Abstract

We demonstrate optical parametric oscillation in a millimeter-sized whispering gallery resonator suitable for broadband infrared spectroscopy. This nonlinear-optical process is quasi-phase-matched using a radial domain pattern with 30 µm period length, inscribed by calligraphic poling. The output wavelengths are selected in a controlled way over hundreds of nanometers. We achieve this by increasing the temperature of the resonator in steps such that the azimuthal mode number of the pump wave rises by one. As a proof-of-principle experiment, we measure a characteristic resonance of polystyrene in the spectral range of 2.25 2.45 µm.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. M. H. Dunn and M. Ebrahimzadeh, “Parametric generation of tunable light from continuous-wave to femtosecond pulses,” Science 286(5444), 1513–1517 (1999).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
  3. D. K. Armani, T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala, “Ultra-high-Q toroid microcavity on a chip,” Nature 421(6926), 925–928 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, A. Aiello, U. L. Andersen, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, “Low-threshold optical parametric oscillations in a whispering gallery mode resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263904 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  5. C. S. Werner, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, “Continuous-wave whispering-gallery optical parametric oscillator for high-resolution spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett. 40(5), 772–775 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. D. S. Hum and M. M. Fejer, “Quasi-phasematching,” C. R. Phys. 8(2), 180–198 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  7. M. Houe and P. D. Townsend, “An introduction to methods of periodic poling for second-harmonic generation,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 28(9), 1747–1763 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  8. K. Sasagawa and M. Tsuchiya, “Highly efficient third harmonic generation in a periodically poled MgO : LiNbO3 disk resonator,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(12), 122401 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  9. I. Breunig, T. Beckmann, and K. Buse, “Monolithic optical parametric oscillators,” Proc. SPIE 8236, 82360S (2012).
    [Crossref]
  10. M. Mohageg, D. V. Strekalov, A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, V. S. Ilchenko, and L. Maleki, “Calligraphic poling of lithium niobate,” Opt. Express 13(9), 3408–3419 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. G. Schunk, U. Vogl, D. V. Strekalov, M. Förtsch, F. Sedlmeir, H. G. L. Schwefel, M. Göbelt, S. Christiansen, G. Leuchs, and C. Marquardt, “Interfacing transitions of different alkali atoms and telecom bands using one narrowband photon pair source,” Optica 2(9), 773–778 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  13. T. Beckmann, H. Linnenbank, H. Steigerwald, B. Sturman, D. Haertle, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, “Highly tunable low-threshold optical parametric oscillation in radially poled whispering gallery resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(14), 143903 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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  19. I. Breunig, B. Sturman, F. Sedlmeir, H. G. L. Schwefel, and K. Buse, “Whispering gallery modes at the rim of an axisymmetric optical resonator: Analytical versus numerical description and comparison with experiment,” Opt. Express 21(25), 30683–30692 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  20. O. Gayer, Z. Sacks, E. Galun, and A. Arie, “Temperature and wavelength dependent refractive index equations for MgO-doped congruent and stoichiometric LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. B-Lasers O. 91(2), 343–348 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  21. A. B. Randles, M. Esashi, and S. Tanaka, “Etch rate dependence on crystal orientation of lithium niobate,” IEEE T. Ultrason. Ferr. 57(11), 2372–2380 (2010).
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  22. N. Waasem, S. Fieberg, J. Hauser, G. Gomes, D. Haertle, F. Kühnemann, and K. Buse, “Photoacoustic absorption spectrometer for highly transparent dielectrics with parts-per-million sensitivity,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84(2), 023109 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (2)

2014 (1)

A. V. Ievlev, A. N. Morozovska, V. Y. Shur, and S. V. Kalinin, “Humidity effects on tip-induced polarization switching in lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(9), 092908 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (4)

M. Förtsch, J. U. Fürst, C. Wittmann, D. Strekalov, A. Aiello, M. V. Chekhova, C. Silberhorn, G. Leuchs, and C. Marquardt, “A versatile source of single photons for quantum information processing,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1818 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. D. Arslanov, M. Spunei, J. Mandon, S. M. Cristescu, S. T. Persijn, and F. J. M. Harren, “Continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator based infrared spectroscopy for sensitive molecular gas sensing,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7(2), 188–206 (2013).
[Crossref]

