Abstract

An array of Ag nanoboxes fabricated by helium-ion lithography is used to demonstrate plasmon-enhanced nonradiative energy transfer in a hybrid quantum well-quantum dot structure. The nonradiative energy transfer, from an InGaN/GaN quantum well to CdSe/ZnS nanocrystal quantum dots embedded in an ~80 nm layer of PMMA, is investigated over a range of carrier densities within the quantum well. The plasmon-enhanced energy transfer efficiency is found to be independent of the carrier density, with an efficiency of 25% reported. The dependence on carrier density is observed to be the same as for conventional nonradiative energy transfer. The plasmon-coupled energy transfer enhances the QD emission by 58%. However, due to photoluminescence quenching effects an overall increase in the QD emission of 16% is observed.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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2014 (3)

X. Zhang, C. A. Marocico, M. Lunz, V. A. Gerard, Y. K. Gun’ko, V. Lesnyak, N. Gaponik, A. S. Susha, A. L. Rogach, and A. L. Bradley, “Experimental and theoretical investigation of the distance dependence of localized surface plasmon coupled Förster resonance energy transfer,” ACS Nano 8(2), 1273–1283 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. M. Sadeghi, B. Hood, A. Nejat, R. G. West, and A. Hatef, “Excitation intensity dependence of plasmonic enhancement of energy transfer between quantum dots,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 47(16), 165302 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Sukharev, N. Freifeld, and A. Nitzan, “Numerical calculations of radiative and non-radiative relaxation of molecules near metal particles,” J. Phys. Chem. C 118(20), 10545–10551 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (4)

Y. Li, R. Zhang, Z. Xie, B. Liu, P. Chen, G. Zhang, T. Tao, Z. Zhuang, L. Zhi, T. Gan, and Y. Zheng, “Investigation of surface plasmon coupling with the quantum well for reducing efficiency droop in GaN-based light emitting diodes,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(11), 113104 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Ozel, P. L. Hernandez-Martinez, E. Mutlugun, O. Akin, S. Nizamoglu, I. O. Ozel, Q. Zhang, Q. Xiong, and H. V. Demir, “Observation of selective plasmon-exciton coupling in nonradiative energy transfer: donor-selective versus acceptor-selective plexcitons,” Nano Lett. 13(7), 3065–3072 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Lozano, D. J. Louwers, S. R. K. Rodriguez, S. Murai, O. T. A. Jansen, M. A. Verschuuren, and J. G. Rivas, “Plasmonics for solid-state lighting: enhanced excitation and directional emission of highly efficient light sources,” Light: Science and Applications 2(5), e66 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Smith, B. Liu, J. Bai, and T. Wang, “Hybrid III-nitride/organic semiconductor nanostructure with high efficiency nonradiative energy transfer for white light emitters,” Nano Lett. 13(7), 3042–3047 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (2)

X. Zhang, C. A. Marocico, M. Lunz, V. A. Gerard, Y. K. Gun’ko, V. Lesnyak, N. Gaponik, A. S. Susha, A. L. Rogach, and A. L. Bradley, “Wavelength, concentration, and distance dependence of nonradiative energy transfer to a plane of gold nanoparticles,” ACS Nano 6(10), 9283–9290 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. N. Wang, Z. W. Ji, S. Qu, G. Wang, Y. Z. Jiang, B. L. Liu, X. G. Xu, and H. Mino, “Influence of excitation power and temperature on photoluminescence in InGaN/GaN multiple quantum wells,” Opt. Express 20(4), 3932–3940 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (4)

H. V. Demir, S. Nizamoglu, T. Erdem, E. Mutlugun, N. Gaponik, and A. Eychmuller, “Quantum dot integrated LEDs using photonic and excitonic color conversion,” Nano Today 6(6), 632–647 (2011).
[Crossref]

V. Faessler, C. Hrelescu, A. A. Lutich, L. Osinkina, S. Mayilo, F. Jackel, and J. Feldmann, “Accelerating fluorescence resonance energy transfer with plasmonic nanoresonators,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 508(1-3), 67–70 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Lunz, V. A. Gerard, Y. K. Gun’ko, V. Lesnyak, N. Gaponik, A. S. Susha, A. L. Rogach, and A. L. Bradley, “Surface plasmon enhanced energy transfer between donor and acceptor CdTe nanocrystal quantum dot monolayers,” Nano Lett. 11(8), 3341–3345 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zhao, P. Wang, and B. Li, “Surface plasmon enhanced energy transfer in metal-semiconductor hybrid nanostructures,” Nanoscale 3(8), 3056–3059 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (3)

K. Tanaka, E. Plum, J. Y. Ou, T. Uchino, and N. I. Zheludev, “Multifold enhancement of quantum dot luminescence in plasmonic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(22), 227403 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Chanyawadee, P. G. Lagoudakis, R. T. Harley, M. D. B. Charlton, D. V. Talapin, H. W. Huang, and C. H. Lin, “Increased color-conversion efficiency in hybrid light-emitting diodes utilizing non-radiative energy transfer,” Adv. Mater. 22(5), 602–606 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Henson, E. Dimakis, J. DiMaria, R. Li, S. Minissale, L. Dal Negro, T. D. Moustakas, and R. Paiella, “Enhanced near-green light emission from InGaN quantum wells by use of tunable plasmonic resonances in silver nanoparticle arrays,” Opt. Express 18(20), 21322–21329 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (3)

G. Itskos, C. R. Belton, G. Heliotis, I. M. Watson, M. D. Dawson, R. Murray, and D. D. C. Bradley, “White light emission via cascade Förster energy transfer in (Ga, In)N quantum well/polymer blend hybrid structures,” Nanotechnology 20(27), 275207 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Lessard-Viger, M. Rioux, L. Rainville, and D. Boudreau, “FRET enhancement in multilayer core-shell nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 9(8), 3066–3071 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Lee, C. Chiu, C. C. Ke, P. C. Lin, T. Lu, H. Kuo, and S. Wang, “Study of the excitation power dependent internal quantum efficiency in InGaN/GaN LEDs grown on patterned sapphire substrate,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(4), 1137–1143 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (4)

V. Komarala, A. L. Bradley, Y. Rakovich, S. Byrne, Y. Gun’ko, and A. Rogach, “Surface plasmon enhanced Forster resonance energy transfer between CdTe quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(12), 123102 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. K. Kwon, J. Y. Kim, B. H. Kim, I. K. Park, C. Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S. J. Park, “Surface-plasmon enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 20(7), 1253–1257 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. R. Belton, G. Itskos, G. Heliotis, P. N. Stavrinou, P. G. Lagoudakis, J. Lupton, S. Pereira, E. Gu, C. Griffin, B. Guillabert, I. M. Watson, A. R. Mackintosh, R. A. Pethrick, J. Feldmann, R. Murray, M. D. Dawson, and D. D. C. Bradley, “New light from hybrid inorganic-organic emitters,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(9), 094006 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Nizamoglu, E. Sari, J. H. Baek, I. H. Lee, and H. V. Demir, “White light generation by resonant nonradiative energy transfer from epitaxial InGaN/GaN quantum wells to colloidal CdSe/ZnS core/shell quantum dots,” New J. Phys. 10(12), 123001 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

G. Itskos, G. Heliotis, P. G. Lagoudakis, J. Lupton, N. P. Barradas, E. Alves, S. Pereira, I. M. Watson, M. D. Dawson, J. Feldmann, R. Murray, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Efficient dipole-dipole coupling of Mott-Wannier and Frenkel excitons in (Ga,In)N quantum well/polyfluorene semiconductor hetero structures,” Phys. Rev. B 76(3), 035344 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Zhang, Y. Fu, M. H. Chowdhury, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Metal-enhanced single-molecule fluorescence on silver particle monomer and dimer: coupling effect between metal particles,” Nano Lett. 7(7), 2101–2107 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (6)

P. P. Pompa, L. Martiradonna, A. D. Torre, F. D. Sala, L. Manna, M. De Vittorio, F. Calabi, R. Cingolani, and R. Rinaldi, “Metal-enhanced fluorescence of colloidal nanocrystals with nanoscale control,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 1(2), 126–130 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. K. Komarala, Y. P. Rakovich, A. L. Bradley, S. J. Byrne, Y. K. Gun’ko, N. Gaponik, and A. Eychmüller, “Off-resonance surface plasmon enhanced spontaneous emission from CdTe quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(25), 253118 (2006).
[Crossref]

G. Heliotis, G. Itskos, R. Murray, M. D. Dawson, I. M. Watson, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Hybrid inorganic/organic semiconductor heterostructures with efficient non-radiative energy transfer,” Adv. Mater. 18(3), 334–338 (2006).
[Crossref]

H. S. Chen, C.-K. Hsu, and H. Y. Hong, “InGaN-CdSe-ZnSe quantum dots white LEDs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(1), 193–195 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. Achermann, M. A. Petruska, D. D. Koleske, M. H. Crawford, and V. I. Klimov, “Nanocrystal-based light-emitting diodes utilizing high-efficiency nonradiative energy transfer for color conversion,” Nano Lett. 6(7), 1396–1400 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. L. Jennings, M. P. Singh, and G. F. Strouse, “Fluorescent lifetime quenching near d = 1.5 nm gold nanoparticles: probing NSET validity,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(16), 5462–5467 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

S. Kos, M. Ackermann, V. I. Klimov, and D. L. Smith, “Different regimes of Förster-type energy transfer between epitaxial quantum well and a proximal monolayer of semiconductor nanocystals,” Phys. Rev. B 71(20), 205309 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (5)

P. Andrew and W. L. Barnes, “Energy transfer across a metal film mediated by surface plasmon polaritons,” Science 306(5698), 1002–1005 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. J. Shaw, A. L. Bradley, J. F. Donegan, and J. G. Lunney, “GaN resonant cavity light-emitting diodes for plastic optical fiber applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(9), 2006–2008 (2004).
[Crossref]

T. Fugii, Y. Gao, R. Sharma, E. L. Hu, S. P. Denbaars, and S. Nakamura, “Increase in the extraction efficiency of GaN-based light emitting diodes via surface roughening,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(6), 855 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. Achermann, M. A. Petruska, S. Kos, D. L. Smith, D. D. Koleske, and V. I. Klimov, “Energy-transfer pumping of semiconductor nanocrystals using an epitaxial quantum well,” Nature 429(6992), 642–646 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater. 3(9), 601–605 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

A. Neogi, C. W. Lee, H. O. Everitt, T. Kuroda, A. Tackeuchi, and E. Yablonovitch, “Enhancement of spontaneous recombination rate in a quantum well by resonant surface plasmon coupling,” Phys. Rev. B 66(15), 153305 (2002).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

D. Basko, G. C. La Rocca, F. Bassini, and V. M. Agranovich, “Fӧrster energy transfer from a semiconductor quantum well to an organic material overlayer,” Eur. Phys. J. B 8(3), 353–362 (1999).
[Crossref]

1948 (1)

T. Förster, “Intermolecular energy migration and fluorescence,” Ann. Phys. 437, 55–75 (1948).

Achermann, M.

