Abstract

Reflection type subtractive tri-color filters, enabling metal-thickness tolerant high color saturation, were proposed and demonstrated capitalizing on a nanoporous metal-dielectric-metal (MDM) resonant structure, which comprises a cavity made of self-assembled nanoporous anodic aluminum oxide (AAO), sandwiched between an Al film of the same nanoporous configuration and a highly reflective aluminum (Al) substrate. For the proposed filter, the output color was easily determined by controlling the resonance wavelength via the thickness of the porous AAO cavity. In particular, the spectral response was deemed to exhibit a near-zero resonant dip, thereby achieving enhanced color saturation, which was stably maintained irrespective of the thickness of the porous Al film, due to its reduced effective refractive index. In order to manufacture the proposed color filters on a large scale, a porous Al film of hexagonal lattice configuration was integrated with an identically porous self-assembled AAO layer, which has been grown on an Al substrate. For the realized tri-color filters for cyan, magenta, and yellow (CMY), having a 15-nm Al film, near-zero reflection dips were observed to be centered at the wavelengths of 436, 500, and 600 nm, respectively. The resulting enhanced color saturation was stably maintained even though the variations were as large as 10 nm in the metal thickness.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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2015 (3)

C. Yang, W. Shen, Y. Zhang, K. Li, X. Fang, X. Zhang, and X. Liu, “Compact multilayer film structure for angle insensitive color filtering,” Sci. Rep. 5, 9285 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. T. Lee, S. Seo, and L. J. Guo, “High-color-purity subtractive color filters with a wide viewing angle based on plasmonic perfect absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 3(3), 347–352 (2015).

W. Yue, S. S. Lee, E. S. Kim, and B. G. Lee, “Uniformly thick tri-color filters capitalizing on an etalon with a nanostructured cavity,” Appl. Opt. 54(18), 5866–5871 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (4)

Y. Long, R. Su, Q. Wang, L. Shen, B. Li, and W. Zheng, “Deducing critical coupling condition to achieve perfect absorption for thin-film absorbers and identifying key characteristics of absorbing materials needed for perfect absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(9), 091109 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. T. Lee, S. Seo, J. Y. Lee, and L. J. Guo, “Strong resonance effect in a lossy medium-based optical cavity for angle robust spectrum filters,” Adv. Mater. 26(36), 6324–6328 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Y. Lee, K. T. Lee, S. Seo, and L. J. Guo, “Decorative power generating panels creating angle insensitive transmissive colors,” Sci. Rep. 4, 4192 (2014).
[PubMed]

Y. H. Chen, C. W. Chen, Z. Y. Huang, W. C. Lin, L. Y. Lin, F. Lin, K. T. Wong, and H. W. Lin, “Microcavity-embedded, colour-tuneable, transparent organic solar cells,” Adv. Mater. 26(7), 1129–1134 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (3)

2012 (7)

S. Yokogawa, S. P. Burgos, and H. A. Atwater, “Plasmonic color filters for CMOS image sensor applications,” Nano Lett. 12(8), 4349–4354 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, P. Genevet, and F. Capasso, “Nanometre optical coatings based on strong interference effects in highly absorbing media,” Nat. Mater. 12(1), 20–24 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Santos, V. S. Balderrama, M. Alba, P. Formentín, J. Ferré-Borrull, J. Pallarès, and L. F. Marsal, “Nanoporous anodic alumina barcodes: toward smart optical biosensors,” Adv. Mater. 24(8), 1050–1054 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. K. Liu, K. T. Cheng, and A. Y. G. Fuh, “Designs of high color purity RGB color filter for liquid crystal displays applications using Fabry-Perot etalons,” J. Disp. Technol. 8(3), 174–178 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. A. Kats, D. Sharma, J. Lin, P. Genevet, R. Blanchard, Z. Yang, M. M. Qazilbash, D. N. Basov, S. Ramanathan, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin perfect absorber employing a tunable phase change material,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(22), 221101 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. Hotta, A. Yamaguchi, and N. Teramae, “Nanoporous waveguide sensor with optimized nanoarchitectures for highly sensitive label-free biosensing,” ACS Nano 6(2), 1541–1547 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Santos, M. Alba, M. M. Rahman, P. Formentín, J. Ferré-Borrull, J. Pallarès, and L. F. Marsal, “Structural tuning of photoluminescence in nanoporous anodic alumina by hard anodization in oxalic and malonic acids,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 7(1), 228 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