I. Breunig, B. Sturman, F. Sedlmeir, H. G. L. Schwefel, and K. Buse, “Whispering gallery modes at the rim of an axisymmetric optical resonator: Analytical versus numerical description and comparison with experiment,” Opt. Express 21(25), 30683–30692 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. Waasem, S. Fieberg, J. Hauser, G. Gomes, D. Haertle, F. Kühnemann, and K. Buse, “Photoacoustic absorption spectrometer for highly transparent dielectrics with parts-per-million sensitivity,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84(2), 023109 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (2)

2011 (1)

T. Beckmann, H. Linnenbank, H. Steigerwald, B. Sturman, D. Haertle, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, “Highly tunable low-threshold optical parametric oscillation in radially poled whispering gallery resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(14), 143903 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (2)

J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, A. Aiello, U. L. Andersen, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, “Low-threshold optical parametric oscillations in a whispering gallery mode resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263904 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. B. Randles, M. Esashi, and S. Tanaka, “Etch rate dependence on crystal orientation of lithium niobate,” IEEE T. Ultrason. Ferr. 57(11), 2372–2380 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

K. Sasagawa and M. Tsuchiya, “Highly efficient third harmonic generation in a periodically poled MgO : LiNbO3 disk resonator,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(12), 122401 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

O. Gayer, Z. Sacks, E. Galun, and A. Arie, “Temperature and wavelength dependent refractive index equations for MgO-doped congruent and stoichiometric LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. B-Lasers O. 91(2), 343–348 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

D. S. Hum and M. M. Fejer, “Quasi-phasematching,” C. R. Phys. 8(2), 180–198 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

M. L. Gorodetsky and A. E. Fomin, “Geometrical theory of whispering-gallery modes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(1), 33–39 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

2003 (1)

D. K. Armani, T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala, “Ultra-high-Q toroid microcavity on a chip,” Nature 421(6926), 925–928 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

M. H. Dunn and M. Ebrahimzadeh, “Parametric generation of tunable light from continuous-wave to femtosecond pulses,” Science 286(5444), 1513–1517 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1996 (1)

1995 (2)

Aiello, A.

M. Förtsch, J. U. Fürst, C. Wittmann, D. Strekalov, A. Aiello, M. V. Chekhova, C. Silberhorn, G. Leuchs, and C. Marquardt, “A versatile source of single photons for quantum information processing,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1818 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, A. Aiello, U. L. Andersen, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, “Low-threshold optical parametric oscillations in a whispering gallery mode resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263904 (2010).
[Crossref]

Andersen, U. L.

J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, A. Aiello, U. L. Andersen, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, “Low-threshold optical parametric oscillations in a whispering gallery mode resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263904 (2010).
[Crossref]

Arie, A.

O. Gayer, Z. Sacks, E. Galun, and A. Arie, “Temperature and wavelength dependent refractive index equations for MgO-doped congruent and stoichiometric LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. B-Lasers O. 91(2), 343–348 (2008).
[Crossref]

Armani, D. K.

D. K. Armani, T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala, “Ultra-high-Q toroid microcavity on a chip,” Nature 421(6926), 925–928 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Arslanov, D. D.

D. D. Arslanov, M. Spunei, J. Mandon, S. M. Cristescu, S. T. Persijn, and F. J. M. Harren, “Continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator based infrared spectroscopy for sensitive molecular gas sensing,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7(2), 188–206 (2013).
[Crossref]

Beckmann, T.

I. Breunig, T. Beckmann, and K. Buse, “Monolithic optical parametric oscillators,” Proc. SPIE 8236, 82360S (2012).
[Crossref]

C. S. Werner, T. Beckmann, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, “Blue-pumped whispering gallery optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 37(20), 4224–4226 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Beckmann, H. Linnenbank, H. Steigerwald, B. Sturman, D. Haertle, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, “Highly tunable low-threshold optical parametric oscillation in radially poled whispering gallery resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(14), 143903 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bosenberg, W. R.

Breunig, I.

Buse, K.

C. S. Werner, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, “Continuous-wave whispering-gallery optical parametric oscillator for high-resolution spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett. 40(5), 772–775 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Breunig, B. Sturman, F. Sedlmeir, H. G. L. Schwefel, and K. Buse, “Whispering gallery modes at the rim of an axisymmetric optical resonator: Analytical versus numerical description and comparison with experiment,” Opt. Express 21(25), 30683–30692 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. Waasem, S. Fieberg, J. Hauser, G. Gomes, D. Haertle, F. Kühnemann, and K. Buse, “Photoacoustic absorption spectrometer for highly transparent dielectrics with parts-per-million sensitivity,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84(2), 023109 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Breunig, T. Beckmann, and K. Buse, “Monolithic optical parametric oscillators,” Proc. SPIE 8236, 82360S (2012).
[Crossref]

C. S. Werner, T. Beckmann, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, “Blue-pumped whispering gallery optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 37(20), 4224–4226 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Beckmann, H. Linnenbank, H. Steigerwald, B. Sturman, D. Haertle, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, “Highly tunable low-threshold optical parametric oscillation in radially poled whispering gallery resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(14), 143903 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Byer, R. L.