M. Achermann, M. A. Petruska, D. D. Koleske, M. H. Crawford, and V. I. Klimov, “Nanocrystal-based light-emitting diodes utilizing high-efficiency nonradiative energy transfer for color conversion,” Nano Lett. 6(7), 1396–1400 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Achermann, M. A. Petruska, S. Kos, D. L. Smith, D. D. Koleske, and V. I. Klimov, “Energy-transfer pumping of semiconductor nanocrystals using an epitaxial quantum well,” Nature 429(6992), 642–646 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ackermann, M.

S. Kos, M. Ackermann, V. I. Klimov, and D. L. Smith, “Different regimes of Förster-type energy transfer between epitaxial quantum well and a proximal monolayer of semiconductor nanocystals,” Phys. Rev. B 71(20), 205309 (2005).
[Crossref]

Agranovich, V. M.

D. Basko, G. C. La Rocca, F. Bassini, and V. M. Agranovich, “Fӧrster energy transfer from a semiconductor quantum well to an organic material overlayer,” Eur. Phys. J. B 8(3), 353–362 (1999).
[Crossref]

Akin, O.

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[Crossref] [PubMed]

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G. Itskos, G. Heliotis, P. G. Lagoudakis, J. Lupton, N. P. Barradas, E. Alves, S. Pereira, I. M. Watson, M. D. Dawson, J. Feldmann, R. Murray, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Efficient dipole-dipole coupling of Mott-Wannier and Frenkel excitons in (Ga,In)N quantum well/polyfluorene semiconductor hetero structures,” Phys. Rev. B 76(3), 035344 (2007).
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G. Itskos, G. Heliotis, P. G. Lagoudakis, J. Lupton, N. P. Barradas, E. Alves, S. Pereira, I. M. Watson, M. D. Dawson, J. Feldmann, R. Murray, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Efficient dipole-dipole coupling of Mott-Wannier and Frenkel excitons in (Ga,In)N quantum well/polyfluorene semiconductor hetero structures,” Phys. Rev. B 76(3), 035344 (2007).
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G. Itskos, C. R. Belton, G. Heliotis, I. M. Watson, M. D. Dawson, R. Murray, and D. D. C. Bradley, “White light emission via cascade Förster energy transfer in (Ga, In)N quantum well/polymer blend hybrid structures,” Nanotechnology 20(27), 275207 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. R. Belton, G. Itskos, G. Heliotis, P. N. Stavrinou, P. G. Lagoudakis, J. Lupton, S. Pereira, E. Gu, C. Griffin, B. Guillabert, I. M. Watson, A. R. Mackintosh, R. A. Pethrick, J. Feldmann, R. Murray, M. D. Dawson, and D. D. C. Bradley, “New light from hybrid inorganic-organic emitters,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(9), 094006 (2008).
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X. Zhang, C. A. Marocico, M. Lunz, V. A. Gerard, Y. K. Gun’ko, V. Lesnyak, N. Gaponik, A. S. Susha, A. L. Rogach, and A. L. Bradley, “Experimental and theoretical investigation of the distance dependence of localized surface plasmon coupled Förster resonance energy transfer,” ACS Nano 8(2), 1273–1283 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zhang, C. A. Marocico, M. Lunz, V. A. Gerard, Y. K. Gun’ko, V. Lesnyak, N. Gaponik, A. S. Susha, A. L. Rogach, and A. L. Bradley, “Wavelength, concentration, and distance dependence of nonradiative energy transfer to a plane of gold nanoparticles,” ACS Nano 6(10), 9283–9290 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Lunz, V. A. Gerard, Y. K. Gun’ko, V. Lesnyak, N. Gaponik, A. S. Susha, A. L. Rogach, and A. L. Bradley, “Surface plasmon enhanced energy transfer between donor and acceptor CdTe nanocrystal quantum dot monolayers,” Nano Lett. 11(8), 3341–3345 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Komarala, A. L. Bradley, Y. Rakovich, S. Byrne, Y. Gun’ko, and A. Rogach, “Surface plasmon enhanced Forster resonance energy transfer between CdTe quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(12), 123102 (2008).
[Crossref]

V. K. Komarala, Y. P. Rakovich, A. L. Bradley, S. J. Byrne, Y. K. Gun’ko, N. Gaponik, and A. Eychmüller, “Off-resonance surface plasmon enhanced spontaneous emission from CdTe quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(25), 253118 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. J. Shaw, A. L. Bradley, J. F. Donegan, and J. G. Lunney, “GaN resonant cavity light-emitting diodes for plastic optical fiber applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(9), 2006–2008 (2004).
[Crossref]

Bradley, D. D. C.

G. Itskos, C. R. Belton, G. Heliotis, I. M. Watson, M. D. Dawson, R. Murray, and D. D. C. Bradley, “White light emission via cascade Förster energy transfer in (Ga, In)N quantum well/polymer blend hybrid structures,” Nanotechnology 20(27), 275207 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. R. Belton, G. Itskos, G. Heliotis, P. N. Stavrinou, P. G. Lagoudakis, J. Lupton, S. Pereira, E. Gu, C. Griffin, B. Guillabert, I. M. Watson, A. R. Mackintosh, R. A. Pethrick, J. Feldmann, R. Murray, M. D. Dawson, and D. D. C. Bradley, “New light from hybrid inorganic-organic emitters,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(9), 094006 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. Itskos, G. Heliotis, P. G. Lagoudakis, J. Lupton, N. P. Barradas, E. Alves, S. Pereira, I. M. Watson, M. D. Dawson, J. Feldmann, R. Murray, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Efficient dipole-dipole coupling of Mott-Wannier and Frenkel excitons in (Ga,In)N quantum well/polyfluorene semiconductor hetero structures,” Phys. Rev. B 76(3), 035344 (2007).
[Crossref]

G. Heliotis, G. Itskos, R. Murray, M. D. Dawson, I. M. Watson, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Hybrid inorganic/organic semiconductor heterostructures with efficient non-radiative energy transfer,” Adv. Mater. 18(3), 334–338 (2006).
[Crossref]

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M. K. Kwon, J. Y. Kim, B. H. Kim, I. K. Park, C. Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S. J. Park, “Surface-plasmon enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 20(7), 1253–1257 (2008).
[Crossref]

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V. Komarala, A. L. Bradley, Y. Rakovich, S. Byrne, Y. Gun’ko, and A. Rogach, “Surface plasmon enhanced Forster resonance energy transfer between CdTe quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(12), 123102 (2008).
[Crossref]

Byrne, S. J.

V. K. Komarala, Y. P. Rakovich, A. L. Bradley, S. J. Byrne, Y. K. Gun’ko, N. Gaponik, and A. Eychmüller, “Off-resonance surface plasmon enhanced spontaneous emission from CdTe quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(25), 253118 (2006).
[Crossref]

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P. P. Pompa, L. Martiradonna, A. D. Torre, F. D. Sala, L. Manna, M. De Vittorio, F. Calabi, R. Cingolani, and R. Rinaldi, “Metal-enhanced fluorescence of colloidal nanocrystals with nanoscale control,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 1(2), 126–130 (2006).
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S. Chanyawadee, P. G. Lagoudakis, R. T. Harley, M. D. B. Charlton, D. V. Talapin, H. W. Huang, and C. H. Lin, “Increased color-conversion efficiency in hybrid light-emitting diodes utilizing non-radiative energy transfer,” Adv. Mater. 22(5), 602–606 (2010).
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S. Chanyawadee, P. G. Lagoudakis, R. T. Harley, M. D. B. Charlton, D. V. Talapin, H. W. Huang, and C. H. Lin, “Increased color-conversion efficiency in hybrid light-emitting diodes utilizing non-radiative energy transfer,” Adv. Mater. 22(5), 602–606 (2010).
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H. S. Chen, C.-K. Hsu, and H. Y. Hong, “InGaN-CdSe-ZnSe quantum dots white LEDs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(1), 193–195 (2006).
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Y. Li, R. Zhang, Z. Xie, B. Liu, P. Chen, G. Zhang, T. Tao, Z. Zhuang, L. Zhi, T. Gan, and Y. Zheng, “Investigation of surface plasmon coupling with the quantum well for reducing efficiency droop in GaN-based light emitting diodes,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(11), 113104 (2013).
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J. Lee, C. Chiu, C. C. Ke, P. C. Lin, T. Lu, H. Kuo, and S. Wang, “Study of the excitation power dependent internal quantum efficiency in InGaN/GaN LEDs grown on patterned sapphire substrate,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(4), 1137–1143 (2009).
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M. K. Kwon, J. Y. Kim, B. H. Kim, I. K. Park, C. Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S. J. Park, “Surface-plasmon enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 20(7), 1253–1257 (2008).
[Crossref]

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J. Zhang, Y. Fu, M. H. Chowdhury, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Metal-enhanced single-molecule fluorescence on silver particle monomer and dimer: coupling effect between metal particles,” Nano Lett. 7(7), 2101–2107 (2007).
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P. P. Pompa, L. Martiradonna, A. D. Torre, F. D. Sala, L. Manna, M. De Vittorio, F. Calabi, R. Cingolani, and R. Rinaldi, “Metal-enhanced fluorescence of colloidal nanocrystals with nanoscale control,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 1(2), 126–130 (2006).
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Dawson, M. D.

