Abstract

We report a unidirectional frequency dissemination scheme for high-fidelity optical carriers deployable over telecommunication networks. For the first time, a 10 Gb/s Binary Phase Shift Keying (BPSK) signal from an ultra-narrow linewidth laser was transmitted through a field-installed optical fibre with round-trip length of 124 km between Cork City and town of Clonakilty, without inline optical amplification. At the receiver, using coherent communication techniques and optical injection-locking the carrier was recovered with noise suppression. The beat signal between the original carrier at the transmitter and recovered carrier at the receiver shows a linewidth of 2.8 kHz. Long term stability measurements revealed fractional instabilities (True Allan deviation) of 3.3 × 10−14 for 1 s averaging time, prior to phase noise cancellation.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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2013 (4)

A. M. Zolot, F. R. Giorgetta, E. Baumann, W. C. Swann, I. Coddington, and N. R. Newbury, “Broad-band frequency references in the nearinfrared: Accurate dual comb spectroscopy of methane and acetylene,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 118, 26–39 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Droste, F. Ozimek, T. Udem, K. Predehl, T. W. Hänsch, H. Schnatz, G. Grosche, and R. Holzwarth, “Optical-frequency transfer over a single-span 1840 km fiber link,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(11), 110801 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Lopez, B. Chanteau, A. Bercy, D. Nicolodi, W. Zhang, B. Argence, M. Abgrall, A. Haboucha, A. Kanj, D. Rovera, J. Achkar, P.-E. Pottie, B. Darquié, C. Chardonnet, Y. L. Coq, G. Santarelli, and A. Amy-Klein, “Ultra-stable long distance optical frequency distribution using the Internet fiber network and application to high-precision molecular spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 467, 012002 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. S. Wu, R. Slavík, G. Marra, and D. J. Richardson, “Direct selection and amplification of individual narrowly spaced optical comb modes via injection locking: design and characterization,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(14), 2287–2295 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (4)

A. Fragkos, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, and R. Phelan, “Amplitude noise limiting amplifier for phase encoded signals using injection locking in semiconductor lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(5), 764–771 (2012).
[Crossref]

E. Sooudi, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, G. Huyet, J. G. McInerney, F. Lelarge, K. Merghem, R. Rosales, A. Martinez, A. Ramdane, and S. P. Hegarty, “Optical frequency comb generation using dual-mode injection-locking of quantum-dash mode-locked lasers: properties and applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(10), 1327–1338 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. Zeringue, I. Dajani, S. Naderi, G. T. Moore, and C. Robin, “A theoretical study of transient stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical fibers seeded with phase-modulated light,” Opt. Express 20(19), 21196–21213 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Predehl, G. Grosche, S. M. F. Raupach, S. Droste, O. Terra, J. Alnis, T. Legero, T. W. Hänsch, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and H. Schnatz, “A 920-kilometer optical fiber link for frequency metrology at the 19th decimal place,” Science 336(6080), 441–444 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (5)

2010 (1)

2009 (3)

2008 (2)

M. Musha, F. L. Hong, K. Nakagawa, and K. Ueda, “Coherent optical frequency transfer over 50-km physical distance using a 120-km-long installed telecom fiber network,” Opt. Express 16(21), 16459–16466 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, “Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place,” Science 319(5871), 1808–1812 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (3)

S. M. Foreman, K. W. Holman, D. D. Hudson, D. J. Jones, and J. Ye, “Remote transfer of ultrastable frequency references via fiber networks,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(2), 021101 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Calhoun, S. Huang, and R. L. Tjoelker, “Stable photonic links for frequency and time transfer in the deep-space network and antenna arrays,” Proc. IEEE 95(10), 1931–1946 (2007).
[Crossref]

N. R. Newbury, P. A. Williams, and W. C. Swann, “Coherent transfer of an optical carrier over 251 km,” Opt. Lett. 32(21), 3056–3058 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

B. D. Tapley, S. Bettadpur, J. C. Ries, P. F. Thompson, and M. M. Watkins, “GRACE measurements of mass variability in the Earth system,” Science 305(5683), 503–505 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

F. W. Willems, W. Muys, and J. S. Leong, “Simultaneous suppression of stimulated Brillouin scattering and interferometric noise in externally modulated lightwave AM-SCM systems,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 6(12), 1476–1478 (1994).
[Crossref]

Abgrall, M.

O. Lopez, B. Chanteau, A. Bercy, D. Nicolodi, W. Zhang, B. Argence, M. Abgrall, A. Haboucha, A. Kanj, D. Rovera, J. Achkar, P.-E. Pottie, B. Darquié, C. Chardonnet, Y. L. Coq, G. Santarelli, and A. Amy-Klein, “Ultra-stable long distance optical frequency distribution using the Internet fiber network and application to high-precision molecular spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 467, 012002 (2013).
[Crossref]

Achkar, J.

O. Lopez, B. Chanteau, A. Bercy, D. Nicolodi, W. Zhang, B. Argence, M. Abgrall, A. Haboucha, A. Kanj, D. Rovera, J. Achkar, P.-E. Pottie, B. Darquié, C. Chardonnet, Y. L. Coq, G. Santarelli, and A. Amy-Klein, “Ultra-stable long distance optical frequency distribution using the Internet fiber network and application to high-precision molecular spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 467, 012002 (2013).
[Crossref]

Alnis, J.

K. Predehl, G. Grosche, S. M. F. Raupach, S. Droste, O. Terra, J. Alnis, T. Legero, T. W. Hänsch, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and H. Schnatz, “A 920-kilometer optical fiber link for frequency metrology at the 19th decimal place,” Science 336(6080), 441–444 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Amy-Klein, A.

O. Lopez, B. Chanteau, A. Bercy, D. Nicolodi, W. Zhang, B. Argence, M. Abgrall, A. Haboucha, A. Kanj, D. Rovera, J. Achkar, P.-E. Pottie, B. Darquié, C. Chardonnet, Y. L. Coq, G. Santarelli, and A. Amy-Klein, “Ultra-stable long distance optical frequency distribution using the Internet fiber network and application to high-precision molecular spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 467, 012002 (2013).
[Crossref]

O. Lopez, A. Haboucha, F. Kéfélian, H. Jiang, B. Chanteau, V. Roncin, C. Chardonnet, A. Amy-Klein, and G. Santarelli, “Cascaded multiplexed optical link on a telecommunication network for frequency dissemination,” Opt. Express 18(16), 16849–16857 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Kéfélian, O. Lopez, H. Jiang, C. Chardonnet, A. Amy-Klein, and G. Santarelli, “High-resolution optical frequency dissemination on a telecommunications network with data traffic,” Opt. Lett. 34(10), 1573–1575 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Anadarajah, P.