Chekhova, M. V.

M. Förtsch, J. U. Fürst, C. Wittmann, D. Strekalov, A. Aiello, M. V. Chekhova, C. Silberhorn, G. Leuchs, and C. Marquardt, “A versatile source of single photons for quantum information processing,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1818 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Christiansen, S.

Cristescu, S. M.

D. D. Arslanov, M. Spunei, J. Mandon, S. M. Cristescu, S. T. Persijn, and F. J. M. Harren, “Continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator based infrared spectroscopy for sensitive molecular gas sensing,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7(2), 188–206 (2013).
[Crossref]

Dunn, M. H.

M. H. Dunn and M. Ebrahimzadeh, “Parametric generation of tunable light from continuous-wave to femtosecond pulses,” Science 286(5444), 1513–1517 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ebrahimzadeh, M.

M. H. Dunn and M. Ebrahimzadeh, “Parametric generation of tunable light from continuous-wave to femtosecond pulses,” Science 286(5444), 1513–1517 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eckardt, R. C.

Elser, D.

J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, A. Aiello, U. L. Andersen, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, “Low-threshold optical parametric oscillations in a whispering gallery mode resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263904 (2010).
[Crossref]

Esashi, M.

A. B. Randles, M. Esashi, and S. Tanaka, “Etch rate dependence on crystal orientation of lithium niobate,” IEEE T. Ultrason. Ferr. 57(11), 2372–2380 (2010).
[Crossref]

Fejer, M. M.

Fieberg, S.

N. Waasem, S. Fieberg, J. Hauser, G. Gomes, D. Haertle, F. Kühnemann, and K. Buse, “Photoacoustic absorption spectrometer for highly transparent dielectrics with parts-per-million sensitivity,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84(2), 023109 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fomin, A. E.

M. L. Gorodetsky and A. E. Fomin, “Geometrical theory of whispering-gallery modes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(1), 33–39 (2006).
[Crossref]

Förtsch, M.

G. Schunk, U. Vogl, D. V. Strekalov, M. Förtsch, F. Sedlmeir, H. G. L. Schwefel, M. Göbelt, S. Christiansen, G. Leuchs, and C. Marquardt, “Interfacing transitions of different alkali atoms and telecom bands using one narrowband photon pair source,” Optica 2(9), 773–778 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Förtsch, J. U. Fürst, C. Wittmann, D. Strekalov, A. Aiello, M. V. Chekhova, C. Silberhorn, G. Leuchs, and C. Marquardt, “A versatile source of single photons for quantum information processing,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1818 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fürst, J. U.

M. Förtsch, J. U. Fürst, C. Wittmann, D. Strekalov, A. Aiello, M. V. Chekhova, C. Silberhorn, G. Leuchs, and C. Marquardt, “A versatile source of single photons for quantum information processing,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1818 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, A. Aiello, U. L. Andersen, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, “Low-threshold optical parametric oscillations in a whispering gallery mode resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263904 (2010).
[Crossref]

Galun, E.

O. Gayer, Z. Sacks, E. Galun, and A. Arie, “Temperature and wavelength dependent refractive index equations for MgO-doped congruent and stoichiometric LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. B-Lasers O. 91(2), 343–348 (2008).
[Crossref]

Gayer, O.

O. Gayer, Z. Sacks, E. Galun, and A. Arie, “Temperature and wavelength dependent refractive index equations for MgO-doped congruent and stoichiometric LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. B-Lasers O. 91(2), 343–348 (2008).
[Crossref]

Göbelt, M.

Gomes, G.

N. Waasem, S. Fieberg, J. Hauser, G. Gomes, D. Haertle, F. Kühnemann, and K. Buse, “Photoacoustic absorption spectrometer for highly transparent dielectrics with parts-per-million sensitivity,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84(2), 023109 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gorodetsky, M. L.

M. L. Gorodetsky and A. E. Fomin, “Geometrical theory of whispering-gallery modes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(1), 33–39 (2006).
[Crossref]

Haertle, D.

