Abstract

In this paper, we applied the Fourier Transformation as a notion to calculate the orientation of hexagonal graphene domains on Cu substrate. We developed that a hexagon function to describe the diffraction pattern of hexagonal graphene. Hexagonal graphene domains grown on Cu (111) has an average value of orientation surrounding 3° in the frequency domain. For transparent conducting electrode applications, optical and electrical properties of large-area graphene film (2cm2) was measured. The results demonstrate that graphene grown on Cu (111) was greater than graphene grown on polycrystalline Cu.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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  1. Y. Lee, S. Bae, H. Jang, S. Jang, S. E. Zhu, S. H. Sim, Y. I. Song, B. H. Hong, and J. H. Ahn, “Wafer-scale synthesis and transfer of graphene films,” Nano Lett. 10(2), 490–493 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. A. A. Balandin, S. Ghosh, W. Bao, I. Calizo, D. Teweldebrhan, F. Miao, and C. N. Lau, “Superior thermal conductivity of single-layer graphene,” Nano Lett. 8(3), 902–907 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. K. I. Bolotin, K. Sikes, Z. Jiang, M. Klima, G. Fudenberg, J. Hone, P. Kim, and H. Stormer, “Ultrahigh electron mobility in suspended graphene,” Solid State Commun. 146(9-10), 351–355 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  4. R. R. Nair, P. Blake, A. N. Grigorenko, K. S. Novoselov, T. J. Booth, T. Stauber, N. M. R. Peres, and A. K. Geim, “Fine structure constant defines visual transparency of graphene,” Science 320(5881), 1308 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. Q. Bao and K. P. Loh, “Graphene photonics, plasmonics, and broadband optoelectronic devices,” ACS Nano 6(5), 3677–3694 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. G. Jo, M. Choe, S. Lee, W. Park, Y. H. Kahng, and T. Lee, “The application of graphene as electrodes in electrical and optical devices,” Nanotechnology 23(11), 112001 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. T. Kobayashi, M. Bando, N. Kimura, K. Shimizu, K. Kadono, N. Umezu, K. Miyahara, S. Hayazaki, S. Nagai, Y. Mizuguchi, Y. Murakami, and D. Hobara, “Production of a 100-m-long high-quality graphene transparent conductive film by roll-to-roll chemical vapor deposition and transfer process,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(2), 023112 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  9. X. Li, W. Cai, J. An, S. Kim, J. Nah, D. Yang, R. Piner, A. Velamakanni, I. Jung, E. Tutuc, S. K. Banerjee, L. Colombo, and R. S. Ruoff, “Large-area synthesis of high-quality and uniform graphene films on copper foils,” Science 324(5932), 1312–1314 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. A. W. Tsen, L. Brown, M. P. Levendorf, F. Ghahari, P. Y. Huang, R. W. Havener, C. S. Ruiz-Vargas, D. A. Muller, P. Kim, and J. Park, “Tailoring electrical transport across grain boundaries in polycrystalline graphene,” Science 336(6085), 1143–1146 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. X. Li, C. W. Magnuson, A. Venugopal, J. An, J. W. Suk, B. Han, M. Borysiak, W. Cai, A. Velamakanni, Y. Zhu, L. Fu, E. M. Vogel, E. Voelkl, L. Colombo, and R. S. Ruoff, “Graphene films with large domain size by a two-step chemical vapor deposition process,” Nano Lett. 10(11), 4328–4334 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. H. Ago, K. Kawahara, Y. Ogawa, S. Tanoue, M. A. Bissett, M. Tsuji, H. Sakaguchi, R. J. Koch, F. Fromm, T. Seyller, K. Komatsu, and K. Tsukagoshi, “Epitaxial growth and electronic properties of large hexagonal graphene domains on Cu(111) thin film,” Appl. Phys. Express 6(7), 075101 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  13. L. Gao, J. R. Guest, and N. P. Guisinger, “Epitaxial graphene on Cu(111),” Nano Lett. 10(9), 3512–3516 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. B. S. Hu, H. Ago, Y. Ito, K. Kawahara, M. Tsuji, E. Magome, K. Sumitani, N. Mizuta, K. Ikeda, and S. Mizuno, “Epitaxial growth of large-area single-layer graphene over Cu(111)/sapphire by atmospheric pressure CVD,” Carbon 50(1), 57–65 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  15. D. L. Miller, M. W. Keller, J. M. Shaw, A. N. Chiaramonti, and R. R. Keller, “Epitaxial (111) films of Cu, Ni, and CuxNiy on alpha-Al2O3 (0001) for graphene growth by chemical vapor deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 112(6), 064317 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  16. Z. R. Robinson, P. Tyagi, T. R. Mowll, C. A. Ventrice, and J. B. Hannon, “Argon-assisted growth of epitaxial graphene on Cu(111),” Phys. Rev. B 86(23), 235413 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  17. R. G. Van Wesep, H. Chen, W. Zhu, and Z. Zhang, “Communication: Stable carbon nanoarches in the initial stages of epitaxial growth of graphene on Cu(111),” J. Chem. Phys. 134(17), 171105 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. H. K. Yu, K. Balasubramanian, K. Kim, J. L. Lee, M. Maiti, C. Ropers, J. Krieg, K. Kern, and A. M. Wodtke, “Chemical vapor deposition of graphene on a “peeled-off” epitaxial Cu(111) foil: a simple approach to improved properties,” ACS Nano 8(8), 8636–8643 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. P. Y. Huang, C. S. Ruiz-Vargas, A. M. van der Zande, W. S. Whitney, M. P. Levendorf, J. W. Kevek, S. Garg, J. S. Alden, C. J. Hustedt, Y. Zhu, J. Park, P. L. McEuen, and D. A. Muller, “Grains and grain boundaries in single-layer graphene atomic patchwork quilts,” Nature 469(7330), 389–392 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (1)

H. K. Yu, K. Balasubramanian, K. Kim, J. L. Lee, M. Maiti, C. Ropers, J. Krieg, K. Kern, and A. M. Wodtke, “Chemical vapor deposition of graphene on a “peeled-off” epitaxial Cu(111) foil: a simple approach to improved properties,” ACS Nano 8(8), 8636–8643 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (2)

T. Kobayashi, M. Bando, N. Kimura, K. Shimizu, K. Kadono, N. Umezu, K. Miyahara, S. Hayazaki, S. Nagai, Y. Mizuguchi, Y. Murakami, and D. Hobara, “Production of a 100-m-long high-quality graphene transparent conductive film by roll-to-roll chemical vapor deposition and transfer process,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(2), 023112 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Ago, K. Kawahara, Y. Ogawa, S. Tanoue, M. A. Bissett, M. Tsuji, H. Sakaguchi, R. J. Koch, F. Fromm, T. Seyller, K. Komatsu, and K. Tsukagoshi, “Epitaxial growth and electronic properties of large hexagonal graphene domains on Cu(111) thin film,” Appl. Phys. Express 6(7), 075101 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (6)

A. W. Tsen, L. Brown, M. P. Levendorf, F. Ghahari, P. Y. Huang, R. W. Havener, C. S. Ruiz-Vargas, D. A. Muller, P. Kim, and J. Park, “Tailoring electrical transport across grain boundaries in polycrystalline graphene,” Science 336(6085), 1143–1146 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. S. Hu, H. Ago, Y. Ito, K. Kawahara, M. Tsuji, E. Magome, K. Sumitani, N. Mizuta, K. Ikeda, and S. Mizuno, “Epitaxial growth of large-area single-layer graphene over Cu(111)/sapphire by atmospheric pressure CVD,” Carbon 50(1), 57–65 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. L. Miller, M. W. Keller, J. M. Shaw, A. N. Chiaramonti, and R. R. Keller, “Epitaxial (111) films of Cu, Ni, and CuxNiy on alpha-Al2O3 (0001) for graphene growth by chemical vapor deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 112(6), 064317 (2012).
[Crossref]

Z. R. Robinson, P. Tyagi, T. R. Mowll, C. A. Ventrice, and J. B. Hannon, “Argon-assisted growth of epitaxial graphene on Cu(111),” Phys. Rev. B 86(23), 235413 (2012).
[Crossref]

Q. Bao and K. P. Loh, “Graphene photonics, plasmonics, and broadband optoelectronic devices,” ACS Nano 6(5), 3677–3694 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Jo, M. Choe, S. Lee, W. Park, Y. H. Kahng, and T. Lee, “The application of graphene as electrodes in electrical and optical devices,” Nanotechnology 23(11), 112001 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (2)

