zhang, and D. Grischkowsky, “THz sommerfeld wave propagation on a single metal wire,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(16), 161904 (2005).
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J. A. H. van Nieuwstadt, M. Sandtke, R. H. Harmsen, F. B. Segerink, J. C. Prangsma, S. Enoch, and L. Kuipers, “Strong modification of the nonlinear optical response of metallic subwavelength hole arrays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(14), 146102 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hesselink, L.

J. A. Matteo, D. P. Fromm, Y. Yuen, P. J. Schuck, W. E. Moerner, and L. Hesselink, “Spectral analysis of strongly enhanced visible light transmission through single C-shaped nanoapertures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(4), 648–650 (2004).
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X. Shi and L. Hesselink, “Ultrahigh light transmission through a C-shaped nanoapertures,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 1320–1322 (2003).
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M. J. Lockyear, A. P. Hibbins, J. R. Sambles, and C. R. Lawrence, “Surface-topography-induced enhanced transmission and directivity of microwave radiation through a subwavelength circular metal aperture,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(12), 2040 (2004).
[Crossref]

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T. Rindzevicius, Y. Alaverdyan, A. Dahlin, F. Höök, D. S. Sutherland, and M. Käll, “Plasmonic sensing characteristics of single nanometric holes,” Nano Lett. 5(11), 2335–2339 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hou, L.

G. Lu, W. Li, T. Zhang, S. Yue, J. Liu, L. Hou, Z. Li, and Q. Gong, “Plasmonic-enhanced molecular fluorescence within isolated bowtie nano-apertures,” ACS Nano 6(2), 1438–1448 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Houyou, A.

L. Neumann, Y. Pang, A. Houyou, M. L. Juan, R. Gordon, and N. F. van Hulst, “Extraordinary optical transmission brightens near-field fiber probe,” Nano Lett. 11(2), 355–360 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hughes, M. C.

L. K. S. Kumar, A. Lesuffleur, M. C. Hughes, and R. Gordon, “Double nanohole apex-enhanced transmission in metal films,” Appl. Phys. B 84(1-2), 25–28 (2006).
[Crossref]

Huynh, C.

M. Melli, A. Polyakov, D. Gargas, C. Huynh, L. Scipioni, W. Bao, D. F. Ogletree, P. J. Schuck, S. Cabrini, and A. Weber-Bargioni, “Reaching the theoretical resonance quality factor limit in coaxial plasmonic nanoresonators fabricated by helium ion lithography,” Nano Lett. 13(6), 2687–2691 (2013).
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Ibrahim, I. A.

Ismach, A.

A. Weber-Bargioni, A. Schwartzberg, M. Cornaglia, A. Ismach, J. J. Urban, Y. Pang, R. Gordon, J. Bokor, M. B. Salmeron, D. F. Ogletree, P. Ashby, S. Cabrini, and P. J. Schuck, “Hyperspectral nanoscale imaging on dielectric substrates with coaxial optical antenna scan probes,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1201–1207 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jeon, T.-I.

T.-I. Jeon, J. Zhang, and D. Grischkowsky, “THz sommerfeld wave propagation on a single metal wire,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(16), 161904 (2005).
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Jin, E. X.

L. Wang, S. M. Uppuluri, E. X. Jin, and X. Xu, “Nanolithography using high transmission nanoscale bowtie apertures,” Nano Lett. 6(3), 361–364 (2006).
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E. X. Jin and X. Xu, “Plasmonic effects in near-field optical transmission enhancement through a single bowtie-shaped aperture,” Appl. Phys. B 84(1-2), 3–9 (2006).
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E. X. Jin and X. Xu, “Enhanced optical near field from a bowtie aperture,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(15), 153110 (2006).
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E. X. Jin and X. Xu, “Obtaining super resolution light spot using surface plasmon assisted sharp ridge nanoapertures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(11), 111106 (2005).
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J. Berthelot, S. S. Aćimović, M. L. Juan, M. P. Kreuzer, J. Renger, and R. Quidant, “Three-dimensional manipulation with scanning near-field optical nanotweezers,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(4), 295–299 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. L. Juan, M. Righini, and R. Quidant, “Plasmon nano-optical tweezers,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 349–356 (2011).
[Crossref]

L. Neumann, Y. Pang, A. Houyou, M. L. Juan, R. Gordon, and N. F. van Hulst, “Extraordinary optical transmission brightens near-field fiber probe,” Nano Lett. 11(2), 355–360 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. L. Juan, R. Gordon, Y. Pang, F. Eftekhari, and R. Quidant, “Self-induced back-action optical trapping of dielectric nanoparticles,” Nat. Phys. 5(12), 915–919 (2009).
[Crossref]

Käll, M.

T. Rindzevicius, Y. Alaverdyan, A. Dahlin, F. Höök, D. S. Sutherland, and M. Käll, “Plasmonic sensing characteristics of single nanometric holes,” Nano Lett. 5(11), 2335–2339 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kavanagh, K. L.