N. Waasem, S. Fieberg, J. Hauser, G. Gomes, D. Haertle, F. Kühnemann, and K. Buse, “Photoacoustic absorption spectrometer for highly transparent dielectrics with parts-per-million sensitivity,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84(2), 023109 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Beckmann, H. Linnenbank, H. Steigerwald, B. Sturman, D. Haertle, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, “Highly tunable low-threshold optical parametric oscillation in radially poled whispering gallery resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(14), 143903 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Harren, F. J. M.

D. D. Arslanov, M. Spunei, J. Mandon, S. M. Cristescu, S. T. Persijn, and F. J. M. Harren, “Continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator based infrared spectroscopy for sensitive molecular gas sensing,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7(2), 188–206 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hauser, J.

N. Waasem, S. Fieberg, J. Hauser, G. Gomes, D. Haertle, F. Kühnemann, and K. Buse, “Photoacoustic absorption spectrometer for highly transparent dielectrics with parts-per-million sensitivity,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84(2), 023109 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Houe, M.

M. Houe and P. D. Townsend, “An introduction to methods of periodic poling for second-harmonic generation,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 28(9), 1747–1763 (1995).
[Crossref]

Hum, D. S.

D. S. Hum and M. M. Fejer, “Quasi-phasematching,” C. R. Phys. 8(2), 180–198 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ievlev, A. V.

A. V. Ievlev, A. N. Morozovska, V. Y. Shur, and S. V. Kalinin, “Humidity effects on tip-induced polarization switching in lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(9), 092908 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ilchenko, V. S.

Kalinin, S. V.

A. V. Ievlev, A. N. Morozovska, V. Y. Shur, and S. V. Kalinin, “Humidity effects on tip-induced polarization switching in lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(9), 092908 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kippenberg, T. J.

D. K. Armani, T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala, “Ultra-high-Q toroid microcavity on a chip,” Nature 421(6926), 925–928 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kühnemann, F.

N. Waasem, S. Fieberg, J. Hauser, G. Gomes, D. Haertle, F. Kühnemann, and K. Buse, “Photoacoustic absorption spectrometer for highly transparent dielectrics with parts-per-million sensitivity,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84(2), 023109 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Leuchs, G.

G. Schunk, U. Vogl, D. V. Strekalov, M. Förtsch, F. Sedlmeir, H. G. L. Schwefel, M. Göbelt, S. Christiansen, G. Leuchs, and C. Marquardt, “Interfacing transitions of different alkali atoms and telecom bands using one narrowband photon pair source,” Optica 2(9), 773–778 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Förtsch, J. U. Fürst, C. Wittmann, D. Strekalov, A. Aiello, M. V. Chekhova, C. Silberhorn, G. Leuchs, and C. Marquardt, “A versatile source of single photons for quantum information processing,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1818 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, A. Aiello, U. L. Andersen, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, “Low-threshold optical parametric oscillations in a whispering gallery mode resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263904 (2010).
[Crossref]

Linnenbank, H.

T. Beckmann, H. Linnenbank, H. Steigerwald, B. Sturman, D. Haertle, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, “Highly tunable low-threshold optical parametric oscillation in radially poled whispering gallery resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(14), 143903 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Maleki, L.

Mandon, J.

D. D. Arslanov, M. Spunei, J. Mandon, S. M. Cristescu, S. T. Persijn, and F. J. M. Harren, “Continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator based infrared spectroscopy for sensitive molecular gas sensing,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7(2), 188–206 (2013).
[Crossref]

Marquardt, C.

G. Schunk, U. Vogl, D. V. Strekalov, M. Förtsch, F. Sedlmeir, H. G. L. Schwefel, M. Göbelt, S. Christiansen, G. Leuchs, and C. Marquardt, “Interfacing transitions of different alkali atoms and telecom bands using one narrowband photon pair source,” Optica 2(9), 773–778 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Förtsch, J. U. Fürst, C. Wittmann, D. Strekalov, A. Aiello, M. V. Chekhova, C. Silberhorn, G. Leuchs, and C. Marquardt, “A versatile source of single photons for quantum information processing,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1818 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, A. Aiello, U. L. Andersen, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, “Low-threshold optical parametric oscillations in a whispering gallery mode resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263904 (2010).
[Crossref]

Matsko, A. B.

Mohageg, M.

Morozovska, A. N.

A. V. Ievlev, A. N. Morozovska, V. Y. Shur, and S. V. Kalinin, “Humidity effects on tip-induced polarization switching in lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(9), 092908 (2014).
[Crossref]

Myers, L. E.