2010 (1)

R. R. Singh, D. Ho, A. Nilchi, G. Gulak, P. Yau, and R. Genov, “A CMOS/thin-film fluorescence contact imaging microsystem for DNA analysis,” IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. I Regul. Pap. 57(5), 1029–1038 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

2006 (1)

2005 (2)

T. Katchalski, G. Levy-Yurista, A. Friesem, G. Martin, R. Hierle, and J. Zyss, “Light modulation with electro-optic polymer-based resonant grating waveguide structures,” Opt. Express 13(12), 4645–4650 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Goh, K. M. Coakley, and M. D. McGehee, “Nanostructuring titania by embossing with polymer molds made from anodic alumina templates,” Nano Lett. 5(8), 1545–1549 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

Abedzadeh, N.

M. Khorasaninejad, S. Mohsen Raeis-Zadeh, H. Amarloo, N. Abedzadeh, S. Safavi-Naeini, and S. S. Saini, “Colorimetric sensors using nano-patch surface plasmon resonators,” Nanotechnology 24(35), 355501 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alba, M.

A. Santos, M. Alba, M. M. Rahman, P. Formentín, J. Ferré-Borrull, J. Pallarès, and L. F. Marsal, “Structural tuning of photoluminescence in nanoporous anodic alumina by hard anodization in oxalic and malonic acids,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 7(1), 228 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Santos, V. S. Balderrama, M. Alba, P. Formentín, J. Ferré-Borrull, J. Pallarès, and L. F. Marsal, “Nanoporous anodic alumina barcodes: toward smart optical biosensors,” Adv. Mater. 24(8), 1050–1054 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Amarloo, H.

M. Khorasaninejad, S. Mohsen Raeis-Zadeh, H. Amarloo, N. Abedzadeh, S. Safavi-Naeini, and S. S. Saini, “Colorimetric sensors using nano-patch surface plasmon resonators,” Nanotechnology 24(35), 355501 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Atwater, H. A.

S. Yokogawa, S. P. Burgos, and H. A. Atwater, “Plasmonic color filters for CMOS image sensor applications,” Nano Lett. 12(8), 4349–4354 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Balderrama, V. S.

A. Santos, V. S. Balderrama, M. Alba, P. Formentín, J. Ferré-Borrull, J. Pallarès, and L. F. Marsal, “Nanoporous anodic alumina barcodes: toward smart optical biosensors,” Adv. Mater. 24(8), 1050–1054 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Basov, D. N.

M. A. Kats, D. Sharma, J. Lin, P. Genevet, R. Blanchard, Z. Yang, M. M. Qazilbash, D. N. Basov, S. Ramanathan, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin perfect absorber employing a tunable phase change material,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(22), 221101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Blanchard, R.

M. A. Kats, D. Sharma, J. Lin, P. Genevet, R. Blanchard, Z. Yang, M. M. Qazilbash, D. N. Basov, S. Ramanathan, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin perfect absorber employing a tunable phase change material,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(22), 221101 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, P. Genevet, and F. Capasso, “Nanometre optical coatings based on strong interference effects in highly absorbing media,” Nat. Mater. 12(1), 20–24 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bradley, M. S.

Bulovic, V.

Burgos, S. P.

S. Yokogawa, S. P. Burgos, and H. A. Atwater, “Plasmonic color filters for CMOS image sensor applications,” Nano Lett. 12(8), 4349–4354 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Capasso, F.

M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, P. Genevet, and F. Capasso, “Nanometre optical coatings based on strong interference effects in highly absorbing media,” Nat. Mater. 12(1), 20–24 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. A. Kats, D. Sharma, J. Lin, P. Genevet, R. Blanchard, Z. Yang, M. M. Qazilbash, D. N. Basov, S. Ramanathan, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin perfect absorber employing a tunable phase change material,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(22), 221101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chen, C. W.

Y. H. Chen, C. W. Chen, Z. Y. Huang, W. C. Lin, L. Y. Lin, F. Lin, K. T. Wong, and H. W. Lin, “Microcavity-embedded, colour-tuneable, transparent organic solar cells,” Adv. Mater. 26(7), 1129–1134 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, Y. H.