A. G. Brolo, E. Arctander, R. Gordon, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, “Nanohole-enhanced raman scattering,” Nano Lett. 4(10), 2015–2018 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kotnala, A.

A. Kotnala and R. Gordon, “Quantification of high-efficiency trapping of nanoparticles in a double nanohole optical tweezer,” Nano Lett. 14(2), 853–856 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Kotnala, D. DePaoli, and R. Gordon, “Sensing nanoparticles using a double nanohole optical trap,” Lab Chip 13(20), 4142–4146 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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J. Berthelot, S. S. Aćimović, M. L. Juan, M. P. Kreuzer, J. Renger, and R. Quidant, “Three-dimensional manipulation with scanning near-field optical nanotweezers,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(4), 295–299 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kuipers, L.

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martín-Moreno, T. W. Ebbesen, and L. Kuipers, “Light passing through subwavelength apertures,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82(1), 729–787 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. H. Taminiau, R. J. Moerland, F. B. Segerink, L. Kuipers, and N. F. van Hulst, “λ/4 resonance of an optical monopole antenna probed by single molecule fluorescence,” Nano Lett. 7(1), 28–33 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. A. H. van Nieuwstadt, M. Sandtke, R. H. Harmsen, F. B. Segerink, J. C. Prangsma, S. Enoch, and L. Kuipers, “Strong modification of the nonlinear optical response of metallic subwavelength hole arrays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(14), 146102 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kumar, L. K. S.

A. Lesuffleur, L. K. S. Kumar, and R. Gordon, “Apex-enhanced second-harmonic generation by using double-hole arrays in a gold film,” Phys. Rev. B 75(4), 045423 (2007).
[Crossref]

L. K. S. Kumar, A. Lesuffleur, M. C. Hughes, and R. Gordon, “Double nanohole apex-enhanced transmission in metal films,” Appl. Phys. B 84(1-2), 25–28 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kuzin, A. A.

Lawrence, C. R.

M. J. Lockyear, A. P. Hibbins, J. R. Sambles, and C. R. Lawrence, “Surface-topography-induced enhanced transmission and directivity of microwave radiation through a subwavelength circular metal aperture,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(12), 2040 (2004).
[Crossref]

Leathem, B.

A. G. Brolo, E. Arctander, R. Gordon, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, “Nanohole-enhanced raman scattering,” Nano Lett. 4(10), 2015–2018 (2004).
[Crossref]

Lenne, P. F.

H. Rigneault, J. Capoulade, J. Dintinger, J. Wenger, N. Bonod, E. Popov, T. W. Ebbesen, and P. F. Lenne, “Enhancement of single-molecule fluorescence detection in subwavelength apertures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(11), 117401 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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A. Lesuffleur, L. K. S. Kumar, and R. Gordon, “Apex-enhanced second-harmonic generation by using double-hole arrays in a gold film,” Phys. Rev. B 75(4), 045423 (2007).
[Crossref]

L. K. S. Kumar, A. Lesuffleur, M. C. Hughes, and R. Gordon, “Double nanohole apex-enhanced transmission in metal films,” Appl. Phys. B 84(1-2), 25–28 (2006).
[Crossref]

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G. Lu, W. Li, T. Zhang, S. Yue, J. Liu, L. Hou, Z. Li, and Q. Gong, “Plasmonic-enhanced molecular fluorescence within isolated bowtie nano-apertures,” ACS Nano 6(2), 1438–1448 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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G. Lu, W. Li, T. Zhang, S. Yue, J. Liu, L. Hou, Z. Li, and Q. Gong, “Plasmonic-enhanced molecular fluorescence within isolated bowtie nano-apertures,” ACS Nano 6(2), 1438–1448 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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G. Lu, W. Li, T. Zhang, S. Yue, J. Liu, L. Hou, Z. Li, and Q. Gong, “Plasmonic-enhanced molecular fluorescence within isolated bowtie nano-apertures,” ACS Nano 6(2), 1438–1448 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Liu, Y.

Lockyear, M. J.

M. J. Lockyear, A. P. Hibbins, J. R. Sambles, and C. R. Lawrence, “Surface-topography-induced enhanced transmission and directivity of microwave radiation through a subwavelength circular metal aperture,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(12), 2040 (2004).
[Crossref]

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T. S. van Zanten, M. J. Lopez-Bosque, and M. F. Garcia-Parajo, “Imaging individual proteins and nanodomains on intact cell membranes with a probe-based optical antenna,” Small 6(2), 270–275 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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G. Lu, W. Li, T. Zhang, S. Yue, J. Liu, L. Hou, Z. Li, and Q. Gong, “Plasmonic-enhanced molecular fluorescence within isolated bowtie nano-apertures,” ACS Nano 6(2), 1438–1448 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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M. E. Stewart, C. R. Anderton, L. B. Thompson, J. Maria, S. K. Gray, J. A. Rogers, and R. G. Nuzzo, “Nanostructured plasmonic sensors,” Chem. Rev. 108(2), 494–521 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Martín-Moreno, L.

