Abstract

Recently, low-frequency driving of liquid crystal display (LCD) panels to minimize power consumption has drawn much attention. In the case in which an LCD panel is driven by a fringe-field at a low frequency, the image flickering phenomenon occurs when the sign of the applied electric field is reversed. We investigated image flickering induced by the flexoelectric effect in a fringe-field switching (FFS) liquid crystal cell in terms of the transmittance difference between frames and the ripple phenomenon. Experimental results show that image flicker due to transmittance difference can be eliminated completely and that the ripple phenomena can be reduced significantly by applying a bipolar voltage wave to the FFS cell.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Elimination of image flicker in fringe-field switching liquid crystal display driven with low frequency electric field

Jung-Wook Kim, Tae-Hoon Choi, Tae-Hoon Yoon, E-Joon Choi, and Ji-Hoon Lee
Opt. Express 22(25) 30586-30591 (2014)

Image flickering-free polymer stabilized fringe field switching liquid crystal display

Yingfei Jiang, Guangkui Qin, Xiaoguang Xu, Li Zhou, SeungHee Lee, and Deng-Ke Yang
Opt. Express 26(25) 32640-32651 (2018)

Field-symmetrization to solve luminance deviation between frames in a low-frequency-driven fringe-field switching liquid crystal cell

Min Su Kim, Philip J. Bos, Dong-Woo Kim, Chang-Min Keum, Deng-Ke Yang, Hyeong Gyun Ham, Kwang-Un Jeong, Joong Hee Lee, and Seung Hee Lee
Opt. Express 24(26) 29568-29576 (2016)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. M. Oh-e and K. Kondo, “Electro-optical characteristics and switching behavior of the in-plane switching mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(26), 3895–3897 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  2. M. Oh-e, M. Yoneya, and K. Kondo, “Switching of negative and positive dielectro-anisotropic liquid crystals by in-plane electric fields,” J. Appl. Phys. 82(2), 528–535 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  3. S. H. Lee, S. L. Lee, and H. Y. Kim, “Electro-optic characteristics and switching principle of a nematic liquid crystal cell controlled by fringe-field switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(20), 2881–2883 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  4. D. H. Kim, Y. J. Lim, D. E. Kim, H. Ren, S. H. Ahn, and S. H. Lee, “Past, present, and future of fringe-field switching-liquid crystal display,” J. Inf. Disp. 15(2), 99–106 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  5. T.-H. Choi, Y.-J. Park, J.-W. Kim, and T.-H. Yoon, “Fast grey-to-grey switching of a homogeneously aligned liquid crystal device,” Liq. Cryst. 42(4), 492–496 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  6. S.-W. Oh and T.-H. Yoon, “Elimination of light leakage over the entire viewing cone in a homogeneously-aligned liquid crystal cell,” Opt. Express 22(5), 5808–5817 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. S.-W. Oh, J.-H. Park, and T.-H. Yoon, “Near-zero pretilt alignment of liquid crystals using polyimide flims doped with UV-curable polymer,” Opt. Express 23(2), 1044–1051 (2015).
  8. S.-W. Oh, J.-H. Park, and T.-H. Yoon, “Electro-optical performance of a zero pre-tilt liquid crystal cell fabricated by using the field-induced UV-alignment method,” J. Disp. Technol.submitted.
  9. I. H. Jeong, I. W. Jang, D. H. Kim, J. S. Han, B. V. Kumar, and S. H. Lee, “Investigation on flexoelectric effect in the fringe field switching mode,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Pap. 44(1), 1368–1371 (2013).
  10. K.-C. Chu, C.-W. Huang, R.-F. Lin, C.-H. Tsai, J.-N. Yeh, S.-Y. Su, C.-J. Ou, S.-C. F. Jiang, and W.-C. Tsai, “A method for analyzing the eye strain in fringe-field-switching LCD under low-frequency driving,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Pap. 45(1), 308–311 (2014).
  11. D.-J. Lee, M.-K. Park, J.-T. Kim, J.-H. Baek, J.-H. Lee, H. Choi, A. Ranjkesh, and H.-R. Kim, “Electro-optic variation in AH-IPS liquid crystal mode by controlling the flexoelectric effect of liquid crystal,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Pap. 46(1), 1573–1576 (2015).
  12. R. B. Meyer, “Piezoelectric effects in liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 22(18), 918–921 (1969).
    [Crossref]
  13. P. G. de Gennes and J. Prost, The Physics of Liquid Crystals (Oxford Science Publications, 1995).
  14. J. Harden, B. Mbanga, N. Eber, K. Fodor-Csorba, S. Sprunt, J. T. Gleeson, and A. Jákli, “Giant flexoelectricity of bent-core nematic liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(15), 157802 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. L. M. Blinov and V. Chgrinov, Electrooptic Effects in Liquid Crystal Materials (Springer, 1993), p. 340.
  16. J.-W. Kim, T.-H. Choi, T.-H. Yoon, E.-J. Choi, and J.-H. Lee, “Elimination of image flicker in fringe-field switching liquid crystal display driven with low frequency electric field,” Opt. Express 22(25), 30586–30591 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. H. Chen, F. Peng, M. Hu, and S.-T. Wu, “Flexoelectric effect and human eye perception on the image flickering of a liquid crystal display,” Liq. Cryst.submitted.
  18. J. W. Park, Y. J. Ahn, J. H. Jung, S. H. Lee, R. Lu, H. Y. Kim, and S.-T. Wu, “Liquid crystal display using combined fringe and in-plane electric fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(8), 081103 (2008).
    [Crossref]