Y. H. Chen, C. W. Chen, Z. Y. Huang, W. C. Lin, L. Y. Lin, F. Lin, K. T. Wong, and H. W. Lin, “Microcavity-embedded, colour-tuneable, transparent organic solar cells,” Adv. Mater. 26(7), 1129–1134 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cheng, K. T.

C. K. Liu, K. T. Cheng, and A. Y. G. Fuh, “Designs of high color purity RGB color filter for liquid crystal displays applications using Fabry-Perot etalons,” J. Disp. Technol. 8(3), 174–178 (2012).
[Crossref]

Coakley, K. M.

C. Goh, K. M. Coakley, and M. D. McGehee, “Nanostructuring titania by embossing with polymer molds made from anodic alumina templates,” Nano Lett. 5(8), 1545–1549 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fang, X.

C. Yang, W. Shen, Y. Zhang, K. Li, X. Fang, X. Zhang, and X. Liu, “Compact multilayer film structure for angle insensitive color filtering,” Sci. Rep. 5, 9285 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ferré-Borrull, J.

A. Santos, M. Alba, M. M. Rahman, P. Formentín, J. Ferré-Borrull, J. Pallarès, and L. F. Marsal, “Structural tuning of photoluminescence in nanoporous anodic alumina by hard anodization in oxalic and malonic acids,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 7(1), 228 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Santos, V. S. Balderrama, M. Alba, P. Formentín, J. Ferré-Borrull, J. Pallarès, and L. F. Marsal, “Nanoporous anodic alumina barcodes: toward smart optical biosensors,” Adv. Mater. 24(8), 1050–1054 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Formentín, P.

A. Santos, V. S. Balderrama, M. Alba, P. Formentín, J. Ferré-Borrull, J. Pallarès, and L. F. Marsal, “Nanoporous anodic alumina barcodes: toward smart optical biosensors,” Adv. Mater. 24(8), 1050–1054 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Santos, M. Alba, M. M. Rahman, P. Formentín, J. Ferré-Borrull, J. Pallarès, and L. F. Marsal, “Structural tuning of photoluminescence in nanoporous anodic alumina by hard anodization in oxalic and malonic acids,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 7(1), 228 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Frey, L.

Friesem, A.

Fu, J.

Fuh, A. Y. G.

C. K. Liu, K. T. Cheng, and A. Y. G. Fuh, “Designs of high color purity RGB color filter for liquid crystal displays applications using Fabry-Perot etalons,” J. Disp. Technol. 8(3), 174–178 (2012).
[Crossref]

Genevet, P.

M. A. Kats, D. Sharma, J. Lin, P. Genevet, R. Blanchard, Z. Yang, M. M. Qazilbash, D. N. Basov, S. Ramanathan, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin perfect absorber employing a tunable phase change material,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(22), 221101 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, P. Genevet, and F. Capasso, “Nanometre optical coatings based on strong interference effects in highly absorbing media,” Nat. Mater. 12(1), 20–24 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Genov, R.

R. R. Singh, D. Ho, A. Nilchi, G. Gulak, P. Yau, and R. Genov, “A CMOS/thin-film fluorescence contact imaging microsystem for DNA analysis,” IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. I Regul. Pap. 57(5), 1029–1038 (2010).
[Crossref]

Goh, C.

C. Goh, K. M. Coakley, and M. D. McGehee, “Nanostructuring titania by embossing with polymer molds made from anodic alumina templates,” Nano Lett. 5(8), 1545–1549 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gulak, G.

R. R. Singh, D. Ho, A. Nilchi, G. Gulak, P. Yau, and R. Genov, “A CMOS/thin-film fluorescence contact imaging microsystem for DNA analysis,” IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. I Regul. Pap. 57(5), 1029–1038 (2010).
[Crossref]

Guo, L. J.

K. T. Lee, S. Seo, and L. J. Guo, “High-color-purity subtractive color filters with a wide viewing angle based on plasmonic perfect absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 3(3), 347–352 (2015).

K. T. Lee, S. Seo, J. Y. Lee, and L. J. Guo, “Strong resonance effect in a lossy medium-based optical cavity for angle robust spectrum filters,” Adv. Mater. 26(36), 6324–6328 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Y. Lee, K. T. Lee, S. Seo, and L. J. Guo, “Decorative power generating panels creating angle insensitive transmissive colors,” Sci. Rep. 4, 4192 (2014).
[PubMed]

Hérault, D.