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martín-Moreno, T. W. Ebbesen, and L. Kuipers, “Light passing through subwavelength apertures,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82(1), 729–787 (2010).
[Crossref]

E. Moreno, S. G. Rodrigo, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. García-Vidal, “Guiding and focusing of electromagnetic fields with wedge plasmon polaritons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(2), 023901 (2008).
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J. A. Matteo, D. P. Fromm, Y. Yuen, P. J. Schuck, W. E. Moerner, and L. Hesselink, “Spectral analysis of strongly enhanced visible light transmission through single C-shaped nanoapertures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(4), 648–650 (2004).
[Crossref]

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Melli, M.

M. Melli, A. Polyakov, D. Gargas, C. Huynh, L. Scipioni, W. Bao, D. F. Ogletree, P. J. Schuck, S. Cabrini, and A. Weber-Bargioni, “Reaching the theoretical resonance quality factor limit in coaxial plasmonic nanoresonators fabricated by helium ion lithography,” Nano Lett. 13(6), 2687–2691 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Min, Q.

Q. Min, M. J. L. Santos, E. M. Girotto, A. G. Brolo, and R. Gordon, “Localized Raman enhancement from a double-hole nanostructure in a metal film,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(39), 15098–15101 (2008).

Mivelle, M.

Moerland, R. J.

T. H. Taminiau, R. J. Moerland, F. B. Segerink, L. Kuipers, and N. F. van Hulst, “λ/4 resonance of an optical monopole antenna probed by single molecule fluorescence,” Nano Lett. 7(1), 28–33 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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J. A. Matteo, D. P. Fromm, Y. Yuen, P. J. Schuck, W. E. Moerner, and L. Hesselink, “Spectral analysis of strongly enhanced visible light transmission through single C-shaped nanoapertures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(4), 648–650 (2004).
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Moreau, A.

Moreno, E.

E. Moreno, S. G. Rodrigo, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. García-Vidal, “Guiding and focusing of electromagnetic fields with wedge plasmon polaritons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(2), 023901 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Murphy-DuBay, N.

N. Murphy-DuBay, L. Wang, and X. Xu, “Nanolithography using high transmission nanoscale ridge aperture probe,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 93(4), 881–884 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nahata, A.

T. Matsui, A. Agrawal, A. Nahata, and Z. V. Vardeny, “Transmission resonances through aperiodic arrays of subwavelength apertures,” Nature 446(7135), 517–521 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Cao and A. Nahata, “Influence of aperture shape on the transmission properties of a periodic array of subwavelength apertures,” Opt. Express 12(16), 3664–3672 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Neumann, L.

L. Neumann, Y. Pang, A. Houyou, M. L. Juan, R. Gordon, and N. F. van Hulst, “Extraordinary optical transmission brightens near-field fiber probe,” Nano Lett. 11(2), 355–360 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nuzzo, R. G.

M. E. Stewart, C. R. Anderton, L. B. Thompson, J. Maria, S. K. Gray, J. A. Rogers, and R. G. Nuzzo, “Nanostructured plasmonic sensors,” Chem. Rev. 108(2), 494–521 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ogletree, D. F.

M. Melli, A. Polyakov, D. Gargas, C. Huynh, L. Scipioni, W. Bao, D. F. Ogletree, P. J. Schuck, S. Cabrini, and A. Weber-Bargioni, “Reaching the theoretical resonance quality factor limit in coaxial plasmonic nanoresonators fabricated by helium ion lithography,” Nano Lett. 13(6), 2687–2691 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Weber-Bargioni, A. Schwartzberg, M. Cornaglia, A. Ismach, J. J. Urban, Y. Pang, R. Gordon, J. Bokor, M. B. Salmeron, D. F. Ogletree, P. Ashby, S. Cabrini, and P. J. Schuck, “Hyperspectral nanoscale imaging on dielectric substrates with coaxial optical antenna scan probes,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1201–1207 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Onuta, T.-D.

T.-D. Onuta, M. Waegele, C. C. DuFort, W. L. Schaich, and B. Dragnea, “Optical field enhancement at cusps between adjacent nanoapertures,” Nano Lett. 7(3), 557–564 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Orenstein, M.

Pang, L.

Pang, Y.