2015 (3)

T.-H. Choi, Y.-J. Park, J.-W. Kim, and T.-H. Yoon, “Fast grey-to-grey switching of a homogeneously aligned liquid crystal device,” Liq. Cryst. 42(4), 492–496 (2015).
[Crossref]

S.-W. Oh, J.-H. Park, and T.-H. Yoon, “Near-zero pretilt alignment of liquid crystals using polyimide flims doped with UV-curable polymer,” Opt. Express 23(2), 1044–1051 (2015).

D.-J. Lee, M.-K. Park, J.-T. Kim, J.-H. Baek, J.-H. Lee, H. Choi, A. Ranjkesh, and H.-R. Kim, “Electro-optic variation in AH-IPS liquid crystal mode by controlling the flexoelectric effect of liquid crystal,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Pap. 46(1), 1573–1576 (2015).

2014 (4)

K.-C. Chu, C.-W. Huang, R.-F. Lin, C.-H. Tsai, J.-N. Yeh, S.-Y. Su, C.-J. Ou, S.-C. F. Jiang, and W.-C. Tsai, “A method for analyzing the eye strain in fringe-field-switching LCD under low-frequency driving,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Pap. 45(1), 308–311 (2014).

J.-W. Kim, T.-H. Choi, T.-H. Yoon, E.-J. Choi, and J.-H. Lee, “Elimination of image flicker in fringe-field switching liquid crystal display driven with low frequency electric field,” Opt. Express 22(25), 30586–30591 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S.-W. Oh and T.-H. Yoon, “Elimination of light leakage over the entire viewing cone in a homogeneously-aligned liquid crystal cell,” Opt. Express 22(5), 5808–5817 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. H. Kim, Y. J. Lim, D. E. Kim, H. Ren, S. H. Ahn, and S. H. Lee, “Past, present, and future of fringe-field switching-liquid crystal display,” J. Inf. Disp. 15(2), 99–106 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

I. H. Jeong, I. W. Jang, D. H. Kim, J. S. Han, B. V. Kumar, and S. H. Lee, “Investigation on flexoelectric effect in the fringe field switching mode,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Pap. 44(1), 1368–1371 (2013).