C. Herbert, D. Jones, A. Kaszubowska-Anandarajah, B. Kelly, M. Rensing, J. O’Carroll, R. Phelan, P. Anadarajah, P. Perry, L. P. Barry, and J. O’Gorman, “Discrete mode lasers for communication applications,” IET Optoelectronics 3(1), 1–17 (2009).
[Crossref]

Anandarajah, P. M.

S. O’Brien, F. Smyth, K. Shi, J. O’Carroll, P. M. Anandarajah, D. Bitauld, S. Osborne, R. Phelan, B. Kelly, J. O’Gorman, F. H. Peters, B. Roycroft, B. Corbett, and L. P. Barry, “Design, characterization, and applications of index-patterned Fabry–Pérot Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(6), 1621–1631 (2011).
[Crossref]

Argence, B.

O. Lopez, B. Chanteau, A. Bercy, D. Nicolodi, W. Zhang, B. Argence, M. Abgrall, A. Haboucha, A. Kanj, D. Rovera, J. Achkar, P.-E. Pottie, B. Darquié, C. Chardonnet, Y. L. Coq, G. Santarelli, and A. Amy-Klein, “Ultra-stable long distance optical frequency distribution using the Internet fiber network and application to high-precision molecular spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 467, 012002 (2013).
[Crossref]

Barry, L. P.

S. O’Brien, F. Smyth, K. Shi, J. O’Carroll, P. M. Anandarajah, D. Bitauld, S. Osborne, R. Phelan, B. Kelly, J. O’Gorman, F. H. Peters, B. Roycroft, B. Corbett, and L. P. Barry, “Design, characterization, and applications of index-patterned Fabry–Pérot Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(6), 1621–1631 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Herbert, D. Jones, A. Kaszubowska-Anandarajah, B. Kelly, M. Rensing, J. O’Carroll, R. Phelan, P. Anadarajah, P. Perry, L. P. Barry, and J. O’Gorman, “Discrete mode lasers for communication applications,” IET Optoelectronics 3(1), 1–17 (2009).
[Crossref]

Baumann, E.

A. M. Zolot, F. R. Giorgetta, E. Baumann, W. C. Swann, I. Coddington, and N. R. Newbury, “Broad-band frequency references in the nearinfrared: Accurate dual comb spectroscopy of methane and acetylene,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 118, 26–39 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bercy, A.

O. Lopez, B. Chanteau, A. Bercy, D. Nicolodi, W. Zhang, B. Argence, M. Abgrall, A. Haboucha, A. Kanj, D. Rovera, J. Achkar, P.-E. Pottie, B. Darquié, C. Chardonnet, Y. L. Coq, G. Santarelli, and A. Amy-Klein, “Ultra-stable long distance optical frequency distribution using the Internet fiber network and application to high-precision molecular spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 467, 012002 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bergquist, J. C.

T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, “Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place,” Science 319(5871), 1808–1812 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bettadpur, S.

B. D. Tapley, S. Bettadpur, J. C. Ries, P. F. Thompson, and M. M. Watkins, “GRACE measurements of mass variability in the Earth system,” Science 305(5683), 503–505 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bitauld, D.

S. O’Brien, F. Smyth, K. Shi, J. O’Carroll, P. M. Anandarajah, D. Bitauld, S. Osborne, R. Phelan, B. Kelly, J. O’Gorman, F. H. Peters, B. Roycroft, B. Corbett, and L. P. Barry, “Design, characterization, and applications of index-patterned Fabry–Pérot Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(6), 1621–1631 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bogris, A.

Brusch, A.

T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, “Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place,” Science 319(5871), 1808–1812 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Calhoun, M.

M. Calhoun, S. Huang, and R. L. Tjoelker, “Stable photonic links for frequency and time transfer in the deep-space network and antenna arrays,” Proc. IEEE 95(10), 1931–1946 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chanteau, B.

O. Lopez, B. Chanteau, A. Bercy, D. Nicolodi, W. Zhang, B. Argence, M. Abgrall, A. Haboucha, A. Kanj, D. Rovera, J. Achkar, P.-E. Pottie, B. Darquié, C. Chardonnet, Y. L. Coq, G. Santarelli, and A. Amy-Klein, “Ultra-stable long distance optical frequency distribution using the Internet fiber network and application to high-precision molecular spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 467, 012002 (2013).
[Crossref]

O. Lopez, A. Haboucha, F. Kéfélian, H. Jiang, B. Chanteau, V. Roncin, C. Chardonnet, A. Amy-Klein, and G. Santarelli, “Cascaded multiplexed optical link on a telecommunication network for frequency dissemination,” Opt. Express 18(16), 16849–16857 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chardonnet, C.

O. Lopez, B. Chanteau, A. Bercy, D. Nicolodi, W. Zhang, B. Argence, M. Abgrall, A. Haboucha, A. Kanj, D. Rovera, J. Achkar, P.-E. Pottie, B. Darquié, C. Chardonnet, Y. L. Coq, G. Santarelli, and A. Amy-Klein, “Ultra-stable long distance optical frequency distribution using the Internet fiber network and application to high-precision molecular spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 467, 012002 (2013).
[Crossref]

O. Lopez, A. Haboucha, F. Kéfélian, H. Jiang, B. Chanteau, V. Roncin, C. Chardonnet, A. Amy-Klein, and G. Santarelli, “Cascaded multiplexed optical link on a telecommunication network for frequency dissemination,” Opt. Express 18(16), 16849–16857 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Kéfélian, O. Lopez, H. Jiang, C. Chardonnet, A. Amy-Klein, and G. Santarelli, “High-resolution optical frequency dissemination on a telecommunications network with data traffic,” Opt. Lett. 34(10), 1573–1575 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chou, C. W.

T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, “Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place,” Science 319(5871), 1808–1812 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Coddington, I.

A. M. Zolot, F. R. Giorgetta, E. Baumann, W. C. Swann, I. Coddington, and N. R. Newbury, “Broad-band frequency references in the nearinfrared: Accurate dual comb spectroscopy of methane and acetylene,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 118, 26–39 (2013).
[Crossref]

Coq, Y. L.

O. Lopez, B. Chanteau, A. Bercy, D. Nicolodi, W. Zhang, B. Argence, M. Abgrall, A. Haboucha, A. Kanj, D. Rovera, J. Achkar, P.-E. Pottie, B. Darquié, C. Chardonnet, Y. L. Coq, G. Santarelli, and A. Amy-Klein, “Ultra-stable long distance optical frequency distribution using the Internet fiber network and application to high-precision molecular spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 467, 012002 (2013).
[Crossref]

Corbett, B.