Y. Pang and R. Gordon, “Optical trapping of a single protein,” Nano Lett. 12(1), 402–406 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Pang and R. Gordon, “Optical trapping of 12 nm dielectric spheres using double-nanoholes in a gold film,” Nano Lett. 11(9), 3763–3767 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Neumann, Y. Pang, A. Houyou, M. L. Juan, R. Gordon, and N. F. van Hulst, “Extraordinary optical transmission brightens near-field fiber probe,” Nano Lett. 11(2), 355–360 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Weber-Bargioni, A. Schwartzberg, M. Cornaglia, A. Ismach, J. J. Urban, Y. Pang, R. Gordon, J. Bokor, M. B. Salmeron, D. F. Ogletree, P. Ashby, S. Cabrini, and P. J. Schuck, “Hyperspectral nanoscale imaging on dielectric substrates with coaxial optical antenna scan probes,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1201–1207 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. L. Juan, R. Gordon, Y. Pang, F. Eftekhari, and R. Quidant, “Self-induced back-action optical trapping of dielectric nanoparticles,” Nat. Phys. 5(12), 915–919 (2009).
[Crossref]

Polyakov, A.

M. Melli, A. Polyakov, D. Gargas, C. Huynh, L. Scipioni, W. Bao, D. F. Ogletree, P. J. Schuck, S. Cabrini, and A. Weber-Bargioni, “Reaching the theoretical resonance quality factor limit in coaxial plasmonic nanoresonators fabricated by helium ion lithography,” Nano Lett. 13(6), 2687–2691 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Popov, E.

H. Rigneault, J. Capoulade, J. Dintinger, J. Wenger, N. Bonod, E. Popov, T. W. Ebbesen, and P. F. Lenne, “Enhancement of single-molecule fluorescence detection in subwavelength apertures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(11), 117401 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pors, A.

D. K. Gramotnev, A. Pors, M. Willatzen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Gap-plasmon nanonantennas and bowtie resonators,” Phys. Rev. B 85(4), 04543 (2012).

Prangsma, J. C.

J. A. H. van Nieuwstadt, M. Sandtke, R. H. Harmsen, F. B. Segerink, J. C. Prangsma, S. Enoch, and L. Kuipers, “Strong modification of the nonlinear optical response of metallic subwavelength hole arrays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(14), 146102 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Quidant, R.

J. Berthelot, S. S. Aćimović, M. L. Juan, M. P. Kreuzer, J. Renger, and R. Quidant, “Three-dimensional manipulation with scanning near-field optical nanotweezers,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(4), 295–299 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. L. Juan, M. Righini, and R. Quidant, “Plasmon nano-optical tweezers,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 349–356 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. L. Juan, R. Gordon, Y. Pang, F. Eftekhari, and R. Quidant, “Self-induced back-action optical trapping of dielectric nanoparticles,” Nat. Phys. 5(12), 915–919 (2009).
[Crossref]

Renger, J.

J. Berthelot, S. S. Aćimović, M. L. Juan, M. P. Kreuzer, J. Renger, and R. Quidant, “Three-dimensional manipulation with scanning near-field optical nanotweezers,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(4), 295–299 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Righini, M.

M. L. Juan, M. Righini, and R. Quidant, “Plasmon nano-optical tweezers,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 349–356 (2011).
[Crossref]

Rigneault, H.

H. Rigneault, J. Capoulade, J. Dintinger, J. Wenger, N. Bonod, E. Popov, T. W. Ebbesen, and P. F. Lenne, “Enhancement of single-molecule fluorescence detection in subwavelength apertures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(11), 117401 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rindzevicius, T.

T. Rindzevicius, Y. Alaverdyan, A. Dahlin, F. Höök, D. S. Sutherland, and M. Käll, “Plasmonic sensing characteristics of single nanometric holes,” Nano Lett. 5(11), 2335–2339 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rodrigo, S. G.

E. Moreno, S. G. Rodrigo, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. García-Vidal, “Guiding and focusing of electromagnetic fields with wedge plasmon polaritons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(2), 023901 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rogers, J. A.

M. E. Stewart, C. R. Anderton, L. B. Thompson, J. Maria, S. K. Gray, J. A. Rogers, and R. G. Nuzzo, “Nanostructured plasmonic sensors,” Chem. Rev. 108(2), 494–521 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Saleh, A. A.

A. A. Saleh and J. A. Dionne, “Toward efficient optical trapping of sub-10-nm particles with coaxial plasmonic apertures,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5581–5586 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Salmeron, M. B.

A. Weber-Bargioni, A. Schwartzberg, M. Cornaglia, A. Ismach, J. J. Urban, Y. Pang, R. Gordon, J. Bokor, M. B. Salmeron, D. F. Ogletree, P. Ashby, S. Cabrini, and P. J. Schuck, “Hyperspectral nanoscale imaging on dielectric substrates with coaxial optical antenna scan probes,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1201–1207 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sambles, J. R.

M. J. Lockyear, A. P. Hibbins, J. R. Sambles, and C. R. Lawrence, “Surface-topography-induced enhanced transmission and directivity of microwave radiation through a subwavelength circular metal aperture,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(12), 2040 (2004).
[Crossref]

Sandtke, M.