2008 (1)

J. W. Park, Y. J. Ahn, J. H. Jung, S. H. Lee, R. Lu, H. Y. Kim, and S.-T. Wu, “Liquid crystal display using combined fringe and in-plane electric fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(8), 081103 (2008).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

J. Harden, B. Mbanga, N. Eber, K. Fodor-Csorba, S. Sprunt, J. T. Gleeson, and A. Jákli, “Giant flexoelectricity of bent-core nematic liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(15), 157802 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1998 (1)

S. H. Lee, S. L. Lee, and H. Y. Kim, “Electro-optic characteristics and switching principle of a nematic liquid crystal cell controlled by fringe-field switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(20), 2881–2883 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

M. Oh-e, M. Yoneya, and K. Kondo, “Switching of negative and positive dielectro-anisotropic liquid crystals by in-plane electric fields,” J. Appl. Phys. 82(2), 528–535 (1997).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

M. Oh-e and K. Kondo, “Electro-optical characteristics and switching behavior of the in-plane switching mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(26), 3895–3897 (1995).
[Crossref]

1969 (1)

R. B. Meyer, “Piezoelectric effects in liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 22(18), 918–921 (1969).
[Crossref]

Ahn, S. H.

D. H. Kim, Y. J. Lim, D. E. Kim, H. Ren, S. H. Ahn, and S. H. Lee, “Past, present, and future of fringe-field switching-liquid crystal display,” J. Inf. Disp. 15(2), 99–106 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ahn, Y. J.

J. W. Park, Y. J. Ahn, J. H. Jung, S. H. Lee, R. Lu, H. Y. Kim, and S.-T. Wu, “Liquid crystal display using combined fringe and in-plane electric fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(8), 081103 (2008).
[Crossref]

Baek, J.-H.

D.-J. Lee, M.-K. Park, J.-T. Kim, J.-H. Baek, J.-H. Lee, H. Choi, A. Ranjkesh, and H.-R. Kim, “Electro-optic variation in AH-IPS liquid crystal mode by controlling the flexoelectric effect of liquid crystal,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Pap. 46(1), 1573–1576 (2015).

Chen, H.

H. Chen, F. Peng, M. Hu, and S.-T. Wu, “Flexoelectric effect and human eye perception on the image flickering of a liquid crystal display,” Liq. Cryst.submitted.

Choi, E.-J.

Choi, H.

D.-J. Lee, M.-K. Park, J.-T. Kim, J.-H. Baek, J.-H. Lee, H. Choi, A. Ranjkesh, and H.-R. Kim, “Electro-optic variation in AH-IPS liquid crystal mode by controlling the flexoelectric effect of liquid crystal,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Pap. 46(1), 1573–1576 (2015).

Choi, T.-H.

T.-H. Choi, Y.-J. Park, J.-W. Kim, and T.-H. Yoon, “Fast grey-to-grey switching of a homogeneously aligned liquid crystal device,” Liq. Cryst. 42(4), 492–496 (2015).
[Crossref]

J.-W. Kim, T.-H. Choi, T.-H. Yoon, E.-J. Choi, and J.-H. Lee, “Elimination of image flicker in fringe-field switching liquid crystal display driven with low frequency electric field,” Opt. Express 22(25), 30586–30591 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chu, K.-C.

K.-C. Chu, C.-W. Huang, R.-F. Lin, C.-H. Tsai, J.-N. Yeh, S.-Y. Su, C.-J. Ou, S.-C. F. Jiang, and W.-C. Tsai, “A method for analyzing the eye strain in fringe-field-switching LCD under low-frequency driving,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Pap. 45(1), 308–311 (2014).

Eber, N.

J. Harden, B. Mbanga, N. Eber, K. Fodor-Csorba, S. Sprunt, J. T. Gleeson, and A. Jákli, “Giant flexoelectricity of bent-core nematic liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(15), 157802 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fodor-Csorba, K.