S. O’Brien, F. Smyth, K. Shi, J. O’Carroll, P. M. Anandarajah, D. Bitauld, S. Osborne, R. Phelan, B. Kelly, J. O’Gorman, F. H. Peters, B. Roycroft, B. Corbett, and L. P. Barry, “Design, characterization, and applications of index-patterned Fabry–Pérot Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(6), 1621–1631 (2011).
[Crossref]

Dajani, I.

Darquié, B.

O. Lopez, B. Chanteau, A. Bercy, D. Nicolodi, W. Zhang, B. Argence, M. Abgrall, A. Haboucha, A. Kanj, D. Rovera, J. Achkar, P.-E. Pottie, B. Darquié, C. Chardonnet, Y. L. Coq, G. Santarelli, and A. Amy-Klein, “Ultra-stable long distance optical frequency distribution using the Internet fiber network and application to high-precision molecular spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 467, 012002 (2013).
[Crossref]

Diddams, S. A.

T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, “Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place,” Science 319(5871), 1808–1812 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Droste, S.

S. Droste, F. Ozimek, T. Udem, K. Predehl, T. W. Hänsch, H. Schnatz, G. Grosche, and R. Holzwarth, “Optical-frequency transfer over a single-span 1840 km fiber link,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(11), 110801 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Predehl, G. Grosche, S. M. F. Raupach, S. Droste, O. Terra, J. Alnis, T. Legero, T. W. Hänsch, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and H. Schnatz, “A 920-kilometer optical fiber link for frequency metrology at the 19th decimal place,” Science 336(6080), 441–444 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Drullinger, R. E.

T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, “Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place,” Science 319(5871), 1808–1812 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ellis, A. D.

Foreman, S. M.

S. M. Foreman, K. W. Holman, D. D. Hudson, D. J. Jones, and J. Ye, “Remote transfer of ultrastable frequency references via fiber networks,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(2), 021101 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fortier, T. M.

T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, “Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place,” Science 319(5871), 1808–1812 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fragkos, A.

Fujieda, M.

Giorgetta, F. R.

A. M. Zolot, F. R. Giorgetta, E. Baumann, W. C. Swann, I. Coddington, and N. R. Newbury, “Broad-band frequency references in the nearinfrared: Accurate dual comb spectroscopy of methane and acetylene,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 118, 26–39 (2013).
[Crossref]

Gnauck, H.

Grosche, G.

S. Droste, F. Ozimek, T. Udem, K. Predehl, T. W. Hänsch, H. Schnatz, G. Grosche, and R. Holzwarth, “Optical-frequency transfer over a single-span 1840 km fiber link,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(11), 110801 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Predehl, G. Grosche, S. M. F. Raupach, S. Droste, O. Terra, J. Alnis, T. Legero, T. W. Hänsch, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and H. Schnatz, “A 920-kilometer optical fiber link for frequency metrology at the 19th decimal place,” Science 336(6080), 441–444 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Grosche, O. Terra, K. Predehl, R. Holzwarth, B. Lipphardt, F. Vogt, U. Sterr, and H. Schnatz, “Optical frequency transfer via 146 km fiber link with 10 -19 relative accuracy,” Opt. Lett. 34(15), 2270–2272 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Haboucha, A.

O. Lopez, B. Chanteau, A. Bercy, D. Nicolodi, W. Zhang, B. Argence, M. Abgrall, A. Haboucha, A. Kanj, D. Rovera, J. Achkar, P.-E. Pottie, B. Darquié, C. Chardonnet, Y. L. Coq, G. Santarelli, and A. Amy-Klein, “Ultra-stable long distance optical frequency distribution using the Internet fiber network and application to high-precision molecular spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 467, 012002 (2013).
[Crossref]

O. Lopez, A. Haboucha, F. Kéfélian, H. Jiang, B. Chanteau, V. Roncin, C. Chardonnet, A. Amy-Klein, and G. Santarelli, “Cascaded multiplexed optical link on a telecommunication network for frequency dissemination,” Opt. Express 18(16), 16849–16857 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hachisu, H.

Hänsch, T. W.

S. Droste, F. Ozimek, T. Udem, K. Predehl, T. W. Hänsch, H. Schnatz, G. Grosche, and R. Holzwarth, “Optical-frequency transfer over a single-span 1840 km fiber link,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(11), 110801 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Predehl, G. Grosche, S. M. F. Raupach, S. Droste, O. Terra, J. Alnis, T. Legero, T. W. Hänsch, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and H. Schnatz, “A 920-kilometer optical fiber link for frequency metrology at the 19th decimal place,” Science 336(6080), 441–444 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hegarty, S. P.

E. Sooudi, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, G. Huyet, J. G. McInerney, F. Lelarge, K. Merghem, R. Rosales, A. Martinez, A. Ramdane, and S. P. Hegarty, “Optical frequency comb generation using dual-mode injection-locking of quantum-dash mode-locked lasers: properties and applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(10), 1327–1338 (2012).
[Crossref]

Herbert, C.

C. Herbert, D. Jones, A. Kaszubowska-Anandarajah, B. Kelly, M. Rensing, J. O’Carroll, R. Phelan, P. Anadarajah, P. Perry, L. P. Barry, and J. O’Gorman, “Discrete mode lasers for communication applications,” IET Optoelectronics 3(1), 1–17 (2009).
[Crossref]

Holman, K. W.

S. M. Foreman, K. W. Holman, D. D. Hudson, D. J. Jones, and J. Ye, “Remote transfer of ultrastable frequency references via fiber networks,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(2), 021101 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Holzwarth, R.

S. Droste, F. Ozimek, T. Udem, K. Predehl, T. W. Hänsch, H. Schnatz, G. Grosche, and R. Holzwarth, “Optical-frequency transfer over a single-span 1840 km fiber link,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(11), 110801 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Predehl, G. Grosche, S. M. F. Raupach, S. Droste, O. Terra, J. Alnis, T. Legero, T. W. Hänsch, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and H. Schnatz, “A 920-kilometer optical fiber link for frequency metrology at the 19th decimal place,” Science 336(6080), 441–444 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Grosche, O. Terra, K. Predehl, R. Holzwarth, B. Lipphardt, F. Vogt, U. Sterr, and H. Schnatz, “Optical frequency transfer via 146 km fiber link with 10 -19 relative accuracy,” Opt. Lett. 34(15), 2270–2272 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hong, F. L.