J. A. H. van Nieuwstadt, M. Sandtke, R. H. Harmsen, F. B. Segerink, J. C. Prangsma, S. Enoch, and L. Kuipers, “Strong modification of the nonlinear optical response of metallic subwavelength hole arrays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(14), 146102 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Santos, M. J. L.

Q. Min, M. J. L. Santos, E. M. Girotto, A. G. Brolo, and R. Gordon, “Localized Raman enhancement from a double-hole nanostructure in a metal film,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(39), 15098–15101 (2008).

Schaich, W. L.

T.-D. Onuta, M. Waegele, C. C. DuFort, W. L. Schaich, and B. Dragnea, “Optical field enhancement at cusps between adjacent nanoapertures,” Nano Lett. 7(3), 557–564 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schuck, P. J.

M. Melli, A. Polyakov, D. Gargas, C. Huynh, L. Scipioni, W. Bao, D. F. Ogletree, P. J. Schuck, S. Cabrini, and A. Weber-Bargioni, “Reaching the theoretical resonance quality factor limit in coaxial plasmonic nanoresonators fabricated by helium ion lithography,” Nano Lett. 13(6), 2687–2691 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Weber-Bargioni, A. Schwartzberg, M. Cornaglia, A. Ismach, J. J. Urban, Y. Pang, R. Gordon, J. Bokor, M. B. Salmeron, D. F. Ogletree, P. Ashby, S. Cabrini, and P. J. Schuck, “Hyperspectral nanoscale imaging on dielectric substrates with coaxial optical antenna scan probes,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1201–1207 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. A. Matteo, D. P. Fromm, Y. Yuen, P. J. Schuck, W. E. Moerner, and L. Hesselink, “Spectral analysis of strongly enhanced visible light transmission through single C-shaped nanoapertures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(4), 648–650 (2004).
[Crossref]

Schwartzberg, A.

A. Weber-Bargioni, A. Schwartzberg, M. Cornaglia, A. Ismach, J. J. Urban, Y. Pang, R. Gordon, J. Bokor, M. B. Salmeron, D. F. Ogletree, P. Ashby, S. Cabrini, and P. J. Schuck, “Hyperspectral nanoscale imaging on dielectric substrates with coaxial optical antenna scan probes,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1201–1207 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schweizer, H.

Scipioni, L.

M. Melli, A. Polyakov, D. Gargas, C. Huynh, L. Scipioni, W. Bao, D. F. Ogletree, P. J. Schuck, S. Cabrini, and A. Weber-Bargioni, “Reaching the theoretical resonance quality factor limit in coaxial plasmonic nanoresonators fabricated by helium ion lithography,” Nano Lett. 13(6), 2687–2691 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Segerink, F. B.

T. H. Taminiau, R. J. Moerland, F. B. Segerink, L. Kuipers, and N. F. van Hulst, “λ/4 resonance of an optical monopole antenna probed by single molecule fluorescence,” Nano Lett. 7(1), 28–33 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. A. H. van Nieuwstadt, M. Sandtke, R. H. Harmsen, F. B. Segerink, J. C. Prangsma, S. Enoch, and L. Kuipers, “Strong modification of the nonlinear optical response of metallic subwavelength hole arrays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(14), 146102 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shi, X.

X. Shi and L. Hesselink, “Ultrahigh light transmission through a C-shaped nanoapertures,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 1320–1322 (2003).
[Crossref]

Stewart, M. E.

M. E. Stewart, C. R. Anderton, L. B. Thompson, J. Maria, S. K. Gray, J. A. Rogers, and R. G. Nuzzo, “Nanostructured plasmonic sensors,” Chem. Rev. 108(2), 494–521 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sutherland, D. S.

T. Rindzevicius, Y. Alaverdyan, A. Dahlin, F. Höök, D. S. Sutherland, and M. Käll, “Plasmonic sensing characteristics of single nanometric holes,” Nano Lett. 5(11), 2335–2339 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Taminiau, T. H.

T. H. Taminiau, R. J. Moerland, F. B. Segerink, L. Kuipers, and N. F. van Hulst, “λ/4 resonance of an optical monopole antenna probed by single molecule fluorescence,” Nano Lett. 7(1), 28–33 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tetz, K. A.

Thompson, L. B.

M. E. Stewart, C. R. Anderton, L. B. Thompson, J. Maria, S. K. Gray, J. A. Rogers, and R. G. Nuzzo, “Nanostructured plasmonic sensors,” Chem. Rev. 108(2), 494–521 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Uppuluri, S. M.

L. Wang, S. M. Uppuluri, E. X. Jin, and X. Xu, “Nanolithography using high transmission nanoscale bowtie apertures,” Nano Lett. 6(3), 361–364 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Urban, J. J.