Hierle, R.

Ho, D.

R. R. Singh, D. Ho, A. Nilchi, G. Gulak, P. Yau, and R. Genov, “A CMOS/thin-film fluorescence contact imaging microsystem for DNA analysis,” IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. I Regul. Pap. 57(5), 1029–1038 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hotta, K.

K. Hotta, A. Yamaguchi, and N. Teramae, “Nanoporous waveguide sensor with optimized nanoarchitectures for highly sensitive label-free biosensing,” ACS Nano 6(2), 1541–1547 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, Z. Y.

Y. H. Chen, C. W. Chen, Z. Y. Huang, W. C. Lin, L. Y. Lin, F. Lin, K. T. Wong, and H. W. Lin, “Microcavity-embedded, colour-tuneable, transparent organic solar cells,” Adv. Mater. 26(7), 1129–1134 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Katchalski, T.

Kats, M. A.

M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, P. Genevet, and F. Capasso, “Nanometre optical coatings based on strong interference effects in highly absorbing media,” Nat. Mater. 12(1), 20–24 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. A. Kats, D. Sharma, J. Lin, P. Genevet, R. Blanchard, Z. Yang, M. M. Qazilbash, D. N. Basov, S. Ramanathan, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin perfect absorber employing a tunable phase change material,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(22), 221101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Khorasaninejad, M.

M. Khorasaninejad, S. Mohsen Raeis-Zadeh, H. Amarloo, N. Abedzadeh, S. Safavi-Naeini, and S. S. Saini, “Colorimetric sensors using nano-patch surface plasmon resonators,” Nanotechnology 24(35), 355501 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, E. S.

Lee, B. G.

Lee, J. Y.

J. Y. Lee, K. T. Lee, S. Seo, and L. J. Guo, “Decorative power generating panels creating angle insensitive transmissive colors,” Sci. Rep. 4, 4192 (2014).
[PubMed]

K. T. Lee, S. Seo, J. Y. Lee, and L. J. Guo, “Strong resonance effect in a lossy medium-based optical cavity for angle robust spectrum filters,” Adv. Mater. 26(36), 6324–6328 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, K. T.

K. T. Lee, S. Seo, and L. J. Guo, “High-color-purity subtractive color filters with a wide viewing angle based on plasmonic perfect absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 3(3), 347–352 (2015).

K. T. Lee, S. Seo, J. Y. Lee, and L. J. Guo, “Strong resonance effect in a lossy medium-based optical cavity for angle robust spectrum filters,” Adv. Mater. 26(36), 6324–6328 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Y. Lee, K. T. Lee, S. Seo, and L. J. Guo, “Decorative power generating panels creating angle insensitive transmissive colors,” Sci. Rep. 4, 4192 (2014).
[PubMed]

Lee, S. S.

Levy-Yurista, G.

Li, B.

Y. Long, R. Su, Q. Wang, L. Shen, B. Li, and W. Zheng, “Deducing critical coupling condition to achieve perfect absorption for thin-film absorbers and identifying key characteristics of absorbing materials needed for perfect absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(9), 091109 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, K.

C. Yang, W. Shen, Y. Zhang, K. Li, X. Fang, X. Zhang, and X. Liu, “Compact multilayer film structure for angle insensitive color filtering,” Sci. Rep. 5, 9285 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Y. Y.

Li, Z.

Lin, F.

Y. H. Chen, C. W. Chen, Z. Y. Huang, W. C. Lin, L. Y. Lin, F. Lin, K. T. Wong, and H. W. Lin, “Microcavity-embedded, colour-tuneable, transparent organic solar cells,” Adv. Mater. 26(7), 1129–1134 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, H. W.

Y. H. Chen, C. W. Chen, Z. Y. Huang, W. C. Lin, L. Y. Lin, F. Lin, K. T. Wong, and H. W. Lin, “Microcavity-embedded, colour-tuneable, transparent organic solar cells,” Adv. Mater. 26(7), 1129–1134 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, J.

M. A. Kats, D. Sharma, J. Lin, P. Genevet, R. Blanchard, Z. Yang, M. M. Qazilbash, D. N. Basov, S. Ramanathan, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin perfect absorber employing a tunable phase change material,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(22), 221101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lin, L. Y.