Huang, S.

M. Calhoun, S. Huang, and R. L. Tjoelker, “Stable photonic links for frequency and time transfer in the deep-space network and antenna arrays,” Proc. IEEE 95(10), 1931–1946 (2007).
[Crossref]

Hudson, D. D.

S. M. Foreman, K. W. Holman, D. D. Hudson, D. J. Jones, and J. Ye, “Remote transfer of ultrastable frequency references via fiber networks,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(2), 021101 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hume, D. B.

T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, “Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place,” Science 319(5871), 1808–1812 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huyet, G.

E. Sooudi, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, G. Huyet, J. G. McInerney, F. Lelarge, K. Merghem, R. Rosales, A. Martinez, A. Ramdane, and S. P. Hegarty, “Optical frequency comb generation using dual-mode injection-locking of quantum-dash mode-locked lasers: properties and applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(10), 1327–1338 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ibrahim, S. K.

Ido, T.

Itano, W. M.

T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, “Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place,” Science 319(5871), 1808–1812 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jiang, H.

Jones, D.

C. Herbert, D. Jones, A. Kaszubowska-Anandarajah, B. Kelly, M. Rensing, J. O’Carroll, R. Phelan, P. Anadarajah, P. Perry, L. P. Barry, and J. O’Gorman, “Discrete mode lasers for communication applications,” IET Optoelectronics 3(1), 1–17 (2009).
[Crossref]

Jones, D. J.

S. M. Foreman, K. W. Holman, D. D. Hudson, D. J. Jones, and J. Ye, “Remote transfer of ultrastable frequency references via fiber networks,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(2), 021101 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kanj, A.

O. Lopez, B. Chanteau, A. Bercy, D. Nicolodi, W. Zhang, B. Argence, M. Abgrall, A. Haboucha, A. Kanj, D. Rovera, J. Achkar, P.-E. Pottie, B. Darquié, C. Chardonnet, Y. L. Coq, G. Santarelli, and A. Amy-Klein, “Ultra-stable long distance optical frequency distribution using the Internet fiber network and application to high-precision molecular spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 467, 012002 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kaszubowska-Anandarajah, A.

C. Herbert, D. Jones, A. Kaszubowska-Anandarajah, B. Kelly, M. Rensing, J. O’Carroll, R. Phelan, P. Anadarajah, P. Perry, L. P. Barry, and J. O’Gorman, “Discrete mode lasers for communication applications,” IET Optoelectronics 3(1), 1–17 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kéfélian, F.

Kelly, B.

S. O’Brien, F. Smyth, K. Shi, J. O’Carroll, P. M. Anandarajah, D. Bitauld, S. Osborne, R. Phelan, B. Kelly, J. O’Gorman, F. H. Peters, B. Roycroft, B. Corbett, and L. P. Barry, “Design, characterization, and applications of index-patterned Fabry–Pérot Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(6), 1621–1631 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Herbert, D. Jones, A. Kaszubowska-Anandarajah, B. Kelly, M. Rensing, J. O’Carroll, R. Phelan, P. Anadarajah, P. Perry, L. P. Barry, and J. O’Gorman, “Discrete mode lasers for communication applications,” IET Optoelectronics 3(1), 1–17 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kumagai, M.

Legero, T.

K. Predehl, G. Grosche, S. M. F. Raupach, S. Droste, O. Terra, J. Alnis, T. Legero, T. W. Hänsch, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and H. Schnatz, “A 920-kilometer optical fiber link for frequency metrology at the 19th decimal place,” Science 336(6080), 441–444 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lelarge, F.

E. Sooudi, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, G. Huyet, J. G. McInerney, F. Lelarge, K. Merghem, R. Rosales, A. Martinez, A. Ramdane, and S. P. Hegarty, “Optical frequency comb generation using dual-mode injection-locking of quantum-dash mode-locked lasers: properties and applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(10), 1327–1338 (2012).
[Crossref]

Leong, J. S.

F. W. Willems, W. Muys, and J. S. Leong, “Simultaneous suppression of stimulated Brillouin scattering and interferometric noise in externally modulated lightwave AM-SCM systems,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 6(12), 1476–1478 (1994).
[Crossref]

Lipphardt, B.

Lopez, O.

O. Lopez, B. Chanteau, A. Bercy, D. Nicolodi, W. Zhang, B. Argence, M. Abgrall, A. Haboucha, A. Kanj, D. Rovera, J. Achkar, P.-E. Pottie, B. Darquié, C. Chardonnet, Y. L. Coq, G. Santarelli, and A. Amy-Klein, “Ultra-stable long distance optical frequency distribution using the Internet fiber network and application to high-precision molecular spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 467, 012002 (2013).
[Crossref]

O. Lopez, A. Haboucha, F. Kéfélian, H. Jiang, B. Chanteau, V. Roncin, C. Chardonnet, A. Amy-Klein, and G. Santarelli, “Cascaded multiplexed optical link on a telecommunication network for frequency dissemination,” Opt. Express 18(16), 16849–16857 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Kéfélian, O. Lopez, H. Jiang, C. Chardonnet, A. Amy-Klein, and G. Santarelli, “High-resolution optical frequency dissemination on a telecommunications network with data traffic,” Opt. Lett. 34(10), 1573–1575 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lorini, L.

T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, “Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place,” Science 319(5871), 1808–1812 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Marra, G.

Martinez, A.

E. Sooudi, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, G. Huyet, J. G. McInerney, F. Lelarge, K. Merghem, R. Rosales, A. Martinez, A. Ramdane, and S. P. Hegarty, “Optical frequency comb generation using dual-mode injection-locking of quantum-dash mode-locked lasers: properties and applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(10), 1327–1338 (2012).
[Crossref]

McInerney, J. G.

E. Sooudi, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, G. Huyet, J. G. McInerney, F. Lelarge, K. Merghem, R. Rosales, A. Martinez, A. Ramdane, and S. P. Hegarty, “Optical frequency comb generation using dual-mode injection-locking of quantum-dash mode-locked lasers: properties and applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(10), 1327–1338 (2012).
[Crossref]

Merghem, K.

E. Sooudi, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, G. Huyet, J. G. McInerney, F. Lelarge, K. Merghem, R. Rosales, A. Martinez, A. Ramdane, and S. P. Hegarty, “Optical frequency comb generation using dual-mode injection-locking of quantum-dash mode-locked lasers: properties and applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(10), 1327–1338 (2012).
[Crossref]

Moore, G. T.

Musha, M.

Muys, W.