A. Weber-Bargioni, A. Schwartzberg, M. Cornaglia, A. Ismach, J. J. Urban, Y. Pang, R. Gordon, J. Bokor, M. B. Salmeron, D. F. Ogletree, P. Ashby, S. Cabrini, and P. J. Schuck, “Hyperspectral nanoscale imaging on dielectric substrates with coaxial optical antenna scan probes,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1201–1207 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

van Hulst, N. F.

L. Neumann, Y. Pang, A. Houyou, M. L. Juan, R. Gordon, and N. F. van Hulst, “Extraordinary optical transmission brightens near-field fiber probe,” Nano Lett. 11(2), 355–360 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. H. Taminiau, R. J. Moerland, F. B. Segerink, L. Kuipers, and N. F. van Hulst, “λ/4 resonance of an optical monopole antenna probed by single molecule fluorescence,” Nano Lett. 7(1), 28–33 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Van Labeke, D.

van Nieuwstadt, J. A. H.

J. A. H. van Nieuwstadt, M. Sandtke, R. H. Harmsen, F. B. Segerink, J. C. Prangsma, S. Enoch, and L. Kuipers, “Strong modification of the nonlinear optical response of metallic subwavelength hole arrays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(14), 146102 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

van Zanten, T. S.

T. S. van Zanten, M. J. Lopez-Bosque, and M. F. Garcia-Parajo, “Imaging individual proteins and nanodomains on intact cell membranes with a probe-based optical antenna,” Small 6(2), 270–275 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vardeny, Z. V.

T. Matsui, A. Agrawal, A. Nahata, and Z. V. Vardeny, “Transmission resonances through aperiodic arrays of subwavelength apertures,” Nature 446(7135), 517–521 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Waegele, M.

T.-D. Onuta, M. Waegele, C. C. DuFort, W. L. Schaich, and B. Dragnea, “Optical field enhancement at cusps between adjacent nanoapertures,” Nano Lett. 7(3), 557–564 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, L.

N. Murphy-DuBay, L. Wang, and X. Xu, “Nanolithography using high transmission nanoscale ridge aperture probe,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 93(4), 881–884 (2008).
[Crossref]

L. Wang and X. Xu, “High transmission nanoscale bowtie-shaped aperture probe for near-field optical imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(26), 261105 (2007).
[Crossref]

L. Wang and X. Xu, “Spectral resonance of nanoscale bowtie apertures in visible wavelength,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 89(2), 293–297 (2007).
[Crossref]

L. Wang, S. M. Uppuluri, E. X. Jin, and X. Xu, “Nanolithography using high transmission nanoscale bowtie apertures,” Nano Lett. 6(3), 361–364 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Weber-Bargioni, A.

M. Melli, A. Polyakov, D. Gargas, C. Huynh, L. Scipioni, W. Bao, D. F. Ogletree, P. J. Schuck, S. Cabrini, and A. Weber-Bargioni, “Reaching the theoretical resonance quality factor limit in coaxial plasmonic nanoresonators fabricated by helium ion lithography,” Nano Lett. 13(6), 2687–2691 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Weber-Bargioni, A. Schwartzberg, M. Cornaglia, A. Ismach, J. J. Urban, Y. Pang, R. Gordon, J. Bokor, M. B. Salmeron, D. F. Ogletree, P. Ashby, S. Cabrini, and P. J. Schuck, “Hyperspectral nanoscale imaging on dielectric substrates with coaxial optical antenna scan probes,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1201–1207 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wenger, J.

H. Rigneault, J. Capoulade, J. Dintinger, J. Wenger, N. Bonod, E. Popov, T. W. Ebbesen, and P. F. Lenne, “Enhancement of single-molecule fluorescence detection in subwavelength apertures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(11), 117401 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Willatzen, M.

D. K. Gramotnev, A. Pors, M. Willatzen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Gap-plasmon nanonantennas and bowtie resonators,” Phys. Rev. B 85(4), 04543 (2012).

Xu, T.

Xu, X.

N. Murphy-DuBay, L. Wang, and X. Xu, “Nanolithography using high transmission nanoscale ridge aperture probe,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 93(4), 881–884 (2008).
[Crossref]

L. Wang and X. Xu, “High transmission nanoscale bowtie-shaped aperture probe for near-field optical imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(26), 261105 (2007).
[Crossref]

L. Wang and X. Xu, “Spectral resonance of nanoscale bowtie apertures in visible wavelength,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 89(2), 293–297 (2007).
[Crossref]

L. Wang, S. M. Uppuluri, E. X. Jin, and X. Xu, “Nanolithography using high transmission nanoscale bowtie apertures,” Nano Lett. 6(3), 361–364 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. X. Jin and X. Xu, “Plasmonic effects in near-field optical transmission enhancement through a single bowtie-shaped aperture,” Appl. Phys. B 84(1-2), 3–9 (2006).
[Crossref]

E. X. Jin and X. Xu, “Enhanced optical near field from a bowtie aperture,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(15), 153110 (2006).
[Crossref]

E. X. Jin and X. Xu, “Obtaining super resolution light spot using surface plasmon assisted sharp ridge nanoapertures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(11), 111106 (2005).
[Crossref]

Yu, L.