Y. H. Chen, C. W. Chen, Z. Y. Huang, W. C. Lin, L. Y. Lin, F. Lin, K. T. Wong, and H. W. Lin, “Microcavity-embedded, colour-tuneable, transparent organic solar cells,” Adv. Mater. 26(7), 1129–1134 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, W. C.

Y. H. Chen, C. W. Chen, Z. Y. Huang, W. C. Lin, L. Y. Lin, F. Lin, K. T. Wong, and H. W. Lin, “Microcavity-embedded, colour-tuneable, transparent organic solar cells,” Adv. Mater. 26(7), 1129–1134 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, C. K.

C. K. Liu, K. T. Cheng, and A. Y. G. Fuh, “Designs of high color purity RGB color filter for liquid crystal displays applications using Fabry-Perot etalons,” J. Disp. Technol. 8(3), 174–178 (2012).
[Crossref]

Liu, W.

Liu, X.

C. Yang, W. Shen, Y. Zhang, K. Li, X. Fang, X. Zhang, and X. Liu, “Compact multilayer film structure for angle insensitive color filtering,” Sci. Rep. 5, 9285 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Long, Y.

Y. Long, R. Su, Q. Wang, L. Shen, B. Li, and W. Zheng, “Deducing critical coupling condition to achieve perfect absorption for thin-film absorbers and identifying key characteristics of absorbing materials needed for perfect absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(9), 091109 (2014).
[Crossref]

Marsal, L. F.

A. Santos, V. S. Balderrama, M. Alba, P. Formentín, J. Ferré-Borrull, J. Pallarès, and L. F. Marsal, “Nanoporous anodic alumina barcodes: toward smart optical biosensors,” Adv. Mater. 24(8), 1050–1054 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Santos, M. Alba, M. M. Rahman, P. Formentín, J. Ferré-Borrull, J. Pallarès, and L. F. Marsal, “Structural tuning of photoluminescence in nanoporous anodic alumina by hard anodization in oxalic and malonic acids,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 7(1), 228 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Martin, G.

Marty, M.

McGehee, M. D.

C. Goh, K. M. Coakley, and M. D. McGehee, “Nanostructuring titania by embossing with polymer molds made from anodic alumina templates,” Nano Lett. 5(8), 1545–1549 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Michailos, J.

Mohsen Raeis-Zadeh, S.

M. Khorasaninejad, S. Mohsen Raeis-Zadeh, H. Amarloo, N. Abedzadeh, S. Safavi-Naeini, and S. S. Saini, “Colorimetric sensors using nano-patch surface plasmon resonators,” Nanotechnology 24(35), 355501 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nilchi, A.

R. R. Singh, D. Ho, A. Nilchi, G. Gulak, P. Yau, and R. Genov, “A CMOS/thin-film fluorescence contact imaging microsystem for DNA analysis,” IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. I Regul. Pap. 57(5), 1029–1038 (2010).
[Crossref]

Pallarès, J.

A. Santos, M. Alba, M. M. Rahman, P. Formentín, J. Ferré-Borrull, J. Pallarès, and L. F. Marsal, “Structural tuning of photoluminescence in nanoporous anodic alumina by hard anodization in oxalic and malonic acids,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 7(1), 228 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Santos, V. S. Balderrama, M. Alba, P. Formentín, J. Ferré-Borrull, J. Pallarès, and L. F. Marsal, “Nanoporous anodic alumina barcodes: toward smart optical biosensors,” Adv. Mater. 24(8), 1050–1054 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Park, B.

Parrein, P.

Pellé, C.

Piestun, R.

Qazilbash, M. M.

M. A. Kats, D. Sharma, J. Lin, P. Genevet, R. Blanchard, Z. Yang, M. M. Qazilbash, D. N. Basov, S. Ramanathan, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin perfect absorber employing a tunable phase change material,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(22), 221101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Raby, J.

Rahman, M. M.

A. Santos, M. Alba, M. M. Rahman, P. Formentín, J. Ferré-Borrull, J. Pallarès, and L. F. Marsal, “Structural tuning of photoluminescence in nanoporous anodic alumina by hard anodization in oxalic and malonic acids,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 7(1), 228 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ramanathan, S.

M. A. Kats, D. Sharma, J. Lin, P. Genevet, R. Blanchard, Z. Yang, M. M. Qazilbash, D. N. Basov, S. Ramanathan, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin perfect absorber employing a tunable phase change material,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(22), 221101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Safavi-Naeini, S.