R. G. Van Wesep, H. Chen, W. Zhu, and Z. Zhang, “Communication: Stable carbon nanoarches in the initial stages of epitaxial growth of graphene on Cu(111),” J. Chem. Phys. 134(17), 171105 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Y. Huang, C. S. Ruiz-Vargas, A. M. van der Zande, W. S. Whitney, M. P. Levendorf, J. W. Kevek, S. Garg, J. S. Alden, C. J. Hustedt, Y. Zhu, J. Park, P. L. McEuen, and D. A. Muller, “Grains and grain boundaries in single-layer graphene atomic patchwork quilts,” Nature 469(7330), 389–392 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (4)

X. Li, C. W. Magnuson, A. Venugopal, J. An, J. W. Suk, B. Han, M. Borysiak, W. Cai, A. Velamakanni, Y. Zhu, L. Fu, E. M. Vogel, E. Voelkl, L. Colombo, and R. S. Ruoff, “Graphene films with large domain size by a two-step chemical vapor deposition process,” Nano Lett. 10(11), 4328–4334 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Gao, J. R. Guest, and N. P. Guisinger, “Epitaxial graphene on Cu(111),” Nano Lett. 10(9), 3512–3516 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Lee, S. Bae, H. Jang, S. Jang, S. E. Zhu, S. H. Sim, Y. I. Song, B. H. Hong, and J. H. Ahn, “Wafer-scale synthesis and transfer of graphene films,” Nano Lett. 10(2), 490–493 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

X. Li, W. Cai, J. An, S. Kim, J. Nah, D. Yang, R. Piner, A. Velamakanni, I. Jung, E. Tutuc, S. K. Banerjee, L. Colombo, and R. S. Ruoff, “Large-area synthesis of high-quality and uniform graphene films on copper foils,” Science 324(5932), 1312–1314 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (3)

A. A. Balandin, S. Ghosh, W. Bao, I. Calizo, D. Teweldebrhan, F. Miao, and C. N. Lau, “Superior thermal conductivity of single-layer graphene,” Nano Lett. 8(3), 902–907 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. I. Bolotin, K. Sikes, Z. Jiang, M. Klima, G. Fudenberg, J. Hone, P. Kim, and H. Stormer, “Ultrahigh electron mobility in suspended graphene,” Solid State Commun. 146(9-10), 351–355 (2008).
[Crossref]

R. R. Nair, P. Blake, A. N. Grigorenko, K. S. Novoselov, T. J. Booth, T. Stauber, N. M. R. Peres, and A. K. Geim, “Fine structure constant defines visual transparency of graphene,” Science 320(5881), 1308 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ago, H.

H. Ago, K. Kawahara, Y. Ogawa, S. Tanoue, M. A. Bissett, M. Tsuji, H. Sakaguchi, R. J. Koch, F. Fromm, T. Seyller, K. Komatsu, and K. Tsukagoshi, “Epitaxial growth and electronic properties of large hexagonal graphene domains on Cu(111) thin film,” Appl. Phys. Express 6(7), 075101 (2013).
[Crossref]

B. S. Hu, H. Ago, Y. Ito, K. Kawahara, M. Tsuji, E. Magome, K. Sumitani, N. Mizuta, K. Ikeda, and S. Mizuno, “Epitaxial growth of large-area single-layer graphene over Cu(111)/sapphire by atmospheric pressure CVD,” Carbon 50(1), 57–65 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ahn, J. H.

Y. Lee, S. Bae, H. Jang, S. Jang, S. E. Zhu, S. H. Sim, Y. I. Song, B. H. Hong, and J. H. Ahn, “Wafer-scale synthesis and transfer of graphene films,” Nano Lett. 10(2), 490–493 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ahn, J.-H.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alden, J. S.

P. Y. Huang, C. S. Ruiz-Vargas, A. M. van der Zande, W. S. Whitney, M. P. Levendorf, J. W. Kevek, S. Garg, J. S. Alden, C. J. Hustedt, Y. Zhu, J. Park, P. L. McEuen, and D. A. Muller, “Grains and grain boundaries in single-layer graphene atomic patchwork quilts,” Nature 469(7330), 389–392 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

An, J.

X. Li, C. W. Magnuson, A. Venugopal, J. An, J. W. Suk, B. Han, M. Borysiak, W. Cai, A. Velamakanni, Y. Zhu, L. Fu, E. M. Vogel, E. Voelkl, L. Colombo, and R. S. Ruoff, “Graphene films with large domain size by a two-step chemical vapor deposition process,” Nano Lett. 10(11), 4328–4334 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Li, W. Cai, J. An, S. Kim, J. Nah, D. Yang, R. Piner, A. Velamakanni, I. Jung, E. Tutuc, S. K. Banerjee, L. Colombo, and R. S. Ruoff, “Large-area synthesis of high-quality and uniform graphene films on copper foils,” Science 324(5932), 1312–1314 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bae, S.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Lee, S. Bae, H. Jang, S. Jang, S. E. Zhu, S. H. Sim, Y. I. Song, B. H. Hong, and J. H. Ahn, “Wafer-scale synthesis and transfer of graphene films,” Nano Lett. 10(2), 490–493 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Balakrishnan, J.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Balandin, A. A.

A. A. Balandin, S. Ghosh, W. Bao, I. Calizo, D. Teweldebrhan, F. Miao, and C. N. Lau, “Superior thermal conductivity of single-layer graphene,” Nano Lett. 8(3), 902–907 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Balasubramanian, K.

H. K. Yu, K. Balasubramanian, K. Kim, J. L. Lee, M. Maiti, C. Ropers, J. Krieg, K. Kern, and A. M. Wodtke, “Chemical vapor deposition of graphene on a “peeled-off” epitaxial Cu(111) foil: a simple approach to improved properties,” ACS Nano 8(8), 8636–8643 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bando, M.

T. Kobayashi, M. Bando, N. Kimura, K. Shimizu, K. Kadono, N. Umezu, K. Miyahara, S. Hayazaki, S. Nagai, Y. Mizuguchi, Y. Murakami, and D. Hobara, “Production of a 100-m-long high-quality graphene transparent conductive film by roll-to-roll chemical vapor deposition and transfer process,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(2), 023112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Banerjee, S. K.

X. Li, W. Cai, J. An, S. Kim, J. Nah, D. Yang, R. Piner, A. Velamakanni, I. Jung, E. Tutuc, S. K. Banerjee, L. Colombo, and R. S. Ruoff, “Large-area synthesis of high-quality and uniform graphene films on copper foils,” Science 324(5932), 1312–1314 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bao, Q.

Q. Bao and K. P. Loh, “Graphene photonics, plasmonics, and broadband optoelectronic devices,” ACS Nano 6(5), 3677–3694 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bao, W.

A. A. Balandin, S. Ghosh, W. Bao, I. Calizo, D. Teweldebrhan, F. Miao, and C. N. Lau, “Superior thermal conductivity of single-layer graphene,” Nano Lett. 8(3), 902–907 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bissett, M. A.

H. Ago, K. Kawahara, Y. Ogawa, S. Tanoue, M. A. Bissett, M. Tsuji, H. Sakaguchi, R. J. Koch, F. Fromm, T. Seyller, K. Komatsu, and K. Tsukagoshi, “Epitaxial growth and electronic properties of large hexagonal graphene domains on Cu(111) thin film,” Appl. Phys. Express 6(7), 075101 (2013).
[Crossref]

Blake, P.

R. R. Nair, P. Blake, A. N. Grigorenko, K. S. Novoselov, T. J. Booth, T. Stauber, N. M. R. Peres, and A. K. Geim, “Fine structure constant defines visual transparency of graphene,” Science 320(5881), 1308 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bolotin, K. I.

K. I. Bolotin, K. Sikes, Z. Jiang, M. Klima, G. Fudenberg, J. Hone, P. Kim, and H. Stormer, “Ultrahigh electron mobility in suspended graphene,” Solid State Commun. 146(9-10), 351–355 (2008).
[Crossref]

Booth, T. J.

R. R. Nair, P. Blake, A. N. Grigorenko, K. S. Novoselov, T. J. Booth, T. Stauber, N. M. R. Peres, and A. K. Geim, “Fine structure constant defines visual transparency of graphene,” Science 320(5881), 1308 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Borysiak, M.

X. Li, C. W. Magnuson, A. Venugopal, J. An, J. W. Suk, B. Han, M. Borysiak, W. Cai, A. Velamakanni, Y. Zhu, L. Fu, E. M. Vogel, E. Voelkl, L. Colombo, and R. S. Ruoff, “Graphene films with large domain size by a two-step chemical vapor deposition process,” Nano Lett. 10(11), 4328–4334 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brown, L.

A. W. Tsen, L. Brown, M. P. Levendorf, F. Ghahari, P. Y. Huang, R. W. Havener, C. S. Ruiz-Vargas, D. A. Muller, P. Kim, and J. Park, “Tailoring electrical transport across grain boundaries in polycrystalline graphene,” Science 336(6085), 1143–1146 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cai, W.