G. Itskos, C. R. Belton, G. Heliotis, I. M. Watson, M. D. Dawson, R. Murray, and D. D. C. Bradley, “White light emission via cascade Förster energy transfer in (Ga, In)N quantum well/polymer blend hybrid structures,” Nanotechnology 20(27), 275207 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. R. Belton, G. Itskos, G. Heliotis, P. N. Stavrinou, P. G. Lagoudakis, J. Lupton, S. Pereira, E. Gu, C. Griffin, B. Guillabert, I. M. Watson, A. R. Mackintosh, R. A. Pethrick, J. Feldmann, R. Murray, M. D. Dawson, and D. D. C. Bradley, “New light from hybrid inorganic-organic emitters,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(9), 094006 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. Itskos, G. Heliotis, P. G. Lagoudakis, J. Lupton, N. P. Barradas, E. Alves, S. Pereira, I. M. Watson, M. D. Dawson, J. Feldmann, R. Murray, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Efficient dipole-dipole coupling of Mott-Wannier and Frenkel excitons in (Ga,In)N quantum well/polyfluorene semiconductor hetero structures,” Phys. Rev. B 76(3), 035344 (2007).
[Crossref]

G. Heliotis, G. Itskos, R. Murray, M. D. Dawson, I. M. Watson, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Hybrid inorganic/organic semiconductor heterostructures with efficient non-radiative energy transfer,” Adv. Mater. 18(3), 334–338 (2006).
[Crossref]

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P. P. Pompa, L. Martiradonna, A. D. Torre, F. D. Sala, L. Manna, M. De Vittorio, F. Calabi, R. Cingolani, and R. Rinaldi, “Metal-enhanced fluorescence of colloidal nanocrystals with nanoscale control,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 1(2), 126–130 (2006).
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T. Ozel, P. L. Hernandez-Martinez, E. Mutlugun, O. Akin, S. Nizamoglu, I. O. Ozel, Q. Zhang, Q. Xiong, and H. V. Demir, “Observation of selective plasmon-exciton coupling in nonradiative energy transfer: donor-selective versus acceptor-selective plexcitons,” Nano Lett. 13(7), 3065–3072 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. V. Demir, S. Nizamoglu, T. Erdem, E. Mutlugun, N. Gaponik, and A. Eychmuller, “Quantum dot integrated LEDs using photonic and excitonic color conversion,” Nano Today 6(6), 632–647 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. Nizamoglu, E. Sari, J. H. Baek, I. H. Lee, and H. V. Demir, “White light generation by resonant nonradiative energy transfer from epitaxial InGaN/GaN quantum wells to colloidal CdSe/ZnS core/shell quantum dots,” New J. Phys. 10(12), 123001 (2008).
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A. J. Shaw, A. L. Bradley, J. F. Donegan, and J. G. Lunney, “GaN resonant cavity light-emitting diodes for plastic optical fiber applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(9), 2006–2008 (2004).
[Crossref]

Erdem, T.

H. V. Demir, S. Nizamoglu, T. Erdem, E. Mutlugun, N. Gaponik, and A. Eychmuller, “Quantum dot integrated LEDs using photonic and excitonic color conversion,” Nano Today 6(6), 632–647 (2011).
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V. K. Komarala, Y. P. Rakovich, A. L. Bradley, S. J. Byrne, Y. K. Gun’ko, N. Gaponik, and A. Eychmüller, “Off-resonance surface plasmon enhanced spontaneous emission from CdTe quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(25), 253118 (2006).
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[Crossref]

G. Itskos, G. Heliotis, P. G. Lagoudakis, J. Lupton, N. P. Barradas, E. Alves, S. Pereira, I. M. Watson, M. D. Dawson, J. Feldmann, R. Murray, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Efficient dipole-dipole coupling of Mott-Wannier and Frenkel excitons in (Ga,In)N quantum well/polyfluorene semiconductor hetero structures,” Phys. Rev. B 76(3), 035344 (2007).
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J. Zhang, Y. Fu, M. H. Chowdhury, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Metal-enhanced single-molecule fluorescence on silver particle monomer and dimer: coupling effect between metal particles,” Nano Lett. 7(7), 2101–2107 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fugii, T.

T. Fugii, Y. Gao, R. Sharma, E. L. Hu, S. P. Denbaars, and S. Nakamura, “Increase in the extraction efficiency of GaN-based light emitting diodes via surface roughening,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(6), 855 (2004).
[Crossref]

Gan, T.

Y. Li, R. Zhang, Z. Xie, B. Liu, P. Chen, G. Zhang, T. Tao, Z. Zhuang, L. Zhi, T. Gan, and Y. Zheng, “Investigation of surface plasmon coupling with the quantum well for reducing efficiency droop in GaN-based light emitting diodes,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(11), 113104 (2013).
[Crossref]

Gao, Y.

T. Fugii, Y. Gao, R. Sharma, E. L. Hu, S. P. Denbaars, and S. Nakamura, “Increase in the extraction efficiency of GaN-based light emitting diodes via surface roughening,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(6), 855 (2004).
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X. Zhang, C. A. Marocico, M. Lunz, V. A. Gerard, Y. K. Gun’ko, V. Lesnyak, N. Gaponik, A. S. Susha, A. L. Rogach, and A. L. Bradley, “Experimental and theoretical investigation of the distance dependence of localized surface plasmon coupled Förster resonance energy transfer,” ACS Nano 8(2), 1273–1283 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zhang, C. A. Marocico, M. Lunz, V. A. Gerard, Y. K. Gun’ko, V. Lesnyak, N. Gaponik, A. S. Susha, A. L. Rogach, and A. L. Bradley, “Wavelength, concentration, and distance dependence of nonradiative energy transfer to a plane of gold nanoparticles,” ACS Nano 6(10), 9283–9290 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Lunz, V. A. Gerard, Y. K. Gun’ko, V. Lesnyak, N. Gaponik, A. S. Susha, A. L. Rogach, and A. L. Bradley, “Surface plasmon enhanced energy transfer between donor and acceptor CdTe nanocrystal quantum dot monolayers,” Nano Lett. 11(8), 3341–3345 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. V. Demir, S. Nizamoglu, T. Erdem, E. Mutlugun, N. Gaponik, and A. Eychmuller, “Quantum dot integrated LEDs using photonic and excitonic color conversion,” Nano Today 6(6), 632–647 (2011).
[Crossref]

V. K. Komarala, Y. P. Rakovich, A. L. Bradley, S. J. Byrne, Y. K. Gun’ko, N. Gaponik, and A. Eychmüller, “Off-resonance surface plasmon enhanced spontaneous emission from CdTe quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(25), 253118 (2006).
[Crossref]

Gerard, V. A.

X. Zhang, C. A. Marocico, M. Lunz, V. A. Gerard, Y. K. Gun’ko, V. Lesnyak, N. Gaponik, A. S. Susha, A. L. Rogach, and A. L. Bradley, “Experimental and theoretical investigation of the distance dependence of localized surface plasmon coupled Förster resonance energy transfer,” ACS Nano 8(2), 1273–1283 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zhang, C. A. Marocico, M. Lunz, V. A. Gerard, Y. K. Gun’ko, V. Lesnyak, N. Gaponik, A. S. Susha, A. L. Rogach, and A. L. Bradley, “Wavelength, concentration, and distance dependence of nonradiative energy transfer to a plane of gold nanoparticles,” ACS Nano 6(10), 9283–9290 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Lunz, V. A. Gerard, Y. K. Gun’ko, V. Lesnyak, N. Gaponik, A. S. Susha, A. L. Rogach, and A. L. Bradley, “Surface plasmon enhanced energy transfer between donor and acceptor CdTe nanocrystal quantum dot monolayers,” Nano Lett. 11(8), 3341–3345 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Griffin, C.

C. R. Belton, G. Itskos, G. Heliotis, P. N. Stavrinou, P. G. Lagoudakis, J. Lupton, S. Pereira, E. Gu, C. Griffin, B. Guillabert, I. M. Watson, A. R. Mackintosh, R. A. Pethrick, J. Feldmann, R. Murray, M. D. Dawson, and D. D. C. Bradley, “New light from hybrid inorganic-organic emitters,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(9), 094006 (2008).
[Crossref]

Gu, E.

C. R. Belton, G. Itskos, G. Heliotis, P. N. Stavrinou, P. G. Lagoudakis, J. Lupton, S. Pereira, E. Gu, C. Griffin, B. Guillabert, I. M. Watson, A. R. Mackintosh, R. A. Pethrick, J. Feldmann, R. Murray, M. D. Dawson, and D. D. C. Bradley, “New light from hybrid inorganic-organic emitters,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(9), 094006 (2008).
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Guillabert, B.

C. R. Belton, G. Itskos, G. Heliotis, P. N. Stavrinou, P. G. Lagoudakis, J. Lupton, S. Pereira, E. Gu, C. Griffin, B. Guillabert, I. M. Watson, A. R. Mackintosh, R. A. Pethrick, J. Feldmann, R. Murray, M. D. Dawson, and D. D. C. Bradley, “New light from hybrid inorganic-organic emitters,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(9), 094006 (2008).
[Crossref]

Gun’ko, Y.

V. Komarala, A. L. Bradley, Y. Rakovich, S. Byrne, Y. Gun’ko, and A. Rogach, “Surface plasmon enhanced Forster resonance energy transfer between CdTe quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(12), 123102 (2008).
[Crossref]

Gun’ko, Y. K.

X. Zhang, C. A. Marocico, M. Lunz, V. A. Gerard, Y. K. Gun’ko, V. Lesnyak, N. Gaponik, A. S. Susha, A. L. Rogach, and A. L. Bradley, “Experimental and theoretical investigation of the distance dependence of localized surface plasmon coupled Förster resonance energy transfer,” ACS Nano 8(2), 1273–1283 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zhang, C. A. Marocico, M. Lunz, V. A. Gerard, Y. K. Gun’ko, V. Lesnyak, N. Gaponik, A. S. Susha, A. L. Rogach, and A. L. Bradley, “Wavelength, concentration, and distance dependence of nonradiative energy transfer to a plane of gold nanoparticles,” ACS Nano 6(10), 9283–9290 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Lunz, V. A. Gerard, Y. K. Gun’ko, V. Lesnyak, N. Gaponik, A. S. Susha, A. L. Rogach, and A. L. Bradley, “Surface plasmon enhanced energy transfer between donor and acceptor CdTe nanocrystal quantum dot monolayers,” Nano Lett. 11(8), 3341–3345 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. K. Komarala, Y. P. Rakovich, A. L. Bradley, S. J. Byrne, Y. K. Gun’ko, N. Gaponik, and A. Eychmüller, “Off-resonance surface plasmon enhanced spontaneous emission from CdTe quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(25), 253118 (2006).
[Crossref]

Harley, R. T.