M. Khorasaninejad, S. Mohsen Raeis-Zadeh, H. Amarloo, N. Abedzadeh, S. Safavi-Naeini, and S. S. Saini, “Colorimetric sensors using nano-patch surface plasmon resonators,” Nanotechnology 24(35), 355501 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Saini, S. S.

M. Khorasaninejad, S. Mohsen Raeis-Zadeh, H. Amarloo, N. Abedzadeh, S. Safavi-Naeini, and S. S. Saini, “Colorimetric sensors using nano-patch surface plasmon resonators,” Nanotechnology 24(35), 355501 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Santos, A.

A. Santos, M. Alba, M. M. Rahman, P. Formentín, J. Ferré-Borrull, J. Pallarès, and L. F. Marsal, “Structural tuning of photoluminescence in nanoporous anodic alumina by hard anodization in oxalic and malonic acids,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 7(1), 228 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Santos, V. S. Balderrama, M. Alba, P. Formentín, J. Ferré-Borrull, J. Pallarès, and L. F. Marsal, “Nanoporous anodic alumina barcodes: toward smart optical biosensors,” Adv. Mater. 24(8), 1050–1054 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schwartz, B. T.

Seo, S.

K. T. Lee, S. Seo, and L. J. Guo, “High-color-purity subtractive color filters with a wide viewing angle based on plasmonic perfect absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 3(3), 347–352 (2015).

K. T. Lee, S. Seo, J. Y. Lee, and L. J. Guo, “Strong resonance effect in a lossy medium-based optical cavity for angle robust spectrum filters,” Adv. Mater. 26(36), 6324–6328 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Y. Lee, K. T. Lee, S. Seo, and L. J. Guo, “Decorative power generating panels creating angle insensitive transmissive colors,” Sci. Rep. 4, 4192 (2014).
[PubMed]

Sharma, D.

M. A. Kats, D. Sharma, J. Lin, P. Genevet, R. Blanchard, Z. Yang, M. M. Qazilbash, D. N. Basov, S. Ramanathan, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin perfect absorber employing a tunable phase change material,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(22), 221101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shen, L.

Y. Long, R. Su, Q. Wang, L. Shen, B. Li, and W. Zheng, “Deducing critical coupling condition to achieve perfect absorption for thin-film absorbers and identifying key characteristics of absorbing materials needed for perfect absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(9), 091109 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shen, W.

C. Yang, W. Shen, Y. Zhang, K. Li, X. Fang, X. Zhang, and X. Liu, “Compact multilayer film structure for angle insensitive color filtering,” Sci. Rep. 5, 9285 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shi, Y.

Shu, S.

Singh, R. R.

R. R. Singh, D. Ho, A. Nilchi, G. Gulak, P. Yau, and R. Genov, “A CMOS/thin-film fluorescence contact imaging microsystem for DNA analysis,” IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. I Regul. Pap. 57(5), 1029–1038 (2010).
[Crossref]

Su, R.

Y. Long, R. Su, Q. Wang, L. Shen, B. Li, and W. Zheng, “Deducing critical coupling condition to achieve perfect absorption for thin-film absorbers and identifying key characteristics of absorbing materials needed for perfect absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(9), 091109 (2014).
[Crossref]

Teramae, N.

K. Hotta, A. Yamaguchi, and N. Teramae, “Nanoporous waveguide sensor with optimized nanoarchitectures for highly sensitive label-free biosensing,” ACS Nano 6(2), 1541–1547 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tischler, J. R.

Wang, Q.

Y. Long, R. Su, Q. Wang, L. Shen, B. Li, and W. Zheng, “Deducing critical coupling condition to achieve perfect absorption for thin-film absorbers and identifying key characteristics of absorbing materials needed for perfect absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(9), 091109 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.

Wong, K. T.

Y. H. Chen, C. W. Chen, Z. Y. Huang, W. C. Lin, L. Y. Lin, F. Lin, K. T. Wong, and H. W. Lin, “Microcavity-embedded, colour-tuneable, transparent organic solar cells,” Adv. Mater. 26(7), 1129–1134 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yamaguchi, A.