Yue, S.

G. Lu, W. Li, T. Zhang, S. Yue, J. Liu, L. Hou, Z. Li, and Q. Gong, “Plasmonic-enhanced molecular fluorescence within isolated bowtie nano-apertures,” ACS Nano 6(2), 1438–1448 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yuen, Y.

J. A. Matteo, D. P. Fromm, Y. Yuen, P. J. Schuck, W. E. Moerner, and L. Hesselink, “Spectral analysis of strongly enhanced visible light transmission through single C-shaped nanoapertures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(4), 648–650 (2004).
[Crossref]

Zentgraf, T.

Zhang, G. P.

Zhang, J.

Y. Chen, L. Yu, J. Zhang, and R. Gordon, “Effective wavelength scaling of rectangular aperture antennas,” Opt. Express 23(8), 10385–10395 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T.-I. Jeon, J. Zhang, and D. Grischkowsky, “THz sommerfeld wave propagation on a single metal wire,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(16), 161904 (2005).
[Crossref]

Zhang, T.

G. Lu, W. Li, T. Zhang, S. Yue, J. Liu, L. Hou, Z. Li, and Q. Gong, “Plasmonic-enhanced molecular fluorescence within isolated bowtie nano-apertures,” ACS Nano 6(2), 1438–1448 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

ACS Nano (1)

G. Lu, W. Li, T. Zhang, S. Yue, J. Liu, L. Hou, Z. Li, and Q. Gong, “Plasmonic-enhanced molecular fluorescence within isolated bowtie nano-apertures,” ACS Nano 6(2), 1438–1448 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

E. X. Jin and X. Xu, “Plasmonic effects in near-field optical transmission enhancement through a single bowtie-shaped aperture,” Appl. Phys. B 84(1-2), 3–9 (2006).
[Crossref]

L. K. S. Kumar, A. Lesuffleur, M. C. Hughes, and R. Gordon, “Double nanohole apex-enhanced transmission in metal films,” Appl. Phys. B 84(1-2), 25–28 (2006).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (6)

J. A. Matteo, D. P. Fromm, Y. Yuen, P. J. Schuck, W. E. Moerner, and L. Hesselink, “Spectral analysis of strongly enhanced visible light transmission through single C-shaped nanoapertures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(4), 648–650 (2004).
[Crossref]

E. X. Jin and X. Xu, “Enhanced optical near field from a bowtie aperture,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(15), 153110 (2006).
[Crossref]

E. X. Jin and X. Xu, “Obtaining super resolution light spot using surface plasmon assisted sharp ridge nanoapertures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(11), 111106 (2005).
[Crossref]

L. Wang and X. Xu, “High transmission nanoscale bowtie-shaped aperture probe for near-field optical imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(26), 261105 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. J. Lockyear, A. P. Hibbins, J. R. Sambles, and C. R. Lawrence, “Surface-topography-induced enhanced transmission and directivity of microwave radiation through a subwavelength circular metal aperture,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(12), 2040 (2004).
[Crossref]

T.-I. Jeon, J. Zhang, and D. Grischkowsky, “THz sommerfeld wave propagation on a single metal wire,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(16), 161904 (2005).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. (2)

L. Wang and X. Xu, “Spectral resonance of nanoscale bowtie apertures in visible wavelength,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 89(2), 293–297 (2007).
[Crossref]

N. Murphy-DuBay, L. Wang, and X. Xu, “Nanolithography using high transmission nanoscale ridge aperture probe,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 93(4), 881–884 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chem. Rev. (1)

M. E. Stewart, C. R. Anderton, L. B. Thompson, J. Maria, S. K. Gray, J. A. Rogers, and R. G. Nuzzo, “Nanostructured plasmonic sensors,” Chem. Rev. 108(2), 494–521 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

X. Shi and L. Hesselink, “Ultrahigh light transmission through a C-shaped nanoapertures,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 1320–1322 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. C (1)

Q. Min, M. J. L. Santos, E. M. Girotto, A. G. Brolo, and R. Gordon, “Localized Raman enhancement from a double-hole nanostructure in a metal film,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(39), 15098–15101 (2008).