S. Chanyawadee, P. G. Lagoudakis, R. T. Harley, M. D. B. Charlton, D. V. Talapin, H. W. Huang, and C. H. Lin, “Increased color-conversion efficiency in hybrid light-emitting diodes utilizing non-radiative energy transfer,” Adv. Mater. 22(5), 602–606 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Heliotis, G.

G. Itskos, C. R. Belton, G. Heliotis, I. M. Watson, M. D. Dawson, R. Murray, and D. D. C. Bradley, “White light emission via cascade Förster energy transfer in (Ga, In)N quantum well/polymer blend hybrid structures,” Nanotechnology 20(27), 275207 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. R. Belton, G. Itskos, G. Heliotis, P. N. Stavrinou, P. G. Lagoudakis, J. Lupton, S. Pereira, E. Gu, C. Griffin, B. Guillabert, I. M. Watson, A. R. Mackintosh, R. A. Pethrick, J. Feldmann, R. Murray, M. D. Dawson, and D. D. C. Bradley, “New light from hybrid inorganic-organic emitters,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(9), 094006 (2008).
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G. Heliotis, G. Itskos, R. Murray, M. D. Dawson, I. M. Watson, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Hybrid inorganic/organic semiconductor heterostructures with efficient non-radiative energy transfer,” Adv. Mater. 18(3), 334–338 (2006).
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H. S. Chen, C.-K. Hsu, and H. Y. Hong, “InGaN-CdSe-ZnSe quantum dots white LEDs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(1), 193–195 (2006).
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H. S. Chen, C.-K. Hsu, and H. Y. Hong, “InGaN-CdSe-ZnSe quantum dots white LEDs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(1), 193–195 (2006).
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T. Fugii, Y. Gao, R. Sharma, E. L. Hu, S. P. Denbaars, and S. Nakamura, “Increase in the extraction efficiency of GaN-based light emitting diodes via surface roughening,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(6), 855 (2004).
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S. Chanyawadee, P. G. Lagoudakis, R. T. Harley, M. D. B. Charlton, D. V. Talapin, H. W. Huang, and C. H. Lin, “Increased color-conversion efficiency in hybrid light-emitting diodes utilizing non-radiative energy transfer,” Adv. Mater. 22(5), 602–606 (2010).
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G. Itskos, C. R. Belton, G. Heliotis, I. M. Watson, M. D. Dawson, R. Murray, and D. D. C. Bradley, “White light emission via cascade Förster energy transfer in (Ga, In)N quantum well/polymer blend hybrid structures,” Nanotechnology 20(27), 275207 (2009).
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C. R. Belton, G. Itskos, G. Heliotis, P. N. Stavrinou, P. G. Lagoudakis, J. Lupton, S. Pereira, E. Gu, C. Griffin, B. Guillabert, I. M. Watson, A. R. Mackintosh, R. A. Pethrick, J. Feldmann, R. Murray, M. D. Dawson, and D. D. C. Bradley, “New light from hybrid inorganic-organic emitters,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(9), 094006 (2008).
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G. Heliotis, G. Itskos, R. Murray, M. D. Dawson, I. M. Watson, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Hybrid inorganic/organic semiconductor heterostructures with efficient non-radiative energy transfer,” Adv. Mater. 18(3), 334–338 (2006).
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V. Faessler, C. Hrelescu, A. A. Lutich, L. Osinkina, S. Mayilo, F. Jackel, and J. Feldmann, “Accelerating fluorescence resonance energy transfer with plasmonic nanoresonators,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 508(1-3), 67–70 (2011).
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G. Lozano, D. J. Louwers, S. R. K. Rodriguez, S. Murai, O. T. A. Jansen, M. A. Verschuuren, and J. G. Rivas, “Plasmonics for solid-state lighting: enhanced excitation and directional emission of highly efficient light sources,” Light: Science and Applications 2(5), e66 (2013).
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T. L. Jennings, M. P. Singh, and G. F. Strouse, “Fluorescent lifetime quenching near d = 1.5 nm gold nanoparticles: probing NSET validity,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(16), 5462–5467 (2006).
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J. Lee, C. Chiu, C. C. Ke, P. C. Lin, T. Lu, H. Kuo, and S. Wang, “Study of the excitation power dependent internal quantum efficiency in InGaN/GaN LEDs grown on patterned sapphire substrate,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(4), 1137–1143 (2009).
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M. K. Kwon, J. Y. Kim, B. H. Kim, I. K. Park, C. Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S. J. Park, “Surface-plasmon enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 20(7), 1253–1257 (2008).
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M. K. Kwon, J. Y. Kim, B. H. Kim, I. K. Park, C. Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S. J. Park, “Surface-plasmon enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 20(7), 1253–1257 (2008).
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M. Achermann, M. A. Petruska, S. Kos, D. L. Smith, D. D. Koleske, and V. I. Klimov, “Energy-transfer pumping of semiconductor nanocrystals using an epitaxial quantum well,” Nature 429(6992), 642–646 (2004).
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M. Achermann, M. A. Petruska, D. D. Koleske, M. H. Crawford, and V. I. Klimov, “Nanocrystal-based light-emitting diodes utilizing high-efficiency nonradiative energy transfer for color conversion,” Nano Lett. 6(7), 1396–1400 (2006).
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M. Achermann, M. A. Petruska, S. Kos, D. L. Smith, D. D. Koleske, and V. I. Klimov, “Energy-transfer pumping of semiconductor nanocrystals using an epitaxial quantum well,” Nature 429(6992), 642–646 (2004).
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V. Komarala, A. L. Bradley, Y. Rakovich, S. Byrne, Y. Gun’ko, and A. Rogach, “Surface plasmon enhanced Forster resonance energy transfer between CdTe quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(12), 123102 (2008).
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V. K. Komarala, Y. P. Rakovich, A. L. Bradley, S. J. Byrne, Y. K. Gun’ko, N. Gaponik, and A. Eychmüller, “Off-resonance surface plasmon enhanced spontaneous emission from CdTe quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(25), 253118 (2006).
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M. Achermann, M. A. Petruska, S. Kos, D. L. Smith, D. D. Koleske, and V. I. Klimov, “Energy-transfer pumping of semiconductor nanocrystals using an epitaxial quantum well,” Nature 429(6992), 642–646 (2004).
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J. Lee, C. Chiu, C. C. Ke, P. C. Lin, T. Lu, H. Kuo, and S. Wang, “Study of the excitation power dependent internal quantum efficiency in InGaN/GaN LEDs grown on patterned sapphire substrate,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(4), 1137–1143 (2009).
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A. Neogi, C. W. Lee, H. O. Everitt, T. Kuroda, A. Tackeuchi, and E. Yablonovitch, “Enhancement of spontaneous recombination rate in a quantum well by resonant surface plasmon coupling,” Phys. Rev. B 66(15), 153305 (2002).
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M. K. Kwon, J. Y. Kim, B. H. Kim, I. K. Park, C. Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S. J. Park, “Surface-plasmon enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 20(7), 1253–1257 (2008).
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D. Basko, G. C. La Rocca, F. Bassini, and V. M. Agranovich, “Fӧrster energy transfer from a semiconductor quantum well to an organic material overlayer,” Eur. Phys. J. B 8(3), 353–362 (1999).
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S. Chanyawadee, P. G. Lagoudakis, R. T. Harley, M. D. B. Charlton, D. V. Talapin, H. W. Huang, and C. H. Lin, “Increased color-conversion efficiency in hybrid light-emitting diodes utilizing non-radiative energy transfer,” Adv. Mater. 22(5), 602–606 (2010).
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C. R. Belton, G. Itskos, G. Heliotis, P. N. Stavrinou, P. G. Lagoudakis, J. Lupton, S. Pereira, E. Gu, C. Griffin, B. Guillabert, I. M. Watson, A. R. Mackintosh, R. A. Pethrick, J. Feldmann, R. Murray, M. D. Dawson, and D. D. C. Bradley, “New light from hybrid inorganic-organic emitters,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(9), 094006 (2008).
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S. Nizamoglu, E. Sari, J. H. Baek, I. H. Lee, and H. V. Demir, “White light generation by resonant nonradiative energy transfer from epitaxial InGaN/GaN quantum wells to colloidal CdSe/ZnS core/shell quantum dots,” New J. Phys. 10(12), 123001 (2008).
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J. Lee, C. Chiu, C. C. Ke, P. C. Lin, T. Lu, H. Kuo, and S. Wang, “Study of the excitation power dependent internal quantum efficiency in InGaN/GaN LEDs grown on patterned sapphire substrate,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(4), 1137–1143 (2009).
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X. Zhang, C. A. Marocico, M. Lunz, V. A. Gerard, Y. K. Gun’ko, V. Lesnyak, N. Gaponik, A. S. Susha, A. L. Rogach, and A. L. Bradley, “Wavelength, concentration, and distance dependence of nonradiative energy transfer to a plane of gold nanoparticles,” ACS Nano 6(10), 9283–9290 (2012).
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M. Lunz, V. A. Gerard, Y. K. Gun’ko, V. Lesnyak, N. Gaponik, A. S. Susha, A. L. Rogach, and A. L. Bradley, “Surface plasmon enhanced energy transfer between donor and acceptor CdTe nanocrystal quantum dot monolayers,” Nano Lett. 11(8), 3341–3345 (2011).
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M. Lessard-Viger, M. Rioux, L. Rainville, and D. Boudreau, “FRET enhancement in multilayer core-shell nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 9(8), 3066–3071 (2009).
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X. Zhao, P. Wang, and B. Li, “Surface plasmon enhanced energy transfer in metal-semiconductor hybrid nanostructures,” Nanoscale 3(8), 3056–3059 (2011).
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Y. Li, R. Zhang, Z. Xie, B. Liu, P. Chen, G. Zhang, T. Tao, Z. Zhuang, L. Zhi, T. Gan, and Y. Zheng, “Investigation of surface plasmon coupling with the quantum well for reducing efficiency droop in GaN-based light emitting diodes,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(11), 113104 (2013).
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S. Chanyawadee, P. G. Lagoudakis, R. T. Harley, M. D. B. Charlton, D. V. Talapin, H. W. Huang, and C. H. Lin, “Increased color-conversion efficiency in hybrid light-emitting diodes utilizing non-radiative energy transfer,” Adv. Mater. 22(5), 602–606 (2010).
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J. Lee, C. Chiu, C. C. Ke, P. C. Lin, T. Lu, H. Kuo, and S. Wang, “Study of the excitation power dependent internal quantum efficiency in InGaN/GaN LEDs grown on patterned sapphire substrate,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(4), 1137–1143 (2009).
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G. Lozano, D. J. Louwers, S. R. K. Rodriguez, S. Murai, O. T. A. Jansen, M. A. Verschuuren, and J. G. Rivas, “Plasmonics for solid-state lighting: enhanced excitation and directional emission of highly efficient light sources,” Light: Science and Applications 2(5), e66 (2013).
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J. Lee, C. Chiu, C. C. Ke, P. C. Lin, T. Lu, H. Kuo, and S. Wang, “Study of the excitation power dependent internal quantum efficiency in InGaN/GaN LEDs grown on patterned sapphire substrate,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(4), 1137–1143 (2009).
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X. Zhang, C. A. Marocico, M. Lunz, V. A. Gerard, Y. K. Gun’ko, V. Lesnyak, N. Gaponik, A. S. Susha, A. L. Rogach, and A. L. Bradley, “Wavelength, concentration, and distance dependence of nonradiative energy transfer to a plane of gold nanoparticles,” ACS Nano 6(10), 9283–9290 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Lunz, V. A. Gerard, Y. K. Gun’ko, V. Lesnyak, N. Gaponik, A. S. Susha, A. L. Rogach, and A. L. Bradley, “Surface plasmon enhanced energy transfer between donor and acceptor CdTe nanocrystal quantum dot monolayers,” Nano Lett. 11(8), 3341–3345 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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C. R. Belton, G. Itskos, G. Heliotis, P. N. Stavrinou, P. G. Lagoudakis, J. Lupton, S. Pereira, E. Gu, C. Griffin, B. Guillabert, I. M. Watson, A. R. Mackintosh, R. A. Pethrick, J. Feldmann, R. Murray, M. D. Dawson, and D. D. C. Bradley, “New light from hybrid inorganic-organic emitters,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(9), 094006 (2008).
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G. Itskos, G. Heliotis, P. G. Lagoudakis, J. Lupton, N. P. Barradas, E. Alves, S. Pereira, I. M. Watson, M. D. Dawson, J. Feldmann, R. Murray, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Efficient dipole-dipole coupling of Mott-Wannier and Frenkel excitons in (Ga,In)N quantum well/polyfluorene semiconductor hetero structures,” Phys. Rev. B 76(3), 035344 (2007).
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V. Faessler, C. Hrelescu, A. A. Lutich, L. Osinkina, S. Mayilo, F. Jackel, and J. Feldmann, “Accelerating fluorescence resonance energy transfer with plasmonic nanoresonators,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 508(1-3), 67–70 (2011).
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C. R. Belton, G. Itskos, G. Heliotis, P. N. Stavrinou, P. G. Lagoudakis, J. Lupton, S. Pereira, E. Gu, C. Griffin, B. Guillabert, I. M. Watson, A. R. Mackintosh, R. A. Pethrick, J. Feldmann, R. Murray, M. D. Dawson, and D. D. C. Bradley, “New light from hybrid inorganic-organic emitters,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(9), 094006 (2008).
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X. Zhang, C. A. Marocico, M. Lunz, V. A. Gerard, Y. K. Gun’ko, V. Lesnyak, N. Gaponik, A. S. Susha, A. L. Rogach, and A. L. Bradley, “Experimental and theoretical investigation of the distance dependence of localized surface plasmon coupled Förster resonance energy transfer,” ACS Nano 8(2), 1273–1283 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zhang, C. A. Marocico, M. Lunz, V. A. Gerard, Y. K. Gun’ko, V. Lesnyak, N. Gaponik, A. S. Susha, A. L. Rogach, and A. L. Bradley, “Wavelength, concentration, and distance dependence of nonradiative energy transfer to a plane of gold nanoparticles,” ACS Nano 6(10), 9283–9290 (2012).
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P. P. Pompa, L. Martiradonna, A. D. Torre, F. D. Sala, L. Manna, M. De Vittorio, F. Calabi, R. Cingolani, and R. Rinaldi, “Metal-enhanced fluorescence of colloidal nanocrystals with nanoscale control,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 1(2), 126–130 (2006).
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V. Faessler, C. Hrelescu, A. A. Lutich, L. Osinkina, S. Mayilo, F. Jackel, and J. Feldmann, “Accelerating fluorescence resonance energy transfer with plasmonic nanoresonators,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 508(1-3), 67–70 (2011).
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K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater. 3(9), 601–605 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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G. Lozano, D. J. Louwers, S. R. K. Rodriguez, S. Murai, O. T. A. Jansen, M. A. Verschuuren, and J. G. Rivas, “Plasmonics for solid-state lighting: enhanced excitation and directional emission of highly efficient light sources,” Light: Science and Applications 2(5), e66 (2013).
[Crossref]