K. Hotta, A. Yamaguchi, and N. Teramae, “Nanoporous waveguide sensor with optimized nanoarchitectures for highly sensitive label-free biosensing,” ACS Nano 6(2), 1541–1547 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, C.

C. Yang, W. Shen, Y. Zhang, K. Li, X. Fang, X. Zhang, and X. Liu, “Compact multilayer film structure for angle insensitive color filtering,” Sci. Rep. 5, 9285 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, F.

Yang, T.

Yang, Z.

M. A. Kats, D. Sharma, J. Lin, P. Genevet, R. Blanchard, Z. Yang, M. M. Qazilbash, D. N. Basov, S. Ramanathan, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin perfect absorber employing a tunable phase change material,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(22), 221101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yau, P.

R. R. Singh, D. Ho, A. Nilchi, G. Gulak, P. Yau, and R. Genov, “A CMOS/thin-film fluorescence contact imaging microsystem for DNA analysis,” IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. I Regul. Pap. 57(5), 1029–1038 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yokogawa, S.

S. Yokogawa, S. P. Burgos, and H. A. Atwater, “Plasmonic color filters for CMOS image sensor applications,” Nano Lett. 12(8), 4349–4354 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yue, W.

Zhang, X.

C. Yang, W. Shen, Y. Zhang, K. Li, X. Fang, X. Zhang, and X. Liu, “Compact multilayer film structure for angle insensitive color filtering,” Sci. Rep. 5, 9285 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Y.

C. Yang, W. Shen, Y. Zhang, K. Li, X. Fang, X. Zhang, and X. Liu, “Compact multilayer film structure for angle insensitive color filtering,” Sci. Rep. 5, 9285 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, Y.

Zheng, W.

Y. Long, R. Su, Q. Wang, L. Shen, B. Li, and W. Zheng, “Deducing critical coupling condition to achieve perfect absorption for thin-film absorbers and identifying key characteristics of absorbing materials needed for perfect absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(9), 091109 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zyss, J.

ACS Nano (1)

K. Hotta, A. Yamaguchi, and N. Teramae, “Nanoporous waveguide sensor with optimized nanoarchitectures for highly sensitive label-free biosensing,” ACS Nano 6(2), 1541–1547 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Mater. (4)

A. Santos, V. S. Balderrama, M. Alba, P. Formentín, J. Ferré-Borrull, J. Pallarès, and L. F. Marsal, “Nanoporous anodic alumina barcodes: toward smart optical biosensors,” Adv. Mater. 24(8), 1050–1054 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. H. Chen, C. W. Chen, Z. Y. Huang, W. C. Lin, L. Y. Lin, F. Lin, K. T. Wong, and H. W. Lin, “Microcavity-embedded, colour-tuneable, transparent organic solar cells,” Adv. Mater. 26(7), 1129–1134 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. T. Lee, S. Seo, J. Y. Lee, and L. J. Guo, “Strong resonance effect in a lossy medium-based optical cavity for angle robust spectrum filters,” Adv. Mater. 26(36), 6324–6328 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. T. Lee, S. Seo, and L. J. Guo, “High-color-purity subtractive color filters with a wide viewing angle based on plasmonic perfect absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 3(3), 347–352 (2015).

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

M. A. Kats, D. Sharma, J. Lin, P. Genevet, R. Blanchard, Z. Yang, M. M. Qazilbash, D. N. Basov, S. Ramanathan, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin perfect absorber employing a tunable phase change material,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(22), 221101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Long, R. Su, Q. Wang, L. Shen, B. Li, and W. Zheng, “Deducing critical coupling condition to achieve perfect absorption for thin-film absorbers and identifying key characteristics of absorbing materials needed for perfect absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(9), 091109 (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. I Regul. Pap. (1)

R. R. Singh, D. Ho, A. Nilchi, G. Gulak, P. Yau, and R. Genov, “A CMOS/thin-film fluorescence contact imaging microsystem for DNA analysis,” IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. I Regul. Pap. 57(5), 1029–1038 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Disp. Technol. (1)

C. K. Liu, K. T. Cheng, and A. Y. G. Fuh, “Designs of high color purity RGB color filter for liquid crystal displays applications using Fabry-Perot etalons,” J. Disp. Technol. 8(3), 174–178 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nano Lett. (2)