Lab Chip (1)

A. Kotnala, D. DePaoli, and R. Gordon, “Sensing nanoparticles using a double nanohole optical trap,” Lab Chip 13(20), 4142–4146 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nano Lett. (12)

L. Wang, S. M. Uppuluri, E. X. Jin, and X. Xu, “Nanolithography using high transmission nanoscale bowtie apertures,” Nano Lett. 6(3), 361–364 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Rindzevicius, Y. Alaverdyan, A. Dahlin, F. Höök, D. S. Sutherland, and M. Käll, “Plasmonic sensing characteristics of single nanometric holes,” Nano Lett. 5(11), 2335–2339 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Kotnala and R. Gordon, “Quantification of high-efficiency trapping of nanoparticles in a double nanohole optical tweezer,” Nano Lett. 14(2), 853–856 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Neumann, Y. Pang, A. Houyou, M. L. Juan, R. Gordon, and N. F. van Hulst, “Extraordinary optical transmission brightens near-field fiber probe,” Nano Lett. 11(2), 355–360 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Weber-Bargioni, A. Schwartzberg, M. Cornaglia, A. Ismach, J. J. Urban, Y. Pang, R. Gordon, J. Bokor, M. B. Salmeron, D. F. Ogletree, P. Ashby, S. Cabrini, and P. J. Schuck, “Hyperspectral nanoscale imaging on dielectric substrates with coaxial optical antenna scan probes,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1201–1207 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. G. Brolo, E. Arctander, R. Gordon, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, “Nanohole-enhanced raman scattering,” Nano Lett. 4(10), 2015–2018 (2004).
[Crossref]

T. H. Taminiau, R. J. Moerland, F. B. Segerink, L. Kuipers, and N. F. van Hulst, “λ/4 resonance of an optical monopole antenna probed by single molecule fluorescence,” Nano Lett. 7(1), 28–33 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Melli, A. Polyakov, D. Gargas, C. Huynh, L. Scipioni, W. Bao, D. F. Ogletree, P. J. Schuck, S. Cabrini, and A. Weber-Bargioni, “Reaching the theoretical resonance quality factor limit in coaxial plasmonic nanoresonators fabricated by helium ion lithography,” Nano Lett. 13(6), 2687–2691 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Other (1)

FDTD Solutions, from Lumerical Solutions, Inc., Canada.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Schematic view of a double nanohole structure in metal film. The geometry of the DNH is defined by the thickness of the metal, T, the diameter of the circular aperture, D, the distance between the two circular apertures, L (the center-to-center separation), the curvature, C and width, W of the gap. (b) The transmission spectra of DNH aperture with T = 150 nm, D = 120 nm, L = 130 nm, W = 30 nm and C = 0.035. (c) Electricfield intensity distributions in the x–z plane for λ = 1323 nm, λ = 798 nm. (d) Electric field intensity distributions in the x–y plane for λ = 1323 nm, λ = 1182 nm.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) The black line-symbol represents the effective index as function of the wavelength for DNH with T = 150 nm, D = 120 nm, L = 130 nm, W = 30 nm and C = 0.035. The black, red and blue lines represent the transmission spectra of DNH apertures of three different thickness with D = 120 nm, L = 130 nm, W = 30 nm and C = 0.035. (b) The electric field distribution and phase distribution in the x–z plane for λ = 1323 nm, and T = 150 nm. (c) The transmission spectra of DNH apertures of three different curvature with T = 150 nm, D = 120 nm, L = 130 nm, W = 30 nm. (d) The electric field distribution and phase distribution in the x–z plane for λ = 1182 nm and C = 0.035.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) The transmission spectra of DNHs with aperture diameter changing from 100 nm to 160 nm and T = 200 nm, L = 130 nm, W = 30 nm and C = 0.035 is fixed. (b) The resonance wavelengths of gap, wedge and FP resonances as function of the aperture diameter of the DNHs.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) The resonance wavelengths of gap mode FP0, wedge and gap mode FP1 resonances as functions of the gap width, W of the DNH. (b) The maximum field intensity (normalized to incident field intensity) at resonance as a function of the gap width of the DNH. (c) The resonance wavelengths of gap mode FP0, wedge and gap mode FP1 resonances as functions of the NH separation, L of the DNH. (d) The maximum field intensity (normalized to incident field intensity) at resonance as a function of the NH separation of the DNH.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) The scanning electron microscope image of a DNH in a gold film on glass substrate. The thickness of the gold is 100 nm, the diameter of the DHN D = 120 nm, the gap width W = 45 nm and the NH separation L = 145 nm. (b) The measured far-field transmission spectra of the DNH in (a) for normal light incidence. (c) FDTD simulated field intensity distribution of the DNH in (a) at the excitation wavelengths of 1147 nm and 907 nm. (d) The scanning electron microscope image of a DNH with the thickness of the gold T = 100 nm the diameter of the DHN D = 178 nm, the gap width W = 50 nm and the NH separation L = 205 nm. (e) The measured far-field transmission spectra of the DNH in (d) for normal light incidence. (f) FDTD simulated field intensity distribution of the DNH in (d) at the excitation wavelengths of 1375 nm and 828 nm.

Equations (2)

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ε m = ε ω p 2 ω 2 +iγω
λ= 2 n eff T m +R

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