X. Li, C. W. Magnuson, A. Venugopal, J. An, J. W. Suk, B. Han, M. Borysiak, W. Cai, A. Velamakanni, Y. Zhu, L. Fu, E. M. Vogel, E. Voelkl, L. Colombo, and R. S. Ruoff, “Graphene films with large domain size by a two-step chemical vapor deposition process,” Nano Lett. 10(11), 4328–4334 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Li, W. Cai, J. An, S. Kim, J. Nah, D. Yang, R. Piner, A. Velamakanni, I. Jung, E. Tutuc, S. K. Banerjee, L. Colombo, and R. S. Ruoff, “Large-area synthesis of high-quality and uniform graphene films on copper foils,” Science 324(5932), 1312–1314 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Calizo, I.

A. A. Balandin, S. Ghosh, W. Bao, I. Calizo, D. Teweldebrhan, F. Miao, and C. N. Lau, “Superior thermal conductivity of single-layer graphene,” Nano Lett. 8(3), 902–907 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, H.

R. G. Van Wesep, H. Chen, W. Zhu, and Z. Zhang, “Communication: Stable carbon nanoarches in the initial stages of epitaxial growth of graphene on Cu(111),” J. Chem. Phys. 134(17), 171105 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chiaramonti, A. N.

D. L. Miller, M. W. Keller, J. M. Shaw, A. N. Chiaramonti, and R. R. Keller, “Epitaxial (111) films of Cu, Ni, and CuxNiy on alpha-Al2O3 (0001) for graphene growth by chemical vapor deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 112(6), 064317 (2012).
[Crossref]

Choe, M.

G. Jo, M. Choe, S. Lee, W. Park, Y. H. Kahng, and T. Lee, “The application of graphene as electrodes in electrical and optical devices,” Nanotechnology 23(11), 112001 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Colombo, L.

X. Li, C. W. Magnuson, A. Venugopal, J. An, J. W. Suk, B. Han, M. Borysiak, W. Cai, A. Velamakanni, Y. Zhu, L. Fu, E. M. Vogel, E. Voelkl, L. Colombo, and R. S. Ruoff, “Graphene films with large domain size by a two-step chemical vapor deposition process,” Nano Lett. 10(11), 4328–4334 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Li, W. Cai, J. An, S. Kim, J. Nah, D. Yang, R. Piner, A. Velamakanni, I. Jung, E. Tutuc, S. K. Banerjee, L. Colombo, and R. S. Ruoff, “Large-area synthesis of high-quality and uniform graphene films on copper foils,” Science 324(5932), 1312–1314 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fromm, F.

H. Ago, K. Kawahara, Y. Ogawa, S. Tanoue, M. A. Bissett, M. Tsuji, H. Sakaguchi, R. J. Koch, F. Fromm, T. Seyller, K. Komatsu, and K. Tsukagoshi, “Epitaxial growth and electronic properties of large hexagonal graphene domains on Cu(111) thin film,” Appl. Phys. Express 6(7), 075101 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fu, L.

X. Li, C. W. Magnuson, A. Venugopal, J. An, J. W. Suk, B. Han, M. Borysiak, W. Cai, A. Velamakanni, Y. Zhu, L. Fu, E. M. Vogel, E. Voelkl, L. Colombo, and R. S. Ruoff, “Graphene films with large domain size by a two-step chemical vapor deposition process,” Nano Lett. 10(11), 4328–4334 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fudenberg, G.

K. I. Bolotin, K. Sikes, Z. Jiang, M. Klima, G. Fudenberg, J. Hone, P. Kim, and H. Stormer, “Ultrahigh electron mobility in suspended graphene,” Solid State Commun. 146(9-10), 351–355 (2008).
[Crossref]

Gao, L.

L. Gao, J. R. Guest, and N. P. Guisinger, “Epitaxial graphene on Cu(111),” Nano Lett. 10(9), 3512–3516 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Garg, S.

P. Y. Huang, C. S. Ruiz-Vargas, A. M. van der Zande, W. S. Whitney, M. P. Levendorf, J. W. Kevek, S. Garg, J. S. Alden, C. J. Hustedt, Y. Zhu, J. Park, P. L. McEuen, and D. A. Muller, “Grains and grain boundaries in single-layer graphene atomic patchwork quilts,” Nature 469(7330), 389–392 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Geim, A. K.

R. R. Nair, P. Blake, A. N. Grigorenko, K. S. Novoselov, T. J. Booth, T. Stauber, N. M. R. Peres, and A. K. Geim, “Fine structure constant defines visual transparency of graphene,” Science 320(5881), 1308 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ghahari, F.

A. W. Tsen, L. Brown, M. P. Levendorf, F. Ghahari, P. Y. Huang, R. W. Havener, C. S. Ruiz-Vargas, D. A. Muller, P. Kim, and J. Park, “Tailoring electrical transport across grain boundaries in polycrystalline graphene,” Science 336(6085), 1143–1146 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ghosh, S.

A. A. Balandin, S. Ghosh, W. Bao, I. Calizo, D. Teweldebrhan, F. Miao, and C. N. Lau, “Superior thermal conductivity of single-layer graphene,” Nano Lett. 8(3), 902–907 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grigorenko, A. N.

R. R. Nair, P. Blake, A. N. Grigorenko, K. S. Novoselov, T. J. Booth, T. Stauber, N. M. R. Peres, and A. K. Geim, “Fine structure constant defines visual transparency of graphene,” Science 320(5881), 1308 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guest, J. R.

L. Gao, J. R. Guest, and N. P. Guisinger, “Epitaxial graphene on Cu(111),” Nano Lett. 10(9), 3512–3516 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guisinger, N. P.

L. Gao, J. R. Guest, and N. P. Guisinger, “Epitaxial graphene on Cu(111),” Nano Lett. 10(9), 3512–3516 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Han, B.

X. Li, C. W. Magnuson, A. Venugopal, J. An, J. W. Suk, B. Han, M. Borysiak, W. Cai, A. Velamakanni, Y. Zhu, L. Fu, E. M. Vogel, E. Voelkl, L. Colombo, and R. S. Ruoff, “Graphene films with large domain size by a two-step chemical vapor deposition process,” Nano Lett. 10(11), 4328–4334 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hannon, J. B.

Z. R. Robinson, P. Tyagi, T. R. Mowll, C. A. Ventrice, and J. B. Hannon, “Argon-assisted growth of epitaxial graphene on Cu(111),” Phys. Rev. B 86(23), 235413 (2012).
[Crossref]

Havener, R. W.

A. W. Tsen, L. Brown, M. P. Levendorf, F. Ghahari, P. Y. Huang, R. W. Havener, C. S. Ruiz-Vargas, D. A. Muller, P. Kim, and J. Park, “Tailoring electrical transport across grain boundaries in polycrystalline graphene,” Science 336(6085), 1143–1146 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hayazaki, S.

T. Kobayashi, M. Bando, N. Kimura, K. Shimizu, K. Kadono, N. Umezu, K. Miyahara, S. Hayazaki, S. Nagai, Y. Mizuguchi, Y. Murakami, and D. Hobara, “Production of a 100-m-long high-quality graphene transparent conductive film by roll-to-roll chemical vapor deposition and transfer process,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(2), 023112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hobara, D.

T. Kobayashi, M. Bando, N. Kimura, K. Shimizu, K. Kadono, N. Umezu, K. Miyahara, S. Hayazaki, S. Nagai, Y. Mizuguchi, Y. Murakami, and D. Hobara, “Production of a 100-m-long high-quality graphene transparent conductive film by roll-to-roll chemical vapor deposition and transfer process,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(2), 023112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hone, J.

K. I. Bolotin, K. Sikes, Z. Jiang, M. Klima, G. Fudenberg, J. Hone, P. Kim, and H. Stormer, “Ultrahigh electron mobility in suspended graphene,” Solid State Commun. 146(9-10), 351–355 (2008).
[Crossref]

Hong, B. H.

Y. Lee, S. Bae, H. Jang, S. Jang, S. E. Zhu, S. H. Sim, Y. I. Song, B. H. Hong, and J. H. Ahn, “Wafer-scale synthesis and transfer of graphene films,” Nano Lett. 10(2), 490–493 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hu, B. S.

B. S. Hu, H. Ago, Y. Ito, K. Kawahara, M. Tsuji, E. Magome, K. Sumitani, N. Mizuta, K. Ikeda, and S. Mizuno, “Epitaxial growth of large-area single-layer graphene over Cu(111)/sapphire by atmospheric pressure CVD,” Carbon 50(1), 57–65 (2012).
[Crossref]

Huang, P. Y.