Murray, R.

G. Itskos, C. R. Belton, G. Heliotis, I. M. Watson, M. D. Dawson, R. Murray, and D. D. C. Bradley, “White light emission via cascade Förster energy transfer in (Ga, In)N quantum well/polymer blend hybrid structures,” Nanotechnology 20(27), 275207 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. R. Belton, G. Itskos, G. Heliotis, P. N. Stavrinou, P. G. Lagoudakis, J. Lupton, S. Pereira, E. Gu, C. Griffin, B. Guillabert, I. M. Watson, A. R. Mackintosh, R. A. Pethrick, J. Feldmann, R. Murray, M. D. Dawson, and D. D. C. Bradley, “New light from hybrid inorganic-organic emitters,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(9), 094006 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. Itskos, G. Heliotis, P. G. Lagoudakis, J. Lupton, N. P. Barradas, E. Alves, S. Pereira, I. M. Watson, M. D. Dawson, J. Feldmann, R. Murray, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Efficient dipole-dipole coupling of Mott-Wannier and Frenkel excitons in (Ga,In)N quantum well/polyfluorene semiconductor hetero structures,” Phys. Rev. B 76(3), 035344 (2007).
[Crossref]

G. Heliotis, G. Itskos, R. Murray, M. D. Dawson, I. M. Watson, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Hybrid inorganic/organic semiconductor heterostructures with efficient non-radiative energy transfer,” Adv. Mater. 18(3), 334–338 (2006).
[Crossref]

Mutlugun, E.

T. Ozel, P. L. Hernandez-Martinez, E. Mutlugun, O. Akin, S. Nizamoglu, I. O. Ozel, Q. Zhang, Q. Xiong, and H. V. Demir, “Observation of selective plasmon-exciton coupling in nonradiative energy transfer: donor-selective versus acceptor-selective plexcitons,” Nano Lett. 13(7), 3065–3072 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. V. Demir, S. Nizamoglu, T. Erdem, E. Mutlugun, N. Gaponik, and A. Eychmuller, “Quantum dot integrated LEDs using photonic and excitonic color conversion,” Nano Today 6(6), 632–647 (2011).
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T. Fugii, Y. Gao, R. Sharma, E. L. Hu, S. P. Denbaars, and S. Nakamura, “Increase in the extraction efficiency of GaN-based light emitting diodes via surface roughening,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(6), 855 (2004).
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Narukawa, Y.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater. 3(9), 601–605 (2004).
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S. M. Sadeghi, B. Hood, A. Nejat, R. G. West, and A. Hatef, “Excitation intensity dependence of plasmonic enhancement of energy transfer between quantum dots,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 47(16), 165302 (2014).
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Neogi, A.

A. Neogi, C. W. Lee, H. O. Everitt, T. Kuroda, A. Tackeuchi, and E. Yablonovitch, “Enhancement of spontaneous recombination rate in a quantum well by resonant surface plasmon coupling,” Phys. Rev. B 66(15), 153305 (2002).
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Niki, I.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater. 3(9), 601–605 (2004).
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M. Sukharev, N. Freifeld, and A. Nitzan, “Numerical calculations of radiative and non-radiative relaxation of molecules near metal particles,” J. Phys. Chem. C 118(20), 10545–10551 (2014).
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T. Ozel, P. L. Hernandez-Martinez, E. Mutlugun, O. Akin, S. Nizamoglu, I. O. Ozel, Q. Zhang, Q. Xiong, and H. V. Demir, “Observation of selective plasmon-exciton coupling in nonradiative energy transfer: donor-selective versus acceptor-selective plexcitons,” Nano Lett. 13(7), 3065–3072 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. V. Demir, S. Nizamoglu, T. Erdem, E. Mutlugun, N. Gaponik, and A. Eychmuller, “Quantum dot integrated LEDs using photonic and excitonic color conversion,” Nano Today 6(6), 632–647 (2011).
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S. Nizamoglu, E. Sari, J. H. Baek, I. H. Lee, and H. V. Demir, “White light generation by resonant nonradiative energy transfer from epitaxial InGaN/GaN quantum wells to colloidal CdSe/ZnS core/shell quantum dots,” New J. Phys. 10(12), 123001 (2008).
[Crossref]

Okamoto, K.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater. 3(9), 601–605 (2004).
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K. Tanaka, E. Plum, J. Y. Ou, T. Uchino, and N. I. Zheludev, “Multifold enhancement of quantum dot luminescence in plasmonic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(22), 227403 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ozel, I. O.

T. Ozel, P. L. Hernandez-Martinez, E. Mutlugun, O. Akin, S. Nizamoglu, I. O. Ozel, Q. Zhang, Q. Xiong, and H. V. Demir, “Observation of selective plasmon-exciton coupling in nonradiative energy transfer: donor-selective versus acceptor-selective plexcitons,” Nano Lett. 13(7), 3065–3072 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ozel, T.

T. Ozel, P. L. Hernandez-Martinez, E. Mutlugun, O. Akin, S. Nizamoglu, I. O. Ozel, Q. Zhang, Q. Xiong, and H. V. Demir, “Observation of selective plasmon-exciton coupling in nonradiative energy transfer: donor-selective versus acceptor-selective plexcitons,” Nano Lett. 13(7), 3065–3072 (2013).
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Park, I. K.

M. K. Kwon, J. Y. Kim, B. H. Kim, I. K. Park, C. Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S. J. Park, “Surface-plasmon enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 20(7), 1253–1257 (2008).
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Park, S. J.