F. W. Willems, W. Muys, and J. S. Leong, “Simultaneous suppression of stimulated Brillouin scattering and interferometric noise in externally modulated lightwave AM-SCM systems,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 6(12), 1476–1478 (1994).
[Crossref]

Naderi, S.

Nagano, S.

Nakagawa, K.

Newbury, N. R.

A. M. Zolot, F. R. Giorgetta, E. Baumann, W. C. Swann, I. Coddington, and N. R. Newbury, “Broad-band frequency references in the nearinfrared: Accurate dual comb spectroscopy of methane and acetylene,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 118, 26–39 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, “Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place,” Science 319(5871), 1808–1812 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. R. Newbury, P. A. Williams, and W. C. Swann, “Coherent transfer of an optical carrier over 251 km,” Opt. Lett. 32(21), 3056–3058 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nicolodi, D.

O. Lopez, B. Chanteau, A. Bercy, D. Nicolodi, W. Zhang, B. Argence, M. Abgrall, A. Haboucha, A. Kanj, D. Rovera, J. Achkar, P.-E. Pottie, B. Darquié, C. Chardonnet, Y. L. Coq, G. Santarelli, and A. Amy-Klein, “Ultra-stable long distance optical frequency distribution using the Internet fiber network and application to high-precision molecular spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 467, 012002 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nielsen, L. G.

O’Brien, S.

S. O’Brien, F. Smyth, K. Shi, J. O’Carroll, P. M. Anandarajah, D. Bitauld, S. Osborne, R. Phelan, B. Kelly, J. O’Gorman, F. H. Peters, B. Roycroft, B. Corbett, and L. P. Barry, “Design, characterization, and applications of index-patterned Fabry–Pérot Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(6), 1621–1631 (2011).
[Crossref]

O’Carroll, J.

S. O’Brien, F. Smyth, K. Shi, J. O’Carroll, P. M. Anandarajah, D. Bitauld, S. Osborne, R. Phelan, B. Kelly, J. O’Gorman, F. H. Peters, B. Roycroft, B. Corbett, and L. P. Barry, “Design, characterization, and applications of index-patterned Fabry–Pérot Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(6), 1621–1631 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Herbert, D. Jones, A. Kaszubowska-Anandarajah, B. Kelly, M. Rensing, J. O’Carroll, R. Phelan, P. Anadarajah, P. Perry, L. P. Barry, and J. O’Gorman, “Discrete mode lasers for communication applications,” IET Optoelectronics 3(1), 1–17 (2009).
[Crossref]

O’Dowd, J. A.

O’Gorman, J.

S. Sygletos, S. K. Ibrahim, R. Weerasuriya, R. Phelan, L. G. Nielsen, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, J. O’Gorman, and A. D. Ellis, “Phase synchronization scheme for a practical phase sensitive amplifier of ASK-NRZ signals,” Opt. Express 19(13), 12384–12391 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. O’Brien, F. Smyth, K. Shi, J. O’Carroll, P. M. Anandarajah, D. Bitauld, S. Osborne, R. Phelan, B. Kelly, J. O’Gorman, F. H. Peters, B. Roycroft, B. Corbett, and L. P. Barry, “Design, characterization, and applications of index-patterned Fabry–Pérot Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(6), 1621–1631 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Herbert, D. Jones, A. Kaszubowska-Anandarajah, B. Kelly, M. Rensing, J. O’Carroll, R. Phelan, P. Anadarajah, P. Perry, L. P. Barry, and J. O’Gorman, “Discrete mode lasers for communication applications,” IET Optoelectronics 3(1), 1–17 (2009).
[Crossref]

Osborne, S.

S. O’Brien, F. Smyth, K. Shi, J. O’Carroll, P. M. Anandarajah, D. Bitauld, S. Osborne, R. Phelan, B. Kelly, J. O’Gorman, F. H. Peters, B. Roycroft, B. Corbett, and L. P. Barry, “Design, characterization, and applications of index-patterned Fabry–Pérot Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(6), 1621–1631 (2011).
[Crossref]

Oskay, W. H.

T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, “Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place,” Science 319(5871), 1808–1812 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ozimek, F.

S. Droste, F. Ozimek, T. Udem, K. Predehl, T. W. Hänsch, H. Schnatz, G. Grosche, and R. Holzwarth, “Optical-frequency transfer over a single-span 1840 km fiber link,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(11), 110801 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Perry, P.

C. Herbert, D. Jones, A. Kaszubowska-Anandarajah, B. Kelly, M. Rensing, J. O’Carroll, R. Phelan, P. Anadarajah, P. Perry, L. P. Barry, and J. O’Gorman, “Discrete mode lasers for communication applications,” IET Optoelectronics 3(1), 1–17 (2009).
[Crossref]

Peters, F. H.

S. O’Brien, F. Smyth, K. Shi, J. O’Carroll, P. M. Anandarajah, D. Bitauld, S. Osborne, R. Phelan, B. Kelly, J. O’Gorman, F. H. Peters, B. Roycroft, B. Corbett, and L. P. Barry, “Design, characterization, and applications of index-patterned Fabry–Pérot Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(6), 1621–1631 (2011).
[Crossref]

Phelan, R.

A. Fragkos, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, and R. Phelan, “Amplitude noise limiting amplifier for phase encoded signals using injection locking in semiconductor lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(5), 764–771 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Sygletos, S. K. Ibrahim, R. Weerasuriya, R. Phelan, L. G. Nielsen, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, J. O’Gorman, and A. D. Ellis, “Phase synchronization scheme for a practical phase sensitive amplifier of ASK-NRZ signals,” Opt. Express 19(13), 12384–12391 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. O’Brien, F. Smyth, K. Shi, J. O’Carroll, P. M. Anandarajah, D. Bitauld, S. Osborne, R. Phelan, B. Kelly, J. O’Gorman, F. H. Peters, B. Roycroft, B. Corbett, and L. P. Barry, “Design, characterization, and applications of index-patterned Fabry–Pérot Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(6), 1621–1631 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Herbert, D. Jones, A. Kaszubowska-Anandarajah, B. Kelly, M. Rensing, J. O’Carroll, R. Phelan, P. Anadarajah, P. Perry, L. P. Barry, and J. O’Gorman, “Discrete mode lasers for communication applications,” IET Optoelectronics 3(1), 1–17 (2009).
[Crossref]

Pottie, P.-E.

