Abstract

We propose and experimentally demonstrate a distance-adaptive bandwidth allocation scheme to realize high-capacity long-reach orthogonal frequency division multiple access passive optical network (OFDMA PON) with cost-effective electro-absorption modulator (EAM). In our scheme, the subcarriers in downstream OFDM signal are properly allocated to the optical network units (ONUs) with different fiber transmission lengths. By this means, the detrimental influence of power fading induced by dispersion and chirp can be avoided, thus all OFDM subcarriers can be modulated with high-order quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM) format, leading to a high transmission capacity. A proof-of-concept experiment is performed, in which three ONUs with transmission distances of 25, 50, and 100 km are assigned with different subcarriers, respectively. By using distance-adaptive bandwidth allocation technique, an OFDM signal of 34.5 Gb/s is successfully delivered to the ONUs with a bit error ratio (BER) lower than 2 × 10−3.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]

2014 (2)

G. Contestabile and F. Bontempi, “All-optical distribution node for long reach PON downlink,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(14), 1403–1406 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. Vetter, D. Suvakovic, H. Chow, P. Anthapadmanabhan, K. Kanonakis, K. Lee, F. Saliou, X. Yin, and B. Lannoo, “Energy-efficiency improvements for optical access,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 52(4), 136–144 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

2012 (1)

2011 (2)

2010 (3)

D. Z. Hsu, C. C. Wei, H. Y. Chen, J. Chen, M. C. Yuang, S. H. Lin, and W. Y. Li, “21 Gb/s after 100 km OFDM long-reach PON transmission using a cost-effective electro-absorption modulator,” Opt. Express 18(26), 27758–27763 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Song, B. Kim, and B. Mukherjee, “Long-reach optical access networks: a survey of research challenges, demonstrations, and bandwidth assignment mechanisms,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials 12(1), 112–123 (2010).
[Crossref]

B. Skubic, J. Chen, J. Ahmed, B. Chen, L. Wosinska, and B. Mukherjee, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation for long-reach PON: overcoming performance degradation,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(11), 100–108 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

C. Chow, C. Yeh, C. Wang, F. Shih, and S. Chi, “Signal remodulation of OFDM-QAM for long reach carrier distributed passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(11), 715–717 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (3)

H. Kim, “EML-based optical single sideband transmitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(4), 243–245 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Jansen, I. Morita, T. Schenk, N. Takeda, and H. Tanaka, “Coherent optical 25.8-Gb/s OFDM transmission over 4160-km SSMF,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26(1), 6–15 (2008).
[Crossref]

Q. Yang, W. Shieh, and Y. Ma, “Bit and power loading for coherent optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(15), 1305–1307 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

2003 (2)

E. Son, K. Han, J. Kim, and Y. Chung, “Bidirectional WDM passive optical network for simultaneous transmission of data and digital broadcast video service,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21(8), 1723–1727 (2003).
[Crossref]

H. Chung, Y. Jang, and Y. Chung, “Directly modulated 10-Gb/s signal transmission over 320 km of negative dispersion fiber for regional metro network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(9), 1306–1308 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

G. Kramer and G. Pesavento, “Ethernet passive optical network (EPON): building a next-generation optical access network,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(2), 66–73 (2002).
[Crossref]

2000 (2)

1993 (1)

F. Devaux, Y. Sorel, and J. Kerdiles, “Simple measurement of fiber dispersion and of chirp parameter of intensity modulated light emitter,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11(12), 1937–1940 (1993).
[Crossref]

Ahmed, J.

B. Skubic, J. Chen, J. Ahmed, B. Chen, L. Wosinska, and B. Mukherjee, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation for long-reach PON: overcoming performance degradation,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(11), 100–108 (2010).
[Crossref]

Anfray, T.

M. Chaibi, T. Anfray, K. Kechaou, C. Gosset, L. Neto, G. Aubin, C. Kazmierski, P. Chanclou, C. Aupetit-Berthelemot, and D. Erasme, “Dispersion compensation-free IM/DD SSB-OFDM transmission at 11.11 Gb/s over 200 km SSMF using dual EML,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(23), 2271–2273 (2013).
[Crossref]

Anthapadmanabhan, P.

P. Vetter, D. Suvakovic, H. Chow, P. Anthapadmanabhan, K. Kanonakis, K. Lee, F. Saliou, X. Yin, and B. Lannoo, “Energy-efficiency improvements for optical access,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 52(4), 136–144 (2014).
[Crossref]

Aubin, G.

M. Chaibi, T. Anfray, K. Kechaou, C. Gosset, L. Neto, G. Aubin, C. Kazmierski, P. Chanclou, C. Aupetit-Berthelemot, and D. Erasme, “Dispersion compensation-free IM/DD SSB-OFDM transmission at 11.11 Gb/s over 200 km SSMF using dual EML,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(23), 2271–2273 (2013).
[Crossref]

Aupetit-Berthelemot, C.