M. K. Kwon, J. Y. Kim, B. H. Kim, I. K. Park, C. Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S. J. Park, “Surface-plasmon enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 20(7), 1253–1257 (2008).
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C. R. Belton, G. Itskos, G. Heliotis, P. N. Stavrinou, P. G. Lagoudakis, J. Lupton, S. Pereira, E. Gu, C. Griffin, B. Guillabert, I. M. Watson, A. R. Mackintosh, R. A. Pethrick, J. Feldmann, R. Murray, M. D. Dawson, and D. D. C. Bradley, “New light from hybrid inorganic-organic emitters,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(9), 094006 (2008).
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G. Itskos, G. Heliotis, P. G. Lagoudakis, J. Lupton, N. P. Barradas, E. Alves, S. Pereira, I. M. Watson, M. D. Dawson, J. Feldmann, R. Murray, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Efficient dipole-dipole coupling of Mott-Wannier and Frenkel excitons in (Ga,In)N quantum well/polyfluorene semiconductor hetero structures,” Phys. Rev. B 76(3), 035344 (2007).
[Crossref]

Pethrick, R. A.

C. R. Belton, G. Itskos, G. Heliotis, P. N. Stavrinou, P. G. Lagoudakis, J. Lupton, S. Pereira, E. Gu, C. Griffin, B. Guillabert, I. M. Watson, A. R. Mackintosh, R. A. Pethrick, J. Feldmann, R. Murray, M. D. Dawson, and D. D. C. Bradley, “New light from hybrid inorganic-organic emitters,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(9), 094006 (2008).
[Crossref]

Petruska, M. A.

M. Achermann, M. A. Petruska, D. D. Koleske, M. H. Crawford, and V. I. Klimov, “Nanocrystal-based light-emitting diodes utilizing high-efficiency nonradiative energy transfer for color conversion,” Nano Lett. 6(7), 1396–1400 (2006).
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M. Achermann, M. A. Petruska, S. Kos, D. L. Smith, D. D. Koleske, and V. I. Klimov, “Energy-transfer pumping of semiconductor nanocrystals using an epitaxial quantum well,” Nature 429(6992), 642–646 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Plum, E.

K. Tanaka, E. Plum, J. Y. Ou, T. Uchino, and N. I. Zheludev, “Multifold enhancement of quantum dot luminescence in plasmonic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(22), 227403 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pompa, P. P.

P. P. Pompa, L. Martiradonna, A. D. Torre, F. D. Sala, L. Manna, M. De Vittorio, F. Calabi, R. Cingolani, and R. Rinaldi, “Metal-enhanced fluorescence of colloidal nanocrystals with nanoscale control,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 1(2), 126–130 (2006).
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Rainville, L.

M. Lessard-Viger, M. Rioux, L. Rainville, and D. Boudreau, “FRET enhancement in multilayer core-shell nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 9(8), 3066–3071 (2009).
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V. Komarala, A. L. Bradley, Y. Rakovich, S. Byrne, Y. Gun’ko, and A. Rogach, “Surface plasmon enhanced Forster resonance energy transfer between CdTe quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(12), 123102 (2008).
[Crossref]

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V. K. Komarala, Y. P. Rakovich, A. L. Bradley, S. J. Byrne, Y. K. Gun’ko, N. Gaponik, and A. Eychmüller, “Off-resonance surface plasmon enhanced spontaneous emission from CdTe quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(25), 253118 (2006).
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P. P. Pompa, L. Martiradonna, A. D. Torre, F. D. Sala, L. Manna, M. De Vittorio, F. Calabi, R. Cingolani, and R. Rinaldi, “Metal-enhanced fluorescence of colloidal nanocrystals with nanoscale control,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 1(2), 126–130 (2006).
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M. Lessard-Viger, M. Rioux, L. Rainville, and D. Boudreau, “FRET enhancement in multilayer core-shell nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 9(8), 3066–3071 (2009).
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G. Lozano, D. J. Louwers, S. R. K. Rodriguez, S. Murai, O. T. A. Jansen, M. A. Verschuuren, and J. G. Rivas, “Plasmonics for solid-state lighting: enhanced excitation and directional emission of highly efficient light sources,” Light: Science and Applications 2(5), e66 (2013).
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G. Lozano, D. J. Louwers, S. R. K. Rodriguez, S. Murai, O. T. A. Jansen, M. A. Verschuuren, and J. G. Rivas, “Plasmonics for solid-state lighting: enhanced excitation and directional emission of highly efficient light sources,” Light: Science and Applications 2(5), e66 (2013).
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V. Komarala, A. L. Bradley, Y. Rakovich, S. Byrne, Y. Gun’ko, and A. Rogach, “Surface plasmon enhanced Forster resonance energy transfer between CdTe quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(12), 123102 (2008).
[Crossref]

Rogach, A. L.

X. Zhang, C. A. Marocico, M. Lunz, V. A. Gerard, Y. K. Gun’ko, V. Lesnyak, N. Gaponik, A. S. Susha, A. L. Rogach, and A. L. Bradley, “Experimental and theoretical investigation of the distance dependence of localized surface plasmon coupled Förster resonance energy transfer,” ACS Nano 8(2), 1273–1283 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zhang, C. A. Marocico, M. Lunz, V. A. Gerard, Y. K. Gun’ko, V. Lesnyak, N. Gaponik, A. S. Susha, A. L. Rogach, and A. L. Bradley, “Wavelength, concentration, and distance dependence of nonradiative energy transfer to a plane of gold nanoparticles,” ACS Nano 6(10), 9283–9290 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Lunz, V. A. Gerard, Y. K. Gun’ko, V. Lesnyak, N. Gaponik, A. S. Susha, A. L. Rogach, and A. L. Bradley, “Surface plasmon enhanced energy transfer between donor and acceptor CdTe nanocrystal quantum dot monolayers,” Nano Lett. 11(8), 3341–3345 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sadeghi, S. M.

S. M. Sadeghi, B. Hood, A. Nejat, R. G. West, and A. Hatef, “Excitation intensity dependence of plasmonic enhancement of energy transfer between quantum dots,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 47(16), 165302 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sala, F. D.

P. P. Pompa, L. Martiradonna, A. D. Torre, F. D. Sala, L. Manna, M. De Vittorio, F. Calabi, R. Cingolani, and R. Rinaldi, “Metal-enhanced fluorescence of colloidal nanocrystals with nanoscale control,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 1(2), 126–130 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sari, E.

S. Nizamoglu, E. Sari, J. H. Baek, I. H. Lee, and H. V. Demir, “White light generation by resonant nonradiative energy transfer from epitaxial InGaN/GaN quantum wells to colloidal CdSe/ZnS core/shell quantum dots,” New J. Phys. 10(12), 123001 (2008).
[Crossref]

Scherer, A.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater. 3(9), 601–605 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sharma, R.

T. Fugii, Y. Gao, R. Sharma, E. L. Hu, S. P. Denbaars, and S. Nakamura, “Increase in the extraction efficiency of GaN-based light emitting diodes via surface roughening,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(6), 855 (2004).
[Crossref]

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A. J. Shaw, A. L. Bradley, J. F. Donegan, and J. G. Lunney, “GaN resonant cavity light-emitting diodes for plastic optical fiber applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(9), 2006–2008 (2004).
[Crossref]

Shvartser, A.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater. 3(9), 601–605 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Singh, M. P.

T. L. Jennings, M. P. Singh, and G. F. Strouse, “Fluorescent lifetime quenching near d = 1.5 nm gold nanoparticles: probing NSET validity,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(16), 5462–5467 (2006).
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Smith, D. L.

S. Kos, M. Ackermann, V. I. Klimov, and D. L. Smith, “Different regimes of Förster-type energy transfer between epitaxial quantum well and a proximal monolayer of semiconductor nanocystals,” Phys. Rev. B 71(20), 205309 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. Achermann, M. A. Petruska, S. Kos, D. L. Smith, D. D. Koleske, and V. I. Klimov, “Energy-transfer pumping of semiconductor nanocrystals using an epitaxial quantum well,” Nature 429(6992), 642–646 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Smith, R.

R. Smith, B. Liu, J. Bai, and T. Wang, “Hybrid III-nitride/organic semiconductor nanostructure with high efficiency nonradiative energy transfer for white light emitters,” Nano Lett. 13(7), 3042–3047 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stavrinou, P. N.

C. R. Belton, G. Itskos, G. Heliotis, P. N. Stavrinou, P. G. Lagoudakis, J. Lupton, S. Pereira, E. Gu, C. Griffin, B. Guillabert, I. M. Watson, A. R. Mackintosh, R. A. Pethrick, J. Feldmann, R. Murray, M. D. Dawson, and D. D. C. Bradley, “New light from hybrid inorganic-organic emitters,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(9), 094006 (2008).
[Crossref]

Strouse, G. F.

T. L. Jennings, M. P. Singh, and G. F. Strouse, “Fluorescent lifetime quenching near d = 1.5 nm gold nanoparticles: probing NSET validity,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(16), 5462–5467 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sukharev, M.

M. Sukharev, N. Freifeld, and A. Nitzan, “Numerical calculations of radiative and non-radiative relaxation of molecules near metal particles,” J. Phys. Chem. C 118(20), 10545–10551 (2014).
[Crossref]

Susha, A. S.

X. Zhang, C. A. Marocico, M. Lunz, V. A. Gerard, Y. K. Gun’ko, V. Lesnyak, N. Gaponik, A. S. Susha, A. L. Rogach, and A. L. Bradley, “Experimental and theoretical investigation of the distance dependence of localized surface plasmon coupled Förster resonance energy transfer,” ACS Nano 8(2), 1273–1283 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zhang, C. A. Marocico, M. Lunz, V. A. Gerard, Y. K. Gun’ko, V. Lesnyak, N. Gaponik, A. S. Susha, A. L. Rogach, and A. L. Bradley, “Wavelength, concentration, and distance dependence of nonradiative energy transfer to a plane of gold nanoparticles,” ACS Nano 6(10), 9283–9290 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Lunz, V. A. Gerard, Y. K. Gun’ko, V. Lesnyak, N. Gaponik, A. S. Susha, A. L. Rogach, and A. L. Bradley, “Surface plasmon enhanced energy transfer between donor and acceptor CdTe nanocrystal quantum dot monolayers,” Nano Lett. 11(8), 3341–3345 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tackeuchi, A.

A. Neogi, C. W. Lee, H. O. Everitt, T. Kuroda, A. Tackeuchi, and E. Yablonovitch, “Enhancement of spontaneous recombination rate in a quantum well by resonant surface plasmon coupling,” Phys. Rev. B 66(15), 153305 (2002).
[Crossref]

Talapin, D. V.