A. W. Tsen, L. Brown, M. P. Levendorf, F. Ghahari, P. Y. Huang, R. W. Havener, C. S. Ruiz-Vargas, D. A. Muller, P. Kim, and J. Park, “Tailoring electrical transport across grain boundaries in polycrystalline graphene,” Science 336(6085), 1143–1146 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Y. Huang, C. S. Ruiz-Vargas, A. M. van der Zande, W. S. Whitney, M. P. Levendorf, J. W. Kevek, S. Garg, J. S. Alden, C. J. Hustedt, Y. Zhu, J. Park, P. L. McEuen, and D. A. Muller, “Grains and grain boundaries in single-layer graphene atomic patchwork quilts,” Nature 469(7330), 389–392 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hustedt, C. J.

P. Y. Huang, C. S. Ruiz-Vargas, A. M. van der Zande, W. S. Whitney, M. P. Levendorf, J. W. Kevek, S. Garg, J. S. Alden, C. J. Hustedt, Y. Zhu, J. Park, P. L. McEuen, and D. A. Muller, “Grains and grain boundaries in single-layer graphene atomic patchwork quilts,” Nature 469(7330), 389–392 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Iijima, S.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ikeda, K.

B. S. Hu, H. Ago, Y. Ito, K. Kawahara, M. Tsuji, E. Magome, K. Sumitani, N. Mizuta, K. Ikeda, and S. Mizuno, “Epitaxial growth of large-area single-layer graphene over Cu(111)/sapphire by atmospheric pressure CVD,” Carbon 50(1), 57–65 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ito, Y.

B. S. Hu, H. Ago, Y. Ito, K. Kawahara, M. Tsuji, E. Magome, K. Sumitani, N. Mizuta, K. Ikeda, and S. Mizuno, “Epitaxial growth of large-area single-layer graphene over Cu(111)/sapphire by atmospheric pressure CVD,” Carbon 50(1), 57–65 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jang, H.

Y. Lee, S. Bae, H. Jang, S. Jang, S. E. Zhu, S. H. Sim, Y. I. Song, B. H. Hong, and J. H. Ahn, “Wafer-scale synthesis and transfer of graphene films,” Nano Lett. 10(2), 490–493 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jang, S.

Y. Lee, S. Bae, H. Jang, S. Jang, S. E. Zhu, S. H. Sim, Y. I. Song, B. H. Hong, and J. H. Ahn, “Wafer-scale synthesis and transfer of graphene films,” Nano Lett. 10(2), 490–493 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jiang, Z.

K. I. Bolotin, K. Sikes, Z. Jiang, M. Klima, G. Fudenberg, J. Hone, P. Kim, and H. Stormer, “Ultrahigh electron mobility in suspended graphene,” Solid State Commun. 146(9-10), 351–355 (2008).
[Crossref]

Jo, G.

G. Jo, M. Choe, S. Lee, W. Park, Y. H. Kahng, and T. Lee, “The application of graphene as electrodes in electrical and optical devices,” Nanotechnology 23(11), 112001 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jung, I.

X. Li, W. Cai, J. An, S. Kim, J. Nah, D. Yang, R. Piner, A. Velamakanni, I. Jung, E. Tutuc, S. K. Banerjee, L. Colombo, and R. S. Ruoff, “Large-area synthesis of high-quality and uniform graphene films on copper foils,” Science 324(5932), 1312–1314 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kadono, K.

T. Kobayashi, M. Bando, N. Kimura, K. Shimizu, K. Kadono, N. Umezu, K. Miyahara, S. Hayazaki, S. Nagai, Y. Mizuguchi, Y. Murakami, and D. Hobara, “Production of a 100-m-long high-quality graphene transparent conductive film by roll-to-roll chemical vapor deposition and transfer process,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(2), 023112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kahng, Y. H.

G. Jo, M. Choe, S. Lee, W. Park, Y. H. Kahng, and T. Lee, “The application of graphene as electrodes in electrical and optical devices,” Nanotechnology 23(11), 112001 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kawahara, K.

H. Ago, K. Kawahara, Y. Ogawa, S. Tanoue, M. A. Bissett, M. Tsuji, H. Sakaguchi, R. J. Koch, F. Fromm, T. Seyller, K. Komatsu, and K. Tsukagoshi, “Epitaxial growth and electronic properties of large hexagonal graphene domains on Cu(111) thin film,” Appl. Phys. Express 6(7), 075101 (2013).
[Crossref]

B. S. Hu, H. Ago, Y. Ito, K. Kawahara, M. Tsuji, E. Magome, K. Sumitani, N. Mizuta, K. Ikeda, and S. Mizuno, “Epitaxial growth of large-area single-layer graphene over Cu(111)/sapphire by atmospheric pressure CVD,” Carbon 50(1), 57–65 (2012).
[Crossref]

Keller, M. W.

D. L. Miller, M. W. Keller, J. M. Shaw, A. N. Chiaramonti, and R. R. Keller, “Epitaxial (111) films of Cu, Ni, and CuxNiy on alpha-Al2O3 (0001) for graphene growth by chemical vapor deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 112(6), 064317 (2012).
[Crossref]

Keller, R. R.

D. L. Miller, M. W. Keller, J. M. Shaw, A. N. Chiaramonti, and R. R. Keller, “Epitaxial (111) films of Cu, Ni, and CuxNiy on alpha-Al2O3 (0001) for graphene growth by chemical vapor deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 112(6), 064317 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kern, K.

H. K. Yu, K. Balasubramanian, K. Kim, J. L. Lee, M. Maiti, C. Ropers, J. Krieg, K. Kern, and A. M. Wodtke, “Chemical vapor deposition of graphene on a “peeled-off” epitaxial Cu(111) foil: a simple approach to improved properties,” ACS Nano 8(8), 8636–8643 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kevek, J. W.

P. Y. Huang, C. S. Ruiz-Vargas, A. M. van der Zande, W. S. Whitney, M. P. Levendorf, J. W. Kevek, S. Garg, J. S. Alden, C. J. Hustedt, Y. Zhu, J. Park, P. L. McEuen, and D. A. Muller, “Grains and grain boundaries in single-layer graphene atomic patchwork quilts,” Nature 469(7330), 389–392 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, H.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, H. R.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, K.

H. K. Yu, K. Balasubramanian, K. Kim, J. L. Lee, M. Maiti, C. Ropers, J. Krieg, K. Kern, and A. M. Wodtke, “Chemical vapor deposition of graphene on a “peeled-off” epitaxial Cu(111) foil: a simple approach to improved properties,” ACS Nano 8(8), 8636–8643 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, K. S.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, P.

A. W. Tsen, L. Brown, M. P. Levendorf, F. Ghahari, P. Y. Huang, R. W. Havener, C. S. Ruiz-Vargas, D. A. Muller, P. Kim, and J. Park, “Tailoring electrical transport across grain boundaries in polycrystalline graphene,” Science 336(6085), 1143–1146 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. I. Bolotin, K. Sikes, Z. Jiang, M. Klima, G. Fudenberg, J. Hone, P. Kim, and H. Stormer, “Ultrahigh electron mobility in suspended graphene,” Solid State Commun. 146(9-10), 351–355 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kim, S.

X. Li, W. Cai, J. An, S. Kim, J. Nah, D. Yang, R. Piner, A. Velamakanni, I. Jung, E. Tutuc, S. K. Banerjee, L. Colombo, and R. S. Ruoff, “Large-area synthesis of high-quality and uniform graphene films on copper foils,” Science 324(5932), 1312–1314 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, Y.-J.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kimura, N.

T. Kobayashi, M. Bando, N. Kimura, K. Shimizu, K. Kadono, N. Umezu, K. Miyahara, S. Hayazaki, S. Nagai, Y. Mizuguchi, Y. Murakami, and D. Hobara, “Production of a 100-m-long high-quality graphene transparent conductive film by roll-to-roll chemical vapor deposition and transfer process,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(2), 023112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Klima, M.

K. I. Bolotin, K. Sikes, Z. Jiang, M. Klima, G. Fudenberg, J. Hone, P. Kim, and H. Stormer, “Ultrahigh electron mobility in suspended graphene,” Solid State Commun. 146(9-10), 351–355 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kobayashi, T.

T. Kobayashi, M. Bando, N. Kimura, K. Shimizu, K. Kadono, N. Umezu, K. Miyahara, S. Hayazaki, S. Nagai, Y. Mizuguchi, Y. Murakami, and D. Hobara, “Production of a 100-m-long high-quality graphene transparent conductive film by roll-to-roll chemical vapor deposition and transfer process,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(2), 023112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Koch, R. J.

H. Ago, K. Kawahara, Y. Ogawa, S. Tanoue, M. A. Bissett, M. Tsuji, H. Sakaguchi, R. J. Koch, F. Fromm, T. Seyller, K. Komatsu, and K. Tsukagoshi, “Epitaxial growth and electronic properties of large hexagonal graphene domains on Cu(111) thin film,” Appl. Phys. Express 6(7), 075101 (2013).
[Crossref]

Komatsu, K.