O. Lopez, B. Chanteau, A. Bercy, D. Nicolodi, W. Zhang, B. Argence, M. Abgrall, A. Haboucha, A. Kanj, D. Rovera, J. Achkar, P.-E. Pottie, B. Darquié, C. Chardonnet, Y. L. Coq, G. Santarelli, and A. Amy-Klein, “Ultra-stable long distance optical frequency distribution using the Internet fiber network and application to high-precision molecular spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 467, 012002 (2013).
[Crossref]

Predehl, K.

S. Droste, F. Ozimek, T. Udem, K. Predehl, T. W. Hänsch, H. Schnatz, G. Grosche, and R. Holzwarth, “Optical-frequency transfer over a single-span 1840 km fiber link,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(11), 110801 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Predehl, G. Grosche, S. M. F. Raupach, S. Droste, O. Terra, J. Alnis, T. Legero, T. W. Hänsch, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and H. Schnatz, “A 920-kilometer optical fiber link for frequency metrology at the 19th decimal place,” Science 336(6080), 441–444 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Grosche, O. Terra, K. Predehl, R. Holzwarth, B. Lipphardt, F. Vogt, U. Sterr, and H. Schnatz, “Optical frequency transfer via 146 km fiber link with 10 -19 relative accuracy,” Opt. Lett. 34(15), 2270–2272 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rafique, D.

Ramdane, A.

E. Sooudi, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, G. Huyet, J. G. McInerney, F. Lelarge, K. Merghem, R. Rosales, A. Martinez, A. Ramdane, and S. P. Hegarty, “Optical frequency comb generation using dual-mode injection-locking of quantum-dash mode-locked lasers: properties and applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(10), 1327–1338 (2012).
[Crossref]

Raupach, S. M. F.

K. Predehl, G. Grosche, S. M. F. Raupach, S. Droste, O. Terra, J. Alnis, T. Legero, T. W. Hänsch, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and H. Schnatz, “A 920-kilometer optical fiber link for frequency metrology at the 19th decimal place,” Science 336(6080), 441–444 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rensing, M.

C. Herbert, D. Jones, A. Kaszubowska-Anandarajah, B. Kelly, M. Rensing, J. O’Carroll, R. Phelan, P. Anadarajah, P. Perry, L. P. Barry, and J. O’Gorman, “Discrete mode lasers for communication applications,” IET Optoelectronics 3(1), 1–17 (2009).
[Crossref]

Richardson, D. J.

Ries, J. C.

B. D. Tapley, S. Bettadpur, J. C. Ries, P. F. Thompson, and M. M. Watkins, “GRACE measurements of mass variability in the Earth system,” Science 305(5683), 503–505 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Robin, C.

Roncin, V.

Rosales, R.

E. Sooudi, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, G. Huyet, J. G. McInerney, F. Lelarge, K. Merghem, R. Rosales, A. Martinez, A. Ramdane, and S. P. Hegarty, “Optical frequency comb generation using dual-mode injection-locking of quantum-dash mode-locked lasers: properties and applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(10), 1327–1338 (2012).
[Crossref]

Rosenband, T.

T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, “Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place,” Science 319(5871), 1808–1812 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rovera, D.

O. Lopez, B. Chanteau, A. Bercy, D. Nicolodi, W. Zhang, B. Argence, M. Abgrall, A. Haboucha, A. Kanj, D. Rovera, J. Achkar, P.-E. Pottie, B. Darquié, C. Chardonnet, Y. L. Coq, G. Santarelli, and A. Amy-Klein, “Ultra-stable long distance optical frequency distribution using the Internet fiber network and application to high-precision molecular spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 467, 012002 (2013).
[Crossref]

Roycroft, B.

S. O’Brien, F. Smyth, K. Shi, J. O’Carroll, P. M. Anandarajah, D. Bitauld, S. Osborne, R. Phelan, B. Kelly, J. O’Gorman, F. H. Peters, B. Roycroft, B. Corbett, and L. P. Barry, “Design, characterization, and applications of index-patterned Fabry–Pérot Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(6), 1621–1631 (2011).
[Crossref]

Santarelli, G.

O. Lopez, B. Chanteau, A. Bercy, D. Nicolodi, W. Zhang, B. Argence, M. Abgrall, A. Haboucha, A. Kanj, D. Rovera, J. Achkar, P.-E. Pottie, B. Darquié, C. Chardonnet, Y. L. Coq, G. Santarelli, and A. Amy-Klein, “Ultra-stable long distance optical frequency distribution using the Internet fiber network and application to high-precision molecular spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 467, 012002 (2013).
[Crossref]

O. Lopez, A. Haboucha, F. Kéfélian, H. Jiang, B. Chanteau, V. Roncin, C. Chardonnet, A. Amy-Klein, and G. Santarelli, “Cascaded multiplexed optical link on a telecommunication network for frequency dissemination,” Opt. Express 18(16), 16849–16857 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Kéfélian, O. Lopez, H. Jiang, C. Chardonnet, A. Amy-Klein, and G. Santarelli, “High-resolution optical frequency dissemination on a telecommunications network with data traffic,” Opt. Lett. 34(10), 1573–1575 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schmidt, P. O.

T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, “Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place,” Science 319(5871), 1808–1812 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schnatz, H.

S. Droste, F. Ozimek, T. Udem, K. Predehl, T. W. Hänsch, H. Schnatz, G. Grosche, and R. Holzwarth, “Optical-frequency transfer over a single-span 1840 km fiber link,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(11), 110801 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Predehl, G. Grosche, S. M. F. Raupach, S. Droste, O. Terra, J. Alnis, T. Legero, T. W. Hänsch, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and H. Schnatz, “A 920-kilometer optical fiber link for frequency metrology at the 19th decimal place,” Science 336(6080), 441–444 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Grosche, O. Terra, K. Predehl, R. Holzwarth, B. Lipphardt, F. Vogt, U. Sterr, and H. Schnatz, “Optical frequency transfer via 146 km fiber link with 10 -19 relative accuracy,” Opt. Lett. 34(15), 2270–2272 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shi, K.

S. O’Brien, F. Smyth, K. Shi, J. O’Carroll, P. M. Anandarajah, D. Bitauld, S. Osborne, R. Phelan, B. Kelly, J. O’Gorman, F. H. Peters, B. Roycroft, B. Corbett, and L. P. Barry, “Design, characterization, and applications of index-patterned Fabry–Pérot Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(6), 1621–1631 (2011).
[Crossref]

Slavík, R.

Smyth, F.

S. O’Brien, F. Smyth, K. Shi, J. O’Carroll, P. M. Anandarajah, D. Bitauld, S. Osborne, R. Phelan, B. Kelly, J. O’Gorman, F. H. Peters, B. Roycroft, B. Corbett, and L. P. Barry, “Design, characterization, and applications of index-patterned Fabry–Pérot Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(6), 1621–1631 (2011).
[Crossref]

Sooudi, E.