S. Chanyawadee, P. G. Lagoudakis, R. T. Harley, M. D. B. Charlton, D. V. Talapin, H. W. Huang, and C. H. Lin, “Increased color-conversion efficiency in hybrid light-emitting diodes utilizing non-radiative energy transfer,” Adv. Mater. 22(5), 602–606 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tanaka, K.

K. Tanaka, E. Plum, J. Y. Ou, T. Uchino, and N. I. Zheludev, “Multifold enhancement of quantum dot luminescence in plasmonic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(22), 227403 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tao, T.

Y. Li, R. Zhang, Z. Xie, B. Liu, P. Chen, G. Zhang, T. Tao, Z. Zhuang, L. Zhi, T. Gan, and Y. Zheng, “Investigation of surface plasmon coupling with the quantum well for reducing efficiency droop in GaN-based light emitting diodes,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(11), 113104 (2013).
[Crossref]

Torre, A. D.

P. P. Pompa, L. Martiradonna, A. D. Torre, F. D. Sala, L. Manna, M. De Vittorio, F. Calabi, R. Cingolani, and R. Rinaldi, “Metal-enhanced fluorescence of colloidal nanocrystals with nanoscale control,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 1(2), 126–130 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Uchino, T.

K. Tanaka, E. Plum, J. Y. Ou, T. Uchino, and N. I. Zheludev, “Multifold enhancement of quantum dot luminescence in plasmonic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(22), 227403 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Verschuuren, M. A.

G. Lozano, D. J. Louwers, S. R. K. Rodriguez, S. Murai, O. T. A. Jansen, M. A. Verschuuren, and J. G. Rivas, “Plasmonics for solid-state lighting: enhanced excitation and directional emission of highly efficient light sources,” Light: Science and Applications 2(5), e66 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, G.

Wang, H. N.

Wang, P.

X. Zhao, P. Wang, and B. Li, “Surface plasmon enhanced energy transfer in metal-semiconductor hybrid nanostructures,” Nanoscale 3(8), 3056–3059 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, S.

J. Lee, C. Chiu, C. C. Ke, P. C. Lin, T. Lu, H. Kuo, and S. Wang, “Study of the excitation power dependent internal quantum efficiency in InGaN/GaN LEDs grown on patterned sapphire substrate,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(4), 1137–1143 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wang, T.

R. Smith, B. Liu, J. Bai, and T. Wang, “Hybrid III-nitride/organic semiconductor nanostructure with high efficiency nonradiative energy transfer for white light emitters,” Nano Lett. 13(7), 3042–3047 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Watson, I. M.

G. Itskos, C. R. Belton, G. Heliotis, I. M. Watson, M. D. Dawson, R. Murray, and D. D. C. Bradley, “White light emission via cascade Förster energy transfer in (Ga, In)N quantum well/polymer blend hybrid structures,” Nanotechnology 20(27), 275207 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. R. Belton, G. Itskos, G. Heliotis, P. N. Stavrinou, P. G. Lagoudakis, J. Lupton, S. Pereira, E. Gu, C. Griffin, B. Guillabert, I. M. Watson, A. R. Mackintosh, R. A. Pethrick, J. Feldmann, R. Murray, M. D. Dawson, and D. D. C. Bradley, “New light from hybrid inorganic-organic emitters,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(9), 094006 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. Itskos, G. Heliotis, P. G. Lagoudakis, J. Lupton, N. P. Barradas, E. Alves, S. Pereira, I. M. Watson, M. D. Dawson, J. Feldmann, R. Murray, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Efficient dipole-dipole coupling of Mott-Wannier and Frenkel excitons in (Ga,In)N quantum well/polyfluorene semiconductor hetero structures,” Phys. Rev. B 76(3), 035344 (2007).
[Crossref]

G. Heliotis, G. Itskos, R. Murray, M. D. Dawson, I. M. Watson, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Hybrid inorganic/organic semiconductor heterostructures with efficient non-radiative energy transfer,” Adv. Mater. 18(3), 334–338 (2006).
[Crossref]

West, R. G.

S. M. Sadeghi, B. Hood, A. Nejat, R. G. West, and A. Hatef, “Excitation intensity dependence of plasmonic enhancement of energy transfer between quantum dots,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 47(16), 165302 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xie, Z.

Y. Li, R. Zhang, Z. Xie, B. Liu, P. Chen, G. Zhang, T. Tao, Z. Zhuang, L. Zhi, T. Gan, and Y. Zheng, “Investigation of surface plasmon coupling with the quantum well for reducing efficiency droop in GaN-based light emitting diodes,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(11), 113104 (2013).
[Crossref]

Xiong, Q.

T. Ozel, P. L. Hernandez-Martinez, E. Mutlugun, O. Akin, S. Nizamoglu, I. O. Ozel, Q. Zhang, Q. Xiong, and H. V. Demir, “Observation of selective plasmon-exciton coupling in nonradiative energy transfer: donor-selective versus acceptor-selective plexcitons,” Nano Lett. 13(7), 3065–3072 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, X. G.

Yablonovitch, E.

A. Neogi, C. W. Lee, H. O. Everitt, T. Kuroda, A. Tackeuchi, and E. Yablonovitch, “Enhancement of spontaneous recombination rate in a quantum well by resonant surface plasmon coupling,” Phys. Rev. B 66(15), 153305 (2002).
[Crossref]

Zhang, G.

Y. Li, R. Zhang, Z. Xie, B. Liu, P. Chen, G. Zhang, T. Tao, Z. Zhuang, L. Zhi, T. Gan, and Y. Zheng, “Investigation of surface plasmon coupling with the quantum well for reducing efficiency droop in GaN-based light emitting diodes,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(11), 113104 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

J. Zhang, Y. Fu, M. H. Chowdhury, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Metal-enhanced single-molecule fluorescence on silver particle monomer and dimer: coupling effect between metal particles,” Nano Lett. 7(7), 2101–2107 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Q.

T. Ozel, P. L. Hernandez-Martinez, E. Mutlugun, O. Akin, S. Nizamoglu, I. O. Ozel, Q. Zhang, Q. Xiong, and H. V. Demir, “Observation of selective plasmon-exciton coupling in nonradiative energy transfer: donor-selective versus acceptor-selective plexcitons,” Nano Lett. 13(7), 3065–3072 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, R.

Y. Li, R. Zhang, Z. Xie, B. Liu, P. Chen, G. Zhang, T. Tao, Z. Zhuang, L. Zhi, T. Gan, and Y. Zheng, “Investigation of surface plasmon coupling with the quantum well for reducing efficiency droop in GaN-based light emitting diodes,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(11), 113104 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

X. Zhang, C. A. Marocico, M. Lunz, V. A. Gerard, Y. K. Gun’ko, V. Lesnyak, N. Gaponik, A. S. Susha, A. L. Rogach, and A. L. Bradley, “Experimental and theoretical investigation of the distance dependence of localized surface plasmon coupled Förster resonance energy transfer,” ACS Nano 8(2), 1273–1283 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zhang, C. A. Marocico, M. Lunz, V. A. Gerard, Y. K. Gun’ko, V. Lesnyak, N. Gaponik, A. S. Susha, A. L. Rogach, and A. L. Bradley, “Wavelength, concentration, and distance dependence of nonradiative energy transfer to a plane of gold nanoparticles,” ACS Nano 6(10), 9283–9290 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, X.

X. Zhao, P. Wang, and B. Li, “Surface plasmon enhanced energy transfer in metal-semiconductor hybrid nanostructures,” Nanoscale 3(8), 3056–3059 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zheludev, N. I.

K. Tanaka, E. Plum, J. Y. Ou, T. Uchino, and N. I. Zheludev, “Multifold enhancement of quantum dot luminescence in plasmonic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(22), 227403 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zheng, Y.

Y. Li, R. Zhang, Z. Xie, B. Liu, P. Chen, G. Zhang, T. Tao, Z. Zhuang, L. Zhi, T. Gan, and Y. Zheng, “Investigation of surface plasmon coupling with the quantum well for reducing efficiency droop in GaN-based light emitting diodes,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(11), 113104 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhi, L.

Y. Li, R. Zhang, Z. Xie, B. Liu, P. Chen, G. Zhang, T. Tao, Z. Zhuang, L. Zhi, T. Gan, and Y. Zheng, “Investigation of surface plasmon coupling with the quantum well for reducing efficiency droop in GaN-based light emitting diodes,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(11), 113104 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhuang, Z.

Y. Li, R. Zhang, Z. Xie, B. Liu, P. Chen, G. Zhang, T. Tao, Z. Zhuang, L. Zhi, T. Gan, and Y. Zheng, “Investigation of surface plasmon coupling with the quantum well for reducing efficiency droop in GaN-based light emitting diodes,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(11), 113104 (2013).
[Crossref]

ACS Nano (2)

X. Zhang, C. A. Marocico, M. Lunz, V. A. Gerard, Y. K. Gun’ko, V. Lesnyak, N. Gaponik, A. S. Susha, A. L. Rogach, and A. L. Bradley, “Experimental and theoretical investigation of the distance dependence of localized surface plasmon coupled Förster resonance energy transfer,” ACS Nano 8(2), 1273–1283 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zhang, C. A. Marocico, M. Lunz, V. A. Gerard, Y. K. Gun’ko, V. Lesnyak, N. Gaponik, A. S. Susha, A. L. Rogach, and A. L. Bradley, “Wavelength, concentration, and distance dependence of nonradiative energy transfer to a plane of gold nanoparticles,” ACS Nano 6(10), 9283–9290 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Mater. (3)

M. K. Kwon, J. Y. Kim, B. H. Kim, I. K. Park, C. Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S. J. Park, “Surface-plasmon enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 20(7), 1253–1257 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Chanyawadee, P. G. Lagoudakis, R. T. Harley, M. D. B. Charlton, D. V. Talapin, H. W. Huang, and C. H. Lin, “Increased color-conversion efficiency in hybrid light-emitting diodes utilizing non-radiative energy transfer,” Adv. Mater. 22(5), 602–606 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Heliotis, G. Itskos, R. Murray, M. D. Dawson, I. M. Watson, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Hybrid inorganic/organic semiconductor heterostructures with efficient non-radiative energy transfer,” Adv. Mater. 18(3), 334–338 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ann. Phys. (1)