H. Ago, K. Kawahara, Y. Ogawa, S. Tanoue, M. A. Bissett, M. Tsuji, H. Sakaguchi, R. J. Koch, F. Fromm, T. Seyller, K. Komatsu, and K. Tsukagoshi, “Epitaxial growth and electronic properties of large hexagonal graphene domains on Cu(111) thin film,” Appl. Phys. Express 6(7), 075101 (2013).
[Crossref]

Krieg, J.

H. K. Yu, K. Balasubramanian, K. Kim, J. L. Lee, M. Maiti, C. Ropers, J. Krieg, K. Kern, and A. M. Wodtke, “Chemical vapor deposition of graphene on a “peeled-off” epitaxial Cu(111) foil: a simple approach to improved properties,” ACS Nano 8(8), 8636–8643 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lau, C. N.

A. A. Balandin, S. Ghosh, W. Bao, I. Calizo, D. Teweldebrhan, F. Miao, and C. N. Lau, “Superior thermal conductivity of single-layer graphene,” Nano Lett. 8(3), 902–907 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, J. L.

H. K. Yu, K. Balasubramanian, K. Kim, J. L. Lee, M. Maiti, C. Ropers, J. Krieg, K. Kern, and A. M. Wodtke, “Chemical vapor deposition of graphene on a “peeled-off” epitaxial Cu(111) foil: a simple approach to improved properties,” ACS Nano 8(8), 8636–8643 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, S.

G. Jo, M. Choe, S. Lee, W. Park, Y. H. Kahng, and T. Lee, “The application of graphene as electrodes in electrical and optical devices,” Nanotechnology 23(11), 112001 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, T.

G. Jo, M. Choe, S. Lee, W. Park, Y. H. Kahng, and T. Lee, “The application of graphene as electrodes in electrical and optical devices,” Nanotechnology 23(11), 112001 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, Y.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Lee, S. Bae, H. Jang, S. Jang, S. E. Zhu, S. H. Sim, Y. I. Song, B. H. Hong, and J. H. Ahn, “Wafer-scale synthesis and transfer of graphene films,” Nano Lett. 10(2), 490–493 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lei, T.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Levendorf, M. P.

A. W. Tsen, L. Brown, M. P. Levendorf, F. Ghahari, P. Y. Huang, R. W. Havener, C. S. Ruiz-Vargas, D. A. Muller, P. Kim, and J. Park, “Tailoring electrical transport across grain boundaries in polycrystalline graphene,” Science 336(6085), 1143–1146 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Y. Huang, C. S. Ruiz-Vargas, A. M. van der Zande, W. S. Whitney, M. P. Levendorf, J. W. Kevek, S. Garg, J. S. Alden, C. J. Hustedt, Y. Zhu, J. Park, P. L. McEuen, and D. A. Muller, “Grains and grain boundaries in single-layer graphene atomic patchwork quilts,” Nature 469(7330), 389–392 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, X.

X. Li, C. W. Magnuson, A. Venugopal, J. An, J. W. Suk, B. Han, M. Borysiak, W. Cai, A. Velamakanni, Y. Zhu, L. Fu, E. M. Vogel, E. Voelkl, L. Colombo, and R. S. Ruoff, “Graphene films with large domain size by a two-step chemical vapor deposition process,” Nano Lett. 10(11), 4328–4334 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Li, W. Cai, J. An, S. Kim, J. Nah, D. Yang, R. Piner, A. Velamakanni, I. Jung, E. Tutuc, S. K. Banerjee, L. Colombo, and R. S. Ruoff, “Large-area synthesis of high-quality and uniform graphene films on copper foils,” Science 324(5932), 1312–1314 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Loh, K. P.

Q. Bao and K. P. Loh, “Graphene photonics, plasmonics, and broadband optoelectronic devices,” ACS Nano 6(5), 3677–3694 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Magnuson, C. W.

X. Li, C. W. Magnuson, A. Venugopal, J. An, J. W. Suk, B. Han, M. Borysiak, W. Cai, A. Velamakanni, Y. Zhu, L. Fu, E. M. Vogel, E. Voelkl, L. Colombo, and R. S. Ruoff, “Graphene films with large domain size by a two-step chemical vapor deposition process,” Nano Lett. 10(11), 4328–4334 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Magome, E.

B. S. Hu, H. Ago, Y. Ito, K. Kawahara, M. Tsuji, E. Magome, K. Sumitani, N. Mizuta, K. Ikeda, and S. Mizuno, “Epitaxial growth of large-area single-layer graphene over Cu(111)/sapphire by atmospheric pressure CVD,” Carbon 50(1), 57–65 (2012).
[Crossref]

Maiti, M.

H. K. Yu, K. Balasubramanian, K. Kim, J. L. Lee, M. Maiti, C. Ropers, J. Krieg, K. Kern, and A. M. Wodtke, “Chemical vapor deposition of graphene on a “peeled-off” epitaxial Cu(111) foil: a simple approach to improved properties,” ACS Nano 8(8), 8636–8643 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

McEuen, P. L.

P. Y. Huang, C. S. Ruiz-Vargas, A. M. van der Zande, W. S. Whitney, M. P. Levendorf, J. W. Kevek, S. Garg, J. S. Alden, C. J. Hustedt, Y. Zhu, J. Park, P. L. McEuen, and D. A. Muller, “Grains and grain boundaries in single-layer graphene atomic patchwork quilts,” Nature 469(7330), 389–392 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Miao, F.

A. A. Balandin, S. Ghosh, W. Bao, I. Calizo, D. Teweldebrhan, F. Miao, and C. N. Lau, “Superior thermal conductivity of single-layer graphene,” Nano Lett. 8(3), 902–907 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Miller, D. L.

D. L. Miller, M. W. Keller, J. M. Shaw, A. N. Chiaramonti, and R. R. Keller, “Epitaxial (111) films of Cu, Ni, and CuxNiy on alpha-Al2O3 (0001) for graphene growth by chemical vapor deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 112(6), 064317 (2012).
[Crossref]

Miyahara, K.

T. Kobayashi, M. Bando, N. Kimura, K. Shimizu, K. Kadono, N. Umezu, K. Miyahara, S. Hayazaki, S. Nagai, Y. Mizuguchi, Y. Murakami, and D. Hobara, “Production of a 100-m-long high-quality graphene transparent conductive film by roll-to-roll chemical vapor deposition and transfer process,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(2), 023112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Mizuguchi, Y.

T. Kobayashi, M. Bando, N. Kimura, K. Shimizu, K. Kadono, N. Umezu, K. Miyahara, S. Hayazaki, S. Nagai, Y. Mizuguchi, Y. Murakami, and D. Hobara, “Production of a 100-m-long high-quality graphene transparent conductive film by roll-to-roll chemical vapor deposition and transfer process,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(2), 023112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Mizuno, S.

B. S. Hu, H. Ago, Y. Ito, K. Kawahara, M. Tsuji, E. Magome, K. Sumitani, N. Mizuta, K. Ikeda, and S. Mizuno, “Epitaxial growth of large-area single-layer graphene over Cu(111)/sapphire by atmospheric pressure CVD,” Carbon 50(1), 57–65 (2012).
[Crossref]

Mizuta, N.

B. S. Hu, H. Ago, Y. Ito, K. Kawahara, M. Tsuji, E. Magome, K. Sumitani, N. Mizuta, K. Ikeda, and S. Mizuno, “Epitaxial growth of large-area single-layer graphene over Cu(111)/sapphire by atmospheric pressure CVD,” Carbon 50(1), 57–65 (2012).
[Crossref]

Mowll, T. R.

Z. R. Robinson, P. Tyagi, T. R. Mowll, C. A. Ventrice, and J. B. Hannon, “Argon-assisted growth of epitaxial graphene on Cu(111),” Phys. Rev. B 86(23), 235413 (2012).
[Crossref]

Muller, D. A.

A. W. Tsen, L. Brown, M. P. Levendorf, F. Ghahari, P. Y. Huang, R. W. Havener, C. S. Ruiz-Vargas, D. A. Muller, P. Kim, and J. Park, “Tailoring electrical transport across grain boundaries in polycrystalline graphene,” Science 336(6085), 1143–1146 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Y. Huang, C. S. Ruiz-Vargas, A. M. van der Zande, W. S. Whitney, M. P. Levendorf, J. W. Kevek, S. Garg, J. S. Alden, C. J. Hustedt, Y. Zhu, J. Park, P. L. McEuen, and D. A. Muller, “Grains and grain boundaries in single-layer graphene atomic patchwork quilts,” Nature 469(7330), 389–392 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Murakami, Y.