E. Sooudi, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, G. Huyet, J. G. McInerney, F. Lelarge, K. Merghem, R. Rosales, A. Martinez, A. Ramdane, and S. P. Hegarty, “Optical frequency comb generation using dual-mode injection-locking of quantum-dash mode-locked lasers: properties and applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(10), 1327–1338 (2012).
[Crossref]

Stalnaker, J. E.

T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, “Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place,” Science 319(5871), 1808–1812 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sterr, U.

Swann, W. C.

A. M. Zolot, F. R. Giorgetta, E. Baumann, W. C. Swann, I. Coddington, and N. R. Newbury, “Broad-band frequency references in the nearinfrared: Accurate dual comb spectroscopy of methane and acetylene,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 118, 26–39 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, “Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place,” Science 319(5871), 1808–1812 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. R. Newbury, P. A. Williams, and W. C. Swann, “Coherent transfer of an optical carrier over 251 km,” Opt. Lett. 32(21), 3056–3058 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sygletos, S.

Syvridis, D.

Tapley, B. D.

B. D. Tapley, S. Bettadpur, J. C. Ries, P. F. Thompson, and M. M. Watkins, “GRACE measurements of mass variability in the Earth system,” Science 305(5683), 503–505 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Terra, O.

K. Predehl, G. Grosche, S. M. F. Raupach, S. Droste, O. Terra, J. Alnis, T. Legero, T. W. Hänsch, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and H. Schnatz, “A 920-kilometer optical fiber link for frequency metrology at the 19th decimal place,” Science 336(6080), 441–444 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Grosche, O. Terra, K. Predehl, R. Holzwarth, B. Lipphardt, F. Vogt, U. Sterr, and H. Schnatz, “Optical frequency transfer via 146 km fiber link with 10 -19 relative accuracy,” Opt. Lett. 34(15), 2270–2272 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Thompson, P. F.

B. D. Tapley, S. Bettadpur, J. C. Ries, P. F. Thompson, and M. M. Watkins, “GRACE measurements of mass variability in the Earth system,” Science 305(5683), 503–505 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tjoelker, R. L.

M. Calhoun, S. Huang, and R. L. Tjoelker, “Stable photonic links for frequency and time transfer in the deep-space network and antenna arrays,” Proc. IEEE 95(10), 1931–1946 (2007).
[Crossref]

Udem, T.

S. Droste, F. Ozimek, T. Udem, K. Predehl, T. W. Hänsch, H. Schnatz, G. Grosche, and R. Holzwarth, “Optical-frequency transfer over a single-span 1840 km fiber link,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(11), 110801 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Predehl, G. Grosche, S. M. F. Raupach, S. Droste, O. Terra, J. Alnis, T. Legero, T. W. Hänsch, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and H. Schnatz, “A 920-kilometer optical fiber link for frequency metrology at the 19th decimal place,” Science 336(6080), 441–444 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ueda, K.

Vogt, F.

Watkins, M. M.

B. D. Tapley, S. Bettadpur, J. C. Ries, P. F. Thompson, and M. M. Watkins, “GRACE measurements of mass variability in the Earth system,” Science 305(5683), 503–505 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Weerasuriya, R.

Willems, F. W.

F. W. Willems, W. Muys, and J. S. Leong, “Simultaneous suppression of stimulated Brillouin scattering and interferometric noise in externally modulated lightwave AM-SCM systems,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 6(12), 1476–1478 (1994).
[Crossref]

Williams, P. A.

Wineland, D. J.

T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, “Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place,” Science 319(5871), 1808–1812 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Winzer, P. J.

Wu, D. S.

Yamaguchi, A.

Ye, J.

S. M. Foreman, K. W. Holman, D. D. Hudson, D. J. Jones, and J. Ye, “Remote transfer of ultrastable frequency references via fiber networks,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(2), 021101 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zeringue, C.

Zhang, W.

O. Lopez, B. Chanteau, A. Bercy, D. Nicolodi, W. Zhang, B. Argence, M. Abgrall, A. Haboucha, A. Kanj, D. Rovera, J. Achkar, P.-E. Pottie, B. Darquié, C. Chardonnet, Y. L. Coq, G. Santarelli, and A. Amy-Klein, “Ultra-stable long distance optical frequency distribution using the Internet fiber network and application to high-precision molecular spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 467, 012002 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zolot, A. M.

A. M. Zolot, F. R. Giorgetta, E. Baumann, W. C. Swann, I. Coddington, and N. R. Newbury, “Broad-band frequency references in the nearinfrared: Accurate dual comb spectroscopy of methane and acetylene,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 118, 26–39 (2013).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

E. Sooudi, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, G. Huyet, J. G. McInerney, F. Lelarge, K. Merghem, R. Rosales, A. Martinez, A. Ramdane, and S. P. Hegarty, “Optical frequency comb generation using dual-mode injection-locking of quantum-dash mode-locked lasers: properties and applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(10), 1327–1338 (2012).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. O’Brien, F. Smyth, K. Shi, J. O’Carroll, P. M. Anandarajah, D. Bitauld, S. Osborne, R. Phelan, B. Kelly, J. O’Gorman, F. H. Peters, B. Roycroft, B. Corbett, and L. P. Barry, “Design, characterization, and applications of index-patterned Fabry–Pérot Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(6), 1621–1631 (2011).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

F. W. Willems, W. Muys, and J. S. Leong, “Simultaneous suppression of stimulated Brillouin scattering and interferometric noise in externally modulated lightwave AM-SCM systems,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 6(12), 1476–1478 (1994).
[Crossref]

IET Optoelectronics (1)

C. Herbert, D. Jones, A. Kaszubowska-Anandarajah, B. Kelly, M. Rensing, J. O’Carroll, R. Phelan, P. Anadarajah, P. Perry, L. P. Barry, and J. O’Gorman, “Discrete mode lasers for communication applications,” IET Optoelectronics 3(1), 1–17 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

J. Phys. Conf. Ser. (1)

O. Lopez, B. Chanteau, A. Bercy, D. Nicolodi, W. Zhang, B. Argence, M. Abgrall, A. Haboucha, A. Kanj, D. Rovera, J. Achkar, P.-E. Pottie, B. Darquié, C. Chardonnet, Y. L. Coq, G. Santarelli, and A. Amy-Klein, “Ultra-stable long distance optical frequency distribution using the Internet fiber network and application to high-precision molecular spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 467, 012002 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. (1)