M. Chaibi, T. Anfray, K. Kechaou, C. Gosset, L. Neto, G. Aubin, C. Kazmierski, P. Chanclou, C. Aupetit-Berthelemot, and D. Erasme, “Dispersion compensation-free IM/DD SSB-OFDM transmission at 11.11 Gb/s over 200 km SSMF using dual EML,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(23), 2271–2273 (2013).
[Crossref]

Beaulieu, N.

N. Beaulieu, A. Toms, and D. Pauluzzi, “Comparison of four SNR estimators for QPSK modulations,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 4(2), 43–45 (2000).
[Crossref]

Bontempi, F.

G. Contestabile and F. Bontempi, “All-optical distribution node for long reach PON downlink,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(14), 1403–1406 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chaibi, M.

M. Chaibi, T. Anfray, K. Kechaou, C. Gosset, L. Neto, G. Aubin, C. Kazmierski, P. Chanclou, C. Aupetit-Berthelemot, and D. Erasme, “Dispersion compensation-free IM/DD SSB-OFDM transmission at 11.11 Gb/s over 200 km SSMF using dual EML,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(23), 2271–2273 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chanclou, P.

M. Chaibi, T. Anfray, K. Kechaou, C. Gosset, L. Neto, G. Aubin, C. Kazmierski, P. Chanclou, C. Aupetit-Berthelemot, and D. Erasme, “Dispersion compensation-free IM/DD SSB-OFDM transmission at 11.11 Gb/s over 200 km SSMF using dual EML,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(23), 2271–2273 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, B.

B. Skubic, J. Chen, J. Ahmed, B. Chen, L. Wosinska, and B. Mukherjee, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation for long-reach PON: overcoming performance degradation,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(11), 100–108 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chen, B. W.

Chen, C.

Chen, H. Y.

Chen, J.

D. Z. Hsu, C. C. Wei, H. Y. Chen, J. Chen, M. C. Yuang, S. H. Lin, and W. Y. Li, “21 Gb/s after 100 km OFDM long-reach PON transmission using a cost-effective electro-absorption modulator,” Opt. Express 18(26), 27758–27763 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Skubic, J. Chen, J. Ahmed, B. Chen, L. Wosinska, and B. Mukherjee, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation for long-reach PON: overcoming performance degradation,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(11), 100–108 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chi, S.

C. Chow, C. Yeh, C. Wang, F. Shih, and S. Chi, “Signal remodulation of OFDM-QAM for long reach carrier distributed passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(11), 715–717 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chow, C.

C. Chow, C. Yeh, C. Wang, F. Shih, and S. Chi, “Signal remodulation of OFDM-QAM for long reach carrier distributed passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(11), 715–717 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chow, C. W.

Chow, H.

P. Vetter, D. Suvakovic, H. Chow, P. Anthapadmanabhan, K. Kanonakis, K. Lee, F. Saliou, X. Yin, and B. Lannoo, “Energy-efficiency improvements for optical access,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 52(4), 136–144 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chung, H.

H. Chung, Y. Jang, and Y. Chung, “Directly modulated 10-Gb/s signal transmission over 320 km of negative dispersion fiber for regional metro network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(9), 1306–1308 (2003).
[Crossref]

Chung, Y.

H. Chung, Y. Jang, and Y. Chung, “Directly modulated 10-Gb/s signal transmission over 320 km of negative dispersion fiber for regional metro network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(9), 1306–1308 (2003).
[Crossref]

E. Son, K. Han, J. Kim, and Y. Chung, “Bidirectional WDM passive optical network for simultaneous transmission of data and digital broadcast video service,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21(8), 1723–1727 (2003).
[Crossref]

Contestabile, G.

G. Contestabile and F. Bontempi, “All-optical distribution node for long reach PON downlink,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(14), 1403–1406 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cvijetic, N.

Devaux, F.

F. Devaux, Y. Sorel, and J. Kerdiles, “Simple measurement of fiber dispersion and of chirp parameter of intensity modulated light emitter,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11(12), 1937–1940 (1993).
[Crossref]

Erasme, D.

M. Chaibi, T. Anfray, K. Kechaou, C. Gosset, L. Neto, G. Aubin, C. Kazmierski, P. Chanclou, C. Aupetit-Berthelemot, and D. Erasme, “Dispersion compensation-free IM/DD SSB-OFDM transmission at 11.11 Gb/s over 200 km SSMF using dual EML,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(23), 2271–2273 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fliege, N.