T. Kobayashi, M. Bando, N. Kimura, K. Shimizu, K. Kadono, N. Umezu, K. Miyahara, S. Hayazaki, S. Nagai, Y. Mizuguchi, Y. Murakami, and D. Hobara, “Production of a 100-m-long high-quality graphene transparent conductive film by roll-to-roll chemical vapor deposition and transfer process,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(2), 023112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nagai, S.

T. Kobayashi, M. Bando, N. Kimura, K. Shimizu, K. Kadono, N. Umezu, K. Miyahara, S. Hayazaki, S. Nagai, Y. Mizuguchi, Y. Murakami, and D. Hobara, “Production of a 100-m-long high-quality graphene transparent conductive film by roll-to-roll chemical vapor deposition and transfer process,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(2), 023112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nah, J.

X. Li, W. Cai, J. An, S. Kim, J. Nah, D. Yang, R. Piner, A. Velamakanni, I. Jung, E. Tutuc, S. K. Banerjee, L. Colombo, and R. S. Ruoff, “Large-area synthesis of high-quality and uniform graphene films on copper foils,” Science 324(5932), 1312–1314 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nair, R. R.

R. R. Nair, P. Blake, A. N. Grigorenko, K. S. Novoselov, T. J. Booth, T. Stauber, N. M. R. Peres, and A. K. Geim, “Fine structure constant defines visual transparency of graphene,” Science 320(5881), 1308 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Novoselov, K. S.

R. R. Nair, P. Blake, A. N. Grigorenko, K. S. Novoselov, T. J. Booth, T. Stauber, N. M. R. Peres, and A. K. Geim, “Fine structure constant defines visual transparency of graphene,” Science 320(5881), 1308 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ogawa, Y.

H. Ago, K. Kawahara, Y. Ogawa, S. Tanoue, M. A. Bissett, M. Tsuji, H. Sakaguchi, R. J. Koch, F. Fromm, T. Seyller, K. Komatsu, and K. Tsukagoshi, “Epitaxial growth and electronic properties of large hexagonal graphene domains on Cu(111) thin film,” Appl. Phys. Express 6(7), 075101 (2013).
[Crossref]

Özyilmaz, B.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Park, J.

A. W. Tsen, L. Brown, M. P. Levendorf, F. Ghahari, P. Y. Huang, R. W. Havener, C. S. Ruiz-Vargas, D. A. Muller, P. Kim, and J. Park, “Tailoring electrical transport across grain boundaries in polycrystalline graphene,” Science 336(6085), 1143–1146 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Y. Huang, C. S. Ruiz-Vargas, A. M. van der Zande, W. S. Whitney, M. P. Levendorf, J. W. Kevek, S. Garg, J. S. Alden, C. J. Hustedt, Y. Zhu, J. Park, P. L. McEuen, and D. A. Muller, “Grains and grain boundaries in single-layer graphene atomic patchwork quilts,” Nature 469(7330), 389–392 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Park, J.-S.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Park, W.

G. Jo, M. Choe, S. Lee, W. Park, Y. H. Kahng, and T. Lee, “The application of graphene as electrodes in electrical and optical devices,” Nanotechnology 23(11), 112001 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Peres, N. M. R.

R. R. Nair, P. Blake, A. N. Grigorenko, K. S. Novoselov, T. J. Booth, T. Stauber, N. M. R. Peres, and A. K. Geim, “Fine structure constant defines visual transparency of graphene,” Science 320(5881), 1308 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Piner, R.

X. Li, W. Cai, J. An, S. Kim, J. Nah, D. Yang, R. Piner, A. Velamakanni, I. Jung, E. Tutuc, S. K. Banerjee, L. Colombo, and R. S. Ruoff, “Large-area synthesis of high-quality and uniform graphene films on copper foils,” Science 324(5932), 1312–1314 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Robinson, Z. R.

Z. R. Robinson, P. Tyagi, T. R. Mowll, C. A. Ventrice, and J. B. Hannon, “Argon-assisted growth of epitaxial graphene on Cu(111),” Phys. Rev. B 86(23), 235413 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ropers, C.

H. K. Yu, K. Balasubramanian, K. Kim, J. L. Lee, M. Maiti, C. Ropers, J. Krieg, K. Kern, and A. M. Wodtke, “Chemical vapor deposition of graphene on a “peeled-off” epitaxial Cu(111) foil: a simple approach to improved properties,” ACS Nano 8(8), 8636–8643 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ruiz-Vargas, C. S.

A. W. Tsen, L. Brown, M. P. Levendorf, F. Ghahari, P. Y. Huang, R. W. Havener, C. S. Ruiz-Vargas, D. A. Muller, P. Kim, and J. Park, “Tailoring electrical transport across grain boundaries in polycrystalline graphene,” Science 336(6085), 1143–1146 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Y. Huang, C. S. Ruiz-Vargas, A. M. van der Zande, W. S. Whitney, M. P. Levendorf, J. W. Kevek, S. Garg, J. S. Alden, C. J. Hustedt, Y. Zhu, J. Park, P. L. McEuen, and D. A. Muller, “Grains and grain boundaries in single-layer graphene atomic patchwork quilts,” Nature 469(7330), 389–392 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ruoff, R. S.

X. Li, C. W. Magnuson, A. Venugopal, J. An, J. W. Suk, B. Han, M. Borysiak, W. Cai, A. Velamakanni, Y. Zhu, L. Fu, E. M. Vogel, E. Voelkl, L. Colombo, and R. S. Ruoff, “Graphene films with large domain size by a two-step chemical vapor deposition process,” Nano Lett. 10(11), 4328–4334 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Li, W. Cai, J. An, S. Kim, J. Nah, D. Yang, R. Piner, A. Velamakanni, I. Jung, E. Tutuc, S. K. Banerjee, L. Colombo, and R. S. Ruoff, “Large-area synthesis of high-quality and uniform graphene films on copper foils,” Science 324(5932), 1312–1314 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sakaguchi, H.

H. Ago, K. Kawahara, Y. Ogawa, S. Tanoue, M. A. Bissett, M. Tsuji, H. Sakaguchi, R. J. Koch, F. Fromm, T. Seyller, K. Komatsu, and K. Tsukagoshi, “Epitaxial growth and electronic properties of large hexagonal graphene domains on Cu(111) thin film,” Appl. Phys. Express 6(7), 075101 (2013).
[Crossref]

Seyller, T.

H. Ago, K. Kawahara, Y. Ogawa, S. Tanoue, M. A. Bissett, M. Tsuji, H. Sakaguchi, R. J. Koch, F. Fromm, T. Seyller, K. Komatsu, and K. Tsukagoshi, “Epitaxial growth and electronic properties of large hexagonal graphene domains on Cu(111) thin film,” Appl. Phys. Express 6(7), 075101 (2013).
[Crossref]

Shaw, J. M.

D. L. Miller, M. W. Keller, J. M. Shaw, A. N. Chiaramonti, and R. R. Keller, “Epitaxial (111) films of Cu, Ni, and CuxNiy on alpha-Al2O3 (0001) for graphene growth by chemical vapor deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 112(6), 064317 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shimizu, K.

T. Kobayashi, M. Bando, N. Kimura, K. Shimizu, K. Kadono, N. Umezu, K. Miyahara, S. Hayazaki, S. Nagai, Y. Mizuguchi, Y. Murakami, and D. Hobara, “Production of a 100-m-long high-quality graphene transparent conductive film by roll-to-roll chemical vapor deposition and transfer process,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(2), 023112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sikes, K.

K. I. Bolotin, K. Sikes, Z. Jiang, M. Klima, G. Fudenberg, J. Hone, P. Kim, and H. Stormer, “Ultrahigh electron mobility in suspended graphene,” Solid State Commun. 146(9-10), 351–355 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sim, S. H.

Y. Lee, S. Bae, H. Jang, S. Jang, S. E. Zhu, S. H. Sim, Y. I. Song, B. H. Hong, and J. H. Ahn, “Wafer-scale synthesis and transfer of graphene films,” Nano Lett. 10(2), 490–493 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Song, Y. I.

Y. Lee, S. Bae, H. Jang, S. Jang, S. E. Zhu, S. H. Sim, Y. I. Song, B. H. Hong, and J. H. Ahn, “Wafer-scale synthesis and transfer of graphene films,” Nano Lett. 10(2), 490–493 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stauber, T.

R. R. Nair, P. Blake, A. N. Grigorenko, K. S. Novoselov, T. J. Booth, T. Stauber, N. M. R. Peres, and A. K. Geim, “Fine structure constant defines visual transparency of graphene,” Science 320(5881), 1308 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stormer, H.

K. I. Bolotin, K. Sikes, Z. Jiang, M. Klima, G. Fudenberg, J. Hone, P. Kim, and H. Stormer, “Ultrahigh electron mobility in suspended graphene,” Solid State Commun. 146(9-10), 351–355 (2008).
[Crossref]

Suk, J. W.