A. M. Zolot, F. R. Giorgetta, E. Baumann, W. C. Swann, I. Coddington, and N. R. Newbury, “Broad-band frequency references in the nearinfrared: Accurate dual comb spectroscopy of methane and acetylene,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 118, 26–39 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (7)

O. Lopez, A. Haboucha, F. Kéfélian, H. Jiang, B. Chanteau, V. Roncin, C. Chardonnet, A. Amy-Klein, and G. Santarelli, “Cascaded multiplexed optical link on a telecommunication network for frequency dissemination,” Opt. Express 18(16), 16849–16857 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Musha, F. L. Hong, K. Nakagawa, and K. Ueda, “Coherent optical frequency transfer over 50-km physical distance using a 120-km-long installed telecom fiber network,” Opt. Express 16(21), 16459–16466 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Zeringue, I. Dajani, S. Naderi, G. T. Moore, and C. Robin, “A theoretical study of transient stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical fibers seeded with phase-modulated light,” Opt. Express 20(19), 21196–21213 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. K. Ibrahim, S. Sygletos, R. Weerasuriya, and A. D. Ellis, “Novel real-time homodyne coherent receiver using a feed-forward based carrier extraction scheme for phase modulated signals,” Opt. Express 19(9), 8320–8326 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sygletos, S. K. Ibrahim, R. Weerasuriya, R. Phelan, L. G. Nielsen, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, J. O’Gorman, and A. D. Ellis, “Phase synchronization scheme for a practical phase sensitive amplifier of ASK-NRZ signals,” Opt. Express 19(13), 12384–12391 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. K. Ibrahim, S. Sygletos, D. Rafique, J. A. O’Dowd, R. Weerasuriya, and A. D. Ellis, “Novel synchronous DPSK optical regenerator based on a feed-forward based carrier extraction scheme,” Opt. Express 19(10), 9445–9452 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Fujieda, M. Kumagai, S. Nagano, A. Yamaguchi, H. Hachisu, and T. Ido, “All-optical link for direct comparison of distant optical clocks,” Opt. Express 19(17), 16498–16507 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

S. Droste, F. Ozimek, T. Udem, K. Predehl, T. W. Hänsch, H. Schnatz, G. Grosche, and R. Holzwarth, “Optical-frequency transfer over a single-span 1840 km fiber link,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(11), 110801 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Proc. IEEE (1)

M. Calhoun, S. Huang, and R. L. Tjoelker, “Stable photonic links for frequency and time transfer in the deep-space network and antenna arrays,” Proc. IEEE 95(10), 1931–1946 (2007).
[Crossref]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

S. M. Foreman, K. W. Holman, D. D. Hudson, D. J. Jones, and J. Ye, “Remote transfer of ultrastable frequency references via fiber networks,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(2), 021101 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (3)

B. D. Tapley, S. Bettadpur, J. C. Ries, P. F. Thompson, and M. M. Watkins, “GRACE measurements of mass variability in the Earth system,” Science 305(5683), 503–505 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, “Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place,” Science 319(5871), 1808–1812 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Predehl, G. Grosche, S. M. F. Raupach, S. Droste, O. Terra, J. Alnis, T. Legero, T. W. Hänsch, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and H. Schnatz, “A 920-kilometer optical fiber link for frequency metrology at the 19th decimal place,” Science 336(6080), 441–444 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (4)

J. Patchell, D. Jones, B. Kelly, and J. O’Gorman, “Specifying the wavelength and temperature tuning range of a Fabry-Perot laser containing refractive index perturbations,” in OPTO-Ireland, International Society for Optics and Photonics (SPIE, 2005), p. 1–13.

W. J. Riley, Handbook of Frequency Stability Analysis, (NIST Special Publication 1065, U.S. Government Printing Office, 2008).

E. Sooudi, F. C. G. Gunning, J. O’Gorman, S. Sygletos, S. K. Ibrahim, A. D. Ellis, and R. J. Manning, “A unidirectional scheme for high-fidelity optical-carrier dissemination using phase-modulation, homodyne coherent-detection, and frequency entrainment,” in CLEO: 2014, OSA Technical Digest, paper SW3O.6, (2014).

E. Sooudi, S. Sygletos, P. Frascella, A. D. Ellis, G. Huyet, J. G. McInerney, F. Lelarge, K. Merghem, R. Rosales, A. Martinez, A. Ramdane, and S. P. Hegarty, “Phase synchronization of a two-channel phase-sensitive amplifier based on optical injection-locking of InP quantum-dash mode-locked lasers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (OSA 2012), paper OTh1C.2.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Block diagram of proposed OFD system based on coherent communication link.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Experimental arrangement for the dissemination scheme deployable to a real fibre optics network. List of acronyms: AOM: Acousto-Optic Modulator, MZM: Mach-Zehnder Modulator, BPF: Band-pass filter, CRU: Clock Recovery Unit, DI: Delayed interferometer, Diff. Encd. Differential Encoder, PC: Polarization controller, DCF: Dispersion compensating fibre, SMF: Single-mode fibre.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a). Optical spectra of the BPSK modulated signal (dashed-black), recovered carrier (solid-blue), and injection-locked laser (solid-red). (b) The eye diagram of 10 Gbps BPSK at the transmitter. (c) After the 124 km field-installed BT optical fibre link (Cork-Clonakilty). (c) After dispersion compensation at the receiver.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a). OSNR tolerance of linewidth of self-homodyne high-fidelity carrier receiver (Back-to-Back). (b) Fractional instability as a function of time delay between the optical and electrical signal at the carrier recovery circuit.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a). RF spectra of recovered carrier (blue) and injection-locked laser (red). (a) For 10 Gb/s BPSK PRBS length 27-1, full span. (b) Same as (a), zoomed. (c), (d) for 10 Gb/s BPSK PRBS length 215-1.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 RF spectra of the beating signal (30 MHz) for the recovered carrier before (blue) and after (red) injection-locking. PRBS length: 215-1. (b). Percentage change of Allan deviation (10 μs and 1 ms gate times) for longest PRBS length (231-1) before and after injection-locking compared to shortest PRBS length (7 bits) after transmission. The Back-to-Back cases were also reference to shortest PRBS in Back-to-Back.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 (a). στ measurements for unidirectional link different scenarios and two fibe lasers as the high-fidelity optical carrier. (b) Frequency error data for Cork-Clonakilty link using Koheras laser (1 s averaging time). (c) Statistical distribution of data in 7(b).

Equations (1)

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σ(τ)= Σ i=1 M1 ( y l+1 ¯ y l ¯ ) 2 2(M1)

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