J. Harden, B. Mbanga, N. Eber, K. Fodor-Csorba, S. Sprunt, J. T. Gleeson, and A. Jákli, “Giant flexoelectricity of bent-core nematic liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(15), 157802 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gleeson, J. T.

J. Harden, B. Mbanga, N. Eber, K. Fodor-Csorba, S. Sprunt, J. T. Gleeson, and A. Jákli, “Giant flexoelectricity of bent-core nematic liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(15), 157802 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Han, J. S.

I. H. Jeong, I. W. Jang, D. H. Kim, J. S. Han, B. V. Kumar, and S. H. Lee, “Investigation on flexoelectric effect in the fringe field switching mode,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Pap. 44(1), 1368–1371 (2013).

Harden, J.

J. Harden, B. Mbanga, N. Eber, K. Fodor-Csorba, S. Sprunt, J. T. Gleeson, and A. Jákli, “Giant flexoelectricity of bent-core nematic liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(15), 157802 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hu, M.

H. Chen, F. Peng, M. Hu, and S.-T. Wu, “Flexoelectric effect and human eye perception on the image flickering of a liquid crystal display,” Liq. Cryst.submitted.

Huang, C.-W.

K.-C. Chu, C.-W. Huang, R.-F. Lin, C.-H. Tsai, J.-N. Yeh, S.-Y. Su, C.-J. Ou, S.-C. F. Jiang, and W.-C. Tsai, “A method for analyzing the eye strain in fringe-field-switching LCD under low-frequency driving,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Pap. 45(1), 308–311 (2014).

Jákli, A.

J. Harden, B. Mbanga, N. Eber, K. Fodor-Csorba, S. Sprunt, J. T. Gleeson, and A. Jákli, “Giant flexoelectricity of bent-core nematic liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(15), 157802 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jang, I. W.

I. H. Jeong, I. W. Jang, D. H. Kim, J. S. Han, B. V. Kumar, and S. H. Lee, “Investigation on flexoelectric effect in the fringe field switching mode,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Pap. 44(1), 1368–1371 (2013).

Jeong, I. H.

I. H. Jeong, I. W. Jang, D. H. Kim, J. S. Han, B. V. Kumar, and S. H. Lee, “Investigation on flexoelectric effect in the fringe field switching mode,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Pap. 44(1), 1368–1371 (2013).

Jiang, S.-C. F.

K.-C. Chu, C.-W. Huang, R.-F. Lin, C.-H. Tsai, J.-N. Yeh, S.-Y. Su, C.-J. Ou, S.-C. F. Jiang, and W.-C. Tsai, “A method for analyzing the eye strain in fringe-field-switching LCD under low-frequency driving,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Pap. 45(1), 308–311 (2014).

Jung, J. H.

J. W. Park, Y. J. Ahn, J. H. Jung, S. H. Lee, R. Lu, H. Y. Kim, and S.-T. Wu, “Liquid crystal display using combined fringe and in-plane electric fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(8), 081103 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kim, D. E.

D. H. Kim, Y. J. Lim, D. E. Kim, H. Ren, S. H. Ahn, and S. H. Lee, “Past, present, and future of fringe-field switching-liquid crystal display,” J. Inf. Disp. 15(2), 99–106 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kim, D. H.

D. H. Kim, Y. J. Lim, D. E. Kim, H. Ren, S. H. Ahn, and S. H. Lee, “Past, present, and future of fringe-field switching-liquid crystal display,” J. Inf. Disp. 15(2), 99–106 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. H. Jeong, I. W. Jang, D. H. Kim, J. S. Han, B. V. Kumar, and S. H. Lee, “Investigation on flexoelectric effect in the fringe field switching mode,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Pap. 44(1), 1368–1371 (2013).

Kim, H. Y.

J. W. Park, Y. J. Ahn, J. H. Jung, S. H. Lee, R. Lu, H. Y. Kim, and S.-T. Wu, “Liquid crystal display using combined fringe and in-plane electric fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(8), 081103 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. H. Lee, S. L. Lee, and H. Y. Kim, “Electro-optic characteristics and switching principle of a nematic liquid crystal cell controlled by fringe-field switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(20), 2881–2883 (1998).
[Crossref]

Kim, H.-R.