I. Trachanas and N. Fliege, “A novel phase based SNR estimation method for constant modulus constellations,” in Proc. ISCCSP 2008, pp. 1179–1183, Mar. 2008.
[Crossref]

Gosset, C.

M. Chaibi, T. Anfray, K. Kechaou, C. Gosset, L. Neto, G. Aubin, C. Kazmierski, P. Chanclou, C. Aupetit-Berthelemot, and D. Erasme, “Dispersion compensation-free IM/DD SSB-OFDM transmission at 11.11 Gb/s over 200 km SSMF using dual EML,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(23), 2271–2273 (2013).
[Crossref]

Gui, T.

Han, K.

Hsu, D. Z.

Hu, R.

Jang, Y.

H. Chung, Y. Jang, and Y. Chung, “Directly modulated 10-Gb/s signal transmission over 320 km of negative dispersion fiber for regional metro network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(9), 1306–1308 (2003).
[Crossref]

Jansen, S.

Jiang, N.

Kano, F.

Kanonakis, K.

P. Vetter, D. Suvakovic, H. Chow, P. Anthapadmanabhan, K. Kanonakis, K. Lee, F. Saliou, X. Yin, and B. Lannoo, “Energy-efficiency improvements for optical access,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 52(4), 136–144 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kazmierski, C.

M. Chaibi, T. Anfray, K. Kechaou, C. Gosset, L. Neto, G. Aubin, C. Kazmierski, P. Chanclou, C. Aupetit-Berthelemot, and D. Erasme, “Dispersion compensation-free IM/DD SSB-OFDM transmission at 11.11 Gb/s over 200 km SSMF using dual EML,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(23), 2271–2273 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kechaou, K.

M. Chaibi, T. Anfray, K. Kechaou, C. Gosset, L. Neto, G. Aubin, C. Kazmierski, P. Chanclou, C. Aupetit-Berthelemot, and D. Erasme, “Dispersion compensation-free IM/DD SSB-OFDM transmission at 11.11 Gb/s over 200 km SSMF using dual EML,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(23), 2271–2273 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kerdiles, J.

F. Devaux, Y. Sorel, and J. Kerdiles, “Simple measurement of fiber dispersion and of chirp parameter of intensity modulated light emitter,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11(12), 1937–1940 (1993).
[Crossref]

Kim, B.

H. Song, B. Kim, and B. Mukherjee, “Long-reach optical access networks: a survey of research challenges, demonstrations, and bandwidth assignment mechanisms,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials 12(1), 112–123 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kim, H.

H. Kim, “EML-based optical single sideband transmitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(4), 243–245 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kim, J.

Kim, M.

Koga, M.

Kramer, G.

G. Kramer and G. Pesavento, “Ethernet passive optical network (EPON): building a next-generation optical access network,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(2), 66–73 (2002).
[Crossref]

Lannoo, B.

P. Vetter, D. Suvakovic, H. Chow, P. Anthapadmanabhan, K. Kanonakis, K. Lee, F. Saliou, X. Yin, and B. Lannoo, “Energy-efficiency improvements for optical access,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 52(4), 136–144 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lee, C.

Lee, K.

P. Vetter, D. Suvakovic, H. Chow, P. Anthapadmanabhan, K. Kanonakis, K. Lee, F. Saliou, X. Yin, and B. Lannoo, “Energy-efficiency improvements for optical access,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 52(4), 136–144 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lee, S.

Li, W. Y.

Li, Z.

Lin, S. H.

Liu, D.

Liu, S.

Luo, M.

Ma, Y.

Q. Yang, W. Shieh, and Y. Ma, “Bit and power loading for coherent optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(15), 1305–1307 (2008).
[Crossref]

Morita, I.

Mukherjee, B.

H. Song, B. Kim, and B. Mukherjee, “Long-reach optical access networks: a survey of research challenges, demonstrations, and bandwidth assignment mechanisms,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials 12(1), 112–123 (2010).
[Crossref]

B. Skubic, J. Chen, J. Ahmed, B. Chen, L. Wosinska, and B. Mukherjee, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation for long-reach PON: overcoming performance degradation,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(11), 100–108 (2010).
[Crossref]

Mun, S.

Neto, L.

M. Chaibi, T. Anfray, K. Kechaou, C. Gosset, L. Neto, G. Aubin, C. Kazmierski, P. Chanclou, C. Aupetit-Berthelemot, and D. Erasme, “Dispersion compensation-free IM/DD SSB-OFDM transmission at 11.11 Gb/s over 200 km SSMF using dual EML,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(23), 2271–2273 (2013).
[Crossref]

Pauluzzi, D.

N. Beaulieu, A. Toms, and D. Pauluzzi, “Comparison of four SNR estimators for QPSK modulations,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 4(2), 43–45 (2000).
[Crossref]

Pesavento, G.

