Abstract

We propose a novel three dimensional integral imaging display system with improved viewing angle using a monocentric lens array (MoLA) coupled with fiber bundle. In conventional integral imaging, the off-axis aberrations of the conventional lens array limit the viewing angle in the display stage. The key to our design is a MoLA that eliminates most of the off-axis aberrations and generates a wide-angle image on a spherical surface. The fiber bundle acts as relay optics from the flat-panel display to spherical focal plane of the MoLA. The viewing angle enhancement of the proposed method is analyzed, and the achromatic condition is deduced for the MoLA to correct the chromatic aberration. The experimental result illustrates the capabilities of the proposed method.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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2015 (1)

G. J. Lv, Q. H. Wang, W. X. Zhao, J. Wang, H. Deng, and F. Wu, “Glasses-free three-dimensional display based on microsphere-lens array,” J. Disp. Technol. 11(3), 292–295 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

2013 (2)

D. Fattal, Z. Peng, T. Tran, S. Vo, M. Fiorentino, J. Brug, and R. G. Beausoleil, “A multi-directional backlight for a wide-angle, glasses-free three-dimensional display,” Nature 495(7441), 348–351 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Geng, “Three-dimensional display technologies,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 5(4), 456–535 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (3)

D. J. Brady, M. E. Gehm, R. A. Stack, D. L. Marks, D. S. Kittle, D. R. Golish, E. M. Vera, and S. D. Feller, “Multiscale gigapixel photography,” Nature 486(7403), 386–389 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. L. Marks, H. S. Son, J. Kim, and D. J. Brady, “Engineering a gigapixel monocentric multiscale camera,” Opt. Eng. 51(8), 083202 (2012).
[Crossref]

I. Stamenov, I. P. Agurok, and J. E. Ford, “Optimization of two-glass monocentric lenses for compact panoramic imagers: general aberration analysis and specific designs,” Appl. Opt. 51(31), 7648–7661 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (3)

2010 (1)

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W. Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

2007 (2)

2003 (3)

2002 (2)

S.-W. Min, S. Jung, J.-H. Park, and B. Lee, “Study for wide-viewing integral photography using an aspheric Fresnel-lens array,” Opt. Eng. 41(10), 2572–2576 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. S. Jang and B. Javidi, “Three-dimensional integral imaging with electronically synthesized lenslet arrays,” Opt. Lett. 27(20), 1767–1769 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

Agurok, I. P.

Arai, J.

Arianpour, A.

Arimoto, H.

Bablumian, A.

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W. Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Beausoleil, R. G.

D. Fattal, Z. Peng, T. Tran, S. Vo, M. Fiorentino, J. Brug, and R. G. Beausoleil, “A multi-directional backlight for a wide-angle, glasses-free three-dimensional display,” Nature 495(7441), 348–351 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Blanche, P. A.

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W. Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brady, D. J.

D. J. Brady, M. E. Gehm, R. A. Stack, D. L. Marks, D. S. Kittle, D. R. Golish, E. M. Vera, and S. D. Feller, “Multiscale gigapixel photography,” Nature 486(7403), 386–389 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. L. Marks, H. S. Son, J. Kim, and D. J. Brady, “Engineering a gigapixel monocentric multiscale camera,” Opt. Eng. 51(8), 083202 (2012).
[Crossref]

Brug, J.

D. Fattal, Z. Peng, T. Tran, S. Vo, M. Fiorentino, J. Brug, and R. G. Beausoleil, “A multi-directional backlight for a wide-angle, glasses-free three-dimensional display,” Nature 495(7441), 348–351 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cha, S.

Chen, N.

Choi, H.

Choi, H. J.

Christenson, C.

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W. Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cossairt, O. S.

Deng, H.

G. J. Lv, Q. H. Wang, W. X. Zhao, J. Wang, H. Deng, and F. Wu, “Glasses-free three-dimensional display based on microsphere-lens array,” J. Disp. Technol. 11(3), 292–295 (2015).
[Crossref]

Fattal, D.

D. Fattal, Z. Peng, T. Tran, S. Vo, M. Fiorentino, J. Brug, and R. G. Beausoleil, “A multi-directional backlight for a wide-angle, glasses-free three-dimensional display,” Nature 495(7441), 348–351 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Feller, S. D.