D.-J. Lee, M.-K. Park, J.-T. Kim, J.-H. Baek, J.-H. Lee, H. Choi, A. Ranjkesh, and H.-R. Kim, “Electro-optic variation in AH-IPS liquid crystal mode by controlling the flexoelectric effect of liquid crystal,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Pap. 46(1), 1573–1576 (2015).

Kim, J.-T.

D.-J. Lee, M.-K. Park, J.-T. Kim, J.-H. Baek, J.-H. Lee, H. Choi, A. Ranjkesh, and H.-R. Kim, “Electro-optic variation in AH-IPS liquid crystal mode by controlling the flexoelectric effect of liquid crystal,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Pap. 46(1), 1573–1576 (2015).

Kim, J.-W.

T.-H. Choi, Y.-J. Park, J.-W. Kim, and T.-H. Yoon, “Fast grey-to-grey switching of a homogeneously aligned liquid crystal device,” Liq. Cryst. 42(4), 492–496 (2015).
[Crossref]

J.-W. Kim, T.-H. Choi, T.-H. Yoon, E.-J. Choi, and J.-H. Lee, “Elimination of image flicker in fringe-field switching liquid crystal display driven with low frequency electric field,” Opt. Express 22(25), 30586–30591 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kondo, K.

M. Oh-e, M. Yoneya, and K. Kondo, “Switching of negative and positive dielectro-anisotropic liquid crystals by in-plane electric fields,” J. Appl. Phys. 82(2), 528–535 (1997).
[Crossref]

M. Oh-e and K. Kondo, “Electro-optical characteristics and switching behavior of the in-plane switching mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(26), 3895–3897 (1995).
[Crossref]

Kumar, B. V.

I. H. Jeong, I. W. Jang, D. H. Kim, J. S. Han, B. V. Kumar, and S. H. Lee, “Investigation on flexoelectric effect in the fringe field switching mode,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Pap. 44(1), 1368–1371 (2013).

Lee, D.-J.

D.-J. Lee, M.-K. Park, J.-T. Kim, J.-H. Baek, J.-H. Lee, H. Choi, A. Ranjkesh, and H.-R. Kim, “Electro-optic variation in AH-IPS liquid crystal mode by controlling the flexoelectric effect of liquid crystal,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Pap. 46(1), 1573–1576 (2015).

Lee, J.-H.

D.-J. Lee, M.-K. Park, J.-T. Kim, J.-H. Baek, J.-H. Lee, H. Choi, A. Ranjkesh, and H.-R. Kim, “Electro-optic variation in AH-IPS liquid crystal mode by controlling the flexoelectric effect of liquid crystal,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Pap. 46(1), 1573–1576 (2015).

J.-W. Kim, T.-H. Choi, T.-H. Yoon, E.-J. Choi, and J.-H. Lee, “Elimination of image flicker in fringe-field switching liquid crystal display driven with low frequency electric field,” Opt. Express 22(25), 30586–30591 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, S. H.

D. H. Kim, Y. J. Lim, D. E. Kim, H. Ren, S. H. Ahn, and S. H. Lee, “Past, present, and future of fringe-field switching-liquid crystal display,” J. Inf. Disp. 15(2), 99–106 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. H. Jeong, I. W. Jang, D. H. Kim, J. S. Han, B. V. Kumar, and S. H. Lee, “Investigation on flexoelectric effect in the fringe field switching mode,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Pap. 44(1), 1368–1371 (2013).

J. W. Park, Y. J. Ahn, J. H. Jung, S. H. Lee, R. Lu, H. Y. Kim, and S.-T. Wu, “Liquid crystal display using combined fringe and in-plane electric fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(8), 081103 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. H. Lee, S. L. Lee, and H. Y. Kim, “Electro-optic characteristics and switching principle of a nematic liquid crystal cell controlled by fringe-field switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(20), 2881–2883 (1998).
[Crossref]

Lee, S. L.