G. Kramer and G. Pesavento, “Ethernet passive optical network (EPON): building a next-generation optical access network,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(2), 66–73 (2002).
[Crossref]

Qiu, K.

Sakaida, N.

Saliou, F.

P. Vetter, D. Suvakovic, H. Chow, P. Anthapadmanabhan, K. Kanonakis, K. Lee, F. Saliou, X. Yin, and B. Lannoo, “Energy-efficiency improvements for optical access,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 52(4), 136–144 (2014).
[Crossref]

Schenk, T.

Shieh, W.

Q. Yang, W. Shieh, and Y. Ma, “Bit and power loading for coherent optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(15), 1305–1307 (2008).
[Crossref]

Shih, F.

C. Chow, C. Yeh, C. Wang, F. Shih, and S. Chi, “Signal remodulation of OFDM-QAM for long reach carrier distributed passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(11), 715–717 (2009).
[Crossref]

Skubic, B.

B. Skubic, J. Chen, J. Ahmed, B. Chen, L. Wosinska, and B. Mukherjee, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation for long-reach PON: overcoming performance degradation,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(11), 100–108 (2010).
[Crossref]

Son, E.

Song, H.

H. Song, B. Kim, and B. Mukherjee, “Long-reach optical access networks: a survey of research challenges, demonstrations, and bandwidth assignment mechanisms,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials 12(1), 112–123 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sorel, Y.

F. Devaux, Y. Sorel, and J. Kerdiles, “Simple measurement of fiber dispersion and of chirp parameter of intensity modulated light emitter,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11(12), 1937–1940 (1993).
[Crossref]

Suvakovic, D.

P. Vetter, D. Suvakovic, H. Chow, P. Anthapadmanabhan, K. Kanonakis, K. Lee, F. Saliou, X. Yin, and B. Lannoo, “Energy-efficiency improvements for optical access,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 52(4), 136–144 (2014).
[Crossref]

Takeda, N.

Talli, G.

Tanaka, H.

Toms, A.

N. Beaulieu, A. Toms, and D. Pauluzzi, “Comparison of four SNR estimators for QPSK modulations,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 4(2), 43–45 (2000).
[Crossref]

Townsend, P.

Trachanas, I.

I. Trachanas and N. Fliege, “A novel phase based SNR estimation method for constant modulus constellations,” in Proc. ISCCSP 2008, pp. 1179–1183, Mar. 2008.
[Crossref]

Vetter, P.

P. Vetter, D. Suvakovic, H. Chow, P. Anthapadmanabhan, K. Kanonakis, K. Lee, F. Saliou, X. Yin, and B. Lannoo, “Energy-efficiency improvements for optical access,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 52(4), 136–144 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, C.

C. Chow, C. Yeh, C. Wang, F. Shih, and S. Chi, “Signal remodulation of OFDM-QAM for long reach carrier distributed passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(11), 715–717 (2009).
[Crossref]

Watanabe, T.

Wei, C. C.

Wosinska, L.

B. Skubic, J. Chen, J. Ahmed, B. Chen, L. Wosinska, and B. Mukherjee, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation for long-reach PON: overcoming performance degradation,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(11), 100–108 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wu, B.

Xiao, X.

Yang, Q.

Yasaka, H.

Yeh, C.

C. Chow, C. Yeh, C. Wang, F. Shih, and S. Chi, “Signal remodulation of OFDM-QAM for long reach carrier distributed passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(11), 715–717 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yeh, C. H.

Yin, X.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Schematic diagram of the proposed long-reach OFDMA PON based on distance-adaptive bandwidth allocation; (b) Frequency responses of ONUs with different transmission lengths; (c) Principle of distance-adaptive bandwidth allocation scheme.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Experimental setup of the proposed long-reach OFDMA PON based on the distance-adaptive bandwidth allocation scheme.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) SNR values versus frequency in 25-km, 50-km, and 100-km EAM-based OFDM systems; (b) Distance-adaptive bandwidth allocation in the proposed long-reach OFDMA PON.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 BER curves of OFDM signals after back-to-back, 25-km, 50-km, and 100-km SSMF transmissions in the proposed long-reach OFDMA PON.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Priority level of Band1~5, available bandwidth, and data rate for the ONU1~3, conventional OFDMA PON, and the proposed scheme (√: Applicable; N/A: Not Applicable; C-OFDMA PON: Conventional OFDMA PON)

Equations (2)

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(1+ α 2 ) cos 2 (2 π 2 β 2 L f 2 tan 1 α)
R 1 (1+ ε Training )(1+ ε Cyclic )(1+ ε FEC ) × n N ×Sa×MGb/s

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