C. Goh, K. M. Coakley, and M. D. McGehee, “Nanostructuring titania by embossing with polymer molds made from anodic alumina templates,” Nano Lett. 5(8), 1545–1549 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Yokogawa, S. P. Burgos, and H. A. Atwater, “Plasmonic color filters for CMOS image sensor applications,” Nano Lett. 12(8), 4349–4354 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nanoscale Res. Lett. (1)

A. Santos, M. Alba, M. M. Rahman, P. Formentín, J. Ferré-Borrull, J. Pallarès, and L. F. Marsal, “Structural tuning of photoluminescence in nanoporous anodic alumina by hard anodization in oxalic and malonic acids,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 7(1), 228 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nanotechnology (1)

M. Khorasaninejad, S. Mohsen Raeis-Zadeh, H. Amarloo, N. Abedzadeh, S. Safavi-Naeini, and S. S. Saini, “Colorimetric sensors using nano-patch surface plasmon resonators,” Nanotechnology 24(35), 355501 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Mater. (1)

M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, P. Genevet, and F. Capasso, “Nanometre optical coatings based on strong interference effects in highly absorbing media,” Nat. Mater. 12(1), 20–24 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Sci. Rep. (2)

C. Yang, W. Shen, Y. Zhang, K. Li, X. Fang, X. Zhang, and X. Liu, “Compact multilayer film structure for angle insensitive color filtering,” Sci. Rep. 5, 9285 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Y. Lee, K. T. Lee, S. Seo, and L. J. Guo, “Decorative power generating panels creating angle insensitive transmissive colors,” Sci. Rep. 4, 4192 (2014).
[PubMed]

Other (6)

R. G. Kuehni, Color: An Introduction to Practice and Principles (John Wiley & Sons, 2013).

E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids, Vol. 1 (Academic, 1985).

Thin Film Center Inc, “Essential MacLeod,” http://www.thinfilmcenter.com/essential.html .

H. A. Macleod, Thin-Film Optical Filters, 4th ed. (CRC Press, 2010).

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 7th ed. (Cambridge University, 1999).

Lumerical Solutions Inc, “FDTD Solutions,” https://www.lumerical.com/tcad-products/fdtd/ .

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Configuration of an asymmetric MDM structure. (b) Calculation of the required thickness of the top Al film (t1) leading to a zero reflection dip based on Eq. (2), with t2 changing from 250 to 340 nm. The spectral reflection was calculated according to Eq. (1). (c) Reflection characteristics in terms of t1 for t2 = 310 nm and n2 = 1.48. (d) Relative depth of the reflection dip with t1, to vary refractive indices of the metallic film, which is determined by n1 = nAla, for a ranging from 0.6 to 1.4.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Schematic of the proposed CMY color filters with a nanoporous cavity inclusive of a hexagonal lattice of pores. (b) Observed optical responses for the proposed CMY color filters, with the near-zero reflection dip marked with a red circle. (c) Corresponding 1931 CIE color coordinates for the designed yellow, magenta and cyan filters, with the thickness of the AAO based cavity fixed at t2Y = 250, t2M = 310, and t2C = 160 nm, respectively.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Observed optical responses for the typical and proposed magenta filter (t2M = 310 nm) with the thickness of the top Al film t1 changing from 5 to 30 nm. (b) Dependence of the reflection dips on t1. (c) Corresponding 1931 CIE color coordinates and (d) excitation purity for the typical and proposed filter, with t1 increasing from 5 to 30 nm.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Calculated optical absorbance and reflectance for the filter with t2 = 290 nm. (b) Normalized electric field intensity (|E|2) profile observed at a resonance wavelength of ~497 nm, assuming that the filter relies on an equivalent homogeneous cavity with an effective refractive index of n2eff = 1.48.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Fabrication procedure for the proposed nanoporous color filters.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) Top-view and (b) cross-sectional-view of SEM images of the prepared cyan filter.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 (a) Measured optical responses and (b) captured color images for the proposed color filters.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Observed color images of the proposed magenta filter and the typical filter based on a uniform SiO2 cavity with t1 ranging from 10 to 30 nm.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

R= | r 01 + r e 2j k 1 1+ r 01 r e 2j k 1 | 2 where r = r 12 + r 23 e 2j k 2 1+ r 12 r 23 e 2j k 2 .
t 1 =λ ln( | r 01 | / | r |) 4π n Im =λ (2m1)π+ ϕ ϕ 01 4π n Re .

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