T. Förster, “Intermolecular energy migration and fluorescence,” Ann. Phys. 437, 55–75 (1948).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

T. Fugii, Y. Gao, R. Sharma, E. L. Hu, S. P. Denbaars, and S. Nakamura, “Increase in the extraction efficiency of GaN-based light emitting diodes via surface roughening,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(6), 855 (2004).
[Crossref]

V. K. Komarala, Y. P. Rakovich, A. L. Bradley, S. J. Byrne, Y. K. Gun’ko, N. Gaponik, and A. Eychmüller, “Off-resonance surface plasmon enhanced spontaneous emission from CdTe quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(25), 253118 (2006).
[Crossref]

V. Komarala, A. L. Bradley, Y. Rakovich, S. Byrne, Y. Gun’ko, and A. Rogach, “Surface plasmon enhanced Forster resonance energy transfer between CdTe quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(12), 123102 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

V. Faessler, C. Hrelescu, A. A. Lutich, L. Osinkina, S. Mayilo, F. Jackel, and J. Feldmann, “Accelerating fluorescence resonance energy transfer with plasmonic nanoresonators,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 508(1-3), 67–70 (2011).
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Eur. Phys. J. B (1)

D. Basko, G. C. La Rocca, F. Bassini, and V. M. Agranovich, “Fӧrster energy transfer from a semiconductor quantum well to an organic material overlayer,” Eur. Phys. J. B 8(3), 353–362 (1999).
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IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Lee, C. Chiu, C. C. Ke, P. C. Lin, T. Lu, H. Kuo, and S. Wang, “Study of the excitation power dependent internal quantum efficiency in InGaN/GaN LEDs grown on patterned sapphire substrate,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(4), 1137–1143 (2009).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

A. J. Shaw, A. L. Bradley, J. F. Donegan, and J. G. Lunney, “GaN resonant cavity light-emitting diodes for plastic optical fiber applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(9), 2006–2008 (2004).
[Crossref]

H. S. Chen, C.-K. Hsu, and H. Y. Hong, “InGaN-CdSe-ZnSe quantum dots white LEDs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(1), 193–195 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

T. L. Jennings, M. P. Singh, and G. F. Strouse, “Fluorescent lifetime quenching near d = 1.5 nm gold nanoparticles: probing NSET validity,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(16), 5462–5467 (2006).
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J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Li, R. Zhang, Z. Xie, B. Liu, P. Chen, G. Zhang, T. Tao, Z. Zhuang, L. Zhi, T. Gan, and Y. Zheng, “Investigation of surface plasmon coupling with the quantum well for reducing efficiency droop in GaN-based light emitting diodes,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(11), 113104 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. C (1)

M. Sukharev, N. Freifeld, and A. Nitzan, “Numerical calculations of radiative and non-radiative relaxation of molecules near metal particles,” J. Phys. Chem. C 118(20), 10545–10551 (2014).
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J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (2)

S. M. Sadeghi, B. Hood, A. Nejat, R. G. West, and A. Hatef, “Excitation intensity dependence of plasmonic enhancement of energy transfer between quantum dots,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 47(16), 165302 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. R. Belton, G. Itskos, G. Heliotis, P. N. Stavrinou, P. G. Lagoudakis, J. Lupton, S. Pereira, E. Gu, C. Griffin, B. Guillabert, I. M. Watson, A. R. Mackintosh, R. A. Pethrick, J. Feldmann, R. Murray, M. D. Dawson, and D. D. C. Bradley, “New light from hybrid inorganic-organic emitters,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(9), 094006 (2008).
[Crossref]

Light: Science and Applications (1)

G. Lozano, D. J. Louwers, S. R. K. Rodriguez, S. Murai, O. T. A. Jansen, M. A. Verschuuren, and J. G. Rivas, “Plasmonics for solid-state lighting: enhanced excitation and directional emission of highly efficient light sources,” Light: Science and Applications 2(5), e66 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (6)

T. Ozel, P. L. Hernandez-Martinez, E. Mutlugun, O. Akin, S. Nizamoglu, I. O. Ozel, Q. Zhang, Q. Xiong, and H. V. Demir, “Observation of selective plasmon-exciton coupling in nonradiative energy transfer: donor-selective versus acceptor-selective plexcitons,” Nano Lett. 13(7), 3065–3072 (2013).
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M. Lunz, V. A. Gerard, Y. K. Gun’ko, V. Lesnyak, N. Gaponik, A. S. Susha, A. L. Rogach, and A. L. Bradley, “Surface plasmon enhanced energy transfer between donor and acceptor CdTe nanocrystal quantum dot monolayers,” Nano Lett. 11(8), 3341–3345 (2011).
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J. Zhang, Y. Fu, M. H. Chowdhury, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Metal-enhanced single-molecule fluorescence on silver particle monomer and dimer: coupling effect between metal particles,” Nano Lett. 7(7), 2101–2107 (2007).
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M. Lessard-Viger, M. Rioux, L. Rainville, and D. Boudreau, “FRET enhancement in multilayer core-shell nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 9(8), 3066–3071 (2009).
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R. Smith, B. Liu, J. Bai, and T. Wang, “Hybrid III-nitride/organic semiconductor nanostructure with high efficiency nonradiative energy transfer for white light emitters,” Nano Lett. 13(7), 3042–3047 (2013).
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M. Achermann, M. A. Petruska, D. D. Koleske, M. H. Crawford, and V. I. Klimov, “Nanocrystal-based light-emitting diodes utilizing high-efficiency nonradiative energy transfer for color conversion,” Nano Lett. 6(7), 1396–1400 (2006).
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Nano Today (1)

H. V. Demir, S. Nizamoglu, T. Erdem, E. Mutlugun, N. Gaponik, and A. Eychmuller, “Quantum dot integrated LEDs using photonic and excitonic color conversion,” Nano Today 6(6), 632–647 (2011).
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Nanoscale (1)

X. Zhao, P. Wang, and B. Li, “Surface plasmon enhanced energy transfer in metal-semiconductor hybrid nanostructures,” Nanoscale 3(8), 3056–3059 (2011).
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Nanotechnology (1)

G. Itskos, C. R. Belton, G. Heliotis, I. M. Watson, M. D. Dawson, R. Murray, and D. D. C. Bradley, “White light emission via cascade Förster energy transfer in (Ga, In)N quantum well/polymer blend hybrid structures,” Nanotechnology 20(27), 275207 (2009).
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Nat. Mater. (1)

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater. 3(9), 601–605 (2004).
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Nature (1)

M. Achermann, M. A. Petruska, S. Kos, D. L. Smith, D. D. Koleske, and V. I. Klimov, “Energy-transfer pumping of semiconductor nanocrystals using an epitaxial quantum well,” Nature 429(6992), 642–646 (2004).
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New J. Phys. (1)

S. Nizamoglu, E. Sari, J. H. Baek, I. H. Lee, and H. V. Demir, “White light generation by resonant nonradiative energy transfer from epitaxial InGaN/GaN quantum wells to colloidal CdSe/ZnS core/shell quantum dots,” New J. Phys. 10(12), 123001 (2008).
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Opt. Express (2)

Phys. Rev. B (3)

S. Kos, M. Ackermann, V. I. Klimov, and D. L. Smith, “Different regimes of Förster-type energy transfer between epitaxial quantum well and a proximal monolayer of semiconductor nanocystals,” Phys. Rev. B 71(20), 205309 (2005).
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[Crossref]

G. Itskos, G. Heliotis, P. G. Lagoudakis, J. Lupton, N. P. Barradas, E. Alves, S. Pereira, I. M. Watson, M. D. Dawson, J. Feldmann, R. Murray, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Efficient dipole-dipole coupling of Mott-Wannier and Frenkel excitons in (Ga,In)N quantum well/polyfluorene semiconductor hetero structures,” Phys. Rev. B 76(3), 035344 (2007).
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K. Tanaka, E. Plum, J. Y. Ou, T. Uchino, and N. I. Zheludev, “Multifold enhancement of quantum dot luminescence in plasmonic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(22), 227403 (2010).
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P. Andrew and W. L. Barnes, “Energy transfer across a metal film mediated by surface plasmon polaritons,” Science 306(5698), 1002–1005 (2004).
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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) A schematic of the complete structure (not drawn to scale). (b) The normalized emission spectra of the QW and QDs along with the extinction spectrum of the QDs and the extinction spectrum of the Ag nanobox array.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) HIM image of a square array of Ag nanoboxes with 100 nm lateral dimension and 160 nm gap fabricated by HIL on top of the GaN barrier. The field intensity enhancement map in (b) the x-y plane and (c) the x-z plane for a dipole excitation at 516 nm, positioned in the QW layer directly below the Ag nanobox at x = y = 0. The olive line indicates where the field intensity is enhanced by a factor of 10.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) The QW emission at t = 0 as a function of injected carrier density. (b). The spontaneous emission rate of the QW with (red circles) and without (black squares) QDs as a function of injected carrier density. Inset: The average QW PL lifetime as a function of injected carrier density.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) The normalized PL decays of the bare QW (green line), the QW with nanobox array (black line) and the QW with nanobox array and QD layer (red line) at a carrier density of 5.4x1018 cm−3. (b) The average PL lifetime of the bare QW (green squares), the QW with nanobox array (black triangles) and the QW with nanobox array and QD layer (red circles) as a function of injected carrier density.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a). The QW emission quenching rate (black squares) and the plasmon-coupled nonradiative energy transfer rate (red circles) as a function of the injected carrier density.(b) Quenching efficiency (black squares) and plasmon-coupled nonradiative energy transfer efficiency (red circles) as a function of injected carrier density.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) The QD PL decay on and off the Ag nanobox array on a GaN bulk layer. (b) QD PL decay on and off of Ag nanobox array on the QW sample. The insets shows the PL decays over 40 ns.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 PL spectra of the bare QW (dashed black line), QDs on the QW (red dotted line), QDs on the Ag nanobox array on the bulk GaN layer (grey line), and complete QW-Ag nanobox-QD system (blue solid line).

Equations (5)

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n= P ( hν )*θ* d active *f *[ 1exp( α InGaN d active ) ]*( 1R ) ,
τ avg = I 1 * τ 1 2 + I 2 * τ 2 2 I 1 * τ 1 + I 2 * τ 2 ,
E Q =1 τ QWNB τ QW
E NRET =1 τ QWNBQD τ QWNB ,
E NRET = k NRET k QW + k QWNB + k NRET ,

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