X. Li, C. W. Magnuson, A. Venugopal, J. An, J. W. Suk, B. Han, M. Borysiak, W. Cai, A. Velamakanni, Y. Zhu, L. Fu, E. M. Vogel, E. Voelkl, L. Colombo, and R. S. Ruoff, “Graphene films with large domain size by a two-step chemical vapor deposition process,” Nano Lett. 10(11), 4328–4334 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sumitani, K.

B. S. Hu, H. Ago, Y. Ito, K. Kawahara, M. Tsuji, E. Magome, K. Sumitani, N. Mizuta, K. Ikeda, and S. Mizuno, “Epitaxial growth of large-area single-layer graphene over Cu(111)/sapphire by atmospheric pressure CVD,” Carbon 50(1), 57–65 (2012).
[Crossref]

Tanoue, S.

H. Ago, K. Kawahara, Y. Ogawa, S. Tanoue, M. A. Bissett, M. Tsuji, H. Sakaguchi, R. J. Koch, F. Fromm, T. Seyller, K. Komatsu, and K. Tsukagoshi, “Epitaxial growth and electronic properties of large hexagonal graphene domains on Cu(111) thin film,” Appl. Phys. Express 6(7), 075101 (2013).
[Crossref]

Teweldebrhan, D.

A. A. Balandin, S. Ghosh, W. Bao, I. Calizo, D. Teweldebrhan, F. Miao, and C. N. Lau, “Superior thermal conductivity of single-layer graphene,” Nano Lett. 8(3), 902–907 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tsen, A. W.

A. W. Tsen, L. Brown, M. P. Levendorf, F. Ghahari, P. Y. Huang, R. W. Havener, C. S. Ruiz-Vargas, D. A. Muller, P. Kim, and J. Park, “Tailoring electrical transport across grain boundaries in polycrystalline graphene,” Science 336(6085), 1143–1146 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tsuji, M.

H. Ago, K. Kawahara, Y. Ogawa, S. Tanoue, M. A. Bissett, M. Tsuji, H. Sakaguchi, R. J. Koch, F. Fromm, T. Seyller, K. Komatsu, and K. Tsukagoshi, “Epitaxial growth and electronic properties of large hexagonal graphene domains on Cu(111) thin film,” Appl. Phys. Express 6(7), 075101 (2013).
[Crossref]

B. S. Hu, H. Ago, Y. Ito, K. Kawahara, M. Tsuji, E. Magome, K. Sumitani, N. Mizuta, K. Ikeda, and S. Mizuno, “Epitaxial growth of large-area single-layer graphene over Cu(111)/sapphire by atmospheric pressure CVD,” Carbon 50(1), 57–65 (2012).
[Crossref]

Tsukagoshi, K.

H. Ago, K. Kawahara, Y. Ogawa, S. Tanoue, M. A. Bissett, M. Tsuji, H. Sakaguchi, R. J. Koch, F. Fromm, T. Seyller, K. Komatsu, and K. Tsukagoshi, “Epitaxial growth and electronic properties of large hexagonal graphene domains on Cu(111) thin film,” Appl. Phys. Express 6(7), 075101 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tutuc, E.

X. Li, W. Cai, J. An, S. Kim, J. Nah, D. Yang, R. Piner, A. Velamakanni, I. Jung, E. Tutuc, S. K. Banerjee, L. Colombo, and R. S. Ruoff, “Large-area synthesis of high-quality and uniform graphene films on copper foils,” Science 324(5932), 1312–1314 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tyagi, P.

Z. R. Robinson, P. Tyagi, T. R. Mowll, C. A. Ventrice, and J. B. Hannon, “Argon-assisted growth of epitaxial graphene on Cu(111),” Phys. Rev. B 86(23), 235413 (2012).
[Crossref]

Umezu, N.

T. Kobayashi, M. Bando, N. Kimura, K. Shimizu, K. Kadono, N. Umezu, K. Miyahara, S. Hayazaki, S. Nagai, Y. Mizuguchi, Y. Murakami, and D. Hobara, “Production of a 100-m-long high-quality graphene transparent conductive film by roll-to-roll chemical vapor deposition and transfer process,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(2), 023112 (2013).
[Crossref]

van der Zande, A. M.

P. Y. Huang, C. S. Ruiz-Vargas, A. M. van der Zande, W. S. Whitney, M. P. Levendorf, J. W. Kevek, S. Garg, J. S. Alden, C. J. Hustedt, Y. Zhu, J. Park, P. L. McEuen, and D. A. Muller, “Grains and grain boundaries in single-layer graphene atomic patchwork quilts,” Nature 469(7330), 389–392 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Van Wesep, R. G.

R. G. Van Wesep, H. Chen, W. Zhu, and Z. Zhang, “Communication: Stable carbon nanoarches in the initial stages of epitaxial growth of graphene on Cu(111),” J. Chem. Phys. 134(17), 171105 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Velamakanni, A.

X. Li, C. W. Magnuson, A. Venugopal, J. An, J. W. Suk, B. Han, M. Borysiak, W. Cai, A. Velamakanni, Y. Zhu, L. Fu, E. M. Vogel, E. Voelkl, L. Colombo, and R. S. Ruoff, “Graphene films with large domain size by a two-step chemical vapor deposition process,” Nano Lett. 10(11), 4328–4334 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Li, W. Cai, J. An, S. Kim, J. Nah, D. Yang, R. Piner, A. Velamakanni, I. Jung, E. Tutuc, S. K. Banerjee, L. Colombo, and R. S. Ruoff, “Large-area synthesis of high-quality and uniform graphene films on copper foils,” Science 324(5932), 1312–1314 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ventrice, C. A.

Z. R. Robinson, P. Tyagi, T. R. Mowll, C. A. Ventrice, and J. B. Hannon, “Argon-assisted growth of epitaxial graphene on Cu(111),” Phys. Rev. B 86(23), 235413 (2012).
[Crossref]

Venugopal, A.

X. Li, C. W. Magnuson, A. Venugopal, J. An, J. W. Suk, B. Han, M. Borysiak, W. Cai, A. Velamakanni, Y. Zhu, L. Fu, E. M. Vogel, E. Voelkl, L. Colombo, and R. S. Ruoff, “Graphene films with large domain size by a two-step chemical vapor deposition process,” Nano Lett. 10(11), 4328–4334 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Voelkl, E.

X. Li, C. W. Magnuson, A. Venugopal, J. An, J. W. Suk, B. Han, M. Borysiak, W. Cai, A. Velamakanni, Y. Zhu, L. Fu, E. M. Vogel, E. Voelkl, L. Colombo, and R. S. Ruoff, “Graphene films with large domain size by a two-step chemical vapor deposition process,” Nano Lett. 10(11), 4328–4334 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vogel, E. M.

X. Li, C. W. Magnuson, A. Venugopal, J. An, J. W. Suk, B. Han, M. Borysiak, W. Cai, A. Velamakanni, Y. Zhu, L. Fu, E. M. Vogel, E. Voelkl, L. Colombo, and R. S. Ruoff, “Graphene films with large domain size by a two-step chemical vapor deposition process,” Nano Lett. 10(11), 4328–4334 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Whitney, W. S.

P. Y. Huang, C. S. Ruiz-Vargas, A. M. van der Zande, W. S. Whitney, M. P. Levendorf, J. W. Kevek, S. Garg, J. S. Alden, C. J. Hustedt, Y. Zhu, J. Park, P. L. McEuen, and D. A. Muller, “Grains and grain boundaries in single-layer graphene atomic patchwork quilts,” Nature 469(7330), 389–392 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wodtke, A. M.

H. K. Yu, K. Balasubramanian, K. Kim, J. L. Lee, M. Maiti, C. Ropers, J. Krieg, K. Kern, and A. M. Wodtke, “Chemical vapor deposition of graphene on a “peeled-off” epitaxial Cu(111) foil: a simple approach to improved properties,” ACS Nano 8(8), 8636–8643 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, X.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, D.

X. Li, W. Cai, J. An, S. Kim, J. Nah, D. Yang, R. Piner, A. Velamakanni, I. Jung, E. Tutuc, S. K. Banerjee, L. Colombo, and R. S. Ruoff, “Large-area synthesis of high-quality and uniform graphene films on copper foils,” Science 324(5932), 1312–1314 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, H. K.

H. K. Yu, K. Balasubramanian, K. Kim, J. L. Lee, M. Maiti, C. Ropers, J. Krieg, K. Kern, and A. M. Wodtke, “Chemical vapor deposition of graphene on a “peeled-off” epitaxial Cu(111) foil: a simple approach to improved properties,” ACS Nano 8(8), 8636–8643 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Z.