Persijn, S. T.

D. D. Arslanov, M. Spunei, J. Mandon, S. M. Cristescu, S. T. Persijn, and F. J. M. Harren, “Continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator based infrared spectroscopy for sensitive molecular gas sensing,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7(2), 188–206 (2013).
[Crossref]

Pierce, J. W.

Randles, A. B.

A. B. Randles, M. Esashi, and S. Tanaka, “Etch rate dependence on crystal orientation of lithium niobate,” IEEE T. Ultrason. Ferr. 57(11), 2372–2380 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sacks, Z.

O. Gayer, Z. Sacks, E. Galun, and A. Arie, “Temperature and wavelength dependent refractive index equations for MgO-doped congruent and stoichiometric LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. B-Lasers O. 91(2), 343–348 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sasagawa, K.

K. Sasagawa and M. Tsuchiya, “Highly efficient third harmonic generation in a periodically poled MgO : LiNbO3 disk resonator,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(12), 122401 (2009).
[Crossref]

Savchenkov, A. A.

Schunk, G.

Schwefel, H. G. L.

Sedlmeir, F.

Shur, V. Y.

A. V. Ievlev, A. N. Morozovska, V. Y. Shur, and S. V. Kalinin, “Humidity effects on tip-induced polarization switching in lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(9), 092908 (2014).
[Crossref]

Silberhorn, C.

M. Förtsch, J. U. Fürst, C. Wittmann, D. Strekalov, A. Aiello, M. V. Chekhova, C. Silberhorn, G. Leuchs, and C. Marquardt, “A versatile source of single photons for quantum information processing,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1818 (2013).
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D. K. Armani, T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala, “Ultra-high-Q toroid microcavity on a chip,” Nature 421(6926), 925–928 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Spunei, M.

D. D. Arslanov, M. Spunei, J. Mandon, S. M. Cristescu, S. T. Persijn, and F. J. M. Harren, “Continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator based infrared spectroscopy for sensitive molecular gas sensing,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7(2), 188–206 (2013).
[Crossref]

Steigerwald, H.

T. Beckmann, H. Linnenbank, H. Steigerwald, B. Sturman, D. Haertle, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, “Highly tunable low-threshold optical parametric oscillation in radially poled whispering gallery resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(14), 143903 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Strekalov, D.

M. Förtsch, J. U. Fürst, C. Wittmann, D. Strekalov, A. Aiello, M. V. Chekhova, C. Silberhorn, G. Leuchs, and C. Marquardt, “A versatile source of single photons for quantum information processing,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1818 (2013).
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Strekalov, D. V.

Sturman, B.

I. Breunig, B. Sturman, F. Sedlmeir, H. G. L. Schwefel, and K. Buse, “Whispering gallery modes at the rim of an axisymmetric optical resonator: Analytical versus numerical description and comparison with experiment,” Opt. Express 21(25), 30683–30692 (2013).
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T. Beckmann, H. Linnenbank, H. Steigerwald, B. Sturman, D. Haertle, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, “Highly tunable low-threshold optical parametric oscillation in radially poled whispering gallery resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(14), 143903 (2011).
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Tanaka, S.

A. B. Randles, M. Esashi, and S. Tanaka, “Etch rate dependence on crystal orientation of lithium niobate,” IEEE T. Ultrason. Ferr. 57(11), 2372–2380 (2010).
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M. Houe and P. D. Townsend, “An introduction to methods of periodic poling for second-harmonic generation,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 28(9), 1747–1763 (1995).
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K. Sasagawa and M. Tsuchiya, “Highly efficient third harmonic generation in a periodically poled MgO : LiNbO3 disk resonator,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(12), 122401 (2009).
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D. K. Armani, T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala, “Ultra-high-Q toroid microcavity on a chip,” Nature 421(6926), 925–928 (2003).
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Vogl, U.

Waasem, N.

N. Waasem, S. Fieberg, J. Hauser, G. Gomes, D. Haertle, F. Kühnemann, and K. Buse, “Photoacoustic absorption spectrometer for highly transparent dielectrics with parts-per-million sensitivity,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84(2), 023109 (2013).
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Werner, C. S.

Wittmann, C.