S. H. Lee, S. L. Lee, and H. Y. Kim, “Electro-optic characteristics and switching principle of a nematic liquid crystal cell controlled by fringe-field switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(20), 2881–2883 (1998).
[Crossref]

Lim, Y. J.

D. H. Kim, Y. J. Lim, D. E. Kim, H. Ren, S. H. Ahn, and S. H. Lee, “Past, present, and future of fringe-field switching-liquid crystal display,” J. Inf. Disp. 15(2), 99–106 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lin, R.-F.

K.-C. Chu, C.-W. Huang, R.-F. Lin, C.-H. Tsai, J.-N. Yeh, S.-Y. Su, C.-J. Ou, S.-C. F. Jiang, and W.-C. Tsai, “A method for analyzing the eye strain in fringe-field-switching LCD under low-frequency driving,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Pap. 45(1), 308–311 (2014).

Lu, R.

J. W. Park, Y. J. Ahn, J. H. Jung, S. H. Lee, R. Lu, H. Y. Kim, and S.-T. Wu, “Liquid crystal display using combined fringe and in-plane electric fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(8), 081103 (2008).
[Crossref]

Mbanga, B.

J. Harden, B. Mbanga, N. Eber, K. Fodor-Csorba, S. Sprunt, J. T. Gleeson, and A. Jákli, “Giant flexoelectricity of bent-core nematic liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(15), 157802 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Meyer, R. B.

R. B. Meyer, “Piezoelectric effects in liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 22(18), 918–921 (1969).
[Crossref]

Oh, S.-W.

Oh-e, M.

M. Oh-e, M. Yoneya, and K. Kondo, “Switching of negative and positive dielectro-anisotropic liquid crystals by in-plane electric fields,” J. Appl. Phys. 82(2), 528–535 (1997).
[Crossref]

M. Oh-e and K. Kondo, “Electro-optical characteristics and switching behavior of the in-plane switching mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(26), 3895–3897 (1995).
[Crossref]

Ou, C.-J.

K.-C. Chu, C.-W. Huang, R.-F. Lin, C.-H. Tsai, J.-N. Yeh, S.-Y. Su, C.-J. Ou, S.-C. F. Jiang, and W.-C. Tsai, “A method for analyzing the eye strain in fringe-field-switching LCD under low-frequency driving,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Pap. 45(1), 308–311 (2014).

Park, J. W.

J. W. Park, Y. J. Ahn, J. H. Jung, S. H. Lee, R. Lu, H. Y. Kim, and S.-T. Wu, “Liquid crystal display using combined fringe and in-plane electric fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(8), 081103 (2008).
[Crossref]

Park, J.-H.

S.-W. Oh, J.-H. Park, and T.-H. Yoon, “Near-zero pretilt alignment of liquid crystals using polyimide flims doped with UV-curable polymer,” Opt. Express 23(2), 1044–1051 (2015).

S.-W. Oh, J.-H. Park, and T.-H. Yoon, “Electro-optical performance of a zero pre-tilt liquid crystal cell fabricated by using the field-induced UV-alignment method,” J. Disp. Technol.submitted.

Park, M.-K.

D.-J. Lee, M.-K. Park, J.-T. Kim, J.-H. Baek, J.-H. Lee, H. Choi, A. Ranjkesh, and H.-R. Kim, “Electro-optic variation in AH-IPS liquid crystal mode by controlling the flexoelectric effect of liquid crystal,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Pap. 46(1), 1573–1576 (2015).

Park, Y.-J.

T.-H. Choi, Y.-J. Park, J.-W. Kim, and T.-H. Yoon, “Fast grey-to-grey switching of a homogeneously aligned liquid crystal device,” Liq. Cryst. 42(4), 492–496 (2015).
[Crossref]

Peng, F.