R. G. Van Wesep, H. Chen, W. Zhu, and Z. Zhang, “Communication: Stable carbon nanoarches in the initial stages of epitaxial growth of graphene on Cu(111),” J. Chem. Phys. 134(17), 171105 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zheng, Y.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, S. E.

Y. Lee, S. Bae, H. Jang, S. Jang, S. E. Zhu, S. H. Sim, Y. I. Song, B. H. Hong, and J. H. Ahn, “Wafer-scale synthesis and transfer of graphene films,” Nano Lett. 10(2), 490–493 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, W.

R. G. Van Wesep, H. Chen, W. Zhu, and Z. Zhang, “Communication: Stable carbon nanoarches in the initial stages of epitaxial growth of graphene on Cu(111),” J. Chem. Phys. 134(17), 171105 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, Y.

P. Y. Huang, C. S. Ruiz-Vargas, A. M. van der Zande, W. S. Whitney, M. P. Levendorf, J. W. Kevek, S. Garg, J. S. Alden, C. J. Hustedt, Y. Zhu, J. Park, P. L. McEuen, and D. A. Muller, “Grains and grain boundaries in single-layer graphene atomic patchwork quilts,” Nature 469(7330), 389–392 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Li, C. W. Magnuson, A. Venugopal, J. An, J. W. Suk, B. Han, M. Borysiak, W. Cai, A. Velamakanni, Y. Zhu, L. Fu, E. M. Vogel, E. Voelkl, L. Colombo, and R. S. Ruoff, “Graphene films with large domain size by a two-step chemical vapor deposition process,” Nano Lett. 10(11), 4328–4334 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

ACS Nano (2)

Q. Bao and K. P. Loh, “Graphene photonics, plasmonics, and broadband optoelectronic devices,” ACS Nano 6(5), 3677–3694 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. K. Yu, K. Balasubramanian, K. Kim, J. L. Lee, M. Maiti, C. Ropers, J. Krieg, K. Kern, and A. M. Wodtke, “Chemical vapor deposition of graphene on a “peeled-off” epitaxial Cu(111) foil: a simple approach to improved properties,” ACS Nano 8(8), 8636–8643 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Express (1)

H. Ago, K. Kawahara, Y. Ogawa, S. Tanoue, M. A. Bissett, M. Tsuji, H. Sakaguchi, R. J. Koch, F. Fromm, T. Seyller, K. Komatsu, and K. Tsukagoshi, “Epitaxial growth and electronic properties of large hexagonal graphene domains on Cu(111) thin film,” Appl. Phys. Express 6(7), 075101 (2013).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

T. Kobayashi, M. Bando, N. Kimura, K. Shimizu, K. Kadono, N. Umezu, K. Miyahara, S. Hayazaki, S. Nagai, Y. Mizuguchi, Y. Murakami, and D. Hobara, “Production of a 100-m-long high-quality graphene transparent conductive film by roll-to-roll chemical vapor deposition and transfer process,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(2), 023112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Carbon (1)

B. S. Hu, H. Ago, Y. Ito, K. Kawahara, M. Tsuji, E. Magome, K. Sumitani, N. Mizuta, K. Ikeda, and S. Mizuno, “Epitaxial growth of large-area single-layer graphene over Cu(111)/sapphire by atmospheric pressure CVD,” Carbon 50(1), 57–65 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

D. L. Miller, M. W. Keller, J. M. Shaw, A. N. Chiaramonti, and R. R. Keller, “Epitaxial (111) films of Cu, Ni, and CuxNiy on alpha-Al2O3 (0001) for graphene growth by chemical vapor deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 112(6), 064317 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

R. G. Van Wesep, H. Chen, W. Zhu, and Z. Zhang, “Communication: Stable carbon nanoarches in the initial stages of epitaxial growth of graphene on Cu(111),” J. Chem. Phys. 134(17), 171105 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nano Lett. (4)

L. Gao, J. R. Guest, and N. P. Guisinger, “Epitaxial graphene on Cu(111),” Nano Lett. 10(9), 3512–3516 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Li, C. W. Magnuson, A. Venugopal, J. An, J. W. Suk, B. Han, M. Borysiak, W. Cai, A. Velamakanni, Y. Zhu, L. Fu, E. M. Vogel, E. Voelkl, L. Colombo, and R. S. Ruoff, “Graphene films with large domain size by a two-step chemical vapor deposition process,” Nano Lett. 10(11), 4328–4334 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Lee, S. Bae, H. Jang, S. Jang, S. E. Zhu, S. H. Sim, Y. I. Song, B. H. Hong, and J. H. Ahn, “Wafer-scale synthesis and transfer of graphene films,” Nano Lett. 10(2), 490–493 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. A. Balandin, S. Ghosh, W. Bao, I. Calizo, D. Teweldebrhan, F. Miao, and C. N. Lau, “Superior thermal conductivity of single-layer graphene,” Nano Lett. 8(3), 902–907 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nanotechnology (1)

G. Jo, M. Choe, S. Lee, W. Park, Y. H. Kahng, and T. Lee, “The application of graphene as electrodes in electrical and optical devices,” Nanotechnology 23(11), 112001 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nature (1)

P. Y. Huang, C. S. Ruiz-Vargas, A. M. van der Zande, W. S. Whitney, M. P. Levendorf, J. W. Kevek, S. Garg, J. S. Alden, C. J. Hustedt, Y. Zhu, J. Park, P. L. McEuen, and D. A. Muller, “Grains and grain boundaries in single-layer graphene atomic patchwork quilts,” Nature 469(7330), 389–392 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

Z. R. Robinson, P. Tyagi, T. R. Mowll, C. A. Ventrice, and J. B. Hannon, “Argon-assisted growth of epitaxial graphene on Cu(111),” Phys. Rev. B 86(23), 235413 (2012).
[Crossref]

Science (3)

R. R. Nair, P. Blake, A. N. Grigorenko, K. S. Novoselov, T. J. Booth, T. Stauber, N. M. R. Peres, and A. K. Geim, “Fine structure constant defines visual transparency of graphene,” Science 320(5881), 1308 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Li, W. Cai, J. An, S. Kim, J. Nah, D. Yang, R. Piner, A. Velamakanni, I. Jung, E. Tutuc, S. K. Banerjee, L. Colombo, and R. S. Ruoff, “Large-area synthesis of high-quality and uniform graphene films on copper foils,” Science 324(5932), 1312–1314 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. W. Tsen, L. Brown, M. P. Levendorf, F. Ghahari, P. Y. Huang, R. W. Havener, C. S. Ruiz-Vargas, D. A. Muller, P. Kim, and J. Park, “Tailoring electrical transport across grain boundaries in polycrystalline graphene,” Science 336(6085), 1143–1146 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Solid State Commun. (1)

K. I. Bolotin, K. Sikes, Z. Jiang, M. Klima, G. Fudenberg, J. Hone, P. Kim, and H. Stormer, “Ultrahigh electron mobility in suspended graphene,” Solid State Commun. 146(9-10), 351–355 (2008).
[Crossref]

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Cu facet of Cu film and Cu foil measured by EBSD. (a)(b) Cu film and (c)(d) Cu foil.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Fourier transform analysis of hexagonal graphene domain.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Coordinates of hexagon and (b) after rotation θ.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 The edge of far-field diffraction pattern of graphene domain which grown on Cu (111). The deviation of orientation can be targeted and measured.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Raman image plotted by intensity ratio of D band to G band, and (b) 2D band to G band. (c) Raman spectra of graphene with four spots A, B, C and D.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) Raman image plotted by intensity ratio of D band to G band, and (b) 2D band to G band. (c) Raman spectra of graphene with four spots A, B, C and D.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Comparison of sheet resistance and carrier mobility for graphene grown on Cu (111) and Cu foil.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Transmittance of graphene films grown on Cu foil and Cu (111) film. The inserted OM images of graphene film were grown on Cu foil and Cu (111) thin film.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 The deviation of orientation of hexagonal graphene crystals on Cu(111) facet.

Equations (7)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

y=Hgn( x )
y={ y g = 3 ( x+1 )    if 1x 1 2 y b = 3 2             if  1 2 x 1 2 y r = 3 ( x1 )   if  1 2 x1
[ x y ]=[ cosθ sinθ sinθ cosθ ][ x' y' ]
x=cosθ x ' +sinθ y '
y=sinθ x ' +cosθ y '
sinθ x ' +cosθ y ' ={ y g = 3 [ ( cosθ x ' +sinθ y ' )+1 ]      if 1x 1 2 y b = 3 2       if  1 2 x 1 2 y r = 3 [ ( cosθ x ' +sinθ y ' )1 ]      if  1 2 x1
{Hgn(x)}= + Hgn(x) e j2π f x x dx

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