D. J. Brady, M. E. Gehm, R. A. Stack, D. L. Marks, D. S. Kittle, D. R. Golish, E. M. Vera, and S. D. Feller, “Multiscale gigapixel photography,” Nature 486(7403), 386–389 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fiorentino, M.

D. Fattal, Z. Peng, T. Tran, S. Vo, M. Fiorentino, J. Brug, and R. G. Beausoleil, “A multi-directional backlight for a wide-angle, glasses-free three-dimensional display,” Nature 495(7441), 348–351 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Flores, D.

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W. Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ford, J. E.

Gehm, M. E.

D. J. Brady, M. E. Gehm, R. A. Stack, D. L. Marks, D. S. Kittle, D. R. Golish, E. M. Vera, and S. D. Feller, “Multiscale gigapixel photography,” Nature 486(7403), 386–389 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Geng, J.

J. Geng, “Three-dimensional display technologies,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 5(4), 456–535 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Golish, D. R.

D. J. Brady, M. E. Gehm, R. A. Stack, D. L. Marks, D. S. Kittle, D. R. Golish, E. M. Vera, and S. D. Feller, “Multiscale gigapixel photography,” Nature 486(7403), 386–389 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gu, T.

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W. Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hahn, J.

Hong, J.

Hong, K.

Hoshino, H.

Hsieh, W. Y.

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W. Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jang, J. S.

Jang, J. Y.

Javidi, B.

Johnson, A. R.

Jung, J. H.

Jung, S.

S. Jung, J. H. Park, H. Choi, and B. Lee, “Viewing-angle-enhanced integral three-dimensional imaging along all directions without mechanical movement,” Opt. Express 11(12), 1346–1356 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S.-W. Min, S. Jung, J.-H. Park, and B. Lee, “Study for wide-viewing integral photography using an aspheric Fresnel-lens array,” Opt. Eng. 41(10), 2572–2576 (2002).
[Crossref]

Kang, J. M.

Kathaperumal, M.

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W. Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, H.

Kim, J.

Kim, Y.

Kim, Y. H.

Kittle, D. S.

D. J. Brady, M. E. Gehm, R. A. Stack, D. L. Marks, D. S. Kittle, D. R. Golish, E. M. Vera, and S. D. Feller, “Multiscale gigapixel photography,” Nature 486(7403), 386–389 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, B.

Lee, H. S.

Lin, W.

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W. Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lv, G. J.

G. J. Lv, Q. H. Wang, W. X. Zhao, J. Wang, H. Deng, and F. Wu, “Glasses-free three-dimensional display based on microsphere-lens array,” J. Disp. Technol. 11(3), 292–295 (2015).
[Crossref]

Marks, D. L.

D. J. Brady, M. E. Gehm, R. A. Stack, D. L. Marks, D. S. Kittle, D. R. Golish, E. M. Vera, and S. D. Feller, “Multiscale gigapixel photography,” Nature 486(7403), 386–389 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. L. Marks, H. S. Son, J. Kim, and D. J. Brady, “Engineering a gigapixel monocentric multiscale camera,” Opt. Eng. 51(8), 083202 (2012).
[Crossref]

Martinez-Corral, M.

Martínez-Cuenca, R.

Miau, D.

Min, S. W.

Min, S.-W.

S.-W. Min, S. Jung, J.-H. Park, and B. Lee, “Study for wide-viewing integral photography using an aspheric Fresnel-lens array,” Opt. Eng. 41(10), 2572–2576 (2002).
[Crossref]

Morrison, R. L.

Navarro, H.

Nayar, S. K.

Norwood, R. A.

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W. Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Okano, F.

Okui, M.

Olivas, S. J.

Park, G.

Park, J. H.

Park, J.-H.

S.-W. Min, S. Jung, J.-H. Park, and B. Lee, “Study for wide-viewing integral photography using an aspheric Fresnel-lens array,” Opt. Eng. 41(10), 2572–2576 (2002).
[Crossref]

Peng, Z.

D. Fattal, Z. Peng, T. Tran, S. Vo, M. Fiorentino, J. Brug, and R. G. Beausoleil, “A multi-directional backlight for a wide-angle, glasses-free three-dimensional display,” Nature 495(7441), 348–351 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Peyghambarian, N.

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W. Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rachwal, B.

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W. Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Saavedra, G.

Shin, S. H.

Siddiqui, O.

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W. Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Son, H. S.