M. Förtsch, J. U. Fürst, C. Wittmann, D. Strekalov, A. Aiello, M. V. Chekhova, C. Silberhorn, G. Leuchs, and C. Marquardt, “A versatile source of single photons for quantum information processing,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1818 (2013).
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Appl. Phys. B-Lasers O. (1)

O. Gayer, Z. Sacks, E. Galun, and A. Arie, “Temperature and wavelength dependent refractive index equations for MgO-doped congruent and stoichiometric LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. B-Lasers O. 91(2), 343–348 (2008).
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Appl. Phys. Express (1)

K. Sasagawa and M. Tsuchiya, “Highly efficient third harmonic generation in a periodically poled MgO : LiNbO3 disk resonator,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(12), 122401 (2009).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. V. Ievlev, A. N. Morozovska, V. Y. Shur, and S. V. Kalinin, “Humidity effects on tip-induced polarization switching in lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(9), 092908 (2014).
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D. S. Hum and M. M. Fejer, “Quasi-phasematching,” C. R. Phys. 8(2), 180–198 (2007).
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M. L. Gorodetsky and A. E. Fomin, “Geometrical theory of whispering-gallery modes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(1), 33–39 (2006).
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IEEE T. Ultrason. Ferr. (1)

A. B. Randles, M. Esashi, and S. Tanaka, “Etch rate dependence on crystal orientation of lithium niobate,” IEEE T. Ultrason. Ferr. 57(11), 2372–2380 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (1)

M. Houe and P. D. Townsend, “An introduction to methods of periodic poling for second-harmonic generation,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 28(9), 1747–1763 (1995).
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Laser Photon. Rev. (1)

D. D. Arslanov, M. Spunei, J. Mandon, S. M. Cristescu, S. T. Persijn, and F. J. M. Harren, “Continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator based infrared spectroscopy for sensitive molecular gas sensing,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7(2), 188–206 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (1)

M. Förtsch, J. U. Fürst, C. Wittmann, D. Strekalov, A. Aiello, M. V. Chekhova, C. Silberhorn, G. Leuchs, and C. Marquardt, “A versatile source of single photons for quantum information processing,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1818 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nature (1)

D. K. Armani, T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala, “Ultra-high-Q toroid microcavity on a chip,” Nature 421(6926), 925–928 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Optica (1)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

T. Beckmann, H. Linnenbank, H. Steigerwald, B. Sturman, D. Haertle, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, “Highly tunable low-threshold optical parametric oscillation in radially poled whispering gallery resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(14), 143903 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, A. Aiello, U. L. Andersen, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, “Low-threshold optical parametric oscillations in a whispering gallery mode resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263904 (2010).
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Proc. SPIE (1)

I. Breunig, T. Beckmann, and K. Buse, “Monolithic optical parametric oscillators,” Proc. SPIE 8236, 82360S (2012).
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Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

N. Waasem, S. Fieberg, J. Hauser, G. Gomes, D. Haertle, F. Kühnemann, and K. Buse, “Photoacoustic absorption spectrometer for highly transparent dielectrics with parts-per-million sensitivity,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84(2), 023109 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (1)

M. H. Dunn and M. Ebrahimzadeh, “Parametric generation of tunable light from continuous-wave to femtosecond pulses,” Science 286(5444), 1513–1517 (1999).
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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 a) Radial structure with 225 switched domains in a z-cut lithium niobate wafer fabricated using calligraphic poling. The blue circle indicates the resonator rim (1 mm radius). The black lines mark the x- and y-axes. A zoomed part of the structure (rectangle in (a)) is shown in (b) and the bottom side in (c). d) Along the blue circle, the Fourier coefficients of the structure with a maximum at j = 225 were determined.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 a) Sketch of the experimental setup used for optical parametric oscillation in the radially-poled WGR. b) Part of the pump spectrum (blue, detected at Dp) and corresponding signal plus idler spectrum (red, detected at Ds+i) obtained by tuning the pump laser. 12 GHz of the total free-spectral-range FSR 20 GHz are shown. The pump modes used for wavelength selection in Fig. 4 are marked with black symbols.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Schematic graph of the pump mode shift due to increase of temperature (from T1 to T2). Each simplified FSR contains three pump modes. Tuning of one specific mode is realized by keeping the pump laser frequency fixed and increasing the temperature such that light is coupled into the pump mode with same q and p in the next FSR.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 a) OPO branches of three mode triplets. This shows controlled wavelength selection over the spectral ranges 1.8 1.9 µm and 2.2 2.5 µm. b) Transmission spectrum of polystyrene taken using the middle WGR-OPO branch (circles) extended by controlled tuning (filled circles). The solid line represents the spectrum measured with a grating spectrophotometer (Cary 500).

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