H. Chen, F. Peng, M. Hu, and S.-T. Wu, “Flexoelectric effect and human eye perception on the image flickering of a liquid crystal display,” Liq. Cryst.submitted.

Ranjkesh, A.

D.-J. Lee, M.-K. Park, J.-T. Kim, J.-H. Baek, J.-H. Lee, H. Choi, A. Ranjkesh, and H.-R. Kim, “Electro-optic variation in AH-IPS liquid crystal mode by controlling the flexoelectric effect of liquid crystal,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Pap. 46(1), 1573–1576 (2015).

Ren, H.

D. H. Kim, Y. J. Lim, D. E. Kim, H. Ren, S. H. Ahn, and S. H. Lee, “Past, present, and future of fringe-field switching-liquid crystal display,” J. Inf. Disp. 15(2), 99–106 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sprunt, S.

J. Harden, B. Mbanga, N. Eber, K. Fodor-Csorba, S. Sprunt, J. T. Gleeson, and A. Jákli, “Giant flexoelectricity of bent-core nematic liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(15), 157802 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Su, S.-Y.

K.-C. Chu, C.-W. Huang, R.-F. Lin, C.-H. Tsai, J.-N. Yeh, S.-Y. Su, C.-J. Ou, S.-C. F. Jiang, and W.-C. Tsai, “A method for analyzing the eye strain in fringe-field-switching LCD under low-frequency driving,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Pap. 45(1), 308–311 (2014).

Tsai, C.-H.

K.-C. Chu, C.-W. Huang, R.-F. Lin, C.-H. Tsai, J.-N. Yeh, S.-Y. Su, C.-J. Ou, S.-C. F. Jiang, and W.-C. Tsai, “A method for analyzing the eye strain in fringe-field-switching LCD under low-frequency driving,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Pap. 45(1), 308–311 (2014).

Tsai, W.-C.

K.-C. Chu, C.-W. Huang, R.-F. Lin, C.-H. Tsai, J.-N. Yeh, S.-Y. Su, C.-J. Ou, S.-C. F. Jiang, and W.-C. Tsai, “A method for analyzing the eye strain in fringe-field-switching LCD under low-frequency driving,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Pap. 45(1), 308–311 (2014).

Wu, S.-T.

J. W. Park, Y. J. Ahn, J. H. Jung, S. H. Lee, R. Lu, H. Y. Kim, and S.-T. Wu, “Liquid crystal display using combined fringe and in-plane electric fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(8), 081103 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, F. Peng, M. Hu, and S.-T. Wu, “Flexoelectric effect and human eye perception on the image flickering of a liquid crystal display,” Liq. Cryst.submitted.

Yeh, J.-N.

K.-C. Chu, C.-W. Huang, R.-F. Lin, C.-H. Tsai, J.-N. Yeh, S.-Y. Su, C.-J. Ou, S.-C. F. Jiang, and W.-C. Tsai, “A method for analyzing the eye strain in fringe-field-switching LCD under low-frequency driving,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Pap. 45(1), 308–311 (2014).

Yoneya, M.

M. Oh-e, M. Yoneya, and K. Kondo, “Switching of negative and positive dielectro-anisotropic liquid crystals by in-plane electric fields,” J. Appl. Phys. 82(2), 528–535 (1997).
[Crossref]

Yoon, T.-H.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

S. H. Lee, S. L. Lee, and H. Y. Kim, “Electro-optic characteristics and switching principle of a nematic liquid crystal cell controlled by fringe-field switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(20), 2881–2883 (1998).
[Crossref]

M. Oh-e and K. Kondo, “Electro-optical characteristics and switching behavior of the in-plane switching mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(26), 3895–3897 (1995).
[Crossref]

J. W. Park, Y. J. Ahn, J. H. Jung, S. H. Lee, R. Lu, H. Y. Kim, and S.-T. Wu, “Liquid crystal display using combined fringe and in-plane electric fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(8), 081103 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