D. L. Marks, H. S. Son, J. Kim, and D. J. Brady, “Engineering a gigapixel monocentric multiscale camera,” Opt. Eng. 51(8), 083202 (2012).
[Crossref]

Stack, R. A.

I. Stamenov, A. Arianpour, S. J. Olivas, I. P. Agurok, A. R. Johnson, R. A. Stack, R. L. Morrison, and J. E. Ford, “Panoramic monocentric imaging using fiber-coupled focal planes,” Opt. Express 22(26), 31708–31721 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. J. Brady, M. E. Gehm, R. A. Stack, D. L. Marks, D. S. Kittle, D. R. Golish, E. M. Vera, and S. D. Feller, “Multiscale gigapixel photography,” Nature 486(7403), 386–389 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stamenov, I.

Thomas, J.

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W. Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tran, T.

D. Fattal, Z. Peng, T. Tran, S. Vo, M. Fiorentino, J. Brug, and R. G. Beausoleil, “A multi-directional backlight for a wide-angle, glasses-free three-dimensional display,” Nature 495(7441), 348–351 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vera, E. M.

D. J. Brady, M. E. Gehm, R. A. Stack, D. L. Marks, D. S. Kittle, D. R. Golish, E. M. Vera, and S. D. Feller, “Multiscale gigapixel photography,” Nature 486(7403), 386–389 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vo, S.

D. Fattal, Z. Peng, T. Tran, S. Vo, M. Fiorentino, J. Brug, and R. G. Beausoleil, “A multi-directional backlight for a wide-angle, glasses-free three-dimensional display,” Nature 495(7441), 348–351 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Voorakaranam, R.

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W. Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, J.

G. J. Lv, Q. H. Wang, W. X. Zhao, J. Wang, H. Deng, and F. Wu, “Glasses-free three-dimensional display based on microsphere-lens array,” J. Disp. Technol. 11(3), 292–295 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, P.

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W. Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Q. H.

G. J. Lv, Q. H. Wang, W. X. Zhao, J. Wang, H. Deng, and F. Wu, “Glasses-free three-dimensional display based on microsphere-lens array,” J. Disp. Technol. 11(3), 292–295 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wu, F.

G. J. Lv, Q. H. Wang, W. X. Zhao, J. Wang, H. Deng, and F. Wu, “Glasses-free three-dimensional display based on microsphere-lens array,” J. Disp. Technol. 11(3), 292–295 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yamamoto, M.

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W. Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, W. X.

G. J. Lv, Q. H. Wang, W. X. Zhao, J. Wang, H. Deng, and F. Wu, “Glasses-free three-dimensional display based on microsphere-lens array,” J. Disp. Technol. 11(3), 292–295 (2015).
[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Integral imaging display with one-glass fiber-coupled MoLA.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 The viewing angle of the proposed method and that of the conventional lens array.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Integral imaging display with the two-glass fiber-coupled MoLA.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Spot diagram for the conventional lens array (a) and the MoLA (b).
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) EIA captured by CII pickup system based on plane perspective projection; (b) EIA for display using the MoLA after the perspective projection transformation.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 The displayed 3D images on different viewpoints with the conventional method.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 The displayed 3D images on different viewpoints with the proposed method.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Parameters of integral imaging display

Equations (7)

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θ = 2 arc tan ( Δ p / 2 f )
W l ( r , θ ; h ' ) = a s r 4 + a c h ' r 3 cos θ + a a h ' 2 r 2 cos 2 θ + a d h ' 2 r 2
a s = 1 32 n ( n 1 ) f 3 [ n 3 n 1 + ( 3 n + 2 ) ( n 1 ) p 2 + n + 2 n 1 q 2 + 4 ( n + 1 ) p q ] a c = 1 4 n f 2 S ' [ ( 2 n + 1 ) p + n + 1 n 1 q ] a a = 1 / 2 f S ' 2 a d = ( n + 1 ) / 4 n f S ' 2
f = n r 2 ( n 1 )
θ = 2 arc sin ( r / f )
f = R 1 n 1 R 2 n 2 2 ( n 1 R 2 n 2 R 2 n 2 + R 1 n 2 R 1 n 1 )
( 1 R 2 1 R 1 ) ( 1 n 1 C 1 n 1 F ) = 1 R 2 ( 1 n 2 C 1 n 2 F )

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