M. Oh-e, M. Yoneya, and K. Kondo, “Switching of negative and positive dielectro-anisotropic liquid crystals by in-plane electric fields,” J. Appl. Phys. 82(2), 528–535 (1997).
[Crossref]

J. Inf. Disp. (1)

D. H. Kim, Y. J. Lim, D. E. Kim, H. Ren, S. H. Ahn, and S. H. Lee, “Past, present, and future of fringe-field switching-liquid crystal display,” J. Inf. Disp. 15(2), 99–106 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liq. Cryst. (1)

T.-H. Choi, Y.-J. Park, J.-W. Kim, and T.-H. Yoon, “Fast grey-to-grey switching of a homogeneously aligned liquid crystal device,” Liq. Cryst. 42(4), 492–496 (2015).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

R. B. Meyer, “Piezoelectric effects in liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 22(18), 918–921 (1969).
[Crossref]

J. Harden, B. Mbanga, N. Eber, K. Fodor-Csorba, S. Sprunt, J. T. Gleeson, and A. Jákli, “Giant flexoelectricity of bent-core nematic liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(15), 157802 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Pap. (3)

I. H. Jeong, I. W. Jang, D. H. Kim, J. S. Han, B. V. Kumar, and S. H. Lee, “Investigation on flexoelectric effect in the fringe field switching mode,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Pap. 44(1), 1368–1371 (2013).

K.-C. Chu, C.-W. Huang, R.-F. Lin, C.-H. Tsai, J.-N. Yeh, S.-Y. Su, C.-J. Ou, S.-C. F. Jiang, and W.-C. Tsai, “A method for analyzing the eye strain in fringe-field-switching LCD under low-frequency driving,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Pap. 45(1), 308–311 (2014).

D.-J. Lee, M.-K. Park, J.-T. Kim, J.-H. Baek, J.-H. Lee, H. Choi, A. Ranjkesh, and H.-R. Kim, “Electro-optic variation in AH-IPS liquid crystal mode by controlling the flexoelectric effect of liquid crystal,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Pap. 46(1), 1573–1576 (2015).

Other (4)

S.-W. Oh, J.-H. Park, and T.-H. Yoon, “Electro-optical performance of a zero pre-tilt liquid crystal cell fabricated by using the field-induced UV-alignment method,” J. Disp. Technol.submitted.

L. M. Blinov and V. Chgrinov, Electrooptic Effects in Liquid Crystal Materials (Springer, 1993), p. 340.

P. G. de Gennes and J. Prost, The Physics of Liquid Crystals (Oxford Science Publications, 1995).

H. Chen, F. Peng, M. Hu, and S.-T. Wu, “Flexoelectric effect and human eye perception on the image flickering of a liquid crystal display,” Liq. Cryst.submitted.

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Measured voltage-transmittance curves of an FFS cell driven by a 2-Hz unipolar voltage wave during the positive and negative frames. LC (ML-0648): Δn = 0.1029 and Δε = 10.3.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Schematic illustration of splay deformation in an FFS cell during the positive and negative frames.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Electric field lines during positive (or odd) and negative (or even) frames in FFS cells driven by (a) unipolar and (b) bipolar voltage waves.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Measured dynamic response and (b) polarized optical microscopy images during positive (or odd) and negative (or even) frames of an FFS cell driven by unipolar and bipolar voltage waves at 2 Hz.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Calculated LC director and transmittance distributions during positive (or odd) and negative (or even) frames in an FFS cell driven by (a) unipolar and (b) bipolar voltage waves.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Measured transmittance distributions and schematic illustrations of the splay deformation during positive (or odd) and negative (or even) frames in an FFS cell driven by (a) unipolar and (b) bipolar voltage waves.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Calculated transmittance distributions with time as a parameter when the sign of the applied electric field was reversed in an FFS cell driven by (a) unipolar and (b) bipolar voltage waves.

Metrics